The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, August 29, 1879, Image 1
THE COLUMBIAN. OLOMBU DIHOORAT.STiK or Till NORTH AMD COLtK. Issued weekly, every Friday morning, t flLOOMSDOlUI, COLUMBIA COUNTY. PA. t , i wo boiaab; per year, 60 conU discount allowed iionpaidlti,ivT'ioo, After tho oxplratlon ot the rear AM wl" M chunteil. To subscribers out of the1 Jounty the tormi aro ft per yoar.strlctly in advance 1 1 No paper discontinued, except at the option ot thd wilill sners, unui an arnwragen are paid, but long continued credits after the oxplratlon of tho first rw'",.Sfi,'t,f th.Rt.i imees roust bo paid for In advance, unless a rcsnon.i lblo person in cotumoia county assumes to pay the he county. job FR.insri'iisra.. The Jobblcg Department ot the Comjmbian is very jompleto, and our J b inntlng will compare favora- - .. Hnntltr anil nt. tunAnrtla nHiuia 1 Columbia County Official Directory. President. ludgo William Klwcll. Associate Judg-es-1. It. Krlckbaum, F. L. Bhuman. Prothonotary, c William Krlckbaum. noun stenographer R. N. Walker. ncirWer llocorder Williamson It. Jacoby, nistrlct Attorney-Ilobert 11. Llttlo. SlitTltl John W. UofTman. surrofor Samuel Noyhard. Troasurcr II, A. Swcbpcnhelser. Commissioners Stephen roho, Charles Mcliart. A. h. llerrtnir. , . , . commissioners' Olerk-T n. Casoy. Audltors-S. II. Smith, W. Manning, C. D, Beo sholtz. jury Commlssloncrs-Bll Bobbins, Theodore W. Smith. Oouniv auperinivuuyiii minium it. enyuer. ninrtm Poor District- Wm. Kramer, liloomsburg jcoit, iiirectora n. s. unt, Scott. ana Thomas Recce, Bloomsburg Official Directory. President of Town Council I, s. KU1IN. Clerk-Paul K. Wirt. Chief of Police D. Lnycock. President of das Company 8. Knorr. secretary C. W. Miller. Illooinsburif Hanking Company .John A. Funston, President, II. H. orou, Cashier, John Peacock, Tel. cr. Firs' National nank Charles It. Paxton, President J. P. Tustln, Cashier. Columbia County Mutual Saving Fund and Tan Assoclailon K. II. Uttlo, rrcsldcnl, c. W. Miller, socrctnry liloomsburg Uulldlng and Saving Fund Association -Wm. 1'cacock. President, J. 11. Hoblson, secretary. Hloomsburs Mutual Saving Fund Association J. I nroirer, President, r. K. Wirt, Secretary. CHURCH niKECTC-nY. BAPTIST CIICBCH. llcv. J. P. Tustln, (Supply.) Sunday Services lux a. mt and o p. m. Sunday School 9 a. m. prayor Meeting Kvcry Wednesday evening at s? clock. Scats free. Tho public are Invited to attend. ST. MATinKw's LtrrnEKiNcnoBcn. Minister Itev. o. D. 8. Marclay. Sunday Services lox a. m. and p. m. Sunday school a. m. Prn-vcr Meeting Kvcry tVcdnesday evening at in clock. Seats freo. Nopews rented. All are welcome rnKSBYTKRt AN CHURCH Mlnlster-Rov. Stuart Mitchell. Sunday Services 10 a. in. and ,V p. m. Sunday School 9 a. m. rraycr Meeting Every Wednesday evening at ta clock. Beats freo. No pews rented. Strangers welcome. ubthodist KriacopALcuuRcn. Presiding Elder Ucv. W. Evans. Minister llcv. E. II. Yocum. Sunday servlces-Wf and nys P. m. sundav School 2 p. m. . . ntblo ciass-Everv Monday evening at ex o'clock. Voting Men's Prayer Meeting Every Tuesday evening at ex o'clock. General Prayer Meetlng-Every Thursday evening I o'clock. rkformkd cncKcn. Corner of Third and Iron atreets. I'nstor-Uov. W. K. Krcbs. itcsldcnco Corner 4th and Catharine streets. Sunday Senlcea lox a. m. and 7 p. m. Sunday school 9 a. m. prayer Meeting Saturday, 7 p. m. All are Invited There Is always room. ST. PAUL'S CHURCH. Hector Iiev L. zahncr. Sunday Services 10f a. m., 7tf p. m. Sunday School 9 a. m. First Sunday In tho month, Holy Communion, services preparatory to Communion on Friday evoning before tho st Sunday In each month, rows rented ; but everybody welcome. KVANUBUCAL CUDRCn. Presiding Elder-Hev. A. L. Ilecser Minister llcv. Georgo Hunter. , Sunday Service i p. m., In the Iron Street Church. I'ravcr McctlDg Every Sabbath at 3 p. m. All aro Invited. All aro welcome. Tim citcacn ot christ. Meets In "the little llrlck Church on the hill," mown as tho Welsh uaptlst church-on Kock street 'st of Iron. . . Regular meeting for worship, every Lord's day af- .moon nt a o'clock. seats freo ; and the public aro cordially Invited to tlcnd SCHOOL ORDERS, blank, just printed and neatly bound In small books, oo hand and or sale at tho Colombian onicc. I LANK DEEDS, on Parchmint and Linen I) Paper, common and for Adralnlst rators, Execu tors and trustees, for sale cheap at the Colombian ortlce. - T ARRl AGE CERTI FICATE8 ,)ust printed 1VI and for sale at tho Colombian omco. Jllnls ernot tho oospel and Justices should supply them selves with these necessary articles. JUSTICES and Constables' Fee-Bills for sale at the Columbian ortlce. They contain the cor rectcd tecs as established by tho last Act of the Leg .lititro upon the subject. Every Justlco and Con table should have one, VENDUE NOTES just printed and for sale cheap at the Columbian office. BLOOMSBURG DIRECTORY. PROFESSIONAL CAHDS. CI G. BARKLEY, Attorney-at-Law. Office j, lo Hrower's building, Snd story, nooms 4 a s J. B. ROBISON, Attorney-at-Law. In Hartmun's bulloUng, Main street. Office SAMUEL KNORR. Attorneyat-LaWjOffice In Hartman's Uulldlng, Main street. DIt. WM. M. REBER, Surgeon and Physi cian. Office Market street. Abovo 6th East R. EVANS, M. D., Surgeon and Physi clan, (onico and llesldenco on Third street, B. McKELVY, M. D., Surgeon and Phy sician, north side Main street, below Market. , J. C. R UTTER, PHYSICIAN & SUKQEON, Office, North Market street, liloomsburg, Pa. Mar.!7,14 I. L. RABB, PRACTICAL DENTIST, Main Street, opposite Episcopal Church, lilooms burg, Pa. tv Teeth extracted without pain, aug in, "77-ly, MISCELLANEOUS. Q M. DRINKER, GUN and LOCKSMITH. Sewing Machines and Machinery ot all kinds re- dalred. Opkra IIouss uulldlng, Bloomsburg, ra. TiAVID LOWENBERG, Merchant Tailor U Main St., above Central Hotel. S. KUHN, dealer ii. Meat, Tallow, etc., H ROSENSTOCK, Photographer, , Clark & Wolfs store, Main street. A UGUSTUri FREUND. Practical hotneo r palhlo Horso and Cow Doctor, Ulonmsburg, l'a. leo, it, riv-u Y. K ESTER, MERCHANT TAILOR. ltoomNo. is, OrBBA Housk llciuiiKa, Bloomsburg. aprliu.ists. "DRITISH AMERICA ASSURANCE CO NATIONAL FIHK 1NSUHANCE COMPANY. The assets of tneso old comoratlons are all In- vested in SOLID SKCUltlTIEH andare liable to the liaiardof Fire only. Moderate UneB on the best risks are alone accepted. Losses phouiTLT nnd honbstlt adlusted and Dald