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COLUMBIAN AM) DEMOCRAT. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.
FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1B87.
Thero will be a parade at Reading,
Pa. od Aptil 6tb, in honor of tho Grand
Castle of Pennsylvania, of tho Knights
of tho Golden Kaglo. It will bo ono
of the lartrcHt demonstrations of an
Order ever held In the Slate. There
are one hundred and soventv-one
Castles and fitly-thrco Commanderics
in tho state. At least 5,000 uniformed
members aro oxpectod to participate.
The fee bill of 1878 fixing tho fees
of certain county offioors, reduood the
compensation allowed them about 40
per cent, be'ow the lee bill of 18G8.
The Supreme Court declared tho Act
of 1878 unconstitutional, and thereforo
the only law now in forco regulating
At.- t Tl A. A Ol fff 1
vuu it us ui i ruiuuuuiury, oiiuriu. jvui;-
istr and Recorder is that of 18G8. In
most of, if not quite all, the counties
of the state, those oltioials returned at
onco to tho higher fee bill, but Pro
thonotary Snydor has oontinucd to
charge his fees under the lowor one nl
though it makes a difference to Mm of
hundreds of dollars a year. Ho bad a
perfect right to raise his fees to the
old rates, bat he informs us that be
did not do this, and wo believe that an
examination of .the dockets in his
office will fully corroborate this stato
It has become necessary that the
people on the north side of tho river.
in this county have some more conve
nient route for reaching Philadelphia
than is now famished to them. Tho
Phila. A Reading by CatawUsa is a
publio nuisance a mere side line, play
ing second fiddle to the Sunbary and
Shamokin line. In most cases dirty
old cars, bait beated and appointed
run yon to Tamaqua where you are
dumped for half an hour iuto a dirty
amokd op depot. On your return von
are put to the same inconvenience and
delay : obliged to wait until tho man.
line train is nicely fixed up and off,
when you are allowed to take possts
ion of such as are provided for you.
.Besides mat thero is one train per
day down and one up : so that you are
put to Hobson's choice in the matter.
If you travel on the Pennsylvania
Road by the way of Northumberland
you are not much better off ; for how
ever much the D. L & W. may, as
the boys say, "Delay, Linger Is Wail"
the connection is very often not made,
and yon have a delay of several hours
in the last named place.
Or if you come up the S. H. & W.
to Catawista you are worse off ; and
and if you ran up from Sunburv to
Bloom Ferry on the south side of the
river, it being only a ferry, if the
nver is nign, or uie wind is high, or
the ice is running, or the river too low,
then you aro stranded within sieht oi
home, with no possibility of reaching
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company
seems to have no conception of the
fact that a bridge over the Susqueban
na at Bloomsburg would give them the
command of the trade, trafio and travel
of twenty thousand people, for their
railroad ; and half as many more for
local travel if the bridge were construct
ed to accommodate teams for easy ao
uvs uy uiuzens oi mo county.
Aa we are ai present situated, per
haps the least inconvenient route to
Philadelphia, is the morning train by
the D. It. & W. to Pittston, thence by
the Lehigh Valley to Philadelphia.
You get a car at Pittston that runs
through, and arrives at Ninth and
Green, I believe, about 3 P. M., per
One thing is however certain, the
railroad company whioh in the near
future provides for the immense trafio
in lumber and iron ore of the Fishing'
creek head waters, ill for half a cen
tury command a lucrative business.
In this connection we call attention
to an article telegraphed from Soranton
to a Philadelphia paper, lately, and
beaded "Railroad Activity."
The President's Health.
Dr. L. x. Sowers, one of the moBt
eminent physicians ot Washington "iu
- . . : ... . . r
an interview whu a reporter iuonuay
declares that thero is danger that Prea
ident Cleveland will not live through
his term nnless there is a change iij
his modo of living. Dr. Sowers, six
months before Mr. Manning's illness
made tho same prediction with regard
to the Seoretary and advised a friend
to warn him ot bis danger. In tbo in
terview Dr. Sowers says :
"It may be deemed impertinent to
taiK tO'tne rresiaeul through a news
paper man, but I know of lib other
way of reaching him and those about
him so surely. You recall my attempts
with the mends ot Mr. manning an
their fruit and I do not feel that I
should take the same chances in tbi
matter. I am personally apprised oi
the President's condition and while it
is in no sense dangerous it will not be
long before there will be reason for
alarm. President Cleveland is a larg
fleshy man and since he came to th
White House has gained enormously
! a t. XT 1 L i ; r. r
m iieou. iiuw, wuuii uu iiveu in Din
i alo it was bis habit to take long walks
since ne came here, however, be ha
abandoned every form of exercise, sav
carriage riding, mat is ot little
with tho springs now used an
i streets tor which washing
resident is a man who work
bead a great deal : it, in fact
se brain worker, lie is, in
rde, a plodder, and his bruin
uently filed with an excess ol
What is the result T lie work
Is head, cats enormously and
i exercise his musclos ; his blood
are weakened and it is only
, of time when, in a moment ol
aent, be bursts a blood vossel
you, at the rate i'resnent Uluvo
n now living, thero Is great dan-
that ho will not livo throughout
errn. Homething should bo don
to bring him to realize bis dangei and
take the proper -steps to prevent the
rcsnlt which will surely ensue if he
fails to take proper exercise.
"What I should recommend would
be the fixing up of a room in the White
House and the sotting apart of a half
hour every day for gymnastio exercise.
