Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIAN. BLOOMSBURO. PA
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
OPBLltOJIHBURC, I A.
THE OLDEST AND STRONGEST.
Capital $100,000 Surplus SlpO,000.
With the Largest Capital and Surplus in the Cotintv, a
Strong Directorate, Competent Officers and Every Mod
ern Facility, we solicit Account?, Large or Small, and
Collections on the Most Liberal Terms Consistent with
Sound Hanking, and Invite YOU to inspect our NEW
3 Per Cent. Interest Paid on Time Deposits
. V. M .Low, Prei. lent.
Jami'x M.Stawr, Yicern-Mdent.
Jmms M. Staver,
Frod I keler,
N. (.'. Creasy.
F.. AV. M. Low,
F. i. Vorkc,
M. K .tuek!imip.
EST, .BUSHED tS66.
THE COLUtVEIA DEMOCRAT,
E-TABUSHf t' ls.?7. ('"NS.'I II'AIFP iSfiO
p i' 1 i-i: y:: K Kh v Ti'I'rmhv M rmvo.
At B.o.ms:.urc. the County Scat
C !utnl:i r. County , Pennsylvania
FI.WFI T . Fnnok.
HOAX. F01 evax.
Vckmm lnn! t the county i i.oo a year
taalvsnce; l . 5 o i f no: jiid in alvance.
Oa si.ie ! h e county, 1. 2 5 a year, strictly in
A II communication s should Ic.v1 lrescci
THE COLVMEIAX. I'looir.sur-, la.
THURSDAY, J AN FAR Y L'O. i-ijo
OLEO AND CUTTER.
Remarkable Statement from a Dairy j
Region Newspaper. I
The New York Times notes a re- j
markable contribution to the oleo-1
margarine controversy, made by
theOwego (N. Y.) Record, a paper !
printed close to what is believed to I
be the biggest creamery in the
world and naturally not antagonis
tic to the important dairy interests
of that part of the state. It says
that the very men who make but
ter use "oleo" on their own tables
to such an extent that the trade in
it there hes grown to "tremendous
proportions," and that they will
continue to do as long as they can
sell their own product for forty
cents a pound and get for twenty
cents something that looks and
tastes just as well and is equally
wholesome and nutritious. The
competition of the substitute may
in time put the price of butter be
low the price of production, but
even then the farmer will uot aban
don "oleo," he will simply sell his
cows and turn his attention to
something else than dairying.
And the Record insists that in
that section, at least, there is noat-
t ... 1 -rr , . I
itim-H iu yanu on oleomargarine as
butter. It sells on its merits, for
what it is. That is all any dairy
man or butter dealer has a right
to ask, the Record thinks, and to
these who are pleading wi'.h the
"true Grangers" not to buy or use
a tooa mat is threatening the dairy
interests with rum
it declares that I
they are wasting their tim Hi
farruers net caring to make pocket
sacrifices to "the principle of the
thing.'- The fact might as well be
faced, argues the Record, that "a
good substitute for butter has been
devised which can be produced
much, more cheaply than butter can
be produced, and that the great
mass of the people are certainly go
ing to adopt the substite as long as
it is cheaper than butter." Instead
of increasing the tax on oleomarga
rine the next Congress will be ask
ed to remove the tax already im
posed on its manufacture and sale.
The eastbourd Chicago Limited
express recently made the run from
Altoona to Harrisburg, 132 miles
in 135 minutes. As no train is al,
lowed to make the run in less than
130 minutes, this run was a remark
able one for the heavy passenger
train, it carrying two engines and
eight cars. The run from Lewis
town to Harrisburg, Co miles, was
a particularly good one, it being
made in 56 minutes, and being
almost the record for that distance
on the division.
70 Years with Cotsghs
X . Xc had near,y sevent' years of experience with
Ayer s Cherry Pectoral. That makes us have great con
fidence m it for coughs, cokls, bronchitis, wsak throats,
and weak lungs. Ask your own doctor what experience
he has had with it. He knows. He can advise you
wisely. Keep in close touch with your family physician.
iu qncium m tnis cougn medicine.
Aver'i PU I I L n aV youJ .
yer ru$, M vegetable. Ask your doctor
KM laiu . 1,A v .
Myron I. Low, Vice Prurient.
Frank Ikeler, ChIiU r
Mvron L Low1
H". V. Hover,
The High Cost of food.
It co-ts $1.30. o:i the average, to
Ell the nnrktt basket, when a clov
en vears ago it cost $r. In many
articles, as in meats, the price has
doubled and continues to rise.
