Erie observer. (Erie, Pa.) 1830-1853, July 03, 1847, Image 1

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"TUE W O RLD IS GOVE'RNED TOO'ISIITCH.." . ' 2 '-• ' - ' l '''- ': .'''
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SATURDAY,.• JULY. 3,1847. :
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VOA. trillE XVIII.
BY it,' P. LDURLIN &' B. F. SLOIN,
8 , ATE STREET, ERIE, i',.. 11
One copy, One year, in advance, •81 50
Otherwise, two dollars a year will invariably be
charged. _ These terns will be,strictly adhered to
in all cases.
Advertiseinents inserted at 50 cents per square
9r• the llrit insertion, and 25 cents foreach sub
sequent inselon. ,
Job Printi 2, of all varieties, such as Books
Pamphlets, Handbills,F how Bills, Cards,Steam
boat Bills, Blanks for Notes, Receipts. &c. exe
cuted in the est style and on•shortnotice.
Dealer inry Goods, Groceries, i Hardware,
1 .
Queens 1. are, Lime, Iron, Nails &c. No. 121,
Chtapsid, Erie, Pa. .
- - -
County and Ilurough §ttiveYor; °nice in Exchange'
. -
'Buildings. French st , Erie.
Hee removed
near the C
his 011ico to the Publics Building
on House, up stairs, in the room
the Sheriff-and directly over the
alien will he given to all buaineus,ea
I is care.GO
Prompt atm
trusted to /.
BUFFALO, N. Y. - '
AND Detrs in Lehigh arid Erie Coal. Salt .
and Pr duce ' generally. Particular atten
tion paid ro the sale of Produce and purebusc of
N 0.3 & 4 Coburn Square, South Wharf:
Buffalo, N Y.
Attorney an 4 nt Law ; Office Na. 2
,Slate st.,onpoile the Kale I larel, Erie; Pa.
Attorneys 64. Founseilors ut Law, Office on French
street, over S Jackson 4. Ck's. Store, Erie.
April 9.1 1 1947. 49
14* perinindntlyiocated in Erie. office at his
residence ion the conrner of Seventh and Pe:ich
Slreetn., 49
Dc~lere in 1 - oreign and Itornestie Dry Goods,
Ready M4de Glothina, Bows and Shots, &c.
No. 11, Flemming' Block, State Street,
list , • -
Attorneys at ri Counsellors-) at Law--01116 on
Six.h Area, %vest side of the Public Sqi,tare
Erie, Pa.
Dealers in Watches, Jewelry, Silver, German Sil
ver, Plated and Paiitannia Ware, Cutlery., Mil
itary and fancy (Roods, N0.71l a tta Rrir
%, Pa. •I
Wholesaleatut Retail Dealers in Dry Goods, Gro•
aeries,-I - Urdware, Crockery, Glassware, Iron,
.Nails, Leather, Oils, etc. ete. corner of State
street and' he Pub - lie:S(oa, opposite the Eagle
Tavern, Erie, Pi.,
Cabinet Maker, Upholster and Undertaker,
glare Clree!, Erie Pa • .
Physician and Surgeon, 0111C:0 on Seventh l Street,
west °laic Methodist Church. F.aie. Pa
General Forivardin , ., Commission ; and Produce
Merchants; lied Ware }heat!, east of pub
lic (Md.°, nrie., •
Alitnnfacturers of Tin, Copret and Sheet-Iron
wurc corner of French 041.1 Ni streets, Erie.
irOn Founders, wholesale and letail dettlers i
Stoves, Hollow-ware fie. State street, 14 rie.,l4a.
Wholesale and retail dearer:4 si Dates, Medicines
Dye Stuffs, Groceries, &c. N 0.5, Reed Rouse
Eric, Pa.
Penior ihDry G1xv.1.5, Groceries, ,S-c. No. 11l
Ilicapsitle, Edo Pa.
DeaQrs in Dry Clouds, Gboceries, ac., No.
Bonnyll Block, State st.,Etie, Pa
Livalers in Druzs, Nledieines ' Paints, Oils, Dye
ill's, Glass, Sim., No. G Reed House, Erie
Forwardi'nr , and Cotnetiasion Merchants; 109
, French Street, Erie, and at 6th Street Canal Da
son, also dealers in Groceries and Protdisions.
pealerin Ilaidware, Dry Goods, Groceries, ke
castside of the Diamond, and one door east Y o
the Eagle hotel, Erie, Pa. s
fly IliraraL. Brown, corner or State street and
the Public square, Erie, Pa. Eastern, Western,
• and Southern Stage office. ,
Faghionahke Nleil,ehant Tailors, on the Public
Square,' a few Moors west of State meet : Erie,
Pealer in Theotooled, Al kcellancons, Sunday
'and Classical School Book; Stationary, etc. etc.
French Street, Erie, Pa.
'Att*lney and Counsellor at law, Prairie dutliien,
IV.l'. practices in the counties of Crawford,
firant and lowa, W. T. and in Clayton rnty,
lowa Territory. • . •
- - _
SyANTED ira exellawzo
V V ,ter, Cliccfc, mad all'
June 6, 12-16.1
II Trimmingst can always be ha44tery c..,
the cheap store of I • S. JACIPLON 4• co.