That alone, in ray oplnlor, will pre
vent a catastrophe, the avoidance of
which not only the President but the
country at large is interested in securing"
According to tho views of tho liar-
risburg Call tho people of Pennsyl
vania havo but lltllo reason to bo
proud of their legislature. Speaking
of that body tho Call says : "It is a
notorious fact that many representa
tives of tho people in tho legislative
halls vote 'ayo' and 'no' on measure
tboy havo never read a lino of. Amend
tneavs aro mado to bills which they
not only fail to realize tho Import of,
but really don't care to bo enlightened
upon. Thiil is ono of tho reasons why
it takes a bench of eminent jurists to
decide what so many laws really do
mean. Wo will nover havo a remedy
until the people Pet aside political nin
compoops and Kind men of intelligence
to tho legislature. "
EXTENSIVE OrEUATIONS IN THE NOKTII-
EA8TF.11N 1'AIIT 01' THE STATE.
Schanton, March 2. Railroad ao
tivlty in Northeastern Pennsylvania
was never so brisk as during tho past
few months or as tho coining season
promises. Tho Lehigh Valley Is last
completing its connecting link between
Vhito Haven and Hazletoii, bringing
the lower Luzerne region twenty-five
miles closer to Wllkcsbarre, the county
seat, than heretofore. Tho Wilkes
barro and Western Road, from Water
town. Northumberland county, to
Shickshinny, Luzerno county, fifty-six
miles long, is completed to iuim me,
Columbia county, twenty-two miles,
and trains aro running regularly be
tween that point and Watsoutown.
while a large forco of workmen aro
now busv in eroding the Shickshinny
end to connect with tho forco working
from Milville. Iho grading ot the
Blootnburg and Sullivan Railroad,
Irom Bloomsbum to Dushore, Sullivan
county, is going forward rapidly, the
rails being put down as last as tne
road-bed is ready. It is now completed
nearly to .Orangevillo. It will cross
the North liranch at Uloorasburg, con
nrriintr with tho Sunburv. Danville.
and Wilkesbarro branch of tho Penn
sylvania Railroad, and of which system
is to become a feeder, anil which
opens up the great lumber and solt
coal regions of Sullivan, heretofore but
partly doveloped, The Harvey's Creek
r '1 1 t TT! ... .1. XT . I .
uauroaa, irom ivuigmuu iu iuo nuiui
Mountain summer resort, is ready for
operation, having been completed to
the north end ot the lake a lortnignt
ago. This road opens up an immeuse
lumber distuct, aud becomes pan oi
he Lehigh Valley svstem. It is event
ually to cross, the river, connecting at
vv ilkesbarro with the main line ol that
road, and also to conned with it at
Towanda on the north, making, if de
sired, a much shorter route lor that
road into New York state. The .Le
high Coal and Navigation Company is
nearly through with the grading of its
new road-bed Irom aim ureek, luzerno
county, to this city. Part of the way
the Delaware and Hudson tracks will
be used under a leaso of 990 years.
The Company expects to run its own
trains into scranton in six monies, ine
Erie and Wyoming is nearly through
with the building ot its branch line
from Dunmore into the heart of this
eity, and is now about commencing on
a branch flora Dunmore to Carbondale
(for which a charter was granted last
week,) which will connect this branch
line with the Jefferson branch of the
Erie Riilway. The Willismsport and
uincrhamoton Koad is comn etint? its
surveys, and as soon as the weather
opens will commenco Us construction
The Schuylkill Valley Branch of the
1'ennsylvania Kailroad is now tu'ly
completed to Nescopec,Luzerno county,
and trains are expected to bo running
over, it and into tbo oily ot Winces
barro within two weeks, or as soon as
all bridges are thorouirhly tested bring
ing the coal regions of tho Wyoming
Valley, about twenty miles closer to
l hiladelplua than by any other route,
and without any extensive grades to
The Poll-Tax Amendment.
senator uooper has succeeded in
pettini? through the Senate his tiro
posed constitutional amendment abol
ishing the poll-tax, or, more properly
speaking, making the right to vote in
this state no longer dependent on the
payment ot a State or county tax
within two years. As chairman of the
State Committee of his party for sev
eral camuaigus Mr. Cooper has had
ample opportunity to satisfy himself
that the poll-tax requirement does not
conduce very greatly to the pnrity of
elections or to the independence of tho
yoter. The poll-tax should go and the
naitot be ireo both in torm and in fact.
Everyone should bo compelled to pay
his taxes, whether be votes or not.
Everyone should be freo to vote,
whether he has paid his taxes or not,
otherwise, a considerable, share of the
voters will manage tn shift the burden
of their taxes on to the candidates for
office or the State Committee of their
The effect of the adoption of the
proposed amendment to tho Constitu
tion will be tho practical abrogation of
our registry law. The framers of our
present constitution seem to havo had
a projudice against regUtration. They
at least did what they oou'.d to rorder
it ineffective without quite abolishing
it bv Drovidiuir that "no elector shall
he deprived of the privilego of voting
ny reason ol his uarae not being reg
istered." As, however, the law makes
the registration of voters the duty of
the tax assoasora and this registration
has been trealed as the equivalent of
in assessment ot the poll-tax which,
uuder the constitution, must bo mado
at least two montliB before the elect
ions, the State has had tho benefit of a
jireity fair system of registration. The
abolition of tho poll-tax as proposed
will make the registration of voters a
ceremony in which tho voter himself
vtll havu no particular interest and it
mist inevitably degenerate, into an idlo
form very inadequately performed and
ot no practical value.
Wo should rogret, therefore, to see
the Cooper amendment prevail unless
accompanied by a provision to seoura
the registration of the voters at least
one month before, tho November elect
ion. That established, the poll-tax
would have no longer a beneficial use
and could easily be spared. It yi Id
an inconsiderable revenue after the
oost of collecting is deducted, and
an annoyance and a source of petty
corruption it ougut to go, but the
Stale ought to havo at tho same timo
the security apainst fraudulent voting
wniou i" given oy a launiui unu iuu
registration of voters. l'rett
Wo cannot agree that the poll tax
ought to be abolished. There aro
mauy voters who pay no tax but tho
poll tax, and from whom this could
not bo collected by process of law.
