Erie observer. (Erie, Pa.) 1830-1853, August 05, 1848, Image 1

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V 1 112 P de
The subject of the qualified negative upon the action
ti Congress, vested in the bands of the President by the
niri framers of our Constitution, has become suddenly a
~uebtion of vital importance to the people of the whole
rquetry, inasmuch as this one of the fundamental princi
,,les incorporated into the Constitution for the purpose of
r rcrenting the eccUrroMe of certain evils, is in danger of
being \ atonally annihilated by the blind fanaticism and
insanity of designing demagogues, who have lip
windy no reverence for that sacred instrument. They
ire not openly avow their oppo.ition to the veto power
Nualitiedly, being aware of the °atm] which such an
,oval would inevitably cast upon them, but under cover
.(correcting its above ri—u uder the palpably iasincero pre
vkt of bringing the administration of our government
lack to the firimitivu purity that characterized that of
iv a diington, they aro aiming a death blow at the Con-
moon, which, if successful, would be totally destruc
t of its whole framework. . They ere pursuing a Course
.Aar with every priiiiciple in that' glorious instrument,
4 1t true and real tendency of which is to run counter to
ws alictutes—to paralyze and Imlay its sacred injune
toti, Constittition directly prescribes a mode to be
i, t i,itteti for its amendment whenever, in the progress of
',real,,, i ken t ed absolutely . ..necessary; vet these MVO. so
transformed into the advocates for a more liber
kebey, the very antipodes of all that they ever have been,
...vat unwilling to await the ordinary progress of law,
) fat are rn- ling headlong into the gulf of constitntional
I b ullitication. If the attempts of this liarty were sincere,
ti mew ettuits were patriotic, there might be something
lira an approximation towards au apology for the undue
_precipitant!) of their movements. But all their former con
duct when once or twice in an lige the smishine of pot er
!shed its blessings upon tlfim fully and amply attest tile
troth or the as-anon that till their holy horror at the
Hone mandiower," as theNpfro'neously term it, not on
affected, but a Mere .sulderfoge, a DI Ise ruble cult h phrase
deceive tilt::11%)10 and persuade 01:111 into the, belief
Mint they arc in 'favor of a more liberal policy than the
party---:a paradox which they will find it utter
!, impossible to reconcile "with their previous practices.
it treunn, the peophf in the preeeut great crisis, in t low
.:t. - theetperience of the past, to look with distrust upon all
rof,slons of this character, emanating as they do from
;,,patty «hieh has always, wheit opportunity offered, dis
iigarecu the wi l l o f the people; and :should, threa'gh th e
Livitaiiii of the ballot-box, that great speaking trumpet of
tau int o, rust a witi)lering, seortaing rthuke upon all
.roll attempts to strike nt the knindatibn of the "gi eat
times of our fiGerties.' l That in:dm:nem was the result t
d the deliberations of as 1\ lee and patriotic a body of men I
.i., ever assembled for any 'impose, t o ot the betintifol and
reportionate synionetry of its complicated form, lie \von
ei mil :Idalllittioll to answer the ends of its creation which i
Ow experience of silty years has fully di nion , tlalid, at
t: st alio foresight, the poldical knowledge tool sagacity of
it, trainers. It is a blAt`lllll eolllllaCt ‘ ,, liaised upon an Imo- 1
rable compromise of the interests, prineiples and I
At:et, of distinct and independent bock tics of freemen, I
aid intended to secure and perpetuate our Union. 11 tt ACC 1
e necessity of preventing the introductiqm.of.any cause 1
alculated even in the most remote de i ere to merit:is klar
lueny or destroy it.s equilibrium. It is composed b:the ;
lanon of a variety of eleutents—of ciniateracutig - ant co
;orrating islwers. all depending on the other in so di a
manner 111:0. to unsettle a part' is to destroy the who e.— :
1 he veto power is one of these elements thatientillto '
fitiliinnatio'n of this glorious combination. It isa bal-
Low introduced to counteract and regulate opposite and'
,01,,;( uditqr Interest, the prvrogalire of '11)v pier:./tire and
Ow 1) - .AN“ of the legislature. Destroy the legitimate ef
-1..0 of this regolating power, and the whole federative
s‘steiti is dictiMposed and dissolved, and OM fair fabric
, yelled into ruins, The inevitable tendency of the reek- :
I: or emirs, of the Whig party is to iroduee this so touch
te•bosabliorrett re•-tilt„ and hence the moral obligation /ID
-1,0 ~.- ei 1111 , 111 oil real friends of our institutions to unite their
efforts to prevent the occurrence of so lamentable a ca
tastrophe. Let the ill beware of the "insidious wiles" of
these profes.teil friends of the dear people, boat in practice
sysiplisaa: worshippers at the shine of power. Let
them beware of the siren song with which they arc at
' l 'inl'lWg to 101 l the people into a support of their intangi
: ti',, Gemrinesqind their available candidate, and place a
role et , titnate Con the real designs of this party which
are deducible from their previous history. It a no.
( ANHUI. CANi AT CLEVM.Ai.I).—The remarks of this
fz, , silenion at Cleveland hove been most shamefully infs
. rcfire.ent , d tr . the whig press. The report which we
gilijoin fond the Cleveland Plaindealet, is correctly stated
4. , tbdireretb
la rllt to a short addriss by the lion. Reuben Wood,
I , responded substantially, as follows:
noise and con union which prevades this vast
tint: Th. , .
fi..schit:y a ill, 1 appreMin 1, prevent me from being tbs
tartly heard by till prestint. 1 can do but littlo more,
tr. a! Oil, Wile, than retufn my thanks for the warm and
11 oterinfi reception whiedi the citizens of Cleveland have
1:A111111s. _l take this expression of their feelings net so
'ouch at a compliment to myself, fndividuall), as an ex
-1 ftooon of their attachment to the great principles - of the
}Amy, 5 , 010 4 ,t standard-bearer unworthy 1 am.- 1 have
been selected as the candidate of the great democratic
patty for the highest Oleo in the gift of the people—the
higlico, office I tivw say h the world. Should 1 be elect
''-f• to tifO' high and important station, I stall endeavor to
adminiker the affairs of the government in the true spir
it of her glorious institutions.
