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COIWUIA DXMOCIIAT, tAn OP Till Kowit
lumbun, consolidated.? ' hA co
tanf VI.I. . .
iMued Weekly, ryT ,t,ly . ., .
SM 8M IX IT
3 60 8 00 4 60 7 00
4 (10 4 5S 7 60 IS 00
R 00 B 60 10 00 18 00
1 00 8 00 13 00 19 00
8 00 DM 14 60 W 00
ii no iroo no to 40 oo
1i ""uuu-m"ls wm not bo given '
slble parson In ha inbia ?oimiyCin, IJ r,csl,on
.ha subscription duoon rtemanS. B,wmc 10 PJ"
-T ID fI-iVi."...
una liLKlliriery and lsthnn.nltr r,ni... v" l'l"u
presses by power mnni us t fo b? fi,,irr.Mn" ob
flmates Punished on largi Jote. "cl mrs- v-
-mniiM niii i hiujl tt
K. VAiiKlt " '
O.Tlca over 1st, National Hank. Ill0o,ns,"lr. l'
ATTO RNE V-AT-L A W.
Ollcoln Knt's Building,
J OHN M. OLAHK,
ATTO UN E V-AT-L AW.
JU3TI0K OF THE PEACE.
) Jlce over Moycr Uroi Drug storo.
;Q W. MILLER,
omeo corner ot Centre ana Main straots. Clark j
Can be consulted In German.
1 KO. 13. ELWELL,
Olllco on First floor, front room if Cm..
nxm.vN Hulldinjt, M itn street, below K.
change. Hotol. '
pAUL E. WIUT,
Office In Coi.cubiah Bcimmno, I'.oora No. 3, second
B. IH0BR. L. 8. WINTBK8-JSN.
KNORR & WINTERSTEEN,
Attorney s-at- Law.
omeo tu 1st National Itank building, second noor,
nrstdoortotholitt. Corner of Main and JaNct
streets Bloomsburg, Vo.
t&'Peniwns ami RowiUt Colkctid,
J II. MAIZE,
Offlee In Milzo'sbulldjjrff cvorBlIlineyer'sgroiery.
JOHN C. YOCUM. c. i: omEii.
YOOUM & GEYER,
(omce front suit ot rooms on second floor of
Nkws lTr.ii building.)
WCAN 111! CONM'LTl'.P IN (lIUiMAN. ju
Members of Sharp and Allemnn's Lawyers rad
llankcr's Iilrcctory and the American jlercanJlo
.and collection Association. Will gUe prompt aid
careful attention lo collection oi clalinsla oiy
part ot the tinned states or Canada, ns well nsto
.ill other professional business euliusted to thiui
Jackson Building, Rooms 4 and 5.
y. II. RIIAWN.
vnif3o, corner ot Third and Main Streets.
B L',0 0 M S B U R G , PA.
Cilice In ISrowcra' Building, 2nd lloor.
Attorney.nt Law,BenvIck. Pa.
Csn bu Uonsulted In German.
EIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE
, COMPANIES ItSl'KKSKNTKU.
"STOBlco first door below the. post olllce.
It, McKELVY, M. D.,Burgeon and Pliy
. alclau.nortaaldoiUln streui,bt:luw MtirKct
L. FRITZ, Allnrney-nt-Law. Olllco
, in Colombia Building,
M. DRINKER, GUN is LOUKSMITH
Hiwing Machines and Machinery of all kinds re
1) ilred. orsKA Hocsk Build jg, liloou-bturg, l'a.
R. J. C. R UTTER,
Olllco, North Market street,
HlocmH-U;,, 1 1
M. REBEH, Surgeon and
omce corner of Hock and Muikct
JR. EVANS, M. D.. Surgeon and
.rhyslolan, oilco and Hesidenco on Third
CniUSTIAN F. KNAPP, BLOOMSUUUa.PA,
HOME, OP N. Y.
MEHC1IANTV, OP NEWAI1K, N. J.
I 'LINTON, N. Y.
J'KOPLES' N. Y.
TUew old coki-oiiatiovs aro well seasoned iby
aire and KiKKTeaTliU and hao newr )et had a
loss bettleil by any court of law. 1 heir aiaels are
alllnvestedlnsoi.il secuuities aro Uablototho
hazard of hbb only. .... a
Losses pkomitlv and honestly adjusted and
Enid as soon as determined by cukibtian y.
l' Tho peoplo of Columbia county should natron,
ilzetho agency where losseslf any are settled and
ald by ono of t her own eltlenj.
PltOMlTNLiS. LOUITY. PAllt DEALING.
"T) F. HARTMAN
J BrBSNTS TUB K0LLOWIN0
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES
Xorth American of Philadelphia.
Franklin, ' "
l"enns Ivanla, " "
Y'ork, ot punnaylvanla.
Hanover, ot N. Y.
Queens, of London.
North British, ot London.
Office on Market Street, No. 5, Bloomsburg.
oct. 84, 1-
-ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN.-
Viotor Koch, Propx'lotor.
jlooras are heated by steam, well ventilated and
..('gautly furulshol. Finest Bar and Lunch coun-
'''Nls'to'ord'er at all hours. Ladles and Cents
rfeauiirant furnUhtd wilh all delicacies of the
'Toulon near D. L.S W. It. 11. lieoot. scranton,
IH, Mar W-tf
W. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR
OPPOSITE COUUT I10PHE.
