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TfHs op oVetvpsiNQ
Colombia DiMociuT.mR Art,,, tna co
LUMDIAN. IlnnJ.I '
1 SW 1 M
t ; i '.'5 l no
t M S 00 8 83
S 00 S SB 8 CO
!IO 1M 4 60
fl S3 4 tO B 60
3H DW 8M IT
tM 8 CO 4 U 7 00
4 (X) 4 75 7 M It 00
6 00 B Ml 10 00 1ft CO
J 00 8 00 18 00 IB CO
8 00 V 50 14 M) SI 00
tim 4?rm mm tn fin
- - - . I Dun ,
,i'-u per your. Tosulisi
jit of thecoun-
111 7 00 8 l
. .'So .I'.JI""' discontinue
pf tlifl publishers, unill nil a,
ftf 11m Anttnn
column 8 00 19 00 is 00
SS 00 30 W 40 00 HO 10
v .1 iitroi'i iixmrnt nnrsble nuartetly. TrD
8 nrnnntii. imt.
Blent advertisements: must be paid for before . i
"I'oraiwni out or the llo d slant post
loioporaontn Co umh n. o.Jinmn. '.,,..
Ito distant post
sertcd except wncrc pomes
"'""po P mi rorinaoj
U)lo person tn Columbia cni
10 SUUSCrlnMnn ,(nn n rf.J
iumoa to pay
Insertions without reference to length.
JO R p li r
Executor's, Administrators, ana auuuu,
llccs three flollars.
tuniiniife. ten cents a line, reir
Thn.Tob tvintln? Iieparti
Heat, now tvnn
nUnuctalnerr and Is tho o
) that runs lob
3, E.SLWSLli, p,,u(rf.
ular advertisements halt rates.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, JANUARY 7. 1887.
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XXI.NO 1
COLUMBIA IIBMOtlRAT, VOL L, NO 41
"J iuvu , K'vinjrus
Uimitos furnished on lorgo j
cards In tho "Business Directory" column, on
dollar a year tor each line. .
TAMES M. PMTZ,
omco with v. o. jiiJ
Esq., In Wirt's
r H. WALLEli,
omco over 1st, National 11
XT U. FUNIC,
inco lo sut'3 iiuiuiiDif,
J OHM M. OLAUtC,
J U3TIOE OF
OMc over Jloyer Bros. Drla,
n V. MtLLlSR,
oni 'olo Urowor'a biilldln
1 noor.room No.
o mco corner otCentrdn streets. Clark
Cin bo consulted I til
EO. E. elwel:
Olllco on First Uoor
t room of Cot,
PMIHAN Ulllllllili;, .Mul
)ct, bolow Ex-
p.VUL K. WMT,
Oiltce tn Colomcian buil
00m No, 1, second
KNOKU & 'WlUSrEEN,
O.tli-.o lu 1st National Uatlllne, second floor.
nrstaoor to tho lftt. cos
HUM, DvvUUU UVUli
Main and Market
btrouW liloomsburc, l'a
jtS'!noii and A
J II MAIZE,
fflco In. Maize's bulldlid
T? P. BILLMEYH
CSTOIUco over ,
r's shoo store,
JOHN C. YOCUJ1,
c. E. GEY2K.
n second floor of
(omco front suit of
nr-CAN HE CONSUtN OEltJIAN.
embers of sharp anJian's Lawyers nd
lianxer's inreciory :mu
nnil cnllectlon ARsoclatl
II gue prompt and
oareful attention to col
Tinrt.nf the Ilnltert stateiiada. nswellasto
01 claims in uuy
all other orofesslonal b entrusted to them
J. H. HII.VWN.
I Catawtsaa, ra.
omeo,coru',"5rof Third a Streets.
B L 0 0 M S I g , PA.
Onioe in Browers' Bfng.2nd floor,
may 1-tf a
jJICIIAEL F. E1Y
Conveyancer, C:lr of Claims.
LEGAL ADVICE IN 'ElI'LEMENT OF
nronico in Penter'slllnir with P. P. BUI
meyer, atlomey-ai-law,Mt 100ms, snd floor
Dloomsourg, ra. n iapr-o-o.
T" E. BM1TII,
1L HONOltAA. ltOUB
Office and residence. WWrbt street, Blooms-
Durg, ra. :i novsa m iy
jyt.J.11. MOOHE. S
EVE, EAR AND THRO A SPECIALTY.
Will be at Exchango Jlot Bloomsburg, every
two weeks, on baturday, ns:30 p. in, to 8 p.m
Dec, 4 and 18, Jan. 1 and U): SV, Feb. 12 and 2
March IS and 20. n nov268ly.
TM1.J. 11. EVANS. D.. SiirL-con and
JL Physician, onice iretldence, on Third
T B. McKELVY, MJ Surgeon and Pliy
O . blclan, north Bide Ma treet.below Market
A L. FKITZ, Airt'T-al-Law. Offlo
Front room over ftifilcc,
QR. J. 0. BUTTEB
Offlco.fci Market street,
f Bloomsburs-, Pa
DK. WM. M. UeJe:, Surgeon and
Physician. Office ooirof Hock and Market
PUIUSTIAN F. KNAPKOOMSBU O.PA,
HOME. OF N. Y. f
MBKUIANTS', OF HARK, N. J,
t LINTON, N, 1, 1 1
I'EOl'LES' N. Y.
These i.n cohi-okatic
n,'o and fikb tesiko audi
ro well seasoned by
navu,. vut hn.1 n
1 089 settled by any court fir. Their assets are
all Invested lu boliu sxcu
1 are liable to the
jiald as soon us deter by cuhistiam y.
KNAff, sriCIAL AOBNT AljfcjCBrKK BLOOUSBCBO,
iisses ritoMiTi.y anai
3-n.Y adjusted and
TnoneODieoi Columbia in Bi,r,iJ na,mn.
Ue the agency where losklany are settled and
ruuMi-innaa. uvumifAin DBA LINO.
uj uua ui iuc v n u VMS.
North American of PhllaJ,
York, of Pennsylvania,
Hanover, of M. Y,
North BrltUh. of London,
omco on vurkat Street, A
wvh a, 1
I.' AllENOY. MOyer'Bh'
l!(A)g, Malt street,
JStna Insurance Co., of 11
A Rset a
"d, Conn it.ots.ss)
JWJ"I "I MVlTpOOl-. .,
. .. B 2M1.37C
1'lro locution .' V'tillade
j- iiuuii, 01 uonaoa .. .
