The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, May 25, 1877, Image 2

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Friday, May an, 18 77.
In another column ol the Coi.UMiiAN,we
give theclearanil emphatic opinion of Judge
Elwell (concurred In by his associates,)
on the much debated Jail question. His
language as to the rights and duties of the
Commissioners Is so plain that"tbo way far
ing man though a fool need not err there
in." We have not charged that the majority of
the Comunsioners who favored the Wetzel
scheme acted from corrupt motives. "To err is
human," and even Commissioners may make
tniitalct. Hut as thclrepresentativcs of the
people, elected by them to act as their ajentj
In the management of County affairs, due
caution should havo been exercised, as well
us proper deliberation.for the Commissioners
are but the servants ot the people who elected
them. Men who forget this principle fre
quently come to grief. Hut the majority of
the Commissioners having discovered their
mistake, having learned that the lowest
bid which they rejected in such undue haste
wus made in good faith and upon good
security, having learned that the l'ursel
lot was not only unfit, but too tmall for the
plan, having learned that Wetzel, tho ar
chitect, was a schemer and jobber of the first
water, having learned that the mass of the
people wcrcopposcd to the job, they should
have cither rescinded the contract as they
had the right todo,orhave said to the Court
"ivo leave the matter to your discretion
and judgment." Instead of this they re
fused to listen to the petitions of the people
and tho warnings of friends, and went into
Court by counsel and insisted that the outrage
should 1)3 consummated.
It was painful for us to open up this sub
ject, and expose it with all its deformities.
It was an attack on tho political stronghold
of the county the place where the loaves
and fishes are dispensed to favorites, and
tax-collectors a rule.for politic
al services. It is the power that has dicta
ted party nominations in the past, and if
unchecked will do Jso in the future. We
ful'.y expected the co-operation of our co
temporaries, but all were either silent or de
fended the iniquity, whether from timidity
or the promise of public "pap," we know
not. At first it was a lone fight, but the
veople came to the rescue, and the Court has
In ill it imvv band unon the conspirators
who would have robbed the County.
In no
sense is the victory a partisan one : and as I
Democrats wo are glad that one of the two
Commissioners who brought about the mat
ter and was most active in it, it a Re)ntb
This body met at the Opera House last
Saturday and selected officers for the ensu
ing year. The rule that no one could vote
unless he had purchased a membership tick
et was strictly adhered to. Tickets with
checks or complimentary tickets do not con
stitute membership.
The proceedings will bo found in another
column. That they were all cut and dried
was evident, and the meeting in the Opera
House was simply to ratify what had already
been arranged.
The officers are all men of character and
experience ; and the people may, therefore,
expect many radical changes, as well as
needed improvements in the management of
the Society. The fact that all the executive
officers are farmers does not necessarily
mean that Agriculture alone is to be repre
sented and considered. Inasmuch as citi
zens of all classes contribute to the success
of the Society, so each ha3 an equal right to
participate, nor should there be any discrim
ination. We hold that the man who places
on exhibition a first class carriage or wagon
is entitled to at least as much consideration
as the man who produces an enormous
quash or pumpkin that the exhibitor of a
ewing machine should receive tho same re
spect as the man who claims a prize for the
largest bull. Our idea of a fair is that it
should represent not only our agricultural
and horticultural nroductions. but all that
is useful in Mechanics or pleasing and ben
eficial in the Arts.
Of the errors and mismanagements of the
past we do not now propose to speak, but
hope the Society will get out of the old rut.
While our Fairs in the past havo been sue-
cessful in point ol numbers, ana theretore
pecuniarily, that result was not obtained be-
cause of the excellence of management, or
merits of the articles exhibited. Permanent
grounds ami suitable buildings aro neeaeu.
Additional patching is money wasted, and
after all we have nothing but the miserable
sheds which a farmer would deem unfit for
his cattle. The buildings should be so ar
ranged that each department should be by
itself, and ample space given for the display
of all kinds of goods. This would Invite
additional competition, give security against
damage from rain, or loss by. theft, and be
an additional Inducement for people to at
We took occasion some time since to ask
what 3Ir. Key, our halt-Postmaster General
represented in the Cabinet. Sir. Key him
self has Informed us, by means of a letter
which he recently wrote to his brother at
Chattanooga. In that letter he states that un
less the South sustains the Administration
Mr. Hayes "will be compelled to use his of
ficial patronage In such a way as to give him
strength in his own party." This is a dia
tlnct and definite bid for Southern support,
the most flagrant this country has ever
Mr. Key appears therefore as a sort of go
between a mouth-piece of the Administra
tion nominally a Democrat but In reality
only a figure-head to allure the silly and
thoughtless, or venal and corrupt Southerners
into the Administration ranks. Ab Key has in
his own words given us his position, it must
be taken as correct. It is hard to e how an
honorable man can remain In the Cabinet
noiuiug sucu views ami pretending to be a
II. J. Recdcr, of Northampton couuty, is
mentioned as the Republican candidate for
Auditor General. This distinguished gentle
man Is one of the three Fish Commissioners
of the Stale, tho knowledge of which fact
will undoubtedly endear him to the eoplo.
it uo were to bucceed uo better us Auditor
Genenlthan he has as Fish Commissioner
the tumult of popular Joy on his retirement
from office would bo bowclhing to bee. There
secni to be two things in tho Way however i
href, lie can t get the nomination; becoud,
lie could ho would not he elected.
Still They Come.
Wo publish the following immca
of opponents of tlio Jnil contract,
received since tho Columbian of
last week was printed.
To John HuRNnn, E. Sands an
Silas W. McHenry Commissioners of
Columbia uountv :
The undersigned citizens of said County
respectfully represent to your board that they
aro opposed to the erection of a County Pris
on upon the scale of expenditure contem
plated in the recent proceedings, and are
of opinion that tho said Prison should be
erected upon tho lowest availablo and sub
stantial plan and contract which can be se
cured for tho same, affording sufficient ac
commodations, and not upon an objectional
location at high cost. And In view of the
complications and popular dissatisfaction
which have arisen over this subject, they re
quest your board to dismiss or suspend pro
ceedings for erecting a prison upon the Wet
zel plan involving an cxpenso which will bo
unreasonable and oppressive.
E. J. JlcIIenry,
Daniel Edgar,
Hobert M. Ever,
J. S. Woods, Jr.
31. W. 3IcIIeury,
J. I). Fulmcr,
.Clarencn Price,.
