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THE 1 COLUMBIAN AND DEMOCRAT. BLOOMSBURGCOLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.
0. E. Elwell. 1 ..,
J. K. BHtoalionaor.,f E4l"r'
FRIDAY, MAY 21, 1880.
Congressman Storm very properly
voted ngninst tho Hivcr nml Harbor
bill, win oh Is a ggant!o steal.
Tlio Qricen of Sp.itn gavo birth to a
son, Monday, tho 17th inst. A salnto
of twenty-ono guns was fired in honor
of the ovent
Ex-President Arthur has improved
in health very ntuoh within tho past few
days. His physicians think ho will
bo alilo to ride out in a fotv days.
Primary Election Law.
JUIKSR l-AXSON (HVi:S ITS KtllST Ot'FICIAI.
lNTKM'ltKTATION I1V TUB SU
Tho Supremo Court on, Monday
haudod down n decision in tho caso of
tho Commonwealth ex rcl. Attornoy
General vs. John Leonard, commis
sioner of Schuylkill County. The
opinion is by Judgo l'ruson and af
fords the first important judicial inter
urcation by tho Supremo Court of tho
Primary Election law of 1881. Tho
proceeding was a writ of quo warranto
by tbo Commonwealth to '.est tho right
of Leonard to hold his office as com
missioner of Schuylkill county. It was
conceded that tho defendant was tho
Republican candidate for that office in
188-t and wag duly eleotcd by a large
majority at tho election of that year,
that lie was duly returned as elected
and had entered upon his office. Tho
Commonwealth alleged that defendant
had been guilty of bribery, fraud and
violation of tho election laws. This
tho latter denied and tho caso was duly
tried before tho jury, who found for
tho Commonwealth, and, the Court
thereupon passed a judgement of
ouster agcinst Leonard.
"The Supremo Court holds, affirm
ing tho decision of tho lower court,
that the primary election law ia an
election law within tho intent of Sec
tion 0 of Articlo VlII of tho Consti
tution, which holds that 'any person
who shall, while a candidate for office,
be guilty of bribery, fraud or villful
violation of auy election law, shall bo
forever disqualified from office,' etc.'
Judgo Paxson says : "Tho Constitu
tion provides for the futuro as well as
for the present. Hence, whon it speaks
pf a violation of any election laws as
were in forco when it was adopted, it
means aoy election law then in exis
tence or thereafter to bo passed by the
Legislature which that body had a !
right to pass. - Tho
argument has failed to satisfy ua that
tho act in question is objectionable up
on constitutional grounds."
"The proposition that tho Legisla
ture may not prohibit and punish
frauds at primary elections and nom
inating conventions is certainly a
novel one. The argument that it is
not valid because not expressly autho
rized by the Constitution is unsound.
The converse oi tbo proposition is
true that is to say, the Legislature
may pass such laws unless prohibited
from so doing by tho Constitution.
"If we wero considering the Fcdoral
Constitution thcro would bo some force
in this argument, for the National
Government is ono of limited powers,
and what is not found in tho Consti
tution docs not exist. Tho act in
question is a perfect law so far as its
validity depends uponrnere form. It
is complete wituin itself. It dclines
and punishes offenses of tho gravest
character, tho existence of which has
been known to every intelligent person
in the State for many years, and which
more, than anything else lias under
uinded and weakened our whole sys
tem of government. To say. that tho
Legislature may not lay its hand on a
public evil of such vast proportions
is to say that our Government is too
weak to preserve its own life. Thero
is not a line in the Constitution which
in express terms, or by any reasonable
implication forbids this legislation."
In reference to tho claim, advanced
that Leonard was not a candidate, tho
Court holds that the word "candidate"
in tho Constitution is to bo understood
in its ordinary popular incauing, and
that a man is a candidate for an office
when ho is seeking such office, either
before a nominating convention or at
the direct hands of iho people.
President Cleveland's Hair,
Should President Cleveland attempt
to supply the frequent demands raado
ly importunato females in all parts of
the country for locks of his hair, it
would soon become necessary for him
to cover his baldness with a wig. His
capillary growth is naturally thin, and
it is, thcrefoic, only necessary for tho
Wbito IIouso barber to shorten tho
growth once each month. This fact
does not deter hundreds of seutimental
females from writing to him for a "lock
of hair from tho head of tho first Demo
cratic President in twenty-four years."
Hardly a day passes that sucli requests
aro not received in tho Executive mail.
A Little Hock Ark., lady wroto an
endearing lettei requesting a tuft of
Presidential hair to be used as a Betting
for an old family breastpin. Slio said
her father ami tin eo brothers voted for
Cleveland and Hendricks, and in con
sideration of the fact she- hoped tho
lock of hair would be forthcoming
An old lady of Indianapolis wroto
several days ago that slio was compell
ed to eko out her oxistenco in a very
precarious manner, and suggested that
if tho President would causo bis barber
to forward to her all tho hair cut from
bis head, she would manufacture it in
to Cleveland charms, and sell them to
gentlemen to wear on their watch
chains. This, she explained, would
add qreatly to her incomo as well as to
tho Presideut'ii popularity.
A young lady of Syracuso wanted a
lock of tho President's hair to cntwinu
with a lock of her own in a locket
which was worn by her grandmother
forty years no. Slio described her
nelf as a vivacious blonde, 18 years of
age, and stilt unmarried. Several of
the letters enclosed l.cks ol hair from
tho heads of writers in exchange for
Presidental locks, and thu missives in
soma cases aro written in very romantic
style. The most novel request of all
was received soon after tho President's
inauguration. It was addressed to thu
White IIouso steward by an old lady
of Richmond, Va., who asked that
enough of "tho President's cast-off hair'
bo sent by tho barber to stuff a pin.
cushion madu of silk taken from au old
United States flag. It was her pur.
poso to rafllo tho cushion at a church
lair for thu benefit of n poor Methodist
.ougregaiiou. jyetcark Aetcs.