Landau Jt LancAihliv, of
IHrtfurd of llaittord .,
BorlnIleld Klraaml Ma,
As the ajt.in.lHu 4r, Hi,
or the Insured without
Ollrla am untlMi.
Wr In the onice at 1
OCU Hi, '!. I
ILLUSTRATIVE Sample FREE.
A Orcat Medical Work on Manhood, N rvoua and
TliylcM Debility, 1'rcmatore Decline In Man,
r.xhaiited Vitality, Ac, Ac, and tho untold rol
crlos resulting from Indlncrctlon or ciccjpcs ion
rnxfp, rubetanttally bound tn gilt, muilln. Con
tain, more than 125 Invalnablo preacrlpllonp, em
bracing every vegetablo remedy In tho pharma
copa'la for all acuto and chronic dlsca'cg. It U
emphatically a book for every man. I'rlco only tt
by mall, pot paid, concealed In plain wrapper,,
ll.lXHTItATIVI. HAMPI.r. FltBn TO ALT,
Yonrg and mlddlc-agcd tn for tho next ninety
dayi. 'Send now, nr cut thli out, as you r.ny never
(eo It again. AddreM Dr. W. H. PAItKCI!, 4 l!ul
ilacli trt, Bo-ton, M.
W. R. TDBBS, PROPRIETOR
OPItl-HTK fll'KT IUtrj8B.
Larg esand convenient sample rooms. Bath rooms
hot an.l cold water and all modern conveniences
TKAS, CYItTJl'S, COFl'EK, hUOAll, OUSBES
lilCE, SPICKS, II I CA II 11 SODA, ETC., ETC,
N. E. Corner Second and Arch Sts,
iwordcrs will rccclvo prompt attention.
Bldomsuuuo, Columbia County, Pn,
AllBtylesof work dono In a superior mar. r.worS
waunnieuas rcpresenica. '1'xbtu mi hot
bd without PAixby the uso of Has. and
free of charge v. Hen artificial toeth
Office in Barton's bulldlnir. Main street,
below Market, llvo doors below Klelm's
drug store, nrst lloor.
lo be open at all hours during le rfaj
M. C. SLOAN & BRO
CARRIAGES BUDDIES, PHAETONS
SLEIGHS, PLATFORM WAGONS &C.
Flrst-claBS work always on hand.
REPAIRING NEATLY DOZh.
Price reduced lo luit the limes.
BLOOMSBURli PLANING MILL
The undersigned havlutr nut his Planlnir Ml
on Kallroad street. In tlrst-ciass condition . Is rn-e
puruu iu uu uujtinaa 01 worK 111 ma lino.
FRAMES, SASH, DOORS,
furnished at reasonable prices. All lumber used
is well seasoned and none but skilled workmen
ESTIMATES FOR BUILDINGS
urnlshcd on .iDDllcatlon. I'lans and soeclficu
ons prepared oy an experienced arnugnisman
ORNAMENTAL IRON ftNCES
OF CAST CH WROUGHT IRON.
the several beautiful styles of Fence manufactured
oy me uoaersiguuu.
vnr ltenntv and Tinrabtlttv thev are unsunm&B
ed. set up by experienced hands and warranted
to givo saiisiaciion.
Prices and specimens of other de-
Bipns sent to any auurcss.
E. B. BROWER
GAS FITTING & STEAM 11EATIN0
STOVES & TINWARE.
All kinds of work in Sheet Iron. Hoof
ing and Spouting promptly
ivstrlct attention given to heating by steam,
Cornor of Mam & East Sts.,
a. W. BERTSCH,
THE MEHCIIANT TAILOR.
Genita Furnishing Goods, Bats & Gaps
OF EVE It Y DESCRIPTION.
Suits intvlo to order at short notice
and a (it )lwu8 guaranteed or tin rale,
Call and examine the largest ami best
Boleuti'd Bt'ck of good over shown in
Storo next door to First National Bank,
Bloomsbur g Pa.
h::t?iv. Works York, Pa,
1 1 Btitiul Klglltl t Elf Iillt
oc 6 48t.u;a.
111 I 1 1
ComUnlnir inOlt trllh TURK TEOETAHLE
TONUS, quick I J Btitl rompleUlf CMUNSKS
tad KNltltllEK TUB ISIjOOD. OolfVtM
the action of the lAitt and Kidntti. Cletri the
complexion, mtits the ikln uraootb. It &oc not
Injoro the teelh, tioie heailuhe or produce fen
itlpitlon-ALIj OTIItU I HON MEUICINLS DO.
rbrifcUna fcnd Druiristfl ererrher recommend it.
Cn. N, fl. Hcooub, of Mirion, Mn rt I
rpflommpnd Urow n Iron BtttwTB an a valuatile tonlo
fur mrlchina the Idoocl. and rnmoTinjc all dfipeptlo
Bymrtytui, It doea not ourt the teta."
. Dr. It. M. DklzeiX) IfenioMii, Ind,, eari I
hare creRCnbd Browira Iron Ulttra in cBi of
anferola and lilood dlMaxn. alao Mtien a tnnto iran
needed, and It has proTtxl tarntrotliLy asUsfactoir,'
Mn Wsi. BTitNB, S6 Kt. Itary St.. Nw Orleans, La.,
tnyai " Iirown'a Iron Bittore rellfred me In a case
ot blood poleonltifr, and I hearUIj commend U to
thone nrHilnfr a tUxd purifier.
Jin. W. W. JIohahan, Tuncambfa, Ala . enrsi " X
hive been troubled from childhood with Impure
lflood and eruption on my face two buttle of
jlrown'i Iron Bittern effected a pvrfect rnre. I
cannot epeak too Ulgulr of tbii valuable modicine."
Genuine has aborn Trade Mark and croiiaed red line
on wrapper. Takn no otfarr Made only by
JIKOH .N ClIKMlt'AI. to., 1IALT1MOI1K, UU.
don't care anything bnt Rhenmatlsm, bat It curea
that every time It cored
Bam1l. nnnNR, Iancftter, Pa.
