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OOICKBU DIM 00 Bit, IT'S Of Tl HOITI AMD COIUM-
Issue! weemr, every Prlilar ruornlnf , at
nUJUKSuUKd, CUlAJMUIA COUHt!, PA.
Tiro voLLiM per year, pnrithio In advance, or
ji tun year. After tuo eiplrntlonot the year
so will ( cbarired To subscribers out of Uio
uo'iinty wo terras uro II per year, strictly In advanco
U i If not paid In advanco and M.ou ft payment be
delayed beyond the year.
So paper discontinued, except at tbe Option of tbe
rmbltlsiiers, until all arrearages are paid, but Ion?
ointlnuod credits nfler tbe expiration or tho nrst
rear will not be given,
AOapora ent out of tbe State or to distant pott
oirces must be paid for In advance, unless a respon
sible person In Columbia county assumes to pay the
subscription duo on demand.
iwTAtiK is noioneer exacted from absent la
Tbe Jnbblc? liepartment of tho Colckbuk Is very
complete, and our J b rrtntlni? will cemparo tavorv
lilr with that of the lariro cities. All work done on
domand.ncatly and at moderate prices,
ffjaOOTToftbEltSTXiank, Just printed and
neatly boun In small books, on hand and
fur sue at 11
the Colombian office.
I.ANK DEEDS, un Parchment and Linen
l" Paper, common and for Administrators, mrcu
Zrti and trustees, for sale cheap at the columiuh
M" ARB1AOE CKBTIFICATESjuit printed
andforsalo at thoCotPMaUN Office. Minis
era f the (lospel and Justices should supply thorn
selves with these necessary articles.
USTIOES and Constables' Fee-Bills for sale
at the CottmsuH omce. They contain the cor.
rected fees as established by the last Act of the Leg
stature upon the subject. Kvery Justice and Con
stable should have one.
'ENDUE NOTES just printed and for sale
cheap at the Colcmbun office,
CLOCKS, WATCHES, 40.
E. SAVAGE, Dealer in Clocks, Watches
and Jewelry, Main St., Just below the Central
In Ilrower's building, nnd si
llooms 4 t.
DR. Wit. M. REBER, Surgeon and Physi
cian, Offlco 8. K. corner Kock and Market
V R. EVANS, M. D., Surgeon and Physi-
. clan, (Office and Residence on Third street,
JB. McKELVY, M. D.. Surgeon and Phy
. slclan, north Bldo Main street, below Marker,
B. ROBISON, Attorney-at-Law.
In 11 artman's building, Main street.
, Clark & Wolf's Store, Main street.
DAVID LOWENBERG. Merchant Tailor
Main St., above Central Hotel.
8. KUIIN, dealer iu Meat, Tallow, etc.,
. Centre Btrcet, between Second and Third.
office. Corner Main and Market Streets, Second door
from 181 national uauit.
Jan. 11, 1S73
R. J. C. RUTTER,
Til YSICIAN SDKOEON,
Office, North Market strset,
A T T O R N E Y-A T-L A "W,
Office, Ilartman's Block, corner Main and Market
J U. FUNK,
Office In COLUMBIAN UCLDINQ.
I. L. RABB,
Main Street, opposite Episcopal Church, Blooms-
tr Teeth extracted without pain,
aug M, 11-ly.
JgROCKWAY & ELWELL,
A T TO R N E Y S-A T-L A W,
CotCMBUN Ucildino, llloomsburg, Pa.
Members of the United States Law Association.
Collections made In any part of America or Europe
Office on Main street, nrst door below Courtllouse
F. fe J. M. CLARK,
Office In Ent's Building.
"p P. BILLMEYER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
OrncK-AdJolnlng C. 11. W, J. Buckalew,
B. H. UTTLK. HOST. 8. LITTLI
U. & R. R. LITTLE,
rfBuslness before the U. S. Patent omce attended
to. Office In the Columbian Building. 33
ERVEY E. SMITH,
Office In A. J. Evan's Nkw Bnuma,
Member of commercial Law nnd Bank Collection As
sociation, oct 14, -Ji.tr
F9b is, te.
Office In Brower's building, second floor, room No,
1, Bloomsburg, l'a.
Vi, II, Abbott,
W. II. RnawK,
ABBOTT & 1UIAWN,
Attorney s-at- Law.
deo si, 'Jl-ly
Office In Uarttnan's Block, second floor, corner
Main and MarU't Streets,
r M. DRINKER, GUN and.LOCKSMITH
sewing Machines and Machinery of all kinds re
paired. Opeki llorsk Building, Bloomsburg, I'a,
TyiLLIAM Y. K ESTER,
Corner ot Main and West streets, three doors below
J. h. tier'skture. Dloonisburg, I'a.
All orders promptly attended to and satisfaction
April si, ll-u
IJ1REAB BROWN'S INSURANCE ADEN
. CY, xcliange Hotel, llloomsburg, I'a.
Utna, Ins Co., ot Ilartford, Connecticut... o,oou,ixi
LUerpool. London and Olobeft , io.uoo.ooo
lloyal of Liverpool is soo.oou
Fire Association, I'btladelphta J.lw.iioo
Atlas of Ilartford oe,0M
Farmers Mutual of Danville l.uuo.uoo
Danville Mutual , TS.OUI
Home, New York. s,ijo,ooo
Commercial Union 17,000,000
AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANIE81
Lycoming of Murcy Pennsylvania.
North American ot l'UUadelpnla, Fa
rranklln, of " "
1 armers of York, I'a.
Hanover of New York.
