Newspaper Page Text
KATES OF ADVUHTISINe. .
Ono Inch, (twolvo lino or its eojnlmtent to
Nonpareil type) one or two liworttone, t.o
rOnMBHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING
t rn oomiinUK nnitmito ukahtiib
coont house, laootancim, rA )iv
HENRY L. DIEFFENBACH,
r.niTon and rnornmon,
Terms-Two Dollars a YcarrayaMo In advaneo.
$2 60 It cot raid till cnl of year, $3 00 If
loajor credit to gives.
Of illdosorlpllons executed with neatness and
dispatch HI reasonable rales.
Two Inches... ....... i.na
3x. 8m, en. It.
13.00 14,01) 10,00 110,00
5,00 7,00 ,00 lli.00
7,00 9,00 13,011 ItflO
,00 11,00 17,00 59,00
H.oo ,oo ao,:i so,o
18,00 2000 so.oo oo.m
98,00 10,00 OOflO Wflt
Three Inches l oo
four Inchon........ 7 00
Quarter column., lo.ljo
Ilalfeolnmn H 00
One column -00,00
Xlxccntor'fl or A?mlntnfrA4Af-h i.yvi
Auditor or Amtgae&t Notion, tVtk
loom noucca, tn oeota a lino.
Cftrdfl lnlha"ritlRln,aT)lw.lnrvt .AlnmH .O tl.
VOLUME V. NO, 40.
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1871.
UOL. DEM. - VOL. XXXV NO. 39,
per year for the first two linn. and tun for Mini,
Columbia County Official Dirootory.
Jrtttrnt .Ttulnc WlLMAM KI.WRT.T-m
"3v'ortono(fin,.tc.-Ku'1o.rlt 1'. lltNnt.tn.
Dtitrtet Attorncy-V.. 11. 1KKI.KH.
lyrtuurcr Iiavio LowKMiKna,
OmmUitianert Wlt.t.tAM U. Q.UICK, CYl'.CS
llnllHINH, lltllAM J, llKinKR.
Oimmttttonm' ank William KitiCKnAUM,
Auditor U. J. CAltrilELL, A. J. ALliElllBON
Coroner JoltH 1). KoOTK.
Jura Ommlttioncrt Isaac MollKIDE,,lotm Mo
County Superintendent Charles O. lunKi.EY
lltorm 1-oor fltstrtelniretlnn, H. It. MlM.cn
William Khamku, lllonnulnirg, and Johnhoii
iKr.i Eii. Greenwood, cuAtn.ni Lonnlr, Hec'y,
Bloomstmrg Official Directory.
Hlomubura Jtanktng CI: JOHN A. FUNSTON
President, 11. II. Giiotti, Cashier.
tlrtt Kultonnl Jltmk Cit As. It. PAXToN,I'res't ,
J. 1'. TUST1N, Cnhler.
Otttitnbttt Otiinti Mutual Sa tngftnd find IoimA
tocialionV.. II, LITTLE, Frcs'l., C. W. MlLLKK,
HlowniVurn Tiutld inn and Baling Fund Annetn
Hon John Thomas, Prcs't., J. II, Rouison, Bee.
lttoomiibura Mutual Saitnq hvnd Association
J, J, lliiowr.li, l'risldeut, il, Wuitmoyeii, sec'y.
1) APEIt l!Ai;8 just received and for sale at tho
STOVES AND TINWARE.
Main street, above court house.
DAVID LOWENBISRG, MerchautTallor.llaln
Rt., 2d door nbovo American House.
Wit. MOltRIB, Merchant Tailor corner of Cen.
tro aud Main St., over Miller's store.
DRUQS, CHEMICALS. Ac.
r. LUTZ, DrugglstandApothecnry, JIain st,
below the Tost Office,
11 IOYr.lt BROS., Druggists and Apothecaries,
L nrower's block Main Bt,
CLOOKS, WATCHES, AO.
UENRYZUTPINGEIt, Watches, Hpectacles A
Jewelry Ac,, Mnlnstrect near west Bt.
CK, SAVAGE, dealer In Clocks, Watches and
Jewelry, Main St., Just below tho American
LOUIH lir.HNIIAltl), Watch and Clock maker
near southeast corner Main aud Iron s(s.
l) CATIICAUT, Watch and Clock Makcr.Mar-
, ket street, below Main.
HOOTS AND SHOES.
11 J!. KNORIt, Driller In Boots and Shoos, lntpst
i, ami heht Btyp, corner Jlaln and Market
mreets, In tho old l'ost UlUce,
AVID IlETZ.lloot nndSlmemalter, Malnst.
ueiow uariman's store, west or Market.
HKNIIY KLEIM, Manufacturer and dealer In
Hoots and Hhocs, Groceries, etc., Main street,
1 M. nitOWN, Hoot and Shocmnker, Main
street, under Brown's Hotel,
II. II. C. IIOWEH, Hurgeon Pcntifct, Main bU,
DIt. WM. Mi HKHKlt, Kurseon ntul rhjilclan.