You have made some allusion, sir, to principles and
+atomizes Much agitate the public mind. 1 can but re
fee You to my votes as recorded, and sentiments as here
' ;°`"' expressed, upon these questions. My acts for the
uu forty years are before the people, and if these are not
, offirient toilatisfy the public, all that 1 can now advance
still be mere delusion.
4.7? Gov. Morehead's missing letter to Gen. Taylor,"
informing him of his whig nomination, has titptist made
its appear.nice in the dead letter office at Wastlihgtonl
-1'1). the Conjecture of the Baton Rouge correspondent of
the pica) uue, Is correct.. The General refused the letter
1...e.0p. e he did not recognize the handwriting of the bit`
Per , crilltloll, or because the postage Was not paid! This
certainly is a cavalier mode of 'treating the great whig
"slaughter house" and their nomination! But what be
limes of all the whig charges of corruption against the
P. 0. Department? Mill these partizans withdraw them?
We shall see.
In 184-Itwhen Clay etiiiiCd,(ifilOh3 5 1U majori
t2, the district represented by Giddings gay hint 5,2 93
majority. and tho other counties of did lie ervo conic
three thousand more. Now as no man in his 6C/ISCS CX.
l't'usamajority of one vote on the Reserve for Taylor,
OUT wing renders will BCC tho Titter folly of expecting to
carry Uhio for tho commander of the Army of Occupa
IT The Ilou. D. King, of Mass., has written a pro
Taylor /otter to his constituents, in which he tells a
hopper," purporting to have been a private ;converse
ton between John Quincy Adams and himself, Ho says
the latter leaned to Taylor: The public 'have only the
word of King for this Self-stultification on the part of
Ailany4. 'Who believes him?
ila:3lr. Covey Cohen, having drank there
tOd wat4, was found dead at Bridgetown, 31
retin tubed
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glasses of
a., half an
Speech of lion, Jas. Thompson,
In the 'louse of Representatives, Tuesday June 27, IS tS,
the House tieing in Committee of the Whole, and hav
ing tinder consideration the Civil nod Diplomatic Ap.
propriation Bill.
Mr. THOMPSON said:
Mr. C11A11131AN: I should have preferred address
ing the committee to'-morrow had it been °Nee
ble, but am very indifferent on the subject; nod us
my friends on the other side desire the debate to
proceed at this late hour of the day, I am Content;
but as'l may feel but little obliged. by their deter
mination, 1 shall, perhaps, on stliie account, feel
none the less at liberty to speak, what I may have
to say, with freedom. They have opened the ball—
this political hall—and must bear the consequences
and responsibility of - converting the debate into one
on iSarty politics. The• nttack has been Made (to
tury the figure) under the lead of a distinguished
captain, toy 'colleague, ' [Mr. Stewart ' ] and his ad
vanciug-war-whoop has seunded load and threaten- ,
ing; but it has not frightened or disturbed any one
that I hat e heard of—Oere are inns slain nor miss
ing vet, I believe. flow that voice will sound on the
retreat, I am not prepared to say; but I can imagine,
that when the time comes, a- it will, its smooth tunes
will be changed: its harmony will be gone, and it wit
terminate in one long, agonizing bowl.
Perhaps, Mr, Chairman, time spent in investiga
ting the principles, qoalifications, and claims of the
candidates for the ulnae of. the Chief Magistrate of
this Union may not be considered as misspent. It
may be the most important thing we can do; certain
it is, that if begun en the one aide, the other may
be allowed the same privilege. I sball, therefore,
detote the brief period of time allotted me to this
subject. & , fore saying anything - of the candidates
for the Presidency, 1 rnitll briefly speak of what I
conceive to be the priiteiplee and practices of the
two great parties that have placed them before the
; people. • And here, sir, I will remark, that the ex
,istence of party in alree Government, where point
hr will is the source of power, is not a thing to be
regretted, or whiCh I should ever desire to seeele
stro,eil: it has a salutary effect; it rsuperindoces
watchfulness and fidelity in those who administer the
Got eminent. tied scrutiny in those vi Ito desi,e to
overthrow the powers that be. The existence,
therefore, of party is -; mimes, not an sell. The as
cendancy of a party is quite another affair.
Never have parties existed in this country that
have differed more vitally in principle than do the
Democratic hod Whig pities of the present time.
This ditference exists ineinly from the construction
given to particular parts of the Constitution of the
Union—the former chriinitor for that instrument a
strict constrectimi, and the latter insisting and act
ing upon what they call n conservative or liberal,
hut is in tact, a latitudinons construction of
it. Here, sir, is a wide difference—wide enough to
leedeo theutost oppoatte•r6ults in practice. The
object of a coustituttun is limitation—the limitation
of muter within certain defined boundaries: so that
en the one hand the people way be protected, atel on
ilte other ti v ie government 111:30, within the just , exer•
ei-e of , its powers. A strict construction of the
Constitution is therefore obviouety necessary to
preserve the Coristittiticul itself as e meatisef
tattoll. Wily, sir, it'you depart frken the letter of f
the Con-titutieu and the necessary incidents, Win
; two will depend upon those who construe it, nut up
; on the instrument itself; and what might be its been
; ch i lie s toeley, may be passed witheut hesitancy to
morrow, and still be claimed to be within its re
sts ictiona. it would Elms expand or contract ac
cordieg to the will and views of 'those who, fur the
time being, might be called on ti construe it—and
he thus, in - fact, no litnitutioh whatever—defeating
the end. the object, arid intent of a constitution al
together. 011 the part of the Whigs, it hart been
contended that the Constitution ,autrforizesolits ea
, tablishinent of a hank of the United States ( --a dis
tribut het of the proceeds of the pfiblic la ode amongst
the States—assumption of State debts by the Na
tiotud Gat eritment—"protect ion for pridection,'t
without regard to revenue—anti even the construe.
tent of roads and canals between points within States
alone tinder the jurisdiction of Stare Governments
Now, sir,. all these things are strangers to the Cum
stitution—tint to be found within that instrument—
tent within its jit:t ennetruction; nothing, by any jiti.t,
system of interpretation or implicalion, can he con
strued to favor it. All this has been contended fur:
and has been the sentiment, atilitnes, of the party
opposed to us, if not at all thnes. Indeed, sir, I lieVe . ,
sometimes h t that their grwereine principle,
; on this subject, consisted in the will alone of Con
; Li:Jess. ns the only limitation tender the Constitution.