Manhattan ot "
omce on Warkst Street No, t, llloomsburg, 1
, ocu s, ll-ly,
nru lrxltluiAt.. Vu tlouum trv.
I Mr J.WOSIH 00, HlMb, Ha,
1M .... v m il.
"M. L. EYERLY,
Collections promptly roado and remitted, omen
onposlto CaMwtssa Deposit Bank. m-J8
ltd. u Kits. mo. x. rr.miER. evil. B. idwius.
WM. H. HAGENBUCH, '
Kaub, Fry niter U Edwards,
(Successors to Benedict Dorsev Pots, va Market
importers and dealers in
CHINA, GLATS AND QUEENSWARE,
t!3 Market PI net, Philadelphia.
Constantly on hand Original and Assorted Packages
June s, Ti-ly ,
O. A. HERRING
RESPECTFULLY announces to the public
that he has reopened
(oldBtand) Bloomsburg, l'a., at the
Porks of the Espy and Tight Street
ttSiacK leather will be made In the most
substantial and workmanlike manner, and sold at
prices to suit tho times. The highest pneo In cam
will at all times be paid for
of erery description In the country. The public pat
ornagu Is respectfully solicited,
lilbcmsburg, Oct. I, lMf-
GLAZING AND PAPERING.
"TTTM. F. BODINE, Iron Btrtet below sec
VV ond, Dloomsbarg, Fa., Is prepared to do al
In the best styles, at lowest p rice sp and at short
PartleBharlnir'.suchworktodo will save money
cauing on me.
All work warranted to give aatlafactlen. Orders
WM. F. BODINE.
, a. Lehmann, Solletur ef Amsrteaa and Pore'ga
Patents, Washington, D. C. All feusliesa connected
with ratents, whether be fere tie Pateat Office or
the Courts, promptly attended to. Moeharge made
unless a patent Is seeurs. seid for a circular.
May 4, 1T-U b w
YyAINWRIOIIT A CO.,
TEAS, SYRCrS, COFFSB, BCUalt, MOLASSIS,
MCI, SriCIB, S1CA1S SODi, tc, kt.
N. is. corner Second and Arch strests,
ororflers will reeelte prompt attention.
Rrom this dat ths Bloomsliiuv Gas Com cut will
put In semce pipes at nrst cost ana rumlsn anil set
tneteis at tour dollars eacn.
Tne company nave on nana a 101 or pu w buiwu
or nalntlnir roots, and Dosts or other Uirbcrs placed
tTioe iu ccnia mr esuuu 01 wit umic
OC 15. TS- C. W. M1IXBR,
REV.C. Z. OANPIELD,A.MPrinclpal,
If you want to patronize a
FIRST CLASS SCHOOL,
WUKHK DOAItD AND TUITION ARK LOW,
give us a trial.
Next term begins
MONDAY, APRIL 15, 1878
For Information or cataloguo apply to
July ST, IT-ljr Orangeville, Fa.
J. REYNOLDS & SON,
Thirteenth and Filbert St b.
WranguMron Air-Tifibt Heaters
With Hhaklnir nnd t'llnkr r-Jrlo(Un Clrtrfor
linrntux Aiiinrnciie sr iiiiumuvnaiNi
FOR BITUMINOUS COAL,
Cooking' Ranges, Xiow-dawn Oratei,
Descriptive Circulars sent iuki to any address.
EXAMINE I1EFORE SELECTING.
ffl. C. SLOAN & BRO.,
Carriages, Buggies, Phaetons, Sleighs
I'LATl'OllM WAGONS, C
rtrst-clus work;alwaya on band.
HKl'AlllLNU NEATLY DUNK.
I'rtces reduced to suit the times,
t Jan. e, isji-tf
bow tA eet married, lire bar
1I(W)K OF KNOWU
KDUK, or Secrets of
wrallk and dlsllncilon, and appear to advantage Iu
bouciy iw psgca tw.uv buiu. huku luriurm. in
postage sumps or currency. Addrc4;Tui Vhwm
' 00. 14, 'Tt-am Jwtoo
, k VEGETINE
Isacknowledcedhyallclai-ses of iicopte to bo the
best and most rtUablo bluodipurllltr In the world.
IlOCntSTKR, NOV, 55, 1IT.
II. 11. Stevens, Esq. I
Dear Mr, I have suffered for tho lastthree or four
years Mth Llrer Complaint and Kidney troubles.
)'relous to taklnp th V'egetlne I was under the
doctor's rare for a lone time, but he did not help me.
My friends all thought I would notrecoier. I began
usinir tlie CKetlB0, and rcallied good effect from It
right away. 1 had taken but three bottles beforo I
was much better. I continued taking a few bottles
more and can now truly say I am enjoying tho lcst
of health. 1 liavo gltcn It to my fltilo daughter
viltn great success. !lnco Ithosdono me so much
good I have Recommended It to scleral anil thcr
ua0 all been greatly benented by Its use.
. . . w S. Francis street.
Place of business 7a West Avenue.
Mr. Kmlth Is a well-known dealer In stoves and
tlnnnre, for many jeara In business In Rochester.
Bl'eases of the Kldnej s, Bladder, etc., are always
unpleasant, and at limes they twomo tho most dis
tressing anil dangerous dlscw-es that ran nfTcct tho
human sjstem. MosldlM'uscs of the Kidneys arlso
from Impurities In tho blood, causing humors which
settle on these parts, cgetlne exn'lsanv known
remedy In tlio nolo world for cleansing and purify
ing the blood, thereby causing a healthy action to
all the organs of tho body.
WILL CUKE RHEUMATISM.
