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botC BUN CONSOLIDATED)
ssuod wookly, overy Friday morning, at
nUluMSIHJIMI, COLOMI1IA COUNTY, PA.
,wo dollam per year, M cents' discount allowed
Sir il.M ""I " charged. To subscribers out or tlio
,ClIf mo terms aro ft per yonr.strlctly In adrancn
All! Ill Ijm nuvi . "v H.i uut Vi m
:S niner discontinued, except at me option of the
nubllliliors, until all arrenrai?es aro paid, but long
conllnnpil crciiiw uiiur mu uaiuihuuii oi mo nroti
All papers ont 0111 or mo jtnio or to distant post
.mees must bo paid for In advance, unless a resrion.
iibiB person In uommoia county assumes to pay tlio
"ff.'.iniinn ruin on demand. "i
wwTAOKI nolongcr exacted from subscrlbersln
TMihirtr tienartmont of the Cni.tTMntiwia .,...
.nmnlcte, ami our .1 u 1 iiiuiiik miieompnro ravora-'U.
Columbia County Official Diroctory.
n,Mnt.tudm) William Elwell.
Associate .luiljfcs I. It. KrlcKbaum, V. L. Nhuraan.
VrOIOOHUUiry, I". " nimu, r.1 iinuuillll.
court stenographer s. N. Walker.
XriiHtrr : Itccordor Williamson II. Jacoby.
iii.Tlir-Joim iv. Iinrrman.
s irvovor s.iinuel Neylurd.
Traanirer II A. sweupcnhelscr.
1 1 nialsslonors stoplion Polio, Cbarlcs Htcuart,
a i Herring.
Lonmlsiloncrs1 Clerk J. n. Casey.
Au.lliors-s. II. Hmllli, W. Manning, u. II. sec-
"!rury'commlssloner8-l51l Holibtns, Tlieodoro V.
Smn'tv .superintendent William II. Rnydcr.
liloonPoor District Directors II. S. lint, Scott,
Win. Kramer, liioomsburg and Thomas Iteece,
Bloomsburg Official Directory.
rresldcnt of Town Councll-I. 8. KUIIN.
ilerk Paul K. Wirt.
Chief of police D. Laycock.
President of lias Company 8. Knorr.
Secretary 0. V. jMlller.
liioomsburg llanklhg Company dolin .Fnnston,
President, II. II. Urotz, Cashier, John Peacock, Tel
Ifir. firs'. Na'ional Iiank-charlcs 1!. Paslon, President
J, p. Tuslln, Cashier.
Columbia County Mutual Raving Fund and Loan
Association E. II. Llttlo, President, C. W.JIIUer,
inoomsuuis iiuiiuiiiviiuiiniiving r una Association
-Win. Peacock, President, J, 11. Uoblson, Secretary,
liioomsburg Mutual saving Fund Association J.
j Uroiver, rrcsiueni, i
IS. Wirt, secretary.
Itev. .T. P. Tustln, (Supply.)
Sunday services liw n. m; and ojrf p. m.
Sunday school 9 a. m.
prayer Sleeting livery Wednesday evening at 0 v
ssais tree. Tho public are Invited to attend.
ST. MATTUKW'S LUTUBRAN CnCHCII.
Minister Hov. o. I). S. Jlarclay.
Sunday Sorvlccs lotf a. m. and in p. m.
Sunday School 9 a. m.
Praver Meotlng Kvory iVcdnesday evening at in
Seats free. Nopews rented. All aro welcome.
Minister llcv. Stuart Mitchell.
Sunday Services I o a. m. and tys p. m.
sundav School 9 a. in.
praver Meeting Every Wednesday evening at 0J
seats free. No rows rented. Strangers welcome.
METnODlST EPISCOPAL CUCHCII.
Presiding r.lder liev. W. Evans.
Minister Ilov. E. II. Vocum.
Sunday Services lu and tf p. m.
, Mindav school a p. in.
I.'lblo Class Kverv Monday evening at X o'clock,
voticr Men's Praver Meeting Every Tuesday
evening r.t Gtf o'clock,
(lencral Prayer Meetlng-Evcry Thursday evening
Corner of Third and Iron streets,
pastor liev. w. K. Krebs.
Hcbldeiice Corner Ith and Catharine sjrects.
Sunday services 10 a. m, and 7 p. m.
Sundav School 9 n. in.
t'raj or Meeting Saturday, 7 p. m.
All nre Invited There Is always room.
ST. PAUL'S CUCKCn.
Hector llcv L. Zahner.
Sunday Servlcca-lOtf a. in., IX p. m.
Sunday School 9 n. ra.
First Sunday in tho month, Holy Communion.
Sen ices preparatory to Communion on Friday
evening before tho st Sunday In each month.
Pews rented ; but every bodv welcome.
Presiding Elder Hev. A. L. Iteeser
Minister ltev. Georgo Hunter.
Sunday service 1 p. m., in tho Iron street Church.
Praver Meeting Every Sabbath at 2 p. m.
All are Invited. All aro welcome.
THK CIICKC1I OF CHKIBT.
Meets In "tho llttlo llrlck Church on tho hill,"
known as the Welsh Baptist Church on Itock street
Hegularmcctlng for worship, every Lord's day af
ternoon at 3X o'clock.
scats free j and tho public are cordially Invited to
SCHOOL ORDERS, blank, just printed and
neatly bound tn small books, on hand and
f sr salo at tho Colombian omce.
BLANK DEEDS, on Parchment and Linen
Paper, common and for Admlnlsi rators, Exccu
turs iiud trustees, for salo cheap at tho Colvmbian
MA UHIAGE CERTIFICATES .put printed
andtorsnloat tho Columbian Offlce. Sllnls
ersut thoOospelnnd.lustlcesRhould supplythcm
Bohes with theso necessary articles.
JUSTICES and Constables Fee-Rills for sale
atthe Columbian omce. They contain the cor
reeled fees as established by tho last Act of the Leg
s'lture upon the subject. Every Justice and Con
i ahlo should have nno.
Y ENDUE NOTES iust printed and for sale
cheap at the Columbian offlce.
