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ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Of MCE Front Room, over Fnstofflos,
IMTTXANCK AKD UKAL ZSTATS .
Of nc Room No. 2, CoLUHlUR MMbfc
JyJ U. FUNK,
Office In Knt's Building, near Court Home,
OHK M. CLARK,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
Office over Mover Bro's. Drug Stmt
Q W. MILLER,
Office tn Brower's building, 2d floor, rtomtTo f.
Jg FRANK ZARR,
Office cor. Centre & Main SU., Clark's bnlUlng,
W Can be consulted la Genua.
QEO. E. ELWELL,
Office, Second floor, Coluuiiam BulMUf,
jJ V. WHITE,
Office in Wirt's Building, 2nd floor, Main St
- BLOOMSBURG. PA.
P P. BILLMEYER,
Office over Dentin's Shoe stere, Troit room,
ROBERT R. LITTLE,
Office, Columbian Building,! floor, front rswst,
OSes js Rtwttngf Meat Market,
Oraot, corner ol Third and Mala Street,
B. McKELVY, M. D.,
SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN,
Office, North oWi Miln Street, below Market,
R, . C. RUTTER,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office, North Huket Street,
QR. WM, M. REBER, ''
SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN,
Office, corner of Rock and Market Street!,
I S. WINTKRSTEEN. W. D. BKCKLEY.
"yiNTERSTEEN & BECKLEY,
Loans secured, Investments made. Real
itate bought and sold.
Office in First National Bank Building,
JONORA A. ROBBINS, M. D.
Ofllco West First St.
Special attention given to the oyo and
car anu tne lilting or. glasses.
J. BROWN, M. D.,
Office and Residence, Third Street, West
of Market, near M. E. Churck,
(rnilire Hours ever afternoon and evenlnf .
BpecUl attention given to the eye and the fitting
of glasses. Teicpi connection.
R. J. R. EVANS,
Tuatmut or Cimonc Disiaiis hade a
Office and Residence, Third St, below Market,
J. HESS, D. D. &,
Gradaate of tie Philadelphia Deabd Cttlete.
havinj opened a dental office U LCAU
BOTLDimo, coraer or, hub ana wm suvsa,
Is prepared toreodT aUpatiescirefBiriac
Enrsx, Gas, ahb Local Asstbtrci,
tdmlnliUro If fc paia "trsftka si tenth
bee of tkuft wtafc aevjtdlJ teetk are buertcA.
Au. Woxjc auumtt M Imntrm
TAINWRIGHT & CO.,
Teas, Svmtfs, Corrir, Suoai, MotAtsxs,
Rick, sricis. liiCABB soda, tia, ctc
N. E. Corner Second and Arch Sts.
("Orders will receive prompt attention.
C. SLOAN & BRO.,
Carriages, Buggies, Phsetens, Sleighs, Katie
Firit-claif work always on hand. Repairing
("Prices reduced to suit the times.
Office, Barton's Building, Main St., Vel. Market,
All styles of work don in a superior runner,
and oil worn wsnaaieo
Teeth Eitbactxd Without Pj,
Ut ths uie t Gas, and free of chugs whs
irnnv" - -
W To be epea all kears dvkujtao day.
K. B1TTENBENDEE, fPrltori.
IN THE COUNTY
J. I WELLS' JEWELRY STORE
mm, mi, riras, k.
Tin Roofing a Specialty.
ESTIMATES FURNISHED ON
ALL WORK IN HIS LINE.
First door Bloonwburg Opera Houbo
Tho Bost Burning Oil That Can bo
Mado From Petroleum.
It gives a brilliant light. It will not
smoke tho chimneys. It will not char tho
wlek. It has a high Are tost. It will not
explode. It Is pre-eminently a family
Wo Challenge Comparison with
any othor illuminating oil made.
Wo Btake our Reputation, as Refiners, up
on the Statement that it is
TJM Beat M
XT Till! WOM.D.
A8K YOUR DEALER FOR,
Crown - Acme.
ACME OIL COMPANY,
trnma eAAlrpra will flnil thP lOStOf the
pnblto domain of aerlcUiUiral and
CTozlng valupalonit the (ire.it North,
em lty. tn N"rtn Dakota andMontana
lno or more along the Oreat Northern
ltailwar Line. Business chances.
write v. I. Whitney, hi. rauu Minn
tor Books, Maps, 0. Write now.
uitiirti nn troo oovernment lanos a-
I long the Oreat Northern Itr. Una In
North Dakota and Montana icet low
rates and tine markets tor products.
un.i;.. Finest resorts In America along area
Hunting norhern Hy. Line to Minnesota, .Da
mV,; kotas and Montana. Best climate fo
JJlSmng health seekers.
tlnnt.n. nfMnCM IhA Rnait TJOrSOS
I and cattle. roo ranges jet In Mouse.
Milk ana sun inver vaiieys auu 001.1.
In Montana. Freo lands. New Towns.
New Hallways, New Mines. Uates
wnrest area of good vacant
u,.. n.ooa nnu Milk and Sun lllver I ffbnnn
Valleys, Montana, reached only by the
Great Northern Itall way line. Tho I U0r,a
I stock Habere' paradise. I wo
The regions tributary to Great North,
ern ltallway Una In Montana produce
all the precious and baser metals New
towns and railways are being DuilU
... . . i. nm.t TlAaftrvatlon Of MOO
tana and get . wod homestoad.
i)W rates anu riw -
Northern It'. Line, do now.
