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fVTs of DsivpsMq
COLOVMA nsMOClUT, STAR OF Tim NORTH, and CO.
unmix, consolidated. '
Inanoil Weekly, errtj Friday -ttornln.. ni
9M oh 1 rl
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4T5 7 K IS 00
aw lo oo in cm
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0 81 II tO S3 (10
atii.wj iicrjunr. i u nuDwriDcrs out 01 tho conn,
tytnn terms are strictly In advance l"l"ocmln
lrNo paper discontinued except at thoontlnn
ol ttio publishers, until all arrearage aro mid but
l.mir nnnt nuod credits will tint i,n ffiSUA u , IUU uul
All nunnrn nont ftnt nf Mm ufntn n. .1.1.. . .
onicos mii3t bo jialcl for in advanco, unless a rcsnon.
the subscription duo on demand. lu pny
ThoJob Printing Department ottho colbmmin
Is very complete It contains tho latest new inm
and machinery nnd Is tho only onico that rims lob
pros cs by power. giving us tho best facilities, Ki
llmates furnished on largo Jobs.
r K. WALLER," "
ATTOKNE Y-AT-L A W,
onico over 1st. National Hank, mom "
nico In Ent's llulldlng.
J 011N M. 0LA11K,
.JUS TICK OP THE PEACE.
nice over .Moyer llros. Drug storo.
p W. MILL Kit,
onico In Uroivor'a bulldlng.sotond iloor.room No. 1
Pit AM K ZVKR,
onico corner of Contro and Main Streets. Clark j
Can bo consulted In German,
i EO. E. ELWELL,
Ofllca on First floor, front room of Col.
umbian Hiilldlnj:, Muln street, below Ex.
pAUL E. WIltT,
onico In Colombian Building, Hoom No. a, second
B LOO MSB una, PA.
8. KNOHK. L. B. W1HTSR8TKIN.
KNOBIt & WINTERSTEEN,
onico In 1st National Bank building, socond ttoor,
llrstdoortotholcft. Corner of Main and Murkit
streets Uloomsburg, Pa.
tSSTensions ami Itounliet Collecttd.
J II. MAIZE,
onico In Mateo's bulldljg ovcrlllllmcyer'sgrocery.
JOHN C. YOCU.M. C L (IHYL'lt.
YOCUM & OEYEH,
(onico front Milt of rooms on second lloor or
Nkws Item building.)
SW-CAN HE CONSULTED IN HKllMAN.i:
Members, of Sham and Allcman's Lawyers and
Banker's Directory nnd tho American Mercantile,
nnd collection Assoclal Ion. 111 gU o prompt and
careful nttentlon to collection ol claims in any
part of tlio United htntes or Canada, ns well as to
all other piodf&lonal bus,lncbs entrusted to thein.
Jackson Building, Itooms 4 and C.
-yy. II. HIIAWN.
Office, corner or Third and Main streets.
i nvnrTiTWr A'P T A 'WT
Olllco in lirowcrs' Building, 2nd floor,
map 1-1 f
yyr. s. smith,
Attornoy-ntLaw, Berwick. Pa.
Cn be Consulted in Oerman.
FIUE AND LIFE INSURANCE
3"Ofllceillv8t door below the post olllco.
CO. UAHKIjKY, Atiomcy.nt-Law, , .
, onico In Drawer's building, !nd btory, ltooras -.vs mjoWN'S 1NKCRANCK
1unu:i- V- Atinxcy. Moycr's new building, Main street,
" Ctbouisburg, I'a.
,T ,nCSYm0'MllnDkSS tna Insurance Co., of Hartford, Conn
U m slclan, north sldo Main Btreet.beiow MarEet ioyai of Lhernool.. 13,mx),ouo
A Ij. FKITZ, Attorney.nt.Law. OlBce S?:::;:Z: SS
Jt. , In Colombun llulldlng. London & Lancashire, of L'ngland 1,;icj,970
Hartford of llartlord a,STd,uM
p M. DRINKER, GUN & LOCKSMITH Dprlngtlcld l'lro and Marino 3,08J,5S0
It. J. C. RUTTER,
onico, North Market stroct,
DR. WM. M. RE11ER, Surgeon and
Physician, onico corner of Itock and Market
JR. EVANS, M. D.. Surgeon and
.Physician, UJlce and Hosidoncu on Third
PJUIIISTIAN P, KNAIT, BLOOMSBUKO.l'A,
HOME, Of N. Y.
MUKCHANTS', OP NKWAItK, N. J.
CLINTON, N. Y.
l'liOl'LKS' N. Y.
Theso old cohtohations aro well bcisoned by
ago and 1'niK TidTED nnd havo nouT jet had a
loss bcttled by nny court of law, Their assets aro
all Invested In solid BKCURiTiKS nro llablototho
hazard of hub only.
losses imiomitlv and honestly adjusted nnd
paid as boon ns determined by ciikistian r.
KNArr, BrEt'iAi. aoknt and Adjustbr bloomsdubo,
Thopcoploof Columbia county should natron
lz thoo agency where loam's If any are settled and
paid by ono of ther own ell Uo ns.
l'ltOMlTNESS. KliUlTY, l'AIH DEALINO.
number anil gas nttcr. Hear of Schuyler's uard.
All kinds of nttings for steam, gas nd water
pipes constantly on hand.
Itoonng nnd spouting attended to at short no
tlcv. Tlnwaro otovcry description mado to order.
Orders left at Schuyler SCO's., hardware btoro
will bo promptly llllod.
Special attention given to heating by Bteam and
ON THK KUHOl'HAN PLAN.