November 21, 1946.
1 27
scribers will pay cash for .201
thy seed. B. TOMLIN
sale at Alt,
!May 01817. ti
MIGUFFEES' series of School Books, 1,2,
3, 4 and 5, for sale at No. 111, French' St.
Eije, May' 6, 1847. " 51
I,OOMIS I% Co, have romov • d their stock
• of dLOCKS, %V AT cuc e , JE . VELKT, FANCY
Goons, etc. etc., No. 5, People's Ito , State street,
nearly oplieilite the Eagle Hotel, where they will
be pleased to have their ft lends call as•usual.
N. B. 'A large addition to their stock in Milo
will be ralde in a short. time.
Erie, ay 19. 1841. 1
GLOVES.—We have the best assortment chat
will im in imp o rt of all kinds, including
Stewart'a self d black and fancy Kid,
fancy atuk vat icgated Silks and Chins Linen.
April 1 6 . WILLIAMS. ft WRIGHT.
A group of youngters, ten years before the
Revolution, stood on - a level .green in New
York with a mark before them and their fire
arms ready: They Were on :the ground_now'
occupied by Charleston and a pet* of Var-'-
ick atreets, et whickihen 'bran a part of
the open anti romobtic country.. The out
skills of the then abbreviated city were what
indy be termed poetically pietures i que, made
up of rocky, 'sandy, uneven, but yet elegant
grounds, which afforded opportunities for the
enjoyment of 'field sports and the prosecution
of other natters, as well as for the agricultu
ral occupations whiCh give men•bread. The
frequent aPpearance of skill in this quarter,
from the tune of Peter Stuyvesant down to
the period of, which we write, created a desire
among the Youngmen in alldirections to em
ulatetheir skill as inarksmen. It was no un
usual thing to get land , y_lhooting the best
shoi,land many a lot - Whi h is' valued at this
day at thousands of dol ars, and affords its
owner the means of becoming a season sub
scriber to the opera, Was oblained by striking
the bull's-eye of a target.‘ The group we
wouldsalt the attention of the reader to, was
one of five persons, fOur of whom were strip
lings, but the fifth a grey haired man, whose
rubuicund visage and round proportions pub
lished the fact that his birth place was Great
Britain. Ile was admiring a mark in the.tar
get, and addressed the lad who had made it,
and who was leaniu'g carelessly on a rifle that
showed better condition than any other' piece
on the ground.
"Why, Charles , you are a second Tell, or
willi be. You must have iiractieed constantly
to have aennima inch r ....:,.......„.... J..,.
"Why; to say the. troth, good LOcksley,"
replied :he young man'to his venerable inter
locutor, "I dolittie else than shoot. My rifle
is — rny n-other, wife and children--,though. of'
he latter I am scarcely old enough to speak.
At any irate,'Bess (the rifle) is my banker, for
the'silv/r I u:w is nearly all produced by her."
"I never saw such unerring. alm,'''remarked
the old Man, iwonderingly.
"It' Merely shows what inclination, and the
constant pureint of an object, will accomplish.
One's aMbition sometimes runs in strange cur
rents. !Mine llirects me to excel all other
• 4
persons', in shooting. Every mark that my
bullet Tierces produces more delight than, I
can Well describe: and if I had my choice of
the Tonle of the greatest General or the great
est maiksman of the world, I would unhesita=
ilny choose to be the latter.?
I, ‘ ) 'hi a the young man was speahing these
Words he loaded his rifle. The old gentleman
listened as he surveyed surrounding objects,
and suddenly pointed to a locust. true, ' upon
the extreme end of one of the branches of
which sat a robin that thade.the vicinity vocal
With its song. Pointing* to the bird with one
hand, and holding a peice of silver money in
the oth4r, the old' men said—." Now Charles
this is your reward for that bird." .
, con'not r exclaimed the old man a sur
prised tone—"Why7"
4.Beetiuse I never kill birds."
"Well then the twig.that he sits upon is
as slender , as a pipe stem. Can you cut that
Charles Piggot—the young man—nodded in
the affirmative, brought his rifle to aim, and
pulled the trigger. Red-breast rose into the
air aid sailed away, with a strange twitter,
while the twig of which he he had made a
perch dropped, in eddying circles, to the
gropnd. Charle's companions raised .. a loud
shoiN and at the same titnof he, blushing
with Pride, received the silverguerdon of his
"Humph," muttered old.Locksley.. ""Who
ever saw or heard of the like? Why, the In
dians only do these 'hinge, but not with lead.
I say, charley, you must turn this great tal
ent of yours to account. Never relinquish its
practice." , ,
"Not I," exclaimed Piggot, pocketing the
silver. "liken I die, it will be rifle in hand!'
After a few unimportant trials of the' gib
stance of the well riddled 'target, the party
shouldered , their arms and came -across the
King's Farm into the city. The scene des
cribed actually occurred, and the last men
tioned remark of the young_rifleraark was often
spoken of, at a later and more interesting pe
riod, by his friends and relatives. I
, AA-The *Lib
clean Timo
.QN & CO.