Hiram Karns,
C. A. Emery,
A. J. Kline,
Hiram Depoe,
C. H. Karns,
II. W. Kline,
S. D. Kline,
T. I. Hess,
J. SIcMichael,
John Sutton,
Stephen Drescher,
G. W. JInsteller,
Stott JlcIIenry,
Charles Ash,
Andrew J. Ikeler,
Peter Colder,
Asa Y. Hess,
Frank Wolf.
G. H. Pennington,
Isaiah Ruber,
George Raber,
Wm, Ikeler,
Wm. S. Ash,
W. il. Wnltenlghl.
J. V. McHenry,
Silas JlcIIenry,
illrani Alcllenry,
Jloses 3IcHenry,
S. B. Diemcr, Geo. 3Ianhardt,
Henry Hollingsneao;, S. 11. Johnson,
J. II. Fortner,
J. Chambers.
L. Delancy,
Isaac Thompson,
Wm. K. Long,
John Overdorf,
S. Z. Garman,
E. W. Rutter,
Samuel E. Jones.
T. F. Herder,
W. F. JIanhart, Jr.
P. S. Robison,
J. II. Geary,
31. 31. Hendershot,
J. B. Knittle,
J. K. Sharpless,
N. D. Harman,
Truman Harmon,
Flemons Jacoby,
Isaiah John,
Wm. Schlee,
Wm. Stocker,
S. Booth,
B. Booth,
C. D. Hamlin,
Edwin Hause,
I. L. Shuman,
J. S. Kreigh,
J. W. Masteller,
P. H. Jliller,
S. F. Fredericks,
C. R. Funston,
W. H. Creasy,
Daniel Kreigh,
Joseph Walter,!
Wm. Sharpless,
B. W. Fortner,
3Iad. Gcigcr,
F. H. Longenberger,
G. K. 3Iudgett,
Lloyd Fahringer,
Calvin Clark,
F. W. Wagner,
O. W. JIargerum,
Perry L. Waters,
Geo. S. Gilbert,
L. P. Osmun,
Wm. B. Robins, 31. D.
John McCay,
J. P. 3Iurray,
Joseph Clewell,
Henry Horner,
Henry Jones,
Jno. K. Bobbins,
31. V. B. Kline,
W. L. Eyerly,
D. W. Walter,
C. E. 3Iargerum,
Wm. 31. Geiger,
G. L. Kostenbauder.
Daniel Zarr,
Daniel Hclwlg,
Hamilton Fisher,
Samuel Long,
.Mahlori Hamlin,
B. F. Dallmon,
David Uitten,
Lewis Hayhurst,
Charles Schmlck,
Lorenzo Hartmau,
Michael 3Iensch,
Charles Hartman,
II. r. Ulark,
Moes Homer,
L. B. Kline,
H. J. Strouse,
N. E. Krum,
y V""
Joseph JIartz,
Wm. John,
Jesse Jlensch.
Peter R. Baldy,
William G. Laitzle,
Charles Kreigh,
Geo. Guinn,
J. M. Smith,
C. S. Smith,
J. B. Kern,
S. D. Rinard,
G. 31. Williams,
A. Richardson.
E. H. Leisenring.
C. F. Harder,
Jlnthias Hartman,
Daniel Gensel,
B. P. Fortner.
John Ritter,
u. Kills,
Albert Yettcr.
Jacob B. Yetter,
Wm. U. Henrie,
I. S. Monroe,
G. Huehes.
Geo. II. Willita,
I. II. Seesboltz,
James Walshaw,
The Russians have gainedja decided victo
ry in the battle of Ardaban. They captured
tho outworks, fortifications, citadel, sixty
guns, and immense stores of provisions and
ammunition. The loss in killed and wound
ed wns but 235. At Kara they were not so
fortunate, as they met with a severe repulse,
the lurks attacking tbem in flank and rear,
killing 300 and wounding n largo number.
On the Danube the movements are strategic
and uo battles have taken place.
The Roumanians have formally declared
their independence and will undoubtedly
take an active part in the strife. War seems
tto be inevitable betweeuJGreece and Turkey.
In England both war and anti-war feeling
runs high, but it cannot be definitely stated
what part it any will be taken.
The New York Oraphic publishes a son
sational Btory as to the causo of postponing
the extra session of Congress, to wit : that
the administration had learned of an agree-
ment between certain Democrats and Re,
publicans to declare Tilden the duly elected
President. It was believed that there were
enough disappointed and angry Republicans
to carry thitf through both Houses. We
must confess that we take but little stock in
this story. There have been several of the
kind in circulation, but they were one and
all pronounced false and unfounded soon af
ter their publication, and such we fancy will
this be. Mr. Tilden is undoubtedly Presi
dent le jure, but Hayes has been made
President tie facto by the votes of a majority
of a Commission chosen to decide the ques
tion, and it seems difficult to undo their ras
cally work.
A Debt Maine Owes to Noyes.
Blaine, it is reported, will be one of the
Republican Senators who will vote for the
rejection of Ed Noyes,the Cincinnati index
er, as Minister to France. If Blaine does
this, he will be simply paying off a debt he
owes to Noyes, who used every means, fair
and unfair, to defeat his Presidential aspira
lions, rsoytsis most thoroughly unfit for
the diplomatic position he aspires to. and if
there is a Democratic United States Senator
bo lost to Belf-respect as to vote for Noyes1
confirmation as Minister to France, he ought
to be booted from the Capitol at Washing'
ton to the very everglades of Florida. Clevt
land Plaindealer,
Hayes did not forget Chamberlain and to
prove it offered him the office of Solicitor of
the Treasury, last week. Chamberlain would
not accept it could mal-emore money else-
where and Hayes is presumably dlsconso-
late. The Philadelphia Timet will please
furnish an editorial to demonstrate beyond
a doubt that Hayes was actuated by a Bin
cere desire, Ac., and that the people, when
they get to see the matter in the proper
light, owe him a deep debt of gratitude, Ac,
The Baltimore Sun says : "It Is really cu
rious to notice boinetlines what bort of men
think themselves fit. and urn thnnpHt liv
0ther good enough, to be legislators and
law givers fir this Bute." We wouder what
the Sun would have to sav of IheLerislaturB
0f this Stale, as evidenced by the record du-
riDg the past winter. There are times when
I tlm EiifrlUh InnffiifitrA mnlnna nt it fi Innlru
if w0ra4 sufficiently strong to express opinions
I for all they are worth.
