Newspaper Page Text
January 10. ,n t Senate after
the transaction of the , dinary, routine of
business, a number of .orialsOndotitions
Were presented, amonu ch was one by Mr.
Cameron, from the citi . , of: Pennsylvania,
to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia.
Mr. Clayton presented a ,petition from the
Friends of New' York, Vermont, Michigan,
Szo., fur the adoption of measures for the ter
mination of the war. • Mr. Jolinson, of Louis
iana, on' pensions, reported a bill granting
half pay to widows and orphans of volunteers
:who were killed in Mexico, pursuant to the
President's Message, It was reads third time.
Mr.4huglasi fiatroduced a bill to gstablislt a
territorial 'government in Oregon. Pending
Abli morning business, M r., natinegani of- In
diana, introduced three resolutions, to the lef
• Ist, That.no treaty can be made with Mex
ico, Which 'Ries not guaranty to the. United
-States a good military boundary,.
2dy That uo intervention of any European
power can be admitted in the.aflidrs of
3d, That it may becoine proper to hold
Mexicans a province of the United States.
Mr. Hennepin' asked that the,replotions
be printed and mud the
,order this - day two
'weeks, which was agreedtb.
At ten rain t utes past one, the ten regiment
bill Os Aaketi up.
Mr. Reverdy Johnson spoke until the hour
of adjournment. Adjourned.
House.—The first business in order was the
reports of the committee of the whole on the
resolutions..renewing the southern mail ar
rangement, whith, after various amendments,
The Huuse then went into committee, Mr.
J. H. Ingersoll in the chair, on the President's
Mr. McClernand addressed the committee
' in defence of the general measures of the ad
ministration. Mr. Stanton followed chiefly
on the doctrine of the last veto. lie alluded
to the message—dissenting therefrom, and
supposed that war and j war; measures were
alone the conrseconsidered proper by the ad
ministration. Mr. Stewart, of Penn., ob
tained the floor, after which, the Committee
Mr. Cocke reported a joint resolution all
thorizing the CommisSioner of Pensions to
employ temporarily additional clerks, appro
priating $11,998 fur that purpose; it was rend
twice and referred. Adjourned.
January 11.-1 n the Senate after the
transaction of the ordinary morning business,
several memorials and petitions were pre'tmen
red. Mr. Cass from the Military Committee
reputed a bil to increase the stair of the ar
my for.-a limited time. Mr, Dickinson, of
111 . ew York, gave notice that he should ask
leave to take, up his Mexican resolutions du
ring the morning hour to-morrow to allow
him to make necessary explanations. After
the transaction of someunimportant business,
the Semite resumed the consideration of the
special order of the day, it beindtbf:bill .for
raising ten additional regiments to serve du,
ring the war against - Mexico. Mr. Johnson
then rose,and addressed the Senate in contin- .
nation of his speech commenced yesterday.—
He again denounced the course of the admin
istration in relation the Mexican war, and
r?onsiderd9 the immediate cause of producing
tto ca.tfllci h 1 isa ; r.sen from ths rem nal
of the troops in a hasty manner where they
were greatly exposed, and from the paucity
of their number invited an attack, and the de
which ensued in enlisting and sending for
tar 1 ' reinforcementa:. ' friely admitted
that the primary cause of the war was' an
nexation.- He was entirely opposed to' the
withdrawing of our troops from Mexico, and
if emsummated he believed it %%ould be pro
ductive of a perpetual war between the two,
countries, 14 was opposed to the et erthrow
ing of the nationality of Mexico, but was
willing to fight for that justice and honor
which we bad a right to demand. He thou't
the revenues of Mexico, if properly managed,
would prove sufficient to support our troops,
and though in favor of a desirable treaty he
was opposed to acquiring territory mmby force
of arms, but not froeithe fear of "extending
iarery. He ,denounced all desire or wish t,)
interfere with or overthrow the Mexican re
ligion. Mr. Clayton, of Delaware, asked if
Scott and Taylor desired these men. Gen.
Cass answeted aflimatively. Soon after
which Mr. J.mh !I son concluded his speech.•
Mr. Crittenden procCleded to make a few
brief remarks in opposition to the bull. Mr.
Clayton, of Delaware, fielmmed snd address
ed the Senate at length in opposition to time
bill. Withing concluding he gave way to
motion far adjournment. The Senate then
House.—After the t,an,aclion of the ordi
nary routine of business the morning, the
!louse resumed the consideration of the spec
ial order of the duy, it being tile resolution
referring thee President's message to uppro
pri ate committees, which -was taken up in
committee of the whole. Mr. Stewart, of
Pennsylvania, denounced the Secretary of the
Treasury's report us incorri and %%eta on
to state facts in corr.dmrat ion of his declara
tion. Mr. Abraham Venable, of North Cur
, cline, defended the President of the United
States in a brief and earnest manner. Tim
Committee rose and piesentedalie bill to the
House. The House then adjourned. if
January 12.—1 n the Senate after the
transaction of the ordinary business of the
morning, several memorials and pet ions were
presented, among which, several fro m the
States of Ohio, Maine and Massachusetts op
posing the war with Mexico.
Mr. Sevier, from the Committee on For
eign Itelatioes, reported a bill respelling the
settlement of old Mexican claims fur which
the government was not icsponsible.
' A bill reported in favor rf refunding to the
Seer.:tory of Wisconsin. w as lip for consider
ation and finally passed, after which Mr.
Dickinson's resolutions, relatite to the war
with Mexico were taken up, when Mr. Dick
ineon rose and addressed the Senate at con
siderable length in support of t h e same .
