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VOLUME X VIH.
IS 7SHLISRED EVERY SATURDAY, AT ERIE,
Erie County, Pa.
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1. 1 ,7i21,12.5,5112,1 11 5C0MN.1P
13ENJAMIN F. DENISON;
ATTORNEY Al' I.AW,
Cleveland 10b i?.
oE6ce on Superior et., In Atviater's Block.
Illeriu.tica PARKER, Callibridge I,,tw School;
IIon.RICJIAIt FLETCHER, 10 Stillest., ilor1011;
Stllll.L 44PERM:IS. 14 .1 Walnut .t.,
Rt, o ow_ 11. linensta.. Esq., 53 Well st., New Yoik
Fur TESTIMONIALS, t . cA)r to this Office. 3: ti
KELSO Si. LOOMS,
ener4l Fort, aiding, Produce and Commission
Dealdrs in Salt, coarse and fine;
aka, Coal, Plaster, ' Shingles, .
DOCK, west Side of the publiz bridge, Erie, Pa.
anis J. KELSO, , W. W. Looms.
lIIR.Vtt COOK. •
'olepale and Retail Dealer in cheap wet and
Dry Framq (Traceries, at. No. 5 Bunnell Bleck,
tate S't—Erie Pa.
L. W A itliEN.
•h. Blind and Door Mannfactnyer and Dealer in
Glass, west side of State et, between 7th and
st 4, Erie, Pa.
•T. W. BIOORE.
der in Groceries, Provisions, Wines, Liquors,
Cindies, Fruit. Fr.c. No. I, Perry Block, State
street, Eric, Pa.
MARSHALL be LOCKWOOD, -
tornevs at Law. Office up stairs in the Tam
nanynall building,north orthe Prothonotary's
aler in Dry Goode, Groceries, Hardware,
peens Ware, Lime, Iron, Nails Ste. No. 121,
Chianelde, Erie, Pa.
JOHN 11. ,MILL AR,
Intv and Borough Surveyori.olllce in Exchange
Ildbline.e. French at., Erie.
lE. N. IBULBEIIIT do CO.
t'ILIFFALO, N. Y.
ORAGE, FORWARDING AND PRO
►UCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
ND Dealers in Lehigh and Erie Coal. Salt
'and Produce generally. Paulenlei eaten
. paid to the sale of Produce and purchase of
N 0.3 it 4 Coburn Square, South Wharf.
E. N. HULBERT, 17. DRIGGS.
barlo. N: Y: 49
BENJAMIN 611, NT,
torney and Counsellor at Lac ; (Vied No.
Ive et., opposite the EaLae Hotel. Erie. Pa.
GRAHAM tr. THOMPSON,I
, orneye & Counsellors at Law, Office orb French
1tC4.1, over S Jackson t.c. Co's. Store, Ere.
Aril 24, 1!4.47. 49
_ •- _ . _
1. ItOSENZ%VEIG Rt, Co.'
dela in t•'oreian and Domestic Dry. Goods,
Made ettltilin., 800 s and Shoes, fie.
e., No. 1, Flemming Block, State% Street,
)raeys and Coun , ellors a
street, west side of 11
'w o rn.
11 fIitAFTW. W. A, GAM: ITIL w, S. LAN F.
G. LOOMIS & CO.
Jere in %Vetches, Jewelry, Silver, Gernian Sli
er, Plated and llri.rannia Ware, Cut Iffy, il
ary and Fancy Goods., .N 0.7 lteedilouse, Erie
kale and itetnil Dealers in Dry Goods, Gro
tries. Hardware, Crockery, Glassta are, Iron,
uts, Leather, Oils, etc. etc. corner of
.reel and Hie. Public Squa, opposite the Eagleaern,
mein, Erie, Pa.
WILLIAM RI ILL I'.
inet Mayer, Upholste and Undertaker,
!ate Str( e•, Erie Pa
S. DICKINSON, M. I).
iieian and ;Surgeon, office on Seventh Street,
the'Methoiligt Church. Erie. Pa.
WALKER €:, 00 K,
Oral Forwarding, Commisaion, and Produce
I .rthams ; Red Ware House, east of the Pub
c 11 , 012 e, Erie.
JOSEL'II KELBEY, •
i.ifacturers of Tin Cop pel and Sheet-Iron
tre cornernf Frenc h and Filth streets, Eric.
LEST ER, SEN N Err 8c ctiEsTER,
Founders, wholesale and retail dealers in
ores, tlollow-ware state street, Erie, Pa
BURTON & PERKINS,
olesaleand retai !deafer:in Drur , s,Aledieincs
'ye StulTs Groceries, &c. No .5, Reed House
r. M. TIBBAI,
..en assortment of Bern' Oozes in the
I county for eale by li. COOK.
