Newspaper Page Text
a u pmrz
ATTORNEY-AT.L AW, .
Office Front Room,;Ovor roatoffice.
T II. MAIZE , , ;
Office. Room No. - S,t iColumbiAn
building. ; .
Offlco In Xnt's Building.
J OHN M. OLAKK,
ATTOltN E Y-AT-LAW -'
JUSTICE OP THE PEACE.
i BLoonsBOna, Pi
onice over Moyor Bros. Drug Store.
Oflloeln Brower'sbult'dlngjaecondfloor.room No.l
r FRANK ZARR,
Office cornor ot contre ana Main Streets; Clark a
Building. , -
Can bo consulted In German.
QEO. E.( ELWELL "
Bloombbdi:o, Pa. J
nnin nn First floor, front room of Cot
HulUUnc. Main Btreot, below Ex
pAUL E. WIRT,
offlco in Columbian BntLDiNO, Tblrd Door.
TT V. WHITE,
AT - OENBY-AT-LAW,
B L 0 0 M S B U R 0 , PA.
Offlco In -.towers' Building, Znd.floor.
B KNORB. t" W1NTSKSTMH,
KNORR & WINTERSTEEN,
omoe lu lsl National Bank building, second 'floor.
nrat door to tbe left. Comoro! Main and Market
stroots Bloomsburg, Va. t
ttyPetutont and Eouttiiee Collected.
' (lilSTJIIGT ATTORNEY.) "
omoo.oorner ot Third ana Main Btreem.
jypOHAEL F. EYERLY, ,
Conveyancer, Collector of Claims.
LEGAL ADVICE IN TDK SETTLEMENT 07
I Offlco In Dcntlcr'B UuUdlng wltb F. P. BUI
meyer, . attorney-st-law, .front room 2nd . floor
Bloomsburg. Par - tapr-9-8.
K. U0N01U A. 110BBINS.
Office and residence. West First street. Blooms
burg, ttUj f
T- B. McKELVY, M. D.,Burgeon and'Phy
.olelan.nortUBldoMaln atreet.below Market
rR. i. 0. RUTTER,
omce. North Market street,
vm) wur m nu-.TlTCn Burecon and
IjPhyalnlan. Offlce corner of Rock and Markot
j- B. BROWN.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Offlco and resldenco on Third- street near Metho
dist church. Diseases ot the eyo a speoiaity.
J 0. REIFdNYDER, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
omce with Dr. WllUta In Mrs. Bnt'a bnlldlng
W. R. TDBBS, PROPRLETUK
OPPOSITB COURT HOUSE.
Largo and convenient Bample rooms. Bath room
hot and cold water) and all modern conveniences,
T F. HARTMAN A
RBFBX3XHTB TD 70L10WWO
North American ot Phlladelpnfa.t "vt
Franklin, "la i
Pennsylvania, " " ' - A
York, of Pennsylvania.
Hanover, ot N. Y.
Queens, of London.
OBoo on Markot Strest, No.
HI. P. LUTZ
( Successor to Freos Brown)
AGENT AND BUUH.KK
jo.na wirA ina f'ft. . ftf TTflrtford... ft fl.B28.3s8.97 I
Hartford ot Hartford ""Si!:??!!-?!
Phoetlxof Hartford...... .... MJSS?'
Bpringrield of Sprliigneld, j.ow.Doa U8
FlreHSOCiatlon, Philadelphia.,,,.. .5l,WJ
Guardian of London - so.wa.smi
Phmnlx, of London tJ,l4,HH.49
Lancashire of England(U. S. branch) 1,,195 oo
Royal of England " " i.bm.wh.uu i
rk. M" J.1- 1 41,ST9.Sa8 83
Lossesproraptiy adjusted and paid at this ofllce.
CHRISTIAN V. KNAPP, BLOOMSBURG, PA,
HOME, OF N, X.
MERCflANTS', OP NEWARK, N. J.
PEOPLES' N. Y.
GERMAN AMERICANIN8. CO..NEWYOHK.
n,irwMWlf;il INH. r.n. NKWYOliK.
JERSEY CITY FIRE INS. CO., JERSEY
CITY, N. J.
These old cokfobationb are well seasoned by
AffR nnn vtrk TutiTtii And have never vet had a
l nan aAttiA.1 hv nnv cnurt of law. Their asseta are
all invested In solid sucdbities are Uablototbe
uaiara or rina oniy.
Losses tkomptlt and hohxbtlt adjusted and
rfiald as soon as determined by Cdkistiik r.
KNirr, srscuL aueht amd adjusteb Blooiisbcko,
ThnnAnniaof Columbia county should patron.
lie the asencv where losses if any are settled and
pall by one of ther own citizens.
PROMPTNESS. EQUITY. FAIR DEALING,
ry n. iioubk,
Bloomsburg, Columbia County, Pa
All styles otworkdonelna superior manner.work
warranted as representea. nnu jtact-
id wituoct I'iif by the use oi oas, ana
roe oi cnargewnenarunciaiveeia
Offlco In Barton's building, Main street,
below Market, 11 vo doors below Klclm'e
drug store, flrst floor.
7o be open at all Jiouri during the da
The underslgnfd baa leased this well-known
.bouse, and Is prepared to accommcdate tbe public
wltb all the conveniences of a mut-clats hotel.
SltoajW 1IJ.VF1 lU'AKK, Proprietor,
3. E. EIiWELL. , .
J KiBITTENBENDES, jr'pritori,
(fly the following well knowrtrnaker -l
Hallet ft- Davis.