These have made Montana the richest
Btl&Ter Wl& in the VMoW
of room lor more miners and stock-raisers.
Now is the tune.
a inner ihaflreat Northern Hallway
Line in Montana are tree ranches ana
pTsturaee, mines of precious ; metals.
Iron and coal, and new cities and
towns. Now Is your chance.
surrounded by a fine aurloultural and
intulog country, close to mines ot pre
cious meuta, iron and coal. Possessing a
water 'power unequaled in America, It
13 Aiontanau umuan wv. v.
... nf 11m. MouaA. MIswurt
Milk and buniuverarecnod by ureat
Northern lty. Une. ,bSo"
sions beot. i. . is. andu o&, ,."
write r. 1. wmmwi
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON.
Office Wver Mover Bros. Drug Store.
Residence West Main Street.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER
BEING duo to tho presence of uric
tcld in tho blood, Is most effectually
cured by tho uso of Aycr's Sarsapsv
rlllu. Bo sure you got Aycr's and no
other, and tako it till tho poisonous
acid Is thoroughly expelled from the
system. Wo challenge attention to this
"About two years ago, after suffering
for nearly two years from rheumatic
gout, being able to walk only with great
discomfort, nnd having tried various
remedies, including mineral waters,
without relief, I saw by an advertise
ment in a Chicago paper that a man had
been relieved of this distressing com
plaint, after long suffering, by taking
Ayer's Sarsaparffla. I then decided to
make a trial of this medicine, and took
It regularly for eight months, and ain
pleased to state that it bos effected a
complete euro. I have since had no re
turn of the disease." Mrs. It. Irvine
Dodge, 110 West 123th St., New York.
"One year ago I was token til with
Inflammatory rheumatism, being con
fined to my bonse six months. I caino
out of tho sickness very much debili
tated, with no appetite, and my system
disordered in every way. I commenced
using Ayer's Sorsaparilla and began to
improve at once, gaining in strength
and soon recovering my usual health.
I cannot say too much In praise of this
well-known medicine." Mrs. L. A.
Stark, Nashua, N. H.
, " ruriBin it
Dr. S. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Matt.
Mm V; sIxteMes.fi. Worth tSa tout.
UTUSXNTS THE FOLLOWIHO
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES i
Nortl American, of Philadelphia,
FraakHa, ' "
York, of Penisylvania,
Hsaartr, of New York,
Ouotni, of London,
North British, of London.
Ornci oa Market Street, above Main, No. 5
(Successor to Freas Brotvn.)
AGENT AND BROKER,
Bloomsburg Fire & Lite Ins. Agency,
(Established In 1865.)
COMPANIES REPRESENTED 1
.Etna Fire Ins. Co. of Hartford, $9,528,188.97
Hartford, of Hartford, 5,388.609.97
Phcmli. of Hartford. A.fv86o.It
Springfield, of Springfield 3,099,903.98
Fire Association, Philadelphia,.., 4,512,781.29
uuaraian, or ixinaon , 20,003,323.71
rhomix, of London 6,924,563.48
Lancashire of Eng., (U, S.Branch) 1,642,195.0c
Royal of England. " " 4,y53,5fi4.oo
Mut Ben. Lf. In. Co.Newark,Nj4i,379, 228.33
Losses promptly adjusted and paid at this office,
FIRE INSURANCE AGENT,
Office, Second Floor, Columbian Building,
Liverpool, London, and Globe, largest In the
World, and perfectly reliable.
Imperial, of London, $9,658,479.00,
Continental of New York, 5,239,981.28
American of Philadelphia 2,401,956,11
Niagara, of New York '.. 2,260,479.86
W. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR,
OrrojiTi Court Housi.
Larre and convenient sample rooms, Bath
rooms, hot and cold water j and all modem
J B. WILLIAMS, AUCTIONEER.
Esal Estate Bright and Sold.
PirtlnstleMrlaftobuv hor8Csand wagon
ould UC well to can on mo auovu.
GATtRISON M. D.
IIOMKOPATIIIO PHYSICIAN AND SURdEON
iffl-olllce over I. W. Hsrtman & Bon'
store, residence N. E. corner Centre and
R. J. T. FOX,
All tl.o Intent nnnllinccs for manufacturing.
trratlnir. fillinff and extractinc teeth. All
styles of work warranted as represented. Office
on Alain street, near nasi, jiu-r.
QHRIBTIAN . XX ATT.
Hems of If. Y. I Merchants-, ! ntwari, n.
T. 1 CUnton, N. Y. 1 Peeples N Y. j Resdlng,
fro. I German American Ins. Co., New York.
gssawlch loMrancs C, New York Jersey
tr Fixe Is. Co., Jersey City, N. J.
Tkes old corpentleas or well seasoned by
act and nmx TXSTSD ana nave nsvci jci ou a
Itss settled by any court of law. Their assets
U all invested (a solid tscuilTtis, are llabla
l id. niiird at rill onlv.
lim iioumy sna monistxt so usiea
and paid as toon as determined, by CHRIST
IAN F. KNAPP, Shcial Aoint Ann Ar
ivsrta, BLoomiuao, Pa.
ti neonle of Columbia county should pat
roniie the agency where loitei, It any, ore tti
Bed 04 pala oy on ot wcu uwa wuuu.