SrfUMJVlU.E, Mk. Oct. VI,
Mr. II.lt. f-torn!-
Itcarlr, Kliteen years ago last fall I was takon
Rick wlthrheumatUm nnd wm unable to move until
the next April. Kruin ilint iliac until three jear3
iDfo thlH fait I suHercd everythlnjf with rheumatlstn,
Sometimes there would bo weeks at utlme that I
Cfiuli uutfiep one step; these attacks were qu to
often. 1 suffered ever) thing lh.it a man could, over
three years fltfc- lat Kimntr I commenced taking
Veiretlneand rollowcrtft up until 1 had seven bot
tles ; hac no rheumutlsm binco that time. I always
advlso every ouo who is troubled with rheum at bra
to try Vegretlno. nnJ not suffer for years as I have
done. This statement la gratuitous far yr
SteTcns Is concerned. Yours, f tc,
rtrnt of A. Croofccr & Co., Drugglata andApothoca-
RhciimatlHm In a olSeune ef tlio
I The blood, In this disease, Is found to contain an
excess of nbrln. Vegetlno nets b conertlng tbe
blood frum Its diseased condition to a healthy circu
lation. Vepetine regulntestho bowels which Is very
Important In this complaint. One bottle of Vegetlno
will give relief, but to effect a permanent cure It
must be takpn regularly, and inny tike several bot
tles, especially in caes of long standing. Vegetlne
Is sold by all druggtstE. Try It, and our verdict
will bo the tvime a-s that of thousanos teforuyou,
whoftay, 4,I never found so much reUef asiromthn
uso ot Vegetlne,' whiuU ts composed exclusively of
barks, ruota nnd herbs.
Vegetlne has restored Uiousands to health who
had been long and palntut su nereis.
vegetlne is comptfred of Hoots, Harks and Herbs.
It Is very plcasant to tako ; every child Ukes it.
U Prepared by
W. R. STRV RNS. RoRtnn.
Vegetine is sold by nil Druggists.
V a n 1 n
Choice books no lonccr for tho lew only. The best
standard novels utttun the reach ot erur; one.
hooks usually soiarroinsi 10 ja Kiven (uncn.inirea
and un&biidffed! ror 10 and 20 cents.
lM.1Tie King's own, by capt. Marrjnt
157. Hand and (!loe, by Amelia 11. Kdard3
Its. Treasure Trove, by Hamuel Lover
U9. The rnantotn shin, by Captain Marryat
ICO. 1 ho Black Tulip, by Alexander Dumas
Ki, i ne world well Lost, e. Lynn Linton
UJ. Shirley. Charlotte- Hronte
1S3. lYank Mlldmay, by Captain Marryat
14. A Younu Wife's story, Harriet nowrn
ie. A Modern vmtster (Vol. 1.) Chcvely Novel
16 Tho I ast Aldlnl, by fleorpo hand
1ST. The Quon'8 Necklace, by slei. llumas
1&. Con Cretan, by harles Leier
H9. Kt. l'strif k'a Kve, by Charles Lever
170. New ton Korster, by Captain .Marry at
111. Ilostago to Fortune, by Miss lirnudon
1T9. niier<er do Mulon ltouire. bv Uumas
113. Janhet- In warch of a Father, by contain
74. Knto o'Donoghue, by Charles Lever soo
76. Tho 1'acha of .Many Tales. Cam aln Marryat loc
176. rerclval Kcene by Captain Marryat loc
in.iicDrpc canterbury's win, oy sirs, Henry
7s. i;aro nood Luck-, by t;. B. 1 rancunon
173. The lllsiory of a Crime, by Victor Hugo
itu. .rmaiaae, uy liKie uuiiins
lsi. J no uounwss oe i. narny, aicx immas
ihi. juueisuuaruian, vy .ra. unmcrun
1S3. Kenllworth, by sir waiter bcott
1M. The Little Savaffe. by Captain Marn'at
1S3. "uood-llye swei'tneart," by Uboda Uro
lso, David Copperlleld, by Charles picccns
int. riiiuun, vy AitAauucr numiw
its. 'i no miss r amny itoomson
lt9. Henry tinnbai, by Miss liradilon
190. Memoirs of a l'hjfJclan, by Alex Dumas
191. Tho Three Cutters, by Captain Marrj-at
192. Tho conspirators, by Alexander Dumas
19J. Heart of Midlothian, tir Walter fccott
191, NO intentions, oy norence jiamaii
195. Isabel ot Havana, bv Alexander Dumas
190. Nicholas icMcby.br Charles Dickens
lt. Nancy, by lihoda Brouchton
193. ellles in uauaaa, uy Laotain Aiarryat
KIO flnlattra nnrt Ihfl llftirth. hv I'hns Hpnrln
jo.Tho Mont, bv Matthew d. Lewis. M. P.
IHOBX j-ewis;. juc
For sale br all liookseucrs ana Newsaeaiors. (
sent postage prepaid, on receipt of price.
T. o. llox r57. Jl, 23 and 45, Vandewater st,, N. Y.
auff 3. Ti-oni
The Great New Medicine!
