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(C0LCMB1A DKMOCRaT, STAR OF TI1B NORTH, and CO
;iMf it Wrelilv, tret J Frlrlny .Horning, nl
DLOOMSHUno, COLUHMA CO , Pa.
.liS'Lt"1" Rro rtctlr In advance
tJnJlSl.fuP? alntlnued except at ilia option
Mn'J'S.P.H.I1"1?' nrroarafc. a are paid, but
Ion continued credits win not bo Riven,
nnioVJ'SHS?.1 S?J o'M HWtfl or to distant post
JihuTnJJlSS & P.ft V1 f0;.ln ""cc, unless n tcspon
thB .ShSHnn ?n!rlum,),ft.C0"nt assumes to pay
In the Vo,yJno,onllr exacted from subscribers
rpi .TOB PRINTING.
bwVt& fiS,a,SVJo? 'rtnunif will compare favor,
anon nonce, nout l and at moderate prices.
?ID.c5i5J5.4!,JlUfl.nM nank building, aocond floor,
&"?orMtbcrrtglit. Corner ot Main and Mar-
limit A In VhMh 1 1 . . 1 1 .1 1
wittvw m mil a uunuiDt
1 R. & W. J. DUOKALEW,
omce on Main Btreet, 1st door below court House,
JOHN M. CLARK,
omca over Bchuyler's Hardware store.
onico In Drawer's bulldlnff,sctond floor.room No.
omce corner ot Centra and Main Stuets. Clark's
Can bo consulted In German.
1 EO. E. EL WELL,
Niw colcubian BrjiLDiNO, llloomsburg, Pa,
Member ot tlio United States Law Association,
Collections made In any part ot America or M
J)AUL E. WIRT,
onico in Columbian llciLDixo, rtoom No. , second
omcolnll.J.t'lirk'jllullrtlntr, second floor, llrst
uoor 10 me kiu
Oct. 8, to.
JOHN 0. YOOUM,
OIIlco In News Itiu building, Main street.
Member of tho American Attorneys' Associa
Collections made In any part ot America.
Jan. o, iss'i.
A K. OSWALD,
Jackson Building, Rooms 4 and S.
May , -81. BBItWICK, PA.
y" H. RIIAWN,
Office, corner of Ttilrd and Main Utreots. '
11. II. SNYDER,
rofflco In Low's Building, second floor, second
door to the left,
can bo consulted In German. auc 19 "8J
S. XN0RB. L. B. W1NT1RSTXKK,
KNORR & WINTERSTEEN,
A ttomey s-at-Law.
omca in 1st National Bank bulldlnir. second floor.
first door to tho left. Corner of Main and Market
streets woomsouru, ra.
t&Penwns and Bounties Colleckd.
J II. MAIZE,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
Office In Mrs. Ent's Building, third door from
Main street. aiayiu.oi
y M. L. EYERLY,
collections promptly made and remitted,
Offloe opposite catawlsaa Doposlt Bank, em-88
L. FRITZ, Atlorney-at-Law. Office
. in Columbian uuuains, june4 -si
Office. Brockway'a Bulldlntr !lst floor.
"oomaburg, Penn'a. may T, '80-t t
n U. BARKLEY. Attorney-at-Law.
office In Brower'a building, 2nd ttory,ltooius
" B. McKELVY, M. D.,8ureeon and Phy
a slcl&n, north side Main street, below Market.
R. J. C. RUTTER,
omco, North Market streot,
WM. M. REBER. Surireon nnd
hyslclan, Office corner ot Itock and Market
TR. EVANS, M. D., Surgeon and
. Physician, (Offico and Rosldoncu on Third
Q U. DRINKER, GUN & LOCKSMITH
Hewing Uachlnosand Machinery of all kinds re
ptlroa. OnuA Itouax Building, Bloomsburg, Pa.
AVID LOWENBERG, Merchant Tailor
wain ot,, aoove uenirai uotei.
y II. HOUSE,
Bi.ooMsuuitn, Columbia County, Pa.
All styles of work done In a superior manner, werk
warranted as represented. Tutu Extract
id without Pain by the use ot (las, and
free of charge when artldclal teeth
Office over Bloomsburg Banking company,
Jo be open at all hourt dunng the day,
W. R. TUBBS, PROPRIETOR
OPPOSITE COURT HOUSE.
Large and convenient sample rooms. Bath rooms
hot and oold water,and all modern conveniences
la offal at hti old stand under EXCHANGE
llorsuand has as usual a PIHUT-CLAsa
BAllimtSMOl'. ne respectfully solicits the
patronare otblaoldcuitomersand of the publlo
generally, Jly ie,'80-tf
yAiNWRioirr & co.,
teab, 8yrup3, coffee, sugar, molassts.
BIOS, BriCKS, BICARB SODA, 0., 40.
N, E. Corner Second and Arch street.
Mrorden win receive prompt attention'
?.' I'bITTEMBNDEB, oprlstori.
SPRING AND SUMMER CLOTHING
A. J. EVANS,
Tho uptown Clothier, has lust rtccivpdA fine line
of New Goodi, and Is prepared t taiki up
SPRING AND SUMMERjSUITS
For Men and Boys In tho neatest manner and La
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS,
Hatsi Oapsi &O t
Always on hand. Call and Examine EVANS'
lirMflf (Vtfnn, Main an1 Trnn Uim.Ii
STOVES AND TINWARE.
E. B. BROWEB
Has Durchased the Stock and Business of I. Ha-
genbuch, and Is now prepared to do all kinds of
wurK ia uis line. I'liunoiog ana uag t itling
specialty. Tinware, Stoves,
In agreat variety. All work dono by
Main Street corner ot East.