The privilege of voting is an induce
ment to them (o pay. Does Senator
Cooper propofo to assess only a pro
perty tax, and let all who havo no as--ensablo
property voto without paying
any tax at all Those who enioy
citizenship should help to sustain tho
gorornment by paying taxei.
The Commission Named.
MEN WHO WILL 1MTIATK THE
TAT OOMlimtCB ACT.
Tho President on Tuesday appointed
the following Inter Stato Commorco
Commissioners: Thomas M. Cooley,
of Michigan, for tho term of six years i
William R. Morrison, of Illinois, for
tho term of Gvo years Augustus
Sohoonraakcr, of Now York, for the
term of four years i Aldaco F. Walker
of Vermont, for the term of thrco
years t Walter A. Bragg, of Alabama,
lor tho term of two years.
Tho fact that Mr. Coolov's namo
heads tho list does not necessarily indi
cate that bo will bo chairman of tho
commission, as It must elect Its own
Judgo Cooley was born at Attica N,
Y., in 1824, studied law in that Stato
and removed to Michigan in 1843,
where he has since resided. In 1857
ho was elected compiler of the Stale
laws, and in 1858 reporter of tho Su-
;remo Court. In 1859 he was chosen
by tho Regents as commissioner to or
ganize the law department of tho Uui
vcrsitv of Michigan, and he has ever
since been connected with it. In 18G4
he was elected Justice of the Supremo
Court and was re-elected In 1860 and
in 1877. Ho was nominated by the
Republicans for re-election in 1885 and
was defeated. Mr. Cooloy is the author
of numerous standard legal works. Ho
was recently appointed by United
States Judgo Q res ham reoeivor of the
Wabash Kailroad Uompacy.
Aldace F. Walker is a Vermont
lawyer, about 44 years old, a Republl
can in politics, who studied law with
Senator Edmunds, served as colonel in
the Union army and has since then
practiced law at Rutland. In the Vcr
mont Senate ho has taken a leading
part in framing legislation to solve the
railway problem and had given much
itudy to tho question
An crust Schooninaker. of Kingston.
N. Y., was born in Ulster county, N.
Y., March 2, 1828, and is a lawyer in
active practice. He has always been
a Democrat in politics. Ho has been
County Judgo of his county and the
candidate of his party for Supreme
Court Judge. Ho was a Stato Senator
d iring Governor Tilden's term as
Governor and was one of tho leaders
in the Legislature on whom Mr. Til
den relied to carry out his reform
measures, ne was always a close per-
inal and political friend of Mr. Til-
den. Mr. Schooninaker was Attorney
General of New York State in 1878
and 1879, succeeding Mr. Faircbild,
the present Acting Secretary of tho
Treasury. In 187tJ ho was presented
by the anti-Tammany delegation from
JNew York in the Democratic Slate
Convention as their candidate for
Governor, and was a delegate to the
Democratic National Conventions in
1876 and 1880 and also to tbo Chicago
Convention in 1884.
Judge Sohoonmaker is now a mem
ber of the Civil Service Commission
of New York State, having been ap
pointed by Governor Cleveland and re
tained in office by Governor Hill.
Walter L. Bragg was born in Ala
bama in 1838, but resided in Arkansas
from 1843 to 1861. Ho was educated
at Harvard Univrsity and Cambridge
Law School and Dracticed law in Ar
kansas for some years. At tho close
ot the war he settled in Alabama and
was for some years the law partner of
General Morgan. He has been a lead
ing Democrat in that stato for some
years and has served as National Dele-
ate, Presidential iUector and mem
ber of the Democratic national com
mittee. In 1881 he was made presi
dent of the Alabama State Railroad
Commission and served in that position
lour years, during whioh time many
important questions arising between
the railroads and their customers wero
jur. Morrisons political career as
leader of the Demociatio maioritv in
the House of Representatives is famil
iar to everybody.
The Supreme Court.
IT LAYS DOWN SOME NEW PRINCIPLES
The supreme court has iust laid down
some new road law in reversing the
quarter sessions court of Elk countv.
in the matter of a road in Benzinger
lownsnip, in mat county. viewers
laid out the road, and the township
supervisors filed exceptions. The court
confirmed the opening of toe road to a
DOint convenient to a certain saw-mill,
but ordered that the other part should
not be opened until further order. In
setting aside tnis decree, the supreme
oourt says : "It is not in the province
of tbo court to condition tho approval
oi a puouo roaa oy an order to open
an indefinite part convenient to a saw
mill and forbidding the opening of the
other part until further or ler. Such a
conditional approval evidences that
tho court was of oninion Mint, ther,
was no prcsoot necessity for the road
as laid out. The court cannot approve
a part only, it this order be held val
iu u is iieituor more nor less than ap
proval oi a part the order to open
the other part may never be made.
Tbo entire road may, in tho opinion of
the court, be necessary, and in that
case it matters not that the court (should
believe a portion of it necessary, for
tho road must be considered as a whole.
The order of confirmation is reversed.'
(From our Regular Corresponilant. J
Washington. D. 0 March 31, 1887.
Last i nday the 18th of March-
was tho golden anniversary of Presi
dent Cleveland b birth. He carefully
avoided any celebration, or rather, he
celebrated the occasion bv carefully
giving his entire attention to publio
business. The President is not of an
enthusiastic or sentimental nature. He
Is constitutionally opposed to everv
thing whioh partakes of the charaoter
ot sell-glorihcation, and such he con
, ,i .. ...
siueis a man s ceiouration ot his own
birthday to be.
When asked by Mr. Soteldo, tho
Minister from Veuezuola, why ho was
not celebrating the natal dav. he is re
ported to havu Bald, "vanity, vanity, it
is au vuimy. ii a man reauy leel
thai his birth was a stroke of luck to
him," continued he, "let him rejoice
by all means i but I don't think he has
any right to disturb the town about it
aud I don t think it would bo modest
to ask all tho rest of tho world to re
jolco in an event which bad so littlo in
terest for them.'