!L ari?eand convenient soinplo rooms. Hath room
M and colS wMer, and all modi rn com enlenew
3. E. SWELL, i -
llAitrEu'sIUzAiilstho only paper Intho world
that combines the choicest literature and the fln
est art Illustrations Willi tho latest fashions and
methods of household ndornmcnt. Itsweeklyll.
lustrations and descriptions ot tho nowest Paris
and New York stjles, with Its useful pattern shoH
supple rents nnd cut pattcrnt, by enabling ladles
to be their own drcs-makers, save many times tho
cost of subscription. Its papers on cooking, tho
management of servant, and housekeeping in Its
various details are eminently practical. Much
attention Is given to the Interesting topic ot soclil
etiquette, and Us 1 lustrations of nit needle-work
aro acknowledged to bo unequalled. Its literary
merit Is of the hUhest excellence, and tho unique
character of Its humorous pictures has won for It
the name ot tho American Vuc
IIAKI'IIU'S WEEKLY '.
IIAHI'EIt'S Yor.NO PEOPLE.. " "'!
IIAlll'EIPS KIIANKLlNMil'.MtE Llil'l'lAHY
one ear (M Numbers):
f 4 01
, 4 00
', 10 00
l'ostage fire to alt subscribers in the
Mate or CJimtla.
n.T '?..T0 umfs .f ,h0 fUn with tho
first number for January ot each year. When no
time Is mentioned, it will be understood that the
subscriber wishes to commenco with tho number
next after the lecelpt ot order.
Hound volumes ot Hakpek's Hazau, for threo
pais back, In neat cloth binding, w ill bo sent
-j ..... .. ,...-.i,1k-- i'uiu, ur e.i)ress iroo ot ex
pense (proi lded the freight does not exceed ono
UOll.ir tipp vn limp f fi. I? I H nu. vnti. n.n
Cloth cases for each volume, suitable for bind-ms-will
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sf 1 ' 0 CilCll.
Ilemlttnnce.s should be made by postofllco money
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Xevspapers are not to miy Hits atlrerttsnnent
minimi rieejiiwsoiiieco'IIAiirE Bboibkbs.
Address HAltrat s I1II0TIIE1LM, New York.
THE OOI 3iSlL-jii'
fllleil direct by
ing tho Can,
of any Lamp.
This Is thn
eer oITered to
FAMILY OIL CAN.
EVERY FAMILY SHOULD HAVE ONE.
ypnptfd mannfatturina o
NoDrnpnlngOII on thoKloornrTable; No
Faueet In Link or g( t knocked open to w-nste
Contenls or emiw Explosions. No Corks to
Lose. Closes I't rfeecly AlrTlght. No Luak
oge No Kvupor,itlnn Absidulrlv Safe.
A Cnl. ral llm hold .N,V, ,I v.
Poll SALE IN BL00MSBU1IG BY
I. W. HAimiAN it SON
FARMERS' PRODUCE EXCHANGE.
Tho Best Nevspaper in America,
and by far Ihe Most Readable.
Agents wanted everywhere to earn
money in distributing the Sun's Pre
miums. The most interesting and advanta
geous offers ever made by any News
paper. No Subscriber ignored or neglected.
Something for all.
iloautiful atiilHulMlantial Premiums in
Str-mlanl ilold anil ollicrWatchoa.Valuablo
looLa, thn TJoit Family Sowing Machine
novrn to tho trade, and nnunequnlod list
if objects oi' real utility and instruction.
I Hates by Mall, Postpaid:
CAILY, par Yesr (without KunJiy) $S 00
DULY, per Month without Sunday) 50
GMDIY, per Yoar ... I 00
ffR FVPfl'r DAY IN THE YEAR 7 00
WtEKLY, per Yoar ... I 00
lillr-k-, THE SL'V. Xcir VorL fllj.
nov 0 8t.
FIRST CLASS ACT
Wanted in this County
To l iipi'jieiit our beautifully illustrated
family 'iiagazine. Special terms and
pcrmnnuil ciigngcincnt given to the
riflit lt'itv. .Vnv smart imam nr wo
man win is willing to work and has
the ability to push the magazino can
Mimru a plendiil position. Write us
at once gviug age, particulars of past
work ami erritorv desired. Address,
CoiT.vdi IIeautii Co., lloston, Mass.
rAINWIGHT to CO.,
rEAS, s y nop.) coffee, scoah, molasses
N. E, Come Second and Arch streets,
tv- orders wll iccelvo prompt altentloa
COURSER, CLEMONS & CO.
Importers ind Wholesale Dealers in
Crockery, (llissw-.re, Table and Pocket Cutlery,
Window Diss, and Plated-ware,
Tho SO candle-pow e'marth electric lamp.
Tbeclebrated Plnatoie Burner.
Bird Cijes, Fruit Jars.
HI Lackawanna Avenue. SCHANTON, Pa.
Our readers for 13 tnta In postage stamps to
pay for mailing andi rapping and names of
two book agents, w'lrecelio F1IKI! a Meel
Finish Parlor Engrtlng of all our l'HESI
DENTS, Deluding caveiand, size isxss inch,
Address Eider Fit, Go.,Glu'cago, II.
A .MONTH AND 10A1ID TO AGENTS for
a NKWipa complete
Tho world's greatest toldler tnd tho nation's most
honored clturn. law price liapld sales. F, W,
ZfhULElt CO., H3 Arch sreet, Philadelphia.
