The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, March 06, 1885, Image 1

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'rhreo Itirlim..,.
iquartcr column,
10 (XI
1 4 r.d
S5 00
inowmiv viiu 1,1.-11111 uiuau.uu; iu HUTUDCP
twxii paper tJlwuntinucil except fit tho option
Ail p,ipcra sent out of tlm Htate or to distant post
I Yearly ndrcrtlEcmCntr rmJU'lPftiiiirtfrly. nej,
llentilvcrtlscmenli mutt be paid rorbcforcthrrM
ed except where parties have accounts
Legal ndverttsements two dollars per Inch re
tlire insertions, nnd nt that rata for addition'
ilihlf nor.Hi In nnlmnhlf nnttntv naMMA. i ....
- m niiu-HJiif'iiuu una uii ueiaanu.
inscnions wunoui roicrcnco toirngio.
three dollars. Mustbepaldforwhen nsertcd.
Transient of Local notices, ten cents a line, tegu
lar advertisements halt ralcB,
cards In the 'Business Directory column. oni
Tim .lobbing Department of the Coluiibi mis wry
ooinplote, nnd our Job Printing will compare favor
bly wli u thiit or tholargo cities. All work done on
ittort notice, neatly ana at moderate prices.
3, E.EliWELL, I ,..!..,.
; K BITIEMBENDER,Prorrl,tc"'
dollar a year lot each line.
Bloomsburg, Pa
umce over 1st. National Hank.
omco In Knt's Building.
bnica over .Moycr Bros. Drug Store.
unci la Drawer's butldtng.sctond Mo. 1
Uloomsburg, l'a.
Bloomsburg, l'a.
onija corner ot Centre andMaln btreots. Clark s
Can be consulted In German.
Nkw Oouimsian UCTLDiHo, Bloomsburg, P
MomOur ot the United States Law Aesoclattoi,
ij'olieutions made In any part ot America or Ku
ril!),). pAUL E. WIRT,
onlco In Columbuh Iicildino, lloom No. J, second
. KH0RR.
A ttorney s-at-Law.
onice tu 1st National Dank building, second floor, Corner o Main and Market
streets Bloomsburg, Pa.
t&'I'fnsioiu and Bounties Collecttd.
J 11. MAIZE,
omce In Maize's bulldiyg over Hlllmcycr's grocery.
Office In Nsws Itsm building, Main street.
Member ot tus American Attorneys' Associa
tion. Collections made in any part ot America.
Jackson Building, Rooms 4 and 5.
Catawuma, l'a.
Office, corner ot Third and SlaluBtroeta.
Attorney-atLaw, Berwick.
Csn lie Con9ultcil in German.
ttTOIllce first door below tho post oflice.
Cli, BAKM.Ei, Aiturnej-u-Law
, oflice in llruwer's building, una btory.KO. ma
s 6
" C. McKKLVY, M. I,rjurgeou and Phy
. slclan, north Bide Main Mreet.below Market
L. FRITZ, AUorney-at Law.
t In Colcudun Uulldlng,
owing Machines and Machinery ot all kinds re
alred. OriRi llocsx Building, liloouioburg, Pa.
Office, North Marked Btu ct,
Hlcomsburt , Pi.
M. RUBER, Burgeon and
oaico corner of Kock and Mnrket
JR. EVANS, M. D., Burgeon and
.Physician, vunice and ltesldeiicu on Third
Bloomsiiuuo, Coi.umhia County, Pa.
All styles ot work done In a superior manner, work
warranted as represented. Tssrn Uxtiuct
xd without Pun by the use ot (las, asd
freeot charge w hen artuiclal teeth
are Inserted.
Jillcc in Columbian building, 2nd lloor,
lo be open at all hourt during the dat
Nov.SS-ly '
Theto old coKroRaTioNg are well seasoned by
age and wag tistkb and havo never yet had a
loss settled bv anv nonrr. nf iftw. Ttipi,. nuu.,. nM
all invested In solid bkcckitiks are Uabletothe
Loiaes rBOMPTLY and iiomsTLr adjusted and
ald as soon as determined by cukistiim r.
Tjiepeoploof Columbia county should patron
lie the agency where losses It any are settled and
paid by one o( ther own citizens.
for Infants and
"CaatorU Is so well adapted to children that
recommend It as superior to any prescription
known to me." II. A, Ascutit, M.D.,
111 So, OiorU EC, Brooklyn, N. Y.
An absolute cure for Rheumatism, Sprains, Pain In
tho Hack, Burns, Galls, &c. An Instantaneous Paln-
rclicving and Ilcallntr Itoruody.
a havel
ltjalclana' Teatlnsny.
A. W, Brown, M.D., of Providence,
R. I., say'si "I have Died Hnirr'B
Kidney and Llif r ItixinT In my
practice for tho past sixteen years,
and cheerfully recommend It as
being a toft and riUabli remedy."
Another prominent doctor of
Providence rays that "I am fre
quently nrjfed to nae other prepare,
lloni as inbstltntes for Htmi's Kid
ney and Liter ItmiDT. I find on
trying them that they are worthless
In comparison to it."
An Old Lady.
"My mother, 78 years old, hat
chronic kidney complaint and drop
sy. Nothing has ever helped her
llko Htnrr'B (Kidney and Liver
ItmiDT. She has received great
benefit from 8 bottles and we think
It will tore her." W. W. Bonder
land, Builder, Danbury, Conn.
A Minister'- Wile.
. Itcv. Anthony Atwood, of Phlla
delnhla, as:-"UCM' (Kidney
and Liver) ItsxicT has enred my
wife of Dropsy lo its worst form.