Can also furriiSlif anv of the
cheaper malce atfnianufacturers
ijnuca. xp noi'Duy a piano oe
b'ro getting 6urpjlices.
Catalogue and Price Lists
1 On application.
re'asy & Wells'
Wo keep on hand a largo and well as
sorted stock of all kinds of lumber,
Southern Yellow Pine
Fencing", Flooring, &c.
A. full stock of West. Branch
Mouldings, Doors, Sash Blinds,
and Door J rameS.
Estimates and prices quoted
cheerfully. Lumber delivered by
wagon or rail Prices positively
lowest in tlfe market.
p , nprissm
Business men wbo have tried it And It crcatlv
to tlielr advantago to havo, Account Books mado
to order, to Suit their special needa. Every kind
ot Blank Book, with or witnout printed headings,
Checfc Books and Kuled Blanks 1 make in the beet
manner ac nonesi prices, uuexccuea iacimics ror
Numbering, Eyleting, perforating, runcmng and
Work for county a
i borough, ofllces
especially solicited. .Miscellaneous Book Binding
ot the highest class.
Estimates and particulars cnocrtully furnished.
J. W. RAEDER,
' 7 and 9 Market St.,
pnoToaitArn, autoguapii and
iug and Book Store, Evans' Block.
a jariro ana comnieie line j. u.
A LL THE FINEST EXTRACTS COLOGNE
V. sachets, Pomades, lla)r Dyes and Bay Rum
nt. .T If lpw.r'ia llriiff. .nil llnnL' LfnrA Pvona,
Block, opposite BpUcopal Church. '
ALL PROl'niETAltV AND PATENT MEDICINES
at J. II. Mercer's Drug and Book store, oppo-
ttiuj ivpxacuyui yuurcu
BOOKS, STATIONERY AND WALl, PAPER, A
fine stock at Mercer's Drue and Book store.
opposite episcopal uuurcn, iiioomsourg, ra.
CASTILLE, TOILET AND MEDICATED SOAPS,
a full line at J. II. Mercer's Drug and Book
Store, Upper Main meet.
COMBS OF ALL KINDS, WELL SELECTED, AND
at very low prices at J. 11. Jlercer's Drug and
Book store, tblrd door'abovo Iron street; Blooms
burg, Pa, - ?
ONDENSED MILK, COXL'S, NELSON'S AND
1 Cooper's Gelatine. Tapioca. Saee. Arrow Hoot
and all tho prepared foods for children and ln-
vaitus ai juercer's urug ana iiook More, nrsi, aoor
aDove uess' boot, ana snoe store, uioomgDurg, i'a.
C1ANART, HEMP, RAPE, MILLET, MAW AND
; Mixed Seed for the birds, at J. II. Mercer's
Drug and Book Store, flrst door below Creasy'a
ttiine writdjo PAPERS. BY BOX, LOOSE OR
I i jn Tablet form, at J. II. Mercer's Drug and
i imam, pwre, uiuuuiauurK, l a.
H.TURSING BOTTLES. NIPPLES. RUBBER RJ'l
1 ties. Teething Rings and all requisites ut ibe
Nursery that will contribute to the
ntBs, at j. u. Mercer's urugauu iiook moi
doonj above Evans & Eyer's Clothing Store.
(HYSICIANb' PRESCRIPTIONS AND FAMILY
receipts carefully prepared at all hours
Mercer's Drug and Book store, Bloomsburg, Pa.
rpOILET AND INFANT POWDERS, ROUGE,
I I Cosmetic and cold and silver Diamond Duat-
at J. II. Mercer's Drug and Book store, No 68 Main
WALL PAPER-MANY KINDS AND MANY
prices at Mercer's Druir and Book sine.
uppubiie Apiacuptu uuurwu, uiuomuuu, ru.
SAMPLE TREATMENT Tl-0o
I 'aia.rrH Ucmallenoutm to con. rTes
i vince. u. s, LiuiiKKBicn s to., its uroaa
hl. Newarlc. N. .T.- mHre.h-m.rtr..
f AvAj.iiri.iniiLi. iLVPrjf iajr inouii mow.
Bond lUmp, IMKElt UKM.00 .Bos 104 ltutTo,N.V.
O ERSIAN BLOOM, Sett Ccaplixioa Ba-
m ttUr, Hklu Oars sad lilauUh Krtdlcator known
Snd stamp tor trial paoLags,' AddrewiMsboT.
Alexander Bros. I Co,,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FRUITS AND NUTS.
BOLK 10IXT8 rOK
P. V. ADAMS tc CO.,
Sole agents of tbo fol
lowing urauus ui
FRESH, EVERY VEEK.
for tho Spring trade,
Brussel and Ingrains,bmyrna and
Cocoa Rugs, Cocoa Mattings,
and a nice line of
Feb. 10, 1&S8, tins.
BLOOMSBURG, JPA,, FRIDAY, MAT 18,188.
'I unhesitatingly add my
testimony to tho great ben-
" ofits to bo derived from Sim
mons Liver Regulator. I
was afflicted for several years
with disordered liver, which
resulted in a sovoro attack of
Jaundice. I bad good medi
cal attendance, but it failed
to restoro mo to the enjoy
ment of my former health.
I then tried tho most re
nowned physicians of Louis
ville, ICy., but all to no pur
pose, whereupon I was in
duced to try Simmons Liver
Regulator. I found immedi
ate benefit from its use, and
it ultimately restored mo to
tho full enjoyment of health."
