Newspaper Page Text
A l. Fiurz
Office Front Room, Over Postoffloe.
T E. WALLBH,
Office over 1st. National Out,
KT U. FUNK,
Offloe in Knt'g Building.
J OUN M. CLAltK,
JUSTICE OF THE PEAOE.
ome oyer Moyer Pro. Prog store.
p W. MILLER,
Offlce lo Brower'a buudlng.tecond Uoor.room Ho.l
omce corner of Centre ana Main Streets. Clara a
Can be consulted In Gorman.
Q.EO. E. ELWELL
Office on First floor, front room, of Cot-
umbiah Huildlnjr, Main 'street, below jsi.
pAUL E. WIRT,
onloo In coiuhbum bdildimo, Third noor.
AT .ORNEY-AT- LAW,
Office In iiiowera' BuUdlng, 2nd floor,
fl.iNoaa. i a. wurrisaTSix.
KNORR & WINTERSTEEN,
OMoa in 1st National Bank HJfcn m51
first door to the left Corner of Main and Market
treeta uloomsourg, ra.
Pennon and Bounta Oolleetta.
3-0fflce over J)cnUer'Ohoo'Jstorc,
nioomsbure. Pa. rapr-&UB6.
Offlce.corner ot Third and Mala atrtew.'
jyj-ICHAEL F. EYERLY,
Conveyancer, Collector of Clalmo.
LBQAL ADVIfiE IN THE SETTLEMENT OF
- t- i-.'. VmlMlntr with F. P. BUI
mBrer"maoSeV-Uw, SSST Tooma,; nd noor
R. nONORAA. BOBBINS.
Offlce and residence, West First street Blooms
u u.CTT.VY. M. T.J?nreeon and Phj
. siclan , north aide Main treet.pelow Market
oraoe. North Market street,
.n -atxr xt Tnf.mr.Tl Rnrzeon and
I Physician. Offlce oorner of Bock and Market
W. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR
OPPOSITE COURT HOUSE.
i.anra and convenient sample rooms. Bath room,
hot and cold water; and all modem conTemepcqi
T F. IIARTMAN
Biraxsima tns roixowtMO
North American ot Philadelphia.
Franklin, " "
Pennsylvania, " "
York, ot Pennsylvania.
Hanover, ot N. Y.
Queens, ot London.
North British, of London.
Otnoe on Market street, No, , Bloomsburg.
oot. st, 1- '
UCHRIHTIAN Y. KNAPP, BLOOMSBURG, PA,
HOME, OF N. T. .
MKUCHANTS'.OF NEWARK, N. J.
PEOPLES' N. Y.
These u cokporations are well seasoned by
age and fir tsbtid and have never yet had a
in. wttiMi tiv nnv murr. of law. Their assets are
all invested in solid bkodkiiiss art liable to the
hazard otrias only.
Losses rROvnLT and bonxstlt adjusted and
oald as Boon as aeterminea oj i;bitij t.
KNArr, BPICIAL AOXMT AMD AOJUSTSB ULOOMiStlllO,
The people of Columbia county should patron
ise the agency where losses If any are settled and
pall by one ot ther own citizens. ,
PROMPTNESS. EQUITY. FAIR DEALING.
'agency. Mover's new building, Mala street,
- op- A qedI.
tn.TnstiranfACn..nf TTartford. Conn 17.078.220
Royal ot Liverpool JJ-SiS'SS
Fire Association, Philadelphia MfHiS
Phoenti, of London SSf.S2
Hartford ot llarttord JSffi
spnngneia nra ana iarme ''""Sr
iuilm mnAanrA iiinvt. noilcles are written
or the Insured without delay w tho ptBoe at
AiloomaDurg. ,10, w
rr n. UOUSE,
Bloomsuuko, Columbia. County, Pa
Alt styles ot work done In a superior manner, work
id without I'aih by tho use of Qaa.ua
tree ot charge when artificial teeth
In Ttnrtnn'a linllillnc. Main street.
below Market, live doors below Klelm's
drug store, first tloor.
Jo be open at all hourt during tht da
-TTTAINWRIQHT & CO.,
teas, byrurs, coffee, sugar, molasses
r10x, spioxb, bioakb soda, etc., sto.
N. K. corner Second and Arch Sta.
vorders will receive prompt attention.
LEMUEL DRAKE, Prop'r.
Tula well-known hotel baa been re-opened and
many Improvements made tor the accommodation
of the traveling public The bar and table are
supplied with the best the market affords. A large
and commodious stable Is connected with the
hotel. Terms always reasonable,
xlmays?) LEMUEL DRAKE, Proprietor.
. BLOOMSBURG, PENN'A,,
AflENT FOR THE
KEYSTONE DYNAMITE POWDER CO.,
manufactrueraof tha celebrated Key Btono Dyna
mite, THls ex plosive la BlviDg nnlvenial satUfao-
lAvpatR unit Trade Marks obtalnfxland all Patent
"business conducted io-MOUlltTK FEES.
OUK OFFICE IS OPPOSITE U. B. PATENT
ntwinit We have no sun-Sfrencles. all business
direct, hence can transact patent business la less
time ana aijuros tuai vaui iuuw iiwuwuwi
Kpnii mndrl. rtrawlntr. or nhotawlth deacrlDtlon.
Wo adtlao If patentable or not, tree of charge,
rfinr fra nnt due till naint Is secured.
A book,"llow to obtain Patents,"" Uh references
to actual clients in your Bute, county, or town,
oppcait rtust oeooe, wuUacteo, i? o
YOUR LIVER ?
Is the oriental salutation,
knowing that good health
cannot exist without a
healthy liver. When the
liver is torpid the bowels
are sluggish and constipa
ted, the food lies in the
stomach undigested, pois
oning the blood; frequent
headache ensues; a feeling
of lassitude, despondency
and nervousness indicate
how the whole system is
deranged. Simmons Liver
Regulator has been the
means of restoring moro
people to health and hap
piness by giving them a
healthy liver than any
agency known on earth.
It acta with extraordi
nary power and efficacy.
ravin untH tithAppointbd.
As a ceneral family remedy for dyspepsia, torpid
liver. nnnurin&t.tnn.tin..l hardly overuse anything
I else, and havo been Disappointed In the effect pro
duced; it seems to be almost a perfect cure for all
diseases ot tne stomacn ana dowcis.
W. -MCELROY, .-UOCUU, Utt.
THE BEST BURNING OIL THAT CAN
BE MADE FROM PETROLEUM.
It gives a brilliant light.
It will not smoko ihocnlmneys.
It win not cnar me wick.
It has a high Are test.
It will not explode. . .,
It Is pre-eminently a family satety oil.
WE CHALLENGE COMPARISON
With any other Illuminating oil made.
We Stake Our Reputation,
As refiners, upon tho statement that It Is
THE BEST OIL
IN THE WORLD.
Ask your dealer for
Trade for Bloomsburg and vicinity Supplied by
O. W. BERTSCH,
THE MERCHANT TAILOR.
