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THE COLUMBIAN AND DEMOCRAT, BLOOMSBURGr, COLUMBIA COL NTY, PA.
BBOCKWAT ELWELL, Editors.
Friday. M nrcli 14, 187 O.
uoiumoia county was originally culled In
Democratic times the "Star of the North
because of Its unswerving devotion to the
principles enunciated and advocated by
Jefferson and his immediate surccrsors
Until n recent dato our majorities we ro cer
tain and constantly Increasing. Of late this
has been changed, and all owing to thoclmn-1
luatlon of a no.v element In our organliv
Hon, whose motto Is "Rule or ruin." He-1
cause ol Independence of thought, men have
been ostracised and even political numlna-
tlon, whoever may be the candidates, arc
the result or n secret canal. Disappointed
or expectant men combine, and a defeat or
doubtful victory is tho result. Men have
the right to dill'er as to who shall be noml
nated. They have the right to resist nomi
nations Iraudulently iiiuilp, or for any Im
proper candidate. The party have a right
to dl-cuss the issues of the dsy, and express
their opinions thereon, and if, perchance,
they difti-r from that of others, neither M
should mce.ssarilv be "read out " For
stanc, the Tariirqiieallon has never a party
issue, and cannot be made such, It depend
log on local interests. Nor can tho financial
nud currency questions be made a party test,
because platforms of both parties have flue.
tuated on those questions, and Democratic
and Republican statesmen have fought side
by tide as their individual views, or section
al interests might dictate.
It is folly, thcrelore, to attempt to drive
men from our runts because in some past
Issue of men or measures they may have
differed from us. Such a course, if strictly
followed would Boon leave but the skeleton
of a party. It is a maxim that "in time of
peace we should prepare for war." The
Democratic party is now in full
of the National Congress, and holds an ef
fectual check on Hayes, the usurper by
fraud of the Presidency. Tho majority of
States are UDdcr Democratic control. !!nt
there should be no false security as to the
, ...... . . .. I
miure. jou, anu at once reorganization club bas sent half a score ol men to jail for
should begin. A good general, in case of netting fish and shooting ducks out of sea
victory, would place his army in a fit condi- son. Where game constables bavo proved
lion to renew the attack at once, and not
...... . ,i ,1
..u.. .,,,, , mmv on in enemy s
..cimiuuugnuiim rauy 10
his support all disaffected parties, and when
strong enough take tho aggressive, or it his
..., fn.u !. -j . r
IV ". ""
In a word, as to our county, Let us do our I
duty here. Men who have been lukewarm in
j-. -r..- i i ii . , ,
days of trial should not be given commands
ot trust. Ihose who are active Democrats
only when successful nominees, had better
wait. Fit men, competent to lead, and who
are always in the front are needed.
Start your clubs and organizations
WHO WILL UB SUEKIFF ?
There seems to be an Impression abroad
that the office f sheriff is one that any man
woo can write his name can fill. Many peo
ple think: that the duties of the sheriff con
sist in riding about the county and serving
writs, holding sales, and taking persons
custody. While this does nearly cover the
physical labor that bas to be performed by
this olncer, it is by no means the most im
portant part of his duties. It is the offico
work which requires the greatest care, and
which requires intelligence and good busi
ness qualifications to keep everything
straight. The sheriffalty is one of the most
important of county oflices. During a three
year's term a vast amount of nronertv passes
through his hands. He changes titles to real
......... i i i .-. i. t.,i r. .. . .
ra,Uull s Ba,j rap lla l 10
... r.,u vuuiciucu , tail ue so
conducted that the title of the purchaser
Bhall have no flaw in it, A sheriff may so
conduct his sales that they will not pass a
, ,,,, ,,. .., ,, pass n
good title, and the result is either a los, to
the purchaser, or to the sheriff in the bhape
of damages for negligent performance of his
duty. A man uufit for lh nlti ran p...,.
great confusion in the lm ,raio. nf
bis county, and can so perform his duties
that when his term expires suit after suit Is
.beeugbt against him for damages, and he
finallv looe!4 all th nr.Hi. nfit, Hin-
getber with whatever property he may have
bad at the time of bis election. And all this
- , . . '
litigation puts the county to a heavy ex
pense because the people put in office a man
wholly unfit for the position. A sheriff
should have'a fair English education.write a
readable hand, and be an honest, sober and
industrious man; he should be a man of
i.t. t i i
.m.j.U6u.vu. s Kwu i.Uuimuu sense,
and there will be no danger of blunders in
the performance of his duties.
We have no reference to the past in what
we have said above. While it is a fact tbat
Columbia county bas bad some very incapa.
ble sbenDs, it is also true tbat it has had
some very good ones. Sheriff Hoffman's
term will expire on January 1st, 1880, and
in November of this year we will elect his
auccessor. He bas made a satisfactory ofli
cer, Our present remarks are suggested bv
the fact that one or two names have been
mentioned as candidates for the office, whose
election would be a public calamity, The
field will soon be full of candidates. Voters
should be very cautious about nledirlm-
., i . .l . . . "iniiiiist g njuu ,ur inu nsn, ieariy every
themselves to the first man who asks for sup- natural trout stream has beeu restocked with
port, f bey should wait until thev know all
the persons who are seeking the office, and
then vote for the best man. No one can be
, , . , . . . "" "
an ndependent voter who pledges himself
early In the campaign to a particular candi-
date. Other and better men may appear
for whom he would rather vote, and yet he
..pporu an incompetent office seeker as
against one well qualified, because be was
foolish enough to pledge himself to do so.
We have no personal preference, nor should
we name it if we bad. The candidate of the
party will be our candidate, because we have
confidence that the convention will put in
Domination a man who is capable to fill the
office. Who he may be depends upon the
democratic voters. Slav tbey act wisely.
llendrick B. Wright, member of Congress
from Luzerne, elected on tho Democratic and
Greenback tickets, will not attend tho Demo,
cratio caucus for tho nomination of speaker,
but cast his fortunes with the Nationals.
