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THE COLUMBIAN AND DEMOCRAT, B LOOMS R ORG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.
0. E. Elwsll, -.11..,
BLOOMSBURG, P A?
FRIDAY, JULY 25, 1881.
DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL TICKET.
STEPHEN DROVER CLEVELAND,
OK NEW YOUK.
KOIt VICK PIIKSIIIKNT,
THOMAS A. HENDRICKS,
DEMOOBATIO STATE TICKET.
IClCllAUD Vaux, U. J. McGrann,
II. li. I'r.UMKrt.
I. John Movtn.
s. .'. r. .1. nensenderfer.
3. John W. Loo.
4. II. J. Koran.
5. It, I. Wright.
6. j. li. Urlnton.
7. Wm. Mahler.
B. c. F. ltcutschlcr.
0. II. M. North,
to. II. u Htlles.
II. A. o. Iiroadhoad.
18. Y. V. ltockafollow.
13. lilchard llahn.
14. (icorgo II. Irwin.
15. oeorgo a Purdy.
16. P. It. Ackley.
17. John 1. Lcvnn.
is. Kim I), Parker.
19. E. w. Mumrna,
20. A. II. DHL
21. F. P. James.
23. J. K. p. Duff,
as. John Hwan.
21. A. u. Wtntprnlti!.
25. John II. 1I11L
28. Wm. A. Forquer.
27. A. J. arcenrfeld.
DEMOCRATIC COUNTY TICKET.
W. W. II. DAVIS.
Republicans argue that Cleveland
cannot bo elected because his record is
too short Before tho campaign is
over they will find that Blaino'a is too
Blaine savs in his letter of accent
anoe that not a dollar of tho public
money has been wasted. Quito cor
rect It has been put where it would
do tho most good for tho republican
In selecting delegates to tho county
convention, representative Democrats
should bo chosen from each township.
I his is an important year, and tho con
vention should be composed of its very
It is an old trick in politics to an
nounce just before an election, that
certain oandttlatca have withdrawn
Voters will do well to pay no attention
to suoh reports, unless a card of with
drawal appears in tho newspapers. All
the candidates aro announced in tho
Columbian, and they all expect to
stay in the field until tho delegate elec
The record of the republican parly
flatly contradicts tho declaration of its
platform, which says they ''aro oppos
ed to the acquisition of largo tracts of
the public lands, by corporations or
individuals." For years" they have
been giving away the public lands to
corporations. The rebuke thoy thus
administer to themselves is justly mer
WANTED A NAVY.
Tho republican platform says : "Wo
demand tho restoration of our navy to
its old-time strength and efficiency, that
it may in any sea protect the rights of
Well, why is it that the navv is in
such a condition as to demand restora
tion t Since 1806 Conmesa has voted
$385,000,000 for naval purposes, and
it this sum bad been honestly expend
ed wo would have a navy equal to
that of any nation. Under Robeson's
management millions of dollars were
spent on ships that would not float,
and which wero allowed to rot in the
water without being completed. From
1791 to 1860 the naval appropriations
amounted to $330,000,000, 0- $49 ooo,
000 less than those since I860. That
was done under Democratic adminis
trations, and yet our navy was sufli
cient to sustain the honor of the gov
ernment during a three years' war
with England, in the war with Tripoli,
and the Mexican war. Tho only rea
son why Republicans in tho recent ses
sion oi (Jongress wanted an apnropna-
tion for naval purposes was to put a
largo amonnt ot monoy in the hands of
Chandler to be manipulated in the inter
est of tho Republican candidates. The
navy will be put in proper condition
when tho government gets into honest
hands, and not sooner.
THE NEXT' CONGRESSMAN.
Two years ago, feeling that she was
entitled to the representative in Con
gress for the eleventh district be
cause ot her large democratio majority,
Columbia County presented one of her
roust uiBiuiguiBiieu citizens iii me per
son ot lion. v. it. uucKaiew, us a can
didate for nomination at tho confer
ence. He was defeated, and tho his
tory of the causes that led to his do
feat Is too fresh in the minds of our
readors to need repetition here. Sufh'co
it to say that the democrats of this
county are firmly of the belief that it
was entirely by reason of the intrigues
of Roibert Klotz of Carbon county that
Mr. Buckalow's candidaoy failed. For
two terms Mr. Klotz represented this
district in Congress, each time rcceiv
ing the support of this county, al
though once, when through some ditli
culty among the conferees, Captain
Brockway was a candidate, his vote
was somowhat reduced. If reports bo
true, Mr, Rlotz again has his oyo on
tho office, and is endeavoring to secure
the nomination of certain men in Mon
tour, Lackawanna and some other
counties, who will direct their confer
ees to vote for Klotz, in case thoy can
not inako it themselves. Columbia
county ought not to bo a party to any
such arrangement as this. Slio owes
nothing to Major Klotz, and slio wants
no ono to ask for her instructions who
proposes to hand her over to him
Mr. Storm is a candidate for re-nom
ination, and in accordance with tho
custom of the district, is entitlod to it,
unless some good reason can bo shown
why ho should not have it If, however,
the choice of this county, whethor it bo
Dr. Megargell or Mr. Kanck, can so
cure tho nomination in tho conference,
we shall rejoico with him, but if he
cannot capture it, wo most earnestly
protest, in tho namo of tho Democracy
of Columbia county, against any trade
with Robert Klotz. In other wprds,
unless tho choice of tho county can bo
nominate!, the voto of tho conferees
should be cast for Mr. Storm. In or
der that there may be no charges of
collusion, wo would most respectfully
suggest that tho county convention
shall namo tho congressional conferees,
and that men bo appointed wlioso in
tegrity canuot bo questioned.