Birthday cards in largo numbers
came from all pans of the country, and
lriends in Washington sent ilowcra ac
companied by congratulations. There
was.tho usual tri-weekly handshaking
in tne l-ast itoom, wuicn was attended
by about five hundred people, a large
proportion of whom wero excursion
ists from Buffalo and tho surrounding
If ...1 . t ,1 . AT - r ,
district in noruiwcBieru mew tork.
They filed quietly past tho President,
not one of them showing any desire to
be familiar or to receive attention on
acoount of being from the President's
The visit of ex-Scnotor Thurman to
this city furnished tho political gossips
with food for a wholo day. They
could not learn positively whether his
conference with tho President had ref
erence to the appointment of tho In-tcr-Stato
Pacifio railroad Investigation, tho En
glish mission, or tho Secretaryship of
tho Treasury. "The noblest Roman of
them all'1 settled these canards himself.
Whou asked if tho President had ton
dercd him any position ho replied, "Not
I am neither to be Secretary of Stato
nor Secretary of tho Treasury nor Min
ister to England. I am not oven go
ing to be an Inter-StaU) Commission
er." Ho added that his call on tho
President was cutlrely social and that
ho was not after office.
Thero is littlo occasion for tho wide
spread alarm as to tho finanoial situa
tion during tho interval before Con
gress convenes. Tho condition of the
Treasury is much stronger than it was
nino months ago, tho distribution of
currouoy rouoh more favorable and ado
quale, and tho circumtances in many
recpects moro reassuring. Tho sur
plus Is smaller, tho gold fund ii strong
er, and the circulation and supply of
convenient forms of small currenoy is
That whioh is deemed chiefly unfav
orable in the situation is tho fact that
only thirty millions of bonds remain
subject to call, and that after three
montbly calls this means ot putting
money into circulation will bo cut off.
It is a fact however, that recent bond
calls havo been of littlo service, and
that tho Treasury has amplo authority
and has declared its willingness to go
into tho market and buy bonds at cur
rent rates if tho situation should bo-
como such as to call for this action.
Those whoso opinions on the subject
aro best worth knowing think there is
no reason to fear that the coming sum
mer and autumn will bring any serious
financial disturbance, or that the
strength of tho Treasury and tho skill
of its managers are not fully equal to
all emergencies that may arise.
The Cabinet-makers who have dis
posed of Treasury portfolio for Mr.
Cleveland more than a dozen times
sinco Secretary Manning resigned, are
really a little embarrassed just now as
to what to say next. It was positively
asserted that Speaker Carlisle was of
fered the place last Saturday and de
clined, Sinco thero baa been so much
dolay in tho matter some of them now
take it for granted Mr. Manning's suc
cessor will not bo named until tho 1st.
of April, the date when his resignation
Beneath the Waves.
FORTUNES THAT WENT TO THE BOTTOM IN
ALMOST FORGOTTEN WRECKS.
From the London Telegraph.
The memory ot the loss of 200,000
of silver and gold will survive the
drowning of 1,000 souls in a coup.
There was the Lutine, for instance.
She was of thirty-two guns, command
ed by Captain Skyuner, and she went
ashore on the Fly Island passage on
tho night of October 9, 1799. At first
he was reputed to have had AOUU.UUU
sterling in specie on board. This
was afterward contradicted by a state
ment that "the return from the bullion
office makes the whole amount about
140,000 sterling." "If," I find in a
contemporary account, "tho wreok of
the unfortunate Lutine should be dis
covered, there may be reason 'to hope
for the rooovory of the bullion.
In tbo reign ot James 11 some ling
lish adventurers fitted out a vessel to
search for and weigh up the cargo of a
rich Spanish ship whioh had been lost
on the coast of South America. They
succeeded, aud brought home 300,000
which bad beon forty-tour years at tho
bottom ot the sea. uaptain 1'lnpps.
who commanded, had 20,000 for bis
share, and the Duke of Albermarlo
90,000. A medal was struck in hon
or of this event in 1687.
There was a very costly wreok in
1767. She was a Dutch East India
man and foundered within three leagues
of the Texel, taking down all hands
but six and 500,000. Tbo price of
four ouch armadas as that ot 1588 went
down in the last century alone in tho
shape of gold, silver and plate. Sho
was tho annual register ship, as tbo
term then was, and had in her 500,000
piastres and 10,000 ounces of gold on
account of the King, and twice that
sum on tbo merchants account, mak
ing her a very rich ship. She founder
ed, and no man escaped to tell how
In tbo samo year the Dutch lost tho
Antonietta, an Indiaman, and with her
sank 700,000 sterliug, besides jewels
of greal value. Tho Royal Charter is
the most nolablo modern instance ot
tbo wreck of a "treasure'' ship that I
can lust now call to mind. She left
Australia with 350,000 in her. Of
this sum says Charles Diokens in his
chapter on this dreadful shipwreck in
the "Uuoommorcial Traveler," 300,-
000 worth wero recovered at the time
of tho novelist's visit to tho spot where
she had driven ashore, "lhe great
bulk of the remainder," writes Diukens
"wag surely and steadily coming np,
Some loss of sovereigns thero would be,
ot course i indeed at brst sovereigns
had drifted in with the sand and been
scattered far and wide over the beach
like sea shells, but most oiher golden
treasure would bo fouud. botremend
ous had the force of tho sea been when
it broko tho ship that it bad beaten
ono great igot of gold deep into a
strong and heavy pieco ot ber solid
iron work, in which also several loose
soveieigns that tho igot bad swept in
before it had been found us firmly im
bedded as though tho iron had been
liquid when thev had been forced
there." This is a curiosity of disaster
but mightily suggestive of the seas
miserly trick of concealing her plunder.
Johnson to Hang.