All say that It Is a miracle."
Brad for
of Teatl
monUU. IITOT'8
B. I.
General Chace.
Oeneral Chace of Bhodo Island
says: "I always keep Horn's Kid
ney and Liver Remidt In my
house. Taken in email doses occa
sionally at Bight, It rrevenls head
ache, and regulates the kidneys,
stomach and other organs." 10
'Disease soon shaken, by Host's Rexxdt taken."
CniTTE!(TO!f, K. T., 0eral Art.
Health andjappiness.
ArQ VOtir TTiHnntra AianrAnr-aA')
mmn,.YT fc?uit m rrom mT k", " "
weirolt." M, w,DeYeraui,Mecliialc,lonla,MJCB.
,.Ar,your nerves weak?
a- ldn7,Wort cared mi from nerrou. wrakn.M
OoodwlatEd.ckrO((anJ(on(lor CIgTauuid'.oi '
Have vou Bright's Disease?
iiv?TiSSt i Vi!! V"a ,n' or wu jurt
wik Hiuon.re4Dody.UAiw.
. Suf f erinir from Diabetes ?
iLilllriT.Wnrt ItftTiamrtit an fn I Mml
avo you Liver Complaint?
Ur ZprA7d to die,"
Henry wirt, loJto CoL tJth Nat. OuutI, K. T.
Is your Back lame and aching?
imo I Lad to roll out of bed."
uavo you
Kidnev nisnaHO?
-waney.wort made me wmndlnUrer and kldaer.
rtr Toarg of unjaereerfQl drwtorior. It. worth
10aWi."-ua'l Uodget, WUllmutowii, Weet V,
.Are you Constipated?
mo ftitr 18 jkub uio of other mpdieinw."
Have vou Malaria?
Eldae'Wert baa done bettr than uir oUier
romed I catb tTcr used In my prt;tice.,,
" Dr. It. K. Clirk, ttoutta Horo, Vt.
Are vnn 'Rili'nnnP
"1Zi.ln.'Wn- ha HAnAMA MAH rwj tk.a .f
"a.a Ikiawj OICI (UClla
iln. J. T. OfcUowtty. 10k Flat. Orogon.
Are you tormented with Piles?
''XMney-'Wort txrmanmtly cuml me of bloliii-r
pllea, Dr. w, o. Kline recommended It lo nic."
Geo. LL Ilonl, CtubJor U, Uaalc, Mjcnrtown, r.
Are you Rheumatism racked ?
'Kidney-Wort curod mf. after 1 wm eiTn up to
die bj plirlcltii and I bad suffered thirty j-mh."
lUbildgo Me-lcoko, Wcet B&th. Ualce.
Ladies, are you suffering?
"Sidney. Wort curod tne ct peculiar trouble of
eyeral jeJ tUndlnir. Uany t rtendt use and praUw
Ik' lira, XL Lara o roam, Iil La Motte, Vt.
If you would Banish Disease
i and gain Health, Take
Feb 0-3 mo
I'gct the Best"!
Kill pain, eoothe asd lOmuUK the tired I
IUTiaolaf, and wonderfully strengthen weak I
parta. All tne valuable medicinal virtual of I
IfreaU nope, oomblned with, Surgundj Fltoh I
and Canada Salaam, Appliad to Baokacne, I
BolaUea, stieumatlam. Crick.1 Stltohes. Bide- I
Ache, Kidney Affeotlona, Sore Cheat or any of I
tlie varloua palna and weakneeeee eo oonunon, I
Initant relief U given. Cures Sy.pepaU and I
Liver troubloe without internal dosing. Sold I
everywhere. S5e. B for II. Mailed forprlae. I
JIOF PULBTEH CO. , Frop'rs. Boeton, Uaas. I
A MONTH and BOAI1I) tor three llvo Toune
M, n or Ladles In each county. Address I1.
W, ZIEOLKH k CO., Prttiadelphla
Feb 6-lw d
xirHasiNTS tub roi.i.owiNO
North American ot Philadelphia,
Franklin, " '
Pennsylvania, " "
York, of I"ennsylvanla.
Hanover, of N. Y.
Oueens, of London,
North British, of London.
omce on Market street, No. S. Dloomaburir.
wvu. (
CaitorU cures Colic, Constipation,
Hour Htomach. l)larrhua. llriiLtatlon.
Kills Worms, give sleep, and promotes dl-
Uiout Injurious modlcaUoD,
"All, llil in tliu country I How titiiut
it Kwiim ntUT the Icutlo of lliu city,
and how (lcliclonxly friifjrtint tlio air if 1
lint Ha warm, though. I wonder 11 1 in
near my (Itstitintioii."
Pausing, the coliloii'iizor irnnefcrs
Ills satchel from his tight IihikI to his
left, while with his linmlkcruliluf liu
wipes hl lirow.
Just tlieii, uhiineiiiL' lo glance over
tho low atonv wall ljt-Mltt hlit', lie sets
a charming picture,
SeaU'il ujion the ilniriicd grais bo
nealh the shailu (if in old tu e, is a
young girl, busily wreathing herMraw
hat with rocq.
A great cluster nestles 'at llm throat
of her cambric, dress, whilu another
fastens her belt. The delicate pink
harmonizes with the lints of her own
perfect complexion, while wound
about her small head are a wreath of
solt braid?, who?o purely golden hue
would make a society girl sick with
After gazing until he is satisfied,
the stranger coughs gently but audi
bly. As the girl looks up and set h that
she is observed she springs lo her
"I beg your pardon for alarming
you," the young man hastens to say.
