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THE COLUMBIAN. BLOOMSBURft, t'A.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
(IF UXtOOMSmjItG IA,
THE OLDEST AND STRONGEST.
Capital 8100,000 Surplus 8150,000.
With the Largest Capital and Surplus in the County,' a
Strong Directorate, Competent Officers and Every Mod
ern Facility, we solicit Accounts, Large or Small, and
Collections on the Most Liberal Terms Consistent with
Sound Banking, and Invite YOU to inspect our NEW
3 Per Cent. Interest Paid on Time Deposits
O F F 1 0 E R 8 :
JV.'W. M. Low, PreMck'iit. ' Myron I. Low, Vice President
.Humes M.8taver, Vice President. Frank Ikeler, CV
K. W.M.Low. Tames
F. O. Vorks,
M. E Stuckiiouse
S. C. Creasy.
THE COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT,
CsTAiit.isHEn 1837. Consolidated 1869
itri.isiif.u Every Thursday Morning,
Ai Ulomslmrg, the County Seat ot , '
Columbia County , Pennsylvania.
GEO. E. ELWELL. Editor.
GEO. C. ROAN, Kokiman.
Tkkm.-: Inside the county $1.00 a year
(a advance; 1 . 5 0 i f not paid in advance.
utsiilethecounty, $1.25 .1 year, strictly in
Al! communicntion!" should lieaddrenned
1 HE COLUMBIAN. HloomslnirR, Va.
HURSDAY. MARCH 11, VW.)
WHATS THE USE?
What's the use of all this fuss
and feathers about who shall suc
ceed Chief Justice Mitchell on the
Supreme Bench of the state? Of
course, every reputable lawyer,
and every self-respecting citizen of
the commonwealth is in favor of a
' man who possesses honesty, ability,
integrity, and the judicial temper
ament, and who is not owned or
controlled by any gang or corpor
ation. But that is not the kind of a man
we are likely to get. That is not
the sort of a man that will suit the
machine that controls every Re-
nblican state convention, and die
ted every nomination that is made
: . r any state office.
The man to be nominated by the
republicans will be selected by
euator Penrose and his aids. The
Republican convention will nomi
nate him in spite of any opposition
that may appear within the party,
and on election day the voters of
that party will march up to the
polls like little lambs and vote for
What matters it that leading
lawyers express their views as to
the kind of a man that should be
selected, or that the people general
ly desire a judiciary that they can
trust and honor? The "right kind
of a tuati" is the man whom the
bosses shall select for the place.
That's the way things are done in
Should it prove otherwise in this
case, it will be an agreeable sur
Oliver Succeeds Knox.
United States Senator P. C. Knox
having resigned from the Senate
in order to accept the office of Sec
retary of State in President Taft's
cabinet. George T. Oliver of Pitts
burg, was on Tuesday nominated
for United States Senator by the
Republican legislative caucus, a
choice that will be ratified by each
house separately next Tuesday,
and by joint convention on Wed
nesday, when Mr. Oliver will be
-commissioned and take his seat in
the United Slates senate.
James Scarlet of Danville, was
also placed in nomination and re
vived three votes.
Let the Farmer Alone.
The report of the commission ap
pointed by the President to look
into farming conditions is valuable
in giving a great deal of informa
tion as to the general farm life its
improvements, drawbacks, neces
sities, and so on. But it is not
Jikely all this will leid to any uup
posed remedial legislation. Better
' let that alone. The farmer, like
every one else, will work out his
salvation better after his own fash
ion than by the aid of laws framed
bv men who know nothinc ahnnt
farming and liable to do more harm
caan gooa. iivenasiing meaanng
by legislatures and congresses in
the past has been the parent of ills
innumerable, in consequence, we
are forever passing new laws to cor
rect the evils created by old ones
Let the farmer alone and he will
come out all right Ex.
i .A. H T1 - ft T A .
Ths Kind ihii Haw Always Bought
M. Staver. Myron T. Low.
Who He Is to Be.
Word has been sent out during
the past week by the gang in Phil
adelphia that Judge Von Mosch-zi-ker,
of that city, is the individ
ual who is to have the Republican
nomination for Supreme court
Judge says the Bellefonte Watch
man. The followers ot the machine
will of course fall in line for him at
once, and if possible prevent other
aspirants from starting in the race.
There are many of these and the
news, that the nominations for this
liigii and important position are
already closed, will be bitter word
for the many who had hoped that
this streak of judicial lightning
would strike the pole they have
had up for many years.
