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PRflPPSQIflM., PlDtK? i - - 1 11 . .. . " i
i nvi uuuiuiinu uniiuji
INSURANCt AND REAL MTATI AONT,
OrnCE Roam No. a, Columbian Bulldlne, immm!!mmi
I!.(iOMRI111I!P. PA (1 tl PT.WHTT. "
"uTfunk, wzimm,' BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1889.
ATTO ?. NE Y-AT- L AW,
Office In Ent'i HuiMing, near Court House,
OIIN M. CI. ARK,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
Office ovir Muycr ttru's. Drug Store,
Q W. MILLER,
Office In Brewer's building, 2d floor, room No i,
jg FRANK ZARR,
Office cor. Centred Main Sts., Clark's building,
iWCan be consulted In German.
QEO. H. ELWELL,
Office, Second floor, Columbian Building,
Office In Wirt's Building, 2nd floor, Main St
Office in First National Bank Building, 2d floor,
faT Pensions and bounties collected.
P P. DILLMEYER,
Office over Dentler's Shoe store, Front room,
ROBERT R. LITTLE,
Office, Columbian Building, 2 floor, front room,
Office over Rawlings' Meat Market,
Office, comer of Third and Main Streets,
B. McKELVY, M. D.,
SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN,
Office, North side Main Street, below Market,
J-R. J. C. RUTTER,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office, North Market Street,
R. WM. M. REBER,
SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN,
Office, comer of Rock and Market Streets,
R. HONORAA. ROBBINS,
Office and Residence, West First Street,
J. BROWN, M. D.,
Office and Residence, Third Street, West
ot Market, near M. L. Church,
CtTOfnce hours every afternoon and evening.
Special attention given totbeeyenr.d the fitting
of glasses. Telephone connection.
R. J. R. EVANS,
Treatment op Chronic Diseases made a
Office and Reildence, Th'rd St., below Marker,
J. HESS, D. D. S.,
Graduate of the Philadelphia Dental College,
having opened a dental office in Lockard'i
Builuino, corner of Main and Centre itrcets,
Ii prepared to receive all patients requiring pro
Ether, Gas, and Local. Anesthetics,
administered for the painless extraction of teeth
free of charge when artificial teeth are inserted.
Au. Work Guaranteed as Representee!
Teas, Syrups, Coffee, Sl'oar, Molassh,
Hick, SncEs, Bicaicb Soda, Etc, Etc.'
N. E. Corner Second and Arch Sis.
STOrders will receive prompt attention.
C. SLOAN & 13RO.,
Carriages, Buggies, rhaetonn, Sleighs, Platform
First-class work always on h.md. Repairing
HTPrices reduced to suit (he times.
Office, Barton'. Building, Main St., be!. Market,
All styles of work done In a superior manner,
and all work warranted as represented.
Teeth Extracted Without Tain,
by the use of Gas, and free of charge when
artificial teeth are Inserted,
(J" To be open nil hours during the day.
flnllP Tr7CnnHll Climate and
ItlUUV H'lbl Location In tUorVoutn
I fill nit? iiv,uiwamv a.
I KNOW of soaps quite faif to sec,
Take care I
They can both white and spurious be,
Beware! Beware I
Trust them not,
They are fooling thee!
They claim to be the purest made,
Take care !
They arc of an inferior grade,
Beware 1 Beware!
Trust them not,
Buy the Ivory!
Hold on to that and shun the rest,
It is the cheapest and the best;
Of frauds beware 1
Trust them not,
Trust pure Ivory.
A WORD OF WARNING.
There are many white soaps, each represented to be " just as good as the 1 Ivory ' 1 "
they ARE NOT, but like all counterfeits, lack the peculiar and remarkable qualitle
the genuine. Ask for " Ivory " Soap and Insist upon getting it.
Copirlght 1866, by Procter Si Gamble.
TRY ONE NOW.
B for SI.OO.
Tfor ''Wrtwftte yroyrUtort, Hop
mftuea lor pile..
T"WO CHOICE SCHOOLS
For iSirls anb young a&ie$.
Shortltoge PFlebia Acabemy,
For Boys anb young Jflen.
SWITIIirT C. HIlOirXMJIDGE, A..XT. (Harvard Graduate),
MEDIA, PENNSYLVANIA (NEAR PHILADELPHIA).
represents tiif. following
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES
North American, of Philadelphia,
Franklin, " "
Pennsylvania, " "
York, of Pennsylvania,
Hanover, of New York,
Queens, of London,
North British, of London.
Office on Market Street, above Main, No. 5.
iTX' (Successor to Frets Tirown,)
AGENT AND BROKER,
BLOOMSBURG FlKH & LtFE I.VS. AGENCY,
(Established in 1S65,)
COMPANIES REPRESENTED :
Etna Fire Ins. Co. ot Harlfoid, 9,528,388.97
Hartford, of Hartford 5,288.609.97
Phcenir, of Hartford 4,778469.13
Springfield, of Springfield, 3,099,903.98
Fire Association, Philadelphia,... 4,512,782.29
Guardian, of London 20,603,323.71
Phcenix, of London 6,924,563.48
Lancashire of F.ng.,(U.S. Branch) 1,642, 105.0c
Royal of England, " " 453,564.00
Mut. Ben. Lf. In.Co.Neark,N J 41,379,228 33
Losses promptly adjusted and paid at this office,
FIRE INSURANCE AGENT,
Office, Second Floor, Columbian Building,
Liverpool, London, and Globe, largest in the
World, and perfectly reliable.
