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THE C0Ltxl6lAN AJfD DEMOCttXT,' feLOOMSBURG, "COCtoU tfduNTYjPA'.
Sfl:Uoyh"8UT7( of lOptlnwif AreM
tccttti,fottSrfllljrrofTMMntft , .
IIV 1'ItANCIS IIECK, S. I
Soino lmvo complained to tuo that
they ot tooihiiulie ' in loading my
imcco last week, l'liuro will bo notli
ing of that kind in this piece.
1 havo for n long tiino desired to
proncnt this matter .of xcmiiriiur im
lils to commit) W Wmot-y" rnltft ' timl
(Iclinltionf, in n way that it might ap
pear as foolish to others as it does to
me. If Optimus Arulijtectns seems to
you 10- imvcvmpiaycil 'the right Way
to teach building, then havo I failed.
If ho seems to you aaridiculoug .aaj
intended that lid 'sholild, then havo I
succeeded. This matter of roto learn
ing (memorizing) has been entirely
discarded in very few schools. If yon
will nliowno a littlo- wandering from
mu icxi i win snow you wlmt roto
ouiainca in tno samo manner as
growth nnd strength of-body. With
a proper supply of wholesome food
ttin hniltr rrrnu-u Tim otnninnli in mM
to digest It Ml tho bloolcattica it io
every pari 01 me uoay aod it bej
a part of. tha body. ' If, ihov6vef
uiKiertooK to livo pn.brickbats you
would not onlyUnd .thif tho Mrjmnich
would not digest them, but that thov
would do you mucluharnnr You then
coiicludo that fooenmrt citfi bo digest
ed produces growth, whtlo food that
cannot bddjg&stcd.yrtfclits growth.
Uy orcroiso tho Body becomus strong,
without it, weak.. JCiiQwledgo is food
for tho mind, hnd'-a proper amount of
wholesomo knoylcdgo is good for tho
mind. A parrot 'might bo talignt to
say sontencea that aro full of wisdom
for thoso who understand tliemj but
wo say'thV-pHrrotJaoei not undbrsiafiif
what it says, and therefore has learn
ed nothing has gfilno'd'rlo knowledge.
I might teach a child to say this beau
tiful lino from Horaco s' "Dulco et
decorum est pro.patria morii!' but the
child witiild not know what it warsaj
ing ; or, to continuo tho former figure,
wo would say ilfat' tho child's "llinid
could not digest it. Nor would it be
como a part of tho child's mind. This
would not bo knowledge, and as tho
feast of brickbats
body, so would nhjs:b;o injUrrMiCttf
inu iiiuiu. mini, is not untierstooil is
a burden to tho mind, and movents
mental growth. To requiro pupils to
muinonzo mo expressions ot knowl
edero I would considpr nlwiir.l Tn
teach knowledge ( Without its ; Jxpr6s
sion wotildUiot.be" h very'good Way
euiiur. un unit, Head 1 woulU say
that no pupil has entirely mastered
any suujeci nil no can tell it Juinselt.
AVIint mnrn la dojJr-ul 1 V dm.. 1. 1
not attempt to teach' pupils what - they
am nut, uuiu io understand. 1 Know
an antiquated unmarried female fan
old maid) who had sense epoudi to
not uiidergUddXfMoiiUl iriiilolo'nhv":
but slio didn't havo sense enough to
1 . . . . . ... .
know mat sno siioulu not havo at
tempted to teach it.tqtheim The
girls were required to memorize lie
wholo book. They knew no more of
tho subject than so many parrots. I
know a man who had learned a wliol
"jt n.v,.,a ciaiuiuui iivuaiuic
easiest nhTrtgfcJtr'tli6 vorld for ToKn
uu i. a leiuurKcu mat "ior jonn
and I1' was not very good grammar,
and asked him to give the rule for
prepositions ; in an instant camo "a
noun or a pronoun used tho object
of a preposition, musttb'e.in tho ob
jective case.'' "But,'' said he, "I can
not seo what that rulo has to do witli
"for John and I." Here was a man
to whomtan 'entire -grammar; ? was.'ff
feast of briokbots.-K He knew no more
about it than a phonograph. There
aro thousands just liko him. Now Ave
como to tho defense, of our story. I
promiseditoiprovo by. example and ar
gument, hat it, wa.8 true.. ,'
Hero is a grammar written by the
president of West Virginia College.
That ho mjdjQrnrids1tho subject you,
can determine froin tho boojy ifself if
you can' 'irnerstaiid! it. Tuo r author
calls it a Scientific Gram'nia'r, bcahse'
of a lot of foot-and-a-lialf words.- All
other grammars aro trash, foolish and
false,thinks tho author. It is consid
ered by him simple enough for begin
ners. Ho directs tho teacher to have
his classes memorizo tho order, the
definitions, tho rules and tho index.