I•We bare heard it said, of late days, that a brink of
jtthe Tiniteti States was an tetbeolete . Should
- the Whigs succeed in 'electing, a President, would
'it he so? This Was said before the elections in 18-
.10: it proved then to be - professien, not practice, as
;the history of the creation of a fifty-million bank
'most clearly proved. But, sir, my colleugue, in,spite
:of himself, haS 'exhibited n slight glimpse of the
- cloven foot, even now. lie told us yeemrilay that
he thought that State banks were entirely tincensti
tutinnel—that the power to create them belonged
exclusively, to the National Legislature. Here it
is avowed. Ilrnnhl a party composed o f such poll
liCiallS and statesmen in power hesitate Imie to cre
ate-a hunk of the United Steles? Would General
Taylor veto such a bank, when his friends—original
friends, such as my colleague undoubtedly is believ
ed it to he within the power of Congress to create
it—and believed, too, that the power existe'nowhere
else to make banks?
Mr. STEWART. Will the gen t lema rial/ow me,
to explain? 1 hate always oppueed the bruit, arid
never voted fur one in toy, life, Whigs and Dime
crats had both voted for them.
Mr. TnomPSON, This ratty be so, hot did not
my colleague support those who favored a national
bank? Did he not given most hearty and earnest
support to Mr. Clay ?to General Harrison? Was he
not always a -supporter of Whig men end Whig
principles? And were they not until lately, if nut
still, supporters of the measere? It is but recently
that the announcement thit a bankewas an "obsolete
idea" began to he made; and I mitch doubt its con
tinetul prevalence if that party should empire the
potter to create one. They-are opposed to the sub
treasury, the only Medium tinder the Constitutioo of
establishing a constitutional currency. Opposition
to ibis measure, sir, in my judgement, is support of
what they say is the exploded and "obsolete idea" of
a bank. The Whigs-have also been in.favor of the
distribution of the proceeds of the public leech to
the States. !sheets? not bseenrprised if this would
seen be found among the ' obsblete," as also that
other scheme of mooning the slate debts; and, like
the bank question, obsolete - until opportunity shall
exist to establish them by legislation. All• these
things they have claimed to find sanctions fur in the
Constitution. Net; sir, beeatise the power is found
within this instrument, but because it may snit their
judgement of what pithlie policy might dictate. Over
nod above nll this, they oppose the exercise of the
veto power.
The Democratic party insist on a strict construe
;tint) of the Const it nlion; this they conceive In be the
great safeguard of that instrument 111141 its limita
tions. A nil in addition thereto, they a pp ro v e o f a nd
sustain the exercise of the veto, power. While, sir,
it may be, and frequently is, exercised contrary to
Alie individual judgement and wishes of members of
the party, yet they sustain it, they support its ex
ercise apart additional protection to the'Constitution,
securing it from infraction. either as the result of
hest y, or mistakeu legislation. The Whig doctrine,
in short, is—liberal construction and no veto; the
Democratic doctrine, strict construction and the ex
ercise of the veto power. Can any one doubt which
party, therefore, is most likely to preserve; free from
encroachment, the great charter of our liberties, and
national prosperity? If both these safegitards were
withdarwn,,letime ask, what is there left to protect
iagainst baleful influences during high party excite
ment or the intrigues of designing men? And if
either be taken away, by so much, then, is the safe
ty of the instrument ent)angerad. How ni ich, there-
fbre, will not the danger be increased by the aboli
Lion of both? Sir,•the great, and I might say, the
only diftbrenee between free and despotic govern':
merits, consists in s the existence ol limitationg,, titre
the means of constitutions; and whatever destroys
these limitations not only undermines constitational
restrictionst but atlvances towards the destruction ol
liberty itself. i , .., _
Not more diverse has been the policy of the an
tagonist of Democratic principles in their practices
on questions of great national interest. Time will
not allow me to de more titan to mention what his .
tory most clearly duthenticate. The Federal party,
in 1812, in Congress, (principally from a portion 01
the New England States, now Whig,) opposed, in
the mot active and virulent manner, the war with
Great Britmli; deno u nced it as unjust and unrighte
ous, and unbecoming a Christaiti people to rejoice
at the success of the American arms in such a con
flict; called it "Madison's war;" and finally held a
convention at Hartford, to give form and method to
their opposition, n o twithstanding the war terminated ,
gloriously for American honor.*
When President. Jackson firmly and earnestly
demanded that France should tin longer be per
mitted to temporize and withhold payments of the
indemnities due our citizens, the almost
unanimously took ground against him; and Whig
orators declaimed every where against hint and his'
poliCy. Again the result was' fortunate and hon
orable to the country, in the success of his meas
ures, and the indemnities I.veri. paid. The Maine
or Northeastern boundary', had been a subjetw, of
coptroversy between Great Britain and the United
Shies for many years. A I.Vhig administration
and Whig negotimors.settled the contest by yi6ld
io.;' a large portion of w„lint the Democratic admin
istinitien had refu,•ed fa 'conelede, by adhering to
what geography and history indicted to be the
true boundary, end 'yielded up some i eight hundred
thousand acres of territury that had been claimed
by the United States for half 1 a century; and this
treaty was confirmed by Whir votek in the Senate
a very few
,Democratic Senators noting for it.—
After this concessimi,•came the Oregon contest.—
Sir, This unsettled and lung-agitated question carne
lip shortly after the corninencmentlef the twenty
ninth Congress. I. fur the Ost dine, had taken a
scat in this Hall; I had antiiplit/, that on this
national' in:stifle, all wool 1 hart, embraced the
American .ide of it. For live or sik months it was
discussed. The DemoeraticiportiiM of the House
maintained, with hut few exceptions, our title to
the whole of Oregon. The llliigs' with the saute
nnanimity, denied this title.i In all( that long and
earliest debate, I recollect but one voice- ot, the
oilier s ide of the House raised 'against the claim of
Great Britain to any part of ihut territory. lixper
ience and learning gave to Oo eloquence and lener
gy of that great than irresi4lible poiver: lie laliored
1 I
earnestly and enthusiastically for the right. Mott
Vol - CM is silent now; and its ?u , sess)r (John Quincy
Adams) remises in peace, leaving a name glorious
for great services, purity of :purpose, and patriotic
devotion. That. contest, e nded on account of a
preexpression t f the Senate, which I ' renderel it nee 21
essary for the President to Submit 'limo question of '
treating for the -19th trirallel of latitude to the Sen
ate, as the boundary, nutiougn against ins own
sense of Its justice. NearlY the wode Whig party
voted to yield our claim be*tol titil point. It was
so settled, and another concession % as thus obtain
ed by Great Britain.