The pedestrian mania is spreading. Four
men aronow walking in Gilmore's garden,
New York, to seo who can walk tho furthest
in eix days. Over $11,000 liavo Lccn taken in
at the gate. It must Lo a vonJerful eight to
tee several men with tights on walking around
The Manhattan Savings Bank, New l'ork
has resumed busluWA
Vo nro tolerably familiar with this claw of
people, but Imvo no sympathy with those of
them who voto regularly with the patty anil
for tho men who lmpoo unnecessary taxes
tiK)ii us. Having n rcmeily, tho ballot
they nevertheless; voto bliiiilly lor men who
fattcti heavy burdens unoti them. Wo point-
01 out a few weeks ae tho fearful increase.
of expenditure by tho Federal covcrntnent.
Wo nnw.call attention to tho vast increase, of
oflico lioMcrs sltico 1801. Thii does not in
elude. tumiorary appointments :
tear. Ao. of officers, lear. 2o of officers.
18f.l 4rt,0li 1871
18t",3 -I7,!17fl 187:1
1Ri7 fiO.lir. 1877
It will bo observed that during all tho pros
pure of tho civil war and its gigantic operations
tho public business vtas carried on with about
ono half the force that was employed subse
fluently, and that tho great excess commenced
with the era ol GrantHin under which it ex
panded into tho liijtlic.-t proportions. Tho
Democrats rf tho llouo haro reduced tho
number considerably in tlio ht two years, but
they have dona nothing to wli.it renmius to
Thero arc now four thousand thrco hundred
and fifty-nino persons employed in tho cxeo
utive departments at vashington,distributed
as follows :
Department of Stato 89 costing $110,930
Treasury Depirtineut 2,003 costing 2,.r)92,79 1
war Department tv.ili costing Mk,o.i(i
Navy Department 90 costing 121,010
interior I'cpariincnt 1,1121 costing i,aui.i 10
1'o-t Uiliee Uen-irtmt 74 cisting 408,010
Department ol Justice 18 costing 101,300
Uep t. ot Agriculture 33 costing tio.OUO
Total number, -1,359 $5,028,024
Tho department estimates lor tho next fis
cal year show an increase of one hundred and
eighty six officers at a cost of $231,080.
An Idea for Pcnusylvauians.
Tho following from the A' ". Sun con
tains a world of thought for those who
would protect fish and game in this State:
A growing disposition to protect food
fishes and game is noticeable throughout
the State. More has been accomplished in
western and central New York than in any
other parts, because the sportsmen there
have interested themselves in enforcing
laws. Ithln nlty miles ot Jiochester there
are more man twenty clubs and associations
"J10 yect 11 'Vto securo the punishment
of offenders. The Onondaca Sportsman's
nemseives intmcieni, ueiectives navo oeen
hired at the club s expense to watch stis-
pccteJpers0DS As a result, the game laws
are now very generally otserveU, and a grat-
ifylng increase in the number of birds and
fi,h "hs already been noted. In Oswego,
Jefferson and several other counties the Su-
pervisors have forbidden the catching of
brook trout for threeyears. Their authority
to do so has been questioned, yet in the
u" "?"'cu iw "een en
forced, aDd trout in large numbers have te-
appeared. Sportsmen have became con
vinced that the streams and woods must
soon become barren unless they themselves
take the preservation of game and fish in
hand. The laws are good enough in the
main ; it is their enforcement that needs
looking after. The success already achieved
is so encouraging that associations and clubs.
individual sportsmen, and conventions are
discussing and acting.
New York is the natural place of haui.t
for many varieties of game and fish. Tho
Head-waters ot the Delaware, the susque.
hanna and the Hudson have been the most
famous trout streams on the continent. The
trout taken from the Long Island ponds and
Drooics are notoriously ot nner navor tnan
those captured under nny other sky
Shad caught in tho North Itiver are only ex
celled by those from the Connecticut.
hundred years ago salmon were as pleaty
in the clear streams of the Stato as they
were in me oascapeuia or tue itestigonchc.
Black bast) and members of the pike family
unu naiurai leeumg grounus irom westcbes
ter to lluffalo and Ogdensburg ; nor is the
great muscallonjre yet entirely gone from the
at. Lawrence anu tne coves ol .Lake Ontario.
Of birds, tho woodcock and tho Knglinh
trai and western part of the State, while th
snine are iouuu in me lowianus oi tne cen
tu,ffed gruse picks his pinions in every ru
ral county. Ducks flock bv thousands to thi
Montezuma marshes, and to the wild rice
tracts ot Jelleron and Oswego counties,
while the sport affirded by their visitt to the
south shore of Long Ijand has made the
p,aAce ,ara?us- , . , ,
A very few deer remain In the northeru
part o) Sullivan coum.y and in the pine for-
ests of Suffolk, as reminders of the lime
when they were plenty. Many are yet to
bo founJ tf" Kreflt Adirondack wilderness
?SL""4"'"K f1""1." tbat. .com!u
any goe on among iriem mere, liut tbelr
number rapidly .decreases. The hotel keeper
pushing his way from the Moha-vk and the
Lake Champlain side, the builderofcarriage
r?a"' an,?.l?e navigator oi steamboats on
leautiful lakes are drivintr the timid an
imal before them. In the snrimr and sum
mer an army of tourists hunts for him; in
the fall guides and settlers set I'ogs on his
trace ami run him into the lakes where it is
rt till l,Im . .1 , J
from the clearings, skimming over the crust
on snow shoes, come up with him while he
11 floundering in the deep snow, his sharp
U0T "aZ,nK fuc tnroUKU, and dispatch him
wuu ciuos. in ii eru liner anu Lew Is coun
ties only Is there even the pretence of
forcing the laws governlnc deer kllllni?
Were not these woods so especially adapted
to tne increase ot trie neer mat animal must
long ago have been driven from them. Th
fact that despite the disreirard of all nrntn-.t.
ing laws, and that more than twenty-five
thousand are killed annually, tho animal
yet remain in considerable number, attests
now rapiuiy tney must increase 11 shielded
from pot hunters and poachers.