CI G. I1ARKLEY, Atmrney-at-Lnw. Office
) , In llrower's building, sud story, ltooms Ut
li. ROlilSON, Allorney-nt-Law. Office
In IIartman'8 building, Main Btrcct
AMUEL KNORR. Altornoyat-LaWiOUice
In llartman s Building, Main sireeu
Oil. WM.il. RUBER, Surgeon and Physi
cian, omco Market ueet. novo 6th East
R. EVANS, M. D., Surgeon and Phyri
chin, (Ofllco and Hcsldenco on Third street,
B. McKELVY, M. D., Surgeon anil Phy-
bician,nonnsiaeaiain sireev, ueiow juiuki;!.,
TVT McIIENRY, M. D , Surgeon and Phy-
1. blcUn- tmici N. w. c. MarKci ana t urn u,
jiloeases of the ej o a specialty. aug. 119, cm.
R. J. 0. RUTTER,
PHYSICIAN 4 SOKQEON,
Offlce, North Market street,
R. I. L. KABB,
Slain Street, opposlto Episcopal Church, Blooms'
tv Teeth extracted without pain,
aug S4, nt-ly.
M. DRINKER, GUN and LOCKSMITH.
Slewing siachlnes and Slochlnery of all kinds re-
dalred. OrsBA House Building, nioomsnurg, ra.
AVID LOWENRERG, Merchant Tailor
Main St., above central noiei.
IS. KUHN, dealer In Meat, Tallow, etc.,
, centre street, between Second nnd Third.
, Clark i Wolf's More, Slain btuct.
UGUS'l'US FREUND, Prarlical hoineo-
palhlo Horse and cow Doctor, uionmsuurg, ra.
, K ESTER,
ltoomNo. 15, oniu House Building, Bloomsburg.
TjRITISII AMERICA ASSURANCE CO
NATIONAL FIHE INSUIUNCE COSIPANY.
Tim nRkpts tit tnesA old corooratlons are all ln
vested In SOLID SECUH1TIES andarellable tothe
haiaro or nre oniy.
iinrfa.ain Hna nn tlm trfRt rlRk'H nre alone accented.
Lob.es pbomptlt and uonestlv adjusted and paid
as booh as determined by Christian F. Knapp, spe
cial Agent and Adjuster. B'oomsburg, I'enn'a.
The citizens of Columbia county Should patronize
thettitency where losses, If any, are adjusted and
paid by one of their own citizens, nov.io, u-iy
T7REAS BROWN'S INSURANCE AGEN.
I' CY, Exchange Hotel, uioomsDurg, ra.
yEtna, Ins Co., ofllartford, Connecticut,., ,60o,ooo
uverpool. London and Globe 20,1100,000
lto)alot Liverpool H'600'0
Vlrn AunrvlAllnn. Philadelphia 8.104.000
Pinners Mutual of Danrtlle ,'0,.'!fS
Home, New York. S.eoo.ooo
As the agencies are direct, policies are written for
the Insured without any delay In tho onloe at Bloom3-
XEPBISENTS TOI WLLOWINO
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES
Lycoming of Muncy Pennsylvania.
North American of Philadelphia, l'a
Franklin, of " "
Fanners of York, Pa.
Hanover of New York.
Manhattan of " n
omce on Market Street No. (, Jlloomsburg, ra,
ecu M, 77-ly.
PUBLIC SALE HAND BILLS
Printed at this Office
ON SHOKTEST NOTICE A s 0 AT THE
MOST SEASONABLE TERMS.
ii, BltOCKwAv 1
f , 15WAUKR, " -Ji
InireiM cf Pcnsiens rtlalaed, Collcetlem made.
omce, second door from 1st National Bank.
Jan. 11, H78
Incrcnto of Pensions Obtained, Collections
omco In Ent's UciLnma.
ATTO R N E Y S-A T-L A W,
CotrasiAN UcaniKo, Uloomsburg, ra.
Members of tho United states Law Association.
Collections mndo In nny part of America or Europe
Q if A w7j.nUCKALEW,
Mlco on Slain Street, first door below Court House
JOHN M. CLARK,
onlec over Schuyler's Hardwnro store.
JP p. billmeyer,
ATTOUNET AT LAW.
Orrici-ln Ilarman'B liulldlni
log, Slain street,
n. L1TTLS. SOB'T. B LITTtl.
II. & R. R. LITTLE,
Q W. MILLER,
omceln Brower'sbulldlng.second noor, room No.
onicc In Unanost's Ocildixo, on Slain street Becond
uoor aooe tenire.
(Jan bo consulted in German.
Jan. 10, 79-tf
M. L. EYERLY,
Collections nron.otlv made and remlttod. Ofllco
onposlto Catawtssa Deposit Bank. m-3S
"y II. RIIAWN,
A T T OHSK Y-A T-L A W ,
O nice, corner of Third and Main Streets.
UliMiltAlj PUUJNUltl HUSliNKHS,
New work and renalrs neatly, oulcklv and eheanlv
done. Plows, ater-Whecls, ic, manufactured or
BUg. Tl, '711.
BLATOHLEY'S PDMPS !
The Old Eeliablo
For Wells 10to 75 feet Deep
New Price List Jan. 1. 1879.
April 11. 1873-cm
M. C. SLOAH & BRO.
Carriages, Buggies, Phaetons, Sleighs,
PLATFOKM WAGONS, SC.
First-class workalways onthand.
KEPAIKINQ NEATLY DONE.
Prices reduced to suit the times.
Jan. 6, is77-tr.
lVERY DIRECTOR. TEACHER AND
Should subscrlbo for
A Live Educational Slonthly, published at
for 60 cents per year, Send six cents for specimen
C. K. CANFIELD,
April 18, 1S79-U
,000 A YEAH for honest, Intelligent business
men or agenis. auii uumucm; ukuv wum.
Address Co-Opsrativk Aoitxcr, Sladlson.Ind1
June S7, 1879-tm
Dauchy & Oo's. Advt's.
W J 1 J'j 1 t vass liioomsburg, and the
niiioininL-ton nsforthe best selling household arti
itt Tmnn A f:iHH .3I1NT to can-
cles In the world. Tip top proilts, write at once to
lori(l Jianuiaciuringcu., ii,.usMui.,ti:n jorh,
sept. 1 ft 4W. u
BAND INBTRUMENT OATAIOOUZ.
