Newspaper Page Text
a l. pmrz
Office Front, lloom, Over ToBtoffloc.
T II. MAIZE
Office. Room No. 0, Columbian
Jan. SOth 1888, tt
T K. WALLER,
viiuiunjiiX yvi-iiA W ,
Office, over 1st. National Dank.
TW- U. FUNK,
ATTO RNE Y-AT-L A W.
O.Hcoln ICnt's Building.
J OIIN M. OLA1UC,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
omca over Moyor Bros. Drag Store.
"I VV. MILLER,
omce corner ot Centre and Main Strteta. Clark
Can bo consulted In German,
EO. E. ELWELL
Oftlco on First floor, front room of Cot-
dmuian llullding. Muln Btrcet, below Ex.
pAUL E. WIRT,
Office In Columbian BoaniKO, Tnlrd floor.
jrj V. WHITE,
Office in blowers' Building, 2nd floor,
B XHOBK. L. B. WIMTIISTKX.
KNORR & WINTER8TEEN,
A ttorney s-at-Law.
omce lu 1st National Bank building, second noor,
flrat door to the left. Corner of Main and Market
streets Dloomsburg, Fa,
MirJ'tnnon and Boumtitt Collected,
JP I. BILLMEYER,
Dcntler'g shoo store,
Otnoo, corner ot Third and Malnatreots.
ATIOHAEL F. EYERLY,
Oollector ,of .Claims.
LEGAL ADVICE IN THE SETTLEMENT OP
.-Office In Dentlers building with F. P. BUI
merer, attorney-at-law, trsnt rooms, 2nd 'floor
Bloomsurg, Pa. tapr-t-8.
R. UONORAA. ROBBINa
omco and residence,
West First street. Blcoms-
B. McKELVY.M. DSurgeon and.Phj,l
J . slelaninorth side Main .street.below Market;
rR. J. O.RUTTER,
PHYSICIAN & BURGEON,
Offloo, North Market street,
DR. WM. M. REBER Burgeon and
Phyalclan. offloe corner of Rook and Market
W. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR
OPPOSITE OOURT HOUSE.
Large and convenient sample rooms. Bath room 1
hot and cold waten ano all modern conveniences
TT" F. HARTMAN ,
BITBISINTB THI TOIX0WIM8
North American of Philadelphia.
Franklin, " "
Pennsylvania, " "
York, of Pennsylvania.
Hanover, of N. Y.
oueens. ot London.
North British, ot London.
Otnon on Market stret,No,'s, Bloomsburg.
JREAB BROWN'S INBURANCE
1 AQENOY. Moyer'a new bulldlag, Mala street,
iEtna Insurance Co., ot Hartford, Conn $T,o?8,W)
Royal of Liverpool l2'52-S22
Fire Association, Philadelphia 4,16.11
Phcenlx, ot London b,sm,7D
London Lancashire, ot England 1J09,78
Hartford ot Hartford S.W.OM
Bnrlngaeld Fire and Marine J.CB1.S80
As the agencies aro dlrcot, policies are written
Blmsfcr.ed WUhUt fleUT lOCt.-88"
CHRISTIAN F. KNAPP, BLOOMSBURG, FA,'
iiumk, or n. r. ,
M BRCn ANT8', OF NEWARK, N. 3.
CLINTON, N. V.
PEOPLES' N. Y.
GERMAN AMERICAN INS. CO..NEW YORK.
GREENWICH IN& CO., NEW YORK.
JKKSEY CITY FIRE INS. CO., JERSEY,,
CITY, N. J. ,. '
Theao u cobforations are well seasoned py
&irn And pirt tkstkd and have never vet had a
tnafliirtMAd branvoourtof law. Their assets are
all invested In solid. sxocartua are Uabletothel
hazard or riRioniy.
ijunM pHourrLr and -lxONXSTLr 'ftdlUBted ana
paid aa soon as determined by Christian-.,
KNArr, srxciAL AOEMTAxn Awornui mUf,
. ThepoopUof Columbia coantor sbouU jpatras.
lie the agency where losses It any are aettled and
pall by oneof therown oltliens. ..,
PROMITNESS. EQUITY. FAIR DSAXtHO.
rir u. house,
Bloomsburg, Columbia County, Pa
All styles ot work done In a superior manner, work
warranted as represented. ,tjtu junairr
id without Pain by the we ol Gas, and
(reeot charge when aruaclal teeth
Office In Barton bulldlnjf, Main street,
below Market, flvcnloore ' below Klelm'a
drug store, llrst floor.
7o be open at all houri during the da
Thn iinrtpriripnFfl h.. lp&nftl -rhta welUknown I
house, and is prepared to accommodate the public I
with all the conveniences of a Hist .class hotel.
tlmaysT UMIEI Jj) abf, 1 icprmor,
TEAS, BYRUl'S, COFFEE, BUQAIt, M0LA6HE
lllCB, SI'ICBI, UIOARB BOD A, ETC., ITO,
N. E. Corner Second and Arch eta.
ir-Ordere will receive prompt attention.
Hen Vowlrm Ml;t In thousands of
forms, but re surpassed toy tbe Ifwjeti of
Invention. Those whoaretOMrtUf prof.
llnttlAunrlr that fjin be dOhOYhUQ liVlnK
at home should at once send their address to
Hallet i'a, Portland. Jisine, and ifortve free,
full Information bow either tec, oratl 'sees.. can
earn from is to its per day and npwMwher.
Ynn ira htaK.d fr-. CADltAl hOt
renulrtd. Home have made over HO In a untie
day at tbU work, All succeed. lyascsc.
0. 1. SWELL
By the following well known makers;
Hallet & Davis.
rx... i r. r if.-
JUll U1BU AUIillSll UI1V Ul
(iheaper makes at manufacturers
prices. Do not buy a piano De-
tore getting our prices.
Catalogue and Price lists
Bitten bender & Co.,
No. 12C & 128 Franklin Ave.,
Iron ;aal Steel.
J. W. RAEBER,
BLASE BODE MAKER.
RULER AND BINDER,
Noe. 7 and 9 Markl St.,
A LBUM8, PHOTOGRAPH, AUTOGRAPH AND
A scrap, a large and complete line At J. 11.
Mercer'B dug and Book Store, Evans' Block.