He argued that territory must be acquired
from Mexico as indemnity for .past injuries.
as well as fur losses sustained by the United
States in the present war. lie was opposed
to the doctrines and principles of the Wil-
Mot Proviso, and contended that to territorial
legislation alone must be left all the_control
"ufolavery within its jurisdiction; that fears
mitertained for the extention of the bounds
rhea of the United States, by the ineorpora
tinne new terraory, were groundleis; that
thoorapid incieaso of population, and the
growing agricultural and other interests, not
iunlfjustified, but authorized the acquisition
oftnore territory by fair and honorable means.
rif believed that all Mexican nationality must
come to an end by self destruction, as the
people were in possession of neither patriot
ism nor intelligence sufficient to sustnie a
regular government, as,much less a perma
nent national existence. Leave Mexico
• atone, said he, and England would prey upon
. /her ond her resources, and exercise a control
over bier hostile to the. interests of the United
Stater, and otherwise foster those n.onarchial
,pri t ;ftiples considered so neecisea.y for the
government of mankind. To' withdraw our
troops from Mexico, he considered, would
dishonor the country. Conquest, he con
tended, %%ea p . t necessarily annexation, but
Its occupation s e a ; absolute y necessary for
peace and security. We have a
he, to occupy the whole c0...."19.1 if necetioa
, ry, end to suggest such terms t.:'r the conclu
tipsier a peace as 'we may consider .:onsit‘toot
with junk() and national honor. Af t e r me
farther general remarks, 3 e concluded, whet,
Mr. Vales offered an amendment recognl
zingthe control of slavery as belonging to
the people at large,. inhabiting a state ur ter
Mr; Haler of Nese Hampshire, proposed a
Attbstitute for wholly prohibiting human slav•
,er:i isitltin the torrjr , ,rjPs or tho United 510.e.4
obtained by conquest or.pther means. Pass
*hen the special order of the day was 'ta
ken up; it being the ten regiment bill preil
ously discussed, Mr. Clayton, 'having the
floor, then prose and pjoceeded address
the Seulite ! iu continuation :of his speech,
commenced yeherday. Ile said he was Op
poseclto.lbo... acquisition of filt, , terriiory by
conquest, find especially to any attempt eith
er to occupy or to incorporate Mexico within
the boundaries of the United States. Suclin
measure was opposed to the principles of our
institutions and dangerous to their existetMe.
if we are to take territory, let it be by treaty
and not by force. In that case the troops
were unnecessary. Suppose, said he, Mexi
co to be subdued throughout, what 'were we
to do with her? If we admitted her various
States into our Union, and as members of our
denfederticy, we should incirporate within
our limits 8,000,000 abolitionists opposed to
tke institidion of slavery, and thereby endan
ger its exiiztence. By this Bill, said he, the
appointment of 540 commissioned officers was
added to the executive patronage, which was
already too expanded. The, progress of the
war. tended unduly to elevate the Military
power and influence. Ile went on to cen
sure the President for-his connivance nt San
ta Anna ' s return. He demanded to know un
der what authority his adMission into Mexico
nos brought about, and went on in a strain of
severe denunciation of the entire course of
the administration in relation to the Mexican
When he had sat down, the Hon. A. P.
Butler of South Carolina, Chairman of the
Committee on Military Affairs, offered a sub
stitute, limiting the increased the army.
The &Mate then went into executive ses
sion, and after a short time spent Alterein, the
doors were opened, and on motion the Senate
lionse.—After the transaction of the ordi
nary routine.of hnsiners, and some matters of
unimportant interest had been gene through
with, the Committee on Military' Affairs re
ported a bill granting soldiers u bounty.
Mr. Bing of Georgia, from the Committee
on Naval Affair', reported a bill authorizing
promotions. Mr. F. I'. Stanton of Tenues-,
see, from _the same committee, reported a bill
making sailor's letters free. Mr. Holmes of
South Carolina, reported a bill fur the estab
lishment of a Military Depot at the mouth of
. the Tennessee river. Mr. R. C. Mott of
South Carolina, introduced a bill giiing con
sent to the States to impose tonhage duties
fur the improvement of harbor and ricer nav
Mr. Hilliard of Ahibama, from the Commit
tee on Foreign Relations, made, a report re
commending the ni*ointment of a Ministei to
The house then went into a 'Committee of
the Whole upon the resolutions referring the
Presidents message to an appropriate commit
tee of the whole douse, and debated at con
The Committee rose a ithout any final ac
tion, when the House adjourned.
Januovy 13.-1 n the Senate after the
transaction of the ordinary business at the
opening, a bill reported Mr allowing vessels
to carry emigrants to Liberia, %%as taken tip
After the transaction of some other unim
portant business, the Senate resumed the con
sideration of the special order of the day, it
being the bill fur faising ten additional regi
ments. when Mr. Pearce, of Maryland, uti'-
tained the floor, nod combatted Mr. Johnson's
speech made in favor of the a or, and said
that the aggressite occupation of Mexican
territory had protoked resistance. lle denied
that the assumed boundary- claimed by Mr.
Calhoun and other, a as defensible, and con-,
tended that the boundary of Texas . never ex
tended legitimate') to the Rio Grande: here
Mr. Rusk, of Texas, and Mr. Sevier, of Ar
kansts, interposed I: x !deflations. ' Mr. Pierce
proceeded and dei ouneed the ,ordering of
troops to the Rio Grande as a unlit usurpa
tion of putter. The idea of claim rag indemni
ty for a oar commenced on ours at, a as new
and decidedly absurd. Ile curate Med that the
country of Mexico was conquer d, her gov
ernment broken rap. The resouices destroy
ed by the dishonorable prosecution attic War.
Ile a as opposed to the antlexatin of any ter
ritory. Ile was fur guarding aLninst perpet
. nal difficulties abroad and ruin a home. 111 r
Pierce said he would not consen to a contin
uance of the arm. Ile a cold pot consent to
vote own or money for the con! i mime o f t h e
a ar. lle a ent on to Make some farther geni c
eral remarks in condemnation ed the adrni t os.
trillion, and in reply td some 'of the argui
mem s of • Mr..Jobilson, a hen Ito Concluded.—
Mr. Calhoun taking the fluor, ibe Senate on
motion, adjourned o'tcr till Monlay: .
1/ause.--Alter thej organintion of the
House, and the transa thin of the ordinary
routine of business, the Senate bill granting
reoister 'to the bark Camdm at New York, a us
taken tip and passed. , - . -
A messag e ails received from the Presi ;
dent 01 lbe"United States, by the hand of his
pi% ate secretary. and read, in %%hid' lie de
clined giving information respecting Santa
Anna's return to Mexico, us ir.coimpatible
with the public interest.
