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THE COLUMBIAN AND DEMOCRAT. BLOOMSBURGr, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.
0. E. Elwell, I piii.,.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 13,1880.
Democratic Etato Convention.
Tho Dcmooratio Stato Convention of
l'ciinsylvnnia will assemble nt tlio
Opcrn Houdp, In tlio City of Harris
liurg, at 10 a. m., on Wednesday,
August 18, to nominato candidates for
Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Attdi
tor.Gcnernl, Seo'y of Internal Affaire,
Tho Convention will consist of SCO
Itonresentativo Delegates, Bcleotcd
under tho rules of the party from tho
rcspectivo Assembly Districts of tho
State, cno for each 1,000 Democratic
votes cast for Governor at tho last pre
ceding gubernatorial election, or for a
fraction of 1,000 such votes, amount
ing to 500 or more, in tho respective
representative districts, provided that
each representative district Bhall have
at least ono delegate.
W. U. IIENSEL.
Chairman Don. State Committee.
J. 11. Liciity, Seo'y.
Four men who wero Domocratio can
didates for tho Presidency bavo died
within the past eight months, ihey
nro Horatio Seymour, Geo. 1$. MoClel-
lan, Winfield S. Hancock and Samuel
Forost fires that wore raging in
Marathon and Clark counties, Wiscon
sin, reached the towns of Spencer and
Colby Sunday last. Spencer is a town
of about 1,000 inhabitants. Two largo
saw mills, tho depot, a wood-turning
factory, soveral churches, a school
house, tho musio hall and many private,
residences wero destroyed. Tho loss
will reach over 300,000.
A manufacturing firm of Pittsburg
havo received an order for the making
of a 20-barrcl gun, all tho barrels to bo
discharged simultancouslv. Eighteen
of tho barrels are to bo of 22 calibre
and tho other two of 44 calibre. "What
use the gun is to bo put to no ono be
side the man ordering it can conjecture
nor why in lieu no does not get a mam-
mouth Bhotcun made instead. Tho
making will require nice workmanship,
as most of tho barrels will be about as
thin as writing paper. -
Colonel F. E. Embick was reappoint
cd last week by the secretary of the
treasury as superintendent of construct
ion of tho now public building about
to bo erected in YViliiamsport. lie
was appointed to tho same position a
tew years ago uy Secretary Folger,
who thought ho was a Republican.
AVhcn tho facts became known tho sec
ictary, who was an old friend, was
somewhat embarrassed, but in order to
relievo him Colonel Embick resigned
and A. a. Wagner, architect, was ap
'pointed to succeed him. And now as
things have changed, Col. Embick is
re-appointed to the position ho origin
ally held and is likely to havo consider-
alilo business on his hands soon, as the
work of construction will certainly bs
commenced before many months. The
appointment is a very good one and no
doubt will give pretty general satisfact
ion. Tho retiring superintendent was
well qualified for tho position, and if
ho had had an opportunity to do any
thing, there is no doubt that ho would
have given great satisfaction. It is
only the mutation of politics that brings
about tue change.
The Sentinel labors at a mountain
and produces a mouse in its efforts to
criticizo tho Comjjiuian. Last week it
priuted garbled extracts to show that
wo said one thing last year about tho
cnange in tno rule tixing Monday lor
delegate election, and another thing this
year, iho matter is really not wortli
attention, but to show how the Sentinel
labors to find fault with others, we
give iust what was said by us.
In our issue of July 31, 1885 wo
said in speaking of the above change
mat it was a good one, as it "will pre-
vent a good deal of Sunday work in
ondcavors to manipulate delegates."
mat is all that was said.
A year passed away and as tho dele-
gato election under tho now rulo drew
near it became apparent that it was
not satisfactory, and so in our issue of
July 23, 1880 wo urged its amendment
and giving reasons therefor, and saying
"liiero are some good reasons for hav
ing tho convention tho day after tho
election, but the objections appear to
bo greater than tho advantages."
There is neither inconsistency nor
forgetfulness in our position on this
question. If there is, we are in good
company, lor the County convention
of 1885 adopted tho amended rulo
unanimously, and this year our suogest
ion was followed and it was charmed
back as wo proposed, without a dissent
A Bebuke from the Soldiers.
Tho demagogues who suppose, that
tney are pleasing the "soldier vote ' by
schemes lor extending tho already lib
oral pension system have been again
rebuked by the Grand Army of tho
Hopublio at tho annual reunion at San
Lrancisco. A resolution in favor of
pensions for all surviving soldiers of
uie lato war was voted down by
majority of four to one, as a similar
motion had been at tho meeting of last
year. The representative soldiers of
the Republic resent tho imputation that
iney aro mendicants, whoso lavor cau
bo purchased by federal alms.
Tho ponsion system of tho United
States is already far moro liberal than
was over known beloro in tho history
of tho world. When tho war closed
tho population of tho United States
was about tturty-threo millions and of
tlieso some thirteen millions wero in
tho South, leaving twenty millions in
tho Northern States. In tho ordinary
courso of oveuts about forty per cent.
o! tho persons living at any given time
win uio in uiu course oi twenty years,
go that there probably are not" moro
ban twelve millions now alivo who
wero living in tho Northern States at
the closo of tho late war. Tho number
of pensioners from this war now upon
tno lists is about llirco hundred thou
Band, so that ono in overy forty of the
i-iiurt) population mm nave survircu
tho war in the North is now receiving
roiiei irom tho united Mates.
Nobody urudces tho veterans non
fiions, but tho constant efforts of a fow
schemers to extend the pensions to all
who nerved in tho army at any timo
misrepresent tliel spirit of tho Union
volunteers and offend their patriotism.
Tho American soldier was not and is
not mercenary and tho American citi-
zon is not a mendicant. If he is dis-
nblod or in firm, his pension is an honor
to htm ; othcrwiBO ho does not waut it,
and it is time for tho politicians to
Ami this out. Time).
William A. Wallace's Viows.
Ex-Senator William A. Wallaco has
consented to bo a candidalo boforo tho
Democratic convention on tho 18th for
governor. Ho has been sojourning at
Bedford Springs, aud was recently In
terviewed on tno question of tho day.