1 GenU' Fturnishing Goods, Bats & Gaps
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Suits made to order at short notice
and a fit alwavs Guaranteed or no sale.
Call and examine the largest and best
seleoted stock of goods ever shown in
! Store next door to First National Bank,
OBHAMENTAL IRON FENCES
OF CAST CR WROUGHT IRON.
The following shows the Picket Gothic, one ol
the several beautiful styles ot Fence manufactured
uy tne unaersigneo. .
Foroiautrand Dvirabll lty they areunsurpas
ed. et up by experienced hands and warranted
Prices ana specimens of other de
signs sent to any address.
! HEf, sum
M. C. SLOAH & BAD.,
CARRIAGES BUDDIES, PHAETONS
SLEIGHS, PLATFCRM WAOONS &0
First-class work always on hand.
REPAIRING NEA1LY D0N&.
Priett reduced lo tutl the timer.
BLOOMSBURG FLAWING MILL
The undersigned havinir nut his Planing Ml
on Railroad street, In nret-cisBS condition, Is pre
pared to do all kinds ot work In his line.
FRAMES, SASH, POORS,
urnlshed at reasonable prices, All lumber used
s well seasoned and Aoue out iuuvu nuiuuvu
ESTIMATES FOB BUILDINGS
urnlabed on application. Flan and specifics
oas prepared by an experienced draughtsman
tkty art Vastly Bprlar
t ALL otasr Mais.
THE FAMOUS ffOP
a . fcml. mnUT and hlsUj nsdlatnsl,
rnpand tow rnA Hop. JtalMms. tts
Ttur Mstors and vlums wok p. sufcdos
UitaauasUo and lasUnt7bulh pals whstharj
an nmni. Itmoa M KnllMIWHik
la sas VMS.' pu. -.- 1
HhoukUr, CbMt, tnut, Btomaofc or XusaUs,
hm&iU, aaothliur. xtAbt mUsTUia and sttasm'
nine. ITk lt jJa.l.r en wrlA U th wrdirt of
inmif"?- VaUsdfer pries by propriston.
llp a'UaU C.Mpufi UMtsa, am.
SrawlnilUn abrosdt This plwtw Is spnad1
an whit, nulla, ready tor tuUnt . BO
CO., slcaatto on rrsty piuux.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, JANUARY 13,
T ROBERT HOWS fLETCnin.
CONOITDED FROM t.AOT WEEK
At this, both of the gentlemen arose, and
Mr, Brown, speaking for the first time, soldi
"Wo are very sorry, Indeed wo are. We had
no Idea that that your mother was not well.
In fact, I hopo that you will pardon ns for
taking the liberty ot calling on you about so
trifling a matter."
Now, although Mr. Brown's apology was
not very eloquont, there was a sincerity and
sympathctio feeling In the young man's voice
that made Its way to the hearts of both of
the women. The senora raised her head,
and, drying her eyes, said, with smiling sim
plicity! "Ah, senor, do not feel distressed becanso
I cry a little. I often cry; I am not very
strong since my husband dlod. But it Is
TulitA meanwhile, having arisen, had gono
to tin door, in tho evident expectation ot the
immediate departure of her unexpected
guests. In fact, Mr. Brown himself stood
bat in hand ready to go, but Mr. Benton was
lingering to make some reply to tho senora's
words. Then Mr. Brown, on tho Impulse of
the moment, said to tho girl, who stood near
him, "You are not annoyed or angry with
me with us, I mean, for coming P
"Why should I be I" replied Tulita, with
dignity. "It is of no consoquonce."
"May I hope, then, that you will make the
lavender sticks for met I will call for them,
ot eourso," said Mr. Brown.
"I will make nomo moro for sale nt tht
newsstand," replied Tulita;, "no doubt you
can get them there,"
Having administered which little cut
Tulita turned her big dark oyes sorercly
upon the still tarrying Mr. Benton. Brown,
convinced now that their visit had displeased
tho young lady, also turned and glared at tho
cause of his discomfiture. What was their
lurprlio to And that Mr. Benton had reseated
himself, and that be ana the senora had ap-
parcntly launched Into an extended con'
'Are 30U coming, BentonP said Brown,
"In n minute, my dear fellow," replied his
friend: "I havo just discovered that Mrs.
Lunuvurita and I havo a whole lot ot mutual
friends up In San Francisco."
And the Senora hcnclf, turning to her
daughter, ccmllrmod this in quite on ani
mated way, repeating several names, evt
dentlr tboso of the friends referred to.
Then 3Ir. llrown's eyes sought Tullta's
with such solemn protest that she in her turn
could not help smiling. Common politeness
forced her to say, "Will you not sit down!"
But no. Mi. Brown would not sit down; ho
preferred to do penance standing. Then ho
looked so unhappy, casting gloomy glances
at his friend, which that gentleman Ignored,
that Tulita Anally began to feol a little pity
for the young man. Perhaps she had been
too severe. After all he was very evidently
a gentleman, and was not bad looking, and
he had the good taste to approciato her lav
ender -.ticks. And so, after a little hesita
tion, she venturod to ask him if he was a
stranger In San Diego. She almost laughed
again to see how grateful ho looked for this
bit of condescension. In fact this young
man was so modest and courteous so differ
nt from his companion, for instance it wa
really a pleasure to encourage him a little.
Then gradually Mr. Brown ceased to oast
remonstrative glances at his friend, and pres
ently, when he saw that he was keeping Miss
Lunavarita standing, he consented' to .sit
It was growing dark when Mr. Brown
again arose to his feet and exclaimed,
peremptorily, "Come, Benton, we must gol
I don't know what Mrs. Lunavarlta and her
daughter will think ot us."
Now, even if Mrs. Luna varita's daughter
had cared to give expression to her thoughts
just then, she was the next moment rendered
speechless by her mother's behavior, diving
Mr. Benton her hand as he bade her good
night, the senora said, in a pleased and most
vivacious manner, "Good night, "senor, I
shall look tor you to-morrow at 10 o'clock,
and then we will take our little ride."
After leaving the house Mr. Benton and
Mr. Brown plodded along through the dusk
and dust in silence for some minutes. Then
Mr. Benton said, "Women are strange crea
tures." To which trit remark his companion
mode no reply. But, having arrived at the
end ox nis reueciions, anu uruueii i-uu suouw,
Mr. Benton continued: "Do you remember
my telling you, Frank, that I had a sort of
superstition that your $3 Investment was
goiugtobringusluckr And as Brown as
sented, with a nod ot his head, "Well, I
think it has, though I had no idea when I
Inquired the name of your friends, of the
peoplo next door, that the luck was all ready,
laid away in lavender, as It were, waiting
for us to come and get it. Mrs. Lunavanta
has 200 or 300 acros of land over on the sea
shore. What do you think of that! It Is
the some old story. They once owned leagues
and this is all they have left, and they have
got that, as Mrs.TiUnavarita says, because it
is not worth anything, although she is wrong
there. At any rate she is holding it for her
daughter, hoping that it may be worth some
thing, some day. It is all they have got.
