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: - Wl I t
a l. piurz
Ofkiok Front Room, Ovor IVflioflloe.
I il. MAIZE
Office Itoora No. 3, Columbian
ATTOltN E Y-AT-LAW,
jince over 1st. National Bank, i-
ULOOMBBDBO, f a
Odico la Snt'B Uulldlng,
J 01IN il. OLAKK,
ATT011N E Y-ATL AW
JUUriUE OF THE PEACE.
offlw over Moyer Bros. Drag store.
ORlcaln Brower'sbulldlnsr.Becondnoor.room No.l
Office corner of Centre una Main Streets. Clark t
Can be oonsulted In German.
pEO. E. EliWELL
Offlce on First floor, front room of Coi
dmbian Building, Main street, below Ex
pAOL E. WIBT,
itnce In Columbian bdildiko, Tblrd Door.
AT - ORNRY-AT'LiAW,
Office In towers' Building, and floor,
ITxhOIIbT " U B. W1XTB8TH.
KNORB & WINTERSTEEN,
OOlce In 1st National Bank building ."Wona nof.
nrst door to the left. Corner of Main and Marlct
streets Bloomsburg, Fa.
f&'l'eniwn and Boutiiet ColUcted.
iWOfflco over Dcntlcr,'B shoo store
Bloomsburg, Pa. ftpr-8O.80
Offloe.oornerot Third and MalnStraet
IOHAEL F. EYEULY,
Collector of Claims.
LEGAL ADVICE IN TOTS BETTLEHMT OP
W-ouice n Dentler'B 'JrtU'lSiHH
meyer, attorncy-at-law, front 'rocwB,auiIf
uloomBDUTK. ra. - - -
B. HOKORA A. R0BBINS.
Offloe and residence, west First street Woea
JB. McKELVY, M. DnW"!'?!
, Blclan.nortb side Main itiWWTpT'Met
rR. J. 0. BUTTER,1
omee, North HHUt street,
DK, WM. M. REBER BtwgeOTeMid
Physician. omce corner ot BocK and WarsOT
J a. BROWN.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Offlco and residence on Third street. Diseases of
the eye a specialty.
W. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR
Large and convenient sample rooms. Bath nam
hot and coldwaten ana all modern conveniences-
jT" F. HARTMAN
RirBISSNTS IHI MIAOWIM.
north American of Philadelphia.
Pranklln, " '.'
Pennsylvania, " "
York, ot Pennsylvania.
Hanover, of N. Y.
queens, of London.
North British, ot London,
orace on ttarfcot strum. No, s, Bloomsburg.
oot. i. 1-
LOOMBBUHG FIRE AND L'FE IN
8UHANCJS AHENUl. usia uuaut u loo
M. P. LUTZ, (Successor to Freas nrown)
iKtna Fire Ins. Co.. of Hartford,.
Hartford ot Hartford
I'hoenlx ot llartrord ...
.anrfncrflplil nf Knrln crflpld.
'rire Association, Philadelphia.,
J,... nl Tnnrtnn 20.603.823.71
PhosnU, of London. ;I
Lancasblreot Kngland(U. 8. branch) :,64S,1M.OO
Bioyal ot Englantf " " 4,633,5.1.00
unf nai ripnflf. T.lfn Tnn. no. of New
ark, N.j 41,Ta.SS8
fcossos promptly adjusted and paid at thla office.
CHRISTIAN F. KNAPP, BLOOMSBORO.PA,
HOME, OF N. 1.
M EltcnANTB', OF NBWAUB N. J,
i'LINTON, N, V.
peoples' n. y.
OEHMAN AMERICAN Hf 8. CO ,NEWTOJ.
JEH8EY CITY FIBK INS. CO., JERSEY
CITY N. J.
These old' coRTOHATtoKa are well seasoneqty
aiie and fibb tkstxo and have never yet had a
1 o 68 settled by any court ot law. Thelj assets are
all Invested In solid sicobiiiks are liable to the
Losses raoi,rTLY and honistlt adjusted and
Bald as soon ta determined by Christian f.
HArr, smoial aobmi ano Awosiir Uloomsspm,
1 The people of Columbia county should patron
lie the airenor where losses If any are settled and
eallbyoneoftherownctuians. . ...
PKOMPTNESa. EQUITY, If AIR DBA LINO.
W H. HOUSE,
Bloouburo, Columbia County, Pa
All styles ot w wk done In a superior manner.work
warranwa a t .prvBouuju. imu
o without Fim by the nse ot a as, ana
free of charge ben artificial teeth
Offlco In Barton's bulldlpp, Jlaln street,
below Market, five doors below ICIelnv.
tlrug store; first floor.
Itlobeopen at all, hourt during-tke .dai
The undersigned has leased this well-known
house, and Is prepared to accommodate the puMlo
with all the conveniences ot a nrst-class bofeL
IfMl'EI HI ARE, l icprlrtor.
AINWR1QUT & CO.,
TKA8, SYRUPS, COrTKlt, BL'OAR, MOLASHfio
VICE, SPICES, DICAlUi SODA, BTO., ST0.
N, E. Corner second and Arch Sta.
ororders will receive prompt attention,
d. R.SMITH & GO.
By the following well known makers;
Hallet & Davis.
Can also furnish any of the
cheaper makes at manufacturers
prices. Do not'huy a piano be
fore getting our prices.