Concerning his own record ho said:
"l entered tho btato bonata in Jan
uary, 1803, and my record during all
of that period and since, has been that
of a pronounced Domoorat. I voted
ngainst tho amendment to the Consti
tution giving tho soldiers tho right to
vote in tho field, becauso I did not bo
lievo thoy could voto their opinions ns
lrccmen, and that giving tho negroes
tho riuht of sulTraco. I voted aitainst
tho calamity bill, and at every stage of
legislation allccting labor 1 was acttvo
and earnest in voting to ameliorate the
conditions of woikingmcn in tho mines
and elsewhere, but 1 would not vole
for what seemed to me to bo unreason
able propositions in that direction. I
voted lor u-.o nine million becauso it
benefited tho locality I represented and
was a direct appropriation of Stato
funds to help develop that locality.
Hut I bcliovo no man over charged tno
with corrupt practices, either in legis
latiou or in liuying votes for a Beat
cither in the Legislature or in Con
grcsB." "Uno of tho most important ot thoso
now agitating tho pcoplo of tho Stato
is tho question of railroad control and
thoso ailecting discrimination by them.
In the sessions oi tho state Legisla
ture of 1883 and 1885 I mado mi un
equivocal record upon tho subject of
enforcing, by appropriate legislation,
tho provisions ot tho seventeenth aruoio
of the Constitution by introducing bills
affecting thorn and speaking and vot
ing in their favor. Tho Democracy
should boldly asseit its defenso of
thoso provisions and chargo the
Republican party with tho neglect of
its plain duty on that subject.''
"I believo tho Republican party is
going to pieces on prohibition, and wo
should make a bold and wise declara
tion of our opinions looking to tho
future as well as tho prceont. The
masses of the pcoplo nro not for free
whisky, nor for a remedy worso than
tho disease. Wlso legislation recog
nizes tho habits and customs of tho
peoplo to bo governed, and reformation
can better bo effected by that recogni
tion than by an enactment that will bo
como a dead letter. Men cannot be
mado moral or pure by statute. I do
not believe that prohibition will prohi
bit, and i think that the JJemocracy
should declare against sumptuary laws
and for a license system of universal
application under the control of tho
judiciary and without discretion, save
as to the fitness of the applicant ; but
with rigid enforcement of tho penalties
now in existence and such additional
legislation as will aid in controlling tho
evils of intemperance, including high
license, but not so high as to forbid
licensing. Tho proceeds of the licens
es should bo sent to tho treasury of
tho county in which they are granted
in caso ot taxation there.
TUB I.AUOK i'JE9TION.
"It would bo folly not to recognizo
tiie existence of difficulties between
employers aud employed, and wo
should declare for such legislation as
will ameliorate the condition of the
latter while we do not interfere with
the just rights of tho former. Boy
cotts, strikes aud lock-outs aro methods
of violenco and not of peace, and pay
ment of wages in anything but cash is
a weapon of oppression. No man or
set of men ought to bo permitted to
dictate tho control of another's business.
I endeavored to inculcate the theory of
concession and forbearance in tho en
actment of the arbitration statute in
1883, for I believed that when employ
ers and employed were brought to
gether as equals to dissuss their diffi
culties the contest was half settled.
This Btatuto was but tho reassertiou of
Penn's old theory of peace, and tho
point I sought to attain was not arbi
tration nndcr that special statute, but
thn rcaflirmance of the doctrines con
tained in the ancient laws of the Com
monwealth. Recognition by law of
such methods teaches men the under
lying principles of the law and form
becomes of no sort of moment if tho
great end peace bo attained."
NOT A MONOPOLIST.
"I havo been and am a railroad presi
dent, aud since my return from tho
United States Senato have been aiding
in tho devcloraent of my own real
estate and of tho locality in which I
live. I had lands containing coal and
I wanted transportation for it, and I
and other gentlemen purchased other
lands and coal in quantity sufficient to
induce capital to aid us. The railroad
to thoso properties is an accomplished
fact, and the locality in which I livo
has twice tho opportunity that it had
when we began tho movement. I havo
never attempted to interfere with tho
details of railroad management and
know nothing of them. Instead of
being a monopolist my aim has been to
give, additional means for transporta
tion." THE TAllIKK.
"As this campaign involves the elect
ion of members of congress and of tho
Legislature who will elect a United
States Senator, that question is inci
dentally before tho people, although a
campaign for Stato officials has uoth
ing to do with it. I do not believe tho
Democracy of Pennsylvania aro for
protection for tho sake of protection,
nor aro thoy for freo trade. Rut they
believo in the ancient theory which
under a strict construction of tho Fed
eral Constitution, imposes taxea from
a revenue standpoint, and tho latest
utterances of tho party at Chicago
formulate their ideas upon that subject.
If I had been in Congress I would
havo voted to consider a bill to roviso
tho tariff, and when it was before tho
body would havo endeavored to caro
for tho interests of the peoplo I rep
resented. During my terra at Wash
ington I tried to bo faithful to the best
interests of tho people of tho State. I
think oi' r convention should declare
for a revision of the tariff and against
a repeal of tho taxes ou whisky and
t-ibaooo, for thoso taxes are taxes on
luxuries, and aro pledged for tho pay
ment of pensions. '
The Boss Vetoor.
from tin Jlochetter Jlun-h'tprets.
Tho following table which wo have
prepared with great care from many
sources, shows tho number of times tho
veto power has been used by the twenty-two
men who have filled the Presi-
doiitial chair ;
Harrison. . . .
Tweuty-ono Presidents vetoed 100
bills in ninoty-fivo years i President
Cleveland vetoed 111 in eight mouths.
Tho Cutting Trouble.
Judgo Sabido, tho Mexican magis
trate, on Saturday last, sentcnoed
Editor Cutting to one year's imprison
ment at hard labor and to pay a fitio
of )$G00. Tho sentence- has caused n
great deal of bitter feeling among his
friends in Texas. It is bcliovcd that
tho action of tho Mexican Judge, which
soems to havo been taken with a de
liberate intention of showing contempt
for the United States Government,
will havo tho efTect of bringing matters
to a crisis. If ho cannot pay tho fine
he will have to servo 100 days longer.
Medina who caused all tho trouble,lias
loavo to suo Cutting in n civil suit for
damages. Tho question of censuring
the American Consul Rrigham, aud
risking for his removal is referred to
the Supremo Court at Chihuahua.
The faots loading to tho arrest of
Cutting nro givon ns follows :
The Toxas editor libeled a Moxioan
editor, Senor Medina. This was dono
iu a Spanish paper owned by Cutting
and printed in Paso del Norte, Mexico.