Tha New York Times hsw always
been it republican paper, and has sup
ported every republican candidate for
president s'uao I860. Hut now that it
cannot yulp down the nomination of
in . V. . I. 1 . I.. !!. .1.
limine, il is uaneu n ireu initio inuu
organ, and tho republican party says it
is glad to get rid of it If tho Times
is for free trade now, it has been so for
twenty ycarp, but our inconsistent op
ponents wero willing to swallow that
so long as it stood by their ticket It
i too Into now, for thorn to ciy "wolf."
In calling to mind tho stealings that
havo recently como to light in tho sev
eral departments nt Washington, tho
couutty in to bo congratulated on tho
fact that tlioro Is a surplus ol fciuu,-
000,000 left in tho Treasury. If tho
republican pai ty should bo continued
in power for four yeais longer there
will bo no necessity for a revision ot
tho tariff. Unlv give the Washington
officials n fair chauco anil thoy can re
duce that surplus by peculations with
out troubling congress to lepi al the in
ternal revenue system.
Gen Logan has written a letter of
acceptance. Among other things ho
says that "official dishonesty should bo
iromptly nnd relentlessly punished."
f this proposition should be carried
out, tho government prisons will havo
to bo greatly enlarged, and it will
largely reduce tho Republican voto.
tiut does anyono beliovo that tho party
that accepted Belknap's resignation to
provent his being punished, and that
suffered tho Star Houtn thieves to es
cape, will carry out Logan's ideat
Such talk is good for campaign pur
poses, but in view of the history of tho
Republican parly, it won't wash.
Tho Republican party is troubled
with its samo old complaint. Its war
cry is that the success of tho Demo
crats will ruin tho industries of tho
country. Wo did not suppose that
thcro wero men outsido of a lunatic
asylum who would charge that one
half tho American people- want to get
into power in order to ruin the other
half, and, necessarily, themselves too.
But since the decline of the "bloody
shirt" thoy must havo a red rag to
shako in tho faces of tho laboring men.
This dodge is growing threadbaro and
it may bo that thoy aro using it onco
Cleveland at Buffalo
ins TOWNSMEN DETERMINED UPON GIV
ING 1I1M A PHENOMENAL MAJORITY.
Never in tho history of Buffalo has
there thus early in Presidential cam
paigns been so much enthusiasm at
Jircscnt Governor Cleveland seems to
lavo captured his adopted city by
storm. On tha day of his nomination
Buffalo had a spontaneous uprising. It
is rumored that tho committee appoint
ed to inform him of his nomination
havo decided to comn to Buffalo as tho
most fitting place to tell him what he
already knows, that ho is the choice of
tho majority or his party. Tho dato
Bpoken of is Monday, July 28lh. Tho
ceremony will probably take place at
tho residence of Daniel N. Lockwood,
on Franklin street, or at tho residenco
of Solomon Scheu, the other delegates
to Chicago. The details are not ar
ranged, save that there will bo a re
ception of gigantic proportions, in
which all the organizations of tho city
Rov. Father Cronin, the astute edi
tor of the Catholic Union and Times,
informs his constituency that tho church
has no candidate, no political policy
and no desire to dictate to any person
whom he shall support Another
splurge was made to stay the tido of
tho German exodus. The local lead
ers oven went so far as to engage tho
Gorman headquarters at the Music
Hall building. They drank more beer
than was good for them, and in a hun
dred ways tried to carry the idea that
they were thoroughly bad anti-Prohi-bitionista.
In the same way thoy havo
been patting tho colored voter on the
back. This game was cut short when
a colored statesman of Now York ar
rived in the city on his return from
Chicago, John W. A. Shaw, Chairman
of tho Couunitteo on Organization of
the Now York Colored Democrat's As
sociation. Shaw is a man well ablo to
toll why ho is a Democrat, and ho
gathered his brethren around him and
told them tho lessons of the war in a
way that thoy never thought of
before. In conversation ho said :
"I believe that tho liberal and states
manlike administration of Grovor
Cleveland as Governor of Now York
has paved tho way for hundreds of
colored voters, who tired of the Repub
lican party, but held in tho ranks by
fear of Democratic partisanship, aro
now sanguine of freedom. Tho color
ed men are tired of the gospel of hate,
as preached by tho Republican party
in its press and pulpit. Thoy turn
from its special legislation, which has
invited to them more hostility than it
ever did them good. Wo refuse to bo
parties to Kcpublicau perlidv and de
cline to be regarded as its wards aud
dependents, and we proposo to assist
in tho election of Grover Cleveland,
whose name is a guarantco oi honest
and efhoient government"
Disappearance of a Harieton Sohool Teaoher.