Oillco er the l-'irat KuUoiml V.nuk,
DU. lit K. KINNEY, Hurgeon UeutlBt. Tteth
oxtructcd wllhoutiaiu: ilultiht., nearly op
imsltti KplMcopal Church,
OU, I1AUKLUY, Attorney-at-I.aw, Ofllce.ai
. ll(Kr In Kx change Block, near the "Kxchuuge
I B. McKELVY.M. D.,Hurgpon nnd ThyBlclan
I , north hldo JIulu Rt., below Market.
H. KVANH, M. 1)., HurKfon and riiynlclan,
Houlh tildo Main btrevt, below Market.
(J. HUTTKH, M. 1). Burireou and Physician
, Market Htieut,abuve Muta.
JB. ItoniRON, Attorney-at.Law, Office Hart
. man's building, Main htreet.
MILLINERY & FANOY GOODS.
1,1 l'l-rTKHMAN, Mllllnflry- and Fancy Uoods,
!j, opjioslte Kplfcopal Church, Main st,
I1IK3 JA'A'AV, BAHKLKY, Milliner, Hamsey
. building Main fetrett.
Him M. DKUUICKBON, Millinery and Fancy
Goods, Main Kt., beluw Market.
MIIH, K. KLINII, Millinery and Fancy Oooda
Main Htreul below Maiket.
MltH. JULIA A. & BADI-j IIAHKIifi, Ijwlle'
CIoakHnndBresH l'atternj, ttoutheatit corner
Main and Veet sis,
rillli: MIKHKH IIABMAN Millinery and Fancy
J. (Juods, Main tst., below American llouHe,
HOTELS AND SALOONS.
POHKH HOTKI,, by T. Bent, Taylor, east end
r or Main street.
MERCHANTS AND GROCERS.
n C. MAUH, IJry Uoods and Notions, south-
' west corner Main nnd Iron 6ts.
A, BKCKLEY, Boot and Shoo siore, books
, A stationery, Main bt., below Market,
JACOBS, Confectionery, groceries etc., Main
J. Bt., below Iron
IjiOX . WEBB, Confectionery and Bakery,
1 wholesnlo nnd if lull, Exchange Block.
(MIOWEH.HatHrnd Caps, Boots nndHhoes,
Main St., atove Court Ilooae.
II. MAIZE, .Mammoth Oroccry, flno Oro
rerles. Fiiilts. Nuls. l'rovlslon. Ac. Main
nnd Iron Htreets.
MlKELVY, NEAIi A CO .flealeisln Ury (iowls,
Groceries, Flour, Feed,Hnlt,Fith,Iron,Nalls,
etc,,N. E. cor. Main and Market kts.
Q II. MILLEH & SON, dealer In Dry Hoods,
fj. Groceries, (lueensware, Flour, Salt, Shoes,
lONHTAIir.KB IILANKH for sale at the Colux.
J uian Olllte.
M. CHUIHTMAN. Haddle, Trunk t Harness
, maker, Hhlve's Block Main Htreet.
W. HOBUINH.llquordealersecond door from
northwest corner Main and Iron sts.
W J.THOBNTON, Wall Paper, Window Shades
Li. aiiu uxiures, uuperi uiock, Aiain bi.
W. COItELL. Furniture Itooms, three story
miivb, Mam nireei, west 01 aiaraet si,
UltOHENBTOCK.l'hotoBrapher, over ltobblnn
A Eyer'a more, Main st.
I B. KUIIN, dealer In Meat, Tallow, ete.,Chem.
J ' lieilln'a alley, 1 ear of American House.
II. IlINOLER. dealer In plauns, organs and
inelodeons, at O. W, Corell's furniture rooms
CAM1IEL JACOBY.Marble and Brown Stone
uworics, r.asi juoouisuurg.uerwick road.
WM. ItAIlB, dealer in furniture, trunks, cede!
FOBTEH, tllne Maker, and Wlilte and Fancy
EH. BIDLEMAN, Aeent for Munson's Copper
Tubular Lliihtulnif Hod,
OTE BOOKS, and blank NOTF.H.with or with
OUt exc.mntlnn.fnr kit In nt thu fm.UHUI AN
F. OMAN A Co., Wheelwrlehls, Mrst door
TOIIN A.OMAN, Manufacturer and dealer In
v noois anu suoes
H. ENT, dealer In Utovea aud Tin ware In
un us urnncues,
PETEU ENT, Mlller.nnd dealer In all kinds 01
( rain, flour, 1'ted, Ac. All kinds ofuraln
1) r. ltEIQll AltD.A BRO.,dealer In Dry Ook1s,
BUl'Y BTEAM FLOUltlNO MILUi, O.B.Fowler
T D. WEUKIIEIBKB, Boot and Hho. store and
w luauulactory, Hhop on Main Street op-
w. EDGAH, Susfjiulianuft Planing Mill
All, HEItUINO & imOTIIEIt,C'arpentersand
, Builders, Main st below l'ltie,
J)OWEIl A HEIlltlNO, dealer In Dry Hoods'
) Urorcrlea, Lumber and general Merchandise'
1)lltCK llOTEl, and refreshment Raloon, by
) Hohr M'llenry cor.of Main nnd rinost,
Dn. O. A.MEOA1iai:t,,rhystclannndHurecon
Main st,, next door to flood's Hotel,
DAVID HEItUINO, I'-IonrandClrlBlMllI,nnd
Dealer In Brain, Mill Htreet,
TA.MEM II. IIAUMAN. Cabinet Maker and Un-
v ueriauer. .Main ni oeiow rine.