Uur Mne cataitigu4 oiuma
Ckpi, Beltf ,Pouclici,lom
poiii,Drua UJor" ftffi
Mil JUU, EpkuUti, Cp-
Lunpa, ftsndi. haa Out
flu podUIdi 85 page of
information tot nuaicitiiu.
LYON t lltALV, 103 BUM tit,
i HUM'S U'ANTllli For thebesc and fastest
J selling Ilctorul Books and Bibles. I'ricea re-dio-ed
83 per cent. National 1'1'blisuis.o Co.. rhll.
adelphla, Pa. d Aug.M, -7-lw
a-i rrr returns in so divs on sioo Invested. Of-
OlUUflclal reports and Information FIIEE.
l.IkH nrorUH w.t.klv on htoek ODtlons of 10 to 50.
Address T. roniiK WiauTiCo., Uanxiks, S5 Wall
SC., H. 1. u aus. sii,-y
(NT nn o"cn makes f.'! prollt a week In blocks,
S x U J write for ex ii'anatorv circulars sent free,
lllckltng Co.. 41 Exchange PI.. N. Y. 'Thev enjoy
thefuirconildencoof tiitlr numerous patrons.' N.
AGENTS WANTED for smith's Blblo Dictionary
and iKii.MA.N-s prrTORTAT. TtTRT.Ti'.K
Prices Ireduced. circulars free. A. J. lK'LMAN
CO., Philadelphia, d aug. 'iimw
TT? AT HI? PS WANTKH ?
X JjauilJJUU tlu0 or .;yy per inomii dur-
otr i nil anil winter, tur run uuriicii am uuuresa.
U nun, zv, iw.
AGENTS AVANTEDf". ??f
outy ncuiruiusiraifa.aumfiiiif.a" luvvunuvu ur
Gen Grant Arouna the World
byillou. J.1T. Headley. Iho prince of descriptive uu
r.,ru i nM nn limn as the demand Is shnnlv im
mense, and territory being rapidly taken, will out
bell any ther book. For full particulars, address
aug, VJ, 4w,
You can get a Thorough Education with the
LEAST OUTLAY OP MONEY.
For Catalogue, address the;FrlnclpaI,
KEY, 0 K. CANFIELD.
1,1 KK DAD,
I hear Ids mothers chiding voice,
"How camo your trousers torn t
And black as Ink, sir, Is that shirt
You put on clean this morn.
"Your feet are wet, too, I declare I
You'ro muddy to your knees
It Is too bad you only care
Your mother, sir, to tease.
"And thoso nlco shoes, your Sunday best,
That but three times you've worn,
Aro scratched nnd scraped and all run down,
Tho heel off ono Is gone.
"Your hair Is tnisted In a snarl,
And Just look at that hand I
H looks as though it were never washed
How daro jou say 'tis tamed 7
"Youto been fishing, sir, I guess
What 7 Been to see tho tho match 7
Youn havo a fit of sickness, sir ;
A pretty cold you'll catch.' '
And thus sho talks for half an hour,
And only stops to say,
Your fathcr'll hear of this to-night,
I wonder what he,U say 7'
Sly friends In complimentary way
Dcclaro to mo they seo
A closo risemblanco very marked
Between tho boy and me.
But nothing that they see In him
In either form or face
Bespeaks my son as do his pranks
In theso my own I trace.
And why should 1 at tattered clothes
Or dirty ones repine 7
In him 1 live my youth again
God bless the boy t he's mlno
THE DAYS (IF YORK.
A stone falls In an azure 'ike,
And sinking to its pearly floor,
Sends swelling rings far out to kiss
Tho pebbles on the distant shore.
And memory's deptlis oft Idly stirred
By smiles like some we've known before.
Breaks forth in thoughts that wander back
And linger midst tho Days of Tore.
A leaf that on the river's breast
Goes slowly drifting 1th tho tide,
Is borne bv whirling eddies back
Within Its parent shado to glide.
And many a wearied wanderer
I'pon a dstant, friendless shore,
Iteturns on s u dream loosened i igs
To greet tho happier Da) sot Yore.
The cloudlets on a summer sky
Dissolved In tears upon tho main,
Neath sunny smiles forget their grief
To Host sereno in heaven again,
And human hearts unlock their gates
hen sorrow's reign is almost o'er,
And tho let olden sunshine stream
llcsplcndent from tho Da) s of Yore.
OUT AND AT HOME.
Mr. nnj Mrs1 Harris were taking tea with
their neighbors, the Joneses, in a n friendly
ay. Mrs. Harris came over early, bring-
in); her crochet work, and tho ladies had a
pleasant chat before the gentlemen camo in
to supper. They were both from their busi
ness offices, but just as if there was no such
thing ai business cares, those worrying ones
which often darken a man's brow as he en
ters the door of his 'ain fireside.,
'Your husband is always so jolly and
good naturtd. It must be quite a pleasure
to live with him,' said Mrs. Jones to Mrs.
Harm as they went to the table.
'Yes,' replied Mrs. Harris, with a slight
hesitation, for she remembered well, cer
tain little things which happened at home
now and then.
I'm afraid the the tea is not strong
enough,' remarked Mrs. Joues, as she pasted
Mr. Harris his cup. 'Do you find itagreea-
e, Mr. Harris ?'
'Oh. delightful delightful, madam,' re-
urued Mr. Harris, with a bland smile.
strong tea is hurlful to the nerves, and
keeps one awake at nights, I think.'
'This won't, at all events thought Mrs.
Harris, as she sipped tho tasteless fluid in
'Have a bit more of the steak, Harris?
said Mr. Jones. 'Mollie, seems to me this
is a little scorched.'
'Yea it is,' admitted Mrs. Jones, 'I did
not have verv good luck with it this time. I
am very sorry, too.'
'Oh, it is very nice very nice, indeed,'
returned cordial Mr. Harris. 'I think I will
take another bite, Jones. If there is any
thing I like, it is steak just a bit scorched,
Thank you ; no more of the gravy. These
are very Hue biscuits, Mrs. Jones. I believe
I must send my wife over to take lessons of
you in cooking.'