IX TnE FINEST EXTRACTS COLOGNE
at J. II. Mercer's Drug and Book. store, Evans'
Block, opposite Episcopal Church.
LL PROPRIETARY AND PATENT MEDICINES
at J. U. Mercer's Drui; and Book store, oddo-
ite Episcopal Church.
BOOKS, STATIONERY AND WALL PAPFR, A
fine stock at Mercer's Drug and Book Store,
opposite Episcopal cnurcn, uioomsourg, l'o.
CAST1LLE. TOILET AND MEDICATED SOAPS,
a full line at J. II. Mercer's Drue and Book
Store, Upper Main 'treet.
COMBS OF ALL KINDS, WELL SELECTED, AND
at very low prices at J. 11. Mercer's Drug and
Book store; third door above Iron street, Blooms
CONDENSED MILK, COXE'S, NELSON'S AND
cooper's Gelatine. Tapioca, sage. Arrow Hoot
and all the prepared foods for children and In
I vallds at Mercer's Drug and Book store. Unit door
above Hess' Boot and Shoe Store, Bloomsburg, Pa.
C1ANART, HEMP, RAPE. MILLET, MAW AND
j Mixed Seed for the birds, at J. II. Mercer's
Drug and Book store, nrst door below Creasr's
I Book 81
INE WRITING PAPERS. BY BOX, LOOSE OR
id 'i auiei iorm, at j. ii. piercers urug ana
Store, Bloomsburg, Pa.
-VTURSING BOTTLES WIpptJSS, RUBBER Ht I
it ties, Teething Rings and all requisites t the
Nursery that will contribute to tbe b by's happi
ness, at J. II. Mercer's Drug and Book More, two
doors above Evans Eyer's Clothing store.
PHYSICIANS' PRESCRIPTIONS AND FAMILY
receipts carefully prepared at all hours at
Mercer's Drug and Book store, Bloomsburg, I'a.
1,01LCT AND INFANT WWDERS, ROUGE,
at J. U. Mercer's Drutr and Book store. No es Main
I street, Bloomsburg, Pa.
WALL PAPER-MANY KINDS AND MANY
prices at .Mercer's Drug and Book S'nre,
vpivBivo npincuiJiii luuivu, oiuuuuiuunf, j tu
HOW AOOOAIl'UMiKK Kvprj Uc t stiouM know.
DERSIAN BLOOM, BeitCittpltxioa Ztvx
tifl( Hkln Our and bletulkh Krsdlcator known
6ul iump tot trial pckas.
SOU AOANTS rOK
Sole agents of the fol
lowing brands ot
Alexander Bros. Co.,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FRUITS AND NUTS.
FRESH EVERY WEEK.
for the Spring trade,
Brussel and Ingrains.bmyrna and
Cocoa Rugs, Cocoa Mattings,
and a nice line of
Feb. 10, liu. .ns.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., PRIDAY, MARCH 30,
NO ONE NEED
'.'I'havo been Buffering for
over two years with Dyspep
sia. For tho last year I
could not take a drink of cold
water nor cat any meat with
out vomiting it up My life
was a misery. I hail bad re
commended Simmons Liver
Regulator, of wliiuh I am
now taking tbe second bottle,
and llio fact is tli.it words
cannot cxpiess tin- relief I
feel. My appetite is vpry
good, and I digest verytbing
thoroughly. I sleep well now,
and I nerd to bo very restless.
I am fleshing up last; good
strong food and Simmons
Liver Regulator lia o donu it
all. I write this in hopes of
benefiting somo oni' who has
suffered as I did, and would
tako oatb to these MaUmcnta
E. S. Ballod, Syracuse, Neb.
THE BEST BURNING OIL THAT CAN
BE MADE FROM PETROLEUM.
It elves a brilliant light.
It will not smoke thecnlmneys.
It will not char tbe wick.
It has a high lire test.
It win not explode.
It la prc-etuinently a family safety oil.
WE CHALLENGE COMPARISON
With any other Illuminating oil made.
We Stake Our Reputation,
As refiners, upon the statement that it is
THE BEST OIL
IN THE WORLD.
Ask your dealer for
Trade for Bloomsburg and Vicinity Supplied by
CLOTHING T CLOTHING!
6. W. BERTS CH,
THE MERCHANT TAILOR.
Mi Furnishing Goodsats & Caps
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Suits mado to order at, short notice
and afitalwnvs tmarauttcd or no sale.
Call and examine the largest and bent
selected stock: ot gooos over Buown in
Btore next door to First National Bank,
CaveatB and Trade Marka oMalnd,nDd all Patent
hn nnio mnniiniPii inr KiiiiiriiiA i . r r.rvT.
nni nKPiCR 1H OIP SITE U. S. PATENT
nvwTnu v havn no Rnb.fltreLClefl. all bUBlness
direct, henco can transact patent buslt ess In less
lime ana av ucoa tusi iuu it vow hwihivm
sum mrviAi rirnwtni?. or nhoto.wlth descrlDtlon.
we Advise if natentablo or not, fre ol cbarsre.
rkni. tan nnf find till nntf nt Is EOCUrtd.
A bO0K,"I10w IQ UUiain rmrmtv wiuncinuivcB
to actual clientam jrour sime, county, or iuwu.
sent ires. Address
Opposite Patent omee, Vaiblngtor, i. 0.
ffl. C. SIM & BRO.
CARRIAGES BUQQIES, PHAETONS-
fimriHS. PLATFORM WAOONS &C
First-class work always on ban' ,
REPAIRING NEA 1j Y DONh.
Price rerlucedto tuit the tivt.
A MONTH and BOARD tor 3 bright
foungmen or ladles In each county.
'. wrziEULERC CO., Philadelphia,
FOU FE9TIV ,Lj
AS KOI.LOWb :
n large stock of
consisting in part ot
A HUCKLEBERRY MARKET.
ranadlan Iterry Plekert nnil Ilnyert.
Ing DUtance. to 'Market.