After that tho .teacher is to .uspJiis
own JudgmpfijgiWaiild usy.Wli
judgment first andVould do so as did
the pupils of Optimus havo a bon
fire of tho wholo business. Tho sub
ject is first defined : "Grammar is that
part of philology whichrlutgs to cor
rectness in the formation of words.scn
tences, verses and stanzas." Quito an
easy thing to commit if you know
nothing about the subject. Trv it. I
will not weary you with extracts, but
lables aro frequent. It has, by count
13 kinds of nouns and 18 lnnrr flwfini
mtions i 7 kinds p'f unhjunctions with
as many definitions; 7 kinds of intona
tions, such as "iuatti'culalo an.il, con
temptu6iis: It'liasycrlphrastW,. peH
phrastio jjsoending and'pdriphrastio de
scending comparison. It has 29 kinds
of scntqnpa and 2?, hard definitions
Hero is" sorriethiug ho plain th'aflo
who runs may read f "The" Compound
Indefinite Tenso df a Verb is tho ag
gregate of its Compound Indefinite,
Forms.' . police .this ; Ills refusing
to ajwlomze was proof that ' an, imitl't
was intemled. This Bejitencd Is cbm
plicato, raimple, wj-tmYddj secondary,
copulative niuter, allinnatiyo, pbsi-'
five." This is, also;pret,ty good on a1
short sentence:, '"Thomas and William
refused Co'go.'' This'chtenco is "com.
plicate, ttoinloxj'Siibjectivd, co-in-edio-ative,
secondary.") I impose oii your
patience little niflrfyb) thjs .imo for
tho banelit of tho printer. "Tho sys
tem of punctuation," says tho author,
"though comprised in a few pages, is
moro comprehensive and infinitely
more practical and correqt thau any.
other grammar whatever.- It is' ade
quate to the wants of tho printer, and
will, It is hoped, bring something liko
order out of tho (xistuui chaos iiittjiat
department', . yerytiing typu will
seo is nsiclfeaii asa whiiftlo. r"lso tho
coloji to seiarato a prospective sen
tence from its consequent ; ubo the
semicolon to separate tho pritioipal
members. of, a flpuhle pr triple compact
ouiuuuuu i (i!)o, uiu uuiuiua io eparaio
tho members of a close sentence when
t is complex, c6mpiicat6 of rOVerecd. '
Remember, Mr. Winter, that theso
rules come in tho beginning of the
book without any explanation of
terms. Remember, also, that they are
to bo memorized by, begiijtics in
grammar. If yqu . should, have rinyi
trouble to commit-them,.mark your-
self down, in the higgost kind of type,
an Ass. If yofi do not understand
.i. r. . i. ... i i,
mum uuur yuu nave couiuillieil llieni, I
hiro a sign jmji ter ,o write. .yqu.'lQWn
an uaa. yny not hiuko a long Biory
Bay ill at ji tUo tirst four, pages
nnt,'.ln7ilAAil;na t 4f,n.f.i
. "Wordf nf S.V ,,.1 ?Ll.
aluStT 1 counted 1000 definitions
friJm tho bcginniiig of tho book to
pago 200. T hero aro a humlred rules
or mo!ro. Hero nre a few of tho fa-
vorito words : lloterography, Ilypotli
vtical, Ablative, Frcquentation, llcdu
plication, Adiattve, uciius, uenera.
llnitioi'cife('hi.4, ' IIut6rogeiieoit. Just
think uhat a musj there is here
Would you liko to learn by heart all
tlicso rules and definitions 1 If you
havo ti child, would you bo willing to
havo )t become a saenfico f Is not
this n worse book thau the Opusmag
num t Tho pupil is to fill his mind
with h great lot dftlmligostiblo nutter,
rttiU 16 rlniain' forever lgiiorant of tho
beautffm alld 'useful fuWect of gram
mar. I navo hero anotlier grammar
known as being ono of tho simplest
It bdgins with: "Grammar is tho
sciendo which teaches iiow to speak
1 .... .1.. II DM.. .1 .Il..f.!..
ami wruu coneuiiy. xuu iieiiniiiun
is talso to begin with i nnd 1 never
know a boy or girl beginning tho
study oflfrrainmarito'whoni it meant
itiptio tlfan Vouhr "Manin (ibido T
I'nlaradco Achilaos." I have
men, who, nftcr learning definitions
for years, could not toll you what
grammar is, unless in tho languago
found at tho beginning ot tlio book,
and when asked to explain it could
not. This grammar, so all tho rest, is
filled With definitions and rules to bo
learned bv heart. Why will wo pes
tor children with things which teach
them nothing, with things they can
not understand and which dvvarf their
minds! All tho teachers who do not
require their pupils to memorizo rules
and definitions will pleaso hold up
their hands. All I havo naid ot gram
mar is true of geography. Why do
pupils' dread tho descriptivo and his
toncal tho most interesting part of
geography and liko tho dry and al
most uninsrucyvo map questions,?
Simply because, '.they understand tho
latter, wnilOHlioyld not the lormer,
aujl must commit the former to mem
ory in order to mako a recitation. I
know of a number of instances where
pupils were "kept in" becauso they
hut uiioif beinsj questioned afterwards
they know nothing about that for
winch they wero "kept in.'' A feast
of brickbats you say I When a pu
pil reiieats "Geography is a descrip
tion of tho cartlrs surface," teachers
generally take it that ho understands
it, while in most cases it is not more
for him than a meaningless jinglo of
words! 1 would like to civo n low ox.
