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THE COLUMBIAN, BLOOMSBURO. PA.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
OFU&tlOAIHllURG, I A.
THE OLDEST AND STRONGEST.
Capital 8100,000 Surplus $150,000.
With the Largest Capital and Surplus in the County, a
Strong Directorate, Competent Officers and Every Mod
ern Facility, we solicit Accounts, Large or Small, and
Collections on the Most Liberal Terms Consistent with
Sound Hanking, and Invite YOU to inspect our NEW
3 Per Cent. Interest Paid on Time Deposits
O F F I
W. M . Low, President .
JiiincK M .Staver, Vice President.
DI HKCTO US:
James M. Staver,
Fred I keler,
S. ('. Creasy.
( 'linloit Herrintr,
V. (J. YorkH,
1 Oliis ( ) rnss,
ftl. K Staekhouse.
THE COLUMBIA CE-
I Mil IS11M1 S
IU.ISII I I) K.VKRV
C'.lN Si 'I I 1
Tlit'KSii Y MoRNisr
At r.lo.imsbmt;, ilie County Sent
C"lumli n Count y , iVniisylv.mia
r;K. K. T-'I.YF1 !.. Km tor.
tiKO. C. ROAN'. Foreman.
Vkkm :-- Insid i t h e count y t .00 a yea'
'1 I'iv.tnce; 11.501 f not panl in advance
On side t lie county, $ t. 25 a y en r, strictly in
All communications slion'.il bculilressed
T1IK COLUMBIAN', P-loomsUirs, Ta.
THURSDAY, MARCH 10. l!10
WILLIAM C. JOHNSTON',
The Inevitable Conflict.
Is the inevitable conflict of labor
and capital, nation-wide in its scope,
at baud ? Many have believed for
years that such a conflict must
come shortly. Incidents connected
with the strike of the street car
men in Thiladelphia, now on at the
Bethlehem steel works, and the un
rest that is in evidence in railroad
circles in widely separated sections
of the country will be of ominous
import to these persons, says the
Was it a mere bluff, or was Or
ganizer Pratt speaking from the
books in Philadelphia Saturday
when he "declared that the present
struggle was not that of the carmen
for improvement of their own con
dition, but a fight of organized la
bor against capital that the
.strike of the carmen heralds a na
Was it simply a coincidence that
the strike at Bethlehem came on
the heels of the street car trouble
in Philadelphia, or is it a step iu
the struggle mentioned by Pratt ?
Is it of no special import that
both of these strikes have shown
an ugly temper on the part of the
strikers and their friends that has
been less evident in strikes of the
near past, or should it be consid
ered as a foreshadowing of what
may be expected in the near future?
These are questions that cannot
be answered off hand. It will re
quire time to determine them.
This much is certain. The spor
adic strikes of the past have gener
ally been only outbursts in revolt
against local conditions. Though
all of them have shown a sullen
resentment against organized capi
tal, they have been far from organ
ized attacks upon capital. But the
resentment has been growing all
the time. All the time workingmen
have been organizing into more
compact unions, and naturally the
union leaders have been increasing
in efficiency with experience. Even
though it is true that the number
of men in the unions is but a min
ority of the men who work with
their bands, it should not be for
gotten that the total membership
of the unions reaches up into the
millions, that these unions are com
posed of men who are primarily
seeking to better their conditions,
j No sense in running from one
tne best one, then stand by him. No sense either in tryin
this thing, that thing, for your cough. Carefully, ddibe
ately select the best cough medicine, then take it. Stick
to it. Ask your doctor about Ayer's Cherry Pectoral for
throat and lung troubles. Sold for nearly seventy years.
Noalcohol in this cough medicine. meTGZErirKfr.
WtHU Vl'f i,nT" ,h'?K' orJ.ouJ!
old reliable family laxative-Aya's Pills?
U K It H :
Myron I. Low, Vice President.
Frank I keler, Cashier
Mvron T. Low,
H. V. Mower,
Frnnk I keler.
that tin's peeking for better
tions, indicates that those
gaged are giving the matter
thought, tint thought begets in
creased brain iHnver, that the com-
- - jbination f brain and brawn in mil
lions of men seeking a common end
MFi. 1S69, js a mi,rjltv fotT aml f,luM.. .1,.,,
when this army develops leaders
coinpelent to dcwlop plans and
carry them out, it is bound to ue
this forte in a concerted effort to
attain this common end.