Imperial, of London, 9,658,479.00
Continental of New Voil 5.239,981.28
Americano! Philadelphia, 2,401,950,11
Niagara, of New York, 2,260,479.86
W. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR,
OrrosiTE Court House.
Large and convenient sample rooms. Until
rooms, hot and cold water ; and all modern
The undersigned boa leaned this well-known
bouse, and Is prepared 10 accommodate the putjlto
with all the conveniences ot a nrst-clasH hotel.
LEMUKL DRAKE, Proprietor.
GET YOUIl JOB PRINTING
DONE AT THE
If they are recommended you,
Take care !
The grocer speaks not always true,
Like as not
lie is fooling theel
Some counterfeits are white as snow,
Take care 1
Almost like Ivory Soap they show,
Beware I Beware !
Trust them not,
They are fooling thee
QUICKEST REMEDY KNOWN
For bwLube, and all sudden, ih&rp, or
long-sUDdlng paina or weaknesses of ererr
kind. Virtues of fresh hop, hemlock and
pin balsam combined. It is wonderful!
CM AWE and STRENGTHENING-
Piaster Co., Boston, cm emnine goods.
CjROWiY AC HIE
THE BEST BURNING OIL THAT CAN
BE MADE FROM PETROLEUM.
It gives a brilliant llcht.
It, will not smoke the onlmneys.
It will not char the wick.
It. has a high llro test.
It win not explode.
It 18 pre-eminently a family safety OIL
Wi5 CHALLENGE COMPARISON
With any other Ulumlnatlncoll made.
We Stake Our Reputation,
As re floors, upon tbe statement that It Is
THE BEST OIL
IN THE WORLD.
Ask jcur dealer tor
Trade tor llloorasburg and Vicinity Supplied by
CLOTHING I CLOTHING
6. W. BEB.TSCH,
THE MERCHANT TAILOR.
ki h:mi QoodsBais it Caps
OK EVEKV DESCRIPTION.
Suits id ado to order nt short notice
and n Qt always guaranteed or no sale.
Call and examine tlio largest mid beet
solcoted stock of goods ovor shown in
More next door to First National Bank
THE MYSTERY OF THE SUN.
What Is SoiirM to lln Dltrnvereit at tlx
l?cllift In December
Tlio number of nstronomlcnl iwrtlcs
that nto preparing to go to convenient
points In tlio track of the totnl solnr
ccllpso in December, mul tho complete
ness of tho equipments Ujoy proposo to
tnko with them for oTjiorvntlon, mako
tho prospects for good results unusually
hopeful. The comparatively Infrequent
opportunities for studying this species
of solar phenomena, mid tho brief time
that is available, under tho most favor
able circumstances for observation, mako
each event of great importance to as
tronomical science, particularly as at no
other timo can so much ovldonco bo ob
tained for determining tho real clinractcr
of tho sun and its appendages.
Long as tho science of astronomy lias
flourished mid great as has been Its ad
vance, it is only within a few years that,
by tho aid of tho spectroscopo and pho
tography, the nature of tho sun and its
Durroundlngs has been established with
anything liko certainty, and oven now
tho most widely different theories aro
held as to the character of tho sun's ac
tivity. It lias long been known that
around tho black disk of tho moon in to
tal solnr eclipses a halo of light is seen,
bright next to the sun, but fading nwny
more or less gradually Into tho black
ness around it. This was supposed by
tho generality of astronomers ns into as
1870 to bo duo either to the effects pro
duced by our own atmosphero or by tho
moon's atmosphere. It was not till later
that astronomers wero convinced that
this halo or corona was a part of tlio sun
itself, and that from it must bo derived
tho most important clews for settling
the mysteries of tho sun's bent and
From tho observations of eclipses made
recently It is now well known that tho
sun as ordinarily vislblo to us, bounded
by tho photosphere, is only n part of tho
sun. Just outside tho photosphere is a
comparatively thin layer of gas, mainly
hydrogen, culled tho chromosphere;
around this is tlio corona, thousands ot
miles thick, and around tho corona, es
pecially along tho equator, thero is a con
siderable extension of matter about
which iittlo is known. Tho general
theory which lias been built up from a
knowledge of tbeso facts and from the
observations of such phenomena as sun
spots and prominences is that tho chemi
cal elements aro being continually tossed
nbout in the enormous ntuiosphero of tho
sun and never getting oat of it. Tho out
er layers of tlio ntuiosphcro aro recog
nized as much cooler than tho inner.
Cool or comparatively coo) masses of
mutter aro produced by condensation in
tho upper regions from tho hot ascend
ing vairars of tlio lower atmosphere.
Theso masses of matter, having gathered
weight, como under tlio influence of
gravitation over twenty-flvo times as
great as ours, and fall with almost in-
crediblo rapidity townrd the center. It
is supposed that theso tcrrlflo rains of
cooled matter upon the sun produce
what are known as sun spots.