I HfRffl Send 10 cents pos'igo. and wo will mall
fl ItH jou iw a rojal, .(luable, hiuuplebox
n U1I 1 of goodf that will put jou Intho way
of maklug moir .umey at ona1, than
aujthlngebe in America, lltli sexesoi ullages
cuu ill u at homo and w ork In ;paro time, or till the
time, capital not required. e 111 start ou.
lmmeiifco pay turn lor thoo ho start ut once.
STINsoN & CO., Poi Hand, Me, t novJU ly
WITHOUT A MATCH.
OUK "LAHQE STOOK"
OUR "COMPLETE ASSOETMENT,"
OUR "NEW STYLES."
OUR "SUPERIOR MAKE."
OUR "LOW PRICES,"
Olothing for Mon, Youths, Boys and
002-G04-00G CHESTNUT ST.
TMtEAS RROWN'S INSURANCE
P AdENCY. .Moycr's now building, Mala street,
IHna Insurnnco Co., of Hartford, Conn $7,07f,!sw
ltoyal of Liverpool 13,mu,ooo
Fire Association. Philadelphia 4,101,710
Phtenlx, ot London 8,SQl,S7e
London s Lancashire, of England i.toi.hto
Harttonlot Hartford 3,S7J,u50
Springfield Fire and Marine 5,033,580
As tho agencies are direct, policies are written
loriue insureu wuuoui ueiay mine oinco at
muumsuurg. uct. .3, dl-
13i.0OMSiiuno, Columbia County, Pa
A 1 styles ot work done in a superior manner, work
warrumeaus rupreseniea. ibsth kxthact
so wnnoci Pain by the use of (las, and
freeot charge when artificial teeth
Olllco over Kleim's Drus Store.
'Jo It open at alt hours during the rfaj.
"TtlLOS & BRO.,
CARRIAGES BUQQIES, PHAETONS.
SLEIGHS, PLATFORM WAGONS, &C.
Klrst-claas work always on band,
if EPA 1RINO NEA TLY D ONE.
Prices reducedlo suit the timet.
hi d Go.
Offer to tho Trade their Fine Brand of Cigars.
Fine Fruits and Fino Confectionery
on hand. P'rtsh every week. Blooms
burg, Pa. Feb. 27
Ounco of Adulteration
NEW PR0UES8 SOAP.
THE WONDERFUL 3-LB BAA.
MADE ONLY BY
Gowans &. Stover,
Buffalo. N. Y.
For Palo by all fii'6t-clafs grocers.
The undersigned having put his Planing Ml
on Itallroid street. In DrJt-ciass condition, Is pre
pared to do all kinds of work In his line,
FttAMES, SASH, DOORS,
furnished at reasonable prices. All lumber used
Is well seasoned and nono but skilled workmen
ESTIMATES FOE BUILDINGS
furnished on application. Plana and spccltlca
ions prepared by an experienced draughtsman
"Who nlwnys gives you tho latest
styles, aud cuts your clothing to fit
you. Having had tho experience lor a
number ol years in tho Tailoring Busi-
noss, has learned what material will
givo his customers tho best satisfaction
for wear and Btylo and will try to
plcaso all who give him a call. Also
Gents' Furnishing Goods
OP ALL DESCHIPT10NS.
HATS, CAP AND UMBRELLAS
Always of the latest styles. Call niul ex.
limine Ills stock lidoru purchasing else,
Sloro neL door ioFirsHTaUonalBsink
Corner Slain & Market Sts.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, DECEMBER
A. W. Brown, M.D., of 1'rovldcnco,
It. I., cays! "I have nted Ilnrr't
Kidney and Liver RmtDTlnmy
practice for the past sixteen years,
and cheerfully recommend It at
helng a soft and rtllabU remedy."
prominent doctor ol
oiu-ntly urged to ue other prepsri
tlonsamibstltntesfor Hokt's Kid
ney and Liter) ItcuEOT. 1 find on
tr lug tin m that they are svorthlcis
lucorapnrhon to It."
An Old Lady.
"My mother, TO years old, has
chronle kidney complaint and drop
ly. Nothing has ever helped her
like Host's K'incy and Liter
Hemeot. Sho haB rccclrcd great
benefit from 8 bottles and wo think
It will cure her." W. V. Sunder
land, Builder, Danbury, Conn.
A minister's Wife.
Iter. Anthony Atwood, of Phila
delphia, saTi: "llt-M's (Kidney
ami Liver Uexeoy has cured my
vlfof Dropsy In Its worpt form.
All say that It is a miracle."
(lenernl Choco of Rhodo Island
says: "I always keep Hunt's Kid
ney and Liver) IIemedt In my
house. Taken In small doses occa
sionally at night. It prevents head
ache, and regulates the kidneys,
stomach aud other organs." 10
Mys inai "i am rro-
Dlscaio soon shaken, by Hcst'sRemxdt taken."
C. S. CMITKMOX, N. Y flenenl Agent.
OF PURE COD LIVER OIL
Almost as Palatabloas Milk.
Tha only preparation of COM MYF.ll OIL Unit
c&n bo taken readily aud tolerated for a lon time
jj delicate stomachs.
An as a hkiikiiv roil rovuniPTinv,
S( KIIH l.lll S AUKlUINs. A.NAt.lllA. J I . .
HtAL llklill.in, (III (Ills AMI Tlllliur At'.
?K-I(IS. anil nil 11ASIIMI IHXIUIlKILS (7?
( IIII.IIIU.N II Is riirrellonH In il remiln.
lTescnbcd and endorsed by tho boat l'hyslclana
in tho countries of tho world.
FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
the nopular favorite for tire a
v. netigray,and preventing Dan
druff, It cleanse the calji,
itoot the hair falllnc. an! a
s u r e to pi ease, koc. and $r. sizes at Druggi s U .