Just who Von Moschzisker is
will be the query with most people,
outside of the few who hang around
the courts of Philadelphia. As a
lawyer ne was unknown until the
Philadelphia machine decided that
he wou'.d suit its purposes on the
bench and he was put there. Since
donning the judicial toga he has
done nothing to show that he is
either versed in the law or blessed
with the characteristics that make
a passable judge. He has done
what the power that put him on
the bench told him to do and that
is about all, if we except the notor
ious decision that he and another
machine made judge handed down
in the judicial salarv trah rasp
that declared the constitution tin-
constitutional when it stood in the
way of au increase in judicial sal
aries during the term for which
the official was elected
His sirvice to the machine and
this salary decisiou will have to
serve as the principal reasons for
his election and we presume they
will be sufficient. Such is the in
difference of the people, or the rot
tenness ot tne voter, wten you
come to politics in Pennsylvania.
' w ' . -
Where Common Sense Would come In
Figures sriven out bv tlinee in
charge of the postoffice denartment
show that the postal service of the
country is costing the covernmeut
something like $20,000,000 a year
more than the postal receipts a-
mount to. And with this deficit
increasing yearly, the Third Assis
tant Postmaster General is weio-h-
ting down the mails sending to
every business house, industrial
concern, professional office, and we
presume, to as many private indi
viduals as he can secure the address
of, a circular letter in which one of
the paragraphs reads as follows :
"Government Stamped Envelop
es will be furnished in lots of enn
with your name and address nrintert
in the upper left haud corner with
out extra cnarge. ' '
It is Possible that this lrinrt f
fool business has much to Hn Willi
the deficiency in the postal service,
ana me government orhcial who in
sists on doing the printing for busi
ness nouses or individuals, free of
cost, when his department is be
hind, ought to be kicked out of of-
nce, witnout waiting for excuse or
The government sells its envel
opes, stamp value deducted nti ACQ
than the ordinary dealer ran
procure them at wholesale, thus
giving the purchaser the benefit of
manufacturers rates and srettintr
nothing in return for t he
handling, shipping cr waste. Why
it should do more, and add the
printing for nothing that is a mat-
icr mat is nara 10 understand.
Possibly if a little common sense
were exercised in the postal depart
ment, in cases of this kind, there
would be less of a deficit when set
tlement time comes round, and less
need to fear that postal rates will
have to be increased, or the postal
service curtailed in some lines.
Many a man thinks the world is
all wrong when it is really his liver.
Extra Session for Congress.
Other Legitlalion Betide Tarrilt Postal
Savinjt Bank, Cemut, Etc.
When congress meets on March
15, upon the call of the president
to consider a revision cf the tariff,
there will be no constitutional re
striction upo 1 the nature of the
business that maybe transacted. It
is generally corceJed that at least
two months will be reau
the house of representatives to con
elude consideration of all the sched
ules involved in this legislation.
The house itself will not receive
the new tariff bill for some weeks
as the committee on ways and
means will require considerable
time to report the measure. During
this long period the senate will
have nothing to do in respect to
the tariff and even after the bill
leaves the house it will be in the
hands of the committee on finance
tor some time before the senate
actually gets possession of it and
the debate begins. Then will begin
a long wait by the house until the
senate amendments can be known
and conferees appointed to bring
about an agreement upon them.
This procedure will result in each
house having to remain in session
with nothing to do in relation to
the tariff covering a period of a
couple of months. Three davs is
the extent of a recess that may be
taken by either body.
In view of the extended period
of inactivity that would face each
houie should nothing be considered
except the tariff, many senators
are considering the advisability of
entering upon other legislation
which they believe ought to be
passed in time to send it over to
the hous? w hen that body has dis
posed of its bill and will only have
to wait senate action on the tariff
I he advocates of postal savings
banks have talked of the possibility
ot sucli a policy being adopted ever
since thty became aware of their
inability to secure legislation in
the last session of congress.
The president s veto of the cen
sus bill . makes mandatorv some
action to provide for the enumera
tion of the thirteenth census and
while legislation might be delayed
until early next winter, some of
those who are interested in this
subject believe that the extra ses
sion would give an admirable op
portunity to dispose of it.
The extra session is sure to
bring forth a deluge of bills in
both houses aud as senate commit
tees are organized for business,
there need be no delay in getting
to work if the prevailing sentiment
lavors action on special matters.
Prosperity Depends on Crops.
An exchange says: According to
leading financiers, the return to
prosperity, to better business con
ditions will depend more largely
upon the outlook of the crops this
spring, than any other one thing.