Mr. HanTMAN. SB , IlloomsburK, Pa,
Mbs. Uev, It. II Rodinbos, Staunton, Va.
Mrs. Wm. Mehaiio. iw Wylie St., Philadelphia.
J. F. Newton, Camden. N. J.
Mas. Mahy Catron, Mooreetown, N. J.
Frank Maki Munch Chunk. Pn
l uuuuiu i
For complete Information, IlenerlptlTe ram
phlet. with bwtimonlals. Tree,
For Bale by nil driigglit.. If one or th. other la
not In position to furnish It to you, do not bo per.
mailed to take anytklnif elae, but iTly direct to tha
General Arent, l'KAIll..KH lllMM. fc CO.
BIO Si H21 Market (street, l'bllodelpbla.
niNGH AMTCIIl. N.V.
THE INVALIDS BENEFACTOR.
Discoverer of Dr. Kilmer's
Complete Female Remedy
Jxtiilj' Jome JVcatment
fipecini nnil speouio trontment lor
till Cniiltilnts and DtpeoRes peculiar to
JMiurlituni, Wives nnd Mothers.
iCucii iai'lsiiKo '4ntnIiiN 3 botlleii.
tal.ieli kind Is nUo fold separotelyi
rcilinln ECelliedV, (hloodantlSjEU,m)$l.
A 11 1 Ilia H- I.ca T 15xt . , (Loral Trtatmt)g 1 .
V A: AliotnlliicilItiternM ' ,60
fSTOr tho threo In one rnckago$2.00.
llecovers tho "nin.down:" ticd-ridden"
h mid IIIckhI Impurities that causa Serolula,
11 or "illiiinilonnil ' If 1 Jiminntes Hnmnrs
i.uuL-er, junior, piinpies utiii diuiciu-s.
Tl.e mro for I'twiriv ami Fjtpomrei, U raet.
'Wcmnii'j IteiUt'i anil uaefulneRa aialn rcrtomL
Dr. KJImertmits tntrnml Tumor, Cancer.
I'm, .-Jlu'l. flfFnnl tn tiptivt. mrt. nvmt.tnmR.
Letter of Inquiry promptlj' iinswemL
pLKIImer'a Vemalo Dlfilwnsttry. nlmrliamtin, N. Y.
"Jimif.N' HnMe. In uenltli
SOI.K ttV AM,
CURES ALL HUMORS,
from n common lllotch, or nriipdon,
to the woit Scrofuln. Snlt-rlium,
"Fevcrkoreh," Scaly or ItoiiRli Skin,
In short, nil fllseii'K'a caused by bad blood ars
conquered by this powerlul, purifying, and
Invigorating medicine. iMrent DntlliK UU
rem itipldly heal under its beulgn lntluenee.
Iiepeclnlly has It mantfefited Its potency iu
curmg l ottor, i.ii.r 1a11.11, iiuiii, tnr.
tiiiiicle, Sore ;)'', Scroiiiloii Sores
mi.l hivnllliiiTN. If fu.f olut lllsense.
uriiiir I'cllor, umc nii.11, lion., cni-
White SwlliiiKSi "ioitro, or Thick
Neck, nnd Enlnrsi'd tiluiid.. Send ten
cents in stamps for n largo treatise, with col
ored plates, on r'kln Diseases, or tho sam,
amount for n treatise on Scrofulous Affections.
"I'Hi: III.OOII IS XI IK MFK.
Thoroughly cleanse it by using llr. Pierce',
nnl.lMii rtltt.llrnt Ilfitovrv. nnd uootl
illgesllon, n fnlr nklii, btioj ant xplr
lt, vital Htrenath, nncl iimiliioi ot
ooilstltiitlou, will Uu I'btubllshed.
wlttMi U HerflflllOlIN Dlhl'lUO Of fit
I.iiiiR., Is pioinptly mid eeiliiluly 8 1 rested
iitnl cured by this Uod-glfii remedy, if taken
beforo the Inst stages of the ilii-eitsenro reached.
From lis wonderful power over this torrlblr
futnl fUflpns., ivhen fh-st utferlnor this now Ml
ebratcd remedy to tho public. Dr. I'lERCl
tnougnr senoufeiy i uiiiuik iv mi -tuu.
.1 miiilmi flu re." but utiandoned tlmt name
us too limited tor n miilleiuo which, fiom Its
womieriui combination ni ouio.nr&irenKiuea.
Incr. nttrAtive. nr lilnud-eleansintr. untLbillous.
pectoral, and uutritlvo propel t les, Is uncqualed,
not only as n lemcdy lor consumption of tho
lungs, out tor uu
Liver, Blood, and Lungs.
If you tdel dull, drowsy, debilitated, hav,
tallow color of skin, or yillowlili.brown spot,
on tnce or Ixuly, trvnuent heoihiohe or dliil.
nest, bad taste In mouth, Internal heat or chills,
alternating with hot Hashes, low spirit, nd
eloomy Iwrebodlnes, lingular appetite, ana
eoateI tonirue, you uro stittci Intr from Indl.
Kvslliiii. 1) xpopHlu, uud '1'orplil 1.1 ver,
.... iiiiliiiiaiiio.b.') in inanv cases onlr
part of theso symptoinj nre cxi-erltnced. As
a remedy for all such eases, llr. 1'lerC,
Dlodlcal UUcovcry hu no
For Weak I.uiiK., OiilttlnK of Illood,
NliorlilOH. 01 urunin, ssruiit-iitii.,
Knvnr.1 7ollifllS. (JOllbll UlllllOll. &ni
kindred effuctlons, It Is n sovereign remedy.
Send ton cent. In stamps for nr. I'loroe ,
book on Consumption, sola uy uruggistt
PRICE $1.00, FiVoToo!
World's Dispensary Medical Association,
Proprietors, 603 Main St., licrrALO, N.V,
n n H 'AWl T TTTl'u
OW V3 . JflltljH.
" w I
ANTI.IIIMUHB mid OAT1IAIITIO.
Sold by Uruiml.l.. I cents a rial.
' Is offered by the proprietor,
of Dr. bane's Catarrh Itemed
for a eiiso of catarrh which they
tho pose, ntreiislvo or other,
wise, partial low of smell, taste.
