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Mi., r i i i ' 1 l-1
03i.Diii!iAnMocBAT,mRoPTnii north, and co
I.CMBUN, Consolidated. '
l.mnl Wcehlr, every Frldny Mornlm. ni
lILOOMSIItlltO, UULUMIIIA CO., I'n.
atII.M per year. To nubscrlhors out oftuocoun.
ty I tin terms aro strictly In ndv-ancc. "
If.No paper discontinued except at thoonttnn
nl tho pnClMicrs, until nil arrearages inrapntd but
t ma continued credits will not bo Klven. '
All papors sent out of tho stntoor lo dutnnt post
omccs mint bo pad form advance, unte n rrapon.
!tilo person In Columbia county assumes to nnv
llio subscription duo on demand. p y
Tho Job Printing Department of the Comjxman
M very complete. It contains tho latest new ly
and machinery and Is tho only onico that runs Job
pros es by power, trlvlnR us tho best fncl itleS isE
limbics furnished on largo Jobs. " '
onico over 1st. Nat lonal l.ank. mooB" '
jO" U. PUNIC,
ntco in (Cut's minding,
J OltN SI. CLA1UC,
ATTOKN 13 V-AT-L AW,
JIMTIOK OK THE I'EAOB.
Ill ( (A t Moycr llros. Drug Store,
p V U ILL Bit,
Olllco In llrowor's bulldlng.sooond lloor.room No. I
' ATTO 1 i N U Y-AT-L AW.
onico corner of Centre and Main streets. Clark i
Can bo consulted tn (lerman.
QUO. N. HtiWELIi,
ATT ORNE Y-AT-LAW,
Olllco on First floor, front room of (Joi.
umiuan Hulldlng, Slum street, below Kx
pAUL E. WHIT,
Offlco in Colombian IHjildino, Itoom No, a, second
8, ENOKH. L. 8. WIKTBR8TKKN.
KNORR & WINTERSTEEN,
onico la 1st National Hank building, second lloor,
llrstdoortotholelt. Corner of Main and Market
Btrccts Bloomsbure, l'u.
tSrrensiont and Bourtiet Colleckd.
J II, SrAIZE,
onico lnMnro'sbulldUf. over liiumcyer's grocery.
John c. yocu.m. c. ii (ii:vi:it.
YOCUJI & GEYEIi,
(omco front fcult of looms on second lloor or
Nsws Item building.)
tfTCAN UK (.ONbULTKI) IN (1KKMAN. jii
Members of Sharp and Alleman's Lawyers Mid
iiaiiKcr'S inreciory umi uiu hh-ih.-.," -m-n.,..,,.,--imil
I'nllectlon Association. Mill kb piompl and
cnivful attention to collection or claims in any
part of tho united btnica or i-nnn.ua, "s ni-ii im lu
nil oilier piolcH-lonnl business cnliustid to them.
Jackson Building, Rooms 4 and 5.
II. It II AWN.
ATTO 1 N H Y - AT-LAW.
omco, cornor of Third and Main streets.
JJ V. WHITE,
Olllco In Brewers' Building, 2nd lloor.
Attorncy-ntLiiw, Berwick. I'a.
Cm lie Consulted In Herman.
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE ,
ironice4llrst door below tho post olllcc.
O. BAItKLEY, Attoriiey.nt.Liiw,
, omco In llrower's bulldliisr, 2nd bloiy, Itooma
J 15. McKELVY, M. D.,Surgeon andPhy
. itelan, north side Main Btreet.bclow Market
AL. FRITZ, Attorney-at-Law. Office
, In Columbian liulldlntr.
Q M. DRINKER, GUN & LOCKSMITH
uwing Machines and Machinery of all klnas ro
nlrea. Orim Uocbb Uulidlng, ulooUBburg, I'a.
jyt.J. C. RUTTER,
I'HYHICIAN e UUltUKON,
omco, North Market street,
DR. WJI. SI. REISER, Surgeon and
Physician, omco corner of Hock and Market
T It. EVANS, SI. D., Burgeon and
fj . I'hyslo'nu, o Hco and Itesidenco on Third
ICIIMSTIAN F. KNAIT, lILOOMSllllliO, I'A,
IIOMK, OV N. Y.
MKIIUIIANTS', OF NISWAItK, N. J.
CUNTUN. N, V.
l'KOI'I.KS' N. V.
Theso otn C'OiuoiiATioNa nio ell teaSiOiied b)
ago and riKK TESTminnd hno nei-r et hail a
loss heltled by any court of law. Their niseis aro
ml Invested In feoi.iu bkcokitus nio liable to the
hazard of hue only,
iissea rnouriLY and iionesti.v ndjusted and
paid as boon as determined by christian r.
"NAI'r, Bm-UL AOBNT ANIl At'Jl'STKR 1IL00S1SIIVBU,
Thopeoploof Columbia county hhould patron,
izo ins alienor where lon-seslt any aro bettled and
paid by ono of titer own cltluns.
I'ltu.MiTNiisH. wiurrv, faiu diialino.
for Infants and
"Cajtorlm Uso well adaptej to children that I
known to mo." It. A. Aacuta, M. p., I
111 So. Oxford St., UrvoiJyn, M. Y,
An nbsoluto euro for Rlicunmtlsm, Siralns, l'nin In
tho Back, IJurns. Galls, &e.
rcllovlnjr ami lloalini; ltomeily.
i. B.Ui.WBI,!,, 1
U BlTraNuBiTDER, I 4U1'""'"'
of Tcatl- '
A. W. Tlrown. v n ifrM.ti.n.
R. I,, aysi "I haro used Hitit's
inmngy ami Liter KEjiBDT In my
practice for tha tMi.t AlvtAn imi
and thecrfully recommend It at
ucing a icjl and rtUablt remedy."