as suun as determined by Cuxistian F. KNArr, spe cial Agent ana Aaiusier, ii oomsuurg, renn-a. Thtt Hlt7pnH nf rnlnmhla countv fchould natronlze theugency where losseB. If any, ore adjusted and pain oy one oiueirown citizens, nov.io, -,i-i IREAS BROAVN'S INSURANCE AGEN' . CY, Exchange Hotel, Bloomsburg, Pa. Canltal. tsa, Ins Co., ot Hartford, Connecticut... couo.ooo Uierpool, London and Ulobe ),wxi,ooo Hojalof Liverpool ls,60O,ooo Lancanshlro lo.ooo.i oo Fire Association, Philadelphia s.loe.ooo Farmers Mutual ot Danville 1,000,000 Danville Mutual 7s,ooo Home, New York, 5,O0,00O 180,(31,000 As thfi R(rrnftpa nrn rttrfVf. nfillrlpa &ra vrltten for the insured without any delay In the office at Blooms- March M.T7 y B, F. HARTMAN BXrBXSXNTS TBI FOLLOWING AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES Lycoming ot Muncy Pennsylvania. Jjorth American of Philadelphia, fa franklin, of " l'ennsyivanla of " f, ariaers of York, Pa. Ilanoverof New York. Manhattan of " Offloe on Market Street No. , Blootnscurg, pa, ocus,77-ly. T THE OltANGEVILXK ACADEMY You can get a Tborougn Education with the LEAST OUTLAY OF MONEY. lor Catalogue, address the;rrlnclpaL. , . KBV. 0 K. CANFIKLD. AprlllS, 1879-tf - a. Ei ELwELL, inn Proprltton. LAWYERS. E. WALLER, " " Attornov lBen!.' ' PentIoM elW. ColleeUoniBidt. 'iovuuuooriromistNaUonal Bank. BLOOMSBOna, PA. Ian. 11, 1578 U. FUNK, t Attorney-at-Law, incrcaso of Pensions Obtained. Cnll cnsions. Obtained. Collections Mado. BLOOMSBURO, PA. Offlco In Knt's Bcilbino. g ROCKWAY & ELWELL, ' ATTORNEY8-AT-LAW,' CotUMBiAN Buildino, Bloomsburg, Pa. Members of the United Collections mado In any part ot America or Europe Q B & W.J.BUCKALEW, ATTOKNEYS-AT-LAW, Bloomsburg, ra. omco on Main street, first door below Court House JOHN M. CLARK, ATTOllNEY-AT-LAW,! Bloomsbnrff.Pa. omco over Schuyler's nardwaro Store. F. BILLMEYER, ATTORNEY AT LAW. -In Harmon's BuUdln: lng, Main street, Bloomsburg, l'a. BOIT. B. UTTLB. T7 H. A R. R. LITTLE, AITOKNEYS-AT-LAW, Bloomsburg, Pa. p W.MILLER, ATTOKNEY-AT-LAW omce In Brower's building, second noor. room No, ! Bloomaburir. Pa. B. FRANK ZARR, Attornoy-at-Tjaw, BLOOMSBURG, PA. Ofllco In Unanost's Bciuuva, on Main street second Can be consulted in German. Jan. 10, ta-tf CATAWISSA. w M. L. EYERLY. ATTOKNEY-AT-LAW, Catawtasa, Pa. Collections DromDtlr mode and remltttld. Office -yiy h. rhawn, A T T UKfiE Y-A T-L A W , Catawlssa, Pa. Office, corner of Third and Main streets. Julyll,',-tt riLARK F. HARDER, &UILDEK AND MANUFACTURXR OP Doors, Sach, Blinds, Monllines, Brackets, and dealer In LUMllElt and all ktnris r r iiT'ii niNn MATEKIAL, HAIlDWAltE,tC., THIRD STItEET.CArAWISSA.PA. May l, 79-sm' AMUEL FREDERICKS, GESERAL FOUNDRY BUSINESS, NEAR CATAWISSA. ; New work and repairs neatly, quickly and cheaply done. Plows, Vater-Wheels, Ac., manufactured or 'luireu aug. 22, t. BLAIWLEY'SPLMPST The Old Reliable STANDARD PUMP For Wells 10to 75 feet Deep New Price List Jan. 1,1819. ADDRESS G, III,ATCI1I.EY, o, 4 40 MARKET ST., PHILAD'A, April 11, lS79-Cm THE GREAT ENGLISH REMEDY I GRAY'S SPE0IFI0 MEDIOINE fRADE MARK. Is especially recom-TRAOE MARK. inenaea as an un falilnir cure for Rem lnal weakness.ypcr matorrbea, lm po tency, and all tllseo sea, nuchas IXHJS of memory, Unlrer&al uissuuao, i-am in. neiore lamgor m-. Tak many other Olseascs thatlead to tnsanlty.consump tlonanda Premature Grave, all ot which as a rule are first caused by deviating from the patnoi nature and over Indulgence. The Specific Medicine Is the result of a lite study and many years or experience in treating these special diseases. trim particulars in our pampmeu,wuicu vru ucmjv to send free by mall to e ery one. The specific Medicine is sold by all Drurclsts at 11 per pack ige, or 8ti packages for ti, or will be sent oy mail on receipt ui uio uiuur; wwcmuib TUB OKAY MEDICINE CO., No. 10, Mechanic's Block, Detroit, Mich. Sold in liloomsburir by C. A. Elelm, and by all Druggists everywhere. liarns m awihk, n uuicbiuo ai-oma, . utwuit. aept, , 1M1 M. C. SLOAN & BRO. ULOO.llSUURG, PA, Manutacturera ot Carriages, Buggies, Phaetons, Sleighs, PLATFORM WAGONS, C. First-class workalways oniand. KEPAIRLNQ NEATLY DONE. Prices reduced to suit the times. Jan. e, 1817-tt. EVERY DIRECTOR. TEACHER AND STUDENT Should subscribe for THE EDUCATOR, A Live Educational Monthly, published at ORANGEVILLE, rA forw cents per year. Send six cents for specimen copy. C. K. CANFIELD, Km tor. April 18, 1879-tf ft iVeoo A YEAR for honest. Intelligent business ik men or agents. ew bubiuess; ukrui won. Jj. Address Co-orBKATiv aubkcv, Madison, Ind' Tuna OT ,a.m Private Sale! The following valuable property, the Estate of the late John Swlsher,deceased,w 111 be offered at private sale up to SEPTEMBER 1st lBTa. Tho property Is situate In the village of Jersey town, Columbia county ra and contains aoouv FIFTY ACliJSH of excellent farming land upon which are T"WO HOTJSEBi BABNi and otner oui buildings, and Is one of tho finest localities In the county. There are TWO GOOD ORCHARDS on the premises. ftarFor Information concerning the property ap ply to O. B. lirockway, of Bloomsburg, or T. 1. Swisher, of Jereoytown. May 83,-ts PUBLIC SALE Printed at HAND BILLS Una Office ON SHORTEST NOTICE A ll AT THE Jt3 MOST REASONABLE TERMS. Poetical. THE ItKCONCILIATION. BT TINKTSOM, As thro' tho land at cvo wo went And pluck'd the rlpen'd cars, We fell out, my wlto and I, We fell out, 1 know not why, And klss'd again with tears, And blessings on tho falling out That alt tho moro endears. When wo tall out with those we lovo And kiss again with tears I For when wo came whero lies the child Wo lost In other years, . There above the little grave, Oh I there abovo tho little gravo Wo klss'd again with tears. DESTINY. BT SKUA LAZARCS. ISM. Paris, from throats of Iron, silver, brass, Joy-thundering cannon, blent with chiming bells, And martial strains, the full-voiced pican swells. Tho air Is starred with flags, the chanted mass Throngs all the churches, yet tho broad streets swarm With glad-eyed groups, who chatter, laugh and pass In holiday confusion, class with class. And over all the spring tho sun-floods warm I lnthe Imperial palace that March morn, Tho beautiful young mother lay and smiled i For by her side Just breathed tbo rrlnce, her child, Heir to an empire, to the purple born, Crowned with the Titan's name that stirs tho heart Llko a blown clarion one more nonapartc. 