IN nir. MATTER or
1'roni lliillillng tlm Npw Triton nn I lie lnrrtl t.nt
hihI Awarding IheConimrr eoClmrlrt Urn.
M, M'ynloot et. nl.
John Jterntr and other
Commissioner! of Co
lumbia Cuunty and
Chartct Krug.
In Equity,
Motion to Continue Iiyunction and Motion to
On tho hearing of a motion to dissolve nn
injunction affidavits may bu read by tho colli
plainants,evoii after tho nnswcrlhas been filed,
whero irroparahlo mischief would follown dis
m1utionor whero tho parties would not remnin
in statu quo at tho hearing. High on Injunc
tions, 100, Sec. 7-1. Even where tho bill is
not sworn to, tho Court will not dissolve nn
injunction whero tho effect would bo to put
tho party out of tho power of tho Court.
Schcmcrliorn vs. Morrill, 1 Barb, 511.
The bill in this case charges that the Com
missioners of Columbia county are about to
enter iuto a contract with Charles Krug for the
erection of a jail for tho sum of $5G,975,wheu
they had offers to construct tho samo for six
teen thousand dollars less. Now if tho tempo
rary injunction wcro dissolved the contract
with tho highest bidder might bo so fur exe
cuted as to render further efforts to prevent
its pcrforuianco useless.
No answer has been filed ; tho enso is,
therefore, to be determined by tho facts set
fortli in the bill and tho affidavits on file.
In regard to tho location of the building the
Commissioner:! have full power aud discretion,
neither of which aro subject to the control of
the Court, unless they are so exercised as to
show that other motives than the good of the
public control their action.
In making tho purchase of the lot tho
Commissioners prudently require ad stipu
lation that in caso the ground did not
afford a suitable foundation the contract
should be rescinded. Both parties contract
ed with the understanding that tho lot was for
the purpose of tho county jail, and that it
was of tho requisite size lor that purpose. It
appears now by uncontradicted affidavits that
the jail wall, according to the specifications
upon which Jlr. Krug made his bid, will be
about five feet wider than the lot. One of two
things, therefore, must happen either tho
contract with Krug must be changed, materi
ally affecting the price, or else he must bo
bound to build a portion of the wall in the
highway on the north side, or trespass
uponUho lot of another party on the south
eitherjof which last is illegal, and if carried
out as proposed aud now remains unchauged
will caum irreparable mischief and bo injuri
ous to the community. For this reason alone
the bid of Jlr. Krug ought not to be carried
out, having been made and received under a
mistake of fact.
In order to invite competition the Commis
sioners advertised for bids or proposals for the
entire work, except the heating, reserving the
right to'reject all bids; they were,thercfore, at
full liberty to take whatever time was neces
sary to inform themselves as to the character
of any bidder as a competent contractor or
otherwise, and also to ascertain the solvency
and financial situation of the sureties propos
ed for his faithful performance.
In order to the exercise of a sound discre
tion it was the duty of the Commissioners i n
the present case to have made such inquiry as
was necessary to put them in possession of
the facts in regard to the lowest bidder for
this work.
The bid of John R. Deihm & Co., was but
little below the estimates of the entire cost of
the building as furnished by two competent
architects, for tho construction of the work
upou the old site where the cost of construc
tion, as shown by the affidavits of witness cs for
the defendants, would exceed the construc
tion on tho now proposed site by from three
thousand five hundred to five thousand dol
lars, and yet tho job was alloted upon a bid
of nearly sixteen thousand dollars above tho
lowest bid and from ten to fifteen thousand
dollars above the estimates of the architects.
It is ovidnt from tho affidavits that the
Commissioners were rushed to a conclusion
to reject the lowest bid and accept tho higher
without time to consider or to exercise discre
tion upon the subject.
It was rejected on the spur of tho moment
by a majority of the Commissioners, not on
tho ground that the bidder did not or coukl
not furnish security, but because the bid was
too low.
It now appears that tho lowest bidders
were reliable men and that the sureties offer
ed, residents of an adjoining county ,wero am
ply sufficient for the amount required by the
It also appears by the careful estimate of
Mr. Ncsbit, an architect of acknowledged
ability, that the work can bo constructed ac
cording tQthe specifications for forty-three
thousand dollars, and afford a fair profit to
the contractor.
It is true that there aro other estimates
sworn to by competent architects to tho effect
that the bid of fifty-six thousand nine hun
dred and seveuty-five dollars is not too Inch
But as the now estimate is many thousands
above that furnished to tho Commissioners for
the erection upon the cheaper site there was
good reason to pause and consider why this
difference; and why ono had made estimates
for tho Commissioners and upon whom they
relied for advice, should urge a bidder to bid
high for tho work,
In eleven of the counties of this State the
Commissioners are required by law to let tho
construction of public buildings to tho lowest
bidder who will give security for his perform
ance. Although there is no statute establish
ing that as the rule in this county, yet tho
principle commends itself to our judgment as
a safe rule of action.
While we disclaim any right to control the
discretion invested by law in the county com
missioners we have no doubt that when they
proiwc to pay moro than thirty per cent, for
the construction of public buildings beyond a
bid proposed to be amply secured, a Court of
Equity has the right to restrain them from
bo doing.
It is not necessary that we should find that
they have acted corruptly in tho sense of bri
bery or making gain for themselves it is
enough that they have been mistaken and de
ceived and havo acted hastily and without tho
exercise of discretion.
If the building can be erected for forty-one
thousand dollars or even for forty-seven thou
sand dollars, according to an estimate of the
architect made before the letting, the Com
missioners as the guardians of tho public in
tcrest can raise no reasonable objection.
At all events we are of opinion that under
tho circumstances tliown by tho affidavit?,
both bides being considered, it would be con
trary to Equity to close tho contract upon tho
bid of Charles Krug,
If this were u mandamus upon tho Com
missioners to award tho contract to the low
est bidder wo would dismiss it at once as be
ing an attempt to interfere with their discrc
tion. But it by no means follows that we
ought not iu a proper case to restrain them
exercising their power to tho iujury of the
public-. It is their duty to erect a new jail
They have resolved to do this and it is not
our province to say that it shall not cost over
a certain sum. Within the bounds of any rea
bonable amount their discretion cannot bocon.'