SCHUYt.r.lt & CO., Iron founners.Machlnlsts
and Mauufacttuers of plows, MUlUt.
QAMUEI. SIIAHI'LESH, Maker of thollayhnrst
I uralu Cradle. Main Ht.
WILLIAM DELOM1 Hhoemahernnt mannfac.
turer of llrlck, Mill Bt., west of l'mo
HP. DAf.l.MAN. Merchant Tailor, Hecoud Ht.
. ltobblm' linlldiUE.
DIt. J. 1C. liOllIlINH, Bnreeon nnd rhyslclan
Hecoud Ht., below Main.
GIL11EKT A KLINE, dry Roods, RTocerlts, and
tioneral merchandise, Main Btrtet
J II. K18TLEH, "Catlawlssn llouso," North
. Corner Main and Bccond Htreets.
KEILElt, lllllard Hnlonn, Oysters, and Ice
, Cream In season Main Ht,
MM. DltOUST, dealer In Ocncral Merchandise
. Dry Uoods, Groceries Ac,
rjUSQUEIIAN.VA or llrlck Hotel, S. Koslen.
O bander l'rnprletor.south-castcoinerMnlnnnd
M. II. ABDOTT, Attoi ney at law, Main St.
O.ft w. 11
HIIOEMAKEU. denlets in drv
Roods, KrocerlcM and general merchandise.
I'lrst storo In south end nt town.
ICIIAKDSON L. WJtiailT, JU.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
NO. 1!3 SOUTH HIXT1I BTUEET,
BAItNES, I5RO. & IIERKON,
HATS, CAl'B, BTIIAW GOODS A FUllfJ,
Ho. 603 Market Btreet,
AINAVRIGIIT & CO.,
N, E, Corner Second and Arch Streets,
TEAS, SYItUrs, COFFEE, SUOAIt, MOLABSE3
KICK, Hl'lCES, Itt CAltll KODA, AC, AC.
43-Orders will receive prompt attention,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
tlf OFKirn Court House Alley, In the Co
r.UMiiiAM building. Jan), '07.
1'llYHICIAN AND BUItOEON,
OH'lcr.oer Lutz's DruRHlore. ResMene
Mnrkft Mreit, 1st door below- Itev. D.J.Waller.
ATTOHNKY AT LAW,
OniOP Court llouso Allev. below tho Coi.UM-
iiiANOlllce. Buuutles, Uiiclfl'ay and Pensions
Collected, liloomsbui g Pa. Bep.at'bT
JOliEitT F. CLARK,
AITUHMSX AT LAW,
Oftlco Mnln Street below tho Court HonfiO.
g II. LITTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Olhro Court-House Alley, below the Colum
iIAK Office, Blooinsbnrt: Pa.
Jain frcm Germany, oilers his hervlcca to the
uuuo as 11 ceieuiaieti
HORSE AND COW DOCTOR,
and all other animals, for which his charges are
inuuenuc, ne run hiwiivn uu lounu eiiHi rsiuu vi
Berwick rond, nearS.II, Jacoby's Marble Yaid.
iiiooiuhourg, iiay iz, if .i-iy.
Jm would announce 10 the cititens of BltKims-
urtr and viclnit v. that be liaHlubt received h full
and complete assortment of
WALL PArEB, WINDOW BHADES,
FIXTnilES, COKDS, TAShKLS,
and all other goods In his lino of buBlnesB, All
the newest and most approved patterns of Hie
day aie alwnys to be found In his ehtablishmout,
niar.Soy-tt Main St. below Market.
JgOOTS AND SHOES.
MAIN BTUKKT, UNUKR BUOWH HOTEL.
A lull and complete nf-sortment of leadymade
boots and hoes lor men, women and children
Just received and for nale at reasonable rales.
VarletUs to wultnll eludes of customers. The
best of work done at short notice, as Heretofore,
Give him a cull. Jan 1'71.
JEW STOVE AND TIN SHOP.
Main Btreet one door above E. Mendenhall's
a large nsHoriment or utoves, Jirmers ami
Hunger constantly on hand, and for (-ale at the
TlunlngtnnllHs branches carefully attended to,
and satisfaction guaranteed.
Tin worn oi an sinus wnoiesate anu retail, a
ial is requested.
AT E W GOAL Y A It I).
y The undersigned respectfully Inform the
clllr-eus of BloomshurK ami Columbia county.
luav iiwy KL-1-11 1111 iiiu iiiuei phi 1111111 uers oisuive
coal ana selected lump coal lor smithing purpo
ses, on their wharf, ailJoluluK M'Kelvy. NealA
Co's Furnace; with n good pair of Bnllslo scales
on the wharl, to weigh coal, bay, and fctlaw
Likewise a horse nuu wagon, 10 uellver coal to
those who dtslre It. As they purchase a large
amount of coal.they Intend tokeep a suporlor ar
tlole, and sell nt the very lowest prices. Please
call and examine for yourselves before purchas
ing elsewhore, J. w. jir.iHui-;tuiiiuT.