Catalogue and Price Lists
. On application.
Bitten bender & Co.,
' -No. 120 & 128 Franklin Ave.,
Si? aadi Steel.
J. W. RAEOER,
mn wi nni
RULER A1ID BINDER,
Nob. 7 and 9 Markt St.,
, LBTJMS, PHOTOGRAPH, AUTOGRAPH AND
A Scrap, a large and complete lino at J. 11.
Meroer's Drug and Book Store, Evans' Block.
LL THE FINEST BXTRACT8 COLOGNE
Sachets. Pomades. Ilalr Drm and Bar Rum
at: 11. Mercer's Drug and Book fetore, Evans'
txt, opposite Episcopal Church.
ALL PROPRIETARY AND PATENT MEDICINES
at J. II. Mercer's Drutr and Hook Store, onna.
TTDOKS, STATIONERY AND WALL PAPER, A
X fine stock at Mercer's Drug and Book Store,
oppoeiie Kpiscopai cnurcn, Bloomsburg, pa.
GA8TILLE. TOILET AND MEDICATED HOAPS,
r a run line at J. II. Mercer's Druir and Book
Store, Upper Main ptreet.
COMBS OP ALL KINDS, WELL SELECTED, AND
at very low prices at J. 11. Mercer's Drug and
Book store, third door i above Iron street, Blooms
IONDENSED MILK, COXE'S, NELSON'S AND
i' Oooner's Gelatine. Tflnlncn. Sucre. Arrow lioot
and -all the prepared foods for children and In
vaijds at Mercer's Drus and Book More, first door
.pijvoiiess' uooc ana snoo store, uioomsourg, ra.
XANARY, HEMP, RAPE, MILLET, MAW AND
J iMUed Seed for the birds, at J. II. Mercer's
Druz and Book Store, first door below 'Creasy's
TTUNE WRITING PAPERS. BY BOX, LOOSE OR
J; -In Tablet form, at J. II. Mercer's Drug and
Boot Store, .Bloomsburg, Pa.
XTURSINO BOTTLES. NIPPLES, RUBBER Rl i
uco. ivetnmg mugs ana uu requisiies ,i uv
'ursory that win contribute to the baby's nappl
L6S. at J. U. Mercer's Drue and Book store, two
doors above Evans Eyer's Clothing Store.
JJHYSICIAN8' PRESCRIPTIONS AND FAMILY
fi receipts carefully prepared at all hours at
ereer's Drug and Book store, Bloomsburg, Fa.
TVOILET AND INFANT POWDERS, ROUGE,
I.; Cosmetic and gold and sliver Diamond Dust,
tu.ii. ii. mercers uruK
Meroer's Drug and Book store, no 68 Main
street, Bloomsburg, fa
-nrALL PAPBRrrMANY KINDS AND. MANY
pnees-tt' Mercer's Drug , ana , Book t"ve,
ippesite irpiscopai t'nurcn, uioomsDurg, ra.
HOW AUOUMM.IM1KI). hSJiWTJfjih.ld know.
ER.ndat.mi.. HAKKIi HF.M. OOJtlMJmIlo,S ,,
I ERSIAM BLOOM. 3itX6c$lulta Bin
tlfler, SXIuOur. ul menilhKi(l!oUt known,
ad .ump It Jrl.l puliwih AadreMMlbera.
Alexander Bros. fe Co.,
WHOLESALE PEAXERS IN
FRUITS AND NUTS.
SOLE AGENTS J'Olt
FRESH EVERY WEEK.
7. v ADAMS CO.,
Sole agents of the fol
lowing brands ot
Hijvo received a largo stock of
for tho Spring trade, consisting in part of
Velvets, Body Brussels, Tapestry
Brussel and Ingrains.Smyrna and
Cocoa Rugs, Cocoa Mattings,
and a nice line of
NO ONE NEED
"I havo been suffering for
over two years with Dyspep
sia. For tho last year I
could not take a drink of cold
water nor cat any moat with
out vomiting It. up. My lifo
waa a misery. I had had re
commended .Simmons Liver
Iieuulator, of which I am
now taking the second bottle,
and tho fact is that words
cannot expiess the relief I
feel. My appetite is very
good, and I digest everything
thoroughly. I Bleep well now,
and 1, HBed to bo very restless.
I am fleshing up fast; good
strong food and Simmons
Liver Regulator havo dono it
all. I write thin in hopes of
benefiting somo one who has
Buffered as I did, and would
take oath to tin bo statements
E. S. Ballou, Syracuse, Neb.
THE BEST BURNING OIL THAT CAN
BE MADE FROM PETROLEUM.
It gives a brilliant Bent.
It will not smoke the cnlmneys.
It will not char tho wick.
It has a high Bro test.
It win not explode.
It Is pre-eminently a family safety oil.
WE CHALLENGE COMPARISON
With any other Illuminating oil made.
We Stake Our Reputation,
As refiners, upon tho statement that It Is
THE BEST OIL,
IN THE WOULD.
Ask your dealer tor
Trade for Bloomsburg and Vicinity Supplied by
G. W. BERTS GH,
THE MERUITANT TAILOR.
Ooats' Furnishing Qoodsjats & Cap.
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Suits made to order at Bhort notice
and a fit always guaranteed or no sale.