With such r.atural advantage for nrooa-
gating fish and game, there is no reason why
,lle "'"""N" and forests should not be restored
cellent work, not onl In niacin,. liJ r
and spawn in the streams and lakes, but also
'" l,,a",iK therein such nibses and other
J'T.'?..1?'?1 !. J lusects, tl.us
trout, lllack bass have been nut luto laW
,'11Io,la ,f young shad have beeu turned
!"l'','e r"rtJ1 ,,!Iver' a"do"je f the old
anlmon rivers have received young fish,
I'rotect these stroams and ponds ami onu
mere wjU he enough offish and of snort fur
"w are ther to be protected? The
Yo hav M t"-' ,IZ
constable system, unaided by tbo people,
nas jaweu ;. wim tne support ol associations
and clubs it succeeds.
We aro more than ever satisfied that the
Legislature is bound to pass the Pittsburg
indemnity bill. A powerful body Is at work,
and no stone is left unturned. The J'hila
iltjiMn Timet U doing what it can to popu
larize the measure, and as it is simply the
mouth piece of the Pennsylvania Bail Koad,
It Is fair to assume that tbat corporation bas
entered tho field to pass the measure. Of
course the J'atrlol has fallen into line, as it
always does when such jobs lie about loof.
The people should carefully note aud re
member the votes of their representatives on
By the way, we are not aware that there
Is any measure of prominence that should
keep our Legislature in session. The $1,000
and mileege have been secured. True, after
the 100 days each member will receive $10
per day eatra, but the people prefer to have
them adjourn. We can easily get along
without tho Legislature.
The Chinese In California.
Tho following Is tho text of tho part of the
proposo l new Constitution of California re
lating to tho Chinese, ns finally adopted by
the Convention l
Section 1. The Lepis'aturc fliall prescribe
necessary regulations for tho protection of tho
State, and tho counties, cities and towns
thereof, from tho burdens and ovils arising
from tho presence of aliens Vho nro or may
becomo vagrants, paupers, mendicant', crimi
nals, or invalids afflicted with contagious or
infectious diseases, and aliens olhcmiso dan
gerous or detrimental to the well-being of
peace of tho Stnte, and to imposo conditions
upon which such persons may resldo in tho
State, and to provide means and tho mode of
their removal from tho Stato upon failure or
refusal lo comply witli such conditions : pro
vided, that nothiug contained in tho forego
ing shall Ihj construed to impair or limit tho
power of tho Legislature to pass such pohco
aws or other regulations as it may deem nec
See. 2. No corporation now existing or
icrcaficr formed under the las s of this Stato
shall, uficr the adoption ol this Constitution,
employ, directly or indirectly, in any capacity
any Chinoso or Mongolian. The Legislature
shall pass such I.iws as nny bo ucccssary to
enforeo this provision.
Si:o. !1. No Chinese shall be employed on
any Stato, county, municipal or other public
woik, except m punishment for crimes.
Sec. 0. Tho presence ot foreigners incligi
ble to become citizens of tho United States is
declared herein to bo dangerous to tho well
being of tho State, and the Legislature shall
ilicouragc their immigration by all the means
within its power. Asiatic cooliccitui, being a
form of human slavery, is forever prohibited
in this State, and all contracts for coolie labor
aro null aud void. All companies or corpora
lions, whether formed in this country or auy
foreign country, for tho importation of such
labor, shall bo subject to such penalties ns the
Legislature may prescribe. The Legislature
shall delegate all necessary power to the in
corporatcd cities and towns of this Stato for
the removal ofCluneso without the city limits
of such cities and towns, or their location
within prescribed portions of those limits, and
it shall also provide tho necessary legislation
to prohibit tho introduction into this State of
Chinese after the adoption of this Comtitu
tion. I his section shall bo enforced by ap'
Dennis Kearney has published an address
approving tho new Constitution. Ho says
'The leading points in tho new Constitu
tion, as far as they have been elaborated
meet the requirements of the Workingmcn'i
party in a modified form. The instrument is
not pcifect, and your executive department
aro not so deficient in political experience as
to expect that any political Constitution can
be framed by a constitutional body that would
be absolutely perfect. The corrupt system
which the Workingmen's party is attacking
has been carofully elaborated, and is the out
growth of Old World abuses engrafted upon
tho tree of American liberty. It cannot bo
di.-troyed in a single campaign, but tho party
of reform has already carried its outworks,
striking terror to its leadcrp, and by thorougl:
orgamzition and honest cooperation the cita
del of official corruption will be captured
tho uxt September election, when tho Stato
of California should bo emancipated forever
from tho rulo of thieves and conspirators;
who are woiking to overthrow tho republic of
Washington and Jefferson.
Already tho wires arc laid, and tho agents
of every vested interest in fraud and monop
oly in tho Stato nro at work devising means
for breaking down the new Constitution,
They have unlimited money at their com
mand, nearly all of it stolcu, and they look to
sustaining themselves at all buzzards by de
feating the new organic law. If they sue
cecd, they are s,uro at least of twenty hold-over
Senators, who aro owned body and bones by
corrupt flings, andean also count upon that
last resort of all rotteu social and political in
stitutioas, a corrupt Judiciary. Adopt the
new Constitution, and thieves must cither
exile itheiui elves or pay tho penalty of their
crimes. They can no longer buy Legislatures,
for honest men will bo elected ; they can no
longer count upon a corrupt Judiciary, for th
Judiciary of California will no longer consti
tute a roll of infamy,
"Hank thieves, land sharks, water rats, gas
aud railroad robbers and monopolists, stock
swindlers, usurers and mortgage wreckers
abortionists, gamblers, and blacklegs at largi
havo pooled their issuos to defeat tho new
Constitution. They have their attorneys in
the pulpit and on the press, and arc prepared
to prostitute tiio sacred cause of religion and
the puiity and independence of the press,
to advance their vile interest,!. Already the!
hired n-a-iiH arc abroad, and tho military
and police Mrcngth of the State are at the!
command Workiogmcu, stand firm, and you
will infallibly weeced. Organize, we say, in
ovcry county, town, precinct, and hamlet. No
compromise must bo made with Bepublican
thieves or Democratic robbers. As honest
men, wo nail our colors to tho mast. What
ever happens, 'the Chincso must go I1 "
Representative Hall, though late in get
ting from Florida to bis responsible post as
Chairman of Appropriations, came just in
timo tu save his committee from the stupid
blunder of attempting to force an extra ses
Hon in 1880, Ivy making the general appro
priations for but ono year. Of all the fool
ish devices of legislative jobbers, the effort
to force an extra session in 1880 was the most
foolish, and had either branch seriously at
tempted It, the expression of public opinion
would have been so emphatic from all par
ties and all sections, tbat the leaders in the
movement would have beeu glad to escape
from their own folly. An extra session, if
made necessary, could not serve the purpose
of legislative jobbers, as the Legislature
could consider only such measures as the
Governor choso to specify in his proclama
tion, aud it isn't likely that Governor Hoyt
would enumerate any speculative enactments
for the consideration of the two houses.
