Newspaper Page Text
COLBXBU D1I00B1T, 8TAH Or IIt NORTH AND COLUM
tssuod weekly, ovcry Friday morning, at
ULOOMSIIUltCI, OOLUMMA COUNTY, l'A.
at two Bou.AM per yoar, 60 co nta discount allowed
wnenpaldln advance, After tho expiration ot tho
year ii.m will to charged. TO subscribers out of llio
Bounty tho Wrms nro U per yoar.strlclly In advance.
No paper discontinued, except at tho option of tlio
p'tblUshcrs, until all arrearages aro paid, but long
continual credits after tlia expiration of the llrst
year will not be given.
All'papcrsscntoutof thoRtato or to distant post
offices must bo paid for In ndtanco, unless n rospon
Rlfilo person In Columbia county assumes to pay tho
subscription duo on demand.
l'OSTAn li is no longer exacted from subscribers In
' JOB DPS.I3TTI3SrGr.
Tho Jobbing Depart mcnt of tho Columbian Is very
complete, aha our .1 b Printing w 111 compare favorn
lil V with that of tho largo cities. All work done on
demand, no.itly and at moderate prices.
Columbia County Official Directory.
President Judge -William Klwell.
AhhhcIuIo Judges -I. K Krlckbaum, V. L. Hhuinan.
Vrotiionolary, ac U, Frank Zarr.
Coiirt stenographer H. N. Walker,
tl.igistcrs lieoorder Williamson it. .tacoby,
District Atturnej-ltobert U. Little.
Mherirf John W. Hoffman,
smrveror samuel Novhnrd.
Treasurer Dr. II, W". Mclleynolds.
CjininlMlonors John llerncr, 8. W. Mcllenry,
Commissioners' Clerk-William Krlckbaum.
Auilltors-M, V. it. Kline, J. II. Casey, K. u. Brown.
Coroner Isaiah Yeager.
Jury Commissioners all llobblns, Theodore W.
countv Superintendent William II. Snyder.
Illoom Poor District Directors It. 8. Ent, Scott,
Win. Kramer, liloomsburg and Thomas ltcece,
Bloomsburg Official Directory.
President of Town Councll-a. A. Herring.
('Icrk-Putil H. Wirt.
chief of Police Jas. c. sterner.
President of (las company S. Knorr.
Secretary C. W. Miller.
liloomsburg Hanking Company John .Funsion,
Prosldcut.il. II. uroiz, Cashier, John Peacock, Tel
ler. Firs' Na'lonal nank-Charleslt. l'axlon, President
J. I'. Tustln, cashier.
Columbia County Mutual Saving Fund and Loan
Assoctatton-K. II. Utile, President, C. W. Miller,
llloomsOurg Ilutldlng and Saving Fund Association
-Win. Peacock, l-realdoiit, .1.11. Itoblson, secretary.
liloomsburg Mutual Saving Fund Association J.
J Drawer, President, I. 1!. Wirt, Secretary.
ltev. J. P. Tustln, (Supply.)
Sunday Services lnf a. m; and p. m.
sundav School n. m. ...
Prayer Meeting Every Wednesday evening at ox
So.iis free. Tho public aro Invited to attend.
ST. MATTHEW'S LUTIIKKAN CHl'KCII.
Minister Uev.o. I). S. Marclay.
Sunday Servlccs-ioitf a. in. and 7tf p. m.
Sunday School On. m.
Vraver Meeilng Every Wednesday evening at
Seats free. Nopcws rented. All aro welcome
Mlnlsler-ltev. Stuart Mitchell.
Sunday Services l(X a. m. and Otf p. m.
Sunday School-0 a. in.
Pravcr Meeting Every Wednesday evening at ty,
Seals tree. No pows rented, strangers welcome.
MBTnomsT episcopal church.
Presiding Elder liev. W. Evans.
Minister Hev. M. L. Srajser.
Sunday Scrv Icos Wtf and OX f. m.
Sundav school-'! p. m. '.,.,,
lllble Class-Everv Monday evening at V o clock.
Young Men's Prayer Meeitng-Evcry Tuesday
evening at flM o'clock,
ileneral Prayer Mceting-Evcry Thursday evening
Corner of Third and Iron streets.
I'astor ltev. W. E. Krebs.
itesldence Corner 4th and Catharine streets.
Sunday Services I0f a. m. and 7 p. m.
Sunday School 9 a. m.
prayer Meeting-Saturday, 7 p. m.
All aro Invited Thero is always room.
ST. TACL'S CUCKCU.
Ilectnr-Itev L. Zahner.
Sunday Services 1UX a. m., 1 p. m.
Sunday School 0 a. m.
First sundavln the month, Holy communion.
Services preparatory to Communion on Friday
evening bctoro tho fet Sunday In each month.
I'ows rented ; but everybody welcome.
Presiding Klder-Hcv. A. L. lteeser.
Minister ltev. lleorgo Hunter.
Sunday Servlco-2 p. m., In Hie Iron Street Church.
I'rnver Meeting In ery Sabbath at 1 p. m.
All aro Invited. All am welcome.
THE CHOBClt OK CUBIST.
Meets In "the little llrlck Church on tho Hill,'
known as tho Welsh Baptist Chureh-on Itock struct
Caitcgularinectlng" for worship, CTery Lord's day af-
'"eatsfrcoiand the' public aro cordially initted to
C1IOOL ORDERS, blank, just printed ami
i .iw tinnti tn amnii ltnnVs. ou hand and
(or sale at the Columbian unite.
BLANK DEEDS, on Pnrchr.i.Mit and Linen
1M per. common and for Admlntsi rators, Exccu
tors and trustees, for sale cheap at the Colombian
MAHK1AC5E CEKTIFICATKS just printed
and for sale at tho Columbian (mice. Mints
era of the (lospel and Justices Bhould supply them
solves with theso necessary articles.
JUSTICES and Constable' Fee-Hills for sale
at tho Columbian onice. They contain tho cor
rected fees ns established by tho last Act of tho Leg.
lturoupon tho subject. Every justice and con.
stable should have one.
ENDUE NOTES just printed and for sale
cheap ai mo Columbian onice.