Viotor Koch, Proprietor.
liooms nro heated by steam, well ventilated and
o'.eganlly furnished, llneot liar and Lunch Coun-
tCMeala'toCord'cr at all hours. Ladles and dents
restaurant lurnUhed wllh nil delicacies of tho
iioca'tlon near V. U & W. Jt. Denot.Bcranton,
3. Ea EL77ELL, s
; S BITrSUBEUCEIJ. K"PrltOti
A. W. Drown.M.n. nf rmti.if n
It. I., sayei "I havo used Utmi's
liuuncynud Liver ItSMiDTlnmj
nrattlCG fnrllin tnat alf.n iia
and cheerfully recommend H si
miHB y nnu rciiaote rcmcay."
Another prominent doctor of
rrovldenco fays that "I am fro-
nilpnlt ti i.l h. .t..
tlonaannbstliutPifor Hunt's Kid
ncy nrt Liver) IluMEDT. 1 And on
tr)lng tlicm Hint they aro worthlces
In comparlsou to It,"
An Old Lady.
"My mother, 70 years old, has
clironla kidney complaint and drop
fly. Kothlnf? Imft rritr TirlnoJ linw
llko IIcnt's Kidney and Llvcr
hemedt. uuo has received great
benefit frora8boltlei andnolhlnlc
It will euro her." tY. W. Sunder
land, llulldcr, Danbnry, Conn.
A Jllnlster'a Wife.
. Rev. Anthony Atwood, of Phila
delphia, says: "Hunt's Kidney
and Ltvcrl HiMtnY has cured mv
All eay that It Is a miracle.'
General Chace of Ithodo Island
says! "I always keep Hunt's Kid
ney and Lhcrl HEMsnr In m,
home. Taken la small dotes occo.
eloually at night. It provents head
ache, and regulates tho kidneys,
etoinach and other oreans." in
"Disease soon shaken, by Hunt's Remedy taken."
t'- S- CltlTTEXTOy, N. I., General Agent.
tho popular favorite for dres
inc the hair, Kcstoring the color
drufl, It cleanser tho scalp,
Stops tho hair fal liner, and is
sure to please. 50c. nnd $r. sizes at DrujrcistS.
The Beit Cough Core you can oao
and the best known preventive of Consumption.
Takker's Tonic kept In a hooie is a sentinel to
keep sickness out. Used discreetly it keeps the
blood pure and the Stomatfi, Liver and Kidneys
In working order. Cough 1 and Colds vanish be
fore it. It builds tip the health.
If you sutler from Debility Skin Eruptions,
Cough, Asthma, Dyspepsia, Kidney, Urinary or
Female Complaints, or any disorder of the Lungs
Stomach, liowefe, Hlood 01 Nerves, don't wait
till you arc sick in bed, but use Parker's Tonic
to-day ; it ill give you new life and i;ror. . .
HISCOX & CO N.V5
Sold by Drusclsts, I.arge saving buying $1 sire.
ORNAMENTAL IRON FENCES
OF CAST CIt WKOUGIIT IHON.
Tho following shows tho Picket Gothic, ono of
tho several tieautiruUtylesot Fence manufactured
by the undersigned.
l'or licauty nnd Durability they nro unsurpass
ed. Set up by experienced hands and warranted
to give satisfaction.
Prices and specimens of other de
signs went to any adores".
JD F. IIAHTilAN
HBniKSSNTS TUB FOLtOWIKO
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES
Kortu American of I'hlladelphla.
Kranklln, " "
renusj lvanla, " "
York, of l'unusylvanla.
Hanover, of N. v.
ouetns, of London,
North lirltbli, of London.
onico on Market street, Ho. 5, Illoomsburg.
OCt. Hi 1"
JJi.oomsiiuiki, Columbia County, I'a
11 styles of work done In a superior manner, work
warranted as represented. Tkktii Kxtkact
luwunorTl'iiNbythe use of oas, nnd
treeot charge w hen artlmial teeth
Olllco over Klelm's Driif; Store.
Jo be open at all hourt during the aj
Nov 33 .ly
W. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR
Urge nnd convenient simplo rooms. Hath rooms
hot and cold water, and all modern conveniences
A school for both sexes, separate building of
brick, heated by bteam, tor tho use of Ladles.
PROPERTY COST $50,000.
For BUSINESS For COLLEGE,
ripeclal attention paid to students whoso school
privileges hat o been limited.
CLASS IN I'HYBIOUKIV EACH TKHM.
Location Exceptionally Healthful.
COST TO UOA11DEIW
PER YEAR $154.
lleduecd rales on 1. L. W. 11. H.. Seventeenth
J ear begins August -a. l'or catalogue or Inlorma.
HKV. JOHN II. IIAHUIS, Pn. D.
May Si, im.
Stiaiicer to Canada, I think voit
snidt 1 irst visit to Ontario? Vcll,you
aio Heartily A-clcomo to Indian Uroek.
Tako a eliair on tlio iiiny.za until din
ner's ready wo dine early in tlieso
Finot farmt Well, yce; Indian
Creek is nico place, if I do own it.
All, as far as yoti can sec frass land,
corn fields, woods and creeks all be
long to it. Stock, too tlioy call it
tlio best stocked farm in Ontario, I be
lieve, and I daro say they'ro right.
All mine; and yet I camo to Canada
twelve years ago without tho tradi
tional half-crown in my trousers pocket.
Would you like to hear tho story!
There's a good half-hour to dinner
time yet, and it's a story I never tiro
of telling, somehow.
I began hfo as thu boh of a village
carpenter in tho south of England.
You know that class pretty well, I
daro say, and what a gulf was fixed
between mo and tho vicar of tho par
ish. And yet and yet from tho time
she was 7 years old ami I 11, and she
fell down in tlio dusty road outside tho
carpenter's shop and cried, and I picked
her up and smoothed tho little crumpled
pinafore, and kissed tho dust out of
her golden curls. I loved but ono girl
in mo world, and mat was the vicars
daughter, AVinny Iiranscomc.
