Erie observer. (Erie, Pa.) 1830-1853, June 26, 1847, Image 2

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Later from Mexico. • •
Our .leanings from cipious ille.iicat
, c corresp' nience, 'and extracts from Mexican
papers,contained in our New Orleans ex
change .of the 10th inst., do not include much
I that he not before been given our readers.
We have before noticed the eStablishment
' ofun tvt ti-war party in the city of Mexicci; and
in con tection with this indication of the
tunes that Picayune remarks, that there is a .
ver large party in Mexico in favor of making,
• ace with the United States, is becoming
. ciaily.more evident., ' This party has nut. yet
been hehrd amid the' senseless clamor of the
tlytthiniOnit mob, and the loud, empty boast
ings of military pretenders, but it. will , soon
find a. voice potential in the affairs of the
Conntre, .
Nothing appears in the files of the 'Alexi
• can paperli in regard to Santa Anna's tecep
tion in the capital. We cannot therefore say
if he were stoned or ittaulte.d by the pa fulace.
That hiicountrymen are profuudly indignant
at his repeated failures, Contrasting so shame
fully with his magniloquent profession= ; we
' have not a doubt. In various modes the press
has given no ienialrle ideate of such a state
of their feeling.
Thel Monitor of the 16th states, that Getf-
Oral Valencia, new commander In chief of the
army, was preparing, with , a force of t
regiments and battAlions, the number °leach
is not. stated, to march towards Puebla: ant
that it' has been inferine 1 that the men are
generally and anxious tomarch imme
tliatelY, but that some of the brave officers;
who are . alwaYs disposed to concoct a pronanf
clanteato, were essaying, by obstacles and
algae's, to dettfat the enterpri ; .e.
Banta Anna (as beforestate:!) arrited at
the capital on the evening of the Ittth, but we
cannot find in any of the papers before us, an
account'of the Manner in which-. he was re
ceived. On the 30 th his manifeste was pub
lished; and on the 21st he teal: cha rle of the
Presidency. According to the papers, Santa
. Annul was recalled, that he mightonake the
neeessary arrangements to resist the invaders;
_And the Command of the army was in cense
querk4o conferred on General Valencia.
A meeting of the authorities and other in
fluential citizens took plate on the
of the 21st, in order to-adopt tesolutions in ref-,
gard to the defence of the capital. It was
tinatly concluded that the eityi;hfultl be prop
erly fortified, and that the necessary steps
should be taken fbr a vigorous defence, in
case the Americans should present theinselve's
ireight of the capital.
The papers in the capital publish all the
general orders issued by Gen. Scott and his
thvisiod. El Monitor p Calished Gen. Worth's
letter to the menicipal a ithorities of Puebla, .
dated at Amozoqu'os, the lth .11a„ in,which
he manifests his surprise t not r-ceiving an
answer to his comfaunition lithe 12th, which
he adds, might have been in ercepted.
• The Government has orumed the discun
tinuance of the proceedings against General
Arista, in order to employ him in the defence
of the capital.
Afletter iddresseti to El Republican°, dated
at Puebla, on the Pith, giveS n hill acceunt of
the forees that entered that city, and the or
' der in which it was done—which we give here
• as we have not seen it statod elsewhere.
Ist. An advance , guard of 100 cavalry,rand
4 pieces of , light urtillery. 21. General
Worth, with his division of it*fantry (pro
teeded by a' baud of music) of 1320 men mid
2 pieces of artillery. 3d. A l battalion or in
. fantry, of 6130 men, with a band at music, e nd
followed by pie cbs
of artillery. -16.. One
' mortar and 2 2lounders. .sth. A regiment
of infantry, of 64 men, with a band of music.
60. A battalion f.iufantry, of 330 mpit, with
--.Lauitic. ' lll 4, ll qt^ IVI enfes....witit-41ck,,,e.
battalion 4- infantry, with a 4eneral at Oleic
head. Bth. A battalion of infantry; 4to Men
followed by 200 wagons, e:r.corted by 400 in
fantry. Making in a1P4290), men, 203 wag
ons, and 13 pieces of artillery. i
The writer proceeds to describe the Man
ner in which the Americalps entered, 9nd
where they halted. On arriving at the-P aza
they stacked their arms, and many of them
laid down on the ground and went to sleep
totindly, confident that they would
disturbed, though more the., 5000 Mexicans
citizens surrounded the Plaza. They re
mained until 3 o'cbick P. M., when they oc
euPied the Bariach e and Com :nits of St. 1 110-
mingo and -kwis. r ..
The eal e
Letfer states that many of the
troops atte mass, as the Mexicans them
selves woul . Not a few of them deposite I
nlMs in the alms-boxes, placed in the church:
Lien. Worth visited the 13i - -lay on the 17th,
and as the Bishop returned the visit on . the
seine day, the guards (Americans) posted at
the doors of the Palace, did him the came
honors as are done to the American generals
on!similar cmcashms; This has had greatin
fltience loon that class of people who secm?}l
Kitt enrag,ed against OEN. heretic.;—"the of.i
w men." 'l4,
'Santa Anna \forms:l I is Mini: try on the
With, by which Senor B- malecimtinue I act
. _
Jug as itlinister of 11,)rni! an I Earr!go It•t:;i•
, tins of War, and ttic. , i'dinistry of Finance.
w licit was oToled, firi. Senor t,) 2nor 11, , , ,, ta, will
It xt to Sencr.llondolo, ‘vaf, reft:bod by butt).
the New York Sun, says that no English or
• American family could Ike a year in so riiM
a ;country—or in any habitable spot whatever
•-.4-without collecting around it more luxuries
stid.refitiements than is to be found in a •A1t , ,1 ,
'village. Among a dozen families von will
- I.lot filed a floor (other than the gritint4 or a
Window. Onemeeks's labor would provide a
hole village with an Mimi lance of d3licim
fruit the year round. But how can the poor
stan thinkof planting trees ev en
. in th is glo-
TIMM climate, when he !min's not how soon
the owner of the s , )il• will tak-? hid
.c6tt age
fom him, or he be torn from it to serve in the
army as a soldier. 1 haltr' in the near neigh-.
herhood of the city of .taco, a company of
soldiers returning froMa recent recruit hunt,
With the score of Volunteers they had caught
tied together with ropes and dragg,ine; them
after the horses' heels. The poor 'fellows
I I °lied sad enough then, but When they have
erved their year or two ut a hopellkss distance
from their• homes, they becoMe themselves
°Moralised into man-hunters, and when they
returned - adrift at last, are wore than ready
to turn rubbers' by trade. A bad land system
tnd twenty years of military despotism have
iled the ccuutry with a reckless floating pop-
Otion, hut the great body of the people are
aceful and Welt disposed. Under a just and
they would be industri
ous citizens, and soon make such places as
this neglected, Poturo, bright with the horn of
Santa Anna must be so m e relative.of John
boor Botts. c ßorta promised to head Capt.
yler, or die. I He failed to head Capt. Ty
• cr i and totallydisregarded his promise iodic..
anta Anna protnised to drive back the inv-a
log Americans or die. He too failed.