Wo know how small meteorites in our
own cold atmosphere are heated to in
candescenco by friction. Their kinetic
energy is transformed into heat. It is
not difficult to Imagine, therefore, that
theso masses of matter darting dowr.
from n great height abovo the photo
sphere of the eun, creates great disturb
ances near the photosphere, such as sun
spots Indicate, and that masses falling
Into tho inner and greatly heated atmos
phere should bo broken up in tlio heat
generated by their own kinetic energy
into hot vnimrs, producing such expan
sion that the down rush is transformed
into an up rush, which would carry the
chemical elements back to the cooler air,
where they would gradually condense
again and repeat tho operation of falling
into tho chromosphere. Tho effect of
such an up rush is supposed to bo indi
cated by tlio prominence observed. Tho
matter is supposed to bo thrown up liko
tho water of a fountain and liko it thrown
back, only to bo tossed up again, but on
so great, so terrific a scale that tho imagi
nation is unablo to form a picture of it.
If tills is tho correct theory of tho sun's
existence, It Is impossible to conceivd of
any limit to it. Elements which wo can
only heat into a glowing mass aro there
reduced to a vapor, and by expansion
thrown 100,000 miles or more awuy, only
to cool and pelt back again toward tlio
center of attraction, thero to bo thrown
otf again. Hut eiloctivo as the theory is
in explaining solar phenomena, it is by
no means generally held, and among
thoso holding it there aro great differ
ences of opinion. The ovidenco is liltlo
better than circumstantial, and it is only
by tbe industrious work of astronomers,
with improved appliances, that tho mys
tery can approach solution. Tho study
of tlio sun is to us the most important
study in astronomy. It affects us di
rectly. To better understand this center
of life and heat is to better understand
our own surroundings, nnd it is from tho
observations of thoso sent out to view
tho occasional total eclipses of the sun
that light must come. Providenco
A CA.PT." KIDD 8TORY.
Mysterious Stmneem Carry onT Treaaarea
from a Connecticut Graveyard.
Ever since the recent heavy rains
worked deep gullies In the old roads in
tho vicinity of Lordships farm in this
township and a number of gold coins of
ancient date were found, thero has been
great excitement over what Is supposed
to bo a clow to Capt. KIdd's buried trea
sures. Searching parties have been or
ganized mid all tho old stories relative to
tho hiding place of the wealth of tlio lld
buccaneer liavo been rovived and liavo
becomo tho chief toplo of conversation.
Tliu story that tho old Johnson vault in
tho Episcopal burylng-"ground near tho
village was made tho receptacle ot. vast
treasures on tho return of Kidd from ono
of his cxedltlons seemed to bo tlio most
probablo, nnd tho Btrnngo performances
which liavo taken placo thero for a few
nights bad; strengthen tlio belief of tho
majority of tho villagers that a search
is being carriod on, If really the treasure
has not been found and carried away,
A few nights ago a cab was seen to
drlvo up to tho gateway of tho cemetery
about midnight, and two men left it and
went into tho yard. Tlioy returned in
nliout an hour and drove uway. No im
portance was attached to this incident,
but when tho eamo thing was repeated
tlio following night, and It became
known, tlio town was all excitement,
Humors of body snatching, and of the
discovery of the treasure and Its remo
val by night were llylng thick and fast.
Tho cemetery was carefully searched,
the old vault being tho thing of particu
lar interest. Nothing was discovered to
verify the suspicions, and it was deter
mined to form a vlgilanco committee
and lie in wait to solve the mystery,
Tlio next night found twenty-live men
waiting for tho mysterious cab and its
occupants to appear. At about tho samo
hour up it drove, and two men entered
tho cemetery and wero lost to view
among thee trees.
Not a man among the twenty-five
lying concealed In tho bushes dared to
mure, and In n short time tlio two men,
possibly laden down with gold aud jew
els, emerged from tlu) cemetery, aud
entered tho mix. The driver, wba all
tills ttnlo had eat upon tho box as mo
tionless as tho marblo post at the en
trance of tlio cemetery, whipped up his
horse, nnd disappeared in tho darkness.
Tho next night fresh recruits wero
added to tho party, but tho cab and Its
mysterious occupants did not put in an
A search through tho cemetery failed
to show any signs of tho visit. The
rusty fastenings, of the old Johnson
vault wero In tho same position as they
had been for over 200 years.
There is a strong belief among tho
older inhabitants that the treasure lias
actually been found and carried away in
tho cab. Stratford (Conn.) Telegram.
Knmlnc HI CiUe;e CmilKe.
Speaking of snobbishness, the !.ttviiei
is glad to liavo occasion to note 1 rase ol
old fashioned manly absence of that
unpleasant reality. Spending h Sunday
recently with a friend in a very delight
ful summer resort not far away, where
a good many pleasant cottages have been
built on a clilf commanding a lino view
of the summer sea, the'Listener happen
ed to be sitting on tho veranda with his
friend as a milkman's wagon drew up in
the street. Tho milkman, a sturdy young
fellow, of pleasant face, dismounted,
rang a bell by way of warning to the
maids of the vicinity to get their pitchers
ready, and then started around with ills
cans and his pint measure. As ho passed
around to the back door of tho cottage,
tlio Listener's friend saluted him as one
gentleman salutes another. And when
tho milkman had gono tho other paid:
"That young man is a member of the
class of '00 at Harvard college."