But it its difficult to understand why the
lowest bidder principle) with security should
bo held inapplicable to bids mado for tho
wnik,and yet applicable to tho matter of em
ploying the nrchitect who gives no security
especially when tho proposition of the latter
is not moro thnn otic-fifth part of n reasonable
Tho General Government in tho letting of
its largo contracts has adopted tho lowest-bidder
principle. As before stated, it is tho stat
utory rulo in several of tho largest and most
wealthy counties of tho State. It is thosa
fest for tho public", as well as for tho charac
ter of tho officers to whom nro entrusted tho
ublic interests, mid therefore ought to bo
Upon a rc-lctting, nn doubt tho Commis
sioners will sen to it that specimens of male-
rial as advertised will Ihj on exhibition at their
office. They will, no doubt, think it prudent,
as tho business is that of the public, that tho
ids bo opened m public, and will nodoubt
consider tho lowest bidder against whom no
objection can reasonably bo made, and who
will give ample security as the best bidder.
Upon both grounds stated, to-wit: the width
of tho lot as compared with tho size of the
jail yard being larger than tho lot and the
asty aud inconsiderato rejcctiou of au appa
rently fair bid without the cxerciso of discre
tion, wo arcllof opinion that tho injunction
ought to bo continued. Thcro aro other quos-
ious raised in tho case but it is not ueccssary
that they bo now decided. As to providing
means to pay tho interest on tho debt to bo con
tracted, that may bo done at any titno be
foro the loan is made.
And now May 0, 1S77, tho counsel for
complainants move to continue the tempora
ry injunction heretofore issued. And the
counsel for tho defendants movo to dissolve
tho same, which motions caiuo on to bo heard
and were argued by counsel.
And now May ID, 1877, it is ordered that
the said injunction be modified to conform to
the order therefor, and ns thus amended to bo
continued until hearing or further ordcr,upon
bond with surety to be approved by the Pre
sident Judge in the penal sum of two thou
sand dollars be executed to the Couuty of Co
lumbia and a bond in like sum to Charles
Krug conditioned according to tho Act of As
sembly in such cases provided.
The State Chairmanship.
In supporting Captain McClelland for
Chairman of tho State Central Committee,
which position he filled last year under many
ifficulties calculated to embarrass and re
strain him, the Pittsburg Post makes tho fol
lowing sensible suggestion : "Both General
McCandless and Mr. 3Iycrs, of Harrisburg,
aving declined being candidates for Chair
man of the Democratic State Committee, wo
hope the coming Convention will select a
Chairman solely with regard to his capacity
as an organizer. It is not an honorary sin
ecure, as many suppose, but a post of work,
drudgery and responsibility. Our policy in
this State f changing tho Chairman at
every Convention, and according the posi
tion to some distinguished or ambitious gen
tleman, as a compliment or to further his in
dividual schemes, is a mistake. When we
get a passably good Chairman, we should
keep him that he may become better quali
fied by experience. At the end of his first
campaign, he only knows what he should
have been thorough in at its commencement
If he is fit for the place every year's work
will make him more effective, until he rusts
or grows indolent, and then of course he
should be superseded."
t tho Annual session of the Grand Lodge
I. O. of O. F., of this State, held at Erio last
week,the following persons were elected offi
cers for tho ensuing year :
31. W. Grand Blaster S. B. Boyer, of
II. W. Deputy Grand Master Samuel
naworth, of Philadelphia.
R.W.Grand Wardeu-John A. Myler,
of Pittsburgh.
R. W. Grand Secretary Jas. B. Nichol-
son, of Philadelphia.
R. W. Grand Treasurer 31. Richards
Muckle, of Philhdelphia.
Grand Representative to Grand Lodge of
the United States Isaac A. Sheppard, of
Tho report of the Grand Secretary, James
B. Nicholson Bhows tho present number of
members to be 91,738.
Let no Man Envy Hayes.
Let no man envy Hayes. There is nst an
honest hod carrier or street laborer in the
land to-day who is not more to be envied.
Whatever ho has in the world of gear or
eputation he has it honestly.and can square
ly look every neighbor in the face without
being possessed of the feeling that some con
sider him a fraud, the receiver of stolen
goods. For ourselves, poor as we are, "un
known, unhonored,and unsung," we a thou
sand times prefer the obscurity of our posi
tion and our simple reputation for honesty
than the position occupied to-day by Ruth
erford B. Hayes. Newark Journal.
A very scandalous story is being told in
Harrisburg to tho effect that last winter an
old man named Clendenin,was made "janitor
of the State Library" with a salary of $000,
and that instead of securing this amount,
which was paid out of tho State Treasury
for his office, he only got $125, the balance
having been retained as '"toll" by State Li
brarian Sullivan S. Child, who secured the
place for him and drew tho money on his
warrant. Chief Clerk of the Senate Coch
ran, we believe, is one of the disbursing
officers of this salary, and perhaps he can
tell us whether or not Child drew this mon
ey, and If so, ouo warranto. Jxtncaiter In
If the Philadelphia Timet would let up
for a while in Its fulsome praises of Grant it
would be a great relief to the public, IU
readers we fancy nre mainly intelligent
people, but the Timet doesn t seem to think
bo when it says, and not for the first time
"After sixteen years of tho most exacting
and exhausting responsibilities, he goes to
seek the rest he so much needs." The fact of
the matter is,that there never was a more in
dolent, Belf-Indulgent official than the late
President. Does tho Timet fancy its readers
havo forgotten Long Branch and the count
less junketings of Grant which so frequently
took him from Washington during his term
of office ? The idea of making Grant a self
sacrificing martyr to duty igt most huge aud
stupendous joke.
Hon, S. S. Cox, who has just returned
from a long tour in tho Soutb,havlng visited
nearly every Southern State, Bays the wide'
spread notion that Hayes' policy is bo satis
factory to tho Southern people as to cause a
break in tho Democratic ranks is unfounded
All Southern Democratic Congressmen will
go into tbo Democratic caucus and work
with the party, thus insuring a good major!
ty in tho House. He fully expects a re
opening of tho Presidential contest as soon
as Congress convenes. (
Gen, Sherman fears that the pirates will
sail'up New York harbor and take possession
of Wall street If the army should be (lis
banded. It was for the purpose of protect
Ing New York against the pirates that such
a large military force was kept in Louisiana
and South Carolina.
A Calcutta dispatch says tho aspect of tho
India famine ii unchanged. 700,000 persons
aro employed on relief work, and 275,000 aro
receiving gratuitous relief.