Otn't drive ba4k.the Americans, and ulthough
given at Cerro Gordo a tnost tempting oppur
!unity to die, ;ho nut only would not embrace
at, butactuall.ti cut dirt with one leg its' if
Specially studious to violate his pledged faith
d save his eares?s.—Vicktdiure Sentiziel.
Foosic—The dead body of a man
, es found about fotir miles up the Lake, and
no mile from allot° on Monday last. He
l i ves dressed Eike a seamen, with nothirt of
ny value about. ' No name or -paper
ould be found on his person leading to his
dentity. He is supposed to have been one of
ha cow who Orishedsni the schooner I. C.
loann, that wag capsized near Conneaut some-
Iveeks seinee.: Coroner'a_en'quest in necor
iiatiee with the above stateMenfr—Casette.
Arrival of ti!e SteamshlP ganOilA
NEW YORK, June 11-3 i P.. N.
' The steamer - Cambria reached Boston at
I before 9' o'clock Otis morning.
Brea:hut& ity:Ve'declinecl in the Liverpool
market., The quotations of the Market on the
4th inbt., were: Flour bad declined to 40s,
but on the day of the sailing of the steamer
it was bringing 425. Sod averaged from B'7
to 383 per barrel, American Wheat 10s Id to
12s per 70 lbs. Indian Corn was steady at
63s for prime yellow, and in some instances
white has commanded. 2s, more 'than yellow.
• 'urn Meal ranges between 28 and 31s, with
a tendency to the higher- quotation. •
LoNnoN Mxium - r.—lli the London market
Flour is quoted Cotton hes advanced
and 39,000 hales Upland was sold at 51 . 1.
Tne ProvistOi l i Market was languid. Bier
scarce alnd nut touch in demand. Butter and
Cheese maintained fair prices, and the con
, sumption has unusually _rent during
the last three months. Hams were also dull.
MoNEt MAlMlM—Financial pl'ospeors are
animated—the crisis 1.1 over—the Bank dis
c,o_ints Inure fieely—the Bullion increased
lore guarlcr:: of a ;fit . llion in the tveck.—
Part pf the litissiait luau had arrived. Ex
chum re 1061.,,,nt 10').
Pr cc.; are supported.
'Ti ship Mary Ellen, Capt. Dearbourn,
front N. V., with (quit cargo of Teas, was
lost On Ow 31 of I'ebrnary.
NYE!! OF O'CoN'Nm.t..-- i Mr. O'Connell
diel ;it Genoa on the 1. - ith May.
Chalmers died on the 31st May.
'l.)ie weather for soma time past has been
favordbl,•and the crops lhok rsetriarkalny
but the potatoe rot has again Made its appear
AccOunt3 from the provinces speak in
ht. , eriog term, iu rt‘gard to the cowing hur
The Mexican C.niso 14 at )livreandat Mar
: F y;lles hvie protes i ted against the right taken
by the Un4ed States forces of sAibstituting
their own custom, qul laws fur those or me N:
ice,, have.notitriicd the French Merchants
- that they 'mist expect their property to be
-Ae A , O upts rrinn Spain say that the dilfer
; eners!bet ween the t).,:teen and • her Consort
I have arrived to 5u....11 11.•ights, that the ques
tion of ans-iniinedia,te divorce has been discus
sod in the cabinet.
It was rumored in Madrid, that:a new 'Min
istry -was about to be formed.
'Mexican PriYafeer which captured the
American ship Caimelita, is supposed to be
mithing but . a *panlsh 1': rate.
I)ate-4 from Lisbon] to the 29th ult., state
that hostilities were suspended.' The. Junta
had decided to rejett the Convention, and Cit.-
the; initructions front .I.;:igland were anxious
ly exp ected. '
Soup disturbance had taken place at Leg
turn, on the piThlication of the Oeciee relative
to the press; the dragons had to be called
out to disoerse OM a 4seml.ilage.
Stei!zeriand.—Tire new radical constitu
tion has been ticee;.teYby the peciple, by 5817
votes , against 3087. The %:nte has been re
ceived ‘% ith every demonstration of joy.
There are iwlications of un insurrectionary
in,ivement in Greece.
• 4
DISMESSIN Ace:Dr:ST.—A distressing ne
occured on b.tarl the steamer Missouri,
at D.stroit, un Monday morning. Mr.
Mce,t.o.tAs, .-1-4sistant Engineer, withontin
forelting tinv of the hands, went into the wheel. :
hou.' , e for the purpose of ascertaining wheth
qrfthe wheel was in proper order, and while
there the steam was put on. and the I nichi n _
• --5-1 P ad, ki,vorqw Ale “c , 4)(4010,4 iwatt7;
afterwar4. was on h onest ,.
iwlnstrious man, flighty esteemed by his boat
associates and acquaintances generly. Ho
leavc:s a wife awl ,seiTrad small children lin
this place to mourn his untimely loss. W
are gratified to learn that '1',150 were conei _
bulei by hands ant passengers on board the
steamers .I.lis.eAari and Louisiana fur their
befwlll.-1 t ery creditable piece olliberalitv:
- — Mr. Mc Citliiftn's remains were brottuht to
town and intern:. I no Tuesdly.--arr.ette.
avruna floor..—Whilo the . Chosapeakel
was larin Y to.hor anchor, gradually sinkirig,
an 1 just before - she wont down, a trontleman
sought out his wife, wie was starujing on the
hurricane deck. mutt thus accosted her:
"Well Y. raid he, /'tthat long mooted
question teiil very soon he scaled with us"
"What do you tn'eaur sail the wile; "what
quoition d you role:. to!" "Why,"- sail hP,
—the Tet, , tion v. bother that old Red Dragon
has eKren heads and ten horns, or ten he
mad sere a horn "0, husband!" said the la
dr. "how cm you jest•al such a timer in
three.miml:v: - , the boat went down, and •
as ill luck would ltrive?, this im;vrturable
jester was saved. lie , ought to have had a t
peep at the "old fellow,' just enough to have
couvince:l him that such an animal is below,
and in waiti, for such chaps us him. Our
0:11.1,9Yr:11 hero %%as the veritable editor of
a Sn m iar pub!i:',lieci in Cineintiti. The
two jetter3 ofy,,Ws name we believe to be
G. \V. La.ibury. Ii takes -ttn editor.—
Plain Dea!zr.