MHIIE undcrsltrned will tnko in ox-
X. change for Coal and Groceries, the following
named articles ; ueai, iijf. umi, un, i t,w
toes, Lard, Ham.Hboulder.and side meat, Butter
uroceiy Diore, uujoiuiug lueir vimi j hiu,
nioomsbnrg Mar. ln.'WMr.
FokHai.e A second-hand "Arlon"plano.forte
price jn&. cost Ma. This suierbo lnstrumen
was nought at au auction saleof private pionerly
In New ork, and had been but a lew weeks In
use. It Is In Jvrect Older aud In rvery respect
inual to u new pfuuo. Terms possltlvelyeash In
p-dvauco, Address for one week.
no... .. O.W, rOHTKII,
may2a'71-tf Maueh Chunk, Pa,
By using this artlclo ladles and Gentlemen
can btautlly tbeinselvfs a thousandfold. Ibis
lathe only nrllclu that Kill curl alialght hair,
and at thu same tluio give to It a U-autiful ap
pearance, It also lugoralce, beautifies and
cleanses. It can be so applied as to causo tho
uairio cum any jiiigui n tuuu uesirtu, Hti
by juall lor SO els, a package. Address
Mlddlelowu, Adams Co., Pa.
AO , AO,
Neatly anil Cheaply Printed
From tlio Latent Styles of Type at e
rPHK HISTORY OF COLUMBIA
X county irom Its otRanlzatlnn In 1813 to J 871,
Compiled and edited by John G, Fiiefzf, Ono
volu mo octavo, OK) pnges, Cloth JiW, half library,
UfW, fiill library 8f.5o.
BeglnnhiK with tho early hUtorv of tho terri
tory eomprlwd within tho IlmlUofColumblaanil
Montour, this volumn gives tho organ ination by
its original boundnrlen, lis subscnuent legHlat Ive
rodupilons, and t ho erection of Montour county,
A chapter on the streams and mountains tbo
dale of the erections of tho townships and bor
oughs, nnd tbo territory out of which they w ero
formed tliopprsnnnel of tho rourts. comprising
tho names of tho President J udges tlm Asauclnte,
tho Prothonolnrlc1, Kenlsters, Sherltls and tbo
tout dent AttornejH of both Columbia and Mon
H has chapters on Bloomhiirg, Danville, Ber
wick, Catnwlsia-and tbo smaller towns. Fnltedu
entlonnl stntUtlcs. Tho Kmovnl (Question, and
tho vote on It by townships,
The remus by towndilpi, includlntr Montour,
from l.-OJtn S70, the tax a bios for Ik'I and tlie
number of acres or land in each township, A
Mrv coHinlcto llrt of tlio members of ConmeRs.
Kenrtte nnd House,representlng Columbia coun
ty, with full and vnrlotn elertlon Kturns for
Wtatonnd Federal oflltes by towusldpi.
THE AVAR RECORD OF COLUM
BIA AND MONTOUR
counties, comprising tho muster roll of all tho
eotnpanles and pnits of companies rteruited
iiuTfiu, iiiu un, oi i no itegiineui, uio natues
they eioengiiRtd in,vlth numerous Items or
personal inteiest. A list or all the drafted men,
the naiues of tho eoiiMclcutiotii-Ni-rimlfl fxpinnm
and tlio emergency men of September, lsC2and
Juunlt, belug u complete war record or the
a HE INVASION OF COLUMBIA COUNTY,
tho trials nf nnr eitlzens. thn trrent nrmiinr!it of
Jiidjie Blnek on Military Commissions, and the
o in Ion of the United states Supreme Court, con
demning them. Together with much other cur
ious important, ami interesting niattt r,
Gnoitute A. Claim;, or Bloom-dung, Is author
iztl to receivo MUbvcrlptlons for the work ; to bo
paid lor on delivery, nug. lt,'71-3m
Tlio Institution heretofore known as Uio
WILT. HR Ol'ENEU ON
BlOAUAl', UCTOIUMl 2d, 1S71,
WAYERLY NORMAL SCHOOL
UN I) EH THE CHABGE OF
PROF. II. D. WALKER, A. 31.
HIE feCHOOL WILt, J1K AT ONCE OUCJAN17.1SD Af A
10" O H IVZ A L SCHOOL,
COURSE OF STUDY
of Its neveralelasseHWlll correspond totho conrso
auoptou oy mo uoaru oi rnncipais of Uio Stiuo
.-voruiai hcuooisoi rennsyivauia, and approed
Tho irradoof each oIilsh will 1n deflnltntr flrpil'
and pupils on entering tho Hrhoot, will be ex
amined, and placed in the class whose studies
they by their ability nnd attainments, aro titled
Miuuems so wisning, auu in the judgment or
the Prluclnal comnetent. u 111 I in hUi.ukiI in nnr.
soe a MeleetCourMj of study.
1'UOK. walk Kit, nnd Ins reputation ns an Edu
cator, aro too well known to need any comrncn
iiation from the Board of Trustees; ebpeclally In
Luzerne County, where ho has Bpcnt twelve
years of his professional life.
