The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, January 30, 1885, Image 1
le dolunlDikq. OjtnjiBU tisMociUT, rnorTn north, and C lchbum, Consolidated.) (miipI Weekly, every Prldny Morning, nl nLOOMSUUIKl, COLUMBIA CO , Pa. ArTwonotUM per year. To subscribers out of 1 10 county tlio terms aro strtctlyin advance. IWSa miner discontinued oicnnt at thn nnllnn lie i m Cm tx lOnelnch, is co tw oo Two Inches MOO 4 00 aoo IThree Indies..... 4 oo soo T() iFourlncnes son 7 co yoo lOuarter column., ooo 8no loou 6M 19 00 t8C? nn mo 1100 180? 1300 tooo 1510 MO" .SKI M(0 of tha publishers, until all arrearage's arc paid, but Ion if continued credits will not lie ttlven. All papers sent out uf tlio state or to distant post o llcos must be paid for In advance, unless a respon- onecolumn..... soootsoo 8000 moo 10000 Yearly advertisements pa) able quarterly. Iran slent advertisement must bo paldfor beforelnprrt cd except whero parties have accounts. naircoiumn ,,..,ioo J400 1700 siuiu person in uuiumuia cuuiuy assumes 10 pay tna subscription duo on demand. POsrAilKlsnolongcroxaclM from subscribers Leu-al advertisements two dollars per Inrh for thro insertions, and at that rate for additional Insertions without reference to length. tie county. JOB PIUNTING. The.lobblni? Hepartmcntof the Cor.eitnux is very complete, and our Job Printing will compare favor ably with that of tlio Innre cities. All work dono on short notice, neatly and at moderato prices. Executor's. Adm ntstrator's. and Auditor's nollcet three dollars. Must bo paid tor when nserted. Transient or Local notices, ten cents a line, reau- 0. .W, i,,,,,,,,,,. J Z BITTEHBENDEB, l"0"""' BLOOMSBU11G. PA., FRIDAY, JANUARY 30, 1885. lar advertisements bait rates. THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. X1X.NOG COLUMBIA DEMOUKAT, VOL.-LVlil, NO 49 Cards In the 'Business Directory" column, onr dollar a year for each line. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. r E. WALLKH, J ATTOItNKY-AT-LAW, Bloomsburg-, l'n. Onlce over 1st. National Dank. y u. fam, 1 ' ATTOUNEY-AT-LAW. IlLOOMSDCaO, Pi. oniceln Rut's Building. J OIIN 31. CLA1UC, ATTOUNEY-AT-LAW. AND JIT3T10K OF THE PEACE. llLOOUSBCRO, FX, urtlcv over Moyer Bros. Drug Store. p V MILLER, J ' VT TOltNB Y-AT-LAW onico In llrower's bulldlng-.8ec.ond noor.room No. 1 Illoomsburg, I'a. ATTOUNEY-AT-LAW. Bloomsburg, Pa, Onloe corner of Centre and Main streots. Clark i Uultdlng. Can be consulted In German. G EO. 12. ELWELL, ATTOUNEY-AT-LAW. Nkw Coluvbuh Bui-dino, Bloomsburg, Pa. Member of the United states Law Association Collections made In any part of America or fiu rops. pAUL E. WIUT, Attorney-at-Law. Offlco In coujhbi.n BmtDiNa, Room No. 8, second uoor. BLOOMSBURG, PA. 8. KNORB. WIHTMSTIIK. KNORR & WINTERSTEEN, Attornoys-at-Law. flrstdoortotheleft. CorncrofMaln and Market streets uioomB-urB, iu. t83Ff nitons and Bounties CoUeckd. J H. MAIZE, ATTORNEY AT-LAW Office in Mane's bulldUg, overBlllmcyer's grocery, JOHN C. YOCUM, Attorney-at-Lawi CATAWIHSA, PA. OfUco in News In- building, Main street. Member of the American Attorneys' .Usocla. CoHo'ctlons made In any part of America. K. OSWALD, ATTOKNEY-AT-LAW. ' Jnckson Building, Rooms 4 nnd 5. BEP.WICK, PA y. II. HHAWN. ATTOUNEY-AT-LAW. Catawlssa, Pa. Offlco, corner of Third and Main streeuj. E. SMITH, Attorncy-atLaw, Berwick. Pn. Cm be Consulted in dcrmnn. ALSO FIRST-CLASS fire ;and life insurance COMl'ANIKH lUU'lEESKNTBD. 3"Onice llrst door below the post office. MISCELLANEOUS. c li. UAitKLEY, Atiorney-Kl-Lav. , onlce in Urower's building, sud story.Houma li. McKELVY, M. D.,SurKeon and Phy . flijlau, north aide Main street.below Markot A L. FRITZ, Atu.ruey.al Law. Office In Colcuuun Building, c M. DRINKER, OUN & LOCKSMITH i lug Macnluosand Machinery of all kinds re fllro 1. orxKk Hocus Building, liloombburg, Pa. D R. J. C. RUTTER, I'HYSICIAN &SUI10BON, OHco, North Market Btreet, BloomBburc, Pa ps WM. M. REBER, Surgeon and 'hyslclan. Office corner of Hock una Alurket JR. EVANS, M. D., Surgeon and .Physio an, jonico and Hesldencu on Third street. II HOUSE, DENTIST, Eluomsiiurg, Columbia County, Pa. All styles of work dono In a superior manner, work warranted as represented, Txktii Kxtiuct u without 1'xin by tho ue of Uas, and free of charge v hen artinclal teeth are Inserted. Jlllce in Columbian building, Snd Uoor. Jo be open at alt hourt during the day Nov. -iy REAS BROWN'S INSURANCE 1 AGENCY. Mover's new bulldlnir. Main street. uiuuuibuurg, i u. A ssets. .Ktna Insurance Co., of Hartford, Conn I7,07H, Jtoyai oi Liverpool. 18,500,000 10,000,003 Fire Aeboclatlon, Philadelphia l'lia nlx, or London Ixindon LaucaslUre, of lUigland Hartford of Hartford bprlngtleld Flio and Marine 1.UUCUBUIIV. 