ninnies here. Every boy and girl in
tlm enmitv who havo studied arithme
tic 'f ill ,'Bay-tipon boing asked, tlia
"arunmcuc is uic science oi iiiuuuurH
and tuo art of computation." If you
think (his is for them more than a jinglo
of words, ask tlium to explain it ior
vou. It docs not add a bit to their
knowledgo of tho subject, and why
should, they havo been required to
waste time in learning it? A knowl
edgo ojf arithmetic based on definitions
and Villes memgri jed i soon forgotten;
Wd.nro getting' nearer right ori " this
matter of arithmetic than on any other
branch. Why do our boys and girls
know o little of history . This, to
them, is the dryest study. Hero there
is no let up. They do not understand
it, and in order to make a good recita
tion and get a good mark they must
learn it bv 'heart. It has. been, loft'eu
Jshown1 that tiioy know no moro of the
subject thau an automaton, isoys aud
'girls' are fond of stories, and remember
them. History should be a very in
teresting story to them. To ask a pu
pil to memorize definitions, you ask
him to do what the author has not
done. If tho pupil does not know the
definitions you call him ignorant of
the subject. What would you call the
author If To ask a pupil to learn defi
nitions is just as foolish' as it was for
Optimus to ask his boys to learn thoso
horrid definitions in the Opusma;num.
No matter how sipiplq a definition 's
it teaches nothing unless, tho .pupil
knows fromexpdrienco 'or frpm pre
vious instruction all there is in it. A
definition then, you see, is tho last
tlimg arrived at in the investigation of
aiiy subject. llut'Avo teachers and tlio
book-makers expect tho, pupil to begin
where wise men havo"' fimsnedi- 'How
absurd! If ,1
want, to, iteach.a ,poy.
show him one. If t
iwhat an ax is I
waj)tjlim to becomcskillful in hand
ling it I have him.uso it. All tho def
initions you could frame would not
givo hm an adequate! idea of, ah :ax.
Ml tlio rules ,you could formulate
would 'not make- him a skjllful nxmajx
If I want t'6 : teach a boy addiiioji I
show him. All tho definitions can't
rfcauh it to him. If I want him to be-
cdmo an export' adder I Put him t6
adding. All tlio directions you could
givo would, .dpiy,1' coiif use him,' I
would teach all thngd in' this way .and
tho pupil, I venturo to.sa'y.'who learns'
a Buhiuct thus, will five vou rnlria' rind
definitions of his cjw'nj cqiml to any
you can, jind in book's. How .many
aro there" 'who 1 return from Schdol ,td
their father's liouso aud when (asked
what thoy can do, reply "repeat; ,d)fi
n'itiojii" What do ,ypu ktiow in
grarmrtar ! "I can repeat all tljo defi
nitions and rules. ' What in geogra
phy 1 "Definitions." What in arith
metic? "Rules and definitions."
Wlmt in history 1'- "I know, nothinc
dbdiit it. Itjuja Jiardistudy.', .As
sodn as I learned one lesson I was
stiro( to torgct tho preceding one. '
Hpw many aro there who, when asked
w)'iat 't)ieso things' meair, reply with
the boV in tho story, "Lord, 1 know
ndt. How maiiy are there who havo
bden, out of school 5 years and havo
forgotten tho definitions they spent 12
in, learning i ilieir name is li-L'ion,
,TpE ILL-FATED STEAMER.
TJIli ST6HY TOI.U IIV T1IUF.E SL'ItVIVINO
Halifax, April 0. The three sur-
viyipg pastieugcrs of, tho Daniel Stcjji.
iiiaiiu uru now .in- huh ciiy. xney
state that tlio vessel struck lightly
twlco nnd the captain then summoned
everybody oil deck, directing them to
prepare to enter tho litq boats it it
should become necessary to do so.
Ono boat was launched and all mado a
rrlsh for if, though good discipline was
maintained among tlio ships crow.
The boat was .well filled aud attached
to tho steamerbya lope. When thoso
on. bbar'd tho steamer were about cut
ting the ropo tho vessel suddenly went
down, 'dragging tlio boat and its tin
fortunate occupants with her. Tho
boat, itj was noticed, turned over, aud
pvery jKjrson in it was thrown out nnd
drowned. Whon the stern of tlio ves
sel sank, the cries and screams of tho
w.qmcujaud children wero heat trending
for a few ralnuieV, ' Capt. Schoon-
hovcu made his way up tho fore rig
ging. Two men caught tho ligging of
the mainmast mid dudeavored to climb
along the stay between the heads of
ho masts, and tn tlio perilous lumen
aking ono of them lost his grip and
was washed away, The other, John
Neidcnnau, succeeded by his desperato
effort!1, ih tho course of which his logs
were sc zed by some ono then drown
ing, in rt acliiiig the fore rigging when
ho was about exhausted, and pulk-d
nuiivo mm on tin) umst.