1379. Horn to the purple, lying st&rk and dead, Transfixed with poisoned arrows, 'neath the sun Of brazen Africa I Thy gravo Is ono, Forefated youth (on whom were visited Follies and sins not thine), whereat tho world, Heartless howe'er It be, will pauso to sing A dirge, to breathe a sigh, a wreath to fling Of rosemary and rue with bay-leaves curled, Enmeshed In tolls ambitious, not thine own. Immortal, loved boy-Prince, thou tak'st thy stand With early doomed Don Carlos, hand In hand With mlid-browed Arthur, Geoffrey's murdered son. Louis tho Dauphin lifts his Uiorn-rtnged head. And welcomes thee, his brother, 'mongst tho dead. Scribner. Miscellaneous. Till! LUST STATE. A BIT OF AMr.IUCAN HISTORY NOT GENE RALLY KNOWN. Everybody knows that there are thirty' eight States and that originally there were thirteen colonies, and most people can re peat the names of these1 States and Colonies as glibly as their alphabet ; but we venture to say that very few have ever heard of a State called the State of Franklin. And yet history recognizes the existence of such a State, and ono that In its day enjoyed no small degree of celebrity. It is well known that after the Revolu tion most of the thirteen original States claimed jurisdiction among themselves over the territory stretching indefinitely to the westward. The sepaiate jurisdiction of each State was ill-defined, and to avoid any troub le, to give the General Government what seemed its due, and to assist it in throwing off the debt incurred by the War of Indc pendence, the Congress of the Confederation requested the various States to cede their claims to tho General Government. The matter was not definitely settled until after the adoption of the Constitution ; but the Slate of North Carolina attempted to cede, iti compliance with the request of Congress, its western lands, which now form the State of Tennessee, and it was this attempt at cession which brought about the complica tions that shortly afterwards resulted in the brief existence of the State ol Franklin. North Carolina ceded,but Congress, vacil lating and vigorless, hesitated about accept' ing the cession. Having made the cession North Carolina gave up all interest in her border settlements, and Congress refused to accept the charge which North Carolina had thrown off. The consequences were serious for the fortunes and happiness of the Ten nessee settlers. Their borders were overrun with criminals and fugitives from justice, such as always infest a pioneer community, and ytt the action of the mother State left them without courts to assert justice and n- flict punishment. They had at all times to be on their guard against marauding bands of Indians, and yet they were without a regularly constituted militia for their de fense. They were, in fact cast-offs, and did what one would naturally expect them to do under the circumstances. The three north, eastern counties of the Territory Washing' ton, Greene and Sullivan lying In the northern part of what Is now Eastern Ten ncssee, then the only well-settled portion of the State, met In Convention at Jonesboro, Washington county, in August, 1784, and after a long discussion, in which the Decla ration of Independence was read and cited as a fit example for them to follow, they de clared themselves Independent of North Carolina. After a variety of fortunes the little Slate was organized, and In honor of Renjamin Franklin, was called the State of Franklin. A SHORT-LIVED COMMONWEALTH. The new State was short lived, but so long as it did exist it presented a very slngu lar spectacle. Let us imagine to ourselves a wilderness threaded here and there by rivers along which the bottom lands; sparsely dot ted by rude log cabins, bore the only marks of cultivation to be seen in the whole region No cities, no towns, not even villages dn servlog the name, and these shut in by lofty mountains and almost impenetrable forests There was scarcely a wheeled vehicle in the State. Farmers ground or crushed their own corn, and their wives and daughters united their homespun clothes with the skins of'wild beasts to furnuh them with clothing, If anything beyond what their own farms produced was needed thero was but one way to procure it. Gold and silver, money of any description being an almost unheard of article iu the community, a system of barter had to be brought into play. There were well understood allowances to be made for each article of commerce. A bear-skin was worth so many iaink-skins,or vice verm, The State Government established a ached ule of values which it applied to its own transactions, and probably the people of the State in their private business conformed to these rates. An Idea of how primitive the Government really was may be inferred from the fact lhat its officers from the Governor down received their salaries in articles of commerce, such as otter skins, beeswax, rye, whisky and "good peach and apple brandy,1 The State Capital (Greenville) was a hamlet of perhaps a dozen long buildings. Proba bly it contained a store. We know that it " ' ' i iV wry mm iHMU (ill it BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, AUGUST 29. had a tavern and a court house. What tho general character of the buildings was may be luferred from a description of the court house, in which the Legislature of the State of Franklin nag wont to assemble. It was built of unhewn lbgs, and had neither floors nor window. Between the logs were a few cracks where tho logs fitted badly, and these It was thought, would serve well enough for ventilation and light. It is almost unneces sary to Bay that the State had no printing press ; and the only knowledge which the freeman of Franklin got of the laws of his Government wss through common report and their annual promulgation on tho mili tia field or from the steps of the court house. JOHN BEV1ER. The chief interest which the State of Franklin has for ua to-day comes from two or three striking characters which its history brought Into prominence. The principal of these, John Bevier, a Virginian by birth, but a Huguenot by descent, is one of the noteworthy characters in the annals of Ten nessee. Sevier was one of those men who seemingly without effort or pains, attract other men Instantly to them to form a group of which they are always the centre. He Is said to have been much like Qen.Sam Hous ton, of Texas, In this respect 1'oBsessed of this magnetic