Madness, you'll say. Well, perhaps
so,and yet a man is uut a man, and a
woman a woman; and love comes.
whatever one may do. 1 horo s no
class distinction recognized by child
hood, and wo wero playmates and
friends till she. went loboardiiic school
If Miss Winny had had a mother, no
tlouul things would liavobecn very till
ferent; but wo wire alike in never hav
ing known a woman's care, and the old
vicar was blind to everything but his
lint when she catno back from her
London boarding school, a beautiful
young lady, all smilrs and laces and
little lovely way.!, tln n I know. I had
tried my best to btudy and work, and
make myself moie liko the men sho
would meit, but what can a lad in an
hnglish village dot I iust had
enough education lo make every other
lau in inu place hale me; and liesiue
the men of her woild I suppose I cut
rather an astonishing figure. Yet tho
love was so beyond all elso in me, that
mad, hopeless as I felt it, I bad no
power over myself; and tho hrst timo I
caught her alone in tho woods sho
avoided me, I saw, and I had to watch
for a chance 1 told her the wliolo
story, and waited for her answer. Sho
grew Bcailct a rush of color that dyed
her fair, sweet face then deathly
"Dick,'' shu said, and sho was trem
bling from head to foot, "you know it
can never never be; you know you ate
wrong even to dream ot such a thing,
Some girls would think it an insult I
know you better; but if my father
heard of this, ho would Bay you had
atmsca ins kindness to you; ho would
never forgivo you. Forget your mad
ness. And she ran Jrom me.
I let her go. I had seen tho blush
and tho tremor, and I guessed that if I
had been Mr. Loftus, tho young Squire,
instead of Dick Ilawtry, the carpen
ter's son, her answer might havo been
different. A great resolvo sprang up
in my soul, and I took a solemn vow
in those Juno woods. That very night
l sold tho old shop (my lather was
dead, and I had taken to tho business),
and with tho money I bought an outfit
and started straight for Canada. It
was pretty tough work at first, but I
worked liko a galley slavo starved
aim pir.cncd and saved, and never
spent a penny on myself except for tho
nooks 1 sat up halt tho night to read
and study. Well, in this country tho
man who works and doesn't drink, is
suio to get on; and I had a mighty
purpose in my head. Jiy-aud bv
bought somo land dirt cheap, and sold
it for three times what I gavo for it
then 1 began to make money last. 1
should call my luck wonderful if I bo
lieved in luck, and didn t prefer to
think I was helped by a power far
abler than my own. At last, ton years
to tho very day after I sot loot on Ca
nadian soil, 1 bought Indian Creek
farm, and botran to build this house,
All the neighbors thought my good
lortuno had turned my brain, lor 1 lit
ted it up and furnished it for a lady,
down to a rocking-chair by my study.
table, and a workbasket with a tiny
gold thimble in it. And when all that
was finished, I took tho first ship for
Ten years builds a city ovor here,
It doesn't make much chango in Devon
shire villago. Tho very gates wero
still half oil their hinges, as I left
them, only tlio people were a little
older and a tritlo more stupid, and there
was a now vicar. Old Mr. Uianscomo
had been dead six months; died very
poor, they told me; thero was nothing
lolt tor Jiiss Winny. My heart gavo
one great leap when 1 heard that
And Miss Wiriny f Oh, sho had gono
governcssiiig with somo people who
wero just off to Canada, and tho shir
sailed to-morrow for Liverpool.
Tho Liverpool express novcr seemed
to crawl so slow before. I got thero to
lind every berth taken on board tho An
tartic, and tho captain raging at the
iion-appearanco ot two ot tho crow,
Without a second's pause I offered for
ono of tho vacant places. I was
strong as a horso and active enough
and though tho captain oyod mo rather
askanco I had been to a West End
tailor on my way through London ho
was too glad to got mo to ask any
questions. So I sailed on the ship
with my girl, Uttlo as sho know it.
saw her tho first day or two, looking
so palo and thin that sho was like tho
ghost of her old solf, and yet sweetor
to my eyes than over beforo. Tho
children sho had ohargo of woro trou
blcsomo littlo creatures, who worried
and badgered her till I longed to cuff
them well. Hut thero was a gontleness
and a patlcnco about her quito now to
my idea o Miss Winny, and I only
loved her tho more for it. After tho
second day out tho wind freshened and
I saw no moro ol her.
wo had an awiui passage, it was
Into in November an early Winter,
and tho cold was intense.. It blow ono
continuous gale, and some of our ma
chinery was broken tho screw dam
agpd and wo could not keep our
coirse. As wo drew near the other
sido of tho Atlantic, wo got moro and
moro out of our boarings, nnd at last
tho fogs told us wo were somowhero off
tho banks of Newfoundland, but wlicro
no ono was quito sure. It seemed to
mo it had .ill happened before, or I had
read It, or dreamed it. At nil events,
it was hardly a surprise to mo whon,
on the tenth night, tho awful shock
and crash took place a sensation
which no ono who has not felt it can
imagino in the least and wc know
that tho Antarctic had struck.
It's a foarful thine, if you como to
think ot it, a groat steamer filled with
living souls in tho full How of Hfo and
health, and in ono moment tho call com
ing to each of thorn to die. lloforo
you could havo struck a match the
wliolo ship was in a panic cries, ter
ror, contusion, agony (J, it was aw
ful 1 I triiBt novcr to sco such a sceno
again. I mado my way through it all
as if I had neither eyes nor cars, and
got to the state room I had long ago
iotind out was tho ono belonged to my
girl. I knocked at tho door witli a
heavy hand; oven at that awful mo
ment a thrill ran through mo at tho
thought of standing face to faco with
"Winny 1" I cried, "come out! mako
haste I thero is not a moment to lose 1"
Tho door opened as I spoke, and sho
stood just within, ready dressod, oven
to her littlo black hat. Tho cabin
light had been loft burning by tho doc
tor s orders, ami it loll lull on mo as I
stood there in my sailor's Jersey and
cap. I wondered if sho would know
me. I forgot the danger we were in
forgot that death was waiting close
at hand lorgot that tho world held
any ono but just her and me.
