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omco over 1st. National Bank,
ttieo la Sot's Building;
J OIIN M. OLA11K,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
O nc aver Moyer Bros. Drug store.
Ofllce la Grower's butldlog,se(.ondiloor,room Mo. 1
j FRANK ZAKR,
office corner of Centre andaln bticcta.Claiki
Can be consulted In German.
QEO. E. ELWELIi
Ofllco on First floor, front room of Col
ombian Uuildins, Main street, below En.
pAOL E. WIUT,
uffleo In Colckbuw Ucildiho, Kooni Ho. , second
' BLOOMSBURG, PA.
Office in Browcrs' Building, 2nd floor.
H IKOXH. L. B. WIMTBRBTIBH.
KNOKR & WINTERSTEEN,
A tiorney s-at-J-iaw.
omca tu 1st National Hank nulldlnif, seoond floor,
nrstdoortotholett. Corner ot Main and Market
Btreets Uloomsburi:, Pa.
Itirl'ennom and Boumtitt Collected.
I II MAI2E,
nice in Maize's bulldli. over Mllmeyer's grocery.
JP P. BILLMEYEH,
O"0fflce over Dentlcr's shoe store,
Bloomsburg, Pa. rttpr-30.86.
rtr. II. R1IAWN.
omoe.oornerot Tblrd and MalnBtreett.
IOUAEL F. EYERLY,
Conveyancer, lOollwtor of Claims.
LEGAL ADVICE IN TIIEJSETTLKMENT OF
IF-Offico In Dentler's building with V. V. BUI
meyer, attorney-at-law, front 100ms, end floor
Bloomsburg, Pa. lapr-a-as.
Y. E. SMITH,
U. HONOKA A. ROBB1NS.
omce and residence. West First street, BloomB-
burg, Pa. aov..y.
ft, J. n. MOORE.
EYE, EAB AND THEOAT, A SPECIALTY.
PITTSTON, i A.
Will be at Exchange Hotel, In Bloomsbyrg. every
two weeks, on Saturday, from 8:30 p. m. to S p.m
April 83, May 7 and a. noviest ly.
TR. J. R. EVANS, M. D., Surgeon and
J physician. Offlce and residence, on Third
JB. McKELVY, M. D .Surgeon and Ph
. slclan, north sldo Main atreef,below Markei
Ah. FRITZ, Attornev-at-Lw. OfBc
, Front room over Post Offlce,
1"R.J. C. RUTTER,
omce, North Market street,
DR. WM. M. REBER, Surgeon and
Physician, offlce corner of Bock and Market
W. R. TDBBS, PROPRIETOR
OPPOSITE COURT HOUSE.
Large and convenient sample rooms, llath room,
hot and cold water; and all modern conveniences.
Jg F. HARTMAH
BBrBISBNTS TUB FOLLOWING
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES
North American ot Philadelphia.
Franklin, ' "
Pennsylvania, " "
York, ot Pennsylvania.
Hanover, of N. Y.
Sueens, ot London,
orth British, ot London.
Offlce on Market street, No. 5, Bloomsburg.
oot. se, i-
CHRISTIAN F. ENAPP, BLOOMSBU CPA,
HOME, OF N. Y.
M EHCIIANTS', OF NEWARK, N. J.
('LINTON, N. Y.
PEOPLES' N. Y.
These ld corporations are well seasoned by
ace and fihe testbd and have never yet had a
loss settled by any court of law. Their assetB are
all invested In solid bbccritiss are liable to the
hazard of Fimonly.
Losses I'Homitly and honestly adjusted and
Said as soon as determined by christian r.
MArr, BPKCIAL AOBNT AMD ADJC8TBR ULOOMSBUBO,
ThepeopWot Columbia county should patron
ize the agency where loasoalf any are settled and
pall by one ot t her own citizens.
PROMPTNESS. EQUITY. FAIR DEALING.
J?REA8 BROWN'S INSURANCE
1 AGENCY. Moyer's new bulidlng, Mala street,
-tna Insurance Co., of narttord, Conn T,O78,C'0
Royal of Liverpool 13,mo,ooo
Fire Association, PhUadelphla 4,ltu,7l0
Phaanlx, ot London 5,868,370
London & Lancashire, ot England l,709,V7S
Hartford of Hartford. . s,S73,uw
bprlngnld Fire and Marine S.OiUMO
As the agencies are direct, policies are written
or the insured without delay in the omce at
Bloomsburg. Oct, 28, '61.
"YAINWRIGHT & CO.,
teas, byrups, coffee, sugar, molasses
1UCE, fl'ICEE, UICAKU SODA, ETO., ETC.
N. E. Corner second and Arch sts.
M7"Ordera will receive prompt attention.
fl H. HOUSE,
Bloomsiiuiki, Columbia County, Pa
Allatylesof work done in a superior manner, work
warranted as represented. Tbitii Kzibaot
id without Pain by the use ot (las, and
free of charge when Artificial toein
Office in Barton's building, Main street,
below Market, five doors below Kleim'a
drug store, first floor.
loh nnen at all hours during the rfij
NOT IS .17
pURSELi'S BARBER SHOP,'
Under Exchango Hotel,
Tho Tonsorlal Art in all its branches.
HOT AND COLD BATHS.
IIarrie B. Pursel,
3. E. ELWELL, , ,
J Z BITTENBENDEB, JrcIrItori
FOR MEN AND YOUTHS.
FOR BOYS AND CHILDREN.
A. C. YATES & CO.,
SIXTH AND CHESTNUT STS.