,A Hoolth-Giving Power!,
PURIFIES THE BLOOD,
INVIGORATES THE LIVER,
PROMOTES DIGESTION, and
STRENGTHENS THE NERVES,
Thus effectually curing UUe of what
ever name or uaiuref n vroruiy us t
trlali llKIjIIir guaruuieeu
la AGKKKAIILK 1o the taite, GHATKFUIj
to the etemach. anil acts efficiently ae a
CATIIA11T1C, Al4'rJSUA''iV4U ana -HKT1C
It action Is not attended with
sour nor debility experienced, but on the
rantrurv. rfrihiutut nnd In vluoratlon
ny uniileaiant reiinfi neiiner i
incut nnd Invlgorallon.
orKatti, whether Impaired by disease or
lit imm'Uiaie men ,,u '""'H""'0
austed from any cause, la to increase
.their powers of assimilation, and nutri
tion, the appetite ueing increase unci
. Ill A Htltl
To those affected with an engorged con
iiiilnn of Him liver, as lllllousness. char
acterised by a dusky completion, a coated
tongue, a pasty, bad taste lnthemouth,a
capricious appetite and sluggish action
of ilia bowels, with a sense of fullness In.
the liead and of mental dullness, VICIOH
KNK proves most valuable,
Its effect upon the bidneya It no lesa
happy, a turbid. Irritating urine la
quickly cleared up by It,
Inflammatory and Chronic IUIKTJMA
T18A1 will soon disappear by a persttUnt
ise of viuuuin' -
For the cure ofSkln Diseases and Erup
tlons of ull kinds, VIOOllKNK la most
certain. J ...
VIUOKKSE Ii composed of the active
properties of IIK1IIIS, UOOT9, QUMS and
liAUKH. that Nature alone furnishes.
great rare being taken by ui that they
are gathered at the right season or the
year, and that they possesa their native
That VIOOllKNK has the power to mil
IPV THIS Ui.t'if in viuuiuitk ine
l.TVRIl. nnd STIMULATK the DIUEBT-
IVK UltUANH, la Indisputably proven by
those who have given it a trial ami have,
1imii iiarniAiienll v cured
We do not ask ou to try a dozen hottlei
to experience relief, for we OUA11A.NTKK
you will feel better from the tlrst few
vinoilKNE: Is astonishing the world
with Its cures, nnd Is throwing all other
TONICH, ALTKHAT1VKH and 1NVIGUU-
ANTS. Into the shade. Put up in lari
bottles, double strength. Hequlres aiua
doses, and la pleasant to taut,
Price, $1.00 per llottlc. .
WALKER &, BADGER MFG. CO., Prop's,
63 Jota St., Kiv Tark, inl Juts Cltj, V, 1. ,
TIIE 01UEOT OK HA TIN Q," a nsw book very
one Lou 14 read, iwct tree upoa reoelpt fit ft o&a
For Sale at N. J.
Jan. M, TH.-1,
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY
MSTORT 01 COLUMBIA UOUNIT.
The following Is rt list of the men drafted
at Troy, Ienn'a., on the abovo date. We
giro the number of first-class enrolled, and
the number drafted :
Shorn TownMpH. No. drafted 68,
I!en F llrnoks
Peter 8 Hlshel
T J Mayhew (col)
Qoo W Bathbun
Jonathan It Dimm
Isaiah W McKeWy
Henry J Krumm
Jesse C Tate
Jos JI Thornton
John A Beach
11 H Vannatter
Kudolph II Klngler
Harris J Sheep
Geo W Gormer
Philip 0 WhitenUht
Samuel A Wrltter
II W Thornton
Jacob F Fox
Michael M Snyder
bns II Cnlleii
m'l S Miller (col)
Thos Hnwkins (col)
lbt 0 Fruit
rank 1 Drinker
Wm W Keifer
Montour Towmhipb. No. drafted 15,
Moes Enley James Irwine
George I.inn Kmanuel Lazarus
.vim D.ivis John Clarke
UicharJ Francis Noah Mouser
Andrew I' Itoth Beuben Kouch
se Wertman Edward Stosser
Wealry Fleming E L Spencer
Fiihxngcretk TouiuMp 120. No. drafted 38.
Peter J Weaver
John J Fuller
Harman H Labor
Wm B Keater
Elisha K Kobbins
II N Ammermanj
Elias M Laubach
Wm M Stoker
Ellas S Stoker
Greenwood Townthi 112.
No. drafted 34.
C It Watti
Wm K Mather
John 3 Mather
John E Heacoclc
T M Pottsl
E II Parker
Geo B Thoma.
Ja'mei V Gillespie
Avery G Smith
Wm F McEwen
J G Girton
Perry D Black
Abraham E Kline
B F liattin
Pine TouiuMp 47 No. drajted 14.
, John, Johnson
Thos Y Stackhouss
Ira J Bichart
liriarcrtek TbuiuhipSS. No. drafted 25.
Silas E Moyer
Wm A Lynn
Silas K Lyon
Josiah II Martz
Mifflin Township 81.
A'o. drafltd 24.-
John H Davis
John F Creasy
Win Bole'" '
John .Wolf '
Madison Township No. drafted 27,
Jacob Stdnffer Thos'Jenglei '
B C Johnson 23 John Kramer
Morris E Musters ltussel W Stout
Alfred Pegg John I) Ellis
Thos Ball Geo W Whltenlcht
Daniel Welliver Charles Johnson
John Shetler .Cyrus J)ay
David N Welliver Wm Allen
David Haines Theo II Buuyan
NIcbolaVF'llarber Wm 8 Lomison
Jacob Zialoft Andrew 8 Allen
Joseph R Klaner Frederick Kramer
James Blcbards Jus W Eves single
JleiUon TovnshipGS, No. drafted 21.
Hiram F Everett
Miner B Smith
John W Kline
Johu F- Conner
Samuel P Krickbaum
Thomas S Smith
31 Joel' E BobcrU
Centre Totenthip 80. No. drafted J7.
John W Clarke Wesley Heas
Peter M Boone
John A Hill
Jacob W Ixihman
Thoi W Fry
A O HaRonbuch
Morrls B Freas
Thos W Hagenbuch
Scott Township 152.