The Supremo Court Monday affirm
ed tho judgment of tbo Delaware
county Court and jury whioh found
tho colored man, Samuel Johnson
guilty of the murder of Farmer John
Sharpless. This leaves nothing but
the lioard of rardons between Johnson
and tho gallows. Judgo Stcrrbtt'a
opinion, accompanying the decision of
tne ouproino uoiiit, is very lougthy,
and disposes of each of the twelve
assignments of error urged by tbo
prisoner's counsel bs grounds for re
Judgo Sterrett vindicates in a gen
eral way tho justness and correctness
ot the verdict, lie says : "lo viow
of the evidence beforo the jury, it may
be safely assumed that they bad no
difllculty iu reaching tho conclusion
that tho killing of John Sharpless was
a willfu', deliberate and premeditated
murder, and also,, that the perpetrator
of the crime was the person who en.
ticed him from the houso and shortly
nftorwards returned and demanded
money from Mrs. Sharpless. All the
facts and circumstances testified to by
tbosp who wero present at tho time, to
gether with those disclosed by the
post-mortem examination nolnt to
J these cooolailoni."
BtAts Board of Health.
Tho laws of this commonwealth
have very wisely provided by law for
the organization of a State Board of
Health, and under tho law onerous and
responsible duties are imposed upon
Not only Is it required to perform
for the entire commonwealth tho duty
of abating nuisances such as is assign
ed to caoh local board within tho vari
ous limits of its own olty, but it must
"have a general supervision of tho
lives and health of tho citizona of tho
commonwealth, study its vital statistics,
mako sanitary investigations and in
quiries respecting tho causes of disease
and especially ot epidemlo diseases, in
cluding those of domestic animals, and
respecting tho souroes of mortality,and
the effects of localities, employments.
condition, habits, food, beverages and
medlolnes on the health of the people.
It must "disseminate information upon
these and similar subjects among the
it must institnto sanitary inspections
of public institutions or places through
out tho state. "It must corttfy and
aggest amendment to tho sanitarv
laws of the commonwealth.'' It must
"enforce such regulations as will lend
to limit tho progress of epidemlo dis
eases." It is its duty "to havo tho
general supervision of tho stato system
ofregistration of births, marriages and
deaths and of prevalent diseases, to
prepare tho necessary methods, forms
and blanks for obtaining and preserv
ing such records, and to enter tho
faithful registration of the samo in the
several councils and in the central bu
reau of vital statistics at the capitol of
the state," and "to suggest suoh laws
and amendments of laws" as shall in
crease the effioicnoy of such registra
tion ; and finally it is called upon to
make an annual report of its proceed-
! l l. i i . 1. 1 . . . 1 .
iuk, wuieu siiuii uouiam otner usoiui
information relative to the objects for
which it was oreated." And all this it
is expeoted to accomplish on $5,000 a
year, out of which comes the secreta
ry's, salary of $2,000.
in no other state of the union have
snob varied and comprehensive duties
been assigned to tho Stato Board of
Health. So numerous have been tho
calls upon it for the ono duty of in
specting and correcting local insanitary
conditions and the outbreak Jof disease
consequent upon them, that no means
havo been left to be appropriated to
scientific investigations. Other states
which Impose in some instances fewer
duties make a more liberal provision
for their discbarge. In order to insti
tuto a comparison lot it be borno in
mind that Pennsylvania has an area of
46,000 square miles and a population
Mew York with an area of 47.000
square miles and a population of less
than 5,500,000 has for several years
appropriated $20,000 annually to the
use of her Board.
Massachusetts with an area of onlv
7,800 square miles and a population of
less tnan z,uut;,uuu, last year gave the
State Board of Health $22,500.
Illinois appropriates $12,000 annual
ly and places a contingent fuud of
$40,000 at the disposal of the Board
for uso in case of great emergencies.
JNew Jersey with an area of but 7.
576 square miles and a population of
less than 1,500,000, gives ber Board ao
appropriation of $8,500, with au addi
tional $1,000 for food analysis. Mich
igan appropriated $6,000 and a large
medical staff besides. Tbo following
six states, only ono of which has a
population of 2,000,000 and three of
whioh have a population of less than
1,000.000, each appropriates as much
as this great and rich commonwealth,
for the prctection of the lifo and health
of its. citizens viz : New iJarapsbire,
Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota
and South Carolina.
The salaries of the secretaries in six
of the larger and more populous stales
range tiom $2,500, to 83,600.
But it is not money alone or prlnci
pally that the Board asks of the law
giver. It desires to have its hands
strengthened and proper machinery for
executing its manifold functions fur
nished by appropriate legislation. To
this end it has presented to the present
legislature a number of bills, which, if
passed, will confer upon it equal now
ers. as it has alreadv equal duties ami
responsibilities, with all local boards of
health throughout tho state, will cna
ble it to make its system of registra
tion oi vital statistics thorough, aceu
rate and complete, will bring it into
close relations with every township in
the state, through the medium of
county boards of health and toweship
j ,.t- -i, , , - .. r
ueauu omcerB, win provioo lor the
printing of its reports and of the com
pendium of sanitary laws, which it has
prepared, and will authorize it to deal
BUmmarilv with all wanton and nnnm
essary pollution of the waters of tho
comm mwealth. If the Board is ex
peoted to accomplish the objects
for which it was created, it
should be furnished with sufficient
means to enable it to do so. A liberal
appropriation by the legislature for
this purposo could not be expended in
a oetter cause.
Story of a Conversion.
ANSEL UODItNK AND HIS SlNOULAIt LIVE,
Norristown, Pa., March 21. Ansel
Bourne, the Rhode Island mm, whose
case of "double oonsciouen .-ss," baa cre
ated excitement here as well as in near
ly every part of the world, left to-day
ior nts nome in ivuouo island, in a
pamphlet which he gavo your corres
ponnrnt, entitled "Wonderful Works
of God," he tells tho tale of bis ro
raarkablo conversion. Briefly stated
"When about 17 years of age Mr.