TI10 Federal Klectlon Dill.
Hon. llenry Cabot Lodge nnd Grand
Master Workman Powderly discuss in
Tho North American Review Mr.
Lodgo'n famous nntlonnl election hill.
Mr. Lodgo says his Mil simply provides
for tho appointment of United Btntea of
ficers, Boloctod from tho two leading po
litical parties, to watch over and report
upon naturalization, registration, the
conduct of tho congressional election,
tho count of tho ballote nnd tho certifica
tion of tho membore. Thcso officers hnvo
no power to Interfere, Their only duty
is to protect tho honest voter, secure evi
dence to punish wrong doers nnd mako
publlo every fact In connection with tho
Tho wholo purpose of tho law inny bo
snmmed up In ono word "publicity."
When on petition of n hundred persons
In any city of 20,000 inhabitants or up
ward, or petition of fifty persons In any
congressional district that has no town
of 20,000 inhabitants or upward, tho law
goes into effect, thon tho chief supervisor
of elections appoints deputy supervisors
and the other officers named. These make
returns of tho election to n United
States board of canvassers, and it issues
a certificate; to tho candidate who from
these returns seems to bo elected. In
coso their candldato is not tho samo as
the ono declared elected by tho local au
thorities, then of course tho certiilcato
of tho national board takes preference,
and their candidate is declared elected.
Still, tho defeated man has recourse to
tho circuit court of tho Unitod States.
Such aro tho loading provisions of
what has been called tho, "Forco MIL"
Mr. Lodge BayB of it:
The president of tho Unitod 8tatee has from the
beginning of tho government had power to uso
the army and nary in support of tho laws of the
United States, and thla general power was ex
plicitly conferred many years ago in that portion
of tho Kovlsed Statutes which now comes under
the title "clTll rlghu." The present bill neither
adds to nor detracts from that power, and as the
liberties of the country hare been safe under It
for at least twenty years It Is not to bo appre
hended that they will now be In dat)er.
The real ohjecUon to the bill comes from the
fact that one of the two great parties believes
that free elections Imperil tnelr power. They
know that by this bill tho United States officers,
taken from both parties, aro appointed by the
oourtJ, the body farthest removed from politics.
They know that these United States officers will
be held tn check by local officers, and be utterly
unablo to interfere with the proper conduct of
the election. But they know aluo that the result
will be publicity, and they bellovo that in conse
quence of publicity many districts will bo lost to
them. This law Is as fair to one party as another;
but lf one party U cheating, that party will suf
rer, and where the cry against the law is loudest
It Is the best evidence of 1U necessity, and proves
that those who resist It profit by the wrongdoing
which It seeks to cure.
equal representation to the people, and It makes
the negro a citizen. Equality of representation
has been destroyed by the system in the south
which makes ono voto there outweigh live or six
votos tn the north, and the negro has been do
privod of tho rights the nation gave. No people
oan afford to stand quiet and see Its charter of
government made a dead letter; and no wrong
can endure and not be either cured or expiated.
Fair elections north and south are vital to the re
public If we fall to secure them, or If we permit
any cltlien, no matter how humble, to be wrong,
ed we shall atone for it to the last Jot and tittle.
Master Workman Powderly is opposed
to tho Federal election law for many
reasons. One is that it will givo too
much power to tho nino chief super
visors, one for each judicial district in
tho Union. Each of the nine will be
ablo to dictate tho nominations of his
party in his district. Mr. Powderly, be
longing to neither political party, says:
The fault does not 11a with the people, and thel r
rights should not be abridged. There la not one
man on the floor of congress today who con con
sdentlously or truthfully say that during the can
Taos which ended In his election he did not resort
to some mean act in order to get votos or to pre
vent losing them. The aspirants for offloe are the
men who debauch the voters, and the indignation
manifested on the floor of congress during tne de
bates oa the federal election bill came with a
rery poor graoe from many who owed
their seats to UUJe tricks, illegal use of
money, falno representations and Uie uso of
liquor. Tho federal election bill provides that, lf
moro ballots are found tn the congressional box
than there are voters in the election district, the
supervisor and inspector shall be blindfolded and
draw out a number of ballots sufficient to equal
the excess. Two wrongs never make a right to
find more ballots than voters proves that illegal
votes have been cast, but it does not right the
wrong to draw the tloketa out Indiscriminately.
It should flrtt be ascertained who cast the illegal
bauou, and then such tickets should be removed
or another election called.
The froiners of the bill made no attempt to
deny that It was lntroduoed because of the In
timidation of the negro voters of the south, and
there is no doubt that colored citizens In many
places in the south were outrageously deprived of
their rlghu tn being driven from the polls by the
Democrats. Notwithstanding their deprivation
of tho right to vote the colored men are repre
sented in congress by tho men who deprived thorn
of the right to vote, or who were parties to the
wrong, me constitution or the united urates
makes provision for such emergencies, lf I read it
aright, where it says:
ltut when the right to veto at any election for
the choice of electors for president snd vice
president of the Unitod States, representatives in
congress, the executive and Judloial officers of a
state, or tne members or the legislature thereof.