No. drafted 45.
Jackson A Tobias
Geo V Unangst '
Nelson 8 Tingley
llobt M O Fowler
Geo S Patterson
John W Shannon
John W Heiser
Mason O Johnson
Charles S Fisher
John A Whlto
Norman 8 Pnrsel
Geo W Johnson
Daniel A Creasy
Ilobert S Howell
Uzal II Ent
Jos It Vnnslckle
Joseph L Evans
Wm L Crevellng
Abm M White
II G Crevellng
Locutt Tovminip 11G,
No. drafted 86,
Abraham Boop Jacob L Artly
Wm Gearhart Webb Thomas
Beuben Fahringer John B Boup
Jacob Mellick Wm Helwig
George Boyer Jonathan Biehel
Johu Bllleg John Uoldren
Nathan Oostenbader Wm George
John Oliver Henry K Bare
Henry If Boads
Daniel K Lockard
John II Howell
Ira A Colemart
Edward B Hull1
Jeremiah S Sanders
Geo W Meixell
Wm J Knorr
Peter II Long
Wm M K Wilson
Chas II Gable
Geo W Kreisher
35. No drafted 19.
Henry L Freas
James A Pollinger
No. drafted 14.
Josiah B Fritz
Ellas S Fritz
Mount Pleasant Township 53. No.
Jacob B Dildine
Geo W Hock
John II White
John C Morden
Thos S Lorpw
Isaac K Appleman
B F Kester
W W Kline
Andrew J McCarty
Jloaringcreek ownship 24. No. draftsd 7.
Harvey P CheringtonJohu Mowry
Charles Mcnsch George Kreisher
Isaac P Yocum David Gearhart
John M. Sanks
iVanklin Township 47 , No. drafted 14,
Peter JI Beaver Wm Teeple
Somuel Shuler Jackson Cleaver
Marshal Uendershott Aaron Loreman
Peter S Ford
Weill ngtou Clark
Maine Township 34. No, drafted 10.
David S Brown
jonynrjhanTownship 210. No, drafted C5,
David Camp Johu Melnsiuger
James Madden David Evans
Alexander W Rea Henry Eckerllng
James Cleary Christian Honer
Williain James John Snyder
Martin Loughllu Patrick Flannegau
Daniel Moser Mich Conner laborer
Patrick Uorrity Michael McMulty
Philip MuRhyne James Scott
John Butler miner Andrew Mull
Lendlin Hart Wm Breunin
Philip Nixon John Murphy
Jacob Chambers Stephen Mainbew
Augustus Bidcr Patrick Quiun
Michael Sherlock Hugh Hart
John Roo Peter Brecin
Wni Hoagland Thomas Riley
David Crlsher Henry Williams
Richard Phillips Patrick Keeling
Robert Lawless Frank Warnlcker
Tobias Lelsar John Fry
Charles Sharp Henry Fitz
Wm Nelly J Wm Teffer
Fereuce Cave James Brcuinlll
Mahlon Myers Thomas Brennon
Frederick Goblo Wm Summers
George Clark Geo 11 Moshier
Uriah Til ley Thos Cumnilngt
Joseph Crider Christian Snuw
Augustus Glessner John Allvar
Michael How Peter llower
Samuel B Long Absolom Woiner
Beater Township 109, No, drafted S3,
Henry Hoffman Henry Uiuterliter
Aaron Dreisbach Josiah Johnson
Daniel Longerbcrger MichaelJMumy
Frank L Shuman
John Hawk single Aaron Johuson
Daulelblugley Levi Fraster
fl'hcuuas Dande Daniel Swank
Catavnua TousniMp97, No, drafted 29,
David Stronse Alexander Hide
Geo Hollenback Walter Scoli
Geo Drlcsch Wm Claynell
rinkcrton DrumhclIerCharles Gaumer
Enslck Kerns Thomas Barry
Wm TShumnn B 8 Ilelfsnyder
Stephen IJ Hahn Ephriam Kramor
Clinton W Harder Jacob Miller
'cter Fenstermacher John H Butz
Geo B Hayhurst
Jackson Township 3 7. No. drafted 11.
Chas 0 Maustellcr
Daniel S Young
Thos II Bobbins
Geo W Farver
Hemlock Towmhip 129,
No. drafted 35.
John S Neyhart
Henry C Grotz
Enock P Evans
Henry W Wagner
Joseph K McMichael
John C Folk
Isaac N Leldy
Geo IP Faust
Amos B Hartman
Sidney 8 Shoemaker
Orange Township CO. No. drafted 18,
Jasper Kline Orville A McGargle
James B Harman Joseph A Henrle
Monross S Hayhurst David B Appleman
Alfred II Kisncr
Thos F Schuyler
Joseph C Hughes
A 0 Bidlemau
Bobt G I'aden
Sidney C Williams
David E Haynian
Samuel A Sharpless
Roads and Koad-makinog.