With the undoubted increase in
efficiency on the patt of the labor
leaders, and the increasing unrest
consequent upon considering their
condition on the part of the rank
and file of the unions, only
things are required to start
concerted effort. The first is such
a social and financial condition that
the exasperation of the multitude
shall find expression in an explos
ive outburst. This condition is
pretty nearly here. The workmen
have seen that in the last ten years
the living has increased from fiftv
to seventy-five per cent. They have
noted that in this same time their
wages, if they have increased at
all, have not grown more than
about twenty per cent.
Herein lies the powder magazine
of the labor proposition. The other
thing lacking to make an explosion
that a tiny and unexpected spatk
may start a concerted effort, the
beginning of the inevitable conflict
that only great wisdom and general
forbearance can avert, is the real
leader of the leaders.
This msn has not yst appeared.
It may be that he will never ap
pear. It may be that there will be
sufficient wisdom and forbearance
all around to avert the catastrophe.
Possibly that cataclysm called the
inevitable conflict between labor
and capital will never arrive. Let
us hope so. But there is enough
gravity in the situation to warrant
sober thought on the part of all.
There must be a relaxation of the
national tension or something will
More Alaskan Gold Found.
Alaska may be a greater prize
than man has ever dreamed. Re
cent investigations in the Innoko
district, the central Kuskokwim
Valley and the new Haiditarod
district, now partially finished by
the United States Geological Sur
vey, disclose new placer gold dis
tricts which promise heavy returns.
The territory bought from Rus
sia for $7,000,000 iu 1867 has to
the present time paid $160,000,
000 in gold since 18S0, when placer
mining there began, and what the
resource? of its copper, coal and
other minerals will be is b;yond
the estimation of man.
The discovery by agents of the
survey of placers on the small
streams in areas which are drained
into the lower Yukon or the lower
Kuskokwim prove that the forma
tions of the upper Yukon belts ex
tend much farther southwest than
had generally been supposed, and
that they bear gold at many scat
tered localities throughout their
The Innoko district has attract
ed some attention already and oth
er areas are now being exploited
with prospects of large results.
Sufficent prospecting has been done
there to indicate the presence of a
pay streamjfrom 50 to 70 feet wide,
with gold uniformly distributed.
doctor to another! Select
constipation.' hy not stick to the good
Ask your doctor if hi approves this advice.
From our Regular Correspondent.
Washington, D. C, Mar. 4, 1910.
Congress has now been in session
for three months, and the ambitious
legislative program announced in
the beginning has been considera
bly modified. There was a long
conference at the Executive Man
sion when the President, Speaker
Cannon, Senators Aldrich, Crane,
and the Attorney General decided
upon a narrower program which
they will endeavor to carry out at
this session of Congress. The
President and both Houses of Con
gress through the leaders of the
House and Senate will endeavor to
get a postal savings bank bill, a
railroad bill, and perhaps one or
two conservation bills through Con
gress. An anti-injunction bill is
also on the program, but the pas
sage of this is quite doubtful. A
measure for a different form of gov
ernment in Alaska l as been aban
doned for this session. The na
tional incorporation bill has none
I hv the boa ul, unless the Supreme
I Court shall make such a decision
in the Tobacco Trust Case as will
I promote the enactment of the na
! tional incorporation measure The
; bi ls for the admission of New Mex
j ico and Arizona have little prospect
I of being passed. It will be seen
I from this statement tint the Presi
jdent will get at this session but a
I small part of the legislation fore-'
sha owed 111 his recent message to j
Congress. But he has been only
one year in office, and if there shall
be an uninterrupted majority bo.h
in the Senate and in the House, es- j
penally of legislators favorable to
the Roosevelt policies as interpreted j
j accomplished during the remaining
j three-fourths of his presidential
; term. The Republican leaders
have not only opposed the Presi
dent, but they have shown decided
coldness to much that he has rec
ommended. The national food inquiry com
mittee in the Senate, of which Sen
ator Lodge of Massachusetts is
chairman and Senators Smoot, Gal
linger, Crawford, McCumber and
Johnston the five Republicans, and
Senators Clark and Simmons, the
two Democrats, have so far devot
ed their attention entirely to the
surface of the field of investigation
which they propose to cover. They
have outlined their course and an
nounce themselves ready to get
down to the facts. There appears
to be an immense amount of palaver
by learned Senators on a subject
with which men, women and chil
dren are pretty well acquainted.