Various motions were made respecting its
dispositiom i w hen an animated debate grew
up, in which Messrs. Adams, Schenck, Gull--
more and Toombs participated, and who con
demned the President and his' course, while
111 r. Charies J. Ittg.vr:•oll and others sustained
the ntesFa ge. and defended the President.
On motion it WAS made the''special order of .
the day for next Tueaday, %Own, on !notion,
the llomseadjunreed. .
January 14.—The Senate did not sit to
H we.—Several ptriate bills were repttrt
ed (tom the Ciatimiiiees.
The Ilouse, according• to the rule, proceed-'
cd to the consideration of bills on the private
calendar, in Committee of the Whole IJour,e,
(Mr.n. Cobb in the chair.)
A %ery long and animated debate took
place on the bill fur the relief of Mary Brae n,.
widow of Jacob Brown, and step.muther of
the lamented Major Blown, who fell at Fort
Brown, ripposite Matarnorat.: which continu
ed until the usual hour of adjournment, wh e n
the committee rose and reported, and the'
House adjourned to Monday next.
In the Senate Jan. 8, the Secretary of the.
CommOnwealth being introduced, presented
the otlicial election returnSof Governor of the
Commonwealth. The committee to whom
was referred that portion or the Governor's
message, asking for an appropriation of 1500,-
000 fur pu'Jlie't epairs reported favorably, and
tbe bill was taken no and passed.
kldr. Harris from the Committee on Corpo
rations lntrodnced a bill relatite to the incor
poration of a company to construct a railroad
from trie to the Ohio line.
Mr. Forsyth then presented the fullouink
Resolved by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives, That the Government cause to ,
he procured a sword, of suitable workman
ship, and present the same to Major General
Patterfiett, in the name of this legislature;
and also, that a similar sword
and presented to Brig. Gen. George Cadwala
der, with the thanks of this assembly.
Mr. Small then arose, and presented the
ing resolutions relative w the war,
which were laid - upon• the table.
Resolved by the j .S'rnateand Houle of Rep
rear:Utility, of .I;hutsylvonta in G enera l wh,
s ntbly met, That the existing war with Mex
ico, iii m o vae ( l by • any cat of the United,
State:, and forced upon us by the aggressions
an.: broken faith of Mexico, demands, and
shoulci receive. the hearty support of every
patriot Drift Wend of our free institutions.
Itrzyloyl,' That Pennsylvania will, as she
has heretofore Slone. sustain the Goiernment
of the United States in 'a vigorous prosecu
tion of the y‘ter, until ap honorable peace
shall have been conquered by our gallant and
- victorious armies.
I?!.solred, That ample indemitity fur the
expenses of the war, and for anterior,wrongs
should be demanded from Mexico, and that,
in the opinion of this body, no other or better
indemnity can be obtained than the acquiat
tion of a portion of the , preSent territory of
Mexico, and a perpetual and free passage
over the Isthmus of Panama.
Resolied, That the war with Mexico is a
manly and constitutional vindication of the
notional honor, and, if prosecuted with the'
and vigor with which it has been hith
erto conducted. will add strength and' digni
ty to our Republican institutions and ensure
a permanent and prosperous peace to tho
North American Continent. .
Result:at, That copies of the forgoing
Resolutions be transmitted by the Governor,
to our senators and Representativls in Cchi
Mr. Johnson, (of Erie,) a resolution re
questing the Committee un hanks to inquire
into the expediency of establishing a system
of free banking in the State of Pennsylvania.
Also that the hour of 10, A. M., be the hour
of assembling hereafter, Until further ordered,
o.lricli sus adopted. Adjourned.
In the house, same day, the Speaker laid
beilire the House a statement of the Philadel
phia Saving Fund Society.
Mr. Al'Kuight offered a resolution relative
to the death of James M. Kelly, a soldier of
the Mexican war, who died in Mexico, sym
pathizing with the friends of the deceased,
and appointing a committee to forward the
resolution to the widow- and relatives of the
' Mr. Keii offered a resolution, that 2500 ex
tra col•ies in English arid 500 German lan
guage, of he report of the Superintendent of
Common Schools, be p inted ibr the use of the
no mbers of this }louse. Adopted.
Mr. Hallowell, of hiladelphia, offered a
resulutiot that the CoMmittee of Ways and
Means inquire into the expediency of raising
by loan, a sum sufficient to absorb the relief
issues new in circulation, and report by bill
or otherwise. Adonted.
Mr. Goff offered a resolution, that the Com
mittee on Banks inquire and report what banks
(if any) have issued more notes than- they
were entitled to issue by law, and what rem
edy exists to punish such delinquency.
' _Mr. Krick, a supp etnent to the act pros
ding fur the settlement of claims for damages
on the Conneaut and Erie canal.
kthe Senate, Jan 10, Mr. Browleylpresen
ted a petition from citizens of Crawford-coon
-1 ty, for the creation of a new county out -of
parts of Crawford.
Mr. Johnson, of Erie, rend the title of a
bill relative to an amendment of the Constitu
tion of the Commonwealth:
Mr. Benner, a resolution that a Commit
tee of three be appointed by the Senate, and
thesame number by die Hon=e of Represen-
Jatives, to compare the official votes
,for. Gov -.
crier; agreed to. .
In the House, same l i day, Mr. Roberts, of
Philadelphia comity, Tpeured, was qualified
and teak his seat. •
Mr. Kerr presented a petition for a .new
county out of part of Crawford and Warren
to be culled Decatur.
Mr. Krick, several - fa the assessment of
certain damages by the Canal Commissioners
On the Conneaut rese6 (dr.
- Mr. Ball, one fur a railroad from the town
of Erie to l j the western Inuit of l'ennaylvania.
Mr. Dudley, one fur a change in the Con
stitution In extend the[right of suffrage to per
sons of color. Mr. R tberts, one of like im
port with'the foregoin .