Wilkes-Baiiue, July 21. On tho
orwi. T t i in i
auuioijuno iuihs i,izzio fishburn, a
teacher at the Mount Pleasant schools
in Hazleton township, went to Hazle
ton and pin chased a railroad ticket to
Wilkes-liarre. hho arrived m this citv
tho samo day for tho pnrposo of attend
ing tho examination for permanent
certuic.iies which was held on tho 30th
of June. On that day sho appeared
before tho comraitteo aud passed a
very eausiaciory examination. Since
then nothing has been seen or heard of
her. When sho left Hazleton sho told
her brother that she would visit nt
Wilkes-Barro for several days and
then L'o to Phllinsbut-p. Cnntrn mnntv
where sho would spend tho rest of her
vacation. She also told her parents tho
samo thing. Miss Fishbiirn's parents
waited nnxiously for her arrival, but
week after week passed and bIio did
not como. About n week ago they
wroto to her brother Robert, who lives
nt Mount Pleasant, asking why sho did
not como home. Robert had tlioueht
ever sinco sho lett iiazieton that she
was at homo. He at onco wrote back
to his parents Baying that he had not
seen or heard ot his sister since tho
80th of June, when sho lett Hazleton
to como to Wilkes-Barro.
Search was made for tho missing
girl at onco. Wilkes-Barro was thor
oughly overhauled by her brother, ao
companied by Chiof of Polioo Myors
and detectives and others. Despatches
have been sent to all places whero sho
would bo likely to visit and descrip
tions of her sent to polico authorities
iu all tho towns throughout this sec
tion of tho State, but Miss Fishhurn's
whereabouts is still n mystery. Tho
girl's parents aro nearly frantic with
grief, and aro using every opportunity
that presents Itself in endeavoring to
find what has becomo of her. It is
fearod that sho is a victim of foul play,
Tho letter of acceptance of James
G. Blaine makes live columns of closely
printed reading matter. Our space
will uot permit its reproduction in full,
and wo thcrcfoio give its most impor
On tho Tariff question he says :
ltovenua laws aro In their very naturo subject to
frequent revision In order that thcymay bo adapt
ed to changes and modifications of trade. The Re
publican parly Is not contending for tho perma
nency ot any particular statuto.Tho Issue between
the two parties does not havo reference to a spo
cine law. It Is far broader nnd tar deeper. It In
volves a principle of wldo application and benen
cont Influence, igalnjt a theory which wo beliovo
to bo unsound In conception nnd Inevitably hurt
ful In practice jn ti10 many tariff revisions which
havo been ncci&sary for tho past twenty-three
years, or which may hereafter becomo necessary,
the Republican party has maintained nnd will
maintain tho policy ot protection to American In
dustry, whtlo our opponent? Insist upon a revis
ion, which practically destroys that policy. Tho
Issue is thus distinct, well-defined and unavoida
ble. The pending election may determine tho fato
ot Protection for a generation. Tho overthrow of
tho policy means a largo and permanent reduction
tn the wages of tho American laborer, besides In-
volvlng tho loss of vast amounts ot American cap
ital Invested In manufacturing enterprises. Tlio
value of tho present revenue system to the pcoplo
ot tho United States Is not a matter ot theory,
and 1 shall submit no argument to sustain IU I
only Invite attention to certain facta of official
record which seem to constitute a demonstration.
In tho Census of 1850 an effort was made, for tho
first tlmo tn our history, to obtain a valuation of
all the property In tho United States. Tho at.
tempt was In largo degrees unsuccessful. Partly
from lack of time, partly from prejudice among
many who thought tho Inquiries foreshadowed a
new Bchcmo of taxation, tho returns wero In
complete and unsatisfactory. Iittlo moro was
done than to consolidate tho local valuation usod
In tho States for purposes of assessment, and that,
as everyone knows, differs widely from a complete
exhibit of all the property.
In tho Census of 18C0, however, the work was
dono with groat thoroughness tho distinction be
tween "assessed" vnluo and "true value being
carefully observed. Tho grand result was that
tho "true value" ot alt tho property In tho States
and Territories (excluding slaves) amounted to
fourteen thousand millions ot dollars (11,000,000,.
000). This aggregate was tho net result ot tho la
bor and tho savings of all tho peoplo within the
area of the United States from tho time tho first
British colonist landed In 1007 down to tho year
1860. It represented tho fruit of tho toll ot two
hundred aud fifty years.
After 1M0 the business ot the country was en
couraged and doveloped by a Protective Tariff. At
the end of twenty yoara tho total property ot tho
United States as returned by the census of 1880,
nmountcd to tho enormous aggregate ot forty-four
thousand trillions ot dollars (f 1 1,000,000,000). This
great result was attained notwithstanding tho
fact that countless millions had In tho Inter
val been wasted In tho progress of a bloody war.
It thus appears that, whllo our population be
tween 1BS0 nnd 1880 Increased sixty per cent, tho
aggregate property ot tho country Increased two
hundred aund fourteen per cent showing n vastly
enhanced wealth jw capita among tho people.
Thirty thousand millions ot dollars ($30,000,000,000)
had been added during these twenty years to tho
permanent wealth of tho Nation.
These results nro regarded by tho older Natloos
ot tho world as phenomenal. That our country
should surmount tho peril and tho cost ot a gigan
tic war and for an entire period ot twenty years
making an average gain to its wealth ot one hun
dred and twenty-nvo million dollars per month
surpasses the experience of all other Nations, an
cient or modern. Even the opponents of tho pres
ent Rovcnue system do not pretend that In tho
wholo history of civilization any parallol can be
found to tho material progress of tho United
States, slnco the accession of the Republican party
The period between i860 aud to-day has not been
one of material prosperity only. At no tlmo In
the history of tho United Slates has there been
such progress In tho moral and philanthropic neld.