Ten years l from the time of the above scene,
Washingtonis forces lay encamped on New
York and Ledg Island, awaiting the sanguin
ary battle in which we loot about seventeen
hundred men, and during which more heroism
and bravery was evinces than in any other
action that took place on the American Can
04 the 24th of August, 1'716, a small group
of riflemen were collected on the road - to the
Narrows. There was every sign of suffering
among them:* They were badly cladi unclean
ly, and looked as if .reet and feed were lexu-,
ries they had not been. indulged with for many
a day.!.. Among them was a:muscular;
fierce- W hiskered man, whoselant oye and ,
ho has erred,
o hand—
merous word, c
'And at
- Assi
Joy sptirkie in his eye tei boar.
. Thy words of gentle tone:
Forgiveness breathed upon his err,
. And love and kindness shown:
i 1 snakehim rise again, •
And'ehun the path he trod,
When in the round of FollreArain,
He broke from Truth and God.
Forgive thy brother—even now
A smile is on his cheek;
The glow of heaven has tinged his brow—
Speak end forgive him—Speak! - -
From Noah's Subday Timer.
"I cannot," was the young man's reply.
florid complixion, thin lips and aquiline nose,
betokened the, earnestness of his - feeling and
the firmness of purpose with which he addres
sed his comrades. -He was making known
his determination to engage in the expected
contest to the death. Give him, he declared,
a protected position where he might remain
undiscovered during the action, and he would
kill as many of the enemy as he had hairs on
his head. He was the stripling who ten years
before astonished Locksley, but now how
changed! Instead of the mild light which
th'in tjhone from his oye, the concentrated fires
of hate and revenge shot their rays from his
- optics, and he clutched his weapon with the
blood-thirsty and wild air supposed to belong
to a pirate.
"Why do you hate these Englishmen worse
then the rest of us?" asked one. "We love
freedom, and are assembled to resist oppres
sion; but you appear to have a personal motive
in` our actions, and seem to thirsfor bleed."
'Vengeance is swee sweet' " exclai ll) d Piggot,
with a convulsive effort o moth r his emo
tion. "Vengeance is sweet, and I desire it—
will have it—even though it cost me my own
life; . _
inr . miteance! vengeance?" said another of
the men named Randall, "what have yen to
avenge more than I, or each of us?"
"I'll tell you," replied Piggot, the lides in
his face deepening, and his whole form shad
owing forth a Mephistophilish outline. ."I
had an only brother, a lad whom I loved bet
ter than myself. He was the last remnant of
,our stock, and I looked upon him asjhe only
being that enabled me to feel I was not a dis
tinctive feature in the community-La piece of
humanity alone and uncared for! • He went
to Boston, and there engaged among the pat
riots who sea isted the efforts of the British at
Breed's Hill. He was brought down in the
earlyoaft of -the action by a bail which de
prived him of the use of his lower extremities.
As he lay in,this helpless condition, a Bridal)
officer, to whom he appealed, looked savagely
on and saw a corporal brush out his life with
a bayonet. My brother's nearest comrade
witnessed the murder, gave me the account of
it, and told me the officer's .words after the
boy had appealed for mercy. These words
they are branded on my heart—were: '.,flio
mercy shall be shown to an inifurrectiomist ta
ken with arms in. his, hands agaimst his Ma
jesty's loyal subjectfi." I have heard these
words ringing in my ear, day and night, ever
since; and imagination pictures my helpless
brother mangled by, and struggling beneath
the cr i e n eLli t ik tw vons f t a tligt a mAif fi lWar.r2t .
Now you can account for the feeling that has
given me a character of late never before un
stained by me--that of cruelty. Have I not
cause?" .
"By G—, I think so," exclaimed one of the
riflemen, "and had I half so much, I should be
worse than you."
"Well, you'll all have a chance of trying
the extent of your courage and principles ere
long,_ so let us talk of, something • else," re
marked a tall fellow whose nasal twang pro
nounced "Connecticut" - plainly.
"Hark!" said Piggot, "the drum calls us in.
A truce to all this. Let us act, not mouth.
Let us make the very name of rifleman dread
ed while kred coat harbors in America.".
On the following day it was plain, from Ae
movements of the royal forces, and from the
preparations made by the American comman
der and his officers, that a battle was near at
hand. All that day and night the utmost ac
tivity prevailed, and the American army.evin
ced the greatest courage and alacrity.. When
Lard Howe landed .at: Gravesend Bay, near
Fort Hamilton, every man was ready to re=
ceive him. A desorption of the battle.would
'be surperfluous, inasmuch as it has been
graphically told in these columns. We will
therefOre narrate our incident • under l the pre
sumption that of the battle itself our readeis
•need not be informed!a second time.