Bourno united with the Free Will Bap
tist church during a rovival in Olney
vilie, whore he was apprenticed to the
carpontering trade. In the course of
a fow years he foil from grace, and
having become disgusted with tho ion
duot of religious bodies and professed
Christians, he reso'.ved to givd churoh-
es a wide berth. The question, "Is
there a God V suggested itself to his
mind, and alter wrestllug with it for
nearly a year he arrived at the con
elusion, "There is no God," adding to
his declaration tne mental reservation,
"If there is a God and Ho will bIiow
me from His hand I will beliove.'' For
ten years he remained an infidel, and
his hatred for ohurohea assumed the
moit hitter form. On October 28,
1851, he started to watk from his home
to tho villago of Westerly. His gaze
fell upo:ithe Christian obapel. Prompt
ed by his hatred for churches, he said
to himself, "I would rather bo struck
deaf aud dumb forever than to go
there," and almost instantly hU senses
left him. He was carried to his home
but soon regained consciousness, but
was deaf, dumb aud blind. Then tho
thought of his terrible choioo flatbed
npon bis mind. Ho recalled his deo
laration of ten years before, aud his
promise to believo if "God would show
uim from his hand." He was now oon-
uIhaaJ n t . 1. I- 1 t .1 .. ! .. I.. .
felt k.t .ft.. . Vl. 1.1
IIUUGU IU LUO I3J.1BLI1(1M 11A 1A I1H1LV. HUT.
would bo nn insult to ask tho Almighty
to forgive In two days his eyesight '
was rotorcd, mid bis faith grew strong
er. He now sont for those 'whom ho
had offended and asked tholr forgive
ness. On November 15 ho was car
ried to tho Christian chapel to ask for
giveness publicly. His mefsage was
written on a slate, aud was read to tho
congregation, Mr. Bourno standing
with uplifted hand. As tho reading
was concluded Mr. Bourno's sense of
sight, and tho power of speech re
turned to him as suddenly, ai they had
left him. Tho effect was wonderful.
Tho pooplo felt thpt a miracle had
bcon porformed, and lhe slory attested
to by repulnbln iinrnons, was printed
and spread liroadcaL, in the nope of
Influencing pcoplo in tho belief of tho
existence of a God."
Tho cao nbovo referred to is this:
About two months ago a man givieg
the namo of Brown went ti Norristown
and opened a toy store Ho wa quiet
and reserved, and attended strictly to
business. One day last week he was
heard moaning and tho owner of tho
building went in and found him In a
dazed condition, IIo asked whore bo
was, and on being informed he said
ho had never been in Norristown, and
had no recollection of anything that
had transpired in tho past two months.
He remembered only that early in
January ho drow $550 from bank to
make somo purchases, and everything
else wai a blank. He proved to bo
Ansel Bourne, of Rhode Island, and it
appears to bo a well authenticated case.
Fain in an Amputatod Hand-
From the Chicago herald-
Another curious caso of apparent
sensation iu a member of tho body
nftei it had heen amputated comes
from Florida. George W. Clay's aim
was amputated, put in a box and
buried. Soon afterward ho began to
complain ibat tho fingers of the burled
hand were cramped and that thero wan
sand between them. His physician
and his sister had the box dug up and
opened and found tho fingers cramped
ond tho sand between, just as George
had said. They arranged the arm
properly aud reburied it. Clay said
that whilo thev wero gone ho "fell an
awful pain in the amputated arm, and
then camo a sensation of cliff and
there was no longer tho old cramped
sensation in tho hand.
Prof. T. M Balliet. of Reading. Pa..
if whose work we spoke at length, last
week, is a peculi.nly htrong hihu in his
methods aud philosophy of education,
having such n mastery of principles as
to develop methods peculiarly adapted
to any circumstances in which be may
find bis schools. IIo has been sustained
under tho inevitable nonsense in criti
oisra by a largo, eeusiblu courageous
Board of Education, that has not wav
ered under tho attempt which always
comes to make political capital out of a
reiorm that can only be understood by
those who will study tho principles a
veil as the methods upon which it is
based. In a community of less intelli
gence, with a comraitteo of lese hero
ism, and a local press of less independ
ence, he might havo suffered from the
transient "soare," but thanks to his
wisdom and these favoring circum
stances, he lias given Reading a na
tional educational fame, and her
schools one of tho best systems of in
struction in the country. Journal oj
The importance of purifying the blood can
Dot be overestimated, for without pure blood
you cannot enjoy good health.
At this season nearly every one needs a
good medicine to purify, vitalize, and enrich
the blood, and wo ask you to try Hood's
DarMillot- SarsaparlUa. Itstrcngthens
rcUUIIctr and builds up the system,
creates an appetite, and tones the digestion,
while It eradicates disease. The peculiar
combination, proportion, and preparation
ot the vegetable remedies used give to
Hood's SarsaparlUa pecul- nr lcolf
lar curative powers. No I tool I
other medlclnebassucharecordof wonderful
cures. It you have made up your mind to
buy Hood's SarsaparlUa do not be Induced to
take any other Instead. It Is a Tecullar
Medicine, and Is worthy jour confidence.
Ilood's Barsaparllla Is sold by alt druggists.
Prepared by C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Uass.
IOO Doses Ono Dollar
For County Sui'eihntknue.nt,
FRANCIS IlEClv, A. M.
Fob County Stu'EitiNTENDENT,
J. S. GRIMES, M. E.
OTICE IN PARTITION.
COLUMBIA CODNTT. 83-
In the orphans' Court ot Columbia county. In
the rr alter ot the partition and valuation ol the
caiuusui umiki jutrig, laiBoi iioariugcreeK town
lYl U.nr llrAfah llnn.