M. C. SLOAN & BRO.,
CARRIAGES BUQQIES, PHAETONS
SLEIGHS, PLATFORM WAGONS &C.
First-class work always on hand.
REPAIRING NEA TLY DONE.
Price reduced to tuil the timet.
BLOOMSBURG PLANING MILL
ThO tinrlnpaltrnnrl ltnvlnr ntir hit a ninntni.
on Kallroad street. In Orst-ciass condition, la pre
yaicu tuuu aiiKiuut vi wuxKlQ uis line.
FRAMES, SASH, DOORS,
furnished at reasonable t rlcea. All lumber used
ib well seasoned and nono but skilled workmen
ESTIMATES FOE BUILDINGS
urnlshed on application. Plans and SDeclflca
oaspreparea oy an oxperiencoa araugniBman
CLOTHING o CL0THING
G. W. BERTSCH,
THE MERCHANT TAILOR.
Ms Frnishing Goods, Hats 8f Cips
OK EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Suits made to order at abort notice
arid a fitalwajs guaranteed or no eale.
Call and examine the largest and best
selected stock of goods over shown in
Store next door to First National Bank,
ORNAMENTAL IRON FENCES
OF CAST CR WROUGHT IRON.
The following shows the Picket Gothic, one of
the several beautiful styles ot Fence manufactured
by the undersigned.
For Beauty and Durability they areunsurpaBs
L set up by experienced hands and warranted
to give satisfaction.
Prices and specimens of other de
signs sent to any address.
S WITHIN C. 8II0HTLI DOE'S ACADEMY,
FOB TODNd MKN AND I10T8, MEDIA, PA.
every eipcnse, even books, 40. No extra charges.
v.n i.ni.dniDi .TiwntAi fl rxiimlniitlon for ad.
mission. Twelve experluirfd teachers, all men.
students to advance rapidly, bpeclal drill for dull
and backward boys. Patrons or students may se
lect any siuaies or i-uuuwj luoirsuiai .jv.
entlflc Business, Classical or civil Engineering
course, btudents ntted at Media Academy are
, iinn..H v.ia Prlnpfnn anrl ten other
colleges and Po'lytectlnlc schools, 10 students
sent to college in itt ia i" u 'u
18sti. A graduating class every year In the com
merclal department. A Physical and Chemical
Laboratory, Gymnasium and Hall (iround. 1500
vo a. added to library In 1883. Physical apparatus
doubled in UHL Media has seven churches and a
temperance ciihtilt wmcu prumuito n..
atldreaa ihe 1'rlnclpal und I'roprletor, SWU ill N O.
BUOItTUUUE, A. it., (Harvard Graduate,) Media,
$K A Morthtdl
I l lor ladles in ejeh county, and highest
J J commission paid (often f ISO a month.
NKW BOOK already on
In North and fouth America, at tho Ice-Bound
Poles, over the land- of the Midnight Sun, under
the Fciuuor, through tho Dark Continent, among
doms of China and Japan, amid the ruins of Incaa
lue U1U Jfiupica 01 ... ,VTo
and Gardens of ihedods on the Isles of the (-ea,
kitafa anit 'Xlini. WIIU1I1 I.U11UUS. LUU UUIIUUIXO
and In all parts
arts ot the globe, m engravings.
V. . Z1EOLK1I & CD., 720 Chestnut St.
Philadelphia, Pa. deo 17, sou
ul0Kea.es. enu ior rircuiur.
tobemBde. CutthHoutand returnto
ua,and wo will send you tree, some
thing of great value and Importance to
rnn Hint Hill kiuiivou In hublness
which 1 1 brlug you In more money right away
than an thing elso in this world. Any one can do
the work and live at home. Either sex; all ages,
something new, that just coins money lor all
workers. We will Mart jou; capital not needed.
This Is one ot the genuine, important chances ot a
lifetime. Those who are ambitious and enterpris
ing will not delay. Grand oumt fiee. Aidress,
Tbob t Co., Augusta Maine. decS!-W,ly.
S.000 AGENTS WANTED I TOUBLE QUICK I tosell
joe ho wa hd s n r r n n C D
LIFE OK DLLulll.ll
lnanltely the most valuable because coming so
closely from the family cliele aud by a master
h.ndcngagedlna"Uborol Love." lllchlylllus-trat.d-Bieel
poitralt, ele. Will sell Immensely.
Millions w nt this standard Lite ot the Kreab at
Preacher and orator ot the age. Quick la the
word. Territory in great demand, bend lorclr.
culkra ina for outnt to llUUUAliu Bltos.
Pubs., 7s Chestnut bU, j-hlladelpha, Pa. Staprl
1 .A f j
The First Sign
Of falllnt; licaltli, w licther In the form of
Night Sweats nnd Nervousness, or In a
sonso of General 'Weariness and Loss of
Appetite, should suggest . the uso of
Aver's Sarsaparllla. This preparation
Is most effectlvo for giving tono and
strength to the enfeebled Bystcm, pro
moting the digestion and assimilation of
food, rostorlng tho nervous forces to
their normal condition, nnd for purify
ing, enriching, and vitalizing tho Wood.
Ten years ago my health began to fall.
I was troubled with a distressing Cough,
Night Sweats, Weakness, and Nervous
ness. I tried various remedies pre
scribed by different physicians, but
became so weak that I could not go np
stairs without stopping to rest. My
friends recommended mo to try Aye
Sarsaparllla, which I did, and I am now
as healthy and strong as ever. .Mrs.