The first of the action occurred with the
riflemen near where we now find that beauti
ful resting place for the peaceful dead,Green-
Wood Cemetry. It was tile left wing of the
royalists, under Col. Grant, that assumed this
position, while the right and centre occupied
other memorable groynd. e carnage of
that day—the terrors, the crifrities, the reek,
lessness and desperation of
. that battle, fohght
with the utmost desperation by both parties
—were almost beyond belief. In close prox
imity to the cemetery is a creek. Its.,waters
were dyed in . the best blood of Americans, who
were.inowed down, without a hope of escape,
by the artillery. Not only companies, but re
giments, were destroyed in this manner, the
brave Marylanders in particular._ While death
was being apportioned here so terribly, a strip
of woods not far distant was quite as dreadful
to the British. Free' every trunk, bough,
protection or shelter of any'kind, the riflemen
poured Forth their appalling 'showers. The
old adage, "every bullet hes its billet," was
hero ljterally verified, for it was not once in
twenty ',times that a allot failed. The utmost
consternation prevailed with regard
.to this
method of. figting. ° Indignation was also
manifested by the royal officers.
1 / 4 "By Memo!, Baxter,", said one captain to
another as they met, "look how our men fall
and not a hope of punishing their murderers.
As well seek to thread the mazes of a labyr
inth as this light and open wood inntifety z —
See, there drops another officer."
Sctirce had he finished his speech ere a ball
Whistled so close V) his ear that he felt it.
"Good God," said Baxter, pale with exces
sive tgitation, "this it the most cowardly spe
cies of warfare I ever encountered. We must
get out of this ground, 'or Ise Mike up-our
minds to be buried here." - "77-
“We dare not—cannot—stir without orders.
We have our place assigned, and must not
evacuate , it. And yet it k dreachil to stand
,comparatively idli; and be . shot down
aparriwis,i' replied the "Othelas he bit his
lips. Until they Kid, • '
Men were falling here and there in every
/* direction, while the din of battle was heard
whithersoever way combatantmight turn.
Now and then a rifleman - Was dislodged and
killed; but the invisible f 4 remained as nu
merous, and serviceabX to the cause ofliber
ty, as ever. On the outskirts of the weed—
or rather in a'sort of clearing made by the hand
of nature—was a tall oak tree as stately as
George Washington. ' , Within three bufulred _
yards of this tree was a circle of English sol
diers, dead, and almost all marked in the fore
head, or about the breast, by a single shot.—
At regular intervals the sharp crack of a rifle
was'distinguishable abeve all other soundettnil l
it was surely followed by the immolation of a
victim. This had been observed, with trem
bling, by both officers and pqateeduring an
hour or more; and whatwas also palpable;-
was that the unseen diapenser of dissolution
picked off' the company officers in preference
to the men in the ranks. The shots at last
became so frequent and fatal that search was
instituted to ascertain their source. It could
not be found. Like the-great plume of ,Murat
artiong the Austrians, the invisible marksman
'became the talk of the whole left of the line,
and ultimately the matter reached the ears of
Grant. _
, -
"Order out a platoon instansly," cried he
to one of his aides, "and let it be held in read- 1
loess to make short work of all found engaged
in this assassin-like method of combat. Pause
not until this lurking foe is dislodged and ren
dered powerless." 1
This order was communicated to the proper
personages, and a second seach was indulged.
The file of inen detiiiled to the duty of the
seach ware led by a captain remarkable for
his height; and when they came within mus
ket range of the till free, the sharp ringing
report so terrible was Om' precursor of his
death. A corporal saw the smoke, and no
ticed a stir among the branches. With a
keener eye and quicker . perceptions than the
rest, and being, withal, an old soldier who had
se,imi service on other fields where England
had deluged innocent soil with the best blood
of its human offspring, he at once guessed the
whereabouts of/ the invincible markiman.—
The moment lie communicated his discovery
to the rest, there was a speedy retreat indica
ted towards the platoon. This body at. j once
dashed towards the towering oak, and halting
within Musket shot.
','hat for your 'leader," shouted a; voice
from among the . branches; and, true to the
marksman's purpose; the ball entered the brain
was uttereu as tne onncer next in rans.steppeo
up, l and paused a moment.
"That for the nearest man'on the right!"
exclaimed the voice, and--again his victim bit
the dust.
”Now, men," cried thediriton, waving his
swore with frantic excitement -over his head
—"Now, men, fire—fire, I 'nib before he.has
time to reload."•
The volley started the echoes of the heightS,
and the muskets belched forth their contents
in flame and smoke: it few twigs ( dropped
from the tree, but the tentant Was, to every
seeming unhurt.
""No," he spoke, in a sonorious and deep
voice that was distinctly heard and had some
thing unearthly in its tones.--"No, not.yet.
I lack three men, by my tally, te.make up the
amuunt devoted to the god of vengeance.—
Here is for one:"
A cavalry soldier was pasE;ing by, his horse
had taken fright_and could not be checked.—
Once more the fatal rifle uttered its death
song, and the alarmed steed fled riderless on
its way. • •
"Burn the tree down!" exclaimed one of the
men. "Fire can be communicated to the
trunk easily." ;
"Will you undertake the deed," inquired
the commander, Willi a sneer.
"I will," replied the man. "Tear some
wadding from your; coats and give it to me."
They complied with his reqUest,find deliv
ered to him with alacrity what theylPrecured'
from their well padded garments. • He now
became the lion of the field, as the rifleman had
been. Every eye ce ered on the private as
he made up a loose rcel of inflamable.stufr.