CO, HAHKLEY, Atlorney-Bt-Lnw. Office
, lu Drawer's building, 2nd story, Dooms 4 5
DK. W.M. M. HEIIEK, Surgeon and Physi
clan, uruce s. E. corner Dock and .Market
rll. EVANS, M.D., Surgeon and Physl
. clan, (Ofllce and ltcsldenco on Tldrd street,
B. McKELVY, M. D Surgeon and Phy
. blclan, north side Main street, below Market.
B. UOBISON, Attorney.at-Law. Office
In Ilartman's building, Main street.
, Clark Wolfs btore, Main street.
AVID LOWENBERG, Merchant Tailor
Main St., above Central Hotel.
8.- KUHN, dealer in Meat, Tallow, etc.,
a Centrn street, between Second and Third.
Increase cf Pcrslcns obtained, Collections made.
Ofllce, Second door from Ut National Hank.
BLOOMS BUItQ, l'A.
Jan. 11, 1S78
K. J. C. 11 UTTER,
ril YSICIAN SUItOEON,
Ofllce, North Market street,
ATTOKNB Y-A T-L A W,
oniee. Ilartman's Block, corner Main, and Market
J U. FUNK,
Iucrcaio of Pensions Obtniucd, Collettiona
. onico in Enl's Bciujino.
R. I.'L. RA11U,
Main Street, opposite Episcopal Church, lilooms
If Tei th extracted without pain,
aug 8), '7I.ly,
A T TO R N E Y S-A T-L A W,
Cot-UUBUN Duilpinu, Bloomsburg, l'a.
Members of tho United States Law Association,
Collections made In any part of America or Euro)o
p Hi W. J.BUCKALEW,
Ofilce on Main street, Orst door below CourtllouBO
T F, it J, M. CLARK,
onice In Ent s Building,
17 P. BILLMEYER,
ATTOltNEY AT LAW,
Otnci-lu natulan's Building, Main street.
II. UTTUf. KOB'T. 11. LITTLI.
17 II, & li. li. LITTLE,
A'l'lUllNai D-A i-i-A w,
IB aalness beforo ths U. s. fatest Offico attended
vo.omeo la Um Columbian ttoUdlcg. u
EUVEY E. SMITH,
omco In A. J. Ktan's Nrw DunniNU,
Member of Commercial 1-aw and Bank Collect Ion As
sociation. Oct. 14, 'Jj-lf
onice In Brower's building, Becond floor, room No.
1. liloomsburg, l'a.
lib W E L h,
Offlco In Ilartman's Block, second floor, corner
Main and Market Streets,
May Z1 ly.
p M. DRINKER, GUN mid LOCKSMITH.
Sewing Machines and Machinery of all kinds re
paired, opeka House Building, Bloomsburg, l'a.
over Maize's Stoke, Bloomsburg, Pa.
nprll 19, ISTs.
TJRITISH AMERICA ASSURANCE CO-
NATIONAL KIKE 1NSU11ANCE COMPANY.
Hie nptets of these old corporations are all In
vetted In SOLID SKCUUITlts and nro liable lothe
haz.ml of tlio only.
lodcrate lines on the best rlFksarc alono acctptcd.
I.(tsses I'Kompti.v and iionk-ti y hdjtiptrd and paid
ns milii tm diterinlned by ciikistias F. Knatp, t?fie
clal Agtnt nnd Adjuster, It'ooinbburg, 1'enn'a.
'1 he (Illens of Columbia county Miould patronize
the agency where lushes. If any. are odju&tod and
tald by ono of Ihelrouu LltUcns. nov.16, '77-ly
REAS BROWN'S INSURANCE AGEN
CY, Exchange Hotel, Bloomsburg, l'a.
Man, Ins Co., of Hartford, Connecticut... s.soo.ooo
i.iu'rpooi, i.onaon ana mooo -u.iiou.uuu
itoyaior Liverpool i3aoo,oiki
. 10,000, 00
Klrc Association, l'hlladelnhla...
Kirmers Mutual of Danville
Homo, New York
As the ngrncles are direct, policies are written for
t ho Insured without any delay in the onico at Blooms
burg. March in,"rt y
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIES:
Lycoming of Muncy Pennsylvania.
North American of 1'htladclphla, l'a
t ranklln, of " "
Farmers of York, l'a.
Hanover of New York.
Manhattan of "
onice on Market Street No. e, Bloomsburg, l'a,
oct. 20, '77-ly.
Til. L. EYERLY, . ,
Collections promptly made and remitted. Ofllce
onposlto Catawlssa Deposit Bank. flin-3S
V. II. ABBOTT. W. II. HUAWN.
ABBOTT & HUAWN,
dec !1, "77-ly
AUG. L. EAUB. JNO. K. FF.YUIEK. CQA8. B. KDWAKOS,
W'M. R. 1IAGENBUCU,
liniib, rrymlcr 6l EdxvurOs,
(Successors to Benedict Porscy & Sons, 923 Market
Importers and dealers In
CHINA, GLASS AND QUEENSWARE,
ns Market Street, Philadelphia.
Constant ly on hand Original nnd Assorted Tackagcs
June !9, '77-ly
GREAT TRUNK LINE
UNITED STATES MAIL ROUTE.
Tlio at tcctlon of tlio travi'Muir nubltc Is lrsnecU
fully tuvlted to h imo ot the merits oi una great high
way. Iti Ihu coulldent iLSscrtlon and belief that nn
other lino can oiler equal induce meuta aa a route of
Construction aud Equipment
stands confessedlv at the head of American railways,
The track Is doublo tho entire length of tho line, of
bteel ruth laid on heavy oak lies, which aro embed-
ueu in u louuuauuu oi rocK nauasi. eiguieen inencs
tndpth. All bridges are of Iron or stone, and bulit
upoh the most appro ed plans, 1 ts passenger cars,
vwille emlnentlv safo and substantial, aro ut Ihu
same lime moueis or comiorc una elegance.