Mrs. Harris looked up, m some surprise,
and blushed a little, but did not eay a
She knew sho was n better cook than
Mrs, Joue,and at home Mr. Harris was not
accustomed to bo so very polite.
Mrs. Jones was greatly flattered. 'You're
very good, I'm sure,' she simpered. 'I can
geuerally cook j but it ceerasto me I always
havo the very worst luck, when I have
Airs. Harris tliougnt jus. Jones uau mei
with bad luck this time, lue cake was
heavy aud the preserves had soured ; but
Mr. Harris praised everything and declared
be bad enjoyed his supper immensely.
II he would only bo as pleasant as that at
homel' sighed little Mrs. Harris as sho walk
ed through the streets with her husband af
ter they had taken leave, of their friends.
But she knew it would be useless to say a
word. Coaxing would be lost in this case
scolding never accomplished anything,
However, her woman s wit et to work to
find some way to teach that husband of hers
a lesson, nnd after a while the way
The next evening supper was ready when
Mr. Harris came home, aud it was just as
near as could be a counterpart of the sup
per at Jones that day before. Weak tea,
scorched beefsteak, biscuit only moderate.
heavy cake aud bout preserves. But Mrs,
Harris was all cum aud serenely uncon
'Come, Mamie, George, supper is ready,
and papa has come," said, calling the two
children, who came boucning in from tuei
'Hope you got something good, I'm aw
ful hungry,' Master George exclaimed while
gentle little Mamie answered Mm.
Tie 'shamed of you, Georgie I Mama'i
upper are always good.' Mamma laid
iiothlng, only poured papa a cup of tea.
'Humph Is thij tea or dishwater?1 was
his remark as bo tasted It.
'You told Mrs. Jones strong tea hurt you,
said Mrs. Harris, quietly.
'Um well yes, I did I' said Mr. Harrli
somewhat taken aback. 'But I don't mean
such stuff as this. The steak Is burned, too,
it lin't At to eat uch trash I'
l il ll 1 11 ill l i t 11
BLOOMSBURG, PA,, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER
'You told Mrs. Jones you were fond of
scorched meat,' remarked Mrs. Harris, as
quietly as before.
Mr. Harris colored.
'Well but I-not as black as this
though. Haven't you got any light bread ?
Theso biscuits are not ns good as usual,'
Mrs. Harris brought a slice of bread and
laid It beside his pl&to. Ho took It without
aylng a word.
'Why, ma, what nlli your cake ?' asked
Georgie, as he took a bite off a huge slice.
'It's as heavy as lead, that's what's the
matter with It,' snapped Mr. Harris.
You said Mrs. Jone's cake wa9 delight
ful, and It was no better than this,' respond
ed his wife, In tones perfectly oven and un
'Ob, pshaw I' ejaculated Mr. Harris. 'I
don't liko to eat such stuff at home, anyhow.
nd seems to ino theso preserves don't taste
just right. I bollevo they are soured.'
'I believe they are a little,' returned Mrs
'What did you put them on for, then? I
think this Is a dellghtlut meal, I do not a
thing that is fit to eat 1'
'I'm sorry if I didn't please you. I tried
to especially,' said Mrs. Harris, as coolly as
'Tried to I'
'Yes. You said you were going to send
me over to tako lessons in cooking of Mrs,
Jones. I took them at home, that's all.
But I don't seem to succeed as well as Bbe
'What on earth do you mean, Sue?'
'Don't you see? If you will think, you
will And that I have given you to-night just
about what she gave us last night. But then
you remember you praised everything until
Mrs, Jones was perfectly satisfied,'
Bosh, Sue I Don't you know that was
,11 for tho sake of politeness ?'
'Oh, was it ? Well, then; we are to teach
our children that politeness is only for com
pany use, and not necessary at homo.'
'Why, no, of course not.'
'Then, if not, isn't it just as Important to
wear a smllo and a kind face, and try to ex
cuse little accidents at home as when we nre
isiting ? And if wo don't grumble all the
time we are among those who are strangers,
have wo a right to make those we love best
miserable by doing so all the time at
Mr. Harris wasn't going to own that he
as beaten. What maa would ?
But he camo around to his wife's chair
and gave her a kiss, a thing a little unusual
Itself sinco his lover days were over, and
'Your're a first rate little preacher. Sue.
I'll lend you to the church next year.' And
off be went.
Hut the lesson was not lost, for Mrs. Sue
who feared that perhaps she had said too and
done harm instead of good, heard far less
grumbling, and got many more smiles at
home as tho days went on, and if Mr. Harris
seemed disposed to fall into his old ways,
she would only say, archly :
Hadn't wo better take tea with the Jones'
gain ? and be was on his guard at once.
There are very many more Mr. Harris' at
home who might do well to lay the lesson
to heart also.
Let us humbly hope they will.
A SAVAGE QUlCEVS DEVOTION.
The palace of a native queen of the Mar
quesas group of islands in the Pacific has
lately been visited by a correspondent, who
wtitts of the place : 'Altogether it is n
charming retreat. Sauntering up the street
theqeeen's house was pointed nut to me, and
I concluded to call on her majesty. The
house is built of sawed timber, and is large
and airy, set upon tho usual paipai, an ele-
a'ed piece of stonework, about three feet
high, and solid as stone can make it, with
rough hewn stone steps leading to tho door
way. The queen was not in, but I was in
formed that she could be found at the king's
grave which was pointed out to me, situated
on a knoll.with stone steps leading up to the
top, to the left of the house and almost be
ide it, as it were. Ascending the steps I
found her majesty seated by a gravo or tomb.
superintending some workmen who were
building a tomb of masonry; The queen was
gracious and good looking, having remnants
of beauty in her person, and seemed to have
been very pretty in her yonnger days. She
has a grave, benevolent expression of coun
tenance, and ber demeanor bespeaks her
rank. The king hn been dead about
twelve years, and ever since his death
she has kept watch over his grave;
the most of the tlmo sho herself keeps her
silent vigil over the resting place of her
Jove. A light is always kept burning beside
the tomb, never allowed to go out under any
circumstances, and attended to by the queen's
resting retinue, who live in a native built
house adjoining. She is now having a lar
ger tomb built, and intends having the re
mains put in it, together with her child,
when finished. She also is having a placn
built for herielf and her son, now living.