Call and examine tho largest and best
selected stock of goods over shown in
Btore next door to First National Bank,
FOR STEEP OR FLAT ROOFS
CAN HE PUT ON 11V ANY TEUSON.
THOUSANDS OF ROLLS SOLD ANNUALLY
FOB BUILDINGS OK EVERY
'SEND FOR NEW CIRCULAR. CONTAINING
PRICE UST'AND REFERENCES.
ri. EHRET, JR. & CO.
m Walnut Street, PHILADELPHIA.
aprll may & sept.
r y M A MONTH and BOARD for s bright
il " voung men or laaies m uucu i-uuulj.
hl) p. w. ZIEOLERA- CO., Philadelphia,
ANY Oh DIB
SUPPLIED W I Til
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, APRIL 20,
CURIOUS OASES IK TUB HISTORY OP CRIME.
Perhaps tlio'dlHicultics in ovidenoe,
direct and circumstantial, wero never
more stronuly shown than in tho onc
celebrated eap of tho Boom brothers,
convicted in Vermont in 1810, of the
murder of their brolher-lti.law, in 1812.
It appeared in tho testimony that the
latter, a half witted fellow, and a bur
den to tho family, was last seen in
a field with tho two mon, and they
had a quarrel, in which he had been
struck on tho head vith a stake, and
somehow had finally disappeared from
tho locality. Seven years after, some
bones supposed to belong to tho miss
ing man, one of his buttons and a
knife, wero found near, in an old cel
lar in tho field, and the men wero ar
rested. Upon their trial they both confessed
to tho murder and gave the detail,
ahd then immediately appealed to tho
Legislature to commuto their sontenct'
to imprisonment for lifo. The mercy'
was only granted to one of them, bu
tho intuvst of certain gentlemen being
aroused by the case, earelul search was
mado and tho man fnund i New Jer
sey, brought back and recognized by
his old companion?, and tbe men were
set free. Tho explanation of the
singular conduct ot iho accused
found in tho bad advico of thn
Iriends, who, knowing that public
opinion ran strongly against, ana
thinking it would hang thuiu, advised
to make tho confession in order thai
they inipht get the lighter sentence of
It is said that tho Frenoh naturalist,
Cuvior. from a single fossil bono, could
describe the struoturo and habits, of
cvtlnot races of animals. But bone
never lie or miftake when witnesses do
both, and no Court is infallible. The
cases are numerous on record to show
that eyen the senses cannot bo im
plicitly relied on, oven when the ver
aeity of the witnesses is unquestion
able. In cases of highway robbery a
man's face has beon repeatedly sworn
to from tho glimpse not from tho lighi
of a gun or pistol flaslf, whoroas actual
experiment always shows tho thing to
ho impossible. In h case of theft a
woman swore a certain gown was hers.
Burnt; asked by a juryman to try it on,
it was fonndnot to fit at all, and sh'
confessed her mistake. The fact war
that tho prisoner hadistolcn tho gowi
from a neighbor, though this, was Qtiy
tonnd out after acquittal. Another
woman, being robbed; swore a certain
black pocketbook,. found on a man ar
rested for her crime, was hors, whioli
would have sent him to the gallows
hud not a countryman found anothi r
black pocket book whilo reaping and
hastening to tho trial, the samo wit
ness finding all, and her very money
safe, confessed sho was mistaken, and
the prisoner went free. A signature
to a certain deed was sworn to by ro
speotablo and honest parties as Lord
Eldou's, but Lord ,Eldon came in
to Court and swore that ho never at
tested a deed in his lifo. In a cele
brated Scotch trial for forgery, intri
cate and far reaching, and which in
volved the title of ono of the boBt es
tates in the realm, half a dozen en
gravers sworo that certain numerou
lottera wero written by different per'
sons, though tho prisoner afterward
confessed thorn all. His Conviction
was partly ipsured by a sharp lawyer
noticing that in all tho documents,
certain words wore curious y mispelled
and on tho prisoner being required in
open court to write th'esi words, he
mispelled themas thoy wero written
down in documents purporting to have
been penned by many individuals living
o. en in Halt a uozeu diuorent genera
in a murder trial, a piece ot rope
iounu near tno victim was sworn to as
tho same kind of rope as a piece found
in possession of tho accustd, a bit of
testimony which would havo hung him
had not a ropemaker examined and
testified that, one picco was twisted to
the right while tho other was twisted
to tho loft.
A half dozen witnesses swore that
they saw a certain person at a certain
hour of the clook. Beinc asked to say
what time it was by it clock in the
Court room not one of tlum could tell.
This' was" a cao of downright lying to
prove an alibi. An emiuent tinelisli
lawyer swore positively to two men
who, he said, bad robbed him in broad
daylight, It was proven that at the
time ol tno robbery they wero so far
off as to make tho thine impossiole.
Shortly after tho true robbers were
taken with tho stolen goods on them,
The prosecutor then confessed his mis'
take, and is said to havo given a money
value to tht-men whom ho camo very
near sending to the gallows. Besides,
accused persons behavo very strangely,
even when innocent. Somo run away.
which, in old times, was held no sure a
proof of guilty that in England, in
oases of felony and treasou, tliaht car.
ried forfeituro of goods, whether inno
cent or guilty. It is now in proof that
innocent persons, wnetner timid or ig
norant, or ill-advised, when accused of
crime, often runiaway and do a good
many other foolish things. Daniel
Webster, in tho famous murder trial at
Salem, sjioko tho famous epigram
"Suicide is confession," a ycry fine sen
tence, hut very poor law, sinco oven in
nocent persons, falsely, accused, have
often died by their own hands, to es
cape further misery.