THE SAFETY APPLIANCES
in U'o on this lino well lllustraU) tho far-seeing and
liberal policy or Its management, In accordance nlth
which the utility only of nu Improvement undnot
us tubi uas ueen too (luesuou oi cunbiueraiion,
Among many may be noticed
THE BLOCK SYSTEM 0? SAFETY SIGNALS,
JANNEY COUPLES, BUFFER and PLATFOEM
THE WHABTON PATENT SWITCH,
formlbtrlnconlunctlon wllh a nerfect double track
and road-bed u combination of sutegnards airalnst
utnu?uui Hum utte icuucreu iucui prucutauy jm,
Pullinan Palace Cars
aro run ou all Express Trains
From Nrw Yurk, l'Mlndf lpMat Ilnltlmore mul
To i'lilcntro, Cinrlimnil, I.uuUIIIrt IndlaunpolU
and to all principal points In the far West and South
with but ono change of curs. Connections aro made
in II uton Depots, and aro assured to all Important
Is admllti'd to Ik) unsurpassed In the world for eran,
deur, beauty and variety. fcUerlor refreshment fa
(littles ure proMded. fraplojcesare courteous and
attentive, and It Is un Inevitable nsult that u trip by
A I'LEASINO AND MEMORABLE EX
PERIENCE. at the lowest rates
i- n uupori
OtDcral Manager, uel Passenger Agent.
J. K. briOKMAHI'lt. Pass. Aeent Middle Dlst..
18 North '1 hlrd c tree t,. llarrUburg, To.
J7 M. I10UTON,
Main Street, Orangcvllle, Pa.
Dealer In '
DRUGS, JIEDICINES, CHEMIOAI-S,
Fine Toilot Soaps, Brush'es.Comls.&o,
thiU Hawing Eitructi, rerfumny and Fancy
UbiltV Arlida in IMuu Vuritly,
Mm a Vine assSinent of
tiyu VuuiIh iiuiM))v MiiUh,
Sicilng and Chewing Tettcccs.Clg; rc,Enuif,&e.
accurately compounded. A uiuro U putllc patron,
age la solicited. - -
TUB IIAKY HOYS.
Two Utile baby bojs I own ,
Tho elder scarcely walks slone i
Ills sunny hair an 1 largo brown oyo,
Ills earnest look of swectsurprlsc,
Ills funny ways aud Jojous shout,
1 could not tell J ou all about
If I should try n J ear.
Ho creeps so fast to catch his tojs,
And then he sets up such a noise ;
IPs horso and dog and book nnd bc'l,
IlothroKS them nil about pell-mell,
Oh, Mother (loose I If you could seo
This Utiles boy, so full of glee,
lour sides would ache, 1 fear.
In hammock low, among tlio trees,
Hoiked back and forth by paslng breeze,
'I ho baby sw Ings nnd cooes to seo
Tho gentle rustle of tho tree,
The lights and shade, the leaves that fall;
Tho sunshlno brooding o er nil
Tls Indian summer heie.
Way overhead, In tho blue sky,
Tho down clouds lloat bottly by,
A lullaby ralr Nature sings,
And through the air Its music rings;
All things a peaceful tenor keep j
My llttlo one falls fast asleep,
Ills molhcr watching near.
Two baby bojsl a god of loo
Sends as a gl,t rrom heaven above ,
And like the shifting rainbow bright,
Tinging Ihu drifting clouds with light
Their bouls to Une and sweet, Rhine out,
Breaking Ihiough inlsts of grief and doubt,
And make my pathway clear.
UI'EMXll TUB CAMI'AIUN.
ailANDllKCK'riON TO TUP, NI1XT (lOVllltNOIl
OP PllNNbYI.VANIA IN 1'UllON
M'Co.NNl'.l.i.suur.d, Pa., September C.
Tue democratic mass meeting at this place
to-day, where Senator Dill opened tlio cam
paiRti, was the largest and mot eiilhusia.-tic
political di'iiitmslrutlnn witnessed here with
in Hie lait i-ixteen jours. Tliu homes of tlio
town were decorated with (lags anil wreathes
and the strtels nrclud with ererirrceiiA nnd
banners upon which uero inscribed Mich de
vice as 'Welcome lo onr next governor 'Dill
for govt rnor,' 'Slengcr for congress.' Upon
his arrival Senator Dill was escorted throul
town, by a procession nearly a mile in length
composed by delegations l'rom the tliilerent
townships, nnd he wns greeted witli cheers
along the whole line of match. There were
colored men in the procession, and some of
the houses of the colored peoplo were deco
rated. At the meeting which was held it
the afternoon the largest hall was crowded
to its utmost rapacity. The president and
all the vice presidents of the meeting were
democrats who had voted for Jackson, Sen
ator Dill made un excellent and telling
speech and was frtrjueutly interrupted by
applause. He vta- followed by I Ion. R. M
Speer, chairman of the democratic state com
mittee. Hon, W. S. Stenger, representative
from the district in cougre, concluded with
an able speech, in which he described tho
workings of the fraud by which Tildeti had
been counted out. The democrats here are
very enthusiastic, and regard to-day's meet-
iug as an auspicious opening of the cam
Mil. fi'i:i:i!-s MT.mi.
Uy Hie peaceful power nl tho ballot thti
people of l'uiiisylviinhi aro culled upon li
cboote their cxectilive for the, next four
year. To be the governor ol this great statu
is an honor worthy the iiinhiliou of her pur
est and ablest citizens Thr'c pnlit'cil par'
ties, by their pl.itlnrms and their candidate
challenge the people'-, reooiriiilinn atid claim
thtjir i-ull'rage. One ol llieni h im ol tho
disliess that hangs like a pall over tho statu
and the nation has tfilher record nor his
tory, and hence cannot by judged by what
it has done, but only by w hat it promises li
do. Tho other two the democratic and tho
republican appeal not only to the a-sitr-ances
of the present and the pledges for tlu
uture, but to the achievements and results
of the pa.t. With judicial patience aud
lairtifss let the high tribunal of the peoplo
hear and determine.
l'rom 1SG1 until this hour Pennsylvania,
has has had a republican governor and tho
nation a republican prtsident. From lbtiL
to 1 STt'i all drparltinents ol the Irdtrnl gov-
erment legislative, (Aiculive and judicial
have bt en ri publican, and the i-ame is
practically true of this stale. That party
had but to speak and it was done; to utler
its decree aud it beeainu law. Willi Ihu
purse of the nation in tho one hand and llio
sword iu the other, it bought or heat all op
position iulo ihu dust. No politic il party
since the birth of free government lias wield
ed sucli power or enjoyed such opportuni
ties. No pestilence or famine has desolated
the laud, but the earth during ail this pi -riod,
with luxuriant bou.ily, has yielded her
wealth and her harvests to the touch of toil.