"Yes. Ho is carrying himself through
entirely by his own exertious, and ho
takes this way of helping himself out. 1
daro say ho makes enough money selling
milk at a good figure to the (tcople here
In tho summer time to pay tho greater
part of ills expenses for tho remainder
of tho year at Canibrite."
"Does ho water hU milk?"
"Not perceptibly. It is very good milk,
and I have no doubt ho is as honest as
the business allows."
Thero was a young man in tlio house
who belongs to tho class below the milk
man's In college, and he testified to tho
excellent standing of tho young man at
Such an incident is ono of a good many
which go to provo that Uarvnrd men aro
by no means nil idlo swells. Perhaps
thero is not nearly so largo a proportion
of students at Harvard who earn money
in tho summertime by tablo waiting at
the mountain and seasido resorts as at
Dartmouth or Amherst, but there are
certainly a good many men thero who
earn every cent of their collego expenses.
A lllff Steamer's Twin Screw.
When Capt. Watkins, of the City of
Paris, left Queonstown on the 25th of
last month and started on a course fifty
nino miles shorter than his famous run
shorter becaubo lie ran northward where
tlio world growB smaller and camo down
over tho shoulder of "tlio great globe
wo inherit," taking any possible chance
thero might bo of fogs and ico in cross
ing tho banks of Newfoundland at thia
season tho engines wero put at full
speed, and for something over four days
they were driven at tho average rate of
ninety revolutions of tho screws per
minute. Thero was a variation from
eighty-six to ninety-two revolutions;
When the furnaces wero opened to be
cleaned tho intensity of tho steam would
be diminished for a few minutes and the
speed of tho screws reduced to eightys
six turns in tho minute. It will bo noted
that tho average Bpeed was threo revo
lutions in two seconds, and tho screws'
aro twenty feet in diameter. It is aston
ishing that this velocity can bo main
tained day nnd night without a second's
waiting and avoid developing excessive
and crippling heat.
The fact that thirty men avo employed,
to pour oil upon tlio bearings and" all
parts where tho friction is severe will
perhaps account in part for tho phenom
ena, but certainly only the greatest per
fection of material, and tho most deli
cato adaptation of ono part to tho other,
could provide for bucIi a straiu without
disaster. I doubt whether so startling a ,
test of integrity and absolute exactitude)
in manufacture can bo found in any '
other machinery. During tho lato run
of the City of Paris the wind was so
strong from tho north ono afternoon ns ,
to givo the ship a decidod lift, elevuting
tho larboard screw so that at each turn
the blades threw showers of spray with
a dazzling rush far behind the vessel.
There nro four blades in the screw, re
volving threo times in two seconds so
thero wero six white 6urges per second
dashed to tho winds, and a fino reminder
of tho snowy rapids of Niagara. M.
Halstcad's "On tho Bounding Billows."
The New SaltUe.
A recent issue of Tlio Farmlngton
Register, of Oregon, contains a letter
from Andrew Saltise, tho head of tlio
Cceur d'Aleno Indians, asking the saloon
men not to sell his people liquor. IIo
sayB if any of them nro found drunk In
town ho would liko to have the city
marshals arrest them and scud word to
him, and iio will go and get them and
put them in his jail. He also talks to
the county clerk nbout estrays, and says
his people lose many horses. Ho cloJes
by Baying: "I want to bo at peace with
all tho whites, and would like to have
the whites uso my peoplo as they useone
another." It is but a few years since
Saltise rodo at tho head of tho Cceur
d'Alene warriors and was a savago chief
bent on destroying the whites. Now lie
rides around tho country taking a fa
therly interest in Ids trlbo and keeping
them btralght. IIo is thrifty nnd well
to do, and rides into town in a comfort
ablo carrhigo behind a good pair of
New Stylet nf I'uatal Curda.
Tho new postal cards soon to bo issued
will vary in size. There will bo threo
sizes when tho contracts are finally taken
up ono a fine, delicate card for ladies'
uso, much smaller than that now in cir
culation and of much finer quality.
Finely calendered paper will bo bubsti
tuted for tho old bull blotting paper. An
intermediate card of the same bize as
tho 0110 now In uso will be retained, and
a new largo card will bo introduced that
can bo used for business purposes, and
will bo largo enough to allow a billhead
to bo printed thereon, besides tho other
matter. Washington Cor. Boston Jour
nal. Theodore Tilton was ono of tho pas
sengers on the Deadwood coach nt Buf
falo Bill's Wild West show in Paris tho
other day, and conveyed tho idea to tho
audience that ho was enjoying himself.
Mrs. Langtry was also a recent passen
ger 011 tho vehicle.
A Hie o.
Presumably tho largest ox In the world
Is on exhibition at the Bourbon stock
yards in this city. Ho stands eleven
hands high, is eleven feet in tho girth,
live feet from brisket to top withers,
threo and a half feet across tho rump,
and weighs 4,000 pounds. Ho' has been
exhibited at all the fuirs In tills section.
Louisville (Ky.) Telegram.
lie Telln nf Vet More Wonderful Tiling
Tluit tin Is to llrlng forth.
The reporter asked Mr. Edison if it
was true that ho had Invented a inachlno
by tho aid of which a man in Jow York
would lie ablo to seo everything that Ills
wifo was doing in Paris.