For particulars repectlng Board, Tuition,
Books, Ac., Addiesstlm Principal, or
NOUMAN PHELPS, Emj.,
Secretary or Trustees,
Waverly, Luzerne county, Sept. 2uth, li7I-tf,
lllo WM. T. HOPKINS, 133
1115 CHESNUT ST(Girard Row,)
133 NORTH-EIGHTH STREET
(N, 11. COU. Sril AND CHEKUY.,)
Manufacturer and Dealer of our Pour
rtnr i"it..rnfpi. riininnlnii Ifnnn Skirts. Includ
ing .Tmi Ktjlns and hI?vh, for Ijidies, Mlhues and
Cliihlren. Mnnuiaclured to meet thowauUol
llrst-ciass trade, at the lowest prices.
COUSETS In 127 Ms-les and grades to meet the
wants of nil, from 40c, to ?fI,H5 per pair, tucludlng
IngThoniMm's Giove Fitting, Hob't Werly's, J,
Beakers, Mad. Foy's, Mrs. Moody's MIsseB and
Cldldn n'sCorseU Ac., together with every other
uesirauio raaae, ai prices ueyouu uuiiiiiymiun,
PANIEU BUSTLFS In CI varieties, 'from 30c. to
ssin), inchuling mur i'ioni,7.v; non ion, uo:
NlUsou.Ktc; New Broadway. t)c; Elect, hbc and
eery oilier dewlrable Bustlo at lower prices than
nt any otner parties m uio wane.
t. Antra' TTvriFTiGATtMrvNTS in everronall-
ty, from tho finest to tho lowest prices. Tucked
and Famy Muhlln Skirls, in Hi nrletles. horn
70i to $7.0". Chemises from (i'A-, to l,7. Draw-
prti. V,'2p. tn $'?). Nlcht l)n-Ses. 8I.UO to J't.u.).
Toikt Sacks, He. to ftUl. Corset Covers, 91. uu to
Anrons. MlSbcV and Chlldrou's unutr
Garments, Ac , Ac,
Wo hnvo the laiecst. bei.t nnd chca pest lines ol
i no nnoe goons m rniiauiipum. rvery pin-
ciiunrnn Kaeiimo ana money tiy exiummuj
them. Wholesale and Betall, Oef-VmS.
JOHN G. JACORY'S
IJAKERY AND CONFECTIONERY!
Tho underpinned would rrspeetfutly Inform
Iih citiznm of HiTWlek. and vicinity, that he
liasopemd u conncuouiry anu naneiy in
ODD FELLOWS' HALL,
Iteiwick.Pa.. whero ho Is prepared to furnish
an KWHIS OI
PLAIN AND FANCY CANDIES,
FOKEION AND DOMESTIC FUUITS
OBANGES, LEMONS, UAISINB
dc Ao., Ac, Ac
nV W1IOLKBAI.E ANU BETAIL.
Am,m iim ni,(inr)iri!iitwill bo found Cream
A LI IN, I illgl 1 1 1 V IIIUIIIO, riiuiun. nuomin, . n-
trit.. Kii.'n. Air.Ie. Cocoa Nuts. Jellies or dllter
tnt kinds, Miihtaid. Catsup. Pickles, Chocolate,
Cnnnt d Fruit of nil kinds, com Staich,Enff Bis
cuit, hoila Crackers, Ojhtcr CiackeiH, Lhetse,
FISH AND OYSTERS,
Atwt tirr.ilnr(t nf n 1 1 1; I mis. Fresh Hruad nnd
Cakes every day. Icu Cuuiu In Siat.on, Your
Uronaaelssoucneu. jm,N JA(.0Hy
Berwick, Jan 171-tv
A DIES' FANCY FUUS!
JOHN FA 11 EI It A,
718 ARCItST., Middle nr tb Block, 11 wren 7tll
and Slh Ms., South Hide, PHILADELPHIA, lni
porIer,.Manuf.iclurernnd Dealer In all kinds aud
F A N C Y F U It a
FOR LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S WEAR,
IIiivIiil' tmnnrlcd a erv largo anil sidendlil as
holtinenlul ull the dllU-n-nt kinds ol Furs from
nrst hamis in Europe, anu navo imu uiem iniinu
up by the most skllllul workmen, would resni-cl-lully
Invite the riadeis of Mils paper loeallaud
exainlnu hU very large and beautiful assortment
of Fancy Mini, toil Laiiii s anu Cllll.nuK.v. 1
aiiiiklermluedtosellat as Low I'liata as anv
other respectable llouso In this city. Alii una
WAII1AMLU, No Ulslll-I'llLSKMAnON 1U Er
IfECT BALI'Ji. .
Ulllin I All IbllfcA,
719 A1ICII BU1KI.I-, l-llll.Al)I.I.l'IIIA,
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
Pliny Freeman, PrcskUnt, II, c, Frumnu.Sec
Cosh capital over 12,000,000, all paid.