F.vcry wage and income has been
relatively redrce-d in purchase g
value by thi change in the price of
food, and investigations are in
p-oi;ress by the Department of Ay
riculture and by s.-veral States, and
are about to 1 e ordered by Con
gress. The foundation reason, however,
is that the farm has not kept up
w ith the factory, railroad and mine
Fcr forty years pist, in all Ameri
can industry off of the farm, organ
ization and the cheipem'ng of cost
and of distribution have gone on
upon a prodigious scale.
The blast furnace and factory,
the freight car and locomotive have
grown to eight-fold in size or pow
er, or both. Distribution has been
made direct. The middleman has,
iu many cases, been eliminated. !
The factory has its own stores and
sells direct to consumer. The cost
of the unit consumed has been re
duced as the size cf the establish
ment turning out the article has
grown. Direct retailing to millions
has cut dow n that cost.
The farmer has not gone through
this change. The farmer uses more
machinery. He has improved pro
cesses, like ensilage, wbi:h cheapen
fodder for cattle. Far more intelli
gence and know ledge exist in farms.
But farming has not in these
things kept pace with other indus
tries. It has not been reorganized,
as have industries, and it is not
likely to be. The average farm
has grown smaller and not larger
in the past twenty years. Sepa
rate owners increase. Great tracts
in the West, over the semi-arid re
gion, once used for ranch cattle,
have been divided into farms
This is all well for the country at
large, but it does not lessen the cost
As the land open to settlement
decreases farms have grown in val
ue per acre. Farm lands in the
East fell heavily in value per acre
from 1875 to 1S97. They have not
recovered, but all know of the rise
in farm lands in ihis and adjoining
States. Labor has risen. This
. - " '
P0PUItion at work on farms a cen-
tUry "g0, a!mc workers to-day
Kre V h,Id J the,v!,0,e- The
1 haJre ff living on the
'"ou rd,he" D ire Iarm nas Sro'An
ctisproportiona'ely. 1 lie transpor
tation of farm products costs less,
but the cost of retail distribution for
milk, eggs, meat and groceries is as
high as ever, except as far as in
large cities big stores have taken
up the work.
The result is that it costs more
to raise food on the farm. The
share of population off of the farm
to be fed has grown a sixth in twen
ty years aud the farm food is run
ning short. In six years, 1903 to
1909, the number of cows, cattle,
sheep and swine has grown from
172,000,000 to 180,000,000, or 4 per
cent. Population has grown in
these years from 80,000,000 to 88,
000,000, or 10 percent. Meat nat
urally rises. This is true of nearly
all food products.
The only remedy is a cheaper
product cf foocl, through improved
farming. This is in progress, but
the process is slow. Closely culti
vated, existing farm lands could
double their product. Phi la. Press.
. C. A tar Co., Lowell, Mass.
Ve "rtilt- The t laxative Is
if he ajjrecj with us. Do as he says.
From our Kegular Correspondent.
Washington, D. C, Jan. 17, 1910.
The developments of the last
week in the political situation have
been interesting, il not startling.
The telegraph has distributed the
news throughout the country but
there is a tenseness of feeling ow
ing to the disruptions in the House
and in the Senate and an unsettle
uient in political friendships and
alliances of long standing which
will be referred to in the future
history of the vountry as of great
importance and perhaps as marking
departures iu politic.il history
Kveronc knows that parties, like
individuals, outlive their useful
ness. "Our little systems come and
go, they have their day and cea-e
to be." The Republican party has
had its youth, its manhood, its old
j age and lias now its ptriod of senil
ity, as illustrated in its Icadvrs
1 Canuon, Aldrich, Ha'.e and others
Owing to the respect for human
life, crysialized iu law . we cr.nnot
bury the aged w hile breath remains i Thursday, March 17.
in the u-elcss body, although that j Lat day for filing petitions for
body may b.' nothing more than a nomination for Spring primary,
center of disease and painful de-1 with the Secretary of the Common
crepitude There need, however, i wealth, Saturday. May 7
be 1:0 sttch reverence for political j
I T . - . J
ocies. 11 takes mem souie-l lines a
hundred yeats to die, a hundred
years of lingering, sinister, mis
chievous life. Just as the slightest
iccidcnt may cause the death of a
decrepit old man, so the compara
tively unimportant incident of the
discharge ol a Bureau officer may
cause the death and disruption of
the old party that has long ce-ised
to stand lor anything that 'ought
to be preserved.