Is denied to any of the male Inhabitants of such
state, being 81 years of age and eltltans of the
Unitod States, or In any way abridged, except for
participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis
of representation therein shall bo reduced in the
proportion which the number of such male clti
sens shall bear to the whole number of male citi
sens 81 years of age in such state."
It seems to me that the proper thing to do, after
the fact is established that a number of negro
citizens are not allowed to vote, la to base the
representation In congress from this district or
state on the number who exercise the right of
It would not be strange yet if tho Prince
of Wales died before his hale and sound
old mother, no looks tired and fagged,
snd is said to be subject to fits of deep
melancholy. His health is not at all
firm. Victoria has always taken Tory
good core of herself, which the prince
A now political party wltn a par-
Ucnl&rly hard namo ara tho Hetrabmis-
'tlonlsUof Kansas. They advocate the
resubmission of tho constitutional pro
hibitory amendment to a vote of tho
people and favor high license.
Among tho steamers that have crossed
the Atlantic Inside of six days ore the
Majestio and Teutonlo, of tho White Btar
line, and the City of Paris and City of
Now York, of the Inman line.
Tho free use of tho pistol by some pri
vate detectives in the New York Central
strike calls to mind a certain law ot In
diana. This law prohibits the employ
ment of private detectives In the sup
pression of industrial strikes.
The position of tho British mechanic
and trades unionist on tho eight hour
labor day is this: Ho gooa in for it hearti
ly, but ho thinks it ought to como about
through agreement between laborers and
their employer themselves, and not by
parliamentary legislation. This legisla
tion ha Is opposed to.
Chicago has too much of only one
thing, and that is her irroprossiblo smoke
nuisance. That is the trail of the ser
pent ovor all her boauty. Perhaps tho
natural gas which will como to the city
through pipes now Ixdng laid will do
much to suppress this. It ought to bo
enppreesod if there it gas enough in the
Indiana aoM to do it.
Tlio'Teohnical HlgH Softool.
Tho human raoa having stuffed Itsolf
with books till ono-hnlf of tho civilized
community Is short sighted, and tho
other half must tako to spectacles hoforo
(t is mlddlo aged, now begins to find
that perhaps It has had too much of n
good tiling. Instead of cultivating all
tho powors aliko It has cultivated tho
memory alone, nnd has leamod nil its
school lessons simply with a viow of ro
mombering them long enough to recite
them. That dono tho book learning
fadbs out of tho person's mind, and
lenvos him nearly ns wo!' off as it found
him before ho began to bo learned.
What a man learns witii his hand nnd
eye, however, Btnys by Mm, and ho is
only half a man that is Uko tho Oennan
professor tvho understood fourteen lan
guages, hut had to call his wifo to nail a
plank upon tho garden fonco where a
pig hnd rooted it off.
We begin to understand that educa
tion must ho through tho cyo nnd hand
to the brain, and that the oyo and liand
must first ho educated or much that
comes after is useless; With this knowl
edge 1ms como, in responso to a univer
sal wont, tho technical high school. It
begins whoro tho grammar school leaves
off. It teaches tho child geometry, al
gebra, physics, political economy, etc.
Put Its main -perhaps bestteaching is
manual. The student learns technical
drawing and wood and metal work and
practical mathematics. When ho loaves
tho technical high school one year's
special training will enable him to tako
a high placo in any of tho mechanical or
scientific walks of lifo. He is oducato-i
This is tho Wgh school of tho future,
tho one that must supersede the present
puhlio high school, wlthitsLntin, Orook
nnd ancient history. Private technical
high schools have been established in
various parts of tho country. Tho Pratt
institute of Brooklyn Is on excellent
typo. Others of tho samo kind aro tho
manual training Bchoolsof Cincinnati,
Bt Louis and Chicago. But these schools
aro so crowded that it Is impossible to
accommodate all tho pupils that apply to
somo of them, even though tuition must
be paid in them, while tho publlo high
school is free. It shows unerringly tho
drift of popular sentiment, and the publlo
high schools must sooner or later adapt
themselves to this sentimont.
Useless Dig Ships.
Now for a good many years wo havo
been hearing about tho scantiness and
helplessness of tho American navy, con
trasted with the power and strength of
European war fleets. The tremendous
size and thundering cannon power of
the monstrous battle ships of Italy and
England have been periodically set be
fore ns till wo all know about them.
Oh, yos, wo all know abont them.
Brit now an appalling secret has leaked
out. Through Capt. Lord Charles Dercs
ford, of tho British navy, wo learn that
so far as England is concerned, the&o
great whales of sliips that havo cost a
mint of mpnoyaro no good on earth.
They do to Ho in harbors and make a
flno show when Emperor Billy visits his
grandmother, but that is all.
Borne of them would not hold together
long enough to cross the Atlantic lf the
weather should bo n bit rough. They
can make no spoed at all, and thoy burn
in ono month fuel enough to warm all
tho poor in London for an indefinite
time. So far as battering down New
York is concornod they nrd as harmless
as a popgun. Let us breatho onco moro.
Tho English newspapers are comment
ing severely on theso "startling facts."
But they mako Americans feel com
fortable. Ericsson always contended
that small swift ships which could be
easily handled were the most formidable
for war, and it looks as if he was tight.