Influence, he had in addition to it the bonhomie which is so pleasing to the men of the frontier, and the fearless spirit that so commends its possessor to all who live amid scenes of peril and danger. These qualities Inevitably made Sevier a leader wherever he went ; and when his fortunes turned him to the mountains of Tennessee, from that moment he was tho foremost man in all the councils and enterprises of the men who afterwards formed the State of Franklin, He was the commander of the Tennessee Riflemen at Kings' Mountain, and was chosen as the first Governor, and continued to be the only Governor of the State of Franklin. Sevier fought hard for the State, but after the first year of its existence the fight was a losing one, for North Carolina, after the first abandonment of her offspring, suddenly turned about and reasserted her jurisdiction. She had all tho powcr,and had the commun ication between the two States been easy, and had she asserted her rights with vigor and promptness, the revolt of the western counties would have been crushed in its ln cipiency jbul the fact that these two conditions were entirely wanting necessarily made the policy of North Carolina a "walting"one,and this pollcy,as3isted by feuds and divisions in the Stato of Franklin, made a peaceful and bloodless settlement of the difficulty possi ble. There was, however, one slight scrim mage before the new-Stato passed out of existence, which we shall presently refer to. In order to introduce this episodo properly however, we shall have to refer moro par ticularly to another of the prominent char acters of the State of Franklin. A SPECK OF WAR, Major John Tipton seems to have been as unlike Sevier as it is possible for two men to be. He had none of Sevi r'a suavity of manner ; he was brusque and uncompromis inga man to whom it was impossible to endure a rival, who aspired to leadership, and who was jealous of all who contended for it with him, Yet ho had qualities which enabled him to hew his way through diffi culties, and by force of will, if in no other way, to make himself a formidable oppon ent. This man bad supported the State of Franklin in its early days, but afterwards, probably because he saw that Sevier's influ ence was likely to overshadow his own, threw the whole weight of his influence in favor of a return to the jurisdiction of North -Carolina. He was materially assisted in his efforts bv a general feeling among the Franks" that North Carolina having again taken the counties under her protection, and having set up the requisite Courts, and hav ing appointed the necessary Brigadier of Militia, a return to the old allegiance would be the wisest course. So rapidly did the fabric of the new State perish that three years alter its establishment, in the words of a recent writer upon the Bubject, "no Legislature at all could be assembled, and as it was one of the duties of the Legislature to elect the Council, and as the Legislature at its last session had failed to do this, the Council was soon a thing of the patt. To complete this catalogue of misfortunes, Judge Campbell, the head of the Judiciary, accepted office under the government of North Carolina. Gov. Sevier was left alone in his official dignity. Even this sole relic of the Franklin government would nor, in the natural course of events, remain loug exempt from the general wreck, for the Gov. ernor'a term expired on March 1, 1788,and it being a constitutional function of the Legislature to elect the Governor, and there being no Legislature to perform this duty, it followed inevitably that after March 1, 1788, there would be no Governor of the State of Franklin.' Such were the facts, and the State of Franklin thus ended, but its closing days were marked by the culmination of the ri valry between Tipton and Sevier in an open encounter between the two and their respec tive forces. During a temporary absence of Sevier on the frontier, Tipton had confined in his bouse certain slaves taken from Se vier's homestead by legal process. On hear' Ing this, Sevier marched with one hundred and fifty men to Tipton's house, and for threo days laid siege to it. Tipton had a few men with him, and, when Sevier called upon him to surrender, he replied that Sevier s force might "fire and be damned." Neither however, made a direct attack upon the oth er, Tipton not doing so on account of infer) ority of force, and Sevier because he was at heart a peaceable man, and did not wish to cause useless bloodshed. At length, on the morning of the fourth day, a detachment from Sullivan county came to Tipton's as slstance. The morning was bitter cold, snow was falling, and Sevier's scouts had all come into camp to warm themselves. Seeing the state of affairs, the Sullivan militia moved cautiously up,and when close enough "raised a shout which seemed to rend the heavens.' and the besieged, beaded by Tipton, also rushing out, a panic seized Sevier's men and they fled in every direction. SEVIER'S EM'ArE. Meanwhile Sevier's term had expired, and tho last remnant of (be State of Franklin had disappeared. Sevier himself was ar rested, through the assistance of Major Tip ton, of course, and taken to Burke county North Carolina, for trial. On the day fixed for the trial some of his friends from beyond the mountains came to bis rescue, The man net of his escape Is thus described by an eye-witness i "The Franks had approached as near to the town as they deemed prudent, when four of them concealed themselves near the road, while two of their number, James Cozby and Nathaniel Evans, went forward into the town. They rode to a convenient distance from the Court-house, tied their horses to a limb of a trce.near to which they hid their rifles, and boldly entered the town, their capacious hunting shirts concealing the side weapons which they had prepared In case of need. Soon they had mingled with the crowd and had easily passed off for country men attracted there by common curiosity, Evans had taken charge of Gov. Sevier's celebrated race mare and led her up to the front of the Court-house door, the bridle thrown carelessly over her head ; he was ap parently an unconcerned spectator of pass ing events. Cozby entered tho house, and there, arraigned at the bar, sat the object of their solicitude. Slowly he turned his head and their eyes met. Sevier knew the rescue was at hand, but he was restrained from any outward demonstration