A. II. Shirley, Richmond,
Ky, . . ."I most cheerfully re
commend it.to all who suffer
from bilious attacks or any
dieeaso caused by a disar
ranged state of tho liver." . . ( .
W. R. Burnarp, Kansas
THE BEST BURNING OIL THAT CAN
BE MADE FROM PETROLEUM.
It elves a brilliant light.
ft will not smoke the chimneys.
It win not char the wick.
ltbasa blghflre test.
It win not explode.
It Is pre-eminently a family safety OIL
WE CHALLENGE OMPAEISON'
With any other Illuminating oil mado.
We Stake Our Reputtion,
As reflnTS, upon tho statement that It 13 '
THE BEST OIL
IN THE WORLD.
Ask your dealer for
Trade for Bloomsburg and Vicinity Supplied by
CLOTHING ! CLOTHING
THE' MERCHANT TAILOR:
Furnishing ood.;H&ts & Caps
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION,
SnitR mndo to order at sboit notice
and afitalwavs cuafanteed or no sale,
Call and examine the largest and best
selected stock of goods ever shown in
Columbia county., r
BtorcHncxt' door to First National Bank,
FOR STEEP OR FLAT ROOFS
CAN. BE PUT ON BY ANY PEIISON.
'' THOUSANDS OF BOLLS SOLD ANNUALLY, '
1XJH BUILDINGS OF EVERY
BEND IFOR NEW CIRCULAR, CONTAINING.
PRICE LIST'ANP REFERENCES.
M. EHRET, JR. & CO.
423 Walnut Street, PHILADELPHIA-
aprll may i sept. '
A MONTH and BOARD for 8 bright
oung men oriaaieam eucu uumny,
i Market K::;
a largo stock of
consisting in part of
" " ,,JTHE BUNOO GAME.
1 METHODS EXPLAINED nt CAPTAIN
WILLIAMS, OK NEW YORK.
It is hard to say whore the word
"bunco" was born. Its flret apjlear
nnoa to my knowlodgo was in tho early
part of tho sovonties, when it was add
ed to'tho list of such spotting words,
so-called, as faro, keno, lolo and tbo
like. At tho outlet ll was tho equiva
lent of "confidence operation," but after
a brief wbilo It beoatno limited to ex
press thdso .transactions in wuioh a
Bwindler Bccures money or valuables
from a viotlm who willingly parts witn
his ptoporty in tbo hope ot securing a
pretended reward of ludicrously enor
mous proportions. Tbo success of tho
flrst "dteorct" and "haud-Bhakcr'' upon
tbo ignorant nhd credulous brought
milators into tho business. Ihese
tried their hands upon mon whom tho
original workers would never have ap
proached and found to their surprise
that education and knowledge of tile
wi.rld did not protect their possessors.
They continued in thir experimenting
until, having lmricoed Charles Francis
Adams, tho late Commodoro Garrison,
Oscar Wilde, tbo distinguished apostle
of (esthetic culture, and oilier mon oi
prominence in various fields, thoy con
cluded that every man was capable of
being robbed in this manner, provided,
of course, that tbo richt operator and
right mode, of attack were employed,
the bunco Men.
Nearly all tho famous bunco men
are well dressed, mild mannered, quiet
speaking and companionable fellows,
Many of them would be ornaments to
parlor, and most would bo popular
and thrivintr business men if their tal
ents were honestly and properly ap
plied. "Hungry Joe," who is now do
ing servico for tbo State in Sing Sing,
would pass muster in many of our
club. "Kid Miller," until his last
fracas, in which his face was seriouply
diBfiKured, iniuht bo and probably has
been mistaken tor it theological student,
Harrv Ashton, who victimized Com
modore Garrison, looks like a prosper
ous Wall Btroct broker, and talks, as
well as two-thirds of that fraternity.
"Cigaretto Harry," or Harry Desmond.
or Jienry Uressner, who is serving
term in II19 milfalo I'cnitenliary, re
sembles alawyer or a politician ot tho
better type. Will llawiey cultivates
literaturo in his leisure hours and shows
considerable ability as 'a newspaper
man. frequently when in bad luck or
when desiious of getting a reference
as to character, ho has worked for tho
daily press, and always done creditable
work, big Uess is a typioal young
iicbrew salesman of the better class.
"Easy Aichiu'' apts tho gilded youth
who follow the anise bag at Rockaway
and makes, it must bo admitted, a very
clever imitation. "Sheeny Doc'' is tbo
typical physician ot a, tew years stand
ing, and it is said, did actually study .1
snoit time in some medical institution
VARIETIES OF THE GAME.
Like every other art, tho bunco of to
day has innumerable variations. The
comtnontst foim that comes to the
notice of tho police is as follows : Mr.
Smith, a well to-do farmer or trades
man, comes to New Yoik from his
native town, Smithville. Ho carries
with him a well-filled wallet, which,
being distrustful of hotel clerks and
hotel safes, ho carries in aorao iuide
pocket. Near tho Brooklyn bridge,
the Central Park plaza, Madison or
Union Square, he is accosted by a
pleasant-mannered man who shakes his
hand violently and says in tho most
friendly fashion : "Bi own, dear boy,
bow are you 1"
Mr. Smith draws himself up and re
plies : "You've mado a mistake, young
man. I'm not Brown. My nainn is
1 Smith Enhrnini Smith of Smithville.
Smith county, Pa."