Bishop Rttllson on Socialism
Uishop Itulisoti recently preached n
Fcrnon in Trinity Episcopal church at
south itctiiiciicm, tlio concluding por
lion of which was as follows!
Thero ought lo bo a clinngo in tho
populnr Idea of thu purposo and mean
ing ot tuo uutircn. it tliu Uliuich be,
as it is popularly supposed, n sociotv
of pooplo claiming to bo perfect, it Is
mo most supcriiuous society on tho
earth. Thero aro no such people, and
if thero wore, thoy would not need
Btich a place. A hospital is for sick,
not well folk. A school is for loarncrs,
not tho learned. Tho Church is hos
pital for pooplo who aro sick and want
to bo well. It is a school, where we
aro all learners, though placed in dif
ferent classes and forms, where all aro
striving to get for them tlio mind that
was in "Jurist Jesus. Just in propor
tion ns wo havo this mind tho spirit of
brotherhood will be developed, and wo
Bhall becomo ono in Christ, and by
icusuii ui inn unity ueconio a nugniy
power in thu world.
Hut thero aro powerful influences
working against this spirit of true
urotiieriiood, nnil they aro not at all
without tho Church. Somo of them
aro withim. Tho Church itself needs
to bo roused and renewed, and tho
great world-saving spirit of brother
hood needs to bo revived.
Wo aro not obligated to denounce
governments to cry out agaiust
money-making and preach communism.
So long ns society exists thero will con
tinue in spite of all that can bo douo
to get rid of them, whether by nocial
ism, terrorism, nihilism or Hrook Farm
Divido tho wealth of tho world
equally to night, and to-morrow morn
ing it will bo unequally divided, so
different aro men iu mental power and
the ability to transact business. God
has not made men equal in mental forco
and wo cannot. Intellectual power,
strong will and pcrsovering industry
will gain money and rule the world bo
long as tho world lasts, aud they ought.
But thoy ought to rule in love. This
is the teaching of Christianity. This
is tho law of brotherhood. But if wo
apply it, wo shall sometimes havo to
stand bravely beforo somo social and
business customs that are unlovely and
unfair, and cry aloud. Wo shall havo
to defy somo of society's verdicts, de
fend somo of its outoasts, Bhamo somo
rf its misscalled honor, and rebuke it in
the name of honest manhood and in
tho name of God. If wo shall bring
order out-ol tho chaos of modern lifo
wo must go into tho empire of thu dis
contented and proclaim tho larger em
pire of a loving Heavenly Father, and
then live ourselves in tho" spirit of the
divine love-law, tho lifo of a true Chris
tian socialism. For after all is is a
lifo not taking, nor praying, nor sing
ing that tells on the world. You can
not cure nihilism by proclaimintr the
eternity of the autocracy ; you cannot
euro communism by an act of congress;
you cannot legislate love into human
hearts nor drive hatred and discontent
out of them by gifts of old clothes and
remnants and Thanksgiving dinners.
If the Church shall gain the love of the
poor and win the respect and loyalty of
skeptics and infldols, sho must live in
the sight of men a life of righteous
ness and love. She must stand forth
in the breadth of the world and feel
the world's wants, aud realizing her
mission to supply them she must show
by her own lite that she has passed
boyond the Jewish thought of narrow
neighborhood and that arras of her
love are liko the arms that hung upon
the cross wide open to cmbraco tho
The Astors' Millions.
A CillEAT FOItTUNB THAT 1IAS 1IKEN ACCU
MULATED IN lcEAI. ESTATE.
The Astor Brothers ot Now York
have quite a pretentious brick building
on Broadway which looks liko a bank
ing house. It is fitted up liko one.
On the inside it has all tho parapher
nalia of screens, desks, big books and
clerks, which aro so common in finan
cial establishments. On the outside
of the door thero aro two brass signs,
ono beating tbo namoof John J. Astor
tho other William W. Astor. On -tho
inside each of tho brothers has a pri
vato office and plenty of clerks to do
the work. This place is a singular
little institution. It wears an air of
repose entirely foreign to a business
establishment, yet within its walls
thero are moro transactions of import
ance yearly thau in many a pretentious
financial institution. Tho scoro or
moro of clerks with their big books
are kept busy looking after tho real
estate which belougs to tho Astors.
It is said that this establishment col
lects in rentals more than a million of
dollars a year. It takes as much timo
and attention to keep track of the pro
perty belonging to this noted family
as it would to conduct an extensive
The Astors aro not speculators.
They do not go upon tho street for
business or invest money in ordinary
business affairs. They "confine their
operations to real estate. It was the
foundation of their great fortuno
which was left to them by the shrowd
and misery old parent who mado it.
John Jacob Astor, the elder, was a
singular old person. He labored and
saved ; all tho money ho accumulated
went into land and its belongings.
Tho most glowing business vonturo
could not coax money out of his pock
et. Ho believed in land and invested
his fortuno in it. His life was any
thine but a happy one. aud his family
don't seem to have improved much up
on it. They live iu good shape, that
is about all. They cut no figuro in tho
general lifo of thu metropolis except
as mrgu property owncis and pur
chasers. The two Astors nio old men.
William W. is n tall, robust, citizen-
near sixty, I should think. Ho has a
round, full face, a little inclined to bo
red, and a Bandy complexion. His
brother is fully as tall.but not as stout,
nor as chceiful looking. Both of them
pass along tno street without attracting
any attention or scarcely a passing
In dollars and cents thoy aro by far
tho largest rftil estate owners in the
United Stites. Thoy aro adding to
their possessions every day. Their
present ventures, aro in tho direction
of tho now properly about Harlem,
that is just now attracting so much
attention. Next lo tho Vauderhilts,
this is tho richest family in America.