N. S. TINGLEY.
Announces to tho nubile thall.o U nrcDarcd to
UU UU KIUU3 Ul
promptly and at reasonable prices. Now Is tho
season tor a
."NEW SUMMER SUIT
And Tlngloy's tho rlaco to get a proper fit,
Shop 3rd floor Columbian Building, Main street.
M. C. SLOAN & BR0
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, PHAETONS,
SLEIGHS, PLATFORM WAGONS, &C.
First-class work always on hand.
REPAIRING NEA TL YD ONE.
Prices reduced to suit the times.
W. H. CARTER.
CONTRACTOR & BUILDER,
SPECIFICATIONS FOR BUILDINGS,
Jobbing of all kinds promptly attended to
All work warranted to give
feb 3d '83mm
WM. F. BODINEi
IKON ST., BELOW SECOND, ULOOM811UUO, Pa
is prepared to ao au ainas oi
Plain and Ornamental
BOTH DECOKATIVE AND PLAIN.
All UlmlH ofrurulturc Ilciiilred
and iiiatlo as good an now.
NONE BUT FIU8T-CLASS WOltKMEN EMP
LOYED. Ustimatcs IVlado on all Work.
BLOOMSBURG PLANING MILL
Tho undcrslirncd havlnc nut his Planing Mill
on uuuroua aireet, in nrsiciuss cuuuiuuu, ia pre,
pared to do all kinds ot work In his line.
FRAMES, SASH, DOORS,
furnished at reasonable prices. All lumber used
Is well seasoned and nonu but skilled workmen
ESTIMATES FOR BUILDINGS
furnished on application. Plans and spueltlca
tions prepared by an experienced draughtsman.
Be F. SHARPLESS,
FOUNDER AND MACHINIST,
HEAR L. ii B. DEPOT, EL00USBUEO, FA.
Manufacturer of PIowb. Stoves and all kinds of
Castings. Largo stock of Tinware, Cook bUivea,
uooin Biuvoa, stoves ior ueauug sore9,scuooi
houses, churches, Ac. Also, large stock of re
pairs! for city stoves of all klnds.wholesalo and retail
,sucli as Flru Brick, Urates, Lldr.Centres, Ae.,Ktove
Pipe, Cook Boilers. Spiders, Cako l'laies. Large
Iron Kettles. Sled Soles. Wagon Boxes, all kinds
of Plow Points, Mould Hoard, Holts, Plaster, Salt,
UUSK JUAJS'UJUi, d C.
feb 3 t-f
T7I11KAB BUOWN'S INSURANCE
X? AUKNOV. Moyer's now building, Main
snoot, Bloomsburg, Pa.
Mum Insurance Co., of Hartford, Conn. $t,078,sm
Koyal of Liverpool I3,suo,ooo
Mumusuiru ,,,,,,. iu,vv,wnj
Vlro Association. PhllaUelohla 4. 163.117
I'huiulx, of London b,tm,3Vt
lindon & Lancashire, of England., . l,tuv,It
llartforl of IUrtford 8.SI3.UUO
Springfield Fire aud Marine i,oyJ,655
As the agencies aro dliect, policies are written
for the lusured without any delay In the
onico at Bloomsburg, Oct, 88, 'Sl-tf,
CUUISTIAN P. KNAPP, BLOOMSUUItO, PA.
urUTISH AMEHICA AKSUltANCE COMPANV.
(inilMAN Film INHUItANCE COMPANY.
NATIONAL PIKE INSURANCE COMPANY,
'incite old coaroBiTiOHS aro well seasoned by
age and rms tsstso and havo never yet had a
loss settled by any court of law. Their assets
are all Invested In boi.iu succxiTiKsand are liable
to the hazard of rial only.
Losses moMrTLY ana uonistlt aajuswa ana
n&id a9 soon as determined br Cuuiitun V.
KNirr, sricui. Aoknt and Apjpdrsa Blooms-
The Doonle of Columbia oounty should patron
ize the agency where losses If any are settled
ma paia or one or toeir owomiueus.
PHOMPTNKSS, EljUlTV, PAIU DUAI.INU.
ALWAYS ON HAND
AT THIS O1WI0K
I II li 1 11 ifVlffitf If fit (It
A Ilouicliolil Artlcln for Unlror.al
l'or Scnrlet and
I Typhoid I'otom,
Pox. Mni1a. anil
Kll Contslou m.tft.oa. Ptnoni wilting oa
the Sick thould me It frttly. Scarlet FeretTiiu
nerer been known to ipred where the Fluid wm
uied. Yellow Fever ha. been cured with It after
block vomit hail taken iililco. The wont
calet of Diphtheria yield to It.
VovercdandSlekl'er. I SMAI.I.-lOX
tons refreshed and 1 and
llml Sores prevent-' PITTINO tif Small
Darby. Mu!a!nS W"h Po '''VKNIXI.
Impure Air made 1 A """!' of my Cirri.
hariateM and tnitlfied. ' L1' ,Ya ,lf'n ."'lh
For Soro Throat It It a . 5,m?',P0.', 1 V"J lhe
lure cure. ''a" ' tht patient wai
Contnrdnn deatroyerl. I d'lirioin, was not
l'or Fronted Feet. P.1,'?t, ,nJ was about
Chllblnlna, lMlna! the house agala In three
Cliallng., etc. i ?'e;k.' ".' o'hera
llheumntUm cured. h,1 r J. v-
Soft White Complex. 'wo, l'hiladelphla
u.,B muieu vy lis use.
Rlilt. Vmw -.)
To purify the llrenUi,
vidhiimo me aenin,
it can't be surpassed.