1 r vnu tnive a 11 senarra rroni
or pressure la head, you huvo intarrii, AhOU.
an.la it paae. Iprniitmlo III consillnotion.
Or Ileal 1IIK, w i'uu V) t-o, uu ymtu
Dr Sajre'sOATAUim ltEMr.nr cures the worst
-lsesnf Oatnri'li.-'Oolil III (ho Head,
I'Miurrlini iiihuciiu. 00 uvuitt
I'ROF.S ANDRAL KILMER. M.D.
WEIlNKSDAT JIORNINII, DKO 22.
TI10 instituto wan called to ordor at
fow niiniiloH after 9 o'clock a. m.
and opened with the sitigiiicr of hymn
No. CH, from "Ttio Quartet," Mina Ent
prcsliling nl tho' oran, and Mr. L.
Sharph'Bs leading tho singiuir.
Itcv. F. Riddle, pastor of tho M. E.
clmrch of Blcomsburg, conducted tho
Mr. Qriinea announced with retfrct
that Dr. Iligbee could not bo with us
on account of urgent business at Ilar
risburg. Wishing to bo ine?etit at a Director's
mfcting hold in tho Third utrtot school
building, Mr. Grimes left tho IiiBtitute
in chargo of Mr. Beckley, I'nn. of tho
BlootnBtiurg publio schools.
jMiss AlcClintook gave tlio lustttuto
solo. It was her last anncaranco at
the Institute, which ail regretted very
Miss Ross occupied tho first period
with a class drill, supposed to bo tho
rst work for tho child after comintr to
school. This waq an adtnirablo exer
cise, but must bo seen to bo nimrecint-
d. She used in tho drill, a square
piece of paper, and the blackboard.
i ho principal design of tho exercise
wai tho cultivation of tho iinnrxination.
though it was an excellent drill for tho
memory, and brought out clearly tho
ideas of color, form, number, language
Singing by the Institute, "Brinifin
in the Shnaves.
Prof J. F. Ilaikins, of Ornngcville,
gavo a very entertaining and instruct
ive address on"Tho Importance of Cul
tivatiug the imagination. The follow
ing is a brief outline of it : The
teacher to bo successful must bo ac
quainted with the mind, ami the laws
which control its operations. Every
faculty contributes to our lieneht, on
nobles our nature and betters our con
iitinns in life, especially if it is dUci
puneu and properly used. The nnig-
ualion is that power ot the mind by
which wo form ideal conceptions. Thi
faculty has not always been properly
understood, and has not received that
share of attention which its import
ance demands. Wo are, however.
ery much indebted to this faculty for
all tho comlons and conveuiences ot
ifo. It creates means by which man
is enabled to apply his knowledtro to
the useful purposes of life, as well as
uouifj toremostin disclosing tho tuiths
of science. Its importance and utility
in connection with tho practical affairs
of life demand tho most earnest con
sideration from teachers. Wo should
arouBO it by having our pupils repro
duce and describe beautiful and pict
uresque scenery. In improving ttiis
faculty we also strengthen other pow
ers ot the mind, especially memory and
tho reasoniug power. We should have
our pupils store their memories with
beautitul pictures ot natural scenery,
Binco they will become the typo of the
ideal images created by the imagina
tion. Wo should see ;to it that the
other powers of the mind ore so devel
oped that there will be no deficiency
n perception, to be made up by imag
ination. Our instruction should havo iu
view tho development of every faculty
of tho mind, for wo are responsible in
a great degree, for tho future careor of
Miss Brcfco read an excellent paper
n ''The Object of Government as Re
lated to Morality." Tho following is a
brief sketch of it : Tho object of
school government may bo to make
true men and women of the boys and
girls, or lo merely restrain them from
wrong doing during school hours. Ihe
teacher must have in view order and
the training of pupils to govern them
selves. One depends upon tho other.
Before much can bo done towards lead
ing pupils to 4 noblo life, we must gain
their love, and beforo wo gain their
love, wo must gain their ret-pect, and
beforo boys and girls will respect a
teacher, they must see that she is com,
pctent to govern them. With older
pupils I have found in my experience,
that the very first thing tb do, was to
raako them feel that I expected perfect
obedience, trusting that love and re
spect would follow as a consequenco
of duty faithfully discharged. With
younger pupils, however, 1 took a
different course. My first object was
to gain their love, aud trust that re
spect and obedience would follow. The
key to successiui moral government Is
sympathy, sympathy between teacher
and taught. JU'ery bright, activo child
has a certain amount of pent up energy,
which needs to no guided and dircoted
by tho teacher in such a channel, that
it will bo a bcuent to me school as a
whole, aud to each individual all his
life. Tho surroundings of ohildren
havo n great iuiluenco upon thoir
oharacter. For this reason our sohool
rooms should bo cojy and pretty,
II inn beaut fill pictures upon tho wall,
fill the windows with flowers, and in
short have it not a school house, but a
sohool home. Train children to keep
tho floor neat and tidy. All theso
thincs will havo a silent influence. If
pupiU bco beautiful things, thoy will
havo beautiful thoughts, and what
they think of, they will talk about. It
is the teachers duty to so train tho
child, that it will form high ideals and
noblo purposes in mo. J'.uoii porsou
has an ideal after which he is modeling
his lite, and lust as the ideal is, so will
tho character be. If it is a lifo of
goodness and purity he will mould his
life iu accordance with this modol, but
if ho has not been guided m his select
ion of books, aud heroes, he may huvo
formed ideals possessing mean (jtiali
ties, and juBt as tho sculptor's idoul
grows from the block ot marble, bo
will tho oharacter ol the child appear
cither beautiful or blemished, Tho oh.
jeat of all this guidauoo is to lead the
child through its doubts and convict.
ions, so that it is able to mako couqticu
Miss lvobs continued her exercises
fcr the cultivation of tho imagination
stating first that a teachor in order to
bo successful must undeistand tho laws
KQvoiiilnor nvintal Krowth
Institute adjourned at 12 o'clook a, m
WKPNEIIUY Al'TKltNOON, DEO, ii.