Our moderate sized new cruisers are in
tho right direction.
John Burns, who desires to bo tho
world's labor leader, made a great mis
take at the Liverpool trades union con
gross, lie took no pains to concilia to or
obtain tho good will of anybody. He
launched his thunderbolts at the heads
of even his associates who crossed his
will without mercy. Tho only real
progress over made must bo occomnllshod
through harmony and good will, and
civility is n debt wo owo to every human
A largo number of Hungarians lately
left this country to return to their native
land permanently. They said thoy could
livo as woll there as they do hero for far
loss money, whilo they do not have to
work so many hours a day in Hungary
It is a fact that Americans work harder
than any other civilized people. But
what of it? This is a great country.
With all tho British money invested
in America, and with tho Canadian Pa
cific company in control of a railway
through the United States from Detroit
to Bon Francisco, war botwoon us and
England would bo a very twisted up
Cheerful extract from a private letter
from 'Washington state 1 "Two horse
thievos were hanged on Hangman's
crook tho othor day, and two more were
drowned In Medical lako last week."
Stanley's lecturing tour this season
will bo tho moot interesting and success
ful ha has yet mado in America, owing
to tho fact that ho will bring with him
tho lovely bride whom ho has at last won.
All days ore lest days lf wo know
how to uso them.
If Bucci, tho Italian starrer, who is
bow in this country, can induce some of
our fat men to follow his example a
whilo it will help their looks amax
The Ilepublioan Philadelphia Press
eayst "The Republican majority of tho
senate by Its polioy of delay, dilatory
proceedings and surrender is responsible
for whatever loss there Is in tho wide
spread Republican enthusiasm whioh
succeeded Speaker Rood's bold, brilliant
and successful policy in tho house."
Tho Canadian Paclflo railroad now has
nt least one flngor on the United Btates.
It has leosod tho Wabash system, and
will take control -In Octobor, This will
giro our enterprising Canadian neigh
bors control of a lino from Dotrolt
through the southern farm belt io the
southwest, and ultimately to Ban Fran
cieoo. Well, it is no worse, for our Brit
ish neighbors to control railroads than
In Tho Forum Llout John P. Flnloy
sums np tho attainments science has
thus far mado In tho investigation of
tornadoes. Thoy may occur nt any
placo In America oast of U10 103th merid
ian, nnd nt nny titno, though they aro
most common in tho period front March
1 to tho end of Beptomber. May is tho
worst month in tho year for them, They
form when warm, moist nlr begins to
flow undernoath a stratum of coldor,
dryer air. Those whirl ovor and upon
ono another and produce tho tornado.
There aro local signs of n tornado's ap
proach usually long onongh beforehand
for persons to protect thcmBolvcs from It,
as far as protection is possible. Thero
aro deathllko stillness and oppreeslvo
heat. Dctachod clouds scurry through
tho sky toward a common center. In tho
west nnd northwest appears a donso bank
of black cloud. Bomotimes Li hoard tho
roar of tho wind In tho vortos of tho
tornado cloud. Tho approaching tor
nado cloud of dust, rain, etc., is gener
ated by the vortex of whirling air and
is funnel shaped, with the small end to
ward the earth.
The tornado forms in tho northwest
nnd passes toward tho east and northeast.
To run away from it ono must travol in
tho direction opposite to that which it
takes. Its usual timo of appearing is tho
hottest portion of tho day, generally from
11:30 to 6 in tho afternoon. Finally, no
structure that mortal man can build is
ablo to witlistand its violence. Tho best
houses In tomadlc regions aro wooden
ones, from tho fact that when they fall
they do not fall so heavily, Tornado
caves such as Lieut. Finlcy describes bo
low will savo lives, and should be at
tached to homes in regions whero such
Btonna aro froqnent. Ho recommends
strongly tornado accident Insurance pol
icies for both lifo and property. Torna
does average about 110 a year In this
country, and occur just about as often
as thoy havo dono ever sinco tholr num
ber was first recorded.
The underground retreat is described
The tornado cave offers absolute secuiityto
Uto and llm'u, and no means of protection can re
plaoe ft for that purpose. This retreat may be
cuustructed as a cellar cave or as a dujr out. In
the former case an excavation is made tn the
west wall of the cellar, on a level with the floor,
and is carried underground a distance sufficient
to provide comfortable quarters for those who
propose to occupy tho cave. The overhanging
earth must be supported by heavy timbers, end
then arched over with masonry ot brick or
stone. This extra precaution concerning the
roof is necessary to provide aealnst any serious
damage to It by falllnir timbers or heavy masses
of debris. The excavation Is made Into the west
wall, because the storm, always approaching
from the west, will cany the debris away from
that side. The Aug out Is a tornado cave not
necessarily connected with any building. All
bouses are not furnished with cellars, and, more
over, a tornado cave is sometimes required where
there are no buildings, or at least where they are
not so situated as to make connection with the
Tho Mannerless Sex,
It is thus that Oscar Fay Adams char
acterizes women in Tho North American
Review. Has Mr. Adams, being an east
ern man, never seen tho men piling over
one another to board a Now York city
elevated train morning and oveniug, and
knocking both men and womon out of
the way, that ho makca tho sweeping as
sertion that men in publlo would not bo
allowed to treat ono another for half on
hour as women habitually treat their
own sox. If not, thon Mr. Adams should
go nnd look at them. No gorillas in an
African jungle,-nojiigs tumbling over
ono nnotner at a loou trough were ever
more regardless ot tho rights of others.