J. 11. ltOUISON, ULOOMSItUlia.I'A
For Luzerne, Lycoming and Columbia
MAGAZINES, DAILY A WEEKLY
PAPERS OF ALL KINDS
AT HIH 1 "Oi: MOllK OWOSlTItTim COU1IT HOUSE.
Also an assortment of Portemoiinalcs, Pass
Books ami Account Books, constantly on hand.
Books not on nanuouiaiiieii on "i m i'ito
New BiHiks aio colislautly being added to the
" Bloomslinrg l-ircuiaiing i.iuiiirr. , Aiiiiiiig u
latest aru "Unlit and Innneence,'' "Jlotbcr less"
'hlr Harry," " Hot Bppr of liuinbutiiwaii," ami
aieriueui, tie. . .
MIQ AINS-lJAltQ AI NS.
QUICK SAI.KM ANII SMALL rilOriTU.
DAYS .uu(. .uu.lAl,
East Bloomsburg, Pa., for ull kinds of the best
home aud city made ,
V U R N I T U It 15 .
Prices reiiKouuble and tho bsi-V ttui dose.
Always Io (o Others You WUU to Iio
Wo meet with mnnycurloui folks
As through the world werouu;
Boino who nro lull of fun nnd Jokes,
Whtlo othors plno nnd i'io,iu,
I caro not whether gravo or gay ;
Ono tiling we nil should try,
That Is "do to others, ns
lou'dwlsh to ho done by.'
CnoHua, Then "bear goo t will to nit men,
It's ensy If you'll try,
And "always do to others m
You'd wish to bo done by"
Perhaps In hnslueis you'vo been wrongod
By some "defaulting rogue,"
For by such scamps tho world h thronged,
They long lme been In vogue :
Don't seek roveuo on such a wretch,
But to forgive him try,
And thus you, "do to others as
lou'd wish to bo done by,'
Cnoiius. Then "bear good Witt to alt men,'
It's easy If you'll try,
And "always do to others ai
You'd wish to bo dono by,"
If you nro rich, and somo "oVl friend"
Is "down nt heel" and poor.
Well, let tho bar of station bend,
And 'opeti wide your door"
To welcome him, as you were wout
In better days gono by,'
And thus you do to him, poor mm,
As "you'd w ish to be dono by.'
Cnout8. Then "bear good will to nit mon,"
It's easy If you try,
And "always do to others as
You'd wish to bo dono by,"
I think by what I've said or sungi
In this my hong tn-nhjht,
That I luivo proved to every ono
7 he glorious might of right.
So let us all make this resolve,
And keep It till wo die,
That is to "do to others ni
Wd wlhh to bo done by,"
Ciiouus, Then "boar good will to nil meu,"
It's easy If you'll try,
And "always do tot ohers M
We'd wish to be done by,"
Jurtjro Yp Not.
Yo who cull the weeds nnd poisons,
Cropping from tho human heart,
Holding up tho dross nnd Tolly,
Carping on tlio vilest part,
Wrapped In Belf.and seH so loving
That wo ha e but hate to spare
For tho waekness of a nature,
Made so frail that It can err.
Yo nro killing all tho boauly
That sin nnd folly hide,
And nro cruthlug out tho flowers
With the cruelty of prldo ;
Yo nro blottlugall tlio lnstro
Of tho Jewels hid within,
That pcrhap aro brightly shlnins
'Neath their coveriu j of sin.
That which Christ has called the greatest
That without which all is dros,
Yo forgot ting, east your enom
Under bhadow of tho cross.
Teach your heirt bomo kindlier lesson,
Cleausofrom soli tho robes yo wear,
Judgo yo not the lives of others,
Lot yourselves the Judgment share.
Whatever life may bo or bring,
In May tlmo or December,
Tho sweetest burden of Its songs
Will always be ltemembert
Though wo lmo seen our youth depart,
Lost friend, aud still regret them,
Beheld our dear ones fade and die
Wo would not yet forget them t
Not j ct, nor ever; for when ago
Covers o'er llfb's dying ember,
Tbo way to keep our old hearts warm
Will still be-to ltcmemberl
sus.vx r.ii'ri: ; ok the lawsuit.
I tell you what It is, gal," said old
Mr, Lippolo his daughter Susan, "I'm
determined never to hov a cdlcated fel
ler for my bon-in-Iaw; that's a fixed
"liut, father," said Susan, "education
don't makoorutunakoaman any more
than riches do. It's the soul, tlio prin
ciple, that eonstltutes a man."