Catarrh relieved and
Ilurna relieved instantly,
Dysentery cut oil.
Wound, healed rapidly,
An Atitldoto for Animal
or Vegetable Poisons,
I used the Fluid during
our present affliction with
Scarlet Fever with de.
elded advantage. It is
indispensable to the sick
room. Wh. F. Sand-
The physicians here
use Darbvs Fluid very
successfully In the treat
ment of Diphtheria.
Tetter dried up.
Ulcers purified and
In cases of Death It
should be used about
the corpse It will
prevent any unplcas
The eminent lliy.
SIMM, M. 1)., Now
York, says ! "I am
conrinced l'ruf Darbys
ProphsUtlc Ituld Is a
vord, fcyne, AU
anaorbIIt University, Niislivlll.,, Tenn.
I testify to the most eatellent rpulitlos of Prof.
Darbys Prophylactic Fluid. A. alinlecunt and
detergent It is both theoretically and t.r.icticallr
superior to any preparation with which I am ac-quamted.-N.
T. Luptom, Prof. Chemistry.
Darbys Fluid Is lleeoniiitentled by
Hon. Alkxandbk. II. STuriiRNS, of (leorgui
Jos. LlCOHja, Columbia. Prof., Unlvtrslty.S.C.
Rev. A. J. Urn.., Prof., Mercer Unlvtrslly!
Rev. Glo. F. 1'iEi.ca, Bishop II. E. Church
INDlSl'KNSAljrjJ TO KVK11Y HOMK.
Perf.ctly harmless. Used Internally or
n.- n fi't"11' ror " or Beast.
ITie Hu d has been thoroughly tcsle.l, and we
have abundant evidence lh.it it has done .'verythine
here c aimed. For fulltr InCirmailnii u-t of vour
Druggist a pamphlet or smj to lhe pr.pneton,
, J. II. ZEILIN CO.,
Manufactunng Chemists. PIllIwsDKLl'HIA.
August, 4 "SS ly
Brown's Iron Bitters
is one of the very few tonic
medicines that are not com
posed mostly of alcohol or
whiskey, thus becoming a
fruitful tiource of intemper
ance by promoting a desire
Brown's Iron Bitters
is guaranteed to be a non
intoxicating stimulant, and
it will, in nearly every case,
take the place of all liquor,
and at the same time abso
lutely kill the desire for
whiskey and other intoxi
Rev. G. W. Rice, editor of
the American Christian AV
viav, says of Urown's Iron
Cin.,0.,Nov, ifi, iSSi.
(Jenls : The foolish wait
ing of ital force in Imsineas,
pleasure, ami vicious imlul
gence of our people, makes
your preparation a necessity;
and if applied, will save hun
dreds who resort to s.ilooiu
for temporary recuperation.
Brown's Iron Bitters
has been thoroughly tested
for dyspepsia, indigestion,
biliousness, weakness, debil
ity, overwork, rheumatism,
liver complaints, kidney
troubles, &c, and it never
fails to render speedy and
March, 3, Vi. ly
DisoovEREn ,t5DIl". Va.nomsi'8
una tMm u. iiittnunioi.
A POSITIVE CURE FOR FEMAIE COMPLAINTS.
This remedy will act In harmony with the Fe
male sjstein at all times, and also Immediately
upon ths abdominal and utertiia muscle., sud re
stnrsthomtoaliealtliy and strong condition.
Dr. Marchlsl's Uterine Cathollcon will cure fall
ing of the womb, LeucorrbccaChronlcInflemnia
tlou and Ulceration ot the Womb, Incidental
Hemorrhage or Flooding, Painful, Suppressed
aLd Irregular Menstruation, Kidney Complaint,
Barrenness and Is especially adapted to the change
of Life, Send for pamphlet free. All letlera ol
Inquiry freely answered. Address as above. For
sale by all druggists. Netr size 81 per bottle,
Oldslze B1.5U. Be sure and ask for Dr. Uar
chill's Uterine Cathollcon, Take no other.
Moy'crBros., Wholesale Agent, Bloomsburg Pa
HAS BEEN PROVED
The SUREST CURB for
Doe a lams bask or disordered nrua Indi
cate tlut you ais a vlotlm r TKXN DO NOT
HESITATaj us BUdn.y.Wort atosoo. iiut
siata reoommsnd it) and It wUlapeedllT over
ao in. tbs dlsesM and restore healthy aUoa.
nnlnfl r eompieiais peouuaj
kuUluOi td vour ssx. suoh as Daia
aad weaknesses. Kidney. Wort Is unaurpaaMd,
as It will aot promptly and safely.
fiuaeroex. i.noouun.noe. reienuon orunne,
brick duatc-r ropy depoelu.andduU drsfglnx
pain., all speedily yield to its curative power.1
IS- SOU) UX AUl DUUOQISTa. Prion II.
I Scarlet Fever
I Cured, gj
DaiiEliters, Wives, MoiJiers1.
j I B Ik A RaLJIO I
BLOOMSBUIIG, PA., JFK I
OHAUNOEY TORWAKD BLAOK.
DHJIOCltATIC CANDIDATE I 0U MIIUTKNANT
(.Iliiiuncey F. IShick was born "among
the sons of fiostv thuntlcr," in Somerset
county, Pit., ISovumber, 18119 His
early education was obtained .it Monun
galin iicailuiny, Jloryantown, W, Va. ;
at Hiram college, in Ohio, and liu fnii.ili
ed his studies at .TelTurson college,
Canonsburg. When hu was a pupil at
llirnm the late. 1 resident Uaihelil was
a tutor there, ami the acquaintance
thus formed ripcued into a personal
friendship, which was only interrupted
bv tlio Diesident's trauio death. Their
political differences wcro the widest, as
t... ,1 -l.-.l -..1 1 ! .
itiiiHiraieu uy ttte suimiuriy ami n resist!
ulo paper, in which iur. lilaek took is
sue with Mr. Garfield's exultant boast
that the influence of Jefferson is on the
wane in our political system.