TUE k Vit.+, ;Patter.—.V deep tragedy,
the resnit•of a piece of black hearted haseneis,'
was enacted fit :4km tgomery, on the 11th
intlt. A physician of standing, Dr. S. S.
w4C -hot dead in the Post Office in that
pl a "cf l by Col. Winston. Perry was/Win
stoles lutnity phygicien, his personal and po
litical Iriend„ aud had seduce,, his wife. Tie
1.-yinpathy aPpears'to he entirely with
Wimuon, whilst Perry is wholly unmourned
'...—ooless is be by his injured wife. Col. Win
ston was State Senator for Sumpter, amP(or
th'e two last 'sessions President of the 'Senate:
Perry was last session a Representotire from
that county, both Demoerat , . The affair
produced the most intense excitement in that
community. A judicial iavestigatien of the
aflair wee to commence on the 12th. Perry
had a six barrel pistol in his locket at the
time he was idiot, but had no time to use it.
—Theing:tiror its.thc foilowing Paragraph,
which is pre.bably correct, as that paper is es
pecially accurate in statistical marten,:
cAecordin„, ,, to a table compiled from the re
searches I pf a - literary gentlemau of New York,
these urewin the Ms itol States no less than 225
public hi:harks. The aggregate number of
volumes set down at 2,351;260. It appears
that the State of New York has 33 librarieii,
with 114,00(1 volumes; Pennsylvania, 32 li
braries, with 116,100 voP-nes; Massachu
setts, 30 libraries, with 003,000 colonies;
OK), 23 libraries, with 68,000 volumes; Ma
ryland, 1 I libraries, with 54,000 vorumes, and
other States stnaller numbers. Rhoda Is
land, itt"propOrtion to herpopolatium has the
largest number of volumes of any State in the
happy ocetirret*e in slacking lime.
Mr. John Haven of West Hartford, at
tempting some limosiryteto.slaCltsnmelime
for whitewash, with hoC water in a boiler on
the stove, had rednee&the whole, as he sup
posed, to be a liquid, Wit onadding_anoth dip
per foll'of water 'the - whole exploded with a
lend noise,and scattered the whole mass about
the room, hewing some of it with great force
against the ceilling,,,and in the, face and eyeli.
<if Mr.' Hazen, desroylug both his eyes and so
badly , burning him that his life was despaired
of at the last accounts. It is' supposed that
some of the lime must have remained dry at
the bottom of the boiler, thus causing an ex=
plosion by adding the water when the lime
h a d bee heated......Woodstook ..ferrate.
"The Vi01.14'6 Govortiod too Muoh."
7,'.. R I 11, PA.
Saturday Junr24l.
rot% cvsm. commisstomut,•
'1011111,5 LONGSTIIETII.
- (rtios. H. ,ELLlsci;c is a duly authorized
agent to procure subscribers fur this paper.
The Next Prosidency--Gen. Taylor--A National
There are some men who are never easy—
asleep, awake, sitting isr standing, we find
them eternally on- the move. This uneasy ‘ l
temperament is Visible in all their relations of 1
life. If politicians, they - are unsafe—not tcr
be trusted—they vacillate from one thing to
another with so Much e sc that, like the Pad
tly,'s den, when one atte nits to put, his fin-.
ger on th2in they are `ot there; We pity
such men. Bit when wo fin I, added to this, 1
an inordinate self-esteem, prompting the 04 1 6 - -
sensor, to push himself forward and atten l iM
to lead his Varty into unexplored and puttied
paths—after unknoWn gods, as it were—.,vlien
he ought, from his known incapacity, be
content to occupy a subordinate position, and
wait puliently the developement of his- par
ty's desires, our pity 'degenerates .in . to con
tempt. With feelings something akin to this,
we look UpOiljhe recent labored manifestd of
the niitor of tho Harrisburg Argus, recom
mending, Gen. Taylor as the Democratic can
didate for Pre.;•ident 1 . -
' ' We claim to be as moth the admirer of
Gen. Taylor's military achievements us any
one—we look upon them with pride—pride
that he has bor4o our flag aloft amid the blaze
and thunder of battle, and thus justified the
confidence re . pm.efl in him by the President in
giving him the command of the Army of Oc
-1 cppation. But we see no claim such achieve
mews give him upon Democrats to induce
1 them to make him President, without know
' ing any thing of his political principles, and
1 with no.evid!oice%vhaterver that he isa States
man. It cannot he xlenied that he comes be
-1 fore the Democracy miler very doubtful and
Isuspicious au4pices. A portion of the whig
1 press\have his name at their mast h2tul for
i President. We do not wish -to sail in such
i company, and until Gen. Taylor repudiates
them and their political lieresies, we, cannot
!ead9rso thomanifedto of theAri,ros.
- Perket and harmonious union is all essen
tial to the success of the D:mocratic party,
eillwr i in the approdching contest in this
State, l or in that to cotm:. in 1813. The first
will not, canma, be secured by agitating the
Presidential - question now. If we had not
thought thus, we should have long since
thruu - tiourbannertothebreeze. Thedatter can
only be secured by a concentration ofstrength
through a notiimitt convention. Hearty un
ion, says the psston P l e,,t, in speelting upon
this subject, is not founded on expediency, or
in availability as to candidates, but on a com
mon agreement in - great principles and cardi:
nal measures. , It is a contest for these that
was that of the republicans under Jefferson in
1798, and under Jackson,in 1828. Such, al
so, was the union of the sank party in 1841.
these case it was idea's, not candidates,
that rallied m 0, an I gae them a triumph.—
And this triumph was followed by a repudia
tion of unsound principh‘s, aul the adoption
of an opposite policy---an American policy—
that carried the' co.mtry, by its inspiring in
flue'nce, onward and or.var.l. It will be
enough for our porposo to ilinstrate this by
reference to to tho last of triumphs, that
of 1311. This a,as truly an open field—a fair
fight. One party—the defeated—fought ;for
a national bank, a hiihtaritT, a narrow policy.