A pile of the dryest ranches thereabouts was
next obtained and broken into respectable
brush faggots. The private then fired the
wadding with the lock of his masket and s;
little powder, and fanned it into a blazo/...
With the lighted match mass in one hand,
and the bundle of -brush in other, he,Otarted
manfully for the tree—the platoon followed
him &few paces, and almost imperceptibly,
narrowing the distance between' themselves
and the rifleman. The priv z ate reached the
foot of the tree, and with eager base - threw
down his faggots and fired / them. As he was
rising from his stooping posture, the occupant
of the branches made himself, for the first
time, visible. - With his feet firmly clenched
among the boughs, ho allowed his body, as
quid as thought, to depend over, and, taking
aim with his weapon, pulled the trigger.--
The daring private sprang up and &II over
upon his back, while his feet scattered the
mass which, he had intended, would have
made the tree the iimerieats funeral pile.
, "Brother, my oath is fulfilled! I have ap
peased the angry demon that called,for a re
compense of your slaughter. Now, ~ then,"
continued the rifleman, who was nob other, as
the reader may have anticipated, than Charles
Piggott—PNow, then take good aim and bring
me down.; I am out of ammunition, have
killed as many of you asl had determinedto,
and have no further cause for remaining here.
Fire!—andif more than one shat in Propos,.
tion to hits me, you are better handlersa
ire-arms than I think pm." ' ` ,
Thar soWlere were evidently ' won to favor
blni by hie intrepidity. He Win entirely di
vested of clothing excepting a slinit - pair of
yellOW 'Needles. Hie feet t •legs, bbdy and
hied were destitute of•coveritig, but begrimed
by towder, amok" dust mid lieitviration.—,'
As 14. looked down'upen the - Men fro I- ; tho
tree. i
(the descendant and near relativ yho
Igives us these 'facts, seiss,) , ' he was, even in
his triserable plight, , a commanding and ad;
miration 'claiming picture. There was l ime
hesitation in the platoon when Piggott nom•
mended them to bringhim down, and the men
looked to their 'officer as if fo further instruc
tions. ' The o ffi cer was gill used - to the mel-,
'e 'succumbed to'
onslatently 'with
II a true gnglish
there was to lie
act ' worthy of
gave the signal
a of Viggo:wen
shouted—q die
t you without
iiwayed in the
dropped, heti-
I ground.
hat the invisible
, was punished:
o Wishington)
ed, no one who
is majesty's pay
)ou poor Charles
ting mood,'• - nor could he ha
any feeling of compassion '
his duty or his asperations
man; The memory of his
wedded to some retributiv
their bloc) / y destinies, and h
for the la t effect in the dra
acting. , hey fired as he
satisfied!-Lbrother, I can m
. nd pitched over,
branches moment, and t
vily, a senrelese clod upon th
The , word was soon given
foe, whoni l i they had all feare
and ere that eveTtful and
dististronsibattle was conclu
wore a red coat or fingered
wasted a second's thought u
Piggott. ,
Wheri the wounded - were ilicked up and the
dead buried-=a duty'performed by the inhabi.
tants and the English—Piggot's body was
found where it had fallen. A hole, called by
courtesy a grave, wds scooped out for its re
ception at the foot of the - oak. The rifle—.
the unerring, veng,cful rifle--was so firmly
clenched in the left hind that it could not be
removed but was buried with him. Thus the
thoughtless and unintentional Predictioii to
the old Albin islander, Loeksley, that Char
ley would "die with his rifle in his hand," was
too truly and literally accomplished:
Not many years ago, (wehave -not ;the ex
act date,- but will procure it for the looming
week,) an old tree in the Vicinity We have
mentioned was uprooted in a heavy gale, arid
along with its massive rocks, t which were
wrenched with great force from the groudd;
came tbe dark, discolored,. mouldy semblance'
of a man's "skeleton. Upon looking around
in'the mould, the curious also found remants
of a long rifle. • The old inhabitants, who had
heard the -story of the , (unefring marksuriari,"
b i
at once concluded that the had found Pig
got's skeleton, and -that' the prostrated oak
was the one from the top of whirl he had so
bravely thinned the ranks o freedom's oppo:.
rients. The bare supilosit on entitled the
relica to a grave with .mi ' ' it-jiAgare.'-oixAw
that honorhhly met on the battle-ground of
liberty, and no character so oble as that of
the active, practical patriot. I I
There are still rifles lik&
United States; but far dia
whereon they shall be called
among men whose consang
to warrant us in estimating
the members of a nation di
selves or ou r
From 'the Wushington Usii,n, 150 inst.
Kit CarsOn, of fife Wytkt.
i v
This sin_ ular man left Vashington this
morning in ctiinpaily with A rs. Ptement, for
the west. On entering the ar OfficA, yes
terday, we were asked, "Ha e you seen KW
Carson? He has this mom ui left my room;
and a singular anditriking an he is! Mod- 1
est ai he is Brave, with the re of enterpri,e(
in h s eye—with the hearin of an In7u,
-- I ing even with roes turturndin—l wis you,
d have soon him." We were so/unfor
te as to kaiss him, thou h our / curiosity
greatly excited; but,"in .he cotirse of two
•I, / .
s, a goutleman,who had seen much of
son, waited upon us and politely -furnish-
is with the following de4eription of this
.ular man. The porirdit is admirably
ivn, and is gives us/gre4, pleasure to lay
.:fore our is he character of
on Of those bold an enterp ising 7fl) IN of
• bold art • •
thewest,_whorn the pecitlier influences of the
1 /
frontier ; we n the white man
ant the . red trianl—aro so , w 11 calculated to
produce. „Carson,. hotierr, is a master spir
it, whose / habits wo like( to understand, and
1 / ,
who7adventures we deligh to hear.