Young Black was admitted to the
bar of Somerset, but never practiced
mueli. showintr earl v inclination toward
journalism and other forms of literary
work. P rom tlio tuncot ucir.imincr his
law studies he wrote for various journ
als on a wide- range of topics, doing a
vast amount ot etiecttve political work,
for which he had trained himself by
profound study of the fathers of the
Kepublm. Jcltcrsou found in mm an
appreciative hutuiscriiuinatiut; admirer,
and tho Hamilton'mi thcorie encount
ered his early criticism and dissent.
Study of the constitution aud of the
discussions .over its adoption and con
struction only confirmed him in Detnoc-
lacy, and with the growth of ideas lie
recognized that they who had founded
our institutions had buildcd wiser than
they knew, formulating a system which
could be practicably and profitably ap
plied to every question that arose.
HIS I.AI10HS IK JOUItNAI.laSI.
Sinco 1873 Mr. Black has been more
closely and continuously identified with
the journalism ot the country with
drawing temporarily from it since his
candidacy and nomination for lieiitcn
int governor. In this period he has
been uninterruptedly an editorial con
tributor to the Now Yoik Sun and
other prominent journals of the country,
his facilo pen beinir devoted to
no special ratigu of subjects, and often
wandering into the more graceful linen
of literature, in which his creations are
as delicate nnd his fancies as tender as
his fitlininations are vigorous and ef
fective when hulled at political evils.
The geniality and native humor of his
tcmperamdnt, which mako him a social
favorite wherever he is known, unmis
takably manifest themselves in his liter
ary work, but the sturdy Anglo Saxon
and virile thought of his editorial ex
pression make it recognizable through
almost any disguise.
Against the evils ot mouoiiolv ami
the pretensions of corporations to be
above, the law of the land, to the ser
vice of the common people aud a just
appreciation of the rights and dignity
ot labor, to the extirpation of bossism
and the overthrow of the spoils system,
against eoiruption in administration,
whether practised by paitisan friend or
foe, nnd for frugality in public expeudi-
UK'h, his pen has always been enlisted
There are few that have done more ef
fective KCt'VtCO ill tllO CilUSU of till! Jil'O-
Ill 1803 Mr. Black was married to
tho daughter of tho late Hon. John L.
IJawson, whose home was at 1'iiindshiji
Hill, Fayette county the former resi
leuce ot Albert dallatiu, ami the pres-
ut residence of Mr. Dawson's widow,
which is still in the ownership of Mrs.
Black's family. Mr. Dawson repiesent
tho (then) XXI district in Congress'
with great distinction. Ho was in
reality the father of the Homestead law
low in torce. Ul tlio lour children at
'Willow ihidges," the threo hoys illus
trato their distinguished lineage by the
names Jeremiah Sullivan, John L Daw
sou and Chauncey Foi waid, oud Mr.
Black's eldest child and only daughter
is growing into stately womanhood.
Possessed in eminent degree of tlioe
ti reside virtues which aio tlio best quali
ties of public mou, Mr, Black has so
cial accomplishments which make him
extremely popular with his acquaint
ances, upon his nomination he leeeiv
ed tho hearty congratulations of his
neighbors and assurances of their sup
port regardless of parly, because of the
warmth of feeling which his pcisoual
characteristics havo awakened for him.
No local interest fails to engage his
sympathy and his farmer friends and
neighbors nro accustomed to count him
among thoso who regard their agiicul
tural concerns with community ot inter
eat. He was ono of tho charter mem
of .Springettsbury Grange, No. 79, or-
gamzed in Spring Garden township,
ork county, Pa., January I, 1871, by
It. H. lhoinas, hioto Secretary. He
Uteiids tho J'.piseopiil church.
Mr. Black, though a student of noli
ties, lias never fdiletl to take a labor
ing oar in tlio practical woik of cam
migiis. jJCBiuci i ne engagement ol
lis pen for effective work in many
quiii ters, ho has been heard upon the
stump year after year, aud a number
of the later platforms of tho Democrat
io State Convention aro accredited to
his authorship. In 1879 he represented
York county in the State convention,
and in 18 SO he was one of the dele
gates from that Congressional district
to the Cincinnati convention, voting
on the first ballot for Judge Field and
on the second for General Hancock.
Pi ior to the late State convention, from
the time his nomination for Lieuten
ant Governor was first broached, tho
suggestion was received with popular
favor, and he was chosen by a largo
majority on tho first ballot. The se
lection was ratified most heartily not
only by the Democratic press of
Pennsylvania but bv many journals of
large inlliiencc outside tho Statu.
IMS POLITICAL PltlNCU'IXS.
From his youth up Mr. Black has
been a supporter of those Democratic
principles which he comes to by inher
itance and holds by intelligent convic
tion. With ready pen and eloquent
tongue he has steadily maintained them
for over twenty years. In all his ut
terances and writings they never found
abler nor more fitting expression than in
hisreeent successful effort to revive the
Jeffersouian societies and extend tho
study of Jeffersouian principles. To
this patriotic task ho has applied him
self not because of any retrospective
tendency of his mind, nor by reason of
any failuro to profoundly appreciate
tho spirit of true progressiveness and
to adapt himself and his political priu
ciples to the wonderful development of
our national lifo. He holds that in the
Jeffersouian philosophy aro tlio germs
of all political progress.