--........, sfierwaros corr,ctro '
[Mr. Tuoatesos afterwarjds corrected himself by
remarltitig, tluit his colleago (Mr) , Pot.r.ocx) had
aptiketi in support of our claim to oldg 40min.; co
also had Mr. DAttnAuni .
Next came ttie ;Mexican war. The Whigs, it
will not be denied here, or anywhelre, have in _this
[louse, and in the Senate, and' al mist universally
iu the country, opposed this war;denounced it by
every term and epithet that cotild express oilpot•i
lion to it, rind the Administration!' arid party that
has supported and conducted it. 'rbey have called
it "the President's war"—characterized it as "un
holy," "unjust," and "hellish." And this bourse
finally, arid during its continuance, voted that it was
"unnectwarily and uneonstiiptiot4lly begun by the,
President." When this vote win given in January
1 1
last, the prospect of peace seemed us distant as it
hail been a year before; yet this vote was given, and
•The following are a few of the
against the war of 1812 by the party
••At the door of James Madison at
lies the blood of our butchered con
Gazette, daring the War. —
"The evils the Federalists have li
thickening upon us; and, in lour itillici
relllOlll6OT it is ./0014.3 lifildiSOlt and ti
brought these eglantines uplift its. " I
"Mr. Madison hi,s declared war,. lei
it on."—llev, Mr. Garfltier,l lit . Bouti
"So unjust is this o ff ensive war, it
have plunged us, in the sober consid,
that they cannot conscientiously a
Armies for his blessing up'on h."—
"The war was foundedin falseho
necessity, and its real object was ex
I • ,
unjust commest, and' to aidi the late t
his view lof aggrandizeMelit."—:-Re.4,
I ehusetts Senate, during thelfr - ar.
The committee of the) Legislat)
who reported in favor of sending tic
ford Convention, declare,
1 1l tat it is "o
I trolls war," "waged for fo cign'comp
ftuitless invasion of the enemy's WI
"The war is purely DeMocratic; 0
democratic, and not for national par)
orrats, therefore, terminate it in thri
eon, Wt. 'HAVE NO PA.R.+O3II(O L
"The war has hitherto been the wa
4 , f r,
continue, and so be ternitnatedl. 11
continue to he the disgrace of the p
nation—a consummation d evoutly te
ted States Gazette, Nifty elphi6l iIM
"If at the command o weak or
undertake a winked or nijust war, t
unteers his services in sit h a war,
for its suptiOrt, or by.his onversatim
.2 1
1 any other }node of influence, encour
that man is an acconiplice' in .hoy
conscience with the b/ackest crimes,'
blood upon his soul, and,in the sigh
i is a murderer."—Dr. , Osgood's sen t
I 1812.
"My plan is to withhold our mone
orate peace with England."—Boston
**Will Federalists subsCribe to thi
lend money to our natiotial rulers? i
have the Federalists exerted their
wickedness of the war, to rouse pa
it, and show the authors of it, not a
public confidence, but lIIGIILY CRIMI4,
tribute the sums without which thei
I pelted to stopr—Boeton Gazette,'l l ..
"It is very grateful to; find that the unitierstil sentiment
Is, that any man who lends money to the Government at
the present titne will forfeit all clain to common honesty,
and common courtesy among all trt a friends of the.coun
try. God forbid that any lederali n t should over hold up
his handle pay Federalis ts is th e present
rulers; and Federalists i fts for mo ey k
can judge„ whether Democrats
will tax their constituents to pay in erest to Federalists.'-'
—Boston Gazette, 1814.
"All the evils which ;afflict the lonntry are imputed to
the opposition. It is said to be owing to the opposition
that the war has been prosecuted tith no better success.
This. sir, is no new strain." * ''' * "The opposi
tion is constitutional aid legal. Itl
is also conscientious.
It rests in settled and Ober convictions that such policy
(the war) is destructive to thirintOosts of the people. iin - a -
dangerous to the being of Government." ; * *
"This is not the entertiininent to Which V4O were invited.
We are told , that these'disappointntents are owing to the
opposition which the War encounters. Thi s i s no new
strain. It is the constant tune of every weak or wicked
Administration!"—'S, eech of Mr.lWeltifer, in 1814, on ,
the subject of the disaifere on the northern frond4r.
. Sentiments like, the above, witheut number Might be 1
added, showing where the Federalists of New England
wore in 1812, and shoWing a great similarity with the ,
1 . t
Whig sentiment about the Mexice-p war' o f 'l-19;lu,
the journals containing its (and what I think a most
:ddifounded libel on otir,ronittry Vette tthe'fact,,and
will - continue to do so, nthill`trieend f time, turiesi
corrected-by the expunging process, which I hope
lo see, consummated, as well for our rational honor
is that the truth of history may be vindicated. -Did
,his war t begin 'by the act' of the; Prsident? Sir, 1
ili.olt no inbid, partial_or,lntpanial, tier having ex
amined the subject, caiictime In atiel a conclusion.
',Want were the facial; Annexation tad been deter
mined upon, and resultitieis to that e feet (drawn by
Whig) passed on th c ,e,ltit day of M rch, 1845, and
1 ,
an agent despatchedtio Texas with II em on the 3d of
that mouth. Mr. Polk ;was inau orated on the
4th; on the 6t4i, two days' thereaftei r the
minister, Almonte, noiitidd the new Administration
that be looked upon the passage of the resolutions
as equivalent to a' deriartion of war against Mex •
ten, demanded his passports, and terminated his
diplomatic relatione'at IVashington: To this the
President, through the 'Secretary of State, caused
the assurance to he Medd that 110 unfriendly feeling
existed on the part of the Government of the United.