This policy fell with the fall" of Mr. Clay.—
The democratic, party fought ops*y, boldly,
fur the opposite!of these; and, whe in power,
nothing daon te-I by the tremendous opposition
of the defeated party, they carried their mea
sures into execution. In a few words, they
have v'stablished a sourtd financial policy, and
that'which comes tunkr the characteristic of
liberal cotntnercial system—cne worthy of
e country und of the age. This imlicy is
work now "With its silent, hut sure and
w•erful influence, and under its operation
, re is prosperity unparalleled. Agriculture,
mmerce arid manufactures feel it as they nev-
felt, ii, hand in hand, before. At previous
rio Is one or more of these interests prosper
eclat the expense of the others, hut now, under
laws more just than ever before, they are
flOuei.lhing together. We claim for the ex
isting policy its legitimate influence in pro
ducing, this result. We claim that, instead
I, of cramping enterprise by restriction, it stim
' elates it, positively encourages it, blx a new
14asurc of freedom. We claim its adoption
as one Of the great fruits of 1814. And we
point to its fruits - as an illustration of what;
democracy seeks to accomplish; namely, net
the elevation of a few nnn to office r or the be
stowment on a few men of chartered privi
legepLbut just and gcneral - laws promative of
'the plieral ZOud.
Ndw shill we abandon-all this, and throw
ourselves headlong into the arms of
, a military
chieftain, of Whose capacity , as a statesman
we know nothinib and whose political princi
ples we know but little; and that not ofa very
satisfactory nature. We' apprehend the De
mocracy will do no such thing, when they
have those lung
,fuithful and tried states Men,
Cass, Wright, Buchanan, Benton and Walk
er, from among Whom to select a candidate.
No! the Democracy have the political esperi r
once or the whigs in 1840 before thorn, to
warn them that the rock of "availability" will
wreck their good ship if they attempt to try it.'
In ilia Memorable contest the whigs strove
for 81.1CM , F, without regard to the previous
political principles of their candidates, or the
meanS used to secure their elation. The
eonsequenee was Tyler proVed true - to hii7an
cient principles, and vetoed their bank. Then
arose from this_ majority the cry of treason—
traitor. But history will write the severe
condemnations - of the, whigi, that they were
the traitors—that they committed nil the trea
so there Was committed. They were not
trfie to themselyes— ! to their politics. How
much better will democrats act, if they, too,
from the tempting desires of success, lose . '
eight of their grand ideas, their cardinal pleatst,l
urcs, , i f .holitj 'continued triumph will benefit,.
every hotisehold, in their devotion to an-avail
ability candidate, only. Suppose - him eleiti,
ted to the presidOcy, and federaligto presents
one of its grand schemes for adoption--, l Where
iS the pledge that 'it will he opposed' We
liareswe-r-the past life of Gen. TaybH fur
nishes-none, for it has been spent in the pro
fession of arms, amid scenes of dand l e! 'tis
true, but in no way,calculated to enlighten the
people in regard to his principles or gut/lit/ea
tions, for the Chief Magistracy of the liJnited ,
States. Snob considerations, With a host of
others, prompts us, "as on of the people" to,
regard this movement of tit , "tor of, the
Harrisburg Argus with disappr'obation.
A Dawn Task. ' 1
Our neighbor of the Commercial is a per
fect Sunijmoil, of the press=-in his own esti
mation. He talks abput using, “battering
rtan.q",javelins," ete.etc., to bring us to our
feelings, with as much ease as one would im
agine a caiitain of the invading army of Julius
Cteaar in times of 'old. By the by, there is a
much more striking resembanee between our
neighbor and Sampson than one would at first.
imagine—the latter sleW the Philistines with
the jaw bone of an ass; and, the former is
equally hard at work with the sante kind of
an instrument in an endeaVer to.annihilate us
poor democrats. But .how'ever much our
neighbor resembles,the ancient gentleman re
ferred to, it is our private opinion he has-un
dertitken a very difficult tusk- s —onertliat will
require considerable exercise front the afore
said jaw bone. We refer to his endeavor to
prove that in the campaigii (>1 . '41 We advoca
tedt. the tariff of 'l2. We do not in end to go
into a lengthy argument, fortified by quota
tions from our colutnis at that tiinc, as we
might do, to prove our nighber's pOsition un
sound and false. We do not think our read
ers take interest_enough in the runi-tion ta re
quire it, and if we did, we have neither time
nor room. When our neighbor ,harmonizes
his accuiationsi now aril then aga nst its, we
may thinkdit worth, while to 'suss in ourAelf
by such ineansl.—uot before! In 1,811 the e.l-
itor of the Commercial said we Were the ad
vocate of Free Trati,?, add that rok was the.
I Free Trade candidate. We denied this, and
I claimed ti be in favor of a ',Para for relienue,
' which would afford incidental protection to
1 all interests, including zOrnmerce, manufac
-1 tures, agriculture and th . e. arts: No' better
explanation of our, an I the demovatic pari
ty's, position in regard to the tariff in 1811,
can be found than the following from s chaii
lenge 'to the Whig party, adopted i by thekick-
cry . Club, of which one of the editors off'this
paper was Secretary, and the other' on the'
committee to draft the propositions for discus
sion. The 4th propositioh was as follows: 1
aTtie,Democratic party and their candidates
are in 1 . /1%44 of a tariff' of .duties for reveutier,
with discrimination so as to afford incidental
protection to home industry and dome4qc
manufactures which most need encutira'ge
moat the whip party 'their mindidate
are either in favor, of !Lis policy, and Got -
sentiently there is no essential difference. r
issue between the parties on this subjecq Syr
they favor what they' cliff protection,'witlWit
regard to revenue, to which the dem/lei - it tic
party areopposed. Discuss this propositit;ini”
NOw we claim that the tariff of '46
such a tariff as one alluded, to in the abovet—
It atrurds incidental and adequate protection
to aldbranches 9f industry, and dues so atftin
irir-nTsTies-firtPate ii 's
r v n a . ]n f es r
the government in time of peac?.