To follow Mr. Adams' own expression,
such behavior would not bo tolerated
half an hour in any interior or western
city. Yet it goes on unchecked, unre
bukod even, day after day, year after
year, in the metropolis of the Unitod
Meanwhile, that tho ladies may know
just what Mr. Adams charges specifical
ly against them, we copy tho following
First The Indifference with which a woman
will contemplate the fact that the convenience of
others has been sacrificed to her caprice. Very
observable in young women.
Second The needless delay a woman often
causes in making her appearance when visitors
have colled upon her. axost commonly notloed
among women who aro no longer dossed as girls.
Third The unwillingness of a woman to wait
for another to finish speaking before btclnnlng to
speak herself. Characteristic of nearly all women.
Fourth Woman's failure to recognize the Im
portance of an engagement. Most noticeable
among women who have the fewest social duties.
Chicago, with the vast grain and ani
mal producing region around her, tho
lake at her front nnd tho lumber regions
across and along tho lake, looks confi
dently forward to the timo when she
will be tho metropolis of the country and
Now York its seaport. London, say
Chicagoans, is the largest city in tho
world, yet it is not much of a port. Liv
erpool is the seaport of England. Paris,
with over two and ono-quorter million
inhabitants, is not a seaport. Neither
is Berlin nor Vienna, each with a mill
ion and a quarter population. Bo what
is to hinder Chicago from becoming the
largest city in America?
The New York Australian ballot law
has been tried in some Bmall municipal
elections. It is modified so that the
names of the different sets of opposing
candidates are printed on separate
papers. The ticket the voter uses and
that ho rejects must both bo deposited
ono in the regular ballot box, the other
In a receptacle for unused ballots.
The fact that there Is a flourishing
Methodist university in tho heart of
Utah, that It is even called Utah univer
sity, and above all that its president is
Rev. Bam Small, is enough to make Brig
ham Young and all tho Mormon saints
turn over In their graves and howl.
Are we to havo nothing left of old
story and romancing, absolutely noth
ing? It has been found that wherever in
the dosert ot Sahara artesian wells are
driven an abundance of pure, swoot
water gushes forth, and vegetation
springs up as by magic. The French are
driving many of those wells, and plant
ing palm trees which will in course of
time yield a handsome revenue. Theso
industrious French aro also building a
railway from Algeria into tho heart of
what was the desert of Sahara, but will
soon bo that no moro. Besides that tho
same people are seriously preparing to
wipo out tho borbario kingdom of Da
homey and annex it to France. Then
Franco, too, will have something to
show in tho way of African conquests.
But thero will be no more Sahara, no
moro women warriors.
Booth Carolina! Tho eyes of tho coun
try are upon you. Your farmers have
trm In politico. Now wo shall boo what
they can do.
VOL. 25, N0.38
Should Women Proposer
This now question promises to booomo
quite as interesting as tho old ono wheth
er marriage is n failure. In Bulwer's
"Coming Ilooo" H is tho women who do
tho courtship nnd pop tho question.
Among lions and sparrows nllko It is tho
fomalo who chooses tho mate that is most
agrccablo to her. Tho lionoss remains a
truo and faithful spouse to her chosen
ono for three years or thereabouts, nat
uralists say, then sho shakos him and
gets another one. She has tho matter
all in her own hands, or paws, and the
lord of beasts has nothing to say about It.
Certain un terrified ladlos In England,
mindful of tho over increasing army of
unwedded maids in tho kingdom, now
contend with much earnestness that
women, not men, should do tho pro
posing. Thus there would be moro mar
riages and fewer old maids and bache
lors, though considering tho divorce
courts it does not necessarily follow that
that would bo an improvement. Womon
would stand a better chanco of getting
tho men thoy wont, whilo mou could
only sit bashfully by in a row and wait
to bo asked. Mon havo had a monopoly
of popping tho question for ages that are
quite long enough, nowletitbe tho other
box's turn, they say. Thero is ono good
result that might flow from It. The
great mass of disooutentod and unhappy
married ladles could not then blame their
husbands for bringing them into misery.
Tho misery would bo ot their own mak
ing. A Ilrtdffo and Two Tunnels.
The project for building a bridge across
tho Hudson river botwoon New York
and Jersey City is rapidly taking shape.
There is no reason, except tho ferry in
terests, why a bridge and tunnel both
should not bo constructed between Now
York and Jersey. Even thon tho facili
ties for travol and traffic would be
taxed. Tho tunnel is progressing quiet
ly, not much being said about it En
glish capital is employed in it largely.
Meantime the amount necessary to bo
gin the construction of the great bridge
has nearly all been subscribed and 10
per cent, paid in. Railroad and bank
officials have taken the major part of the
Another- project still more imposing
has taken shape in ths fertile brain of
Mr. Erastus Wlman. It is no less than
a tunnel from Staten Island to Brooklyn.
Brooklyn is now cut off directly from
manufacturing interests, because of the
expense and difficulty of communication
with the rest of the world. A railroad
from the southern extremity of the island
at Arthur Kill will connect with the
tunnel. The tunnel will cross Now York
bay at a point some dlstanoe above the
Narrows, whero the forts stand opposite
each other, one oa Long Island, tho other
onBtaton Island. It will striko South
Brooklyn at Bay Ridge.