The data over whi :h they are so
gravely pawing has been iu exist
ence for a long time, and why
should they go through the pon
derous formalities of calling on for
eign representatives abroad for in
formation as to corditious there,
when the question is one whicn
concerns the immediate homes of
the people of the United Slates If
conditions abroad played any im
portant part iu the increased costs,
we would have known of it long
before our consuls had been order
ed to investigate. This .solemn,
gin-horse, pretense of progress by
congressional investigating com
mittees is one of the things that is
inspiring contempt and distrust of
So far as known, Washington is
the only city in the United States
that has concluded its incubation
on the subject of high cost of liv
ing. The city Chamber of Com
merce has probed the problem, and
its verdict is that high prices are
not due to local causes. When it
is remembered that this Chamber
of Commerce consists largely of lo
cal groceis, commission men, butch
ers and bakers who have sat with
themselves on themselves and ex
culpated themselves, the result of
their investigation will be edifying,
but uot surprising. It has been
said, and I believe with truth, that
the costs of foods iu Washington
are on an average twenty per cent
higher than in Philadelphia, New
York, Boston, and other eastern
It is thought that within the next
eight or ten days Congress will
again vote on the question of chang
ing the date of the presidential in
auguration from the 4th of March
to the last Thursday in April. This
change cannot be provided for ex
cept by an amendment to the con
stitution of the United States, but
the House Judiciary Committee has
voted favorably upon the resolu
tion to change the date, as present
ed by Congressman Henry of Tex
as. Mr. Henry has carefully can
vassed the House and expects that
his resolution will receive the sup
port of a large majority of its mem
bers. After the resolution has
passed Congress, it will still have
to run the gauntlet of forty six
state legislatures, because it will
THE NEW ROAD LAW.
Supervisors to meet with Auditors
First Monday in March.
The new road law for townships
passed by the Legislature of 1909,
provides for a number of important
changes, and we herewith give the
salient features of the new law.
The road supervisors of each town
ship shall meet at the place where
the auditors of the respective town
ship meet to perform their official
duties, on the first Monday in
March 1910, and yearly thereafter;
and after being duly sworn, accord
ing to law, to discharge their du
ties with fidelity a copy of the
oath to be filed with the township
auditors shall organize as a body
bv electing one of their numbrr as
chairman, and shall appoint a treas- j
urer and a secretary, who may or ;
may not be the same person, who j
may or may not be a member and I
members of the board, but who
shall not be a roadinasler as the j
secretary shall perform all the du- j
ties heretofore pjrlonned by the I
township clerk, which office is
hereby abolished; and the said sec- !
retary shall receive as compensa- 1
tion for his service such sum as
shall be fixed by township auditors. 1
ai d the treasurer sh ill receive as
compensation sich sum as shall be
fixed by the township auditor-:;
Provided That the combined
amount paid said secretary treasur- '
er shall not exceed two per centum j
ot the money paid by said treasur-
er. The board .shall proceed im- j
mediately to levy a road tax, which j
shall not exceed tea mills etc. :
They may levy an additional tax
of ten mills by order of the court '
the same as heretofore. The road
supervisors are to divide their town- j
ship into road districts of not less .
than five miles to each district, etc.: j
Provided also, That nothing iu '
this act shill prohibit the road su
pervisors from overseeing and work
ing on the road themselves, on part
or all the roads in their township
instead of employing roadmasters;
the compensation of such supervi
sors to be fixed by the township
auditors, at the annual meetitig in
March herein provided for. The
new law provides that the road tax
es are to be collected by the tax
collector. An abatement of five
per cent. will be allowed if paid be
fore June first; from June first to
October first the full amount is to
be paid; after October first the col
lector shall add five per cent.