by a significant shake of Cozby's head. During a pause iu the trial Cozby stepped forward in front of the Judge, and, in that quick and decisive tone so peculiar to blm, asked the Judge if he was done with that man. The question, manner and tone caused every person to start and cast their eyes on the speaker, then on the Judge, all in amazement. In the meantime Sevier had caught sight of his favorite mare standing at the door; taking advantage of the confusion he mado one spring to the door; the next he was in the saddle, and with the speed of thought was borne from the wondering crowd." Sevier met with no moro trouble from either State or local authorities. He re turned home, and, although for a time suf fering from political disabilities, ho finally became Governor of Tennessee, and, for many years, served in tho House of Represen tatives at Washington. dn. Commercial. THE KMPEKtni OF CHINA. General Grant did not ask an audience of the Emperor. The Emperor is a child sev en years of age, at his books, not in good health, and under the care of two old ladies called the Empresses. When the Chinese Minister in Paris spoke to General Grant about an audience.aud his regret that the sov ereign of China was not of ago that he might personally entertain the ex-President, the General said he hoped no question of au dience would be raised. He had no person al curiosity to see the Emperor and there could be no useful object in conversing with child. This question of seeing the Em peror Is one of tho sensitive points in Chin ese diplomacy. The Chinese idea is that the Emperor is the Son of Heaven, the titu lar if not the accepted king of the world, king of kings, a sacred being, not to be seen by profane, barbarian eyes. Foreign powers have steadily fought this claim, and have insisted by every means upon the Emperor landing on the same level as other sover eigns and heads of States receiving and Bond ing ministers, and taking an active and per sonal interest in international affairs. These arguments went so far as to Induce the last Emperor to receive the foreign ministers in the palace. This was a great triumph. It made a sensation at the time. I have seen picture ot the audience, drawn from mem ory by one of the interpreters. There are ministers standing in a row, the Emperor on his throne, mandarins in the back ground. Prince Kung on bis knees handing the cre dentials of the ministers to the Emperor. The audience lasted some minutes, and was confined to the utterance of a few words of Tartar language to the effect that the cre dentials would be considered. That is the only time in recent years when barbarian eyes looked on sacred majesty. The Em peror who then resigned has,to use courteous speech, ascended on the great dragon to be a guest on high. The youth of the present sovereign has preveuted any audience, for, of course, an audience would be a comedy, with the sovereign a timid, unhealthy boy, who had never seen a foreigner, and who would probably run off crying. Tbo Chin ese, therefore, have postponed the audience question until tbo Emperor comes of age. At the same time, the foreign ministers have always madeapointofan audience. The fact that General Grant had been the head of a nation and had corresponded directly with the Emperor gave him the right to request an audience. There was no reason, even in Chinese logic, why such a request should be refused. Many of those well in formed on Eastern questions were anxious that this request should be made ; that it would render things easier in dealing with the Chinese ; that, in fact, the only way of dealing with the government was to hammer and hammer, and always to hammer, until all these prejudices were broken down. But the General, as I have remarked, had no cu riosity to see a boy seven years old, and the question dropped, JV. Y. Herald, A UUUU DEAL W FUSS AUOUT If. A darkey was once attempting to steal n goose, but a dog raised an objection and Sambo retired. The next night, during a thunder storm, he attempted it again, and just as he was on the point of getting away with his fowl the ligbtuing struck close by and tho noise nearly frightened the poor fellow to death. Dropping the goose, he started away muttering, "Pears to me dar's heap of fuss mado about one old goose 1' Ueautillern. Ladies, you cannot make fair skin, rosy cheeks and sparkling eyes with all tho cos metic of France, or beautificrs of the world while in poor health, anJ nothing will give you such good health, strength, buoyant spirits and beauty as Hop Bitters. A trial is certain proof. See another column. Pigs for fall killing may be forced from the start. A run at grass, a little milk, and regular, steady feeding on bran and meal slops, will help to make a large growth which is atterwatd quickly filled up with fat. The low prices now prevailing, must be offset by making more pork than former ly out of the same feed. Lose not thy own for want of asking It Lose not your infant for want of Dr. Bull's Baby Syrup, which any druggist will sell you for 25 cents a bottle. ONLY ONETKOUULE. 'I would box your ears,' said a young la' dy of lielfast to her stupid and tiresome ad mtrer, 'if ' 'If, what?' he anxiously asked 'If, she repeated, ' I could get a box larg , enough for the purpose.' 1879. TUB DEMIDOFP VILLA AT FLORENCE. Prince Demtdoffowns the malachite m Ines of Russia, an!, it Is said, does not know what his income is. He has collected a rich variety of treasures from all parts of the world, and seems to be Influenced more by n love for the beautiful than the unique. We went, a party of six of us, In a tram car, and, walking a short distance, entered a lodge where the custodians were hand somely uniformed. The grounds are really nothing astonishing. They He low and level. There are pretty bridges and pavil ions, rustic work and bronze animals, and a most unique stucco, or rocky entrance to a swimming bath of large dimensions. Tho arrangement of statuary, of figures fishing or crouching in niches and unexpected places, has a very pleasing effect. Thtre are forty-five servants employed in the palace, not Including secre'taries, clerks and stewards, and they include Germans, trench, Russians and Italians, except in the grooming department there only English need apply. The palace seems to be built on threo sides of a square, and has one hundred and twenty apartments. In the piazza the seats look like cushions