Sir Edward Cook tells of an undo
bringing up bis orphan niece, and who
had her lands for feo until she camo to
Bixtoen years. AVhen eight or nine, her
uncle correcting her, sho was beard to
say "Uli good uncle, kill mo not I
At this timo tho child disappeared,
and could uot do iouihi. tho undo,
arrested on suspicion, was bailed and
told to find the child. Fearing what
might happen to him, ho -brought an
other child, very like tho truo ono, in
to Court. Tho obeat was discovered,
and tho man hanged. But tho child
had only run away into another county,
and been taken in by hospjtablo strang
ers, and at sixteen years of age, camo
back and claimed her property.
Now, proof, as (It lined by tho
lawyers, is ouly a presumption of tbe
highest order. Cunning is but a sin.
is,tcr or crpokpd wisdom, whilo human
nature iu tho Court room often turns
out to a singular nod fallible clement
iu tbe attempted equation of justice
cannot be surprised, therefore, t,hat so
many innocent persons have suffered,
aud, upon tho whole, tho wonder is
that so many of tho guilty are punish
ed. Yot, sppearanoes may bo strong
against a man, while hu is innocent.
Id 1827. lliomaB Gill was convicted
in England of stealing two oxen. He
l.-.l J.... .! t.l
iiuu just, uuiouuu Mis ,u)jjjruuuceHiiii iu
a' butcher, and after paying a visit to
his undo in the country in order to
savo nxpenses, was traveling on foot
baok to London. Abont three o'clock
ih tho morning, be met-a man, riding
on a pony and driving two oxon, who
ottered Uill live, shillings to drive them
to London, and agreeing to meet him
on Westminister bridge. Tho young
man, willing to oapi an honest penny,
agreed, and was arrested shortly after,
with the oattlo in his possession, by
tho owner in hot pursuit. Arrested,
ho gavo a false name to conceal his
situation from his friends. He was
pardoned ns he was being transported
for life. Tho siroplo fact was, that
tho real thief, hotly pursued, had tak
en this cruel way to rid hirasolf of tho
cattlo and tho crime
In France, a young man was in the
servioo of an old woman and had a
key to her houso. She was "found
murdered, with a piece of his cravat
near her, and a look of his hair olench-
ed in her hand. Ho was arrested and
executed. But he was innocent. An
intimato friend who afterwards con
fessed, managed to get an impression
o tho key, picked up ono of his old
oravats about tho house, and, combing
tho young man's queue, had scarcely
tbstracted enough hair to make his
lock found in the dead woman's clutch.
Sad as it sounds and i, the history of
the law shows a list or oases where the
innocent havo died a shameful death
through tho mistako of justiog. These
lugal disasters bad for their basis not
He) much an unfair or heaitless trial as a
failure to weigh wisely the neoubar
circumstantial evidence involved. Bu
on the other hand, justico sometime
seems aided either by good luck oi
Divino wrath of tho gods themselves
in detecting criminals. In 1830 the
body of a man was discovered in Eng
land who had been murdered 32 years
belore. His widow identified his re
mains from tho skull, his shoes and a
cajponter's rule found with the bones.
lhe murderer was then fonn i and oxo
utod. In 1813 a Cornish peasant was
found murdered, and his body dragg- d
under a hedge. It was shrewdly sur
misca by tho ditectives that the mur
derer was a stranger in those parts.
inco a native would have been ver
likely to havo concealed the body in
some abandoned coal minp, many of
wbich wero in tho field. From this
alight cluo mainly, they arrestei an
icibu Homier, wiiuhu regiment mm i:ue
y como there and on him they found
tlio dead man's purse. Ho was execut-
. i hreo ruflians mnrdcred a poor
Italian boy to sell his body, were
largely oonvicted by their giving away
somo white mice which there was
every reason to beliovo had belonned
to tho uulorttinato child. A
sailor was mainly convicted as nn no
complico in a brutal murder in a Lon
Jon bawdy-house from tho tact that
i he victim's hands wero tied behind
him with what is known as a bailor'
knot. Where a, man was shot by a
ball, the wad on tho ball was shown t"
be half of a certain ballad, tho other
part of which was found in tho priso
ner's pookot. Convicted. A man as
sailed by. a rob'jer struck him in the
face with a key. A mark on the
prisoner's face corresponded with the
wards or divisions of tho key. Con
victed. In 1752, in England, a man,
and woman from within a certain
houso gavo the alarm that some ono
had entered and murdered nn inmate.
The dew on tho grass outside the
house waa fouud to be undisturbed.
The living inmatos wero convicted.