Tho huckleberry market nt Grand liny
gave me another glimpse of Sngiciiny life,
At my camp on tho tjcncli I watched the
title steal up.tlio snuds till the great bay
was filled to the lirlm, nntl the terraces
of inhabited lnntl', a verdant iimpliltlien-.
tre nntlcr liakl (rrnnlte peaks, rested In the
silence ot midnight. Then I walked over
to the wharf to see n quaint market scene
by starlight on the shores of thla savage
river. A I drew near tho medley of
sounds divided Itself into many signs ot
human life; tho driving ot horses, the
calls ot men and women, tho talking of a
multitude, filled the obscurity with Invis
ible yet eager spirits. Tho road was lined
on each side with carta and buckboards
plied with boxes, and halt dnipod with
protecting boughs and gran. Half a
dozen buyers moved about among tho
crowd, mid their lanterns showed a forest
ot rough booted legs, of shaggy fetlocks
and muddy wheels, and when the light
was raised to cxoinlno nn opeuetl box of
berries the tanned, furrowed, eager-faces
of men ennio out of the night like heads
by Hcmbrnndt. The uarkiie.waJi full of
strong human feeling, questions, answers,
oners, refusals, expostulations, sighs ot
A little booth nb the end of tho wharf
filled with a crowd watching some
boisterous men playing cards'for candles;
with hats tipped back and chins out
stretched In eager disputatious, they had
shullled olt their mortal responsibilities
onto the jack ot trumps. In the opposite
booth four strong, shaggy, black eyed
men and a wrinkled dame sat about a
dirty table and uto dry bread by the light
of a candle. The talk In, this dingy cabin
was low and gloomy; a lad lying on his
back on a bench announced in preciso and
bitter speech tho condition of things:
"Tho boxes must be large, well filled with
clean fresh licrries; the price, then, ladles
and gentlemen, Is fifteen cental"
"J ust so," replied one ot the men, as no
crunched his crust with vim; "we are
fourteen; wo picked hard during two
days, and got sixteen boxes; they gave mo
SM.40 for tho lot; eighty cents oil for tho
boxes, leaves mo $1.00 for tho profit. It
they think; that pays, let them pick and
"No danger," said another, "of their
tramping overtherocksl And we'refools
to spend our time for them. Now I come
from near Lake St. John, about fifty
miles from here, with twenty boxes, and
I've got $s net for picking three days with
twelve hands, and for driving a hundred
Then they were silent for a while, till
the old woman said, in a calm, resigned
"wen. yes, tnot's an true enongn, out
what can wedof Blueberries are the only
blessed tiling thnt can bo sold for cash.
Where else could we get the $15,000 a,
year that comes into the country? It's all
very well to tell us to Improvo our farms
instead of picking berries, but we'd starve
to death on tho farm alone." C. II. Fnrn
ham in Harper's Magazine.
The Consclenttoan Newspaper 9fan.
It is my experience that a conscientious
newspaper man will do his work inter
viewing Included about right if the man
who has tho news to give will only let
him. Reporters don't wilfully and ma
liciously misquote talkers and misstate
facts, as they are so generally credited
with doing, and I find that tho best plan
to pursue in giving nuterial for publica
tion is to state the facts clearly an let
the reporter do tho dressing up. Theso.
fellows who nlwnys Insist on being re
ported verbatim, and who must dictate
the text of every item they furnish, in
variably make a sorry mess ot it. au
other thing I've noticed: If a man has a
speech prepared for a banquet, presenta
tion or any occasion of that character, he
had better give the reporter the manu
script and go it blind than trust himself
to stick to his prepared speecti, for, nine
times in ten, he'll get away from his
paper before ho Is half through, in which
cose, he'll thank his stars forever that the
reporter has a grammatical and reason
ably coherent composition to print instead
of his disjointed "impromptu" speech.
Dan Ltnahan in Globc-Democrnt.
The Durwln Theory in Commerce.
This application of Darwin's prreat
theory to commercial competition is more
than n parable. It is the scientific expla
nation of causes which have wrecked
civilization lu the past and may wreck
them in the future. The struggle must
go on whilo men are Impelled by the dc
slro for a greater profusion of what sus
tains life or makes it happier, it often
has been, and often Is, carried on by the
sword, but Important victories may be
won, and disastrous defeats sustained, by
moro peaceful means.
The discovery ot the passage round the
Cape transferred the trade ot the east
from the Mediterranean to London and
Amsterdam, nnd most merchants in the
city nfllrm that the cutting of the Suez
canal has once more deprived England of
tho advantage of situation. Tho com
mercial success of Switzerland, however.
proves that national characteristics are at
least as important as geograpnieni posi
tion, and it Is well from time to time to
ask If we nro doing ul! that in us lies to
train those who shall follow us to main
tain what our predecessors have won.
Snutlay Election. In Switzerland.
I mado friends with the lnstltuteur of
tho Vllleueuvo public school, who led tho
singing at church nnd kept the village
book fctore; nnd he, too, talked politics
with me, and told mo thnt all electloni
were held on Sunday, when the people
were nt leisure, for otnerwiso tney would
not take the time to vote. Ho was not so
clear as to why they were always held In
church, but thnt Is the fact; and some
times the Bncied character tof the place Is
not enough to suppress boisterous party
feeling, though it certainly helps to con
After divine service on election Sunday
I went to the Croix Blanche for my cof
fee, to pass the time till the voting should
begin. On the church door was posted a
printed Biimmons to the electors, and on
the cafe billiard tables I found ballots of
the different parties scattered. Gendarmes
had also distributed them about in tho
church pews; they were inclosed in envel
ops, which were voted sealed. On a tnblo
before the pulpit the ballot box a glass
urn was placed, and beside it sat the
Judges ot election, with lists of the regis
tered voters, uut in any precinct of the
canton nn elector who could prove that he
had not voted nt home might deposit Ids
ballot in any other. The church bell rang
for tbe people to assemble, and tbe voting
began and ended In perfect quiet. Hut I
could not witness an election of this an
cient republic, where freedom was so
many centuries old, without strong emo
tion; tt hud from its nature and the placo
the consecration of a religious rite. V,
D. Howells lu Harper's Magazine.
The Cowboy of Itiu.la.
The Cossacks furnish the cavalry and
the Russians think it is the finest In the
world, although there Is a decided differ
ence of opinion on this subject among
military authorities, uutsiue ot uussia
the Cossack is regarded as a good scout
and au active guerilla, but worthless for
regular warfare. He Is a cowboy, the
gaucho ot Russia, was -born in a Baddle,
has a contempt tor agriculture (all the
food products among the Cossacks are
raised by the women), a contempt for
schools, would not learn to read or write
If he had an opportunity, and is just
about half civilized.