. . ,
I ... , , ---.;.'",,:-.
' ,,, .
_ Ail . . .
- 1 111 E ,
, _ . ~
T 1 -V' ._,
•. 0 B E, - V E.. R
Sing, c'imi.adcs, sing! f
We are part of the State, who labor,
s' As well as our wealthy neighbor, '
And each in his sphere, a king. •
We laugh when the rich men mention
.'Their wonderful condescension,
In taking our hands with ditinty grips, , '
Undaunted by labor's grime,
And giving us love, on 1110 r lying lips,"
About Ue .tertian time.
Sing, cbturades sing!
We ere putt of the State, who labor,
As well as our wealthy neightor,
And each in his sphere, eking.
MIli; ILIIIMZEL.I4T j CO lIINIZ.
A SMUT MCENE
ON IIE NORTH -RIVER.
BY HENRY W. HERBERT.
• ......' 4
A-dark and stormy day of November had
closed in with a night as -dark and stormy.
A•Stiff southeaster was blowing right across
New YOrk Bay, turning tip the whole sur
lute long broken waves, and bringing
with it Scuds of raid and hail, driven almost
in horizcintal lines, by the fury of the winds.
All the day long it had been blowing thus,
and, although it had lulled for an hour or two
at_sunset, as night drew on the storm had
still increased, and now, - at ten o'clock a
night, it. blew harder than it had done hereto
fore; and the wind having altered its direc
tion, in a degree, had knocked up al cross sea
mid which, there was a considerable ground
swell, the remains o t f the morning's commo
In - a word, it wasto use a seaman'
phrase—as dirty a night as need be encoun
tered, whether afloat or ashore.
The bell at the Hoboken ferry-house was
just sending forth its last impatient jingle,
announcing that the ten o'clock boat was on
the point of starting, when the rattle ot wag
on. wheels, and the clatter of horses coming
down the road at a slopping pace, announced
the arrival of more passengers, though' it
might be a question whether would arrive n
This question was solved, however, befo e
the wagon came up by the loud - "Hilton!"-of
the ferry-master, who had heard the approach=
ing sounds, and who now turned to one of
the boat-hands, saying in a low voice:, .
"It's Mr. Forrester, I guess, He crossed
over yesterday at daylight to go a gunning,
and he said he'd be back to-night."
"Ay, ny, sir," replied the man, not•caring
a half-penny who it was, so he got his orders.
And at the next moment ti pair of fast
stepping colts, one silver gray and one jet
black, without a spot of white, were pulled
up at the gate;. while such a steam arose
from their lathered sides,- that it 'looked like
smoke i in the lamp-light, and,completely hid
the carriage and its occupants from the bye
t. Law—Mice on
he Public Square„
"j thought it would be you,- sir," said the
ferry-master, "and held on the boat a minute
or So._ Be as lively as you can, will you,
"Much obliged, touch obliged—that's rig ht
.1 believe." • 1 •
AU right, good night."
And straightway the light wagon rolled on
board, containing another gentleman besides
the driver, and a servant, together with a
brace of setter dogs. 'Two or three. guns
were lashed to the dash-board, and several
large bunches of quail and ruffed grouse were
suspended from various paits of the wagon.
The driver and his friend were buttoned up
to the throat in heavy box coats, and a large
bearskin was tucked about their knees, , For
travelling on such a night, men scarcely
could be better '.guarded against the V'eather.
As they drove on board the boat, the light
of the_wagon lamps, which was very power
ful and clear, fell directly in the face of.a
man who was leaning with his back on the
starboard side; The driver of the carriage
was looking the other way, piiid did not oh
serte him, but his friend caught one of those
momentary glances of the face, illuminated
as it was for %single second by an excess of
light, which sometimes seem to show us
twice as much as we could see, in the same
space of time, by broad daylight.
It was a terrible face that, although it was
the face of a young and not ill-looking man.
But it was so thin, so pinched, so careworn,
and, above all, so deadly pale and wan, that it
showed actually blue and ghnetlyin the lamp
' light, like the visage of, a corpse.. Yet it
was not merely the thinness or the pallor,
but sometning in the expression which seem
ed to indicate that these were but "the 'signs
of wo," while there woo "that within which
passeth show;" which seemed to:prove that
neither want, nor weariness, nor watching,
MOT pny or the "natual ills that flesh is heir
to," but some strange and portentous agony,
some dread' spiritual conflicts had wrought
this awful change, which made the living
man look like a dead corpse.