Dick! she cried, oh, Dick, Dick;
and sho fell forward in a dead faint on
All my senses came back then, and
I threw her ovor my arm and ran for
tho deck. A great fur lined cloak had
been dropped by tho door of tho ladle's
cabin. There was no light, but I
stumbled over it as I ran. I snatched
it up and carried it with mo.
Up above all was in the wildest
chaos; tho boats overfilled and pushing
o(T; tho ship settling rapidly; pcoplo
shouting, crying, swearing. One hears
tales of calintiesi and courage often
enough at such times which makes
one's heart glow as one reads them,
but thero was not much heroism shown
tho wreck of tho Antarctic. Tho
captain behaved splendidly, and so did
somo of tho ntssengers, but the major
ity ot them and tho crow woro mad
with terror, aud lost thoir heads alto
gether. I saw that there was not a chanco
for tho overcrowded boats in that sea,
and I sprang for tho frigging. I was
not a second too soon; a scoro of oth
ers followed my oxample, and with my
precious burden l should not havo bad
a chanco two minutes later. As it
was 'I scrambled to tho topmast aud
got a firm hold thero. Winny was
just coming to herself. I had wrapped
her round liko a baby in tho fur cloak,
and with my teetli I opened ray knifo
to out a ropo which hung looso within
reach. With this I lashed her to me,
and fastened us both to the topmast.
Tho ship sank gradually; alio did not
keel ovor, or 1 should not be telling
you the story now; eho settled down,
just her deck above water, but tho
great seas washed over it every second
and swept it clean. The boats had
Ono or two of tho crow, floating on
oose spars, wero picked up afterward
no more, ihonggiug was pretty
full, at least in tho upper part; down
below tho sea was too strong. Tho
captain was near mo. I felt glad to
think he had beeen saved ho was not
a coward liko somo of tho others.
How long was tho longest night vou
ever know 1 Multiply that by a thou
sand, and you will havo soma idea of
that night's length. Tho cold was
awful. Tho spray frozo on the sheets
as it fell; tho yards wero slippery with
ice. 1 stamped on Wintry sleet to keep
them from freezing. Did you notice
that I limp a little ? I shall walk lamo
as long as 1 Jive, sometimes there
was a splash in tho black water below,
as somo poor fellow's stiffened hold re
laxed, aud he fell from his place in the
rigging. Thero was not a breath of
wind, nothing but tho bitter, bitter tog.
How long could wo holdout! How
long would tho ship bo bofore sho
broke up ? Wo asked ourselves these
questions again and again, but thero
was no answer. Death stared us in
tho face; we seemed to livo ages of
agony in ovnry minute and yot, will
you believe me, that all seemed littlo
in comparison to the thought that af
ter an thoso ten long weary years, I
held my girl in ray arms at last !
Sho had pulled one comer of tho
cloak around my neck (I stood on a
level iust bolow her), and her hand
lay thero with it it was tho hand that
warmed mo more than tho cloak and
her check rested against my own. Of
ten I thought its coldness was tho
coldness of death, and almost oxultod
in tho thought that wo should dio to
gethor. And thon I would catch the
murmur of the prayers sho was utter
ing for us both, and know that Hfo was
still there nnd liopo lived, too.
Well; well. Why should I dwoll on
such horrors, oxcopt to thank tho Mercy
that brought us through them all!
Day dawnod at last, and there was the
Bhoro iic.tr by, aud soon rockets woro
fired and ropes secured, and ono by ono
tho half-dead living wero drawn from
their awful suspension between sky
and sea and landed safo on shore.
Tlioy had to tako Winny and mo to
gether, just as wo were, and even then
thoy had hard work to undo the clasp
of my stiffened arms about her. I know
nothing then, nor for long after, and it
was wonderful that Winny was tho
first to recover, and that It was alio
who nursed mo back to life and
And now diu i askoa Her to marry
mo ! Upon my word, now you ask, I
cant remember that I ever did. That
seemed utterly unnecessary, somehow.
Caste distinctions look small onougli
when you have" been staring death in
tho face for a fow hours; aud words
wero not much needod after wo had
boon together mtho rigging that night
Somehow I was glad it was bo: clad
my girl had taken me, in iny cap and
jcrBoy, or a common sailor, and yet
loved tho out u:ck turougti it all; glad
sho never ureamod i was owner of In
diau Crock farm, and tho richest man
in that end of Ontario, and had wealth
and position higher than Mr.Loftus.tho
young Squiro at homo. Tho people
that alio was with had all gono down on
that awful night, she had uoono in tho
FRIDAY, A UGUST
world but rao. Wo wero married at
Montreal tlio captain of tho Antarc
tic gavo hor away and then I brought
her to Indian Creek. To seo her face
when sho saw tho rocking chair, and
tho work basket and tho thimble I
Hoavon bless her t
Thero sho comes, with her baby on
her shoulder. Como into dinner,
friend, nnd you shall sco tho sweetest
wifo in tho now country or old; tho
girl I won amid tho ocean's surges.
Sleeping in Church.
STHANOK MKANS OF COSIMANHINO ATTEN
TION. l'reaohors havo frequently resorted
lo cold and outlandish modes of draw
ing attoulion to themselves or their
doctrine, Bays tho Albany J'rcss, either
by tho perlormanco ot somo mounte
bank trick in the gown, or by somo ut
terance or talo that was all awry. Tho
Hov. Daniel Burgess, observing but a
small congregation assembled ono day,
roared out, as ho entered the pulpit :
"Fire! Firol Firol'' The astonished
and frightened congregation instnntly
exclaimed: "Where! Where! Where!"