Pa., and Elizabeth
Nlnvoplv 7 nna finw. Tta ni... ......
inmiesi win D6 neia at lhe lato premises of Pan
lei itarle, deceased In the township of Roaring,
creek, Columbia county, on Saturday, the twenty.
iniraaay or April, If?, between the hours of I)
o'clock a. m and 4 p. m. if said day, for the pur
pose of making partition ot the real estate ot said
deceased to antfamonghls children and legalro
resentatlfcs, If the samo can I done without prel
udlce to or spoiling of the whole, otherwise (a
value and appraise the same according to 1a w, at
,i juuuiiua uroKfr. nA-'lUl'.LBMlTlLHnerl.T,
Sheriff's offlce, llloomsbuig, 1'a., March 23, issr,
.. ....... hum ..a,v jku uio icuuirru lu tlllfnu.
MANDFaOTDHSIt OV ALL KINDS OP
No. 3 North canal Bt., Near U V.
It it. Depot.
John H. Derby,
rWill call on dealers
weeks. Bavu your orders.
onco In tlx
PEED' Western winter bran, spot, 13.60 9 U.ss
VLOUll Western extra's S cu (a 3.50 1 1'enu'a
patent 4.76 a S.0.1; Itnna. roller process 4.10 a
jyilEAT-l'ennsylTanla red, No. 1, tl
HAY A J 1 1 fiTunu qimMhDVi,!,!.. .
ana New Vork,Roa fair to t ood w eitern a3
New York, v 00 14 iaoo; medium Western and New
I U la 153 ,S'M' vvbeatBtrawi ot straw
rOTA TOES. New .40 CO per bbl.
lmsjruranu 13; western UK.
uui-iJtit. reuus-fivanla creamery prints 83321
i?..im vawa 4stl 1U( IVlf
y.VK rpULTIlYKowls. II -3.1111
Fautless Family Medicine.
"I havo used Simmons Liver Itegula
lator for many ycirs, hating made it
my onlr Family Medlclno. My mother
bet remenasvery partial to It. It Is
a safo, good and rellAblo medicine for
any disorder of the system, and If used .
in tlmo is a great preventative) ot sick
ness. I often recommend It to my
frlonds, and shall contlnuo to do bo.
"It nr. Jambs M. Rollins,
"Iaator M. E. Church, So. Fairfield, Va."
TIME AND DOCTORS' BILL SAVED
by always keeping Simmons Liver Regulator In
"1 have found Simmons liver Regu
lator the best family medicine 1 ever
used for anything that may happen,
have used, it Ii. Indlgcsuon, colic, lilar
rhoca, Itlllousnmi, and found It to re
lieve Immediately. After rating a
hearty supper, if, on going to bed, I
take about a teaspoonrul l never feel
the effects of the supper eaten.
'liVID O. SPARKS,
Ex-Mayor Macon, Cla."
J. H. Zeilin & Co.
Owing to the stability in prices
of goods in our line it is not of
ten we can offer special induce
ments in cut prices, but having
an overstock of the following
goods, bought before tho late ad
vances, we have determined to
reduce the same and offer our
customers a chance to purchase
at a price which will not occur
25 dozen, square point, D.
handle shovels, made of tho best
Ames steel, all one solid piece,
the best shovel made and a gen
uine bargain, sold everywhere at
$1.00, will close them out at 65c.
One hundred dirt barrows,
Btrong, planed boards, patent
wheels, well ironed and bolted
a handy barrow about the farm,
garden and stable, and must sell
fast at $1.75 each.
Several dozen 8 lb. solid cast
steel striking hammers at 15 cts.
Over three tons of Black Dia
mond and Sanderson brands of
drill Bteel at 10c. per lb.
Townships in want of road
scrapers can secure bargains in
several solid wrought steel scrap
ers, which we want to close out
J. R. Schuyler & Co.,
Wlicat per bushel,
Rye ' " .
Corn " "
Oats ' " .
Flour " bbl
Bide and shoulder.
Lard per lb
Vinegar per gal...,
Onions per bushel,
Wool per lb
4 to 6
5 to 7
No ti S2.00- Nos 2 3, & Lump S3.2,.
No. 5188.00 Hltumlnu? H8.25
New Yfk wets.
Rtpcrtta by O. s. Palmer, Wholesale Commiuton
Niw Your, llarch S,1BS7,
Tho advent ot spring gives a more active
iuuo iu iuu iuiukci on an Kinds of produce
together with tho scarcity of choice apples
causing a decided Improvement In the
preset prices; larmers will do well now to
bkdu meir surplus slock at once. The re.
celpts In eggs has caused prices to weaken
and selling to.day at 15 for western n.l
18c for near by. Heceipts nf fancy dressed
poultry are small aud selling turkeys for
i iu job. iowis anu chickens 11 to 12c.
luncy near by 13c, hrotlirs 25 to 40c.
capons 21 to 22o. Ducks 13 to 13c. Veals
uuv uieuiv anu seiuug.cliolco stock from 10
iu he lair , io uc. urtssed pork 74 to Bi.
Very little activity in tlm
although there Is a scarcity of fiesb cream,
ery and selling from 83 to 83c; new dairy
select tuba and palls, 25 lo 28c; old grades
18 to S0o- Cheese 13 to 14c. lU-ceipts of
apples contiuuo light and selliug chnlco
greenings and baldwlns from 4 to 4 50 per
bbl., other winter varieties 8 tn 3.60' Flu
oranges, cboico golden russets, 2.60 per
box. Fla. strawberries 85 to 45c. per
quart. Cholco catawba grapes 4 to 0c. per
lb. Cranberries half firmly for prime
stock Jand selling from 2.75 to 3 per
box. Cholco rose, burbauk and bebron
potatoes 1.03 to 1.75 per bbl. bwect pota.
toes 2 60 to 1 2.75 per bbl. Onions, red and
yellow, 1.75 to 2 85 per bbl. Cabboeo
scarce and In doraaud and Belling from 6
to 7 per 100. Water cicst 60o per pair.