Why, then, should we not to day, iu Mute
aud nation, be a happy and prosperous peo
ple 1 Why shoule not the air he vocal with
the music of our industries i Why should
not the millions of hands this moment out
stretched, willing aud anxious to work, find
ready employment 't Why should this laud
blessed by heaven and rich iu all Ihu ele
ments of ptoducllve labor, bo turned iutu a
vast-alnislioiise, whose only teho U the cry
for bread and against whose portals the tramp
stands knocking day and nii;ht for admit
tance ? These question and many others
like them the peoplo ask, us they have a
right to ask, aud they turn with anxious and
resolute purpose to the repttbllcau party and
demand au answer, As their aervanl, charg
ed with high duties, commanding untold re
sources and exercising, legally or otherwise,
imperial power, it is culled for judgment up
on the record made by itself. If either faith
less or incompetent, its claim to public con
fidence should perish.
Nor ia tho test an unfair one. 'Every tree
that briugeth not forth good fruit is bwt
down and caMkito the tire.' Govern
exists for tbeVtvple, aud not tho peopl
the government, Its duty is protection, not
plunder ; and when the rulers of a free peo
ple full In this high duty, either from weak
ness of head or corruption of heart, the only
safety of the republic lies in their overthrow.
Thank God no man or party was ever born
on our soil with a crown upon his brow.
With us the diadem of power rests with tho
people. No hereditary succession from fath
er tn son is written in our conatibttioii of
our laws, aud if our people guar(I"Ueir lib
erties with vigilance and virtue, tills badge
of monarchy shall never shame their escu
tcheon 1 Iu Pennsylvania it is worth, not
birth, that makes the man.
What is our condition tu dv. after al-
' most seventeen years of unbroken republi.
bTloomsbuhg, pa.,frida, September
can rule 7 It is not too much to say that
values have decreased one-third, and tho
debtor class, unable to meet their obligations
after a long and dctperate struggle, have
yielded lo the Inexorable logic of events and
gone down in hopeless ruin. I need not point
you lo the endless llt of applications for the
benefit of lite bankrupt law which is now
repealed, hor tho last five years every hour
that tho clock has struck, day and night, has
tolled the financial failure of an American
citizen, Like death, the iron heel of dis
aster lias crushed both high and low. The
manufncturer.giving employment to a thous
and men, and the country merchant, pro
viding for himself and family an humble
support, have alike bowed beneath the fury
of tho storm and now lie powerless except lo
mark the path of its desolation. Driven by
the sherllffrom the home of their childhood
and front the graves of their dead, iu tin
bitterness of their agony and beneath a stnr
less sky, they summon their oppressors to
the judgment hall,
More than thirteen years havo elapsed
since tho close of the war. Tho south, tiros
tr.ited and exhausted, addressed herself to
replacing the ravages of war with the fruit
of peace, but state nfter state was overrun
witli cormorants and adventurers, who fed
upon disorder and fattened upon plunder.
They secured control of the local and stale
governments and rioted in tlio substance of
the people. In a few years the debts and
liabilities of the eleven states that haden
gaged in the rebellion were increased over
two hundred millions of dollars. In Miss'
issippi one-sixth of nil the land was sold for
taxes. If discontent prevailed, the army
was at hand to deepen the oppression by
aiding tho oppressor. When these political
vampires had loaded themselves with plun
der they would flee the scene of their crimes
not always unpunished by tlio avenging
minister of justice.
This policy, long supported by the federal
government, entailed great burdens upon
tlio people. The south, literally robbed, was
unable to pay her share of our common debt
and the national expenses were largely in.
creased by maintaining nn army whose en
ly employment was the nuiuteumco of so
called state governments, which rested alone
not ou the popular will, but on the bayo
net. Strangely enough carpel-hag rule expired
in its last gigantic crime. And now these
eleven states, under rulers of their choice,
are as peaceful as Pennsylvania, and their
citizens, white aud colored, as secure in
their rights of person and of property as our
By reference to the fiunnce report for 1S77,
pages 11 and 12, it will be seen that the net
ordinary receipts of the treasury since the
republican pirty came into power are So,
057,809,221, G!, and if you will turn to Un
report of the civil scrvico commission, ap
pointed by President Graut.oi which George
William Cuitis wns a member, madt to the
Forty-second congress, you will find it esti
mated 'that one-fourth of the revenues of the
United States are annually lost in the col
lection.' Hence, if- the five billions receiv
ed rcpiesent but three fourths of the amount
levied by law, the remaining fourth, lost or
stolen,but paid by the people, is 5-l,GSo,'JjG,-407,21,
a sum greater lhau the assessed value
of all the property, real and persouai, iu
Pennsylvania, and a sum, loo, which, with
interest from the time it was collected, would
more than pay every dollar of the national
debt. The payment of taxes is never tiie
most pleasant duty, but it becomes especial
ly Jiard iu these times, when tlio tax payers
has every reason to believe that out of every
four dollars paid by him for thesupport of the
government ou dollar is lust by negligeuco
or directly stolen. What private citizen
would so conduct his business? What cor
poration would exist an hour ttuder such
management ? If a railroad president were
In make such a report to his stockholders,
he would bo instantly driven into disgrace.
And yet the people aro told that the c-y for
retrenchment and reform is hollow and in
siticete. Why should the expenses of the
government now bo almost twice as much
per capita as before the war? Tlio last fis
eal year of democratic administration closed
June l!0, 1SC0, and the ordinary expenses.
excluding interest and pensions, were over
one hundred and forty-two millions. The
increase in our population cannot account
lor this alarming increase in our annual ex
penses, nor can it bo charged to the war, for
all claims resulting from tho wat such as
pensions and interest on the public debt
are excluded. It is the re-ult of official in
competency, extravagance nnd corruption
It cost yearly about fl.UO per head to gov
ern us before tlio war ; it costs uow nearly
fS.CO per head.
After having donated to railroad corpora
tious over two hundred millions of acres of
the public lauds tho republicans, in their
platform, iu impudent mockery, declare
"that the public lauds belong to tho people;
and should bo reserved exclusively for act
ual settlers." This means, 1 suppose, if the
railroads don't wan't any more of them.