B. h. Williams, Alexandria, Minn.
I havo used Ayer's Sarsaparllla, In my
family, for Scrofula, and know, if It Is
taken faithfully, that it will thoroughly
erndlcalo this terrible disease. I have
aNo prescribed it as a tonic, as well as an
alterative, and must say that I honestly
believe It to ho tho best blood medicine,
evercomixmniled. W. P. Fowler, M. D
I). I). S Greenville, Tenn.
It would be Impossible for mo to de
scribe what I suffered from Indigestion
and Headache up to tho time I began
taking Ayer's Sarsaparllla. I was under
the care of various physicians, and tried
a great many kinds of medicines, but
never obtained moro than temporary re
lief. After taking Ayer's Sarsaparllla
for a short timo, my hcadacho disap
peared, and my stomach performed ita
duties moro perfectly. To-day my
health Is completely restored. Mary
Harley, Springfield, Mass.
I havo been greatly benefited by the
prompt uso of Ayer's Sarsaparllla. It
tones and Invigorates the stem, regu
lates tho action of tho digestive and
assimilative, organs, and vitalizes the
blood. It is, wiliiout doubt,-tho most
reliable blood purifier yet discovered.
II, I. Johnson, 383 Atlantic avenue,
Brooklyn, N. Y.j
Trepartd by Dr. J. C. A yer & Co., Lowell, Una.
Price 81 1 six bottles, US.
FOR STEEP OR FIAT ROOFS
CAN II K PUT ON IIV ANY PEItSO.V.
THOUSANDS OF ROLLS SOLD ANNUALLY
FOR BUILDINGS OP EVEIIV
SEND FOR NEW CIRCULAR, CONTAININO
PRICE LIST AND REFERENCES.
M. EHRET, JR. & CO.
423 Walnut Street. PHILADELPHIA-
Having received his Spring stock
of Carpctings, is now
ready to show a large stock of
At prices which, cannot help
but please. Call and examine
them at the old stand,
J. R. SMITH & CO.
By the following well known makers;
Hallet & Davis.
Can also furnish any of the
cheaper makes at manufacturers
prices. Do not buy a piano be
fore getting our prices.
Catalogue and Price Lists
kiiuwU'ititoilwlr nmi Inferiority by attempllu to
In il i t,ou Ipereputiitlomrf lheorlglnal. ,
Nir.li tieuulne uuln brarlmc IhU htinnp,
..".rCKtlesea, OO QLIffcE1
Made Jnnultnn, Coiifp-csfi oml
I.UIV. Hi it CW M iH. Unex
.yIJ'JCUrtlCT. A UHlfil I Hill
im iiuiituu muw iu i t mi
fnoe iu any Btto or
J. Moan: .J; Co
Our retebraled factory protlncen a larger quantity
ef hhnfi of thl Krmle IDau any ul her tiictnry In t he
wurl.1. llioiisnnO uti" wpnrlbem lvlltlrllyomlm
rcu.cii If j mi n k them. .IAMI.S OIKANm' b'J
H1IOB fur ll.i. U uiiaii!iriucht-it Iu DuraUUty.
Pull lines of the above shoes for sale by
T VV HARTMAN & SON.
sole agents for Uloomsbiirg, Pa. lebll-ist.
t btalned and all patent business attended to for
moderate fees. .
our omce is opposite the U. 8. Patent omce, and
we can obtain Patents In lets time than those re
mote from Washington.
Bend model oi drawing. We advlso as to pat
entability free ot charge, and we inake no charge
unless patent Is secui ed.
we reier uere, toiue i-usimahier, vue nupv. oi
Money Order DJv., and to oniclals of the U.S.
1UICUVU.11-.V. (U( l.lli:U(ll, BUllbE) iciiu, auu
retorences to actual clients in your own btateor
county, write to
Opposite Patent Office, W ehtngton, D 0
Mt . T.A I T 1 L. B.TL.n-T VTiV.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, APRIL 15,
THE MAN AND THE AX.
On one of tho las', evenings of th
year just olosetl M. Antoiiiu llo loin,
one oi tho most justly estcemvu citi
zons of Paris nnd cx-mavor of ono oi
tlio towns of central Franco, fminil
himself In Haker street, London. Fifty
yo irs of nge, fnt nnd jovial, carry Inc
ins Heart in liH hand -but practical
enough in business affairs this worthy
head of a family and true social ox
aniplo did not cfluape moro than others
from certain imaginary illusions, when
ho was aldtio nnd v'n a vis with the
inner man, that fometimes frequent the
brain of tho steadiest husircss man.
Acoordiuir to alienists these brains
outside of business matters belong to
a mystciious world, whoo creature.-"
are often fantastic. If, then, it hap
pened thnt 31. Hedoux, when in the
s elusion ol his cilice, let his mind go
ailray with sonic of thoso strangu and
troubled fancies, of which he never
spoke a wurd, the mania ho allowed
ilmsolf to pet, be it larky or melan
choly, very soon brcamo despotio and
tenociotis to tho point of clamoring fcr
realization. Mastir of himself, how
ever, ho could dissipate the mania with
a profound sigh, when tho least inci
dent of real life camu with its shock
to awaken him from these morbid at
tacks, which had never proven very
serious. Bat for a long timo this cir
cumspect man had been on his guard
against this weakness, and bad been
obliged to govern himself according to
the regulations of tho strictest regime
to evade exciting iu -tionn that might
put him astride his hobby horse.