Tho Institute was called to order at
2 o'clock p, in,, and opened by the
singing of a quartet by Frank Colley
E l Ent, 0car Eut and Georgo Hart,
Iro n tho Bloomsburg High Sohool,
This day was set apart especially a
Director's day, aud J. O Brown E-tri
one of Blooumburg's directorti was in
Mil u ii ill
tioduced as tho tirsl
BPoaker ot tho
of tho amount of
money expended in Columbia county
for public school, about ot whloii is
used iu running the schools in tho
town of Uatawissa, Borwiok ninl
Bloomsburg. Ho sjioke, too, of tho
good work dono in these Rohools.
Good, not becauso they havo bettor
teachers than schools In tho rural dis
tricts, but simply becauso they havo
been well graded and systematised,
having a rugular course of study laid
down for each years' work. Nov, if
so much better results can bo obtained
from systematic work, why can not tho
schools in our rural distrlcM bd graded,
and a coursu of study arranged for
them for each year's pursuance. It can
bo done, if an interest can bo awaken
ed in tho directors in theso districts,
nnd they can bo persuaded to spend the
timo necessary to investigate tlio mai
ler and consult with each other. As a
stop in this directiou, at our meoting
this morning, a resolution was passed,
providing that an organization of all
directors and ex-directors of Columbia
county bo foimcd, for tho purpose of
considering tho advancement of our
schools. If our country schools can
bo systematised it will do away with
much of tho haphazard teaching
whioh mu"t necessarily be dono now.
It now takes a teacher some timo after
tho school is opened, to get it in run
ning order, whereas by tho proposed
arrangement ho could work to good
advantage oven tho first day of school.
If howover, anything would be dune
in this direction, directors must oo
operate must work together. It may
bo tho new plan would cost a fow dol
lars more, but even if it should, it will
mo.ro than pay in the end.
Mews. Will Hurbino and O&ar Eut
of tho Bloomsburg High School do
light- d tho audience with music on tlio
guit ir and violin.
Tlw next speaker of tho afternoon
was Dr. Robb who eamn to tako tho
place of Dr. Higboe. Ho heartily en
dorsed the remarks of Mr. Brown, em
pha'izing thtm. He then spoke of tho
impmtanw of school visitation by tho
directors. Not lis it ued to ho prac
ticed, Superintendent and school board
going in a body to visit the school, as
pupil" and even teacher-, (especially a
young teacher) would u-mallv be em
barrassed aud unable lo do tho work
half no well as at other 'imes, but let
ono or two directors drop in 'ccashm-
ally, so as to get a clear idea of the
work that is being done, lie dwelt
upon tho necessity of teaoliors, direct
ors and citizens working togethor, if
successful teaching would bo tho out
growth. Tho true secret of Col. Park
er's success in tho Quincy schools lies in
this one thing, lie was not interfered
with. When ho was employed ho was
allowed to select all h's assistants, giv-
en the privilege of dlsmWing at any
time, any whom ho considered incap
able of filling their position, was at
liberty to introduco any methodo ho
thought proper, lie spoko at length
on tho non-interference of directors,
supposing of course, that teachers are
conscientious ana iaitniui. iviso ex
pressed himself iu favor of having
soma lady directors on tho boud.
Next tollowed a chorus by members
of the Bloomsburg Choral Society.
Miss Ulaud'.a time, ot (Jatawissa,
gavo a recitation entitled "Van Bibber's
Col. R. II. Conwell of Philadelphia
was introduced. His first thought was
to the directors. Use your iuiluenco
to persuade tho Legislature to increase
tlio State appropriation. Ho spoko of
tho injustico of taxation as it is now
practised, whereby tho rich pay a much
lower percentage than tho poor, and
urged directors to look into tho matter.
Our great men almost invariably come
Jrom tho country, and tor this reason
our best teachers should bo employed
hero. As taxation now stands, this
cannot bo done, lho rich must by
equal taxation, bear their share of tho
burden. Ho then paid a touching trib-
uto to a teacher who taught him a way
of disciplining tho memory, that has
over been ot value. I he plan is to
bring beforo tho mind sttoh vivid
pictures ot tho thought or thing to be
romomberod,that it cannot bo forgotten
.Next tollowed a duet by lime Hart
man and Eddio Eut. It was beauti
The first exercise of tlio evening was
a lecture, by Col. It. II. Conwell of
Philadelphia, subject, "Acres of Dia
mond.s,'' Col Conwell is authoritatively
considered ono of tho most popular
lecturers in tlio United States, and on
this occasion did not lose anything
from his reputatiou. The lecture was
not only entertaining but instructive,
and cannot bo spoken of too highly.
t tho close of tho lecture, a chorus
was rendered by members ot the
Mii-s E. U Guio very kindly furnish
od tho audience a recitation.
Tlio exercises closed with a beauti
ful chorus by tho Choral Sooiety.
THURSDAY SIOItNINO DEO, 23.
Tlio Instituto opened at the usual
hour, with singing, followed by tho
reading of tho XIX Psalm and prayer
by rrot. wauor, mn. ot tho lilooins
burg Stato Normal School.
Mr. Grimes whoso duties called him
elsewhere for a short time, appointed
Mr. i isucr to taKo cnargo ot the m
Dr. Robb occupied the first period of
the morning, presenting tho Bubjeot of
grammar. Grammar is much more
effectively taught now than it was
twonty-fivo years ago. Then wo Bpcnt
all tho lime in parsing, now most of it
is spout iu laugungo lcs-ons. I have
not timo to do more than givo a few
hints on tlio subject of teaching cram-
mar, uiiuareu siiotuu undersiamt the
definitions and priiioibs of grammar
at an early dato. Begin by inductivo
mothods of teaching, and finally merge
into tlio deductive. Col, Parker makes
this mihtako. Ho carries tlio inductivo
method too far, or on into tho period
which should belong to tho deductive.
Tho teacher in order to teach grammar
well, must bo interested iu the subject
Then ho npist simplify as much as
posslblo, and illustrate every point
osrofully. Bot results can usually bo
obtaitiod by topical recii-uion.
Prof. Waller look up tho subject
"civil sorvico reform in t,he Publip
Schools." A fow of tho thoughts ho
gave us, aro these. The civil service
is now a part of our politics, and pro,
vision lias bon mado fur its opt-ration.
Of thoso now em iloyed in this servhw,
1 I t .
a 'arge propoiiiou uave
have been educated
I in our Publio Sohools.
ing the service, each applicant must
undergo an examination. This being
true, wo should endeavor to unify tho
toaohei's standard with that of tho
business man, so that applicants' from
our schools may bo ready for tho test.