Ey „. = - 1,
BONG OF TUE AUTUMN.
DY THOMAS DUNN ESIOLISHA
Sing comrades, sing!
Not alone in the woriii , knp'm clamor,
When irieltling the saw and hammer.
. Ir7'g s ach of 119 here, n king:
Tor n 6141711 of-our noble nation, '
%Vestand in a glorious station.
And learn to think, at etrety
'l'h kieser the fo r ols may say,
Vl 7 e arc hound to the State with a golden link,
.cini I force item rattan. • •
Aug, comrades, sing'
'e aro part ItyrtheState, who Inbar;
well as our wealthy neighbor.
And each iu Lis sphere, o king,
- Sing, comrades ri ng! .
NVe ate Fords of a mighly n n,i . tion„!
Fier glory is our ecration,
And each Is as high as a king,
For we set the S•rxii: in motion', •
AS kings do over the plan;
Mid in Ileter a deed may our rulers speed,
Till we bay bow mid it hen—
or we feel it our po% or and purpose strong
snow that we are men.
Sing comrades, sing!
We arc ; part of this State, 1019..1,11)0f , •
AL n ell as our wealthy neighbor,
And each in his up' ere a king,
"I have seen that face bet• re, Frank," said
he wild had observed it, in a low whisper to
“What do you mean? what' face, Harry?”
"Did you not see it, as we drove in? that
ghastly, tortured face. I never saw the
like of it in' my life. It put me in mind of
-the damneil souls in Michael Anglo's Last
Judgment—but I have seen the face before,
who the deuce isfier
"How• should I know? You're always fan
oyingsomethiug wonderful or other."
"Ah! I have it now. It is that young
fellow we saw the other night, at' Delamore's
betting and losing in such sporting style.—
The fellow, you knew, who lost fifteen then
sand at one run, and then called for cool cham
pagne. I saw it cut him to the heart theli,
though he affected to carry it off with a frcil
lick. It is he, sure enough:"
"Ah!•' said Forrester, carelessly," some
clerk, I dare say, who has , beed rummaging
the till, and making his master's' dust fly. I
thought'the chap had a sort of Pearl street
cut abnut him at the time, a touch too much
of the 'yes sir!" sort of thing. Didn't ring
t rue, by a great sight! Look here, Timothy,"
and he turned to the servant as he spoke,
"jump out and slack those bearing reline, and
throw the b!aukets on. We shall be half The
night getting across in this sett way, and, hot
as they are, they'll catch their deaths, if . we
don't cover them,"
"Hold on, Tim," cried the other. "I'm ci=
ing to got out myself, and I'll do it." •
And disengaging himself from the condor -
able bearskins, he got out of the wagon, a d
the ruin havlng•ceased for a mwnent, thre ,
aside his heavy box-coat.
He was tall, powerfully-framed, active an
of something less than six feet high, wi out
an ounce of superfluous flesh on his rame,
deep chested and thin flanked - t ye* man
for the performance of athletic feats, whether
of strength or agility. •
He was dressed.in sporting toggery, a cor
duroy sheeting jaCket buttoned close up to
the throat, with knee breeches of the same
material; but owing probably to his having
got his boots wet in the morning's , shooting,
he had contented himself with drawing on an
extra pair of thick Canada woollen stockings
over histother clothes, and only wore on his
feet—which were sufficiently , protected from
the weather by the bearskins of the wagon—
a pair of loose morocco slippers.
Applying himself to the horse, without loss
of time, he soon made them comfortable, .and
then selecting a good cheroot from hie cigar
case in his aide-pocket, and lighting it at one
of the wagon lamps, strolled' aft, remarking
Carelessly to his friend as he went:
"I am going to take. a look r itt my friend,
Frank. By the cut of his jai,' it Would not
surprise me a bit, if he were to jump over
board, before he got across."
' "Serve him right," answered Forrester,
with a light laugh, never dreaming that his
friend was in earnest, or that each a catastro
he was indeed likely to o cur. "What
i i ight have clerks to play at fa o, with their
Taster's money?" '
Archer hardly heard him ou , fOr in ,truth
)!e paid no attention to what h I said, so much
`bas his mind engrossed by that pale face, and
the fearful expression of inward agony which
it conveyed. This feeling it was, indeed,
though he was scarcely conscious of it him
self, which had induced him to descend from
the wagiin, and perhaps to divest himself of
his greatcoat; for though 14 did so, as. it
were, thoughtlessly, and-though assuredly
he could have given no reason for the action,
still it was the sort of thing which no man
does without some momentary reason, how
ever transient or unconscious.