Pnnlilcnco mjt that "I am fre
quently urjed to use other propurf
trjlns them thnt they ore worthless
... wiuj.uiieuu tu i,
An Old Imdr.
"My mother, 711 years old, has
chronic kidney complaint and drop
fy. Nothing lina ever helped her
like IIcKT'i (Hldncy and Llterj
IIemeot. fcho has received great
benefit from 8 botilon nn.l
It will euro licr."-V. V. Sunder
land, Builder, Danbnry, Conn.
A .lllnlster's Wife.
, Iter. Anthony Alwood, of Phila
delphia, tiavi: "IIcnt-s IKIilney
ami LUer Hemedt ba cured my
wife of Dronjy in in worn form.
All toy that It la a miracle."
General Cliacc of Ithode Island
says: "I always keep Hukt'j Kid
ney and Llvcrl JlEStnr In bit
hout c. Taken In rmall iIoipk nrn.
eloually at night. It presents head
ache, and rccnlates tho kldnovn
stomach aud other orcans." to
Disease toon shaken, by llcyr's Remedt taken."
C ClimesiOS, N. v., nsneral Agent.
ORNAMENTAL IRON FENCES
OF CAST CR WROUGHT IRON.
The following shows the Picket (lothlc, one of
the several beautiful btjlesof rencenmiiutactuicd
lorlle.uityand Durability they are unsurpass
ed. Sctupbyexperlenci'd hands and warranted
to si vo satisfaction.
Prices and 8jeciiiiciis of oilier de
signs Hont to any address.
T7REAS RltOWN'S INSURANCE
P AOKNCY. Mojcr'sncw building-, Malubtrcct,
;Ktna Insuranco Co., of Hartford, Conn f,0TH,3-jo
lioyal ot Liverpool l VWMWO
Flro Association, I'hlladelphi.i 4,105,710
l'licenlv, of London fj,"Jt,0,:iTO
London S Lancashire, ot Lnsland l.Tuu.iiro
Hartford ot llartlord .-l,-.T.vco
Sprlngueld Fire nnd .Marino 3,03,',5S0
As tho agencies aro direct, pollclare written
for tho Iniured without delay In tho onico at
Illoomsbuif. Oct. S !-
yy a house,
J5i.o()Msiiuit(i,Coi.u.MiiiA County, I'a
11 styles of work done In a superior manner, work
warranted a? represented. Tkktii Kxikict
kii witiioct Pain by tho uso ot (las, and
freo of charge w hen artlllclal teeth
Olllcc over Kleim's Drug Stoic,
lo be open at all hourt during the day
W. R. TDBBS, PROPRIETOR
OPPOSITE COUltT HOUSE.
Lnrse nnd convenient samplo rooms. Hath looms
hot and cold water, and all modern conveniences
A school for both sexes Sepaiato building of
brick, healed by steam, for the use of Ladles.
PROPERTY COST .oO,00().
For BUSINESS For COLLEGE,
Special attention paid to students whoso school
privileges have been limited.
CLASS IN I'HVSIOLOOV EACH TElt.M.
Location Exceptional Healthful.
cost 'io no.uinnts
PER YEAR $154.
Reduced rates on l. L. A W. H. It.. Seventeenth
v ear IhuIus August S3. For eataloguo or Inforui.i
UUV JOHN II. IIAUUIS, l'u. I).
.May sit, 3m,
Coitorln curia Colic. Conslillon,
gjJ ft ?2l
WIUUoul iujurioua moli cation.
An Instantniieous Pain-
LOVE AT SECOND SIGHT.
"How do you fool now, mother
dear I" asked a tender young voice.
"U vour head any better t"
'So, Malilc. It aolies and ncliec,
until I almost wish that I could die.
Lay your hand here."
Maliel's cheek paled as hor mother
tcok her hand and pressed it against
Situh fire would soon burn nut life's
She wet a cloth and bound it 'round
the fevered head. As she did so tho
sick woman gave a sigh of relief. She
opened her eyes and turned a grateful
look upon the girl.
"Do you know, Mabel," sho said
feebly, "I dreamed last night of tho
dear old homo whciM we lived before
your father died. You were a wee
toddling baby then. It seems to me,
if I could have somo of tho (lowers
that grew in the garden in lrontof the
house, the very smell of them would
Tears rushed to Mabel's eyes. They
lived in tho great crowded city, and
they wcro poor. Mabel could not
spare from her scanty hoard even tho
trilling sum for which sho could buy a
bunch of (lowers from the vendors who
were stationed at so many different
places along the stieet.
How could sho get somo of the fra
grant llowers for her mother t
Suddenly came a thought of an old
fashioned mansion a little way out of
tho city. It was embowered in a wil
derness of bloom.
Surely it would bo no harm for her
to go and ask for some tlowors, they
could but rcfuso them.
She bent over tho invalid and kissed
"Mother,"' sho said softly, "if you
will bo content to stay alone for a few
hours I think I can gratify your long
ing if not for the blossoms that grew
about your old homo for somo just
like them. I will ask Mrs. Gray to
come in and give you your mcdicino
Mrs. Gray was a kiud-licaited
woman who occupied a part of the
house in which liny lived, aid stio
readily consonted to minister to the
invalid's comfort in any way she could
during Mabel's absence.
It was not without a tremor that
Mabel at last found herself in a broad,
lu-atly kept path which led to the
A huge mastiff sprang toward hi'ras
she neared tho bouse.
'Down, Nero ! Down !''
Tho speaker was an old gentlemati,
who evidently feared that the approach
of tho dog would intimidate Mabel.
Hut Nero contented herself with a
good-natured sniff, reserving his fiercer
side for a more suspicious paity.