In the system originated and declar
ed by thosu illustrious men who settled
our free institutions and founded the
Democratic party to preserve them, ho
discovers ceitain fundamental princi
ples by which all later day issues may
bo fairly tested, and departure from
which can only be safely ventured up
on when it has been determined to
subvert the principles of the fathers.
Till: JIU'FiatSONIAN SOCIUTIKS.
It w'll bo remembered that in secur
ing their rights from British tyranny
anil afterward in preserving them from
insidious enemies at home, Jefferson
and his compatriots of the revolution
always trusted in the power of popular
association, in committees of vigilance
and libei ty clubs. The evils which
they wcru organized to uproot aud the
dangers which they averted aro thus
graphically pointed out in an address
of the Jeifersonian Society of York, j
Pa., of which Mr. Black is President :
"How did tho Republicans of that
day faeu and avert tho first grand con
spiracy to destroy tho republic T By
tho establishment, wherever possible,
of what wero called 'Democratic So
cietiis,' in which tho people met, dis
cussed tho designs of their enemies.con
trivt'd the means of defeating them,
encouraged each other in the good fight
for liberty, and directed and concentra
ted public opinion so as to make it
most effectual. Thoso societies wero
mighty engines in tho politics of that
gloomy peiiod. Their iiitlueuce was
widespiead and irresistible. They
spoke the voice of tho people and made
ii respected. The result was tho com
plete overthrow of the federal party j
the sullen abandonment of the dark
schemes of the 'monocrats;' thu election
of JelTcisnu and thu putting of the
'ship of statu on her Republican track
again.' They 'saved thu constitution,'
to usu the expiession of Jefferson
at the last gasp.' "
APPLICATION TO MODKliN POLITICS.
Am', applying thu same remedy to
existing conditions, this address, writ
ten by Air. Black proceeds :
"W ill not the siimo means bo equaljy
elfeetive now f There can bo no doubt
of it. Imagine Jefferson Democratic
Associations established at convenient
points in every district, wherein intelli
gent Democrats might meet to discuss
tho affairs of tho country, to express to
each other iho dangerous character of
tho measures with which we aro threat
ued, and to notify by resolution, by
adduss, or by deputies, to their fellow
Uumociats and to tho public, their
opinions and their will I What power
ot perverted government, of patronage,
of monopoly, of eoiruption, however
combined o'r inaiiieuvered by greed
and ambition, could withstand thu
thunders of the popular clubs 1"
Again : "It is beyond measure im
portant that tho Democratic party, bu
ing tho party of tho peoplo, should bo
Managed for the people, and not by
professional politicians and bosses, as
thu so-called Republican paity is man
aged. These associations would afford
a ready, convenient, and regular meth
od of expressing the people's wishes
witli regard to party concerns, local,
statu and national ; hut without dis
placing any part of thu usual ami ueo
Upon ono thing at Itast wo are all
agreed, aud that is that tho teachings
of Thomas Jefferson aro the only true
and liitalliblc touch stone ot laitn. I.ct
us then, by associating together, under
his iiume, and pledging anew our at It)
glance to thu sacred principle whlcl
hu formulated, erect a common stan
dard of (loctiiuu and thus insure thu
complete harmony and early success of
tho i emocratiu party,
I do not recommend that thuio asso.
ciations bo Incorporated with the pres.
cut regular organization of tho party,
but that each association shall be Inde
pendent of every other, nnd that they
bo connected mainly by friendly cor
roapondenue. Established only by the
voluntnry action of. the Democratic
voters, they neod not bo expensive or
burdensome hi any way. Their meet
ings would he regulated by tho desires
of tho members, or tho exigencies of
public allairs, but tho organization once
established would bo there nnd availa
ble for any emergency, like tho vigil
mice committees of tho revolution, and
tho Democratio societies, which con
tributed R) Tiltlnli in iinvn tlin Pnnuttti,.
lion in 1800, dissolved ,thu Federalist
conspiracy of that day, and gave us tlio
glorious Democratic Republican admin
istrations of Jefferson, Madison, Monroe
THE .TI'.lTllltSON AND HAMILTON SVSTP.MS.
How admirably thoso Jeffersouian
principles may bo npplied to modern
politics is illustrated by tho following
extract from Mr. Black's famous paper
entitled : "A Conttast JelTnrson and
Hamilton Demncrauy and Federalism
1800-1881 The Same Parties and
the Simo Principles A plain Question!
Shall the Peoplo Rule, or shall thoy be
ruieuf puijiisiieu in iNowsork on
July 4, 1881. In that ho says:
"Mr. Jefferson's sovereign cure for
all tho ills of the Stato was tho intro
duction of the most rigid economy; a
irugai government is seldom coirunt
and never oppressive. "He cut down
the great military and naval establish
ments bequeathed by the Federalists as
rapidly as the law permitted, and final
ly, wi,h the aid of Congress, reduced
the army to about threo thousand men.
which wcro all that an honest govern-
nient had anv use fr. Ho reduced tho
diploma ic force to tho threo Ministers
at London, Pans and Madrid. Ho
dismissed unnecessary officials as fast
as investigation disclosed their ex
istence. Ho directed Gallatin to sim
plify the Treasury statements and
accounts, so as to render them in
telligible to the plainest citizen, and
invited every aid in the work of re
form. The whole system of internal
taxation, including three-fourths of tho
whole civil list, was abolished at a
blow, and tho deficiency supplied by
Jefferson's invariable oxpedient, econ
omy. ' When ho had exhausted his
discretion he appealed to Congress for
authority to make further reductions,
and tho curious spectaclo was present
ed of an Excutivo petitioning tho Leg
islature for permission to surrender
power and to give up patronage. The
result was tho rapid decrease of tho
public debt, which tho Federalists had
regarded as a 'national blessing,' and
the rise of a now question, now, indeed,
in every part of the earth, 'What
should bo dono with the surplus." Of
this government, in truth, tho peoplo
knew nothing but tho blessings ; its
burdens wero imperceptible. This
was 'the system of Jefferson.' It was
faithfully continued under his lineal
descendants, Madison and Monroe,
and has never, for an instanl of time,
ceased to command tho deliberate ap
proval of the American people. If it
has been displaced by corrupt adminis
trations, thoy have never yet dared to
go to tho country upon their Federal
ist principles. They have uniformly
disguised their measures, denied their
purposes, and ridden into power upon
110SSISM AND THU SPOILS SVSTHM.