Meanwhile, so heatily_was the btiat be
laboring in the sea, the tide and wind being
both dead against her, the former running
very storngly up, and the latter, blowing, as
I have said, full in her teeth i from the 'north
eastward, that although she had left the pier
above•ten minutes, she had not yet made half
'her passage; and was now, perhaps in tN )
very deepest part of the river.
The young man had not walked ten steps
from the Wagon, walking 'aft toward the per
son he had seen, before a heavy splash reach
ed his ears, as of a weighty s ibstance falling
into the sea, down stream, ant to windward;
and the next instant the loud' ciy of the man
at the helm, man overboard!"
"Back her! back her!" cried Harry,as loud
as lie could shout, in those cle . ar and corn:
manding tones, which impres:
moments of energy or peril,
tion that the speaker is right, and must bo
obeyed. , "Back her, and ru her head up
-And as he spoke, without pa
he rushel aft, kicking off his
went, sprang upon the railing
the leeward side, and leaped ov
ing as far out as he could thro
striking out as soon as he to
face of the water.
It was not without that rea y and instinc
tive calculation which stro g minds—and
strong minds only—can en eaain in me::
monts such as this, that Arch r jumped into
the river on one side of the b at, while the
person whom he aimed at say hg had fallen
or thrown himself overboard the other. 1
He had taken note of the i%bind and tide
and knew, almost without liinking at all,
that be would be drifted up st earn, and that
by taking that direction, his c.anceof:saving
him,would,be increased mater ally.
Scarcely was Archer in the water, howev
er, before two more short, a dden isplashes
followed, and the master of t l e boat, utterly
bewildered by the rapidity wit which events
were passing , cried out in co sternation.
"What the -- ails the folks', Is all
bands jumping ovorboardV' • -
" "The last two Rio • only do a, air," cried
4.`orreeW, who bad apr.nng out of the wagon
fn great agitation the . mome.t lig heard oil
THE,WORLD IS GOVERNED TOO
SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 18
noise, foreseeing what had happened; "but my
friend—my friend, sir, whom:you know, Mr.
Archer, is overboard! He leaped out to sive
some person or other. Did you not hear
what he said before he went? To pat her
head up stream! For ,Godsake do it! For
Godsake save him! I will give Ewe thousand
dollars, if you'll save him?'
"If you'd give a'million, young gentleman,
I could do no more than I will do. But the
odds are terribly against him such a night se
this. Why the &nee did'nt /he let the fellow
drown? a fellow that would go to take his
bwn We i ain't worth savidgi no ho v. Stop
her!" he shouted suddenly. , f'She's run up
far enough. Now shniv lights to-the water
edge. Ring the bell
Fur a moment or two the dull clang of the
bell was heard, and as it - emitted, Forrester
I and tho master, who had run forward, listen
ed with all their ears. ,A faint hurrah came
feebly flown the stream, against the strong
wind, from a hundred yards distant.
"It is lie! Wu e'en save him!" shouted
"Let her go.. Keep 'her so. - Steady,',
shouted the master. "More deck hands, bend... !
a line on that settee, and make fast one of the
lanthorns to the back-sail of it; deck alive:"
"Ay, ay, sir."
"Are you ready'!" I
Again the ponderous engine-ceased to work,_
and as the boat became_ stationary, Forrester
and the master both hailed at once; -and now
the cheerful hail was returned from the Water,
so nicely had the distance which the boat
ran beat ran been calCulated, within twenty I
feet:of her bow.
"Overboard with it; lively, men, lively:—
Hold on to the line: Belay!"
And, in an instant, the settee wag floating
on the waves, and the lanthorn dancingabove
them like a will-o'-the-wisp, throwing a lit
tle circle of pale lustre over the green flanks
and agitated crests of 'the foaming billows.
"Strike for the light, my brave lad! Do you
see it?" bailed the master, as he saw, by the
light of twenty lanthorns which were lower
ed to the water's edge, a dark mass drift by,
within ten feet of the bows. .
, There was a moment of terrible suspense,
all eye's being fixed on the dancing light, now
rising above the crests, now lost to view in
the trough of' the sea. Suddenly it was tos
sed, as it seemed, high, into the air, then
plunged as rapidly into the water and was
The hearts of all on board - ceased, as it
were, to beat for a moment; but the next,
came a hearty cheer from the settee, "haul
us up! All right. Hurrah!"