Religious and charitable Institutions, schools,
bemlnarles and colleges, have been founded and
endowed far moro generously than at any previous
time In our history. Greater and moro varied
relief has been extended to human suffering nnd
tho entire progress of tho country In wealth has
been accompanied and dlgnlflcd by a broadening
and elevation of our National character as a peo
ple. Our opponents find fault that our Revenue sys
tem produces a surplus. But they should not for
get that the law has given a specific purposo to
which aU ot tho surplus is profitably and honor
ably applied the reduction ot the Public Debt
and the consequent relict ot tho burden ot
taxation. No dollar has been wasted, and the
only extravagances with which Uie party stands
charged Is the generous pensioning of soldiers,
sailors and their families an extravagance -which
embodies the highest form ot Justice In the recog
nition and payment of a sacred debt. When re
duction ot taxation Is to be made, the Republican
Party can be trusted to accomplish It In such form
as will most effectively aid the industries ot the
AOBICULTOKI AND THE TARIFF.
The Agricultural Interest Is by tar tho largest In
the Nation, and Is entitled In every adjustment ot
Revenue Laws to tho Drat consideration. Any pop
Icy hostllo to the fullest development ot Agricul
ture In the United States must bo abandoned.
Realizing tula fact tho opponents ot tho present
system of Revenue havo labored very earnestly to
persuade tho farmers of tho United States that
they are robbed-by a protective tariff, and tho ef
fort Is thus mado to consolidate their vast Intlu
enco In favor ot frco trade. Hut happily the farm
ers ot America aro Intelligent and cannot bo mis
led by sopblstry when conclusive tacts are before
them. They see plainly that, during tho past
twenty-four years, wealth bos not been acquired
In ono bectlon or by ono Interest at the expense ot
another section or another Interest. Tliey sco
that the agricultural States havo made even mora
rapid progress than tho manufacturing states.
The farmers seo that In i860 Massachusetts and
Illinois bad about tho same wealth between
eight and nine hundred million each and that In
1880 Massachusetts had advanced to twenty-six
hundred millions, whllo Illinois had advanced to
thirty-two hundred millions. They see that New
Jersey and Iowa were Just equal in population in
186i), and Uiat In twerty 'years the wealth ot New
Jersey was Increased by tho sum ot eight hundred
aud titty millions ot dollars, whllo tho wealth ot
Iowa was Increased by tho sum ot fifteen hundred
millions. They bco that the nine leading agrlcul
.tural States pt tho West have grown so rapidly In
prosperity that the aggregate addition to their
wealth since isco Is almost as great as tho wealth
of the entire country In that year. They sco that
tho South, which Is almost exclusively agricultu
ral, has shared In tho general prosperity, and that,
having recovered from the loss and devastation of
war, has gained so rapidly that its total wealth Is
at least the double ot that which It possessed In
isco, exclusive ot slaves.
In these extraordinary developments the farm
mcrs boo the belprul impulse ot a home market,
and they seo that the financial and revenue sys
tem, enacted slnco (ho Republican party camo
Into power, has established and constantly ex
tended the home market! They seo that even In
the case ot wheat, which Is our chief cereal ex
port, they havo sold. In the average ot the years
Unco the closo of the war, three bushels at home
to ono they havo sold abroad, and that tn the
coso of corn, the only other cereal which wo ex
port, ono hundred bushels havo been used at home
to three and a halt bushels exported. Id somo
years the dtspartty has been so great that for ev
ery peck ot corn exported one hundred bushels
havo been consumed In tho home market. The
farmers see that In the Increasing competition
from the gralnflelds ot Russia and from the dis
tant plains ot India, tho growth of the home mar
ket becomes dally ot greater concern to them and
that Its Impairment would deprcclato the valuo ot
every tillable land tn tho Union.
KrrZCT CTOH TUB UIC1UNI0 AND THE LlUOKKll.
A policy ot this kind would bo disastrous to the
mechanics and working-men of the United states.
Wages aro unjustly reduced when an industrious
man Is not able by his earnings to live tn comfort,
educate ULa children, and lay by a sufllclent amount
for tho necessities ot ace. The reduction ot wages
Inevitably consequent upon throwing our home
market open to the world would deprive them of
the power to do this. It would prove a great
calamity to our country. It would produce a con.
met between the poor and the rich, and in the sor
rowful degradation of labor would plant the seeds
ot publlo danger.
The Republican Party has steadily aimed to
maintain Just relations between Labor and Capi
talguarding with caru tho rights ot each. A con
flict between the two lias always lead In the past
and will always lead tn the future to the Injury of
both. Labor Is Indispensable to the creation and
profltablo use ot capital, and capital Increases the
efficiency and value of labor. Whoever arrays the
ono against the other Is an enemy of both. That
policy Is wisest and best which harmonizes the
twoon the basis of absolute Justice. The Repub
lican Party has protected the tree labor ot Auieil
ca so that Us compensation is larger than Is ira
llzcdln any other country. It has guarded our
people against the unfair competition ot contract
labor from China and may bo called upon to pro
hibit the growth ot a similar ovll from Europe, u
Is obviously unfair to permit capitalists tomako
contracts tor cheap labor In foreign countries to
the burl and disparagement ot tha labor of Ameri
can citizens, such a policy (like that which would
leal o tho tlmo and other conditions of homo labor
exclusively In tho control ot the employer) Is In
jurious to nil parties not the least so to tho un
happy persons wlio aro made tho subjects ot tho
contract. Tho Institutions ot tho United Stales
rest upon tho Intelligence andvlrtuo otall tho
people Suffrago Is mado universal as a Just wen.
pon of sclt-protccton to every cllben. It Is not
the Interest of tho Republic that any economic
system should bo adopted which Involves tho ro.
duel Ion ot wages to tho hard standard prevailing
elsowho.ro, Tho Republican Part y alms to elevate
nnd dignify labor-not lodcgrodolt.