States. towards Mexico: that it was lits most ear
eest desire to preserve pcnice between the two cour:
fries; that Texas bait been indee«tdeet for nine
years—her independence acknowledzed by the prin
cipal European Powers, tis also by 02 U nited ; States;
and that, under suebciremnstanees, it, was conceiv
ed that Texas had as! fully the right ttPanncx her
self as to maintain her)bidependence: that the most
liberal spirit would be exercised in regard to all
questions of boundary.; But till ails was deemed
insufficient. Mr. Alin( ale procured bis passports,
and left the country. The Atherilati plenipotenti
ary at Mexico was fernished with his passports,
and friendly relations Were at once ended: Sir,
the most marked desire Was eviticet. by the Presi
dent to preserve peace. ) After this termination- of
friendly relations, Mifxieri began to collect an army:
the public press, the' manifestoes of generals, and
every act of the Mexican GoVerinem, indicated
plainly the intention to ;invade Teas. Indeed, it
was said by Paredes, I believe, that he would.plan't
' the Mexican standard op the Calk( I at Washing : .
ton. The pretext ftir all this was tie act of annex
ation of Texas, and it had been virt tally annexed on
the 3d of March, 1845
Thus 'you see that th e act leadin; -
sisted on as cense Of war, and wl
ink plme before Mr. Polk came i
this he was informed fn.(' days of
Aion, \Veil, sir, on tlie 4th of Jill
t ion was consemined by the act of
io f ;ae t, although notentirely in fort
the State, of the Union, - Under ti
Mexico, and wittr the knowledge tl
Wile Ilt+Selllillilig omthei northern
- fit
the ainhorities of Texas called on ]
protection. The Peint had arrived'
bound to act—the ikva- , ion of a Stt
General Taylor was ordered to tak
oil• el r' -ti This!he 'did in Aueol
s , i us . . 1
the Nueeis. . To prevent the the
the Administration made an effort t
feelings by negotiation. An imp]
direction of the President, anima
] consul at Mexico,]whether a min
1 ditlicultiea would he ;received by t)
After tonne delays,' au affirmatite
en. A condition was annexed, th
!or near Vera Cron Should be wi
o ..... • O/4.•1•,,.' . 1 " •., ~••1 , ..,,,,,,
receive him. He ;arrived in Not
considerable delay and a resort to t
lie was
~or efused: i The, adininist
teas overthrown, becanse, a he li,
tinder his own hand, he was favor:
with the United Slimes; thus shows
intended by MiNicol before any
army to the Rio Grande. Paretic..
-An application was made to the n
by our minister to be recognized
refused. %Viten the news of in s
received at Wu-hint el, General 1
ted to take positien J oie the Th e
recommended this himself in Oco
his despatch fully, SlinWs. He w ,
ed, in making this; Movement, to ,
violence on any mexican he mig
or otherwise. Whenever he met
the wishes of the century for pea,
' arrived at the Rio, entitle, he fon
fortify biome): with it reach of the
rim., After arrivi l q, there, a part
which the of fi cer oti the part of t
(General ‘Vorthl ) iTiwed again t
serving oeace'aud referring the c•
eegotiation • This), too, was disc
18th of April, Gendral Paredes is
ditect orders to Arista to attac
atm hie despatch 'if the 23ti of the
presses the hope bat, before the
tilities had comm meed—that his
victorious, (both tOund among A
at Resaca de In Patina.) About t
] was murdered by, the Mexicans.
the dame month, ;Captain Thorn
I and-himself and ibout 60 soldier•
led liy Mexicans onthe Texas sidt
Li t tenant Porter ] had also been
he ore• and on the ) 7th of May, L
l ' a Party of p arty were attacked
',.-ed, on the same wide of the rive ,
; May. the enemy'Slforees having
Grande into Texas, the battle
) Ibtight; and on thefhlt of May tl
de la Palma was ; achieved; audit
escaped from the' conflict recross
and lied into the 'interior of Mex
m e xie,,t, troops crossed the Rio
dory fixed by Texas in her decla
deuce, in her na ional constit nth ]
constitution,) and, before a blow
I metiled hostiliqs, by killipg, an
and men of our sSrmy.
The Presideritllind wisely pre
can invasion; he anticipated it,
the emergency. l l . Was this begin
I stitutiunaily by hint,' to defend
Ivasion? He din this, and did nci
the enemy to heret and resisted
set. foot tin the sell of the State,
be governed on,',the subject of
look to no other! boundary then
none other hod ever been hinted
led on • The llr Gratek humid bee
las the bounder ) (for almost a I
I Government. an 4 it had been cl
;Us such by,Taxa's. If the Presi
this boundary, ithere would hat:
I N twee , a little, ilver of not over
was no boundatY, and had nevi,
such; out the Rio Grande had,
fended it, as he i vvas bound to de.
But two way exist for determining controversies
between natiotisby eeffiniatitinland by war. Now,
!sir, negotiation Iliad utterly failed, after every effort
) for its aid had (ti invoked byrour Government.—
!Had our minis er' been at liberty to offer the Nneces
as the bounder , of Texas, it would not have been
received byll ilico. And why? Simply because
- )
she wodil nottear any proposition whatever from
him. War w tis therefore the only remaining alter
native to sett 4 existing difficulties. ' Mexico refus
ed to treat, sett forward her army, and ours on the
spot receivediind overthrew it. Sir, no national
mind that williexamioe the matter fairly - , can come
to /my cormri:lon, in' my o pinion, other than that
the President id his - fluty, fantifolly and truly, and
deserves, as I s will receive, the gratitude of the
country for all his nets in regard to this trying crisis.
But, sir, on th 13th of May, Coil ress passed a for-]
sal dechiratio of war, and declared that the "war
existed by S (Woof the Republic of .Ifelicoe' the.
members oft noun present.,all but -14, voting for
it, and all the 'Senators present but two. Notwith
standing this, ir, we have heard nothing but denim
elation sgains the President by the entire Whlg
party—l amen be politicians; and finally, as a crown
in set of o position, a vote_Of this. House on the
many expressions
opposiog, it then:
id his accomplices
png predicted, .arc.
tion, let us always
party that haFc
frorecster ( Spy, IN 14.
Madison curry
ito which our rulers
oration of millions,
proach the God of
oston Sentinel, of
i d. declared without
eat of territory by
Taut of Europe iu
-/o/rc of the Ma zl
yo of Connecticut,
gates to the Hatt
on odious and disas
- "devoted to a
it was undertaken for
FOSCS. Let the dein
best manner they
THElt&ITErt. t" 4
of a party; let it so
le disgrace will thou
rty, and not of the
O be wish , d."—Uni
ing the'lear.
tyieked (rulers, they
each man who yid
or loans his money
his writings, or by
rages its prosecution,
wickednes, loads his
brings the guilt t
of God and the law.
non, Medford, Mass.,
y, and make a sep-
Advocate, 1814.
io loan? Will they
iTp—What purposes
selves to .show the
: tie sentintmt against
) ly to be unworthy of
{m., if thy now con
rtulers must bo com
:to the ‘var—in
ich led to tvui--
lito office, and of
er hi, inarigora
-1845, antiexa
rexa, and she.