•• Mr,licrr.t.fii.ied a resolution to appoint a
committee of three to act in conjunction %%lib
filar committee ofithe Senate, to bait up-
Ie Got ernor and accompany hinoo the
e on the 18th inst., to take the oath 'of
of Governor, which . was agreed to.
!the eilate, on tl
is hattll73 Was
tions and bills u
rder of the day.
ernon presented a peti
ens of Pennsylvania,
re to abridge the hours
day, and to prevent
n 01 a
_certain age in
the House Mr. F
frem 3,600 citi
ing the Legislatti
of la, or to ten hours a
enOut meta of childre,
ma Mita cteries.
Mr. Myers, from the Committee of Ways
and deans, reported the bill pros iding fur ex
tru,,,rdinary repairs on the public norks, du
ring' the present fiscal year; Which nab read
a stLeynd and third t me and
i linssed. Mr.
Zei , ler, from the same, a bill t i repair breach
es (Tit the public works. •:1
11 r. Fenton read a bill to secure to married
_wet ten the use and enjoyment ,of their on n
Ik r. Ball, an act to expedite the collector of
tax ''r. _ .
The resolutisn requesting the Setialorkand
and Rept e-entatites of PentisylVania, in Con
gre'ss, to urge the repeal of the act of 3d
March, 1817, in reference to postage o n news
papers. and the adoption of a uniform system
oft heap postage on letters and newspapers,
ika. read r. 5 econd and third time,' and the
ye l s and tui)s being called on the question of
its final passug,e—the-yeas were 93, nays 3.
In the Senate. on the 12th, Mr. Benner,
fn, n the committee appointed to confer with
a s milar committee appointing a time to com
p, e the official vote for Governor, reported
,thut the committee had adopted the 14th inst.
las he time to discharge said duty. [Rules
an :Tended, and the report adopted.)
Ir. Mason presented a resolution that:the
Se ate pr eyed to the hall of the House_ of
Representatives, on Monday the 11th - inst.,
and elect a State Treasurer. Adopted.
he hill aas then taken up relative to the
a, dition of the board of Revenue Commis
pit sed a sseinid reading, and was ordered to
be engrossedfor a 3d—yeas 20, nays 1:1
ti ln the House, Mr. Kerr read - a bill in place
fo the erection of a new county out of parts
oflWarren and Crawford, to be called Decatur.
atley; a bill supplementary to the act to
r tree the S'ints debt, and incorporate the
I misylvanin Canal and Railroad Company.
- ' In the Senate ; on the 13th, Brawley -from
sl l l
act committee, to make arrangements for
I ib inauguration of the Governor elect, re
purted roles for observance, which were
Sanderson moved to consider.the resolution I .
tt•iidering. the thanks of this Legislature to
Major General Winfield Scutt, and the rainy
tt i )der his'commund, for their gallantly and
b Avery in the existing Mexican war. Res
°jailor] agreed to—yeas 31, nays O.
Smith then called up his motion to abolish
tie Bon r 0 of Revenue .Commissioners. A
1,, , , g discussion ensued on the passage of this
In I, in which Messrs. Smith, Darsie, Crabb,
J rdon, Brawley, and others participated,
%, en it was finally adopted, yens 16, nays 13.
The resolution providing for a sword to be
p esented to Major General Patterson, and
itp. General Cadwalader, for their services
a 'd bravery in the existing Mexican war,
a s called tip by Sanderson, and pessed—yeas
In the House. Kerr presented sundry peti
ti ns of citizens. of Crawford and Warren
c unties, for the formation of a new county to
b called Decatur.
Ball,a j n o o i n n e t . resolution in reference to the
fI al adjournment of the Legislature:
• Elliott, one to authorize the business of
Noninnlione were then mode, for State
Treasurer, and Kerr appointed one of the tel
!elm and the Heine adjourned.
Gen. Shields will shortly return to Mexico
t t command on expedition from Tampico to
an Luis Potosi, contemplated by General
cott. He is of opipion that Mexico is now
so completely subdued that a small force will
suffice to retain military possession of it, but
the withdraWal of our troops would certainly
reuse their drooping Spirits, and place uipre
iisely in the same position -,in regard to th4 , o
i which we were a - ttle Bellusn,-:Ledger,
e ilth, nothing of a
I a private nature were
Highly Importabt from Mello%
New Orleans papers of the 7th inst., weir;
received by overland expresi this. meriting,
through which we learn that on the 6th, the
schooner Eleanor arrived with advices from
Vera Cruz to the 29 ult., being four days later
than the news brought•by the Fanny.'
By an arrival at- Vera Cruz from the city
of Mexico, the important intelligence has
been received of the issuing of ordersi by Gen
eral Scott, to the effect that the American ar
my is about to spread itself over and hold
possession of the entire republic of Mexico,,
until the government of the latter sues, for`
peace upon terms that will be acceptable to
the United States. ' •
'A number of orders from - General Scott are
published, relative to the taxer, and the vari
ous articles for taxation are enumerated.
Such funds as have hitherto been paid to
the Mexican Government, are now demanded
by General Scott for the suppptt of the Am
erican army. -
Among other prolithitions, we 'notice that a
stop has been put to all lotteriesJ
The Monitor publishes a letter from Quee
efttrn, in which it iat stated that, in cunse
qunce of the depaitO'ro of several Deputies,
the present Mexican Congress would not
again come together/ The new Deputies and
Senators, the letter kidds, will soon be in the
The intrigue's of foreign powers and mon
archies, are beginning to excite the suspicion
of the Mexican government, and silent meo/
sures are being tithen for counteracting and
suppressing these ;foes, ‘tkich are more dan
gerous, so far as th I L O-libelry of the republic is
concerned, then ere The foes tiritit whom they
are already at war.