that might bo shaken up or thrown about at will, but they were of ajolica, In imitation of gaily figured cretonne or glazed cambric. We entered and turned to our right into the chapel. The doors, in beautifully carved woods, dark and rich, are a reproduction ot the famous doors of the Baptistry In Florence, which Michael Angelo said were "fit to be the gate of Paradise," but of course, they are much smaller. The ceiling is also of carved wood, exquisite in design. The chapel is in style of the Russian or Greek church, although some say Prince D. is a Catholic. Life-size saints are beautifully frescoed on the walls. A figure of the Madonna and Bambino have the crown and dress ornamented with gold and precious stones, and the books of service, In glass cases, Are decorated in the same way. Many valuable church ornaments are to be seen. The whole room is a gem of architectural design and taste. The arrange ment of the hall seemed very grand as we came out of the chapel, but we did not stop long to examine it, as the magnificent stair way absorbed our attention. It has all been remodelled within the past four years, and in Oriental style. The carpet is a solid, rich red. Gobelin and other tapestries adorn the walls, and the celling is a pointed arch, with the rafters all gilded and worked in true Oriental style. Mirrors aro arranged at the top of tho staircase, where are vases and tall heavy columns of a most uncommon and peculiar marble. There are sixteen or more of these columns In different places, each surmounted with a gilded chapter, and an immense vase of Sevres, Japanese or other rare china. Innumerable lamps, with exquisite pink globes, are closely arranged around, and all this combined with the width and gradual ascent of the stair case must make the effect at a ball very imposing. The marble, which attracted my eye at once in columns aud vases, is black, with what seems lo be quartz all through it, hicb, in the light, has a beautiful effect. At the second landing is a reception room, and a balcony is so arranged that a band in playing is In view of room and stairway. This balcony is a gallery of tho fifteenth century, exquisitely carved in bold relief, and now gilded with fine effect. Tho ceil ing of this room is beautifully frescoed. This was a reception dining room, and the table and chairs were rich mosaics in wood, and in all points the room was grand indeed. Some rooms have tapestries of great worth on the walls, and some have satin tapestry of different colors. One is hung with em bossed leather, and is lovely in effect. The ceilings are of infinite variety. The man- tlepiece in each room is different, and some are old handsome ones, with beautiful bas- reliefs ; some of inlaid woods; and in one room it is of modern and ancient Florentine mosaics. Photographs in nil varieties of lovely frames were around the rooms of the Prince and his wife. In his reception room, the arrangements for comfortable sitting or lounging are complete. Quite a number of the divans around the room were only a half foot from the floor, and tho pillows and cushions were covered with India shawls. Everything that a refined idea of comfort and luxury can suggest has been collected from all countries. The gem of all the apartments is a long narrow gallery or hall, lighted from the top and containing the choicest ot original pict ures. They are mostly of the Flemish schools, and there is a fine collection of Ruysdaels. One of the choicest of the pict urcs a Rembrandt cost the sum of 10,' 000, and another near it 8.000. None of the pictures were large, but all of choicest fame. The walls of this room were cover ed with a light olive green velvet tapestry and furniture of the Bame. The picture frames were of ebony, finely carved and gilt. Beside each picture was a candela brum or high lampholder of Bilver. bronze or brass, so arranged as to hide and reflect the light. In one large room are cases of rarest chi i. One plate, Viennese china, cost 720. In this same room is a long case witli rare fans. In another room is a collection of watches, interesting and rare. One belong ing to Napoleon. Another room is draped around with the rarest old embroidery and needlework. The collection of old valuable vestments of priests, bishops, cardinals, etc., Is immense and choice. In one room grand fire screen of ebony frame is filled with an old robe of Louis XlVtb, most ex quisltely embroidered in flowers and gilt. Of one room, the entrance door and furui ture were all of malachite. In many rooms were splendid cabinets of rare and choice workmanship, and, turn which way we would, wo were face to face with a treasure of some kind. Cbr, ritttburg Chronicle, Feasibility of .Navigating tbe Susquehauua. The secretary of war has approved the orders proposed by the chief of engineers (uen. Wright) to commence a survey of the iiuequehanna river with a view of ascertain ing the feasibility of navigating some por tions of, the stream. This scheme, it is stated originated with Hon. Hendtick B, Wright who entertained tho idea that the branches of the river were navigable. The survey of the busquehanna, however, Is admitted to be the most sensible thinp lie has done, and may add some fresh knowledge of the navi gable possibilities of that vast but now practically useless, for commercial purposes, fluvial route for rafts from tbe mountains to i tbe bay, THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XIII, NO.Srt COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT, VOL. XLIV, NO. 7 PETROLEUM. When we aro told that at the present time over 1,800,000 gallons of petroleum or earth oil are brought to the surface every day in the oil regions of Pennsylvania alone, the mind Is staggered by the contemplation of the magnitude of this comparatively new Industry. So lavish is Mother Earth of her hidden stores of oil than it is tent lo tho surface much faster than it can be taken caro of, or Btored, and at the present time 800,000 gallons, at the lawest estimate, ran to waste every day. The great Union ripe Line, and other methods of conveyance ut terly fail to convey the oil to market, and the enormous tanks for storage are full to overflowing. There are tanks owned by companies which hold 6,000,000 barrels of oil, and all of them are full. The wooden tanks owned by individuals and private con cerns amount In their aggregate capacity to as large a number of