One of the
wire uplifts of tho forotop-gidlant ynn
was broken, nnd this gave play to the
yarn, wnieii worked bauk and lorth
with tho ncllon of tho waves an
inreniencii to tear tlm mast, tho mo
tidn making the mast qlilver nnd uin!
alarmlimly. The captain feared that
ho would bo obliged to abandon hi
dangerous refuge and take to tho wn
tor and pulled off his boots. Tho two
unfortunates from tiino to . time cried
out together for help but the roar of,
tho wind and wate? drowiied their"
feeblo voices, so that oven if assistance
had been nt hand it is doubtful if thoy
CJtild havo been henrd. Thoy wero
doomed to painfully watch tho passing
iiiiiiuics nnu uours uniu mo ugui oi
day broke upon themdcspainnt: eves
In this dismal watoli thoy could feel
tint tho vessel was drifting nearer to
Sombro Islnnd. To ndd to tho horror
of their situation they saw bluo light
burning on tho shore and signals to
uuuiu iuu uikus iu Baiuty, wniio con-
Bcious that thoy wero beyond assist
ance or relief. At last daylight an
pcarcd, and tho look out on tho island
noticed ono man in the riiming, and
then tho head of another appeared
irom uohinii tho mast. boon alter
boat put out from tho covo manned by
fivo men, who approached them. The
captain was by this tiino so benumbed
that his companion, Netderman, had to
nso force to disengage him from the
spar and assist him tnto the boat. Ho
then folio iVOd and both wero lauded
nnd takon to tho lighthouse. Eleven
bodies so farhaVo been recovorod from
the wreck of the Daniel Slelnlnan,
two of' them young girls.
A. T. STEWART'S BODY.
CONFESSION OF TIIK MAN WHO ATTKMITF.I)
to I'i.undeu ritBsmr.NT Lincoln's
Tlio Chicago Jnter-Ocean publishes
an niterviow witli nn unnamed detect
ive who claims that in the summer and
f aH: Of 1882 Chief of Police MnfJnriiM.1.
of Chicaird. add two oi- thrco detectives"
held negotiations with tlio notorious
crook Lowis C. Swoigels, then serving
a ierm,ior robbery in the Uhcster, 111.,
pouhentiary under an assumed name.
Swoigels, who was known to bo a pro
fessional cravo robber and was eon-
corned in the attempt tp rob tho gravd
of President Lincoln, told a consistent
story of tho robbory of A. T. Stewart's
grave by himself, Larry Gavin and a
man named Koffe, keeper of a saloon
in 'fourteenth Street, New York.
oweigels promised to restore the
body only on condition of his pardon
from tho .penitentiary and receiving a
part of the reward. His pardon was
secured and, according to the detect
ive's story, a syndicate witli a capital
of SlO.OUO was formed, which included
MuGarigle, Detective Chapin and Lan
sing and E. J. Lehman, all cf Chicago,
for the purpose of working up tliocaso
and securing jtho reward of 8100,000,
offered by Judge Hilton for the, return
of Mr. Stewart s'rcmainsj that 'tu'o 'or
threo visits were 'made to New York,
and that negotiations were conducted
through Mrs. Johnson, a female detect
ive of New York, and at one time con
nectid with tlm C.h'w.n
Inspector Byrne, of Now York, became
oiiemioa becauso he was not consulted
after the first visit; that tho remains
wero filially returned upon the payment
of $25,000 by Judge Hilton, as an evj-,
denco of which' Sweigels had plenty of
money .about that time.
interviews wnn iuouangie and the
etcctives aro also published. Thov
deny the formation of a syndicate to
:r nr.-,.r 1 i ..
iruin. uu uiu uivau. iucurarigio admits
tho general details of thostorv. innlnd.
ing Swoigels' pardon and tho subse
quent negotiations in New York, but
says that they finally becamo disgusted
with Sweigels because ho trifled with
,tlicm, claiming that tho daughter of
'il.,;1 ...,,.,..... i... i .i
mu I'Aiiiusaiuaii who curricu me re
mains to tlio place where thoy were
buried instigated her.father' to secret
ly remove" 'them to another spo't," uii.
known to' Sweigels.' ' Tho latter claim
ed that ho had been intimate witli this
woman, but could obtain no informa
tion: from her as to tiio whereabouts of
tho body. McGariglo says ho became
convinced that this was merely a trick
of Sweigels so secure a pardon, .and
tha$,tho negotiations were brok'eii'offi
before the remains were returned, and
Mrs. Blaiuo is tall and not slim, aud
she is grave and dignified in manner.
uorn in JSew England and well edu
cate alio met Mr. Ulaino hfKo'ntucky,
aim wiis ill." lirai. love.
Tlio 'broadside from Curtis in Har
pers Weekly, declaring that sure do-
teat awaits tho Republican party thqiijd
it nominate, Hlaine, fell like a thunder
bolt from a clear skv. stunnim? and
stupefying tiio leaders who expected
help instead of opposition from that
J. E., Dm ham, ISsq., who during the
last year has represented the Penn
Mutual life' insurance company as gen-
cral ageut witli signal success iu tho
Lohigh valloy, has been transferred to
Williamsport. His headquarters and
oflico will bo witli B. S. Bentley, Esq.,
attorney-at-Iaw. who will also bo inter.
ested with Mr. Durham in tho manage-
4 .1 I.!.. .!!... . T .1 . P .
uiuiiL ui ins uisinci iNorincrn central
According tri .hoi2'imes. of Phila
dolphin, a platform to wfli is embodied
in tho following brief space : "A re
venue tp meet tho expenses of tlio gov
ernment adininisterejl,' (md soriipuldus'.
ly honestly, andr'serunulously miin'
tain tho National credit, witli just dis
criminations in favor of general pro
ductive .industries and against everv
form of mopopoly,"
Halii Man,' Half Woman, A-ner-
son whq attracted mucli attention from
tho fact, that a fine black moustache
bloomed on tho upper lip, while the
body was attired in femalo apparei, ar
rived at Caetle Garden, Now York
Sunday on the steamer Elbe. A broth
er ot tho porson Baid i "His namo is
Frederick Ross, and, lm was born in
Danuic, Prussia; Since the day Fred
was born ho has never spoken a word,
nor can ho understand anything that is
said to him. Ho can ht-ar, however,
where an ordinary person cannot, nnd
has often signified to us that a person
was approaching wlso footsteps, wo
could not hear for somo minutes after
wards." Fred is a repulsive looking
being, with large, bouy and horribly
maimed hands, while his feet are ex
ceedingly small and well-shapen. His
mother, who accompanied her two sons
is a healthy well-formed woman, nnd
seems to admiro her unfortunate son.