His master looked pleased to see Ma
bel pat his head fearlessly. Tho truth
was, now that sho wa9 in the pres
ence of the stately-old master of tho
place, her heart failed her, and sho was
glad of an excusi- to defer asking for
"Well, Miss," ho said courteously,
"can I do anything to put you in the
way of finding tho person you arc
"It is you sir. 1 came to ask you
for llowers for my sick mother."
"l'ick all you want. The more tho
belter. You are welcomo to all you
Just then Mabel heard a clear, ring
ing voice shout: "Grandfather 1" and
out of tho cool, tiled hall, of which an
enchanting glimpse wasvisiblo through
tho open door, came a voulh wlio
looked to her like somo prlnco from a
Sho was not accustomed to the lux
urious habits of tho rich, and his dark
blue diessing gown, fastened by Jits
shimmering, woven gold, and tho richly
embroidered smoking oap which rested
on nis curly lieau, seemed to uer alto
gether too gorgeous a toilet for a
mortal like herself.
lint tho illusion only lasted for a
moment. A pair of brown eyes, just
tho color of a ripe chestnut, glanced
at her curiously as their owner came
down tho walk.
"You aro just tho ono I want,
Cliauncey. Got ray pruning-shears
and a basket off tho tablo in the lower
hall, and bring them to mo."
Cliauncey soon returned with the do
sired ai tides, and Mabel found herself
following Mr. Gwinno into tho garden.
She was soon laden wilh fragrant
spoils, and sho was sent home rejoio
ing with a kindly:
"Come actaiu when theso aro faded,"
from Mr. Gwinne.
When Mabel reached homo mid her
mother saw tho llowers, sho put out
her hands with a delighted exclama
tion. "Give them to me, child, quick!
Tho very Kight of them gives me new
And when Mabel put tho fragrant
cluster in her hands, sho held them to
her faco in a muto caress.
After a while sho turned her eyes on
Mabel, with a look in them that start
led tho gill by its intensity.
Sho was not liko Mabel, who was
slight and pale, and who looked oven
inoio childish than her years, wilh
only her heavy mass of rippling curls
and her dark, appealing eyes to re
deem her faco from absoluto plainness.
Sho had evidently onco been a woman
of form and magnificent beauty.
Kvuii now her great fover-bright eyes
and hollow cheeks bore a weird, spec
tre liko semblance of health, but it was
"My darling," sho whispered, "you
have brought mo a blessing and you
shall bo rowarded. To-morrow I will
throw prido to tho winds and dictate a
letter to my father which shall rcstoro
my child to her rights. Oh, Mabel,
nature is an unerring teacher, and In
your lovo and obedience to me I havo,
at tills lato day, learned a lesson of
duty. I was, when young, carefully
educated in all but that most import
ant of lessons to a child, filial obedi
ence I was brought up to think that my
own wishes must bo gratified at any
coslj nnd when I met and loved your
father, instead of waiting patiently to
gain a consent which my indulgent pa
rents could not long havo withheld to
our union, wo were married clandes
tinely. My ono effort at reconcilia
tion 'was not successful and and
but, darling, I am too weary to say any
more. Another day 1 will finish my
Hut when tho morrow's sun shonu
into (ho room, it wns to rest, liko a
voiceless bcni'diclioii, upon a clay-clad
fonn,( and tiiion a mothrrleis girl alone
wilh it and tier sorrow.
At first tho desolate ohlld for Ma
bel was but fourteen was conscious
only of her bereavement. Hut soon
came a thought which brought wilh it
such keen pain that It aroused her to
Instant action. Her darling mother
must not bo laid away to rest in tho
Sho would go to the kind old gen
tleman who had given her tho flowers,
and csk him for help In this trying
hour which had como to her young
me. ono lounti mm at Home.
"Oh, sir." sho said piteously, "n
mother is lving cold and still, with nil
the sweet lifo gone out of hor beauti
ful boily 1 on are kind and rich. 1
know it is a groat deal to ask, but if
you keep them from laying her in a
charity grave I will pay back every
ponny you spend."
The pleading, tear-stained face, the
childish yet womanly ways of tho self
reliant littlo creature, thus pledged to
fulfill a duty which would entail long
hours of labor and days of anchorite
abstinenco before it could bo accom
plished, touched a chord in Kundolph
"Go home, littlo one," ho said gent
ly, "and mourn your dead. Do not
fear; I will seo that all needful ar
rangements aro attended to."
After all was over, Mabel settled
down again to her monotonous routino
of work. Every week sho scrupulous
ly laid aside a portion of her earnings
ami carried mem io mr. uwinne, wlio
took them from her with apparent in
difference. The child had made a contract with
him, and out of respect to hor the man
of business carried it out to the letter.
At livtt tho final payment was made.
As Mabel turned to go, after thanking
her benefactor, his voico recalled her
to his side.
"Littlo Mabel," ho said, "I havo
been an interested spectator of your
manner of lifo since you and I made
our bargain. I have seen your checks
grow palo for want of tho food you
persisted in denying yourself, that you
might bring your weekly hoard lo mo,
and I wondered if ono so young would
bo able to carry out so high a resolve.
You have succeeded and all your lifo
long jou will have it lo remember.
Now, your part is done, and mine bo
gins. Give mo your hand, my child,
for Randolph Gwinne respects you.
More than that, ho loves you well
enough to ask you lo becomu bis
adopted daughter. Coma and make
your homo with me. You shall have ev
ery advantage that bountiful means can
provide. You will havo no objections,
Cliauncey, my boy, will you T" as his
grandson came into tho room.
A few words explained his meaning,
and Cliauncey turned his handsome
eyes indifferently toward tho hesitating
girl. It was not tho first tirao thoy
had met as Mabel was conscious in
every tibro of her sensitive being, but
Chauucoy did not remember her.