How many millions they havo no ono
seems to know, yet iu 18G0 it was
heralded over tho Suited States that
John Jaoob Astor was the richest man
in tho country. Ho had a million of
dollars then. Just think of tho great
fortunes that havo been accumulated
since. The Yandurbilt estato has
been built up.inco thoso days, while
Aftor's real estate, then valued at n
million, has increased to moro than a
hundred millions. Tho fortune ho loft
to his family is ono of the very few in
Now York that has been kept intact
and built unoii v tlui Jmv ii.r.n.n.-,. ;..
tno yamo oi nouses and land.
What is a Lecal Holiday.
A JUDGMENT ENTKUEI) OK WASHINGTON S
UlKTItllAYllKI.I) 11V TSIK COUIITTO UN
SOUND AND VALID HOW THAT
KIND Of HOLIDAY DUTKltS
KltOM SUNDAY TIIK
DECISION A NEW
Tho following Interesting opinion
has been given by Judge Woodward
in tho l.uzerno Uotinty Uourts I
On Feb. 22 last, Washington's Birth
day, n judgment was entered in tho
prothonotnry's oll'ico against Fcsco &
Co. on n uoto dated Fob. 3, 1880. Tho
defendants subsequently obtained a
rulo to show cause why tho judgment
should not bo stricken olt on tho solo
ground that Washington's Birthday
was a legal holiday and that therefore
no valid legal business could be trans
acted on that day. Tho matter was
nrnucd beforo .lu duo Woodward and
Monday ho handed down an opinion in
which he discharges tho rule and holds
tho entering of thu judgment to bo
sound nnd valid: Tho opinion says:
Tho question now presented is a now
one, and has never been pass.'d upon
by our Supremo Court, at least in any
reported case. .Nor, in our judgment
is it sullicicntly analogous to tho num
erous cases which havo arisen under
our statute iu reference to the obser-
vnnco of Sunday, to render thu author
ities ou that subject pertinent and de
cisive. The earliest English legislation
on this subject may bo tound in the de
crees of William tho Conqueror, who
adopted tho enactments of tho Anglo
Saxon kings forbidding, with certain
specified exceptions, all secular pursuits
on tho Lord s day. nnous subse
quent statutes recognized Sunday Alt
only as a holy day, but also as a dies
non juriatcus. i ho christian religion
becamo tho acknowledged religion of
the English people, and was held by
Lord Uoko to bo a par', ot tho common
law of England. And in this country
tho framcia of our first constitution
found tho Sabbath in existence ns a
civil institution and recognized it as
such in all their acts. In our own
State the statutes ot 1705, and of 22
April, 1794, forbids the execution of
any legal process, or tho doing of any
worldly employment or business what
Boovor on tho Lord's day, commonly
called Sunday, works of necessity aud
charity only excepted, under tho penalty
ot a suit lor damages in ono caso and
a fine and imprisonment in the other.
Wo have called attention to theso
facts in reference to' the Sabbath as a
dies non for thu purposo of Bhowing
that what are known as "legal holidays
bear no resemblance in their character
to tho Christian Sunday. These are
wholly tho creations of tho statute law,
and their effects and forco must depend
entirely on the legislative will, as ex
pressed by tho law making power.
And in the construction of a statute,
tho import of which is not sufficiently
clear to be unquestionable, we must ho
guided by those established rules of law
which aro uniformly nccepted and act
ed upon by tlio courts of law.
Statutes may be directory or imper
ative. Thu former prcscribo privileges,
tho latter impose duties. The former
leave room for the exercise of a choice
or discretion, while tho latter aro ab
solute and peremptory. The former
impose no penalties, and contain no
negative words, rendering null and
void acts done in contravention of their
mandates; the latter either punish as a
penal offense all infractions of their
term.', or negative nnd render of ho
validity or effect, all contracts or en
gagements, or actions which amount to
a violation o; tho statute law.
Statutes aro also classified as affir
mative aud negative statutes, and tho
general rule of construction applicable
to this ciassihcation, seems to bo that
tho former are merely directory, while
negative words render the statutory
Our statute creating legal holidays,
might, it seems to us, bo reasonably
construed as having referenco exclus
ively to commercial paper, its presen
tation and protest. The doctrino of
the law as expressed iu tho familiar
maxim, "exjiresdo unius exclusio
altcrus" would justify such a con
struction. "Whero a statute.expressly
defines what its effect shall be, other
effects are, by complication excluded."
Bishop on written laws 249. "When
a Btatuto assumes to specify tho effects
of a certain provision, wo must pre
sumo that all tho effects intended by
tno law makers aro stated." I'erkms
vs. Thornburg 10, Col., 192, "When
an express definition is given in a
statute, It must be generally held to
include all intended, and to exclude
all not intended '' Bird vs. Deunison,
7 Col., 3U8. As oxception strengthens
the forco of a law in cases not except
ed, so according to Lord Bacon, enum
eration weakens it in case not enumer
ated. Affirmative specifications ex
cludes implication. Expiessum fac'U
cessare taciturn. See Dwarris on
Statutes, 221. Whether such a con
struction ot the Act of 2 April, 1873,
would oc a lair one, or not, may bo
questionable. But certain it is, the
clause which nuts tho legal holiday ou
the same footing as Sunday, was .in
tended to apply to commercial paper
only, aud to nothing else. Tho ques
tion presented then, is seduced to this:
Does the term "legal holiday" imply
an absolute dies non juridicus t If
this question bo answered in tno affirma
tive, then aro tho entry of a judgement
and the issuing of an execution by the
i'roihonotnry,,suc!i judicial acts as aro
contrary to the statute, and therefore
voidablo at tho suggestion of a defend
ant, who alleges uo other equity or de
Tho conclusions reached by ua on
both of these questions may, in view
of what has already been said, be
briefly stated. Wo look upon that
portion of tho statute which simply
ordains tho 22d of February to be a
legal holiday, as directory aud not im
perative permissive, but not obligatory,
and this for two rcasous first, because
tho statute contains no negativo words,
nud secondly, becauso it imposes no
penalty, in both of which respects it
differs from the law and tlio adjudica
tions in vote re nee to the Christian Sun
day. Tbo provision in tho statute that
tho legal holiaay shall bo m Sunday
applies only to commercial paper, its
maturity and protest, and not to judi
cial acts, or to worldly employment in
Wo aro also ot tho opinion that thu
things complained of in this caso ; viz.,
tho entry of the judgment, and thu
issuing of tho execution iu obedieuco
lo n praecipe, by tho prothouotary,
wero ministerial and not judicial acts.