This fact brought tho Toxas editor
within tho jurisdiction ol (Jhihuahua,
ho being found on its territory. Mr.
Cuttintt resides in tho Chihuahua town.
doing business in tho Texas city.
Under tho first arrest ho agreod to
inako an apology to tlio Mexican court
as well as rotract tho libel agiinst
Medina, lie published in El Paso an
English article or card, which only
pretended to give tho apology demand
ed by tho Court and agreed to by Mr.
r'...:.. :. .1.-
tuning, wuuu ib lupemi-u uiu nuuj
against Medina 111 a moro severe form.
This libel, it is charced, ho "uttered"
that is legally distributed and issued
in l'aso del Norte. Copies in Span
ish as well as English were sent over
to tho Mexican side, Cutting accom
panying tlio carrier. Ho was arrested
again aud placed iu tlio town jail.
Hero is where tho clash came. Tho
first arrest or suit was mado in accord
with a rulo of law common to both
countries, as tho work of preparing,
editing, printing and publishing was
all dono on Mexican soil and tho
medium was a newspapei at least
nominally Mexican in character.
The fact of Cutting being an Ameri
can citizen living on iho border, and
be being arrested tried and sentenced
iu Mexico is tho cause of bringing tlio
matter before our Government. Sec
retary Uavard has mven notico do-
. . - - - rj--
manding from Mexico the relcaso of
(Jutting. This has given use to a
bitter feeling botweeu tho two coun
tries along tho border and many
threats of war from both sides have
been given. A Washington corros
pondont of tho Now York Swn dated
August 9th. thus gives tho views of
Secretary Bayard :
"I see no reason why a satisfalory
adjustment of the difficulty should not
be reached. I havo been assured that
such is tho desiro of tlio Mexican
Government. Senor Romero, tho Mex
ican Minister here, said some days ago
that his Government would promptly
scttto too matter." Tho secretary
seems to think that tho difficulties iu
tho way have been created not so much
by Mexicans as by obliging friends in
this country, who in their efforts to
embarrass tho Administration have
suggested to tho Mexican authorities
methods ot opposition which, perhaps,
thoy would not havo thought of. Mex
ico's attitude, it is aliened, has been
greatly strengthened by tho efforts of
air. ulaino s mends to show that ilr.
Bayard has acted with precipitancy
and has boon too exacting with Mex"-
Mr. Bayard himself feels strongly
on the subject, and said, with much
impressiveness, that ho considered tho
principle involved in the Cutting affair
to oe ono ot the gravest importance,
and ono as to which the wholo country,
without referenco to "party, should bo a
unit. The personal merits or demerits
of Cutting himself had nothing to do
with tho case. It mado no difference
whether lie was an angel of darkness
or an angel of light, but it did mako
tho greatest possiblo difference to tlio
American pcoplo whether tiie conten
tion raised by tho Stato Department in
his caso should ho maintained or not.
Mexico claims in Cutting's caso tho
right to try an American citizen for
an offense committed in tho United
States, and Cutting has actually been
convicted and sentenced for publishing
a libel in Texas. Mr. Bayard thinks
this raises tho gravest possible question
between tho two countries, and if Mex
ico's claim were once conceded no
American traveling in Mexico would
bo safo. Mr. Bayard is deeply in earn
est iu his determination to resist tho
position taken by Mexico, and ho ex
presses full confidence as to popular
approval of his course.
"My countrymen," ho said, with ovi
dent feeling, "will uot bo deceived by
partisan misrepresentation. They will
recognizo the gravity of tho question
involved, and will never consent that
one of their fellow citizens shall bo
tried by a foreign power for an offonoo
committed in this country. Supposo
Cutting had stabbed his Mexican rival
on Texas soil, instoad of merely attack
ing his reputation, does any ono pro
tend that Mexico could havo tried him
for murder 1 Cortaiuly not .''
The case, Mr. Bayaad thinkB, is too
clear for equivocation, and he has no
idea of retreating from tho position
taken by tho department weeks ago
when it demanded Cutting's release.
Tho Secretary will not anticipate tho
action of Mexico, but ho evidently
looks for full reparation from that
country. That tho looal court should
have convicted Cutting does not neces
sarily imply that tlio Mexican Govern
mont will refuso to set him at liberty
and go to war. Speaking of this fea
ture of tho caso Mr, Bayard said that
both countries wero pledged by tho
treaty of 1818 to oxhaust overy possi
ble means of effecting a peaceful settle
ment of all political questions. Should
Mexico persist in her present attitudo
tlio question would then arise ns to
what action should bo taken by this
country to enforco acquiescence iu its
demands. The ruiituro of diplomatic
negotiations would naturally follow.
Secretary Bayard says ho has received
no intimation of Minister Jaokson's
resignation, although it is quite possi
bio that ho may wish to como homo.
Tho other question which has added
fuel to tho flame ou the Mexican bord
er tho judicial murder of a Mexican
naturalized in this country, who had
been illegally oxtraditcd by tlio Texan
authorities is in process of settlement,
and it is thought hero that the murder
er will bo hanged by tho Mexican
Government. In this case the whole
responsibility tests with tho Texan
authorities, who havo heon so bcliger
ent over the Cutting episode.
Mr. Bayard makes no concealment
of his determination to insist upon full
satisfaction in tho Cuttiuir affair, not
so much for Cutting's sako as beoauso
, it involves tlio question whether Arneri
j can citizens in Mexico are to bo pro
j tcctcd in their rights. If Moxioo gives
way in this intar.ee, and thero can bo
no doubt that tho Stato Department in
tends to enforce its demands in tho im-,
fusal, tho position of Americans in
Mexico will In future bo far moro so
ouro than it has been for yoars, and
the persecutions and annoyances to
which Americans have been subjected
probablo contingency of Moxioo s re
in that country will bo stMislbly modi
fied when tho Mexicans find that wo
havo a Secretary of Stato with back
bone enough to insist upon tho fullest
protection for his countrymen.
It is rumored that Gov. Macoyra, of
tho Stato of Chihuahua, in which Cut
ting was convicted, has ordered tho
authorities, in caso of an attack from
Texas, to cut oil tlio prisoner's head
aud deliver it to tlio Americans.