Uut the Cossacks are a race of free men.
They have never been serfs, and have never
held them, nor have they ever paid taxes
to any authority. They own vast tracts
ot land lu eastern Hussia, 'Where they
raise herds of cattle, sheep and horses.
All their land is held in common and tbe
people live in communes. Their system
of local government Is the Bams as that of
tho Bedouins the same as that ot tbe
children of Israel lu the time ot Moses
"When big Ideas get Into little tninds
gometilng is bound to spread. H la usually
tb mouth, . . ,
CZAR 'ALEXANDER'S CHARACTER.
One or thn Most Agreeabla of Compao
lonfr How !! Cnn.lder. Criminal..
Tho cznr Is not approachable for obvious
reasons. Ho Is tho most difficult man in
the world to see for any purposei bocauso
he is so completely surrounded by police
and soldiers; but when access Is once
gained to his presence he Is represented as
one ot the most agrccablo 6t companions
"notagoHl talker," as one expressed
It, "but a splendid listener." lie soemr
to be interested in anything you are ot a
mind to discuss, and often suggests topics
to his callers In a pleasant, off hand way
to draw them ont. Ho says llttlo himself,
but remembers all ho hears and from
whom he heard It. I would rather tell a
good story to the czar than any man I
know, but I never heard him tell one. He
is particnlarly Interested on nil scientific
and political topics. He will listen as In
tently to a discussion of the political
situation In America as that In Europe, and
the description ot any now discovery will
delight him. He will .inquire minutely
for the details, and will then ask where
he can find further Information. Small
talk and gossip never interests him. Ho
will change the subject at once and
abruptly as soon as It is begun. Ho cares
nothing for newspapers and seldom rends
them, but has a secretary who reads every
Journal of Europe of any Importance, and
Is abio to tell the czar-what he wants to
know of enrrent events.
Looking at his photograph docs not give
one more than a suggestion of the amount
of character In the czar's face. He is a
large, 'splendidly built man, and moves
like an athlete. -Thero 'Is 'Strength In
every motion-if his haodandvery glance
of hlsieye. There Is no 'face among all
tho great men,ot'EnropoTvlth''ir)re char
acter' in 'Its Unes than his, and the chief
characteristic is Metermlnation. He is a
man blither most-intense convictions. He
hates amUhoiloTes-very strongly; never
forgets an'lnjuryiora kindness, but has a
sympathetic disposition, and is inclined to
look upon crime -fts arllsease.
This point was aHndcd to recently in
conversation wlth'anrOfllolal of tlie gov
ernment who has todo-wlthiphllanthropic
Institutions. He told me that the cznr hod
always shown the greatest-interest In the
Humane treatment ,ot .uie Insane, and
had several times expressed the opinion
that most (criminals ivero irartially or
wholly ont-of their-mlnds: Heis much
more lenient toward theNIhillsts-than his
police, and It was through him 'that the
last batch arrested .were sent' to Siberia
Instead ot being executed. He considers
the young men, the students who, engage
In conspiracies against him, as "nm.ttlcs,
and is inclined to treat them generously;
but an officer of the army who is gnllty of
conspiracy or treason he -will nover for
give. In the czar's mind hanging Is too
good Tor him.
"The religious element In' the Character of
the emperor 'is exceedingly strong. He
has always had a serious temperament,
even-whenyxboy, and'has-taken a greater
interest in religious matters than his
father did, orln'fact'anyof his 'predeces
sors. He Is scrupulously exnct'In tho per
formance 'Of nil his religious .'duties,
attends mass'evsry 'morning ofihla.llfe,
and always goes to the icon -of stho Lady
oi Kazan before attempting any great
work or deciding upon Any great, question.
.William Eleroy Curtis in Chicago News.
Car Rldlne Ilefore the War.
sleepers and 'buffet Cars can't Imagine
what railroading used ito -he' before the
warin the'West. ?Now"the percentage of
deaths by accldent-on, rhllrojulK is very
small. Then-uiium took his illfo lu his
hand when'he madoa'tripot) the'railroad.
The rails then'were 'known ns-sttan rails.
flat pieces of iron spiked 'down to the
wooden beams laiuaiongtiie'traxK. Every
now and then a wheehota ear .would tear
one end of a raUJoose.and.lt would tly up
through the bottom of the cur and then
smash Its wayHhrough, 'killing anybody
It struck' and breaking the wood work of
the car.allito pieces.
I "was ran express mesf enger in those
dajB on .a.roaduunning betwean Cincin
nati and Indianapolis. One day one of
these rails broke through 'mycar. JStruck
my safe, and then came'sqillrmiug and
twisting Hhea snake -at mc. Itricd to
dodge it. but it seemed to bend all over
the car In a second, and it caught my
breeches, tearing them clenr off one leg.
If It had struck my body I would have
been nailed to the roof by it, as It went
on out that way. Sometimes these broken
rails threw the train off the track, but
generally the cars bowled merrily along
over tbe break, and the passengers wero
go accustomed to being shaken up that
they didn't know that anything extraor
dinary had happened until some one told
them. Joseph Temple in uione-uemo-
The Approved "Tragedy" Tell.
"In the streets of Cardiff," writes Mr
Leonard Boyne, "I once saw an Italian
stab another fatally. I was on the oppo
site side of tho road, and I gave a yell oi
scream nnd rushed to take tho knife.
That Incident is always vividly lforo my
eyes w hen I see Tybalt stab Mercutlo, and
I have ever since, when playing ltomeo.
used tho 'yell.' I have noticed a dead
silence come over the house Immediately,
as if something beyond mere acting had
happened. One of the audience told mo
that the scream was so effective that he
thought the man was actually stabbed.
and he was completely carried away by
the scene." This seems at urst signt llKe
a perfect example of "emotion recollected
In trnnrruiitty." uut can air. uoyne re
produce the cry, .with certainly ot effect,
in penecljy com mootir" AJoes ne not de
pend upon tbe emotional tension ot the
sceno to ettuue him for -the effortf I con
fess to a doubt whether Talma himself
could Teproduco'in perfect tranquility the
"spasmodic viuration" or voice wmenne
originally owed to overmastering emo
tion. Longman's Magazine.
Origin or the K.klmo.