4,101,Y1U ,V66,37a 1,IOJ,70 3,873,050 li.Oii.MO As the agencies are direct, policies aro written for the Insured without delay In the office at Ulootnsburg. Oct. SJ, 'HI- F IRK INBUKANCfc. :CIUI1BTIAN V. KNAPP, ULOOMbllUIKi, PA, HOME, OP N. Y. MKltCHANTS', OF NKWAUK, N. J. CLINTON, N. Y. PKOPLKS' N. Y. H1SAD1NU, PA. These old corpoiutions aro well seasoned by age and riuK TibisD and havo never )et had a lots bottled by any court of law. Their assets are all Invented In bOLtu SKCUKintd aro Habit) to tun hazard oft ikb ouly. Lobbes I'HomiLY and iiokkhtlt adjusted and paid us boon as determined by Ciikihtun r, KNirr, eriiciiL AOhNT anu AuJl'sriK HLOoMbiii'Ka, Pa. The people of Columbia county should patron Ire the agency where lusseslt auybiebcttlcdand paid by one of tber own cltUens. PllUMl'I'NEbS, EQUITY, FAIH DEAL1NO. B.F HARTMAN XIl'HtSBMTS THE F0LL0WIX8 AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES North American of Philadelphia. Franklin, Pennsylvania, " York, of l-euusylvanla. Hanover, of N, Y. Oueeus, of London. North British, of London. OHco on Mr not direct, No, 6, Bloomsburg. oct, 84, I" EXCHANGE HOTEL. W. R. TDBBS, PROPRIETOR BL00M5BUE3, PA. OPl'OaiTSCOUItT UOUBK. arge and convenient sample roonvi mtli rooms t una coM water, and all modem conveniences CLOTHING ! CLOTHING! THE ARTIST AND MERCHANT TAILOR, Who always gives yon tlio latest styles, nnd cuts your clothing to fit yon. Having had thu cxperienco lor a number ol years in tlio Tailoring Utisi ncs?, has learned what material will give his custotueis thu host satisfaction for wear and stylo and will try to plpnso all who give him a call. Also on hand Gents' Jurnishing Goods OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS. HATS, CAPS, AND UMBRELLAS Always of the latest styles. Call nnd e.v, nmlne Ids stock before purchasing else, where. Storo noKi door to First Nationa.l:Bank Corner Main & Market St?. ) April S3-ly number and ga3 fitter. Hear of Schuyler's hard ware store. Bloomsburg, Pa. All klndaof fittings for steam, gas and water pipi-H consiiiuiiy un uanu. ltoonng and spouting attended to atbhort no net-. Tlnwaro of every description mado to order. Orders left at Schuyler Co's., hardwaio store mil uu pruuipiij iiueu. Special attention given to heating by steam and y o-i y TheSciencoofLife. Only$l BY MAIL POST-PAID. Exhausted Vitality, Nervous and Physical Debit iij, I iuuuLuiu nu ,i. .11,111. .nuiaui iuulu, and the untold Miseries resulting from Indiscre tion or excesses. A book for every limn, oung, middle-aged and old. It contains US prescriptions for all acute and chronic diseases, each one or which Is In valuable, so found by the Author, whose experience for 23 j ears Is such as probably never ueiuru lea iu ine iul ui tiny juiysician. auu pages, bound In beautiful French muslin. emboseif covers, full srllt. cuarnntecd to bo a ttner work In every sense mechanical, literary and professional man any uiner wont soiu in iius country lor jj. ai, or tho money will bo refunded In every Instance. ITIco only $1.00 by mall post-paid. Illustrative sample 6 cents. Send now Oofd medal awarded the author by tho National Medical Association, to uiu ouicera ui ,vuicu no leiers. The Science of Life should bo read bv tha voun' for Instruction, and by tho nnilcted for relief. It will benent all Umaon Lanctt. There W no member of boclety to whom Tho Bcience oi i.ue win iwi uo useiui, wneincr jouin, parent, cuaidlan. lnstructoror clenrvmau. .lr- yotiaut. uuress mo i-eauoiiy .-ueuicai instuuie, or ur W. 11. Parker, o. 4 liulflnch street, lloston, Mass., who may bo consulted on all diseases renulrlnir skill and experience. Chronic nnd obstinate diseas es and that nave bathed the n i . I skin of another physicians a spe II Hi A I i clalty. Such treated successful fit 1 1 V (J j? I V ly without an Ins'anceof lXx X OJjljJjfall ure. .Mention mis paper. ilUU. IHff u Infante and Children Wliat plves our ChllJren roiy cheeks. What cures their fevers, makes them Bleep; Ahen Babies fret, nnd err by turns, What cures their colic, Llllg their worm a, Cimtorlji. What quickly cures Constipation, Bour Stomach, Colds, Indigestion : Farewell then to Slorphlno Syrurs, Castor Oil and Paregoric, and HnHCimtnrln. "Cattoria Is soirell adapted to Children that I recommend it as superior to anyraedl cine known to me." II. A. A Ft emit, M.D., IU So. Oxford St.. Brooklyn, N.Y. ENTAUR ilNIMENT An alitolute euro for Rhon matiuiu, Sprain, Pain in tho Buck.Burm, Galls, Ao. Auln utantanooua Pain- rollover. jyAINWIUOHT ite CO., WHOLESALE QUOCEIiS, Philadelphia PKAH, SYKUrs, COFFEE, SUO AH, MOLASStH RICK, 8PI0I8,BI0iRB8ODi,40,,t0, N, E, Corner Second and Arch streets. Hoarders will receho irorart attenlln ATENTS Obtained and all patent business attended to for moderato fees. our onlce Is opposite the U. K. Patent Onlce, and wo can obtain Patents In less time tluu llioso re mote, trom Washington. Hen i model o drawing, Wd" advlso as to pat. enlablllty free of charge, and we nuko no charge unless patent Is secured. We refer hero, to the Postmaster, tho Sunt, of Money o.iler Dlv., and to oniclals of the U. B. Patent onlce. For circular, advice, terms aud references to actual clients luyour own Hutu or county, write to C. A. SNOW & CO., an(Opposlle Patent Offlce, Washington, . V, Blooriorc, KNOW MSELF. 11 Great Medical Work on Mood SELECT STORY. THE (TORE'S OASTLE, Tins Ojro'n emtio w.is it big whito Iioiimu set on it hill overlooking lliu vll lnrrp, nntl it liml been n ilesuitetl catle, until oiiu Htinnner the oh iut sinldcnly appeared and took poinssioli IIu lived in London, and had not been to this (jniut ont-of-tlie-way place since boyhood. And now he kept HUigninrly seclud ed, and the girN from tho Bcnitnary called liim the Ogre. A party of them passed thcio every morning nnd after noon, but not once di i they sco tho mjsterioun stranger. 