Newspaper Page Text
ll'DLl-uull UEMUcniT, BTiH Of T)!H HOllttl 1NTI e.
tinned wecU, , ctf-y kmhv ir.Pnino.
llLOOUSIIUIltf, WIA'MUItroiJ'ff 1
At na.iioi.uu per war, p.i nbieinV
county Hit teriusnro H per tnr Miioii1.. .V 0 '
-i..iif not n.ihi in ,.,it ..l".,rl' . iiumn
bodelau-rtlotidtiiiMiar. ' ' '"p J"iflt
I'uhllsl.cr, t.1,111 MlmVtSiX Z . mm ...V'.
cnnUim-il credits after the ctnirJ i.r. 1 ." '""f
year im'.I nut be Hivem "io "Nrnllnii i,( the iim
AU a) cm c ti nut of the sen ..i, . .
nfll.M-, im.M t,o nil,! for t adi-nne. "I.1 , "'"'"t post
MUc K-n,,n It. cV3tw,Vi,T, mt
tho'c-niht'y h no lofl,cr W from sub-icnbers tn
demaml, hc.vl ,,r.n a, itUewe , Ao,M "
Columbia County Official Directory.
''I2?,'f ?i ,I"'!e -wiiuw"i'jt'ii.
JlicriH-Ml'U-1 rirninr. ' 1 '
urv-) rr -l,,,. ivvtltt.
lr.isurr-jotin . der.
johX',roueMm"M ''. '" IIeri.tr,
No n.m.r dUeinilltiii.Mt .......... .... .
Coroner-. hsrhflaWprie . 1 '' ,""M
lurv ()rntuuifrtiwi i.'. ..'.i. 1.
1'rllr, William II,
county sufrtnifinipnt-wi Main li. siT,i,.r
iih.iin Poor iiisuct.-iiinoto"i - rV. .r'
-J'. 1". 'Kill,' Si 0 I,
uriiiu-r, I ilea l. slum imi ti ,. '
O. r. nut, f-eeretar..
Blojmsburg Official Directory.
VWtlWW-'n . run on,
.t.r.ri-.V;.,.!!,?V,,,,,,.';.,t "irt'-". I'axio.. "res.dc,,.
"Hrrct'ir;'. ' 1 ,l",'"" i -' W.. Miller,
Muimsliursr liulldln, ahilSATlmr ruti.l sssoeladin
.1. Kroner, l'rcstdn ,c.u. IwrLll-ylsttwufy. '
1ICT. .1. I'. Till III, (M'lDI.It-.)
o'c'tr" WlT"nf--':,J Wcilncnl.lv eientnffatc',
Sa.i h lrco. the puMii- an; Inrl ed otitlcim.
st. inrrniv. i.iiiiskin i-iiincii.
J!!"!.fr.7Ul.,"' It. W tllliimn.
t ' ,',y Lcr11'.' 1-1""i " m. imil p. m.
sii'ulny huol-nii. m. "
o'lV.V M('ul)nS-k'"rj We.liH-a.lny cicnliufntcv,
i-at.-i tree, norma rcn'i'd. All nru neicomc.
MlnH cr- Iln. Ptinrt mi elicit.
mi;,. lay ynvca -. a. ni. aiuHW p. in.
Mimliy 9.'huol9 n. in.
ov'l-rc!." M" ln-r;,"" "e-JnciMnj CTtnlmr ntcvj
.sea n fn-c. No Pi-tts rri- il. wrsntfers mlcomc.
iiiinioni'r nioc.t. ciii-hch,
lllnls er-r.cr. .1. II. .Mi-il.trrnli.
juiiilav .i-rru-Mi i aml6. r. m,
Miinlai ."(.iiool-- p. I3,
lliljliriaw-i;rfr. Moiul.n OTnln.'ni v; o'clock.
f ornT if TIM ni Iron ulrcem.
l'ailor-lieT. T, f. Ito.fincltr.
Hi-l tencn-E.vst rtri, ncr KorXs lloti-l.
Mini i sritcet -u, m. mul v, p. u,,
frtjcr .fli-ftlnj- f atunlar, T p. rs.
All lire lnllc.l Tin la Ii aWjH room.
M;rT lu-yi'M Mind.iv nltcru.iim a; s o'clock at
llcllcr'KCliuitli, .Mvniiun to-fa-diir).
f7. r, i.'s ciiui-.cii.
ltcctnr-Iltt. .l(n II'itIU.
Mllllllf .'crU'T'-l J( ft. III., AV, n. si,
Mit.ilav- w!,ool- . u.
l'trtl !iiiiilj in tc inontb, no!j Communion,
si rilnu preparatory to (omtiunlnn on irhlai
cTciiin-i-eforclLc MiimltT m rati, n.imtk.
roniiranti. bulcrcrfboil. nplcoait.
,.,.'.!Tin;M"ir"!'.)c",,"l, n" Krt.B rcniou
"t , " rftTi""-"! oa "lock
L'JULiL' lABta" '111, 'i
IH.ANK XOI'Krl.riili or without exemption,
I f.ir sale at to? rut.ctrniiN (iRlcc.
1I NK MOI'.TIA(Ji:H ror.ialc"ch(717a"t"ihf
J ) I'otiyr.u Office.
IIiXK DEKHS, on I'archmcnl anil I.inin
Tiiu'-r, roiimwi and tor Ailinlnln' rator", l.'n-cu-ti.tiandtninxca,
fur nale elic,p ttie couuman
TTOItNKY'H 11I.AXKS, Common ami
J V Jn.Umeiit inn, liti prlii d nd fur salcal
tin 1'iiM'MiiitN inlli r. all klnd.i nt AUurnej'a blanka
elth'-r Itent on hand or frUit-d to ord'-r.
" J 1 I.lll rir;CKI!TIKICATl..S iMpri.l'.l
i I. 11 nd for me i tr.e 1 oivmiiv nnliv. Mlsli
U 1 ..if llieiiu-.l.ind.lui!ci-isB,iiild auunlr nun
sclie nil, tli- lie neivsiry arlL-i's.
AVID l.nwr.NnKIir; .Mcuhanl Tailor
"alu M., alsnc 1 mlral llolel.
Iluois AND H1UU.S.
TTI.NKY Kl.l.M, Miiiiarmlur.r ami
H la hunts no-l tliue-i, uroccrles, etc., .Vi.li.
1. I V I'IUIHI,U'JI .
? XI. K'NOOIi, Dealer in Ueoli anil Slinci.
I i. Dlest and lii-.-t si.tIjm, corner Main and Market
hlr.-etn. In tUe old po.-l olnce.
fhdCKS. MAICIIKH, AC.
J!. SAV fil-. Dc-l.-r in VI,k. Watch
aud Ji irelry, .".ln St., Jn.l liclnw th ,'ci tral
l!i:i;AIID, Walch ami CIciV
near s,iuy.'l corujr "i.du aaj Iron.
MII.I.ISBItY H I'KNi'Y l,(lil)s.
MISS M. l)i:iilStC'KOX, Millinery
'' im-y (ioi.il., lii vt., htl H nhi-i.
fjllll-: MISSKS riAIi.MA.V. Millmerv ami
1 l'.'c ilo.il-., M,B 'Heel, l-eluvi i'i i.snd lintel,
UUI UAMS ANIKilitX'tUtS.