This is all the "hand shaker' wants
tho man's namo and address. Fre
quently, in fact, generally, thfso aro
not given as fhort and pat as in tho
interview described, frequently he
half suspects the friendly stranger and
a brii-f talk is needful to securo tbo
desired information. Wheu it U given
the accomplice joins the bunco man,
who is not far away, and who has at
this momert in his hand a small bank
ers' directory, which contains a list of
all the banks in tbe Union by Slates,
the names of their president,! secretary,
cashier and sometimes other informa
tion. As tho accomplice reaches tho
worker he says. "Pennsylvania. Smith
vilh", Smith county," and togdher thev
run down the entry. It usually rends
as follows :
Smitbvillo First National Jnbi .
Jagg!, president i William A. Snow,
secretary ; John I'orter, cashier.
Sinitn county doun i'lggsnap, presi
dent and Hi-crctary.
Tbo bunco man trained to this work
needs not to writo tboo entries down
to remember them. He runs them
over twice and, can recall thrm to tho
letter nt any tinip'unt,il,tho job is oyer.
Ho approaches tho victim, who has
moved leisurely along in the meantime,
pleasantly bows as ho roaches him,'
cougns stigntiy and says: "Why,
good morning, Mr. Smith. It is a
plcasuro to meet you in Now York.
How are 'your folks and how is my
unolo Jaboz Jaggs !"
Ho may vary this according to his
man. Ho may address him as 'Squire,
Judge, Colonel, Major and Captain,
lie is pretty certain to nso military
titlu if upon Smith's person he has seen
a Grand Array button badge, or other
insignia. Ho may uso tho judicial titlu
it ttio victim iooks as it no had over
been a Justico of tho Penoe, Court
Clerk, Constable or other oflioial For
to all such the words 'Squiro and Judge
bayo a strangely sweet and fascinating
sound, It makes but liltlo differcuco,
what words aro used. Those which
aro employed are pleasantly put mid
make Smith believe at tho outset that
here is someone who knows him and
hia and who is glad to see him in tho
cri'at wilderness whero ho is already
lonely and unhappy. Thero may bo
some mistake, however. So, smil.ng
at .his now-found acquaintance, ho
slowly drawls out s "I reckon youVo
got tbo best of me, my friend. 1 can t
place you to savo my durned old oycsV
Tho victory is half won. Tho bunco
in a second has seen that tho man is
clad to meet an acquaintance, and
what Is more important, that ho does
not suspe ct. Ho adds heartily : "Well
I wouldn't bo surprised. 1 haven't
been there now for three years, and
tho last time I was I only stayed a
week. I'm Cliarlio Jaggs, son of Ed-'
ward, who 1 the brother of Jaboz, tho
president ,pf your First Nntional Bank.
I met you last talking ono day on somo
1 , i - tA . . t.
loan or otuer unguium, iu onuw, uiu
secretary. How aro all your folks V
This nlnoty-iiine limes out ot a hun.
drcd moro than satisfies Smith. In all
probability ho has a slight acquaint
anceship and ft profound awo for Jaggs,
tho local millionaire. Snow ho knows
better from having had slight financial
operations with litni. As n rcshlt ho ls
delighted ,nt being regarded in JNow
lork as tbo friend ot n man wno nas
ntimato relations with tho Treasury at
Washington and tho Stock Exchange
in Wall street. He unbosoms himself
to tho. batikoi'fl nephow, and for a
dreary.quartcr of an hour tolls tho in
terminable talo of measles among his
children, pip in tho chicken?, dry rot
in (ho potatoes, bis daughter s engage
ment to his neichbor s son,' and all the
other details of bucolio life.
THE Sl'JDER AND THE FLY.
Tho next.step is to further impress
Smith as well as to ploaso him. Tho
bunco mail takes his, victim to tho bar
of some first-class hotel, whero mer
chants, politicians and prominent men
congregate. A popular delusion is
that it is a low saloon or dark groggety.
It nover is, except by thrjjeast skillul
"crooks." Up to the bar they- go. If
Smith .uses intoxicants so much tho
worec for him. As they stand near
tbe cleaniinc crystal ahd silver tho
banker's nephow points out tho celeb
Confidence onco gained, the operator
begins the second act of tho drama.
This is to tako his prey to tho place
whero onO or more colleagues are
awaiting his arrival, and where tho
actual swindlo ii perpetrated. The
scheme, employod in Uiu transaction
varies infinitely. aomcttiiHS it is the
Louisiana lottery, somotimcs a pol'107
shop ; it may bo tho wheel of fortune,
keno, sweat, "green goods, ' dice, poker,
euchre, cribbage, whist, roulette, rouge
et noir, "rolling tho log," thrco card
monte, thimble-rigging, "the envelope
game, or heaven knows what not.- Ul
tho men who aro swindled not more
than ono' in fivo report their less to the
police, and of these no two tell tho
samo etory alike. Tho common
est trick is for tho buncoist to givo hU
colleagues m tho oflico a lottery ticket
for which ho is supposed to have paid
S25 and to receive $250 cash in return.