At a time when relief from tho boss
system and tho enforcement of admin
istrative reform aro thu ruling political
issues, what more fitly meets popular
wants than these principles from the
Jeffersouian system, as expounded by
iur. DiacK :
"Supremo confidence in the virtue
and intelligence of thu people, and im
plicit obedienco to their will when
'An honest administration of tho
government, which implies not merely
a just application of the publio moneys
to the public service, but a faithful ob
servance of the limitations of tho Con
stitution. Of applicants for ofiico
three questions only need bo asked; 'Is
ho honest?' 'Is ho capable?' 'Is ho
faithful to tho Constitution?'
"A number of officials sufficient for
tho transaction of tho public business:
n. supernumeraries to cat out tho sub-
slauce of the people."
I.UIKKAI, AND AU01IESS1VH DKMOCKAOV.
His close study of this Jellersonian
ystem necessarily makes Mr. Black au
uncompioniising opponent of excessive
legislation, extravagance, corruption,
neeiuess taxation ana expenditure, ring
government, bossism and tho spoils
system. All of his journalistic work
lias been directed against these evils
which independent and thoughtful
men of all parties now denounce and
His broad and liberal viows of the
present canvass aro tho natural out-
cmio ot his political training. These
lews were expressed in the following
speeohj delivered at a serenade tender
etl to him by his neighbors, irrespect
ive oi party, soon alter ins nomination
ior lieutenant governor by tho Demo
cratic Stato convention:
"The battlo now to bo fought is not
one for mere partisan victory; its
object is tho reform of thu Stato gov
ernment in all its departments nnd
clean hands only must bo put to work.
i lie nomination ot thu gallant l'attisoii
thu stainless young leader, who
stands at tho head of tho reform col
umn in Philadelphia, means precisely
that and nothing else. Like the lilaek
lvnight of old, come to restore the
rightful sovereign to his own, this bold
tribune of tho people will bo found
inunuering at mo gate oi tno ring cit-
...1.1 1. !.. 1.. 1 1 , .
iiuei, oauiu-axe in iiauil, ami Wlieil 110
makes his lodgement within, the 'black
11 ig of tho bosses' will bo displaced by
tnu purest, political uauuer mat over
lloatcd on any breeze. Our ltepubh
can friends shall havo no reason to
complain of us. If we do not givo
iiiem wnai wo promise, an absolutely
puro nun uoiiost government they
havo tho power to turn us out, and all
decent citizens will help them to do it.
But thuro is little danger of that.
They tried Pattison once, and. instead
of finding reasons to part with him,
they discovered ninny powerful reasons
for adding thousands of Republican
votes to his previous majority.
"And tho rest of tho ticket, barring
tho present speaker, is fully up to the
Pattlson standard. Thu beginning of
reform in this Stato was the addition
of thu now constitution which, despito
thu most tremendous exertions of the
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XVI. NO 80
COLUMBIA DBMOORAT, VOL.XLVI, NO T
ring, reooived something like R50,000
majority in tno convention which
framed th.it liniiiifir.mil it. ...
Clarke uriJ Elliot were tnl! figurcHaml
uuvuii'u inuorcrg. jwory line of it i.s
uu.ii lu LiiL'in ii nv ntn nniiinini it.,
Hhint! nnd their .nllnnnun ....1. ,.r
r ... v "Ullimv.!! ui im
necessity bo exerted to complete the
' ...... .iiiiviivu will vii
........... ,wl mujr uu iiiiNpieiousiy
"We can have no miarrel with looi1
CltlZdlS. who have hillinrtn (
carrv a narlv ttninn r1iff,i-mii r ,.,.
m . ..!. . ' . . .. ;.
a.u mien we snail address our appeals
in tho next four innntlm n.lil. il... ...,
. ' ...... ,liu IIIUDU
abundant confidence that they will bo
leuuiveti in mo spirit in which thoy are
- " - , nun llilllUM
they aro tho majority; but the present
struggle for thu delivoranco of tho
comnicnwualih from ovlls universally
mam'. svii rimnif timf ti'in... ..
iic-Kiiuwieiigeti anu universally do
phircd, is an occasion which, like pes
tllcncu ami war. ilriu.j nil t,- .......
----- ...... .... v. UU 11IVII
together for the publio safety. Our
Ronilblioan nciirhhnrs. wlm
payers and not tax-eaters, aro as car
iiest in their desire for puro and eco
nomical I'OVI'nilllPIlt ne ii-.i ...... .,.!
O .v ii:, tiiiu
thousands of them will avail themselves
ol this opportunity foravadifnl i-linnm.
which, under the peculiar circumstan
ces, wo alone of the thinn nmni
parties, in the field, aro ablo to offer
rut: issues op the day.