Two thousand dollars is the', highest figure
shohas thought of. If it is anything like
she 'describes it. and if she will let me
handle it, I proiKwe to make it worth $100,-
000 in the next year."
"Look here-Tom." said Brown, impulsively,
"it you do get hold of this thing, you will do
the best you can by Mi's. Lunavarlta, won't
"My dear fellow," said Mr. Benton in a
rather cold tone, "is it necessary to ask me
that) I nm not a devouror of widows and
"Oh. liann'it. don't be touchy," said Brown.
"You kuew I did not mean anything like
that. Only these two women are so lonely,
and innocent, and plucky, they really have
mado quite an impression on me,''
"I noticed tliat ono of them seemed to," re
plied Mr, Benton, dryly, "but I did not ob
servo the other had. .As for the proposition,
if everything turns out as I expect, it was a
luckv d:iv for Mrs. Lunavarlta when I
knocked at her door. And now let us quit
work for the day. and go and have a respect'
able dinner as a send olf for the new llrni of
Benton & Brown, real estate dealers."
A vear and a half have elapsed. It Is
Christmas Eve. Once more Tulita is watch
ing the sun set, but tltls time from another
home, where Point Lonia does not intervene
its hugo bulk, where she con sue the golden
Hlau illunluff down between tho blue of
the Pacillo and the blue of the evoU'
Ins-iiVv. until tho last burnished tip dis
apiwars. Then tho soft warm air Is filled
with rich color as the afterglow stains sky
and water with its hues. Turnlug away,
Tulita proceeds with her occupation of
ratharlnir roses which this celestial pageant
had interrupted, while the air grows heavy
with their twrfuma. Behind Tulita is a Urge
so called "Queen Anne" cottage, and on the
veranda sits her mother, lazily rocking and
fanning herself. Next to tho senora sits
on elderly gentleman, and on the bock of the
elderly gentleman's cnair leans nr. urunu,
of PhllodelDhla. As Tulita passes the side of
the porch, she dexterously losses a row vo mo
elderly gentleman, and laughs, as he success
fully catches it, and presses it to his lips with
a gallant bow,
"Well. well, well." he says, breaking the si
lence, "Imagine being out of door without a
wrap, gathering roses on Christmas Eva, And
you really mean to tell me, Frank, that this
place has been set out only a j earr'
"Yes, sir," replied the young man, "Just
about. You see,- father, in this country water
(novervthluir. If you can only get plenty of
water, thlngi grow like magic. I remember
that is what' worried us most when we put
Lunavarita town lota on the market, water
was the great question, and we were afraid
we would haye to pipolt from town. But as
soon as wa struck that artesian well we were
flrnl The nronerty doubled lu value in
twenty-four hours, and we sold enough lots
thn first week to pay for laying out the town,
putting down water and sewer pipes, and
subsidising a street car line to ruu a motor
out here. After that tho people useu to come
and stand In line all day long at our office
waiting to buy lots. We rubed the prico re
ligiously on tho first of each month, and now
you can't buy a lot In Lunavarlta for less
than $300, Waterls king In California. There
is a company formed to flume it down from
tho mountains about sixty miles from here;
it U a good schema, too,"
"It must cost great deal," said the elder
iff -it lit tit iff tft
Mr, Brown, doubtfully.
"Oh, no," aild his son, "a million ought to
"A mere trifle," said the old gentlsman,
mimicking Frank's airy tone. "Upon my
soul," ha continued, with sudden energy, "If
I Btay hero mucn longer a snail oe as suitk,
staring mad ns all of tho rest of you ore. Why,
they toll me that that peninsula over there,
with that absurdly Dig noiei, wuicu mu
never fill lu the world" "All of the rooms
cro engaged already," murmured Frank, but
his father, with n snort of Incredulity, pro
ceeded without heeding him "with its
jiuriu, and Its drives, and Its zoological gar
dens, and Ood knows what, begging your
pardon, insula mo, they tell me that that was
n sn;o bni-.li desert lost year. I don't beliova
It I won't bcllevoitl"
"My dear father," said his son, "two or
tbroo years ago Ban Diego itself was little
more than that you could havo bought
pretty noar the wholo place for a short bit.
But n railroad camo in here and that brought
people, and when tho world at large began
tolllnd out what a magnificent harbor"
"Thore, there I" exclaimed his father,
hastily, ''don't got started now, I havo
heard all about the harbor."
"And the glorious climate!"
"Yes," said Mr. Brown, emphatically,
"and the climate, too."
"I am afraid you don't appreciate it,
though," said his son, reproachfully, "Just
think of tho Boston cast wind to-night and
compare it with this air, where you can feel
your lungs grow. Why, I bellevo I have
sprouted an extra one myself since I have
"I believe that you have, my door boy,"
said the old gentleman, chuckling, "from the
amount ot talking that you dp, I believe that
you have. Eh, senora, I rather think I got
him there! Did you hoar that, Tulita, my
At this moment a carriage was seen coming
up the hill toward the house.
"Ahl" cried Tulita. "here comes Aladdin."
Tho carriage stopped, and Benton descend
ed. Tulita, waving the bunch of roses before
his face, bade him good evening.
"Well, sir," said the elder Mr. Brown, "and
how many towns havo you built today! "
"Not many," said Benton, laughing. Then
drawing from his coat pocket a package ot
papers, he handed It to Mr, Brown, saying:
"Here are your deeds and abstracts: they ore
all right I"
"Whatl" shouted Frank. "Father, have
you" but here he burst out laughing.
"Father," he continued, regaining his gravi
ty, "father, look me in tho oyo. Is it possiblo
that you, you, a conservative merchant of
Philadelphia, have, at tho present ruinous
pAces, been indulging in wild, insane specu
lation, that you"
"There, there, Master Frank," said his
father, joining in the laughter; "wo all know
that you have sprouted an extra lung."
"Dont mind him, Mr. Brown," said Ben
ton. "You have got a bargain. As soon as
you get your vines well under way one year's
crop of raisin grapes will pay for it."
"Oh, of course, of course," said the old
gentleman, "it is a bargain. They all are.
Though to my mind," he continued, putting
his .arm around Tulita and drawing her to
his side, "this is the best bargain over got In
"Yes," said his son, looking at his wife
proudly, "and to think that I only had to put
up 13 for the option."
"Men are so conceited," said Tulita, con
fidingly to her father-in-law; "that was not
the way.of it-at all. It was I who gave a
dozen lavender sticks for a husband and tne
town of Lunavarita."
Paper to Wrap Turkeys In.
nt almost entirely in grocers' brown
naner." said a Duane street paper merchant to
the ubiquitous reponer.
mills are situated in the New England states,
but a great quantity of paper Is manufac
tured throughout New Tof k state, especially
along the eastern bordor."