S, cli an unique character ought to be pre
seiVed by the magic pen of genius, lti , fore its
,trats disappear under the ad vance of civiliza
tio . 1
beir j KIT CARSCiIsr; ,
• nder this ! name, Within a fety years, has
rime quite ! familiar to the public, mainly
thr'ough his connection with the expeditions
of Fremont, One of the of those noble and
original characters that have from time to
time sprung op on tufa beyond our frontier,
retreating with it to the w at, and drawing
&OM association with uncult vated nature, not
the rudeness and sensualism of the savage,
but genuine simplicity and truthfulness of
disposition, and generosity, bravery, and in
gle-heartedness to a degree 'rarely found
, l_t_ - ,f
society. Although Kit as only bec me
i l e
~known lathe reading peopl of "the Stat s''
and of Europe through Fre is reportsLhe
was long ago\ famous In a t orld as eitended,
if not as long ! populous; fa tons for excelling
in all the qualities that lit .in the trackless
and vast west requires a - developea. He
has 'been celebrated-011mm novr aged only
about thirty-seven years,) as a hunter, trapper,
guide or pilot of the prairie an Indian tight
er,s uniting to ! the .necessa r characteristics
of that adventurous and atu y class, a kind
ness of heart raid gentler of' manner • that
relieves it of inky possibl horshness or miter;
ity. I. 1 , I ,
He is new in "the State having recently
arrived with despatcher; fr at California; and,
1 have taken the opportuni to.extract fro*
him a fe w . incidents of his ventiul de, He,
is worttry of anlnxionible a d more extended
, • • ,•• • ,
rnernoir; and,ivere his , qtly ntirres fully' NMI ,
tsloirent, ther would pifeis an intfiest niiiiel•
.to any personal narrative or !deser t , ~1, •
Chttetnpher Carson was horn in It norckyi•
N, ./
dra l l\
in the year 18e0 er Ifill e kis father' havin.,
been gal of the witty seta Ili; aad alsd 1:1 notet
'burlier and Indian fighter. In the iehr fol
.Ifil's hirth the, fit 114 removed, b e .
ilia beke.Of More elbow'-r _ eel thXn the a
vancing population of Kentuclty left thin, t.
the territory of Missouri.; W I this frOntipi,
bred to border life, Kit remained to the age
of fifteen, when he joined a trading party to
Santa Fe. This was his introduction to the
vast plains that stretch beyond the .state of
Missouri. lnstead of returning home;
found his way, by various adventures,'south,
through New Mexico, to the copper thinea of
Chihuahua, .where ho was employed_ sonic
months as a.teamster.
e ,‘
When but seventeen years Old, he read° f l its
first expedition as a trapper. This was with
'a party which had befit) induced by favorable
accounts of_ fresh trapping grounds on the
Rio Colorado Of California, to an adventure
thither; so that Kit's. first exploits were - in 1
the same remote and romantic region where,
during the last year, he and all his comrades,
with their commander, have `earned impr-
ishable honor. The enterprise-'was sucee s
lid, and Kii relates many interesting an c
dotes of the hardships 'of the wilderness and
of the encounters of his party with the Indi
ans. The Mexican authorities and settlers
in California were even at that time jealous of I
the Americans, and threatened to seize even
this inoffensive and itiving party of. heaver !
catchers. They made 'good 'their return, t
however, to Taos, in New; Mexico; whetele,
'soon after, Kit joiniel s trapping party to the ,
head watch of the Arlzensas, (likewise a re
gion emheaced, since the last published expe
dition, in the surveys of Capt. f`reinoitt.)—
Without recrossing the, plVee, liit i went
northward to the region of the Rocky if/con
tains that gives rise to the Missouri and Co-'
i l lumbia rivers, and tiler/ remained near !eirelit
years, engaged in the ten important oceupti
tion.of trapping. 1
! The great demands for the beaver, and the
Consequent high prices atithat time paid for
the peltries, gave an additioeal stimulus to
the adventurous spirit of the young men for
the west - , and drew nearly all• who preferred
the excitements tied hazards of 'life in the
wilderness to itiieter. pursuits, into the re
cesses of the Rocky Mountains: Here a pe- I
culiar class was formed; the elements, the I
1 sturdy, enterprising and uneutbed character
Ipf the frontier; • the oirouinstances that influ
eneed and formed it, nature in- her wildest,
leettgliest t e ttadeetaudeate itsneete.....eee. ranee,
froth the wretched Root-diegers to the vin
dictive Illackfeet, and the courageous teed •
warlike CroWs—eand a vOc i ation of constant 1
slab r, IprivatiOn and peril in.every shitpe, yet 1
of g ains ) of te natyre. apd , degree to I give it I
f Mill . I 4 '
somew* of the chara cteris tics oga mg. ,
Th• • fiver •! , , • i
e d ecre ase o f the be i)efony h i pert
suit Of tho pow animal s ruthless
i as ,was
i .