And loud and hearty, and thrice' repeated,
was the cheer from all hands, as carefully and
slowly the frail settee, with its precious
freight, was hauled up along side to the lee
It soon appeared that Harry had succeeded
in saving the person who had first fallen over
board; but that person was so completely ex
hausted that it was with great difficulty that
4rcher supported him on the plank, while ' he
himself, though holding on by his hands, :now
swam but wearily, and low in the water.
Help wee, however at hand; and, fortunate
ly, they who brought it,-knew how 'to .4ply
their force to the best advantage. Thi body
was first got on board, then a rope was thrown
to Harry, which he twisted about his right
wrist; and then setting one foot on the float
ing plank he sprang to the beat 'ai 'e, catch
ing the rails with his left hand, while he was
himself caught by the . collar l by one of the
hands of 'the boat, and hauled b )dily on beard
in less-time than it has taken us to describe
"Do not forget the dogs—do not forget the
poor dogs! was all up with us both, if it
had not been for them. They saved both our
lives!" were the first words that Harry utter
ed as he stood on the deck, and Abel( himself
like a Newfoundland dog, making the water
fly in all directions from his saturated jacket.
The men laughed, cheered his indomitable
spirit, and sprang actively to sive the dogs,
which now came swimming
, tip almoSt ex
hausted; and with the strange sagacity of
their race, climbed onthe settee directly;and
as if conscious of what was about to happen,
hooked themselves on by their legs to the
beak and side railings;and , held on so t?n
aciously that they were lifted on board with
"God be praisel. All is right, and no
hprm done," said Archer.
"God be praisei, indeed," said the master:
"It was o thousand to ono against you,, such
a night as this. But I must see to the boat.
All hands, get her about. Look aliVe."
In the mean time Forrester and his, servant
had applied themselves with dexterity and
skill in restoring the half drowned man;
while Archer, after taking a good 'pull out of
his own flask, exchanged his wet Jacket for
the heavy box-coat which he had fortunately
laid aside just in time.
By this time, the man ho InUl• rescued open
ed his eyes, heaved a deep sigh, and recover
ing his senses all at once, asked in , a fairit
all hearers, in
ith the eanvie-
'sing a moment,
I:lippers as he
1 - of the boat on
died the sur-
"Where am I?"
"You are with friends, my' poor fellow,'
said Frank, compassionately. "You are
with friends, who will take cam of you."
"Friends," replied the, poor wretch.—
"Friends! I hare not one in the wide world.
Friends! why did you save me? why did. you
not let me die? Friends! ha! hal ha!"
"Look here, Archer," said Forrester, 4 %14
you all right, old fellow?"
"Right as a brick!" be replied cheerfully,
4 !and righter!"
"Well, jump into the wagon, then, before
a crowd gets about him, We are just'. get
ting to the deck. Well 44 0 him up to my
I,u . " cl It .
ank, surely. But I Must see
ows first, but for whom all of
been In another world ere now:
ir, Frank, it is a naughty night
t was the hardest swim I• ever
my life. That drowning fel.
Me like grim death, and took
twic . Once, I believe I actually•
he bo tom. It seemed as if I never
et up again; but, when I did, old
rebb d me by the collar, and San.
ht th nther chap. Here, my lads,"
as one of the hands came near him.
to is l wirn
had' for i
low bun 1 1 .
me dow •
want a bl
I in al'
t l riflii to drink our heaiths," hand
as he l spoke, "and hark you, ' not a
t tnia matter to the crowd; we don't
"A y !
I understand, Thank you!
uched llttt dock, the chains
i l ea made fast; the wegondrove
r the stones, and in five min
the door of Forrestor'e cozy'
of a jolt i
afterward the party, clad in
Is, were basking in the clear blaze
Liverpool coal fire.
g composure gradually, and finding
•asinseed in the hands of friends,
bed Man, conscious now of the al -
aculous escape he made, not only
e here; but from the penalties of 'm
ealier, related to them his sad tale.
oto say, it was almost point for
Forrester had surmised. • He was
Merchant's clerk, and from Pearl
f a respectable family, of good hab
ts, industry, integrity; he kvas ris- •
ily in his profession, and might safe
• competence at least, if not wealth,
t space of time.. In an evil hour, a
(1 led him to a faro table. He 'play
trifle, and won; and the old tale,
d, ensued. A latent rage for gam
len° unsuspected by himself, devel-
If. Ile lost his all, dipped his, hands'
employer's till, intending - to make
losses. Lost again! stole' again,
again, until all was lost—the sense
ity and honori—all in fact, except
l ife the had been married) discovered •
that he t•
lug rapt 1
ly look t l
in a silo
ed for a
secret; and had died on that very
morning of consumption—or' of a brOken
ileartPerhops; both toge her! Then he
solved t die also, and, had not the - ferry mas
ter at I eboken, bade the helmsman "hold
on," wh n the rattle of Forrester's [ wheels
were.he rd iu the distance, on so small things
of hums counts hinge—he had died soul and
body tha night, in that black, fearful river /
But. b was in the hands of men, who did
not things by halves . Frollicksome fellows,
they, full of fun and glee; yet sof as, woman
to the t o l ch of sympathy -or' pity, bold and
energeti as men—and right stout men they
were— % hen aught occurred to ;call , forth
their en rgies. 1
a tear they shed that night; and ',by
pathy—their manly sympathy—and
onsolation, they brought the wretch
. a state of comparative composure.