As a substitute for tho Industrial system which
under Republican administrations has developed
such extraordinary prosperity, our opponents of.
tcr n policy which Is but a series of oxperbxents
upon our system ot rovcnue a polfcy whoso end
must bo harm to our manufacturers, and greater
harm to our labor. Experiment In tho Industrial
and nnanclat system Is tho country's greatest
droad, as stability Is its greatest boon. Kvcntho
uncertainty resulting from tho recent tariff aglta.
tlon In Congross has hurttully affected tho business
ot tho entire country. Who can measure tho harm
to our shops and our homes, to our farms and our
commerce, It tho uncertainty of perpetual tariff
agitation Is to bo Inflicted upon tho country r Wo
nro In tho midst ot an abundant harvest ; wo nro
on tho cvo of a revival ot general prosperity.
Nothing stands In our way but tho dread of n
euango In tho Industrial syBtcm which wrought
such wonders In tho last twenty yean nnd which
with the power of increased capital will work stilt
greater marvels of prosperity In tho twenty years
Tnx BOCTUIRN STATU.
I recognize, not without regret, tho necessity for
speaking of two sections of our common country.
Hut tho regret diminishes when 1 sco that tho ele
ments which separated them aro fast disappear
ing. Prejudices havo yielded and are yielding,
while a growing cordiality warms tho Southern
and Northern heart alike. Can any ono doubt
that between tho sections confidence and esteem
aro to-day moro marked than at any period in tho
sixty years preceding tho election ot President
Lincoln ? This Is the result in part ot Republican
principles applied under thofavorablo conditions
ot uniformity. It would bo a great calamity to
change theso Influences under which Southern
Commonwealths aro learning to vindicate civil
rights, and adapting themselves to tho conditions
ot political tranquility and Industrial progress, it
there bo occasional and violent outbreaks In tho
South ngalnst this peaceful progress, tho publlo
opinion ot tho country regards them as excep
tional and hopefully trusts that each will prove
Tho South needs capital and occupation, not
controversy. As much as any part ot tho North,
tho South needs tho fuliprotectlon ot tho Revonuo
Laws which tho Republican party offers. Some ol
tho Southern States have already entered upon a
career of Industrial development and prosperity.
These, at least, should not lend their electoral
votes to destroy their own future.
Any effort to unite the Southern States upon Is
sues that grow out of the memories of tho war,
will summon tho Northern States to combine In
the assertion ot that nationality which was their
Inspiration In the Civil struggle. And thus great
energies which should' bo united In a common In
dustrial development will bo wasted In hurtful
strife. Tho Democratic party shows Itself a too to
Southern prosperity by always lnv. klog and urg
ing Soutuorn political consolldaUon. Such a
policy quenches tho rising Instinct of patriotism
In the heart of tho Southern youth ; It revives and
stimulates prejudlco j it substitutes tho spirit of
barbaric vengeanco for tho love of poaco, progress
The people of the United States, tnough often
urged and tempted, have never seriously contcm
pUtcd tho recognition of any other money
than gold and Bllver and currency directly con
vertible Into them. They havo not done so, they
will not do so, under any necessity less prcssslng
tnan that of desperate war. Tho one special req
uisite for tho completion of our monetary system
Is the fixing of tho relative values ot silver and
gold. Tho largo uso of silver as the money of ac
count among Asiatic nations, token In connection,
with the increasing commcrco ot the world, gives
the weightiest' reasons tor on International agree
ment In tho premises. Our Government should
not cease to urge this measure until a common
standard ot value shall be reached and established
a standard that shall enablo the United States
to uso the silver from Its mines as an auxiliary
to gold In settling tho balances ot Commercial ex
change. TUK PUBLIC LANDS.
The strength ot the Republic is Increased by the
multiplication ot landholders. Our laws should
look to the Judicious encouragement ot actual set
tlers on tho Public Domain, which should hence
forth bo held as a sacred trust for tho benefit of
thoso seeking homes. Tho tendency to consoU-
date largo tracts ot land In tho ownnershlp of In
dividuals or corporations Bhould, with proper re
gard to vested rights, bo discouraged. One hun
dred thousand acres ot land In the hands ot ono
man Is far less profitable to the Nation In every
way than when Its ownership Is dfrtdod among
one thousand men. Tho evil ot permitting large
tracts ot tho National domain to bo consolidated
and controlled by tho few against tho many Is en
hanced when the persons controlling It are aliens.
It Is but fair that the pubUo land should bo
disposed of only to actual settlors and to those
who aro citizens of tho republic, or willing to be
I am with great respect,
Your obedient Bervant,
JAHIS G. ilLAIMB,
Proclamation by the President-
UKCilMMKNUATION CONCKRN1NO SANITARY
REGULATIONS IN CITIKS AND TOWNS
01' THE UNION.