'Surely ho has committed a murder, and is in hiding,'' said Nelly lilakcly, odo afternoon, peeping between the bant of the gate. She was a brown-eyed, brown-haired girl of about seventeen, soft-voiced, generous-hearted, and a very imp for mischief. You would not judge from her face, so demure and sweet j but tlioso bright dark eyes were sparkling with mischief, though they could be very soft and tender, and oven fill with tears when her sympathies were rous ed. "Now, to-day you said you could dare to do anything, Nell, ami jet 1 wager my ruby ring you would not dure lo enter tho Ogre's Caitle," said Sadie May. "I would dare to do it." "Prove it prove it 1" cried half-a-dozen eager voices. The eolor rose to Nell's fair cheeks. "Now ?" "Yes, now." "Then tako my books, nnd I will go iu and ask the Ogre for some of thos-o roses blooming by that window ; and I will go iu at the ono opened down to the floor, and not run the rik of being turned away from tlio door." She raised the latch of the gale and pushed it boldly open. It creaked loudly on its rusty hinges, and the girls hurried away "a short distance, all but Nell. She stood her ground brave ly and walked in. No one appeared. The Ogre's Castle might have been de serted for all tho sounds around it that summer afternoon, nnd tho girl's light steps echoed on the veranda, and her heart beat quick in a sort of fi-ar when she stretched out her hands to part the lace curtains hanging straight down over the window to the floor. Tho room beyond looked so dark at first, that she, just coming from the yellow glare of the sunshine, could not distinguish objects. "Who enters I" suddenly inquire a deep voice, nnd a man who was sitting in a large armchair, with his bead bow ed on his hands, raised up and turned towards tlio window. INell grasped her breath and retreated a step or two, secretly wishing herself outside of the gate again. "'Tis Nell Ulakesly, a sehool-girl," she faltered ; then, plucking up conr- nge, and stepping in, ventured to look at the ogre. Ho was Blender and handsome, with a refined face, and mauly, well-cut features, but something in his expres sion puzzled ttie girl. "Come in," he said, rising to his feet, and speaking politely but coldly. "Ex cuse mo lor asking you to get your own chair, Jiiss lilakesly. 1 am blind." "Oh, how sorry I am, fcir I" cried Nell, with the deepest pity in her voieo and eye. "Pray pardon this in trusion, Mr. Chichester; I came in sim ply beuauso the girls said I would not dare to do it." "Ah yes; I am tbo ogre,'' he said with a faint smile. "Now did you hear that t" exclaim cd Nell in confusion. "Ogres havo many mysterious ways of hearing, remarks particularly if they are about themselves. Do not be in haste to go. I am blind and harm less." Such a look of gloom overspread Ii is face, that, in pity for him, tho girl lost her embarassmeiit. She longed to do something for him to lighten, if possi- Die, that darkness winch, niglit and day must, envelop him. "It has been a good while since 1 re ceived a caller.'' What could she say to him a stran ger that would comloit him 7 She saw a new uncut magazine on the ta ble. "Would vou like me to read a little to vou 1" she said lather timidlv. "If you are a good reader you mav, unk'fS you have other ami more press ing engagements. My aunt sometimes makes an effort to read; but her voice is weak.'' It was not a very graceful accept ance, ami tor a moment -Nell telt the color rise in her cheeks; but one glance at the pain weary face of her ogre, and compassion rose uppermost again. She had a clear young voice, woll modula ted, and read with interest in fact, she almost forgot her listener, until a ftately, elderly lady entered the room. nr. Chiche-ter introduced her as Mrs. Lanel, his nuut. Shu looked somewhat surprised at his company; but, as though he knew her thought, ho quiet ly explained that Miss IJIakealy called to gather a fuw roses, and kindly con sented to read tor mm. Nell lose to tfo, not writing to hear the gentleman's courteous thanks. Sho hastily pulled a handful of roses and hurried away, hut iter companions had gone on home. JSext morning they gathered around her to hear the news, but she gave only a very brief, subdued account of her call. "Girls, ho is blind." "How does ho look t" "Very pale and sad." "Is ho handsome 1'' "Yes, I supposo co. Ho is a perfect gentleman. It must bo a dreadful thing to be blind," said Nell with a shudder. That afternoon Mrs. Lantl stood at the gate when the girls passed by, and sho called Nell, "Will you como iu again, my dear t Eil ward desires it.'' The girl hesitated. She had no du ties to call her home, and sho would be willing to study her lessons at night if tho slight saeiifico would benefit or add anything to thu pleasure of that poor prisoner. She went In. "He talked of you last night, and seemed more cheerful limn umi'i), Ho thinks you are a little girl," said tho lady, ht-r eyes glancing over the young graceful figuro nt her side, Xi1) Hinllfd. "How long has he been blind V she ventured to inquire "Almost u year now. Tho doctors think there is hope that hU eyesight may be restored. It was a dreadful blow to him, ho was so strong, so full of life and the joys of life. IIo carao here to get away from tho world and I.: f..:...,.! i.... ti. l. is i. inn .i, vim.-,, uui. liiu juuuiuii'Bs is icrii ble." She talked as one pleased to have a listener, and JN ell looked .so fair and sympathetic. " on '"ill not object to giving him nt least ono hour occasionally, if ho de sires your company, will you 1 I know it is n great favor to ask, but anything to amuse and interest mm, 1 will do. ' "It will bo a pleasure to mo," said tho girl earnestly. ii . , . . ... itir. Winchester welcomed her with a smile. l on havo como to cheer the ogro's loneliness again, havo you, little friend? W nat is your uamo T Uh, yes, Nell. I may call you Nell, may I not 1" "Certainly, sir," and Mrs. Lanel nod ded approval. 