11, became one of
e treatenings of
at a great force
I inier of 11Iexico,
the PreBideut fur
at which he Was
te. Ile did act.
. position nt Cor
st 1846, west of
.atening conflict,
reconcile angry
ry w•as made by
the American
ster to settle all
tat Government.
answer was giv-
the hquadrou at
lirawo. It was
1,313 pi 104
leather, and after
utititi of Herrero
since declared
l ble to negotiation
ittg that war was
approach of oor
socceeded him.
w attinitfo4rat ion
but was again
nal refusal was
itylor was: dircc
'rande: Ile had
I)er previous, as
is strictly enjoin
otntnit no act of
tt meet, resident
such, he declared
e; and when. he
lid it necessary to
• city of Mntamo-
Hy tt - tok - p ace, in
'itt United States
ie desire for pro
:uses of dispute to
garded. •the
Limit pot.itive and
the Americans;
same month ex
eeeipt of it, hos
•troops had been
.isttt's papers taken
08 tinie Co' . Cross
On the `24th of
on was attacked,
captured or kill
! of the Rio Gralitle.
-filled a - day or so
rptain Walker anti
and six men kill-
On' the Bth of
it crossed the Rio
if Palo Alto kas
e victory of Resaca
use Alexiertns,v‘ho
d the Rio Grande
'co. Thus had the
;ramie, (the holm
ation of indepen
s n st i r n h
ck e ,r Statecone
capturing officers
tared for this Alexi
, nil was ready for
ring a war ttuncon
a State naninst
more. He caused
c 1 themoMent they
So far as he was to
boundary, he could
the Rio Grande—
, t, much less insist
s Droned and known
elf century by our
limed and defended
ent'did not defend
-a found one? The
00 miles in length,
r been der.cribed ns
He therefore de-
3d ofJannary last was given, that • the war was,
"unnecessarily and unconstitutionally begun by the'
President." This was carried by a strict. party
vote,-83:Whigs fur it, and 8:1 Democrats against
it. Sir, this vote is of serious conseqUenie• to the
Country; it casts upon It the imputation of aggres
sion, inexcusable aggression, upon the rights of ,1,1
sister Republic, by and through a violation of the
Constitution, upon which we all should look with
sacred reverence. Never was there a more serious
charge; never a charge 'so groundless, nay, so
thoroughly disproved by every, act in the history of
the war. And, sir, I shall re-uirer, while I remains
member of this House, whenever-I can under its
rules, resolutions to expunge thci" unjust sentence,
until it shall he obliterated or stirrounded by dark
I and ominous lines, warning the reader that within
theircircumfereuce is contained an aversion on
, the national honor and the fidelity of, our national
1 Adennistration, and to be ever heeded, ruarkail. and
known as such. But I have not time tti pursue this
war question. It was justly' begun and: has been
'gloriously terminated, adding (minding glory to our
arms as well 'as commemorating our magnanimity
and humanity in conducting it. My olifect was to
show that the Whig party had opposed it arid taken
sides against the country on this as on the other
• great issues betweep our country and other Powers
that 1 have briefly noticed. It is enough here - to
say. that far different have been the principles and
1 practices orthe Democratic party. On all these
i questions, varied as4they have been, that party has
followed no lead but that of the country- , --no star
but her welfare. ,
Mr. Chairman, republican governments depend
upon public opinion: monarchies and despotisms
upon the will and interests of the 'few, and the
arm of power. IVith us it is public opinion that
gives vitality, and force to out inatitutim s, and en
ergy to Government. Upon it alone can they exists
It. is obvious, that if popular approval or disappro
val have nothing to do with the principles nr the
measures of Government to adopt by those who are
to administer,t hem, al! will depend on the Me t es
of those Who govern; and being unknown,
MIS( be taken on trust by their supporters and fol
lowers. The "difference hettseen the Democratic
and Whig parties is very great in this respect.—
The former put forth their candidates, avow princi-
Ries, and ask their such principles; all can
know them; nothing, is taken on trust. The Whigs
avow no principles, 'erect no platforms. - They
have nominated their candidate, and certainly they
have taken him on trust. Gen. Taylor has never
embraced miy political principles, ;if we believe his
own admisilqii: Ile has never voted, although eli
gible for thirtY or forty years, and avows no princi
ples now. me ask, for what has he been select
ed? Certainly for no distinction gained as a states
man; for no bolitieal sagacity—because he-confesses
himself unacquainted with political quesiiiiim—
, What, then, commended him to the choice of the
[ Whigs? Slimily and alone his military success in
Mexico. But. sir, I would like to know why, if this
was the only object of the Whigs, thiy did not norn•
incite General Scott? Why was he overinoked?—:
The General, that the party have been in the hohiL l
of denominating the hero of Chippewa,• Lundy
Lane, Vera Com, Cerro Gordo, and the the battle- i
fields near Mexico; why is he dropped or overlook- i
edl His millitary successes are rather more //11-
nwrons than that of General Taylor; besides. he had
yoteu—tiatt some political principles. Will the ,
friends of (:en. Scott feel much fluttered_by the ne
glect? If Military glory (516 the great desideratum,
I cannot conceive the justice in passing by General
[ Scott. If not so, and principles had anything to do
with the selection, let me ash why the party have in
his latter days abandened their 'liar ry of the - West r'
For years„[ sir, they - h• ve loved to denominate him
the neinhodiment" of Whig, principles. Hate they,
[ übandonetll their principles? They used to speak
of the principles of the great Whig party, as eter-,
nul and vital. Where are they Jam? When Mr.
Clay was !the candidate, their principles were not
concealed--were open and declared; and although
they were condemned by a majority of the people, !
there was something to respect in an open contest
[ for principles, akhoilgh erroneous as I think they
were—vi hen compared with that stealthy, snake-like
I policy tbet makes nmarks, leaves nu tracks, and
1 is tube t'stken entirely on trust without any evidence
lof what it is, or is to be. The Whig, party arc a
gain abontitu.resort o the plan of the campaign of
1840. Pree 4 ons to hey election, that had.annonn-
I cod some principles, some policy,' but had been de
r rented. In that me arable campaign, they made
no avntval:f f*,.r the pi blle eye; and they elected Gen.