Iu 1816, in England, a man won
tried for the murdor of another. Where
the struggla had been severe, impress
ions wero found in tho clay, of a man
who had worn breeobes of striped cor
duroy, patched with tho same material;
hut the patches wero not set on straight
tho ribs of the patch meeting tho hol
lows of tho original corduroy. The
accused was shown to have his breeohu
patched thus, aud this greatly aided
his conviction. Dew and snow have
olten helped to track the murderer, and
many a man bas perished on tho gal
lows tho peculiarities of whose shoe.
or the curious way in which nails are
set in them, aided conviction. A man
arrested m his bed, who claimed to
have been there all night, was found
with wet, muddy stockings on. Th
night was wet and tho ground outsid
sou. lionvioiua ana exerutm. une
of Kaulhaoh's. illustrations of Goutho'
Reiueku Fuohs shows us tho fox mur
during the hare. It is a solitary place,
a held and aloso ny a sbrmo with Us
cross. But curiously enough, the
artist has put eyes into every head of
tho full wheat, which bends in tho
breeze, and every flower at hand iB
mado in likeness of tho dim, human
faoe, whiob beholds tho deed with hor
ror. Tho faol thus symbolized is that
nature, in all its attributes of weight.
size, color and condition is, after all,
tho head detoctive ot crime, and every
secret murder loaves its mark behind
it, whioh rightly interpreted of men,
metes out detection and punishment to
tbo criminal. "Murder will out, he.
oauso in most subtlo ways, thu eircuni
stance of murder being accurate, when
wisely intorppted, oonfess and denote
wttn unerring linger, and "dead men
toll no tales, ' with a hundred tongues,
That tbo guilty sometimes evade de
tection does not proye tbo contrary,
Perhaps tho old story of tho murder
er, ftugeno Aram, whoso horrors pass
ed into English literature, assisted by
tho genius of Hood's shadowy poem of
that name best literatures what has
been said of tho outiosities of ciroum
stantiai oviuenco in criminal causes.
Aram was born at Ramsgill, Yorkshire
lO-nnd though tho son of a gardener.
...,. f i:.!i. r.!i. i
tvua vi uuutuub JJ1UIBU liliuiiv aiHl
brilliant goniiiB. Witlmcant oducatioi
!.. .1. .1 ; ..
in yuuiu, mm serving tor a timo as
book-keeper in London, yot ho man
agod to make such nroarcss in Innm.
ing, pspoclally in mathoiivuics, that ho
was invited bank 09 sqhoolmastpr to
ins native village, and I hero married
Ails who soems to uavo u en a woman
of oasy virtue, and to havo mado his
homo unhappy, Bht he devoted hinv
aelf to tho study of tho classics
Hebrow, Chaldeo and Arabio aud bo
camo bo mud) of a philologist rvs to ho
stow rauoli labor, iu comparing the.o
languages With tho ancient Celtic,
Wbllo engaged Apparently in supb
honorable undertakings, lm fouud time,
reo, e, nit, witn tno Help of a oon
federate, Rlohard Houseman, to mur
der ono Daniel Clark, a shoemaker,
aud conceal his body. His motive, as
Aram alleged after his trial, was ro
yenge on hia wife's paramour, but it
was in ovidenco that ho got from bis
crime tho wholo of Clark's wife's dow
ry, to tho amount of 100. In fact,
Aram looks, when viowed in tho most
candid light, to havo been ono of those
hypocritical and cold blooded villions
of ability who sometimes appoar to
disgrace humanity, F6urtccn years
after tbo murder, a peaiant, digging
Btones for a limn kiln in tho neighbor
hood, found a human skeleton two feet
below ground, with tho framo so well
kept together as to onablo it to bo seen
that tho body had been bent and buried
double. As Clark had never beon
seen alivo sinco 1714, and as Aram's
wifo had formerly thrown out dark
hints that ho had been murdered, pub
lic suspicion was aroused, and an in
quest was held upon tho bones. At
this inquest sho was summoned, and
testified that she thought Clark was
murdered by Aram and Houseman.
When taken before tho Coroner,
Houmnin was in groat confusion,
trembled, changed color, and faltered
in speech, under examination. Tho
Coroner desired him to take up ono of
tho bones before him to tako "up ono
of tho bones before him, thinking to
see what further results would follow.
Taking np ono of the bones, ho said :
"This is no moro Dan Clark's bono
than it is mine." Theso words were
() pronounced as to convince those
present, not that Houseman believed
Clarke was alivo, but that ho knew
very well where his bones lay. (If the
reader will read Houseman's words
aloud, with a strong emphasis on tho
word this, ho will seo a little whit
i hey might be mado to mean.) After
Mmo evasions, he finally broko down
and confessed that Aram and ho had
murdered Clarke, and though these
wero not his bones, they might be found
where they were buried, at dead of
night, in St. Robert's cave, near where
the bones wero found, adding that
Clarko'i head lay to the right in tho
turn at tho entrance of the cave. Up
on search, a skeleton was found exact
ly as described. Aram himself was
trrestcd whilo acting as usher of a
-chool at Lynn in Norfolk. Upon trial
Houseman was used as King's witness
Aram defended hims' lf in a written
xpeeoh full of fact and antiquarian
lore, in which, with a skill beyond
moat lawyers, he probed into the weak
points of tho circumstantial evidence
against him, urging the great uncer
tainty of its being Clarke's body, since
St. Robert's oave had been a place of
hermits, who very likely, according to
their custom, had buried there. He
was convicted and afterwards oonfess
ed his crime. Failing in an attempt at
filicide with a razor, he was nursed
baok to lifo sufficiently to bo hanged
and his body sent to rot in chains at
Ivnaresborough, near the sceno of his
onme. bo perished ono of tho most
learned criminals of tbo world. Crime
comes and sometimes may strike very
close to any ono of us. It is, above
all, necessary that punishment also
should bo made swift and sure. This
result is reached by tho careful and
scientific study of evidence, especially
on its circumstantial side. Unon a
wido view of tho history of crime in
thie world, it may bo safely said thai
punishment, though slow is sure, and
"f justico, what tho old Greeks said of
God, that ho oomes with leaden feet,
but strikes with an iron hand.