'thuie iiimulat d, nd the setist`ttotiOnof ter
con' mod ties or t in'beaver fur'' have left tr v-
1 • ll , 1 • e z ;i • i
'pit; sca cely 'we ill following as a vocati n; •
and the race of // trappers has nearly disappear- t
ed from• the/Mountain gorges, where they
built their rude lodgese where they set the
leaps forethe wily beaver, ,and -wlieee there
were frequent combats with the,eavages, and
wide-Wild beaseti not less fennitlabie. In the
se)4l of men thus formed by hardship, 'xpo
sure, peril and temptation, our hero acquired
all their virtues and escaped their 'vices. He
be ame noted through the extent of the trap
eping grounds end on both sides oldie Rocky
Mountains, es a successful trapper, an unfail
ing shot, an unerring guide, and for bravery,
saeacity and steadiness in all eircumstapoes,
le was chosen to lead in almost all enter-
Klee of untisual danger, eni in all etteeks
up a the Indian 4 At one time, with a par
, ty • twelve he dttackild a band of near sixty
Cr, ws, who had stolen some of the horses be-
in the
, cc or
I eur-
I no
, Ji-lgot • 8
!ant be th l
itoo do exe
inity is to
hem as a r
tinct 6u
lo ging to the trappers, ll ent Nese the animals
w ich were tied within ten feet of the strong
fort of logs in which the Indians had ta•ken •
shelter, attacked them, and made good his re- I
treat 'with the recovered horses; an Indian oft
another tribe, who was with, the trappers, 1
bringing away a Crow scalp as a trophy. In
one combat with the Blackfeet, Carson receiv
ed a rifle ball in his left shoulder, breaking it'.
a l ve this, he has escaped the manifold dan-
gers to whioh he has been exposed, without
. •
serious bodily injury. Of course in so turbu
and unrestrained a life, there Werr not un
'frequent 'personal encounters anion he trap
pers themselves, nor could the most peacea
bly disposed always avoid them. These were
most frequent and savage at the periods when
the trappers went into the "rendezvous," as
,was called the points where the companies •
kept their establishments for receiving the
poltries and supplying the trappers.,- here a
few days of indulgence were corrirnonly al
lowed himself by'the trapper, and there was
much drinking and gambling, and consequent-
ly fighting. '
Feuds, growing out of . national feelings,
would atso naturally enough sometimes be
our among the trappers—there being Canadi
ans and Mexicans as well tia the Arnericart;
all having a pride of race and cntintfy:\ Ou
one accasion a Frenchman, who ranked as a.
bully, had Wiipped a -good many Canadiani; ,
and then began to insult the Americans, say-,
ing they i were only wen?) bpi ng w hipped. wit It
switch* At this, Carson fired upland said,
"He was the most trifling one among the
Americans, and to begin with him." After
some little more talk, each went off and arm
ed itimaelf•••••Carsott with a pistol, the Preach
mmt with a rifle—.and both mounted for the
fight. tiding . up, until their horses' heads
touthed,i they fired almost at the same instant
Carson a little the quickest, and,• his ball
padsinlifthrough the Frenchman's 'lanai made
*jerk tip 'hie gun, and E'en i 1 tho•ba% which'
Wei intended for Carson's heart, graidtit his
left c ip a n d l singieg his hair. This is the on 2,
ti tiMioneptirsotiatquarr I of Carson's life, as
h - S, Illtti titaist l yen?' if re Men, of a peacea:
h gap gentle tlinzer., ' ', i•L
. . 1
; • ' . 1 11
1 1'
' ,
Col: Yremonti owed . his good Orlon') in:
procuring Carss services to ap ' aceidentat
meeting on a a eat , nlfgat abovit..-touis— ,
& 4
either having ver'Nfore hearitotthe ether. ; ;
it was at the commencement of4renione,a.
first expedition.' Gaieen continued' with 'it
until, in its return, it had rectesse& thy moun
tains: Ills courage , /fidelity' endeficellent .
character; sofatl.coneiliated the good will of
the.demmandei thitf,l in his second expedition .
ho gladly-availed himself again of Kit's;ser- .
vices, on ineethig with him, as hp chanced to
do, on the con ies of New MeXice. ' Kit.
again left the p rty a ft er its arrival this side ;
of the mountain s -- not, however, tintil Pre-'
mont had obtaihyd a promise from Om to jein
thy third exped ition , in ease one ' should be
organized: - So me incidents will bq interest..