Aud yet about tho time the lepublicaus in
Pennsylvania wero adopting this resolution
the Republicans iu tho United States Seu
ato were voting a ro graut of public laud
to the Northern Pacific railroad company of
forty millions of acres I
The samo platform makes earnest declara
tious in favor of homo industry, and yet the
people do not forget that a reptiblicau cou
gress iu 1872 reduced the tariff ou bitumin
Otis coal, iron, steel and other articles iu tho
mining and manufacture of which Pennsyl
viinia labor aud capital wero aud are largely
And the samo platform is loud in protest
against tlio payment of southern claims. This
cry has served many a political villain a
convenient purpose. But let tlio truth he
uoivn. What aro southern claliAr X
persistent effort lias been made to Wye tu)
peoplo believe that these claims are deAand
upon the government, made exclusively by
persons in the south who were engaged iu
the rebellion. Instead of this being true, a
vast majority of the claims thus far allowed
by congress have been preseuted by north
eru aud Union men for louses alleged to have
been sustained by them In or on account of
the war, Aud how stand the two parties
ou this question ? In the Forty-secoud con
gress (republican) bills were passed for
claims amounting to $2,-193,172.35, Iu the
Forty-third congress (republlcau)the amount
was $2,641,2.18 05, Now, tho Forty-fourth
congress (democratic) pasB(d claims amount
ing only to 1,378,207.43, aboutjjne million
of dollars lees than had been allowed by the
republicans iu the Forty-second and Forty
third congress. Instead ol bills for the pay-
nient of threo hundred millions of southern
claims having been introduced In congress,
the actual amount pending is $5,000,107.00.
In magnifying the number one bill for the
same purpose, but presented by different
members, lias been counted fifty-four times;
another, fortyntno ', another, twenty-nine ;
nnothcr, twenty-four, and so on. Ily such
means aro the peoplo to be misled and the
republican party kept In power.
It is a remarkable fact that tho republican
state platform is silent on the question of the
currency. Why? Not because tho people
feet no interest In this question, nor because
a political party asking a renewed lease of
power should not defino its position upon
an isueso vital j butbecauso it was deemed
safeit for success to leavo tho subject open,
tnat mo managers of the campaign might
take any position Hint party necessity should
require. The question, to somo extent, is
supposed to bo one of latitude and longi
tude, and hence it was thought cruel to
compel tho same speaker to deliver the samo
speech in Lancaster as in Allegheny. After
an unbroken silence of three months tho re
publican call is for hard money and nation
al banks I Tlio currency that sustained our
armies in the field that carried our flag lo
victory that preserved our goverment tliat
paid for the torn limbs and mangled body of
the living soldier and for the precious life of
the dead, must bo witlid rawn as worthless
rags I And in its place the peoplo must
take a currency founded Jupou the interest
bearing debt of tho government, and whoso
circulation lias already cost tho nation over
two hundred millions of dollars I My
mends when you endorse your neighbor's
note you think you do him a favor ; but
would you not think that man insane who
would pay a bonus to his neighbor to be al
lowed to indorse his paper ? And yet this i
the law uuder which the national banks
are organized. They do business upon tho
credit ot the government; tliey receivosemi
annually their interest upon the bonds dc
po.ueu, ami in audition ninety per tent,
thereon in note for circulation, which they
are allowed to loan at any rate of interest
authorized by tlio stato where the bank is
located to be charged by any other hanks of
issue. Thus it happen that local bank-
may have special charters, allowing eigh
and ten per cent interest to be charged,
so, national hanks, after receiving six per
cent, on their bonds, can supplement it with
ten per cent, ou their notes,'thus getting six
teen per cent, for what is practically th
same investment ! It is not against th
stockholders of national banks that the ar
gument is addressed, but against the law
which permits such a flagrant wrong upon
the rights of the peoplo.
un me ise oi noveinuer last mete wero in
existence 2,0S0 national banks, with a cap i
til stock paid in of 179,407,771, and with
a surplus fund and other undivided profit
of SlG0,34S,"99.9li. These figures tell the
story. 'rhee banks have been organized fo
about twelve years, and have annually de
clared dividends never lev than four and of
ten twenty per cent.; and yet in this brie
period they have accumulated undivided
profits, held uow by them as a surplus fund
amounting to more than one-third of all thei
paid in capital. Thus their stock becom
enormously enhanced in value, as is seen by
recent quotation ol the stock of the Chemi
cai national bank of New York, whoo pa
value, I believe, is $100 per share, while its
par value in the market is $1,700 per share,
A system of finance that permits such pro
fiti when labor is idle and industry paraly
zed is oppressive to the people and danger
out to free institutions, It tud to centrali
zation ; it builds up a vast money powe
born of the same parent, sucking the nam
breast and devoted to a common purpose,
General Jackson had cause to fear one ban
controlling thirty or forty millions of dollar
what would ho have thought of 2,000 batiks
organized under one law, with the samo in
interests and aims, and having fivo hundred
million of capital ?