Notices have been sent to banks
all over the country of the appear
ance of an unusually dangerous
counterfeit one-dollar bill so skill
fully done that it can be detected
with difficulty even by an experi
enced eye. The description states
that one of the conspicuous things
about the counterfeit is that tae
portraits of Lincoln and Grant are
printed much darker than on the
genuine and that the Lincoln por
trait gives the emancipator a cadav
erous appearance. The words
"United States" near the Lincoln
portrait are not fully fornv d. On
the back of the note there is an ab
sence of the light lines, which in
the genuine bill shape the curve
and this produces a dull slate color
appearance. The back plate number
2344 or 2844, which is apparently
done by hand, is not perfect per
pendicular. The front plate No:
4810. The series is back of 1899
and the check letter B.
Postal Bank Bill Assured.
The differences among Senators
regarding the provisions of the pos
tal savings bank bill have been so
reconciled that it is now believed
its passage is assured when the
vote is taken to-day. The compro
mise was agre.-d upon at a confer
ence held Monday at Senator Car
ter's committee room, in which the
conflicting interests were represent
ed. require a vote of three-fourths of
the states before it can become a
Wednesday of this week, Sena
tor Gallinger presented a measure
to incorporate the Rockefeller
Foundation of Washington, from
which it appears that the great
wealth of this richest man in the
world is to be devoted to the gen
eral benefit of humanity and to
promote the well being and advance
the civilization of the peoples of
the United States and territories
and of foreign lands, in the acqui
sition and dissemination of knowl
edge, in the prevention of suffering
and in the promotion of any and
all of the elements of human prog
ress. No similar work ever set on
foot equals this of Mr. Rockefeller.
COME NOW FOR LINENS
Onr Semi-Annual Event Emphasizing- Marked Economi
in Table Linens and Allied Linens.
Come. Select your linens. This is a linen buying time
because it's money saving time. There is safety as well
as savings in buying linens here. We will tell you wheth
er a cloth is all linen, or cotton and linen mixed. You
must not be fooled. Hut whether you buy all linen or cot
ton and linen mixtures you'll get the biggest money's
worth you ever secured.
bleached table linen, regular value 25c now 2nc
bleached table linen, regular value 500 now 45c
bleached table linen, regular value 75c now ryo
bleached table linen, regular value 85c now 7
bleached table linen, regular value $1 now 890
bleached double damask, regular value 1.15 nnv
bleached double damask, regular value 1.50 now
bleached double damask, regular value 1.59 now
bleached double damask, regular value 1,75 now
bleached double damask, regular value 2.25 now
Unbleached Table Linens
56 in. unbleached table linens, regular value 25c now 200
"o in. unbleached table linens, regular value 39c now 52.1
60 in. unbleached table linens, regular value "50c now 45c
70 in. unbleached linens, regular value 56c now 49c.
60 in. unbleached linens, regular value 60c now 50c.
64 in. unbleached linens, regular value 75c now 58c.
Ready Made Towels Included in This Sale
Plain all linen huckaback towels 18x36 in. very hcavv,
regular value 50c. now 39c a pair.
Plain huckaback towels 17x36 in. regular value 30c., now
22 cents a pair.
Regular 30c Turkish bath towels reduced to 22c a pair.
Regular 50c Turkish bath towels reduced to 44c a pair.
Plain huckaback towels 17x32, regular value 20c apiece,
now 1 8c a pair.
Every towel in stock reduced for this sale, and variety is
complete. Buy towels now.
F, P. PURSEL,
1 BLOOMSBURG, - PENN'A
An Irresistible Bargain.
$1.75 Value for Only $1.15.
Is a large, artistic, handsomely illustrated hundred-page
monthly magazine. It contains sixty new Fashion Designs
in each issue. Every woman needs it for its up-to-d'ate
fashions, entertaining stories and complete information on
all home and personal topics. Over one million subscrib
ers. Acknowledged the best Home and Fashion Magazine.
Regular price, 5 cents a copy Worth double.
So simple you cannot mis
understand them. Absolute
ly accurate. In style, irre
proachable. You may select,
free, any McCall Pattern you
desire from the first number
of the magazine which reach
es you. Regular price, 15
THIS EXTRAORDINARY OFFER
Call at our office or address your order to
The Columbian, Bloomsburg, Pa
One Year's Subscription for
iAnv 15-Cent McCall Pattern
you may select
One Year's Subscription for
I The Columbian.
is the oldest newspaper in
the county. It is not sen
sational, and what it prints
is reliable, and fit to be
read by anybody. Regular
price $1.00 per year.