"Can you direct me toBrierwoodFaunt
I was told that it was a couphi of
mile fiom the station, nnd as I havo
been walking some tinio I thought ihal
I must be near it."
A charming smile breaks over the
lovely face, as the girl recovering her
self-possession, answeis him with the
welcome announcement :
"You thought rightly, eir. This
Urierwood Farm.''
"With a light spring the young man
clears the lence nnd conies lo her
r must confess that I am very glad
It is the essence of coolness and shad
ow here, but out upon tho open road
the nun is seorclnuglv not. Is .Mr. Ar
nold at homo V
"No, sir, but my aunt
As they walked together to the
house. Jinder tho welcome shade of the
green trees, tho strangor aays, suul
"If Mrs. Arnold is your aunt, why,
then, we must bo cousins. My name is
Rupert Arnold, and my father is re
lated to Mr. Arnold."
"I am Itose May, tho niece of Mr.
Arnold'B wife, the eirl replies as
"Appropriately named," the young
man says pleasantly, with a significant
dance at the flowers that adorn so lav
ishly his companion's simple toilette,
"1 nopo you win anow mo tne menu
Iv privileges of a cousin, even 11 wo
cannot claim tho relationship throug
ties of blood "
"Havo you ever been lo tho farm be
foicf Hose asks.
"Yes. once, when I was a little chni
(if Ovo years. But that's a long while
"It must !;," Roso answers deinutC'
Bv this time they aro nt tho farm
house door, which stands hospitably
open, and, ushering their visitor into
tho sitting-room, ltose hastens to a
prise her a ant of tho arrival.
"A perfect little jewel! How she will
slime in tho goJden setting that awaits
her. and how clad 1 am that 1 loll in
with mother'ri views!" Rupert Arnold
thinks as ho an.swtrs her smile anil lis
tens until tho last echo of her light
step dies away.
"I am on my summer vacation, and
remembering that my father and cous
ins are out' this way, I thought I would
look them up. Ho was speaking of
your husband tho other day, lamenting
that his busy life prevented him from
keeping track of his relatives.'' Rupert
explains, later.
Tho cordiality of his reception leaves
him nothint: to detue, and when war
mer Arnold urges him to spend tho re
aiaining weeks of his vacation at Biier.
vv'ood larm ho willint'ly nsHents.
Of course, in that time his acquaint
aiuw with Rose makes rapid progress,
and Rupert soon flatlers himself that
ho has sounded tho height and tinpih
of her simple mind.
Her beauty is of a kind that could
never jitill that he acknowledges; but
to the habitue of society, the absolute
truth aud candor of her character after
tho first, cease lo interest.
"However, do not fear, mother, doar,
thai I am tioing to spoil your plans,
Although I must confess that, after the
uirls of oursel, this country maiden's
attractions pale, still a hundred thou
sand iB not to be picked up every day,
nnn, if possible, I do not mean the tidy
little sum to go to any other than
your dutiful son, Rupert."
Such is tho conclusion of an epistle
Rupert dispatches to his mother during
his stay at tho farm, and which brings
a smile to tho receiver s faco ol mingled
amusement and gratihcation.
tint uoeo is not so transparent as
Rupert deems her to be, aud has al
ready formed her own opinion of tho
visitor, who is so pronounced in ins ad
miration of herself, and who has so
eagerly availed himself of tho privilege
tacitly permitted him of calling her by
tho title of his cousin.
She by no means disliked him ; his
vivacity and coinpanionablcnesia would
precludo that s but sho gauges rightly
the vanity and shallowness of his char
acter, and when she mentally compares
film to some one elan who towers ai
high abovo him in mental attributes us
1 iu does In stature, could Rupert lead
t, ho verdict, chagrin would mark him
K t its own. As it is, however, ho leaves
th e fat in with his self-satisfaction un
im paired.
'A season in town to complete what
tho to two weeks have begun, and Ru
pert, , eld fellow, your fuluro's assured.
No i oore need to quail before tho goy
ernor's eyes when tho dues como pour
ing ii ;! As to fun nnd freedom n Bene
dict i s as much his own master as a
hacht tlor, if he phooses to bo."
Sik th art' ihu thoughts that 1111 the
younj mail's mind as the train bears
him i ipon hi homeward iournoy.
Tw "o mont.'is go by and then two let
ters c omu to .Urierfrood farm, one ad
dress ed to Mi Arnold, tho other for
Rose. .
Th .ey aro both from Mrs, Arnold.
Rupi irt's mothf r, and contain an urgent
Invit ition for Roso to visit her uncle's
oousi n In their citj home.
The letters aro wordod with such
graceful tact and ench warm cordiality, i
that oven had the wish to say no been
strong, it would havo been difficult to
do so.
"Would you like to go, Rosebud, to
see with your own eyes what tho won
derful city is likut"
Rose's blown eyes faiily shine.
"Indeed I would!" sho cries.
"And John what docs ho sayl" the
old man askf, with n glanco in tho di
rection of tho tall young man, who
leaning against tho tnantcl-pieiv, is
gazing with a world of ardent tender
ncss and admiration at tho fairy gold-en-hnired
girl, whose animated face
turns to him at her uncle's query.
"Tnat I shall bo glad for Rosebud
to havo a chance to see tho gay world
nnd its doings before she settles down
into tho humdrum exitcnee of a far
mer's wife," ho says, heartily.
Aud so it is settled ; and Rose do
parts for a three-months' visit to tho
Arnold's home. At first the dazzling
gaiety and constant round of pleasures
bewilder and nlmot frighten the little
country girl.