F.nough ot such bills come up and are likely
to reach him in their own way, without a
special Invitation from tbo Executive cham
ber. The constitution makes the future ses
sions of the Legislature biennial, and it
would bs well for Senators and Bepresenta
tlves to manifest a decent measure of re
spect for that rather Important instrument.
A convention of colored people was held
in Bichmond the other day for the discus
sion of religion and politics, and strange as
it may seem, no harrowing tale of southern
outrages is flung to the public by these peo
ple who are most interested in the snbject.
It is very bard luck tbat some of the north
ern stalwarU did not know of this conven
tion in time to procure a little political cap.
ital for uie in the next presidential cam
paign. A deliverance from this convention
would have been much more effective than
tales prepared by untrustworthy correspond
ents of radical newspapers, Patriot.
A number of citizens held n meeting at
Lykens, Dauphin county, on Friday, with a
view to doptlng measures for the purposs
of forming a new county out of parts of
Dauphin, Northumberland and Schuylkill
counties with Lykens for tbe county seat. A
convention on the subject Is to be held.
A few weeks ago a notable company of
gentlemen assembled in tho ample parlors of
the vcncrablo and much bclovfd William K.
Dodgo in this city to listen to an essay, by
Judgo Noah Davis, on tho relations of crimo
lo tho habit of intcmpcrato drinking. Tho
company was notablo for its respectability, its
number of publio men, and tho furttier (act
contained many who were well known to bo
wine-drinkers, unattached to any temperance
organization. No ono could havo listened to
udgo Davis's disclosure of the facts of his
subject without tho conviction that it was a
subject worthy tho attention of overy philan
thropist, every polities! economist, and evoty
ell wisher of society present, whether tem
perance men or not. llicso laots, gathered
from many Iqnarters, and from tho best au
thorities, wcro most significant in fastening
pon tho uso of alcohol the responsibility for
most of tho crimes and povetty of society
Somo of them were astouuding Oven to tern
pcranco men themselves, and thero wcro none
present we presuino, who did not feel that
udgo Davis had done a rare favor to tho
cause ot temperance in thus putting into its
service the resources of his knowledge and his
persuasive voice. How many wero convicted
by tho facta dctailedth.it evening that they
ought to give up the habit ol rocial drinking,
wo cannot tell. The probabilities are that
nono were so moved, for this habit of social
drinkin", or rather tho considerations that go
witli it, aro very despotic. The idea that a
man cannot bo hospitable without the offer of
wine to his guests is so fixed in tho minds of
most well-to-do peoplo in this cily that they
will permit no consideration to lutcrfere with
it. l conlo in tho country in tho ordinary
walks of life, have no conception of the des
polio character ol this idea. Thero aro liter
ally thousands of i espectablo men in New York
who would consider their character and social
standing seriously compromised by giving a
dinner to a company of ladies and gentlemen
without tho offer of wine. It is not that they
care for it themselves, particularly. It is quite
possible, or likely, indeed, that they would be
glad, for many reasons, to banish tho wine
from their tables, but they do not daro to
do it. It is also truo that such is the power
of this idea upon many temperance men that
they refrain altogether from giving dinners.
lest their guests should feel the omission of
wiue to be a hardship and an outrage upon
the customs of common hospitality.
Wo have called theso thing to notice for as
special reason. The company of wine drink'
crs who made up so largo a portion of the
number that filled Mr. Dodge's room on th
occasion referred to must have been profound
ly impressed by tho rovclations and argu
mcnts of Judgo Davis. They could not have
tailed to leel that by these revelations they
had been brought face to fitco with a great
duty not, perhaps, tho duty of social drink
ing, and all responsible connection with it.
but tho duty nf doing something to seal th
fountains of this drink which has contributed
so largely to tho spread of crimo and poverty
and misery. A man must, indeed, bo a brute
who can contemplate tho facts of intcmpcr-
anoo without being moved to remedy them.
They aro too horrible to contemplate long at
a time, and every good citizen must feel that
the world cannot improve until, in some meas
ure, the supplies of drink are dried up.
Our reason for writing this artido is to call
attention to tho fact that there is something
about this habit of social wino drinking that
kills the motives to work for temperance
among those who suffer by coarse and de'
structivc habits ol drink. Temperance
very rarely directly labored for by those who
drink wine. As a rule, with almost no ex.
ceptions, tho man who drinks wine with hi.
dinner does hot undertake any work to keep
bis humble neighbors temperate. As a rule.
too, tbe wiue drinking clergyman says noth
iuz about intemperance in his pulpit, when it
is demonstrably tho most terrible scourge that
a til icts the world. Thero seems to be some
thing in the touch of wine that paralyzes the
ministerial tongue, on the topic of drink.