Washington, July 20. Tho follow
ing has been issued by tho president of
tho United States :
While quarantine regulations are committed to
the several states, tho general government has re
posed certain powers In tho president, to bo usod
at ul3dlscreUonln preventing a threatened epi
demic. Feeling It my duty, I hereby call upon all
persons who, under existing systems In tho sever
al states, aro entrusted with the execution of
quarantine regulations to be diligent and on the
alert In order to provent tho Introduction ot a pes
tilence, which, wo all regret to learn, nas made
Its appearanco In somo countries of Europe be
tween which ports and tho United States inter
course is direct and frequent. I further advlso
that cities and towns In tho United States wheth
er on tho coast of or on lino ot intercommunica
tion by sound sanitary regulations and tho promo
tion of cleanliness bo prepared to resist tho power
ot disease and to mitigate Its severity. Aud I
further direct consuls ot the United States in ports
where pestilence has made or may make Its appear
ance, to cxcrclso vigilance In carrying out Instruc
tion heretofore given and communicating to tho
government ot tho United States any Information
ot valuo relating to tho progress or the abatement
of the disease, Chester A. Artudk,
I)y the President i
secretary ot State,
Mrs. Lewis C. Cassidy, wifo of the
Atttomey General of this state, died
at her homo in Philadelphia last Fri
day. Tho New Jersey Stato Agricultural
Society will open its annual fair
at Trenton, September 10th, continuing
At Bloomsbury, N. J., on Friday
last, an entire tea prty was poisoned
by oatiug chicken which was supposed
to have had the cholera.
At West Point, on tho Canton, Ab
erdeen and Nashville Railroad, recent
ly a woikmau, whil boring an arte
sian well, struck a poplar several feet
iu diameter at a depth of 550 feet. Tho
wood U in a perfect stato of preserva
tion. Tho Derringer colliery at Derring
ton, a small villago near Hazleton,
owned by Coxe Bros., was destroyed
by fire on Sunday morning. The
brvaker was one of tho largest in tho
coal regions. It was a now one, hav
ing been completed only one year ago,
at a cost of $150,000.
Tho President has appointed Mr.
William K. Curtis, Washington onrres
pondent of tho Chicago Inter-Ocean,
to bo secretary of tho Commission
which is to visit Central and South
America for the purposo of investiga
ting and extending tho commercial re
lations of tho United States with those
countries. Mr. Curtis has had long
nnd varied journalistic experience, ami
U believed to bo well qualified iu all
respects for the place. The appoint
ment was tendered to him by the Pres.
ident without solicitation,
Tho national prohibitionists met at
Pittsburg on Tuesday of this week.
There wero nineteen statcu represented,
with 440 delegates. James Blnek of
Lancaster nnd Ex Gov. St. John of
Knnsai nro the most prominent pemons
spoken of us candidates for Presi
dent Tho President hns called fur thu tes
ignatlon of Gen. James Longstrcet a
United States Marshal for tho North
ern District of Georgia. Tho Attor
ney Goucral has preferred charges
against him for uarelensnesH nnd iiufli
cieiioy, and asked for his immediate re
moval. It is understood that ha will
bo succcodod by John E. Bryant i
Salt veins have been discovered near
Perry, N. Y. The Silver Spring Salt
Company began the drilling of nil ex
perimental well some limo ago at East
Gainesville On Saturday last, at a
depth of 2.180 feet the drill struck a
solid bed of salt of the finest quality
iiio drill lias penetrated puui salt rock
for a distance of 100 feet This strike
is ono of the most important yet made,
as it demonstrates that the salt belt is
not confined to tho Warsaw and Wy
oming districts, but that it extends all
through this part of the territory. Ex
tensive salt works will bo erected at
tho now well nt once, nnd ether wells
will bo drilled to tho great salt vein.
William Warner, residing on North
Main Street, WilkeH-Bnrre, was aroused
from his sleep about 3 o'cloek Sunduy
morning by some ono moving around
his bed. lie sprang up in n sitting
postutu to be confronted with thu muz
zle of a revolver in tho hands of a bur-
;lar, who was iu tho act of seizing
Warner's clothe, which hung close be
side the bed. Warner instantly seized
tho man and u desperate struggle en
sued, but the thief finally broko loose
and lied from tho house. Tho resi
denco of Councilman F. J. Nicmoyer
was also entered and Mr. JNiemvcr's
clothes stolen from his bedside. They
wero afterwards found iu the street, tho
robbers evidently having emptied tho
pockets. Mr. Warner's houso was en
tered soma two months ngo nnd over
S20O stolen. Quito a number of simi
lar robberies havo occurred lately.
Thero is no cluo to tho perpetrators.
A now telegraph combination has
been formed embracing tho Baltimore
and Ohio Telegraph Company, Postal
Telegraph and Cable Co. and Bank
ers and Merchants Company. It is an
opposition to tho Western Union Com
pany. On Monday they reduced the
rates from Chicago to Philadelphia,
Baltimoro and Washington to twonty
five ceuts for ton words. Tho same
rate was mado to New York on the
15th. This is a reduction of 50 per
cent from Western Union rates. Tho
Baltimoro and Ohio's night rnto of fif
teen cents for ten words to all its offi
ces, is tho lowest rate yet established.
Mr. J. E. Zeublin, general superintend
ent of tho Baltimoro and Ohio Tele
graph Company, Bays that tho pooling
arrrangemcnts will propably bo mado
in a fow days by thu Baltimoro and
Ohio, Postal Telegraph and Cable
Company and tho Bankers aud Mer
chants Company, by which rates will
bo reduced toother points to thoen ant
ed in tho recent reduction of tho Balli
more and Ohio.