Th-: last week has emphasized
the division in the Republican par
ty between the progressives of the
Roo-evelt administration and the
friends of the present administra
tion. The result has been to estab
lish still further in political circles
and probably in the public mind.
th difference between the Taft and
Roosevelt policies. So far as can be
seen, President Taft is much in
favor both in the Senate and in the
House among those with whom ex
President Roosevelt was in perpet
ual war. It may be that this situa
tion is deceptive; it may be that
sooner or later the President will
come out as strongly and defiantly
in favor of those policies known as
Rooseveltiau as he did in his cam
paign speeches. It may be that
what Senator Aldrich and Sp3aker
Cannon and Senator Hale look
upon as complaisance is merely the
suaviter in modo for which Mr
Taft has reputation. Time will tell
and time just now in a political
sense is exigent and will tell very
An international celebration to
be held on the completion of the
Inter Uceanic Canal has been plan
ned to be held in Washington in
1915. It is expected that every
nation ot ttie world will be repre
sented. The President is expected
to give his hearty support to the
idea and the celebration is to take
the form of an Kxposition Many
will remember that about tweuty
years ago the first Exposition after
the Centenni'l Exposition of 1876,
was planned to be held in Wash
ington but after public spirit had
been aroused on the subject and it
came before Congress for approval
and an appropriation, Chicago, with
characteiistic politeness, hogged
the scheme and the great Exposi
tion of the quadrennial discovery of
America was held, not at the capi
tal cf the United Stat is, but on the
shores of Lake Michigan. Wash
ington has almost doubled in pop
ulation and more than doubled iu
means cf accommodation for visit
ors since 1892 but it is quite prob
able that after the plans of this
Exposition have been made' and
advertised Chicago or some other
city than Washington will get the
benefit of it. No other Nation
would think of holding such a cel
bration elsewhere than at its capi
tal, but the United States is law
lessness unto itself.
That some members of Congress
remember the weather of the last
Fourth of March when scores of
thousands of people started, to
Washington for the Inauguration,
failed to arrive in time, or, arriv
ing failed to see any inauguration,
is shown by the fact that the Judi
ciary Committee of the lower House
is proposing an amendment to the
Constitution of the United States
to change the date of inauguration
from March 4 to the last Thursday
in April. The Bill provides for
continuing the terms of Represen
tatives and Senators to the last
Thursday in April beginning 1913
so as to make the necessary ad
justment for a change of date. The
first President, George Washing
ton it will be remembered was in
augurated on the 30 of April and
made his Inauguration address in
New York on Wall Street.
1910 POLITICAL EVENTS.
Interesting Information for Voters
Prepared by Chief Clerk of the
State Department Effect of
the Recently Adopted
ments. A calendar of political events for
1910 has been prepared by George
D. Thorn, chief clerk of the State
department, at Harrisburg. It
contains much infornstion of value
to voters and prospective candidates
of all parties. The calendar fol
Spring primary election, Satur
day, June 4.
February, election, Tuesday,
November election, Tuesday,
Last day to pay tax to qualify
for the February election, Satur
day. January 15.
Last day for filing statement of
i expenses for February election,
Last day for filing petitions for
uonuiMtion, for Spring primary, 1
with the Coumy ' Commissioners,1
Saturday, May 14. j
La.-t day for filing statement of :
expenses, for Spring primary, Sat-1
urday, June 18. j
Last day for filing certificates of;
ncininatbii, made by State co'i- j
veutions, with the Secretary of the ;
Commonwealth, Tuesday October
Last day for filing Nomination
Papers for November election with
the County Commissioners, Tues
day, October iS.
Last day to be assessed for the
November election, Wednesday,
Last day to pay tax to qualify
for November election Saturday,
Last day for filing statement of
expenses for November election,
Thursday, December 8.
State officers to be elected in
1910: Governor, lieutenant gov
ernor, secretary of internal affairs.
CHANGES MADE BY ADOPTION OF
Changes made by the adoption of
the amendments to the Constitution
aud the schedule, adopted Novem
ber 2, ig ig. Judges of the County
Courts and County Officers cannot
bo elected in the year iyio. All
such officers whose terms expire
with the end of 1910, or whose
commissions expire upon the first
Monday of January, 191 1, will be
held over for one year, or until the
first Monday of January, 1912, and
all appointments to fill vacancies
will be until the first Monday in
At the November election of 1910
m officers will be voted for except
Governor, Lieutenant Governor,
Secretary of Internal Affai-s, Con
gressmen, senators and Represen
tatives in the General Assembly,
unless there should be a vacancy in
the Supreme or Superior Court, oc
curring two months before the G .u
eral Election, which may be filled
at that election.