If the season is favorable, if grain
and grass has wintered well, if
seeding can be done under favor
able circumstances, and a good
growth started, we will see busi
ness revive rapidly. Uuder present
conditions, with the outlook of
POOr CrOPS. there would he Rimh a
discouraging outlook that capital
wouia pecome timid, for after all
this nation depends more UDon se
riculture than any other industry
for its wealth.
But this is a ereat nation, its cli
mate aud soil so varied and area so
great, that if crops or one of the
leading cereal croo9 fails in one
section, we may be assured of good
crops in another.
In some sections of the wheat
belt, there has not been snow or
moisture sufficient to nrotert and
cause growth, while in the main.
reports from the west show winter
wheat is in fine condition, having
wintered well, and as a whole in
better shape than for many years.
Nebraska's wheat has been well
covered by snow, and alternate
thaws and freezes did no narm.
The next matter of interest will be
ploughing and sowing the spring
grain, and the indications faver a
big area devoted to the purpose.
With wheat ranging far above the
dollar mark, the conditions, even if
produced by speculative manipula-
A. 1 1 11 . .
iion, noio out many inducements
to farmers. The world, inelndimr
Wiej umien States, is pnnmim na
more wheat than ever before and
One Doctor Only Osie
No sense in running from one doctor to another! Select
the best one, then stand by him. No sense either in trying
this thing, that thing, for your cough. Carefully, delibe
ately select the best cough medicine, then take it. Stick
to it. Ask your doctor about Ayer's Cherry Pectoral for
throat and lung troubles. Sold for nearly seventy years.
No alcohol in this cough medicine. nrcVW ,M;r
grain growers have reasonable cer
tainty of disposing of their crops
at remunerative figures.
Famous Words ol Famous People.
This is one of the many great
Daily features of The Philadelphia
Press. The "Yanious Words of
Famous People" is an uneqnaled
department of The Press, and ap-
Tvar pvprv tveetr Aav aa w?f11 an nil
Sunday, on the Editorial Page, al-
I nravi in Vi unma r1ttA lilA nil
mix v k'liiin. fiuv 1 nnv tin
other features. No searching for
what you want. The words of the
greatest people in the world are to
be found in this interesting corner,
it takes only a few minutes of your
time. Young and old, busy and
leisurely, learned and wise who
seek knowledge, enjoy this corner
of The Press.
If you are not a reader of 7 he
Philadelphia Press instruct your
carrier t leave The Philadelphia
Press at vour home, or send direct
to The Philadelphia Press, Seventh
and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia,
Many Children are Sickly.
Mother Gray's Sweet Powders for
Children, used bv Mot her drny, n nure
In Children's Home, ew York,ltrenk
up Colds in 24 hours, cure Feverlsh
ntws. Headache, Htonmeli Trouhlos,
Teething Disorders, and Destroy
Worms. At nil druggists, 25c. Sam
ple tnniled Free. Addnws, Allen S.
Olmsted, LeRoy, N Y. 2-lS-4t.
Revenues Less Than Appropriation
"IIow can we make both ends
meet" was the burden of a speech
of ex-Speaker Frank R. MWMnin
to the house appropriations com
mittee. His remarks will probably
cause deep thought not only over
pending appropriation bills for hos
pitals aud charities, but also those
for the governor's cross-state road,
tne soldiers pension measure, etc
Mr. McClain shows that in the
past 30 years the growth of "pri
vate appropriations has been
fifty-fold, while the revenues
have increased only three-fold. He
As a matter of information, some
days ago I undertook to ascertain
exactly how much the State ap
propriated to purely local institu
tions, hospitals, homes, colleges.
etc., at the session of 1007. Tlii
led me to go back 30 years, to 1877
ana trace tne growth of such ap
propriations from that date in 10
year periods. The result was as
In 1877 appropriations were
made to three hospitals and four
homes-Home for Friendless. E rie.
$2000; Northern Home, Philadel--phia,
$6000: Industrial Home for
Blind Men, Philadelphia. $5000;
Industrial Home for Blind Wotneu,
Philadelphia. $2000: Lark
General Hospital. Scranton m -
000; Wilkes-Barre Hospital, $10.-
000; Jefferson Hospital. Philadel
phia, SlOO.OOO. Total lisnm'
The $too,ooo item to the Jefferson
hospital was a special annronriatinn
conditioned upon that "institution
maintaining absolutly free 100 beds
ior a period of two years.
in 1867 this Class of annrnnna-
tions amounted to $578, 375; in i8y7
10 JM, 302, 54t, and 1907 investiga
tion discloses that the State's bene
factions to institutions not nnHer
its control and purely local in char
acter amounted to the enormous
sum of $6,500,000, practically ia
times as much as was appropriated
jn 1077. kji tne annual appropria
tions in 1907 $4,400,000 was for
maintenance and 100.000 was
From Limited Resources.