The' Eskimos are called Innults by somo
writers liecnusc lhe name is derived from
a native word .signifying "man," and is
supposed to be their own designation ot
themselves, in aiosea tne rKimos num
ber altogether about 18,000, inhabiting
most ot the coast line, as well as the in.
tcrior portions of the Arctic division.
Where they came from Is, ot courso, pure
matter ot conjecture.but one theory Is, that
thsv originated lu tne centre oi t no Amer
ican continent, and that their settlement
on tho Alaskan coasts was coincident with
the general migration which led n portion
ot the same race to Ureenlnmi. The the
ory of a common origin llnds some sup
port' In the fact that tho kulak, or skin
ennoo ot the Alaskans is identical In con.
Btructlon with bhat of tho Greenlaudcrs.
This Tcalftk, -which U a covered boat, is
found only.uniong pur . Etkiuios, and is
lot wUereverther has been luterrolxturo
with other races. Thla.ts picnrtous fact,
M It forms b atsluict-tuark of 4ieutlty.
Always llstea to advice It's a way
other people have of disclosing their
Itlght and Left.
In these days of schools for colored
people, the number of those who can't tell
their right baud from their left must have
diminished; before the war It was very
Elvlry, a slave, bad fallen sick, and
her master went to Inquire as to her state
of health. The room where she lay was
In total darkness, and the master, while
(peaking to her stood outside the door.
"Which eye is it that is swollen, El-
vlraf" he asked; and the voice ot Elvira
replied through the darkness:
"Marster, it's dat eye over nex' de
A similar case came up In a New
Orleans court room. A colored lady hrd
charged one ot her own race with assuult
and battery, having been struck on tho
face with a brick. The Judge, seeing no
marks of tbe alleged blow, asked on
which side ot her head she hod been
"Jedge," was the reply, "she hit me on
ue Blue uai w as loues uo woousi" uar-
Ilcat Material for Clothing.
The nrimarr oblcct of clothing In cold
climates Is to retain the heat of the body;
in hot climates it may serve the opposite
purposo of proteotlon from the sun, while
in any place a secondary out most im
portant object Is ornament. As to mate
rial, wool is the best for retaining heat,
for It is a bad conductor, and, preventing
loss, feels "warm." It is particularly de
slrable as underclothing for children and
old persons, who liavo not much power of
resisting cold, and reqniro warm cover
ings. In a climate with rapid changes in
temperature the great vnluo of woolen
underclothing Is recognized by ita univer
sal use to mnlutaln an equitable warmth.
In hot weather cotton underclothlug Is
cooler, because it Is a better conductor of
heat, nnd therefore allows of more loss;
but then tt at tho sauio tlrao conducts
more of tho external heat to the skin, and
thus protects It less, nnd it involves tho
risk of sudden nnd rapid fluctuations of
temperature. Furs, like wool, preserve
the heat, whilo linen and silk, like cotton,
allow it to bo more quickly lost.
The color of the outer clothing mnkes
some difference, for black and dark shades
like darK uliie'aasoru tho sun's Tays,'wnne
light bright colors and white rcllect them.
The former are, therefore, suitable for
winter, nnd the latter are preferred in
summer for their coolness, care being
taken that the thickness, nature nnd ar
rangement of tho garments yield the de
sired effect. So fur ns tit is concerned,
loosely fitting articles, other things being
equal, ure warmer than tightly fitting
ones, because the latter Interfere with the
circulation, as cold hands and feet in
tight gloves and boots limply testify. u.
F. Pollock in The Chnutauqunn.
Value ot the "1801" Hollar.
"The fact Is," remarked Mr. Richard
Cogan, one of tho dealers, "that thero Is
not, and probably never was an original
lbOl dollar. Uy original we menu, ot
course, one struck In that year, it is
pretty well established now that at that
time it was the custom to use a set of
dies at the mint till they were worn out,
Irrespective of tho year Lhey wero dated.
It is more than probable that an the spec
imens that were struck from tho die of
1804 were made subsequent to that date.
"Of the thirteen or lourteeu that are
now known to exist," said Mr. Cogan,
'two are In tins city, four In Uostou, ouo
in San Francisco, one In Denver,
nnd the others aro scattered nil over the
intervening country. 1 could give iyou
tho name of every person who owns one.
Maj V.'eimore, of 15 Wnverjy place, has
one which he believes to be the 'only orig
inal' one. It is somewhat worn and has
evidently been in circulation. This does
not usually add to tne value oi a coin,
but In this case, if this could be made to
prove .that It was struck In tne. year It
was dated, it might make a big differ
"How much is a specimen worth to
day?" asked the reporter.
"That would bo" pretty hard to Bay,"
replied Mr. Cogan. "They have sold all
the way from $C0O to fl.SOO, and that,
too, for tho same specimens. There are so
tew of them that they have no regular
market value and the price paid for them
depends entirely upon how badly tho pur
chaser wants one. Trobably if one was
offered for sale today it could not be
bought for lees than $ 1,000. New York
A Romantic Maiden'. MUtake.
She was very romantic. Her father
was a millionaire, whose life had been de
voted to sausage raising. He was very
practical naturally, but all tbe poetry ot
her family was right lu.hcr. She was be
loved by another millionaire's son, but she
had been rending romances and stuff, and
when ho proposed to Her she declared ho
must do something poetical for her.
"Dearest, what can l do?"
"llecome a poor artist."
"I couldn't be any other kind of an art
"I mean you must pretend to be a poor
artist. Ta does not know yon. You
must come and make love to me and I
will fall in love with you. Pa will object
and make a row. We will elope nnd get
married, and wlicu it's all over we'll tell
him, nnd it will be delightful."
And so he became a poor artist and toot
a poor studio and daubed on canvases and
pretended to paint pictures. Ann mere
was another millionaire's daughter got to
coming to his studio and sitting for her
picture. In those delightful little tete-a-tetes
he forgot all about the romantic
maiden, nnd when the romnntio maiden
came one night In peasant oostumo as a
Bweet surprise to run awny with him sho
found ho was married to tho othe gill aud
had gone oil on his honeymoon. Sho
thinks Hint romonces are all lies now, and
that nothing happens in real life as it hap
pens in books. She's about right. San
Francisco Chronicle ''Undertones."
Two Clas.es of ltusalan lrleats.
