The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, October 01, 1875, Image 1
THE COLUMBIAN 0 01C11BU llgMOClUT, BTAB Or TIIR HOllTH AND COICM- hunconsomhatsii.) Issued weekly, every Friday morning, nt HLOOMSIUIIrli, UOLUMHIA COUNTY, 1'A. At two H0LI.AH3 per year, avnMa In advance, Or during Mm yenr. After tho expiration of the lenr, S,w) will tsj ch.irircd. To subKcrlN'ra nut of the county tlictrin.i aro Upcrjcnr strictly In uflviihoo IJ.WIt not paid In wlvanco noil f3.ou It payment to delayed beyond tlio s oar. Vn nnr ril-ieonf Inuml. lucent nt I ho notion of ttin lMihUshor, until nil arrearages nro paid, tjtit lun continued credits ntler tlio expiration of the Hrst yi ar will not lie given. Ml papers sent out of thofl'a'o, or to distant post onlcos, mast bo paid for In advance, unless n rospon. Blblo person In Columbia county assumes to pu. tlio aitiwrlntlon duo on demand. ro.s rA(iI) Is no longer oxactcd from subscribers In t lio county. JOB JrLirvTTX JM C3-- Tlio Jobbing Department of iho Columbian Is very complete, nml our. lob Printing will comparo favor tbly wl i li that of I ho largo cities. All work Uono on jomand. neatly and nt modernto prices. Columbia County Official Directory. President Judgo-Wllllam r.lwell. ,V ncUto .lU'Ues-lmm Dorr, Kmc S. Monroo. l'rothonotury, .Vfl. U. I'rank Zurr. (eglster x Iteuorder Williamson II. Jacoby. filslrlcl Attorney -John -M, Clark. !hiirltr Michael drover. Murvo.or- Imuc. IMivllt. reasurer lolui mi der. .... Oo:ninlssloncr.s-WlllUin Lawton, John llcrncr, Commissioners' Clerk William Kilrkbatim. Auditors t'..J.Onlniuol',H. II. Smith, D.iMd Yost. Coroner-Charles (l.-Murphei . Jury Commissioners Jacob It. l ilt, William II. 1 cnuntv supcrlntcndcnt-Wlillam II. Hnyrtori III00111 Poor IH-.1 let-Directors o. 1". Hut, Fcolt, vVnt. Kramer. Iilonmslnirg nnd Thomas eroding, H-oit, o. 1'. lint, Secretary. Bloomsburg Official Directory. llloomsburg Hanking Company .John .. l'unston, I'reslden', II. II. nro 7, Cashier. Kirs' National Hank Charles 11. Paxton, ''resident J. I'. Tus In, 1 ashler. Columbia County Mutual Saving Fund and Loan Aivuclallon-1:. II. Little, President, C. W. Miller, Berretary. Htoomsburg llull.llng and SaMng l-'iitid Association -Win. Peacock, President, J. II. Itublson, Secretary. Htoomsburg Muiual NaMng Fund Assuctnilon J nrowcr, i'resldeiit, C. 0. Harkley, Secretary. CHUKCII DIRECTORY. 1IAITIST CIICI1CII. Uor.J. P. TusMn, (supply.) 'l'ind.17 H 'rvlces -In', .1. m. and Srf p. m. Sutid 1 school 'J n. m. Prayer .Mcctliijr-Hvcry Wednesday evening nt Ojtf elock. S2.1.8 Irce. Tho public aro In Ited to at lend. sr. .mattiikw's i.utiikkas cut'iicii. Minis t r l!ev. J. McCron. Sunday Srvlces loy a. m. and CM p. m. Sunday School a a. in. l'rn cr Meet Ing Lvery Wednesday evening at IK clock. Seats free. Nopows rented. All nro welcome. I'llKsnVTElllANCIll'llCll. llnlslcr-ltcv. Stuart MHshell. Sunday SerMees 10 n. 111. and C,v; p. m. SuniUiy school -9 a. m. Praver Meoilng Lvery Wednesday evening nt tys clock. Seals free. No pews rented. Strangers welcome. METHODIST El'ISCOl'AI. Clll'KCII. Presiding Llder llcv. N. S. Hiicklusham. Minister Itev. J. II. Mcdarrah. Sunday SerMees l'VM nnd oj )(. m. Suiulav School J p. m. Hlble Class-Lverv Monday evening nt C4 o'clock. V'oiing Men's Pmer Memlng Kvcry Tuesday lenlng at f,'A o'clock. Jeneral Prajer Meeting Hvcry Thursday evening o'clock. UEKOUMEU CIIUIICII. Corner of Third nnd Iron streets. Pastor liev. T. 1". llorrmclcr. Husldenco Last street, near forks Hotel. Sunday Services WA 11. m. mid &x p. m. Sunday School 3 n. in. Prajer Meeting Saturday, 7 p. m. All aro ln lied There Is always room. SerMees every Sunday atternoon nt 2 o'clock at Idler's church, Madison township. , ST. PAUL'S ClICKCU. itector-liev. John Hewitt. Sunday Servlees-Wj a. m., na p. m. Sunday School a a. m. 1'lrst Sunday In tho month, Holy Communion, Scrlces preparatory to Communion on Friday Evening Ucfoi'o Iho st Sunday In each month. Pews rented; but ever bodv welcome. Persons deii lug to cuusull the Hector on religious nutters will llnd him at tlio parsonage on Hock Street. EVANOEMCAL CIIUIICII. Presiding Hlder Hev. A. L. ltceser. Minister liev. J. A. Irvine. Sunday Senlou 3 ji. in., In tho Iron street Church. rra or .Meeting i; ery . iabbatli nt i 11. 111. All are In Ited. All nio welcome. OATAWISSA. ST. J01IN'S(i:PISC()PAI.) CIIUIICII. Hector ltev. John Hewitt. Sunday Services 3 o'clock p. in. every Sunday. Sunday School 1:30 p. m. Holy comiuuuton tho second Sunday In tho month. iTLOOMSll VUi ' 1)1 lUCCTOli i'. QCIIOOl, OltDKItS, lilank, in priiile.1 ami J neatly bound In small books, n hand and for sale ul tlio columuian oniee. i-eb. Ill, lsTS-t! "l LANK DElvDS, on Parclinunt uml I.inen I ) P.itier, common and for Adinlnls' rators, i:eeu f jrsaiul trustees, for bale cheap ut thu colusiiiun onice. f AliKIAOK C'EKTM-'ICATliSjiut printed nnd fur sate nt ttiu coi.uintiAN Olllco. Minis- its uf tho oosncl nnd Justices slioiild supply them selves with theso uecessary nrtlcles. J" USl'ICIvS and CoiistaliW l'ee-liills for sale at 1 ho Columbian ofllce. They eonlatn tho cor recled fees as established by tho last Act of the Leg Mature upon tho subject. Kcry Justice and Con stablo should havo one. "VrKN'DUK NOT1CS just piintcd and for sale cheap at tho Columbian ofllee, CI.OTHISO.iC AVID I.OWKNISKItG, Jlercliant Tailor Main St., aboe Central Hotel. " HOOTS AND SHOKS. HUNUY KMC1J1, Mniiafaclurer and dealer In boots and bhoes, groceries, etc., Mali St., Hloomsburg. Tl M. KNOItU, Dealer ill Hoots and Shoes, latest and best styles, corner Main ami Mai Uet Sttecls, In tho old posl otuce. CLOCKS, VATCHLS, iC. CI U.SAVAUK. 