A special to tho Associated press
from El Paso, wlicto Cutting is held,
dated August 10th says : During the
afternoon Editor Cutting was called
boforo tho Court and notified that ho
had been granted an appeal to tho Su
prcmo Court of Chihuahua, and that
tho lawyer who had been officially as
signed to his defense had forwarded
the necessary papers in tho case. Ho
also fears that he will bo assassinated
as booh a- he leaves Paso del Norte,
and that tho Mexicans will give ns an
excuse that ho tried to cpcape.
Tho citizens of El Paso yesterday
formed three volunteer companies to
protect tho city and Kiiard it against a
purpiisu from the other side. Paso del
Norte is lull of Mexican soldiers, and
tumors mo in ciiculatiou that more are
coming. In fact, there pro all kinds of
exciting rumors floating through tho
town. Ono is to tho etlect that 300
Mexican horsemen aro stationed at
Saiagossa, on the Mexican side of the
river, about 13 miles below El Paso,
opposito tho Toxas town of Yslota. The
commander of Fort Bliss has sent down
to investigate tho rumor.
A special from Washington, dated
August 10th Hays : Notwithstanding
tho rumors of warlike preparations on
tho part ol our Government and tho
firm tono of Secretary Bayard's, recent
dispatches, it cannot bo said that this
city is pervaded by any apprehension
of impending hostilities. It is tlio gen
eral opinion that whatever activity may
bo noticeable in naval and military
nowadays is duo to a desiro of thu
United States Government to bo pre
pared for any emergency, and that in
all probability tho Mex'uan troubles
will bo settled eventually by peaceablo
means. At any rate, the President, ol
course, could not take any hostile meas
ures in this or any other case, without
tlio consent of Congress ; and if war
should Fcem imminent, tho firBt step
would be to convene Congress in an
extra session. There are no signs of
such a proceeding, and ponding the
nppearanco of such a proclamation to
Congress the peoplo of the country
may prescrvo their equanimity.
Daniel Mngone, of Ogdcnsburg, N.
Y , will bo tho now collictor of tho
port of New York. His appointment
was postively decided upon Monday,
but was uot "given out until Tuesday.
Mr. Hedden's resignation, dated Aug
ust 7, was secured Tuesday. It was
accepted with alacrity, and ho will im
mediately retire, leaving Mr. JUagone
to enter upon tho discharge of his
duties as soon as ho can qualify.
Mr. Magono is a lawyer by profess
ion, about 55 years old, and ho stands
iu tho front rank of tho bar of West
ern New York. Ho haB always been
a Democrat, and was an intimato friend
of Mr. Tildcn, at whoso funeral ho
officiated as a pall bearer. There is
no better evidence of his personal and
professional standing than tho fact that
ho was one of tho commissioners ap
pointed by Governor Tilden to investi
gate tlio New York Canal Ring. He
is said to bo a strong advocate of civil
servico reform. Tho selection is re
garded with much favor here.
Daniel Magono is tlio most favorab.
ly known lawyer in Northern New
York. Ho is ono of tlio few men who
aro popularly known by reputation
without holding or having held a prom
inent elective office. Ho is the most
influential Democrat in his part of the
stato. No movement is mado by tho
Democrats of his section without his
kuowledge and consent, yet ho never
had a local offico'higlier than that of
supervisor of his. town, nor any state
office other than that of Governor Til
den's Canal Investigation Commission
of 1875. Mr. Magono was for some
time a member of tho Democratic Statu
Committee. In 1870 ho was chairman
of it, and to his energy, rush and bold
methods Mr. Tilden was under especial
obligation for the way in which he
carried New York Slate for tho presi
dency. In ail party matters since 1875
ho has been closely allied with the
Tilden wing of tho party and has been
the trusted political friend of Daniel
Oholera in Japan,
San Fkancisco, Aug. 8 Tho steam
er San Pablo, which arrived here to
day, brings advices from Hong Kong
to July 13 and Yokohama to July 22.
Cholera is now raging in the cities of
Yokohama and Tokio, In the former
tho disease is worso than ever before
known. Between July 15 and 20 tho
cases averaged over one hundred daily
and tho deaths fifty. There is every
reason to fear tho diseaso will spread
further, as tho atmosphcrio conditions
at the present are favorable to tho pro
pagation of epidemics. The weather
is the hottest experienced sinco 1871.
Up to date, only two foreigners havo
been attacked by tho diseaso and both
of these, whose names aro unknown,
died. Tho better classes of foreigners
and natives aro comparatively oxempt
from tho disease.
Tho following dispatches bIiow the
condition of tho diseaso iu other sec
tions of country :
A dispatch from Rome, Italy dated
August Oth states Sunday there wero
ICS new cases of cholera and 08 deaths
wero reported hi Marietta 20 new cases
and 13 deaths in Ravenna, 12 new
cases and G deaths in Bologna, and 52
new cases and 15 deaths iu other in
fected districts in Italy.
In Priests, Australia thero wero 0
now cases, and 2 deaths.
Congressman and Their Pay,
Thero aro probably twenty of the pre
sent houso who let their salaries run
into nest eggs, Among these are Scott
and Evcrhart, of Pennsylvania; Pow
ell, of Illinois ; Boutelle, of Maine ;
Henly, of California j Jomw, Stewart
and Roagan, of Toxas ; Ellsbury, of
Ohioj Stone, of Massachusetts, and
Wakefield, of Minnesota. Scott has
over a year's salnry duo him about
$0,000. Tho other members mention
ed have from Si, 000 to 83,000 to their
credit. Thero nro a couple of dozen of
members who always overdraw, or
rather, barrow from tho head of tho
bank. They borrow or get in advauco
sums ranging from' 10 to 3000, and
at tho end of tho month thoy havo
nothing. Tho great majority of the
members dww all that is coming to
them at the cud of each month, partic
ularly thoso who hqve families with
TWO MOIIK MKN (10 TllltOUOIl BUCOKSS
1'ULI.Y IN A IIAllltUt..
Buitai.0, N. Y. Aug. 8. The tur
bulent waters of tho Niagara whirlpool
rapids woro ngalu navigated in a cask
to-day, tho pcrllons feat being success
fully accomplished by two men. Tlio
daring voyagers wero William Potts
and Georgo Hazlitt, two coopers, who
woro employed in tho same shop with
Graham, who mado tho initial trip
about llirco wcoki ago. Tho ban el
boat wai ten feet long, conical iu form
and built of tho bent focusl staves. It
was supplied with keel, ruddor, fcrow
wheel and turret, with, glnss coveted
peep holes. About 300 pounds of
Rnml lmltn&t. trnnl. it. riirlif. nirln 1111 innul.
of the time. Tho two men lay baok to
buck while passing through tho moro
turbulent waters clinging to handles
mndn fnsr. in llm niili-a nt thn t-'inLt-t.