HC. llnWlM:, Hal-anil Cap., lluvil
, Mines, M.ila slrei t, ahuie I'u'rft llullst.
Q 11. MII.l.KK .0
n. ilnnd-i. i:riH rli :i.
'OX, iltiikr in
H'.m-i, null. ns, 1 v., Vain dlni-t.
I vlan, office
UKIilCft. Siirvvi-n mi l l'liv-i-
s. 11. corner I'.cci .u,I.Vat'..i
It. ICVAXS. II. D.. Surf.'. tin ami I'Iivh
clan, north t-ldu tf .Malk ttivct, 'bowJ. K.
T 11. KcK I'l.VY, M. D.. SiiiKciii
. t-ict ,11, north nu
.Main Miiiit, I'linw .MurUl,
T 11. r.OI'.ISOX. Atliirnev-.it-I,aw. (Jllie,
t) . la llaitm.ia'a bUMlue;, Vuliuticcl.
SAMITI. JACOUY. M:u bio ami Ilruv.n
Muiw Work i, i:uscniiuiiiisi)uu ivrnici. r-d.
i Clark u YoIt's store, Main street.
IIDWI'.It, Siiiguiii Duill't, Mail.
I tt atnvulh c'ouit lloiioc.
1 (i. CAUKI.KY, Allmnev.ut-Liw.
il u jur in tin-' "Cuiiiiubiai," 11111101111;.
TII. MAIZK, Mauininth (iinccrv, llneflro
, curies, l-'i Hits, Nuts, Provisions, ic, Maluund
S. KCIIX, d.wiler in MivU, Tillnw, etc.,
a Centrs street, ettteen Second and Intnl.
M. CIIIUSTMAX, SdiMIe, Trunk and
, Harness maker, sidvu'.i lllnck, Ma li strivt,
MIOMAS WKIlll.Confectloiury an 1 llskery,
wholesale ami retail, I'enaLu .iioek.
C W. IXlItr.LL, Furriliiro Itnnnis, three
L X , stjry brick, Milu street, eet of Market st,
W.H'IIIISIN'S, .iipior dealer, sisoiul (lunr
noin tno norinnesi coiir,- ...am am. iron
I? J. TIIOltNTlIX, Will 1'ipir, Window
J'j, Hh.id"sniidtl.t.iro.s, lltipi rl block, Main si.
T.rUKYLY L. SMITH,
Ofdce oppr.lle James ll. iLumau's.
ll. IIi:ill!lX(l, Carptnter and builder,
i MaJn tr .'OS below Mlie.
It. t. A. MKiiAltliEL, Physiciiu aud
Surgeon, Main street, not door to Hood's llu-
AYID HEltltlNU, FlntiriiniHIrM -Mill,
au I d"iifer in aram, .Mill tireei.
TAMES 11, IIAUMAX
Cabinet Maker ami
'ndi-rt iker, Jl iln street, In-low l ine.
OMAX A Co.. Whielwrlal.U, l.rt
dour above School Hoaso,
,S. KNT, dealer In Sluvcs unit Tinware In
all iu uruuencs
T). TElt KNT, MUlir. and dealer hi all kind
1 of uralu, I'lour, Foed, e. All Un is of araln
W. l.DOAlt, iSusqiiUiuiua rinuinu Mill
ua ucx atuiufaclwy,
m.N'ltV I,. DJKFI'KN BACH,
LDlPOK AND PLlll.tsillill.
ST. JOUN'S (Ki'ISC'ot'AI.) C'IIL'IICll7
S'i!5' i."',''.-3 "' hKK V- W. "cry Sunday.
.'Uisiji hcanot-I.M p. m.
ltol Couieiiitilon lie ijotid Sunday In tho month.
jy. K. W. KUTTKK,
' V 1'IIVSICIAS ML'KOSON,
omct, n Main Mrci t,
Mftr.a;,';-y CalawM-u, im.
"y.M. i-. kyi:kTy;
('ollcrlloiii rriimrtly mailn and rcinlttta. Ofllco
1'pi.nllo 1'at.iwlM.i Deposit Hank. em-m
"FM. H. AIIIJOH', AltorncT.at-l.aw, .Main
t need. - '
B V. DAI.I.MAX, Men-lirTit Tailor," Scconil
. street, KoWiijit-bulWIiitf,
"(!. A W. H. KIIOUMAKKR. D-alcn, in
ln-j (ii'iiN,(iroecrle3udtlcncral JtcrcLan-
Q II. J.C. lUTTKli,
onico, oith .Murkct street,
IaM?,'T4-y llloomsburir, I'a.
A. I.. II'IINER,
n. I. iuiidskk'
lleMd'-nee Market M
.1. wniier s.
UK. TUUXKU A GAIiDNKit.
ordec oter Klelm i Iiru stnre .
1. . '"-y lilnomsburif, IV.
A, lOIIMil-A 1-I.AW,
ofilctln llroner'a hulldlr.,-, s.'cond floor, room No.
llluoiMburlr, I'a. Jul)l,"3-y
t I!. A W.J. r.LX'I-CAI.KW,
A l lOKM-ilAT-LAW,
street, first door below Court House
timcc on Main
V. ,( J. M. (.'I.AltIC,
onico In Cuts Ilulldlng'. April ln.'il y
A. ClIBl KUSII SMITH. IIHUVEY KH1NU SMITH.
CltEVKI.IXd SMITH &SOX,
"All bu-lnesi ntriittcd to our cam will rcelevn
prunipt atleiillou. Julyl.'IJ y
C. II. FIUX.'fCWir. okoiuih a. KLWXLL.
)IIDCKWAY ft KIAVICLL,
A 1 1 Oll.N KVS-AT-I.AW,
harness entrusted to our care ulll receive
proinnt atleiillou. Kpt.11,',1 y
n. 11. 1.ITTI.11. noa'T. r. Lim.a.
II. A K. li. I.ITTI.K,
lT.llflacs lii'Mre tke I. S. lvientonlennltciuluil
to. OIH In Uoi'iihuubUa llulldln,. ly Mi
"J XSURAXCK AtiKNCY.
1 i'n jib al.
.mjiil nt ItTcrpims llnlind $1:1 eeti.w .
! a! an.-!il re, i-'lilJlld lo.il. ixl
.ltina. Harifnrd, oi.neiUeut 4,oiii,ii(m
i-ire Ass.H-uin.a, nniia.iLipiiii, 'j,ih;ii,iii
lluiae, .Sev, 'hi. 'i,lHHi,ou
prlns'tli'ld, Ilsfitur.l, coimcctleut lun.o.o
l-'.irviers, l.-j,llle. im 1,0,I0,I,HJ
lui.Tllle Mutual l(.u,owi
1'ltKAS UIIOWN, Alfent,
H.U'lliS'i'. llorm., Ill 00113111-110, l'i.
II. C. HOWKU. DIIN'TIST,
Hi l'ettulry nfferh his pmfes-loiial servl'esto tho
lnll fa and ifi aili-men of nioomsbur,' and vlelnlt.