The priesthood of the Husslan church
is composed of two classes, tho white and
black clergy. The latter aie monKs be
longing to tbe several orders of religious
seclusion, and from their numbers all the
bishops and higher ecclesiastical oiuciais
are chosen. They are teachers In the
schools, also tutors in the families of the
nobles, and many of them have been cele
brated for their scnoiarMUp, tneir arustio
genius nnd literary gifts. Asceticism is
not practiced ns it Is in the Roman church,
except luicertaln orders in monastic life
and in flit- fulfillment of vows. During
tlie last century the church estates were
secularized uud confiscated by tlie crown;
then tlie emancipation ot the sens de
prived tho religious orders of a great part
of their wealth, somo of the monasteries
owning 20,000, iiO.000 nnd even 50,000
serfs. This wus a eovere blow to them,
and only a few, such as were possessed of
other wealth, survived it. At present
thero aro about 600 monastic establish
ments throughout tho empire, and most
ot them are wealthy.
There Is' a feeling ot bitter hostility ex-
istiug between the whito and black clergy.
The former are the city nnd village priests,
or popes, as they are called, Tney accuse
the black clergy ot laziness and Indiffer
ence to their vows. William Eleroy Cur
tis. The other day I chanced to be "Unter
der Linden" as the guard made its dally
march passing the palace ot the emperor.
The music and soldiers had approached,
and were passing just as the curtains
parted, and there stood tho aged kaiser,
bowing pleasantly to the enthusiastic
crowd, who were waving hats and hand
kerchiefs and hurrahing lustily, "Ub,
what a Bweet looking old gentlemanl" ex
claimed a female voice in my neighbor
hood, and, turniug, I saw a very pretty
American girl, all eyes and excitement.
The once stalwart, powerful Iorm ot wu-
helm I Is bent with age, and his steps aro
becoming luurm, yet the wonderful old
man who can enjoy the pleasure of salut-
lug an enthuslastio peoplo, with the fine
little 5 year old grandchild ot his noble
and beloved son at tm side, drew tortb
many admiring remarks at his splendid
preservation in his advanced age. Berlin
A Lecturer'. Prraence of Mind.
Of E. O. Wolcott. of Denver, it is told
that during his college days at Yale ho
took tho place one night ot atecturer with
stereopticon views in one of the New
Haven churches. The pictures were
chiefly ot Arctic scene, and he talked as
though ho had lived at the North pole for
years. While he was describing a glacier
someone In the audlenco asked: "How
fast docs it mover" Ho hadn't tho
slightest idea, but without hesitation be
renl cd: "A railo a minute!" "Why. Ed
Wolcott 1" whispered a professor at his
side, "it only moves an inch in ten
years!" iortuwim tuo young lecturer
asked to havo tho question repeated, and
then said: "Oh, the glacier! It moves
about an Inch in ten years. I thonght the
gentleman asked me about tbe velocity ot
the wind in the Arctio regionsi'' Chicago
Thero aro now over eighty miles of
electrio railways In the Uuitod States,
Eighteen towns have plants in operation,
varying from one to eleven miles in
lenctn. contracts nave neon tot tor roaus
In seventeen other towns, and flfty-nlno
mora are projeotea. vucajo Tim.
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XXILN0 13
COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT, VOL Lll, NO I
A Relle ot the War,
Tho Listener witnessed recontly nn In
teresting little ceremony the removal of
three charges from an old revolver, Which
had been borne, nnd evidently used, by
an ofTlccr on tho field of Cedar Creok, on
Oct 19, 1801. On that day, Capt, O. F.
W , of tho Thirtieth Massachusetts,
had, as ho charged with his company tlie
stone wall behind which tho Confederates
were entrenched, drawn this old five
shooter, of tho most approved-nnte war
type, which looks about ns much like tlie
ordinary Colt or Smith & Wesson of this
day as a revolutionary firelock does like
tho latest pattern of mngnzlno riRei The
revolver was loaded, but tho captain had
discharged two shots from It. Then he
wns himself shot through the heart, and
fell. The men pushed on; the Confeder
ates were driven from their position, nnd
defeat turned Into victory; but-when Gen.
Sheridan rode before the reformed Jlne,
aud complimented the troops upon their
bravery, tho gallant captain lay back
upon the field, among the dead nnd
HU revolver, with tho remaining throe ;
charges in It, was sent home tohis family,
and from Hint day to this tho charges re- '
mained In It, like a sheathed weapotrrendy
for service. Occasion had arisen, how
ever,, to pass the old pistol on .to a still
younger hand, nnd It was deemed best to '
draw tho old charges nt last. So tho threo ,
percussion caps, that looked ns old'fash
loned ns n Hint lock Itself to this' genera
tion, wero removed. The .bullaks, -with
their paper cartridges, wero carefully '
drawn; and the powder fell out of them, I
some ot it as bright nnd doubtless as 1
energetic, if one were to test It, as'When '
tho captain loaded his revolver before tho I
battle of Cedar Creek. To one -who-was 1
there, tho sight of thoso old cartridges '
must have brought back a grim and mov
ing spectacle of as gallant a charge as tho '
war had known. Boston Transcript
.Light leptn of Arctlo Saows.
The comparatively light depth-of .Bnow
In the north frigid zone is tolerably easy
of explanation, but the difference In con
sistency between It and tho snmo' material
further south is not so easy to understand.
In the former case we really have.buttwo
seasons when the snow falls the spring
and autumn the Intensely cold weather
of winter being as unfavorable for a snow
storm seemingly as tho summer itself; in
fact, I have seen a snow storm every July
nnd August I was in the Arctic, while
there were a number of months In each
winter of'whlch I could not say the same.
The Eskimo plainly -recognize these two
seasons ot snow storms, and have two
different names for the spring and fall
During the winter there may be high
winds, which carry the loose snow in
drifting packs, so that n person caught
out in such a gale would think at first
sight that he was in a first class snow
storm; but, nevertheless, none has'fallen,
and although drifts hare 'formed ideeper
here and there, this has been ipicked up
from the ridges and hilltops and the
average depth is the same as before. For
this, too, the natives have a name, and
will inform you that at that temper
ature and that time ot the year
no snow fills. In Greenland ob
servations have been carried on for
many years by Danish meteorologists, and
Dr. Kink, the best authority on that
-region, says that "intnorth Greenland the
'amount of snow annually falling is In
ferior to that of south Greenland," and
this Ihw seems to be general. In short,
the heaviest fall of snow is not la the
frigid no more than in the torrid zone,
but somewhere between the two. Lieut.