A circular from the secretary of the Ame
rican Ranker's association dated 31st August
187S, shows the concentrated action aud tho
evil disposition ef these banks. The purpose
evidently i to levy a large corruption fun
to debauch the voter in doubtful congress
ional districts aud to elect tho friends of th
b inks to congress, Do not our duty and
our safety alike loudly invoke Instant and
crushing condemnation of the system am
the means by which it i sought to pcrpctu
ata it ? Tint circular say : "To meet th
expernes of our association for the current
year, as direcled by the convention and by
the executive council, our treasurer lus pre
pared his drafts, which will reach you about
the same timo as this isdellvcred, A prom;
response will, we hope, bo given by a
bauks and bankers, whether previous
members of tills association or not. The
are indications that a renewed and violent
war is to be made upon the banks, and it
not the part of wisdom or prudence for u
sit supinely idle and allow ourselves to I
misrepresented and maligned before the pub
lie." There are indications that a rmewei
ami violent war is to ha made upon th
bank ;" that is, the people are trying to re
peal the law, and therefore wo need money
to contol elections, employ lobbyist am
corrupt congressmen I How shameful thi
A continuation of national banks means
tliejperpetuity of the national debt. It
never to be paid ! Is that tho doctrine of the
republican parly in Pennsylvania? T
firm- r or the mechanic never fiels that 1
home is secure while the mortgage remai
unpaid. We havo a tuortgago upon the na
tiou of over two billions and wo now an
then hear it whispered that it is a national
blessing, To the holders ofourbouds, e
cmpt from all taxation, it may be so ; but
the million of taxpayers, if n blessing,
comes iu a sad disguise. Syndicates and
rings may sing its praise ; hut the pupnle,
bending beneath the weight of its conjP;
lug nuruens, speaw a truer voice, it ivia-
right of the nation to change the system, aud
no one can be misled, for the law authori
zing these banks expressly reserves to con
gress the right to alter, amend or repeal it
any time, In making the change invested
capital should bo protected and no shock
should bo given to the business of the coun
try. Tlio treasury note, Issued by the govern
ment and based upon the entire wealth of
the nation, should take the place of the na
tional batik note, under safe and proper reg
ulations of law ; and thus there would be
annually saved to the people from fifteen to
twenty millions of dollars. This nolo should
not he dishonored by the government by its
refusal to accept It for any debt where the
contract creating tho debt docs not Provide
for payment In coin, lfa republican con
gress and a republican president could make
e greenback a legal tender tn the soldier
and tho sailor, the widow and the orphan ;
wns money to pay for the blood of half a
million of our bravest and best, who died
that the nation might live, why Bhould t ot
government accept it In payment of its own
custom dues 1 Are life and limb less sacred
than taritT rates ? No human language can
estimate the wrong done by this generation
of the people s currency. Year afier year
tno uemocrats in congress have tried to re
elress this wrong.but as votes are there count.
ed, and not weighed, they havo thus far
laiied. llut the day of the people's deliver
anco draweth nigh, and this shamo of our
ational legislation will bo blotted out. and
after it shall havo been buried with tho po
lltlcil crimes of the past, the wonder will
3 that such injustice could ever have had a
Such is the clear declaration of tho Pitts
would be not unjust to the republican stato
managers. Timidly silent in their platform,
pparetitly bold in tbeir declaration in fa
vor of national banks ns mado by Mr. Grow
n his opening speech of the campaign, they
yet represent evidences of a very accommo
dating spirit. Tho republican convention of
Lycoming county a few days ago indorsed
for assembly two of the nominees of the
greenback party and "no questions asked,"
The nuptials wero happily celebrated, Mr.
Grow, as the high priest, ministering at the
altar. Aow, shall the offspring be n "rac
baby?" Uut the virtue of this example is
lounil In tho sense of comfort it gives to ro
publicans throughout the state in not for
cing them to lie in their bed if they find it
too short. It recalls the parson s announce
ment of a funeral: "It will take place to
morrow afternoon if it rains iu the forenoon
but if it rains in the afternoon It will take
place in the forenoon."
Whi'e tlio net ordinary receipts of th
treasury since the Republicans have been in
power are over five billions of dollars, a
very small portion of that sum has been ap-
plied to the payment of the national debt.
tter paying the interest and expenses the
most of the balance has been expended in
defraying the current expenses of the! gov
ernment. With 80,000 federal office holders
and vast appropriations for the army and
navy, the burdens of the peoplo remain but
little less than at the close of the war. Af
ter two hundred millions exgeuUed for the
navy, it is not now fit for active service.
That extravagant expenditures have been
made, the following statement will show :
Appropriations by the Forty-third (repub
lican) congress were
1875 $184,304,779 OS
1S7G 177,370,087 81
Iiy Forty-fourth (democratic) congress
1877 $151,390,913 53
1878 153,G03,G81 28
Difference in two years 53,G75,S50 03
rrom this difference should be deducted
$5,531,003,20, deficiencies appropriated last
session for the years 1S78 and 1878 leaving
an actual saving to tho government by the
democratic house ot representatives iu two
years of $43,144,180,881 And it should be
remembered that this reduction in our ex
penses would have been much greater ha'
it not been for the action of the republican
s-nite, which iucieased the appropriations
in mauy cases as passed by the house. No
party, intoxicated with power, ever reforms
itsell. 1 he people must reform tt. There
publicans, tossing millions a peuuies dur
ing the high tide of the war and the years
immediately succeeding it, have neither the
head nor tho heart lo return to the plain
ways ol peace. Their measures, their meth
od aud their leader all tend to the centra
lizatiou of power and to tho oppression o
the people. Aided by corporate capital am
by assessments gathered from office holders
and office-hunters, Ibc republican party will
neither correct its abuses nor willingly sur
render the high trust it has betrayed.
With a quarter of a million of the popu
lar and a majority of the electoral vote
against him, we have iu tho seat of Wash
iugton and Jackson a man who represents
the succes of tlu foulet conspiracy aainsl
free government and constitutional liberty
known to the annuls of time. And the meu
to whoe fraud, forger v and perjury he owes
the uame of President, instead of wearing
chains and manacles are loaded with
gards and honors ; are madejudgesof courts
and keepers of the people's treasure! My
friends, if a beggar, starving, takes a loaf o;
bread not ids own, ha i arrested, tried, con
victed and sent to prison, llut here a baud
of political desperadoes, located in three
states, by nameless crimes have stolen the
jewel of the republic ; and instead of being
overtaken by the swift hand ol the avenge
theyto-day mock tho people in tbeir calam
ity and riot iu their substance. If justice
has not fled the earth, the day, tho hour, i
near at hand when her sword shall merci
lessly behead theso guilty wretches !
Let me now turn briefly to slate issues,
l e ate all proud of Pennsylvania, llaptiz-
ed in the blood of the revolution, she has
reared some mighty men, Her people lion
est, intelligent and industrious; her forests
rivalling the cedar of Lebanon, and her soil
rich iu minerals, she invites to her borders
the best brain and brawn of the earth. For
getting party names and party divisions, her
citizens should make her peace and pro-per-
ity their common inlit ritance and their com
mon joy. llut n stato with so many diversi
fied interests and so many sources of wealth
is too inviting to escape the placeman and
the trader, and to-d.iy it may be said with
truth that no northern stato has been so
cursed witli machine and ring politics. Our
people feeling the poison in the systeis,
sought deliverance if n radical change of
the organic law, and tho new constitution,
Iu mauy respects a model, took form and be
ing, not, however, without a hitter struggle,
for 'the old order of things died by decree
and not by choice.