•xt morning Archer saw Helniore,
r of,the table at which the losses
incurred. lt should - 'have been eta
,the merchant's clerk, whose
II urposely omitted, IA once absolved_
/ers from all charge of Collusion or
s. He'had invented, he said, eatery
ey to account for his playing so
1, even then, instead of exhibiting
iiiety to win his money Delmare had
'nd urged him not to play, and had
1 ed him of the coming ruin.
ed men tl
I cher's,statement and showing-7,1r
.r played himself,but knew all the
cbe I me
1 , did—Delmore instantly refunded
y. There is a 'lSt deal of humbug,
'ay, about the villany and cold-hcart
these same :gamblers—nine times
r ten they are not half so bad as the
as they call themselves, who pl i ay,
itbles! j o gie some other'classes we
Ine, it is not is much they who are
as the system not so much the
a they who make the system! 1
I d na
I h e
ho, methinks I hear some one fis4ll,
nllemen! society,: the world
I it! out- on it! They first make
and then whip them for thecrimes
l ey have goaded them into commit-
return. Provided with the funditto
s defalcationsond accompanied''
h e penitent man sought his master,
his guilt, pra yed for pardon, and
e professed himself certain that' he
ted and could amend, refused to Te
hed to leave the scene and the cop l l-
If his frolice, his sufferings, his--111-
fluicide. .He wished, in a new coun ry
nde a new name, to commence a n w
r,un er new nuepities.
h was granted. Within a week he
Canton well recommended to a
-e in that city, and he has made gcod
nynendatio s.. '
, ears have lapsed sincb his depart
her hears !ern him frequently. tie
, arttier of the house and, a wealthy
t, what is letter far, he has seen
of his • way, and' has sought for
here only lit is to be found—from
here is more joy in heaven over
that repenteth, than over ninety-,
'ust persons who need, no repent
ewe of the World.
There is a Youth's Temperance So.
e i w York, the ages of whose mem
" from 10 to •le years, composed
ratter of Mithodiot church, members
is 7,000. ' ,
ADDRESS AND RESOLUTIONS OF
the 4th of March Convention.
The representatives of the Democrats of
Pennsylvania, in Convention assembled, feli
citate their political friends upon tho prosper
ous condition of Ate 'country and the brilliant
triumph cif her arms. ' Since the deligates of
the Democracy of the State last met within
this Hall, to make known their choice for
'President of the y United States, vase and im
portant events have illuminated the pages of
our history, and effected the destinies of our
'politicel union. (We look Rbil,ril l and Mee t ;
none of themrdienyes
L e the "ruin" p rophesied
by f`ettirtiliam with it • •thousand tongues4, l
We se 'iorcOmnierCe expanding to the Most
distant ports and whitening the most distant
sees, Manufacturers have flourished beyond
all p recedent end example. Mechanics, and
corporate and individual industry, are prau
cing to honest enterprise a sufficient compe-'
tency. Our credit at home and abroad is un
suspected and firm; exchanges are equal in
the midst of a foreign war—and the great
measure which seperated the government from
the Banks, intended only for n time of peace,
has preserved our moneyed circles and great
cities from the disasters consequent upon all
those expansions which occur during periods
- .of National speculation.
Since 1844, a new and flourishing State
has been added to our confederacy;, and a war,
long deferred by ourselves, and lon l g, provoked
by Mexico, although it has been prosecuted,
(after having been commenced by the latter,)
into the heart of ,the enemy's country, and
has made those who intended only to prevent
aggression, the avengers of accumulated
wrongs—has served to elevate our character
before the nations of the earth; to display new
elements of natiotel strength, and to present
new reasons for t he perpetuity of our Fini
cal institutions. The present general adi in
istration, which came into power on the th
of March, 1845, - has lived to see its, po icy
r i i
and its principles fully vindicated by the test
of time; and the firm' and fearless Executive,
who did not hesitate to avow his great re
l' forms, and to pursue them unflinchingly. to
completion,-is greeted by the tributes of the
reluctant witnesses ; who daily confess to the
wisdom and foresight of his measures. Penn
sylvania, which was the first to be prostrated
under the iron hand of free trade--acOrding
to the horoscope cast for hor by our political
seers—still stands before her sisters, with her
fair fields unblighted, her iron bills alive with
the hum of industry, and her teeming 7 alleys
jocund with the voice of well rewarded toil.