Mr. Grimes read a circular prepared
by L. O. Foosp, Harrisburg, Eliph't
Oram Lyte, Miliorsvilto and J. P An
drews, Pittsburg, who wore appointed
at tho last mooting of tho Pennsylvania
Stato Teachers' Association, to 8ouro
petition to tho next Legislature, from
all parts of the state, asking for a law
making tho length of tho minimum
school term six months. Tho petition
met tho approval of tho Institute, and
petitions wcro placed in the hands of
threo toaohers in each district for cir
culation. Prof. Wallor stated that tho
reason tho loncth of tho minimum
sohool term is not already six months
is owing lo tho faot that our represen
tatives, not knowing lho wishes ot tho
pooplo in tlio matter, feared to imposo
greater taxation on them. Ho urged
upon thoso having tho matter iu chargo
tho duty of circulating theso papers as
largely as possible, so that our Repre
sentatives may know tho feeling of tbo
people. Mr. Miller suggested that a
petition bo sent lo tho Legislature ask
ing that n law bo passed allowing
teachers tho time of Institute. Prof.
Waller proposed that the Legislature
bo petitioned to pass a law granting
tlio D hectors payment for timo
spont in Institute.
Mr. J. C. Brown suggested also that
a petition bo sent to tho legislature
asking them to pass a law making at
tendance of children in publio schools
compulsory, Theso aro all subjects
Singing by tlio Institute.
The following telegram was received.
Wilkesbarre, Pa. Dec. 22 188G.
To J. S. Grimes, Bloomsburg Pa.
Tho teachers of Luzorno county
send greetings to Columbia teachers.
J. W. Hay man, Sec
By order of tho Institute, the mes
sagj below was returned.
Bloomsburg, Pa. Deo. 23 188G.
To Mr. Coughlin, Wilkesbatro Pa.
The teauhers ot Uolurabia county
return thanks and best wishes to tho
teachers of Luzerne. Edith Barton, Sec.
Miss R ss presented the subject of
. : i .. ! i 1
fractions, showing how simple and
beautiful this subject can bo made,
hen each step is illustrated. oho
used for this purpose, cubes, half oubta
and quarter cubes.
Mr. (irimes appointod as committee
resolutions, Francis Becker. Jor-
Reeder, Alice Edgar, Hannah Breeco
and Miss Kistler. He also appointed
as auditing committee, Mr. N. Keifer,
Miss Ella Allen and Mr. George Faus.
Prof. Noetliug who had lust returned
from a visit to the Perry county Insti
tute, hold in New liloomhcld,
county, Pa., brought greetiug
this body to tho teacheis of Columbia
county, liy order ot lho institute a
message was reiurneu to mom oy icie-
Instituto adjourned at. 12, a. m.
The Institute was called to order
p. m., ana opmea wun singing.
Miss Ross occupied tho first period,
leaking on devices that can bo u-ed
in tho ungraded schools. Something
that will keep tho little ones employed
and quiet, while tho older pupils aro re-1
citing. Have a tablo put up m one t
corner of the room, and on this a lump
f potter s clay well kneaded, and ready
tor iLodeHng. When you wish to hear
olass in algebra, tor oxamplo, let your .
ittlo ones como up to this table, show
them how to form some simple objects
Buch as beads or marbles, and allow
them to form as many of these as they I
can, (doing the work nicely) whilo you
hear your class. They must under-
stand, however, that if Uoisy, thoy for-1
feit this pleasure. Tho next day these '
boads or marbles might be painted, and
tho next dav thev mieht stnntr tho
beads. If di fferent colored paints wero
used, as blue and red, tho beads could
be placed on tho strings in alternate
colors, two of ono kind, and then two
of the other and thus, tho children
would bo learning not only foim and
color, but number. For variety havo
box of colored papers which can bo
obtained nt tlio printing office, usually
free, as it is their waste paper. Havo
tho littlo ones sort theso papers into
equal lengths, get a little pa'sto nnd
teach tho children to make chains. The
colors may bo combined systematically
so that number will bo taught as be
fore. A largo flat box of moist Band
would also furnish variety, aud ho
used with advant3go and profit. Sho
spoke of whimpering in lho school, said
sho would iiiy prohibit it entirely, yet
would not permit it to disturb her.
Antnem by the liloomsburg Uhoral
Dr. ltobb Hiked of some mistakes in
disuiplino. Ho endorsed Miss Ross'
remark on whispering, adding that ho
would not have an inflexible rule on
anything. Ho disapproved of tho
syBtem of self reporting to break up
whispering because its tondenoy is to
make children untruthful. He elosed
with the remark, noyor mako an inflex
ible) rule, nnd never make any until
Mtisio, a quartet by luldie l.nt, Frank
Colley, Georgo Hart and Oscar Ent,
from tho high school.
Mr. MoHenry, a member of the
Ichool Board of Berwick, was intro
duced. Ho spoko on some of the
duties of Directors. They should select
school grounds having in view tho
health, convomenco an I enioyment of
tho ohildren. School houses should bo
as oarc fully planned and built as tlio
most costly home, and leaohers should
bo Biiieoted wiiqbo morals aro good. In
netting text books, touchers should be
consulted. They should at least have
tho pnvilego of expressing an opinion
in regaru -to mo toois tney aro expect
ed to use. Directors should visit tho
sohools frequently, and keep posted on
educational topics by takiu" cduoation-
ai papers, no urged upon Direotors
tlio paying oi better salaries to teach
Musio, a Quartet by members of the
nioomsburg Uhoral society,
Prof. Nootling oalled tho attention
ot toauherb' to lho many good book
and papers on eduoaucnal topioa, ex
muiieti in tuo rear oi tne room, some
of whioh eaoli teacher should get.
Instituto adjourned at 4:15 p. m.
lh.' evening entertainment opened
with singing by tho Bloomsburg
Miss E B. Guio gavo n recitation,
which was much enjoyed.
Mr. Grimes Introduced as lho lect
urer of tho evening, Georgo Kcnnan.
His lecture -'Dog Slcdgo Travel in
Katnsclmtka nnd Hiberia," is very in
teresting. His description of "Tho
Aurora Borealis'1 as seen by him there,
is especially beautiful.