"In boll, hell, holll" roared tho preach
er, "to burn such wretches as regard
not tho tidings of the gospel." In
Charles II.'s timo thero lived a certain
Mme. Creswcll, whoso character was
notoriously bad. oho was at last im
prisoned in Bridewell, and as her death
approached sho desired to havo a ser
mon preached at her funeral, and left
by her will 250 for that purpose, only
tho preacher was lo say nothing
except what was well of her. Tho
preacher gave a sermon on mutability,
and concluded : "By the will of tho de
ceased it is expected that I should men
tion hor nnd say nothing except what
is well of her. All that I havo to say
of her, thereforo, is this: Sho was born
well, sho lived woll and sho died well ;
for sho was born with tho namo of
Croswell, sho lived in Clerkenwell, and
she diod in Bridowoll." Some pi each
ers have given illustrations in their pul-
uts which havo savored ot acting.
Tho Hov. Hilly Dawson was preaching
about David's encounter with Goliath,
and, after dramatically describing tho
challcngo of the Fhillistino and tho de-
banco ot David, lie took out a pocket
handkerchief and mado a sling of it,
put in an imaginary 6tono and flung it
with such imaginary torco in reality
that Sammy Hicks, the villago black
smith, lost all control over his foolings
and shouted : "That's right, Billy ; now
hoff with his 'cad !" A clergyman in
Norwich, Conn., seeing many of his par
ishioners asleep, pausod awhile, and
then said : "I como now to the third
hoad of my discourse, to which I ask
the serious and candid attention of all
who aro not asleep,"
Dr. South, whon once preaching bo
foro Charles II., observed that the mon
arch and his attendant began to nod,
and as his nobles aro common men
when thoy aro asleep, somo of them
soon after snored, on which ho broko
off his sermon and exclaimed, "Lord
Lauderdale, I am sorry to interrupt
your repose, but let rao entreat you not
to snore bo loud, lest you awaken his
majesty." It was no easy thing in ear
ly times to keep congregations awake,
and that others besido tho proachors
themselves mado efforts praiso worthy
UUUUgll 111 11118 uiruuiiun is cviucuccu
by tho fact that on the 17th of April,
1725, John Kudge bequeathed to the
parish ot Tyrsull, in Shropshire, twen
ty shillings a year that a poor man
might be omployed to go about during
sermon and keop tho people awake. A
bequost by lticiiard JJovey, ot I'arni-
cote, dated 1C59, had in view, tho pay
raenl ot oight shillings lo a poor man
for tho performance of the same duty
in Ulovcrly Uhurch, Shropshire. At
Acton Church, in Cheshire, about fifty
years ago. ono of the church wardens
or apparitor used to go around the
church during the servico with a long
wand in his hand, and if any of the
congrogation wero asleep thoy wore in
stantly awakened by a tap on the head.
At Dunchurch, in Warwickshire, s
similar custom existed. A person hear
ing a stout wand, like a hayfork at the
end, stepped stealthily up aud down
Vho nave and aisles, and whenever bo
saw an individual asleep bo touched
him so effectually that tho Bpoll was
broken ; this being sometimes dono by
fitting tho prongs of tho fork to the
napo ot tho nock. A moro playlul
method ot arousing sleeping sinnors
from tho arms of Morpheus was used
in another churoh, whoro tho beadle
wont round tho edifice carrying a long
stair, at one end ot winch was a knob,
at tho other a fox's tail. Tho latter
was used to tioklo tho faces of tho lady
sleepers, tho former to thump the heads
ot tho somnolent men. The day lor
personalities in tho pulpit has long ago
Somo years sinco tho Rev. Dr. Ben
don was rector of tho parish church in
liltnara, Kent. Ono day ho took lor
his text, "Who Art Thou!" After
having read this ho paused, as was his
custom, to gtvo tho audionco timo to
think upon bis words. Just then
military officer entered, and walking
down tho aisle, supposed tho question
was addressed to mm.
"I am, Bir, Sergeant McDufiie, of tlio
sixteenth Kegiraent of boot, and re
oruitlng othcor horo," replied tho man
giving tho salute. Tho congregation
of course, roared, and tho clergyman
had troubio in collecting his thoughts
A Scotch proachor saw bis wife
asleep in tho kirk, and ho immediately
stopped in tbo midst of tho sermon
"Susan 1 susani i did na marry vo
for yor wealth, Binco yo had nono ; nnd
did na marry yo lor yor boauty that
all tho congregation can sco; and if
ycr hao not graco I hao mado a sero
bargaiu wf yer. '
She slept no more.
Not a fow of tho vagaries of tho
luipit havo been directed against sleep
mg sinners, llobcrt Hall s audionccs
wore composed of thoso asleep and
thoso going to sloep, despito tho fact
that bis sermons wero tbo most brilliant
of tho ago. Sidney Smith said thatsomo
sermons aro written as if Bin were to
bo taken out of man, liko Evo out of
Adam, by putting him to sleep, Dr,
Barrow onco preached so long and so
dull a sormon that everybody loft tho
church but tho sexton and himself,
Finally the soxton, seeing no prospect
oi uiu mugwump uivuie coming to
conclusion, cried out:
"Sir, horo are the koys, ploaso to lock
up tno cnurcii wucn you aro throng
,with tho sermon.'
Thero havo been many odd ways de
vised by dull preachers to overcome
the desiro on tho part of thoir congre
gation to slumber. A Now York min
ister, who was holding forth in a style
that ought to havo kept them awake,
but, being unsuccessful, ho suddenly
stopped and said ;
"brethren, I havo preached about
half of ray sermon, and I perooive that
twonty-fivo or thirty of my congrega
tion are fast asleep. I shall postpone
dolivery of tho rest of my sermon un
til they wake up 1"
For fivo minutes there was a dead
pause, a suppressed titter, a good deal
of looking nround, signs of rustling
uneasiness, and tho preacher concluded.
National Guard Rations.
what tiii: statu pays camp sniKitir.p
A complaint having been made by
somo of the Philadelphia mombcrs of
the National Uuard concerning the sub
sistence in camp nnd tbo pay for ser
vice reporterotthc Ilarnsbnrg rain
ol mado inquiry concerning tho matter
t a prominent olhcer ot tho liuard.