Hut she "(ion leaisto takoeveiything
as a matter of course, and to enter into
and enjoy it all.
Society dearly loves a setmtion
something novel and out of the ordi
nary and, were Roso less carefully
trained in purity and truth, her head
would surely be turned by the ndula
tlon that her fresh young beauty creates
wherever sho goes.
But thosu who iovo Roso need havo
no fear for her. Instead of spoiling,
the brilliant scenes in which she is u
participant only serve to amuo and di
vert her, and to form matter for tlm
voluminous letters that wend their wav
weekly to Biiirwood Farm, aud to an
other home in tho village tome few
miles distant, where they are perused
by manly eyes that grow soft and ten
der as they read.
One morning tho Arnold residence
welcomes three now guests in tho per
sons of Mrs. Arnold's sister and her
two daughters.
The day passed amid pleasant con
versation, and, at length, in the hour
between sundown and dusk, a game of
hide-and-seek is proposed by ono of tho
young people.
Slipping quietly into tho library,
Rose ensconces herself snugly behind
the draperies of the bay-window.
Hardly had she dono so when tho
door opens and Mrs. Arnold and her
sister outer.
Roso does not stir, thinking that the
room's sudden accession of inmates will
ensure her own security, for, of course,
both ladies will disavow having seen
any of the hiders,
They began at onco to conveise.
"How handsome Rupert is," Mrs.
Mooro says. "Maria, when is his en
gagement to Miss Martelle to bo con
summated!" "Oh, that was -oil six months ago,"
Mrs. Arnold answers, "Hit father
tailed disastrously, and, of couree, with
Rupert's ideas anil tastes, she was no
longer a suitable wife for him. He
seized the first opportunity to with
draw." "In that case, Maria, I must ask yon
if you consider :i country fanner's
nieco tho proper person to "throw into
daily association with a young man
whoso fancy will be in great peril from
her face, which, I must confess, is tho
prettiest I have ever seen?''
"Spare youreelf any anxiety on that
score, Sarah, dear. Let mo tell you
something. That girl, although as yet
no ono knows it but my husband and
Rupert aud myself, is an heiress. You
remember meeting :he old eccentric
Hugh Ilaydon at my house 1 Well, In
died three months ago and left my hus
band the solo manager of his estate,
tlio whole bulk of which he left, en
tirely disregarding his only child whom
ho had disinherited years "before, to tho
daughter of a woman whom he had
loved and been separated from in early
"Of course, as my husband was his
lawyer and lonlidential mend, no one
but ourselves as yet know the tenor of
tlio will. I no sooner heard ot it than
I saw at once this was just tho chance
lor luipcrt. U'.s lather is in easy cir
cumstances, but by no means able lo
shoulder Rupert's "extravagances. Do
not think that I am disparagim: my
son ; he is only what his education has
made him, and not ono whit wilder
than others of his sort. Onco settled
down with a rich wife ho will bo all
that his relatives can wish."
"lint the girl you do not seem lo
think of her in tho matter," Mrs. Moore
"Oh, she admires Rupert exceeding
ly. Ho has played his game well."
' "Ah, I see!"
And Rose, listening with Hushed
cheeks and indignant eyes, roes, too.
A few hours later, in the conserva
tory, whither Rupert had led her apart
1 1 om ihe rest, sho listens wluio intones
of well-stimulated ardor ho pleads his
Sho waits until ho pauses, then look
ing up straight into his eyes, sho says
quiftly, with an emphasis upon the fiist
word :
"Cousin Rupert, you surely would
not havo spoken ns you havo iust now
hud you known that tho girl you ad
dressed was already betrothed. But to
counteract any disappointment this
kuowledgo may causo you, let me has
ten to assure you that, although Roso
May has recently been left a largo for
tune, she will be in no wise benefited
by it, for undor no consideration could
she hu induced to accept a farthing
that rightfully belongs to Another.
You look amazed. Yes, I know all."
Rupert's faco of utter astonishment
and embarrassment is a study. When
Roso rises with all the dignity of an
injured queen, hu can onlv gazo nt her
speechless, nnd when oho goes ho makes
no attempt to detain her.
Ho is foiled, and his mother's well-
laid scheme is a failure thoru is no
doubt of that. And with a portiubed
mind ho seeks tho latter to confer with
her upon the uiiplcasani surpriso he
has just recoived.
Ho hiids her prepared, lor, with her
usual frankness, the instant she left his
side Roso had gone directly to Mrs.
Never beforo in ail her Blunt life has
the girl fell so nutiagcd in every liber
of her being. She longs to fleo at once
from an atmosphere where treachery
and duplicity luik beneath the guise
ot courtesy ami pretended affection.
Ah Btvlltly ub it is pousiblu her ar-
rniigemcuts for departure aro complet
Mrs. Arnold makes no endeavor to
detain her. por onco her worldly
deserts her, for by her own words sho
has condemned herself.
A few evouings later, with her hand
clasped in her lover's, Rose relates to
him u pail of the above only a part,
for she speaks alone of tho inheritance
that has eo unexpectedly been left to
Sho means oh, subtle Rose! to try
this lover, who seems everything that
js noblo nnd just. Her iccent exper
ience has raised our little country mai
den from the unsuspicious trust and
faith with which her young eyes havo
hitherto regarded everything and every
body. John's faco grows very grave as ho
"And as it possible, Rose," ho ex
claims, "that you, with your high senso
of honor, would accept an Inheritance
that rightfully belongs to this man'B
.!!!.., .11 UN
His tone of rebuke and remon
strance is too unmistakable to bo mis
understood. For a moment Roso remains silent ;
then looking up with n gleeful laugh,
she nestles closer to bis side.