The exerciso of tho evening closed
with music by tho Choral Society.
Instituto opened at 0 n. m. with tho
singing of "Tell mo the story of Jesus."
Rev. Manhart conducted devotional
exercises. Singing, anthem "In Jesus
Prof. Noctling occupied tho first
period, showing how necessary it is
that the teachor understand thorough
ly tho mind of the child, and tho laws
governing its development. Tho child
gets its first knowledgo through the
senses. There is no other avenuo by
which the mind can communicate
with tho world. This knowledge is
sometimes called senso knowledge,
aud sometimes experience. By this
we mean everything that comos within
our oonBoiousness. Through tho senses
raw materials are taken, and tho intel
lect works them up. If our observa
tions are imperfect, the pictures in our
mind will bo imperfect. This shows
us that our first impressions should bo
correct. Now suppose you do not
have the attenlion of a child during
tho entire explanation of some subject,
or during an entire recitation t Tho
impression formed on its mind is im
perfect, and lho result is wasted
energy. In order to do cifeclivo teach
ing, teachers must havo tne undivided
attention of pupils. That this may be
secured, the teachers must prepare the
lesson so that each pupil may liko and
understand it. The child needs var
iety. Tho variety, too, must be of tho
proper kind. The teacher must mako
his instruction interesting, and present
the matter so that the child's mind
may grow by its own activities. In
short, the teacher mu-t g'vo tho right
tiling at the right time, and in lho
right way. Whilo the teaoher is
educating tho intellect, ho must not
forget tho sensibilities and tho will,
for on thtso depends tho happiness of
men. Uur greatest rogues are men ot
keen, sharp intellect, but whoso sensi-
, . , . i i
bihtics have not been cultivated, and
whose wills have not been guided and
Ho touched on tho importance of the
study of physiology in our schools.
The special object in leaohiug it is to
instill in the minds of pupils tho evils
of stimulants. It is also of importance
in teaching them how to take care of
their health, as nine tenths of all dis
eases are brought about through igno
rance. He mentioned, too, tho subject
of habit. Everything we do with ease
is habit. It is very difficult to break
up habits once' formed, nnd for this
reason tpaohors should be careful to
have pupils form good and correct bab
us ot body and thought,
Mr. Grimes annouueed that 10 7
teachers had enrolled, and that quilo a
number wero piesent who did not en-
Miss Iios3 mado a few remorks show-
ing how tho principles learned in Prof,
Noetling's talk may bo applied. In tho
first place thy play ground is a good
placo to learn the disposition and nature
of the child. Tho senses, tho- fcedcis
ot the inteiieot, must oo trained, i
would begin by cultivating the sense of
sight. Many cnuaron uo not nonce.
Sho then gave a littlo play, calculated
to cultivate mis sense, in nice manner
she took up each of the senses. She
gavo briefly a little of her first expen-
enco in primary work, which could not
but benefit those who hoaid it.
Music, "Light after Darkness by tho
The names of all eligible persons
were piaoeu on tne onarti, ana a vote
cast for a committee on permanent cer-
tihcates. miss oaaio vannatta ana
Mr. Creasy wcro appointed to receivo
and count votes.
Music, "Toll it to Jesus."
Mr. J. O. Brown mtde a few remarks
on the advisability and justice of a
' compulsory law of education. The tax
compulsory : why should there
not be a law compelling children to at
tend school ! Ho believed firmly that
it should bo brought about, and wished
people to think and talk about it.
Miss ltoss Drought lorward a plan
which would be of groat value to the
primary teaoher. It provided that each
teacher for a merely nominal sum
should receive each month leaflets per
taining lo her work, sho to select her
own leaflets. All this through the
kindnees of a wealthy benevolent gen
tleman, and on condition that teachers
manifest a desire to be thus aided.
The auditing committee made tho
Amount in receipts $8G3.12
Amount of expenditures C39.77
Balance in treasury
Miss Ella M. Allen.
Tho committee on resolutions, mado
tho following report, which was ao
copted. Resolutions offered by tho
teachers of Col. Co. Pa.
Wo, tho teachers of Col, Co., in In
stituto arsembled, having appreciated
the advantages offored us by the work
oi tins wet'K, ana in as much as our
worthy Supt. has secured competent
instructors, ablo lecturers, and inter
esting musio, aud iu that the people of
iMoomstmrg uavo extended a heatty
welcome to the teachers from abroad,
also believing that tlio teachers Bhould
be compensated for the week's attend
mice at Institute, ns they are at an ex
penBO winlti in attendance, and believ
ing that if the attendance of our direct
ors bo secured at these sessions, thei
interest in uie scnoois would bo in
creased, and a greaUr knowledtro o
tho work acquired, also that tho mini
mum ot the present school term is too
short, according to tho average school
lifo of tho child, to lay weil a founda-
tlon for the duties nod responsibilites
of after life. Therefor bo it Resolved,
Jurst. That wo tender our thanks to
the citizens of Bloomsburg for tho
hospitality extonded to tho teachers,
and for their support of the evening
Second, Resolved That tho thanks
of the Institute aro duo to our ablo
Supt. for tho competent manner in
which ho has oonduoted lho affairs of
this Instil uto,
Third, Resolved That tho thanks
of tho Institute bo extended to tho
Bloomsburg Choral Socioty and Miss
Edith Ent, for tho excellent music
which has added eo much to tho inter
est of tho occasion,
Fourth, Retoleed That wo heartily
Indorse the petition to lho Legislature
to extend the minimum school term to
Fifth, Resolved That tho teachers
and directors should bo compensated
for tlio llmo Bpcnt in Institute,
Committee: Francis Becker, Jer.
Reeder, Alice Edgar, Hannah Breece.
The tellers reported tho following
persons elected as committee on per
manent certificates : Hannah Brooie,
Mary Unangst, C. J. Fisher, J. 0.
Brceee, Edith Barton.
Mr. Grimes mado a few elf-sing re
marks in which lie spoko ot tlio bene
fits of local institutes, after which all
joined in singiug "Bringing in the
Sheaves." Institute adjourned nt 12.15
p. m. Edith Barton-, Sec.
Now Hint Senator Yule Is dead, Billion
Cameron Is tho only snrvlvor ot tho senate ot
President l'olk's administration.