Wo fully understand the power of social
influence to hold to the wine cup as the sym
bo! ot hospitality, it is one of tho most re
lentless despotisms from which tho world suf
fers, and exactly hero is itsworstrcsult. Wo
do not suppose that a very large number of
drunkards are made by wine drank at tho ta
ble, in respectable homes. There is a per1
centuge of intemperate men made undoubt
edly here, but perhaps the worFt social result
that comes of this habit is its paralyzing ef
fect upon refurm its paralyzing effect upon
those whose judgments aro convinced, whoso
wishes for society aro all that they should
be. It is only the total abstainer who can be
relied upon to work for temperance ; and of
Mr. Dodgo's company of amiable and gentle
manly wino drinkers, it is safe to conclude
that not oiie will join him in temperance labor
with Judge Davis's awful facts sounding in
his ears who does not first cut off his own
supplies J, O. Holland, in Scribncr for
While there is an effort in this State to in
troduce the system of biding away legal ad.
vertislng in obscure journals, the Legislature
of New York is endeavoring to abolish it,
Under tbe Tweed system in that State, all
notices of reil estate sales in forclosures and
oo partition cases are advertised in a Bingle
obscure legal sheet of limited circulation
"In consequence of virtual concealment of
sales," says tbe New York Expren, "a vast
deal of real estate is sold for lees than its
actual value, to the Injury of the unfortunate
and sometimes to their ruin. The real es
tate rings profit by these transactions, which
sometimes beggar widows aud orphans
lliero is neither reason norjustiice in shut'
ting such transactions up in the dark, as i
done by confiding the advertisements of
them to the column of a paper tbat has no
-public circulation, and is not even known to
a majority of the legal voters of the city,
The remedy proposed in New York Is to com
pel publicatiou in two daily papers instead
of one. This hardly goes to the root of th
matter, unless tbe publication is made 1
one, at least, of the leading dallies of that
city. Iu this connection it may not be im
proper to inquire what progress Is making
in City Councils with tbe measure Intendfd
to break up the system of hiding public ad
vertisemcnts now in vogue In Philadelphi
The Philadeldhla Times has thrown aside
its hesitation aud comes.out in advocacy of
the payment of tho riot losses. It gives away
the case of the people by saying that when
the State assumed control of affairs in Pitts
burg, duriug the progress of the riots, it
thereby became responsible for destructlo
happening thereafter, Until tbe movement
of the Stato troops to suppress a riot can he
shon to havo the extraordinary effect of
repealing tho statute law this line of argu
ment will hardly avail. '1 he State was re
sponsible lor what its troops did, but not for
what the Pittsburg rioters did iu defiauce of
its authority and in spite of its restraining
inuuence. J nua. Jiecord.
Ills Last UOse.
Said a sufferer from kidney trouble when
asked to try the Kidney.Wort for a remedy
"I'll try it, but It will be my last dose." The
man got well. His blood circulates nicely
and he has no pain in either his back or
tide. Bold by Druggists,
Since Paris opened her first horse butch
ery 132,133 horses, 4,870 asses.and 203 mules
ave been eaten there. In the country tbey
cat less of such viands.
The Greenback JS'attonalitt, published by
, II. Durborrowat Huntingdon, has yielded
p the ghost after A sickly career of about
eleven months an unusually long life for a
Tho coal industry of Pennsylvania has
reached enormous proportions, tbo annual
product being valued at fifty million dollars.
The first coal mined, amounting to a few
hundred tons, was sold in Philadelphia in
1813 for twenty-one dollars a ton.
Color is surely a point in the selling of
butter, as nil judges well know. The Per
fecled Butter Color of Wells. Richardson &
Co., Burlington, Vt , completely supplies
tbe desideratum In this regard, as it works
belter and preserves tbe desired shade more
satisfactorily than any other used. Sold by
A lady, wife of one of the representatives
from Lebanon county, while in the ladle
gallery of the house of representatives on
Monday during the evening session, had her
dress pocket cut open with somo sharp In
strument and a wallet containing $25 stolen
therefrom by some sneaking male or female
Tbo prowess of the Zulus is accounted for.
Old Cctywayo, tho king, does not allow his
soldiers to marry until leave is given to regi
ments which havo specially distinguished
themselves in war to marry under the usual
ago the system in force tends to make the
wuo'e of the active men of the nation eager
for war,and renders them extremely danger
ous and quarrelsome neighbors.
A protest is going up from the press of
Prince Edward's Island against imprison
ment for debt. .The Government furnishes
the incarcerated debtor with neither food nor
drink, and if his family or friends do not
supply bis needs he runs a chance of starv
ing. The jail is filled with debtor prisoners
who can neither earn nor pay anything, and
who, in some cases are supported by strug
gllng wives, who have also children to pro
vide for. Many depend entirely upon what
tbey receive from tbelr fellow prisoners or
upon tbo kindness of the keeper.
The firm of Carter & Carlo, sugar refiners
in Osceola, Ky., was dissolved by mutual
consent. The partners had disagreed in
consequence nf Carter's- wife quitting him
and marrying Cavin, and the work of settling
up their accounts was accomplished with
difficulty. "Is everything satisfactory?
Cavin asked, when the books had been
closed. "Yes, all that relates to the bust
ness." Carter answered ; "but there is an
account still to be balanced. You've got
my wife, and I'll take your life in payment,'
and he shot Cavin dead.
The Philadelphia Spiritualist paper, Mind
and Matter, employed a medium named
James to run a message department. Com
munications from tbe most famous of dead
men were furnished week after week. A
length James was exposed as a personator of
materialized spirits in a seance, and for eev
eral weeks none of bis work appeared i
Mind and Matter ; but now he is at it agaii
with a prefatory confession that he only re'
sorted to deception when tbe spirits failed
The contradictory testimony of experts as
to the existence of poison in the bodies of
dead persons has puzzled many a jury. Now
comes Prof. Selmi of Bologna, with the dis
covery that, in the decaying bodies of per
eons who have died a natural death, he finds
a substance so closely resembling well known
poisons as to be readily mistaken for them
In bis explanation he shows how similar
these animal alkalies are to the vegeta'
ble poisons used by criminals. His tests to
distinguish between them are hardly less
valuable than the discovery itself; and if all
that Prof. Selml pretends to have found be
true, a change in the manner of conducting
a certain class of criminal trials may fol
The plague fright at Berlin has recalled
the extraordinary precautions taken during
tne cnolera epidemic of 1831. A cord was
drawn in front of houses supposed to be in
fected. The keys were given to a police
agent, who three or four times a day went to
Bee what the inmates wanted. He then placed
what he brongbt them on a table outside
near tbe door. The money was put into
glass full of vinegar, aud the agent took it
out with a spoon. The paper on which the
commissions were written down he took up
witn pincers. When a sick person was tat
en to hospital a police agent preceded the
vehicle with a bell, and two soldiers kept
every one away ironi tbe sick person. Tb
doctors wore cloaks and masks of oil cloth
The skin of dogs and cats being deemed
particularly favorable to the dissemination
of the disease, persons were recommended
to kill tnem, except where they were posi
tively necessary. For months the inhabi
tants lived in trepidation, and an old lady
actually hanged hereelf for fear of tbe
cholera reaching her. The precautions grad
uauy oecame matter for ridicule.