Ho counts it methodically whilo tho
victim sympathizes in delight at his
friend's good fortune. Tho cashier
announces . that tho special weekly
drawing will be held in fifteen' minutes
and that $500 will, in every probability,
win $5,000 in good money. Trio
stranger accepts or hesitates, uen
erally he has only S200 or $300 about
his person. I ho bunco man comes to
his help. IIo will tako a half risk and
divido tho profits. Tho interest
bought, the drawing occurs, anil tbo
selections wins nothing or a small sum
IJut always comes within an ace of
hitting tho capital prize. At this point
tho victim "souri"," to uso, a- slang
phrase, and otti 11 "squeals, ' to uso a'j
other. Sometimes hn credulity is so
great that ho coutiuues playing until
baukrupt. If when ho perceives that
ho is being robbed he shows tho white
feather, be is either beaten or scared
into a silent or hasty night, in any
case. tho. victim is quickly disposed of,
peaceably if possibly, forcibly if need
ETIQUETTE OF 11UNCO.
It is opposed to the etiquette of bun
co to rob a man by force It is also
much moro severely punished by tho
law. An action of this sort cost
Hungry Joe his liberty and his prestige
as tbo "first operator in tho land." Tho
intended victim foolishly displayed a
largo roll of bills in his hand to Joo
and his partners after having refused
to venture a penny upon any scheme.
Joe, hungrier than usual, snatched tho
money and ran away, committing rob
bery instead of tho swindling ho had
Another odd teature of tho art is the
aversion of tho bunco man to remain
long in tbo same place, either "tbo
oflico" whero he does business or tbo
houso or rooms whero ho resides. It
is not fiom fear of tho police, as all or
nearly all the worthies aro known by
face, name and record to tho force So
constant are the changes that it would
require a largo volttluo to keep 'heir
record. It might bo supposed that
tho police would have difficulty in ap
prehending ono in cas o ho wero want
ed for. seme offense. Tho verv opuo-
site, bo-wever, is the fact. Thoy are
gregarious in their habits. Nearly
every ono knows of tho whereabouts
of tho'rest and being aware of tho dif
ficulty ot conviction tor buncoing has
no Invitation iu giving infoimalion as
to a friond pr a pal. .A second mode
of placing them arises from lheir con
vivial and social habits. They aro de
barred lrom good hotels and decent
bar rponw on'tho ono.pido and on tho
other will not patronize low saloons
and cheap groggeries. Thoy tlierofore
frequent those upprting houses whsro a
man's character has neither valuo nor
meaning and whero, their company, on
account of thtir extravagance and folly
is warmly welcomed. Theo establish
ments .are not many in number and aro
nil laminar to tho police.
VICTIMS OF OPIUM.
A third method ot locating them is
based on' their singular addiction to
tho opium liablt. They aro tho best
customers to tho opium joints aud.
sinco these were prohibited by law, of
tho private opium clubs which are ecu
tored throughout tho city. Of the fivo
or six hundred affairs of this class it is
fair' to assumo that two-third aro maiio
up of crooks. It U also fair to assumo
that three-fourths ot all tho buuco.meu
aro victims of the habit. Hungry Joo
and, eapemauy two ansigniucant pouli
denoo operators who havo boeh recog.
nizod by detective Bergeants in such
plabes times numborloss: Harry Ashton,
the bnriis Harry Ashton, "Shceney
i-ioo, doun raimor and low Martin
spend twenty-four hours nt a stretch in
"hitting tho pipe j" whilo Cigarette
Harry, .Sam Goldstein, Philadelphia
Harry, Jim MoViokar have been known
to 10 off on a bunk forty-eight and
oven soventy-two consecutive hours
On this account tho suppression of tho
publiO'joints increased detective labor.
tt was raucu easier men to Bearon a
few loints for an accuted than it is
now to visit fifty sporting houses aud
a hundred olubin.
To tho queBtion that is so often put
to tho police, "Why don't you suppress
bunc6 and arrest nil btfnco men 1" tho
only answer U tho question, uIIow can
youdo'ilt" Thoy nro novcr disorder-
y in thoir conduct, their victims sel
dom complain, and when thoy do com
plain usually rail through excitement
to identify tho swindler. When an
old provision of law is called into play
and they nro nrrested as vagrants it
certainly is ridiculous to accuso a man
of being without visiblo means of sup
port who is tho best dressed man in
tho court room and who almost, in
vnrinbly has moro monoy and inorp
vnluablo jowelry about his porson than
tho Judge of tho District Attorney,
Tho truo remody would bo a statute,
whereby any commence operator seon arguments, joining , win Dmig a uus
pursuing his businGis who cannot satis- band to time liko a. sight of aomo of
factorily proyo that ho is ,onggod in .tho lovo letters ho wrotot boforo mar
legitimato business should bo adjiidgod riago."
a professional criminal or thiof ' and, I took hor advice and have always
lined or imprisoned, in tho discretion
of the Magistrate. Until then tho I
only thing that can bo dono is for, tho
polico to uso their discretion and often
club and dnvo theso thieves from pre
cinct to precinct and in oycry wleo both
interfere with their nefarious trado and
call attention to their faces and
Exaggerations About Russian Cruelty,
1 had heard only a few days pre
viously from an Englishman born in1
ltussia that tho worst of Russian crim
inals were put down in ' quicksilver
mines in. Siberia, where thev were
speedily Ikilled by unhealthy fumes.
ijiku many others, I at once believed
the story, 4jut little thought I should
one day. have the satisfaction of kick-1
ing tho bottom out 0f .1t, by
ing, after crossing tho country myself,
iuui, iuuru uru nu suuu miugs id aioenn 1
as quicksilver mines, and, challenging
auy, oniLo bring proof that there ever
had been. As an instance, however,
of the. pertinacity with which a fa'so
idea continues to spread, and be bo-
licvcd, I may menliqn that after my 1
return 1 was speaking wnn tno editor
of a leading Petersburg journal, who
ati cu mo, that ,1 was quilo mistaken
111 supposiug that there wero.no quick-,
silver mines iu Liberia. Upon my
maintaining the contrary,, ho declared, 1
that he could bring me proof on tbe ,
spot, which accordingly ho left thq ,
room to do, but returned begging my
""b """ ."""J.