She was the second wifo of the king. What
more touching spectacle than quiet devo
tion to the memory ol her love,by this grave
and eaa looking lady ? Generally tho sav
ages of the South Sea Islands are not credl
ted with having much sentiment of feeling,
or even affection; but I think the imprc3
slon has arisen from Iho want of knowledge
of their domestic life. I havo witnessed
many Instances when maternal affection has
been exhibited and wifely devotion has
shown itself to an extraordinary degree.
There was once a native woman who swam
twelve miles with her husband on her back
tu save his life from his enemies, and in
stances are not wanting where the the wifo
has remained true to ber dead love during
her life, refusing to be comforted by another
To Make Metiieqlin. I have made ex
cellent iu two ways, the receipts for which
were handed to me by a neighbor : Mix
honey with water until it will float an egg
to the surface, exposing a small Bection of it
above the liquid. Strain and raise the
temperature gradually, and as the scum rises
skim it off. When the boiling point Is
reached take from the nre and let it cool
Put in a cask, leaving the bung out until
properly fermented nof so long as to be
come bout and tbeubung tightly, or if hot
tied, cork well. It may bo used soon after
making.but age greatly improves the flavor,
Some persons put warm water and honey in
a cask and after twelve hours or so shake
well and add hops and yeast. Of the for
mer half a pound and of the latter one pint
for about fortygallons. When properly fer
mented tbe air should be excluded as in the
'By the way you havo heard of old Pete
'Oh, Yes ; he was the Sampson of Wiscon
sin. Tell mo something about him.' 'Bath
er call him,' said Mr. Clark, 'the Sampson
of tho world ; for without doubt he was, In
his prime, the strongest man who has lived
since the great gates of the city were borne
away. 1 have never doubted the Bible stor
ies of Samson's strength sinco I first saw
something;of what Pete Parquett'es muscles
were capable of doing.' Then Mr. Clark
meditated awhile, and remarked : 'I must
have known Parquette as long ago as 1830,
and I think the first stories I ever heard of
his prodigious Btrength were told me by
Jeff Davis; ah, Jeff was a bright young of
ficer. You see, Parquette, who is a half
breed, used to make the vicinity of the old
fort his headquarters, and every now and
then, as occasion happened, we would see
some new evidenco of his wonderful powers
of endurance or strength. He was not a
heavy man, or, rather, Is not, for he is still
alive, but was quite slim, although his arms
and legs were big with muscles. I almost
disllko to givn Instances of his feats, as I re
member them, they seem so incredible. Tbo
first remarkable exertion I ever saw Par
quette make was to tako an Iron weight that
had been used as a pile driver, and lift it
clear from the ground and swing it .around
more easily than I could handle 100 pounds,
and I havo got muscle myself. Quite a
crowd of us saw him do it, and we got the
exact weight of the iron ; it was 2,G00
pounds. I don't believe a man has ever
lived who could do it except Parquette, and
I declare he didn't Beem to exert himself
much either. Ono day a party was proceed
ing by boat up tho Fox, intending to go
down tho Wisconsin. When the portage
came to be made, a yoke of oxen was pro
cured to draw the boat across. The boat
was very heavy, and before half the distance
bad been made one of the oxen gave out
completely. Parquette was along, and what
do you suppose he did ?' 'Picked the schoon.
er up nnd threw it across?' ventured the
correspondent, anxious to imply faith in
'Well, hardly that, but ho took tbo end
of the yoke vacated by tho played-out ox
and pulled against the other ox, and the
novel team hauled tho boat and traps across
all right, and fete didn't seem to mind the
strain half so much as the ox did. Now,!
know that these assertions seem like rather
'Oh, not all. Years ago I heard of Par
quette's wonderful strength, but never be?
fore bad an opportunity of listening to a
description of anything he had done. Go
'His muscles were like iron in their hard
ness. I have had him bare his arm to me
and I have taken a hammer and cracked
hickory nuts upon the muscles ; and It was
like cracking them on a stone. One feat
that I know of Parquett'es doing, and to
which there were a number of witnesses,
seems so absolutely Impossible that no one
will believe the story if I tell it, but It is
true, 'true as life.' Tho correspondent in
terrupted tho narrator to assure him that
implicit faith was a matter of principle with
a truly good people, and that the talo should
be believed anyhow.
'Well, it happened at Green Bay. Every
body up that way had heard of Pete's pow
er, and was anxious to seo somo evidence of
it. The Sauisnu has a friend who kept a
grocery store, and in tho evening quite a
crowd gathered there in hopes of Beeing an
exhibition of strength. Parquette came in,
Iu hii quiet way, noted the crowd and took
in the situation at a glance. A barrel of
hickory nuts set by the counter, and, with
out a word, lie took up n handful of the dry,
hard nuts, held them out so all could see,
aud then crushed them to pieces by simply
closing his hand on them, just as you or I
would crush a handful of bird's eggs. Jeff
Davis and other officers at the fort saw him
do tho same thing repeatedly, and there is
no question of the fact that Parquette real
ly did perfurm the wonderful feat as I have
described it. Even more strange itories of
his great strength used to be common, but I
havo told you only of things that I myself
Baw and kuow beyond doubt. His powers
of walking, running, etc, were almost equal
to bis strength, and in fact are well preserV'
ed now ; and bo could probably go 100
miles to Weston's GO or 70. It will never bo
positively known how much Parquette
could lift when he was in his prime, but
judging from tho way in which he handled
the 2,000 pound piledriver, it' Is reasonable
to suppose that at that time he could have
easily raised double, or nearly double, that
weight; At any rate ho ought to go upoy
record as the modern Samson, 'tho strongest
man in the world.'