Ileta)r.p..reil to altiind lo all Die various oivratluiiS
In the line of his rvfi-wti)ii, and 1 1 provided will, tho
ixtest tnipnived I'SKi-.MiS' I ki.ril, ulik-h ulll bo In-i--ied
on L'old lUthw. sliver and rubber baso tn
took as neil.ia tie u-uiiral teylh. Teeth nrtraeted
by till ihe new mil most approved mithods, aud all
nper itlnns on tftw toelb eaiefully and properly al
tri.dudti. nfitea a fow doon abovo tho Court House, sam-i
1 ... aould imuouuee toth cltlrens cf Illooms.
eii and ilelnlt. lb ,1 he has Just R-cel fed a .'nil ami
complete assoi uncut ef
WALL l'AI'Klt, WINDOW SIIADHS,
lintlis, COltllS, TASSIill,
and all nUier jj mils In Ids llnecf business All tho
nvKi-l and must improved patterns nt thoilav an
.dual . l'i bo found In his istablUhment, .Main s-tivel,
Ix-lmv Market. Julil.T.I
12. MILLHR & SON
HAYK JUST ltI-X'I-:iYi:i) and aio ofllning
f,ir.(.lo alver.vlow pilees one of tl.e bent as
fuirtuiLiiLn nf I'MlI'lVIS ever oDered fur sale tu
Uie town of l'.liiiimrbur . They aro aU new mid of
tli- very lab-st sirles. Prices vary from x.ckUi
ji.riu per jai-ii. i ui. auu no uieui.
Oft. ti, "ii-U.
GLAZING AND PAPERING.
AVTM. F. liODIXK, Iron Struct below ms
1 1 onu, liiuuiiisimi't', ra,, is prupareu io uo u
In thu beet itjlr.s, at lowujit prices, aud at short
l'.rtl-wlui!nzimchwoktoito wll save muaoyby
alllnj on him.
All writ warranted to jive kitlsfactlon. order
WM. F. IIODIXK.
Uu, o, tt-ly.
BAKERY AUD CONEECTiOMl
MAIX STltLET JIEI.OW MAUKET.
I5CKJIART . .JACOlfci
KSlliES lo call the atU-utinn of the people
I f ni liinoiusiiiiruionisi'siaiiiisiiini uiwiierouta
l.o obtained at ull times tho lluusl fresh
PLM.wi.w 'Xvcr co.xfj:utio.i:m',
Ae., Ac, .Cc,
To bo found In Town,
Ont'imenfu CMm fumuhtd tn crJer,
Parties fcuiiplled. All orders lillfd promptly and
aimsiumuii Kuarauievu. jiur.zi, l.
"PUS I NESS CAltDH.
I l.l'IAill III..VU-,
HILL UK ADM.
NEATLY AND UHI'AVLY I'lllN'i kll.'AT lift. CO
tO UN hi tlw car Motived ou nubdu-lptiou.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, JANUARY 29, 1875.
to" rk t5i tME
orrosm: cuxtjial jioteTj,
Xrlllillli mar bo found a full slock of tirugi, Mr -n
1 clni,ch"intenl. I'harm.ueullell'rparattn"
Perfumery and Toilet Article.
HKN'DhMlSHOTT'H (lliltHAN I.MIMlWTllSJipriST.
cd to be tlio ft Irtcfml and externul family
medicine yet oftercrt to the public. Dnn'l fill Ii 1;
0110 bottle only so cents, In larifo boitlea.
AIUNIhomii riinoMo pletnr rtTca h mi
pureiai-r of abnllleof Flnr.il Kalratt for m.
batnlkJTelef, a dellihUul pcrrum-oly n ci
-tlRilttin TOHTitNllOI,! crl'brated Kn(tinb
VjT l'nclet KiiItm Kaiur, and seiners, Ladlen ati
(lenls Knlic-i In Irory, I'carl and Shell handles, f ml
IMHI.IS'S Italrand WhliitcrDye, Iho stiritrte
X jet olfiTi d. II pr",diiee a IxMiitlftil bIobjt
black or broiiii ai may t'o demred Ouly &.!! pr
Alll Il'ibber tnd olhrr TriHr id 5urlc:a
minll-ineesef the moat annrurcd cittern, from
the innt ceh trati-d rnakird. A coiniilcta anngrKa.a
it ti ry loir prices,
I MPoltTKD and domestic Hair oil, Pomml'fs Co
I mi'lte-i .re, of tho Ulicst qUiUlly aad cii.lrtrt
Dlt.WAimr.S'l Worm Confection, k sift rrnil
reliable preparation for exrelllnj norm, wat
ranlcd to ylTe satisfaction In all case-j-coonnta tn
rioi: the best fiTccent riirar, nd tfce 4tteum
V Ilavanas, call at Ilendcrshott'i.
I TliNIinitsilOTr s (Irrman Cattle rondrl with
I L out oubi Ike bfii condition ponder la tL
mrtrt for Horses, Coirs, SttIiib and poultry Italy
is ceils per package.
JTIOIt Chapped Hauls and l-'aet. t Ijrerli. I.
1 Una, the no-.ldclUhttulpi;mrllea eiu- oifn
ed for 1 lie purport.
& SHOE STORE
THE I,ATi:..T AXli BUST.
KTBItY TAlilKfT TOll
MUM, WO.1i AJ OIIMMU:.
Hoots aid .'hoes et every stylo,
Oood to nalk s-llh rainy a mil.
Oall-rs, .Slipper, r.il.nurnU,
Just the thin? for prilty sals.
IlooM and shoos fisr buys and men.
Heavy UnuUto put 9 when
Rainy weather I. aicejl,
or If you xo t llsli'ortrnvt.
Lighter lloobs fur Miuiay wear,
or for a yoiiaa mm li'utla ifenr,
Iloiilu and shoes to u Jt tho trade,
Made to order, rs- ready made;
Nen ones made cr old ones mended,
Thm thu Poet's souk Is ended.
Lai'ire variety of lioot-i and Sliou
for Fall ami Winter
liAKClAIXS ! ! liAlUIAI-NSM!
in ills mi 1 4ult !i Salt's
WOIlli MADK TO OHDI'ft, I'.Y TIIK lihNT WOUK-
11 UN AND Oi l Ob llIK IIESJl' .S!AII.!ll.ll..
.1 t!tare of th' "Wie 1'atroimije it wlicitcJ
fci?"t!IVn US A TKIAL!"&a
is, T4-tf. k. M. KNi.uu.
ft AM ft nP$7rv!,?,fV. T
f 'V -.
liiLLAb lMllilS DllilN HAIjIj
... i r-i sm.-ir-v-1XTTT- 1 IT I'
TTAYIXC n -imied Ihe business of Mcrclian-
XI. dlselns; at his Old Mow. on
.MAIX STIIULT, HLOOMSIlUItG,
NKAH THE FOllKS nOTBL,
Desires to call Iho attention of his Friends and the
public geiierauy.o ins
NP.W, TI LL AND VAIIILI)
STOCK OP GOODS,
And jollelts asturo of public patrunaje.
HIS STOCK CONSISTS Of
HOOTS X- SllOliS,
I'LOUll AND I'HHD.
mmeeilon with his stock ot Muemiudlso bo
constantly keeps on hand In his yard.