In Prussia hred attuned famo for his
graceful dancing, and tho ladies fro-
quently over-looked his horrible defor
mity in order to danco with him, The
party wo bound for Detroit, where
the futher resides iu good oircum-stances.
into a compnrutllely
"a; pjiiMnJoriro,,. I J
in: is ciiaiiokk with anii confessks to
tUlllli:itIN HIS WIFK.'
Ai.toona, Pa., April 7. Mrs. Dr. L.
U. Bench, the wile of a prominent
physician, was discovered iii'niroo'm at
her residence tills morning with her
head dut almost from her body. An in
vestiuAtion developed circumstances nf
so suspiolouVn olraracle'r' that tho Ubo- ';
tor lias been arrested. it is aid that
Ilia has already admitted to a member
of the family that ho committed tho
deed. Two largo knives nnd a cleaver
used for amputation purposes wero
found besido tho victim. Tho coroner's
jury found that Mrs. Beach camo to her
death at tho hands of hor husband, nnd
tho doctor wns accordingly remanded to
jail, Ho admitted that ho killed his
wife, and wants to bo hung .or shot.
Smco his arrest ho triod to borrow
knife, nnd on being refused, asked for
a pin, which was also refused, as it is
beliovod no intends to commit.siijcjde.
Ho was reccvd intij ftho rfthoijih
church only yesterday morning,A and
partook of communion. Itis generally
believed that ho is insano. The inquest
developed tuoifact that tliq coup(e did
not livo.liappuyogetherTlnj womai,
who wns nbbuVfdrty' years' old.niind
been married twice before, her last lius
band having been shot nnd kilted by a
desperado two years ago. She married
ur. iicacli a year ago. The doctor, who
is of Germnn birth and forty years old.
had a lucrative practico hero." Whon
ho gavo the alarm ho wont to his broth
crjin-law's house nnd told him ho had
murdered his wife. Tho room where
tho murdered woman was found shows
evidence of a severe struggle, and tho
victims hands were much hacked bv
clutching tlio knife used by ljer, murder
er. Her head was hold o her body by
only about hall an inch of flesh. The
docloi's socks arid underclothing were
ton mi anu snowed many blood stains,
Judao Woodward, at Wilkesbarrc,
has decided that the publishers of the
Wyoming Vallev (Sentinel may copy
from the com t records tho names of
signers to hceii8o petitions. The deoti
sion is said to havo caused considerable
Expert fishermen say that tho win.
ter has; been favbrhble to bass, and
that they will bo plenty tho coming
An Incidenfof QrantB Mnjnistrdtion:'
, n'dshlngton Letter to Hoston Herald.
When General Grant was Inaugurated presldont,
alter bla first election, It la Bald .tliat a few'faml
lies who lud long ruled Washington society com
bined to axcludo tho new co ncrs from'thclr circle.
Tho offlclal families wero to ba recognlicd as offi
cials, but socially thoy were to bo ostracised. Th o
a'leged causa for this sentence of banlshtient was
tho fact that the Tresldcnt had onca been a tan
ner, and had frequently been seen driving a cart
In the streets of St. Louts. A brilliant ball was
given by 6no oha .leaders .offashlon, to.which.
nono ot the new corners wero Inrltod, and Ihe'hos't-
css took occasion to obserre to a foreign mlntswr
who was present : "We may havo to accept trades
men and mechanics as our rulers, but wo arc not
obltgod tq associate with them." The remark was
repeated jvidely, A tew days later a paper was
privately "circulated, bearing the namcaot nearly
all tho American gue'8t's7othe dlnfiijriiwt'th, n pp.
pended nbtoof their origin, as "Mrs1 A, daughter of
a blacksmith ;" "Mrs. 11. granddaughter of a horse-
Jockey j" i "Mr. Cm Ida his money by swindling
tho Sioux," etc, etc The act was that of a vul
gar and malignant nature. .But no one can deny
that the punishment was deserved.
JINNUAL , STATEMENT 01$ JTHE
Town ot nioomsburg for the year ending with
Mirch 31st 18SI.
,--' . .? r U
Showing Indebtedness tto., (t the; Townlof
Blomsburg, for the year ending March 18SI, mado
Inoccordanoj with the Act of A-semD,y of April
13th: 18:5. en ltled "A sunnlpmpnt. nf nn A,r. in m.
gulato the manner of lndebtedne -s ot municipal).
mgo, w (Jivviuuiur uiu ruuempiioa di me same,
and to Impose penalties for the Illegal Increase
I'reDared and nubllahcd bv thn enrnnrutq null, nr.
ltlcs of sold Town.