"I knew just what you would think
and say, my good-hearted John, and J,
too, quite agt'eo with you. I havo my
fortune a richer one than gold mines
could give. What care 1 for any
And so, through tho nobility of char
acter ot a periect stranger, a poor bus
bund and wife in the far West have
cause to give thanks when, in tho midst
ot dire straits, a fortune, lifting them
tor over beyond want and Buffering,
comes unexpectedly to them.
Poverty of Presidents.
If you will look back over tho list,
writes tho Washington correspondent
of the Cleveland (Ohio) Jjcader, you
will see that fiom tho beginning most
ot our J residents havo been poor men
George Washington was, perhaps, tho
wealthiest ol them and Kuthertord is.
Hayes will perhaps rank next. John
Adams, at the ago of CO, after twenty
six years of continuous public service,
retired to his little eslato at Quincy,
Muss., with barely enough property to
give him the needs of li lo on a larm.
Thomas Jefferson had to borrow some
thing less than $10,000 of a Richmond
bank to pay his debts before ho left
the White House, and the history of
the last seventeen years of his life is
one of almost constant financial em
barrassment. President Madison left
some property at tin time, of his death,
but his widow, tho perless Dolly, was
for a time dependent on the bread nod
meat furnished her by an old negro
servant, and her last days wcro in ado
easy only by Congress buy ing of her
lor !jtf(j,UU(J the manuscript notes ol
tho debates of the Constitutional Con
vention which Madison had taken.
President Monroe, though he declined,
it is said, $3.')S,000 from tho govern
ment for his public services, died very
poor in New York. John Quincy
Adams mut have received over half a
million dollais in government salaries,
and he is ono of the fow Presidents who
again took up public life after he left
the Wh.tH IIoue. Ho lcmained in re
tirement only about a year, and then en
tered the Lower House of Congress.
After about sixteen years of service
there ho died in tho Capital in 1818,
exclaiming, "This is the end of earth,
I am content." Andrew Jackson gain
ed nothing in wealth from his White
House salary. It cost him, ho says,
every cent of it to pay his expenses,
and the most of tho proceeds of his
cotton crop iu addition. Ho returned
from Washington at the close of hia
second term with jti3t 800 iu his pock
et, to find his faun going to ruin, and
himselt so deeply in debt that ho had
lo sell part of his land to get out. Van
Huron was a close, cautious, money
making fellow. He got good law fees
and began to learn economy while sav
ing enough as a young man to get
married. At his estato at Liudenwald,
where ho lived during his last years, ho
was surrounded with comforts! Pres
ident Harrison owned a farm in Ohio
when ho was inaugurated President.
It was safe to say he was poor, for he
had been lately doing the drudgery of
a clerk of the courts at Cincinnati.
President Tyler supplied much of the
money which ran tho White Hou-o out
ot his own pocket, and Congress would
not pay the salary of his own private
secretary. Moderately wealthy while
hero at Wellington, ho left little to
his childieu, and one of his sons is now
a clerk in tho Tieasury Department in
Washington. Zach Taylor was by no
means wealthy when ho died in tho
White- House. James K. Polk left a
big house and enough to keep his wid
ow, and .Millurd Fillmore, who started
life as a wood carder, died ten years
ago with enough of an estate to create
a lawsuit over tho sanity of his second
wife. James Buohanau did not leave
such an estate ns enabled Harriet Lano
to keep Whcatlauds, and within tho
past year it has been advertised for
sale. Buchanan spent all his salary as
President at Washington, nnd what he
had left, after paying his White House
expenses he gave in charity, Abraham
Lincoln died poor, and it was duo to
Congress that his family was provided
for. Andrew Johnson went back to
his house nt Greenville, Tumi., where
ho started life as a tailor. Ho died by
a stroke of paralysis, and left no for
tune behind. Of tho other Presidents
flrant'H necessities are agitating the
country to-day, and Garfield's family
is wealthy only through tho voluntary
subscriptions of tho people. Truly, as
Sidney Smith used to say, "There is
nothing so expensivo as glory."
Au astronomical observation of an
earthquake was lately mado by the di
rector of the observatory at Nice
France. Ho was watching one of Sa
turn's moons at the moment of the
shock, and the motion imparted to his
telescope caused tho celestial object to
appear to move soih-j fifteen or twenty
seconds to the right.
After ten vears of uxnernnpnt. tlm
fluperintendant of the porcelain factory
ui ouvres, jions. i.nuiii, thinks ho has
produced n porceluin Identical with
that of China, and far eiiperwr tc the
famous old Sevres.
The Father at Home.
Sonio fathers fail to gain their chil
dren's confidence by an apparent lack
of sympathy. On tho other hand, low
young people ever lake tho trouble to
put themselves in their father's place
imagine how ho must feel this or that
behavior, how a disrespectful word or
look Insults him, or how it voluntary
confidence is prized by him. Theru
aro many things, no doubt, which boys
nnd girls do not care to speak of be
foro their father j but they do not
know how hurt paler familias feels
when a conversation is stopped upon
his entering tho room, when ho is made
to feel that he is not one of tho circle
that he is a power to be respected
and propitiated, bnt no more. Very
often a man has himself to blame for
this state of things, but not always.