1 . and Jewelry, M.i Dealer in Clocks, Watches iln bt., Just below the Central L OU1S ItlCUXAUI), Watch and Clock maker, near southeast comer Mam onuirou. MILLINLHY ic l'ANCY (IOOD8. M 1SS M. DKllUICKSON, Millinery ami l'ancy (loods, Main St., below Murkct. MIIIICIIANTS AND (IHOCLItS. HC. IIOWICI!, Hats and Caps, linots and . Shoes, Main street, alio 0 Com t House, Q II. MIU.KR .t POK, dealers in Dry O . (loods, groceries, queensware, Uour, bait, hlioes, notions, etc., Main street. PltOl'HSSIONAL CAHIW. c ( (1. ItAltlvMIY, Attorney.nl-I.aw. Kooms 4 and a, nrow cr s ouuumg, in nuui , Dlt. WM. JI. 11KI1UU, Surgeon and Physi cian, onico S. L'. corner Hock uudMuiket bueets. T . EVANS, Jt. D., Surgeon and 1'hysi J . clan, noith bide of Main btrect, above J. K. liyei 's. It. McKHI.VY, JL D., Surgeon and l'hy blclan, 1101 Hi side .Main btieel, below Market. It. OIMSON, Attoiiipy.at-I.aw. Ollice lu Ihulmuu'sbulldlii; Mainsirec. QAJIL'ICIi IACOI1Y. Jlarhlo nnd llrown Stone Works, Last Hloomsburg, llem lck road. HllOSNlCSTOC'K, Photographer, over , Clark Si Wolf's btore, Main btrect. DU. II. (!. UOWIUi, Siirgisiii DentUt, Jlain bt., above 111 ' Court House. TH. JI.VIZK, Jlaiiimotli Grocery, line Gro- eerles, 1'rults, Nuts, Provisions, Jce., Main und Cell' 1 0 streets. MISCLLLANHOUS. IS. KU1IN, dealer in Meat, Tallow, tic, Cenli'ii btrcet, letweeu Second and Third. c M. CIII5ISTMAN, Saddle, Trunk and , Harness maker, shHo's liloek, Main btreet. riMIOMAS WKllll, Confectionery and Hiker;', X wholesale una ictall, HAChango lllock. a '1 W. COItELL, Eiirnitiiro Itoom, three- bisry unci;, .viauibireei, veai ui .uoimi 01. 1 V. UOI1ISINS, Liquor dealer, second door .1 J , 1 from tho 1101 thwest comer Main nnd Iron bliccts. J. TIIOKNTON, rall Paper, Window , hliaues anil nxiuics, iiuiieri aium i CATAWISSA. 7.M. II. AllliO'lT, AttoriK-y-at-Lavv, Main bireei. E DALLMAN, Jlercliant Tailor, Second , bireei, 1101111111S' uiuiuiug, "I) It. 15. W. ItU'lTElt, PHYSICIAN & SUUOUON, onice, on Main btrect, MaM7,'7I-y Cutavvlssa, Pa, "y.M. L. EYEItLY, ATTOItNUy-.Vr.LAW, CatawIsBa, l'a, rollectlons promptly niado and remitted, onico uppusuo laiuwthsu uepusu jmuiw. v,.,--. 1DOOIC AGENTS wanted .1 J plo'd Cuir.inou Sense Med I V- I'leico, M. D. Tho most reo d to sell "Tlio I'cn. cdlculadvertlser,"bylt, rcadv ftelllnif Uiok OUti lixaluslvu territory and liberal terms, Address tiio Author at Uurrulo, N, v, HENRY L. DIEFFENIIACH, OIIANGKVILLK DIltKOTOHY. All. UKUHING, Carpenter nnd builder, a Main btrect below Pine. Plt. O. A. JIIXl 1 Surgeon, Main st A KG Mi. I'hvslciaii nnd street, next door to (lood's Ho- 11UC1C1IORN. "AT O. ,t W. II. SIIOICMAKKU, Dealers in J.1JL. IT Dry Goods, (Iroccrles and Oeiierul Mcrchan- dlse. mjsiNKfeS CAiins. jTlt. A. L. TUKNKli, UXCIIANOH HOTP.L, HLOOMSllimO, Pa.' onico out Klelm's Drug store, onico hours from 1 In 4 p. 111.. for treatment of diseases of tlio H e, tar und Throat. All calls night or day promptly attended to. Apr.53'I5-tf TU. J. U. KUTTKK, PHYSICIAN iSUHOLON, onice, North Market street, Mar.27,'7t-y Hloomsburg, Pa. jQIt. 11. P. GAltDNEK, PHYSICIAN AND SUKOEOX, HLOOMSIIUHO, PA. onice above J.schujlcr Son's Hardware store. Apr.23'J5-tt Q W.JIII.LKIiV" attoi!Ni:y-at-law, Ofllce lu Hrower's building, second lloor, room No. 1. Hloomsburg, Pa. Julyl,"3 y Q 11. A- W.J.liUCKALKW, An'OHNKYS-AT-LAW, Hloomsburg, Pa. onice on Main Street, llrst door below Court llouso Mar.(S,'74-y 1'. t .1. JI. CLAKIC, ' attohnhys-at-law, Hloomsburg, Pa. April 10,'Tl y onico InHutsllulldlng. A. ci:svi:lin(I smith. heuvey kwino smith. A CKEVKLING SMITH & SON, ATTOHNKYS-AT-LAW, Hloomshurg, Pa. SfAlI business entrusted to our cam will reelevn prompt attention. Julyl.'n y C. II. BKOCKWAV. (IEOROE E. ELWELL. 2K0C1CU'AY & HIAVKLL, AH OKM ISVS-A 1-L.V, Hloomsburg, Pa. . tvu business entrusted to our care w ill reeelvo prompt nttentloii. sipt.ll,';i y e. 11. 1.1 m.E. iioii'T. 11. i.irrLK. & It. 11. LITTLE, ATTOHN H YS-AT- LA W, Hloomsburg, Pa. CF?"Ilusinesqliefnrn I tin It. H. l'iitpnf nine nnt inmlpil to. Olllco In tho Columbian Hulldliig. ly 3S e. onvis, A 1 1 UJt.M, 1 -AT-LAW. Wlllnractlco In all the courts of Columbia, sum. van and L coming counties, lu tho Supremo court of Pennsylvania, and lu tho circuit and District courts ol ttie United Slates held at Wllllamsporl, Pa. Will bo Hi bis onleo lu tho Columbian building, room No. 1, Hloomsburg, on Tucsdajs, Wednesda s and Thursdays or each week; nndlnllentouoii Mon das, Fridays und Saturdays, unless absent on pro fessional business. Sent, ls.lsis. I 7 It HAS UHOWN'S INSURANCE AGEN . CY, J.'xehango Hotel, Hloomsburg, Pa. Capital. .. 0,6(10,0110 . 20,mn,o 0 . 13 J00.U1IO . 10.U1JO, 00 . 3,100,000 .. 1,100.0011 r 0,000 .'31,000 .. l,0'H),(H)O ,. "3,cl .. S,C0O,U(l l'.tna. ins Co.. of Hartford. Connecticut.. LHernool, Lundon and (ilobe Hoyjlof l.uerpool Laticaiishlro Fire Association, Philadelphia American of Philadelphia Atlas of Hartford Wyoming, of Wilkes llarro Farmrrs Mutual of Danville iiaimne Mutual Dome, New York isii'j&s.ooo March 2C,'4 y MIciCKLLANEOUS. "ni'I'IAM MOltUIS, JUfcUCllA.M' TAlLUlt. Culling, cleaning and repairing nromntlv attended to. i:eliango lllock, second door above Postomco, luumsuurj, i .1, uau. 0, '10 11 II. M. rrU33BS, WHOLESALE DKU.Klt IN llUItXIXG AND LUIIIUCATING OHJj. Ofllce lu Maine's Hulldliig. corner Jlaln and Centre streets, iSl.UU.USmJKti, 1'liWA. reorders solicited and nromnllv rilled. May, Ss,'75-ly JJENTISTHY. 11. v. iiuw uic, jji;ktjst, esncctfullv offers his urofesslunal servlceo fn 11m ladles and gentlemen of Hloomsburg and lelulty. Hulsnrell.ired to attend to all the vurlnim nnirutliiiiM lu the line of his profession, and Is provided with thu latest improved I Oucelain Tilth, which will bu In. serted 011 gold plating, slUer and lubber base to louk us well as tho natural teeth. Teeth extracted by all tho nuw ami most upprovud methods, and all operations on tho teeth carefully and properly at tended to. ' Olllco a lew doors above tho Court House, same side. lulyi,'73 17 J. TIIOKNTON woiihl annoiinco to Iho (Itlzensof Hlooms Im'iif and vicinity lhat ho has Just received a ;ull and complete ussortiucut of WALL PAPHII, WINDOW SHADES, HXIC11E3, COI1I1S, TASsELS, and nil other goods In his lino of business. All tho newestand most approved patterns of thudav aro uHvays to be round lu his establishment, Mulu btreet, iciow .vi.iri.ei. juiy i, ,ii BROWS HOTEL, BLCOlYlSBimO, 1A B. STOHNER, Propriotor. Accommodations First CIass-$1.25 to $l.eo per day, ItESTA UUANT ATTACIII51). Largo, Airy Samplo Rooms oa 1st Floor, A good stable in rear of Hotel. Hloomsburg, July 2, ls7r,-tf. mOAN IR0AT TOtKS, DANVILLE, MO.NTOUK COUNTY, PA. X'lriLLIAM II. LAW, Jlanufacltirer ol y Wrought Iron Hildges, Hollers, (laslioldcr, vircnroof lluildlngs. Wioug lit Iron Hooting. Hooillug i'nuni.M. l'lrturlng and Doors. Farm dates und Fenc ing, ulsu Wrought Iron Pining, Stacks and all kinds 01 MUllu vv oik, au. laiLiits luuiupiiy uucuucu iu. N, U. Drawings and Lsllinates supplied. July1,lS73-tf BLOOMSBURG TANNERY, v., a, 11 1: K it IX ft T) ICSI'ICCTEULLV announces to tlio lmljllc jLi ma no uus reopeneu SNVDER'S TANNERY, JfaHTOV1 (old stand) Hloomsburg, Pa., nt tho tfKi!! Forksoflho Epy and Light sireet LL--JV. roads, wheru all dcseiliIlous of ' leathtr will bo made In the most substantial nnd woikinnnltko manner, und sold ut jirlces 10 suit mo limes, inu uiguesi pneo lucasu win ut uu iiuiva uu j'uii .ui 1 G1U515N- HIDES of overy description In tho country, Tho public pat runago is respectiuny boiicneu. 