The rulo is discharged.
Jaohne, iho New York alderman
charged with taking a bribo of $20,
000 for voting for tho Broadway street
railway franchise, was convicted last
Saturday. There are a number of
other alderman charged with tho eamo
crimo and tome of them aro under
arrest, whilo others aro sojourning in
Canada to avoid capture. Thoy will
nil bo gatheied in eventually.
(From our Itegular Correspondent.)
Washington. I). 0., May 18, 1880.
Congressmen express themselves
differently as lo tho results of Iho fall
elections. Muny of tho old members
havo announced their intention to ro
tire, nud many of tho new ones talk In
diffeicntly nbout coming back. A few
of them say thoy would not mako an
effort to return. They claim that tho
position of a Representative is not
profitable, and that, for mere experi
ence, a finglo term is sufficient. A
Western Member, who wilt not bo re
turned, said ho fully appreciated tho
i, ni i.,:.,.. i.. i. i...t i.!..
IIUIIVJ, Ul tUIII 111 WUIIJJI I'B, Ullb llltl
business at homo had suffered so much
by this honor, that with all tho fascina
tion of tho beautiful city of Washing
ton, ho did not enjoy living in his
On tho other hand thero nre many
members of tho Forty-Ninth who do-
siro nbovo everything elso to bo mem
bers of tho Fiftieth Congress. Theso
aro now on tho nnxious bench, nervous
ly hoping to secure the re-indorsement
ot their constituents. Several members
have been mado happy in this way
during the past few dajs.
All week long tho House Judiciary
Commilleo has been listening to an?u
inents for and against additional legis
lation iu Utah. Tho longest of these
pleas was that of tho distinguished
lawyer, Mr. Jeff. Chandler. Ho had
special indignation to bestow on those
jeoplo who go to Utah, who do not
ivo there, yet stir up strifo and inflame
tho country iu order lo gain notoriety.
Said ho: "Are wo to be driven by a
storm of prejudice? Prcjudico has
darkened tuo history of this country
i rum tuu ucgiuning.
Miss 'Kate Field, who sat bv and
heard nil that was said upon tho sub
ject, has mado somo caustic remarks in
reply. "Accordiug to this reasoning,
"said she," becauso I do not havo my
own throat cut, 1 must raiso no cry
when my neighbor's throat is cut." Sho
says it this country is a nation, what
concerns ono portion, ooncerns nil, and
it is about time for tbo people to realize
'.hat when the Rocky Mountains take
poison, tho Atlantic seaboard must call
in tho doctors. She also thinks that
pooplo living outsido of Utah, who ask
ior legislation to do away with treason
and polygamy in that Territory, may
be more unselfish in their opposition lo
tho Mormon church than the attorneys
paid to defend it.
A Congressman who was disoussiug
tho labor troubles said ; "I make it a
busiifcss to vote for every labor bill or
resolution that comes up. It makes uo
difference to mo what its merits are. I
cannot afford to do anything else."
ue nuueu mat largo numbers of his
constituents aro members of labor or
ganizations and if ho took any other
course ho would have to spend all of
his timo in explanation that would not
be satisfactory. Ho thinks the most
exasperating thing in our politics is
the tendency to misrepresent motives
and actions and that tho only self pro
tection is to bo in opposition lo popular
sentiment as little as possible. Ho ac
knowledged that it was not a self-respecting
confession, "but," continued
he, "you can only protect yourself from
demagogues by being a modified dem
Nothing resurrects like a pension
bill. If Congress wero to pass a bill to
pay an additional pension to tho sur
vivors of tho Revolutionary war there
is very little doubt but that moro "sur
vivors" would turn up in a couple of
months thau there were men in thu
Contiuci.tal army. If tho bill should
bo enlarged so as to includo those left
over from tho French nad Indian war,
it is not entirely unfair to supposo that
a goodly number of these veterans of
the last century would come out of the
past loaded down with papers and peti
It .would perhaps bo going too far to
say that one-third of tho immense draft
which is being annually mado upon the
public treasury for this purpose is paid
oueto claims fraudulently based, but
mat a gieat deal of money goes in this
way is boyond question.
Senator Vest, of Missouri, has been
expressing himself to tho Senate-iu re
gard to pensions. IIo thinks tho anxio
ty of both political parties and the
cupidity of pension claim agents aro
responsible ior so much pension legis
lation. He does not believe it is de
manded by tho volunteer soldiers of
the country. Tho astute and purchased
intellect of claim agents, cormorants
and curbstone lawyers in Washington
was constantly contriving now devices
for increasing pensions by which to fill
their own pockets.
He animadverted with severity on
tho "nebulosity" of tho estimates raado
by different persons as to the amount
that tho general Pension bill would
tako from tho Treasury. IIo aserted
that tho amount was beyond the kon
of mortal man.
An Iowa nowsnaner savs that a
brother oi tho lato A. T. Stewart is n
rag-picker at Cherokee, in that State.
Mrs. T. C. Lioney of Bohon, Ky., is
bragging because Bhe set a lieu on
three gooso eggs and tho faithful fowl
l . r 1 1.1 - . .
iiuiucu uui luui iiuiuiny goslings.
An hotel is talked of in Florida on
tho St. Sebastian River, which, with
its grounds, will cost 810,000,000.