Often it is more love of secrecy which
mako girls especially excludo their
father as much as "posslblo from a
knowledge of their doings, their fears
and hopes. With Borne this reticenco
must bo necessary. Confidences would
only bo met with suspicion or blamo or
ridicule. But most men havo 9. tender
spot in their hearts, even for tho weak
ness and foDlishness of "their own
flesh," and feel pained when they arc
silently condemned as unworthy of
confidence. Pater familias may bo
too proud to show that ho feels hurt.
Ho may wrap himself up in dignity
and affect a contempt for the trilling
concerns of the girls ; ho may even
repel the first advances, but his heart
may bo exclaiming bittcrlv aga'nst tho
coldness and hardness which excludes
him from tho kuowledgo of his daugh
ter's mind and heart which is given to
half a dozen school girl friends. A
girl owes much to her father, even if
ho lias not been to her all that a parent
ought to be. Ho has had to work
hard, very probably, that her bread
and butter might bo secured. Ho has
borne cares, anxieties, struggles, temp
tations, at which she can but guess
of which she can form no real concep
tion. If ho is hard and unsympathetic
sonio allowance for tho nervous irrita
tion of an ovcr-woiked or anxious man
may surely be made. And a girl nev
er, we believe, has conception how
precious she is in her father's eyes.
Rough worJs and cold or angry looks
may seem to disprove it, but it is true,
nevertheless. More, cyen, in a sense,
than his wife, sho appeals to his pro
tective care. He may scold or slight
her, but let any real harm threaten her
aud sho will seo that to touch her is to
touch the apple of his eye. The day
comes, no doubt, when her allegiance
and sympathy aro transferred to au
other in right of a still higher claim.
Thero is little wonder if poorpor fa
milias looks askance on him at first
and is slow to admit that he is tho one
at whoso coming his reign must end.
It is the way of nature, aud it must be
so. But it is hard. A father often
loses more on his daughter's marriage
than her mother does. "My daugh
ter's my daughter all her life." But a
father's right changes entirely whon
the ring is pat on the finger. Till the
fairy prince comes; then, let paterfa
milias bo considered and deferred to,
nnd, if necessary, humored. Let him
uot be mado to feel that baro duty is
to bo paid to him. Let him not feel
himself a stranger in his own house.
For many a littlo sacrifice, many a gen
tle or patient word, unnoticed, unac
knowledged at tho time, and booh for
gotten by her who renders it, lives in
tho memory of him who receives it.
Jefferson's Piist Inauguration.
Down at tho Congressional Library
in Washington, is a musty old file of
tlm National Intelligencer, from
which the following account of Mr.
Jefferson's inauguration is taken :
At an early hour on Wednesday,
March 4, 1801, the city of Washington
presented a spectaolo of uncommon an
imation, occasioned by tho addition to
its usual population of a largo body of
citizeus from tho adjacent districts. A
dischargo fom tho company of "Wash
ington artillery ushered in tho day, and
about 12 o'clock the Alexandria com
pany of riflemen, with tho company ar
tillery, 'paraded in front nf t.hA Trnut
dent's lodgings. At 12 o'clock Thom
as Jeitersou, attended by a number of
his fellow citizens, amnmr vehnm u-nrn
many members of Congress, repaired
io iuo uapuoi. aa dross was as usual,
that of a rilaiu citizen, without, anv Hia
tiuclivo badge of oflice. lie entered
uio capital under tho dischargo of ar
tillery. On his entry into the Senate
chamber, where were assembled the
Senato and the House of Representa
tives, tho members rose, and Sir. Burr
left tho chair of tho Senate. wli!b Mr
Jefferson took. After a few moments
of silence, Mr. Jefferson roso and de
livered his address beforo tho largest
conconrso of citizens over assembled
here. Having seated himself for a
short period, he again aroso, and ap
proached the Clerk's table, whero tho
oath was administered by tho Chief
Justice, after which In- rntiirnml in 1,!.
lodgings, accompanied by tho Vico
Pmu!,l ,u m.:..r v.. ..r , . -
ivoiuciu, uiu vyiuui u uBiice, ami iuo
heads of department!, where ho was
waited unon bv a number nf HUlin.
guished citizens. As soon as he with
drew, a dischargo of artillery was
made. The remaindr-r nf lhn ,lnv uroa
dovoted to purposes of festivity, and
ingiii, mere was a pretty general il
lumination. Tr. nftnn uni-a 1r ,iotr,,1A l.n...n
. .v. ,,.,iv,!i.u iiuuiu in
dustry. A Bradford man has just dis
covered this. Ho sent all the way to
Boston for a suit of furniture, and
wnen it arrived it proved to havo been
manufactured in Bradford nml,,n,l
to Boston to sell. No one has a right
to ask patronago for an inferior article
simply because it is home-made, but
tho man who goes nway from hishomo
placo to buy without Inquiring wheth
or ho could get as good and as cheap
an ititiclo at home deserves and gets
very littlo sympathy when he loses
lummy uy tue operation,
Tho valuo of sulphate of iron as a
plant food has been teBted by an Eng.
llsh ohomist, Mr. A. B. Griffiths. The
mo of fifty pounds per aero increased
the yield of beans from 28 bushels to
ii, of turnips trom 13 tons to 1CJ, but
produced littlo effect on cereals.
Dynamlto Is mado of glycerine-oil
id nitric acid mixed iu sawdust. Any.
'J " ,v HUM lliriu 0 UU IU)T
to prevent it, nor is there a law re
stricting the sale of it.
The Sub-Treasury Building.