The general government is said to be much
cramped for means with which to progress,
owing to the fact that the governments of the
States have refused to fulfil their promises of
aiding it with all the resources at their com
Assistant Surgeon Sales expired at the cap
ital on the 15th ult., and was interred with
Lieut . McDuntielly, of the 3d artillery, nod
two other officers, with a small party, left
Puebla for Jalapa, on the 15th, having charge
of considerable mniney. They were attacked
in the night by 14 robbers, and although only
two of our countrymen hod arms, they defeat=
ed the ladrones, and had arrived safe at 'their
We understand' that Col. Childs was about
to leave:Vera Cruz, where his regiment had
been en? -- joed v~•'l.h a splendid supper.
considered it his duty to state that Col., Ben
ton, senior, counsil fur the accused, had made
mouths and - grimaces at him, intending to in
sult and overawe him while giving his testi
mony; but he asked no action of the court, us
he felt able to protect himself., Col. Benton
then desired the j i dge advocate to take down
his uords, to the &et that General Kearny
had before fi xed tis eyes fiendishly on Col.
Fremont, when - he, Benton, determined to look
him, Kearny, do n, and be hnd done en; he
had looked at him till his eyes fell on the floor.
Benton and Kearny both dischiimed any in
tention of insulting the court. On Monday
We president of the court read a paper that
the attempt of Benton to look down a witness
was improper and indeiorus, but took no ac
tion: , Fremont presented a paler protesting
against a decision of the Court, which the
court returned tolhim. Kearny presented a
statement in writing that-LBenton's remerk tin
the .record that lie had looked him, Kearny,
down, was false, and he was prepared to prove
it so. This paper was returned to Kearny,
and the: court adjourned. Monday was its
53d doe. L .'
Tun Ps.:qtc.-4 friend informs us that du
the time when the brokers were buying
country bank notes at two or three per cent,
diecountOie went into Nyall street, and offer
ed to buy-with specie ofthe brokers the notes
of any bank between Albany and Auburn dor
three.fourths,of ;he per cent. discount to the
amount, of t went 1 -fi%e thousand dollars. His
offer was refused. That panic probably re
stored many laniti ducks .— Evening Post. •
_ On Friday of ernooni 31st uh, when the
discount on all country free banks had been
run down up to irt per cent, by the brokers,
after nearly exha, stirg ; their funda iii buying
at five.and eight 'per cent., we saw at an of
fice inyall street, cheCks drawn fur Monday
cashed with the• Very notes, at par, which not
an hour before laid becn bought from the pan
stricken holders at the high rates above
statedLsome ut the very highest -fignre.:--
True Sun. .
Sno i rwa TaA l onnY.-.-At Pleasant Valley,
Dutchess county on 81,ofiny evening last, a
dreadful tragedytook place. A man named
Pytie had paid hts addresses to - n young lady,
and prl,,posed marrying her about, a year agO,'
but th t she refused him on account of his diS
sipate habits, anti married a man named Rua-
'sell, i stead. Ever since then, Pyne, it at?-
has been determined on revenge, and
consummated his threats by entering Mrs.
Russell'S house, on that evening, and shooting
her with's revolving pistol, in the presence of 1
a little girl. The poor woman died immedi
ately,! and the monster who perpretrated the
foul deed fled precipitately from the neighbor
hond;lbut as the officers of justice are on his
track; it is to he hoped that he will be arrest
ed, and made to stiffer the punishment he has
SHOCKING TIVAGEDY.O II Friday evening
week, (says the Jacksonville; Ala. Republi
can,) a Miss Elmira Brewer, a young ; lady
who resided whh a relative, about one mile
from White Plain's, in that county, was shot
by a young man named Rooney, and severely
if not mortally %%minded in two places, one
ball entering her breast without passing
through, and the other her hip. It appears
that Rooney prepared himself with the two
pistols, Went into a cotton field where the
young lady m as alone, nod immediately on de
claring his intention shot her down with one
pistol and fired the other after she fell. He
then went to theionse of a neighbor—told
what he had done--gave nri the pistols, and
said he desired to be hung. lle also plead
guilty as charged before the committing mag
istrate. The only reason given by the pris
oner for the-horrid act, was, that he desired to
marry the girl, but she would not have him,
and he preferred to kill her rather than She
should become the wife of another.
Strange to say notwithstanding the terrible
nature of the wounds received, the young lady
was Still alive when laFt heard from, and hopes
entertained other recovery.
PneErox.—"The Cleveland papers of
day last, published the. statements of
•in Sweet, and Messrs. Henry Watts
I. W. House, the mate and Burying en
r of the Phoenix, relative to the burning
, t %easel. The Cleveland Plain Dealer
It will be seen that they all agree in stating
that they connat believe the, tire originated
from the boiler's, as has heretofore been rue-
NIETO. The opinion of Capt. ,Sweetland of
his officerk—allTio well and favorably known
herewill go far to change the public mind
115 to this matter, it seems to us impossible
that !the fire could have taken through a belt
lt,appears that a portion of the stetiregeoc
copied by the Hollanders, was directly over
the after part of the boiler. It is highly- pro.
habit) that the' heat had opened widely' the
cracks in the steerage floor. If ,this was so,
is id pot nt, all impossible that a match, or a
spark might have been dropped, thbugh dcci
dently, bY 'sea° of the Hollanders, and that
thus the fire Originated. - It was beneath this
figter tbe.fire was iliseovered
4 11 to World Ls Governed too Mitch.”
satarday liloraiii4 l January 22; 114103.
Democratic County Convention.
At a meeting of the Democratic Central
CommtiCee of- this county, held this evening
et the office of the scctetary in this Borough,
the following resolution was adopted:
Resolved, That the Democratic Electors of
Erie County, be requested to hold primary
meetings in each election district, at the place '
of holding their general elections, on Satui
day the 6th of February, 1848, at 6 o'clock
Y. Mi, for the purpose of choosing Delegates
tcv.a Cdunty Convention, to, be held at the
Fowl. !louse in this borougkon the first Mon
day of February next, at Vticlock, P. M., to
appoint Delegntep to the Democratic State,
.Convention, to_ beheld at Harrisburg on the
'4th of Mardi next, to nominate .tt candidate
for Canal Commissioner and appoint Dele
gates to a National Convention.
ISAAC It. TAYLOR,
. . Committe .