The dying wish of Matthew Crooks,
fcan Francisco millionaire, was to witness
the marriage of his daughter, and the cere
mony was performed at his bedside, several
weeks before tbe time that bad been appoin
ed. 1 be deathbed desire of Mr. liavden
of the same city,was to break the engagement
oi nis aaugnter, and be made her promi
on ner Knees to discard her lover. Detroit
has had a variation ol the common foreign
Count matrimonial episode tho husband
running away with the bride's money and
jewelry, but proving, after all, to be a real
Count. A young woman engaged a section
in a Bleeping car at Pittsburgh, blushingly
explaining mat sue would be joined by
nusoanaat ilarnsburg. When the train
.1 . t-w
arriveu at uamsourg a young man got
aooaru witn a clergyman, who married hli
to the purchaser of the section, and tli
honeymoon tour was at once commenced,
A rustic couple dashed into a Washlncton
oyster saloon, and implored the proprietor
to get tbem married as booh as possible.
Tbey had eloped, and parents were on their
iracK. me oyster man not only summoned
a Justice to tie the knot, but provided stews
lor tne party after the ceremony. Miss Loci
married Mr. Aiken in Denver, Col., on his
assurance that be was, as she phrases it "a
I.I r.l .. ... '
weanoy unrmian gentleman j" but within
four days she learned that be was a pro
fesslonal horse thief, and parted from him.
Miss Bureau's wedding day waa aonnlm,!
In Cleiburne, Texas, and she made herself
reauy ; nut in the morning tbe received a
note from her faithless lover inviting her to
come and see bis marriage to anothar irlrl
(She committed suicide.
We learn from the Washington Pott that it
Is not likely that any payments on arrears
of pensions will be nude until some time
during the meeting of congtera. Tbe scheme
Is not to carry Into effect tho provisions of
the act making an appropriation in order to
prevail upon congress to designate; some
method for raising the money. When the
bill was under consideration Commissioner
Bcnlly expressed the opinion that the pay
ment of the arrearages would not necessitate
an Increaso in the clerical force, and that
the money could be made available to the
pensioners almost Immediately. In his es
timates he stated that $31,000,000 would be
equlred for the payment of arrears prior lo
the passage of the act, $2,000,000 for the pay
ment of atrears that may bo allowed during
the current fiscal year, and about 6,000,000
for the next. year. So that according to the
commissioner's statement, the bulk of tbo
pensions are due now, and can be paid rap
idly and without difficulty. But this Is not
tho design. Tho commissioner does not wish
to place the treasury officials at variance
with congress, which ha would certainly do
If he allowed the claims to be passed In their
regular order and presented the warrants for
payment at the treasury. Payment of the
warrants would be refused on the ground
that there was no money available in tho
treasury for that purpose. Secretary Sher
man holds that the $130,000,000 that forms
the coin reserve is a special appropriation
for tho redemption of the legal tenders, and
therefore, the only money in the treasury
not otherwise appropriated is the surplus
revenue, which will average for tho next fis
cal year only a little over a million dollars
per month. Commissioner Bently has,thero
fore, issued an order to his clerks to hold
back the claims for arrearages. It congress
falls to provide a special revenue for the pay
ment of theso arrears, and Secretary Sher
man holds to his peculiar construction of
the act, it will require nearly three years be
fore the entire arrears are paid. This meth
od of carrying out the provisions of the act
is of course in direct opposition to tho in
tentions of congress, which wero evidently
to render this money immediately available.
If Secretary Sherman is obliged to recede
from this position and draw upon the coin
reserve, he will avail himself of the powers
conferred on htm by the resumption act and
sell bonds to replenish the drain, But this
Is not necessary as a treasury note bcaring
a low rate of Interest, say three per cent, per
annum; redeemable In one, two and three
years, would be gladly accepted by the pen
sioners. Nothing, however, seems to suit
Sherman so well as a sale of bonds. And
the syndicate is about as well suited by such
an operation on the part of the government
as tho secretary himself. Patriot.
A good deal of attention has been recently
directed to the buffalo, from the fact that he
is being rapidly exterminated. Yearly thou
sands aro blain merely for the sake of their
hides aud tougues, and it is feared that this
valuable animal will soon disappear from tho
Western plains. Col. Kzra Miller from Mali
wall, New Jersey has recently been making
experiments witli buffaloes that seem to prove
that those animals aro even moro valuable
than has been supposed. Ho has found that
a common cow can now be crossed with a buf
falo bull, thero being no physical obstacle to
her bearing a buffalo calf, as has hitherto been
claimed. He has also prove 1 that the thor
oughbred buffalo is easily domesticated and
easily kept ; that the cows yield milk that
will compare favorably with that of tho best
Aldcrncys, both in quantity and quality ; and
that a buffalo fattened upon such food as wo
give our cattlo makes excellent beef. All
these facts ho has demonstrated at his farm in
Mahwah. In his opinion there is profitable
business to be dono by establishing buffalo
ranches on the plains, where caives can bo
collected, domesticated and f hipped to tho
East. A', 1'. Sun.
A young man, named J. C. Lowlier has
been arrested inScranton upon suspicion ot
haying committed a number of robberies
there. A bank book was found upon bis
person, showing that he had $2,200 on de.
posit at a Postal Saving bank in Canada,
and in one of bis pockets was $1,000 more
The Mayor took $998 and deposited if for
him as trustee, and then held him on hi
own recognizance in the sum of $o00'. He
professed to have come to Scranton from
Kansas for medical treatment.