Ono word - more and - we -are done, Mwe
said tiefOrei the editor of the•CoMmercial in
18tt acdused us of being the ailvoc ; ate of free
trade. He says notiwe advocated the tarifnif
'42 at that%tir., Will he answer, without
equivocation or reservation, whether he bore
"false witness against his' neighbor' then, or
does so now
A DlCtt
We find the following in the Detroit Free
Press. It is a hard - "nut" for the Wilmot
proviso loving whigs, and we should like to
see their and Gen.,Tay.ler's especial Opt), the
Commercial Advertiser, "crack it." We
caution our cotemporary, however,
.smash his fingers in,the effort. By the by, if
he should do so without raising a "blood blis
ter," Appose he takes 4 his candidate's let
ter to Gen. Gaines, in which he takes ground
in favor of the /nether extension of territory:
4 .Prejodkes ever have and ever will be in
dulged by thinking men and a self-governing
people. review, free from its influences, and
most of men.are biassed /ay their early impre;-
sions and opinions. Tem writer of this tte—
knowl&lges.that to some extent, he is one of
the number, % and he proposes Ito show that
General Taylor has been, and prrbably is still,
as liable as himself to the like impeachment.
At Green Ba 3/, in tik , spring cf 1817, when
Brevet Major General Zachary Taylor—new
Major General Zachary Tayldr,—was in corn-, ,
mend of Fort Howard, at a 'dinner given by l
himself, or by some of the of*ers of the Fort,'
ho proposed the following sentiment: "
There were present at this dinner, among
others, Col. Chambers, Capt. O'Farrell, Lienti
Gray, and Lieut. Armstrong, tf the Rifles;
Capt. Gray, - Capt. Grosvenor, Lieut. Hopkins
and Lieut. Morgan, of the Infantry; John Boy;
er, Esq., U. S. Indian Agent; Mr. Ervin, U.
S. Factor, and Elward Biddle,Esq., of Macit
inac. Some of these have paid the last (Hit
of nature, hilt others are living to testify t;f
nccesary tO the truth of this statement." I
spaa:.tog-it right our
A corresp'ondent of one of the whig ripe a
in Pittsburgh,. in speaking of their rece t
county comlention, says: 1
"One map, 1-know occupiOd a scat on the
floor of that!body, who I wonder was not afraid
to trust himself in the Court house he so ot ,
famouslyrobbed, and two others, from tlie'first
Ward in Allegheny, owed their return to dis
graceful frauds perpetrated in their
r presenm
and with their encouradentent, by a notorious
The naughty fellow, to tell such home tritths
of his own poljtict4 flesh and blood. There
must havo been a sale of the Sheriff's nt+i
nation, or some:other fat &flee, 'as there was
once upon it time in a Whig county 'conven
tion something less than two hundred tulles
north of Allegheny.
Population of Pittsburgh.
According to a new directory issued in Pitts
burgh by liana Harris, the popultition-of that
city and,the surrounding townsoind auhurbs
within five milethie 100,00, of whom the na
tive born citizens number 55,000. The Irish
population is estimated, at 1.5,00 e, and the
German at X 0 .
07.' Our friend of the Easton' Argus,gives
"D. Walker's Apole Mintrels" a puff on our
account, and .chaiiis ua five dollars , for the
same. He can take' this article as a draft at
eight on 'said mittatrels for three, the interest
on which, by the tinV3 ho, collects, it, will about fire.-
' ' A Withering. Reinik e,
-- We find.the following in the Ph
Times, extracted fropt,the cot reaps
the North American, one of the lea(
papers of that city. This paper ha
of the most prominent in t king tl
.Mexico 1n the„present strt g4le
country; - arid its correspoa, ent :
preSume, is one of its own pol
We rejoice to know that: no edi
the Democratic faith, has been
of such a rebuke frOm an
"IN hetherthe war is.wrrig or righf,•this
is not the time to discuss t. If Wrong, it
must be brought to an him( rable termination,
and to do this all should be inked.' The peo
ple we war against need not yo r encour
agement to lay in wail for your b others and
murder them with the lassc and 1 itichelle'.—
They'need not gone: pious' curses upon. our
ends to incite them to hat, ed of very thing
daterica rt. We should lui ve yai r aid and
support; , we need your enco rage? ingt to sus
tain us in the trials,and ha -dsAlps we encoun
ter in this 'unfriendly dim , te. tar love of
country and our patriotic tam& s, made its
to the rescue of our fl gat tf e lir'st call,,
and we can bear all the burdens % ar impose
without murmuring, but w cacao brook your
cold sneers rat our Stlierili s. ant , your hyp&-
critical prayers fur our dkfeat. Thousandsi 'Ono of the G'hals,"
now here will never see [home or kindied 'A letter has been redeived by a glentleman
again—the hail-storm of blutle irt the un- in Nov Orleans fraini a highly respectable la
healthy, climate will thin dor eau :s inure than
tli • Ai ,
4ed •information
even quit may desire, hou4-4 you v e i ns swell i 111 a ,
' a rna, Wl '
full of tory blood. ,Even shoal it be .clearli from him as to wjmi - iiild make appli
that the ProSideut was wrong in the course I cation in order to be lto join our'for
he has pursued towards Mexico, is it fair, is I ces in . 'XiCO. &U.; says that she is doter
it patriotic in you, as .314rican. , to mbar- miaed, if ossibic to do' her tart towards su4-
r :es hint, and aid our enemy t destroy us? ,
. ;.
\ 'e, hors, know nu party we k ow no fee- . ta `""g
the honor of her cmntry, an 1, from
tion; no political considerttions innuenca us, theltime of her letter, i..:eiiiins willing to editor
aii why should they inn; once- ail at such a either an infantry. artillery or drngTim
tinet kVe care nothing . for t r. Polk, as a pany.. •
Show the lei} Ichance., by all means. ,
Man; and if he does wrorqr, we s tall not be be
hind any in avowing, it wl en th proper time (I:t' A nothcr curuilruniilatiun from it An
COMOS. lint we can se °the wode to :do o h,, erver, -, on the „count.o, Press," will be
flist make, an titis a pity you a w t better , .
ci t
found in to-day's'paper. It Will 1e read with
seems that the' volunteers in Mexico
slnipfo!jed. .4r you wilt tt ke pa I with the en- .
ehny, come here and do it like it en; show thatt ue_ eres
i t
t. 1 I
i4ou have as much court ge a treach(fry int r,----
your hearts, and that y u are not al . raid, to d ; o
odo things b y 'hakes. At [Nina Vista
do that. you /visit. done 'Ty our foes. pou . o 1 4 •
it,:telo fl og: Mr. Polk, go aft ad, - -bat o not ' they recently burnt Tom 'Corwin in [effigy,
Iti amt
t• our throats in the dot ig of 't. i on the same day a felltiw who had stolen
"Pe:siring you to a mierst n I that the I a horn 'e a short time befire. was discharged
41inerican Volantc , ers li, ve g ne•vtly
r 11 H l l' ia: id drtantni3d out of the ;Tr) to the cidebra-1
to appreciate your efldit., and t xtellent mein'- I .
ories, L &hall' not was 0 pa: et liy .ifying 1 4. ' 1 air Itocr Ms 3,Earcli."'t
___Ll ___.._± ____,...... • , .
aniithin4 further to you While in Mexici). \ f - 1 .