FUNDED DEBT. . i
Bonds duo Aug 1,1883
" " Jan 1, 1SSI
$ 140 00
Jan 1. 18SS
Aug l,i I' f JI
Feb 1 "
Jan 1, 1881
Jan l. mi
iVsoioof G 2
Total Funded Debt
I 13 350 00
With Interest on ti io from
Aug. 1st 1833, and
upon f 13180-irom Feb. l, 1881.
VALUATION OF TAXABLE PltOl'EItTY IN
nesi Estate " 'It'tirtosIoo'T " '
l'emoual nroDCrtv 19'40 oo
occupations 9476 1 00
Total valuation f 800.05 00
s per cent pi.ibove valua-
- i-tf (Assets.1
Bal ince ot tax due on du- '
plicate Of 1882 M 65
uuiunco oi tax quo on im
plicate of 1883
Due from sundry persons
on account 5 40
Due from Wm. Webbs Est
on Mkt st opening T ri cimoo
Duefro-n Normal scliooll S ML M
on Sewratrn kau oti
Duo from Columbia Co. on
seweraio S59 00
Ilalanco In hands of
Treasurer 53 ui
Total amount ot assets
1 t sooo ss
$ 2583 09
J Karns Judgment for In-
Costs on said
t 3051 63
Exiyss of liabilities over
. the ussets
Newton Boone collector
To bal of dup of 1882
f 001 83
ny ami paid wm'Chrti.
Newton Boono collector
To ami of dup for 1883
t S0I7 VI
By amount paid Wm.
Chrlsuian Treasurer 1431
Ba'anca duo s US
Wm. Chrlsman Treas for
1883 In, account with
the Town of Blooms.
Toamtof taxroU'ofjai ' ij3) ft
To bal tn Treas hands as
per statement ot iftt!
To amt from N liono
collector of 1882
To amt from N Boono col.
lector Of 1883
To amt collected front
state tax oa bonds
To amt from 8 o creasy
rent ot Town l'ark for
18W J 30 00
To amt from O A Herring
l'res being amt col-
lected us flues, Been
, sea &o : 40 00
To amt reo'd from Col Co
on SoWerage 7t0 00
To amt from J o Butter
damage from opening
Market street 15 00
To amt from (1 W Sterner
2 y'rsrent of Town
l'ark interest it 49
To amt from E. W. M,
Low removing snow 73
To amt from Win Chris.
man hauling earth 1 00
To amt from b Neyhart
hauling earth SO
'io ana irom co tet nob-
bins h ullng earth 3' SO
To amt from Henry Clark
J J Ch
i iu uiui. inim iticnara
' Jonei hauling earth 1 70
riVSiSIT A If
" "1893 3810.1
" "1891 400 00
" "1895 400 00
" "1896 420 01
" "1897 460 00
" " 1898 480 00
" "WW 310 00
Q'timt from Wra Krlck-
' li,itn ItaMllnttnartH
billitn Imullnff ftnrt h
Tonmttiom wm tvln.
tcrstccn for , break
ing Strert limp
Wm CMIsmiiii Trcaii
Ily nmt, ofilupNlloma
L'ol bl ISH3 being
collected by Tiuis
on tax roll ot I (HI
Uy boiula pnlil during
I !I7 Bl,
t tuo h
3 cur, i iz I
f H i
42 son OH
" 00 S 0 00
llr utiua tux on loans ,
Uy lnterf at eo ipons paid
Ily ortiors paid during,
tlio I car c
Ily Trcnfl commlielon
Ily bal in Trcos bands , '
. 891 00 ' i,
109 SI .
W.4, f 10012 n
u. fllAUAll ID.
Bal In Treas handsiAs 1 t-
p r aiaicmcnt or IMH2
Amount collected br Tra
on tax roll ot 1883 , , 4313 78
Ami irom n noons coi
Amt rrom N Boono D
of ikhi -ji . .
Amtstato tat eollMtM w
on bonds ,
Amt 8 'O ceajiy' "palk
Amt (l A Herring collect
ed at fines, licenses
Amt col Cd on seworago
Amt J U nutter damage
Amt (1 V Sterner 2 yre
rent , of Town l'ark
i jwlih 'Interest
Amt from miscellaneous
Amt of putstandlng or
. ilcra,) loss oiitsiana
lne orders of lsai. tn
' t UU 33
' 1799 39
I 9223 91
Nathan lloraboy fit Com
' for March 1883
Oil llouselKt com to
Sundry persons for libor
team, repair of tools
I 13 13
1683 70 $ S008 63
J J Brbwer, rent to
Friendship Co to
C A l'rentls for repair on
II tc I. how) carriage
Jill Co for truck, lad-
Here, hook, chains,
Columbia Co rent of old
Jnll Btable to April
O.M&JK Ixwkard for
II L polo
Darrow A Turner for
hose toiler fi oil
Wm Chrtsman for trans-
$ 30 00
tf.pprtatlon of oil &
WO llhotlomoycr for oil-
mK leainer noso
o Evans for making
6 00 '
' 3 36
Isaiah ilagenbuth rent
Friendship Co to Juno
I W Hartman rent to II
II Co to April last
Harmani a Hassert for
mmocr c Doits ror
CONSTIBLE XXD TOLICX. '
B B'Freas police Rcrvlco
for March 1R83
M c Woodward. Town
8 W.Shutt. chief nolico
Sundry persons pjllco
C It Housel fir service
$ 43 73
Sundry peinons for dig
Samuel Ncyhard engin
James Mccormick for
- lnvlntr sewer nine
n ment 87 so
Moyer Bros cement 3 40
CB Brockway forack-
lensp.q ' i nt
a A Herring telegrams , , ,,
etc , 1 20
Samuel Trump for haul
ing sewer pipe 18 97
ta corking etc 3 27
pall dipper eto 2 79 ,' . ,
Wm Chrlsman Tr o a s
rreignt on sewer pipe 138 84 , 1SSI 81
D Hall for removing bod-
iva irum episcopal .