A FULL STOCK 01' .
AND SlIINliLl-SOl' HISMANl'1'AOTi.'UH.
Dill Lumber mailo ti .siieeiality.
CALL AND HUH.
Oi'l. S, lS7S-tf.
fill KEN WOOD SLMliNAUY
NEXT TEEM 1IEG1X.S
Monday, August 3d, 1074.
For particulars, Address,
It. II WIIITAUtH,
VULCAN IRON WORKS,
UANVII.LL. MONTOUU COUNTY, TA.
'WILLIAM II. LAW, Manufacturer..
V Wrought Iron llildrer, liullirs. u.sholdir,
i,'ir,.i,r,.r;r uiiiiiUnm. U'lou'At linn lionlllir. UMiMuir
I'ruuit ', l-'Inorlii and Doors, 1'urm (lutes and Ftuc-.
Inj, also vvroui!,!. iron ripiuir, nii.i'r.s aim an .uaia
ot sndth Woik, XC. lien. Irs LrouipUy itteadcd to.
N. ll.-Iirawlnipi and Utttmalcs supplied.
July 1, tT tf
l'or the Columbian.
TIIESO.Nfl OK TUB -(111.
Wc tine a Soni; of tho N'ob,
TUe famous old Nob,
The Mountain of Itoimtatnqtoriu!
lie loou down on lirierereek, ho looks to tho south,
And Iho ivind mi t tho llehtnlnt luio mocked hH
Then, hero's lo tho Mountain,
Tim Nmous old Mountain,
'I he Mountain of Mountains for usl
Ho looks North to Ilenlon, lie looks to the West,
O'er bills and o'er valleys by Industry bless'd i
He looks down, nsCurmel ooks donn on the sea,
Hut unlike Idin a landmarU It. tho land ot tho tree I
Then, hcro'stothc Mountain,
1 ho famous old Mountain,
Tho Mountain of Mountains tor us I
TUi: JlOXKVIiESS MAN.
mli i,nniiri o,n .. rnmort ..,,.. nniie
Henry Ktunton, MaysUllo, Ky. Such ceras of poetry
arc not often met with, written by authors who)
namesaro nuicr known In history.
Is there no rlacc on the face of Iho earth,
Where charity dnellith, where virtue has birth?
W here bosoms In mercy and kindness will hentc,
Where Iho poor and the wretched shall n.sk and re
Is thero no place on earth where a knock from tho
Will lirlnjju kind nncel to open the door?
Ah I search tho wldo world wherc.er im can,
There Is no open door for thu monej less man 1
(loloolc In the hall, wheie the chandelier ll'ht
Drives off nllh Its splendor Hie darkness ot nltcht;
Where the rich hanelns velvet In fchadowy foW,
Sweeps Kracetiilli down with Its trimmings ot gold
And Iho mirrors of silier take iipaud anew
In long lighted vistas tko wllderlng view:
On there In your patches and Hnd It you can
A welcoming smllo for the moneyless man I
no look In your church n the cloud-rcachlnff i-plrc,
Which ulvcs back to tho sun lis samo look of red
Where t o arches and columns are ROrscotis within.
And the walls seem as pure as the soul without sin i
Oo down tho Img aisle see tlwilch ami the (Treat,
In the pomp and the jirldo of their worldly eatiilo;
Walk down tu your patches and Mini It j-nii can,
Who orens tho door to the moneyless man.
(lo look to your Judg In dark flowlm ffown,
Will, tlin scales wherein law iTeljhcthquletly down;
Whers ho fronns on tho weak and smiles on tho
And punishes rlfrlit wtilln he Justlllcsnnin';;
Where Jurors their lips on tho lllble have laid,
To render a erdlct they've already made ;
Oo thero In the court room, and tlnd It you can,
Any law for tho cause ot iho monej less man.
do look tn tho bank, where Mammon has told
Ills hundreds and thousands or silver and gold;
Where safe from tho hands of the starvtnf mid poor,
1.1 h pile upon pile of tho cjlttcrlni; oro ;
Walk up to the counter ah, there you may Mav
nd jou'll llru at tho bank not ono of Iho clan
WUh money to lend to ninonejlen man.
Then (,o to your hovel-no r.vvcn has fed
Tho wlfo who has suffered so Ions fur her bread-
Kneel down by her pallet and lilss the death frost
From the lips of tho nni;el jour poverty lost-
Then turn In your ajfiny upward to nod
And bless whtlo lie smites you with tho ehastenlnj
And you'll find at the end otyilur life's Htt'o pnn,
Them's a welcome abovo for the mono less man.
It is better to yield a little than to (mar-
re! a grent deal. Tho habit of standin;
up, as people call it, lor their (little) rights,
is one of the most disagreeable and undigni
fied in the world. Life is too short lor the
perpetual bickerings which attend such a
disposition; and unless u very momentous
all'air indeed, where other people's claims
and interests aro inveWcd, it is a que-tiou ill
it ii not wiser, happier and more prudent to
yieldeoiuewhatof precious rights than squab-
ble to maintain them.
A Turn Man. Show us tho young man
who cm quit th j society of the young, and
take pleasure in listening to the kindly
voice of age ; show us the man who is ever
ready to mty and help the deformed ; show
u.s a man who covers faults of others with a
tharity ; show u a man who bows as polite-
ly and gives the slreet as Ireely to the poor
sewing gnl as to the millionaire ; who
value virtue, not clothes: who shuns the
company of such as gather at public
nhues to LMze at the fair sex. or make un
kind remarks of the passing girl; show us a
linn, win. 'iltti.krj n ISIiortitt. tvlm senrns
' ........ ....... ...... ,
tlie lidiculo of his mother's sex,
and the exposure of womanly reputation ;
show us a man who never forgets for an in
stant the delicacy due women, or woman, in
any condition or class and you show us a
What is poverty ? Xot destitution, but
poverty? It lias many shapes aspects al
most as various as the minds andcircumstau
ees of those whom it visits. To the savage
iu tho wilds, it is fame; to tho laborer 111
tlie cottage, it is hardship and privation ; to
the proud, it is di'Krace ; and to tho miser,
it is despair. It is a specter, haunting the
man who lives at wise, with dread of sliaiuc.
Such are its varied aspects; but what is it in
reality? It is really a deficiency present or to
come. It involves many other things; Imt
this Is what It is. Is it, then, worth all the
iiiinrehciisioiis and grief it necninns? Is it
an adequate cailso for the gloom of the iner-
chant, tho discontent of tho artisan, tho
foreboding sighs of tlie mother, tho ghastly
dream, whieli haunt theavarieious, the Im-
niliation of tho proud ? Thwso aro severe
sufferings; are they authorised bythe na-
iuru f imverlv ? Certainly not ; if poverty
induced no adventitious evil, involved
nothing but a deficiency of the comforts of
life, leaving life itelf unimpaired. "Tho
life is more than food, and the body than rai-
ment;" and the untimely extinction of life
itself would nut be wortii thu pangs which
apprehended poverty excites.
C. .I..I ll, 1 ..l...l...l I...C....
" ' :""i'"'
you coinmeiice eating yourself.
Do not eat soup from the tip, but from the
sido ofa spoon.