Tho postal card contract will bo nwarded
to the American Phototypo Company ,of New
l ork, nt about half the prlco for the last
four years, thereby saving $2,800,000.
A balloon, which was about to asceud, ex
ploded at Hull, England, on Slonday, injur
ing eighty-six persons, six of them danger
ously. Thousands of birds have been driven out
of tho woods, along Long Islaud Sound, by
tho smoke, niul hundreds of them aro drop
ping on passing boats aud in tho water.
P. T. Barnum nnd the father of Charley
Ross havo issued a card offering $10,000 for
tho return of the child and pledging not to
attempt to discover the persons returning
Robert Stickles of Shaftesbury, Vt., filled
bushel basket with 300 hailstones, one of
which weighed 10J ounces,, that fell in n
terrific hail storm that passed over Shafts
bury nnd tho northern part of Bennington
on Friday afternoon last.
The national bank notes redeemed last
month nmouuted to $14,000,000, a sum larg
er than for any similar period since the es
tablishment of tho agency. It Is believed
the redemptions this fiscal year will be $17,-
000,000 moro than last year.
At the Instance of tho Board of Health, in
Boston, five prominent mauufiicturcis of
candy hayo been indicted for adulterating
their candies with poisonous ingredients.
They have each given ball in $G,000 to an-
wer in the Criminal Court.
At tho meeting of coal carriers and pro
ducers, in New York, on Monday, it was
agreed to suspend mining operations from
the 15th of June to tho 10th of July. By
this arrangement thousands of miners and
laborers will be thrown out of employment.
Tho New York Tribune has information
leading to the belief that tho Russian war
vessels arc watching along tho coast for tho
purpose ot intercepting vessels having on
board munitions of war for Turkey. A
steamer with such a cargo has just sailed or
is about to sail from New Haven.
Hayes still believes in Civil Service Re
form. He has just appointed ex-Attorney
General Duun of South Carolina, Collector
of Internal Revenue in that State. Dunn
was a member of the Returning Board of
South Carolina at the late election. Tho
Returning Board Members, seem to bo mak
ing out belter than tho Governors.
During a thunder storm in Washington,
D. C, on Sunday, the lightning struck a
btreet car track and followed the rail for
about a quarter of a mile, tearing up the
concrete pavement on either Bide, but doing
no other damage. It was of course sudden
and instantaneous, and all the observers saw
was a terrible thunderbolt and a vivid line
of light in the centre of the street.
In Oregon, Holt county, Mo., a few days
ago, Jlisa Kingsburg, n school teacher, at
tempted to punish a 13-year-old pupil, nam
ed William Payne. Ho struck her several
blows in the breast with his fist, when she
fell and expired. A post-mortem examina
tion revealed such serious disease of tho
lungs and heart that death might have been
caused by excitement at any time.
Gov. Robinson, of New York, vetoed an
appropriation of $1,000,000 for the new Stato
Capitol building. When it came up before
the Assembly, the Chamber was crowded
with workingmen and au immense crowd
gathered outside. Tho Members were hissed
or cheered as they voted againBt or for the
veto. A strong farce of police was necessary
to disperse tho mob. Some of the Members
were assaulted.
The floods in Kansas continue, and have
Btopped travel on the Kansas Pacific and
Santa to Railroads. The Kansas river at
Lawrence is higher than it has been sinco
1858. The Cottonwood and Arkansas rivers
are also overflowed. Bridges ou all the
streams havo been carried away.
Rev. and Hon. John C. Simpson, of Ore
gon county, 3Io., was convicted in the U. S.
Court at St. Louis, on Monday, of illicit dis
tilling. Simpson is a minister of twenty
years' standing, and ho was County Judge
for two years.
In the Methodist Protestant Convention,
at Baltimore, on Saturday, a Committee was
appointed to call upon President Hayes and
present to him tho congratulations of the
United Convention. It was ordered that a
Committee of Fraternal Relations be ap
pointed to attendthe General Conferences of
the 3Iethodist Episcopal Church North and
3Iethodist Episcopal Church South. Add!
tional articles of discipline embraced in the
Constitution of the Methodist Protestant
Church were adopted, and the third Friday
in Jlay, 1880, was appointed for the time of
meeting of the next General Conference.
The case of Thomas Duffy, a Molly Jla-
gulre, who was jointly indicted as an acces'
sory with Hugh Jl'Gehan, James Boyle,
James Roarity and James Carroll, for the
murder of Benjamin F. Yost, the Tamaqua
policeman, was disposed of by the Supreme
Court on Monday,that tribunal affirming the
action of the lower Court in convicting
Duffy, There were over fifty assignments of
error in tho case, nearly all of which were
covered by the Supremo Court in the opin
ions in the Molly JIaguIre cases disposed of
on the first day of the present term. One of
the assignments Impeached the credibility o
James Kerrigan's testimony he having
been one of the Molly Magulre murderers.
The Supreme Court avers that his testimony
was a matter for the jury which tried Duffy's
Extensive forest fires havo prevailed of
lata in Canada, northern New York, Vermont
and New Hampshire. These fires have not
ouly destroyed vast quantities of timber, but
also dwellings, causing much troublo and loss
to the people. An cntiro village was burned
in New York. Near Scranton in this Stato,
the fires are burning fiercely and havo already
destroyed an immense amount of timber,
These destructive conflagrations generally oc
cur in tho Fall, when the forests are filled
with dead leaves and dry wood, but rarely, if
ever, are known in tho Spring. No estimate
of the loss can be mado, in fact it b hardly
known how much property has beeu destroyed,
It is authoritatively announced that Hon,
Harman Yerkcs is not a candidate for Audi
tor General. Tho use of his uamo was with
out his consent.
The Law of Taxing Cosls.