'Then come sit near mo Nell, ami read in this book if you aro not tired." So sho settled herself in a low chair near him, while Mrs. Lanel took a seat by tho front window. Sho read a while, and then Mr. Chi Chester asked her some questions about ner scnooi-stmiies, and dually began to tell her of places and peoplo seen abroad. "I'm not over thirty myself, Nell, and befoio this terrible darkness fell on me, I loved life an ardently as any one could. Ho was a good talker, and Nell felt that in listening to him, sho was repaid for tho kindness The ladies of tho village called on Mrs. Lanel, but none of them except Mrs. Ulakesly, Nell' mother, saw tlie master of tho house. She was a good woman and not giv en to ambitious dreams, but alio could not help looking forward to the future, and thinking how this acquaintance between her young daughter and Ed ward Chichester might end should his sight bo restored. It was a summer never to bo forgot ten by Nell lilakesly. From being ono of tho wildest, most daring girJs in the school, Bho became ono of tho quiet est. The girls teased her a good deal, but she only laughed good-hiimorcdlv nt it. Early in autumn the doctors ordered Mr. Chichester abroad. IIo would spend the winter in Italy and go on to Paris in the spring, whero a famous oculist had promised to try his skill on ins oyes. "1 wish I could . adopv you and take you with me, Nell.'' "Wait till next year, and you can come back for her,' Edward," said his aunt. "Yes, if the doctors do me any good, and oven if they do not, 1 feel that you ought to belong to mo now. How old are you, Nell ?" Sho blushed scarlet, and looked up pealingly nt Mrs. Lanel. "Sho is seventeen, Edward." "Seventeen,'' ho cried in astonish ment. "Why, I thought her a child of twelvo or thirteen." He became silent, and, after wailing a little, the girl approached him. "You aro not angrv, sir, because I did not tell you ?'' "Angry, sweet friend, no; but I must adjust myself to the now condition of things. I must plan a different fu ture." IIo stretched out his hand grasping ly, and Nell laid hor's in it. IIo car ried the slendor fingers to his lips. "Can I over repay you, Nell ?" "Oh, sir, you have more than repaid me already," she said, her tears falling. They were tears of pity for him, and tears of grief for herself. Thero was a dreadful pain at her heart, and she felt almost frightened at the gleam of the future. What could sho do when her occupation was gono 1 The Ogro's Castle looked very des olate when ho went away, and Nell often paused at tho gate lo loook in, and to sigh for the time when the ogre would return. It was just a year from tho timo he went away till ho came back. Nell saw the carriage coming up the street, and ran to the window, but its closed windows made her heart sink. Alas I ho onmo back as ho went blind. Tho giil had developed wonderfully in body and miud that year. Her school-days weio over now, and she might havo had lovers in plenty, but her true heart remained faithful to that friend so far away. And it did not falter now when her hones wcro crush ed. In tho ovening Mrs. Lanel camo after her, and without a question sho hastened to make ready for the visit. Sho put on her prettiest white dress, nnd fastened ro'ses in her hair, just as though he would her. "It is a foolish whim, but I cannot lelp it." Sho could not trust herself lo ask how ho bore tho disappointment ot not having his sight restored, aud Mrs, ijauel, lor once did not mention his mime. In fact, sho was singularly si lent on tho subject, and ushering Nell into tho parlor, went away, A lamp burned softly on the table, anil thero in tho armchair sat Mr. Chi chester, his head bent down, a ban- dago over his oyes. With throbbing hcait the girl advanced townrds him. "Mr. Chichester.' "Nell I" Ho raised his head and strotchnd out his hands to her. Oh, sir, I am so glad to sco vou again 1" "Ah, is ell, it has been the strongest desire of my lifo to see, now for a year 1 Como closer; let mo put my hand on your head." bho knelt down before him, and he passed his hand slowly, caressingly over her head, "You are not a school-girl now. You will not care to read or talk to tho ogre any more." His helplessness nut her shyness to flight. "I will always care to bo of servico tcvyou, sir. "Would you bo willing to sacrifice your lifo for tho pleasure of a blind iuan waste your youth in attending to the whims and idlo fauciei 1 "It would not be wasted,'1 she said iu a low 111 in tone. "Will j on bo my wife, Nell?" "Yea sir," unhesitatingly. "Kiom pity i ah yes 1" "No. biiV' "Null, my love, my darling, klesmel Ah, thero Is, after all. somo compensa tion iu being blind," ho said, as ho folded her to his breast. Tears of initialed joy and pain gath eroa lu the girl's eyes. It would bo no sacriflco to her to marry him, to do vote her lifo to him. bo eyes for him, light to his pathway, but his regret must bo hers also. "Do not think ol being blind. Mnko mo your eyes,1' she said softly. "Noll, Nell, forgivo me dear one, for thus trying you, Tho Paris doctor did euro me. I can Bee, and I must see you this moment. He put her from him, snatched the bandago from his eyes, nnd looked at her with tenderness and love, Nell shrank away, crimson with limine, then palo as death. "It was not right to play on my feel ing and tnko advantage of my ignor ance,'' she said. "Oh, sir, how could you do it ?" "It was cruel, but I could not resist the temptation, l on did not know it, but I took your picture with me, and it was tho first thing I looked at when