' Harrison.' In 1814 they made Mr. Clay. and his
principles theircreed and standard-bearer: they fail
-ed. ln 1848 they r sort to the, plan of 1840, and
take a caddidate wit, avows no principles, to d they
avow none, in tly- h [ipe that, unsuccessful with an
avowal of principles as they have ever been, their
only prospect consisyi in success without any. Will
the.plan succeed? k ir, Ido not believe it will.
, My colleague [IN r. Ste Wart) says the Allison
letter of Gen. Taylo, exhibits his principles. Well,
sir, we shall-see. For non-commitialism, that let
ter out-Ileruds Herod, in my judgement. It is the
twenty-second or twenty-third of the series that
General Taylor hst
The tir ? q paragra
coatings, whilst
will regullitc nty polit
liar with all the mine
give solemn pledges
President: to carry o
f*ieen us. Let us see.
us follows.
ave great cardinul principles which
cal lite, I am not snfilciently Lanti
e details of political legislation to
L . exert my influence, if I were.
M this or defeat that measure. I have
I Id no opinion which I would not
u4scrabled countryman: brit crude
ter.; of policy, which may he right
uorrow, aio, perhnpl, not the best
e. Ono who cannot ha tr. t .ted
I. t be confided in merely on account
no concealment. I
readily proelaitn to in!,
impressions upon 11101
to-day and wrong to-1
test of fitness for oflic
without pledges", Cann
of therm'
lii tin,, he soya he
but not sufficiently
give pledges to e.arr
principle's that cattiO
mils them to he "cr
policy, Which may 1
ruw." Now, Sir, 11
that he Possesses,
gency of "being HI
row?" 0 so, they
wrong 11w next, OS
lint further it ill.
..I will proceed ho' ,
• ”First. I reiterate
Whig, bnt not an alt
thdmere president of
independent of party
administer tho G
"A Whig, but of en ultra Whig," This the
General is sure a "right to-day," but it niay be
"wrong to-niorrow " The same remark is true ex-
awl} , of the mann, r he would administer the Gov
ernment. He trot Id administer it according to this
plan end upon thi prinCiple, if he" should not con Wrong to- norrim.' ' 1 - -
. 4
“Sscond. The we o power. The power given by the
Constitution to the zecutive to interpose his veto is is
high conservative p. wart but in my opinion. should nev
er be exercised exec t in cases of clear Violation of dte.
Constitution. or ma rifest haste and want of eonsitlire.=
don by Congress. Andeed, I have thought, that for malty
years past, the knoW i n opinions and wishes of the &teen
five have exercis d undue and injurious influence
upon the legislativ department of the Government;
and for this cause I have thought our system Was In dan
ger of undergoing a great change front its true theory.—
The personal o pin i o
_ s-of the individual who may happen
to occupy the Exec live chair ought sot to control othe
action of Congress pon questions of domestic policy;
nor ought his objeo ons to be interposed *here questions
of constitutional po ver have been settled by the various
departMents of Goiternment, and acquiesitod in by the
.1 _ _ _
1 his great cardinal principles,
acquainted with legislation to
t4m out. What are these
tbe described? At best he ad
ind.,.limpressinns upon matters of
!e right to-day and wrong to-Dior
ite:4e great "cardinal' principles"
fare t ivy subject to this cumin
ght to-depend wrong to-mor
rn only to be right one day and
circtitnstances may indicate.
'vevor to respond to your inquiries.
what 1 have, often said. 1 am a
,a whig. 1t elected, 1 would not be
1 a party. 1 would endeavor to act
domination. I should feel bound to
vernment untramoled by party
irtnan, said something already in
o power es viewed by our oppo
ere ibt General Taylor's view of it;
re a greater error made in regard
protest agaittat ouch a principle
I have, Mr, Ch
regard to the. ve
Denis, But, air,
and never wad th ,
to tits exercise.
as is here avowed. The power,
nevar to be exercised except in eii:=4
lion of the Constitution," Lc. h
doctrine? Simply this: it must 'citl
the legislation is unconstitutional;
power is exercised: The very rc
doctrine. Legislation ought tube
'ions!, or it ought not to exist. il,
doctrine, a thing might be a little !
but not beilig clearly so, doubts bet.
fact whether it is so or not, !Bereft
er ought not to be exercised. Thi
I conceive, of the true doririue.
be limited by the Constitution, and
ly within its limits as - principle and
dent, ought not to be, sanctioned,. '
says, what is not elearly—that is,,
yowl its limits oughtdgbe stoictioC
sidered alibi° it. This avowal, a
his salVo. It is . wrong to-day, an
er, it seems to me a great error.
1 “Third. Upon the ~object of theta
the improvement of our great bight+
and harbOrs, the will of tire people, no
their represenintives in Congrei.:, nits
and carried out by the I:‘ecutive."
Sir it, would seem that Gen, Ti
a hatever on the subjects just enn
fern it'all to Congress. If they ti
tariff, so is he; if favorable to harp
is he: if against both, so is he. I
pies in regard to these subjects.'
gross may say, he is fur that. l's
these measures, hels favorable; w
he is against them. Now, sir, th
f l
league calls General Taylor's plat I
said in this platform abobt a ba',
treasury, about distribution of th
public lands.
,If this is the platft,
now, what has become of that onei
wery right -then, why not insist 14
sir, the selection of their eandidt/
a view to availity.- They make 1
they have kicked from under them)
mid are now
. in the condition of
prits.who are sometimes obliged 1
thing, as a penalty fur their otreni
In all the letters of General '1
Convention that nominated him, 1
Ito ascertain what were his or. the
learn, if possible, what they wort
;aeration meeting. *1 beard severt
, member a distinguished gentlemn;
,spoke eloquently, and, as the' tie
-great length." ln speaking of t
served that it had been said that ti
"Well, Or his part, he thought t
Lion: it was in his favor. lie
and that was what he wanted.