vci iuiuu.1. iiiiuiuiciuin ui Mnioi
luuiuuiy uuvu uei'u iuuuu, uu uuuui, I
hero and there in Siberia, as at Koly-
van: and a released political exile told
mo that he heard, many miles distant,
lint thero was a small quicksilver mine
at Nertchinsk;but too pobr to' bo worth
working WhOnj-however, 'HO was do
ported to four places in succession'
about Nertchinsk, bo heard 'ho'thing
moro of tho said "quicksilver" minbj
and neither he nor another released
exilo who had worked there in tbe
silver mines, and whom I questioned,'.
perceived, they said,- any .objectionable
Another-point on which false infor
uiation has been spread relates to, the
manner prisoners wear their chains,
which some, like the; author ,of "Called
liack, would havo us believe, is under
tneir trousers, jiut this is. purely
trousers. Jiut this is. purely a
hoax. I have in my possession pairs of
Kussiau handcutts and leg chains, and
a prison suit which I obtained in
Siberia, whero also I saw scores, not to
say hundreds, of leg chains. The last
consist eaolnof two rings, to bo riveted
round tho anklos, and attached, by a
chain thiity inches long, which, for
convenience in walking,, is suspended
in tho middlo by a strip of leather
lrom tho wait-t. lsetween the rings
and tho prisonei's Bkin thero is worn,
first, a coarse woolen stocking, and
over that a piece of thick linen cloth;
then come tho trousers, over which is
bound round tho shin a leather gaiter.
How, then, conld theso chains be, worn
under the trousers? Tho chains in my
possession weigh fivo and a quarter
pound", tho handcuffs two; "but of theso
latter I should observe that in going
across aioena and through us prisons
t saw onlv ono man manacled, and he
a desperado, who, to tho crimo for
which ho was judged, added that of
murder in tha prison. Dr. Henry
Lansdkll, in Uarjier's Magazine for
The Tramp and the Lucrative Tnrkey.
From tbe Melborno Ago,
A lean mid hungry-looking man was
roaming round Walgert (N. S. W.)Iast
Sunday morning, and wondering
whero ho was likelv to tind a dinner,
when suddenly ho observed a lutkov
hanging under a hotel verandah, and
gently disengaging it he lied down tho
street. Ho sold it at tho noxt hotel
and the landlord hung it under tho
vcrnudah. then ho soltly annexed it
again and ran around to a boarding
louse, wnero tue landlady bought it
after somo haggling and hung it under
her verandah, It was gono five min
utes later, but it turned, up again in a
public house at some distance, where
llio lnndloid paid for it, and remaik-
ing, tiat it was a 'Tome burr-r-d ontoir-
cly, attached it to a hook in tho wash
houso, Tho-vender fished it out again
by means of a long polo with a nail at
tho end, and retailed it to a simple
minded man who proudly deposited it
on a plate in tho sink. A Quarter of
an hour later thero was nothing there
but the plate. A storekeeper specu
lated in tho forl shortly afterwards,
and planted it on a high, shelf, aud
whon ha wont toMook for it his ro
marks woro of au impassioned and lof
ty character and then tbo trader made
a bco.uno for his starting point, and
hung tbo turkey in its old placo uuder
tbo original verandah, the owner,
who was out hunting for his lost bird,
met him as he was coming away, and
wrathfully threatened to givo hira into
custody, but on his fowl being pointed
out to bun he apologisod abjeotly,
and gavo tho traduced stranger 5o to
say nothing about it. Thero was much
wrath, however, in Walgott that day,
and mauy citizens who had bought a
turkey found themselves reduced to
dining on cold ham.
Tramp (recognizing a friond): "Is
that yersolf, Tooloy! An' what nro ye
doin' iu that hole?" Friend; "Don't
say a wurnjd, 'tisafinejob-I h&yoi'.tho
ieiy tuni runs too summer- notor below
hero pays mo fivo dollars a week to
live hero, and ho oalls mo 'The Hermit
of Scrub Oak Hill.' Tho boorders
come nt) hero bo tho drzen to Ink at
me, and it's good cigars; I'm smokln'
tho wholo day long,"
THE COLUMBIAN, VOI. XXII.NOBO
COLUMBIA DKMOOHAT, VOI Lit, NO 8
UOWSEB'S LOVE LETTEKS,
HIS WIl'K PRODUCES THEM AT THE RIOllT
MOMENT ANL' MAKES HIM CQUIRMr
"My dear child," said an old ,aunt of
mine tho day I wni .marriod, "have
you got all your husband slovo letters!"
"And now that you arc married,
you will probably burn 'cm."
"1 hat s liut what I was going to do.'
",ve!l, don't. . licop em to tbo long
est day yoti live."