Hop Bitters, which are advertised in our
columns, are a sure cure for ague, billious
ness, and kidney complaints. Those who
use them say they cannot be too highly re.
commended, loose atllicted should give
them a fair trial, and will become thereby
enthusiastic in tho praise of their curative
qualities. Portland Advocate.
Not unfrequenlly the changes from heat to
cold are very sudden and trying to 'the system,
mil uy me prompt use oi nr. Haas- lixpecto.
rant, all danger from this source may be avoid'
ed. 25 and 50 cents a bottle.
Syrup ofll Ah
J Umj JitOhl iilcummt ojhI uiuuit-inuN rt-mtHlr
Kiiov u for Uie mru nf flawy A, t W, JlwU
knN ftf Ik4 Tkrout and f.nny,Ctmt
Athi9.Wkooptng eg, and u iti"n" tend
lilif to rulmonarif OuMuiNj'ffflH, VhU
lid WnMldovertwentyyrarft, I n I II
deel ST, 7ft-8m
Bahkow Helwio At the resinenee of the
bride's brother, Wm, Ilelwig, near Neumedia,
by Itev. Geo. B. Decbant, on March flth, 1870,
Mr. Roland A. Barrow of Ilinetown, Schuvl-
kill Co., to Miss Mary Kllcn Helwig of Neuine-
uia, Columbia county,
ClmTON Watts At the M. E. I'arsonaire.
Bine street, Orangeville, March Cth, 1870, by
Hev. II, S. Mendenhall, Mr. John L. Girton to
Miss Lavina C. W. Watts, both of Greenwood
Dii.wne On the morning of February 14,
1870, Mattle M , daughter of tho late John O.
and Margaret Dihline of Benlon township.aged
21 years, 7 months and 1 days.
"Thou art gone to tho grave.-but 'twera wrong to
When God was thy ransom, thy truardlan,thy culde:
Ue gave thee, he tock thee, and soon will restore
Where death hath no sting, Mnco tie Savior hatn
Markk-Ii, Fishing Crejk, 1st Inst. Mr
Markc, aged 18 years.
AxDBtws-In FiBhing Creek, Feb. 20th, Mr.
Martin Andrews, aged 78 years, 1 month and
SMiTJi-At Spruce Ilun,2nd inet., .Mrs. So
phia Ann, relict of Hoswell C. Smith, aged 82
jcra anu i months.
Oox-Near White Hall, 3rd Inst, Mr. David
Cox, aged about 72 years. Deceased was many
veara n mrmU. i,r , 1. ,. . .
, . . . , umnguicai Associa
tion, Bo At Evamville, this county, on the
lit fntlanl r.r 1 . -; t ,
-- .,v, wwi uikiik, jucou nower, in
me ctrtti jeu or his age,
1 hibp Itadlcr, in tbe 63d ysar of Lis ags-
MlftW tl. I
M imtr. fi
ffp'i, I itltbi
LTflltr, VrtofnU, lift", flmj, M,
f-ilMiwufi. irolllmMllMtbe jrnmnt-?
nl ill Itloml dl'fuM T'f "
m (MM nf f rtilwlM."- "' ' ?.r
I,. Tii it. ii.un. ri
tmp'1, Mlsbmh. r.
jyOTICK OF DISSOLUTION.
NOTICB Is hereby given that tho partnership 'here
tofore cxlsllnir between K. Cole an 1 1;. W . cole i un
der tbnilrm name of B. Colo Hon, tn stiwrloar
township, Is tbls itai dissolved by mut'ial consent.
The business win uu carrieu uu vi a. " -
March wtu, 18T9.
A UDITOK'S NOTICK.
...... ab . v, ,, . ... nwru nvrfflllli.
Atniltor apoolntnct by tho Or-
rtlKtifl-cmirlnr i;o uraoi I cnnniv luumnu uu uaiumu
In tho hands of lbs Administrator will fit tr tlio
,n,nw.,.f hi. nt.ni.lr.f m.'iif nt his oMcp tn HloOlnS-
l...,rti.n I'iKilir. Anrl, IMli. tSTlt lit. tll O'OtOCk a.
ru.at will -li lime and pl.uu all pirltealnlereslcl
may attend If they think pmpei-,iir bo delnu red from
a fibaro of Raid Ultimo.
ondaecounisof th Administrators )t.iohn nos-
tcn, latent KMilntrcretk tonnsinn, cn-ieascu.
Thi' underslirncit, anpulnto I Au Ittuf by tin Court
on exceptions tolln- a'wve iniined account will sit at
his offlcp In llloomsburirnii Siturrtay, Aurllthn Utn
at ten o'clock a. in , tnalb-nd to I he duties cf bis ap
pointment, at which tint') and place all pirllcs In
terested may attend If they tlilnn proper.
march 14, ';9-tw Auditor.
tlco is hereby (riven trial tho partnership exist
ing between II. .f. Hark nnlJohn Wolr, ilolnir nusi
ness under the linn n imoot i lark Wolr.lti lilooins.
burir nas been this day disced by mutual consent.
'I be boots are in the muds ot John Wolf whn will
seillo all acoonnts at his rest l.-mn on Centra street.
All persons arc nolliled to mak ! (.paeJy .settlement.
II .I.Ct..rtK, ,
1,1 IV II . .-.
I tuto this day tnl;n It. II. Clark Into partnership
with inn and tbnbuslnms bf general inercliants will
be conducted ut tbo old staud under tbo bamo ot II.
J Clark K Son. .. .
II. .1. Uli.IU.
mar. It, '"c-lw March n, lsts.
WM. F. BODINE,
IKON ST., 1IELOW SE'JOND, BLODMSBDHU, PA,
Is prepared to do alt kinds of
Plain and Ornamental,
IlOTIt DECORATIVE AND PLAIN.
All kliiiN orrurnlttirc ncpalrvd
mill lllllllC St4 KIKXl iH new.