Crossing tlie Muddy Rtreet.
I stood at n corner on Main street tho
other day and watched the people making
itheir way across the muddystreet. .Did
you ever notice how differently this Is
done by different people.
There is the lady who pauses moment
arily in dlsmny, then gathers her skirts
with one hand nnd daintily picks! her way,
striving to step where some man's big
brogan has left Its imprint, but falling be
cause the brogan took such long btcps.
Then comes the well dressed man who
never deforms his -shapely feet wlth over
shoes. Ho glances down at his well pol
ished boots, mutters an imprecation about
the street commissioner, and walks across
on his heels, maintaining his balance with
difficulty and losing Ills temper altogether.
'l ho old resident who is used to thls-sort,
ot thing, and who .would not feel at-home
with a clean pavement in thespringitlme,
does not permit the muddy crossing to
delay him, but with a skill, born of long
experience, taKes advantage of every pro
jecting dry spot that tho pavement-affords,
nnd doesn't get very muddy after all.
liut tho man who produced the strong
est impression upon me, the man 'Whom
you will nt once recognize, was the man
whose unpolished boots und insensibility
to dirt euubled htm to disregard the:mud.
This man sets his toot down like.apllo
driver, or yanks It through the liquid mud
like a snow plow nnd liberally bespatter
everybody and everything within a radlusi
of five yards. You havo met him; every
body has met him. He has splashed you
with mud; ho has splashed everybody.
lie sunuhi ue nuateu as a public nui
sance. Kansas City Journal.
Conserve Your Torce.
Hamerton Bays: "It often happens that
mero activity is a waste of time, that peo
ple who have a morbid habit of being busy
are often terrible time wasters; while, on
the contrary, those who are judiciously
deliberate, and allow themselves Intervals
of leisure, bco the way before them In
those mtervnls, and savo time by the ac
curacy of their calculations."
Another writer, 'unknown, tnys: "Some
men are in Incessant actlou, early and
lute, and all through tho day. They havo.
no tlmo for family or friends. As for
holidays, tho less for them the better.
They have Inherited a nervous tcmicra
ment, and are doing just the wrong thing
with It allowing it to hurry them to an
untimely end, They wear themselves
out. Their brain is ever in n Btnte of
morbid activity almost like thnt of an in
sane man, A little careful planning, and
a proper laying out of work, and especially
doing everything in the proper time,
would avoid all such hurry and worry,
mako work much easier, secure an ahuiii
dance ot leisure and greatly increase
length ot life." Scientltlc American.
Tlie Deaf Called by ft Drum.
Who would think of calling deaf men
by Iwatlng n drum? Yet this is exactly
what Is done in tho Institute for the dent
and dumb at Flint, Mich. With the drum
resting on the floor nnd beaten in the usual
way, everybody in the building Is
awakened In tlie morning. It is also used
to call the ljoys from the playgrounds,
Tho teachers state that those who can
not hear at all feel the vibrations and
answer the summons. Pittsburg Dis
patch. ltecoinlnc Too Valuulile.
Land in many parts ot California Is bo
coming too valuable for wheat growing,
anil large tracts are pasnlng Into orchards
and vineyards. It is expected that lieforo
many years have pasted tho bulk of the
wheat growing innus ot locuiy win ue
moro profitably used, Chicago Herald,
Origin of Kliflund's Nmiir.
England took Its name from the Angles
or English, a Teutonic people, who, with
other kindred tribes, enmo over from tlie
mainland ot Europe and won for them
selves a new home in Britain. Boston
l'erluiue l"rum Carrot..
Opopounx Is tho name of a new per
fumo that has suddenly became very
popular in Paris. It is said to be made
chiefly from carrots, and hns what may
be termed a modlllcd smell of that vege
table. Chicago News.
Three grammes dally of nutlpyrln for
threo days ln-fore embarking nnd the same
dose for three days following, is said by a
French scientist to bo a auie preventive
ot seaslokuew. New York Tribune.
Climate and main Weight.
The average weight it the brain ot man
apparently bears adttirite relation to tha
climate a higher brajb weight being found
In'cold '.ban fmvnrm countries. "In pro
portion to their stature, tho Lapps have
the largost heads In Europe, the Nor
wegians next) then comei tho Swedes,
Danes, Germans, French nnd Italians.
In the Arab tho head is found to be smaller
than in any of these, while lu tho far north
there exists n peoplo known as Chugatshes
who jiossesa remarkably large heads.
A luxury In l'arl.
Fires aro considered a .great luxury
here. We have immense andirons, and
the fires are built on tho stone or tlto
(loom. They generally burn a sort nt
brick made of pressed coal, railed a
briquette, warranted to last five honrs.
As I tell sister, n common 'brick-would
last longer and give as much heat. Tha
French peoplo aro so economical tthey
lump up nnd our water pn (ho fire to
keep it from burning up too quickly.
Elizalieth Nourso In Cincinnati Com
A New Kind of Oar..
Oars are coming Into use in. which tho
blade is made from the best sheet' steel,
highly' tempered, nud Is alleged to bo
much stronger than the onllnnry wooden
ono, nnd cannot be broken without! nndtM
violence; the handle fits into the -socket,
running nearly the wholo length of tho.
blade, and forming a backbone ot great
strength; and the oar, being mnch thin
ncr In the blade than the wooden one,
enters and leanes the water cleaner. iTbo
handles are made aeparately, of spruco
or ash, New York Sun.
Ttapldltj of Thoucht.
The learned Df. McKnttrell, in' an elab
orate article In The Nineteenth Century,
on tiie rapidity of thought, states -that it
requires oncthlrteeuth of n second to
judge between blue and red. If the. doctor
had over noted tho time taken by a
woman in choosing tho right shade of rtbn
bon forilier spring bonnet,' he would not
hare been led into so glurlug an error.
A HfRh' Tom-d 'Dyna.ty.
The most high toned tlynnst n the
world Is that of .Tnpnn, according to a
Japanese lecturer in the Berlin Academy
of Oriental Languages. The mikado Is
descondeU from the gods, ntld Is th(C121st
of hls race. Tho national religion, Slnto
' tsnvpowesses 8,000,000 gods- ami UsAtnts
and therortre-liiO.OOO U mple New. York
JOondurlve toHiking Cold.