Tho Best Cough Curo you can ueo
and the best V-nown preventive of Curmimption.
Parker's Tonic kept in a home is a ten tint I to
teeji sickness out. Used discreetly it kccj5 the
blood pure and the Stomach, Liver and KtJnejs
in working order. Coughs and CoUs inh be
fore it, It buiU tip the health.
If von suffer from Debility, Skin Eruptions,
Cough, Asthma, Dyspepsia. Kidney. Urinary or
Female Comphints.or any disorder of the Lun
Stomach, IJoweU, lllootl or Nerves dort't wjit
till you are rick in bed, but u-e I'akkf.k's Tomc
today : it wilt give ou new life and vi., r.
H1SCOX & CO., N. Y:
Sold by Druggists, Large saving buying $i size.
aug. 14-1 y
in a pottle.
SufKefent to stop In five
minutes the smarting, sting
Ingpaincf roo burns or scalds.
It will stop the pain as soon as
Abundance to cure a score
of colds and the coughing
that often leads the way to
Consumption, It will ros
itivelv ek a Cough la 15
More than enoush to sate
a doren children Choking with
Croup. One minute .titer the
first dote the hardest attack
of Croup wilt be relieved.
Plenty to relieve the oppres
sion and wheeling of the most
severe case of Asthma. The
direct cures ol Atthma by
this medicine are proofs thai
Dr. Thomas' Edectric Oil his
no equal tu an Asthma cure.
In the above cases Pr. Thomas Ecltctrie Oil can
he relied upon. It has given relief to thousands.
Keep it In your house. There Is hardly a week of
the year It will not be useful,
' 1C o ,1V
J I I 111 1 'W
WtiatU tha uaecfaufferinff with SacVacho,
Fain t n the Bide or Xlip, Sciatica, UbeuroatUm,
Kidney Piaeaaes, Crick Btltchee, Swollen and
tri ed Muscle, Cbct and Lung t roublea, or any
ortof pain or Borenoaa, olthcr local or deep
seated when a Hop FUster will glvo Instant t
reuerr J'reparccirromiiurffunayi'iicu, L ana
da Salaam, aud tho pain-kUUnff Tlrtuea of
Itops. The beat ttrengthenlnff plaater ever
known. Thousands aay so. Sold by all dealers.
Mailed on receiptor price, 850,, 5 for H. 00,
nOP PLASTEH COMPANY, Boston, Mass.
ORNAMENTAL IRON FENCES
OF CAST CH WUOUOHT IKON.
Tho followlnsr shows tho I'lckct (lothlc. one of
the bt-vrial luautlful btj lcs of Fence manufactured
by the undersLfncd.
vni-iuiiiifvftnii nurabllltv thov aro unaumanii
ed. Set up by experienced uaudu and warranted
Prices and Bpecimeim of other de
signs soul to any address.
s. a mmm,
For the COLCuaiAN.
Twas tho last I entwined in tho golden hair
Ot a dear llttlo sister so kind and fain
And It's long I'll remember a sweet llttlo smllo
As I answered her kindly, "She'll bo homo In a
"Hut my brother," she said,"! am hungry and cold,
And our mother Is gono a long time from tho fold
Where her dear llttlo Will and her sweet little
Aro alone In tho dark, but wo'll wait I guess,
'Tin we hear tho foot-fall of her weary tread
llrluglng her children their morsel ot bread."
"She Is kind to us Will-mother dear I Don't you
How she labored and tugged through last Winter's
How sho washed and sho scrubbed working hard
all tho day,
And given small wages as tho whole ot her pay t
And nt times when mother thought I was asleep
She'd sit for an hour at a time and sho'd weep.
(), dear brother Willi thcao aro sad things to mo
When I think ot the time when vro cannot mother
And then only you and I hero alone
To livo tor each other and live In ono homo."
No more did sho say, but soon feel asleep,
And closed her eyes no more sha 1 1 they weep.
If sho dreamed that her dear good mother would
The prayer was answered and not very long
From tho time little lless woat to Bleep
Cold and hungry, wlthout;u morsel to cat.
Hut I saw not tho mother when shecamo to receive
Her darling, her daughtcr-herson she must leaTC.
For tho angels had carried hcroff to tho sky
Far from tho haunts of a cruel eye,
still alone I hero wander where nono can console,
Tho longings that upward nrlso la my soul.
As I think ot my youth while now I'm alono
For mother and sister have left me they're gone.
No ono shares cdmfort, and only with theso
Tho pretty Blue Bells that aro blown In tho
As companions and friends, I must wander alone,
Looking toward Heaven as tho place of my home,
Whero my mother and sister in dazzling light
Now hoer In pcaco from their earthly night,
For the Colombian.
, BY JOUN SCTTON.
In tho twilight I was musing,
Thinking of tho years gono by,
When a picture came before me,
That was pleasing to tho eye,
'Twas tho picture ot tho faces.
Of tho friends I uied to know,
Who long ago departed.
To tho land where all must go.
I could see each form and feature,
As tho group came Into v lew,
I could rccognlzo them easily,
Each, Just In life I knew.
I could hear their pleasant greeting,
I could seo each pleasant smile,
I could feel again their presence,
As It with me nil tho while.
Soino were old, and wan, and wasted,
Framed In locks of whlto and gray, ,
Yet they seemed to me as plcaa.uit,
As before they passed away.
Others In the strength of manhood.