At tho Slarch sessions of court a com
mittee was appointed by Judge Ross to ex
amino In the matter of costs nnd rcvlso tho
samo. On Tuesday last tho rommlttoo mado
report nnd Judgo Ross delivered his opinion
all of which we publish below :
To tho Honorable Henry P. Ross, Judge of
theUnurtot tunrler (sessions anil Uyer
and Terminer of Slontgomery county
Tho commltleo appointed by order of the
court respectfully report: That wo examined
the papers nn file In tho office of tho Clerk
f the Courts relatlvo to tho proceedings at
last term of the court, nnd found It would
be Impossible for us to revise nil bills of
costs ns suggested in said order nnd to make
detailed report thereon. In somo cases
we found the justice's bill of costs wero not
itemized, and wo could not detcrmlno whether
they were correct or not. JIany of the bills
for serving subpoenas wcro not made out at
nil, nnd we had not sufficient means of asccr
talning'what services of this sort had been
really rendered: Without taking considera
ble testimony wo could not determine whether
tho witnesses whose names were on the
subpoenas, wcro actually subpeonaed and
whether they wero present nt court, and if
they wero present whether it was in obedience
to tho subpeona, or by somo other order of
the court. The Clerk of Court Informed us
that his own bills of costs were made up only
nt the close of every year, nt which time
it was examined by the County Commission
crs und paid. In fact to make n detailed
statement of tho fees nnd costs due every
officer of tho courts, or to every ono render
ing any service.could not havo been correctly
done from the data nt our disposal. As most
of these costs seem to bo still unpaid, and as
they must bo taxed Jiy tho Clerk of the
Courts beforo they are paid, wo think that
if they, as well as nil subsequent bills of
costs in the criminal courts bo taxed by him
in accordance with the following suggestions
the extravagance complained of will in great
degree bo prevented.
1. No fees or costs of officials should be
taxed or paid except whero bills of indict
ment are found true or aro ignored (surety
of tho peace cases only excepted) and where
true bills nro found there should bo no taxa
tion of such costs until tho cases are tried or
prosecuted to judgment and finally disposed
2. In tho taxation of costs cases aro not
to be considered in tho court of Oyer and
Terminer unless that court has exclusive
jurisdiction of tho special offense for which
the defendant is tned.or of the special count
on which he is convicted or acqnitte 1, or un
less the cause is regularly certified into thnt
court in accordance with the Act of Assem
bly (Purd. 383, 335.)
3. All bills of costs should bo itemized
and should be taxed strictly in accordance
with the fee bill and in no instance should
more than legal fees bo allowed. The County
Commissioners should grant no order until
tho bills of cost are taxed by the proper
officer. They have no right to pay out county
taxes for fees in excess of tho fee bill.
4. All subpoenas on the part of the Com
monwealth Bhould bo served by tho sheriff
or his deputies, as this can bo performed by
the officer in connection with his other duties
at legal rates. And there is uo necessity for
the County Commissioners to mako contracts
respecting the service of subpoenas or for the
compensation for such service, nor is there
any need for the District Attorney to have a
detective officer.
5. AU bills for serving subpoenas should
bo itemized and be sworn to before the Clerk
of tho Courts, and the affidavits should state
that the services wero actually rendered as
charged, and that no item of service for
which compensation is claimed has been
previously paid for, or is charged else
C. In all cases where an attachment issues
the costs of the attachment and of Its service
should be paid for by the party to whom it
issues. It is questionable whether the county
is liable in any such case.
7. No one should receive witness fees
when ho attends court for other cause or in
oDeuienco to any other summons than a
subpoena or a recognizance. When a witness
has been subpoenaed or bound over to testify
in more than ono caso,he should be paid but
for one, case. Beforo any bill for witness
fees is taxed an affidavit should bo made to
the effect that each item of tho bill is cor'
rect, and has not beeu previously paid.
When persons have been called to testify
without having previously been regularly
summoned as witnesses, they should receive
no witness fees therefor unless specially
ordered by the court.
8. Before any bill for witness fees is tax
ed the District Attorney should certify that
to the best of his information and belief the
witnesses uamed in the bill, who were sub
pcenaed by the Commonwealth or bound
over to testify,were material to the cause by
the Commonwealth,
9. The committing magistrate should
bind over in their own recognizances, to ap'
pear at Court and testify, all witnesses in
each criminal case that they return to Court.
Such witnesses need not be Bubpcenaed to
appear at the term of court to which they
were bound over to attend. When a case is
continued by the court the District Attorney
should take the recognizances of all the
Commonwealth's witnesses for their appear
ance at the next term.
10, Two tipstaves are sufficient to attend
all argument courts. When there are jury
trials five additional tipstaves are all that are
needed. It would be better if the tipstaves
appointed by the Sheriff should, as far as
poss!blc,be constables.
As a matter incidental to tho costs of
criminal proceduro we call the attention of
your Honor, as one of the official visitors of
Montgomery county tho lago costs
attendant upon the management of that in
stitutiou. During the year 187C the county
siicnt $18,400 for that purpose alone. As at
present conducted it would be much cheaper
if all our prisoners could be sent to the
Eastern Penitentiary. There we are charged
for each prisoner sent 29 cents per day, which
includes every expense. Here after th
county provides the prison building, lighted
and heated, and furnishes clothing for the
convicts and pays tho keepers' salaries, wo
still pay 30 cents per day for the maintenance
of each inmate. This charge is made both
for criminals and vagrants. This rate
$2 10 per week is double what It should cost
to feed each of the inmates of the prison,
If there were but few inmates there might
bo some reason in tho present rate, but then
there havo been as many as 95 vagrants and
80 other prisoners in the prison at one time
and they could certainly be maintained as
now, for much less money. The heaviness
of the tax ia further shown by the payments
that have been made during this year so far
for maintenance of prisoners alone, being $1,'
598.40 for January, and $1,253 10 for Febru
ary, while the unpaid bill for March, not
yet presented, will amount to over $1400,
All of which is respectfully submitted.
O, H. Stinbon,
II. B. Dickinson.
JOSEl'H Fornance,
. 11. U, UltCNNKK,
April 17th, 1877.
oi'Inions or tub cotnvr.
In tho Oyer and Terminer and Quarter
Sessions of tho Peace of Montgomery county
Sur taxation of costs.
Jly the Court.- So far bnck as 1811 tho
Legislature of Pennsylvania declared "lhat
If tho Judges of nny court within this Com
monwealth shall allow any officer, under any
pretence whatever, any fees under tho denom
ination of compensatory fees for any servi
ces not specified in this act or some other net
f Assembly, It shall bo considered a misde
meanor in office."
My attention was called to this act by
Bomo anonymous correspondent; and while
I am not in tho habit of regarding such com
munications, my attention was aroused nnd
my curiosity excited so far at least as to in
duce me to examine tho act. It is in tho
words just cited. It has never been repeal
ed, nnd nil tho judges in the Stato are llablo
to its provisions. This occurred at about
the samo tlmo tho commissioners notified
tho Clerk of tho Courts to tax all fees in ac
cordance with tho law, and I felt It my duty
to bco that all taxation sanctioned by tho
seal of the court, and therefore constructive
ly taxed by tho court, should conform to le
gal rates.