Ou pas.lng your plate to be replenished,
retain the kuifo and fork,
Wipe the mouth before drinking.
Remove, tho teaspoon front the cup before
drinking lea or coffee.
Use tho kuifo only iu cutting food; do
not raise it to your mouth,
Eat sloivly, as eating rapidly is unhealthy.
If you Hud anything unpleasant In your
food, avoid calling the attention of otheis to
Close tho lips when chewing your food.
Keep your elbows olfthe table always.
Do not speak with food iu your mouth,
When asked to help your neighbor, do
not shovo but hand the pinto to him.
Do not turn your head and stare about
Ifunyntieat tho table makea a mistake,
take thu least rf.03.U1le ngtiu ofit.
licl'illlty In tlia Si'nfttoriul (Ifllft. ''i
In reply to bcfcral recent tmbllcatioa' uiwn tho
above nubject In Iho - arrhburu '.iirw, Mr. Iluck.i-
a si:saioii 1101.IM u.N'Dint im statu.
That the Senatorial ofiicc is ono tuirfc- the
stale us distiniriiishtd from olliccs tinder tlie
UHed .St,tc, i, a proposition which can be
susMlncd by nrjilmcnts and by authority
,,nl ..relnfnre nrnilneo.1 It ! I,... ll I. ,.!
an office held tinder the Ststo umi-mmrnt nr
within the State, mid is not therefore a Slate
onico within tho meaning of the 7th article
or tho Slate Coni.tittttlon which fixes an oath
of office; nor is a Senator an "oniccr,'Vith-
in ll"- mcnniiiL' of certain other nroTislons of
thd Strte Constitution which obviously nro
tin- i f ollic.es rrratcil by that Constitution.
or fe.it.i'ilp bv St.-.tJ law (Art VI 1 1
X' , lj,:i). In fact and plainly, the Sen-
atn.-n. n.liec io one representative of State
BOvcrciL'iilv in the I-Vilenil fiiiTeminent oml
ench member of the Senate is .iimoiiitcd bv
,, . ... s. . . . ,, . ...
connection to say that the office is created
bv the Constitution nf the lTnltml Mtniej
ind its duties and powers id most respects
. ' '
defined and rcRulaied by the same Inutrti-
mcnt : because the question must deoend no-
on the nature and charMtcr f theollice, and
not onon the instrument of its nrin-in. ThU
civil overlooks the f.-et tlmt il,e stie ,.re
n.lrties tn th- eninnnet . nf llnlni, n,l ll,.l
rights and powers conferrsd upon or restrved
to them bv tho I'eileral Cnmtitiitinn nt-n iu
much theirs as anv tiicy would have posses-
cd if the Union had never been formed. The
authority of tho State is not wholly defined
liv it own Constitution or limitcil to its ter-
ritory: by agreement witli its co-States it op
erates and acts through representatives in a
common goTcrnmcnt, and thoio ropriweuta
tivs belong to it and aro its agents.
ft was long since pointed out that a ma
jority of tho States could break up tho Fed
eral U'lrernmcnt at pleasure by refusing to
appoint Senators. 1-or as each State appoints
for itself and cannot be compelled to ap
point, and as the Federal (iovernmcnt is
poworle to fill Senatorial vacancies, simple
non-action of tho States as to the making oi
appointments would speedily stop the wheels
of legislation and paralyze all tho powers of
The question whether a Senator holds un
der his State or under the United States, in
point ot fact and within the inmuiii; of con
stitution! language, may however be deter-
I .... .1 .r.i 1 .1. . l.;i .
mined u-Ion authority cntitJ.,1 to the highest
respect, mid ouite independent of nencial
rea-onins or illustration. To this end two
authoritiei will be cited:
1 .The I'rnnsvlvMMin Cnn.i iintion Ariiele
XII. VI. This section cleirlv ilistitif.uilics
member-hio in Ccmrres from an oliice or
appointaient of trust or profit umlrr the
L'nitiil S'fit, t, and also distinguishes it with
equal olearness from an oHU'C in this State
It follows, inefitably, that il is an oliice un
der the State, though its representative
dutiei are lo lie discharged in the govern
ment af the United States.
!!. Tile secand authority is the deci-ion in
the lllount impeachment cast; by thu United
Slates Senate, heretofore referred lo. where
the formal plea of tho ilufenilant that a Sen-
ator was not an ollieer rtf I'niteil S'ule
was sustained, and a judgmunt thereon dis-
missing the impeachunut, wa. pronounced.
Hero again tiie conclusion is inevitable.
As a Senator is not an ollieer of the United
State that is, docs not bold from and im-
der the United States he must hold from
and under hh State-, a. it. representative in
the common government ot tho State-
That his office is not held in the State ii im
material. A minister sent abroad bv 1'iest
l :..l . .!... 1...1.I ,.: . n:....
leiivi... aiiiioirikiiieiii, viues no, i,uiu iiisuiiiuo-
. . ." . ... .
in, oui ue uoes uoiu ll tinner iiie uuueu
itates, in tho country to which he is sunt.
il'ALiri('AITONS 01' A Sd'NATOP.,
Thoso required in tiio Federal Constitu
tion (Art. 1. ?.'!, cl. ill, relate to age, citizen
ship and inhabitancy in tho State. That
these are indispeiisible and that they cannot
be uhangod by either Stato or Federal an-
thority, short of an amendment of the Feder-
al Constitution, is beyond dispute. But it is
equally plain that a regulation by a State
which shall impose a disability for the Sena-
torial ofllco upon members of its Legislature,
is not forbidden by this clause, cither iu ex-
press terms or by necc-ary implication.
It may, therefore, be safely asserted in
view of the Tenth Amendment to the Fed -
eral Constitution which reserves to the States to cnfoice disabilities beyond those uxprirai
or to tho people all undelegated powers, that ly indicated iu the Federal Constitution, or
a Stale may prohibit the appointment of a
member of its Legislature to the Senatorial
olhee, by an appropriate regulation in its
luinl.iiueiit.il law. hucli regulations have
been inadj and havu long existed iu Stat-j
Constitutions, ( Michigan, I V. H; Minnesota,
IV., li ; Xevv York, III. 7; Tennessee, II.,
10), and imilar uues, resting upon tho same
principle, a to uther olhcera of fttato Gov
I eminent, appear in tho Constitutions of
many othur !-UUs.
Tho opinion of Mr. Jelfersoii confirms this
construction. Though expressed upon auoth-
er provision of the Constitution wluuu lixcs
certain qualifications foriuemberiol the lew-
er House of Coiiro-s, it is completely up-
plicablo lwre, covering the very question iu
Ho says: "Had tho Constitution been si
lent as to qualifications of members ot Urn
gres. nobody can doubt but that tho right
to prescribe all the qualifications aud du
qualifications ofthosu they would send to rep
risaiit thein would have belonged to the
States. So also the Constitution oftho Unit
td Stains might have prescribed the wholn
and I'xcludfd all others. It seems to have
preferred tho middle wav. It has exorcised
.1 ! ,. .1 .....!.... I! 1
u l'""" ' l' i uec.ar.S su i,B ,..,.
iiiciuious, io wu; uios-j o, not oeiug iwen.)-
live years of age, of not having been a citi-
zjii sevin years, and of not being au inhabi
tant of tho Stato ut the time of election. Out
not declare, Itself, that tl.e member
bj a lunatic, pauper, a convict of
treason, of murder, of fclonly, or other in
famous crime, or non-resident of Ills district
Xor does it prohibit to tho State tho power
oi declaring thesn or any other disqualillca
tious which its particular circuiiiataiicesiiiiiy
call for, and lliois may be difiaront in dilfcr
ei.t States, Of courso, then, by the Tenth
Amendment tho power is reserved to the
Stats. If whenever tho Constitution assumes
a single power out of many which belong
tho same subject, wo should consider It as
a.uiuliig the whole, It would ve.t tlio Gen
eral Gjrerniu.'nt with a mass of powers nev-
ercsiitempliiteil. (Jn tho contrary th" uii.iiiup.