w mo jmiumuro on nau a
the following excellent editorial on "Boads
.. n.oau.raaing.- its rerrark-s apply as
J Tl 1 (t r. . . i
fully to Pennsylvania as to Maryland. At
this season especially the subject should re
ceive' consideration ; and the suggestion of
the Farmers' Social that sunervisnrs srn intn
office about the first of March ought to be so
universally accentable a tn brim nhnnr tho
needed legislation at an earlv dav. Thn
Sun says :
Tho question of county roads is again to
be brought before the General Assembly of
Maryland at the coming session. It has
scarcely engaged with us, until now, the at
tention its importance merits. Few country
people know what a good road, highway or
turnpiko should be ; fewer still realizo the
great advantages their construction affords,
even when the work ts done, in the first in
stance, at a high cost. Tho foundation, the
drainage, the grading, 'the materials, their
preparation and si2e ; tho kind of stone,
where stones can be used : tho benefit of
sand or gravel, the proper slopo to be given,
the merits of hillside or valley scarcely any
of these points are understood by one per
son in five hundred outside of the profes-don
of engineering. Good roads aro one oi the
best elements of prosperity to a State. In
some of tho states the roads are natural and
durable oues. It is only necessary to make
them and there they remain. In the Con
necticut Valley, for instance, the soil is son
dy, with a porous gravel sub-soil. Such
roads seldom wash. There is no mud. They
are hard, compact and smooth the year
round. Of like excellence and durability
are some of tbe roads in the Valley of Vir
ginia, although' there the material is sto ne
Nature has not so favored Maryland. Heads
with ns must be kept In repair at consideru
ble labor and expense. Then comes the
problem as to whether it will pay to expend
any large sum upon them, and the not less
puzzling query as to the best manner of
outlay, so as to combino good work with
nonesiy ami emciency oi supervision, it ts
well known that Haltlmoro county gets very
littlo return for tho present heavy tax for
roads, notwithstanding the minute provis-
ions of the law concerning' them. When
this matter comes before the General Assem
bly lis consideration will be especially ur
ged by the delegates of Baltimore county.
Whatever measure may bo devised for 1m
proving our county roads, It should be fully
understood that good roads save wagons and
horses, make saleable farms and increaso
iruue . as io innrK-eis a lurnpise oi eiguieen
r." " uc"" lUB" "m",BrJ COUB,ry roau oi
na II mat distance, frequently a mile from a
biflpadftmizfMi iiilrn tnl-p mora nut bam in
wear an,, .ear .nan an .ne rest oi way. The
va.cum .o .o, rm.uuice to travel OI dill-
...u,u. u, uccu urcmuy maue
and this is tho record :
Force to move
Ordinary county road,
Ioose sandy road,
It will be seen that between the first and
iarot mese tno dlllerence Is enormous, and
that betweeu a turnpike and au ordinary
... 1 - . , .,
tuuiiiy ro,m, as wo now mane mem,
tne ease ot altracttou is more than three to
one in favor of the former. Thcro aro) few
roads Iri;ilaltimoro county that are well
made, or that will ptand the rains of mm-
mer and tho frost of winter, and such roads
have usually been constructed partly if not
wholly at the expense of tho adjoining prop-
erty owners. All other roads are radically
uad, and the patching done to them makes
them no better. For thecounty road maker
io inrow uirt irom tne sides to tne middle ol
the road, scoop out a shallow ditch to carry
un mo wiurr, mm pui rougu water .urea
. i i it
aUntervals on declivities, are tbe extent
i-ieuuiiu Bciia.rcuii-iiw. Aiier a neavy rain
ine uirt is irequently washed oil again, and
if it remains In winter it freezes and thaws,
and tho horses plough through it up to their
fetlocks, 'lhis is not road making, It is
simply a weste of the money of the tax
Ignorance Is but a dull remedy' forevlli,
The way to fame is HVo tho
Heaven through tribulation,
Subscribe for the Columbian;
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XII, NO. 5
COLUMBIA DEMOCRAT, VOL. XL1I, NO. 48
demand for suitnniiDsn ANDeneoN'a nit-
ITSAIi T1IE PIIIST 8HOT.
Oen.'S. W. Crawford, inPhila. Weekly Times
THE EVACUATION DKltANBKD.
On tho morning of the 11th of April, the
dawn of day disclosed an activity at once
unusual nnd significant over tho entire har
bor. Tho waters were covered with vessels
hastily putting to sea. An Iron-clad floating
battery of four guns, tho construction of
which In Charleston had been watched by
tbe garrison for months, was towed down
the bay to a point at tho western end of Sul
livan's Island, where Its guns bore directly
upon Fort Sumter. A wooden dwelling on
tho beach, near the end of tho Island, was
pulled down and unmasked a land work,
mounting four guns, hitherto unknown to
tho garrison. Its Are would enfilade the
most important battery of Fort Sumter,
which was upon the parapet of tho right
flank of the work, and whose guns were
mainly relied upon to control the fire 'from
the heavy puns on Cummlng's P"int, that
would take the fort in reverse. Bodies of
troops were landed and the batteries on
shore fully manned, nnd every preparation
completed, when, at fmir o'clock P. M., a
boat Hnder a white flag approached the fort.
Two officials, nides-de-camp of general com
manding the Confederate forces in tho har
bor, Colonel Chestnut and Captain S. D.
Lee, were admitted to the guard room just
Inside the main entrance to the work. They
boro a communication from the military
commandant at Charleston, and to the fol
lowing effect. It stated that the Govern
ment of the Confederate States had hitherto
forborne from any hostile demonstration
against Fort Sumter, in the hope that tho
General Government would voluntarily eva
cuate It In order to avert war, and that there
was reason to believe that such would have
been the course pursued, but that the Con
federate Government would no longer de
lay "assuming actual possession" of a forti
fication bo important to it. The evacuation
of Fort Sumter was demanded in the name
of the Government of the Confederate States,
Alt nmnflr fanllltloti mora tonAowA tn Tatnr
kr,Arr en. , f Mn...ir ..J
hU rnmmn,l TT ... tr, -hi, 1,1
his comnanv .n,l nrivtttfl rnnertv and In
salute his flag upon taking it down,
THE DRUAND REFUSED.