Each was likowiso kept on his own side
of tho cask by means of n canvass
sling made fast to staples. Tho start
was mado from tho Maid of tho Mist
landing on the Canada side at 1:20 p.
in.; A row boat towed tho cask to tho
Doint illsl illinvn thn rnntiliu-nr liridim
whero it was turned adrift in tho mid
dle of the Htream. The novel craft
was submerged about half the timo
while ims-iini' thrniurh t.lin rinirU. lint.
---- - i t e. ; t n i4
while eircuiiHcribing thu outer circlo
ol tho whitlpool its occupants thrust
their heads through tho opening and
Potts calmlv smoked a cinur. A sue-
cesslul landinc was made at Quoens-
town on thu Canadian h'hIo fivu miles
further flown thn rivni- llin nn!ir vnv-
ago occupied 55 iniuutcs. The feat
was witnessed iy no icsi tiinn ii,uuu
Sotno ono wants to know tho oldest
cities in tlio world. Thoy aro as fol-
lriWh ! Arrma Atlinna nnil Tln.lwio in
Greece j Crotona and Romo iu Italy ;
uacuz and aaguntum in Spain ; Uon-
stantinoitln in Turknv r.nii Arnmnithid
in Krnnrn. wlnnli wnu fnmwlnH liv o
colony ol HreekH 580 n. o. Thn ago of
Hit-so cuies vanes irom vwomy-iour to
twenty-soven centuries. E.e.
Tho Canadian Thistlo Pest
The farmers of every community
should sternly enforce the law of tho
24th ot April, 1885, foi bidding all cit
izens from allowing tho Canadian this
tle to go to seed on their premises, it
is one of tho most pesiilential weeds
of nil that now pollute the fields of
the farmers, nud it spreads from the
thriftless to the land ot tho tfinltv
with fearful rapidity. Tho law of 1835
provides that auy person holding lands
by lease, or otherwise, who shall allow
the Canadian thistlo to co to seed on
their premises, shall be- fined fifteen
dollars, to bo paid to tho Bchool fund
of tho district. Any citizen who is
likely to bo injured by tlio spread of
the pest from his neighbor's lands,may
give notico to havo tho weeds cut be
fore going to seed, and if not dono the
constable or supervisor is required to
enter upon the property, cut tho weeds
and can compel the payment ot labor
and costs from llin hnldnr nf Ihn nnl-
1 luted , lands. No averago farmer or
good citizen should require official no
tico from tho officer to mako him cut
tho Canadian thistlo before it ripens
into eeed. A fow hours' woik at most
would cut it on any averago farm, and
tho holder of any land should cut it for
his own protection. It is destructive
ot all crops when it gets rooted in
fields, and its downy seeds are wafted
hither and thither to pollute all neigh
boring lands. Supervisors of public
roaus aro also required, by tlio now
law, to cut the Canadian thistlo on or
along all roads or unseated lands in
their districts, and iu caso of failure,
they are liable to a fine of ten dollars,
to bo recovered for tho uso of the part
ies about to bo injured by such neglect
or refusal. Tho present is the timu to
destroy tho Unuadian thistle pest and
overy occupant of land should willingly
and promptly oboy tho law.
Samuel J. Tildea's Will.
MOKE THAN $3,000,000 OU A VIXV.V. I.I
ltllAHV IN NEW VOltK.
iho will ot Samuel J. liklen was
read Monday to his heirs at Grey stone,
lie bequeathed tho bulk of his proper
ty to public uses, but he waB not un
mindful of his relatives. Tho value of
his estate is closely estimated at S5,
000,000, and outside of Greystono and
the Gramercy Park propoity it is near
ly all in personal property. The amount
bequeathed for the establishment of
public institutions is fully 1,000,000,
and tho disposition of his money is
left absolutely in tho discretion of threo
truslec-3 whom ho names, John Uiglow,
Andrew II. Gieen and Georgo W.
Smith. Mr. Smith has Loen with Mr.
Tildcn for twenty years, and was his
contid"iitial secretary, and tho general
manager of his estate.
Tho will was read at lo'clock in tho
library of Mr. James C. Carter, who
drew , it. Thero wero present Mrs.
Mary B. Pelton, a sister of Mr. Tildon
and her granddaughter, Mrs. V. A.
Hazard, and tho children of the lato
Henry A. Tilden i Col. Samuel J. Tib
den, Jr., Mrs. Swan, Georgo A. Tilden,
and Misses Susan and Ruby Tildcn.
Tho only relalivo who was absent was
Miss Whittlesca of Florence, Wis.,
who is also of tho Henry A. Tilden
family. Tho others prc-ient wero Mrs.
Henry A. Tilden, Andrew II. Green,
John Bigelow and Georgo W. Smith.
An hour and a half was consumed in
It was known that Mr. Tildcn had
somo publio bcquestB in viow, but tho
grandeur of his bciieficenco was not
oven guessed at. Ho provides liberally
for his relatives. To Mrs. Peltou ho
gives the houso in which bIio resides,
38 West Thirty, eighth Btreet, and tho
incomo of 100,000. For each of the
other relatives ho sets aside a certain
sura to bo held in trust by tho execu
tors, tho income to be paid to them
during their lives, they, howovcr, to
havo power to disposo of the principal
at death. All tho rest of his property,
Groystono and the Grameroy Park rcsi
deuces included, is left in trust to tho
trustees, who aro also oxecutors, to bo
applied to Beyeral publio uses.
Tlio will provides for a free publio
library and reading room in Now Lob.
anon, and another free library and
readiug room in Yonkers. These aro
small things compared to tho noxt sug
gestion of Mr. Tildon,- which provides
for a grand freo library in Now York
at n cost probably of more than thrco
millions for establishment and widow
ment. Nothing js said about tho fino
library now in tho Gramoroy Park
house, tho disposition of that be
ing a detail left to tho discretion of tho
trustees. No specific disposition is
mado of any part of tho property ex
cept in tho caso of Mrs. Peltou. Tho
will provides that if tho trustees de
cido not to establish the library they
may uso the money for any other chari
table or educational instruction that
they may prefer. Thoy may also use
any surplus funds in this manner.