Hon of particular powers seems im exclusion
of all not asiiimsd."
Uijiher authority than urn cannot be luu
upon a Conalitulio.inl tuiestloti. anil tafcen in
Cnlllienlllil, l-I1, ll... m.n,ilt,n ..I'llm Ulnt..a In
- , ., , ,, ',, ,, , , ,,
'"""""if "cir C,oitstitutloii, It liiny b lielcl
10 uc rimciumvc
It !( true tlir.t .Story, writing from n liiijti
Federal stand-point ilcoply linbuod with
consolldiition tloetrines has ntieHionod tho
"n'l"" f Mr- .IoIIc-moh's vlowi upon this
T'-tion ; but mainly 1,1s reason-
"" '"-'""B ' n HTeaicr 1111111 man mm.
en, SiriKC Hlllie 1V1U0 01 IMC MNlClliar llll-
llon which we arcatprc.ient cmicenicd
(''"".tins tho validity of certain Strtte laws
of 'l'inlific.ition, ho insists that as tho res
Mvallon of powers by the Tonth Amend-
"lellt to the O.iri.-tStntion, is lo thoSf.ttes or
t0 l,lc pcpl, Legislatures must show a war
r'lnt t,f Powcr from tiio iieojilo of the Stato
t,lc tato Coiislitution, to authorize the
.. . 1.1 1 A i r
- acwnciii u, sucu laws. Aim no iuriner in
th:lt reservation of powers to n State
b - v tho Tenth Amendment applies only to
powew which were possessed by tl.u Stato be-
,oro 1110 -olistituuon was inatle, ami not to
those called into exigence by it. Xeilhcr of
t,,M0 rc'la011' "Pldy to the present question,
which is : Can the CW'i7hiW of the SUto
f.J.1.1 ll.. . I rt .1
'"rum 11,0 Pl""nimeni oi u incmner ot mo
';S'S111'"'' t" ollicrollico within thegift
of ",0 Mc ,ur",S '"s Constitutional term?
Vh' S''"er.tl power of control over its
"1'" "me" K!" l"csed by each State an-
tcrior l" " Constitution, and it remains to
1,0 sl"'nr It llOCS not VCt CXISt 111 its
P!e,liUl,le wholly independent of that In
15,lt il n,a' be frccl' conoffed that the
'Sl'"'lto ()f tllu United States, in judtring of
tlle 'Pi!di2oations of its own members, U not
""""" '"-"""-- inuwniiis u. uisijuaunca
tion found in State Constitutions. As a ones
tion of jurisdiction it may be held that the
powcr to construe and to apply the Stato
Constitution in its application to a choice of
Senator ro.ts exclusive-!) with the Legisla
ture of tho State, and that Legislative judg
ment will not bo reviewed or reversed bythe
Senate. This view is sustained by tiic opin
ion of Mr. Crittenden, pronounced in a Sen
atorial debate in which the eligibility of a
member of the Senate, under the Con-titu-
tinn of his own State, was brought in ques
tion, lie said :
"What is the authority on this subject?
Tho highest possible. It is the authority of
the Legislature of the State who are charged
with the election ofa Senator of the United
States, aud who arc bound to observe the
State Constitution and ulo the Constitution
ot the Unilcl Slates. Who but they have the
power to determine me true meaning ot tlieir
Pw Constitution in relation to this partial
lar subject? Will the Senate interpose against
"'i', "I ' Legislature in deciding ll
'I'le-tion on their own Constitution and law
a,m s "le 11 ,ur u,cm i"Oic to tne analogy
of tlio Federal judiciarv. They do not de
cide the statute of a State to bo invalid be
cause of its conflict witli tlie Statu Constitu
tion. That is a matter for the Stale courts
The Federal courts do not interfere to sav to
the. Stat. Legislature, 'Your act is not Con
stituiional because it conllits with your own
Constitution.' If it conflicts witli tho Consti
tution of the United State, then it is a prop
er question for tlie Federal judiciary. Sure
ly wo may allow the Legislature of the State,
invested by tho Constitution of the United
States witli tho power and agency of select
ing a Scnatorijf tlie United States, to determ
ine whether or not there'is a Constitutional
provision of their own Statu interfering with
the election which thev actually make. If
this body were now to deprive this gentle
man, their elected Kcprescntativc, of his
seat, they would decide contrary to thojudj
iiicntol the Legislature of the State, on their
own Mate Constitution.'
"" "I cj...... . i " '""J
1 i .. i c .i c. i .
sound one. thouirH in view of the Stockton
case in Congress wi cannot sav that at
against party inteicst, it will be regarded
in future cases by a partisan Senate.
We may conclude, however, upon grounds
of rea-on, upon the highest political authori
ty, and in view of the practice of tho States,
that it is competent for a Stato by Coiistitu
tionul provision to forbid the appointment
ofa State official to the Senatorial oliice, and
that jurisdiction over a question of eligibili
ty arising thereon is exclusively with the
State authorities who make Senatorial np
pointmeut. and aro bound by oath to sup
port, obey and defend tho Constitution of
This view dispenses witli all further argu-
1 inent upon tho question of Senatorial power
upon the power of Congress to add to their
number by the enactment of an iron-clad
nath or other restrictive provision of statute
This paper concludes au argument which,
without It, would be iiicompJete. For it is to
bo observed that Mr. Elwell's Eis.iy upon
the construction of the sixth section of the
Second Article of tho Constitution, even
with the matter added in its publication in
lip form, did not extend to a discussion of
thu qualification clause of the Federal Con
stitution, although that clause inviUs to de
bate and cannot bo overlooked iu any thor
ough examination of the guncral question of
liy ;thc aiithorites and arguments hereto
fore set forth aud by those now added to tho
number, the position that a member of tho
General Assembly is ineligible to the Sena
torial office, seems to be vindicated and es
tablished. 11m a dhputant in houorablo de
bate would bo r.tsh in asserting the falsehood
or iusiuccrity of all opinions opposed to his
own. And upon a questiun fitted f ir pro
found study, aud requiring a true insight in
"V""" '" b""- ..........
I.. dill- illl.il ul.jIi.ii. ..I' ..... n.i .in .ill am in.