What Is the paper maw uuv uu ucucu
"Straw and water. Almost any kind of
straw will answer, and I think that corn
stalks have also been pressed into service,
nithraih tha naner made from this material
was Inferior in quality, r uui mraueu v, uc.
- nn rfraw. well bound, is preferred. In
ih. manufacture of naner the straw is un
bound and laid closely In hugs vats. A.ime is
mrinirloct nvpr every layer, and when the
vats aro full, lime water Is thrown over the
whole. Steam' Is then turned on at mo ooi
m nf tha vats, and the straw is allowed to
cook until It is thoroughly purified. It is
then passed through a large revolving washer
and cleansed from the lime and other Imparl
Mm. The straw, or what is left of it, is next
passed through grinders, which reduce it to a
pulp, when It is let down Into a large tank
nnfW tha floor.
"The pulp Is now pumped up, and Is ready
to pass over the machine. It is first thinnod
with water. If the" paper. is intended to be
light, and then Is transferred to the 'first felt'
by means ot a revolving wire cyunuer.
"What ao vou mean by the 'first feltr "
"Ob, it's the finest kind of a woolen felting
which carries the bulp through any number
of rollers. Frontitke' first felti it is trans
ferred to the second and third felts, each of
which Is coarser than tho first. By the time
the pulp has passed over the third felt the
water Is pretty 'well squeezed out of it, and
the damp pajier is able tq support its own
weight as it passes' over a space of about
three feet to the Mryers. These are big, hol
low iron cylinders five feet lu diameter and
heatal by steam. They are usually seven in
number, an by the time the damp paper
passes over tbeui ana inrougn a set 01
smoothing calendars, it is thoroughly dry
and is then wound uv on reels.
"It is now in one long sheet about four and
a half or five feet wide. Tho paper on four
and sometimes five reels Is unreeled and cut
and counted. Finishers then take the paper,
fold and tie It." After being tied up into
bundles it is pressed, and is then ready for
the market." New York i ress.
Mummies Dirt Cheap.
Dr. J, A. S. Grant Bey, of Cairo, Egypt,
has spent twenty-five yearn in the laud of tho
Pharaohs and speaks all the languages of
that polyglot'country. In order to instruct
the native doctors, two years ago he started
an Arablo medical paper, which has met
with success. For years he has devoted his
time to the study of archasology, and has
amassed enough Egyptian gods, from Horus
and Osiris down, to nearly fill the Metropol
itan Museum of Art. The' mummies of
Eevpt. he said, were now dirt cheap, owing
to recent discoveries. They sold from tlO
to 120 each, the price depending chiefly on
their state of preservation. He brought
over a mummified hawk as a curiosity and
presented it to the Smithsonian Institution
Scientists, who formerly paid high prices for
fine,' first class mummies, of late years, the
doctor said, purchased vsry few. The cheap
mummies were, bought principally by the
aeonts for museums." New York Com-
Ailments of Nervous Subjsete.
Some affsct to believe that nervous sub
jects feign their ailments for the purpose of
attracting attention and sympathy. It is
quite true they frequently exaggerate their
sufferlnirs. but that is no sxeuse tor denying
their existence. Besides, it Is natural to ex
aggerate a grievance so long as it remains
unrecognised. Others admit the reality of
the diseased sensations, but maintain that
the only way to abolish them is by means ot
reason. They hold that nervous persons
ought to be taught to control their nerves by
their reason, and they insist that "plain
sneaking" is the strongest aid to recovery.
Their experience seems to corroborate this
opinion. The sufferers cease to comphdn to
them, so tliey fancy that their "plain siioak.
inn" has effected a cure, This fancy is, how.
ever, very far from the fact, which Is that
the patients have transferred their com
plaints to a more sympathetic ear, Nine
rollteness In the Hookies.
Eastern Lady (traveling In Montana) The
Idea of calling this the "Wild West." Why
I never saw such perfect politeness anywhere.
Native We're alien perllte to ladles,
"Ob. as for that, there Is plenty of nolito
ness everywhere, but I am referring to tlx
man. Why in New York the men behave
horridly to one another, but here they all
treat each other as delicately as gentlemen li
a drawlns room."
"Yes, inarm, it's safer," Omaha World.
T71E MYSTERIOUS PACKAGE.
Thcro is not a class of men in tho world
who possess such a horror of police ami
prisons, and regard with such veneration and
respect the low ami its oftentimes mys
terious workings as "those who go down to
tho sea In ships," and although they often
find themselves "fouled'' In Its mesho, It Is
generally duo to accident, or tho machina
tions of soma ''land shark;" or perhaps, In
dealing with unprincipled people "along
shore," tho sailor may bo unwittingly caught
In the net spread to ensnaro him.
Although the, mariner may be n veritable
giant when upou tho broad, trackless ocean,
he is a mere child if placed among meu.who
have received thoir training upon terra
Ornia; and tha simplicity ot the sailor is
often the oauso of his being arraigned before
ihe bar ot justice.
It is very seldom that one will find a sea
man deliberately committing a deod which
will lay himself liable to arrest, and when
such a cose is met with it will almost invari
ably be found that tho act was dono to assist
a friend or shield a comrade- from tho conse
quences of some misdeed.
A few vears aeo. shortly after the capture
of Capt. Frye and crew of the American
steamer Vlrginlus, and tho subsequent execu
tion of a part of the same by the Cuban
authorities, I became entangled with tho
Spanish soldiers of the beautiful troplo islo
of Cuba, and my acquaintance with them
came very near putting an end to my voyage
I was a master of a trim little bark sailing
from Boston and engaged in the West India
One evening while the vessel was lying at
a wharf in the latter port, where sho was re
ceiving cargo for Matantas, I was sitting
upon tho quarter rail enjoying- an after sup
per smoke when I observed a young man of
perhaps 25 years ot age coming down the
dock very leisurely.
As ho got abreast of where I was seated he
stopped and with a vary affable smflo, bado
mo "good evening" and then inquired if wo
were not bound to tho West Indies. .Assur
ing him that we wero, he stepped aboard, re
marking tliat ho belonged In Cuba and was
looking for a vessel in which to take assago.
I rather liked tho appearance ot tho
stranger, and seeing a chanco to make n few
dollars for my owners by taking a passenger,
as wo had plenty of room in tho cabin, I
offered to take him and wo soon agrood upon
terms, the stranger promising to givo mo
fifty dollars in the morning for his passago
to tho island.
Tho following day, while sipping coffee in
company with the mate, I was surprised to
soe our prospective passenger with n small
valise in hand hurrying down the wharf.
There was no one about, ns tho hour was
qui to early.