man who lid voted. If
.he had 5
clone some fighting; Others objt
not give any opinion in regard to
0 01 ,4. Well, he couldn't—he cl
didiet know• what had: been don
United States. lie didn't know
and lie hadn't time to lean it. , II
for the people. But it was said I
!couldn't writ. lie didn't care if
1 his 117 met he was holiest; he n,
I people. What do yen think, fetll
liitn,so popular? I'll tell you: it
yes, fellow-citizens, his principl:
were his principles, the people' %%i
dark as et er. It was about as d
his principles, and as satisfactory
I heard of a countryman, who. coil
ecary's shop, inquired, "Do - y
.here?' :Apothecary
• much ore they?" Apothecary;
erable I reckor." "Very well,
each "
There was a lime, sir, in the
when people were nut allowed
the opiniops of rulers; they wet
tied to know. But_it is,too late
Men, under the impulse of freed
err where and demanding to kni
signs of those who are ruling th
A party here seems In be the onl
almost universal feeling. Whit
feature might I not draw from th
country! This Republic, new
wonder of the world, started but
universal gloom, with a &chii
mankind of the principles to la
great platform was erected: it r
confoonded foes; and these prim
of our national existence contai
main, to be admired and venerate,
lit itself exists. Sit, wilt the p
of seventy-two years' oat iona I
the early practice of open avow
selves blindly to a man—a mere
olio avows no principles, and
political experience? No, sir, t
I remember a poetic fiction
lure of disupoint ment incident
The Veiled Prophet KhOillS:1111
to believe that beneath the silo
his lace, glowed a countettanc
Tv, and worthy to command
11 1 ,141111 y he led them, relying up
led his purposes and.wickedne.s
At lust, raising the, veil, he C 3
self deformed, exclaiming
-There, ye wise ',slats, behold 'your light, }our !-iari
Ye Wlould he dupes and 1 ir tuns, and ye are."
Sir, this was fiction; hat "trut i is stranger than fie,
' lion," and blind faith in mortal man may-be doomed
I to disappontents its geat: et tne comend th
! picture to i the m c.mliding r follolers of Ge m neral Tay
lot. . ,
- These are my views of the e.ndidatc of the Whig;
party. Sir, 1 would not plug • a laurel from his
brow—depri%e him Of a singe ray of glory that
,h ot dd jil,:ity stir -round him. Ile has been Selected
for' his ad/lit:try achievements, as I have already said.
How many, may not I ask, are the're to whom much
of the glory claimed for General Taylor, does not
justly belong? Many a bravePilicer, now overlook
ed and forgotten by hb adtnircis and supporters,-per
formed services as faithfully,land as important to
success, as did the general. Flow many brave men
are there that made tip the ranks of that glorious ar
my, herded all fdr their coentry, fought saddled for
it. whose laurels are now bound etouni the brow of
the, commander? Is it just? Sir, the labors, perils)
and courage of others are the Materials that consti
tute the glory of a mere chieftain; and never was it
more truly so than in the instance of Cows' Tay
kur. Now, does this, the only clement of his popti
larity, qualify him for President of the U; States?
Sir, no Man can say it does, and where is any thing
else to commend him 7 , -the least evidence of civil
qualification in his whole
life? . It exists nowhere—
jB nut to be found or pointed out.
Lhave made these remarksoir, in no spirit of un
-1 kindness. To the Whigs "personally, I h ave no
objection;" to them politically, I hate no other feel
tug in the world but to see them defeated in this their
second attempt to slide into power by an sliced in
favor of men not principles. This cruising without
flag, or banner, or papers, always will induce scru
tinti"-stlsPieinnt and certainly it is in , fault of those-•
who suspect—who doubt the entire fairness of the
"transaction." It is the fo;lly of those who give
grounds to suspect. Sir, I like to see the canner I
iam to follow—see its motto, [beholds its starts, and
feel that it is known and recograed by my fellow
man. Such, happily, are the principles attic Dem
ocratic part y. that it moves mit without these em
blems—the insigne that shrill enable every behold
er to distinguish its banner from all other banners;
itp principles are broadly spread out upon its ample
folds. Be victory or defeat the fortune of the day,
still the banner is ever the same; On it remains the
same great truths. In the contest that is to come,
sir, I have no fears. Our opponents are made up of
discordant material's, having no sympathies in com
mon, and no principles in common; they cannot,
'Under such circumstances, hope to succeed. On
Vora MEP 05 tuourn rAui..]
-- -_--~=
e says:, "ought
/s of clear violet
)'ire what is this
, arly 'appear that
1. before the veto
rerse is the true
clearly eonstitn
tceoreing to this
ng, cast upon the
the veto pow
s is an inversion,
:,^gislation is to
what Is not clear
necessary inel-
General Taylor
and to be arl
1 e
best, is eleMf2
will be so foreykr
rill, the currency,
flys, rivers, lakes,
exprensed through;
tit to be respected
ayior has no vietvs
noraied, Ile re
re favorable to a
ors and rivers, so
I le has no princi
i Whatever Con
hen favorable to
•lien against them,
S is what my cot
rm. Nothing is
k,_abont the sub•
proceeds of the
rui of the Whigs
•of 1844? ItAliey
pun ii now? But,.
e was made with
o platforms, and
that one of 1844,
ertitin great cul
l° dance upon no-
aylor, and in the
had been unable
r principles. To
1 attended a rat-
I NPeCelieg• I re
i of l:ongress whet
vsipipers say, "al
to General he ob
e had never toted:
his. was no objed
vas a good Whig,
le did not want a
ever voted, he had
cted that he could
certain great rpies
ouldn't because he
l ,
e since he left the
that had been done
I 0 was the % ery man
1e was illiterate and
he couldn't write
as the man of the
loar-citizens, makes
is his principles,—
s"' • its to what
re as much in the
etinite in regard to
i as the story which.
uing into an apoth
u keep drugs and
. •
"Yes." "Hoof .
'l'liey are \ consid-
I will take one of
istory of the worhi
o be curious about
e not thought entP
in the day' now.—t
m.are rising tip evz
w the views and de ,
nn us to the future.
y exception to this
a contrast to this
history of our own
and, glorious,. the
ly forth, amidst the
:ation dedicated td
contended for; the
jai.ed op - friends anti
Iliples t the title-page
fling them. will re
-41 while the Repub..
2ople, after a',petiod
existence, abandon
al, and devote them
military chieftain—
as not a particle of
hey will not,
lhat furnishes a pie
o blind devotion.—
nduced his followers
r veil that ever hid
radiant with beam.'
all 'heir homage,—
ml faith, until It suit
to undeceive them.
,hibited deformity it-