1. y liluuinsuurg, aiuhii iz, ito-y CONFESSIONS OF A ArICTIM. Published as a warning nnd for thoUuientof youn; i.ii.niinil oihciswho btillerfrom Nervous Debllltv Loss of Womanhood, cle., glng Ills rules of self, cure, alter undergoing much buflerliig and cxpcn.se, ,,,,.i mulled freo on receiving a nost-nald dtrected envelomi. Address N'AlUMkL MiVUln, P. I. Hox 151, Hrookljii.N. uiyv.-.o-om ATKWYORK TltlllL'NE. "THE LEAD l 1NO AMi:itICN NKW8PAPEII."-Tim HKSl AliVHItTlsiNllMKHIlM, Dally, flu a year, bemt Postugo Freo to tho Subscriber, Specimen Copies and Advertising Hutes Free. Weekly, lu clubs of so orinoru'only il, poblego paid, Addresa tub Tin SUNK, N. Y. "" J"nyi NEW MUSIC STOllE. OPERA HOUSE, 3d ROOM, i:i,oo.iisufiuj, im. 33. II. STlTfOKLAND llespect fully Informs the public that ho has opened n New Music store. In tho Hloomsburg opera House, on Centre struct, belowMaln, whero lio Keeps a full assortment of PIANora. OHOAKS, Ml'SKIAL INSTIU'.MF.NTS, siiHirr Mi'sic, Ml'SIC HOOKS, Kc, nlvvav.s on hand and for sale nt the lowest prices. Ho Invites tho patrons of music to call and examine his stock. 11151'AIItING AXI) TUNING, also attended to on demand. Tho nubile patronage Is respectfully solicited. nprll a 'ir,-ly WIL y. kesteu, TAILOB. HLOOMSIIUHO, PA. Has removed to Iron street, second door above tho Deformed Chureh.where ho wlllbe pleased to seo all his old n lends nnd new customers, nnd hero them with satisfaction. All work worrautcd. 15-y CARRIAGE MANUEACTO IIY HLOOMSUUlta, PA. 31. C. SLOAX & intOTHEIl AVE on hand and for sale at tho most reasonable rates a splendid stock of C.illKIAOUg, IIVOGICS, and every description of Wagons both PLAIN nnd FANCY, Warranted to bo mado of tho best and most durable maecrlals, and by the most experienced woikmen. All work sent out, from tho establishment will bu found to bo of the highest class and sure to give per fect satisfaction. They havo nlsoallncossortinentof SLEIGIIS of all tho newest and most fashlonablo styles well and carefully made and of the best material. An Inspection of their work Is asked as It s be lieved that none superior can bo found In the coun try. July 1,1 S73-tf. KEYSTONE CARRIAGE WORKS! BLOOMSBUKG, PENS' A. S. CROSSMSY 1ms on hand and for sale cheaner than tho cheancst. for cash, or n til A- exeuai iungu fur old Wagons on reasonable terms, CAIUUAGES, BUGGIES, AND AVAGON8 of every description both rlaln and fancy. Portablo Top Hugnles, open Hugglcs, Plain and Funcy Platform Spring Wagons nil of tho latest sty lo and mado of good material nnd fully warranted. not bo undersold. I claim that ous for tho least money. cisumific. 11a 1 i.vu- make tho best wag- I also do painting, trimming and repair old work at tho shortest notice, old springs welded and war runted to stand or no pay. I will exchange a porta blo top buggy for any kind of lumber, such as heir lock, pine, ash, linn hickory and poplar to bcdellvcr cd at iny shop by tho Hrslof February, 1673. Iron dalo orders taken and McKcIvy, Ncal & Co's fur rc palrli j as cash. A. S. CHOSSLL'Y. Julytt , LIGHT STREET BUGGY & CARRIAGE H. F. OMAN liereliy informs the pulilij that ho has entered Into co-narinershln w 1th his bruther, (I. L. Oman, and that tho business Will hereafter bo conducted under tho II rm uamo of 11. r. o.m ix & iutoTiii:i;. They will havo on hand or manufacture to order I1UGGIES, OAItWAGES, Sl'KING WAGONS, light wagons, koal) wagons, nnd every thing In their lino of business, of tho best iiiuiiriu! unu niusi coinpieio worKmansmp, anu at prn lutv ius can uu auurueu. thare 0 iu6i'c patronage is reupcclfullij solicited. II. F. OMAN & BHOTIICri. Aug. 11,'71-ly. A CHEAT STBIOE! Vl nml Over Old IlIellioilM CoiiikI to he iiiiiliy, or ctitjuciiun ublc, tliHCiii'Uvd! : o: A NEW AND VASTLY ADVANTAGEOUS FLAN 1IEU3JI1Y ADOPTED I1Y G.M.&J.K.LOCKARD At their Works in Bloomsburg, Formerly Hlooinsburir Iron and Slanufactiirlng company), whero will bo kept constantly on hand a lUrU IU4SU1 IIUCUL Ml Wlilto and Red .isli Anlliiacilu G'oiW, FOIl DOML'STIC PUHPOS15S, AND CUFUXO, 11LAOKKM1TH AND UlTUMIN OUS COAL, ut prices to suit tho trade. All Coal specially pre- porcu ouiiru leaving uiu luru. aisu Plows and Threshing Machines, and all kinds of Costing mul.Machiuo Work, HKl'AIHINU prompt respectfully solicit tho ptly attended to. TUcy'wonld no I'aiiouago 01 ino ruuue 0. M.JtJ. K.LOl'lvAKD. Hloomsburg, Pa. Jan. 8, '75-ly FOHFALL PLANTINO. nun ornamental J- X vX-i J-irO mnital hfiri .verirrccns. Orna- Mirubs. I'lltnhliur Piauw, lirapes, t urruius, uuosenerncs, cirawoer rles, HaspliTrics und other small 1'rulls, Abparugus, lUiubarb. Xl: KIXDU for FALL SOWINd.r "T71 ITlTpV (N Seed Wheals, (seo jirleoSJ IJ ' J 'I ISJ lists) orchard, Ky. Iilue,r Pi 111 I Jij) nerus. vmii ' winr , r ,, 'llnioihy and other urass Seeds; Turnip Heeds of all kinds: Vegetable and Flutter Heeds; lledgo and Treo becus. BULBS. Hyacinths, Tulips, Crocus, I Hies nnd other Hums for ir n 'ull plautUig; llorlleultural (loods, Terra Cotta ware, io 0 Hum lor nr or price list, or enclose 'js cents for Fuii illustrated catulo; tiuc vuuress, KIIWAIIH J. F.VANH CO.. Nurserymen and Seedsmen, York, l'a. Aug, 80-9ra, flTnIttmlttftti BLOOMSBUIIG, PA., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 1. 