Erie, - Dec. 30, 1847. , I[ I I •
ETTims. H. ELLisort is a duly authorize
agent to procure subscribers for this paper.
a" A very general' synopsis of the pro
ceedings of ,Congress and the State Legisla
ture, twill be found in our columns to-day.—
We hove made our abstraets,as ample as our
limits will admit. They embrace almost every,
thing of ail interesting 4iniracter, and will give
the reader a pretty gorM idea of the sayings
and risings at the seats of our general and
On our outside the lovers of light read
ing will find something to amuse as well as
instruct. The little . poem, by our friend
Clement, of the Literary Messenger, is a per
fectlgem from his prolific "mine" of poetic
Thought. "Stotaxs,",4 M. Wheeler, Esq.,
known to the readers If the "Observer," as
"Dylack," ure very grucefui and pretty.—
While the prose' articles are such as cannot
fail to please.
ie !said he
We,ure under Obligations to Senator
Cameron, for a eppy - of i the Coriat itution of
the United Slates," a beautiful and valuable
acquisition to our libraiy. Tie lion. Sena
tor, a printer himself, understands the wants
of the editorial fraternity, and alwaya remem
bers them in distributing the documents voted
by Congress. It is not the first time we have
been indebted to him for similar favors.
O - 1111 e Chronicle ann o unced on Tues
day that the steamer United States touched at
this port o i n her way up on Monday All a
mistake—there was a boat wont up the lake,
but she wiis'nt within twenty miles of "touch
() . ,Ttio Westfield Messenger calls Col.
Weller, IV democratic candidate for Governor
in Ohio, " man of low and vulgar tastes and
character ' It is truly fortunate That New
York is s yarateil from Ohio by Pennsylvania,
or this mold, urn Beau Nash 'would certainly be
taken with spasms. Col. Weller; has about
him a "villainous smell cit r gunpowdef," hence
the location of Pennsylvania " between the
wind and Mau's nobility" is truly a fortunate
, [l7 . Vtie learn that the Rev. Mr. Stubbs,
of the Met odist Episcopal Cluirch,will preach
a Sermonlin aid of the Ladies' Benevolent So
ciety, on the evening of the 30th, ' We would
suggest nigeuera I attendance of all the friends
of humani y, of whatever isr4t or 6reed.--,
dvertising of Mail Lettings.
We see that the Cleveland .o , Plain'De ler i's
I Own upot Mr. Cave Johnson, b,ecaus that
unctionar ' did not see fit to give the dve 1
tisitt oft e Mail LettingS
to it, bet g ve
to the Tin es. The Plain Dealer itscribes 4
' all to the
~ act that it has inivocated the Wit?
~mot Proviic, and the Tidies opposed it, and
asserts thdt i the post Master . General attempt:l
ed to buy fiver the editor, who by the by, vis
ited Washington for the purpot-e or securing
the advertising. This story will do to tell
some one that don't knowithe Plain Dealer as,
well us We i John Tyler:b r ought the paper fori
the same rice four years ago, pnd we don't!
see why It r. Cave . Johnon could obtlOf be
had ulnae to. The Plain Dealer's story is
all moons!' lie, every word ;of it. We were a-i
, _ 1
bout tomake a complaint against the Post Mas- i
1 ter General ourself, because he did notzive us
the adverti ing for the northern part. of this
State, but Oather than be found in such doubt
ful company as the Plaid Dealer, we've con
cluded to bold our tongue . .We made aPpli-,
cation, and) were recommended by every dem
°erotic metnber of Congress in the State, ex
cept Mr. Wilmot, but did not get it. We,
shall not d enounce Mr. Cave Johnson, how
ever, and = makea fool of ourself, although he
did give into another paper in preference to
ours, that has been notorious as an advocate
of the tarifrof '42, and a denotmcetr of those
who favored that of '46,...a papr i that has op
posed the regular nominations of the party for
years, andtvlsich was recommended by neither
character,nfluetice, circulation or location—
we mean ho Titiga Eagle. To be sure it
would hay been a nice little job, and afford
ed:our cretitorsal• goodly portion of "aid and
coinfOrt," a!nd tenoned our , "sub-treasury" from
embarrassment. However, it was not our, or
our cred4s, good luck to get it, and we shall
not cry; tilt at least during the present cold
Weather, fir fear of spoiling our beauty. Mr.
Cave Johlison can go to thunder, Tennessee,
or Texas for aegqwe care—we have pub
lished a dtimocratic paper in a wltiglcounty for
five ycar4 without ever duce strlying from
the good gild beaten path of Demdcracy after
strange irdds, without any favorsl from Mi.
Cave Johnsen, and we,can do so kfiveyears
longer. l. ' -
T e . Geizette says "the WI igs desire
no better run than to beat Gen. Cass." Very
probably+they "desired no better fun than to
beat" Gen. Jackson and James K.Polk; but
they did'nt do it. In such cases their "fun"
is sp. "over the left."
The aituwal of the Gazett of its, in
tention to publish the speech of th notorious
John P. Hale, leads to the
,surtnis that it is
but ,the steppih stone
,to, a transfer of the
"conscience" portion of the Wliig partylof
this country to the Abolitionists,' in the event
of the defeat of Henry Clay in Oil, Notional
convention by Gets. Taylor.
SMITH JACKSON, .
CARSON GRAHAM, i
F. W. MILLER,
o MOO s.