NONE I1L l' FII13T-CLH3 WOHKMEN EMPLOYED
Estimates Made on all Work,
WM. F. BODINE.
lly virtue lot sundry writs Issued ourot the Court
ot Common Pleas ot Columbia county, aud to mo
directed will bo exposed to public sale at tho Court
House, liloomsburs. at ten o'clock a. m. on
THURSDAY, MARCH 27th, 1870.
All that tract of land situate In tho Town ot Illooms
burg, viz : Lots 111 and 11 bounded on tho north by
land of Shaffer and Hoffmnn, on tho east by East
street,on the south by lot late of Wm. Utgger, on tho
west by strawberry alley, containing ono hundred
feet front by ono hundred and ninety-eight feet In
depth being two full lots, on which aro erected a
two-story Frame Dwelling House, stablo and other
One other lot on Itallroad street. West Moomsburg
bounded on the north by an alley, on tho least by
the Irondato railroad, on tho south by lot of Henry
Uartman, and on the west by an alley, containing to
feet front and one hundred and slxty-tlx feet deep
moro or leb on which nro erected a double frame
House, two largo stables and other outbuildings.
Seized, taken In execution at tho suit of 5t. (1
Hughei, assigned to C. It. Paxton against Casper
Thomas and to be sold as tho property ot Casper I
W. J. IluciALKW, Attorney. Fieri Facias,
A lot or or piece ot ground sltuato In Miniln town
ship, Columbia county, Pennsjlvanla, bounded and
described as follows, tn-wlt : Hounded on the rorlh
by land of Amos I.utz, on the'east by land cf Leon.
ard Ktkendall, on the south by land of Ileubeu Fry
and on the west by land of Adam Miller, containing
sixty-three acres moro or less, on w hlch ore ereeled
a frame house and a frame barn and other out-
Seized, taken In execution at tho suit ot Isaac
Lutz against John I.utz and to bo sold as the prop
erty ot John Lutz.
Al. Ft. Fa.
All that certain lot or pleco of ground sltuato in
Miniln townshlp.Columbla county, IVnnsyivanla.de.
scribed as follows, to-wlt : Hounded on the north by
land of John Hetler, on tho east by land ot John
Mowry, on the south by land ot Obcdtah Swank aud
on the west by land of Christian llarpstcr, contain.
ing twenty-six acres moro or less, on which are
erected a tramo bouso and a framo barn and other
Seized, taken Into execution at tho suit ot Henry
lienor against Ertlo Lutz and Carollno Lutz, and to
bo sold as tho property ot Emo Lutz and Carollno
Al. Ft. Fa,
All that certain piece or parcel of land sltuato In
Main township, Columbia county, Pennsylvania, de
scribed as follows : On tho north and east by land
of Mary Jano Denntson on tho south by publio road
and onthe west by land ot Sarah Snipe, whereon are
erected a dwelling and store house with tho appurte
seized, taken In execution at the suit of too C'o
umbla county Mutual Saving Fund and Loan Asso
ciation agatnt F. F. Derr and to be sold as tho prop
erty ot F, F. Derr.
linn Miller, Attorneys. Vend. Ex.
JOHN W, HOFFMAN,
mar. T, H-ts
TlIOHlS 11. IUHTH1N.
THE RED FRONT,
TEAS, CANNED FltUIT,
Spices of all kinds, Glass & Qucenswsro
Foreign and Domestio Fruits,
AND GENERAL LINE OF
lb. door below Market street, Bloomsburg, J'a.
nr Goods delivered to ah rsitspf the town
A prim, 17-U
PUBLIC SALE HAND BILLS
Printed at this Office
ON SHORTEST NOTICE A 1 1 AT THE
MOST REASONABLE TERMS,
H, T. HELMBOLB'S
A SPECIFIC REMEDY FOR ALL
For Debility, Loss of Memory,
Indisposition to Exertion or litisi
ness.Shortness of Brcatli,Troubled
with Thoughts of Discase,Dinines3
of Vision, Pain in the I3aek,Cliest
and Head, Rush of Blood to the
Head, Pale Countenance and dry
Jf these symptoms arc allowed
to go on, very frequently Epilep
tic Fits and Consumption follow.
When the constitution becomes af
fected it requires tho aid of an in
vigorating medicine to strengthen
and tone up the system which
DOES IN EVERY CASE.
By any remedy known. It Is prescribed by the most
eminent physicians all over tho orld, in
.Aches and Pains,
General 111 -Health,
Female Complaints, &c.
TT 1 1 T1, - - .1 rs, ,1
laeauacne, 1'ain m tlio Sliouiil
ers, Cough, Dizziness, Sour Stom
ach, Eruptions, Bad Taste in the
Mouth, Palpitation of the Heart,
Pain the region of the Kitlne',
and a thousand other painful symp
toms are the offsprings of dyspepsia,
IiiviKoruti n the Sfoiiinrli.
And stimulates the tornid Liver,
Bowels and Kidneys to heallliv tic-
nun, in cieansinc tlie blood ol mi
impurities, aud imparting new life
and vigor to the whole system.
A single trial will bequite sulli-
uiuui iu convince tne most ticsiuti
ing of its valuable remedial quali
ties. PRICE $1 PER BOTTLE,
Or Six ItottlL'N lor S.
Delivered to any address free from
"Patients" may consult by letter
receiving tho same attention as by
calling, by answering tho following
1. Ctvo your name and post-onico aJ lrcs I
county and Stato, and your nearest express uK;5 I
. our aeo and sex ?
8. Occupation ?
! Married or slnirle?
s. Height, weight, how and In Iioaltu ?
o. How long liao Jou been sick ?
T. Your complexion, color ot hair und eyes t
8. Have you a stoonlnir or prw-t irnlt
, Itelato without reservation all jou know aim' I
yourcasu. Encloso ono dollar as consuiuuoa t I
Your letter in then recelvo our attention, and I
will give you tho nature otjour disease aul of I
HUU. utuiuu vuuucinuig a euro,
Coraiieteut Bliy&lclaus attend to corrospondo ".i
All letters should bo addresied to pbpeatJlor;
117, IHbert street, Hilladelphla l'a.
II. T. IISLIVIDOLD,
Druggist and Chemist,
March 1, 1478-1