1875. Poetical. TIIUUAND I. Strange, Uronge for taeo nnd mo Sndly afar 1 Hiou safe, beyond, above, I 'ncnth tho star 1 Thou whero flowers deathless spring, I whero they fudei Thou lu (lod's paradise, I 'mid the shade, Thou where each gale breathes balm, I tempest tossed j Thou whero true Jjy 13 found, I whero "Us lost, thou counting ages thine, I not the morrow; Thou learning more of bliss, I moro of sorrow. Thou In eternal peace, I 'mid earth's strife i Thou whero caro hath no name, I w hero 'lis life. Thou without need of hope, I whero 'Us vain i Thou with wings dropping light, I with time's chain. fetraugc, strange for thoo and mc, Loved, loving ccr; Thou by life's deathless fount, I near death's rlur! Thou vv Inning w isdom's lore, I strength to trust; Thou 'mid the seraphim, I In the dust. .MOTHER. Vv'hen she undid her hair at night, About tho tlmo for ly Ing down, She came and knelt. I was so small There In my bed her curls did fall All over mo light, gold and brown. I fell asleep amid her prayers, Her fair young face (tar off It seems,) Iter girlish voice, her kisses Bwect, Tho patter of her busy feet, l'asscd mc Into charming dreams. And when I nwoko at merry morn, Through her gold hair I saw tho sun Flame strong, shluo glad, and glorify The great, good world, oh, ne er can I Forget tho words : " Jly.darllng ono I" Ah ! checkered years slnco then have crept Past her and me, and wo havo known Somo sorrow nnd much tempered Joy, Fur Into manhood stands her boy, And her gold hair snow-whlto Is flown. The world has changed by slow degrees, And as old day s rev Ivc, alas I Ho much of trouble liavo tlio now, Those rare far Joys grow dim, been through Sad times as through a darkened glass. Hut Just this morning, when I woko How lovingly my Hps were kissed I How chaste and clear tlio sunlight bhono on mother's hair like gold-dust sown Athwart thin clouds of silver mist. LlAlil'KI'.'S Hizvk. Miscellaneous. A Doomed Kate. TIIU HISON OF Till! PLAINS HIS 1IABITH, UI.S ENHMY AND HIS DOOM. A correspondent writing from tlio Illnck Hills gives tho following intorcsting facts about the buffalo. The account reads like .1 fancy sketch, but any western man will testi fy to its entire truthfulness: Forty years ago the butTnlo ranged from tho plains of Texas to beyond tho llritish lines, from the Missouri nnd upper Missis sippi to the eastern slopes of tho Kocky mountains. Every portion of this immenso area was either the permanent homo of great numbers of buffalo, or might bo expected to rive, each year, one or moro visits from mi gratory thousands. Hunters' tradition says that tho first great break in this regular ir- cgularity occurred about the winter of 18-1 1- 15, in that portion of tho country known as tho Laramio ' plains, That whole section was visited by an extraordinary snow storm Contrary to all precedent, there was 110 wind and the snow covered tho surf.ieo evenly to tho depth of nearly four feet. Immediately after tho storm a bright sun oftcned thesurf.ico which at night froze in to a crust so firm that it was weeks before any heavy animal could headway over it The Laramio plains being entirely surround' cd by mountain!), had alvvayH been 11 favor- ito wintering: place for tho buffalo. Thous ands were caught in this storm nnd perished miserably bv starvation. Since that time not a single buffalo has ever visited tho Lar amio plains. When I crossed tho plains in 1808, tho whole country was dotted with skulls of buffaloes, all in tlio last stages of decomposition, nnd all apparently of the atne age, giving somo foundation for tho tradition. Indeed, it was in answer to my request for explanation of tho numbers, uj pcaranco and identity of ago of tho skulls that tho tradition was related to mc by an old hunter, who, however, could not himself ouch for tho facts. A curious fact illustrating the habits of these monarehs of the plains is cited by our author, as is a leaf from tho unwritten his tory of the bull'.ilo, taken from the era when the Pacific railways first spanned tho conti nent. The winter of 1871-72 was unusually scvero in Arkansas. Tho ponds and thu pmaller streams of tlio north wero all frozen solid, and tlio bull'alo wero forced to tho riv ers for water. The Atchison, Topcka and S.mta I'o rail road was then in process of construction, and nowhero could tho peculiarity of the buffalo, of which I am speaking bo better Btuddied than from its trains. If a herd was on tho north sido of tho track it would stand stupidly gazing and without symptom of alarm, though tho locomotivo passed within 1 hundred yards. If on tho south hido o tlio track, oven though at n dlstanco of ono or two miles from it, tlio passage of 11 trail: set tho wliolo herd in tho wildest commotion At its full speed, and utterly icgardlcss o consequence, it would mako for tho track 011 its lino of treat. If tho train happened not to bo in its path it crossed tho track, and stopped satisfied. If tho train was in tlio way each individual bull'.ilo went at it witli tho doiperation of despair, plunging against or between locomotivo and car, just ns tho blind madness chanced to tako them, Num bcrs wero killed, but numbers still piessce on to stop and staro ns soon ns tho obstacle was passed. Alter having trains ditched tvrico in 0110 week, conductors learned to havo a very do cided respect for tho idiosyncntclcs of tho bull'.ilo, and when thero was a possibility 0: striking a herd "011 tho rampago" for tho north sido of tho track, tho train was slowed up and sometimes stopped entirely, Lato in tho summer of 18117 a herd of probably -1,000 bull'.ilo attempted to cross tho Southern Platto near Plum t'roek, 1 ho river was rap idly subsiding, being nowhero over a foot or two in depth, and tho channels wero filling witli looso quicksand, Tho buffalo in front wero hopelessly stuck, Those immediately behind, urged 011 by tho horns and pressuro of those yet further in tho rear, trample over their struggling companions to bo themselves engulfed in tho devouring Band This wiu continued until the bed of the river nearly half n, ratio broad, was covered with dead nnd dying bulTalo. Only n compara tive few crossed tlio river, nnd these were soon driven back by hunters. It was esti mated that considerably moro than half tho herd, or over 2,000 buffalo, paid for tills nt tempt with their lives. There Is n very marked nnd curious (llfler enco between buffaloes nnd domestic cattle. Tho cow seems lo possess scarcely n trnco of maternal instinct, and when frightened will abandon her calf without tho slightest hesi tation. Tho duty of protecting tlio calf de volves entirely upon tho bulls. I havo seen evidences of this many times, but tho most remarkable instauco I havo ever heard of was related to ino by an nrmy surgeon, who was an cyo witness. Ho was ono evening rcturnitm to camp after a day's hunt, when his attention vras attracted by ic ciinou action of n llttlo knot of six or eight bull'alucs. Approaching sulllcicntly near to boo clearly, ho discovered that this llttlo knot wero all bulls, standing in n close