Tho so-called peanut factories of
Norfolk, Vo handle and put ou tho
mnAnl n ... IIK.. 1 .. 1 . .. 1 f 1 M ,
uiuiiwt u uiiuiuii uuu u nun uuuurs
worth of peanuts each year. Tho
factory is simply a cleaning, polishing
and Borting establishment, and the
i - ii , , ..
worn is an uouo uy machinery.
Last week a very destructive storm
visited tho States of Illinois. Indiana
and Ohio. Over a hundred buildincs
were swept from their fninulniinnu mwl
many bridges wnshca away. Scores
of Iivcb wero lot. A fearful gale
blew and rain fell in torrents. Tho
rainfall was unprecedented. It wai a
lengthened cloud-burst, beginning at 8
ociock aua continuing until iu. Tho
Btrcams roso over their embankments,
carrying houses atid everything beforo
iiiem. x revious 10 mo Biorm tlio-o
was an almost uninterrupted lightning
for about 'seven hotus. A Himilar
storm passed over Spain, iu which 70
pcrsoiiB wero killed and over 200
Tho bark Guv C. Ross, which re
cently arrived at Fort Townsend from
Japan, had on board n Japanese noble
man, Ins bride and numerous servants.
They intend to mako a tour through
tho United States.
Charles 0. Milne, of Now York, in
183 1 went to Texas and secured a largo
tract of land. IIo was killed in th-j
war of Independence, and now his
heirs aie wanted, to tako possession of
tho laud, which is worth $100,000.
A farmer named Mewbern killed
eight largo rattlesnakes on his farm,
near Kcandia. Kansas, one dnv lnt
week. At ono partioulur locolity on
mu lurui inu amines Beem lo navo taken
up a claim, ns quite a numl er had been
killed by other parties beforo.
Tlio snapping of a dog at her logs,
though uo bito wa inflicted, so fright
ened a little girl in New Haven tho
other day that eho became ill, effusion
of blood to tho head ensued, nnd alio
died in convulsions beforo morning.
Two young women nnd ono young
man went boat riding on a recent Sun
day, and tho boat tipped over. Tho
young man was tall, and by standing
on tiptoe wns ablo to keep his head
out of water, and tho girls hung to his
hair and ears, and were Bavcd.
A blast furnaco and rolling mill
havo been erected lately In Bogota.
Tho machinery was bought in tho
United States, nnd it cost tho owners
ns much to carry this machinery from
tho head of navigation, 000 hundred
miles up tho Magdalena, ns tho iiur
chnso money and tho ocean freight
Atlanta is Iho third largest snuff
market iu the world. London Comes
first, New York next and Atlanta
third. Lorillard sold 308,000 pounds
of snuff in that city last year, and
other makers about IrtO.OOl) pounds.
Onu house thero sold 00,000 pounds.
In Macon I.orillnrd sold 17",000
In a wiborb of Parin, Jclnville-le-Pont,
a eurious factory bus been es
tablished. The owner works up all
kinds of feathers, those piincipally
from Russian geese. Tho banel is cut
up to make "nibs," which many pe oplo
prefer to Heel pens: tho linn "tmrt nf
tho feathers nro mado into light dusters
and artificial llowers, whilo'tbo pithy
stem and coarser portions nre convert-
en iiuo urustics.
The Port Physician at Philndolnhin.
Dr. II. Lellmnn, has been investigat
ing typhoid fever there. From his
figures it would seem that this disease
is moro prevalent in Philadelphia than
in most largo cities, and that it is
steadily on tho increase. Thu fact Dr.
Leffmun docs not ascribe to Schuylkill
water nor to sewer gas, but mainly to
cesspools and to water from contami
nated wells. A large number of tho
deaths aro of recently arrived foreion-
ers who aro most susceptible to malar-
i u lunucuces.
Delegate Election, July 2G.
convention, July 27.
(Subject to action of Democratic
E. M. TEWKSBURY,
Of Catawissa, Columbia Co., Pa.
"Tho people's law is habitually violated,
evaded and defied."
"No fno government can long exist
whore the organio law of tho State
is habitually defied."
"Thu Constitution of 1874 is not com
munistic. It assails no right of
property, nor docs it give counte
. nance to principles which would
degrado or demoralize society.
'The Constitution cannot wholly en
forco itself, nor could it provide
detailed regulations for its en
forcement; these must bo provided
by the Legislature."
"In the selection of members of the
Legislature at the next general
election, select only such as aro
pledged to tho long-neglected
work of Constitutional enforce
ment." From address of Consti
tutional Committee, 1880.
Dem'ocrats of Columbia County: Tno
above are my sentiments and if nomi
nated aud elected, pledgo myself to la
bor in all honorable wavs to carry it
iiuo effect. Truly Yours,
E. M. TEWKSBURY.
THE SHAMEFUL USIJ OV I.1ME AND AIX'M
IN CHEAP UAK1NO I'OWHEItS.
Many food frauds, such as chicory
coffee or watered milk, although they
are a swindle in a commercial sense
aro often tolerated becauso they do not
particularly affect the health of the
consumer; but when an articlo liko
baking powder, that outers largely in
to tho food of every family, and i's re
lied upon for tho healthful preparation
of almost every meal, is so made as to
carry highly injurious if pot raiikly
poisonous, elements into tho bread to
the imminent danger of tho entire
community, it is the duty of tho pices
to denounce the practice iu tho most
Among recent important discoveries
by the food analysts is that by Prof.
Matt, iho U. S. Government Chemist,
of large amounts of lime and alum in
tho cheap baking powders. These
are, one the most dangerous, and tho
other tho most useless, adulterants yet
found in tho low-grnde, inferior baking
powders. It is a startling fact that of
over one hundred different brands of
baking powder so far analyzed, com
prising all those sold iu this vicinity,
not ouu of them, with the smglo ex
ception of thu Royal Baking Powder,
was found free from both limu and
alum. Tho chief servio of limo is to
add weight. It is true that lime, when
subjected to heat, gives off a certain
amount of carbonic acid gas, but a
quick-limo is left a caustic bo power
ful that it is used by tanners to eat tho
hair from hides of auimals, and in dis
Bccting rooms to moro quickly rot tho
flesh from tho hones of dead subjects.