So tho careless but good-natured "of
course, grandfather, ono moro or less
docs not matter in this great house,"
sank deep into Mabel's memory; to
riso again to tho surface and influence
her futuro long after Cliauncey had
So it was that Mabol was domiciled
at tho Gwinues. A governess was en
gaged for hor, and musio and uainliug
lessons soon occupied tho time not en
gaged in her studies. Thus a year
One morning the daily paper was
brought as usual to Mr. Gwinne, as ho
was sitting at tho breakfast table, sip
Suddenly an exclamation from him
arrested Mabel's attention.
I la had read a notice asking for
tboiknowlodgo of the whereabouts of
ono Ilachel Krccland, whoso married
uamo was Wynne. Her only surviving
parent had died, and she, if living, was
solo heiress to a largo fortune; if dead,
her children would inherit.
"Well I remember poor Rachel,-"
said Mr. Gwinno musingly. "She was
the handsomest girl I ever saw. Sho
gavo up nil for love, and raado a clan
destine marriago with a man of whom
her parents disapproved. I wonder if
sho is alive 1"
Mabel roso from tho tablo, aud wont
to Mr. Gwinno. Sho was very pale,
but her eyes shono with oxcitement.
"Uachcl 1'Ycoland was my mother's
maiden name. Oh, my kind benefac
tor, how littlo you know whoso child
it was you wero befriending ! Hut for
you sho would bo sleeping in a naino
less gravo 1"
"Truly, tho ways of God aro mys
terious!" said tho kind-hearted old
gentleman, taking oft his spectacles
to wipe away tho sudden mist that
Mabel had no difficulty in proving
her claim, as her parents' marriage cer
tificate was found among some papers
stowed away in tho chest. So tho or
pliau waif adopted by Randolph was
now independently wealthy in her own
Mabel was now fit teen. Sho had
not changed much in personal appear
anco during tho year ofjier stay at
tho Gwiunes'. She was still Blight
and rather undersized. Her complex
ion was rather sallow, and though her
features were regular, stio was undeni
ably plain. Her luxuriant shining
hair and lustrous eyes, were, however,
sufficient to redeem her from positive
Cliauncey was still a student, coining
homo only for his collego vacations,
aud then burying himself in his be
loved books, so that ho was visiblo only
at meal times.
Suddenly Mr. Gwinno's health
failed, and ho was orderod abroad.
Mabel aud Miss Clay, her govcrnoss,
accompanied him. Thoy remained
away from homo threo years.
Then word camo to Cliauncey thoy
wero coming homo. Thoy wero tired
of travel, and Mr. Gwinno had ipiito
recovered I. is health.
Chaunooy met them at tho station.
He was handsome and iudiflcrcut-look
ing as over, but was truly, in his ap
ncaraucc, a king among men to Ma
bel's partial eyes.
As tho littlo party ho had come to
meet drew near, ho gavo his grand
father a cordial shake of the hand,
and turned towards Mabel, to find
himself confronted by a tall, stately
girl, with flashing dark eyes, set in a
face of Biich loveliness that ho was, for
a momonl, iiazzio J
FRIDAY, JULY 31,
"I bog your pardon, I thought it
was my cousin,' ho said, turn I tin to
tho other lady.
Hut when Miss Clav's familiar feat
ures met his oyos, ho askod:
"Whero is Mabel, have you loft her
"Don't you knoiv me, Cousin Chauu
coy t" asked a morry voico besido him,
and tho bcautltul apparition ho had
mistaken for a stranger put out her
gloved hand in a half-playful, half
From that time tho young student's
Mabel, who had left home a half-
grown girl, had gained wilh maturity
nio rounded suppleness ot lorm as
well as the queenly dignity of a young
Diana; and with tho rich color, which
had chased away tho pallor of her
cheeks, had come that dcliciom, com
plexion so rarely seen with daik hair.
An old and moro experienced judge
of beauty would, years before, have
seen its promiso in thoso regular feat
ures, and straight, though at that time,
angular outlines but to her adopted
cousin it was a surprise.
Ho looked upon it as upon a miracle,
and overy now glimpso of her bewitch
ing foco served but to deepen the im
pression. Hut Mabel had chnuged in other
things besido a beauty. Sho was in
comprehensible to him in her varied
Now gravo now gay now majes
tic as a princess now gentle and sim
plo as n child.
Cliauncey knew not what to mako
of her. Hut ho was fully conscious of
ono truth; that ho loved the vory
ground her tiny feet had pressed. Ho
was her shadow.
At last ho grow desperate.
She should not thus hold him aloof
and play with his feelings any longer.
It might be amusement to her, but it
was making his lifo a torture.
So ho captured her in the library ono
morning, before the rest of tho family
had made their appearance, and pressed
his suit with nn earnestness which
would havo moved a heart of stone.
Hut to all appearance it had no of
feet on Mabel. She answered with a
"In a house, liko this, whero 'one or
moro doesn't matter,' it would bo well
for you to think twice before offering
yourself to me;" and sho swept trorn
tho room, leaving Chauncey lost in a
maze of bewilderment and anger.
Her debt was paid. Hut was Ma
bel happy. It was hard to tell from
her appearance in society.
Cliauncey made no attempt at recon
ciliation; and tho two young hearts
daily drifted farther apart, until the
day it happened that the samo spirit
stirred within them both a longing
for a walk in tho garden.
Winter had passed, and Summer had
come, so had the (lowers.
They met boside tho samo luxuriant
ly laden bushes from which Mabel had
carried the clusters to her sick mother.