rclo with their heads outward, whllo in a concentric circlo at somo twelve or fifteen ct distant sat licking their chops in im patient expectancy at least n dozen largo gray wolves, excepting man, tho most dan gerous enemy of the bufi'alo. The doctor determined to watch tho per formance. After a few moments the knot broke up, still keeping in .1 compact mass, nd started on a trot for tho main herd, somo half a mile off. To his very great astonish-1 mcnt tho doctor now saw that tho central and controlling figure of tho mass was .1 poor littlo calf, so newly born as scarcely to bo able to walk. After going -fifty or n hun dred yards tho calf laid down. Tho bulls isposed themselves in n circleas before, and the wolves who had trotted along on cacli unk of their retreating supper, sat down and licked their chops again. This was re- catcd time and again, atul although tho doctor did not see tho finale, it being late and the camp distant, ho had no doubt that the noblo fathers did their wliolo duty by their oll'spritig and carried it safely to tho herd. When feeding, tho herd is moro or less icattcrcd, but on the approach of danger it closes and rounds into a tolerably compact circular mass. Although there is not .1 par ticle of danger in approaching such a herd, in it a novice requires an extraordinary amount of nerve. When ho gets within 800 yards, Iho bulls on that side, with head erect tail cocked in air, nostrils expanded, and eyes that seem to flash liro even to that dis tance, walk uneasily to and fro, menacing the intruder by pawing tho earth and tossing their hugehcads. Tho enemy still approacU- ng, some bull will face him, lower his head and start on a most furious charge. Hut, alas for brute courage 1 when he has cone twenty or thirty yards Mr. Hull thinks bet ter of it, stopj, stares an instant, and then trots back to the herd. Another and another will try tho same game, witli tlio same result and if in spite of these ferocious demonstra tions tlio hunter still approaches, tho wholo ierd will take incontinently to its heels. This bullying proclivity combined with his natural indisposition to get out of tho way, has been tho cause of tho death of thous ands at tho hands of men to whom bull'alo killing was no novelty, who needed no meat, and would not havo gono fifty yards out of their way to kill ; but in whom opportunity so roused that spirit of murder which is in herent in every sportsman's breast, that the temptation was too strong to bo resisted. Tlio Language of Signs. A Spanim ambassador, of princely birth, accredited to tho Court of St. James, dining with King James tho First, of England, ex pressed his ideas to tho King that ho was always of tlio opinion that somo codo of signs might be established whereby n uni versal understanding could bo obtained among nations of different languages. Tho King, a vain monarch, and anxious to dis- lay to tho ambassador tlio resources nf his kingdom, immediately answered that ho had limself given this subject much attention, that ho had instituted a chair of language in one of his northern universities. Tho am bassador,,in ecstasies, insisted that ho should set out immediately, and realize tlio visions of his youth. The remonstrance of tho King as to tho perils and distance of tho journey, Ac, was of no avail, and tho ambassador started on his journey. Although tho King was a notorious boaster, lie did not wish that foreign courts should loso respect for urn, and started couriers post liasto to ap prise tlio city, and promised his favor to gel him out 0 the scrape. It so happened that there was n butcher in tlio city who had only 0110 eye, but brass enough for a dozen. The provost and magistrates accordingly in sol emn council assembled, after tho arrival of tlio king's message, summoned tho butcher to their pieciico and oll'ercd him a rich re ward if ho would go by their directions. Ho was accordingly initiated into tlio mysteries, which was to bo silent, whatever was spok en ; .ami the second to get acciistomwi to milking a bow in a professor's regimentals. Tlio ambassador a hist arrived, and was received with great honors. According to his desiie, ho was immediately ushered into tlio hall where tho great professor was in waiting. Tlio ambassador, 011 cntering.bow cd tho professor bowed; tho ambassador held 1111 0110 finger tlio professor held up two fingers j tho ambassador held up thrco tho professor closed his fist; tho ambassador took an orange out ot his pocket tlio pro fessor took somo oat-nical crumbles out of his pocket ; the ambassador then bowed and retired to tho council, who wero anxiously waiting tlio result of tlio interview. They inquired, with somo trepidation, tho result of tho interview. "Oh, it was grand," replied tho ambassador. "When I entered I bowed, by which I meant to say, I respect your learning, 1110 proiessor uovveu 111s thanks to mo. I held up 0110 linger, to say lucre is ono Wod, lio held up two, meaning, You havo forgotten tho Son, held up threo lingers, to acknowledge tho Holy Trinity, Ho held up his lut, meaning they nro 0110. I showed him nil orange, to show him tho production of my country. Ho showed 1110 somo oat'iucal bread, to re mind 1110 that nature was good to nil. Oh, ho is n wonderful man 1" The butcher said: "Tho fool camo into tlio room and looked at his shoes, and I look oil nt iiiliie. Ho held up 0110 finger, to tell ino that I had but 0110 eye. I held up two fingers, to let him know that my 0110 cyo was as good m his two. Ho held up threo fingers, to let mo know that wo had but thrco eyes between us, I took that ns an insult and shook my fist at him. Hq saw I was angry, nnd oll'ercd 1110 an orange, but I told him oat-meal bread was better," Restraint of Social Life. It Is common supposition that wealth nnd station bring with them n proportionate free dom of action. Tho poor long for riches, not merely for tho ako of tho increased comforts and opportunities they offer, but al so for the blessed privilege, which they think they would then enjoy, of doing ns they please. Something of this is undoubtedly true, Plentiful means tako of tho grinding necessity of continuous labor in ono direc tion, although often the caro nnd anxiety that are substituted prove ns heavy a burden to bear. " Hut in many other points tlio drift Is in exactly tho opposite direction. Tlio order, dignity, ctiquctto and