This powder nver varies. A marvel of purity
strength and wnolesomnes3. More economical
thin tho ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold In
competition with the multitude of low test, short
weight, alum or phosphate powders, sold only
In cans. Royal Diking powdxh Co , 106 Wa!l-St.,
N. Y. autli-lv.
Aro you falling, try Wells Hvit.tii lis-
ror Drtin.KfrTTM. Ptftmith.IJrer. KMncTc,
Lunpa. AaUnequ&letilnrlcorant. Curt
Headache, Fovtr. Ajme, ChlllJ,
DEBILITY & WEAKNESS.
Nlco to take, true merit, unequalcd for
TORPID LIVER and Night
Sweats, Norvou3 WonknoBB,
Malaria, Leanncts, Sexual Decline:
11.00 per bit., 0 for 1.00. at Druggists.
E. 8. Wells, Jersey City, N. J., U.B, A,
Remarkable Cares of Catarrh of the
Illaddcr, Inflammation, Irritation of Kid
neys and Mulder, Stona or Gravel Pit
uses ot tha Protlnto UlanJ, Dropsical
Bwelllnn, Femnlo Diseases, Incontin
ence of Urine, all Diseases ot too (lenlto
Urlnary Organs In either box. For Un
healthy or Unnatural Dlacharces use
alto "Cbapln's Injection Fleur," each ft.
, For SVl'IIII.IS, either oontrectod or
hereditary taint, uo Chapin's Constitu
tion Hitter Hyrup, $l.00jer bottle, and
Chapin's HyphUitlo PillJ. f 3.00; and Cha-
Eln'a rlyphllilla Bnlve, $1.00. 0 bottles
ymp, !l pf Itlli, 1 Kalro, by FjroreiS on
receipt of $10.00, or at Dnuslsts.
mmiiimiI. Lyi u. o. a.
Cures So ro tain. Erysipelas,
Pimples and Face Ombs,
Blotches, Boils, Tumors, Tot
ter, Humors, Salt Rheum,
Scald Head. Sores, Mercurial
Diseases, Female Weakness
aud Irregularities, Dizziness,
Loss ol Appetite Juandico,
Atleotions ot tho Liver, Indi
gestion. Biliousness. Dyspep
sia and General Debility,
A court, ot Burdock Dloo.1 Bluer, will stlir Ik,
ml ,kci'iUl lha Ir It lit t;r,ll Uloud rurlot, on
ulh. Sold by uicillcln detUrt fvctir.htr.
ntrtctVoai U Icb Ungu-t. VH1CV, ftM.
FOSTER, MILDURN & CO, Prap'i. B.ffiio, N.Y.
All peraoai whow namos aro announced as can-
aiaates,ia this column, are expected to abide by
the action of the Democratio county convention,
to be held on Tuesday, August 18th 1881.
rho price for announcing names In this column
Is W.00 for any office, and must bo paid positively
DIl. O. A. MUQAUGELL,
J. M. O. KANCK,
OK SCOTT TOWNSHIP.
KOIt COUNTlf TltKASUKKU,
G. A. IIEItltING,
KOIt OOU.STV TllllASUKKH.
P. A. EVANS,
OK JIONTOUIt TOWNSHIP.
KOIt COUNT V TltKASUKKU,
A. B. CllOOP,
VV. II. SNYDER,,
KOK PltOTIIONOTAllV aNl CI.EIUt OK TUB
KOU ltKOISTK.n k KKCOItllKH.
M. F. EYEULY,
KOK IlKOI8TKn & ItKCOnilKH.
C. H. CAMPBELL,
KOIt UKQ18TKK k ltKCOltOKIi.
G. W. STERNER,
Kolt KEGISrKIt & HKCORDKK.
U. II. ENT,
KOU COUNTY COMMISSIONK.n.
KOIt OOUNTV COMMISSION!!!..
KOK COUNTV COMMISSIONED
KOK COUNTY COMMISSIONER
OK CENTRE TOWNSHIP.
KOK COUNTY COMMISSIONER.
R. A. SIIUMAN,
KOK COUNTY COMMISSIONER,
WM. G. GIRTON,
KOK COUNTY COMMISSIONER.
W. S. FISHER,
I will not make a personal canvass of thecounty
to solicit votes, but, If elected, I pledge myself to
conduct the office In tho best luterosls of the peo
OK CENTRA MA.
A. L. FRITZ,
E. M. TEWKSBURY,
I will not travel tho county to solicit votes, but
will cheerfully visit all publicly, to discuss tho Is
sues before tho poople, If doslrcd,
DR. L. J. ADAMS,
G. M. LOCKARD,
By vlrtuo of sundry writs Issued out of the Court
ot Common Pleas ot Columbia county, and to mo
directed will be exposed to publlo sale at tho Court
Houso, innioomsburg, Pa , on
Saturday, Aug. a, 8f.,
at o'clock p. m., all that certain lot or piece ot
ground situate In the Borough ot Centralla, Pa.,
bounded and described as follows : On the north
by lot of Alexander Black, on the east by an alley,
on the west by Locust Avenue, and on the south
by lot ot David C. Black, being lot of U In block 71,
whereon Is erected a two-story frame dwelling
House, and out-bulldlngs.
Seized, taken In execution at tho suit ot David
C. Black against William II. James and to be sold
as tho property of Wll.lam II. Jaraos.
li. B. U. Atty's. Ft Fa.