Calling the officers of the garrison Into
hls Prlto oom, he laid the communication
before them, and then for tho first time
mane Known to tnem tne conudential dis
patch from the government, received a few
days previously, In which their determlna'
Hon to relieve tho fort was expressed, and
instructions in regard to it conveyed. In
this communication authority was given
him to capitulate when the necessity of the
case required It. Tho conference of the of-
ncers was long and earnest, 'mere was no
thought for a moment of acceding to the de
mand for tho evacuation of the fort, and
the following reply wa.s returned by Major
Anderson: " that the demand for the eva
cution of the fort was ono with which he re
gretted that his seno of hunor and his obli
gations to ids government prevented his
Compliance." On receiving this communi
cation tho Conlederato officers left the fort'
The entire interview was characterized by
every courtesy, though more distant and
tormal than in previous conferences. They
were followed to the main gite ef the work
by .Major Anderson and tho writer of this
article. As they were about to embark,Ma
jor Anderson remarked in their bearing that
he would be starved out any way in a few
days, if their guns did not batter Mm to
pieces and this was repeated more specifical
ly to tho Confederate officers in reply to
their inquiries on the subject. As the boat
returned, the batteries around were covered
with spectators all anxiously watching the
result of the mission.
A .MILITARY CONFr.IlENCB.i
Renewed activity prevailed. Inside tli
fort powder was taken from tho maeaziues.
which wero now closed, ammunitions were
erved to. the batteries and the details of the
weii made to servo them. Careful instruc-
lions were given to Jiso tbe .utmost economy
In regard to what food wasile'ft, anil the of-
ficen were directed not to unnecarily ex -
linsfl Ihft men. ( IiiIrIiIa tlin fitpnmprti 1nr,.A
and small, were plying in every direction.
The buoy which marked tho turn into the
harbor from the main channel, and, which
alone had been suffered to remain, was ta
ken up at about 5 o'clock in the afternoon.
Its place was supplied by three hulks load
ed with combustible material, the evident
object of wllich WM to i,ght the cbfluI1el
8houl j the fleetiWU0Se arrival was now hour-
lv antlcii.ated. attemnt to enter W Ut.
I . . .. . . .
I I tiov wora fltiPhnrtwl ilipswtflv iimlar thn nnnj
of Fort Moutrie. Iu thu 8tate of pre a.
t!ou tUe night of the 11th of April closed
unotl . 10 harbor. Toward midnight the nf.
ficers of the garrison were aroused by the
report of the officer of the day that a boat
under a white Hag bad arrived and .wo mes-
senirers from the Confederate authorities ha.l
agaiu come to the work. It was now 1.30
in the mornlne. when the aids of the millt..
rv commandant of the Confederal forces.
Ucomnanied bv Colonel Chisholm and Mr.
Roger A. Pryor, of Virginia, entered the
work. They boro a letter from Britradior
I . J . ft
I Ucueral Ueaureeuanl. command Ins Provis
ional Armv Confederate States of America.
to Major Auderson, to the effect that ia con-
sequence of tbe verbal observation made to
his aids in relation to the condition of his
supplies and that he would be soon atnn-Nl
out. he had commuutcated the sam in
irovernment. The nronoaition waa thwi
mado to bim that If he would state the limn
at which he would evacuate the fort. ml
that meanwhile he would agree not to
his guus against the Confederate forces tlh
less theirs should bo emnlovcd'airalit Vnrt
I . .
surater. General lleaureeard wou d nbstaln
of from opening firo upon him, and that
a des were author zed to enter into k.irh
UU AflUUMI U.U-I.Y.
Again the officers of the garrison wero
Beuibled in consultation, and a longdellber
anon .oiiowcd. i ne question which euga
ged tho most series consideration was In
garu io ine provisions in tUe tort, and
far tho meu, who were now without sulfi
cient or proper food, could be relied unon honing that tho Irtbunc stock mav bioonm
mr resisience, iiie bread supplies of the saleablo at a Tciuoto date in tho future, havo
garrison were exhausted j nothlug remained elected to hold them. Tribune tlitrcs caunot
uut short rations of pork and coflfee.
u was earnestly desired that the utmost
la. U. tv, ti,
, ,,(tM flM tM Moo
i.W ..'V o.w
1 11! 4 SO MO 11.00
Three Inches,. . ,.i
B.OOs' i.oe i.00 HM
Uuarter column. ,i..f M
MM' BAA 1BI
irimlnrnn. .1AfHltm)(1 1S.00 QtDO M.M
one column.. ,JO.oo ts.oo o.co 10.00 lofl.ta
Yearly advertisements payable quarterly. Tram-
stent adverttscmenta mnst be paid tor beforelnserast
except where parties nave accounts.
Usui adtertlmnti two dollars perlnchtorUrs
Insertions, an at Uiat rat for additional lose Mosul
without reference to lenirtn.
Bi ecu tort, AmlsUtratorw anil Auditor's notlfKst
three dollars, Mnst bo paid tor when Inserted.
Transient or Local notices, twenty cents a ll
regular advertisements halt rates.