Thero eyes met involuntarily. In
suito of his wounded pride, Chauncey's
wild lovo sprang into renewed life, and
ho heW out his arms entrcatingly.
"O, Mabel, forgivo me 1 I was but
a careless, thoughtless boy. It is tho
man who now appreciates you, and
loves you better than his own life."
Another moment and Mabel's queen
ly head was resting on his breast.
"It was because I loved you oven
then that your words had power lo
sting me so cruelly. Thoy rankled all
through tho years that followed them.
Hut the pain is gone now."
So amid the tlowors was told another
of those stories as old as the first lovo
tale in Eden, and yet as young as the
morning which ushers in a now day.
The Great Forests of ruget Sound.
In western Washington, betwoen tho
Cascade range on tho oast and the
coast, or Olympic range on the west,
and between tho -17th and -19th degrees
of north latitude, is a thickly timbered
belt of fir, cedar, alder, maple, and
othor woods. Of these, fir probably
represents three-fourths. In tho midst
of this wealth of forest, nature has
placed a broad, deep arm of tho Pa
cific ocean l'uget sound wilh which
it is connected by tho strait of Fuca.
itius not only bos naturo provided tho
timber, but tho water-way also by
which it is possiblo for the merchant
marine of tho woild to como ami ob
tain their lumber supplies, much of
which, sometime in tho future, must bo
furnished from theso forests. Already
tho lumber trado with Australia, Cen
tral nnd South America, China, and tho
islands of the pacific, amounts to fully
7.",000,000 feet a )ear, and employs a
fleet of about fifteen vessels every
Pugct sound is 200 miles in length,
and has a littoral of 1,800 miles. This
irregular shore lino forms innumerable
harbors, splendidly adapted for
the erection of saw mills and other
wood-working factories, nnd also for
the establishment of ship-yards.
Along this whole shore line, and from
thence on both sides as far as tho eyes
reach nothing cau bo seen but tho
vast and magnificent wealth of timber,
save heio and there whero man has es
tablished a mill port, a town, or on oc
In tho timber belt of western Wash
ington there are '20,000,000 ncres coy
ercd with timber, most of which is in
eluded within tho limits named an
area nearly equal to tho combined areas
of tho states of Connecticut, Massa
chusetts, Vermont and New Hamp
shire. This timber belt will averago
2i5,000 feet of lumber to tho acre, or a
total of u00,000,000,000 feet of lum
ber. Hence, tho saw-mills of Pugct
sound, with their present oapaoity of
flOO.OOO.OOO foot a year, would take
1,000 years to cut It down. Tho fir
trees frequently attain the height of
250 feet, and planks ot lumber aro
sometimes turned out of theso mills
100 fcot long.
Dora White, a Western advocate of
additional rights for her sox, demands
that divorce shall bo undo easier for
women and entirely impossible for
men. Only by such a reform, alio
thinks would feminine lielplessncss be
made equal to masculine perfidy in
courtship and marriage.
A great many persons think the cap
ital of Louisiana is Now Orleans.
This is incorrect. Hy thoStato consti
tution adopted in 1870 the seat oi
government wi.s changed from New
u.ieans to miou llouge.
Grant's Remarkable History.
TIIK UAIIRKK OK TIIKOHNItKAt. I'llOM
HIS KAItl.Y IIAVS AS A OAKKT.
Ulysses Simpson Grant was born at
Point Pleasant, O., April 27, 1822,and
is of Scotch descent. In 182!) his par
ents removed to Georgutown.O., where
his boyhood was passed. lie entered
West Point in 1839, tho appointee of
Congressman Thomas L. Harmor. His
name was originally Hiram Ulyfscs,
but through a blunder tho appointment
was mado out for Ulycses S., nnd so it
had to remain. During his courso at
tho academy lie showod much profi
ciency in mathematics, Ho graduated
in 1813, ranking twenty.first in n class
of thirty-nine. Ho wns raado n brevet
second lieutenant of infantry nnd 'at
tached as a supernumerary lieutenant
to the Fourth Regiment, then station
ed on the Missouri fronttor. In 181.)
the regiment was ordered to Texas to
join tho army of Gen. Taylor, and on
Sept. 30 Grant was commissioned as a
luH lieutenant. He had his firt ex
perience of war in tho battle of Palo
Alto. MayS, 181C. and ho also took
part in the battles of Rcsaca do la Pal
ma, Monterey ui.d tho slego of Vera
Cruz In April, 1817, ho was Quar
termaster of the regiment, but still par
ticipated in all activo operations, and
on Sept. 8, 1847, ho was appointed on
tho field a first lieutenant for his gal
lantry. Col. Garland, in bis report of
tho battlo of Chapullepcc, Sept. 13,
1847, said : "i must not omit to call
attention to Lieut. Grant, Fourth In
fantry, wtio acquitted himself most
nobly upon several occasions under my
own observation." For his conduct at
Chapullepcc Grant was brovcttcd cap
tain. After tho fall of tho City of Mex
ico ho came homo wilh his regiment
and was statioi ed first at Detroit and
afterwards at Sackett's Harbor. Ho
married Miss Julia T. Dent, of St.
Louis, sister of ono of his classmates,
in 1848. He accompanied his regt
mont to California and Oregon in 1852,
and while at Fort Vancouver, Aug. !,
1853, was commissioned full captain. lie
icsigncd his commission July 31, 1854,
and removed to St. Louis, where ho en
gaged in farming nnd in business as a
real estate agent. In 1859 ho was in
the employ of his father in the leather
trado in Galena, III.
At the fall of Foit Sumpter ho at
once offered his services to the Govern
ment. As a trained oflioer he was
gladly accepted aud appointed to com
mand a company of volunteers, until
ho became Colonel of the Twenty-first
Regiment, his commission dating from
June 17, 1801. Having organized and
trained his regiment, hu led itinto Mis
souri, whero it formed part of tho
guard of the Hannibal and St. Joseph
Railroad. On July 31 he was appoint
ed to tho command of the troops at
Mexico, Mo., forming a part of Gen.