permitted to see tho world again. Can you not forgivo me, Nell ? Love, do not turn coldly from me, lor what will sight or nio bo if 1 must lose you 7 Ho stretched out his arms to her, but she stood still, too proud ntid shv to go to him now, and he went to her. "Am I not to receive pardon, Nell ?'' Aim JNell hid her lace against Ins shoulder. That was answer sufli oient. Mr. and Mrs. Chichester spent their winters in London, hut every summer they visited the Ogro's Castle, and Mrs. Blakcly feels satisfied. Some New Geography. Of what is the surfaco ot tho earth composed ? Of corner lots, mighty poor roads, railroad tracks, baseball grounds, crick et fields, and okating rinks. What portion of the globo is wa ter? About three-fourths. Sometimes tliny add a little gin and nutmeg to it. H nat is a town T A town is a considerable collection of houses and inhabitants, with four or live men who "run tho party' and lend money at 15 per cent, interest. W hat is a city 1 A city is an incorporated towu, with a mayor who believes tho whole world shakes whon he happens to fall flat on a cross walk. What is commerce ? Uorrowing five dollars for a day or two and dodging the lender for a year or two. Namo the different races. Horse-race, boat-race, bicycle-race and racing around to nnd a man to in dorse your note. into how many classes is mankind divided ? Seven Enlightened, civilized, half- civilized, savage, too utter, not worth a cent and Indian agents. What nations aro called enlighten ed ? Those which havo the most wars and the worst laws, and produco tho most eiinunals. How many motions has tho earth T That's according to how you mix your drinks and which way you go home. What is the earth's axis ? The lines passing between New York and San Francisco. What causes day and night ? Day is caused by night getting tired out. Night is caused by everybody taking tho street cars and going homo to supper. What is a map I A mat) is a drawing to show tho jury where Smith htood when Jones gave him a lift under tho eye. V hat is a manner s compass ! A jug hold'ng four gallons. Picking up Driftwood One of tho most interesting sights on tho lower Mississippi is tho systom of utilizing driftwood. A small saw mill is erected on a steamboat mid this vessel goes up aud down the river and into each bayou picking up the valua ble logs and at onco convtrting them into inarketablo lumber, which sell at the river towns or even deliver at a planter's wharf. Now and then ono may see tho black and brown saw mill boat moored to tho bank, with fifty or a hundred logs lashed alongside, and a stream of fragrant yellow sawdust swirling into the turbid current. Tho led shirted negroes Blowly pull in a log aud Mart it up tho inclined piano to the whirling steel teeth that rasp it into planks with ono long sweep nnd sound; others pile up tho lumber beside tho engine until tho deck is loaded. Then tho boat is untied and moves slowly down stream with its attendant raft of logs. It is said that tho only danger to bo apprehended is in finding spikes or nails in float-wood, which break tho saws and cause serious acci dents ; but all puspicious-looking logs aro eareiuiiy scrutinized bclore use. MisTitr.ss. "Meroy, Bridget! what's the matter witli the water ? This did not cornu out of the filter, did ?" Bridget "Indado it did, mum." "That's strange ; I'm afraid you havo not cleaned it lately." "I did this very morning, mum, and such a lot of stuff as I found in it. sure. Why, mum, thero was most a peck ot dirt, mum. "Dear mo I What kind of dirt ?" "Gravel and charcoal, mum." In his article on "Shiloh,"' which will appear in tho February Century, Gen eral Grant describes tho anxious night after tho lirst day of that battle. Ho says : "Tho rain fell in torrents, and our troops wero exposed to tlio storm without shelter. I made my headquarters under a treo a fow hun dred yards from tho river bank. My ankle was so much swollen from tho fall of my horse the Friday night pre ceding, and thu bruise was painful, that l could get no rest. Tho drench ing rain would havo precluded tho pos sibility of sleep, without this addition al cause. Somo time after midnight, glowing restivo uuder the storm and tho continuous pain, I moved back to the log house on the bank. This had been taken as a hospital, nnd all night wounded men wero being brought iu, their wounds dressed, a leg or an arm amputated, as the case might require, and everything being done to save lifo or allevlato suffering. Tho sight was more unenduiablo than encouutering the rebel fire, and I returned to my treo lu tho rain,'' A Dry Period is Oomlog, WHF.N OLD MOTHER UAttTII DltlNKS UP IIKU OCI1ANS. Prof. Cookloy, of Now York, says Most of the planets havo probably cool ed down by radiation to a solid under- crust like the earth. The sun owing to his greater mass is still a fiery mass not yet cooled down so as to havo a solid crust. But our moon being a body of small mass about one-clgietli of the earth's mass, is supposed to nave had timo to cool down to a solid globo all the way from its surface to its ccn tor. Its internal hent is supposed to havo been radiated away into tho sur rounding cold space. Now the hot In terior mass of tho earth can, of course, contain no water, and littlo or nono of tho free gases that constitute an atmos phere. But when the earth shall have parted with all its internal heat, having thrown it into tho surrounding cold space as tho moon has done, then the cold, solid but pototu mass within its present crust, which