Phosphates in Food,
Nature's laws of supply and demand
require tho constant presence of the
phosphates in tho human system. An
they aro consumed with every effort,
"0 aro they an absolute necessity to
tho health and well-being of tho hu
man organization. Thoy aro contained
n every fibre, tissue, nerve and muscle
of tho body. Physiologists teach us
that with au abundant supply in the
system, good health is tho rule, and
mai wuuoiii mat supply tilseaso is in
evitable, 'lhu thoughtful reader will
at once seo now important it is to ox
orciso forethought and caro as to tho
proper selection of food, in order to
securo for the sy stem tho necessaiv
phosphates which it daily requires. It
h.a been dotermined by scientific ex-
penment that nio cannot bo sustained
A'ltl.out an ample and constant supplv
of this vital Hubstanco. In the proce-s
of bolting fine white Hour, nearly all
of tho phosphates of tbo whoat grain
are separated with tho bran, and ani-
mnis upon this lino Hour, alone, lost
thoir strength, and fiually died. Tho
Hour does not contain tho phosphates
;., n. .tvu:,..,. , ,r.
in DUiuuuilb IjllilUllLy IU BUHUUIl IHO.
Some yuarB ago Prof, Ilorsford in
vented a process whereby these phos
nuaiuH were restored to tno Hour, m
the form of a baking powder; and it is
a curious fact that thero is no other
process to-day that adds anything of
nutritious value to a baking powder.
Croaru of tartar and alum are lartrolv
used in baking powdors, but ilioy have
no vuiuo oxcopt js murely, "raisini?1
agents, and many physicians consider
lucm is ucuiueuiy injurious.
rrot. llorsfords process attracted
mo attention oi tno BCieutino .world,
and received universal commendation,
Indeed, tho noted Liobig of Germany,
who displayed much interest in tho
study of tho invention, wrote oiithu
siastoally of its great yalue. He said:
"I havo through a -great series of ox
porimonts satisfiod myself of the purity
uu uAuuueiivu ot your preparation,
The broad has no aoid, is easily digest
ed, and of tbo best tasto. Aside from
tho conveniences this invaluable idea
of yours has provided, I consider this
invention as one of tho most useful
guts whioh scienco bas mado to man
kind. It is certain that tho nutritivo
valuo of the Hour will be increased ten
per cent, by your pltosp iatio nreuara.
ration, and tho result is pieciselv the
same as il tho fertility of our wheat
lields had boon increased by that
amount. What a wonderful result
Iimnford Toast Powdor, whioh is bo
universalis sold in this Bection, is
product of Prof. Horsford's process.
Only One Third Gumod.
Tho judges in tho licenso court ren
uercii meir ueoisions rriday evening
.... vmu Mjfjjuuuiuiiin IU null liquor 111
riusmirg. ut 70l applications 2-18
wero grauted aud about 100 held ove
for future consideration, Before tho
Brooks licenso bill went into effect
tnero woro ovor 1,000 saloons in tho
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XXH.NO 10
COLUMBIA DBMOUJI AT, VOL I.H, NO 4
Mysterious Motor to be Inspeotod
Within Thirty Days,
Tho order for tho inspection of tho
Keoly motor, in accordanco with tbo
decision of tho Court made recently in
liennett U. Wilson's suit against John
W. Keoly, was handed down by Judge
Finlettor. By its terms Keoly's secret
must oomo out. Lawyer William C.
Strawbridgo. Wilson's counsel, says it
is a complete victory for his oliont, and
J. Joseph Murphy, attornov for Keolv
and tho motor people, claims that tho
mncipal contention mado by htm has
been accorded by tho Court, and that
is that Wilson bo compelled to givo to
tho oxperts a description of tho machine
which ho claims to own under Kuely'a
! .... mi , ..
assignment. no oraer reaas as touows:
In accordanco with tho opinion
heretofore filed in this case, it is hereby
ordered by tho Court that tho defend
ant, John V. Keoly,shall, within thirty
days, exhibit to tho plaintiff, Bennott
C. Wilson, his attorney, and to Dr.
Charles M. Crcsson, Thomas Shaw,
Professor William D. Marks aud Jacob
Naylor, who arc hereby appointed by
tho Court as oxpcris, the invontious,
machines or devices referred to in the
plaintiff's bill and now known as 'the
Kooly motor,' and shall then and there,
in their presence, operate the same or
oauso them to bo operated, explain the
mode of construction and operating
"The exports aro hereby authorized
and directed to make such an examin
ation of tho machine as will enahlo
them to inform tho Court as to their
identity in construction, prinoiplo or
operation with the invention described
tho complainants bill as hiving
beon assigned him in tho year 18G9 by
tho respondent, tho complainant giving
tno experts such a particular descrip
tion of tho invention 39 may be necess
ary to enahlo tho comparison to be
mado and tho experts shall further
mako such drawing of tho machines
known as 'tho Keely motor' ai they
may consider necessary for tbo infor
mation of tho Court and report jointly
or soverally; and it is further ordered
that tho information obtained bv this
inspection by tbo complainant and his
counselor and by tbe oxperts shall uot
ue used tor any other purpose than for
tho proper hearing and adjudication of
tho present proceedings."