Popo's force, and on August 23 was
promoted Hrigadier-Gencral of Volun
teers. Ho assumed command of tho
troops at Cario, which were soon in
creased by the addition of McClernard's
brigade. He seized Paduca, a strate
gic point of importance, and at the bat
tle of Frodcrickstowu and Belmont
held the Confederate General Jeff
Thompson in check. Gen. Halleck,
commanding tho Department of Mis
souri, gavo Grant tho command of the
district of Cairo, including Southern
Illinois, Kentucky west of tho Cum
berland River, and the southern coun
ties of Missouri. In February, 1802,
ho advanced on Forts Henry and Don
elson with 15,001) men, supported by
tho gunboats of Commodoro Foote.
The reduction of tho fust (Feb. G) was
chielly the woik of tho gunboats, but
Fort Donelson was only taken after a
desperate and bloody assault by the
troops ten days later. As tho first
great victoryjof the Federal arms, this
capture roused tho country to tho high
est pitch of enthusiasm, nnd Grant was
made a Major General, his commission
dating from tho day of battle. Gen.
C. F. Smith had been directed to mako
an expedition up the Tennessee with
about 40,000 men, but ho died soon
after ho started, and tho command de
volved on Gen. Grant. On April C,
18i2, reorganizing tho Union army,
which had been almost routed by Gen.
Albert Sidney Johnston at Pittsbun;
Landing, Grant drove the Confederates
back to Corinth. Tho loss was not far
from 12,000 on each sido. Gen. Grant
was slightly wounded.
TUB I'AI.I. 01' VICKSIIUItd.
On the recall of Halleck, Grant was
given command of tho West Tennessee
Department, defeated Price, put Rose
crans in command at Cornith nnd mov
ed on Vicksburg with tho Thirteenth
Army Corps. After several unsuccess
ful attempts against "tho Gibraltar of
the Mississippi" from tho north, Grant
marched his nimy down tho west bank
of tho river, crossed over below tho
city April 30, 1803, and having defeat
ed the enemy in several actions he pre
vented J. IS. Johnston from joining
Pemberton at Vicksburg. IIo laid
siego to thu city on the 18th of May.
After desiierato fighting and fearful
carnage the place surreudeied July 4,
1803, with 27,000 prisoners. For a
season the tide of war began to turn in
tho f avor of the Confederate forces.
Grant was promoted to Major-General
in tho regular army and placed in the
command of tho Division -f tho Missis
sipiii with Sherman, Thomas, Hnrnsido
and Hooker under his orders. After
tho capture of Vicksburg, Grant sent
heavy reinforcements to Sherman, who
was thereby enabled to drive tho Con
federate forco under Johnston out of
Jackson. Hracg havintr threatened
Chattanooga, Grant concentrated Ills
forces and drovo Hragg from Mission
ary Ridgo and Lookout Mouutain.
Uongress bestowed a gold medal on
tho victor, and revived for him tho
grade of Lieulenaut-Gonernl. Resolu
tions of thanks wero also passed by tho
Legislatures, of Now York and Ohio.
"My headquarters," said his first gen
eral order, "will bo in tho field." IIo
then took immediate command of tho
Army of tho Potomao and carried on
the campaign from tho Rapidan to the
James. Not before, dunnix tho war.
did any ono General command all tho
national armies. With nearly 700,000
men iu the field Grant now pi aimed
two campaigns to be carried on simul
taneously against vital points of tho
Confederacy the one under Gen.
Mead'v to operate against Richmond,
defended by Leo, tho other, under Slier
man, against Atlanta, dofendod by
MOVKMIlNTS IIKI Olli: ltlCIIMONI.
Grant began his operations ngalnst
THE COLUMBIAN. VOL. Xl.V.NO 2!)
COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT, V0L.XL1X, NO W
Richmond May 3, ana was joined two
days later hy tho Ninth Corps under
Ilumsidc, which brought tin tho forco
to 140,000 men. He undertook to
push through tho Wilderness on Leo's
right, so ns to place himself between
urn uniuederate nimy and tho Confed
erate capital, but Lee, apprised of his
designs, boldly pushed forward to meet
him. The result wns tho bloody battle
of tho Wilderness. Grant was check
ed in his endeavor to get between Leo's
army nnd Richmond. Having made
another advance by the left flank, Leo
again confronted him at Spollsylvanin.
After this "partial success and bloody
repulse" heiepeatcd the movement only
to met Leo in a strong position on tho
North Anna River ; and having tried
a fourth time, ho found his army con
fronting the absolutely impregnable
pits of Cold Harbor. Having suffered
great loss in this attack, Grant onco
moro moved his nrmy by tho left flank
and crossed tho James. Tho day nftcr
tho buccss of Snottsylvania he sent his
famous dispatch to the Government,
which closed with the words : "I pro
pose lo fight it out if it takes ail sum
mer." Ills losses during this cam
paign were 51,551 killed, wounded and
missing Lee's losses were 32,000.
Sherman opened his campaign to At
lanta ns soon as Grant telegraphed him
that he had crossed tho Rapidan. Mean
while several flanking movements that
had been ordered by Grant wero foil
ed, Sigel having been defeated at Now
market by Hrcckenridge, Crook having
been compelled to retreat, and Butler
having failed to reduce Petersburg.
The situation then narrowed itself
down to a siege of Petersburg, which
Grant began. Leo tried a diversion
movement by tho invasion of Maryland
and an attack on Washington, but fail
ed, Sheridan having driven back the
invaders up the Shenandoah Valley.