TllO tirohillitiollistx nf l.lnnootnr -ni,n.
ty met In Convention Monday nnd so-
jvuu.il ueieuaiesio tno state convention.
A county ticket was jijaccd In nomi
nation, In tho ovening an address was
made in tho Onera Hniisn hv Dinrlra
S. Wolfo of Union county.
It an cttabllthcd fact that Hood's Bar
sajiarlll lias irovcn nn Invaluablo rcmeiljp
In many sovero cases ot rheumatism, eflcct
Ins rcmarkablo cu.-cs hy Us powerful action
In coirccllnB tho acidity ot tlio blood, which
Is tho causo ot tlio disease, and purlf;lns
and enriching tho vital fluid.
It ti certainty fair to nmmt that what
Hood's Bnrsaiiarllla has dono for others It
will do for you. Therefore, If you sutler
tho rains nnd aches ot rheumatism, giro
this potent remedy a fair trial. '
A Poaltlvo Cure.
" I was troubled very much with rhcuma.
tlsm In my hips, ankles, and wrists. I
could hardly walk, nnd was confined to my
bed a good 1cal ot tho timo. Being rrc
ommended to try Hood's Sarsaparilla, I
took four bottles nnd am perfectly well.
I cheerfully recommend Hood's Sarsaparilla
as ono of the best blood purifiers In tho
world." V?. 1'. 'Wood, Woomlngton, 111.
For Twenty Ycnrs
I havo been afflicted w Ith rheumatism, tlcforo
19331 found no icllcf, but grew worse. 1 then
ocgan taking Hood's Sarsaparilla, and It did
mo moro good than nil tho other mcdlcluo I
over had." II. T. Ualcom, Shirley, Mass.
"I suffered from what tho doctors caller,
muscular rheumatism. I took Hood's Sat
8apaillla and am entirely cured." J. V. A
riiOOTFOOT, letter carrier, Chicago, 111.
Wo shall bo glad to send, freo of chargo
to all who may desire, a book containing many
additional statements of cures by
Sold by all druggists. $t j six f or $5. Mado
only by C. I. HOOD & CO., Lowell, Mass.
IOO Dosos Ono Dollar.
AN EXTRAORDINARY OFFER.
To Alt Wantlne Employmont.
Wo warn Live, Energetic and Capatlc Alicntl
in every county in the United States and Cana
da, to sell a patent article of j-reat mtrit, on
i 1 3 MERITS. An article havinp a large .ile, pay
ing over ico per cent profit, having no lumpc
titlun, and on which the agent is protected in
the exclusive sale by a deed given for each and
every county he may secure from us. Willi all
the-e advantages to our agentsaud the fact that
it is an article that can be sold to every house
nun,, it mitrht not he neccssarv to make an
"EKTHAORDINARY OFFER lO secure guwi .igem.f
at once, but wo have concluded to maltetlt to.
show, not only our confidence in the merits
our invention, hut In its salahihty liy any agent 1
that will handle it with energy. Our agents I
now at work are making from $150 to Jow at
month clear and this fact makes It safe for us 10'
m..lr nil- nAVr tO all who are OUt of CmploV- t
ment. Any agent that will give our business .1
thirty days' trial and fail to clear at least Jm
all goods unsold to us and we will refund the
money paid for them. Any agent or general
agent who would like ten or more counties and
work them through sub-agents for niucty days
and fail to clear at least $750 auovb all ex
penses, can return all unsold and get their
tnoneyback. No other cmptoyer ofagentsevr
dared to make such offers, nor would we if we
Ilid not know thav we have agents now making
aore than double the amount wc guaranteed;
nd but two sales a day would give a profit of
ver $125 a month, and that one of our agents
00k eighteen orders in one day. Our large de
scriptive circulars explain uui unci .it,,.iu
these we wish to send to everyone out ol em
ployment who Mill send us three one cent
stamps for postage. Send at once and secure
the agency in time forthe boom, and go to work
nn the terms named in our extraordinary offer.
We would like to have the address of all the
agents, sewing machine solicitors and carpen
ters In the country, and ask any reader of this
paper who reads this offer, to send us at once
the name and address of all such they know,
Address at once, or you will lose the best chance
ever ottered to those out of employment to make
money. Uesner Manufacturing Co ,
110 numuuciu ai, . m.uurg,
CHARLES It. BUCKALEW.
Subject to tho decision of tho Conferees of tho
Foit State Senatou,
JOHN G. FREEZE.
Subject to tho decision ot tho Conferees of tho
A. L. FRITZ,
JAMES T. FOX,
Of Reaver Township.
Foit Associate .Tuini:s,
Of Scott Township.
O. G. MURPHY,
GIVEN AWAY !
A PREMIUM THAT IS A PREMIUM.
This Announcement is of Interest
to Every American Citizen.
The Host Magnanimous Offer Ever Hade by
The Greatest Newspaper
On This Continent.
1,200,000 GoPieSs Week
feCKlUUt TO ITS WEEKLY UUITION.
(fltlCE fl I'EKYJJAlt)
A History ol ii: Unitecl States,
UOUND IN I.KATHEHETTE TltKE CALF,
(JILT, AND CONTAINING
TWENTY-TWO FINE EN0RAVIN0S.
Tlla il.lnl n.w. . ........
...... U...UI.J uuun ui u.u iiuu JUKI'S 13 priUlUU On
sood Paper, with wldo margins, nnd Uaprlzofor
Ihls history Is upon nn entirely novel nnd orlsi.
nal plan, which makes it Indispensable to every
person, no matter how many other histories he
It la arranged chronologically by years, from
tlia discovery of America to ima Every event Is
narrated In tho order of its date. Theso are not
.w..u..t-ut ho ,11 uiuvr uihs, iu iiuiiuutu matters,
nut embrace ciery branch of human action, it
-...... .u ,,u,v. u.,u nn IIU1IUI bUUV Hilt
ems. . all dlsco cries In bclence nnd tho usenu arts:
the dicing of canals nud the building of railroads
and telcirapli lines; tho founding ot towns und
tho erection ot notable buildings and bridges: tho
nrst performances ot plays and tho rlrst appear
unces ot actors nnd blngcrs; tires, Hoods, hall,
storms, tornadoes, cj clones, epidemics; accidents
and disasters on sou and land; riots nnd crimes:
panics aud business failures; "corters" and phe
nomenal prices in nil markets; labor troubles,
strikes uud lock-outs, and hundiedsot other mat'
..... . uiaiuiiuus, wuicu are or
tho greatest hnportanco to all w ho wish to under
stand the progiets of their country. Besides be
ing a history In tho ordinary sense. It is a con-
llpnWll hPlVkmili., na ,nn. I...n.l..l . -
".,'l'v .iiv .u, IUUI UUUUH1I JtUIS.