"I don't know," said Mr. Edison, laugh
ing, "that tliat would bo a real benefit to
humanity. Tho womon certainly would
protest. But, shaking seriously, I am
at work on nn invention which will al
low a man in Wall street not only to
telephone ton friend In tho Central park,
but to Boo that friend while, lie is chat
ting telephonlcally with him. This In
vention would bo useful nnd practical,
and I seo no reason wiiy it should not
soon becomo n reality, and ono of the
first things that I shall do when I get
back to America will bo to set up tills
contrivance between my laboratory nnd
my tolophono workshops. Moreover, I
have already obtained satisfactory re
sults In reproducing Images nt that dis
tance, which Is only nbout 1,000 feet. It
would Ixi ridiculous to dream of seelnc
any ono Iietwecn New York nnd Paris.
Tlio round form of tho earth, if thero
wero no other difficulty in tho way. would
mnko the thing impossible."
Hpenkiug of tho phonograph, the re-
lorter asked if it had reached its highest
dqgrco of perfection.
"Almost, I think," said Mr. Edison,
in tho last instruments turned out of
my workshops. You must know that
tlio ordinary phonograph employed in
conimcrco does not liegin to compare
witn tlio iaibt machines that Iuo in my
private experiments. With tlio latter I
can obtain a sound powerful enough to
reproduce phrases of a speech that can
Do heard perfectly by a largo audience.
My last ameliorations wero with tlio as
pirate sounds, which aro tho weak iHiint
of tho graphophone. i'or soven months
I worked from cishtcdn to twenty hours
a day upon the single sound specia.' I
would say to the Instrument 'specia.
and it would always say 'pecla,' and I
couldn't make it say nnythlng else. It
was enough to inako mo crazv. But 1
stuck to it until I succeeded, and now
you can read a thousand words of a
newspaper at the rato of 160 words a
minute, and tho instrument will repeat
them to you without an omission. You
can Imagine tho difficulty of the task
that 1 accomplished when I tell you that
tho impressions mado upon tho cylinder
are not more than one millionth part of
nn Inch In depth, nnd aro completely In
visible oven with the aid of a micro
Keporter And what new discoveries
will Ik) made in electricity?
.Mr. Edison Ah, that would bo diffi
cult to say. Wo may somo day como
Uiou ono of tho great socrets of nature.
I am always on the look out for some
thing which will help mo to solve tho
problem of navigating tho air. I liavo
worked hard upon this subject, but I am
very much discouraged. Wo may find
nomething now before that comes, but
that will come.
Mr. Edison further said that the great
development of electricity will como
when wo nnd a more economical method
of producing it. During Ids trip across
the ocean ho remained for hours on deck
looking at tho waves, and ho says that it
mado him wild when ho saw so much
force going to waste. "But one of theso
days," ho continued, "wo will chain all
that the falls of Niagara as well as the
winds and that will bo tho millennium
of electricity." Courrier des Etate-Unis.
A New Halt for Coilfltli.
Tho Newfoundland bait act, which
prohibits tlio export of bait from that
island, has had a most prejudicial effect
upon tho trench bank fisheries, the prico
ot fish bait in St. Pierro having been
forced up to nn nlmost prohibitive price.
It is now stated that threo French ships,
instead 01 going to tit. 1'ierro for bait,
fitted themselves out with flat bottomed.
round baskets, witli a holo at the top.
These thoy sunk in soventy to eighty
fathoms, and thoy wero quickly filled
with periwinkles of largo size. Tho
shells wero smashed on deck and tho
trawls baited witli llvo periwinkles. Cod-
lisli took to these most ravenously, and
tho vessels sailed for Franco with full
cargoes the first week in July, instead of
October, as usual, thus saving threo
months time anil hundreds of dollars in
tho purchaso of bait. If this report is
truo, tho discovery will bring nbout a
revolution In tho system under which tho
bank fisheries aro now enrried on.
t present the bank fishermen can onlv
fish when thoy nro provided with fresh
bait. Tills necessitates frequent visits to
some bait procuring coast, tho purchaso
of bait and of ico to keep it In good con
dition, nnd therefore tho cobt, both in
timo and money, of producing halt is
very great. If tho bait can lie caught on
ono sido of tlio ship and tho cod oil tho
other, thero is nothing to prevent tbe
lishermcn from remaining on tho lianks
during tho wholo fishing season, and tho
cost of a trip will bo materially reduced.
As Newfoundland has now almost a mo
nopoly of tho halt trade, and her bankers
aie privileged by law, this discovery will
have a serious ollcct upon tho fishing in
dustry of tho island. Montreal Witness.
lleulth 111 Tenements.
It lias always been accepted that in
cities tho death rate in tenement houses,
is greater than the general death rato.
This belief has recently been contro
verted, as far as New York city is con
cerned, by a careful annlysls of the re
turns mado to tlio health department.
It was found thnt last year tho general
death rato per 1,000 inhabitants was
20,83, while the death rato among tene
ment dwellers was 22.71. Beyond this
it was found that the death rate In largo
tenement houses Is less than in tho
smaller ones. Tho chief roason for this
difference of mortality to tlio ndvantago
of tenement houbos is attributed to tho
exercise of tho plenary power of tho
board of health in regard to them in
both construction and nppolntincutB
during recent years, while tho construc
tion and appointments of tho hitherto
supposed to bo tho most healthful class
of house? have been left to the Intelli
gence of tho architects and tenants, ex
cepting a gcnornl compllanco only with
tho plumbing laws. Boston Herald,
DUoourutluc tbe Whittling Habit.