Thus it will bo seen that upon the
ading issues of this Stato campaign
ll. Black takes n nrwitmn ,i-lil,.l,
titles him to the support of honest men of
all Parties. Whnnver ia nrriinar Iirxu.
ism and tho spoils system, and who-
n,'i a r,,M .. .!...!..!... .! f ,
v.. v., in .ui .iniuiiiiHi.i.itive reiorm ami
tho eilCOUracemeilt of till! nnw nnnoti.
tution in all its provisions, can consci
entiously support him for lieutenant
governor for this commonwealth.
Unpublished Page from the Life of Georce
It is the merrv Rtittminr tlmn 'IV.
him tho mother of the father of his
"Georffo dear, wherp Imvn van Immi
since school was dismissed?"
"Ham t been nowhere, ina."
"Did vflll nnmn ufmirl,t ltn,,,.,
" fa"" .iuiuv Hum
"lies, ma am!
"Rutsohool in ilisrniaKPil nt 'A n'.lnl-
t .-v ' j
and it is now half oast fi. Hnw 1ai.o
"Got kep' in."
"Missed in joggrafy less'n."
"But vour teacher " WAR horn null' nn
hour ago. and said vnn lmrln'r. 1. ...,. in
school all day."
"Got kep' in yestiddy, then."
"Georce. whv wore vnn tint. nr.Bnhnnl
"Forcot. ThoiiL'ht all tlin timn it.
"IJon t stand on ono side of your
foot in that mannnr. Onmn Imm t
me. George, you have been swim
"Yes. vou have. Georwe. Ilnvn't.
"JM o a p.
"Tell your mother, George?"
"Then what make vour lmir un u-,,r
my son ?"
"Sweat. I run so fast enmln' frntn
"Rut your shirt is wrong side out."
"Put it on that w.iv wlinn T tmt m.
this morning for luck. Always win
when vou nlav for keeiw if vnnr uliii-t'a
- 1 J J ' - " u.... u 0
on wrong side out."
"And you havn't the right sleeve of
your shiit on your arm at all, George,
.,,,.1 Mm,-,. io o 1..1 1 . .!-.! t.
iiiviu io it Hum JvlltJt UUll ill It,
How did that come there ?''
"Bill Fairfax tied it in when I waisu't
"Rut what were you doing with
our shirt off t"
"Didn't have it off. TTn ina' tnntf',1
tied that knot in there when it was on
"That's honest truth, ho did."
About that time the nnlili. llnuln-ml
eame aloii!' with a xlcnt.ii wtmn nml -n
draw veil over the dreadful scene,
merely remarking that boys do not
seem to change so much as men.
Rats and Mice. A writer in tlin
Scicntiliti American rhvh: Wn
cleaned our premises of the detestable
vermin, rats, bv makinc whitim-nuli
yellow with copperas, and covering tho
Biuues unit rimers Willi 11. Ill OVCl'y
crovico iii which a rat may go wc put
tho ciysta's of copperas, and scatter in
tlio corner of tho lloor. The result
was a perfect stampede of rats and
mice. Since that timo not. n fnntfnll
of either rats or mice has been hoard
around tho house. Kvorv ani-inr. n
coat of yellow-wash is given the cel
lar as a purifier, as a rat exterminator,
and no typhoid, dysentery, or fever
atiocKs tno lamiiy. Alany persons de
liberately attract all thu rats in tho
neighborhood bv leavinir thn frnita
and vegetables uncovered in the collar,
and sometimes even tho soap is loft
open fur their regalement. Cover up
everything catablo in tho cellar or
pantry, and you will soon starve them
i-int M'lw.,, ....otnutlM... :l..n.i ... 1.
.. I lltnv j,tuv,tl,llUIIS, JUlllUII IVJ UlU
servo) of a good cat, will prove as
good a rat exterminator nx tlin I'lu.iniut
can provide. Wo never allow rats to
no in -oneu our nwoi inir. t inv
are ant to die between tho walls, nun
produce much annoyance."
1 in: SuNi LowKit. This flower has
receiulv been brought into bad reputo
as tho favorite of tlio soft headed ies-
thote, But it is a flower of valuablo
propel ties which seem not to bo proper
ly appreciated in this country. The
blossoms feed tho bees, the seeds aro
excellent for poultry and contain a
mo-t excellent oil that burns clear and
long, and makes i;ood toilet soap. Tho
sunflower will grow anywhere and It is
nu excellent plant to nbsorb bad air and
prevent mainnai diseases. It should
theieforo bo planted about pig pens.
barn yards and hen roosts and serve a
double purpose. The seeds should be
pluiiud nbout 12 inches apart and
when 10 or 12 inches high earth them
up 1 ku corn hills, and thoy will ask no
further attention nt your hands. Each
plant will produce, nt tho lowest esti
mate 1,0 30 needs, The centro llower
often produces that ninount, and tho
lateral llowers Bovernl hundred. Six
pounds of seeds will plant nu ncie, ami
it, can uo punned aner tno ciop ot early
puuuucs uas ucoii imrvestoil,
. . lM S 3 M IT
tnoincii tsoo 360 Moo .ioo soo
o Inches SOO 4 00 BW 800 19 00
'l hree inches..... 4 00 eoo tod iico I8oo
ruuriiinm ....OW) 100 VD1 n 00 SilOO
ouarter column, em soo 1000 isoo laoo
Half column . ..loon Hon itoo aioo sooo
uuucuiumn aiuo ssro sooo sooa 100 oo
YourlV ndrprllHpnirfil. tiatntilnnnAftr1v. Tr.a
SlCnt Afll'lr1lin.nrrtlJl rnlKf Im, nnlil fnr Mnm lnvf.
i d except where parties have accounts.
Legal ntHertlsomonls two dollars per Inch fori
I nsortlons without reference to length.