DO YOlfWANT IT ?
Tho History will bo fnt fiike. iiv t
ever person who forwards f l for it year's subscrlp-
TUE WEEKLY WORLD,
Tho Great Acrictiltural antl Family
Wlfyilti.w. ..II .1... I..... ..i . ...
vUm-IUuieoHi malter that awrar lit tlw SuiuUw
tUttuH Or THE WOIIU),IAf JOCKNilJSTIO vmySL
yhh hlMt who (i ttu ummaentea clrcula.
...... j ,-i,t,ui.(i,jfr nirn issue.
t i;re.rerr'd, Uio lllstory will bo tent by mall by
.i'"wu it-u ti-uis extra is rorward-
ThU it beuoiul ituubt trie reatesl uier erer made
hjnuipuWIiiloHliit or any other iwtutrj.
A MILLION PEOPLE
IN THIS COVNTltY
Want This Boole.
ir iiitii .. .. .
""" j"yi;n mir euuin.it urtm to he
oivr it Jlummiiil to union Sur the Ws.-eklv
this onyr at any lime upon one week's uotlco In
Us weekly edition.
.Ill subwIiittoHt must fcc aidrtttett
New York. M. V,
IMPORTANT FARMBBS !
$elf iqclei', SkrVetei & tfowei
Wo hao tho only full steel frame binder In market, nndnro Belling It nt fnlrprlccs. L'onttotniiuut
into buying it84 and luas machines nt the pi Ico e aro selling issc innchlues, ""
00ME AUD EXAMINE OUR 2 MW MOWERS.
HE.UI AND FItONT CUT. ALSO OUlt
Junior Right-Hand Binder.
tho only one In tho country forkale. nnd you will boconlnccd. Afullllno of Othorno lennlm
on hand. Wo can also furnish repairs for nil of tho old mako or Osborno machines. tonVi nr,ti JJ
hand n lull Hue of klilWR. Hvcls. ite.. for nil makes nr ivniiHrsnnil mnwem l""u'
SOLX ACUNTS FOR f
F. F. ADAMS Sz CO.,
Alexander Bros. & Go,
WHOLESALE DEAUiHS IN
FRUITS AND ftUTS.
SOLE AGENTS TOll
FItESII EVJ5HY WEEK.
Solo ngents of tho fol
lowing brands ot
i nn v.siiiau lur iiiuiv
FiEpR,S' PRODUCE EXGHWE, Li(i.Ted,
For lire. r .null ustu., all iImi. Th. .tronce.t ihootlns HA. nuhl.. rrf.ct
scrarscT ru.raot,.J, Kntl tb. only tUoluklr rid. on th. jnukiL
HAl.r.AKll OALLEUV. RTORTI-m AND TARGET
liiiuirswa c.uioj.. HAUL1N FIU1S
Uy vlrtuo ot sundry writs Issued out of tho
Court of Common l'lens ot Columbia county, l'a.,
and to mc directed, will bo exposed to public sulo
at tho Court Houso in Woomsburg, on
Saturday, August 14, 1886,
at 3 o'clock p.m., nil that certain lotorplecoot
land, situate In tho borough ot lierwlck, Columbia
county, l'a., bounded and described as follows to
wlt: On the north by Third street, on tho east by
lot of licuben Noyer, on tho south by fcecond St.
and on the west by nn nlley.sald lot being number
ed or marked In tho general plan ot said town
of Berw Ick No. (l5S)ono hundred fifty-eight and be
ing one hundred and eighty one and ono-hnlf feet, In
length and forty-nine and one-half feet In width,
whereon nro erected a two-story frame dwelling
house, framo stable and out buildings. A lot of
fruit trees on tho premises.
Seized, taken In execution, at tho suit ot David
Gross vs. John F. Keller nnd to bo sold as the
property ot John Y. Keller.
(iuy Jacobv, Atty. ix Fa.
All that certain messuage and tract of land, sit
uate In the township of Jackson, county of Co
lumbia and stato ot Pennsylvania, bounded and
described as follows, to-wlt: Beginning at a white
oak, In lino of land ot Iram llerr and running
theneo along the same north ai and one-quarter
degrees east atty-seven and one-tenth perches
to a post In lino of land ot Lewis Dankus, thenco
along land of said llankus aud Win. lirtuk south
seventy-ono and ono-fourth degrees east twenty
eight and eight-tenths perches, thenco along
land ot Lewis o, Young south nineteen and one
half degrees east ono hundred and eighty-seven and
live-tenths perches to a post in lino of land of John
Young, thenco along land of said John Long
bouth boventy.tour degrees west forty-eight
perches to a post In lino ot land of 11. K, Y'nung
and thenco along land of said 11, E. Long north
twenty-six and one-fourth degrees w est, ono hun
dred and blJtty-nve perches to tho place of begin
nlng, containing sixty-eight acres and seven
perches, on which nie erected a two-story plank
house, bank barn, wagon shed and out-bulldlngs,
Seized, taken In execution at the suit of J. K.
Young vs. T. F. Young nnd to bo sold as tho 'prop
erty otT, F. Young.
Milusk, Atty, Al. Fl. Fa.
SAMUEL SMITH, Sheriff.
Z'ifafd of Itter Ifrtlng, aeceasnh
Letters of administration on theestnteof rcter
rertlng, into of Locust -nvp., col. Co., l'a., docu
ho, ing been granted to tho U'iderslgned ndmr?.
all persons Indebted to bald tstalo aro hereby no!
titled to pay tho same, and those haMnr claims
against said estnto present the same to
mis. ,o k-j WANKLIN I'EltsiMi, Adrar.