Tho following account of the Sub
Trcasnry building on Wall Slicet,
Now ork, is taken from tlio
World :
It is generally supposed that the
enormous building which the sojourner
in Washington sees on his right as ho
steps out of Willard's hotel, upon
Pennsylvania avenue, and which tho
courteous native explains is the United
States Treasury, contains tlio great
bulk of Uncle Sam's wealth and is tho
bank from which disbursements are al
ways made. Nothing could be moie
erroneous. Tho Government of the
United States does tho principal bank
ing business, not in tho provincial
town of Washington, D. O, but hcio
at tho money centre of tho country.
Ninety per cent, of the cash payments
nude by Undo Sam during tho year
aro from the old granito builddiug at
the northeast corner of Wall aud Nas
sau streets in this city, where Wash
ington was inaugurated as the first
President. If so large a percentage of
the country's monetary obligations are
met at the New York Sub-Treasury, it
follows of necessity that a ( correspond
ingly largo portion of tlio country's
wealth is stored here. As a matter of
fact there was in the building at Wall
and Nassau streets on tho first day of
tho present year a cash balance of" ex
actly 8141,284,033.89, and thero is to
day a still larger stock of gold, silver
and paper money on baud iu this iu
pository. No building in the country
is better adapted to tho safe-keeping of
this wealth. Very few New Yorkers
have any idea of the gloriotm strength
of this lino old edifice, which, up to
tho year 18G3, served as a Custom
Ilouse, and which since its conversion
into a Government treasury has been
transformed by skillful army engineers
into a veritable fortress for" the protec
tion of the nation's money.
On tho left of the main entrance is
tho private oflice of Sub-Treasurer
Thomas C. Acton, a gentleman whose
hair is snowy white, who seems to ro
alizo the tremendous responsibility
that is placed on his shoulders in bting
made tho custodian of such a tremen
dous storehouse of riches, but who evi
dently feeds and sleeps well, notwith
standing, and whose affable manners,
as well as business-like administration
have gained him many friends. The
officers on the right as you enter from
Wall street aro occupied by Deputy
Assistant-Treasurer William Shearer,
and Messrs. P. P. Chew aud U. S.
Grant (tho latter a nephew ot tho Gen
eral), who havo chargo of tho bond di
vision. Iron railings divide tho main
building under tho shapely rotunda
into two parts, leaving tho broad space
between for visitors. Back of the left
hand railing arc the officials who pay
out Uncle Sam's enormous ro venue.
Tho Cashier's department
proper is superintend ed by
J. M. Floyd, whilo the pay di
vision is in chargo of William B.
Bancker and E. AV. Hall. On the oth
er side of this main coiridor, securely
ensconced from burglars and would-be
thieves, are tho officials whose duty it
is to rcceivo the car-loads of money
which the Government from all sour
ces daily receives. Mr. F. C. Field
fills the responsible position of superin
tendent and Mr. II. B. Burr is head
bookkeeper. It needs only the state
ment that all tho receipts of tho New
York Custom House, the Now York
Post'Oflice, Internal revenue offices all
over the Eastern, Middle and Atlantio
States, together with about twelve
hundred of the principal post-offices
aud custom-houses of tho country, turn
their cash receipts into tho New York
Sub-Treasury, to show the enormous
revenue that is received.
On the other hand, thero is paid out
from this branch treasury millions of
dollars in pensions, for interest on
bonds and for tho Bilaries of Govern
ment officers civic, military and na
val. Tho checks quarterly given to
holders ot United Slates four per cent,
aud other bonds are almost invariably
drawn upon the New York Sub-Treasury.
Mr. Vanderbilt recives his enor
mous quarterly oheck direct from
Washington, deposits it in his own
bank, from which in course of tirao it
finds its way to this establishment.
Double doors separate that portion
of tho Treasury Building which is
roofed by the rotunda from the rear
portion of the building testing upon
Pino street. Tho same broad corridor
extends from theso doors to tho Piuo
street entrance, and opening upon this
hallway, behind massivo iron railings,
are the two divisions of the coin de
partment, uuder tho supeiintendence
of Mr. George Ashley. In this depart
ment all coin received is counted,
weighed and put in canvas bags for
deposit in the vaults. Tho first divis
iou deals only with silver dollars and
gold coin : in tho second ditision small
er pieces of silver aro carefully hwidlcd.
From Texas in the South to Minneso
ta in tho North great packages of sil
ver dollars arnvo daily by express, for
which is given in interchange Mlvor
certificates. The Gouernment has coin
ed about $110,000,000 worth of silver
dollars, for which silver certificates
havo been issued up to within $40,
000,000 of the total amount. It is a
grievous error to suppose that tho im
mense volume of coined silver in the
United States is the property of tho
Government. In tho offices on tlio
right of tho hallway abovo referred to
coin in small amounts is received. For
sums of $20, or its multiple in bilver,
silver certificates are exchanged, aud a
multitude of clerks are kept busy in
this task, the elevated and surface
railroads and the larger retail stores
furnishing them most of tho business.
Many columns would bo necessary
to give anything like nil accurate de
scription of the money vaults with
which tho New York Sub-Treasury is
supplied. Tho "silver vault," which is
under tho ooin department, is 30 feet
long, 30 feet wido and 12 feet high.
Tho passageway, gained only by the
opening of the tremendous steel door,
leads through the vault, with twelve
colls, having grated iron doors opening
from It on either Bide. There are $85,
000,000 in silver stored in this vault,
tho weight of which treasure is 1,000
tons. Tho money is put up in cotton
duck bags coutaining $1000 each. This
vault was built in 1878. The gold
vaults are on the floor above. Theio
aro two'fif them exactly alike, 18 feet
longl2Teet wido and 12 feet high.