Students in Rebellion.
Toronto, Ont, April 1. A fine rum
pus has .been created in Victoria Meth
odist college, at Coburg, by an action
on the part ot tho taculty which jls gen
erally condemned as arbitary Acta
yictoriana is a monthly journal pub
lished by the literary and theological
societies in tho interests of tbe students
aud alumni of thu univosity. Its oon-.
tents aro contributed by a staff of
editors appointed by and responsible
to theso societies. An artiole appeared
iu tho March number discussing tho
curiculura of tho university, suggesting
cortain changes therein and recommend-
ng that the subject of umeralogy,
embracing crystallography aud blow
pipe analysis, Bhould bo relegated to a
hotter dime. When the article appear
ed tho college faoalty immediately took
cognizanco of it, and summoning J. F.
McLaughlin, editor in ctuoi, aud Henry
Langford, local editor, demanded that
tho two editors should make an humble
and unconditional apology, under pain
ot suspension. Un a positive refusal
to apologize tho faculty decided to
suspend tbo offending journalists for
one year, aud tho chancellor ot the
university pronounced tho decree of
excommuniotion at a. great meeting
of students Friday eveuing. As soon,
as he had finished reading, McLaughlin
and Langford arose and gavo notico
of their intontion to appeal to the
board of regents, tho court of last resort
igatnst "an unjust and tyrannical
s-ntonco.' ihoy wero greeted with
tremendous cheers, tho demonstration
lasting several minutes. After tho re
tirement of the faculty, the students or
ganized as a mass meeting, and a reso
lution was passed declaring that if their
classmates wero not ruinstated thoy
would apply for certificates of standing
and leavo the university.
Tho largest pension ever allowed by
tho United States government was a
tew days ago granted by the board of
appeals to Cyphert P. Gillette, of
What Cheer, Keokuk county, Iowa,
lor total blindness. Tho claim has
been ponding sinco 1873, and has been
repeatedly rejected by different pension
commissioners. Tho nmouut whioh
Mr. Gillette will receivo is about SIC,
000 in arrears, as well as a monthly
allowanco of 72. The next largest
pension over granted was to a well
known character in Elmira, N. Y,
kuown as "flliiid Patterson, who re
ceived S13.322 arrears aud $72 r,
month. Patterson was afterwards
charged with fraud and tho moiy
withheld trom him to await tbo decis
ion of the court. For many years ho
has been led around tho streets of Ei
mira by a shepherd dog, begging
money for his support. It is claimed.
howover, that ho deserted from tho
army in 18(1-1, and up to tho time of
his desertion had no disoaso of tho
eyes. Jacob Dingman, of Iowa, re
ceivod a pension of $12,-191 for total
Blindness, and V. S. Stovons, of Ohio,
got &12.U10 lor a similar reason. Fred
erick Goslin, of St. Jonsbury, Vermont,
received S72 a month aud $11,212
baok pay forchropioinflamraatory rheu
matism, which caused him to bo con
fined to Ins bed with great suffering
for tbo last 21 years. Theso aro tho
largest pensions ovor granted.
Oostly Entertainment by a Millionaire,
Ono of tho most uniquo of the many
private dinners given this season nt
Delmonico's took place last week. On
the plate of each guest and attached to
tho menu was a beautilul riug with nn
omerald Btono, set in diamonds. Tho
ring oost st.uuu, and as there woro
eight guests, tho menus, with their
novel attachments, must have cost over
$8,000, The host was Georgo Law, a
street railway inagnato and sovoral
limes a millionaire. The guests at
this dinner wero not so greatly sur
prised, for Mr. Law is known to spend
considerably over $100,000 a year in
jowolery. Very nearly all of this ho
distributes around among hiB aoquaiut-
A live oak tree in Mississippi fivo
and one-half feet in diameter breast
high from tho ground, and spreads its
orancucs cigmy-two teot,
Mooting of Oounty Superintendents.
Tho session of County Superintend
cnt nt Harrisbtirg last week, closed Kg
labors on Thursday, an address was
delivered by Professor Battles, presi
dent of tho instituto for the blind in
Philadelphia. R. M. McNeil, super
intendent of Dauphin county then road
a papfr on "Examination and Qualifi
cation of Teachers." Ho ndvocatod
tho raising of tho standard of exami
nation for tcaolieis. He said the
greatest difficulty in tho way of re
taining good tcnohcM was the very
low salaries which aro paid. Ho also
tboughtjjsuperintcndents should edocato
tho public sentiment to appreciate tho
services of good teachers so that school
boards would feel justified in paying
tho salaries necessary to retain thorn.
Qnite a number ot ffcntlcmen mado, re
marks upon tho subject of this,, paper.