Ho stopped quickly on board, and with the
utmost politeness bid mo a very "Oood morn
ing." After partaking of a cup of coffee
with us I Invited him below and showed him
the room he was to occupy during the pas
sage. He was very well satlsned with tno accom
modations, and taking out a well filled wallet
he paid me tho price agreed upon, then and
"This bag," ho remarked, Indicating the
small sachel in his hand, "contains somo
articles of value, and I should be. well pleased
if you would take caro of It for me until, we
Of courw I was perfectly willing to accom
modate him, and took the bag; ho then wont
ashoro, promising to bo on board in the even
ing, as we were going to sea tho following
When left alone 1 turned ray attention to
the bag, which was still in my hand; it was
small and neat, and, I judged, quite an ex
Turnniz It over I observed an address
painted in white letters upon tho bottom; it
read : 1 'Senor Itoderiquez Gonzalez, 13 Plaza dl
Poco, Matani, Cuba."
The Plaza dl Poco 1 know quito well, as i
had been u .any times to Matanzas and had
roamed coxsiderabiy about the city.
It was a pleasant llttlo open square, sur
rounded by the homos of the middle class,
most of whom wero native bora Cubans.
However. I had not not much time to spend
with tho bag, to I threw it into my bunk and
closed and locked tho stateroom door before
A master of a vessol Is always very busy
on the day before sailing, as there is sure to
bo a great deal ot business to attend to, aud
my passenger never entered my mind nut
onco, anil that was when I went to "clear" at
tho custom house.
It was quite lato when I returned to the
vessel, and on entering my room tho presence
of tho bag reminded mo of the Cuban, so call
ing the mate I Inquired if the stranger bad
yet come aboard.
No, sir, l'vo seen nothing ot mm," was tne
In tho morning everything was ousuing
and active. Tho crew wero aboard and tho
towboat alongside shortly after daylight, but
nothing had yet been seen ot our passenger.
The pilot and tho captain of tho tug wero
anxious to start, but I was bound to wait un
til tho last moment to give the young f ellow
Bow our overtaxed patieneo was rewarded.
A hack dashed down the wharf and drew up
at tho vesutl's sido.
It was not the Cuban who alighted, how
ever, but a telegraph boy waving a dispatch
in his hand and calling for "Capt. Graham,
"Hero, boy, herel" I cried, jumping into
tho mtzzen channels to reach the message,
which I quickly tore open and read;
Capt. uraliam, baric iiamuier, uousutuiiou
"Through unforoseoa circumstances it will
bo Impossible for me to mako the passago
with you. Please deliver tho llttlo bag I left
to tho address upou it, and return the money
I paid you for your trouble, Uonzalez."
Hastily thrusting tho bit of paier into ray
pockot, I colled to tho pilot, "All right, pilot,
let her go" and In a few moments wo wero
heading down tho harbor, tho tow boat puff
ing away alongside, while tho crew wero rap
Idly spreading tho white canvas to catch tho
strong westerly wind that was to glvo us a
good start upon our voyage, and, as may bo
supposed, thero was no thought ot the Cuban
The passage down to tbo island was with
out event and wo camo to anchor in Mautan
zas after a run ot eighteen days.
We were, of course, boarded by tho full
forco of Cuban officials revenue, military
and naval and after a close scrutiny of our
papora and a rigid search of tho bark I was
allowed to go ashoro to rewrt to tho con-.
slgnees and "enter" tbo vessel.
I had not thought it necessary to Inform
tho customs authorities of tho Cuban's trust,
as I felt assured tliat I could any time during
our stay in port deliver it to the address and
no ono would bo the wiser.
It Is true that tho officers looked at me
very queerly when I explained the absence
of the assenger whose name, was on the
manifest, but as he had not been found on
board tho vessel, thoy wero obliged to accept
my story ; still I noticed that my moveiueiiU
were moro closely watched than inoy naa
ever before boon; they even went so far as to
place, beside tho regular custom house officer,
a soldier ot tho army on board tho vessel.
This strict surveillance did not at all please
me, and I was now determined to deliver the
bag to No. 13 Plaza dl Poco lu spite of all the
Spaniards on the island.
I fully realized that it would bo no easy
matter to get tho bag out of tha vessel with
out the officers delecting me, although it was
but a small parcel.
I watched my chance, however, and ono
day it came.
Several American captains, whose vessels
were In port, had made up a iirty to visit
tho renowned Crystal cavo, that lies upon
the eastern side of the Bay ot Matanzas. Of
eourso each one must carry some refresh
ments for themselves and their boat's crew,
aud here I saw an opportunity to smuggle the
Accordingly, tho night before the picnic, I
spoke to the officers over a glass of brandy
which I put out tor their special benefit, aud
requested permission to take some eatables
ashore tho next day.
They gayo their" consent without hesita
tion, and I at onco called tho steward to sick
up ills "dog basket" with provisions and
drinkables, and purposely had him make a
display ot doing this before the officials, as I
wanted them to set everything that went
Into the UakeL , . .
After It was full we left it on the cabin
table ready for tho morning, as we were to
start by daylight
Along the middle of the night, when I was
sure that everything was. quiet, I turned out,
and, securing the basket, hurried back to my
room, where I removed some of the food and
put the Cuban's bag In its stead and again
returned the basket to tho cabin table..
All the time I could hear tho footsteps of
the officer who was on watch pacing the
deck overhead, but at there was no light in
the cabin I had no fear ot being detected.
In the morning everything' worked as I bad
expected ; I went over into the boat in which
were two of my men, and the steward handed
down the basket; waving an adieu to the offi
cers we pulled away across tho bay.
When well over to tho eastern shore I took
the bag out of the basket and changed tha
course of the boat jo as to land on tha out
skirts of the city.
Reaching the shoro I instructed my men to
pull for the cave where they would meet the
other captains and deliver the basket to them,
and say that "business bad called roe to town,
but I would join them some time during the
A few minutes later I was seated, in a vo
lants (Cuban carriage) and was being driven
slowly (a Cuban team will never travel fast)
in the direction of the Plaza dl Poco.
Turning into the square, In the center of
which were growing rare and beautKul
plants, I observed several policemen and
Spanish soldiers lounging about,-but as tne
cannot take fifty steps in any Cuban city
without meeting one or more of these nor.
vanh) of the crown, I paid but little attention
to thoir presence.
I, however, ordered tho carriage to stop
soveral doors from tho house of which I was
in search, and, after dismissing the driver, I
proceeded on foot
Number thirteen differed little from its
neighbors save an unusual air ot quiet by
which it seemed to be surrounded ; It had the
same Urge Iron gateway leading into. the In.
closed area peculiar to all Cuban houses; tho
same long, barred, open windows, but, like
tho majority, those were furnished withcloso
blinds, which effectually precluded the
passerby from obtaining the slightest glimpse
of the Interior of the dwelling.
Approaching the gate I rapped loudly with
tho ponderous knocker and my summons was
quickly answered by an old man who took in
my wholo dimensions before dropping thi
fastenings of alio gate, and then not until I
bad repeated tho name of nodeiiquez Gonza
lez, 13 Plaza dl Poco, several times.