'Peter Parguetto has long been known as a
niHu of almost superhuman Btrength, aud at
one time, a number of years ago, Mr. Clark
prepared and read a paper before the his
torical Bociety (?) in which abundant proof
was furnished of the half-breod having act
Ually performed the astonishing feats Mr,
uiaric nas Here ascribed to ulin. in the in
terest of what is rare and curious, the proof
that is yet to be obtained ought to be gather
ed and made a mattor of record that could not
be disputed, in relation to the physical pow
er of the Samson of Wisconsin.
The better the preparation of tbe ground
the better the crop. The high average yield
of the English farms is no doubt largely due
to the thorough preparation ot the ground
before seeding. Our climate is Buperior to
that of England for wheat growing ; yet
yield of 04 bushels per acre is not at all in
frequent among good farmers there, where
here 10 bushels per acre is an unusual yield
Two plowings, several harrowings, and in
many cases rolling or crushing ; and theex'J
cellent preparation of the soil by a previous
root crop must have a much better effect up
on the soil, than one plowing, very poorly
done because of tbe hardness and dryness of
our soil in midsummer, and very imperfect
harrowing. It might be well for us to lay
out more labor on our wheat crop, aud
prepare tbe ground better, nnd raise our
average irom i. to at least .u nusuel per
acre. Tho difference in the amount of wheat
at harvest would pay for a good deal of ex
tra work in plowing, etc., aud yet leave
profit ; besides, the soil would not forget the
generous treatment in one year nor two,
I A hopeless person Is one who deserts'hlm-
FOUK MILLIONS IN DEBT.
CONDITION OP THE CATHOLIC DIOCESr. OP
Ulsbop Cbalard, of the Vlncenncs dloceso
has made an Important statement giving his
views regarding the Immense debt now rest
ing upon tho arch-diocese of Cincinnati.
Ho Bays that according to tho most careful
estimates the debt amounts to over $1,000,
000, and ho has become convinced from con
versations with practical business men, nnd
one especially who Is himself a millionaire,
that the collection and payment of such n
.vast sum is altogether an impossibility, as it
Is two-thirda as much as tho total contribu
tions received in any ono year by the church
for religious purposes. His opinion Is that
the utmost the Catholic people can bo ex
pected to do is to contribute a sufficient sum
to buy the church property In tho diocese
which has becomo Involved and will other
wise be lost to tho church, To do this about
$450,000 will bo needed, and ho suggests
that there should be a distinct understand
ing that all money contributed by the dio
ccse oulside.of Cincinnati should be placed
iu the hands of trustees and devoted to that
object alone, and that the legal obligation
to pay all tho remainder of the debt Incurred
by Edward Purcell, brother of tho archbish
op, Bhould be wiped out by bankruptcy or
liquidation proceedings. He explains that
he docs not propose this plan with any oth
er idea than to settle this unfortunate busi
ness in the best interest of tho church and
all concerned, and says that when there is
no longer anv fear of harassing legal pio
cccdings, nnd the whole matter assumes a
business-like shape, further on, eflorls might
be made with greater prospects of success to
raise money for tho relief of the unfortunate
depositors. At present, however, tho mon
ey raised is not likely to be used to good ad
vantage. There is no preparation mndo to
save tho church property, and scarcely any
relief is being afforded to the immediate suf
ferers. Tho bishop suggests that Archblsh-
p McCloskey, Bishop Williams and Vicar
General Quinn be made trustees and author
ized to have charge of the funds contributed
by parties outside tho diocese, and says that
the archbishop and the vicar general are
both in sympathy with tho views he express
believing that such plan is tho only safe
ay out of the difficulty.
CASTLE THUNDER UURNED DOWN.
The burning down of the notorious mili-
ltary prison, popularly known as Castle
Tbnnder, id Richmond, Va., the other day,
removes another of the monuments of the
civil war. It stood but a little distance from
Libby prison, and like it, was originally a
tobacco factory. A number of tbe Union
officers were confined there on special charg
es, as were several of the war correspondents
of the New York newspapers, who were
held, so the rebels absurdly put it, as hos
tages for the good conduct of the government.
It was used, howevor, for the confinement of
southern citizens who had been suspected of
the crime of Unionism, nnd of rebel officers
who had been accused of violating military
laws. Two or three Union men were hang
ed as spies in the inclosure of tbeprison,and
inanv thrilling scenes of daring and escape
were enacted there during the eventful four
years of the bloody struggle. The prisoners
were often brutally and cruelly treated, es
pecially by Captain Alexander, of Balti
more, fur somo time keeper of tho horrid
den. Castle Thunder has a strntige and rei-
mantle, as well as horrible history, which
4s never been hall written, and which is
not likely to be. The old smoke-begrimmr d
alls, still standing, have witnessed great
suffering and the slow agony of many a poor
A LAWYER'S lilll FEE.
During the first year of tho war, Captain
ellatier, a Frenchman by birth, but a nat
uralized American, was sailing with his
merchant vessel in Ilaytian waters, when he
was seized upon by a war vessel 'of that
country. His vessel'and property were con
fiscated, and he and his crew condemned to
death on a charge of piracy, notwithstand
iu?they clearly proved thii innocence. All
the crew except him were executed ; why he
was not also he never knew. Ho was kept
a pnsoner for two years in a very unhealthy
prison, during which his health was perma
nently ruined. Finally, ho escaped to the
United States. Ho presented his case to
the authorities at Washington, but owing tb
the excitement and.press of other business
during the war, his case was neglecUd by
the authorities, and continued so until four
years ago. At that lime Judge Cason was
serving his secoud term in Congress, and at
the suggestion of Geueral Ben Hutler, Uji
fain Pellatier employed him to press the
claim. Judge Cason advanced money to
prosecute (he case, both at Washington and
u Hayti, and for Captain Pellatier to live
on, who by this timo was iu strained circum
stances. Finally, he got the United .States
authorities to recognize the claim as just,
and through the United Estates Minister at
Hayti present it to that government.. But
h;ro was a further delay, as that government
disputed the claim, tho government having
been changed by revnlutiou since the out'
rage. At last tbo United States, through
ber Minister, demanded a settlement at once
and the Haytians went to work ia earnest to
examine into the claim. Last week Judge
Cason received a letter from Mr. Langston
United States Minister to Hayti, that that
government had agreed" to settle the demand
of Captsin Pellatier at $000,000, payable
S200.000 In three, six and twelve months
Ouly a few days hgo the Captain wrote Judgi
Caso'n that lie was actually suffering for wan
of tha necessarieof life. In a few days he
will be a wealthy man. By agreement,
Judge Cason has a fee of thirty-seven per
cent, of the amount recovered, giving him
lee oi f 'jzs,uuu, oy lar tne largest lee ever
paid an Ilid'ana Uwfer.-ImlianadpolU Inil.