barrels, and these are also full. Thus It will be understood that thero are great lakes of oil above ground, as well as below; but there Is good reason to believe that the subterranean deposits may with greater propriety be called oceans rather than lakes. The oil workers are evidently pumping from inexhaustible supplies in the rock chambers below, and what are called the "spoutiug wells," deliver their vast currents with tho same impetuosity as when the drills first tapped the pent-up stores. An interesting inquiry arises as regards what becomes of the soil that cannot be secured; into what does It flow, and where is its final resting place? Any one who has visited tho oil regions will know of the country, and readily understand that much of the oil flows into brooks or small rivers, and in time finds its way into the large rivers, and is lost ultimately in the Gulf of Mexico or the Atlantic Ocean. Still larger quantities are absorbed by the earth in ravines and marshy places, and thus it is lost t view. In the famous district one Is lead to exclaim, "Oil, oil everywhere, and no untainted water to drink." There is oil in the soil; oil in the springs; oil In the bushes and trees; oil In the atmosphere, ap parently, oil on the clothine, and in the mouth, eyes, and hair of the workmen; tho bread and coifeo of tho region have the odor of oil, and the beds are saturated with it. How wonderful is all thisl Well do we remember when tbe first vial of "rockoil'' full into our hands. It was called "Seneca oil," and it was claimed to be a most effi cacious remedy for a' variety of Ills to which the human body is subjoct. The statement that it flowed spontaneously from a spring in Pennsylvania was received at first with much credulity, as that was regarded as impossible ; but in a Bhort tlmo the truth was knowu, and the oil was no longer regarded as a mixture devised by human hands. American petroleum oil is now used as a source of artificial illumination in nearly all parts of the world. It goes along with rum, powder and muskets to the savage tribe of Africa, and the mud houses on the banks of the rivers of the interior of the Turkish Empire, in Persia, in Egypt, in Palestine, in China, in Japan, and In the remote islands of tbe sea. For the paltry sum of fifteen cents we can purchase a gallon of the clear refined oil, and the cost of the light afforded, in comparison wltn gas as furnished at the lowest cost in cities, is one to twenty In its favor. It is just now the most formidable antagonist of gas. and we can scarcely hope iu the utiliza tion of electrical force in tho future to secure liorbt at a lower expense. Votlon Journal of Chcmittry. The custom is said to have lately grown up among young ladies of good social position in England of having various devices tat tooed indelibly on ono or other of their legs. This peculiar freak of tho aristocracy of Great Britain has been made public through an advertisement announcing tho mysterious disappearance of a well-connected young la dy. But in this very advertisement is dis played a comical want of knowledge ot the customs of this country. The friends of the missing girl evidently believo she has fled to America, and they tell us she can bo identi fied by a cross in tattoo on her right leg. This is doubtless an infallible sign, but who Is to mako tho investigation which shall reveal the fair runaway ? If aboriginal styles of dress prevailed here, as our British cousins evi dently think they do, all would be easy enough ; but when tho very clocking of a damsel's hose is largely a matter of conject ure to the most assiduous of lookers-on, how could even a Paul Pry among fashion writers get at tho cuticular ornamentation beneath tho silk ? The task is hopeless. The miss ing maiden might wander among U3 with both legs figured like a pair of Cleopatra Needles and wo would not be tho wiser for it. Wo must have a more extended bill of particulars. A squint, a wart ou tho left forefinger, even u strawberry on the nose, would serve to establish her identity ; but, so far as her pictured leg is concerned, slio has the receipt of fernseed' and walks invisible. Ilecord. Tho Wtitinituter Ileview for July (repub lished by Tho Leonard Scott Publishing Co., U Barclay Street, N. Y.) opens with a long article on 'Freo Trade, Reciprocity, and For' cign Competition,' denies that the stagna Hon of British trade is due to i'reo Trade policy, and combats the- principal arguments urged in favor of Protection ; recommends a reform in the land laws ; discouragement of tho liquor trade &c. 2. 'The federation of tho English Empire' Dwells fully on tho subject of emigration. 3, 'Aryan Society.' An attempt to com pare tho views expressed by the greatest of ancient writers and thinkers on the nature, origin, and history of somo of the most im portant institutions of civilized society. 4. rtaie i apcrs. uuaries i. a very in tercsting chronicle of many events in that reign taken from Stato papers recently pub hshed. 5. 'Tho Life of tho Prince Consort.' Sets asido the political portion, and treats only of pcrwual matters. 0, 'llicophrastus touch.' This, George hliot s latest work, is described as a book of valuablo essays on feelings and foibles, en livened here and thero with tho most genial humor. The contemporary Litcraturo is as full usual, and there is another long article 'India aud Our Colonial Empire' Reprinted by tho Leonard Scott Publishing RATES OF ADVERTISING srAci. 1M. tM. ,...t.00 11.60 .... 1.00 4.00 4.111 4.M) IM. M. tl.Otl 11.00 l.oo lf.eo t.m ii.ou lo.oo is.no IT one Inch Two Inches Three Inches, f8. 11.00 18.001 so.t M.ftO to Po rourincnes, B.W) 7.( ouarter column 8.00 8.00 llslt column ln.nu ib.oo one column. ..su.oo ss.oo so.oo to.oo looc is. oo s. Yearly tsdverllsrmcnts payable nuartrrly. Trar. slent advertisement mustbc raid for before inBcrteo except where parties havo accounts. Legal advertisements two dollars per men ror inrtt Insertions, and at that rate for addlllonallnsertlons, without reference to icngtn. Executor's. A mlntstrator'a and Auditor's notice! three dollars. Must tie paid lor wnen inserieo. Transient or Local notices, twenty cents aline reguiarauvenisemenwnaii rairn. uaraa in in, "iiusidhhh iiimvwrj uuiuutu, uuc. dollarreryearioreacniine. , Items. 