But more was expected by the change
than ha been realized. Overwhelmingly
defeated at the polls, the political cabal who
had been controlling tho state, reluctant to
retire from the scene of their past triumphs.
taxed their ingenuity to defeat the spirit, If
not the lorm and letter of the new constltu
tinn. One of the complaints of the people was
that corporations had too much power, Tho
creature of legislative will, mere servants of
the peole.they were hardly out of their swind
ling clothes uutil they assumed to be the peo
ple' masters, Manufacturers and producers
THE COMJMIUAN. VOL. XII, KO. 88
COLUM DIA DKMOCHAT, VOL. XLlt, NO. 1
could find no means to market, although a
railroad might pass their door. The rates
were exorbitant, or no cars could be bad, or
the "ring" might be selling the products or
goods The grievance became Intolerable
and honest men, with one voice, demanded
that the power of monopoly should be brok
en and tho rights of the citizen respected.
Hence it Is that we find in the new con
stitution, article 17, the following sections :
Sec. 3, All individuals, association nod
corporations shall have equal tight lo havo
persons nnd properly transported over rail
roads and canals, and no undue or unreason
able discrimination shall bo made in chargts
for, or in facilities for, transportation of
freight or passengers within tho state or
coming from or going to any other B'ate.
Persons and property transported over any
railroad shall be delivered at any station at
charges not exceeding the charges for trans
portation of persons aud property ol the
same class in the same direction to any more
distant station ; but excursion and commu
tation ticl-cts may be issued nt special rates,
ci:c. 7. No discrimination iu charges or
facilities for transportation shall be mado
betwten transportation companies and indi
iduals, or in favor of either, by abatement,
rawback or otherwise, and no rail road o
canal company, or tiny lessee, manager or
emplojeo thereof, shall make any ptefer
ences in furnishing cars or motive power.
And as if seeing with the eye of prophecy
the opposition with which these sections
would be met, the convention added:
Sec. 12 The general assembly shall en
force, by appropriate legislation, the provis
ions of this article.
The members of the legislature swear to
'support, obey and defend the constitution
of thi commonwealth," and yet with the
duty there iu written, "the general assembly
shall enforce by appropriate legislation the
provisions" of article 17, no law has been
passed to carry out these provisions. The
wrongs of the people in this regard remain
unredressed, and the strong arm of corpor
ate power continues to oppress, unrebuked
And when last winter the suil'ering oil inter
ests of our state, etuployiug a vast amount of
capital and thousands uf laborers, veulur d
to approach the legislature tor relief and to
point to the constitution as the ground of
their petition, they were laughed lo scorn
and turned naked away. It was fruitless tor
the present democratic candidate for gover
nor, then a seuator, to make earnest plea for
the rights of he people sgainst the greed ot
monopolies, for, as he spoke,one of the lead
ers of the republican ring, like ihe s, rpenl
at the ear of Eve, was whispering poison to
those who knew not what it was to disobev
Defeated but not dismayed, the oil men
returned to their wells with firm purpose to
teach their oppressors, by tho ballot, the
measureless depth of their wrongs. Rut
happily just then the republicau state con
vention, composed in part of members of the
legislature met iu Harrisburg but a few steps
from the spot where the free pipe bill bad
been murdered, and with auxiou concern
passed this resolution :
Sixth. That we view with alarm the grow ¬
ing depression of mauy of the leading trade
uterests of the slatp and country, resulting
partly, it is believed, from unfair advantages
aud discriminating rates of freight aud trans
portation privileges given by many trans
portation companies of the country to a fa
vored few to the pnjudice of our general
producing interests, aud this convention ear
nestly recommends the enactment of such
laws by the statu aud national legislatutes
as will correct this growing evil.
If the "alarm" was sincere the republican
legislature could speedily have removed it,
for it was then in sessiou. This performance
was a prctetisu and a fraud, and so iutelli
gent men id all parties must regard it. The
republicau manager will discover that milk
is for b.ibn", but that strong men want meat
Nor should the recent action of Gov. Hart
ranlt as to the quo warranto proceeding iu
Venango county pass without brief notice,
He had long been familiar with the griev
mice of the oil men and he had witnessed
the unequal contest they waged before the
legislature. One brave word from him then
would have saved their cause ; but it was
not spoken. He remained silent as death
when speech would have been golden, and
ho must not hope now, when the storm o
the people's wrath is gathering, to save a
sinking cause and candidate by a writ from
any court. A quo warranto may do many
things, but it ca.itiot elect Hoyt governor
King rule has brought with It, of course, a
large increase in tho annual expenditures,
I cannot refer to these in detail,but as a fair
sample of the system ot ring rule I select tho
expenses of the executive in 1801, the year
before the war, under Governor Uurtin, and
the expenses of 1877, uuder Governor Hart
ran ft :
l SlJEIl CUI'.TIS.
Governor's salary $1,000 00
Private secretary GOO 00
Messenger f'00 00
llepairs to executive mansion 350 00
Total $,-150 00
Governor's salary $10,000 00
Night watchman 000 00
Page 300 00
Itecorder for Hoard of Pardons..,
Clerk for Hoard ol Pardons
Carpet and furniture,.., 311 tl
Furniture if 78 24
Repairs 81 60
Sprinkling street 15 00
Incidental executive.., 2,000 00
Incidentals executivebnard of
pardons h 600 00
Under Hartranft $21,757 47
Under Curtlii 6,450 00
Hartranft over Curtin in one
jear $10,307 47
I give you the expenses of tho state gov
ernment under the last democratic governor
(Packer) ending in 16C0,and also three years
under Curtin, iucludlug the war, Geary and
Under Packer, three year $1,209,849 17
Under Curtin 1.885,167 (18
Uuder Geary (second term).., 2,808,303 07
Uuder Hartranlt (first term) . 3,279,216 28
The above figures do not include iuterest
paid ou stale debt, pensions, or amounts
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
IK, IK. IX. M.
fj.on ii.sn la.oi $5 tin
. a.on 4,'fl s.tfl P."0
. 4.' II 4 tO 7 00 1J.IW
. r,.ou l.ixi t.w 13.0'
, (i.oo s.iio lo.eo lo.tfl
llnlf f-nlumh. . 1n.no lll.nn 1ft.no fS.titt
ono column I i.oo ss.eo o.oo to.eo lotus
Vearly advertisements payable nuartrrly. 1rn
slent advertisements must tie paid torbctorclnBerleu
except where parties bale accounts.