Finally, appearing satisfied that I had a
right to call, he opened tho gate just far
enough for me to squeezo in, and then, after
again securing the fastenings, be led the way
across a paved court, in tha center of which
was playing a minlaturo fountain, into a
largo, cool room, and from thence into an
other which was quite dark, but as my eyes
Income accustomed to tho gloom 1 could seo
that it was a chamber nicely furnished, and
upon a couch in tho middle ot tho apartment
was tho outline ot a recumbent form which
started up at our approach.
My guide spoke a few words in Spanish
and then retired, while tbo person upon the
couch arose and, throwing open one of tho
blinds, allowed a stream of light to enter the
apartment, and by Its aid I could see that I
was In tho presence of a, fine looking gentle
man somewhat past the meridian of life but
with a tall figure still erect and with eyes
that flashed out brightly from beneath a pair
of gray brows.
Turning ho addressed me in his native
tonguo, only a few words of which I could
understand, but by those few I know be bade
me welcome and inquired the object of my
I replied in English, asking If I had the
pleasure of speaking to Senor Itoderiquez
"I am he," ho returned in English, which
had but a slight accent "In whatj can X
Before I could respond his eyes fell upon
tho bag. Instantly his whole manner
changed. Involuntary ho sprang forward
and reached out Ids hand as it to grasp It,
and then collecting himself he looked searcb
ingly into my face.
"That bag where did you get it!" ha ex
claimed, Impetuously, but In a low, subdued
"It is yours," I replied, handing him tho
sachel; "at least this is the place where I
was instructed to leave it."
If the bag had contained the riches of Gol
conda he could not have received it moro
"Excuso mo a moment, but remain here,"
and with that be hurricly left the apartment
He might have been gono perhaps ten min
utes when ho returned, and approaching tho
window closed the blind, which left us in
total darkness, then drawing a chair closo to
mine, he Inquired eagerly as to how the bog
had come in my possession.
I gave him tho wholo story, described the
young Cuban, and showed him thojnessagn
which I had received the morning of sailing.
"My boy, my boy," ho murmured, and
several times during the recital he broke in
upon mo as though, he was about to tell mo
something, but would then quickly check
At the close of my narrative I arose to go,
when tho strange old man requested mo to bo
seated a few minutes longer, and then again
left the room. t
To say that I was surprised at his manner
does not express it There was certainly
something very mysterious in it all, and I
was half tempted to sneak out ot tho house
like a thief, so wrought up were my feelings,
when my host again entered.
"Captain," he began, "you havo rendered
a service, the value ot whisk you may never
know, and thousands yet unborn will bless
you for It It is imposslblo for me to repay
you for all th risk you havo run, but take
this" thrusting a packet into my hand "as
a slight memento of my gratitude, l snouiu
invito you to renew this call upon rac, but
It would be dangerous to us both; even this
may do you injury, though I trust not," and
pressing my hand ho unceremoniously pushed
me before him through a scries of hallways
and rooms to a rear entrance and left bio be
wildered upon tho street with tho package In
my hand'whlch I had not had thopresenceof
mind to refuse
For a moment I stood still, not knowing ex
actly which way to turn, and feeling that I
had undoubtedly escaped from a call upou a
lunatic, when I was startled by tho exclama
tion: "Bonis dios, senor I" and looking up recog
nized the features ot an army officer who hod
frequently been loitering around the ship
chandler's, the custom houso and other places
about the water front where my business
His appearance recalled me to my senses,
and awkwardly answering the salutation, I
turned on my heel and hurried away nor
stopied for anything until seated in a boat
and being pulled off to my vessel, and did
not breathe easy until I stepped over the rail
to the deck, and even then a glance at tbo
packet which I still clutched In my hand v. as
sufficient to cause me to tremble.
nurrying through the cabin I entered my
own room, closed the door and broke open
tho package and to my surprise out fell sev
eral United States bank bills.
I gathered the money up, and It counted
just $250; then I sat down and pondered.
Surely tho contents of the bag must havo
been ot great value to havo called forth such
a piesent, but tho more I tried to explain tho
affair to myself, the more I was puzzled.
The day wore slowly away; at sundown
the boat returned bringing word that thn
other captains were disappointed at my not
being with them.
At an early hour I sought my bed In any
thing but a tranquil frame of mind, tor I
knew that should tho authorities discover
that I bad carried the bag ashoro and left It,
no matter what tho contents might bo, it
would go hard with me, for tho Spaniard of
the West Indies has little love for the Ameri
can, and is only too well pleased to catch ono
It might have been midnight when I was
awakened from a troubled sleep by tho sound
of a boat bumping alongsldo and the voices
of strangers on deck. At length several men
canie down tho forward companion way, but
they were met by the mate, who refused them
admission to tho cabin. They then began
loudly calling for I lie captain.
I tremblod, I'll admit it; but thero was no
alternative, I must face them. So hurrying
ou my clothing I came out Into tho cabin and
met the ofiloera.
"Wo must take you ashore, captain," re
marked one ol tho soldiery in English,
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL XXII. NO 3
COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT, VOL LI, NO 41
"For whatr 1 demanded.
"That the captain will loom when we resell
there" was the only tatlsf action that I got,
and unceremoniously they hustled me out of
the vessel and away but not before I bad a
chance to tell my mate to Inform the Amer
ican consul early In the morning ot what had
On leaving the bark I was surprised to seo
that they did not tako thecoursofor the city,
but kept away to tho wostward.
"Where aro you taking mel" I inquired, in
"See, bimeby," was the pnty answer, and I
held my peace.
Soon tho dark outlines of the shore arose
before me, but the formation of tho outllno
as it broke upon my view caused a shudder
to creep over me and almost froze the blood
in my veins.
It was tho fort that we wero approaching,
and the sharp angles and lofty turrets stood
out grim and threatening against tho star lit
sky in the west
All the tales that I had ever read of the
Spanish inquisition and tho manner in which
they administer justice (!) in Cuba rushed to
my mind, and again tho fato of poor Capt
Frye was still fresh in my memory.
Still I was sure that they could only pun
ish mo with a fine for smuggling tho bag
ashoro; yet, suppose that tho bag contained
something of importance to the Cuban
patriots! What it I had unwittingly been
the bearer of valuable, messages to tho in
surgents! Tbo thought almost unnerved me.
If it was so, and thn government bad found
the packet, I could expect no bettor fate than
fell to the lot of, so many of tho crew of tho
When tho keel of the boat grated upon the
coral rocks at the foot of a flight of stone
steps, I was ordered to disembark, and be
tween two soldiers with muskets, and pro-
ceded by an officer, the ascent was began up
the damp, slimy stairs.
We had not taken many steps when we
wero hailed by a sentry, who was answered
by the olUcer In whose charge I was we then
resumed our way; soon a bright light shone
In our faces, and we could seo an open door a
llttlo abovo us.
Through this door wo passed and as it
swung to again upon its massive hinges wo
found ourselves between two rows of soldiers
with drawn swords; tho apartment seemed to
bo a sort of guard roam or keep.