ceremony of tho wealthy classes Impose checks and restraints which would bo instipportablo to those un accustomed to them. Probably 110 family in nil. England do less "ns they please" than the royal family. They aro bound by innu merable forms, checked by tho most abso lute laws, aud restrained within tho narrow limits of court etiquette as to their most tri vial actions. Of course, ns monarchy de clines, these restraints bocomo less severe; yet even in our own republican land they aro by 110 means, wanting. Perhaps it is not possible, nor advisable, that they should over wholly cease. Wherever order reigns these checks upon impulse must exist. Even tlio stated meals and tho general de corum of a decent household impose a cer tain restraint upon all its members, which would not bo felt if tho loaf wero always handy, and nothing intervened .between tho sonso of want and its immediate satisfaction. At tho timo when forks wero first invented, certain protests wero made against them un der tho pica that "God gave men good meat and they wero become too proud to touch it witli their fingers," when, no doubt, tho real objection to them lay in thotri.il of patienco which tlio new method imposed, and tlio de lay to tho satisfaction of appetite which it caused to tho uninitiated. Sucli simple re finements uso has now changed from painful restraints to necessary comforts; but from them, up to the complicated etiquette of n Chinese Court, which is said to roquire years to learn, thero is a series of steps, each one placing an additional check upon tho im. pulses, and causing an increased delay in tlio satisfaction of the desires. Every thoughtful person, in whatever rank of life ho moves, is conscious of these social re straints in some degree, and thoso who live in the humblest and simplest manner may find a material com. ensation for their pri vations 111 their freedom from tho many re strictions which tho stylo and form of a high station imposes. It becomes, however, n serious quest!on, which wo should fairly settle for ourselves, how far it is wise and right to submit to these social check, and at what point wc should resist them. Of course no abstract rules can guide us in this matter. What is a troublesome luxury, or a needless form, in one country or age, is a necessary comfort or a gentle courtesy in another; different cir cles nnd different positions demand a certain degree of conformity to prevalent custom. Yet, with every allovvanco for these differ ences, there is still a wide margin for our choice There is a certain degrco of con ventional regulations which is simply rude, and subverts social order without any good result. To appear in company witli negli gent attire, to omit small tokens of respect, lo cat in a haty and uncouth manner, to in dulgo in any habits offensive to tho feelings of others, will simply render the offender an intolerable nuisance, and shut him out from tlio society which he thus insults. There is, however, far more danger of tho other extreme. We aro not so apt to be dazzled by the glitter of a stylo of living be. yond our own, that we aro willing to sacri fice much real comfort, time, money,thouglit, and even principle, to imitato it. In tho one matter of dress, for example, it is as tonishing to see how gladly mauy persous will lay down their individuality, their ta-te, their comfort, their health nnd their judg ment at the shrino of fashion. Others, to satisfy tho supposed claims of politeness, will forfeit sincerity nnd truth ; or, to copy the stylo in which tho wealthy live, they will part witli their domestic freedom and happy simplicity, and sometimes witli even integrity itself. To gain admission to somo coveted circle, or to retain their positions in it, somo will sacrifice trno friendship and good advice ; or, to avoid tlio sneer of an evil companion, they will relinquish their innocence and peace of mind. All such checks upon our self-respect and purity, up on our good scn.-o and comfort, and upon our health nnd happiness, vo should resist will all tho powers wo possess. No hocial restraints should ever bo permitted to bind our sense of duty, to fetter our generous im pul-es, to curtail our domestic joys, or to in terfere witli physical health nnd mental pro gross, ihoso on tlio other mum that aro purifying and elevating in their influence, that check kclfishncss and curb evil passions, wo should welcome as benefactors; whilo thoso which are simply innocent and harm less regulations nt social custom wo may willingly observe, bcc.iuso they oil thowhcels of social life and prevent unpleasant friction. It will require all our judgment and diocro tion wisely to discriminate between theso various kinds of social restraints, and to de cide tho limit of their authority over us; but tho very effort to do this is in itself an important culture, and will yield good fruits in strengthening moral principlo and clcva ting tho character. Thero is a good story of General Sheridan in tills week's Independent. Tho ltev. Win M. Hakcr says ; "Tlio papers cay that Gen Sheridan is to bo married to-day. Perhaps so ; but I am not so certain of it, remember ing an anecdote in regard to tlio General when I was for a few days, if not upon his stall", assuredly within his circle. A youug lady, it seems, was quito desirous tho bril liant labreur, who was sojourning under tlio same roof, should tako a walk with her, Ho declined doing so upon tho pica of threaten ing weather. A little while afterward de tcctcd him stealing out of tho front door alone. Upon charging him witli the incon 'slstency of ids conduct ho replied : 'Ym. Mis, yes.' Tlio weather is too bad for two of us, but I thought it might be good cnougl for one." Tlio abovo "good story," now going tho loundi, was mado to do duty nbout seventy years ago. At that timo tho parties wero It i chard Ilriiiscly Sheridan nnd n mnidei ntmt. When tho ltev, Win. linker resur reels it and localizes it as ono of General Sheridan's jokes, ho states u thing which h knows to bo false. Such a theft of au eld story is disreputable even in' a llrookly pieachcr, TUB COLUMMAN, VOL. IX, NO. 39 COLOMBIA DILMOCltAT, VOL. XL, NO. 83 Pciinnlvanla nml New llnglatid. For many years past thero has been yield ed to New England n supremacy In educa tional nnd other matters, for which thero is no posslblo justification. In our geogra phies wo are