They nro approached through vesti
bules 10 feet long nnd 8 feet wide. At
the entrance to each vestibule nro two
chilled-steel doors provided with time
locks, two doors of the samo character
being placed between the end of the
vestibule and the opening to the vnulti
These invulnerable storehouses were
built iu 18G3. Their floors consisting
of tcmpeied steel, rest upon thirty feet
ot tolid masonry ; their walls and
roofs are composed of two sets of steel
plates, three-eights of au inch thick.
Between theso inner and outer steel
walls is n space of four inches, which
is filled up with loiitnl iron balls. A
burglar, even though he should have
abundant time for operations, would
on driving his drill through the outer
steel wall, encounter u spherical tnnss
of iron which, when pierced, would
naku room for innumerable other iron
balls, rendering his progress towards
vast wealth slalo and unprofitable.
Each of these gold vaults is provided
with 120 iron chests set int.) the walls.
One hundred and five of theso chests
have a storehouse capacity each for
$."K)l,000 in gold. Fifteen of them
being able to accommodate 1,000,000
in gold each. A little vault on the
main lloor is devoted to the eafe-keep-ing
of pennies. Theso much-abused
coins are as carefully wrapped up ns
thuir golden and silvery cousins and
thero is to-day $300,000 worth of them
in this repository.
Immediately over the coin depart
ment is tho coupon interest room under
tho superintendence of Mr. P. II.
Bound. It is in this room that checks
nre diawn for those foitunate individ
uals who .villi the simple aisiatanco of
a pair of shears are able lo provide
broad for their suffering families. Mr.
C'io?ub Jones tears a coupon from bis
4 per cent bond. Mr. Bound receives
it with a sinilo and hands him what is
known as a memorandum check for tho
amount duo. Mr. Jones presents it on
tho lower lloor and gets his money.
Across the hall from the coupon de
partment is a room full of busy clerks,
wherein tho accounts ot all the disburs
ing officers of the Government nro
written up and balanced. Mr. George
W. Yates has charge of this depart
ment, asisted by twelvo clerks, and it
is a pretty1 commentary upon the de
gree of efficiency to which system can
bo carried that Sir. Yates in thirty sec
onds can lay his hand on any draft,
check or memorandum given by any
Government disbursing officer upon
the Sub-Treasury within the past twen
ty years.
" In the top story of the fine old 'gran
ite building thero if au armory. Re
peating rifles, Gatling guns, Colt's re
volver, baud grenades, with many
rounds of powder and ball, fill a firo
proof room which is presided over by a
good ld6king young 'man whose chief
grievance with life seems to bo that as
yet no bloodthirsty and avaricious mob
has nttacked tbi? particular olio of Un
do Sam's treasuries. It is the opinion
of this gentleman that not eVen tho
Seventh Regiment backed by the gal
lant Sixty ninth, were they wo unlawful
ly disposed, could tako tho treasure
from the hands of tho clerical force
employed therein. To the bewildered
reporter he pointed out strange caso
nv tits with mock shutters which in
case of necessity, could be pushed be
yond their frames out beyond the wnlls
of tho building, providing famous
perches for valiant riflemen. Tho roof
of tho treasury which is composed of
solid stone block, is provided with
iron turrets from which Gatling guns,
hand grenades aud repeating rifles
could bo used with great efficiency.
It is probably not generally known,
but it is: nevertheless a fact, that an
immense number of dirty and other
wise dilapidated bills is destroyed
monthly in tho New York Treasury.
That is, holes are bored through them,
and in this punctured condition they
are shipped to Washington for destruc
tion. On an avei ago threo millions of
legal tender, ono million two hundred
thousand of silver certificates, six hun
dred thousand of national bills and fivo
hundred thousaud of good bills are in
this way put out of existence every
The largest bill manufactured by the
Government is of the denomination of
$10,000. As thero are perhaps a fow
readers of this paper who have never
seen a bill of this description, it may
properly be explained that in tho cor
ner is the picture of Andrew Jackson,
and that it is no larger or more beauti
ful iu any respect than tho dollar
which one freely Bpends upon an ac
cidental meeting with several thirsty
Some Spring Noveltici.
Tho coming waterproof will no long
er bo the disagreeable and ugly black
India rubber covering of tho "present
time. It is of English manufacture
and is lo bo had iu many now shapes
and colors. It resombleB a beautiful
silk traveling cloak, sheddiug dust nnd
rain alike. There is no suggestion
about it of tho waterproof paper used
for protecting goods sent from a dis
tance. This uew garment is not a
cheap article, but as it combines water
proof, duster and traveling cloak it is
perhaps fully worth tho price asked for
Among tho novelties in jerseys aro
those with roveis extending the entire
length of the front, tho combination of
vest and squaro neck effect and the
coat shape high nt tho hipi with pleat
ed back. Bui in spite of the great va
riety iu tiieso useful garments the ten
dency is toward a return to that plain
ness which originally characterized
them. In trimmings for jerseys tubu.
lar aud flat braid, intermixed with
gold nnd silver tinsel, is a new feat
ure. A new and beautiful imported ma
terial for women's underwear is crepe
do saute. The mnteiial is either silk
or wool, has tho appearance of the
finest China crape, is quite elastic, thus
nceomnioduing itself perfectly to tho
figure, but is tbo expensive, in spite of
its particular merits, lo come into gen
eral use. Among the advantages
which the material is said to possess
is its not-liability to nhrink in wasli
ing. One fealuie of spring millinery is tho
appearance of designs aud colors of tlio
middle ages.
Woolen goods for spring wear have
stripes of flowers or leaves.
Narrow flounces aro giving placo to
deep ones.