A small quantity of dry limu upon the
tongue, or iu tho eye, produces painful
effects ; how much moro serious must
these effects be upon the delicate mem
braues of tho stomach, intestines and
kidneys, more particularly of infants
nud children, and especially when the
lirao is taken into tho system day nfur
day, and with almost every meal. This
is said by physicians to be ono of the
chief causes of indigestion, dyspepsia,
and those painful diseases of tho kid
doys now so prevalent. Instances of
tuo most serious altections of tho latter
organs from drinking limo waters found
in BOino sections of tho West aro noted
in overv medical journal.
Adulteration with limo is quite as
much to be dreaded as with alum which
has heretoforo received tho most cm
phatio condemnation from every food
analyst, physician nud chemist, for tho
reasou that, while alum is probably
partially dissolved and passed off in
gas by tho heat of baking, it is iui
possible to destroy or change tho natiiru
of tho lime in any degree, so that ilio
entire amount in the baking powder
passes, with all its injurious properties
into the .stomach. When wo state that
tho chemists havo found twelve 'per
cent., or ono-eighth of the entire weight
of some samples of baking powder an
alyzed, to bo lime, the wickedness of
tho adulteration will be fully apparent.
Pure baking powders aro one of the
chief aids to the cook n preparing per
fpet aud whocsomo food, While thor o
aro to be obtained of well-establUhed
reputatiou, like tho Uoyal, of whoto
purity theie-has never been and cannot
bo a question, it Is proper to avoid ull
Blid vs. Culp, verdict for plaintiff
Tho following sheriff's deeds wero
Mnry M. Ranch for property of J.
F. Hicks fbr 39'..
A. B, Stewart for property of S, Zim
met man for $480,
C. O. Ilngcnbuch for property of
W. P. Ramsay ct id. for SHOO.
R. C. Neal for property of J. II.
Harman est for .?7f.
S. II. Malick for property of John
Wichey for SCO.
Chaitir of Bloomsburg Board of
Mary E. Heacock vs. P. & R. R. U.
rule to show cause why return of alias
summonn shall not bo set aside.
Sale ordered in estato of John
I. 0. Burrell vs. P. A. R. R, R. rule
to show causo why leturn to alias sum
mons shall not bo set aside.
Samel Neyhard, Thomas Clirisman
nnd David Armstrong appointed viuw
ers to vacate and relay a road iu Mt.
Pleaant near poor house ; saiiin view
urn appointed on road in Mt. Pleasant
near M. Seyhcrt'p.
T. W. Smith, G. W. Farver and
Calvin Dorr appointed viewers of a
bridgo iu Gieenwood and Pine near
D. Ikclcr, Richard Hefcs and Lewis
Bcishliuo appointed vieweis of abridge
over Raven creek in Benton.
William Elliot, nnd James Walshnw
sworn as citizens of the United States.
J. P. Ilannon appointed tax collect
or of Conynghnm township.
Commonwealth vs Waltman, motion
for new trial.
Commonwealth vs. F. Gwinn nol.
M. E. Cox appointed constable of
Bloom. John McCormick declining
G. liming Esq. appointed auditor
in estate of Sarah V. Shaffer, u minor.
Rulo to show cause why petition for
review of account in estate of John
Beishlino shall not bo dismissed.
Rule ou heirs of Reuben Hess lo ac
cept or refuse real estato or show causo
why same shall not be sold.
W. E. Smith Esq. appointed auditor
iu estato of G. C. Clnro a minor.
R. Buckingham Esq. appointed audi
tor in estatetuf Phoebu A. Miller.
C. E.' Lilly vs. J. W. Lilly, nlias
subprenn in divorce awarded.
Mary M. Young vs. L. C. Young,
A. N. Yost Esq. appointed commiss
ioner to tako testimony.
G. E. Elwell Esq. appointed auditor
in estate of Thos. Mcllenry.
A charter was granted on Monday
to tho Milton Manufacturing Co., of
Milton. Capital, S30.000. The new
corporation will manufacture iron and
The farms of America equal tho en
tiro tesritnry of tho United Kingdom,
France, Belgium, Germany, Austria,
Hungary and Poitugal. Tho corn
fields, equal tho extent of England,
Scotland and Belgium : whilo Iho
rain fields generally would overlap
pain. The cotton fields cover an aua
larger than Hollaud and twice as large
as Belgium. Tho rico fields, sugar and
tobacco plantations would also form
kingdoms of no insignificant size, and
such is the stago of advancement
reached by American agriculturists
that it is estimated that ono farmer
like Mr. Dalrymiile, with a field of
wheat covering a hundred square miles
can raise as much gram with 400 iarm
servants as !,000 peasant proprietors
It i$ an established act that Hood's Bar
saparllla lias proven an Invaluablo remedy
la many sovern cases ot rheumatism, effect
ing rcnmrkablo cues by Its powerful action
in correcting tho acidity of the blood, which
is tho causo of tho disoisc, and purifying
and enriching tho vital fluid.
it is certainly fair to assume that what
Hood's Sarsaparllla lias dono for others It
will do for you. Therefore, if you suffer
tlio pains and aches of rheumatism, givo
this potent remedy a fair trial.
A Fosltlve Cure.
"I was troubled very much with rheuma
tism in my hips, ankles, and wrists. I
could hardly walk, and was confined to my
bed a good deal of tho tiino. Being rec
ommended to try Hood's SaMaparllla, I
took four bottles and am perfectly well.