Ing,;co,hneeted With this' latter -expedition,
which was intHrupted in its pureliseientifin
character by.
the treachery of tho Mexic n
chief (Castro) qomPe4ing Freciat to ohm)
his peaceful etnP in
lo.vment, and which, owi g
the continuance of the wAr with Mexico, is
~ -,
not yet completed. • • )
In the irate it between, Eremoul's second
and third expeditions, Carson had se tied him
self near Taos,iand had begumtO farm, pre
paring to lead a quiet life, when he received a
note from Fbeflibnt, written at Bent's Tort,
reminding him o f his promise, anal telling
him he would' wait there for him: On this
occasion Carsor showed his stronifriondihip
for his ?Idsionimander, and the generous 'and
unselfish nature of his feelings: Ip fourdays
from receiving !the note, Carson, had joined
the party, having sold his house and farm fur
less than half the sum he , hid just' expended
upon it, and put[his family under the protec
tion of his friend' the late Governor Bent, tin :
til he girould return from a certainly long and
dangerous journey. This protection, f)rifor
tunately, we t s taken from them i the tato,
massacre Wraps, - when Carson's rother-in..j
law was also °Tie of the victims to the fury of
the Mexic4ns against all connected with the
Americans. Mrs. Carson saved her life by
flight, leaving them , to rob the hots of every'
,thing. Kendall and all others jitilio ,have
written of their adventures in Nev Mexico,
ascribe the highest character tole women
of that country formedek.Y,lgenere ity, quick
sympathy, and ail feminico virtues To this
amiable class
. belongs the *ire e Carson,
who has paid so 'dearly forAiir a eizitkin fur
, The route o 1 i the third expeditiO n
mu: tasL-16.- •,
- --- 7 ' ,i I
ed, and filled, according to the superstitions
and tales current, among the Indians \ land the
trappers of the mountains, with ail iitagina
hie horrors. A l vast desert, voidof Vegetation
'and fresh water, abounding in . linic sands and
in brackish pools
and rivers, With only sub
I terra! can ()nts. This off as
i ne reputed
',chars ter of the. country, ins ifying at least
P the apprehension °Hack of those inlispensa-
I' hies te.t he yoya l ger ofthe ivilderneSs—tvater
li ana grass. In'yuth, the southern ; ordel• of,
the lake traS fmind to be skirted • w tit a salt
plain of about Sixty miles in wid I. Ot%er
1 - I
this, as elsewhere, Carson, in hi or - malty of
scoot, was alw t ys with the adv nee party,,,to
search for wate -and convenie .P aces for
caMp—thensual signal of the prar
-fire; serving by its column of smoke,
I dvance %weir halting
out w - ,hero the
, .
Gen. ICearne • entered California without'
molestation until the fightof San Pa.qual; an
ollici4acconnt of which has been published,
In the charge made upon the Mexicans, Ca -
son, as usual, w i as among the foremost, when
as he approchet within bullet rangeof the en
emy, who were drawn up in order 4f battle,
his horse stiimhted and fell, pithhing him_ Over'
ills head, and breaking his rifle_ in L t l i Wain.-..
Seizing his knife, he advanced oi'' t , until
he found a hired dragoon, whose rifle he
took, and was ressing on, when' he et the
mounted men returning from the charge, the
Mexicans having galrarefoff. 1 1 4 the in,
stance' of Carson, the American iiarty then
took possession of a small rocky hill, pear the
scene, of the balide, as the strongeSt Position
in reach. Not being it a situation to kgo for
ward, they encamped here; and the enemy
collecting in - force, they remained in e state
of siege. There was little of -either grass or
water - cm the hil I, and soon both anitrills and
men began to stiffer. r The party %,•as so
thickly beset w'th the enemy, that It+ com
mander doubtedl
the proprietibfattrinpting to
cut a passage through, When, after four day's
stele, Carson. 8.'1,1 Pas, , ed Midshipnian Beale,
of , the navy. who o had 4. 4it sent. to meet
li,'earney, with some thirty awn, :Isla compli
mentary esch{ . rt to San Diego,)voluatecred to
I.go to Captain f•rftxskton, at that, plaCe,, and
bring a reinforcettiont.
. This daring enterprise these intrepid and
esolute yoniig men, accompanied by it Dela
are Indiadwifo:was attached as a Ispy to
nersi Elefiraey'S command, at ccessfully
accamplislied, but not withppt extresise suf
fering and peril. This distance 'be.ween the
camp and Sae Diego was hut 'thirty ranee;
but, as They ba l d`, aisle long „detonre, they
traveled nearer fifty. They lft 'tie Camp in
the night of the :19th of Dece ' I. l :crawling
in a horizontal position through tIT euemy's
fines. ' Their slims made r*se; or , which
cause they toi l lt 'them off, and diitring the
niglit.unfortunfitelY lost them: L og%bli all
day, to avoid . tke enemy, they, ,e,n_, teetled by
tiro end Of the second night in, rea ing their
destination-end proc ti ring . the ne eery rein
forcement. Their feet end flesh tort and blee d ing, fromthe'rockS and thorny a dr, hag
gard front huritk thirst, anxiety and sleep
lessness, they ere. again, Itreitheless, in
full Performa ' of' duty at the b of itlte
Bth eatl.Bthof utterya,
When Fremonti,*atteenteetint w thaudaci
cepting-ilte tender of thO;Meiti n forays,
redched 1 . 4:4 A igelos,C - arseki Jowly ro:.
17'nedqo his command, and lik !Ur's . ' ensuing'
in nth was again selected to „cru4s t he, desert
ted the
ries, is a t
to point