- M of modest caution ii, forming opinions,
. ,,,.,,,.. ,lf i!m,rnfrn . ,,., , them
will always bo required. A discussion bet'tiii
too late, cariied on amid disturbing itillu-
mieej nml ll n I. trl n n.ili.l e ...inn ti. It, it imi.utit,
U(m niUh ,n tlu)(li isl)y
. . Bt ,.....
no means sure to rosiilt in acorrectcoiHtruc
tiou of the Constitution, Hut whatever tlio
event, it is but right, and it is demanded by
self-respect, that silicon) convictions shall re
ceive full vindication by debate, aud that
partial or mistaken opinions shall be resist
ed aud exposed
Grant will have to look out. Hristow, his
Secretary oftho Treasury, is beeoiiilng fit
to moils. The other duv ho wiuelched Mullett
tho maa.ullieont, Mid now it Is related that
when Spinner went to liliu with his annual
report tho Secretary took his pen and struck
out thirty pages of that gentloinan's bcauti
ful penmanship. ThU unquestionably is
I rcnt blessing to the country, but what will
I Spluncr uo?
TIIK COLUXI11IAN, VOI,. IX, XO. I
COLU.MDIA DKUO011AT, VOL. XXXVIII, .NO. 6 I
A Piece of Whilom.
It is very much the fashion to read novels.
And, judging from the largo number which
are issued, serially and otherwise, It is very
much tho fashion to write them. Ladles nro
reputed to do the most novel reading, as
tkey appear to do tho most novel writing.
Tboir writlnif, us a rule, is decidedly the best
among tho current issues, especially when
they keep their scenes and incidents within
tho province of domestic life. For they
know how to treat such subjects, while not
one man in a hundred can touch them tin
dcrstntidlngly. Here is a word of wisdom, out of a wo
man's book called "Lisle F.llia" Merer yet
republished in this country. "Nolhing an
noys a man more than to ho eagerly question
ed when he comes homo tired. Give him
a neatly served dinner, or a pair of easy
slippers nml n cup of tea, and let himcatniid j
drink in pcaue and in time ho will tell you
of his own proper motion all you wish to
know. Hut if you begin thoattack toosoon,
the chances are that you will be rewarded by
curtly spoken monosyllables." "Put that
piece of widom in your notebook, girls,"
tlie author proceeds, "it will serve you well
some dav." It may serve tho reader too for
a pleasant five minutes. How charmingly
tlie woman crops ojit in the writer's confes
sion of the womanly appreciation of 11 man,
from his boyhood to the end of his thrca
score years and ten if ho lives so long. lie
is always a boy a strong kind of .1 weak
creature, who needs to bo taken care of; a
wilful dcarofa monster, who must bo led with
a thread, that cannot be driven ; a member
of an ignorant sex who would soon go to
"the bad" if not watched over.
uch is the ".sense" of the intelligent of
tlie gentle sex, if their opinions could be can
vassed. It is not so paradoxical, after all.
Xobody doubts that tho horse is stronger
than his driver. Yet tho more spirited the
horse, (propirly trained, tlie more easily lie
is guided by tlie slightest pull upon the bit.
Aud if men aro not properly trained the
women are certainly the most to blame fur
tho deficiency. For in their hands is the
training. If they aro wise, whatever may
become of the theory of woman's rights,
woman will keep tho "ribbons" in her
Hut, let the women think as they will
perhaps we have a little overstated the case
there is some reason on tlieir side, aud if
they ii'i'V take charge of the men, the men
are bound to submit. Certainly in the
household the sovereignty is vested in the
female line. And to revert to the wisdom of
Miss Flsio Ellis, it must be conceded that
thero is a great deal in it. It is all the
more impressive as coming from a woman.
Men do not like to be "nagged" and teased.
,s.nd the better men love their wives the
leis patient are they under reproof, from
them. There is a sort of a "thou, too I"
feeling in a mau's demeanor to his wife
when, upon his coming home for shelter
from the rough rubs of tho world, she puts
him on the rack to have it all over again,
whether he v. ishes it or no. Il is not ncces-
sary to say more ou this head than to ask the
reader to look back aud read the quotation
from the book over ncain. That states the
proper treatment of the case.
Family confidence, and sympathy between
husband and wife are of all things to be
preserved. Ihe woman who is herscl! gen-
tlonndsensil.lo U o-enei-.lli ant t find her
husband communicative cnough-that is, if
i, i- ,..iu,. n,i n ir i, i, m
" ..... V. .... .O ..V...
in? is p-iiineil liv bis wife's lotting him see or
. ,.,.! .i,i .i, if or all M.,,in
diseases fni iv 'i mm. nr woman vield. least
to treatment; and endurance seems to be tho
best nalliativo which those who suffer can
Changes of n Century.
The nineteenth century has
manv great discoveries :
Iu lSU'J Fulton took out tho first patent
for tho invention of tlie steamboat.
The first steamships which uiado rogular
tript. across tho Atlantic Ocean were the
Sims and the Great Western, in 1S30.
In lSUthe itreets of London were for
the itrst timo lighted with gas.
IulS13thero was built in Walthara, Mass.,
a mill, believed to be tho first iu the world
which combined all the requirements for
making finished cloth from raw cotton.
Iu 171)0 there wcro only twenty-five post
oflices iu this country, and up to 1837 the
rates of pnstago were twenty-five cents fur a
letter sent over four hundred miles.
In 1307 wooden clocks commenced to be
made by machinery. This ushered in the
era of cheap clocks.
About the year 18.13 tho first railroad of
anv considerable length was built iu tlie
Iu 1B10 tho first experiment of photo-
eraphv were made bv Dae-ucrro.
Tho anthracite coal business was begun
In 1S30 tho patent for tho invention of
matches was granted.
In 18 lo the first telegram was sent.
Steel pens were introduced for uss in
The first successful trial of a reaper took
place in 1833.
Iu IS Hi Elias Howo obtained a patent for
tho first sewing machine.
The first successful method of making vul
canized India rubber was patunted in 1838.
Presence, of Mind.
Professor Vi llder gives tlicso sliort rules
for action in caso ol accident : I or diut
the eyes, avoid rubbing, dash water into
them ; remove cinders, etc., with the rounJ An' requests he has to mako will doubtless
point ofa lead pencil. Remove insects from be respectfully listened to and to furascom
tho ear by tepid water ; nover put n hard in- patiblo with tho general welfaro of tho school
strumeiit into the ear. If an artery u cut,
coinpreas Uolow. Jt choked, get upon
lours, ami cougn. porugiit ourm, dip the
part in cold water, it tlio skin is destroyed,
cover vvii.i var.i.s.i. ou.ouicr n nro wan
carpets, etc., j water will often spread burn
ing oil, aud lucicaso the danger. Ilcfore
passing through smoke, take a full breath,
and then stoop low but if carbon is suspect
ed, then walk erect. Suck poison wounds,
unless your mouth is sore, hnlargo the
wound, or better, cutout the part without
delay Hold the wounded part a long us
.--JH IU I'WtltU VJ ll.'V Ullill, VII
;i cigar. In case of poisoning, oxcito vomit
ing by tickling tho throat, or by water
mustard, l-or acid poisons, give acids;
ease of opium poisoning, glvo btrong coil'eo
and keep moviug. If iu water, Heat ou '"
back, with the noso und mouth ji"Jecting,
For apoplexy, raise tho hoadW hody ; for
fainting, lay tho PJW
Al.-js weigh tho words of tale boarori
CRrufulty never repeat than.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Oie ineli, ftwclro Hum or Itfi eaulrnlcnt In Nonr
ml type) ono or two unctions, H,W thrco inscr.
fi'icic. M. 5w. (. Cm, ly
Ono Inch fn.Bo
T wo Inchon 8.M
Throe Imiinn B.mi
I'fiur InchcB 7.k
0.M f 00
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Yoarlr iw!vcrl,lwmcnl navnlilc niinrtcrlr. Trnn
rtcnt ftilircrtlitcmotiU lou t tw iialJ before Inncilcn
rtiwril H hfltn narilna li.vn nrwilin!..
lj viilBt1rcririnnln I vi dollars Mrlnoti for thre
Intcrtloni, and nt, that rale for ndillilnn.l In.rrtloct
iTltlintit r-pff.ri.nrn In lpnuih.