A few momenta after our entrance, during
which tlmo wo had remained standing with
out a word being spoken, a door in tho fur
ther end of tho room opened and an officer.
gayly bedecked with gold lace, entered and
approaching our party took some papers
from tho soldier in charge and began to read
them very carefully.
When bo hud finished ho waved an adieu
to those who had arrested me, and they at
once turned and left tho apartment by the
same door through which wo had enteral.
Then, at the Word of command, two sol
diers stepped from the ranks and began to
search my pockets and clothing, taking every
thing that they could trad, oven to my band-
I was next ordered to fall into lino with
the guard and was marched off through long,
gloomy passageways, down filght after flight
of damp, moldy steps; past strong iron doors
"which was easy enough for mo to imagine
were closed upon somo poor mortals who
were destined never again to breathe the
pure air of heaven, but to lie entombed
within this dismal pile of masonry until wel
come death should release them from their
suffering, perhaps years after their very
names had been forgotten in their own
Once I heard or thought I heard alow,
distinct moan that seemed to rise from the
stono flagging beneath our foot
Narrower grew the passago as wo ad
vanced, and by .the foeble rays of tho single
torch carried by one of tbo. guard I could
tee numberless lizards, scorpions and other
creeping reptiles scamper away at our ap
proach. At length, after a journey which soemod
to have led mo into tho very boweUof the
earth, we were halted before one of the. nu
merous iron doors, which tho officer unlocked
and opened, and .without further ceremony I
was thrust into a small, damp, fetid cell,
with bare stone walls, floor and roof.
By tho light of the torch, which streamed
Into tho npartmont before tho heavy door
was swung to, I could see that It was entirely
empty, save a countless number of those
loathsome creatures which bad darted across
our pathway as wo camo down tbo corridor.
Qh, what a feeling ot despair camo over
mo when 1 found myself alone In total dark
ness, cntomlied In this loathsome, subterra
Slowly tho remaining hours of tho night
wore away, giving me plenty of timo to think
over tho incidents of the past few wocks and
soe if I hod done anything to deserve such
Easy it was to trace my trouble to the
strange youth who had formed my acquaint
ance in Boston, but I liad committed uo
crime In delivering bis effects to bis fondly,
save In the act of smuggling them ashore,
and that in itself was a trivial olienso.
The more my mind dwelt upon the matter,
the more I was convinced that I bad allowed
myself to become a medium between the
Cuban patriots and their sympathizers in tho
United States, and the Information or what
ever it was that ,1 had delivered must havo
been of great importance to call forth such a
reward from Gonzalez. Yes, there was no
doubt but what I was In for it, and knowing
the irascible temper ot the Spaniards I felt
that my death was well nigh certain.
After what seemed an age from tho timo of
my commitment to tho prison, a faint streak
made its appearance upou one of tho walls of
my cell; it was the first break of day.
The small aperture through w hlch the light
struggled was only about Ave feet from tbo
floor, and I could easily look out.
Tho slit was too narrow to allow a very ex
tended range to my vision, but I could see
that I was confined on the water side of tbo
fort, and directly fronting tho shipping. But
this fact afforded me little consolation, for I
felt suie that I should only leave this dreary
dungeon to march to my death.
I was gazing wistfully out through the tiny
aperture, when I heard the heavy bolt thrown
back and tbo ponderous door swung open on
its rusty hinges; and turning I wus confront
ed by an officer and a file of soldiers armed
with muskets. The ofilcer, with drawn
sword, stepped Into the cell, aud in a pom
pous manner ordered mo to "tall in," and we
took up our march through the tortuous
passageway to the light of day above.
Issuing from the underground labyrinth
ot corridors we emerged into a spacious
square, across which I was conducted and
placed with my back against the stone face
ot a wall, while the soldiers wore drawn up in
Una a few paces in front of mo.
Several soldiers now apjieared carrying a
table and some light camp stools, which they
placed quite near me, but little to ono side,
and then retired; two ot them almost imme
diately returaod bearing that grim symbol of
death, a coftlu.
That my time bad coma I was certain, but
I resolved to make a very vigorous protest
against such summary measures, and called
loudly for a hearing. But I might have saved
my strength, for my protestations were not
taken the slightest notice ot.
Presently a, number of officers appeared
crossing tho plaza, and to my unspeakable
relief I recognized tbo American consul in
I was then to bo granted tho somblanco of
a trial at least
The officials wasted no time in further cer
emony, but soating themselves at the table
began at onco by ono ot their number read
ing the indictment, which was repeated in
r-ngutn uy an interpreter, and which ac
cused ma of "aiding and abetting tho Cuban
Insurgents, w ho were in arms against their
lawful sovereign, tha king of Spain, by de
livering into tho hands ot one ot the chiefs nt
the Insurgents incendiary uiiers to incite tha
people of Cuba to further deods of violence
against the government, aud also money to
enable them to carry on a desultory war
fare." To have attempted to disguise anything or
withhold any part of my share in the unfor
tuuate affair I knew would U disastrous to
my cause; so I told my story straightforward
from beginning to end, and tho consul, I saw,
was faithfully translating it
Several times, I afterward learned, tho
party employed as interpreter construed my
language ao ns to make mo appear much more
guilty than I really was.
The fact tliat I bad concealed tbo presence
of the bag In my cabin from the officers, and
then stealthily conveyed it ashore and deliv
ered it to tho address upon It, was a strong,
very itrgng. pole againi tqa, and it r-
qnJfed atl UhT etoqtfeHee 6f M' oomoI U
prove mat i was ignorant ot tne contenw or
"If the prisoner had been aware what wst
within tho bag, would ha havo dnred to have
taken It to HI lis so dl I'ovo In broad day
light, when the jilnta is full of soldiers and
members of the secret service f asked my
countryman and defender.
This argument bore weight For some ten
minutes tho officers conversed apart, while
tho consul did his best to cheer me up.
When everything had boon fixed appar
ently to their satisfaction an elderly soldier,
ono who soemedtobo chief among my judges,
arosa and In a lengthy speech imposed ray
"The court bad found that I had been but
on unwitting agept, and therefore was not
wholly responsible, but inasmuch as I baa
surreptitiously conveyed the .bag ashore l
had thereby violated tho customs rule and
was conftoquently found guilty" arid ordered
to pay a fine ot 300 in gold,' arid to remain
imprisoned within tho fort at Matanau until
the sum was paid."
Oh, what a relief. I almost fainted on
hearing tho sentence, tho reaction Wat to
At may bo Imagined it required but a few
moments for tho consul to give, hit bend for
tho amount, and I was a f roo man. ,
I had no doslro to remain longer within
tho walls of tho grim old fortress, after my
release, and In company with ray 'defender
hurried out through a sally port which'wat
opened for our egress, and as we were pott,
lng through, much to our surpriso, the con
tents of my pockets (which bad been taken
from mo the previous night), were returned,
Thus was ended my first and last tilt with
tho bill d goddess, which far famed lady may
be said to bo doubly blind In the distant
Islands of the Antilloi.