Ill Now Haven thoy aro determined to
discourage the practice of whittling pub
l!o buildings. A prisoner in tlio lockup
climbed up a ventilator sliaft and cut
away a number of slats, only to bo
nabbed by the vigilant watchman.
Brought beforo tho mngUtrato ho wns
fined $20 and costs for damaging tho
building, In addition to receiving tho
penalty for tho tulsdeods that brought
mm into tno tolls or tho law, Hoston
Soveuty-three years ago Mrs. Sally B,
Weeks Bucknam, then n blushing bride,
went to housekeeping in a snug farm
house, on tho west Mono of Mount Pros
pect, N, II. Tlio other day in tills same
iiouse, wlicro she lias lived over since,
sho celebrated her owe hundredth birth
day, nnd was strong enough, to receivo
riot only her children, grandchildren and
great-grandchildren, but also a arco
YOL. 23, N0.36.
THE SWEET CLOVEtl.
A Iteinurliiililo (IhihIIi Ihut 1 tbn Delight
lif Council Hindi.
No one knows just how or whero it
came from or why It came, but a snowy
mid sweet breathed intruder lias come
into tho city to dispute with tho lordly
sunflower his long nnd undisputed titlo
of squatter sovereignty to all tho vncant
lots nnd blocks in Council Bluffs, Iowa,
And tho meek little blossoms on the sum
mits of tho sweet clover plants nro look
ing upon the swift nnd certain destruc
tion of tho pioneer sunflower. Over one
third of tho bottoms, where a year ngo
nothing but tlio glgantlo resinous weed
turned its black nnd yellow fnco to tho
sun, and whero It grew in such luxury
that even tho noxious cocklo burr was
choked out of existence, tlio fragrant
sweet clover has appeared and holds un
disputed dominion over every other green
thing. Over hundreds of vacant lots in
the now additions tho tiresomo yellow
has given place to tho dark, rich follngo
and fragrant perpetually blooming sweet
Local lxitanUts who liavo examined
tho now plant with a good deal of in
terest and enro say that it is positively a
new species, produced by somo unknown
and accidental cross, and that its vigor
and spreading proclivities nro tlio most
wonderful features of its nature. Tho
old fashioned sweet clover was a frail
and ghostly plant, that loved the friend
ly shade of tho groves and tho longest
moonlight summer nights, a character
istic which mado it a proper lovo em
blem, but this now and thrifty product
of Council Bluffs spurns tho protection
of the trees and goes out boldly in tlio
fields and meets nnd conquers the sun
loving sunflower in Ills chosen grounds.
As n follago plant It is perhaps 0110 of tho
most rcmnrkablo In existence for its lux
uriance. In many respects it resembles
tho nlalfa clover, but it i3 stronger.
thriftier, nnd of much more rapid
growtli than that rcmnrkablo plant that
furnishes threo crops of hay a year in
It grows to tho height of four or five
feet, witli a dense leafy follago and a
perfect brush of Bweet scented blossoms.
Tho leaf is email and juicy, of n rich
dark green, very much resembling tho
red clover. It Is so now and its habits
so little understood thnt it is not known
what its vnlno may bo as a forago plant
for stock. In its present rank character
stock will not eat it, but, tamed by re
peated clipping and cultivation, it may
becomo ono of tho most vnluablo plants
to tho stockmen nnd farmers.
But whether it lias any vnluo or not in
tlio development of beef and horseflesh.
it U of inestimable worth to the peoplo of
Council Bluffs as a swift destroyer and
fragrant substitute for tho ubiquitous
sunflower, that lias furnished provoca
tion for so many sad reflections upon the
city, notwithstanding enthusiastic (es
thetes havo souglit to popularizo tho
meek yellow crowned weed by painting
It on panels nnd wearing it on their bo
soms. It Is n lovelv and iovablo plant.
so bociablo that it will come right up to
your doors and crowd its white head into
your windows, and so determined upon
having tho company of its fellows that it
makes a covenant with tho soil that whero
ono plant grows this year thousands
must grow next. A year ago thero wns
perhaps not enough of the plant in tho
cntiro city to cover half an ncre; now
thero aro hundreds of acres densely cov
ered with it. The odor from the acres
of white flowers Alls tho air, and after a
midsummer shower tho peculiar and
delicate fragranco is indescribable, and
as sweet as the breath of peris. Omaha
A Lite Itattlesuako In a Depot.
iV colored waiter in tlio new Central
Railroad depot restaurant in Jersey City
saw a rattlesnake crawling along tho
floor near a party of ladies. IIo yelled
snakesl and tho ladies ran out into tho
car shed screaming. Tlio waiter had an
armful of dished. As tlio suako was
heading for him lie dropped tlio dishes
and ran. Two men who had been eating
at tlio lunch counter followed him. Ono
of tho ladies who had run out told John
Van Pelt, a conductor, about tho snake.
Van Pelt got a stick and a friend of his
got another, aud thoy went into the res
taurant. Half n, dozen waiters, a cook
and threo passengers wero sitting on the
lunch counter. Thoy wero treed. Tlio
snako was crawling toward the door,
shaking its rattlo biivagely. Van Pelt
and his friend made a combined nttnek.