Flushed with health, and bright with Joy,
Yet like blasted oaks, they perished
By diseases that destroy.
Others still, bore marks ot beauty,
Faces fair to look upon.
But they withered In their blooming,
Faded early, and were gone.
Thus the picture Hood before me.
And Its deep Impressions mode,
Teaching life Is full ot changes,
Full of sunshine and of shade.
Each ot all theso picture faces,
In my memory has a place,
And I think ot them with pleasure,
As their friendship still I trace.
In some old-time social pleasure,
In some noble Christian deed,
In some warm and fond affection,
In some help in time ot need.
I will bear It with me always,
As a treasure, hold It fast,
And appreciate Its value,
Whilo my life and memory last.
Shall I see these dear old faces
When tho dream ot life Is o'er,
What a Joy 'twill be to greet them,
And bo with them ever more,
htlllwater, Nov, 2, 1835.
LITE AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
ITS IKON-CLAD ETIQUETTE AND RIGID
Tho present occupant of tho White
House, Mr. Cleveland, is a plain, bluet
business man. Ho pel forms his share
in the entertainment of guoots and will
do all that ollieial duties require of him
in entertaining tho people of Washing
ton. Society wilh him, however, is a
mero incident. Ho is as regular in his
habits as a machine. He has perfect
health, a strong ptns'uiuo and an enor
mous capacity for work. If there is
any fault to bo found with his method
ot doing business it is that ho
is too conscientious and gives too
much attention to detail. Ho gives
his personal attention to tho pa
pers of every applicant lor a Presi
dential appointment. He works stead
ily in his oflice from 9 o'clock, with fow
breaks, until midnight. Ho receives
general callers upon all days of tho
week except Saturdays or Sundays.
Tuesdays and Thursdays ho spends the
uroater part of tho afuruoon with his
Cabinet associates. Ho is very accos
sible. It is easier to seo tho President
than it is to see tho majority of his.
Cabinet associates. Mr. Cleveland ac
cepts no invitations to go out. Gen.
Grant was the first President who over
accepted an invitation to any of tho so
cial entertainments in Washington, and
ho wcut out vary little. Ho only vis
ited his personal friends. Mr. Clovo
land's policy of not going out at all is
much more in keeping with tho dignity
of tho oflice, and in tho end will cer
tainly giyo moro general satisfaction.
Mr. Cleveland reads only tho news
papers. Ho has no timo for anything
else. lie reads but fow of theso pa
pers. IIo generally glances through
the New York papers beioro retiring.
Ho sleeps from seven to eight hours. I
once asked him if ho over carried his
work to bed with him, as many men of
a nervous organization would do. "No,"
said he. "I generally fall asleep with
out any ditliculty. I generally am
asleep as soon as 1 am fairly in bed and
nover wako until morning. ' This fact
is enoughto show that Mr. Cloveland
will not break down, no matter how
hard may bo tho strain of his oflicial
cares. A man who can sleep seven or
eight hours every night can work as
ho ploases during tho remainder of his
timo. IIo is very nbrupt and direct in
his treatment of all his callers. Ho is
thoroughly polite to every ono, but ho
permits no ono to wasto his time. IIo
stands up while ho receives his general
oallcrs, and each man's busiuess is fin
ished as quickly as possible, Tho man
on duty at tho frotit door of tho Whito
Houso does moro to render the Presi
dent's life peaceful than any other ono
tiersou. IIo has held tho post for a
long time, and is an expert on the sub
ject of cranks. Ho can tell a crank as
far as lie can see. Ilia enliro life is a
study of this species of human freak,
and it is a dull day when ho can
not pounce upon ono of them and turn
him away from tho President's homo.
Scrgt. Dinsmoro looks moro like a
clergyman than a crank-hunter.
HIS SALARY AND HIS EXPENSE8.
Tho President is the only prominent
oflicial under tho Government who has
a salary large enough to permit him to
meet tho expenses of his position. Tho
obligations of entertainments eat up
tho average salary, so that private for
tune is necessary to tho maintenance of
prominent ollieial position at Washing
ton. Tho President's salary of S50,-
000 a year is further augmented by a
number of allowances. In the first
ilnce, his houso costs him nothing. It
is heated and lighted at tho expenso of
tho Government. IIo lias also a retintio
of servants to look after tho house in
tho shape of doorkeepers and ushers.
Tho cook and tho houso servants pro
per aro paid by him. These nro few
in number and aro no more than would
bo found in tho average houso of n man
of moderato means. Nearly every Pre
sident is able to take away with him a
handaomo sum left from his salary.
President Hayes was tho most econ
omical of them nil. It is said that ho
saved in tho neighborhood of SlSO.OOO
out of his four years' salary. This is
probably an exaggeration." He took
away certainly 100,000. Grant, in
his eight years of service, it is said,
saved 80,000 ; but ho lost a good deal
of money in his various business ven
tures during his Presidential term.
mil Cleveland's rkceitions.
Tho oflicial entertainments at tho
Whito House do not begin before the
1st of January. They begin with what
is known as tho New Year's reception.
This is ono of the most marked events
of the Washington social season. Every
body of any prominence in oflicial or
private social circles at tho capital goes
to tho Whito House on that day. Try
as ono will it is next to impossible to
keep nininblo idiots from s6mo of the
public receptions. At a recent recep
tion a Simon Puro down Easter from
Maine, that lived on tho samo stieet
with Mr. Maine, grasped tho Presi
dent's hand and holding him off at a
distance exclaimed: "Stand off Grover,
right there, and let mo take a good look
at you. I helped put you in hero and
1 want to gazo on my work." He was
gently passed along the line and tho
current (lowed smoothly as before.