Cards in tbe "nustness Directory" column, ON
dollar per year for each line.
pectatitins of the. government should be
realized, and it was determined to iold out
to the period desired by Ibem, the ISth in
stant. It was agreed that tbe terms propos
ed, which would tie the hands of the garri
son and neutralize IU fire, could not bo se
ceded to, and a reply to tho following effect
was made by Major Anderson.- "That II
provided with proper means he would eva-
cuate tho fort at noon on tho 15th Instant,
provided ho should not receive controlling
Instructions or additional supplies from hi
government ; that ho would not open the
fire of his batteries unless compelled to do
so by sotno hostile act or demonstration by
thoiOonfederate forcea against his fort or
the flag It boro." No sooner had Colonel
Chestnut, the officer to whom It was banded
read the reply of Major Anderson than he
pronounced it unsatisfactory, and made
the following reply tn writing :
Fokt Sumter, S. 0. April 12, 18G1 3.20
8ir: By authority of Brigadier General
Beauregard, commanding the Provisional
forces of the Confederate States, we have th
honor to notify you that he will open the
fire of his batteries upon Fort Sumter in one
hour from this time. We have the honor
to be, very respectfully, your obedieut ser
James Chestnut, Jr. Aid-de-camp,
Stkviikn D. Lee, Captain 0. 8. and A.
To Mnj. R. Anderson', U. 8. A., comd'aj
Positive instructions from the Confeder
ate Government had been Bent to their
agent in Charleston harbor that if this last
proposition to Major Anderson was refused
by bim, he should reduce the fort as hit
judgment decided to be most practicable.
But little conversation followed the delivery
to tho aides of tbe reply of Major Anderson.
An inquiry as to the exact time In the morn
ing was made, which was found to be 3.30
THE FIRST OUN OF THE WAR.
The Confederate officers left the fort with
out any formal leave-taking, and their boat
soon disappeared in the darkness. Upon
their arrival in Charleston, aud tho delivery
of Major Anderson's response, a telegraph
was Bent to Montgomery, informing the au
thorities that Major Anderson "would not
consent." Inside tbe work the men were
informed of what had happened, and direc
ted to await the summons to the guns. No
fire was to be returned until daylight. The
night was calm and clear and the sea waa
still. -Fires were lightdd in alt the Confed
erate works, when, at 4 30 A. M., the si
lence was. broken by tho discharge of a mor
tar from a battery near Fort Johnson, with
in easy range of the work ; a shell rose high
in tbe air nnd burst directly over Fort Sum
ter; it echo died away and all was still
again ; when suddenly firo was opened from
every battery of the enemy. At daylight
all tba guns of Fort Sumter opened, and the
firo steadily continued all day. During the
night of the 12th the accurate range of tbe
mortars lodged a shell in the parade or
about the work at Intervals of' fifteen min
utes, It was estimated that over 2,500 shot
and shell struck tho fort during the first
twenty four hours. By morning the fleet
sent to our assistance appeared off the bar
but diil not enter. At 8.30 on the 13th tbe
quarters took fire from the effect of hot shot
and could not be extinguished, and soon'
the entire barracks were in a blaze. The
barrels containing powder were thrown Into
the sea. At 1.20 on tho 18th the flagstaff,
having been struck four times, was shot
away and the flag replaced upon the para
pet. The firing upon tbe work was severe
and continued j the return was slow and
feeble, soundlug like signals of distress to
tbe nation, nnd finally ceased altogether;!
Seeing the condition of things, a Colonel
Wigfall pushed out in an open boat from
Cumming's Point, unauthorized it is true,
and learning from Major Anderson that he
would evacuate the fort upon the terms or
iginally proposed to him, returned and com
municated with General Beauregard, who
immediately sent a commission authorized
to arrange terms for the evacuation, which
were soon agreed upon, rue garrison was
transferred to the large transport lying off
the bar, aud was soon on its way io the
North. Many an eye turned toward the
disappearing fort, and as it Bank at last up
on the horizon tne smoke-cUud still huni
' heayily'overt he parapet.,
A sharp old farmer who bad read the story
of ,'h8 lawyer ana tbe ,ttrmer 'aDd 8red .
upon a neighboring lawyer I' and
I very ranch desire to
ask your opinion.
T am all attontion,' replied the lawyer.
layingdown tbe pen.
'Supposing, Friend Foxcraft, that my doe
had gone into thy pantry and stolen a leg of
thy mutton ; what ought I to dot'
'Pay for tho mutton ; nothing can be
'Exactly, xriend Foxcraft; and now know
thou, that thy dog Pinchem, whom I well.
kllow b' ht halh Btolen a leg of my mut-
. ., nunu kuj une uoj'
lar a,11 ,low w"at ' thou going to do I'
''ay for the mutton ot course; here la the
'The good Quaker took hia dollar and waa
I about to depart when he was stopped by the
mwver "lta s
'Hold on a moment, my friend, I have
I II,, I. I. Ill , . , , r .
- "' "gams you, wuicn i nope you are
reauy 10 l'v
'WH against me, Friend Fdicraft? Thou
nt' 8U""c)y laboring under a mistake. lam
8UrB 1 0,ve 110 mBU a shilling.'
mistake at all. I charge you my reir
i,w . "lar 'fe of five dollars for professional advice
lheu, verily I must pay thee, but allow
raB to give It as my opinion, Frleud Fox'
use crttfli "'at I have touched pitch and been
- 8auy u;I""i.
- - l IT l . ....
iiuppiueas is nei.uer wiwin us nor
his j without up; it is tbe union ot ourselves with
:TI n , . ........
muiuwj wvKii-y a i-muiu wnicu was inven-
torIe)J nt m HloVl)
as - yields littlo more t20,000 on tho financial sct-
- tlcment. In turning over to Surrogate Cof-
- 1 tin &oiuq in&tmeetock that the the founder
re - of 'bo 7H6une held at tho time of his dtatb,
how tho Kxecutors fay that it has no market
- 1 value and cannot be fold, and tho Door heirs
Still well depreciate any further ou their hands.
ex. I Ni Y. Sun,