The result of the investigation of
appropriations prompted me to as
certain what the revenues of the
State during the different neriods
quoted and what the precentage of
increase was in them. In 1877-78
net State revenues were about $13,-
000,000; 1887-88, $17,500,000:
I897-Q8, $27,000,000: IQ07-O3.
From this it will be seen that
the State revenues in 10 veara
from 1877 to 1907, multiplied a
trifle over three-fold and aooronria.
tions to institutions with which the
State has no direct concern, have
multiplied in the corres rn mli tier
.. . . . r b
iime viriuauy 50-toid.
1 nese facts suggest that the time
is approaching, if it Vi as tint
already arrived. . when revenues
must be increased or this class of
Ask your doctor if he approve this advice.
New Spring Suits!
Spring Suits have arrived!
There's magic in that simple an
nouncement for where's the
woman who is not all eyes to see
the new garment fashions f
The Few Spring Soils Are Low Priced.
A most remarkable feature about
these handsome new models is
their extremely lew prices. Your
spring outfit will give you a bet
ter service a much finer appear
ance and yet cost you a small
price. Catering to every taste we've
gathered an assortment of choicest
correct styles. Prices $10 to $35.
Spring Suits (
Regularly $2000 I 5
Suits of hard twisted serge and
striped worsted in black, blue,
green, tan and gray. 36 inch hip
less coats; slashed back, natch
pockets, self button trimming, full satin lined; satin collar
and cuffs; Skirt is Demi-Princess with self covered buttons
down the front. All sizes up to 42.
SUIT at $12.75 Of shadow stripe chiffon panama in
navy blue, elect blue, green, tan, ashes of roses and gray.
Coat 40 inches long, semi-fitting hipless cutaway front
forming points on the sides, new small sleeves, lined
throughout with satin: gored flare skirt with trimming of
straps and self covered buttons.
SUIT at S26.SOA a h
long of striped worsted, slashed back and sides, inlaid
bengalme silk collar; large flap pockets, trimmed with but
tons, lined with taffeta silk; plain 1 1 gore demi-Princess
At $6.00 to $14.00 Junior Suits for the little Misses in
sizes 11, 13, 15 and 17 years. Made of shadow stripe pan
ama and fine serge in navy blue, gray and green, semi
fitting hipless coats, gored and pleated skitt.
SUIT at $27.00 A strictly tailored suit of French
Serge; 4 button cutaway; single breasted (just a slight cut
away effect;) lined with taffeta silk; new small sleeves
Demi Princess Skirt With inverted plait at sides.
SUITS at $20.00 Of chiffon panama in blue green
and black; graceful semi-fitting hipless coat 36 inches long
single breasted, new small sleeves and trimmed with satin
piping; gored flounce skirt.
F, P. PURSEL.
JUST A REMINDER!
Here is a list of some of the printed goods and blank stock
that can be obtained at the
QQlumhiam Priming Home
Perhaps it may remind you of something you need.
(URft fvIdNfv N Admittanct For Rent, J or Sale, Pott
H.iftlJ ftUlllfl No Bills, Trespass Notices, &c.
IN RAAKfv Adminiitrator'' Executor's, Treasurer's Receipt
VVVl Books. Plain Receipts, with or without stub, Note
Books, Scales Books, Order Books, Etc.
HAND RII.I.S-Printed in any size from a ,a"
iliilli Dllllik dodger, up to a full Sheet Poster.
BOOKS AND WL BE PLEASED TO SHOW
P Wmfm SAMPLES OF THESE AND
kMirnilh 1 1 ALL OP OUR WORK.
ptP a 9ur Stoc Includes :
ut Lards, all sizes, Sriirr.; t
spfcktve'05' MenU3' ances. Societies and U
Engraved. v"atons ana Announcements, Printed or
ViS"0ra m Always Welcome. No Obligation to Purchase.
We Do All Kinds of Printing
Columbian Printing House,
All sizes, Commercial, Professional, Insur.
ance, Baronial, Pay, Coin,
Letter Heads. Note Heads, Bill Means, State
merits, in many grades and sizes.
r " '
Business, Visiting, Announcement, Admission
Ball Tickets, Etc.