- . ,,, { (ris , , l. ....m. int , spcm.mj.
hatia . .3tor t.; u' d , 1- , il
'/''he sentifnents so to ngihdrl'y mit tbgetir- , •
er hiirearebut the tech, of w tat is felt and •• of one E torO ivies from Indian:l'l,ol:s,
,spciken by every man in (he' ar ny." I now on the way to IL-Nicer, says: "This cow
-1 The editor of the Tit, „s jo tly comments ! puny, wipe in composed of 91 men, consi-is
upiin the cunsummate c‘olne.s , which would of ;iINIITV-TWO democrats and !1'....0 wings!"
prjmpt a twin, (after . tteri ! 't g. such bcriti- This, we presui•, is almat,the ii•iiitieal Mil
mnnts its kaVe 1)01 4 4‹. erect by many of the lidexion of all the \min nteor , neW in Mexico.,
PeAeral editors,) to qui Ely ad tit into his pa"-
par so, withering. a ;leminciati a of his course.
A parallel for it can on 'y be ft on tin the ease
of one who would villif an a) sent friend; and
then seek to 'justify hi emu se, ivlrm con
fro)iid ant chaiged wi It his cowardice and
ichery. llaPpily a lay o reckoning will
net and then the . fexicr at Whigs, from
rwin dowl'i, will ree lye tit , ir ieward.
INVe envy not the lress in its attacks
lon this brave officer
13 have the emphati
a d the' grii.lging ar isE
and political enemy, ;ol
cause Gun: Pillow is t do
the lriny sought for y
he as been attache w:
whieli we can account for
from the Mexican pr liic
In this we do not role:. to
We should be sorry-to la,:
but we must think he has
uputiGen. Pillow, all )w.
ings to Bret the better of
this is so that officer 1 as
'uw Orleans Delta o th
and able reply to Col. llt
of the Tenues , ee egi
accused him•in a pub ic
potency. The defers
pletely uses Col. H :
his own military sk
convicts the Tennessee
o Oract.
ing misstuletnants:
First, Col. Husked m
0 orks in the enemy's lir
Secondly 7 ---he miss, to::
fact, I intended eitife,ir
to assail, and the 0 ;nit 0
sailed,. Thirdly—the - c
he regards as a blunt er
and the only one by vld
ties could possibly ract
the regiments were, eel
with this express ob Oct
der for the Jormation of
of battle, which he says
and the ranks of his regii
proper; and agreeably to
no possibility of his win
ing reversed. .
Gen. Pillow then proc
at great length, the corr
tions,/nd he accuses Co
his Nitichl and person
that one officer pronounce
Gen. Pillow, ftike, and r
anl that Major Parquarh
duty with
- that regimen
Capt. .NaylOr, of the 2J
mein, and his oilicers, wi
this day, perfectly identi
and character of the regi
independent of Haskell's
signed . it. .11 , 1speei .
not careful} men
shows that such a,
Col. Haskell had p , rson
own observation and pa ;
connoisance, that he wa
truth. .We would goln
fence, but that it is of et
militarylmetfonlv ,can ;
stand it. li,',t3 profess.t
acquaintance with "win'
"adjaCent angles,l' "rev:
Geth,Pillowi thinks that
Tennessee regiment(th
address) is cowardly an
Colonel is more medora;
tertnins the opinion 04
is ignorant withbut the
('lt is said there is ahrati in jail in l'iu s
burgh, charged with 11, ring three ,wives, alt
Tieing within ton miles of that place. Some
r *
envious old 'bachelor
,o the ' press, like our
neighbor of the
,94:zet e, says it a must be a
blessing to him that the are su cif institution,
as prisops tc?l'shut his %
0:7- A, scamp name '
sotheryillaniei, had del?•
ter ' , was.rode - npon - a r
order , of Julge Lynch,l
days since. lie was r
i ndence of,
lino Whig
. 1
I e been de on
of th tii - tt
~ 'it is, fair to
itic I friends.
tor irofessing
eon ed worthy
ort / i r n of 'his
lutt Bu is brave
ec'atation of Scott,
of his personal
But be
erat, and because
E tt On hetivenesi
0 oi her way
r2ct .onsmf these men.
% it ' a h'erd—
i it his recent attack
ed his personal feel
hi= judgment. That
fu ly proved. In the
he Bth, he basil long
as! ell and - the oilieers
im nt, who recently
sta of incom.-
of en. Pillow com
ell up, and vindicates
an I knowledge, lie
oil cer of the follow-
Mates the
le, nil their positions.
s t le work which, in -
Ho! For Chicago ant .7n4 tli. We 4).
hit rseft• or W Y nk°° P i Before this number of On' paper reaches all
vhi h was actually as- J Y •
1/° ' l-6°ll6 "and of the Sacker State: \i'hatever ?.e eo new
ior in eres 1,.,., c, . . , fill{report of 1
ord -, r of march, which V'. r t eado_r t s . ,:e t
ai ll er be wi o i t i o a or , dy to the,
of mine, was proper, ; Chicago Convention, and Irobablj; before , 11.'e
ich the assaulting par- r:retarn tale al.tont over some of the prairieg
h t sir
di i laced in the march, .
t. Pourtl4—my or-
hi command i nto li ne ! the doings and sayings at Chicago on tbe..sth,,
'•cterscd the wing: , I will be duly laid before our. readers. In the
, tent, was right and
o hat Order, tb - ero wal h
s and his ranks be-r time ° can
i mean time our senior partnerlwill devote what
spare from hii official duties,' in
ri, catering for our readers.