Tho committee was appointed to report
generally safeguards which would insure a
legal taxation, and their report is beforo us.
It contains many valuable suggestions which
wo intend to ndopt, and it presents for con-
idcration some interesting questions as to
the powers and duties of public officers.
1. The first suggestion is approved except
tho caso of Commonwealth's witnesses.
Those, if they will swear that they wero reg
ularly subpoenaed by the Commonwealth,
what length ot tlmo they were in attendance,
and that tho fees nnd mileage nro necessary
to their support while in attendance, may
be taxed and paid. Any other rule than
this would subject them to great personal
I do not know whether this was intendid
to embrace tho charges of tbo District Attor
ney. In Bucks county ho presents his bill
llrcctly to the commissioners for cases prop
erly charged to tho county, and is paid like
the Coroner. This I think is the usual and
proper course. Of course where n person or
defendant is ordered to pay tho costs, tho
fees of the District Attorney are taxed to tho
The second suggestion is nothing more
than n statement of the law as it exists. The
Clerk will observe it as it principally ope'
rates against him. In order that the Clerk
may be intormed as to what cases aro cxclu
slvcly in the Oyer and Terminer, I append
a list :
3Iurder, manslaughter (voluntary) rape,
robbery, mayhem and nil offeuces commit
ted with intent to maim, disfigure or disa'
ble, sodomy, buggery, burglary, forcible en
try in daytime or night with intent to com
mit a burglary or other felony, entry without
force with like intent, all accessories to these
offences, concealing death of bastard child,
second ollenccs of receiving stolen goods,
&c, treason, and all other offences which
may be certified from the Court of Quarter
All other offences nro triable in tho Ses
sions, and lees at session rates can nlono bo
taxed. This must bo strictly followed.
3. The third suggestion is endorsed so far
as the action of the Clerk is concerned. Un
less a bill of costs, whether of magistrate,
constable or other officer, or of the clerk be
presented in items, wo order tho clerk to
suspend taxation until it is thus itemized.
I do not feel that I should direct the com
missioners. They are, it is true, for somo
purposes officers of the court; and punisha'
ble for contempt. Hummel vs. Bishop, 9
Watts 431. But this is for neglect of an or
dcr that tho court has n right to give. Such
for instancoas a refusal to draw juries under
the old rule. I will not adviso them in a
collateral matter but they havo the bene
fit of the suggestion.
4. I have no doubt that tho Sheriff
could be compelled to serye all subpumas
nnd that a refusal to do so would subject him
to a misdemeanor in office. It is the Com
monwealth's process. Jt is a writ, and ho
might lawfully be compelled to serve it in
person or by deputy. But I am sure that
any person may lawfully servo a subpiena
who will assume tho responsibility. For tho
present century this has been the practice
fees have beeu taxed, attachments for con
tempt have been issued ; and the power to
thus proceed has never been questioned
Ihe District Attorney may, thereforedaw-
fully place his subpoenas in the hands of
prosecutors; ot constables, or any person,
unless the Sheriff should demand the sub
poenas and insist upou seryingthem by him
self or his deputies. Or tho District Attor
ney may compel tho Sheriff to executo his
process. Tho District Attorney may lawful
ly take out writs of subpoena, and has the
right to manage the machinery of the crim
iual court, keeping always within the rates
of legal fees. Without buch power ho could
not conduct his office; and tho legislature
recognized its necessity by the enactment of
the statute authorizing the appointment of a
detective. Of course ho should select the
best and most economical agencies. If ho
select the sheriff, or if tho sheriff insists upon
his right to serve, special deputies agreeablo
to the District Attorney should bo selected
by the Sheriff.
5. This suggestion Is eminently proper.
aud the Clerk is directed to act upon it. It
is an excellent check and will protect the
Court bo far as it is practicable from tho
danger of taxing illegal or fraudulent costs,
0. The costs of nn attachment, so far as
the Clerk Is concerned, is a subject of some
difficulty. Under tho fee bill of 1814 it was
decided that the Clerk, where one has issued
to bring up a witness, was entitled to no fees,
Barnes vs. Com. 2 Sarg and Rawle 291
This, however, was under the 0 s ol the act
of 1814 Ph. L. 1814, 354. This act, however,
only applied to tho Clerks of Oyer aud Ter
miner, and the schedule rates have been
much changed by later fee bills. The act o
18C8 expressly gives Clerks the right to
charge forty cents for an attachment, and I
think the committees are in error as to thei;
conclusion In this regard. The Sheriff ii
also entitled to be paid $1 for serving an at
tachment with mileage at feo bill rates, but
iu no icase must extra charges be taxed for
him for this service.
7. The Clerk is directed to act as suggest'
ed In this regard. Every suggestion con
Uined in this section of the report is wise
aud right.
8. I am Inclined to think that this would
devolve an impracticable duty on the Dis
trlct Attorney. I know when I was District
Attorney I could not tell whether witnesses
were In attendance In many cases. I will it
lustrate : Where witnesses have been aubpes'
naod in rebuttal to meet an attack supposed
to be made on a prosecutor s character, and
that attack Is not made, no District Attor
ney can tell whether they are in attendance
or not. So too with materiality, No Dia
trlct Attorney can examiue all the winesses
in attendauco at a sessions. But unless he
had done so he cannot certify as to that,
We think tho person serving the subpoona
should swear ou whom he Berved It. This
could be done by an affidavit attached to
the subpoena. When the District Attorney
baa knowledge lie uliould certify as to mate
riallty ; but tho bill may bo taxed without
his certificate as I think tho other miicr-uin...
of tho committee in this regard amply pro.
icci mo lyouiuy ircnsury.
9. This suggestion Is it very cood one. nn.l
tho court will endeavor to call the attemlm,
of tho committing magistrates to it; and
win uko mo necessary steps In court to have
witnesses bound over to nppcar nt tho next
term. Still it will leave tho necessity fV
Bubpccnas in many cases, for tho justlco tnny
not havo nil witnesses of tho Commonwealth
before him nt tho hearing. In relation to
this matter the discretion of tho District At
torney must govern almost entirely. He Is
interested in ndmlnlstcrlng his offico proper
ly, nnd acts ns all public ofllcors must do un.
der tho sanctity of his oath ns an officer, and
ol his obligations as a lawyer.