"Very true, Susan," rejoined daddy
Lippe, "and I vo found precious llttlo
prlnclplo in collcgo brcd fellers. I tell
you that I'vo got along well enough,
and alius made my mark.1' As tho old
man said this his eyo roved out of the
window over his broad and well im
proved homestead with a glint of self
satisfaction. Susan'o father was no exception to
men of his flas, who, when thoy im
bibu nn Idea, nto pig-headed hi their
adherenco to It. Susan understood
this trait of her father's nnd letting tho
argument drop, relapsed into silence,
Whllo old Mr. Llppo entertained
such notions of letters, and, by tho way,
was always taking pains to Infurm
ovcrybody concerning them, ho hail de
viated somewhat with respect to his
only child, Susan, who had Improved
thu advantages bestowed by an excell
ent public f-chool, situated lu Stanhope,
a small village adjoining her father's
farm. Her mind, too, being naturally
of a btudlcus east, sho had stored It
with an unusually largo amount of In
formation, which displayed Itself In a
rellnod conversation and webhrcd vi
vacily of uninners. Totheso graces of
Intellect, was combined a beautiful per
son, and, as a matter of consequence,
her hand was tho coveted prize-of moro
than ono young man In tho neighbor
To tho blandlshinotits of tho sterne
sex, however, Susan turned a deaf ear,
Tho young Slanhopcrs loved her fath
cr'ti broad acres full its well a3 they did
his daughter, who, with tho quick in
Btlnct of a woman, penetrated tlio hIuu
lowncss of their protestations of love
Hesldes, there was a young lawyer who
had entcied suit for her heart, anil won
his ca'-o, whllo teaching school a short
tlmo previous to his admission totho
bar. It would havo been singular If tho
daughter of obstinate Llppo hud not
been equally obstinate in the constancy
of hrt- allictlon for Henry Coverdale,
her litigations lover.
Of this attachment, howover, daddy
L!nio was blissfully ignorant, llo had
never seen young Coverdalu, and that
young gentleman being well awaro of
tho antipathies or ins contemplated
father.ln.law toward ecliool masters an
their Ilk, prudently refralued from vis
Itlng Susan at her homo, Tho accom
inodatlons of tho houo of a maternal
auut of Susan's, In Htanhopo, wero
vouchsafed them, her uncle, tho liar
nossinakcr, rather liking, than other-
wlso, their ilaiidestlnu visits, In this
way tho lovers managed to keep tho
tiro on tho alter of their hearts fanned
to a bright llaiiio, Tho (inpatient Gov
erdalo desired to bring his suit to an Is
sue, but tho dutiful Susan would not
consent to an elopement. With tho
hopo of modifying her slro'a vlows on
Iho subject of education, eho had Intro-
tluceil tlio theme, with what succosi Is
That nlxht, after family prayers,
qullo an animated colloquy took placo
between Sudan's parents. Tho door of
Susau'a cliambcr being nJar,sho becamo
an Innocent listener to tlio conversation
which, as It concerned herself alone,
proved rather Interesting. Mother
Llppo vm In Susan's secret, and favor
ed U with all her might.
."Now, old man, 11 said she, m that
functionary was covering up tho fire,
tho last thing beforo going to bod, "It's
downright mean In you to opposo Su
sail' IJcos about laming. I'm sot not
to hov any Ignorant scalawag rooting
round nrter my darter."
"I rule thU roost," responded daddy
"And I'll mako tho roost for you,"
joined tho damo. "Times ain't now
hat they was when wo wcro young
sters. Just think of mating Susal to
Mat- Awl, or yet to Chris. Gabby, tho
shoemaker, who has about as much of
an IJeo of books as a hog has of meet-
"Theto's no mlto of uso argufying
abjut It, old woman ; I'm sot."
ind so am I," replied tho lrato
dauie. "And we'll seo who'll sit to tho
most purpose. If Susan can't marry
tho kind of a man sho wants to, sho can
stay at homo, and that's tho end of it."
With this clincher mother Llppo
turned her faco to tho wall, and refused
to say another word.
In tho meantime, Henry Coverdalo
as gradually winning his way to emi
nence. As a speaker ho stood head and
shoulilois abovo any of tho young men,
his associates at tho bar. Tho result of
his efforts also began to How In upon
him in a golden stream. Yet, still ho
remained a bachelor, though many
wondered. Still there wero no signs of
old Mr. LInno rolaxlnz in tho Ioaat
from his vlows on "education."
However, tilings wero destined to
shapo themselves entirely different to
what a mero observer might reasonably
hope to expect.
This grew out of Covcrdale's lovo for
Susan, which now assumed tho east of
Ono day a young man In homespun
garb presented himself at tho houso of
old Mr. Llppo, and Inquired If ho want
ed to hlro a hand on tlio farm.
Tho old farmer eyed him for somo
moments, and finding him remarkably
ell favored and knit together, said :
"Where aro you from ?"
"1 live at Monroo, when nt homo."
eplicd tho young man.
"Raised on a farm?"
"About how much do you want a
"Whatever you think Is right."
"You'll never get along In tho world,
unless you drlvo a better bargain than
that," said Mr. Llppp. "ilut I'll tell
ou wnai I'll uo. You shall work a
month for twenty' dollars, aud after
that, If wo suit ono another, wo'll bar
gain for a year."
"Agreed," said tho young man, and
was forthwith installed as hired hand.
s tlio reader guesses, tho hand was
nono other than Henry Coverdalo, who
iad commenced to put lutooporatlon a
lan to gain tho old man's consent to
his union with Su.an.
Tlmo wagged along. Old Llppo was
mightily pleased with his hired hand,
and often praised him to the women
folk. Indeed ho looked with a degreo
of complacency on his attentions to Su
san, which begnn to bo marked, and
Coverdalo was on tho point of popping
tho question,when it clrcumstanco hap
pened as follows:
The farm of Mr. Llppo was a part of
a tract, tho tltlo of which had formerly
been In dispute, though it was Indeed
and In equity his. Just at this tlmo ono
of theto land sharks that infest tho
country raked up a worthless claim, and
entered suit for possession.