gravely informed that New England ha; long been distinguished for tho intelligence, iudustry and enterprise of her citizens; and, in our School Histories, threo times as much space li devoted to tlio Pil grim Fathers, witchcraft, nnd her general colonial history of her sister colonics. With a persistency wo cannot help admiring her claims for superior Intelligence nnd progress havo been so much pressed, that ono igno rant of tho facts of tho caso might well sup pose that tho rest of tho States might consid er it .1 high honor to revolve around New England ns an cducationnl centre. Hut facts nnd figures, it is said do not lie, nnd statistics examined and compared, dem onstrate conclusively the hollowness of her prctenslous clnlms. To nsscrt that in Mns sachusctU, the "Hanncr State," with Hoston, , tho "Hub," tho modern Athens, thero oxists more pauperism in proportion to its popula tion than any other State in tho Union, more insufficient prisons, and more unsuita ble lunatic asylums, might excito surprise, but statistics provo that such is really the case. Hut in this articlo wo desiro to speak purely of her educational claims, nnd in doing so, we shall tako tho benefit of somo very interesting statistics furnished us in n recent report of tlio United State Commis sioner of Education. Our authority, it will be observed, is unusually good, It is, as it were, tlio month of New England herself, for he is n man full fledged and thoroughly im bued witli her peculiar ideas. Now, wherever thero is a demand for high er culture, wherever thero is a desiro for per fection in education, colleges will flourish and higher institutions of learning prevail. Such institutions are tlio nntural out-crop-pings nnd fiuils of progress, and yet Penn sylvania claims thirty-four colleges, and nil New England but eighteen. Hut universal education is not tho fruit of .1 collegiate course. The poor never enjoy tlio advant ages of such trainiug nnd aro dependant for tho little knowlcdgo they acquire upon the tho ordinary low grade of schools. The abil- ty to read and write among classes is the best test of nn educated people. What are the slatictics on this point? Now England as a population of 3,487,444, Pennsylvania, 515,093. Yet New England has 87,000 ho cannot read nor write, and Pennsylva nia lias but 75,000. Nor has New England made any progress in this respect. In 1S40 New England had 14,000 who could not read nor write, and Pennsylvania 38,000,yet New England, witli less population, has in creased tho number six times, whilo Penn sylvania merely doubles. Maine, the land lumber and ice, increases from throe ousand to nine thousand. Female education also demonstrates the interest aud advancement of people in cdti- itional matters. Civilization, progress nnd refinement gohand-iu-hnudwith female cul ture. Hut, what say the statistics on this point? Take Massachusetts, for example. She sent a multitude of "school inarms" to educate tho suffering frcedmcn of tho South- She has a population of 1,457,352, yet the excess of uneducated women over the educa ted women is 12,000, while in Pennsylvania, ith nearly threo times its population, tlio cxecss is but 17,000. In view of these statis- ics wc can afford to say, "O, New England, keep thy school inarms and educational mis sionaries at home ; first pull out tho beam hich is in thino own cyo, then shalt thou seo clearly to pull out tho moto that is in thy sister's eye." Xational Kducator. Who were Cominanilor in Chief of tlio U. S. Army. Tho question of rank held by tho various officers who have been at the head of the ar my since tho Hevolutionary war lias given rise to frequent discussions. The New York Mail, to meet tho demand for information on this subject, furnishes the following list: llrevet Hrigadier General Josiah Harmnr, from September, 1789, to March, 1791. Major General Arthur St. Clair, from March, 1791, to March, 1792. Major General Anthony Wayne, from March, 1792, to December, 170G. Ilrigadicr General James Wilkinson, from December, 1790, to July, 179S. Lieutenant General Washington, from July, 1793, to December, 1799. Major General James Wilkinson (again), from June, 1800, to January, 1812. Major General Dearborn, from January, 1812, to June, 1815. Major General Jacob llrown, from June, 1815, to lVliruary, 1828. Major General Alexander Macomb, from May, 1S2S, to June, 1811. llrevet Lieutenant General Winfield Scott, from June, 1811, to November 1, lStll. Major General Genrgo 11. McClellan, from November 1, 18(51, to July 23, 1802. Major General Henry W. Halleck, from July 23, 1802, to March 15, 1801. Lieutenant General U. S. Grunt, from March 15, 18(51, to July 25, 18(50, General U. S. Grant, from July 25, 1800, to March 4, 1S09. General William T. Sherman, from March 4, 1809, to date. White Feet on lIorsM, Awiitcr on agriculture says of them : "Whether a defect or not, I believe whito feet nro nu indication of good blood; nnd if you will look through tho "Trotting ltcgls tcr and Forrester's Horses of America," you will find, out of twcnty.fivo pint en of horses, twenty of them havo moro or less whilo about their feet. Such horses as Dexter, Lexington nnd Pocahontas hnvo four whito feet; Ethan Allen three. Whllo visiting tho extensive breedinc establishment of Mr. Steele, near l'lilladeTphla, whero Happy Me dium, 0110 of the best stallions this country afiords, I noticed in one yard about a dozen colts, only 0110 without whito feet." Wo quotu this in order that our readers may form tlicir own opinion as to its value, but wo must object to tho following from th same authority : "Tho best remedy for nn interfering horso is oats. A half Btarvcil horso cannot control his limbs und so nntti ally interferes, Tho worst though not the most invcterato Interfcrcr I ever knew wus cured in u mouth by regular uso and higli feeding," Wo havo always regarded inter fcrlng in a defect in the form or structuro o tho animal, or Is tired from a long journey or a hard day's work. Pleasant-faced people nro generally tho most welcome, but tho auctioneer is ulway pleased to see u man whoso countenance 1 for bidding, RATES OF ADVERTISING. Ono Inch, (twelve lines or Its equivalent In Nonps ell type) 0110 or two intcrtlotis, tluto inecr Hons, J,oo. srACB. lu. 5M. 8r. . 