I can't iinderdstand," said the gentle
man, "what is meant by tho per capita
ollowanco for subsistence referred to by
tho Philadelphia complaint. Ho fixes
the sum fiftcon cents a day. Now,
thero is no such thing as a per capita
allowance, iwory soldier is allowed a
full ration. A full ration includes ham,
fresh beef, mess pork, potatoes, peas.
fresh onions.coffee, sugar.hard and soft
bread, canned tomatoes, and other veg
etables in amplo quantity. If this can
bo supplied lor httcen cents a dny Hint
is nil it costs. If moro is necessary tho
State has to pay tho bill. But no Com
missary is limited to fifteen cents a day
per man so far as I havo any know
ledge of tho Guard enoampments.
The ration as furnished to tho .Na
tional Uuard is practically tho samo as
that stippliod to tho regular army, ex
cept that it is of better quality and in
greater abundance During tho recent
encampment of the Third Brigade, at
iMt. uretnn, Surgeon iicncral Keed said
fter examining the coffco and other
commissary storei that tho goods wero
fully 25 per conl. better than similar
articles sold by retail dcnleis to their
customers As to the quantity, that is
egulatcd by tho judgment of tho most
xpenenced men, and that it is ample
is proved by tho fact that at Gettys
burg la6t year somo of tho companies
had a surplus, which they sold at tho
termination of tho camp. Of course
somo companies exhaust their supplies
and nro compelled to make assessments
to renew them. But this is not by rea
son of an insufficient amount for tho
soldiers. It is becauso visitors to tho
camp aro entertained from tho common
storo. In somo cases this has been
carried on to such an extent that men
havo had to invest tho full amount of
their compensation to keep up tho sup
ply. But even this year it proved in
tho Third Brigade encampment that tho
supply was suflicient,for tho companies
that entertained no guests or only a few
bad surplus stores at the close of tho
Another reason that some companies
aro compelled to pay assessments lies
tho lact that the boys think tho
camps aro intended for picnics, and
thoy want to indulgo in tbo luxuries of
picnio occasions, For example, when
tho Third brigade was going into camp
the other day a Bquad trom one of tho
companies stopped at Lebanon, and
mado arrangements to havo ico cream,
cantaloupes, green tomatoes and other
kindred luxuries, supplied to them ev
ery day. Of course tho state will not
pay for such articles of diet as those.
As a matter of fact tho commanding
officers and medical officers of regi
ments are derelict in their duty if thoj
permit the men to indulgo in such arti
cles of food. Tho rations chosen with
a view to strengthen tho men against
tho arduous labors of the camp, aud
givo them forco to resist the intluenco
of heat and other elements incident to
oamp life. But ico cream, cantaloupes,
watermelon and similar edibles, howev
er palatable, invito rather than resist
theso influences, and tho Stato is right
in not providing thorn, but tho olhccrs
in eharao should prohibit their intro
duction. Ice was supplied this year.
eaoh company being allowed fifty
pounds a day. Fresh boof was furnish
ed, ono ponnd and a quarter to each
mar. two days in a week. Ham of tho
finest grado in tho samo quantity was
turmshed tho other days, and collee.
sugar, beans, rice, bread, fish and hard
tack, salt, pepper, vinegar and candles
and soap in abundance all tho timo.
It scorns that such a commissariat ought
to have been sufficient for any set of
men. If their frionds outsido tho guard
camo and ato them out of house and
home, tho stato authorities aro not re
sponsible for that. Tho stato feeds the
soldiers according as thoso charged
with the work think it for their best
comfort and health, and if their friends
come to camp and consumo the proven
dor thero is nothing loft for them but
to supply tho deficiency out of their
Smiles when She Speaks-
The power of unconscious inlluctico
was illustrated recently by a littlo inci
dent that occurred in Eastern Massa
A lady called at tho house of a neigh
bor ou an errand ; but, as tho family
was away, sho asked tho lured man to
toll his employer sho would call again
lieing in a hurry, and not thinking but
mat tno man know who sho was, sho
did not loavo her namo. Tho lady of
tho house returned boforo tho rest of
tho family, and tho man told her that a
lady had boon thero who Baid sho'd call
"Who was it! inquired Mm. M.
"Oh, I don't know her name," ro
plied tho man.
"But you should havo asked her,"
eaid Mrs. II., "so wo Bhould know who
had been hero. Can t you toll mo any
thing by which I can toll who camo!
w bore does sue livoi '
"I don't know," snid tho man, "but
she's the one that always smiles when
Tho pleasant look and tho courteous
manner in which tho lady had spoken
to the servant i.ad been noticed mid re
membcrcd, leaving a sunbeam in that
Let us each rcmomber that religion
is recointiieuded by tho way in which
we treat oven tho servants. Tlio com
mand, "Bo courteous," reaches to all
with whom wo havo to do. The Con
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL, XIX, NO 82
COLUMBIA DKMOOKAT, V0L.XL1X, NO S.'i
The Epldemio of Orime.
Whcnco comes this epidemic of sui
cides nnd murders! Itcccnt discussions
havo named several causes. Hon C.
H. Hcove, of Indiana, charges it to in
fidel teachings holding that hopeless
ness oi it iuiuro Btaio cnppics lurumuu
for bearing lifo's Ills. Another de
clares suffering from tho universal busi
ness depression the cause. A third
writer attributes it to incrt-asing in
sanity, a physician thinks much of tho
tendency is inherited, while temperanco
advocates lay tho responsibility upon
Free-thinkers have committed sui
cide, but bo have orthodox churchmen.
1' mancial straits havo besctmany, but
tho wealthy havo also taken their life.
Insanity and dissipation havo pre
ceded suicideo and family murders.
Ono feature common to almost ovcry
such crime challenges attontlon. Well
nigh ovcry report of suicide and fam
ily 'murder mentions tlio perpetrator
as having "for somo time been subject
to melancholy." Whcnco comes this !