Above all, he drank very little 1 On
this particular tvening, M. Hedoux,
having well dinfd without his usual
prudenco at the houso of a merchant,
with whom,along with the dessert, he
had concluded a most advantageous
affair, tho object of his journey to
London, did not perceive that tho in
sidious fumes of port, sherry, ale and
champagne had altered a trifle the sus
ceptibility of his lucidity. He was re
turning to his hotel at an early hour,
when he noticed that a heavy fog,
mixed with a drizzling rain, was fall
ing. lie sought refugo under a doorway,
which happened to be the entrance of
the famous Tussaud museum. To
avoid a cold, nnd to find a comfortable
shelter, as well as to kill time while
satisfying curiosity, tho cx-raav"r of
ono of the towns of ccniral France
threw away Jus cigar and ascended
tho stairs leading to the wax salons.
On the threshold of that long hall
where stood, in improbable immobility,
this strange gallery of personage', di
versified in costumes and most of them
wearing crowns, all like ponderous
fashion plates of centuries ' past, M.
Hedoux felt a thrill pass through him.
An object caught his vision. Though
quite in tho back it seemed to domin
ate the entire hall fiom the platform
of tho "chamber of horrors." It was
tho old instrument which according to
sufficiently serious documents, had
been used in France for the execution
of Kiug Louis XVI. At this sight,
and informed by tho programme of the
truo origin of tho apparatus, tho ex
cellent citizen, always liberal in his
political opinions, aud, thanks to tho
DroStablo day just ended, felt himself
disposed with generosity toward the
king martr. Sotting asido all opin
ions and ready to blame any txcesscs,
he felt his heart growing tender to
ward the august victim, whose memory
this gravo ppecimeii of historical tools
had evoked. IImest and intelligent,
the temperament impressionable, where
tho emotions magnified quickly, M.
Redoux scarcely honored with a brief
look the crowd of wax figures resplen
dant in gold, silk, purple and pearls.
Moved by the stronger impression of
that guillotine and thinking ot the
great drama past, he chose tho neigh
borhood of the platform whero stood
an approximate likeness of Shake
speare and sat himself to meditate.
Genial natures becomo expansive under
any kind of emotion. The ex-mayer
of the central town of Franco noticed
a visitor sitting near him French, no
doubt, if ho was to judge by' appear
ances who, like himst-lf, had fallen
into a brown study. He turned to
ward him, and to feel his ground let
drop a few remarks asv'to "the impres
sion almost saJ that this sinister ma
chine caused, Independent of one's po
But gazing more closely at his
neighbor, tho excellent M. Hedoux
stopped, short, rather vexed, for he had
discovered that for some two minutes
ho had been addressing one of those
sham visitors that tho administration
places on the benches destiued for liv
ing ones. At this moment a loud voico
warned tho visitors that tho hour for
closing had come. Tho chandeliers
wcro lapiuiy exunguisneu, aim mo last
of the curious, as though loath to
leave, threw a summary look on the
fantastlo surroundings m if wanting
to prcseryo a souvenir of tho general
M. Rcdotix'a unrequited expansion
and the morbid "excitement ot his first
impression sufficiently unhealthy
had transformed his feelings into a
mania of unaccustomed intensity. It
was more it was a dark hobby that
shook-ita bells nntil tho sound had pen
etrated tho inmost recesses of his
brain. Tho idea of resistangq forsook
"Ah," thought ho, "to experience
without danger these torrible sensa
tions, so terrible, that must havo as
sailed tho good King Louis XVI be
fore this fatal p!ar.k 1 To bo in imag.
ination tho king himself 1 To hear the
rolling ot the drums, aatl to listen to
tho last comforting words of tho Abbu
Edgoworth do St. Firmoutl And to
speak out one's treasures of moral gen
erosity I And to indulge in the luxury
ot pitying (very eipcerely, all political
opinions apart) this worthy father of a
family! this man toogood.too generous
indeed, too .ul! of nil thoso qualities
that" M. Redoux recognized
as a part of his own nature. "What
glorious minutes to pass I Vbnt sweet
tears to shed 1" But to accomplish
' this he must bo alono before tho guillo
tine, wuero iu secret, without Doing
seen, ho could givo himself up with
full liberty to tho enjoyment of that
flattering and moving soliloquy, But
how to do it!
Such was tho slrango mania disturb
ing the brain of tho honorable M. He
doux, already a litllo oxcited by tho
wines of Franco and Spain. He
looked attentively nt tho two posts of
mo scallold, the tnp ot which was
covered on this particular evening with
a grcon baizo hood, which couuvtlwl
from view tho fatal knife a pr cau
tion, no doubt, to provont a shock to
persons of an over-sensitivo nature.
This timo the mania insiited upon bo-
ing realized nnd n luminous ruse con
quered tho difficulty and suddenly
lighted tho undeistanding of M. Re
doux. "Brnvol I havo itl" ho murmured.
"I hao my matches. A Binglo gas jet
will light tho tragic scene. Then a
call, nnd tho door will ho opened. I
will explain that I fell asleep and give
tho boy a half guinea It is quite
The room was already in shadows.
A workman's lantern on tho plaliorm
burned dimly. Tim tinsel, the crystals
and cilks threw a shining nolo in the
dullness. Presently ho heard footsteps)
it was one of the porters coining to
ward him in tho Shakcspearo alley.
Giving a look at his neighbor, M. Re
Dottx look suddenly an immobile poso.