° Hs 26
trtness of these posii
:Haskell of hein4
I enemy, and statet
the harges i against
fuse to sign 6q -in,
Iton who Was Upon
, in J tat battle, ' l and
Pennsylvania Itegi
()se position war:, on
fled wifh the conduct
ment, but who were
influence, ha...e not
ie charge that he had
red th 6 works, he'
, t the case, but that
I knowl2dge, by his
ticipation in the re-
tnibrepresentitig, the
tre, fully into this de
c,t a character that
ppreiate and under
be innocent of any
s" "reconnoisances."
rsi4 columns," Bze.
the Colonel of the 2 I
alleged author of the
I ignorant. The said
e; for he merely en
ii his superior officer
Ives out.
Catlin, whoi'among
itched his outa desigh
li and then ducked; by
t Clinton,'Lop., a few
ughly but justly dealt
The Pittsburgh Post says a late number cif
the Boston Whig closes a long article headed
,The Whig Party," by declaring that:— -
"At this time, we regret to be obliged. to
affirm that upon all the greatest issues of this
time; there no moral responsibility resting
upon the NVhig pariy.for its action."..
A subject for regret, truly! But is it pos..:
sible you have just made the discu. ) .pry! Why'
this is what tlMDltnocrats have been telling
the people for years. ".11u r ra/ responsibility"
forsooth! ' Th ere is responsibility resting
upon th , l7ri of any kind. They are thorough
ly bankrupt in morality, is patriotism, in pol
itics, in every thing! They favor irresponsi
ble banks,-and laws by which swindling debt
ors can get I clear of their credit&rs. They
are, l t irresponsible in polyeal principle; be
cause they dare not avow those which they
seek to establish. They are irresponsi i ble in
patriotism; because they are against" their
country and in favor of the enemy. 'And' if
they are not irresponsible in morals, they have
improved very much since 1840. We would
not like to their morality, until, they
have given proofs of possessing a greater .
share of it. '
0„:,,,As the ‘writitiv; editor" (if theObservet ,
contemplates being absent from his post for a
few webs, he t ru,t s lbc i"wriiing editor" ',of
the Glizettc , Vill have tiriitnagMtniniity to rb
serve his tire until M.; ret ru. wlreri by hop'es
froni a ?-h , •-rt frorn,lcHt.
to his duties for t•omething over limr years,
he v. ill realm with 11-2;tlth int2rove(l, - mind in
, -
viljorated, an 1 withall.bettei:\ fated to return
Mow for blow, and shot fur shot. in-the cause
of democracy and equal
The 'Washington, Onion says, ``tire moss
c on fident iy the hest an.l the n r icist
r cent it/form:tint) we have I,:tvi able to 'oh-
At; chief, if not the solephed:cle to (I 11:1
.•ti.". JA“ ii•at ca O. .4110 II COM 1% to
f"tiitlt io the hop/03,10n pro,loreld upon the
govenOileot nit 'people, by the Vast,
tiio! present tone and attitude of 3';...0 . ne of the
tideral leaders and federal prints in‘relation
the 'war, oa , nze: r.n.i it 3
f-401.-: the whig party has "aided in thn pro,o-
eution of thi‘Var''t aid as the vuittire
l ives the bilinh. •
Q` Tite 4 C.litor of the :',lereer Igimirtary is
4 . linelc full of editorial tight. After giving ;
nuc neighlior of the Gawtte a pretty eriectual ,t per F
; thrashing. he now wants tabe "lvt" witit I'ost
ft We can't accommodate him j•l7 , t now
tint v.:hen tc return, if he still .feels dispose.'
o Iliow his 'Abolition "grintlers," we finny
kro„tify him. We hrb.-e - already two or three
lilfhis WhiLr alli . es snarling, at ro,, and we
flnnht ho s t wecan ae,:ormnoclate as many mare.
' fin the mean time-we:will turn hint cner rgour
krienl Garvin, of the Pre =s.
number of
12t_The cry is still they come. Byl refer
ring to our advertising columns it will he -step
th a t the “b'hoys" are destined to hare another
loud time of it—another Circus is coming to
town: lima. ,fitor the ‘dt'hoys," let them , go
it while theyre young, whe they get old they
ie stoi the Westfield Messenger
that the Steamer Dianiond will visit our city
on Monday the, sth of July, "with a freight of
Fredonians, DoultirkatiS,Barcelonian., West
) tieldites; £<.c." We hope our Urn's will be on
t hand to show them every attention.
I '
(t - " Our neighbor of the Gazette must have
been a laWyer in his:day, He. chages us
with a certain cotiree'pf 'editorial policy, and
.when we ask him to prove his charge, turns
round and gravels tells us prove that it is
not so*--thtm, by a mere , dash of the pen,
7 =
versing,the plainest principle of comppn law,
that a man is always considered inndent nn
till proven g`uilty.. Shales of Blackstone,
is'nt. he a bird!
()Ve.%. stated last week that a correspon
dent of the Girard Free Press had been guilty 1
of plagihrism, in n pieced poetry Lontributed
to that paper. We did not then knew who
that correspondent w s, but from
ihe' tone and
temper, manifested, in the last ntunber of that
paper on the subject we are constrained to
helieyethat its terresOoinient, 4, Sweepstaltes,'!
the inditer of tniser4le twattle, the pilferer
of ether peop!es thJo4lits, and the !editor of
that paper, are on' and the saw; individ.
nal, Now, as a ;item ry thief is the most des
picable of
.all living .niinals,, any further no
tice, or reply-to the personal abuse of us, by
"Sweepstakes," alias, the editor of the Girard
Free Press, krill be entirely out of the ; roes
, 1
tion. ~ -1, . ,
President Polk arrived in Philadelphia
on the.:1:1(1 inst: and was received , by & large
military and civic proceSsion.
Awful Destitution.
IA oat that "Aut."
Eur the Erie Observer. r !.