A Savanna negro had a narrow escape last
Monday, He was in his coffin, having died
as his frien'ds'thought, two days before, the
preacher was talking away about life on tho
oth'erslde'of Jordan, when the corpse I4t
up, stared around him and deliberately
Crawled out. This' irregular proceeding
caused thecongregdtibn, preacher, relatives
and all to make for the street, with the man in
grave clothes after them. Getting over their
IrlKUt tne COIOroa people Shook hands With
the restored man, who had been only In
THE COLUMniAN, VOL. XIII, N0.39
COLUMBIA DEMOOItAT, VOL. XL1V, NO. 1"
DON'T LEAVE THE FARM-
Boys, don't leave the farm, but slay where
you can bo happy, if you choose. I know
rt great many people think farming don't
pay ; probably n large haro of tbe farms In
this rilnlo don't pay, becauso they are not
properly tilled; but you show me a business
that is as sadly neglected ns farming Is, and
I will show you that the man who runs that
business, cannot pay one hundred cents on a
One reason why farming does not pay bet
ter, is that farmers' sons, as a rule, do not
take any Interest In the business ; it is too
slow and old-fashioned for them. They can
not get rich fast enough on the farm. They
are not willing to begin at tbe foot of tho
ladder and work up, as their fathers have
done, but they want to begin where their
fathers left off, and as a rule, leavo off where
their fathers began,
Now, we havo more mechanics than wo
need and not enough farmers. Farming Is
a slow business, but It Is sure, if proper at
tention is given to it. The farmers are the
most independent class there Is in this coun
try lo-day. Why is it ? It is becauso they
support themselves with aid from others. I
can'show you men that are worth large for
tunes, who made every dollar of them at
farming. They mado farming their life
work, and you will find it so in all kinds of
bulne's. To be successful in anything, you
must give It your strict attention.
Farmers, as a rule, nro the most healthy
class in the world, nnd health is one of tbo
greatest riches wo can have. The farmers
in Englarid hire nnd pay high rents for their
farms, In many localities paying as much
for the use of tbe land annually as It would
cost to buy It In this country and yet make
it pay. There is no reason why we cannot
make it pay here, If we will put our mind to
the business, and for this reason, if no other,
stick to the farm. E. A. II. in Slatmchuidtt
TREATMENT OF A WORN OUT MEADOW.
Mpa'iows that have been run down, be
como sod bound nr covered with moss sor
rel, or other weeds, may be renovated with
out plowing. The old sod needs to bo dis
turbed, but a thorough harrowing or a chop
ping of the surface with a disk harrow will
disturb it sufficiently without plowing. Fresh
sceil is needed, and a dressing of limo may
in many cases be all that is required in the
way of a fertilizer. If it can be pfforded, a
moderate quantity of fine manure used as a
top-dressing, and harrowed in just before
sowing, will be of great benefit. The work
may be dono at any time before September,
so that the grass and clover, the latter more
particularly, should bo well set before so
vere frosts occur. Orchard-grass will thrive
upon soils that aro not rich enough forTim
othy ; but it is better to have the ground
good enough for tho latter even if tho former
is to be sown, Grass is a crop for which the
soil cannot be too rich, for If the growth is
excessive it can bp cut at any time and made
into hay or fed green.
A Itussian nobleman, Panteloff, who died
in 1875, bequeathed one million roubles to a
body of peasants, to bo used for the special
purpose of purchasing land from their form
er masters. The relatives of the deceased
nobleman tried to break the will, and
brought tbo case Into court, whero it has
been kept for four years. At last the Czar
himself has confirmed the original will, and
on the Sth of August directions were given
to fulfill its proviinns. As the capital is not
tlicierit to hem fit all the peasants referred
lots will have to bo cast to deterdiire
ho sba 1 be recip e ts of land.
SUNFLOWERS AND MALARIA.
Wo have always ndvoc.ttcd the raising of
sunflowers, both on account of tho value of
tho seed for poultry and stock and for their
ild fashioned gaudybloom. The Prairie
'armer has'found a new use for this homely
plant that is rapidly passing out of cultiva
tion, 'The sunflower is not considered a
delicate flower, yet it cannot bo called home
ly if looked at far enough oft. It is a cu
rious plant also and evidently adapted by
nature for a particular purpose. It constan
tly turns its immense flower head to tbe sun
nd its hairy leaves draw strongly of the
moisture of the earth. It is undoubtedly n
great ab.sorber of malaria and purifier of tbe
atmosphere , fully as much so, we think,
area for area, as tho much vaunted eucalyp
tus, and therefore worthy to be planted in
all malarious districts. The seed is valua
ble as food for fowls In winter and also for
the oil they yield. Thus it may prove a
paying crop. We do not advise planting
sunflowers in tho flower garden or on the
lawn ; but planted between stagnant marsh
es and the house, its value is not merely
theoretical. Planted about the houto in dis
tricts subject to fever and ague aud all
newly settled countries are more or less so
it may prevent the recurrence of this disease
At all events they can do no harm, and may
do good, and their bright, golden heads are
not by any means homely objects as seen
against the landscape.'
Where the Piiopits Come Frosi. A
German gentleman who keeps a lager beer
shop at the South Eend, Boston, treated
himself to a day s vacation recently, leaving
bis son in charge of "ter pizzlness" anda
lecg of beer. On his return he found tho
keg empty and addressed his off-spring as
follows : "How is dis, Yawcob, dot you
make me only und dollar and dirty cunts for
dose keg of beei? Show me how you draws
derpeer." ;Yawcob took the glasses and
drew it nearly full of beer, with but the
least margin of froth, when the old gentle
man, seizing his hand, Bald : "You made
dose gla&es stand higher down from der
keg, Yawcob.der profit In der peer pizzlness
is iu der pubblcs."