This tunnel will afford direct commu
nication with Long Island for eight trunk
railway lines, and tho freight on coal
lone for Brooklyn and the island will
pay the interest on tho wholo ooet of the
tunnel, $0,000,000. Gorman capital is
said to bo backing the Bohome. Tho
tunnel will have two tracks.
I Speaker Itccd.
I The picturcsquo Molno campaign,
which resulted in returning Hon.
.Thomas Brackett Reed to congress with
renewed eclat, has set tho world to talk
ing of him again. It is not generally
known, but Speaker Rood was educated
for tho ministry. He was a poor lad,
poor in all but brain and body power.
Ho waa profoundly religious, and the
Congregational church of Portland pro
posed to educate him for tho ministry.
He agreed to it, and the church sent
him to Bowdoln college But while
learning was going into his head theol
ogy was ooting out of it, and when Tom
Reed graduated ho informed the church
that had paid for his schooling that his
opinions had changed so that he could
no longer consent to bo a preacher.
Howovor, ho pnld the money they hod
lent him all back scrupulously, so that
although a light was lost to tho Congre
gational church tho money it had spent on
tho youth was not wasted. Reed becamo
a lawyer noted for wit and, like many big
bodied men, also for indolence. It was
often said of him that Tom Reed would
mako a groat man if he were not so lazy.
Ho appears to havo boon waked up
since he went to congress, however.
He is a poor man and always has been,
bo far as money Is concerned, never even
koeping a carriage, which is tho touch
stone of a congressman's social standing.
In the house he became noted for his
wit. In his maiden speech he gave a
man who interrupted him a taste of his
quality in a biting repartee. Thon ho
"And now, hoving embalmed that fly
In the liquid amber of my speech, I pro
ceed." Other biting sayings havo boon
recorded. Onco an opponent ended on
eloquent passage with tho quotation: "I
would rather be right than bo president."
Instantly Reed turned to him and
"You will never bo either,"
His opponents might tako a lesson from
his unfailing good humor. He is said to
wear "a smile like a policeman's club."
He is the strictest sort of a party man,
and does not bellovo in letting down tho
bars to admit any outsiders. Once ho
said of trying to conciliate tho Prohibi
tionists in Maino:
Now, don't let us go fooling after them. Our
ted may not suit everybody, but we are lying
pretty snug and altogether harmonious and com
fortable. If you begin trying to stretch the
Uanhet so it will cover this and that outsider the
first thing you know you will split it up the mid
dle, or you will pull U off some ot your own peo
ple at the other side of the bed, and have ihelr
tees kicking out la the cold.
Which is sweeter, reciprocity sugar or
It has been reciprocity and sugar in
the senate and pistols and coffoo in tho
"Maine ought to stop voting lu Sep
tember. It Is a bad season of tho year,"
says The Boston Herald.
Stanley says of Emin Pasha: "Ho it
continually In the sulks, and It is usoleus
to meddle with him."
There is ono trust that is going to
smash the record. That is the potato
trust of New Jersey, It Is now buying
and shipping to tho west thousands of
bushels of potatoes.
There ore few jieaohes, apples or plums
oast of tha Paclflo slope. The pear crop
is a dead failure in most parts. Bat
thero will bo cranberries without end.
Lot us tako courage.
At the HaTtngs. Hank.
In tho long procession that passes bo
fore tho cashier of a eatings bank ftro
many odd characters. Tho man behind
tho counter does not roccivo tho do
posits, llttlo And groat, without retain
ing also a good many amusing recollec
tions, Tho other day a pleasant faced
Woman handed her book to tho cash! or
In a Boston savings bank, nnd paid, with
a good deal of what tjio Froncli coll cm
prosacmont, "Next week 1 wish to draw
the full amount of my deposit."
"Vory woll, madam,'1 answered tho
cash! or, looking at tho book,
"I thought Iwould mention it today,
and then It would not cause any incon
venience," sho continued, with ft bright
"Thank you vory much," replied tho
cashier. "Como in any timo next week
and you shall havo it. Oryott can draw
ft today lf you llko. Wo have tho
amount on I'm ml," and ho smiled upon
his customer ns if bo took a ponx&al
Interest In her plans.
"No, I will como In next Wednesday,
thank yon," nnd alio tripped happily
awny with her precious book.
Tho "full amount of her doposit" was
Not long ago an Irishman explalnod to
the cashier that ho wished to draw ft
certain amount from tho deposit of n
friend, whoso book ho presentod.
"Very well," sold tho cashier, hand
ing him a printed blank. "Yon must
havo your friend sign this order. Lot
him put liis namo here, and write 'Pay
to Bearer' hero, and we will giro you tho
Not many hours later Mr. Rlloy ap
peared again. He pointed to his friend's
namo properly signed to tho ordor, and
also an inscription after the printed
words, "poy to ."
"I don t know what yo wanted that
namo there for," ho Bald, "but I wrote it
in as yo told me."
The "namo" ho had written in was
There being no role of the bank
against phonctio spelling, Mr. Rlloy re
ceived his monoy forthwith. Youth's
l'ell .gnlnst Xngnlls' Skeleton.