"I'haveri't'had a cold foryears,"ald,a)
well known physician the other oWght.
"Not since I gave-up the pernicious habit
of turning up the coliur ot my top coat.
Dort't be afraid of exposing your throat,
unless tho rain goes down your' neck
then it's only a, matter of comfortifar tho
time being.", Philadelphia Press.
It is an interesting fact that tlie ok.
British war Milp, in which iMrjiDaroln
circumnavigated tho world, and .began
those speculations which revolutionized
science, is'now n Japanese training 'Ship.
Despite Its transformation of name and
change of ownership, the famous old ves
sel still floats. Instead Of tho Beagle, the
name is some unspelinble word with the
usual ship title of Maru after it. The
Japs are proud of their treasure, Home
Word. Were Untiprc.sarr.
Robert (who was at the offlco"vtry late '
last night) My dear,, have you seen any
thing of my boots? '
She sweetly) Yes, love,, they are down
here on the hat rack. Life.
Aetre.se. Oft the1 Stage.
Off the stage 'actresses may be roughly
divided into two classes, one composed of
those who try to carry Its glamor into
their dally lives, who never allow any one
unless It is their maid to See them until
they'nre'"made up," and to further help
art assist nature receive their -visitors in. a
darkened drawing room or in a boudoir
with drawn blinds and rose colored shades.
They flatter themselves that In thlsiway
they preservo their reputation for bean ty,
bravely ignoring tho fact that bat pleasea
the eye in tlie perspective shocks it In
proximity. The other class .delight la
showing their utter disregard for personal
'annearance. and 'revel lu 'freedom from
wigs and whitewash. Now York Press.
low a LocomotlcorCTreok IUelf.
'Of all tho accidents most feared l)y rail
road engineers, and ono' ot frequent oc
currence, Is that of tho brenkingofa driv
ing rod while tho engine is running at a
high rate ot i speed. How it can occur, '
It often does, nnd those in the cab escape
with their lives is always 'considered 'a
miracle. Tho minuto' the heavy liar, or
rod, ns it' Is commonly (called, brooks, or
tlie crank pin which fastens the end to tho
driving wheel gives way, the massive
piece of iron goes whizzing through' tha
nir. 'striklng the cngine'nnd tho ground,
-battering und'smoshing everything that It
comes in contact with. Old engineers can
relate some very Interesting experiences ot
this kind. Albany tucpress.
Thicken Cholera tor Itnbbttk
M. Pasteur's plan of exterminating
MUblts has been 'tried In 'a"tleul near
Klii'lms, nnd is said to have succeeded,
t'lie Held is wnlled in and was full of, bur
rows. The gun nud the ferret hadibeen
vainly tried. M. Loir, nephew of M.
Pasteur, went down nnd poured onntruss
of liny some broth full of the microbes of
chicken choleni. Tho next day nineteen
dead rabbits were tonnd, andttwo days
later twelve more. In somo of the bur
rows were discovered families of "dead
rnbblts,nnd not one living rabbit has
bliicelbech seen. Ijondon Times.
Dead Letter Aire Mu.eum.
Connected with the dead letter office is
a sort of museum, where curious 'articles
that come in the malls and cannot be re
turned to owners are placed on exhibition.
In the cabinets which extend round the
room are shown articles innumerable and
varied, many of which have histories.
'There ore pictures and toys and Jewelry
without number, bevcral Indian natcn
cts which were unclaimed give to one ot
the cabinets nn arclia.-ologlcal appearance,
and a pair of Indian pipes ot red sand
stone cross each other In trnly peaceful
style. Ono ot the rare curiosities is a
sheet of parchment, on which is pinned
the Lord's prayer in fifty-four languages.
It is said to be a duplicate ot n parchment
which hangs in St. Peters's at Home.
A Itarber. Observation.
Tho loquacious barbers now and then
hnve intervals when they remark inci
dents that escape tho nttention ot many in
tho tear and rush of life. "You Bleep on
the right side of your body," one of them
said the other day, as he clipped the semi
blonde hair of a customer. "Why? Be
cause don't you see that your hair la
thicker oa'tho right than on the leftside?
We can readily tell on which side a cus
tomer sleeps. The heat Is confined to the
side ot the head Testing on theTlllow, and
that heat makos the hair grow thicker
about the temple" Tho barber didn't
explain the accepted statement that tbe
constant wearing of the bat produces to
much heat that men addicted to the prac
tice are bald. New York Sun.
AH nort. or Poison
Mr. W F. Diley, Adreitismg Agent of
the Diooklyn Ktavatrd lUilioad, writes;
"IiitUmiuutury rheumatism el)ed my
leg. and arms to twice thaii u.tutal slzn.
1 .utTri.d .irruclating pal it Your won
derful B S. ft., made a cnniplrte cure.
Major (Sidney Herbert, editor ol tha
fiovtirr n Vultitatar and Unit Farmer,
Atlanta, Oa., write.! "1 have fully Lsted
the virtue, ol Swifts Specific, both a. a
rheumatism care and a tonic it ha. dons
even mere than it. proprietor. eUim fur it.
Mr- Michael Long, Jr , with the blte
brldge Lithographic Co , Ciuiimiatl, Ohio,
write.: "1 suffered lor two yr with a
terrible Itching and painiul .oio on my
neck, arm., hand, and linger. No phy
sician could help me U. ri. S lell.vcd
m. perfectly and I feel IiV a new man
Mrs. Amanda Ingle, o! Uaatonla, NO,
write, t "My huhy, when four months
old, developed, .eroliila He had two se
vere rising, and aorta nn the neck- 1 M'nt
for our family ph)sici.n, who 'pronoimied
it tcroiula, aud pre.f nhed B. H. 8 for it,
I gave tho baby B K S . and it too got
the disease under cnntini. Tb. am, are
healed, and the baby is well and healthy.
1 kuow BBS. saved it. life, and I told
our dnctut so. II. I' a legular phymi'ian,
and preterit- d B, S K fm tho baby u. toon
a. he ear. it had aemtula
TitiM no Ultual ami rtkin Diseaae.
m.tled tree. TllK riv.lT brnifio CO,
Uraw.r 9, Atlanta, Ut
Australians Divorces have never
sanctioned In Australia.