I cheerfully recommend Hood's Sarsaparllla
as ono of tho best blood purifiers in tbo
world." VT, 1 Wood, Blooiulugton, 111.
For Twenty Years
1 have been afflicted with rheumatism. Beforo
1883 1 found no relief, but grew worse. I then
began taking Hood's Sarsaparllla, and it did
mo moro good than all tho other mediclno I
ever had." H. T. Bax.com, Shirley. Mass.
"I suffered from what the doctors called
musoular rheumatism. I took Hood's Sar
saparllla and am entirely cured." J, V. A.
rRocPFOox, letter carrier, Chicago, 111.
Wo shall bo glad to send, free of charge
to all who may desire, a book containing many
additional statements of cures by
Sold by all druggists. $1 j six for $5. Mads
only by C I. HOOD & CO., Lowell, Mass.
IOO Dosos Ono Dollar.
. L. SIIUMAN,
Subject to dfclslcn of Democratic party. Pelo
gaie flection will be held Jnly an, convention,
JAMES T. FOX,
Of Beaver Township.
Subject to decision of Democratic party. Dele
gate election win be held July convention,
A. L. FRITZ,
Subject to decision of lHmocratlo party. Delo
Ij'aio flection will bo held July si), Convention,
KUHEKA KObDINO CANOPY TOP.
Pirrerent sizes. Can bo t
luclu'd to nearly all wagons,
KaJly removed. Folds liko
an umbiella. I f you cannot
get It oi jourwugonmalter
or dealer tend forlllU!,tra
ted circular and price 1W.
Ageiua wanted everywhere.
1). a. BEi:iW& CO.,'l'atcntceii s itanrrs. New.
TO FARMERS !
Anyone In want of tho
Glass Em! Fertilizer, Grain
Prill, Cider Will or any
thing Manufactured by
tho Company, can
get them of
IT I 1 A
Hili powder never vatles. A hinrvel of purity
strength and wholesomencss. More pconumleal
ihan ordinary kinds and ennnot bo tOldln eornpo
tlon Willi the multitude of low test, short weight,
nlum or phosphate powdeiR. Sold only In cans.
KOVAI. IlAMKO l'OWll, It I'll,. V lilt St., N. Y.
fn the estate of tlenjamln llombov, late of Hemlock
The undersigned Auditor, appointed by tho Or-
? bans' Court ot Columbia county, to distribute
ho balance In tho hands ot Leonard llombov, ad
ministrator of the estnte of the said deceased, will
meet the parties Interested at his ofllco In lllooms
burc, l'a., on Wednesday, June in, issn, at 10
o'clock a. m., when nnd where all parties havlnz
claims ngnlnst tho said estate must appear and
prove the same or bo forever debarred from com
ing in on said fund. 1I01IT. It. LITTLE,
may si Auditor.
NOTICE I HEREBY OIVE NOTICE
that my wife, Jlarirarct Iloudman, has left
my bod nnd board, taken with her two children,
under the ago of 7 sears, against my will, nnd
that l will pay uo debts of their contraction.
Jlay 11, 'SO-lt. OEOItUE UOUD.VIAN.
A UDITOU'S NOTICE.
X8TATK OP UK0R0K HISS, DEC'D.
The undersigned Auditor, appointed by tho Or
phans' court ot Columbia county, to ascertain
the liens against said estato and make distribution
among crt'illlors win sit ot his onico In lllooms
burg, on Friday, Juno 11,10,81 10 a. m.vvhet.
and where all parties having claims against said
estate must appear and provo the Bnine, or be
forever debarred from coming In on said lund.
may II Auditor.
NOTICE OP APPLICATION FOk" IN
C0HP0KATI0N IN TIIK COURT OF COMMON TLKAS OP COLUMBIA CO.
Notice Is hereby given that an; r lpllcatlon will
bo mado to tho said court (or a law Judgo thereof)
on tho nth day of Juno A. 1). lssa at lo o'clock a.
m. under tho "Corporation act of ona thousand
eight hundred and scventy-four" nnd the supple
ments thereto by W. It Tubbs, .1. c. llrown. David
l.owcnberg, Oeo. E. Klvvell and II. II. orotz for tho
charter ol an Intended corporation to l) called
"Tho Oak Orove l'ark Association," the character
and object ot which Is for tho purposo of purchas
Ing or leasing grounds to bo nttcd up ns a park or
parks within tho Town of Hloomsburg, I'm., or In
any other portion of tho county to bo used tor
holding celebrations, picnics nnd nny and all pur
poses for which similar places aie used, and tor
these purposes to have possets and enjoy all the
rights, benellts and privileges conferred by the
said act and Its supplements,
C. W.-MILLKIt, solicitor.
JOTICE IN niVOliCE.
IN THE C0J11I0N PLEA a OF COLl'.MIUA CO.
llcsslo VanTassel. by her next friend, S. U. How-
o. mm , mi i uai-i. rur jiuei in divorce.
To I homas VanTassel, respondent above named:
hereasupon tlio libel ot tho said llessle Van
Tassel a subpoena was Issued out of the said
court commanding joti to be nnd appear at tho
next regular teim ot said couit to show causo
vvhy tho said Ubelant should not be divorced from
tho bonds of matrimony contracted by joti; and
whereas upon return (it said subpoenadue proof
was mado that you could not bo tound lu the
ballwlck of the MicrliT ot said county, whereupon
an alias BUbpocna was awarded by sold Court
commanding you to appear at tho then next term
of sold Court to answer as aloresald, to which tho
samo return was mado by tho Mierirr. You are
tnerctoro required to bo and appear on tlienrst
diyot tho next term of said Court to bo held at
Hloomsburg, for said county.qn tho fourth Monday
of M-iiteinber next, A. D. I8i, to answer said com-Plaint-
hAMUiiL SMITH, SherKT.