The gosttiru ho chnso was that of one
offeiing a pinch of snuff. His broad
brimmed hat,his ruddy hand, his sleek
face and half closed cycy, tho phits
in his long overcoat; all his petson,
Btiff and breathless, seemed to add ono
more to tho sham visitor so much so
that in the almost lotil ob'cnritv tho
porter, in passing M. Redoux, thcught
no don' t that it was a new acquisition
of which tho administration had not
warned him, gavo him a few light
strokes with a feather duster and pased
on. Tho next moment the doors wr re
closed. M. Hedoux. triumphant, coidd
at last realize ono of his fancies, alone
in tho blue darkness of tho wax par
lor. Groping his way on tiptoe, pass
ing those vaguo kings and queens, ho
roached tho platform and slowly i's
cended the steps leading to tho lugu
brious machine. The collar in wood
was vis-a-vis the entrance of tho hall.
Redout closed his eyes in order to re
call moro vividly the sad scone, and
largo tears wero not slow to tricxlo
down his cheeks. Ho thought of tho
tears of old Malesherbes, charged with
the defense of his king b-foro the na
tional convention tears that were his
"Unfortunate monarch I" sobbed
Redoux. "How well 1 understand
what you havo suffered I But from
your infancy you were led astray 1
You were a victim of a necessity of
the times I I pity you from the bot
tom of my heart I As fathere of fam
ilies wo understand each other. Your
crime was to havo been a kings mine
to havo been a mayor !'' And tho too
sensitive manufacture r,a little haggard,
added in broken accents, and with a
gesture as if offering support to somo
out: "Courage, your majesty 1 Re
member that we are all mortal ! '
Then looking at tho plank ho
touched its spring.
'In thitiic that ho was stretched
there," said tho excellent man. "Yes,
we wero very nearly of tho same fig
ure, so it appears, and he must havo
had tho same embonpoint as I. Pretty
solid work this guillotine, and well
put together. Oh, what were, what
must havo been, that is to say, hm
supremo thoughts when once stretched
on this plank 1 In three seconds ho
must have reflected on centuries I Let
us see. l tie executioner is not here.
Why should I not stretch myself there
just a little to know, to experience
After this mental invitation tho
worthy M. Redoux took a resigned ex
pression, quasi sublime, inclined for
wari, slowly at, first, then little by
little, stretched himself on the movablo
plank, so successfully indeed that ho
could with ease contemplate the two
halt moons ot the gaping collar.
"There. Lot us stop hero and medi
tate. What agony ho must havo felt T"
And he wiped (lis eyes with his
handkerchief. Redoux to install him
self more comfortably made a light
movcmitiL ot too body which pushed
tho sliding plank even with the collar
pieco. This chance movement encour
aged the ex-mayor to make the illus
ion more perfect, ho leaned his nock on
tho half moon,
"Ab, poor king! I understand and
I lament," murmured good M. Redoux,
"and it is a cotn-olation to know that
once here Buffeting is not of long dura
As he made a movement to ra'so
himself ho heaid by his right ear a
light, dry crack. Cirick! It was tho
other hall moon, shaken by the agita
tion of M. Hedoux, slipped in its placo
and imprisoning the head of tho manu
facturer. Tho honorable M. Hodoux
was uncomfoi table under tho sensa
t'on, and twisted himself light and left.
But in vain : he was caught in the
trap, aud how was ho to find tho se
cret to libcralo himself.
A singular thing: Tho little inci
dent had sobered him. Then without
transition his face became tho color of
plaster, aud his blood ran through his
arteries with terriblt- rapidity. His
oyes rolled as if under tho action of
vertigo, his body becamo liko ice and
his teeth chattered. In tho midst of
his hallucination a gleam of light assur
od him that there was no danger, since
thero was no executioner. But it had
lust struck him that soven feet above
lirn hung that fatal knife, a hundred
pounds in weight, that tbo wood was
worm oaten, tho springs worn, and that
by moving his body ho exposed him
self to tho danger of touching the but
ton that would cause tho kiiife to de
scend. Then his head would roll at
the feet of theso wax phantoms who
now soeiucd to him a terrible audience,
for tho relleolion of the lantorn on all
thoso figures gavo vitality to tho im
possibility. 1 hey wi re looking at tnnij
this crowd with glazed eves Beemed to
"Help!" he gasped, but ho did not
daro to say it agiin for fear the vibra
tions might push tho button. Aud
this fixed idea wrinkled his livid brow,
drow his generous jaws, aud caused
his cranium to tingle. In tho black
silence and bofore tho hidooua absur
dity nf such a death his hair and
beard began to whiten gradually,
Minutas aged him liko years. At the
sudden cracking of tho timber ho faint
cd. Two hours after, when lie had ro
covered himself, the cold appreciation
of his situation caused him to enjoy a
new kind of torture, till tho grating of
a mouse gnawing tho wood caused him
to faint again, On opening his eyes
he found himself, half drspsed, iu one
of tho nrinohairs of tho museum, eur
rounded by porters and workmen, who
wore rubbing him with hot rags and
making him lake stimulants.
"Old" he muttered, with a haggard
look at tho guillotine. "What adreaml
What a night under that terrible
knlft 1" Then, in a few words, he told
tho story. "But, sir," replied ono of
tho porters, tho same .ono that had
dusted him thu evening bofore, "you
alarmed yourself without reason,"
"Without reason!" painfully articu
lated Redoux, his throat still sore.