It is under auspicious circurnstanceu like
these that the delegates of the Democratic
party of Pennsylvania, assemble one more
to I express their unalterable attachment to
Democratic principles, and to re-assert their
satisfaction at the experience of the past,
and their confidence in the prospects for the
The grave duty of expressing a pref
between the several distinguished mini's pre
sented to the country, in connection w i th the
high office of President of the United flutes,
has been committed to this convention by the
Deniocrats of Pennsylvania. We ful l that
duty with a deep sense of its importae and
its responsibility. We do not conceal what
indeed it would be in vain te conceal, that the
country will require of the Executivei who
shall take his seat en the 4th of Marce, 1849,
peculiar abilities. Never before has ' been
more essential, that a vigilant guardi nship
of our blessed political Union, should e ex
ercised. Never before 1158 that uneq ailed
political compact, been so insidiously t rent
enetL Never before have the theories f the
enemies of our country, assumed ama fas t
cinating or a mdre dangerous aspen 1 Ile
that shall govern the helm of the ship of State i i
fur the next four years, must be a man equal
to this pressing and formidable:emergency.---;
Het must bring to the performance of its du -1
ties, not only' great experience, wise trtscre-1,
tion, and a well-poised - intellect , but he mulit,
show to the country that his fealty to her in='
atitutions is not bounded by the horizon of lo
cal doctrines, but is broad and general as the
spirit of freedom itself. He must respect the
sacred and inviolable compromises of the Con
stitution. lie•must keen . before him always
the sacrifices which all portions of the Union
made, when that ConVtution:wes launched in
to being under . cireu stances full of peril,'
He must remember that as our territory ex
pands and our civilization progress—as the
genius of Republicanism forced its way " down
to the very ? hues of the Pacific, and crushes
beneath the wheels of irresistable progress
the feeble and bloody despotism of another
age—the experiment of fre e
i government it
self may depend upon the fact. that our Chief
Magistrate should be mindful - of the experi
ence of the past. However the timid 'may
hesitate and doubt, the mission of this Re
public is one which, under providence, can
not be hemmed in by geographical divisions.
However the cautious statesman May shrink
from and deny the probability of our example
civilizing and controlling this entire continent,
even while he dreams of calamity, the sub
lime experiment is vindicating itself, and mak
ing still stronger the fabric of religitius and
political liberty in this hemisphere. To the
Democratic party the question is full of inte
rest, for itthat party the grave duties arising
under it, will be hereafter committed. Sure
ly we have seen nothing in the - triumph of
Democratic principles, since the organization
of our government, to make us fearful for our
country in time to come: These principles
and the measures which have seen originated
under and by them, have ever been assailed
and deubted by the, Federalists, with equal
aliility and - malignity. From the moment
when the illustrious JEFFERSON proclaimed
the great'creed upon which our organization
has since been founded, to the time when his
example wits intimated by Lamson, VAN By- ,
RES and Pont:,. a busy and relentless antago
Mem had constantly been on the alert, deny
ing the ;practicability; misrepresenting ,the
benefits, or,antieipating the evil consequences
of the . Democratic policy. How often have
we seen whole 'communities Swayed WM mis
led by the ominous predictions of Federalism,
while deploring and deprecating the tendon
eke 'of Democratic. principles? ' ?ow often
. have we, seen these predictions alionatethoso
who should have been first to denounce and
deny them! i-The e'oquent , and impressitio
commentary i upon this long and . cein,istat
hostility to the Democratic creed,/ is to be
found ifi'the' fact, that at this day hardly a re
lic rep ainS of the Federal policy, While thou.:
sands Wtio have beep among it,s leaders now
bear t4iwiling testimony to the 'complete and
sweeping success of Deinoeratie principles.