Meantime Sherman pushed forward in
his great "march to the sea," crushing
ail opposition. Grant couducted tho
operations against Peteisburg with
vigor, but at a terrible cost of blood
shed. On April 2, 18G5, Petersburg
fell, and tho next day tho "last ditch''
was crossed and Grant entered Rich
mond. Then camo the historic
scene at Appomattox Court-llouse,
when Geo. Leo surrendered with 27,-
000 men on April 9. The war was at
an end, but at what cost t Grants loss
in 1805 alono was over 80,000 killed,
wounded and missing.
Grant then took up his headquarters
at Washington, nnd on July 20, 18GG,
he was commissioned Geneial of tho
United States armies, tho rank having
been created for him. After the sus
pension of Secretary Stanton by Pre
sidtint Johnson, Aug. 12, 1807, Gen.
Grant -vas made Secretary of War ad
interim, but returned it to Mr. Stan.
ton Jan. 14, 18G8, after tho Senato had
refused to sanction tho latter's remo
val. How Bruin Hugged a Busy Saw.
"Talking about fur.ny things," said
big bronzed, bearded man in the
reading-room of au up-towu hotel lat
night, "the funniest thing that I ever
heard of happened iu my saw mill out
in Michigan. Wo used a heavy up
right saw for sawing heavy limber.
Ono day not long ago the men had all
gone to dinner, leaving the saw, which
ran by water power, going at full
speed. While wo Were away a big
black bear cume into the null and went
nosing around. The saw caught his
fur and twisted it a little. Bruin didn't
like this fur a cent, so ho turned around
and fetched thu Baw a lick with his
iaw. A blow with tho other paw fob
owed and it was also cut. The bear
was by this time aroused to nerfect
fury, and rushing at the saw caught it
in his grasp and gavo a tremendous
hug. It was his last hug, and wo liv
ed on bear steaks for a week. When
wo came up from dinner there 'as
half a bear on each sido of thu saw.
which was uoitic ahead as nicely as
though it had never seen a bear. This
is a fuel, so help me Hob," and tho big
lumberman bit off a fresh chew of to
bacco. For Maintenance of Insane
Tho various superintendents of tho
stato lunatic hospitals have been asked
by tho auditor general for an estimate
of tho amount which will bo required
to pay for the maintenance of indigent
insane for tho two years ended June,
1885, iu each of theso institutions.
Under the law, tho state and tho coun
ties from which tho indigent insane
were sent divido tho expenses incurred
iu their accommodation, the amount
not lo exceed $3.50 a week per patient
and clothing. Tho last logislaturo ap
propriated S 100,000 to pay theso ex
penses, but not moro than $260,000
will bo required according to tho re
ports received from tho Danville and
The lecislatiiro also amironriated
8G50.000 to provide for tho caro of in-
digent insano for two years ending
June, 1887, which amount, it is thought,
...Ml l. ! ,1! ... - . ., . ,
n ut uu iiisuiiicieiii owing to mo in
creased demand for accommodations
for this olais of unfortunates. Tho
Hlockley almshouse tiro and tho con
sequent removal of its inmates to other
hospitals has largely increased thu ex
penses of the stato for tho maintenance
of indigent insane.
A superintendent of ouo of llio stato
hospitals said recently that the legisla
tive appropriation was Si 00,000 too
small to carry on its purpose. Anoth
er superintendent gavo it as his opin
ion that tho maintenance of indigent
iiiiano at llio stato hospitals would
soon cost tho stato half a million dol
lars a vear.
A dainty cream is made of ainicots.
Stow twelvo canned apricots wilh half
a pound oi sugar, s.rain through a
sieve and let them cool. Mix them willi
half a glass of white wine. Pass this
mixture again through tho eicvo and
ndd sugar if it is not sweet enough ;
pour it into a mould nnd heat it by
placing it in a pan lined with boiling
water, oervo in custard cups.
A Chicago girl had two fiutors.
She angered one by going for an even
ing walk iu a paik with the other,
'1 ho enraged chap borrowed the uni
form of a policeman, lay in wait for
the sentimental collide, and arretted
tho favored lover for klssini: the maid
en. The fraud was not discovered, for
it was dark, until the offender had
begged for mercy nnd paid a brilie of
$" for release.
fjES Of vDK,Vr,s,Ni
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i n i tj
3 M OV IV
310 4(10 run
4 fS 7 60 13 tl
DM 10 (10 10 00
1 W 3 III
S IIO J J5
3 50 3 M
soo 18 m in on
9B1 14 ro n 10
4 m 8 U)
i column s no In oo is no
TO s no
14 (i 17 00 en '0 40 im
25 oo ao vo la u-n
Yoiirlr i1rrrtlement ruirnWo quiuterlj-. Trnn
sleni nilvertlscmcntiimnKlboml(l lor beroro in
serted except w hero parties linvo accounts.
IWit advertisements two dollars per Inch for
three Insertions, and nt that rate for additional
lniertlons without reference to length.
Ilxocutor'ii, Administrators, nnd Auditor's no
tlcen three dollars.
Trnnnlent or Local not tecs, ten cents ft line, reg
ular ndv erllsementB half rates.
t'nrdi In tho "Puslness Director!-" column, ono
dollar a j car for each line.