'Please shut tho door" has been taken down. Do poets havo to nay for iKiotical It- cense ? The elephant is the first traveller of tho season to havo his trunk coveted with can vas. Seaside mosnnltos aro now lookiuc over tho hotel register to see what rooms nro taken. In Lapland dead human bodies aro frozen hard. This is a kind of ico crema tion. Now that tho thunder storm season has arrived, tho reckless small boy Is more prompt at prayers. An exchange has iust discovered that the nil rase 'Excuse baste and a bad pen was tbe parting salute of a runaway pig. A cotemporary knows a man over nine ty years of aeo who hasn't a Cray hair on his head nor one of any other color. Jemima Susan, did vou eet mr let ter?' 'Yes, Dick.' 'I sent iu hopes of rais ing a flame.' 'Richard you succeeded, for it lit tbe gas.' In carving a turkor in the presence of strangers it is a breach of etiquette to stop more than twice to spit on your hands and take a new hold. About this time vou mav see men in their shirt-sleeves, sitting on piazzas, and swearing at a mark. Tho mark is tho ther mometer. The first ordination of a Chinaman to the Protestant Episcopal ministry in the united .stales took place in ban Francisco recently. What is the worst side of naval war fare ?' asked a school teacher. 'The broad side,' replied tbe boy in the back scat. He went up Head. An Irishman has always an answer for any thing. A Corkonian, on being asked nt breakfast how he catno bv that black eve. said that 'he slept on his fist.' The dlsapnearuuce of the silver three cctit pice is unregretted, except on Sun day moruing, when mom y lor tbe church collection h watittd, It was the nullinc of the skirts of fair ones on the stairs ou their way to a military ball, iu war time, that originated the Bong : 'The Camp Belles aro Coming,' A little uirl. to whom her father ex plained that bantam chickens miirlit bo re- cognized by their feather stockings, wanted to know it tue liens woro garters. Sara Bernhardt is bv no means stout. still this does seem to bo a little exaggerated: 'An empty carriage drove up to the door, auusara lierunardt dismounted Irom it.' By a recent decision of the United Sta tes Court, muncinal bonds are held to be good against the city issuing them, which is ..uiujiciicu tu icvy ittxs iu utscuirgc- mem. The Rochester man who cot his foot tangled up in a saw mill and broke twenty eight hundred dollars' worth of machinery should confine himself to agricultural pur suits. Mr. Huxlev savs the nlesiosaurus is ps. necially distinguished by its powerful jaw, but it is due to the community to state that tnts assertion was made belore he was mar ried Amherst's reputation is not without foundation. It is eaid that one- fourth of all the missionaries sent out to foreign ccun tries by the American board are Amherst College graduates. Tho Czar of Russia makes nearly $.15.- 000 a day out of his position, and when he knocks on in ino middle ol ttie day lo gn out and play base ball or fed a horse raco he isn't docked a cent. When a man has sat tin till mldnicht writing poetry and goes home with bis soul allamo with inspiration, nothing, pleases him so much as to get in bed and .find that the baby has been eating a cracker there.' A youne man mav do a creat munv foolish things, but he will never wear a pair of white pantaloons to a picnic but once. lie will never forget the large amount of fun he didn't have on the first occasion. Baniror. Me., has been settled one hun dred and ten years, and has been a city for loriy-nve years, nut tue mayor olected there recently is the first native of that city who has been chosen to fill the mayor's chair. A Providence bov started to school on the opening day of the term, and before he had gone five blocks from home he bad lamed a dog, lost bis geography, scared n horse, broke his slate, and had three fights. Baron, tbe singer, is of such unusual height, that when he went, tbe other day, in Paris to consult a doctor about a severe cold in bis head, the physician said: 'My menu, you must nave got your leet wet last year. Two sophomores enter a horse car : the first takes the on ly vacant seat. and the second Bits on his lap. Presently a young lady enters, and the second soph, ris'ng, says, 'Take my seat, madam.' Fact. A Sprinnfield butcher was invited tho other niht to attend a minstrel show, but positively uecuneo, even wnen a tree ticket was offered him. When pressed for tho reasou he replied : 'If I should co I should Bee so many people who nwe me for meat mat it would spoil all my luu. 'There's our Jeremiah.' said Mr. Shel- ton, 'he went off to make his own living by his wits.' Well, did he succeed?' inquired a friend. 'No said tbe old man with a sigh and significantly tapping his head, 'he fail- ta lor want oi capital.' What do you charee a nuart for vour milk here ?' aked a man, as he put his head at the door of a milk shop. 'Eight cents,' was the reply. 'Ain't you got any lor seven cents ( 'JNo,' said the proprietor; 'but,' he added, "we can soon make you some. The other day a would-be fash ionabln lady called at a neighbor's at what she thoueht would be sunner time. 'Come in.' said tbe neighbor; 'wo are having a tableau ' -i am so giau,- said me visitor. 1 thougut i smeu 'em.and l like them better than any thing for a late supper.'. It Is whispered that.if American manu facturers have been moro honest than their British brethern in tbe matter of 'loading' cottons, it is because tliry didn't know how ramer man necause tbey didu't want to. And it is further whisnered that thev lmv at last learned how. One of tho customers in a barber's shon sees a dog of ungainly aspect sitting oppo site intently watching him. 'Why, does that dog look at me so?1 'Why, Fir, oc casionally my band slips, and I am so un- loriunaie as 10 snip ou a nit oi ear.' 'l.liV and what then ?' 'Why, then he eats it.' One of the Chicago rectors of the Re formed Episcopal Church announces that henceforth Sunday sermons will bo furnished Sunday evening iu twenty minutes. We retrain Rom giving Ihe name of the church were short sermons will prevail, fearing that all the other houses of worship would be deserted. The ruling passion strong In death. At a funeral down town, tbe other day, the as on minister nan just, reached 'we susll miss Lis chrerful presence in our midst.' when the corpse sprang up and shouted, 'And so will his sisters, his cousins and bis aunts.' Upon investigation it was learned that tbe deceas ed bad been scratched with a 'Pin afore' he Co, l liarclay Street, tf. Y.) died.