I havo now passed upon every sueeestlnn
mado by tho commlttco nnd I feel confident
that the result will be a diminution of costs
n criminal cases to n great extent.
iY public officer can only demand, a ourt
can only nuthorlzo a lfgal taxation of cosU.
The act of 1814, already cited, wns enacted
to ensure from tho Judges n rigorous atten
tion to this mntter, and I am glad that thU
court is relieved from liability under the act.
II a clerk knowingly tnxc3 illegal rates ho
s llablo also tor a misdemeanor in office. I
nvo said nil I can say lu repetition of Hart
and Dilrlinm ns to the propriety of allowing
cxtrn pay fijr serving subprenas. It is a pity
for tho petitioners if they wero misled to an
expenditure that was allowed to others be
fore them, but the net of 1814 Is binding on
10. The court for somo tlmo has reduced
tho nttendanco of tho tipstaves to tho num
ber Indicated at tho adjourned court. The
Law Librarian has been kept in attendance,
this for the sake of tho library which Is more
used nt adjourned court than during the trial
ot issues.
The Bheriffis directed to limit his appoint
ees to tho number Indicated, aud as a rule,
ho should select, when practlcable.constables
of tho county. Our force is so nearly vorn
out in the service, that tho sheriff's appoin
tees should bo active and vigilant men.
We intend to reduce our own force durine
term lime, nnd we have determined to dis
pense with tho services of Jlr. A. B. Ycrger,
as we aro told ho is of abundant financial
ability. This will leave us with three offi
cers, Jlessrs. Hoffman, Emery aud JIurray
ana the Law .Librarian, Judgo Jacoby. The
court feels that in tho present aspect of pub
lic affairs, retrtnehment of every kind that
can properly bo made should be at once en
forced. Privnto llfo has been driven to econ
omy, and public business must be conducted
on tho same plan.
I purpose to ignore tho report as to the
prison aud its cost. I think it would bo
wrong for tho court to say nnything upon
that subject. I am ex-officio a visitor, and
as I havo not performed that duty this year,
or very regularly at any time, comment
would be improper. Tho late vagrant act is
a great wrong upon tax-payers,and it should
bo repealed, for by it tho industrious aro
made to warm, feed and clothe the idle, lazy
and worthless.
y "o, court,
'-.ljlENRY p Rog presi(jent jU(g0-
The Burlington Haiokeye tells of a solitary
Ohio man who demanded, in a husky voice.
at tho office window in tho railway station :
"Tik't." "Where to?" asked the unruffled
monopolist behind the window. '"Nywhcre!
Anywhere 1" was tho frenzied response.
"Anywhere I Clean through 1 Clean acrostl
To Burglarry, or Prooshy, or tho Danube,or
Diffendorfer, or nny place. Anywhere out
of nn ungrateful country, that coldly turns
its back upon its deserving children. Any
where out of America 1" And he bowed his
head and wept. Ho was tho only man la
Ohio that didn't get an office.
Tho Lock Haven llepublican recognizes
the fact that "Pennsylvania has been left al
most entirely out in the distribution of Fed
eral offices," but it confesses an inability to
tell why this is so. This does not affect the
loyalty of the Republican, however, for it
says: "We Btand to-day where wo have over
stood, tho firm supporter and admirer of
Hon. Simon Cameron." This man is still
without a post office.
The President's visit to the metropolis was
a success is the way the New York papers
put it. The city was tickled almost to death,
to have a President there. Phila. Times.
Not much it wasn't. New York has tho
lawfully elected President and his name is
Samuel J. Tilden. Tho visit of tho Fraud
ulent Person was not a success.
The Dictionary as an Instructor.
We notice as a matter well worth men
tioning that at the recent great publishers'
trade sale in New York, tho books that were
most in demand and brought tho best price
were Webster's Dictionaries, from the fa
mous Quarto to the neat nnd handy pocket
edition. This fact Is a good indication of
the almost universal popularity of theso
books, and of the growing public demand
for them. It indicates also a fact of far
greater importance, and that is the interest
the people are taking in the study of their
own language. This is encouraging, as there
is no branch of education that is now and
has been so much neglected as the common,
branches of spelling and defining It is often
astonishing and grievous to seo how grossly
ignorant are children and youth, and even,
men nnd women, of the orthography, pro
nunciation nnd meaning of ordinary words
and phrases. They cannot express their
thoughts for the want of words, and often
they express thoughts very different from,
what they intend, becauso they do not un
derstand the words they employ. And very
frequently, from tho samo cause, tlicy take
no ideas, or wrong ideas, from what they
read or hear.
Tho remedy for these evils is the proper
training in tho Btudy of words, by the use of
tho Dictionary, and tills training should be
gin as soon as the child can distinguish be
tween one word aud another, and continue
indefinitely. The apparatus for this study
should, of course, be the most complete aud
thorough to be had, and this is abundantly
supplied in Webster's Dictionaries, which
are justly recognize-l.wherever our language
is spoken, as the standard authority iu Eng.
lish. Parents and teachers can In no other
way so effectually or so cheaply promote the
educational interests of their children, when
of suitable age, as by putting in their hands
any one of Webster's School Dictionaries, '
for dally use m conncctiuu with tho study of
their lessons, and by placing on the family
center table, or the teacher's desk, as the
authoritative guide and standard, a copy of
the Unabridged, '
Tho Unabridged contains 3,000 illustra
tions, over 114,000 words In Its vocabularies
and 10,000 words and meanings not in any
other Dictionary ; the abridged editions
comprise "The Primary," which has the
largest Bale, and which has some capital
rules for spelling. "Tho Common School"
Is similar, but larger, with tables of ayno
iiyms, &c. "The High School," still fuller,
with many useful tables ; "The Academic'1
and "Counting-house" for advanced schoolj
and for general home and business use. The
latter has some specially valuable coinra'er
cial and financial tables. The little "Pdck.
et" edition, with Its bright gilt edgesaocl
morocco binding, is truly an Invahltth,
pocket companion. It contains more than
1 8,000 words, rules for spelling, many ,b.
brcviations, words and phrases, preverhs
etc., ordinarily met with In the Greet,Utj '
and Jlodern languages. Whether UUtvui
venient or not to have copies of ai&of tho.
other books of the series, we cerity ,
commend that all should roesessA coi, ,,r
tho Pocket, which when not oUfrj&E
$1,00 to 'the publishers, Mebb. Ci"
ilLAKEMAN, TAYLOR & CO., ffj .jj i jVt
Grand Street K v,l, ' M m "