is now incapable of absorbing water or air, on account of tho present high temperature, will begin to drink up the water and air just as the parched soil after a sum mer's di ought drinks up tho rain, and the ground is dry in n fow minutes after tho shower. But you may well ask, could the solid porous mass within the present crust of tho earth thusdrink up the whole of tlio waters of the At lantic and Pacific Oceans and cause all the waters of our globo to disappear ? Let us examine this moro close- While the interior of tho earth ro mains as hot as it is at present it is no more possible for the 'water and air of our globo to penctiate to these fiery re gions than it is for a drop of water to remain on a hotetove. But the earth is losing its heat day by day and year by year, indiatiiig it out into the sur rounding cold space. I know it has been computed that tho earth receives from the sun annually just as much heat as it loses in a year by radiation into tho surrounding space. Grant that it bo so for tho present and for many thousands of years to come. But the trouble is the sun himself is cooling off, and, therefore, will not be always able to send us as much heat as ho does at present. Tho time will, therefore, surely come when wo shall lose moro heat by radiation into spaco than the sun will bo nblo to return to us. Then it will bo only a question of timo for the earth gradually to cool down, as the moon has already done, from sur faco to center. When that timo eomes will not the dry but solid and porous core of our globo drink up our oceans and atmosphere, causing them to dis appear, not into large cavernous pockets, but into the minute pores of its sub stance ? The proposition appears to bo estab lished by strict calculation that the in. terior ot the earth when cold will bo able to absorb moro than four times, the amount of water now on its surface. Now, it seems certain that in the man ner first explained tho earth will con tinue to lose both its superficial water and its atmosphere. Tho earth, the other planets, and even the sun him self, nre regarded as doomed at somo future day to tho same fate. Melan choly fato I some will say. But why complain of tho general law cf nature? Everything in nature has its morning of lifo, its high meridian of glory and strength, its evening decline and its midnight of blackness and death. A Curiosity, Probably one of tho most enthusias tic and meritorious printers nnd en gravers in the United States is S. S. Waterman, living at Angel's Camp, Calaveras county, California, He is now twenty-seven years of ago ; was born a cripple his affliction being a nervous affection similar in result to paralysis, but confined mainly to his limbs. He cannot move any of them without assistance ; ho cannot even walk without aid. His goneral bodily health is good, scarcely over being sick, and then usually through his bodily sympathy with his afllicted limbs and want of physical exercise. His speech is somewhat impaired, otherwiso he enjoys good health and spirits. His mind is strong, clear and active. IIo has a good common edu cation and has never been out of tho towu of his nativity but once, and that in search of medical aid to alleviate his atllictioii, but without success. Being of a jovial and communicative nature, and, as he is unablo to writo, ho had to dictate his coiicspondenoe and ideas to others. This ho did not like to do, and at an early ago ho con ceived tho idea of printing his ideas with tnoblo type which he set with his teeth. This was slow nnd difficult work at first, but by his untiring zeal aud pcrseveranco ho succeeded beyond his most sanguine expectations, aud as ho progressed ho found a greater field lor Ins labors, and was ono of the founders of the Mountain Echo, a small paper published at Angel's Camp. lie sot a great deal ot tho typo on this taper with his teeth, composing his ed itorials and other articles as ho went along. IIo also did considerable job work in connection with las paper, and being so far away from typo foundries and printers' supply outfits, ami Having occasionally to use large block letters and emblematic designs in his job work, lie, with his usual per severance and enthusiasm, conceived tho idea of engraving, Proem ing three large-sized darning needles, he had them ground to Uitlerent sizes and proceeded with tho extra-diflicult un dertaking of engraving on wood, hold ing his tools (needle) in his teeth. This effort, as in type-setting with his teeth, was also crowned with success, and he engraved block letters and emblems on wood as lus business would require. IIo also printed tho programmes, in vi tations and posters for tho town, often embellished, not with his handiwork, but with bis teeth work. Mr. Water man is now out of the nowspaper bus iness aud confines bis wholo timo to lob printing. Ho employs a boy to do his presswork, tho only part of his work that ho cannot do with lis teeth. Tho writer of this lias in his possession a photograph of Mr. Waterman at the age of sixteen, also some specimens of his engraving and poster printing of later Hate, together with dictated let ters from him verifying tho above statements. Inland I'rinter. Seven-pound sago hens aro killed In isevuda, How General Soott Ganged Deserters. At the battle of Chcrubusco in tho valley of Mexico, ono of thoso scries of buttles which took place beforo tho cap ital was eaptuced, occurred ono of tho most Impressivo acts of tho entlro war. I mean ns to Its effect upon tho men of army. It was