burvlnt? proiinrl t 101 on '
nrtVltvpIl ran, PrtnnAll '
i raoml from Jan 1883
to Jan 1884 60 00
ltosemont cemetery Co ,
ior iot, nigging graves 1
deed etc 27 7
uioomsDurg water co
k, ior waier rent nre
0 00 ' '
.45 00 ', j
73 75 1
23 30 .
S 03 1 ,
l.BO j , ,
100 00 ".
22 00, , '.
Bloomsburg flas Co for
use or gas in 42 posts
A L Fritz scrvlco as se
cretary U II Ent Stiff fees In No
aaiay tuoao I rcD
John Jones for water
trough nt East &,
J II Maize, oaths of coun
cil for 1882 A 1883
F D Dentler, C It Housel
& T wcbb, auditors
Columbian. Sentinel nnd
Samuel Neyhard town
Keuben Hess for hauling
cinder on river bank
Daniel Bryfogle for haul-
Ing cln on river bank
f3 f llilrvhna ,n.I..ii1l.
) Cln on river bank
(Tbpnias Chrlsman haul-
ding on river, bank.
awuel Trump witness
fee In No i Feb r 's
Wm Krlckbaum prot fee1
In Nol Feb T 1883
E It Ikeler atty f eo In No
1 Feb F '83
Moyer Bros, rent of lock-
up iro n juno 1882 to
D B Coff man, serving no
tices of nnnpal
John C Butter attending
niiimi, pux uauenis'
C M Vandersllce for
printing tax n o
tlces ordtnanco etn.
Elwell & uittenbender
for tax book, adver
tlslmrordlnnnriintn 16 63
O A Clark stuionery
from April IStfl Vo-
CO Barkleyfor scrvlco
asHoucnor from Feb
M ranaker cleaning coun -
ill . 1
S N Walker, for servlco
us stenographer in
W J Corell for hall raek
A L Fritz postage
Thomas Vannata ropatr
Mover Bros, lanterns.
rioDes burners, eto
V U Evans Ior tula
Laf.iy,'tta Fuller for tak
ing iroraps to lock
up aud shooting dog. 3 00
. ; :
$ 58 46
Total ain't of onlorsU-
buuu curing j ear
$ 7173 57
raid State tax on Bonds ' S3 72
Bonds reUa med 940 CO
I'ald Interest, coupons,
durlnir enr roi no
Treas commission 109 21
Amount in hands of Trs 33 61
Total nmt of cxpendl- A
iUIVS , 1 h
s it..: ,
t 9223 91
Attest : '
A. L. FItlTZ, Sec. .0, A. HEHItlNa,
I'rcsldent of Town council
We tho undendpnad audltAni of Mia Town of
lllooiusburg met on Tuesday March 23th A. 1).,
18H4. and do hereby ccrlirv that we Biamlnedilin
f Oretroimr accounts and atataments and Hud them
correct and do approve the same.
CIIA1ILKS It. HOUSEL, 1
FIIANK 1). DRNTLElt V
otice m nivoncE.
IN TIIK COMMON PI 'AS OF COLUMBIA
, cour nr.
Mary Osman by her next frteud, E. M. Tewkabury
vs. John Osmon. ur libel in divorce.
To John' Osraan, respondent' above named i
Whereas upon the libel ot tha said Mary Osman
a subpoena was Issued out of the sold Court com
manding you to bo and appear at the next regu
lar term of said Court .to show cause
why the said libelant should not ba divorced from
the bonds of matrimony contracted with you ; and
whereas iinou return of said subpoena due proof
was tnadKthat you could not be found In the ball
wick ot tho Sheriff ot said county, whereupon an
nffiM subjiocua was awarded by said Court com
manding you to appear at the then next term of
said Court to answer as aforesaid, to which tha
same return was mado by the Sheriff. You are
therefore required to bo and appear on tha first
day of thq next term .of said court to be held at
Bloomsburg for sold county on the ant Monday of
May, A. D, 188), to answersald complaint.
' JOHN MOUUEV, Sheriff.
U W, Mllr, Att'y.. March 1
j , , ,
xmrKOKiViiXIUll BDMILt, DKUliSID,
Utters ot administration on the estate of Susan
nah Humble, late ot Beaver township, Columbia
county, l'a., deceased, have been granted by the
Heglster of said county to tho undersigned admin
Utrator. All Hereon liavlne claims asalnittne
estate of the deceased nre requested to present
mew ior Buiuciiiuui, aim muse inoeoieq io me ea
tate to mako payment to tha undersigned admin,
tetrauir without delay. .
f t LEVI MICHAEL,
3-H-OW Minim X lloade.