The contortions of the Whig
now ere ay.tful—from Mine to N
they remind one of a very, respe
eels, squirming and tWielnkthe
all manner of shapesOn a vain
bid positions natural am/ easy.
this simile is rather "fishy,!' but t
ject matter is of the most "fishy" s
with the "Wilmot Proviso" at th
no territory and the no indemnity
Mr. Clay at i the South, and the'
which had so suddenly seized the
cy'' portion of the' party, togeth
explosion of a bomb' here ant
Young's message,' and 111pliat
lotions, one would' have to wield
Dickens and the pencil of a Hoge
late their true position. ',Here,
about the horrors of w'e're in
winds up with' a Greeleyish kind
ma against the ':God abhorred" lexican war
in particular—thinkr, With M Clay, that
public meetings•iihould be held o denounce
it and ask Congress ; to call ho a oqr troops
'and allropriate min yto It.ietil 4y l Mexico
, 1 i rl. , 1 -
for tha antage our r
. vtisiTl las cline Iw n r. , !-
- But scaTcely j htis i thti tile drip tf oil i he sheet
that ushrs forth hiihtailig; f, lilt. llii6 breath
ing world," era'in r ot er,' lai did' t speak for
'the same party, in the same vicit iiy,.protests
against it, and claims that, alth Ugh ours is
"a bad emote," and the war we ut*nstitti-'
tionally commenced byiMr. Pol "liir the ex-
tension of slavery,"'yet it is a "n tionar war,"
a " war of the country, and as 6 ICii must 6 - 6'
prosecnted." The other quietly submits, and
, althdliih, in so doing, the twit gs of "con
fidence" make his heart-string 'ore, yet thel
()fixer of "expediency" soonheal all; wounds
rind renders the false part he is 'playing,
pear comparatively easy. This is no fancy
sketch, but a sober reality, whi hthefiles of
the whip press all over the
, ciii intry abund
antly prove. Ask even whigge ,y itself, if it
does not recogr.ise the picture whavedrawn,
and ten to one ititwill point to th whiepress
of our own county; and it wool be correct,
for they are but the mirrors of t he ir cotempo
rares in other places. Whileexpediency"
iti. even more vindictive and abe.tivel in ascri
bing" the war to the usurpation and folly of the
President—while it does not sFropie to de
clare it unconstitutionally commenced, and
unjustly prosecuted, it does pot ail to render
its inconsistency more glaring and its folly
more ridiculous, by urging its prosecution
with vigor; because, forsooth, and "ultjust, God
abhorred war," Prosecuted "for ilie l extension
of slavery" has been made "national " Iwo
tors of Congress. This is morality with" a
vengeance. A great sin should be persevered
in—a 'great crime should be comm itted-tsmore
men shook] be slain, and /frorn cities bombard
ed and destroyed—more women made widows
and children orphans, "for the further exten
sion of slavery ;" and aid because the war has
become."n7ttional, the war of the country," by
a vale of a fallible body of men. Verily,
should not he expediency portion of the whig
press secure a copy-right for its new system'
of moral ethics 1 But where is "conscience"
all thislime? Ilypocrit like, he is trimming
his sails for this gale, and mutt lowering them
for that., First Mr. Clay's 'platform w-uld
suit him exactly, and he is - preparing to an
chor his frail bark along side, of it—but alma'
the wind shrieks and howls Orth the "aittila
bility" of Gen. Taylor, andQie pauses i doubts
and wavers. In a word he reminds one of the
poor sailor in a storm, wile kept exclaiming,
Lord! Good Devil !" and when remind
ed of the inconsistency of his exclamations,
l explained his position by saying, he did'nt
'know exactly into whose hands Mi.should fall.
It is thus,with the "conscience" portion of the
Whig press,—they don't know exactly wheth
er they will ' fall intp the itnit.s o Taylor or
i 'l ,
1 ' The G I atit rflpillet.
Our cotenipt),thry of th Oar.ett4
proving to hiS.fread rs,'b Publitill
'against the warolritten by Albert
Ibis own 'country is guild of a grey
his own countrymen worse than
I ,and free-hooters of ancient tin
One to his liking; but uo th,
luirkecl a slight shade better, a'
less likTtriving "aid and comfort
my," had the witness in the case
fort igncr and more an American " at heart."
In addition l to the superanuated character Of
the writer of the pamphlet, we will provesby
witness, whose truth even whiggery dare not
gainsay, that in a controversy with'a foreign
power,•the testimony of Mr. Albert Gelatin
is not worth a straw.• lion. henry Clay, of
KentUcky, At - ill please take the witness stand!
Well, sir, w hat do you know of this man
"Albert Gelatin 'hns nn feelings, no attack
ttivnls, no 'sympathies, no principles in common
with our prople.' He has filled at home and
abroad some of the highest offices under this
government during thirty years, and he is
still at heart an ALIEN." --Henry Clay in 1832.
- There, sir, that will do—you can gn! Who
.is the next witness on the I van of Mexidan
Tho Seco'pd Pa. Regiment
Gen. Quitman, who commanded this regi
ment at the Battle of Contreras, is now in
NVashi gton, and was addressed by Gen.
Canter _ and Hon. Jae. Thompson, of this
State, in r lution to the charges of cowardice
which ad been prefered against ;ho officers
end men of this Regiment on the eve of said
battle. Gen. Quitman, in his reply gives an
emphatic denial of the truth of all these cher
ges, and eulogises the Regiment in the high
est terms. He says in conclusion, "I feel it
my grateful duty as the officer in command
of the volunteer di*ision, - promptly acid Rntly
to contradict them."
O The Whig County Committee have
called a meeting at the Court House, on Mon
day evening, the 7th of February, alit! the Ga
zette calls upon said meeting to "IA no cow
ard fear, the offspring of contemptible
ency, deter the ,utterance of .their boned
sentimenti, and place them, by implicitiun,
in the position of passive supporters of 3 the
war policy of the Administration." ,We
shall see whether this all will be `responded
to and carried out, or wheiher , feciifardly fear,
the offspring of contemptible ,; eaipediency,"
will not carry
_the day. The
s whigs of-Erie
County dare not assume, the r4sponsikility
urged upon them by the Gazette. IThey do not
possess the nerve—the moral honesty—to do
so ! Murk it'.
ll;o*Twitioweekt from to-day, delegate meet
ing are to by held in the isevei.al townahipe.