ono of those events which carried instant conviction to tho minds of the soldiers that discipline and allegianco to tho flag wcro of par amount Importance. After a desper ate struggle tho works wcro carried, and among tho captured wcro found a number of deserters, men who joined tho Mexicans and served the guns against their own comrades, and the full force of their aid is apparent when it is known that they were nearly nil trained artillerists. On tho discovery being made Intcnso indignation pro vailed, and nothing but tho strictest discipline and Prompt obedience to or ders prevented tho men from dealing out instant vengeance upon tho de serters. But a drum-head court-martial de cided with duo formality, their fate, which was to bo hanged, ignominious ly, in tho presence of all tho army then nt that point nsserabled. It must bo understood that a portion of tho forces wore then engaged with tho enemy nt Chepultepec, that almost inaccessible fortress and very stronghold of tho en emy, holding farther advances upon tho city, and that the most desperato engagement was then undecided. Tho men were drawn up in duo order, each with a rope around his neck thirty deluded victims nbout to receive mer ited punishment for basely deserting tho flag and turning the cnomy's guns against their own comrades. The of ficer in charge, upon whom devolved tho duty cast a quick glance in tho di rection of Chepultepec. Suddenly a thought seemed to impress him, and he said : "Let thera stand till they shall seo tho American flag upon tho heights of Chepultepec." With breathless anxiety they waited. It was a hard foifght battle, tho final result being doubtful. Many bravo men went down to rise no more, and many a man carried the wounds there received through life to his grave. The gallant Colonel Itauiom, of the Now England regiment, yielded his life ; Captain Mayno Ileid, whom I know, and others, wero wounded, and wero among the first to enter tho works. Suddenly a shout went up that car ried relief to some, at least, of tlioso anxious watchers, and dismay to the hearts of those men who stood await ing their doom. The heights had been carried and tho starry banner floated to the breeze. All oyes then turned to tho sad spectacle before thera. Tho deserters stood motionless as statues awaiting the doom they could not shun. They had taken tho last look of the flag thoy had sworn to protect, and were sent "unannointed and unanneal ed" to answer to tho "last great roll call." -Boston Post. Shorthand in History. THE ART OK QUICK KKPOHTINli DATES TWO THOUSAND YEA US A FEW INTKltESTINO FACTS. An illusion in an article of Mr. Irv iug's Hamlet to the fact that the quar to 1C03 was printed from a stolen short hand report of the tragedy seems to have provoked question as to the exis tence of shorthand reporters at that day. Why theio should be any doubt on such a matter is surprising. Shorthand, or somo method of repre senting spoken words as rapidly as ut tered is almost contemporaneous with tho art of writing itself. Xenophon (-144-354 B. C.) is supposed to have been the inventor of the Greek system, which he employed in recording the memorabilia of Socrates. ''My tongue is the pen of a ready writer" (Psalms xiv., 1) suggests the practice of short-hand among tho Israe lites at an early period. A series ot 1,100 arbitrary signs was invented and used in Rome by Eunius (230 1G9 ii. C. Iiro, the freeman of Cicero, perfect ed a system for tho Komans known as the Tironian. This was used by Tiro himself to tako down nnd preserve the great oration of Cato against Ciesar's proceedings respecting tho Cntilnariau conspiracy as well as Cicero's own ora tions on tho samo subject. So fast was this system that one of Martial's epigrams, addressed to a no tary, confessed that the tongue was too slow for tho head. Somo lines by tho poet Ausonius in praise of an expert in the samo time of the Emperor Gratiau have been trans lated to read as follows : O woudcrous art 1 though from my llpi Tho words like pattering hailstones fall Thine ear hath caught thera every one, Thy nimble pen portrayed tliem nil. My words no sooner are pronounced Than on thy tablets they appear ; My mind canuot keep equal pace With thy light lingers' swift career. Tho history of shorthand in English dates back to tho sixteenth century. How mnoh earlier it was practiced wo havo no means of knowing. In 1588 Timothy Bright published in London a work entitled "Characterie, an art of Short, Swift and Socrot Writ ing by Characters.'' Two years later Peter Uales publish ed another work on the samo subject entitled "Tho Writing Sohoolmaster, in Three Parts," in tho introduction to ono of the parts of which tho author says : "Brachygraplfy, or tho art of writing as fast as a man speaketh treat ably, may seem difficult, but it is in ef fect very easy, containing many com. modifies under n few principles, tho shortness whereof is attained by mem ory, the swiftness by practice, tho sweetness by industry." This was written somo ten or a doz en years beforo the Shakespeare's "Hamlet" was played." Our readers may tako it for granted that in all timo whenever there has been anything worth reporting somo expert writer or industrious lioswcu has been on hand to record tho speaker's words. Afnnftv nnver madn a man bnntiv yet, nor will it i there ii nothing in its nature to produce happiness; tho more n ninti lina thn mnrn hn wnntu t inatnnil of Its filling a vacuum It makes one; if .. .... . ,. , it sausucs one want it uouuiea ana trebles