New Year's is tho ono reception on
that day whero ladies go. Tho win
dows of tho Whito House aro darken
ed, tho interior is lighted with gas, so
thas the general effect is that of an
evening reception. Tho members of
tho Diplomatic Corps, who are receiv
ed first upon that day, always wear
their full-dress court uniform. The
army and navy oflicers who call aro
obliged to appear in full dress. Tlie
fact that these threo important classes
of officials wear full dress has influen
ced a number of civilians to appear in
full dress upon that day. There nover
has been any established rnlo upon the
subject. Gen. Grant used to always
wear evening dress upon tho occasion
of tho New Year's receptions. Ho held
that the diplomatic and army and navy
people paid him tho honor of appearing
in full dress bofofo him, and that ho
could not do less than to put on full
dress to ro-civo them. Hayes wore
full dress. There was quito a contro
vei'sj betwoen him and tho Secretary
of Slate. Mr. Evarts, upon this subject.
Mr. Evarts insisted that there was no
occasion in life which warranted the
putting on of a dress suit in the day
time. So ho used to appear upon theso
occasions in a closely buttoned frock
coat. Tho Cabinet all followed Mr.
Evarts with tho exception of tho one
already named. When Arthur camo
to direct the ceremonies of that day ho
adopted tho regulation frockcoat morn
ing dress. Tho majority of his Cabi
net peoplo followed his habit. There
wa9 for the first timo something like
uniformity in tho rulo of dress at tho
Whito House. The neccsarv conse
quence wai that tho majority of tho ci
vilian caners soonconiormed tottio rule
of morning dress.
The ladies who called wore, as a
rule, visiting costuines.although a num
ber of tho wives of the diplomatic peo
ple and ladies who were going to ro
coivo at homo would appear in full
drcts. There was no rule, however, in
tins republican court. J hero was noth
ing to have prevented any ladv fiom
coming in tho plainest ot street walk
ing drosses without being specially re
marked. Theso receptions nre trener-
ally described as somethinir verv bril
liant. That is hardly tho word to ap
ply. They aro very agrcoablo and pleas
ant, however. They becin a little too
early in tho morning for brilliancy. Tho
diplomatic people aro received at 10.30.
Tho privileged callers aro all received
by 12.30. Vtom thei. on until 2 it is
an indiscriminate crowd, made up of all
colors and conditions.
Tho old colored man vou seo in tho
hall has boen present at all these recep
tions over since tho war. His onlv
name, or at least tho only name that
any ono miows, is Arthur. His ollieial
positiou is to stand in front of Col. La.
mont's door and keep tho oflicious
throng from worrying tho President's
private secretary to death. Ho has
turned away men that tried to seo Lin
coin, and can do it so gracefully that
mo visitor iceis uetier tnau It ins wish
had been cratitod. Tho Marino Hand
is always stationed in tho ante-room
during theso receptions. Tho visitors
pass along in regular order from this
ante-room, whero they leave their
wraps, to mo ued l'arlor.a liigh.squaro
room, and thou into tho Hluo Parlor,
an oval-dhaped room, whero tho Presi
dent Btands. There is an absurd cus
tom at tho White II01190 of having a
long line of ladies to assist the Presi.
dent in receiving. It can hardly be
said that thoy assist him. Tho ladies
invited by tho rresidcnt aro nlaccd in
lino according to the official portion of
their husbands. There thoy stand in a
solemn, stiff row. Sometjmes tho visi
tors nro presented to thoin and some
times not. If you happen to know one
oi tiicso ladies slio will shako you stilt
ly by tho hand, nnd if she Is very aim
iablo sho may introduce- vou to her
neighbors. Hut in general theso ladios
aro simply so many moro peoplo to bow
to, nnd nothing more. A fow of tho
higher officials remain back of tho Pre
sident with tho ladies of their families
Thcro is an absence of thufoinialitv of
tho front row. Tho conversation hero
is tho samo as at an ordinary reception.
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XIX. NO 48
COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT, VOL.XLIX, NO II
It is not until the East Patlor is reach
ed that tho reception appears at its best
advantage. Heto is a very lame room
ono of tho large-it In Washington
wnero pociety lias an opportunity lo
meet. There is perfect freedom and n
general Interchange, of civilities. So
ciety people nro fond of tho Whitu
Jiouso receptions on account ot tho
meeting afterwards jn tho East Hoom.
nero ono lias an opportunity of seeing
nnd talking wilh nil of the lending peo
ple hi Wnshiccton. ns ho could n no
IMS REL10ION AND IIA'.IITS.
President Cloveland is not what
might be called a religious man, al
though ho is n decendant of a line of
clergymen. IIo is the first President
for n number of yeats who doesn't re
gularly attend church. Ho only goes
occasionally. Ho lias a great resptct
for religion, however, and will never
do anything to shock religious preju
dice. His sister, Miss Cleveland, is an
intelligent lady whoso tastes arc moro
literary than social. Yet sho is very
scrupulous in comforming to all the so
cial requirements of her position and is
very careiui to respect nil of tho con
vi-ntiouatitics. She is au easy talker,
and is noaily as accessible ns her broth
er. Tho President has no familiars.
There is no Kitchen Cabinet undor the
Cleveland Administration. It was
thought at tho otilset of tho Adminis
nation that some of Mr Cleveland's old
llnffnlo friends might come on
and establish a little ring about him.