Van Pelt's stick was pointed, nnd ho
speared tho snako through tho neck, pin
ning it to tho floor. Tlio other man beat
tho reptilo to death. Then tho waiters
and cook and passengers camo down
trom tno counter. Tlio enako was about
two feet long. It had four rattles. How
It got into tlio deK)t is a mystery. Pos
sibly it had been shipped as freight, aud
had In Borne way escaped from confine
ment. Now York Suti.
Cremation In Paris.
Tho cremation furnaces in Pero la
Chaiso cemetery at Paris nro now in
complete working order j and tlio munici
lal council of tho city lias, after duo de
liberation, reached a decision as to tho
scaloof charges for tho incineration of
tho dead in cases whero this system may
1)0 preferred to burial. Fifty francs is
tho tariff, and as tlio payment of this
small sum gives, in addition to tlio uso
of the furnace, tlio right of occupying a
shelf in tlio "columbarium" for ilvo
years, tho chargo is uot in any way ex
cessive. Of course, tlio urn required to
contain tlio nshes of a cremated person
constitutes an extra, as Hkowiso tlio
pomp to bo displayed in cremation, for
which latter item tlio sum of from
twelvo francs to 200 francs may bo
risked. For tho simplo burning process,
however, and for n flvo years' right to ii
shelf in tlio "columbarium" tho prico of
n couplu of pounds Is really low. Lon
Rumors nro rlfo in I)ndon as to tho
health of tho Prince of Wales, which is
ea!d to bo much impaired. It is also said
thnt ho seeks to keep tho real truth of his
condition from tho newspaper reading
ill" Sueur of Milk.
Tlio manufacture of lactltic, or sugar
of milk, is a now industry In this coun
try, which promises to attain importance
in tho milk producing districts. Here
tofore tho manufacture has been confined
to Switzerland nnd Bavaria. The whole
sale prico Is twenty-flvo to thirty cents u
mund. Tho flrt nl.int for tlin tunniifrirt.
turo of lactlno in this country was estab
lished at Hamburg, N, .1. Another fnc'
tory has recently liecu started at Oxford.
N. Y, A third factory Is nliout to bo
opened at Unionvlllc, N. Y., for tho
manufacture of tlio article on a largo
scaio uy n now process, winch is claimed
to yield 11 superior product ntn reduced
cost of production. New York Telegram.
A Now York nhvsician tried nnnvrtr-rt
mcnt with Dr. Brown-Sequnrd's elixir
upon a cat witli perfect success. Tlio
doctor btupefled the cat with half pound
of ether aud then applied thee'iuir hypo
dcnnically, and in a moment the cat was
dancing around tlio room, tho btumr of
tho ether liavlng entirely disappeared,
Diamond dealers in Maiden lane and
John street aro watching every move
ment of tlio market witli sharp eyes.
Their wnrea have been advancing stead
ily in valuo for four months past, nnd
pricoa show no sign of any falling off.
"On tho contrary," said a well known
Maiden lano importer, who lias just re
turned from Europe, "I found tho Lon
don market very stiff nnd uppish In tone.
As is generally known, the output of tlio
African diamond mines is controlled by
wliat Is known as the Amalgamation,
which Is a sort of diamond inist, and
threo London firms, Jules Porgcs, Bo-
nato Brothers and Julius IColin, hnudlo
tho greater portion of tho uncut dia
monds that como to that market. Thoy
havo restricted tho output to suit them
selves, and as a conscqucnco many of
tho Amsterdam cutters nnd polishers nro
running with reduced forces, whtlo somo
of tho smaller shops ha vo closed tip al
together. "Tlio market s firmness may bo judged
by nn incident which occurred in Lon
don just before I sailed. I was in tho
ofllco of a largo diamond firm, trying to j
got some stones Bultnblo for my trado, j
when nn outsider, that Is, n man not in :
tlio trado, camo In nnd purchsBcd a par-1
eel of medium stones, weighing from
ono to threo carats, nnd valued nt 0,000
or 7,000, for which lie paid cash down, j
IIo had tho stones wrapped up, nnd put I
them back in tho firm's safe to await a
riso in tlio markot. I also know of many 1
American dealers who went over this '
spring to buy from ?50,000 to $100,000 '
worth of stock who havo returned with
only half tho stonoa they Intended to '
purchase, and somo camo baclt with'
even loss than half." S
Diamonds nro, as a matter of fact.
from 20 to 23 per cent, lilghertodny than '
they wero four months ago, when tho
market began to feel tho manipulations
of tho diamond trust. The trust is evi
dently n success, and if diamonds keep
on going up engaged couples may havo
to bo content with other gems. Now t
York Sun. 1
Queer Thluga pn Mount Lyell. !
Thomas Albright, tho well known'
Prescott prospector. Informs The Index
that "grand slght3 havo been seen"
around Mount Lyell during tho past two
weeks. All through tho present season
It has been noticed that tho glacial
streams flowing from beneath tho great
ico field which havo been trickling in
measurod volumes for thousands of years
havo increased so as to becotuo rosiiec
tablo creeks in many Instances. This
could not bo accounted for, as tho heat
of tho sun is probably no moro Intenso
than It has been many times before.