that want another way. Palo tinted brocades velvets aro In favor for making costly wraps. Newspapers and their Fnces- A newspaper, llko every other busi ness enterprise, is run for profit, nod unless it yields a revenuo it eventually ceases to exist. Now, If obtained in an honorablo and legitimate way, this profit must be derived from cither the reading or advertising patronage, or both, and tho better grade of journals find littlo difficulty in o regulating their patronago as to fairly and equi tably divide the burdens of support bo twecn all their patrons. A paper, how ever, that sells its issue nt a positive loss and expects in advertisors not only to raako up tho deficit but in addition to contribute a sufficient sum to sustain it and afford a reasonable profit on its investment, is manifestly dealing un fairly with its best customers. A newspaper is a peculiar commo dity. It is not liko n pound of nails or a bushel of salt. People don't shop around to find out where they can save a cent on a newspaper, but thoy buy the one that suits them best even though they have to pay moro for it. They find out pretty soon whether they get tho valuo received or not, and hence, a live, enterprising paper is never required to resort to such shoddy schemes as to reduce its prico to se cure tho patronago of the intelligent public. It is only tho sleepy, badly managed and worthless papers that aro driven to such extremities. And let mo say ono moro word, and that is, the readers who would buy a poor pa per simply because it could be obtained a trifle cheaper than a good ono would bo of littlo advar.tago to advertisers. Liberal minded and intelligent people, who buy according to their judgment and know tho difference between legi timate wares and absolute trash, are tho class ot readers that the liberal ad vertiser wishes to reach, and ho is generally shrewd enough to reach them. Points About Parrots. HOW TO MAKE TIIEJt TALK AND KKEP THEM IN HEATH. "To teach a parrot to talk," Baid a parrot fancier the other day, "it should bo kept separate from other parrots, though they often learn from each other. Tho way I think best is to keep it iu your bed-room, and ovcry night before you go to bed put a cloth around the cage and say something to the bird. It will ponder over it all night, and when you take the cloth off in tho morning the parrot will say what you said the night before. For cxamplo, if you say 'Good morning' tho night before, the parrot will say 'Good morning' when it sees you the next morning. After a parrot gets started talking it picks up lots of things. Yon can teach one to talk in six weeks. "Parrots naturally would all be cen tenarians. Bringing them bore short ens their lives to fifteen or twenty years on tho average. I never knew ono to die of old ago. When they aro first brought hero many of them die. Inflammation of the lungs or colds kill them usually. Tho oldest one I know of is owned by an Albany family. It is a gray African, 109 years old. It has been handed down and treated with tho best of care. In Mexico they often get to bo 100. Families hand them down as heirlooms, and they are spoken of as 'our family parrot.' Par rots do not propagate in this climate. A gray ono has been known to hatch out young ones in Europe, but never here. Paroquets born in Australia will propagate here, but not often. Tho proper temperaturo to keep a room with parrots in it is seventy-two de grees. 1 givo them tepid water to drink. It might give them a cold to drink hydiant water." Woman's "Won't" in Oreenland. vYhen the Danish missionaries had secured thu confidence of the Green landers, marriage was mado a religious ceremony. Formerly tho man married the woman by force. One of tho mis sionaries, writing in his journal, do scribes the present stylo as follows : Tho hopeful suitor coming to tho mis sionary, says : "1 should like to have a wife. "Whom ?" asks the missionary. The man names the woman. "Hatt thou spoken to her ?" Sometimes tho man will answers "Yes : she is not unwilling. but thou knowest womankind." Moro frequently tho answer is : "No." "Why not t" "It is difficult ; girls are prudish. Thou must speak to her." .llie missionary summons too girl, and after a little conversation, says: "1 think it is time to havo the mar ried." "I won't marry." "What a pity I I had a suitor for thee." I'Whoiu ?" Tho missionary names the man who sought his aid. "He is good for nothing ; I won t have him." "But," replies the missionary, "ho is a good provider ; ho throws his har poon with skill, and loves thee.'' Though listening to his praise with evident pleasure, the girl answers : "I won't marry him.'" "Well, I won't forco thee. I shall soon find a wife for such a clever fel low." Tho missionary lemains silent, as though ho understood her "No" to have ended tho matter, At laat, with a sigh, sho whispers : ".hint as though wilt." "No," replies tho olerevman, "as thou wilt ; I'll not persuade thee." i lien, with a deep groan, the girl says : "Yes 1" And tho matter is settled. It 1b necessary to hope, though hope should bo always deluded j for hopo it pelf is happiness, aud its frustrations, however frequent, aro yet lets dreadful than its extinction. Black laco dieeses aro mado up for brunettes of jetted net in combination with black mtin and pale jelloAV vel vet and eloborate gronituro of yellow roses. Tho newest and prettiest of brider maids' bonnets aro of whito uncut vel vet, with a puffiug of cream satin around tho edges nnd a wreath of whito carnations.