Celery 1.25 to 1.75 per dozen. Cboico
beaiiB, medium 1.60, Marrow 1,80, while
kidney 1.60; red 1 60 to 1 00, pea 1.60 per
bushel. Ueeswax 24 to 25c per lb. Hofiey
ii. ii?J b-D.MuP1! '"gar 10 to llo per
lb. Hay 70 to 85o per cwt. fatraw 00 to
i i i fTa,iorat 8Pt,ei1 11 13 I sua
diled 4to0c. Evaporated raspbenles 18o,
T ..17c; , Vber,rle'' 'ckber'
rleB 10c. Uuckleberr cs 7c. Furs, mink
00c. to 1.25 Marten 6 to 8, MuskraTs ti
ifc" ?,kunkJi0- 10 1'10- Opossum 8 to
lOo. Coon 60c to 1.20. Fox COo to 1.05.
TDUKSEL'S BAUDKlt BHOP,
Under Exchange Hotel.
The ToiiBorlal Art in all its brawhes.
HOT AND COLD BATHS,
IlAIUtlE H. I'llllsKr
av7rrirr('KlK. !a A
KLrs ciWMr halm
It not a HquM, tnvff or potctter. Applied
into nostrils it quickly absorbed. It elcantes
thehead. Allayt injlammntion. Jltalttlie
tores. Jiestoret the tenses of tttste and tmell.
60 cent! at Drttpjlttt; ly -mnfl, regith-red, CO antt.
ELY BROTHERS, Urugglsts.Owcgo.NY.
Dy the following well known makers:
Hallet & H?avis.
Can also furnish any of the
cheaper makes at manufacturers
prices. Do not buy a piano be
fore getting our prices.
Catalogue and Price Lists
Z MORTGAGE COMPANY.
CAPITAL, - - $600,000
Cuarantood Farm Mortgages
oi'PirEH. I iiiii?p.ni!M-v-.
HtW YORK, SO. Hrotdw.,, rlntNAt. Bank, NKW tORE.
BOSTON, n Cart StTMl. f hotwa N.t. KadI, BOSTON.
PHIL ADaLFH' A. Ill R. 4tk SL I fth hf.i. hi, . PHff.A nn IT A .
KANSAS CUT, Ilk A 1MI. SIA. Am. N.L ri.nk, KANSAbClTT
For rsirt of Internals and full Information
BD FOIl PAMPHLET
TO J. II. MAIZE. At ornpv.nt..l.nw. Act .llln.imci.
burif, I'a, Janl4-3rni.
J-NTENDINO ADVEltTISERS should adflrcsa
GEO. r. KOWELI, & CO.,
lONpruco Street, New York City,
For SELECT LIST OF 1,000 NEWSPAPERS.
in oe sent raKE, on uppllciuon. mllr4t.
Working Glasses Attention.
Wo aro now Drenared to furnish all nlnsson with
employment nt hnme, lite hol of the time, or
iur inuir spufe moments, jiusioeas new, iiffnt ana
prontablo. l'ersons of oilier sex easily earn from
60 cents to ti (io per evening, and a proportional
sum oy aevoiinir au meir lime io mo business.
Boys and etils earn nearly as inueh ns men. That
all who see this may send their address, and test
the business, we make this o er. 1" bucU as are
not well satiyied wc will bend one dollar to pay
for the trouble of writtng. Kult particulars und
outnt free. Addrem Okoiiob stihbon Co., 1'or
end. Maine decSi-BC-iy.
ftaasjlTaaii Aencutal Work!, York, Pa;
i&ir i KUadird Eogiiti ft Bur HilU
eeoa ror niutntM
"tTIBGIHlA FARMS SJJgffl
V t-end tor F1IKE Dowriptlvo I'rlcc 1 1st.
JOHN A. N1U0L4C0., lircniB.llle.Va 4UIr
v ii laHunun, r'V
TOR EALCBVUjEAIXRS EyCRYwUtflE.
aeo a t6 n o co.
HILL HE 1-A1D 1011
ARBDCKLES' COFFEE WRAPPERS,
. $50.00 "
ForfullpartlcularBanddlreetlons see Clrcu
lar tn every pound of Aunucsuci' C'orrcz.
NERVOUS DUHILITY PILLS,
Jlatlng borne the test ot forty years are (juaran
teed torapldiy, effectually and permanently euro
all forms of Nervous Def.lllcv, l'hj hlcnl I'rostra
Uon, Lack of K; eriry. Oryanlo Meanness, I oss ot
Memory, eta. ItIco H per Ikjx. Kor sale at Dr.
Ilobensack'a Hard Hubbcr Truss Depot. 115 N.
'leniu street, I'hllodelphlu, I'a., or bent carefully
seal d, pepald, on receipt o; price Fu 1 direc
tions accompanying eacli ioi, circulars seut
1'y underetened nn Auditor appointed by tbo
SPVEK.0.' Common I'leas of coluinbM county, to
glat rlbute the money In Court In the matter of
Tellsworth etui vs. Isaiah John, wlih notlcato
Creasy as terre tenant, ivo. lull, December lenn,
i V! ""i1 among the pulles entitled thereto,
K"1 -V"? ,0lt) duties ot his appointment nt
JVi0..!?8'.."1 ,he to" f llloouii-buiif, on Tuesday.
tbetlttU day of April next, at eleven ocloclc In tho
forenoon, when and wiieie all parties interested
arerequeuted lo present then claims before tho
riy?"-?11"1. ' x forever after debarred from
"SUR0 uPn Ml """ N. U, FUNK,
F jjj if MX
j It see that the y fl5
o k1 exaot lahle is on OA r
jj g f p EAOH CHIMNEY AS Myk n
ff EHOWN IN P10TUR&