All recognized medical authorities tell
us that tho firo which consumes tho
brain is always kindled by derange
ments of digestion; that good digestion
is impossiblo without puro blood, and
pure blood is never known whon tho
liver and kidneys aro out of order.
Under such circumstances, a preven
tive should bo sought, and Jfor this
Warner's safo cure is a sovereign -a
fact conceded by tho best authorities
in tho land, and especially commended
by thn celebrated Dr. Dio Lowis.
How Two Men Were Executed in Siarn.
"It was our first Sunday in port,'
said tho young sailor, "and wc natur
ally sought a chango on shore. Hear
ing that there was to bo a public exe
cution wo repaired to tho grounds of
tho War-ltok, or church, where wo
found tho military andseveral thousands
of people. Two prisoners were brought
out, each wearing a yoke, from which
hung a bar to which their hands wero
fastened. Heavy irons chained them
at the ankles. Two palm leaves had
been spread on the ground in front of
the two strong bimboo crosses, upon
which tho criminals sat down. Thoy
wero then lashed to the crosses, when
tho preparation for the final ceremony
began. Clay was stuffed in their ears
and a small lump on each neck. Joss
sticks were placed in their hands and
set on firo by tho chief executioner,
whon they prayed for a fow minutes.
Their hands wero released by tho re
moval of tho yoke and placed boforo
them so that their heads would fall in
to them. At this juncture a thrill of
excitement passed through tho multi
tude, caused by the entranco of two
executioners from behind ono of tbo
buildings. They wero dressed in red
and carried sharp straight swords, and
as they advanced both were perform
ing a dance and waving their swords
as if keeping time with tho move
ments of their bodies. Stopping be
hind tho criminals tho two headsmen
bowed down and prayed, and at a sig
nal from tho chief executioner they ad
vanced, waving their swords, and with
a swoop camo down upon tho necks of
tho doomed men. Ono head was cut
clean off, but tho other was only par
tially severed, but the executioner soon
made a clean job by sawing it off with
bis keen blade. The heads woro thon
stuck on bamboo poles and ereoted bo
foro tho throng, who laughed at the
twitching movements of tho dead
men's lips and terrible rolliug of their
eyes, which lasted a short while. A
supernumerary cut off the feet of tho
doad men that ho might re-
movo tho manacles from their limbs."
The Leaning Tower of ttsa.
A correspondent writing of the
Leaning Tower of Pisa, says that,
whether by accident or design, no ono
can now tell, tho inclination of tho
structure makes it look aud feel to tho
visitor as if it wero about to fall. It is
180 feet high and is thirteen feet out
of the perpendicular. This is stated
everywhere, and is no doubt true, but
1 suppose there aro many persons who,
liko myself, expected to seo a building
erect, tho center of whoso top was out
sido tho centre of grayity.
This is not tho caso by any means.
It is Iruo that a ropo falling from tho
center of tho top would striko tbo wall
at tho bottom of the tower side, but the
ropo would not fall outside tbo tower
wall. In a short time I satisfied ray-
solf aud two other visitors of this fact.
Tho apparent contrad'otion of tho laws
of nature disappears, then, in a mom
Taking the building as a wholo
lotting a lino fall from tho center of
tho top if this lino fell outside of tho
base in that caso the building would
violato tho law of gravity if it remain
ed standing. I believe tho architect
planned this optical delusion. There
aro no signs of any giving way in the
structure. No crack or crevice giyes
ovidenco of a rapid or slow settling of
Tho architect knew very well how
easily tbo oye can bo deceived. Tho
firmness of the masonry, tho gradual
aseonf. tho svmmotrv of tho whole.
provo beyond a doubt that it was built
as it now stands, me wans beiow are
very thick, and unless these Bhould givo
way there is but ono other method by
which tho building could bo over
thrown. If tho stones wero to slip
from their places, then, little by little,
it would bo dislodged. But tho wholo
structure is keyod and bolted and cem
entcd into a solid mass. If it leaned
nine feet more than it does, then it
would fall, becauso tbo sum of its
weight would fall outsido tho center of
gravity. This mystery disappears at
onco when wo examino it, but tlio cur
ions effect upon ono s nerves in making
the ascent and standing on the top is
Drinking water, says a hygienic
writer, may bo tested in this Bimplo
way: "Fill a pint bottlo three quarters
Ilia oi inu water, jisioiyu in iv ouu
half tcaspoonhl of tho best white su
gar. Set it away in a warm placo for
forty-oight hours, it tho water bo
comes cloudy it is unfit to drink.''
Two Swedes were confined in tho
Butler county iail as witnesses for al
most a year and wero only released
last week. They demanded a dollar a
day each for their timo and tho Judge
said that whero persons nro kept in jail
a witiiehSCB tlir nro lawfully entitled
, to receive pay.
1 W IV 1 M
1 Inch I i8 1 25 l w
3 " 1 50 3 01 3 15
it " a oo n a w
4 " !tO 110 IM
V COl 3 8S 4 60 H 60
i COl 5 60 7 00 8 00
l column 8 oo 13 oo 15 w
li on '17 00 so po 40 oo
25 00. SO 00 10 00 80 M)
Yearly advertisements payablo quarterly. Tran
sient advertisements must bo paid for before In
serted except wlicro parties have accounts.
Jgnl advertisements two dollars per Inch for
I hrcu Insertions, and at that rato for additional
insertions without rclcrcnco to length.
Kxccutor's, Administrator's, and Auditor's no
tices three dollars.
Transient or local notices, ten cents a line, reg
ular advertisements half rates.
cards In tho "llustness Directory" column, one
dollar a year for each line.