"Beoause they will bo stronger woa-
pons than all your tears, pleadings or
ecn giau 1 uta. un several occasions
havo used Ihem to bring Mr. Bowser
do - n ott bis high horso, and tho tact
that thoy bother his peace of mind is
proved by the fact that bo hns several
times hunted tho bonso over in my ab
sence in hopes to lay .hands on llicni.
bometbinir went wrong nt tho olhco
the other day and ho oamo homo can
tankerous. Ho held in until bo got to
tho supper table, and then broke out
"Got any namo for theso things
"Yos, dear. Thoy aro' called bis
" Well tho' man who calls 'era fit to
eat ohght to ba shot 1 - Mrs. Bowser,
why is it I can never cot anvtbinc
decent to eat in my own house?"
"Why, Mr. liowserl No one could
take moro pains than wo do. In order
.that tho biscuit might be extra good I
wuut out ana mauo mem my son.
"Thero .was a time, Mr. Bowser,
when you raved over my cooking."
".woveri 1 knew.lrom tho day l- set
eyts on yon wadinn aoross a mud pud
dlo that you ,conld never cook
.can sing very well; as well as somo
bad actresses but yon can't cook."
"And if Ii will prove that you once.
hungorea for my oooking you will
'!l will give you fifty dollars cash
After supper I ,went up-stairs and
brought down several letters. Mr.
Bowser had got his nose' fnto,a maga-
zmo ana wanted tne matter dropped,
0ut 1 read to him tbe lollowing ,ox-
.iAnri T thniirrht. rlarllno-. w'hiW oat.
: .w niaht. hn nrnnrt T
i,Anf,l f,r. Auor'-onnp HUini'nna rwit
wilcn wo had a borne of our own. The
thought of those biscuits alone .makes,
me hungry, liood bye, my pet.
"Who wrote 'thatt" sternly demand
ed Mr. Bowser.
"Throo months before our marriage."
"But hero's" tho letter dated and
"It is a base forgery,- and tho forger
must bowaro! How could J have prais-
e(j vour oookiogr
""You also" u-ied to
praise my singing,
jr Bowser "
".Ohj.but you did. Lot mo read:
"And, prqeious pet, of .mine, let me
again thank you, lor that boautmu
song, "Tho Lover's Farewell!" and the
exquisite manner in wbicb you render
ed, it. It drew tears ifrom my eves,
and I was not ashamed of them. You
have one of the purest, clearest voices
I ever heard".
"Who wrote' that?" he gasped.
"Mrs. Bowsor don't carry this thing
too far! lhero is a limit beyond which
you muat not go!1'
"Well, horo it n, in your own writ
ing and over your own signature.
Once in awlrlo you fling out a hint
that 1 am very dull. -There was a tirao
whon you thought diitorcnt.
"Ijook out, Mrs. liowserl"
"Yes, you did! You oyen thought
me tho smarter of tho two.'
"W-what! Am I awake or dream
"Wide awake, Mr. liowser. i,otmo
read you an oxtract froai this exhibit
marked 'A :
"I don't see why you should go back
to Vassar. Pew young ladies
aro more accomplished or better edu
cated. All your friends, myself includ
ed, give in to you on the matter of
grammar in particular. Hope to see
you as usual next Sunday, my dear
Mc. liowser Bat and looked at me
liko one terrified.
"And, sir, you often fling out about
the size of my feet. I admit that ihpy
nre as largo again as I should have or
dered from a dealer, although I wear
No. 3's with a great deal of comfort.
Let mo say, however, that your mother
wears o s, your three sisters 5 s and the
two girls you kept company with be
fore wo' met wear full-size 6's with
"Mrs. Bowser, do you suppose I will
stand such insults in my own house!
he shouted as he sprang up.
"Are facts and troths insults? I have
beeu reading from your letters."
"Nover! Never! If 1 over wrote such
stuff I was crazy!''
"lint hero is iyour sienatnro. You
remember 'you used to want mo tOBign
my letters "Rose-bud," and you signed
yours "Uak i.eaf.
"I never did! No power on earth
can convince mo that 1 was such a fool
"Well, perhaps you will remember
this eentenco. You wrote it a few
months beforo our marriago. Listen:
"Oh, my Rosebud, but tho heart of
Oak Leaf was made a thousand times
ightor bv tbo receipt ot your loving
lnoto yesterday. If thoso delicious
littlo missives should ceaso coming I
should pitio and die."
"And you claim I wrote tbaM" ho
asked in a 6trango voice.
'ui course, ion can t go back on
your own writing, can you?'1
"You assert that thoso are my
letters, do youT
"And that I called you fond names
and wanted to die tor vour
"That's about tho bizq of it, Mr.
Bowser. You wrote mo sovcral times
that you were as muoh my slavo as if I
had bought you. I think you would
have jumped into a well any time I
Mr. Bowser put on his overcoat and
hat, drew ou his gloves, nnd then kis
sed the baby and Bald:
"Good-bye, darlingl if you never boo
popa. again ri.nicniber that ho loved
Ho wnit oft without so much m a
look nt me, but about midnight caino
homo very softly and crept into bed,
and tho next day went on his usual
hrint after that pilo of lovo lultf rs
Detroit Free J'res.
Tho Surgeon's Joke,
Somo men aro ablo to joko In llio
midst of most fearful oircumstanors.
Colonel Bell, an English soldier, telU
tho following story of nn incidont
which, ho says, ooourcd during a' battlo
of Ihn Peninsular War.
When tho battlo began tho surgeon
of a certain regiment wag in his propor
place, at tho rear of tho men. He had
deposited his instruments under a trco
and crept along in tho rear of llio
troops until ho saw the mon begining
to fall. Then ho ran back ns fast as
lio could to bring up his mulo and ap
Doctors woro at that tinio cOckrd
hats and feathers, and wero not to be
easily distinguished, at a distance,
.from the general staff.