. , . u i. ii -
. i ,,, i wilU;
tl"l ll tlllfl OK )l
I i: M.il '- l'i'ji.
j r i iri 'I'm,! 'I fit
i, . r 'i. i ii. -II. , ;
. . FOB
'- I'r i;
I, 'ri oil) .i .
i- ' 'i i ",'l(l II IM'll ' ,
i vniin.'t Ji.li'j' i .
".ii i'.li'.S)jt -J I'll ,l,ui .
II 'Ml " V'. I
i n: n i : ,ii
Arc. the solo i dealers in the Cele
Comhined and Independent
Reapers and 'Mowing Machines.
All repairs for any of these ma
chines both qf tho Old Style and Late
Repairing of any other Reap
ers, Mowers, ihreshers, Uraiu
Drills; and general, farming im
plements ! PROMPTLY
Keep bonstantly in Stock a full
line of Knives, Sections and
Rivets for all k'inds of Harvest
Pronipt attention civen to re
pairing Steam Engines, Saw &
wiiBnuiii iuuciniifiry, oiiuiimg,
bolq Agents lor Hancock In
("f l l 1 ...., T 1 TT I
ooio ii-gQius ior Juusqn yiuyo,
.Keep .constantly on hand all
kinds pf Steam Guages, Water
Guages, Glass Tubes "Valves,
Cocks; bteam and Gas pipes
and fltjtings. . .
REMEMBER1 THE 'PLACE.
Near I.. & II. Railroad
Constantly on Hand,
1 1, i
i , i
I, 1 1
i i. .
in ; i,.
IZrOTT GJJST BTJi'X"
Good UnhleiiVW Muslin, iri for Qh cents per yard.
i Rest heavy unbleached -Muslin lor 7i' cents pci' yhrd!1' '"''
" I fine tinbleached 'Muslin 4-4 for! 'ccliIs pci;, yarll. j ', ,
Good1 blcadhc'd Muslin 4-4 for 0 cdlWs per. yard,' , : ' ',
Rest dark .Spring Prints, for; (1 cenls. per yard.
" Morriinuek Shirting Prints for .5 eciitsixlt' yttrd.'i
ti ri.,l ,. I' a i ir i. ..i.l i"l Hi "
, viiiiyiiuina uuiu o uuuiB in iu ut'iiiM )er,y(ini,j ,
" liii'o of Seeiuckrs, Chainbrfty. CJiqviots, Caiiibriw, &c,
or warm weather drosses. Cheap worstdd I)res.s Goods from 10
cents to 20 cents per yard. Black, and (:ol61'ed CtLshiticrea1 frbm 25
ccnte to; l.uu per yard. Jixtmigood' JJIack Silk for J.0Q, Sl.lo,
$1.25 pfcr y.'trd. A full lino. of Dark and $pnng slmdQS of iW
Cloths made at Bloomsburg Woolen Mills, Extra Good Linen
Damask for 75 cents per yard ; .Good Table Linens- for 25; 37i,
50, and GO, cents per yard ; Rest Linen Xapkhis for $1.50, ?2.Q0,
$2.50 pei' dozen ; Extni Linen Towt'ls for'50 ije'ntH per pair; laco
Curtaiiig for 15 cents per, yard o 0.00 per pair; Ready-Mado
pairijj Rlnck Kid Qloves, 5 hook, $1.00 a pair; .Colored Kid
Gloves, warranted, 5 hook, $1.Q0 a'paii1 ; Hamburg Embroideries
i last year's prices ; Linen Torohon Edging. from !2 cents iq
1.2o per dozen yards ; Children's cdtton Hoq 10 to. 7 ft cents u
pair ; Misses' cotton ho'e' 12i to 75 cents a pair;. Ladies' . cotton
hose 121c, to $1.00 a paij;'., Easter Card.s, J3irthday Cards,
ntmg, Papers and Envelopes, Stationery shndrics hi great va
riety;' H. M. Smith & Cd's. G6ld Ptjus; Genna'ntOwn Wools,
Zephyrs, Crewels and Saxony Wool's. , Colored Rand Chamber
Sets ?.75, 4.00, 5.00, 7.00, S.00., Best Queenswaro Tea Sets, 3.00.
Everything in Queensware, Glassware, at the '16west prices.
i ALL PRICES GUARANTEED, BY
' ' ' ' ' , '
1; W. HARTMAN & SON;
, , ,
i , " 1 ' j
B t O O IlSBU R-O,
COR. OF MAIN AND IRON STBEETS,
50 styles if Mot's Famtiiiigs
50 Styles i1icH9s ?iatiiisg, .
Ready-llade Clothing for
, YOUTH'S &
JLsire AortiiBieBit of Sfiifii!eeBii'$
, j Sole Dealers' in Cluett ,Bro. & Co's., celebrated ' .
AND CROWN COLLARS AND GUFFS-
Fjull tine White Shirts, Pcrcallc, Shiris.
Bicycle ShirtH,(lacc froiutf)New Sprinir Styles
of eck Ties, &e.
In tlieir leiartiueiil for Hats they hxiye the
Fedora, Kover, aIanter,
and many new Styles in Stifl" Hats for 3Ien
and Youths. "' '.
jCor. of TYIaia
' ,.,)' 1 I uf ',
, 1 ,,'.( lit .
; i 11.11 llllfl '"'l
I II 1 1 ."
I. - I
III. - ,'!,
IN NEED OF
I oil .
W 'I '!.
and Iron Streetis,