All County Officers who were
elected in 1908, and whose commis
sions run from the first Monday cf
January, 1908. will serv; until the
firs; Monday of January. 1912.
All County Officers who were
elected in 1909, and whose commis
sions run from th? first Monday of
January, 1910, will serve uutil the
first Monday of Jamury, 1914.
All officers ekcted in February,
1910, to offices, the regular term of
w hich is two years, and also Elec
tion Officers and Assessors chosen
at that election, shall serve until
the first Monday of December,
191 1. Assessors elected at the No
vember election, 191 1, and there
after, shall serve four years. Elec
tion officers will serve two years.
All officers chosen in February,
1910, to offices, the term of which
is now 4 years, or was made 4 years
by the amendments or the schedule,
shall serve until the first Monday
of January, 1915.
All Justices of the Peace, Magis
trates and Aldermen, chosen at the
February election,. 1910, shall seive
until the first Monday of Decem
After the year 1910 all terms of
city, ward, borough, township and
election officers shall begin on the
first Monday of December in odd
Venango county will build a new
residence for the sheriff and a new
jail. The contract price is $35,
495, or nearly $15,000 less than
the commissioners expected, ac
cording to an exchange. Just wait
until the bills for "extras" begin to
float in and the commissioners may
have another little surprise.
Now For The Quick Selling
The Fur season with some manufacturers has been
anything but satisfactory. We found a fur merchant with
a surplus stock he was anxious to dispose of said he'd
rather have less money than a big stock of furs. A satis
factory price was agreed on.
THE FURS ARE HERE AND ARE ON SALE AT
TREMENDOUS REDUCTIONS FROM
THEIR REAL VALUE.
NECK PIECES IN EVERY FASHIONABLE SHAPE.
Natural Mink Scarf with head and tail tritninine $4000
Black Lynx Shawl was $37.00. ivjw $27.00.
Natural Mink, priced $17.00, now $12.50.
. Japan Mink Shawl, was $15.00, now $11.50-
Jap Mink Novelty Scarf, was JiS.oo, now $13.75.
jap Mink Fancy Scarf, was $13.50. now $9.50,
Jap Mink Throw, was $j 00, now $6.50.
Ilhck Fox Shawls, were $15.00, now $11.00.
Sable Fox Fancy Scarf, was $20.00, now $14.50.
Isabella Fox Animal Scarf, was 815.00, nown.oo
Russian Mink Throws, were $500, now
Isabella Opossum Animal Scarfs, were $9 00, now 4,0;;
Many other neck pieces, were $1.00 to $20.00, now si
cents to $14.50.
MUFFS TO MATCH ALL NECK PIECES.
National Mink Muff with heads was $30.00 now $24 00
Black Lynx Pillow Muff, was $50.00, now $40.00.
Jap Mink Pillow Muff with heads, was $to, now $7.7;
Russian Mink Rug Muff, was $9 00, now 6 75
Sable Fox Rug Muff, was $15.00, now $troo.
Isabella Fox Rug Muff, was $n.oo, now $3.25
Fur Coats in
An Irresistible Bargain.
$1.75 Value for Only $1.15.
iAnv 15 -
Is a large, artistic, handsomely illustrated hundred-pae
monthly magazine. It contains sixty new Fashion Designs
in each issue. Every woman needs it for its up-to-date
fashions, entertaining stories and complete information on
all home and personal topics. Over one million subscrib
ers. Acknowledged the best Home and Fashion Magazine
Regular price. 5 cents a copy Worth double.
McCall Patterns The Columbian
So simple you cannot mis
understand them. Absolute
ly accurate. In style, irre
proachable. You may select,
free, any McCall Pattern you
desire from the first number
of the magazine which reach
es you. Regular price, 15
THIS EXTRAORDINARY OFFER
Call at our office oraddressjyour order to
The Columbian, Bloomsburg, Pa
rer's Surplus Stock of Furs.
Great Variety. .
One Years Subscription fcr
Cent McCall Pattern
you may select
One Year's Subscription for
is the oldest newspaperjin
the county. It is not sen
sational, and what it prints
is reliable, and fit to be
read by anybody. Regular
price $1.00 per year.