As ho went at lull speed niong ono
sido of a hedgo ft general officer, with
his aido-de-carap, camo galloping up
tho other way.
"There's an officer running away,"
cried tlio former. "Stop liimj hallo,
sir, where are you goingl"
No answer. Both officers whcclod
'Stop, sir," criod tho surperior ono,
"Givo an account of yourself and your
"No, no," shouted tho doctor.' "I'm
off; seen plenty of fighting for ono
Tho officer was furious and pushed
on alter tho lugitive, top sun renco
still between them.
"Givo your name, sir."
"Oh, never mindiny naracjevcrvbody
knows me. Look out for yourself.
Your life's not worth a penny. Go to
the front and ho killed, if VOU like.
Everybody's being killed there but mo'.'"
speaking over his shoulders and run-
11111. UKU tUU WII1U.
Oil ho went until ho reached his ap
paratus, whicli he proceeded to load
upon tho mnlo and ordered hie' assist
ant ,to move with it to tho' front.,
Then ho dashed back in tho direction
from whioh ho had come and the offi
cers realized that thoy had been sold.
Another Great Eaft-
James Leary, tho owner of the f.v
raons log raft that went to pieces some;
timorigo, is busy npon another ono -of
oven greater magnitude than tho first,
which was so nnfortunatc. The pre
sent intention is to build not oxpctly si
raft, but more properly a gigantic,
solid ship, composed of logs bound to
gether by chains and spikes,- bat in
tho shape of a manageable vessel.
Tho huge affair is now in course of
construction at Finger Board, on tho
Bay of Fuoday, and will not be ready
for launching until late in Juno' or
early lfi July, the poriod of highest
tides in that .vicinity. Tho huge log
ship will bo 700 tfot long, 140 teet
longer than tho other raft, and will
havo' six lofty masts, square rigged,
like'those of a ship, and carrying sail,
which will bo used as an auxiliary
power to tho tow boat. In the mass
30,000 logs will bo' included and tho
cost of tho whole is estimated at from
55,000 to SdO.000.
South American Mosquitoes
Somo ludicrous stories aro told about
adventures with tho mosquitoes. I
havo boen solemnly assured that very
ften when they havo attacked a boat
anl dr'ven its oaptiin and ciow below,
thoy have broken tbo windows of tbo
cabin by plunging in swarms, against
them, and have attempted to burst in
doors. Although this may bo some
thing of anioxiggeration, it is never
theless true that frequently horses and
cattle, after tho most frightful sulter
ings, havo died from morquito-bites on
board tho vessels. Not long ago a
hird of valuablo cattle were being ta
ken from tho United States to a ranch
upon the Magdelena River, and be
came so desprate under tho attacks of
the mosquitoes that they broko from
their stalls, lumped into tho water, anil
all were drowned. Eassengers intend
ing to make tho voyago usually pro
vide themselves with protection in tho
shape of mofqnito-bafs, bead. nets and
thick gloves, and when on deck nio.
compelled to tie their sleeves arouml
their wrists ane thoir pintaloons
around their ankles. Vm. Jilroy,in
The American Magazine for May.
An Actor Dies Oa The Stage.
(Nogales Despatcb toSan Francisco Examiner.
A singular and dramatio death cc-
cured a few evenings t-iuco in tho littlo
town of Arandas, Mexico, during tho
presentation of a drama entith d "Dos-
puos de la Mucrte ' or " Alter ueatn.'
During the second act, and a few min
utes boforo one of tho actprs was to
feign death, Aracloto Ccntreras leilto
the'floor of tho stage, exclaiming "Idie!
I die!' --the exact w ords ho was,to uso
later on. The balanco of the com
pany, believing he had anticipated his
part, called to him to keep quiet, as it
was not yet tnno to teign death, as
ho made no reply, thoy lifted him up
and made the startling ilisrovory that
ho was dead. When this fact was an
nounced intonso excitement prevailed
in tbo audience, and people rushed
from tho placo pell-moll, tramping over
each other in their efforts to roach tbe
The Distance Covered by a Waltz.
Tlr. Edward Scott, in bis "Dancing
and Dancers," makes the loilowirg es
timates of tbo distanco actually waltz.
ed ovr in an evening by a lello of
the ballroom; "Do you, 'my fair and
fragile reader, think you would go six
times round a mr d-rato-sizod ballroom,
say, making a circuit of eighty yards
during a waltz? Yes; at lea9t, even
allowing for rest. That, then, is -ISO
ynrds, if you went in a line. But you
aro turning nearly all tho time, say on
an average, onco in each yatd of on
ward progress, and tho circumference
of a circle is rather more than throe
times its diameter, which will bring
ea'h waltz to oyer lliree-quaUcrs of a
milo, or, at least, fourteen miles for the
Size of the Human Heart.
From tbe London Standard.
Tho masculine heart weighs moro
and is larger Ihau that poi-sessed by
the fair Bex. A hoart, it would ap
pear, glows raoBt quickly during tho
first and second years ot life, aud be
tween tbo second and seventh years is
doublo in size. Until after tbo fifteenth
birthday tho heart tlill grows a
little, In childhoed tho male and fe
male heart are tho same Hze; but after
manhood tho masculine he ait developed
much moio than the female, nd ei:ds
by being two square iuthes larger
than the latter,
One iu a faint should bo laid fiat ru
his buck; then loot u his clothes and
let him alone.