A lisping boy was out in tbe back yard
pounding nn a tin pan. The father came I
tired aud sullen, and being disturbed by th
noise, cried out. "What is turned loose i
tbo back yard a wild animal ?" The little
fellow replied, "Yetb, tbir, it's a pan.
It Is no vile drugged stuff, pretending to
be made of wouderfil foieign roots, bark
&c, andputled up by long bogus, 'certificat'
cs of pretended miraculous cures, but a slm
pie, pure, effective medicine, made of well
known valuable remedies, that furnishes Its
nwn rertlfleatea hv Its ei.rM. V refci.
a. hipp Bitters, the purest and best medicine,
I ,a,iytl gea another column,
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Alms A silent prayer.
A big rovolver The world,
Healing mediums Cobblers.
Grumbling Spirits of whine.
Fuss The Idle man's business,
Waste of T Putting It In depot.
Labor-saviug machine Laziness.
Family ties Nine children and
Ellip-tlcal Oirls swapping kisses.
Not a miss A pretty young widow.
How can the sea run when it's tied?
Ever seo a tooth from the gum of a tree.
Tbe noso is tho scenlre of civiliza
tion. For heat Philadelphia rules the roast.
You can't clear your conscience with
Bloomer A woman who pants for no
toriety. A duck of a lover makes rt gooso of a
What kind of braces do ladies prefer?
Yourfsteem for a child cannot rise
higher than its sauce.
Thcro is nothing can please a man
Where tho bedgo is luwcst the devil
Fancy runs most furiously when a
guilty conscience drives it.
Speech of a mau's self ought to be sel
dom and well chosen.
Justice is like n glass, which cannot bo
bent, but it is easily broken.
The wise and active conquer difficulties
by daring to attempt them.
Srmons are addressed to men ; prayers
should be addressed to God.
We can never dio too early for
wnon we live only lor ourselves.
Sunday is the golden clasp that binds
together the volume of the week.
Know well your incomings, and your
outgoings mny bo better regulated.
Hope softens sorrow, brightens plain
surroundings, and eases a hard lot.
No matter bow honorable an equestrian
may be, he always goes back on the horse he
We hear of men sowing wild oats, but
who ever heard of a woman sewing any
thing but tares?
Man wants but little here below. Trua
aud saleratus in the breakfast biscuit is no
exception to the general rule.
Tho great trouble with professional
ball clubs is to find a pitcher that will
hold water only.
It is the beat prool of tho virtues of a
family circlo to seo a happy fireside.
If tht philosopher be happy, it is be
cause he is the man from whom fortune can
Tbe value of a thought can be told, but
it is clearly worth a thousand lives liko
There are two classes generally in tbe
wrong those who don't kuow enough and
thoso who don't think enough.
Tho potter must have his clay and the
mason his quarry, and the mind must drain
ideas from every thing around it.
My advice is to consult tho lives of oth
er men as we would a looking-glass,and from
thence fetch examples for our imitation.
If wo could read the secret history of
enemies, wo should find iu each mau'a life
sorrow and suffering enough to disarm all
A lie is never necessary, nnd none
kuow it better than thoso who have learned
to tell the truth at all times nnd under all
The world Is full of poetry ; the air is
living with its spirit, aud the waves dance
uu the music ol 1U melodies and sparkle
Could we but urevnil with the greatest
debauchers among us to change their lives,
wo should find it no very hard matter to
auge their judgments.
'--Any man may walk up to a cannon's
mouth, but It is only here aud there that one
will walk out against men's opinions be
causo he thinks it is right.
Time goes at its own gait, and vou
cannot hasten it by using the 'spur of tbe
moment." xou may asic your Irlenu to "stop
minute.' but neither vou nor he has the
power to do it.
- -There is a pleasure in comtemnlating
good : Ihero is a greater pleasure in receiv-
nggood; but tbe greatest of all is in doing
good' which comprehends the rest.
Soft words do more than bard sneecbes:
as tho sunbeams without any noise will
make the traveler throw oil his coat, which
an tne mustering wind could not do, but
mako him only bind it closer to him.
Somo men advertise their lives, and the
public are generally disappointed because
tho advertisement promises too much ; oth
ers let their lives advertise them, and the
public always gets more than is promised.
In young, childifb. ignorant natures
there is constantly a blind trust iu someun-
shapen chance. It is hard to a boy or girl
to believe that a great wretchedness will
actually befall them as to believe that they
Sneak well of the absent whenever vou
have a suitable opportunity. Never speak
ill of them or of anybody, unless you are
sure they deserve it, and unless It is neces
sary for their amendment, or for the safety
and benefit ofotber.
-He who climbs above the cares of the
world and turns his face to his God has
found the sunny side of life. The world's
side of the hill is chill and freezing to a
spiritual mind, but tbe Lord's presence gives
a warmtn oi joy wiucu turns winter Into
To live with our enemies as if thev
might one day be our friend, to be with
our friends as If they might become our
enemies, is neither according to the nature
of hatred, nor in accordance with the rules
of friendship. 11 Is not a moral, but really
a political maxim.
A young lady advertised for a maid.
One applied, and in rcsponte to the Inquiry
whether Bbe was quick, she replied; "O,
so quick that I will engage to dress you
every day In halfan hour.' 'In half un
hour 1 reiterated tho young lady ; 'and
what Bhall I do the rest of the day?'
It was a rich widow who wondered, that
the handsomest young man had fallen In
love with her. 'Ye, it is wonderful,' said
Mr. Spruceup, 'but 1 do lovo you to distrac
tion, Why, I even love the ground you
walk ou."I thought so, observed tbe wid
ow, 'bu' I'm not In want of any landlord at
When you see a youug man attired in a
white flannel shirt. Ins face slightly burued
with exposure, ami bear him talking know
ingly of 'jib fores'ls,' and 'running under
tho wind,' and 'slacking the main sheet,' jt
doecu't follow that bo is much of a yatcbts
man. The chances are that ho would bo tea
sick on a draw-bridge.
A Georgian who was thrown from bis
mule went bomu and reported that 'the
mule was jarred trotu under him by lightning,