Legal adi ertlsements I o dollars per Inch for thrco
Insertions, ami at that rate for additional Insertions
without reference to length.
Kiecutor's, AmtnUlrator's and Auditor's notices
three dollars. Must bo paid for when Inserted.
Transient or Local notices, twenty cents aline
regular advertisements hull rales.
Cards In the "Business Directory" column, one
doHar per year for each line.
paid to soldiers' orphans' schools. It will
be Been that Governor Jiatlranft's first term,
years after the war, cost almost three tlmea
as much as Packer's. A part of this increase
is accounted for by the increase in the num
ber of judges and members of tho legislature;
but these items explain but a small portion
of the increase. For example, in 1859 tho
senate cost, In round numbers, $50,000 ; In
1874, with the same number of membets, it
cost $134,000, nn increve of $81,000. In
1859 the house cost $125,000 ; in 1871, $209,-
000,an inccase of $141,000. There hrn been
a steady lccreae,and tho present year will bo
the most expensive ever known lo the state.
The last session of the legislature of 1878
covers 141 days. Its expenses were :
Salary of senators... $73,073 20
Salary of employees 30,090 40
Postage 6,050 00
Stationery 11,013 80
Salary of members $2G1,G23 20
Salary of employ
ees 02.075 20
Postage 20,300 00
Stationery 22.0S0 01
Expense of senate and hntin
Cost of each member, tl,'J77
The bill is $2.i,350 for postage. This
would pay the postage on 845,000 letters,
which would be an average of about 3,360
letters to eacli member, and as the session
continued III days(ineluding adjournments)
eacli member, to use hi postage, would havo
to write daily 23 letters.
Thus it has gone for many years, and thus
it will go as long as the present dynasty
shall rule the slale. Under Packer, our last
democratic governor, It cost 42 cents per
head to govern the people for three years.
Under the first term ot liar Iran ft it cost 87
ceuts ami under his present term it will cost
95 cents, And iu this increase no expenses
arising, from the rebellion and no interest or
pensions are included.
And iu return lor thi se heavy growing
burdens what have the people received?
What niggling industry has been aided?
What monopoly bus been caught by the
throat aud taught obedience to tho law?
Wliat legislation has t een passed to enable
individual shippers aud producers to securo
justice iu relentless warlare waged against
'1p m by mrporatu wealth and ring combi
nations? What single measure urged by
the people and opposed by corporations baa
been coined into law ?
And upun the other hand, what proposi
tion for the creation of sinecures and the
lu.ther oppression of the people has failed?
When tiie ear nf the legislature were deaf
mi the appeal- iu behalf of the depressed oil
iuttris's of thestate, they were open wide
to the imperious demaud of the ruling cabal
to pass the recorder's bill. Unwilling to
give a helping hand to a great industry that
develops the resources of the common
wealth and employs thousands of men, the
law-making power wrs yet servile in Its
haste lo create a new office, with enormous
and undefined emoluments, v. ilh the extra
ordinary tenure to its appointee often years.
Why not giv5 him a life estate nt once? If
the people are lobe plundered under the
it ins ul law, tu raie funds to debauch elec
tors and perpetuate tho rule of rings, it
would save the expense of repeated legisla
tion to declare by a general act that tho offi
ces ond courts of the state do, aud of right
ought to, belong to the Republican ringsters
their heirs aud assigns forever, rrom tho
judge upou the bench down even lo the no
tary public, tue commission passes through
the same channel. Strangers to honest la
bor, with politic asaprofitablo trade, a few
desperate men have by desperate mean in
stalled themselves in all the avenues of stats
power, and now, like birds of prey, they
claim the people a their own. Need I name
them? No; for there i scarcely a child,
from the river to the lake, able to prattle at
its mutheis Ljee, that cannot moan the roll.
THE VITAL ISSUE,
The vital issue of thi contest is: Shall
the government of Pennsylvania be rescued
from ring rule and be re-tored to the peo
ple? Upon this platform all honest men
can stand, and together they should make
common batlle against a common foe, In
the presence of the great peril minor differ
ences should be trampled in the dust; disor
ganizes should be hung to the lamp post,
and the army of the people, under the ban
tier of reform borne by our gallant leader,
should march with resi-lleas tread to victory.
First drive from the temple the bauds thst
pollute it, and then it will be time to ar
range the order of our worship. It is noon
tide madness for any one w ho desires the ut
ter overthrow of hateful personal rule in
Pennsylvania to wate hi fire in this bayo
And.iuy friends-, it is well for you aud for
all taxpayers that the democratic party pre
sents candidates whom it is an honor to sup
port, Iu the full bloom of vigorous man.
hood ; ripe in experience and rich in virtue;
loved at home and esteemed abroad ; born to
toil and schooled iu adversity; faithful to
friends and fearless in duty, their lives and
their honors are alike a lesson and a legacy
to every young man in Pennsylvania. And
when the decree of the people shall have
been recorded and the aged minister shall
greet hi son as governor, tlic child of the cir
cuit as executive of the state will be true to
the early training of his pious father and
faithful to the Interests and the honor of tho
Talk at Home,
Endeavor id ays to talk your best before
your children. They hunger perpetually
for the ideas, 'I hey will learn with pleas
ure from the lips of pareiit what they will
deem drudgery lo sludy in books ; and even
if they have the misfortune to ho deprived
of many educational advantages, they will
gruw up intelligent if they enjoy iu child
hood the privilege of listening daily to the
conversation of intelligent people. We
sometimes see parents who are tho life of
every compauy which ihey enter, dull, el
lent, aud uninteresting at home amuug their
children. If they have not uieutul activity
and mental stores sufficient lor both, let
them first use what tbey havo fur their
households, A silent home is a dull place
for young people, a place from which tbey
will escape if they can. How much useful
Information, on the other hand, is olteu giv
en iu pteasaut family conversation, but what
unconscious hut excellent mental training
in lively social argument I Cultivate to the
utmost the graces ol conversation
"Exercise your patience for awhile and
you will get practice," said the old physi
cian to the youug doctor, "Yes, but I don't
have any paticuta to exetcite,'' was the re