"Yesj the collar picro has no strings,
and was tho joints that mado tho noise
that frightened you. And as to tho
Hero tho porter mounted tho steps
of the platform and raised from its
porch tho green baizo hood j it was
"Two days ago it was taken to bo
repaired." At these words M. Redoux
stood on his legs and shook h'nnsclt as
if to test their solidity. Then catch
ing a glimpao of himself iu ono of the
mirrors ho saw that ho had aged ten
years. He gave in silence this timo
with sincere tears threo guineas to
his liberators. That done, he took his
hat and left tho museum. Onco in tho
street bo directed his steps toward his
hotel, took his valiso and departed that
evening for Pans. His first caro was
to have his hair anil benrd carefully
dyed before going home, whero ho
never spoko a word of his adventure.
But in the liii'h position which lie
occupies iu ono of tho bouses ho will
not allow himself even in fancy to
sympathize with tho opposito party,
lie is not likely to forget tint lament
ablo night, and if ono of tho honorable
members declared that princes are not
to bo pitied, whatovor befall them, M.
Redoux would smilo and chaugo the
conversation. E. 11. M.
When tho Emperor, Charles V., of
Spain, reliied to tho Monastery of St.
1 uste, he took with him Tornano, his
clock-maker, in order to while away
the timo by constructing the movements
of clocks. So wonderful wcro some of
tho pieces of work which they made,
that tho monks would hot believe any
ono except the dovil had a hand in them
until tho machinery was shown to them
by the ex-Emperor. It was ordered by
Charles that when he should -dio all
theso clocks should ceaso running
and it is said to be a fact that his
orders wero obeyed.
Another King of Spain carao to
Geneva to boo a clock which had been
mado by Droz, a merchant of that city.
Upon the clock were seated a shepherd
a necro, and a dog. As tho hour was
struck, the shepherd played upon his
Bute, and tho dog played gently at his
feet. Utti, when the Iviuc reached
forth to touch an apple that hung from
a tree, under which tho shepherd rest
ed, the dog flow at him and barked so
furiously that a live dog answered him
and tho whole party left in haste.
Venturing to return, one of the court
iers asked the negro, in Spanish, what
time it was. There was no reply ; but
when the question was repeated in
French, an answer was given. This
frightened tho courtier, who rejoined
his companions, and all of them voted
that tho clock was the work of tho evil
Upon the bclfty of the Kauthaus, in
Uoblentz, thero is the head of u riant
bearded, and helmeted with brass.
The giant's hotd is known as "tho man
in tho cuatom-houso ; and whenever a
countryman raeetB a oitizeu of Cob-
lentz away from that place, instead of
saying : "How aro all our friends in
Uoblentz T ho asks: "How is tho
man in tho eustom-houso !" At every
stroke of tho bell which sounds tho
hours npon tho clock, tho mouth of
0o giant opens and shuts with great
force, as if it were trying to say, in
tho words of Longfellow : "Timo was
liinon Time is past. 1'opular
A WASHINGTON 11UTTON AND A CANNON
BAM. EXCAVATED IIENEAT1I THE
Workmen engaged in digging for a
foundation for tho new boiler house In
tho rear of the main building of tho
United Stales Mint havo found two
relics. One is a much corroded six
pound cannon ball. It was found nt a
depth of nino feet. It was imbedded
in a vein of brick clay that extends from
Broad street eastward. Tho ball has
been placed in one of the cases of
relics in the Mint Museum. Superin
tendent Fox's theoiy is that the Brit
ish army, while in possession of Phila
delphia during tho Revolutionary War,
had a batlcry planted upon the lot of
ground now "occupied by tho Mint, and
that tho ball had accidentally been
dropped and rolled, unobserved, into
the grass covered soil, and that in
later years it had been covered in tho
hllinir in of tho giounu to bring it up
to the staudard level.
Tho other relio is a Washington but
ton. It was found in tho samo local
ity as tho cannon ball, but not bo far
beneath the surface It was tho cus
tom of tho patriotic people of this city
in former times to celebrato great
events by tho wearing of such buttons
and medals. Tho button has upon it
this inscription : "Memorablo Era,
March 4, 1789. It also has upon it
the representation of an eaglo, clutch
ing in ono talon threo arrows, in tho
other an olive branch. A shield on
the eagle's breast has upon it tho stars
and stripes, Ono of these buttons has
tor rainy years been enoasod among
tho raro medals nnd buttons in tho
Chinese in Philadelphia,
Sinco the raids of tho polioo on the
Chinese gambling dens and opium
joints, attention has been called to tho
hllhy and unwholesomo condition of
the houses they occupy. I'hu Chineso
as a people nro wonderfully fond of
company. Thoy uover like to be
alone nnd the element of gaming and
carousing in their nature is very
strongly marked, too many live in
filth in order to eoonoiuizo and squan
der their savings at tho gambling dens
md opium joints, thus increasing tho
filthy conditions that surround them.
The board of health will doubtless
lake somo action iu relation to their
mode ot hying.
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XXI.NO 1C
COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT, VOL. LI, NO 4
BEADING'S PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
IMPORTANT UKPOrtT OP CITV RUPEMN-
TENDKNT IIAI.I.1ET. THE METHODS OP
INSTItUCTION EXPLAINED MKCIIAN
ICAt.MEMOIH7.INO A ni.1.10 OP 11T
OONB DAYS OIUEOT LESSONS
SUCCESS OK THE SVSrEM
The following is tho report of City
Superintendent Balllet, road beforo the
Board of Control March 15:
It is pel haps proper that I should
make a brief reference at this timo to
some criticisms that have recently been
mado on tho educational policy of your
Board nnd on some ohanes that have
been mado in tho teaching in our
schools. Several persons havo attempted
to creato the impression, bv making
certain statements in the city papeis,
that we aro "experimenting" in our
schools with dangerous novelties in
the wny of teaching; that theso meth
ods aro not adopted extensively in tho
best schools of tho countrv and that
they havo proved a failure where they
havo been used. To this I can only
reply that such a statement is entirely
at variance with tbo facts, and could
be mado only by a person who is ut-
tot 1 v umntormed as to what is dono
today in tho best schools of the coun
try, or who, by misplacing confidence,
has received his information from un
The changes that havo been mado
in tho work of our schools have, in all
essential points, been made in all pro
gressive schools of tho country within
tho last IU teen years, and most of tho
methods introduced, wh'oh havo been
chaiacterized as "now," have been in
use in tho best schools of somo of our
cities for over twintylivo years.