Possibly tho phenomenon mnv bo ex
plained by recent occurrences. Within
tho past month singular lights and glows
havo been noticed along tlio upper odeo
of tho ico, tho towering bare cones gleam
ing pho8porescoutly nmid the gloom of
Lach morning following a disnlav of
this kind smoke is soon Issuing from
under tho Ico in intermittent streams, ns
If ejected by somo forco acting beneath.
At times tho whiffs aro sharp and Biid
den from a dozen or moro places nt tho
same time, accompanied by a rod dust
wiucn settles on tho gtaoler and discolors
it in blotches of many acres.
It Is believed, as Mr. Albrisrht eavs.
that tho mountain is "nlivo and work
ing," nnd that tlio pent up forces within
aro struggling to mako a vent, Tlio
glacier Is about two miles in length and
a mllo In width. Its dentil in places.
Judging from tho profilo of tho moun
tain, which is 10,000 feet in height, must
be enormous. Perhaps old Pluto lias re
sumed operations in his laboratory and
is endeavoring to throw out tho great
mass of ico which plugs his chimney.
Lyell has been dead to all appearances
for countless ages over slnco tho time,
In the forgotten past, when, by somo
cataclysm, tho wholo continent was cov
ered by an loo cap several thousand feet
in thickness. Maybe the old hill i3 try
ing to reassert itself aud demonstrate to
tho world that it still has latent life.
Minister Iteld'a l'urla Mansion.
The homo of tho American minister
and Mrs. Reid is ono of tlio most magnif-
iccut ot 1110 private residences of Paris.
It was originally tho homo of tho Count
ess of Gramtnont, who was born Mile.
Sabatier. Tlio father of tlio countess
was formerly tho French consul general
to Egypt, aud ho had acquired a vast
collection of Egyptian curiosities, which
10 had caused to bo arranged in the vast
liall of liis splendid hotel, which at his
death becamo tho property of his daugh
ter, it must Do contested that this hall
when our present representative at Paris
camo to take up his residence in his now
abodo was anything but cheerful in its
aspect. It was adorned with mummies
in their cases, with statues of Isis and
Osiris In black basalt, and with cabinets
filled with old Egyptian bronzes, pot
tery, etc., larger pieces of bronze being
placed on brackets along tho walls.
Tho effect was depressing, not to say
funereal. Minister Reld caused all thoso
dusky curiosities to bo carefully packed
away and has had tho walls hung with
urocatene ot a crimson ground and fig
ured with a design in deep yellow. Only
tho marblo sphinxes that decorato tho
balustrado ends of tho grand stnircano
remain to tell of tlio Egyptology of tho
uunuer or tho mansion. Opposito tho
staircaso is tho door loading to a series
of sumptuous drawing rooms. Tlio
smaller sized of theso and tho flret of tlio
buito is paneled with Louis XV grouns
after Boucher. Tho grand drawing
room 13 paneled nnd tumished with
crimson brocaded satin. Tho cornice is
richly carved aud gilt, forming a setting
to a painted celling representing n aloud
flecked sky. In front of the central
window stands a life sizeil statuo of
Helen of Troy, by an Italian artist. Be
yond this apartment is tlio dining room,
wnero twenty-lour persons can bo Heated
at table. Paris Letter to Philadelphia
An Alabama Negro Killed Iiy n Hear.
Yesterday threo negroes Nod Tavlor.
Jim Robinson and Joe Sweeny wjmt
sqiurrui iiuming in tno swamps of the
Wnrren river, n few miles from Car
thago, Ala. In a hollow stump tiiev
found two young leare, and attempted
to capture them alive. While they were
tying ono of tho cubs tho mother sud
denly appeared on the scene and attack
ed Taylor. His gun was knocked out of
Ills hand and tho bear seized hint around
tho body. Taylor's companions wero so
badly frightened that they dropped their
guns and lied from tho spot. When thoy
returned half an hour later they found
Taylor dead aud torn to pieces by tho
teoth and claws of tho licar. The cubs
wero in a tree, but tho old bear was
lying on tlio ground writhing in ngony.
Taylor had gotten out his knife nnd
stubbed tho bear repeatedly before his
strength gave out. Tho animal was
killed by u shot from Robinson's rifle
Who over hoard of a cheese mine?
Yet 0110 has been discovered at Palmyra,
Wis. It 'isn't prrd;!y a mine; in fact
being n large quantity of clieeae which
was buried mnny years ago beneath a
factory and thero in somo manner for
gotten. It has jiut been discovered nnd
tlio vnluablo product is boiug quarried
out by tho preient ownors of the factory.
Ho Knew 5u KnglUh.
About ono mouth ngo a youni? man
named Joo Harjwter was utrusk on tho
back of tho head with a pair of brass
knuckles by a footpad, knocking hlui
sensoless, and for moro than n mouth ho
lay unconscious. A few days ago he
suddenly recovered his senses but when
ho did ho was ablo to converse Intelli
gently only in the German language,
lie was born of American parwita, who
tpoko German, and tliatwas the lan
guago he first learned. He gave that
up, however, and learned KnglUh, 11 h
it at all times, entirely furgettin ; his
German. Now ho can remember nuii
Uiy of Englisli. Scientists are wroutling
. with the problem. St. Louis Republic,