Senator llnhone says Uo will givo up poli
tics at the expiration of tits present term and
go into tho real estato business iu tVas.li
lngton. Senator Lyman Trumbull, who looks as
young ns ho did thirty years ago, lives in a
little framo cottago near tho Douglas monu
ment in Chicago.
When Senator Edmunds completes tha
term for which ho has just been chosen ho
will lie 6" cars old. Ho is now in his
CSth year, nnd has served the people
thirty years of this.
Senator Gorman, ot JInryland, was ono ot
tho fow who wero in favor of tho sweet wlna
hills defeated in tho tenato last winter. Ho
is now In California and ha-f lieen invited by
the Viticultural society to visit (ho gropo dis
tricts and mako a study of tho wiuo question
at ita home. He will probably go to Napa,
Sonoma and Los Angeles counties.
ART AND ARTISTS.
After tnenty-flvo years In Munich Davo
Neal is again busy in his Boston studio. .Ho
is going back to Kuropo again, but will first
visit San Francisco.
Monkacsy, tbo painter of ''Christ Before
Pilato," will come to New York shortly to
look after his picture now on exhibition in
tho American metropolis.
Tho New York art students have elected
for tho ensuing year John 8. Sharp for
president, Ooorgo F. Crouch for secretary,
and Joseph Hulm for treasurer.
Tbo Itoyal Canadian Academy has set
aside $3,000 to buy a piece of ground for n
building in Toronto to cost about $20,000,
that sum to bo subscribed by art-loving citi
zens, FACTS WORTH KNOWING.
A new use for the tobacco plant has been
discovered. Its stems and waste, it is
claimed, are equal to linen rags in the manu
facture of paper.
A German doctor has produced a cure for
consumption which has been wonderfully
successful. He makes his pntieuts pass tha
night in tho open air of the Thuringian for
est, well wrapped up, and sleeping iu light
hammock.s, m as to avoid all damp from tho
Dr. Morse, of Amissvllle, Vn., claims to
Uavo treated 1'ii coses of diphthewa without
single rami result, and nil nccnuse n
coruouaio oi iioiassiura, wmcu as,-s
adults in doses of from ten to twen
every two uours, saturating the-
Tho wnterproofinc of paper i3'iWmgV'FTrf-
euectuauy accompusned ny a mixnrro or BO "
per cent, of rosin, 45 of parnftine, nnd C of
silicato of soda, theso ingredients being thor
oughly mingled by heating them together
and by agitation. This composition is found
peculiarly applicable for building or sheath
A new disinfecting compound for purify
ing tho atmosphere of tho sick room has just
been presented to the Berlin Medical society.
una ot rosemary, lavender and thyme, lu
tho proportion of 10, 2J nncl 2tf parts, re
spectively, aro mixed with nitric acid in tho
proportion of SO to ljf. Tlio bottle should bo
shaken before using, and a sponge saturated
with the compound and left to diffuse bv
Of ull tho contrivances for the prompt de
tection of firedamp in mines tho simplest in
principle and construction is a child's India
rubber ball with a hole in it. It is squeezed
flat in tlio hand and held in tho placo sus
pected of firo damp while released, and al
lowed to suck in the sample of tho air, and is
then directed toward a safety lamp and again
squeezed, when tho telltale blue flame w ill
show if it contains any inflammable vapor.
Tho excessive uso of ten docs not Intoxicate
to the degrading extent that alcohol does, but
it enslaves thoso who use it hubitunlly. Tho
earlier in childhood that tho nervous system
is played upon by the exhilaration and de
pression that stimulants and narcotics pro
duce tho more injurious they are upon hoalth
and morals. At least this Is tho conclusion
arrived at in a paper recently read before tho
Parker Memorial Science class, of Boston.
But tho ladles won't agree with tho writer
Tho Knights of Lnbor of western Pennsyl
vania havo formally eswusod the cause of
twenty-ono miners who, by the decision of
the stato supreme court, havo lieen remanded
to servo in tha workhouso for nine mouths
for violating the conspiracy laws. Five
thousand petitions, praying the pardon board
to release tho miners, have been sent out.
The leaders of the Labor party In Now Yoi k
will soon issue a call for a national con
ference. The Knights of Labor wero organized in
Philadelphia In 16C9. They were first .known
publicly as the Teapot club, becauso a pot of
tea was olway, on hand at the meetings,
for those members who drank nothing
stronger no intoxicating liquors.
Tho Columbia rolling mills at Lancaster,
Pa., where tho employes havo been on strlko
for over three months for Philadelphia
prices, has partially resumed work with a
new force at the old prices.
The clerks and salesmen of Now York pro
pose to carry on a vigorous agitation of the
early closing question. A committee, ap
pointed to confer with tho Clerks and Sales
men's council, reported that they wero ready
to work with the association and to do all
tint they could to try and induce the em
ployers to close the stores early on Satur
days. The Hones ot A. T. Stewart.
Mrs. Stewart gave $25,000 instead ot
tho 150,000 at first demauded. Tho bar
gain was made through a lawyer who
seemed to have no other briefs nnd who
probably got u good fraction of the swag.
"Tho ghouls Insisted that tlio money
Bhould bo delivered to lhciu on n lonely
hill iu Westchester county nt dead of
night. Thither, Iu accordance with their
directions, a relative of Mrs. Stewart Jour
neyed alone in a wagon which ho Urovti
himself. At a spot in the country road,
which had not been ilefelgnated or de
scribed, tho driver was suddenly halted by
a masked horsetnnu. This mysterious
messenger led him through a by-lune to
the hill top, where, after certain precau
tions to Insure their safety, they received
the $23,000, examined it nnd then dragged
H bag of bones from auother buggy near
by and surrendered it to the keeping ot
the solitary traveler, llcforo thoy disap
peared down tho elde otthe hill they com
manded him, on tho peril ot his life, to
turn about and descend the other tlopo.
The noxt night the bones wcro com
mitted to the vault under tho great
cathedral nt Garden City, which had al
ready been connected by a bee ret wiro
with u clilmo ot bells sure to ring and
alarm tho town it it was disturbed. Bo
uow tho remains of tho great merchant
millionaire and these ut his pm lent, en
during, frugal and affectionate wife ot 00
, years lie Udo by side. CrolVut's Letter.,