Nearly every President has had near
him a staff of personal Iriends holding
no oflicial position of special impor
tance, but yet influencing and controll
ing his actions in very important mat
.tcrs. Mr. 15isoll, tho President's for-
mer law partner in liuftalo. on I Daniel
i.ockwood, who ban put Mr. Cleveland
in nomination for all of tho offices he
has ever held, visited Washington dur
ing thy spring. It was thought that
theso two men would remain at tho cap
ital and that they would ba tho leaders
ot tlie Kitchen Cabinet. Whatevor
may havu been their intentions, this re
sult was not reached.
Uio only confidant that tho Presi-
dent has outside of his Cabinet advis
ors is Col. Lamont, his private secre
tary. This gentleman is a very (lis
creet young man, with wido political
experience in Now York State affairs
and with a very good training in tho
Tilden school of national politics. He
is one of the,most reserved of men and
has excellent judgment. For tho fust
timo in many years tho position of pii
vato secretary to tho President is held
by a man who is on something of a
confidential equality with tho Presi
dent. Whenever tho President leaves
the White Houso Col. Lamont has to
go with him. He is his constant com
panion in his daily rides and is con
suited as treqtien.ly as any of tho Cab
inet oflicers. He is one of tho fow pri
vate secretaries who is thoroughly con
versant, wiin wnat is going on in tlie
White House. Tho salary of the pri
vate secretary is only $3,3,"0 a yelr. It
is insufficient for tho place. It has
been at several times proposed to raiso
tho salary of this position to 80.000 or
$8,000 a year, so that tho President
could offer tho placo to somo ono who
could act as his daily adviser nnd con
fidant. It is not every day that a man
of Col. Lamont's ability would consent
to sacrihco his personal interests to
servo a President in this position.
Col. Lamont is not very tall himself
so ho Hits in an immenso arm-chair that
ho screws up lo tho top liko a piano-
stool. His visitor sits In a low otto
man liko chair, so that no matter how
tall tho caller may bo Col. Lamont can
look carelessly down upon him from
tho elevated seat. The Colonel still
sticks to his old Albany habit of call
ing Mr. Cleveland "Governor" when
they aro close together, and the Presi
dent familiarly calls his private secre
TUB SOCIAL SEASON.
After tho regular Now Year's recep
tion the President gives from timo to
timo several evening receptions. Tho
Hi-si aro generally card receptions, to
which aro invited tho prominent offi
cials of tho capital. Ono or two recep
tions aro generally given to tho public,
but as thu bonis for theso receptions
aro limited irom eight to ten, and only
a certain number of guests aro admit
ted at a time, the White House itself
is nover uncomfortably crowded. Thn
discomfort in such cases is found in tho
strugglo to bo admitted. Upon such
reception nights tho officials and friends
of the President aro admitted to the
White House through a rear cntranco
whero thoy can como in without any
discomfort. The lady of tho Whito
House, after Jan. 1, receives formally
after 3 o'clock in the afternoon of Sat
urdays. Sho is always assisted by a
immber of ladies selected from her per
sonal friends and tho families of tho
officials. Thcao receptions continue, un
til 5 o'clock. Tho ladies who assist arc
invited to remain to lunch with the
hostess. It is also customary for the
President to give several sta"tcd din
ners during tho winter. Tho Presi
dent must give a dinner to the Diplo
matic Corps, and this dinner includes
the chairman of tho Foreign Affairs
committees in both Houses of Congress.
IIo also entertains tho Supremo Court
and tho chairman of tho Judiciary com
mittees. After ho lias gotten by this
point ho is expected to givo dinners to
tho loading Senators and Members.
Gen. Grant is tho only President of
modern times who has" during a term
of Congress entertained every individ
ual member of it and his wife 'it ho had
An invitation to tho White Houso is
supposed to override all others. It is
not considered polito to decline nny in
vitation of tho President unless for rea
sons of illness or somo other equally
good causo. A register is kept at tho
white House of all invitations sent out
by tho Prdsident dining his term. This
record is a part of tho papers of tho of
fice which each President tnkes away
with him. Tho Presidontof the United
States is not expected to accept nny in
vitations. Tho lady of the While
Houso is not required to return any of
tho calls made ujion her. She fre
quently accepts invitations to go out,
but her so doing involves no social ob
ligation of a return entertainment.
HIS DAILY I.1FK.
It is absolutely necessary that tho
President have sonic tjmo to attend to
the vast quantity of business that pours
in upon him every day. So Charles
Lotlh'er, a young man with a
column n po 13 oo 15 oo
33 00 SO 00 40 00 HO 00
Yearlr sdvert foments payable quarterly. Tran
sient advertisements must bo paid for before in
serted except where parlies havo accounts.
Legal advertisements two dollars ficr Inch for
three Insertions, and nt that rate for additional
Insertions without n-icrcncc to length.
Executor's, AdmlnlsU otor's, and Auditor's no
t Ices threo dollars.
Trnlent or local notices ten centsn line, teg
ular advertisements halt rates.
i cards In the "linemen, Directory" column, on
)ollar a j ear for each line.
theatrical face, stnntls guard at his
door with orders to allow no ono to
pass. Ho acts as messenger nnd
knows just when it is safe lo interrupt
the woikers inside. President Cleve
land's daily life is n systematic one.
IIo is verv phlegmatic in his disposi
tion. Ho is not at all nervous.
Methodical ways are a second imttiro
to him, IIu always rises at 7 o'clock.