Kstate qfilarv Wallers, late of ilailtson Hep. dee'd
litters of administration in said estate having
been granted to tho undersigned administrator,
nil persons Indebted lo said estate are hereby no
tined topav tho same, and thoso having claims
against said estato present the same to
apr 23 iikv. II. C. JIUNKO, Administrator,
"Tlld flrrrt nf Vlnnn. K .IK.....-... . Ti.t
'u' wnwii-auii, ui jjnurereeK,
Columbia county, l'a., having been dissolved, the
business heretoforo conduced by them win be
conducted by the undersigned. ..'otlce Ls hereby
given that I will not bo responslblo for nny debts
contracted by .1. JI. Albertson hereafter, In tno
linn name. All debts duo the tlrm will bo col
lected by me, and all claims against tho tlrm paid
ON""' . J. W.YlNUK t.
Jlay 7 ct."
Send 10 cents postage, and wo will mall
ou free a roj al, vuluable, sample box
of goods that will put you In tho way
ui iiiuiwiife inure muiurv ui, unce, liiai.
anything else tn America. Both sexeaot all aces
can Uvoat home and work In spare time, or all the
time. Capital not required. Wo will start you.
immense pay sum for thoso who start at once.
ST1NS0N & CO., I'ortland, .Me. novaoiy
sole iaiNTs ion
F. K. ADAMS & CO.,
Solo agents of the fol
lowing brands of
Alexander Bros. & Co,
WHOLESALE DUALEKS IN
FRUITS AND NUTS.
fcOLE AfiKNTS rem
UltESH EVEHY WEEK.
iiD?,r,'i!l.t,unc.f'9 by 'fdlc(r
$U draught una
vk raimcis win una thin Invention a saving to themof at lea&t two-thims
CV plowS.1"6" ,or vm 6Uaftu " "Shares are m tea to all l?auing ehiliea
Spring stock of Carpetings just
GOOD BODY BRUSSELS, $ I .OO.
QRAND RAPIDS C'NQ sweeper
Lwiicnt per bushel,..
Corn " " 4r 00
Oats " " 45
Flour " libl r, to 8
Duller S3 24
Eggs 13 14
I'otntocs GO CO
llama 10 11!)
Dried Apples 0.1 0.1
Sldo nud thoiilrfcr 00 03
Chickens i l'J 'i
Tin keys 13 14
I,nril per 11 08 10
liny per ton 10 00
Vinegar per gul SO 30
Onions per bushel 75 1.00
Vcnl skins 1)7
Wool per lb 35
Hides 5 to 7
Coal on Wiiauf.
No 0 $3.00; Nos 3. 0, 4 & I,ump $3.25
No. 6 iJ-3.00 llltumlnus, $3.25
FRED. Western winter bran, spot, 16.75 lo
HJlJlt, Western extra'B 3 1 (I w 3.M j I'enua
fatnlly,'.3.;s is 4:10 Ohio clear, 4.ia v i 4.40 winter
yatent 4.75 a t.i't l'enna. roller piocess;4.i3 a
"w'MKAT lnnsylvanla red, No. I, M
COltN. 17 a 48
OATS. No. 8 white 41 No. S, 4a
HAY AND 8THAW TImothy-ChoIco Western
nnd New York,lB.5U fair to good Western and
New York,13.( m U.f 0; medium Western and New
York, 13 M 14. ! cut hay as to quality 17. 9 in.
llye straw si, Wheat straw, 10 oat straw
9 I 10.
l'OTAT()ES.-Kostern roso 43(550 Burbanks, 55
CO i Eastern Chills 4?i?lU ;;wcstcrn roso 45 4s.
E(H!H. l-jnnsylvantali; western 18)f.
IlUTTKlt. Pennsylvania creamery prima 25
Creamery Kxlra so, Western extra ao.falr 15 ( 17.
LIVE l'OULTKY.-lowls,lf 9 lljf Turkes,8 (4
'dkessKD rotlLTKY.-CUckens, 13 Turkey 1!
l$ id. UUUlS lih
E. B. BROWER "
CAS FITTING & STEAM II K ATI Nil
All kinds of work in Sheet Iron, Roof
inir, and Spouting promptly
restrict attention given to heating by steam.
Corner of Main & East Sts.,
Good Business Location
The undersigned offers for sale, on
easy tut ins, the
Planing Mill, Dry Dock Lumbor Sheds
eto., (with excellent wliarfago facilities)
iocateil cm tho banks of tlio Penn'.l
Canal, within one-quarter of a rnilo of
tho D. L. & W. depot, at Reach Ha
ven, Lnzerno county, Pa. A good ferry
also connects tins place with the coun
try on opposite side of tho Susque
hanna river. The machinery consists
of a large planer.tnotilding and match
ing machine, turning lathe and bracket
saw, also circular saws, all in good
working order. It has a
10-horse Power water wheel
ruder a twenty-six foot head. Tho
mill is 30x45 feet, with two largo lum
ber sheds, ono 18x94. ono 20xG4. This
is n good opening for any energetic
business man. For further particulars
Ux'it oi- D. Hiuuicn Estate,
Jiarch 5-tf.l Ueach Haven, Pj,
A DYEHTISEKSby adtlresslnR OEoTv.
XA ItOwell & CO., 10 Spruce St., New York, can
V',ir."r.t.U??af 1 cot,t 0 an3' proooscd Hoe of AD
M.liriHlMi in American Newspapers, ivioo.
pafe'o pamphlet, loc. may 14 It,
Slates and Kelts,
Slate Black Boards,
Roofing Felts, x, 2&3
. . , j- I-. Hiii.1.,
85 Lackawanna Avenue, Scranton, l'a
! will bo
i SUPPLIED W I HI
; Market Prices,
as roi.i.ows :
, i'OP COHN
tnimerstureilor lounyplow In the matin loi
duiablllty,' Hawoik luuexct'llell. Alii
jcjvjDUDiciiJCi jcluw SiiiUtii;.
FOR SALE BY