Tho following real estate situate in tho villago ot
Espy, Scott township, Columbia county, Penn'o.,
bounded and described as follows, to-wlt: Do.
ginning at corner of lot number It In plan of said
village ot Espy, belonging to Cyrus Barton, tbenco
eastward by Main street elghty-two and one-halt
feet to corner ot lot number 18 belonging to Isaao
McKainle, thence southward by tho same ono hun
dred and seventy-three and one-fourth feet to an
alley, thence by same eighty-two and one-halt teet
to corner of lot number Id aforesaid, ,thenco by tho
same northward one hundred and soventy-three
andono-fourthfeettotno placo ot beginning, bo
log lot number IT In said plan.
Lot described as follows i Beginning at a corn
er on tho north side of Mulu street In lino of lot of
Jacob Hess, formerly W. Ruckle, thenco along said
street south slxty-slx and one-fourth degrees west
sixty feet, thense by lot of Ueorgo Itucklo north
twenty-three aud three-fourth degrees west one
hundred and seventy.tnree and one-fou. th feet to
alley No.!, thence by said alley north sixty-six
and one-fourth degrees west sixty feet to corner
of said lot ot Jacob Hess, thence by said lot south
twenty-three and threo-fourth degrees east one
hundred and seventy-three and one-fourth feet to
place ot beginning, containing 10,303 square feet,
whereon Is erected a two story frame dwelling
bouse and out-bulldlugs.
Belied, taken In execution and to bo sold as the
property of (leorge M. Baker at the suit of M, A.
K. W, Atfys- Al VI Fa
June 6, tf. Sheriff.
WANTED IMMEDIATELY Vom?5
to learn telegraphy, H,wo miles of wire now bo
lng extended by the II. O. Telegraph Ca, The
National TcL Co. organUed. The Bankers' &
Merchants' and tho I'ostal Tel. Cos. aro both push.
Ing ahead with new lines. The Standard Jdulil
plex TeL Ca, recently Incorporated, extends East,
West, North and Mouth, (lood positions now
ready. For further Information, address with
btamp, The Ifnua. & New Jersey Telegraph,
Shorthand Type Writing Instruction Company,
Main Ofllce, Chestnut street, Philadelphia,
Fenna. Julyss-tw d
Headquarters for D.
mimiiAi & HAMM
havo just received tho finest lot of
LiqrjT lEifElS, tl0WEr3 HO ScLf BlfiDErS
ever brought to Columbia county. For light draft, durability and simplicity tho Osborne Machines are
second to none. Every machlno Is fully warranted. They also keep a
for all the old and now machines, so that If you break down in tho middle of Harvest they are prepared
to nx you up without delay. v F
Farmers do not bo deceived but be sure to cxamlno the
before making your purchases.
lilMU & MsmmW,. Agents.
June ST tt
WINES AND LIQUORS,
AND JOBBER IN CIGARS.
Tlio U. S. Tclcpliono Is the latest invention In Telephones, nnd stands without a rl
vnl, nnd Is tho only WOHTHY 1UVAL of tho Bell Telephone, and is tho only telephone
of tho kind ever before ollcred to tho public. It Is tho only nott-olectric telephone
that is used with a Telephone Itcpeator, or that will work on CROOKED, ANGLING
or ZIGZAG lines, or on a lino having ACUTE OK IUGI1T ANGLES.
Hold outright for $10,00 no cxhorbitant rents.
They are the only Telephones hnving nn Automatic Line Wire Tightner and they
aro tho only Telephones that nro protected by an outdoor Lightning Arrester. All
sounds nro delivered In cloar and natural tones. They are tho neatest, most durable
nnd require less attontlon and repairs than any other Tclcphor.o made. 8cnd for our
illustrated oircular. Agents wanted,
TUB TT- S. TELEPKCOJE CO.,
N0S. 49 AND 51 WEST STREET, P. 0. BOX, 28,
xr oq MADISON, IND.
AWB STEAM FiTmm.
MEET METAL WOffiK
IN ALL ITS
For Tetter, ltlngworm, Erysipelas, Scrofula, Pimples Blotches, Bolls, Ulcers, Female Complaint, an
all diseases arising in or transmitted by tho blood,
Tilts celebrated Vegetable Compound has no equal, and Is an Infallible remedy when uurd as direct
ed, send for circular.
For salo by ifll Druggists. It. E. SEM.EUS & CO., Propr's Pittsburgh, Pa.
LA BOH B1VINQ TOOLS
Head Qaurters tor
Nails and Wagon
Makers' and Black
isa Franklin Ave., also
warerooms ill Frank.
Uu Ave., and 105 Cen
may 23 ly
IST1TI OF 81MVXL DRUU, DXCIISXD.
The undersigned auditor annolnteit hv tim rir.
phans' court ot Columbia county to pass on tho
exceptions to the account ot John K. Itoblns, exec
utor, and to make distribution ot the fund In tho
bands ot thu executor, will sit at his onico in cata
wlosa on Saturday, Aug. I6tu issi at 10 o'clock a.
m. to perform the duties of his appointment. All
persona having claims against said estate must
appear and present the same or bo debarred from
any share of said luud.
. , . v, u CVKIILI.
M. Osbonio & Go's.
E. B. 8R0WER,
GA8 FITTING & STEAM HEATING.
All kinds of work in Sheet Iron, Roof
ing niul Spouting promptly
WBtrlct attention given to heating by steam.
Corner of Main 6t East Sts,,
81. CO A YEAIt.