Ho drespcs very leisurqly and glances
over the morning papers after ho is
dressed. He breakfasts at 8. Thcro
is hardly ever anv one with him at
breakfast except his sister, Mies Cleve
land, unless there nre special gues'.s in
tho house. From his breakfast-room
he goes directly lo tho library. This
Is his favorite room. It Is a long oval
chamber, plainly furnished wilh red
leather sofas, chairs and other library
ftirniitire. There aro in this room a
pimi'-er of tho portraits of ex-Presi-donU.
The President's desk is of light
wood nnd nt tho t-otit i i end of the
room. Tha windows back of him aro
wide and high and take in a very com
prehensive view, reaching wny over be
yond tho Smithsonian Institute at tho
loll, down the Polomao to Alexsndria
directly south, and over to Arlington
at his right. It was out of this.win
dow that Lincoln through a glass,' saw
tho Confederate llag flying over Alex
andria, when Col. Ellsworth, of Chi
cago, was calling upon him. Mr. Lin
coln's remark that the Confcdcrato
flag ought at least to bo out of sight
of the capital undoubtedly stimulated
Ellsworth to the act of tearing down
that flag, which act cost him his lite.
Upon tho right of this room is another
while tho Cabinet meets. This is
whero Mr. H.-tyej used to receive his
visitors. Tho library room is tho
place where tho smgeons who attend
ed upon Garfield used lo meet to make
reports to the Cabinet.
The President, when ho comes into
tho library in tho morning, finds a
bundle of papers upon his desk.
These aro selections made from the
mail by Col. Limont, his private sec
retary, and the documents in such
special cases as tho President has ex
pressed a desiri) to consider. A stcno-graplit-r
comes and takes his eat at
the President's right, Col. Lamont
joins him and, from 9 until 10, tho
PreMilunt disposes of theso cases.
Aftpr 10 o'clock ho sees his regular
callers, tho Senators, members and
leading polilicaus from out of town
who come to talk to him ujion tho sub
ject of offices. Straggling through
this crowd there will occasionally bo a
caller who has como for tho purpose of
paying his respect.-. This latter class
is very few in number. The Presi
dent's reception continues until 1
o'clock, except upon iho two Cabinet
days of iho week. He then receives
only until 12 o'clock, or when thero is
a largo delegation at tho Whito Houso
lo seo him ho generally comes down
to tho East Konm aud holds a recep
tion there. IIo lunches at 2 and
then goes back to his work. Ho
keeps at that steadily until ,j, unless ho
is interrupted by somo very prominent
caller who cannot be put off. He
leaves the White House at that hour
anil drives with his private secretary
until " o'clock, lie then returns homo
and dines. His dinner is always a
plain one. Ho gets back to his work
again nt 8.30. Ho works until mid
night before ho retires. There is littlo
change in tho loulino of his daily life.
Upon Saturdays when ho does not seo
general o tilers" ho 6imply devotes tho
time ho gains thereby to the endless
papers which aio always accumulat
ing upon his desk. He goes out for
longer drives Sundays, and occasion
ally upon that dav takes a walk. I5ut
even a portion of that day is devoted
to uio consideration ot public business.
Thero never was a harder working
i resilient in tuo winio ilous-o.
ii ? i . ., - -
Taken for a Drummer.
A mi'inber of th-i Dubunuo bar was
recently in nuu of the thriving interior
towns ol the State on business. In tho
hotel ha was accosted by a verv nrrio.
able gentium in, who finally wanto I to
kiiow wnero no was irom. Tho legal
gentleman not exactly relishing tho
stranger's familiarity, answered curtly:
"v rom JJiiotiqiie.
Tho next question wa:
"For what house aro you traveling!'1
"For my own."
"You are? May I ask your namo'"
P.UWe oriovabI In thi'lawvcr. en-..
bai raising t . tfn- other.
" ell (de.spcratehO. wh it is vonr
Tho lawyer gave his uamo as "Jones."
'What linn are you in?"
"! don't understand vvou, sit!"
"What are you scllinL'?"(impatiently)
"IJrninV was tho cool reply.
Tlie stranger saw his oimortnnitv.
and looking tho Dubunuo (Tenth-man
over from head to fool, ho said slowly:
"Well, you appear to carry a duccd
small lot of samples."
"For goodness sake. Mnrv " naVo1
thn young lady's mother at breakfast,
"what was tho matter with vou and
Ilarrv in tho pailor last night ?'"
"Why, mamma 1 What 1" inquired
tho daughter, demurely.
"WIlV. Oil iowni l'll mill nnnrra1l,l
for half an hour like a pair of pick-
"Oh," sho replied, remember! hit tlin
circtimstancep. "Harry wanted mo to
take inn tug cnair anil I wanted him to
take it because he was company, you
"Well, what did you quarrel about?"
"Wo didn't (Hl.'irrol. Itlfltnnm nnlu
ho insisted that I should take it, and I
"I low did you settle it finally ?"
"Weil, mamma. wi-u-nu-n ,
promised and both ol us took'it."
Tho mother had been a girl or.co
'll sav. Prttsv. vn can't wnint,
load o' turf on theso scales."
"Why can't 01. Larry t Phat's the
matter wid tho ecales !''
"Don't ye see, ye, havo moro than a.
ton on there, an' the scales only welch
half a ton?" b
"Well, bedad, I'll tell yo yo most
dhrivo tho front wheels on and weigh
half a ton, and then dhrivo the hind
wheels on and woigh tho other half
"Thruo for yez, uio b'y. What a
foino thing it is to havo a niDBtbvr
brain." 1'ittilury Jihpateh