W. II. Shelley, superintendent of
York county, road a paper on 'Selec
tion and Transfer of Teaohcrs. Dis
cussion was opened by Superintendent
Luckuy.'of Pittsburg aod 0. A. Bab
cook, of Oil City. Others who took
part wero Messrs. Fowler, Buerhlp and
In tbo af:ernoon tho cotnmittco on
institutes mado their report. Ono of
tho recommendations of this report
was that no institutes bo held during
Tho committee on resolutions, con
sisting of Messrs. Bumbatigh, Luckey,
Urccht, Wolf and Keck, mado tho fol
Jtesolved. Tiiat this convention is
recognized to bo a valuable foaturo of
tho education work of the stato, and
there should bo annual Bessious thero
of at tho call of tho stale superinten
dent, that recent legislation relatlvo to
minimum school term, stato appropria
tion, phvsiolocv aud hvcieno. tho
school mouth, industrial education and
county and city institutes iB heartily
endorsed; that it is the senso of the
convention that tbe legislature shduld
enaol necessary laws to secure, closer
supervision of pur publu schools, by
making provision for district Buporin
tendedts'; that a ppramitteo of five bo
appointed by tho chair to report, at the
next annual session on the subject, ot
"Examining, and Licepsing Teachers;"
that wo.lieartilycompend the, .earnest
and progressive educational .spirit of
our governor; that wo recognize, in( Jho
head of our stato educational depart
ment an able, efficient and scholarly
leader, whose .work, in connection with
hiB exoellent deputies, is most worthy
of endorsement and commendation.
Remarks wero made by Dr. J. P.
Wickorsbam and Dr. Iligbee, after
whioh tho convention adjourned sine
A Ourions Use for Cyclopedias..
It is generally admitted that a good
Cyclopedia is a desirablo possession
for every home. As to ,wbich , Cyclo
pedia is tho best for popular use, tbo
"Doctors disagree." Evidently tho
matter of choice should depend some
what upon tho uso for whioh it is in
tended. A .customer of.Alden's JWani
Jokl Cyclopedia writes to tho pub
lisher as follows;
"1 have been exhibiting . the Alani
fold among ray friends and acquaint
ances, and expatiating on its excel
lence and wonderful cheapness. There
is no reason why every young man in
tho land who has. occasion to refer to a
oyclopodia should not possess it. Tho
laying by of but five pennies a day for
six months will put him in possession
of a work that will be of lasting'bcpe
fit. Among those to whom i havo
shown tbe volumes I found but ono
young man who did not need tbe Mani
fold. He has a cyclopedia; a number
of largo volumes; bo did not know how
many, uor did ho know the narao of
tbo editor or publisher: but they aro
very largo, heavy volumes. Believing
he did not frequently consult them, I
asked if ho ever ,ii6ed them.
"Certainly, ' said he, "1 use thorn
"What can you possibly do with
"Why 1 press my trousers with
'My dear sir," said I "you do not
need tho Manifold. Mr. Alden pub
lishes books for tho purpose of devel
oping and improving the intellect, and
not to give shape to the legs, uo you
stick to your ponderous, unwieldy vol
umes; they are well adapted to the par
pose for which you use a cydopodla;
but the dainty volumes of the Mani
fold how delightful to handle, and
how beautiful to behold aro made
with a view to ease of referenoo' and
convenience of consultation, and can
not be successfully converted into a
ubstitute for trousers' stretchers."
Edward Eiif.riiacii, Washington, D.
Tho fifth volume of tho Manifold
Cyclopedia, which has just been pub
lished, moro than sustains tho good
reputation of the previous issues, be
ing, especially, moro full in its vocabu
lary, and the entiro workmanship.both
literary aud mechauical, apparently
being ol a higher grade. It is cer
tainly not only a wonderfully cheap,
but a thoroughly excellent Cyclopedia
tor almost any conceivable use exuopt
that of a "trousers' press." Tho pub
lisher will send specimen pages free to
any applicant, or speoimen volumes
may bo ordered and returned it not
wanted. Reduced rates aro offerod to
early purchasers. John B. Aldon,
publisher, 393 Pearl St., New York;
218 Clark St. Chicago.
Tbo supremo court ot tho Unitod
States rendered an opinion in case No.
91-1 William L. Powoll, plaintiff in
error, versus The Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, commonly known as
"tho oleomargarine case," in error to
tho supremo court of Pennsylvania.
This case brings up for review a judg
ment of tbo supremo court of Pennsyl
vania sustaining the validity of a
statu to of tbo commonwealth making
it unlawful for any person to manu
facture, sell or offer lor sale any butter
or obeo-so, or nrticlo designod to tako
tho placo of theso articles, produced
from any compound other than un
adulterated milk or cream. The plain
tiff was convicted of violation of this
statute and took an appeal, basing it
on tho ground that tho statute was in
violation of tho fourteenth amendment
to constitution, and that tbo article
sold was a now invention not deleter
ious to tbe public health. Tho oourt
holds that it is entirely within the
police powers of tho state to protect
the publ ic health, and that tho questions
whether tho manufacture of oleomar
garine is or may be conducted in such
u way as to involve such dauger to tho
publio health as to require the suppies
sion of tho business rather than its
regulation, are questions of faot and of
publio policy wbich belong to the
legislative department to determino
Many distinguished pooplo maki an
oxoeption of Pond's Extract, on ac
count of Its standard, unfailing, never
disputed exoidlenoo of half a cintury'a
standing, to warmly recommend it fo
Sure Throat, Neuralgia, Catorrh, FroU
Bitee, Pilos, Hemorrhages, Jfce. Ivofif