July 19, lfed, jit. uarinel, l'a.
teof millam Sttttr, late of VrtanmK town,
letters of administration In said estate haTine
been granted to tho undersigned administrator
against sale! eVtSto presentee sne lo""" 1 WUnS
I... WIT OF IVDIA SI'ONKNQEKO, DICD.
mtirsof administration on thoestatoot Lidla
S) Be libers, lato of lirlarcreek Twp , Co umb U
tutik, it tiding In Scot t Twp., wild county, to
mnil'.'ifiU'JS'!? '""'"Uo Laid wutoafero?
i TAT OP UllTON UASTELLKK, rto'll,
nr,i,0.u,n;!cr",nfdtftn Auditor appointed by tho
pearaon b sttnal account, to and among tl'ie part
imSS ,',l,1e15h,;.ri'il?iwnl," al,..a 10 tho Sutlei ol "u
' ,,; -iv.iiiiiiuK ui on uuni lunn.
WH 4t- N. V. i'VNK, Auditor.
ispronounced by lending farmers superior to tiny plow In the market lor
lightness of draught aud durability. Itswork Is unexcelled. Also
REVERSIBLE PLOW SHARE.
Farmers will nnd this Invention a paving to them of nt least two-thlrdj
suaies. jnese bii ail's arc uiica to nit icnuing cmued
FOR SALE BY
BEST IN THE
R1.. .nrl.l ,.nn-l. R.,n.! f-r
Alt.MS CO., Now Ilitven, Conn,
ESTATE OF JOHN F. HUTCHISON, DECBiSHP.
'Iho undersigned Auditor, appointed by tho
Court, to distribute bnlaneo In tho hands of tho
accountant to nnd. among tho parties entitled
thereto, will sit at hU ofllce In Moomsburg on Fri
day, August 27, at 10 o'clock a. m, when nnd whero
all persons having claims nglaust said estate must
appear and provo tho same or bo forever debarred
fiom coming In on said fund.
nugii f. I'. BlLLMEYElt, Auditor.
"UDITOirS NOTICE. '
ESTATB OF THOMAS MCUKNUV, DRCKASiMI.
The undersigned Auditor appointed by the Or.
phan's Court ot Columbia county to mako dlstrl
button of the balance In tho hands of tho admin
istrator ot said decedent, as shown by his nrst and
tlnnl account, will sit nt Ills cilice In moomsburg
on Saturday, September 4th isso at 10 o'clock a. m.
to perform tho duties ot his appointment, when
and wheru all persons having claims against said
estate must appear and provo tho same, or bo de
barred from any share of said fund. '
GEO. E. ELWELL
In the matter of the nnwuti of Jlulierl Slannon,
Committee of .Martin Mannon, a lunatic.
Tho undersigned Auditor, nppolnted by tho
Court of Common Pleas ot Columbia county to
pass upon tho exceptions riled lo said account and
make distribution of tho fund to and among the
heirs legally entitled thereto, will sit at his oflico
lh moomsburg on Saturday, August 14. lsso, at 10
o clock a. m. to perform tho duties of his appoint
ment, when and whero all persons Interested In
Mid matter must appear and present their claims,
or bo forever debarred from coming In on said
fur-d. J, 11. MAIZE,
July 23, isso. Auditor,
Tho undersigned auditor, appointed by tho Or
lihans Court of Columbia county to distribute tho
tunas In tho hands ot tho administrator to nud
among pai ties entitled t neretawlll sit at his omco
In moomsburg on Saturday September 11, isso ut
10 o'clock a. uu when and whero all parties ba Ing
claims against sold cstato must appear and pnm
tho samo or bo forever debarred from coming In
on said fund.
A. U FlllTZ,
estate nv jmiM vnnu ubi-b icuit.
, ESTATE OF WM. J. UElJSlt, DKC'D.
Tho underslgded, an Auditor appointed by tho
Orphans' Court of Columbia county, to distribute
tho funds In tho hands ot Ertlkeler, admlnl-lrutor
ot tho estate ot Wm. J, lkeler deceased us uppears
on his nnal account, to und among tlio parlies en
titled thereto, win attend to the duties ot his ap
pointment at the omco ot Messrs. lkeler Herring,
utUDrncys-at-Iaw, In the town of moomsburg, on
Wednesday September 15th at two o'clock lu tho
afternoon, when nnd whero all parties Interested
aro requested to present their claims before the
undersigned, or bo forever debarred from coming
tu upon said fund.
CHAltLES C. B.VANS,
August 13. Auditor.
ESTATE OFPUOBBE A. MlLtKR, UECEA9KU
The undersigned, appointed Auditor, to distrib
ute funds in tho hands ot Stephen I'oho nud I'hillp
L. Miller, trustees of said decedent, arising from
the sale of roal estate of atd deceased, according
to account died In said estate, will sit at his omco
In llloomsburg on Tuesday, September H, at W
a-m., to perform tho duties ot Ills appointment,
at which time and place nil persona having claims
against Bald fund will appear and present the
samo or they will bo debarred from coming In u (wu
said fund. HOIIT. llUCUINtillAM,
Not'eo Is hereby given that an application wilt
bo inaoo to tho court or common l'leai of Colum
bia county on Mouday tho 8Jth day ot September
A. 1). iskfl at thice o'clock In the afternoon, under
tho corporation act ot is?i and tho supplements
thereto, by Edward Wll.lams, H. 1'. l))ke, John
Lamnct, John Lewis and John E. Davis for tho
charter ot hii Intended corporation to bo called
"T'heoddFelloHS Tctnplo and Hall Awoclajtou
of tho llorougb of Ccnlralla.columbla Co., l'a." tho
characicraud object ot which U for tbi purpute
otcrectlngand maintaining a publio ball In said
Borough or centralla.and tor this purixisu to bate,
possess and enjoy all tho rluhlH, beucllts and
privileges conferred by tho said? act and lis supplo
luents. WILLIAM IlltVfON,
fU'H HAHVr3 1'IHBT YEAH, I'V Mar
V, lonllailand, jjlsocontauiliumuoh valuable
Information. 4s-pagoDook. senton lutlpt of
cent stamp by lleid Carnlck, xucicai.llle p
chnugollld'g.N. Y, nugilitd.
T3TITiri mn N- MILLElt, Klinlra, ;
11 La 1 U V.. President of the Klmlra
bcuooi or com-T), ,: niioryo
ALLEN 4v UaiUCaa UUlU'gv
for a cataloguo ot tho leading business tralumS
Institution ot America,
nca, uoid prize, joo, ijuti-