KXfClltnr'fl. Af1mlnltftitnra Atwl A tilltnr'aHntfvi
iimi-v uuiiuih. .tiui, do paiu ior wneni nsencu.
Transient nr fwnl nnlli-Aa fpn mnta n llu prf.n.
lar advertisements half raUis,
tho 'Dullness Directory' column, one
car for each line.
A Rabbinical Legend.
1. And it came to pass when Solo
mon, the son of David, had finished
the Temple nt Jerusalem, that he pre
pared a feast for his chief Craftsman
and artificers, and spread the tables
with the fatness of the land, and with
the wino nnd coro and oil thereof.
2. And the seat of tho King was
apart on a laised dais facing the head
of thu table, and the two famous pil
lars of broiizo with their beautiful cap
itals of lillies, pomegranates and deli
cate network stood, one on his right
hand and the other on his left, nnd tho
lintel thereof was as.a canopy over tho
head of tho King.
3. And Solomon had also prepared
a seat of honor, and set it on his right
hand, ready for thai Craftsman who
might bo pronounced most worthy
among all who wrought in building the
house ot the J.ord.
1. And when all was ready ho call-
ed unto his chief architects and master
overseers, and tho head artificers, who
wero cunning workers in gold and sil
ver, in broiizo anil ivorv, and in wood
and stone, yea, all who had labored in
building the Temple of the Most High,
and he said unto them :
"Come now with me and partako
of the feast which 1 have prepared.
Stretch foith your hands. Eat, drink
and bo merry. The skilled artificer is
worthy of honor. Is not tho laborer
worthy of his hire ? Muzzle not tho
ox that treadeth out tho corn upon the
0. And when Solomon and his
guests had arrived at tho place of tho
feast thoy beheld a man clad in the
garb and covered with tho soil of labor
eated in tho chair of honor not yet
awarded. And tho King waxed wroth
and said :
"What manner of man art thou ?
Why cotnest thou thus unseemly and
unbidden to our feasl, whero nonu aro
invited savo the chief workers on tho
And tho man answered and said :
"Please you, I came not unbidden.
Was it not praclaimcd that this day
tho chief workmen of the Temple dine
with tho King. Therefore am I
And when the man had thus spoken,
the guests talked with each other, and
ho who carved the cherubim spako
aloud and said :
"This fellow is no sculptor. I know
And ho who inlaid the roof with puro
gold said :
"Neither is ho ot those who work in
And ho who wrought in raising the
"He belongs not with thoso who are
cutters of stone."
And ono who labored in shaping the
timbers for the roof said :
We who are cunning in cedar wood,
and know tlio mystery of joining
strange timbers together, know him not.
lie is not of us.
Then said King Solomon :
"How sayst thou now? Wherefore
should I not have thco plucked by the
beard, scourged with a scourger and
stoned with stones even unto death ?"
Rut tho man was nowiso daunted,
and he rose from his seat, and came to
where the wine was set, and took a cup
of the wine and raised it high and
pako aloud, saying : "O King! live
forever !'' Then ho drank long until
the cup was emptied."
tin now returned to the seat and
pako to llu; guests who hail rebuked
uui, ami said unto the chief ot thu car
ers of stone :
"Who tnado the instruments with
which vou carve?"
And ho answered : The Blacksmith."
And to the chief of tho workers of
wood ho said :
Who made the tools with which
you felled the cedars of Lebanon and
shaped them into pillars and roof for
And he also answered : "The Black
smith." Then ho spako unto the artificer in
gold and ivory and precious stones,
"Who fashioned tho instruments
with which you wrought beautiful orna
ments for my lord tho King?"
And he, too, made answer the same,
Then said tho man to Solomon :
'Behold, 0 King ! I am he whom,
when men deride, they call Blacksmith,
but when they would honor me, thoy
call mo tho Son of the Forge. These
Craftsmen say truly that I am not of
them. 1 am their superior. Without
my labor first, their labor could not be.
lhe great 1 ubal Cam, whom all men
honor, taught thoso who in turn taught
mo my handicraft, and thu mighty Vul
can, who wrought in lire and smoko
and sweat as I do. Was it deemed fitt-
ng ho should have even the Queen of
Beauty to wifo ?"
"boil ot tho Porge, said Solomon,
I, too, honor thee, thou worth v succes
sor of the great maBter, Tubal Cain.
Take thou this Kuat at my right hand,
prepared ior the most woithy. U is
Thus it came to pass at the feast of
Solomon, tho wise King of Israel, and
from that tune forth tho Smiths wero
leid in nigh esteem, and greatly
creased and multiplied in nil lands.
Arrmt Eiiiirr i.oni yeahs.
0. C. .Tncobs. 78 Folsnm Sheet.
Buffalo, writes that for ehrht loin
years ho had tried every known reme
dy to cure him of piles, also had been
treated by physicians without success,
wnen nu was intimately cured by
i nomas I'.cicctrio un.
A Spanish curato having preached
with great eloquence against the deadly
sin of gluttony, his housekeeper was so
deeply impressed by his discourse that
sue supped out, ran to tno parsonage,
throw tie succulent breakfast she had
piepared for tho master into the pig-pen,
and spread thu tables with herbs and
such like savory messes. Tho good
priest, on returning from the church.
complained of tho Spartan simplicity of
pis jure, whereupon tno Housekeeper re
called to his mind thu position ho had
taken in his sermon.
"Juanila," said the good clergyman,
"you havo gono to tho piazza ofa Sun
day afternoon toseo them dance, haven't
"Ceitninly, your reverence."
"Did you ever seo tho fiddlur dniico!"
"Never, jour reverence of course
"Well, Junnitii, I am tho fiddler."