E9 i rroits: — Theiou s b pe li r c it a y re of mo tz
ested in the
1 ,
fess," than tiara sight would
at° those who cast but a super- -
at! , thersubject. The school house
env it is true, are time honored
of, learning: but the veriest A B
(Ideation is taught in them, and
ells us how much of What is learn
od has, in mattner.years, to be uti
forgotten. Life with its turmoils
.ud l es t lies outside the school house;
we are clear of the teacher and his
•istattt, levertheless l we often need
: alWays a practical teacher in the
Nol . of manhood and duty. This in
tutor and isovereigii guide, we find
nt i ry press," the; organ of opinion,
of , thought; emphatically the en...
dem, because it is the great scliool
teacher of the age. This nation
lull of enterpriie, growing in:
opula tion," prone to daringachieve-
might add a nation of men let loose,
ints cut free; will] naught to check
save the intelligence, morality -
so generally dilTused and chew
onr race. The 'pill - world, famed
, iiti and wrong, is floating to our
entintbers of lie 4 people; ranging
iterate boor to t 4. 'pan of scientific
attaiiimenisid scholastic refinement. Ma
terials sopposite tin their character, destitute
of sympa hi sing rititributes, are to assimi
firs to each other and then to our insti-:
cations. • This power of absorbing ingredients
so dissim.tar,is a mystery beyond - the corn
preliensir n of those who claim to rule by .
"right di 'i mi." This power of absorption and
assiallon„ atiiiributes peculiarly Ameri
' T e bands of tyranny, unloosed, the hu
-1 exptruds, the Dind comprehends its
measures its power, feels its interest
sto icliarn its duty. The first lesson
:1-frOtn the- "countr ',press"--and is
calm teachings of atriotisni, Of du
edorn, regulated bj salutary laws.—•
,?..,1,0 cendenial to the human heart,
Ch i a warm respons e tit the hands of
though they be dissimilar in char
-4 feel that -intelligence and liberty
e'e:ith ,alVare acceptable to all, and
the common condition of all. - The
i, the as simil ating organ, as "well
m'servative guardian of public liberty.
itt omnipotent 'instrument of public
thou common educator of the people!
dare contemn thy usefulness or thy
The phyr - ,ically bra ve, who wi th bay-.
111;.1, can chargeupn to the can One
, -E r in',., from' thy reproof as the resh
Il4 l af withers itt - the rays of the n u
!. Go on thy mission press. litrald
om—thou art of thnpeople—s hin in tru
g I I
ribd--a potent messenger of e um.
1 .
m inister of reform.' - .
I9n to view the subject in a more roc
-1:It. WC are a nation of readers.--
Hendom presents not such a seer.—
li read; the high, t e low, the rich, the
hliand young-. Newspapers being mi
-Ini present, have fo"stereillearnin and,
ted Chet people to read and th nk.---
iti..; trail in the- American cha eter.
erance ilthe child of habit: vi e that
associations. Ignorance is the ruit of
, ion. As with men, so with nations—
vimples etevate the character atidlead
• I Ti
;(1 . , l e public mind, quickened l
itr,l by the press, has expanded; and
g - ttself disciplined, is equal, to the des
l' the nation. Ilo%v admirable the wis
r ur fathers—thhy provided liberty for
•:1 1 ,,m1 :mister of the.nation, the newspa- r
'r , .;=. We bare a War, a Navy, and a.
_Mice li?partnient; the two first are sup
by government, ,the last by pestages
froin the private funds of the people - .
,lieers cy the Army and Navy draw sal
that astonish the . minds of our toil
niiiions.: The civil employments of
-nnic. , n : t are equally well paid- r - 1 while
3Ui stations are not neglected; Congress
or iristanee draw f;tBTer - Alay, With am:
nileage, and privileges' , . ` -suffici e nt one
I think to overthrow their republicanism.
: institution oT the government is so well
In ted, as the Post OtliCeiDepartment, to
,t the intelligence and;-elevate the con
*of the pepplel - I kiow of non e. The
v and Narf are publie charges; taken in
.orison theylsink 'into iosignifioance.—
on the timpluyeesof government. and en
xalted Congressman; to -shell out a part
lie ,cash retuned to support their respec
deparitnents,_a-nd Fco what a burst of pa
le- indignation yor Vl5ll meet. Turn ye
e Post Masted, General--Lthere Ate sets at
1 ;
;hing,tott, and likd ' all his predecessors,
etids that the department must be sup
.e.di out of portages. ; , That is, the people
have no inoi-e favors from thiet govern
-1 than they pay for.' Call on the chivalry
o [Artily and Navy t*hare in the expense
teir respective dePartments, andkee what
wl you will hear, Lace and glittering
o - is would be cheap. •
h i d l se oontrasts are not made in tin invid;
• r lpirit, but rattler that the. people might
tsickened to review the acts of the goveru
dj i
t, an reflecting onitheir result" be indu
i,n due season, toi demand red r es in Ow_
ilts es. It is a palpable misread ng gibe
I k l itrition which makes the Post pffice de
meat support itself' , The public will no
ef' hold him guiltless who aims to cast the
hen of it wholly on the people. I It is the
pie who are most deeply 'intereted in the
o,ition manifested. to cripple th.L. prosper
of the "country press,"- so usefUlloihem
ti organ of intelligence and thought—ard
hits article shall serve. to awaken interest
he mind but of one man, , then we nrd re
riled.' ..--r AN OBSERVER,.
deeply inter
reuun s try
seem appar.
fieial glance)
and thp ace.,
C of tife's
experience 1
ed in boyli.
learned tir
and vie.ipsi
and though
trying sell
in the "eo
the vehicle
gino of frc
master an
is young
ments. I
from 'resti•
or guide t
for opprp;'
,bores bar!
from the i
position c i
and zeokl
15 gl
tile den
tt, of fr.(
mcPt NI
(11t111: all
1111 , 1110111
the c
no man
n ' if 'HI'
i d M:r 1,
of freed l
11 , "It 0
t i 0 !)--a I
All cite
We al
['nor. oi
Ct s A h
of evil
d mu
~• 1 1
gme i
men t
ple i
‘l, U
of t
to tl
NI a
port ,
21. Y!
be if
Ithe editor of tho gazette brags about some
traordiutry 'strawberries presented
I"indirectly"ivtady., We have s=B -
°6r tabk, (rout til ti of our friend,
pl.lClark, we are ready to go the cream
ici berries at Kekh's, are larger, more de
ng, and:withal ,o 2 better berry, than any
[ ndirect" present duribachelor friend Byer got,
ever will get.-
1 Otto of tho Loot from tho Ottoaapoako. •
Tho body of D. A. rolsorri, formerly of
, ester, N. V., one of the" lost from the ill fa- r .
u start picked up on Wedues•
ay i evening by, the . Fratikkiniand brought to
place. His WHO LOCH to CIOV6 OId,
hero biR farniiy-noiv residue, fur interning.
r 'Rtra.