I afterward ascertained that tho Spaniard
bad failed to secure tho person of Senor Gon
zalez as he hud left the city the same, day of
lny visit, but as I bad been ween to enter bis
house with a ling und lvavo it without one,
and as he was known to hold strong revolu
tionary principles the authorities thought it
their duty to arrest me, thinking that I was
at least a syinithlzer, and that through fear
ot Instant death I would reveal some- secret
of the insurgents. , ,
GEORGE Si. PULLMAN. 4l
THE STORY OF THE MODERN PAL
ACE CAR RETOLD.
First Experiments Made on the Altoa
Boad Headlining: ot the Palaea 'Car.'
Hollaing of the "Pioneer" llallroad
Men Laugh Cutting riatformt.
George M. Pullman was born in Brocton,
Chautauqua county, and hit birth year 1BSL
He lived in Brocton fourteen years and then'
moved to Albion, where he also resided four
teen years, At Albion ha became acquainted
with Senator Ben Field, A member ot, the
state senate in '1834-6. Mr. Field was inter
ested In legislation concerning sleeping car
fares, and the Woodruff Bleeping Car -company,
in acknowledgment of his Interest in
their behalf, had given him the right to run
their sleepers on a couplo of western roads.
While Mr; Pullman was in Chicago in 18W
he was called upon by Senator Field with
request for several loans, and out of, thesa ac-
commodationson arrangement grew between
them to run sleeping cars on the Alton road,
Pullman to pay the senator, who had secured
the right to run the cars, halt of tho prospec
tive earnings. Matters went on In this -way
for a short time, and meanwhile Field, who
had no business tact, lost his sleeping car ser
vice on the other two western roads which
had been given him. One day ho came to
Mr. Pullman and told him that ho had an op
portunity to buy back the privileges, on the.
other roads, and that he would like to sell his
half interest in tho copartnership line to Mr.
Pullman. A bargain was struck, and Mr.
Pullman paid his partner t3,5O0 This was at
the opening of the war, when tho night train
on the Alton road, bad been taken offby
the superintendent, who was a 'sympathiser
with the south, and who thought that before
the war was over grass would grow in .tb'
streets of .the north. Tha outlook, for.tha Air.
ton road was very dubious. It Is a .singular,
illustration of Mr. Pullman's good fortune
that he had hardly concluded the purchaatof
his partner's half Interest before business. be
came so good that the night i train .sriara
started again and the sleeping car ibutUitfi
began at once to make return.. Thea sleep
ing cars on the Alton road, with which 'Mr.
Pullman's first experiment were tried,, were
simply two ordinary, passenger coach,'
which he had changed into the .commonest
kind ot sleeping cars at alight expense, .Fifty
cents .was charged for a berth, and the .first
night, four bertha wero sold.' About thit
time the Pike' peak fever set in, and XT;
Pullman gravitated west and spent two or
three years at Pike's peak. Ho. returned in
1804 and again took up his sleeping car project-
BEarattiKa or toe palace cab.
In 1804 Mr. Pullman, who had been giving;
the sleeping car business close attention, and
who had become deeply Interested .Jn tha
thought, that there was a wide Held for. In
ventiye genius in that direction, met a master,
car builder of the Alton railroad, who was
an old friend, and paid him 1 100 a month to
take In charge the construction ot a model
car. He obtained the priyfleRo of using,,
shed of the Alton, railroad In ito yard at Chi
cago, and told the builder what sort of a car
he wanted. The great question .with him
was how to havo an upper and lower berth
tbat would be comfortable. Thoy were at
that time tho merest makeshifts to afford .
night's rest Mr. Pullman determined that
the new car should be the handsomest, vr
made. Heretofore a sleeping car had cost
not more, than f 4,000 or (4,&00. Looking th
matter over and wondering bow he could ar
range two berths that would be roomy, com
fortable and convenient, ho was perplexed a
to the disposition of the mattresses. At that
time all the mattresses were put away in on
section during the daytime. In fact, th
early sleeping cars were simply used tor
night cars and not run in the daytime.
Mr. Pullman's idea was to have a car that
could be run on long trips cither as a day. or
a night car. With this object is view he
started to build the "Pioneer," He found
the mattresses could not be put on the floor
because of the dust and discomfort. There
was no place between the windows, and he
finally said to his car builder, "Why not
hinge an upper berth near the roof and put
the mattresses in it when tho berth is closed
during tho daytime!" Tho cor builder re
plied at once that the car was not high enough
and that tho space would be too smiU. This
was before cars were built with raised "deckt"
or roofs, "Then," said Mr, Pullman, "why
not raise the car!" The outcome of this con
versation was a direction that plans should
be drawn tor a car as wide aud as high as
would be necessary to get lu two berths, in
cluding one hinged to the upper side of tho
car. The plan was accurately drawn for a
car one foot wider and two and one-half feet
higher thau any car that had heretofore been
built in this country,
RAILROAD illN LACOB.
Of course railroad men who heard of Mr.
Pullman's plans smiled, and said that it Mr.
Pullman was a railroad man be would know
better than to pursue bis Impracticable propo- "
litioni; that he he would only meet disaster
and lose all that he had. But his conviction
was strong and clear, and with that pluck
and audacity which have always charac
terized his clear sighted business policy, h
went ahead and the car was built Th next
question was the decoration ot it Mr. Pull
man determined that it should be th hand
somest car in all respects that ever had been
made in the country. He came on to New
York and thero happened to meet the artist
who bad just decorated the bouse ot Samuel
J, Tllden. He at once closed with this artist,
took him west and tet him at work decorating
When the Pioneer was finished It had cost
tho extraordinary sum of 118,000, a Urge
price even now for a sleeping ar. It was a
wonder to everybody. It was just as Mr.
Pullman had expected. The beauty of. the
finish and the marvelous innovation he had
mode wero advertised far and near by the
newspapers and by railroad men, and somo
of the latkcr began to believe that the Idea
ot the Inventor after all were practicable.
The Pioneer was rn process ot building for a
whole year. The assassination ot Lincoln oc
curring at this time, It was suggested that
the Pioneer lie used In the funeral train, and
it was run from Springfield to Chicago on
the Alton road. As had been predicted when
the car was built, It was too wide to run on
the roads as then constructed. It was neces
sary for the Alton road to send along its line
and cut oil tho platforms that projected, and
to make numerous changes at stations so that
the car, with its width of an additional foot,
Thus the railroads had to make way tor the
improvement that the convenience ot the
traveling publla demanded. Everywhere
the beauty of the Pioneer wot talked of, and
it was not strange that toon after, when Gen.
Grant came home, the use, of the car was
asked to convey the great hero from Detroit
to Galena. The Michigan Central railroad
was coiiqielled to do precisely what tho Alton
road did cut its platforms, aud in other
ways make way for the car and from this
time on the railroads pi eparod themselves for
tho new palace cur, "J. A. H." in Albany
It 'pear like de meanea' men hat dt toad
iuenc obtr d Us' womtn.