There is no instance on record whero
these methods have proved a failure,
excepting a fow small towns whero
toachers did not understand the work
and had no competent supervision to
assist and direct them.
Without going into full explanation
of what wo are doing in our schools, I
may briefly stat-j that it is ray purpose,
as well as tho purpose of your Board,
to bring tho work or our schools in
harmony with the best educational
thoi'ght of the day, to eliminate, as
far as possible, mechanical Icachinc
and loto learning, and to make all in
struction practical in tbo best sense of
the word. To accomplish this somo
changes will bo necessary in all tho
grades, and it will require at least
five or six years to inako them. Tho
results will not appear in tho higher
grades until pupils now trained in tho
primary schools will reach thoso grades.
I havo thus for devoted moro time to
the work of tho primary and lower
secondary schools than to tho higher
grades, in tho first place, because by
far tho larger number of pupils attend
ing public schools aro found in theso
grades, and many of theso must leave
school beforo they reach the higher
grades; and in the second place, be
causo tho foundation for all reforms in
the work of tho higher grades must
be laid in the primary schools.
The changes that havo been mado
aro conlinod largely to arithmetic, ge
ography and primary reading. Iu tho
teaching of history, drawing, etc., but
few changes havo been made. These
branches aro as impor:aut as any of
the of the others, and r-otno changes
will bo necessary in the future in order
that they may be taught with tho
greatest possible efficiency.
several leaturcs ot our work havo
been moro particularly criticised by our
friends, and I may be pardoned for
making a brief refeience lo them spec
ifically. The statement has been mado
that pupils iu our primary schools aro
not taught the multiplication table. If
by this it is meant that they do not learn
tho tablo at all and do not loam to
multiply, tho statement is utterly in
correct. Children are taught from the
very start in the lowest primary schools
to add, subtract, multiply and divide.
All the work is at first done with ob
jects, and they fix in tho memory the
produclB ot tho various numbers as
fast as they learn tho numbers, by re
peatedly solving problems involving
theso products. They learn tho table
in this way intelligently from objects
as fast as they need it, and are at once
able to apply it to practical problems
The mere mechanical memorizing of
the entire multiplication tablo by chil
drcn six years old by repeating it in
concert from day to day, without
comprehending its meaning, is a relio
of by-Kono days m education, and
there are few educators of any stand
ing who would pretend to defend it to-
Even tho uso of obieots in our pri
mal y Bohools has bten criticised by
some ol our Iriends and characterized
as playing with toolh-picka and shoo
pegs. This is the usual criticism made
by oxtromely conservative persons to
whom such woik appears novel at first,
and it is a criticism that is perhaps nl
together harmless. I know of no book
on education that has been published
within the last, twentv-fivu veais that
does not recomraeud the uso of objects
in teaching arithmetic to young chil
dren. Just how long tho uso of ob
iccts should be continued is a question
which only u specialist can intelligently
uuuiuu, unit miuuugii me mint liny uu
indicated iu a general way m a courso
of study, it ib a question which must
virtually bo decided by the teacher in
tho caso ot each individual child.
Tho liuniosn of usiiii' obiectx is to irivn
tho child the power lo do Ins thinking
without them. As soon as objective
work has accomplished this purpose
it must bo continued. When pupils
uavo nau proper training iu mo pn
mary grades, it is unnecessary to con
Untie objective work in tin higher
grades except tor tho sake ot occa
sional illustration; but when pupils
havo never had objective woik in tho
lower grades to any extent such work
bujomes a necessity in tho higher
grades, t his l loutiii to bu tho caso
last year in our secondary and to somo
extent even in our urammar Bohools,
Pupils wero unablo lo givo a rational,
coucrcto illustration ot some of tho
simplest arithmetical processes. As
booh as pupils who nave lia-l proper
training in our primary schools rcaoh
tho higher grades objective work in
theso grades can bo discontinued.
Wo havo been criticised nlao for not
teaching children the alphabet beforo
thoy learn to read. It was tmppoted
that pupils had first to learn the letters
beforo thay could possibly learn to
.read. This method of teaching a
child to read was condemned by Uoraco
Mann over forty years ago in his work
of roforming tho schools of Massachu
setts, and has not been unedin somo
of our most progressive cities for years.
Th supervisor of primary sohools of
Erio states that It wns discontinued In
tho schools of that city over twenty
flvo yours ago. I know of no largo
city in which It is used to day nr of
any educational writor of. this country
of any reputation who defends it.
Prof. G. Stanley Hall, of John Hop
kins University, snyts that thero has
been only ono educational writer in
Germany for fifty years who has de
Children are tnnght lo read words
and sentences beforo they know tho
names of the letters bv a combination
of what aro called tho Word, the Sen
tence nnd tho Phonio Methods. In
this way tho nvcrago child tinder ft
good teacher learns to read Intelligent
ly in six months, and a bright child
sooner. Hub is tho mothod now in
uso in nil schools except thoso in re-
moto rural districts nnd in a fow con
servative towns. It is universally
used in many comities in this and other
Stales in graded and ungraded schools.