The Old Oarroll Mansion
ANOIIIKlt HISTOniO I.ANDMAUIC IN WA8I1-
INtlTON VKUA llLI'OllU Till:
march ok iii'iutovi:MKNr
IIISTOKV Ol' TIIK
Another Washington landmark has
fallen a victim to tho fovcr of specula
tion. Thero has been placed oh record
the deed of tho transfer for tho sum
of 800,000 to Ex-Congressman Ellis,
of Louisiana, of the old Carroll man
sion, on Capitol Hill. Tho place coin-
irises six acres and is sitttnieu at ino
intersection of Second street and South
Carolina avenue, southeast, a location
that is expected to become a popular
lesiiloncc site. Tho purchaser repre
sents a syndicate, who intend lo de
molish tho old mansion erected by
Carroll and to cut tlyi property up into
Daniel Carroll, it will bo remem
bered, was ono of tho original owners
of tho land on which tho city of Wash
ington was built. Mr. Carroll had bo
gun tho erection of a house on a sito
which stood right in tho centre of what
L'Knfant had marked out in tho plan
of tho city as Now Jcrsoy avenue.
The irascible Frenchman, as soon as
ho discovered this, directed tho hotiso
to bo torn down, which Mr. Carroll rc
f iii-ed to do. Thereupon L'Enfant sent
a gang of men one night to tho now
building aud had it razed lo tho
ground. L'Enfant, however, was
soon relieved from duty, and tho com
missioners who wero entrusted with
tho work of laying out tho new city
and erecting tho new buildings mado
pioper compensation to Mr. Carroll fer
the damages sustained. Soon after
WituW bo began tho erection of tho
present building. It is built in tho
Uricun style and is two stories high,
with an attic There is a pillared por
tico in front. Thn central hall, run
ning tho cntiro depth of tho building,
is twenty-two feet wide. Tlio rooms,
which aro very large, are arranged on
eai'h side of this hall, and with tho
old- ashioned furniture and tho seclud
ed position of the house, tho placo is
strongly suggestive of old times.
Tho house has been continuously oc
cupied by the family since its erection,
but at present the occupants aro two
nmidoii daughters of the original own
er. Daniel Carroll died in 1819, at tho
ag- of eighty-five. His latter years
weie mado unhappy by his poverty.
Ho was, however land poor, as tho
city did not Improve as rapidly as ho
thought it would and many of his
spi'euiations m tno lino oi crccung
hoiH' s only added to tho burden of a
large landed property which gavo no
return. He baa tho reputation of hav
ing caused tho city to bo built in tho
worst section by Holding his land at
ucu exhorbitant figures as to prevent
purchasers from buying.
A good deal has been said through
the papers about tho healthfulncss of
lemons. Tho latest advice is how lo
ujo them so that thoy will do tho most
good, as follows: Mobt pcoplo know
the beuefit of lemonado bsforo bieak
fast, but few kuow that it is moro than
double by taking at night also. Tho way
to gct.tho better of the bilious system
without blue pills or quinine is to tako
the juico of ono, two, or thrco lemons,
as appetite craves in as much ico water
as makcs.it pleasant to drink without
sugar before jjoing lo bed. In the
morning, on rising, at least a half hour
befo'o breakfast, tako tho juico of ono
lemon in a goblet of water. This will
clear tho system of humor and bilo
with ellicicncy, without any of tho
weakening effects of calomel or Con-gres-s
water. People should not irri
tate tho stomach by eating lemons
clear ; the powerful acid of the juice,
which is always most corrosive, invar-
iabli'lproduces inflammation after a whilo
but, properly diluted, so that it docs
not burn or draw tbo throat, it does its
medical work without harm, and when
lie htomach is clear of food, has abun
ant opportunity to work over the sys
tem thoroughly, says a medical auth
ority. It. v. W. It. Coovert, of Pittsburg,
has laid claim to Harlem Commons, in
Now York city, including that part of
Hiv rside Park in whioh Grant's tomb
h eated. Of tho Coovert family
there aro about a hundred and if tho
claim is proven 600,000,000 will bo
dmdod among them. Mr. Loovcrt has
a transcript taken from tho documents
on file in tho Stato Capitol in Albany.
I his transcript shows that Thomas is.
Lovell, John Velvelcn, Dan Tumour,
Joot Oblene and lvesolved Waldron
patented ten thousand acres of land in
tho town of Harlem, N. Y., under pat
ent mado by Governor Richard Nich
oils, May, 10GC. Tho patent was re-
made October 1 1, lui7; reallirmcd to
them, their heirs and assigns by Gov
ernor Thomas Uoiiegan on inarch 5M,
1GS0. Then tlio title passed to Wal-
dron, afterward to a man named Wil
liam, then to tho Van Zandls and tho
last named patentee is Luke Coovert.
Luke Loovert had a son, jaspor uoo-
vert. Thomas Coovert was a son ot
the latter and Kev. W- H. Coovert
claims that Thomas was tho father of
his father, Joo Coovcit, who is uow
living in Mercer county. Hov. Coovert
says further that as far as can bo learn
ed l.nke Coovert never deposed ot tins
prop rty, but leased it for uinety-ninc
years, which leaso runs out shortly.
Attorneys havo offored to tako tho caso
subject to a contingent feo and Benja
min l'. 1 sutler, it is claimed, has guar
anteed to win it for S5.000.
Immediately after tho death of tho
late President Garfield tho manner of
Ills taking off aroused public feeling to
tho project ot building a grand monu
ment to his memory, tho location to bo
at Cleveland. Only 125,000 or tho
8200,000 contemplated for this purposo
has been raised. Publio interest in ro
gard to Garfield has greatly declined,
and tho designers of the monument
missed their opportunity in not pushing
the project to a fiuisb beforo a moro
deliberate viow of his public character
Biiccetdcd tho feeling excited by tho
tnaniier of his death. It is not likely
that I ho deficicuoy in tho amount need
ed for tho completion of tho monument
will i ver bo raised.
It U said that cami hor gum placed
on shelves or in drnwtra will effectual-
y drive awfiy mice-