Hwcitor'c, AOmUitetrnlor'sJaoil Auditor's Kotlceif,
Transient or I)cal notices, tncnty cents a lln,
rct(uIaradTcrtlciiicnt Unit lan-s.
t'ardi tn tho "liu-lnciw Directory" column, on
dollar v.r 1 car fur tin It line.
Science and llrcnd.
One of our excellent cotcmpornrlca has
an article on the Insect plagues of tho pres
ent year grasshoppers, Colorado beetles,
phylloxera, and ho on, rind bitterly com
plains that scientific men do not tell us tho
remedy for all theso things. It thinka men
of science aholild drop questions of purely
theoretical interest, and turn to tho30 which
aro practical. Thero ii n possibility, it says (
of doing without theories, but no po-slblllty
of doing without bread. It farther remarks
that the ravages of tho grasshopper alono
proves how inadequate is scienco to deal
with the present subject or tho alleviation of
the wants or miseries of mankind.
Only that these sentiments appear in a
very respectable paper, wo siiouiu nanny
fliippoo them held by any person of intelli
gence. It would bo rather hard after somo
scientist had shown us that there was a pow
cr in steam, to insist that he should innko ti
locomotive, and even should he assent to this,
compel him to mount the engine and pull
the cars over tho track. I' or years past tlia
Ficnch havo suffered terribly in their vine
yards, and lo some .extent wo also, lliley
in this country, and I'lanchon in Europe, at
length pointed out the existence of a root
parasite, nml spent an immense amountof la
bor in tracingthem through all their transfor
mations. Aro they to be dubbed humbug sbe
causo they tell us no more? The idea that
theso men are to give bread, as well ns furn
ish the tools for knowledge is a strong im
plement in the development of human pro
gress is preposterous.
There is but one way to get bread and that
is the way laid down in the begining by tho
sweat of one's brow. Scicuco may show how
to cool the perspiring skin, and how to ea30
the aching back; but that it is to work while)
wo sleep or sit under the shade perusing
"Hours of Idleness," never entered into Na
Wo are not among thoso who believe that
mere science lias done as much for agricul
ture us some of its votaries claim for it. If
we had to choose between what is sometimes
called scientific agriculture and that system
of farming which is the result of daily aud
dearbotight experience through perhaps a
thousand years, wo know which sido wo
should bo on. There is nothing to us so
dear as practical coimnon-scnse. At thesamo
time we do mot ignore our obligation to
science, for many valuable hints and truth
havo done much to advance agricultural
progress. Our only wonder is that sciences
has done as much as it has, not that it should
have done more, as our critical cotemiiorary
thinks. Tho men of science those who nro
continually working to gather new facts for
us, and who try to lay baro tho laws of na
ture to our common understanding, aro very
few. Most of them for the love of scienco
levotc the labor of their lives for .1 very
meagre compensation, in business tucy
might have been wealthv. In science they
rarelv make anvthing. Their labors aro
mostly free gifts to us. Let them goon and
find out the truths of nature. Let us not ca
vil that they do not care to turn their own
truths into money. It is for us to do that.
Let them give us tools if they like, but the
cultivation of the soil is our work to do.
Tun ltioiir or School Diur.crons to
Say What Hooks Shall iib Used. On
0l" the right ofscllOol directors
tu a w!lat hooki h be, U3edjn t,he Publio,
schools, the Pennsylvania bcTiool Journal
Hoards of directors "shall direct what
branches of learning shall be taught in each
school, and what books shall bo used " to
ays the school law. This duty is imperative
and of courso implies the possession of pow
er to enforce it. Suppose now a board of di
rectors agree upon "tho branches of learning"
that they desire to have taught in their
schools, and a parent insists upon his child's
taking up othor branches, is the wish of tho
pareut to overrule the action of tho board?
If one parcntbc allowed such a privilege eap.
it bo denied to all parents? And it allowed
to all parents and patrons iff schools, would
it not prevent all effective gradation and
classification of schools and introduco an
archy into the whole work of instruction?
Surely, our common school law does not
work its own defeat in thu way.
But suppose, again, that a child iu ono of
our schools, backed by the commands of his
parents, refuses to study the "branches of
study" tho board of directors have directed
to be taught and for understanding which ho
is found to be prepared, and insits on study-
ing other branches, is not this a kind of dis-
obedience, of "refractory conduct," that will
after all other mtlder measures have failed to
socuro compliance with tho regulatiousjusti-
fy suspension or expulsion from school?
Thero cannot be the slightest doubt of it,
and tho judgos of courts have so decided. A
dillereut decision would break up every or-
gamzation of graded schools in tho btate and
cripple the working of the whole system. So
obvious has this fact beoomo that of lata
years the question has seldom been raieed
even by novices.
To deprivo tho paront of a child in one of
our public schools of the right to control hl i
studies is not at all to take away Irotn mm
ny privileges no ought to enjoy under a re-
publican lorm ot giverntnont. llohasavoico
- in tho election of those who make school
laws and who control tho schools; he can
keep his child at home it ho desires to do so;
but If ho sends him to a public bchool ho
must bo prepared to allow him to comply
in with its reKul.itions, includiiu that In re-
pect to the election of branches of learning,
complied with : but to submit to outside die-
fill union from parents is to subvert the author-
jty of both teacher nnd directors and to
destroy aU legitimate school dlsipllne,
Funny. It is recorded that a cle.'gyman s
lmtUUo Hyptoan of natural depravity :
l(Vtal. ,vl birtll MT(m k,UoM rccent,
rnlnv1,, ,..,. i.wi '
c,et fr()m U)0 ,ma utter, re(us6j t0
,ako m.tlcd of ihem.-No Swncr wcro
they restoro-1 to her no.t than she agalu ami
U4 I ,,.,. ,Attntai tlmi.i . . . I . 1 -. . 1 1. fi 1 1 - fII.s..
- ,,, ,., w,fj , ,, . ,,on.jnon f
or thu Flfte01rtU Aniendmetit which declare.,
in lhera shull ,)0 IIU awUv.,iou account of
color! No other tian a Miwacbusotts cut
would havo thus olJi!i"!i.-d the majesty o
WJ.'-tto.tulo bearer liko a bricklayer
Pocaujc ho riifse-- stories,
Hvwaro of fiilsu liiiuJj,