I used to know Ingalls years ago. Ho
was thinner thon than he Is now and
looked just about tho same. Ho lived in
Atchison, and hnd the reputation of be
ing possessed of moro brain and less
flosh than nny other adult In Kansas.
Ono day ho went up to the ofllco of a
friend of his, a doctor, and white ho was
in thero a nowsboy dashed in. Now tho
kids who sold papers around Atchison
in thoso days worO tho noisiest I ever
heard, and the doctor's assistant, n
cheerful young student, was always on
the alert to shut somo of them up and to
prevent them from Invading tho privacy
of his room with tholr stamping foot and
earplorcing yells of "S'n Lousy papers."
The assistant had soon this particular
boy as he entered tho building, nnd in
on Instant hod placed inside tho door
way of tho ofllco a full grown skeleton.
When the youngster throw tho door
opon, and was midway through, ono of
his declamations, tho skeleton fell over
on him. With a shriek that was worse
even than his regular street cry tho boy
rolled down ono flight of stairs and tum
bled into the street, and his murmurings
continued right straight along.
"You've scared that boy to his death!"
exclaimed tho budding senator, who was
overflowing with indignation. Then ho
went to the window, nnd bending out
called to tho grimy but pallid faced vic
tim: "Como back hero, boyj Til buy
some of your papers. Ho shan't hurt
The responso was instantaneous. Tho
boy's sobs ceased, and ho shouted: "No,
you don'tt You can't fool me if you
havo put your clothes on." Interview
in Washington Star.
The Taloe of Knowledge.
A Brooklyn manufacturer paid a bill
without a murmur tho othor day, sim
ply on account of tho way it was word
ed. His engineer found that tho hot
water pump would not work and sent
for a machinist. Tho latter bothered
with it half a day and said it must como
apart. This meant a stoppage of the
factory for a long timo. It was suggested
that a neighboring engineer bo sent for,
as ho was a sort of genius in tho matter
of machinery. Ho came, and nfter study
ing tho pump n whilo ho took a hanunor
and gavo threo sharp raps over tho valve.
"I reokon she'll go now," ho qniotly said,
and putting on steam "she" did go.
"Tho next day," says the manufacturer,
"I received a bill from him for $23.50.
The price amazed mo, but when I had
examined tho Items I drew a check nt
onco. Tho bill read this way: 'Messrs.
Blank & Co., Dr. to John Smith For
fixing pump, 60 cents; for knowing how,
125.' Had he charged me $25.60 for fix
ing tho pump I should have considered
it exorbitant. Bat fifty pents was rea
sonable and I rccognlzo the valuo of
knowledge; so I paid and said nothing."
A Dr. Hirt, in "Breslau, Germany, has
succeeded in making some cures that
would havo been set down ns miracles in
a moro suiwrstitious ago. A thorough
investigation of hypnotism and a knowl
edge of how to mako uso of it are well
worth tho whilo of progressive Ameri
Tho son of Privy Councillor Klein, of
Breslau, had boen nfulctod with cough
and every symptom of consumption for
months. In January, 1889, tho cough
attnekod him. Ho grow worse and woreo
for seven months, whon ho often lay
upon his bed nil day from weakness
Tho paroxysms were terrlblo, accom
panied with expectoration of blood.
Early in 1800 Councillor Kloin prepared
to tako bis son to Italy, in hopes to pro
long his life. Ho mentioned his inten
tion to Dr. nirt, who offered to try
what could bo dono with hypnotism.
Klein gavo his consent, and tho boy was
brought to him.
Tho physician put tho patient under
hypnotic influence by the ordinary
method. Thon, with tho boy in tho
mesmeric sloop, tho physician told him
that he had liod a bad soro throat, but
that It was now well, and lie would sleep
soundly that night. Dr. Hirt said this
repontedly in a clear, decided voico, nnd
prwod and rubbed tho boy'u larynx
meanwhile. Ho also told him that ho
was entirely well, and that ho must say
for hlniBolf that ho was entirely well.
Tho boy then said, "I am entirely woll."
Dr. Hirt treated tho youth Fob. -1,
1890. Next day came tho father, and
said no further treatment was needod.
In threo months' time tho boy was in
The othor cure was somowhnt Binillar.
In this coso a 18-year-old boy hod been
oilllctod for somo weokg with n, hoarse
ness that had left him quite voiceless.
Dr. Hirt first hypnotized him, then told
him tho hoarseness. liad been nil imagi
nary, and that he could speak as loudly
as any ono. Ills throat was well, tho
physician assured him. Then ho bade
him ppeak aloud. Ho kneaded and rub
bed the boy's throat as ho hod dono with
tho other patient. Tho boy thon spoko,
a llttlo at first, gradually londer, till in
threo minutes from tho first effort ho
had quite recovered his voice.
Thuw) instances stem thoroughly well
authenticated. If they aro so, and if tho
ouros really wore perfurmod us reported,
thou hypnotism is a boon to physicians.
In Russia publlo hypuotio seances aro
prohibited, and only physicians are al
lowed to practice tho art.
A Slim liasls7"
Jones I want to have you understand,
gentlemen, that I stand on my inorlta.
Smith I should think you would lOoo
your balance pretty aften,--Btuliagtoa