We ire sometimes aMOlted and
mortified at the vindictive ebolutioa s 44 ,
'feeling 'exhibited by . feaeral whig editor;t
wards Prominent democratic statesmek
sooner ea the eyes of the Democracy t s ,
towards a man, in the hopes of oneday
him in the Presidential chair, thattib e ,
ing of !hese h arpiee of thet , !rese, is mini!
and ' fortwith a continuo s stream o f
sometimes ridiculous and sometime s (
is poured upon his devoted bead. p o ,
Mr. Van Buren was the butt of all theil
mile, and the s target against whit/114.a;
rected their poisonous shafts of matte. k'
the democracy elevated him/to the chief'
istracy of the notion, and now there ones
that do not award to him great sad 6 6. ,
virtues as a statesman and patriot. N0t,, ,1
position of Messrs. Cass, Buchanan and
chts; before )
the country as the prominent
didates of the Democracy for the Presi . / sul
renders their character and services the
to which every effort at issaultja dit l ecis
In consequence of his recent letter to im
Nicholson, of 'Tennessee, in oppositiem t o ,
Wilmot Proviso, and the glorious and:,
Alibi e tub of
be the sub
r position of
ayfor fever, ,
'pton's tes o
ho" pen of a
th, to delin
~ f an•anthe-
otic stand he has taken in the Senitsisi
of a vigorous prosecution of the tve4tli t
met' of these' entlemen is just . 'noir t i,
out as the victim of their vitutperstion,
paper before in speaking of th e po l l-,
and argumen t of the letter referred to,
matizes its author es "one of Ifull'sColo t igi
thereby intending to'convey the impretti
the ignorant, (for the well informed* ,
better,)' that Gen. Cass was l a party t 4
shameful surrender-of Hull at Detroit, iii
commencement of our last war with-Ea/LI
No other co n struction than this canoe '
upon_ the insinuation. The • cowardly ei
creant dare not makethe - tharge, he wi l 4',
the reader 7 tolunderstatid, openly, for hire
would brand him a liar, and hence he sktl
like a coward, behind an insinna ion:. k
what had Get. Case done, to l yals the r iat
this hired titleer, who was' "mulin and p
ing in his, ntirse's arms" when tis old
end was' baring his breast - to the FaVigei '
ou the northern frontier at the period hti
feral Simply differed with him in rep:
to a measure Of internal policy 7 a mare
we can all safily differ upon, and et-nalt
felt our right to be regarded.ai well iii.
era of- our'ciktninon country--;-w meant
Wilmot Pri4 ll iao. Gen. Cassliad iot be:lnt
the interests' ) of his country in a rontror
with a foreign foe—neither had he girea
and comfort to the enemy" _by arguing i
•I wron g and her enemy righit-i
no man in the nation, prolak
aimore unbounded love fat
and institutions, than he. l-•
?attic., in the cabinet, as keen:
•i a 'foreign court, and in thole •1
1 lie - has proved himself thecka
ender of her rights, honor irk
ten a man ought to escape;
ice exhibited in the expel,
tied. "-One of Hull's Coloei,
e presume if the writer rein :
lid among the writings of S,.'
, metliing that did notlsquaren
af religion, he would stigorii.
1 compinions of Judas! Ora •
lant Montgomery fell beforee.-
iiebec, and afterwards entettia:
tonal polity that lie did not this :
i vould speak of tam as the ti,
Irnold! "One of HulteColote
• he hundreds of Elsa emelt i - 6
pritioneis by the treachery-
f Hull, would equally corned :
ban, and their names be enrsi r
their treacherous coinmaniel
bli i c man proves himself %unfit ,
i and love of country, by betnf /
s interests and honor in a ctet
her enemies, we can see him
the field of
Mon and deft
tereets. So l
low bred ma
to should fill
Apwitles, so l
them as th
not the gal
walla of Qi
views of na
Where a p
jected to tl
, has been
ng a tirade
to his cou
Ilk it «•ould
force in d
ed, and all
to thel ene-
been.l r es . s a
pet,' t hilt
' • I
' Truth e.rushed.to earth will riae,szain. ,
The et real years of ('
rod are hers,
and believ that the, virtuous and late •
freemen of this country, u ill yet do ample ' 1
exact justice to alt concerned—the WI
as well as the libeleirs.
1 .. hen Doctors Disagree," are. 1
ThelW ig doctors disagree tery macbll l
now, and especially in regard to the Mer:si
war. TW i co of the Most distinguished Otani
political GI LENs thus give utterance tott,'' i
respective opinions: .
I The war exists by the act of Mexicf.-
so help me od,but for that conviction, Oaf%
erance truth and detest falsehood, I•ael
would have voted for the act of May 15,11 4
1 . .
-1 must say that no earthly onsideraciat
would„ever have tempted orlprovas Trie II
vote for a bill with a palpable falseliss
stamped upon its face. Almost idoliziagm'' .
¢a I, do, I never, never could have votedY
that bill.-41enry clay,'Lcrington ...Spro . •
frr The Gazette promises its reationf
speech of John P. Hale, in - ite next. If
alism must be hard run when it is con
to bolster op its falling fortunes with.‘lo,
comfort" of such a ninny as Hale.
3: Gen. Taylor, in a letter dated VI"
Nov. 25, acknowledging the receip t
proceedings of a wl ig meeting in Ivirfr,
burg, in thialState, says, "I hive no risk
intention of changing the position in
I stand towards the people of the c ool
relation to the presidency, or the course ►','
I have felt it my duty to pursue." The
is addressed to Andrew Stewart, whose
figures in the Coinmercill as the DI
candidate for Vice President.
Cl7' A month age, the federal papas 111
dered why President Polk did not, send et
men to the seat of war. - Now, since °lei! ,
ident has asked for Iten regiments, they gr.
ously wonder whether -they are necessall
, 07' The Calhodnites, of S o uthress o
the Wiltncit'Proviso humbugers of*err
and the Whigs 'everywhere, art;
check by jowl, in denouncing the recestlfr
of Gen. Cass. A beautiful trio,'truly.
V'The inauguration of .Gov. Shank !s'
place et ilarri4trg nn'Tuclisty, lasi•
severest criticism with car%
where a statesman and soldier'
whose wtiole life has been de •
try, and whose every ispenpl ,
a foreign land or in the wib
,as been 1 1 for her welfare—v
)en, have been wielded with •
fence of her rights-4s roan
falsified, and hia patriotism
or the despicable objects of pi.
but think the liberty our in g.:
ntee, is, sometimes Aetna
e are, assured, however. lyt.