1y ono Inch U.M s."o H.oo IM I'M) Two inches 8.M) r.oo T.oo . l.oo 'Jlircolnches .oo T.oo b.iki llr.oo is.io roortnehes I.oo o.oo li.oo it.oo 81.00 (Warier column 10.00 la.m I4.no su.in co.oo Half column 16.00 ls.00 ro.oo tees ro.oo 011 column 3 .00 so.oo 40.no co.wi Uo.ro Yearly advertisements paynlilc fiuorlerly. Trail; Blent ndrertl'eincnis must Im pnld bcl im IiiHrtia except where pontes liasoneeouiits. U'gaUdicrtfsemcntH two dollars tier Inch for lhn Inserilons.nndattliatrnto for additional lows-tn. 11 a without reference to length. Executor's, Administrator's nnd Audilor's Notices three dollars. . ... Transient or lacnl notlees, twenty cents a line, xcgularndtertlscments half rates. Cards In tho "lluslnetw Directory" Column, ono dollar per year for each lino. - . 11 ..LI.' ! Wise Sayings. Frugality bcgcU wealth. Virtue has many prenchcra but few mar tyrs. Mnn Is caught by his tongue ; nn ox by his horns. Men spenk to each other by wo ds ; ani mals by Bigiu. Help somebody worso ofl than otirself, and you will feel that you nro better oir than you fancied. You will gain n good reputation if you nvoid thoso actions which you censure and blnino others. Wo take great pains to pcrsuado otlicw that we nro happy than In endeavoring to think so ouisclvcs. Wo cxaggcralo misfortuno nnd happiness alike. Wo nro never cither so wretched or so happy as wo say wo aro. That, which is taken in with thomilkonly goes with tho sonl. Faults contracted in In fancy disappear with death. With parsimony n little is sufficient, nnd without it nothing is sufficient, whereas fru gality makes a poor man rich. God has given us speech in order that wo may say pleasant things to our friends, and tell bitter truths to our enemies. Wo should not quarrel nbout trifles ; yet there aro persons who will contend with a friend about matters of no importance. Wo have many acquaintance!, but wo can have but few friends ; this mado Plato say that ho who hath many friends hath none. Obscurity in writing is commonly an ar gument of darkness in tho mind. Tho great est learning is to bo seen in tho greatest plainness. Never be sorry for any generous thing that on ever did, even if it was betrayed. You cannot afford to keep on the safe sido by be- g mean. Wrro we to tako ns much pains to bo what we ought to be ns we do to disguise what wo really are, wo might appear like ourselves, ithout being nt tho trouble ot any disguiso at all. In seeking a situation, remember that tho ght kind of men are alivays in demand, and that industry nnd capacity rarely go empty- handed. Wo look nt donlh through tho cheap glaz ed windows of tho flesh, and beliovo him the monster which the flawed and cracked glass represents him. All thing) aro by fate, but poor, w ak man sees but 11 part of the chain, the nearest link, is cyo not carrying to lhat equal beam tha poises all above. It is ono of the first effects of prosperity to make a man n vortex instead of a fountain, 80 that, instead of throwing out, he learns only to draw in. Children should bo taught the frequent use of good, strong, expressive words words that mean exactly what they should express in their proper places. He who freely praises what ho means to purchase, aud ho who enumerates the fault? f what he means to soil, may set up a part nership with honesty. The best capital a young man can start ith in lifo is industry, witli good sense, courage, and morality. They aro better thar cash, credit, or friends. It is with fortune as witli a fantastical mis tress sho makes sport of thoso who aro ready to die for her, and throws herself at le feet of others that despise her. This is most true, and history bears testi mony to it, that men may second fortune, but they cannot thwart her ; they may weave icr web, but they cannot break it. Tho cause of freedom is identified with tho destinies of humanity, and in whatever part f the world it gains ground, it will bo com mon gain to all thoso who desiro it. To pardon thoso absurdities in ourselves hich wo cannot suffer in others is neither better nor worso than to bo more willing to e fools ourselves than to have others so. Wit loses respect with tlio good when seen in company with malice, nnd to smilo at tho jest which plants a thorn in another's breast is to become 11 principal iu the mis chief. Futurity is impregnable to mortal ken ; no prayer pierces through heaven's ndaman- 110 walls. Whether tho birds fly right or left, whatever ho the aspect of the stars, the book of nature is n maze, dreams nro a lie, nnd every sign a falsehood. He frank with the world. Frankness is tlio child of honesty and courage. Say just hat you mean to do on every occasion, and iko it for granted that you mean to do what is right. llabelais has written hoiuo sensiblo pieces which the world did not regard nt all. "I will write something," Bays he, "that they bhall tako notice of !" And so ho sat down to write nonsense. Tlioughtfulncss for others, generosity, modesty, and self-respec t aro tho qualities which innko n real gentleuinn or lady, ns dis tinguished from tho veneered articlo which commonly go by that name. Thero is nothing that wears out a fine faco like tho vigils of a card table and thoso cut ting passions which naturally attend them. Haggard looks and pule complexions are tho natural indications of a female gamester. Among all other virtues, humility, tho lowest, is pre-eminent ; it is tlio safest, be causo it is always nt anchor, und that man may bo truly said to llvo the most content in his calling that strives to llvo within tlio compass of it. What is commonly called friendship is 110 moro than a partnership, a reciprocal regard for ono another a interests, and an exchaugo of good offices ; in a word, mcro traffic, vhereiu eclf-lovo always proposes to bo a gainer. As laughter enables mirth and surprise to breathe freely, bo tears enable sorrow to vent Itself patiently. Tears hinder sorrow from becoming despair, und laughter la ono of tho privileges of rca-sou confined to the human species. Thousands of people might bo enjoying reasonable lives, with opportunities for self- culture, for social enjoyment nnd for chari tablo elforts, whose wliolo energy is absorbed lu tho despcrato struggle to add supcrtlultics to comforts, Tho grcatcbt obstnelo to being heroic I tho doubt whether 0110 may not be going to provo one's telf a fool'; the truest lierol.m is to resist the doubt, and the profoundest wis dom to know when it ought to bo restated and when to bo obeyed.