A Daily Defalcation,
Tho Hon. John Kelly, the head and
front of Tammany Hall, a man of
strict integrity.an indefatigable worker,
early at his office, lato lo leave, so bur
del i d with business thnt regular meals
weie seldom known by him, with mind
in constant tonsion nnd energies stead
ily trained, finally broko down 1
Thu wonder is that lie did not soon
er give way. An honest man in all
tliiiiL'" else, he acted unfairly with his
jih) susal resources. Ho was ever draw
ing upon this bank without ever do
positing a collateral. The account
overdrawn, tho bank suspends and both
arc now in the hands of medical ro
It is not woik that kills men. It is
irregularity of habits and mental
worry. No man in good health frotn
at his work. Hyc and bye when tho
bank of vigor suspends, these men will
wonder bow it all happened, and they
will keep wondering until day unless,
perchance, somo candid physician or
inter- sted friend will point out to them
how by irregularity, by cx-iessivo
nieiil.il effort, by constant woiry and
fret, by plunging in deeper than they
had a right to go, they havo pioduccd
thu' Inss of nervous energy which al
most invariably expresses itself in a
deranged condition of the kidneys and
liver, for it a welt-known fact tho
pois -ii which tho kidneys and liver
slum d remove from the blood, if left
therein, soon knocks the lifo out of
the strongest and most vigorous man
or wonvin. Daily building up of
tlies, vital organs by so wonderful
and highly reputed a specific as War-nei'-.
-afo cure, is the only guarantee
th-ii our business men can have that
their -trength will bo equal to tho la
boi daily upon them.
Mr. Kelly has nervous dyspepsia, wo
leal-1, indicating, as wo have said, a
break down of nervt force. His case
sho'tl I bo a warning to others who,
puiming a like course, will certainly
rem h a like result. The Sumhty
We are so Soon Forgotten.
Washington correspondence Now
Ynik Tribune. Yesterday was the
foui'h anniversary of tho Garfield trag
edy, h'our short years only yet tho
ovi ii1 seems almost forgotten. Here,
too, whore it occurred, not a singlo lino
of (o nmonl, with ono exception, in tho
local newspapers not a word on the
stn etsanot suggestion that tho memory
oi iiiitt ui-iaicd day was still alive in
the iudj of the people. I went down
to tic waiting room of tho Haltimore
aud Potomac depot. Tho star which
maiks the spot whero tho assassin's
shut vruck down the President was
hidden almost from view by tho dust
au-l lilt of a thousand feet that hour
ly f.-n over it. Its thin Bilver ooat
iug h id long sinco worn off. Tho
dull g'immer of tho brass seemed like
a lvp'oachful appeal directed to tho
thoutt doss throngs of peoplo who
em I the loom all daylong on pleas
ure unl business bent. The marblo
eag'o -urmounting the slab in thu wall
the -vhole looking much as if it had
once beenpart of a soda water fount
ain .done kept watch, his stony Btaro
fixed upon tho fatal spot. A misera
ble little contribution box for tho bene
fit i.f llio Garfield Hospital, directly
onougi it its y-llow undernea h
the lab, looked bright coat of
paint and varnish. Not a scratch
ujon its faci io silent, passive
and i .pjctant. It had not been hand
led much, that was evident. As I left
th- loom a little fellow not old enough
(o kiin.v better, put his foot on thoHtar
and turned upon his heel around and
aroii'nl, until ho becaimi dizzy. His
patent-', not more than ten feet away,
only a niilod, and I hoard thu fond
lathi r exclaim adminnclv, as ho turn-
id to his wife: "Isn't lib a cute ras
Ciioosixo FitiENDs. Friendships
tha- itisooulof intellectual juxtaposi
tion aro not of the kind that aro val
ued thu most. The links that bind us
to el -.est friends are forged by tho
heait. Human ties thus formed aro
nut ,t-ily broken. If friends of long
ye-r- ue oast aside tor tho novelty ot
hitih- r intercourse aud new faces.
which in intimacy may rovael to bo
empty and hideous masks the loss may
provo the overwhelming catastropho
of one's life. Rather let it bo the rulo
of human intercourse to secure a friend
for a l olcrnity when one is found worthy
to shaio tho palace of tho soul. Bear
with h"n humors, guard against es
trai " ment that begins and ends with
iiiutu I recrimination, provo holpful to
him a' opportunity offers and value
him f r his inherent worth. "When
tho p t no longer bnils,'' says Pctron
ious Arbiter, "farewell, friends"
that U to say, tho friends of fortune ;
so p 'veity is tho best test. Let our
trieiiiN be tho salt ot tho earth, for
men are known by tho company thoy
cp. I ho saviours intercourse with
his chi'sen diciplcs, the hiimblo fisher
man f Galilee, was tho apotheosis of
frit inl-liip, and an example fvir all
races 1 1 men.
A lively air on a violin will somu-
timi-.", ct a wholo dock of geese wild
with delight. On ono occasion at a
couiiii' wedding I was a witness of a
ouri"ii pcrlormunoo by ono of these
lowl Alter dinuern lady entertained
the g uoig assembled on a lawn with
tnui-u from an accordion A flock of
jei s- ere feeding iu thu road just bo
ow tho houso and with outstretched
necks iiswcied back with notes of sat
isfnef u. Soon a white gander com
nifiu I dancing a lively jig, keeping
good imo with the inusiu. For sever
al mi 'ites hu kept up tho performance,
to the great delight of tho company.
Tho experiment was tried sovcral times
lor a week or more and tho tones ot
tho accordion never failed to sot tho
gander into a lively d.inco. Tawaon-
ton (4i(.) Journal.
Fiederiek Gebhait Is iu London.
and tho newspapers theie say that ho
is sun in the train ot airs Langtry,
rivalled only by Charles Couglan, tho
actorfiirmcrly engaged in New York,
but now iu llio Lily's company,
Ti e latest trick ascribed to tho head
waiter iu a summer hotel is that oi
Mttiii).' now guestB at a table whero
the w niter is under instructions to
woik very badly, ro that they will bo
eciluiu to ask for lraiu.ftr to another
table nnd pay thu iucidcntal tribute.