We have lived to ace. WEESTFIt bearing wit
ness against a BAMi of TunUNiTim STATEs,
as an , obsolete idea"—GA LI ATri r 'admitting
' • 1
the wise provisionS of thu l
81.11tY.—JonKsox, confessing to the virtue and
justice i .of Lum:itsL TAlllFF—PorxnErrEzi,
vindicating +IIE CAUSE OF Ills COONT4T,—and
CiAT fiIMSOG longing for the opporfunity of
drawing his sworn, "in seine nook or corner,"
that he too might "sr..,y A Mt;xicsx." The
favorite pleasures: of Federalism are buried
'deeper than "plummet ever sounded," and
when the entombed cities of other days, now
covered with the waters of the earth and the
accumulated deposities of centuries, shall ho
again restored to life and light—then, and not
till then, will t l rump of political resurrection
recall to being the condemned theories of the
Federal opposition. They will be recollected
in the fact, that theY were hung-upon the
wheels of Dernacratie progress, 4inly to bo
crushed by its irresistable revolutions! If,
this be so of the pa,t,, whir may.not our
future destinies' be confided to the hands of.
that - party, which has - sci well deserved its ti
tle to the confidence of the country?
The Deinocracy of Pennsy 'rutile, with these
truths before them, proudly submit the name
of JAMES BUCHANAN to the National
Convention, as '
I, their favorite candidate for
the Presidency), For a long. series of years
this distingnised statesan has been connect,
ed with the councils of 'his country; and we
are free to refer to his public career; with the
assurance that lie is singularly 'well qualified
to discharge the duties of that exalted posi
tion for the next four years. Ile comes from
a State, to use his own beautiful language,
the Democraey l of which "holds the ballauco
with steady Judgment and enlightened pat
riotism, between the opposite - extremes of
consolidation and disunion." Ever since he
has been in - ou'r legislative halls, thiii has
been the motto which has regulated his; co_n
duct. He has been Andeed, on all occasions,
the vigilant and!consistant representative of
the Keystone State, • .
In regard to Pennsylvania, to use the lan
guage of the address, adopted by the great
Democratic State Convention which' assem
bled in this place in 1843, herslf one of the
very first to abolish slavery, and occupying a
position, es it were,, between this institution
and its misguided enemies, she has ever
thrown her weight of character, and counsel,
and position, with Signal success on the side
of the country, This position has been ad
mirably represented in the national councils
by Mr. BUCHANAN. his profound disq,iisi
tions an the doctrines of State rights, and his
consistent opposition to the maddened excite
ment of fanatical zeal, i'vhile pursuing an
imaginaty evil, regardless of the very exist
ence of our country and our constitution,
have become memorable in our political his
tory, and have given his name a warm place
(not only among his countrymen in that re
gion which he has befriended, but everywhere
else,) in the affections of all friends of the
country. Pennsy I% ania thus stands as a bar
rier between the North an the South, and her
gigantic interpOsition has always been felt
with effect, to tl i: disgrace and confusion of
those who plott , d our common downfall in
the name of phi anthropy ! _
Pennsylvania presents this distinguished
citizen to the Union, at the very. Moment
when such qualities arid such experien‘e as
his, are mostto be desired for the Presidency.
By withdrawing his name from• the list of
Presidential candidates in 1841, Mr. Ike-HAN- •
An increased his title to the respect and con
sideration of the 'country ? and sho4ied how
fak abOve alb motives of ,self he esteemed the
Union and . ascendancy of theolemocratie par
ty. If gut:sequoia circumstances changed
the aspect of things., the patriotic spirit in
which that act Was resolved upon, did not
fail any the less to commend it to the approv
al of the Democracy of the Union. That it
was appri ated -by the distinguished States
man who ame hue the Executive chair thre
years ago it is shown by the fact, that on •
of the fires acts of his administration was t
offer 1.01r.^-BucUssi l vs the . first place •in hi
cabinet---4 \ position fortnerly filled by JEFFER '
SON, ADAM S t , C LAY, VAN Buiurt, WEBSTER,
dALHOUN, another of the master intellects
of the age. It is \ unnecessary to allude to
the manner in which he has met the expeci
tations of the Preside tit and the country, in
this responsible and arduous position, fille
during one of the most eventful administra
Lions in our history, and bearing intimately
upon our relations with foreign sp ovvernments.l i
The admiration which .greeted ht masterly
argument on the Ooegon question, and which
ha since applauded the ability- with which
hOias asserted our country's cause, ii his
correspondence with the Mexican Ministe7,i
is a proof that JAMES K. NEE knew %viler=
to find a wise, a profound, andan experience ,
statesman, when he appointed Jsmt.:s Be
CHANAN Secretary of State.
We deem it unnecessary to allude, at any
length, to the political history of loxes Hu
CIIANAX . Every trim Pennsylvanian knows
it by heart. The ardent Young American,
who volunteered to defend his country during
the late war—thy friend of MoNaon, who of-