Without nointr into nnv further dis
cussion of tho matter, I desiro to say
that the work wo aro doing in our
schools must bo judged by its results
after thero has been suflioiont timo for
results to appear. I would thereforo
respectfully request the members of
vour Hoard to visit 'the schools as
otten as convcimi.t and observe tho
work for themselves. They will find
that where thu teachers aro competent
tho results are excellent oven now; and
whero tho teachers aro incompetent,
or aro not interested in their work, the
results aro poor. Whilst luor teach
ers will do better tcachiug with a good
method than with a poor one, it re
mains after all true that a method can
not tako tho place of brains and skill
in tlio teacher and their work will
never bo good. Tho value of a method
must bo judged by tho results obtain
ed with it by competent teachers.
Oars Safely Heated.
THE KIItT TRAIN IN THE WORLD TO HE
WARMED AND IIEATIID WITHOUT
From the New York Sun.
Tim Bustoii express train that rolled
into the Forty-t ccond street station at
10:30 last evening pounded over tho
same rails that bear hundreds of trains
daily, yet it was as much of a pioneer
in ita way as was Peter Cooper's little
lo-jomotivo. This train, the latest pro
duction of tho Boston and Albany
Railroad shops at Allston, was lighted
by electricity and heated by steam.
or the first tune in tho history of
railroading tho world over a complete
train so lighted and bo heated has been
Twenty incandescent electric lamps
ranged in double rows along tho high
ceiling of tho cars effectively light
them. Each light is of sixteen-candle
power, and the steady glow is fed from
tho storage batteries of tho Julien sys
tem. Newspapers may bo read with
ease, and the cars aro cheerful and
pleasant. There aro sixty storage cells
to each car placed under tho floor bo
tween the trncks,and thoy may charged
with electricity wbilo tho train is laid
up on a sido track in iioston. They
will hold twelve hours supply of tho
electric fluid, so as to make tho round
trip to New York and return, and with
time to spare.
Tho steam-heating devico consists
of an arrangement of pipes which tako
live dry steam from the dome of the
locomotive and conduct it through tho
oars so as to distributo the heat thor
oughly. Tho distinctive features of
tho system are an automatic pressure
regulating valvo on tho engine and
controlling valves for each car from a
main pipo below the car, so that tho
different cars may bo kept at varying
temperatures. Tho water ol condens
ation is carried off by an automatic
drip, and does not return lo tho boiler.
Hie. live dry steam is thus enabled to
do its perfect work.
Great importance is placed upon tho
safoty of these appliances in caso of
accident, ihcir aro neither lamps nor
stoves to set fire to the wreck.
A Lost Corpse.
In a back country town, where
funerals servo much tho same purposo
that tho theatre does in cities, there
chanced lo die one of iho members of
thu community, and one of tho neigh
bors was asked to "tako charge of the
funeral. On tho day appointed, tho
community assembled and stood in
groups discussing either tho departed
or the condition of the crops, while tho
neighbor in charge bustled from ono
room to another making tho list of
arrangements. 1 ho hour for tho funeral
arrived aud passed, and yet the Bervices
did not begin. Still more timo passed
and thu manager of affairs was seen to
bu hurrying lrom room to room, look
ing anxiously about as if in search of
Boinethiug. As lime passed tho audi
ence began lo show signs of impaiienco
and also of curiosity as tho perplexed
lace ot the man in charge) appeared
again beforo them. There was evi
dently a "hitch" in tho proceedings
somewhere, and an explanation was
necessary. Mounting a chair, 4jio im
promptu undertaker said :
'My friends, wo aro aro very sorry
to cause any delay in tho ah last
rites to the departed, but the ah
truth is, we havo mislaid the corpse."
It transpired that the coffin hud
been brought down to tho lower entry
or hall lrom a chamber, and through
some misunderstanding placed besido
iho stairway in the shadow. Those
coming iu from tho bright sunlight had
thrown their wraps upon it, not realiz
ing what it was, and thus made it in
visible. JJarjter s Magazine.
Decorum in Par 'Western Courts.
"When Eastorn pooplo read I'uck
aud see signs which aro claimed to bo
taken from court-rooms out West thoy
iraagino that the signs aro burlesques.
I thought so until 1 went West," said
n gentleman to the Arounder last night.
"I know now that the signs are literal
in every senso. I havo two pasted up
in my office which may do ns samples
of thoso I havo seou. They wero
taken from a court-room in the north
ern part of Wyoming Tenitory, and
read: 'No cracking peanuts in this
court-room,' and 'Lawyers nro not
allowed to kiss tho baby during court
hours.' This latter boiug translated
means that thoy nro not allowed to
take n drink. Then I saw ono iu a
court-room at n town on Lako Super
ior which reads : "This court adjourns
at 2:80 ; the court is goiug to tho
dan co nt II .' Tho dance wns held
in n iamp about six miles back of tho
town." Buffalo Courier.
A news item sayt; "A man in Lake
field was nil tick by a locomotive re
cently, knocked over tho smoke-stack
and instantly killed. Whii-ky was the
cause." This is bhamcful. All loco
motives "choo," but this is thu fiist timo
ono has been accused of indulging in
whisky and knocking a man over its
smokc-staok. Iioston Trimscrlpt,