This proceeding was so obviously ab
surd and rascally, that Mr. Llppo mere
ly laughed atlt, although at tho advlco
of his hired hand ho appeared at court
o refuto tho claim : supposing, how
ever, that ills baro word would bo all
sufficient to disposo of tho 6coundrel of
aland shark. Ills hired hand also con
cluded to loso tho day nnd go with him,
n order, ho said, "to seo what a judge
and court wero like,"
Old Mrs. Llppo nnd Su-ati accompa
nied them for tho purpo-o of making
toiuo purchases, as they could got better
largalns In tho county town than In
This conversation of tho family had
placed Henry Coverdalo In full posses
sion of tho facts In tho case, and ho had
manifested such an Interest In the af
fair, and appeared to boso anxious as to
tho result, that the old man was not as
tonished at hcelug hlin enter tho bar
ami tako a chair by his side, Ho notic
ed, also, that his dnnio and Suitn wero
among the spectatorsjn Uio court-room
Tho ca-o was called and tho lawyer
fiii'thupliilntiil'nroso and madooutso
plau-siblo u statement that It enraged
tlio old man dreadfully, so much that
ho could bcarcely contain himself until
tho lawyer concluded.
Tho moment ho sat do wn thoold man
sprang to his feet.
"See, hero," oxelalmcd ho. "Hero
aro deeds, aud every man In this court
room knows mo well enough to know
that I nevtr got them by ra?callty, or
claimed moro than was Justly mlno."
"All this may bo truo," replied tho
Judge, "but tho court demands legal
proof rolatlvo to tho points at issue. I
presume you havo an uttornoy, Mr.
"Never said a word to a single ono. I
novtr thought It worth wlillo.''saldtho
old until, perfectly aghast at tho turn
matlors weru taking.
At this bingo Llppo's hired hand rose
to his feet.
"May It please tho court, I will un
dertake tho caso for Mr, Llppo," ho
"A pretty caso you'll mako of it,"
said tho old man, "You can plow corn
a wonderful sight better."
"1 assuro Mr, Llppo that Mr. Cover.
dale Is perfectly competent for tho
tnsk," said thojudgo, who was well ac-
qtutlntcd with tho young lawyer, and
Who, though Ignorant of his present re
lations, fancied ho smelt a Joko in tho
actions of tho parties.
"Mobboyour honor Is right," said
Mr. Llnno! "but nlacuo tako me. If you
'don't find him a likely sight bettor farm
hand than lawyer."
A general titter ran around tho bar.
Tho suit proceeded. Tho young at
torney, having proviously mastered tho
whole ground, entered Into Its merits
with such forco and clearness as aston
ished ovon tho court. But how shall
wo paint thosurpriso of old Mr. Llppo!
It took him by storui. At every word
of tho young lawyer ho seemed to dis
tend with astonishment, until his
amazement was something so ridicu
lously appalling as to convulso tho en
tire nudlcnco with laughter. Peal after
peal resounded, and even tbo fat sides
of tho Judgo, forgetting their gravity,
seemed ready to shako to pieces with
"Who, who, who aro you?" at last
gasped tho old man.
'Sit down, Mr. Llppe," said Cover-
dale. "I am attending to tho case."
Then stooping ho whispered In his ear ;
"I am trying to earn Susan."
"Sho's your's," shouted tho old man,
regardless of tho bystanders, or tho
court, which having now an Inkllnir of
tho matter, gavo a Iooso rein to their
Jubilant feelings. HowSusan felt, how
ever, can bo better Imagined than de
scribed. Sho blushed llko ono of her
mother's peonies, and hastily hid her
faco in her veil.
When tho merriment had subsided
and old Mr. Llppo had secured his equa
nimity, tlio happy attorney proceeded,
and finally madoso clear a caso for his
involuntary client, B3 caused tho Judgo
to dismiss tho suit. Tho old man left
tho court lu triumph, and with his hired
hand, proceeded forthwith to thoclerk's
ofllec, whero a llcenso was procured.
Tho judgo gavo tho court a short rccosa
and united tho happy pair in tho bonds
Slnco that event, Mr. Llppo has
changed his vlows on educational mat
ters. Tho other day as Judgo Cover
dalo was leaving homo to tako his seat
lu Congress, ho Bald to his grandson:
"Llppo Coverdalo, get your lessons
well, and who knows but what you'll
go to Congress too."
"Who knows 1" oxelalmcd tho happy
Money consists of whatovor Is used
in exchange for something else. As
soon as mankind Increased in numbers.
they commenced to exchaugo ono arti
cle for another In trado. This was dono
flrst, by using somo substance of groat
valuo and small in bulk. At a very
early period metallc exchanges wero
madoby weight, tho giver of tho money
weighing out so many pieces of gold or
eilvor. At a later period actual coins,
having a certain weight and guaranteed
by tho government with tho stamp or
seal of tho State, wero mado tho medi
um of exchanges. At what period gold
and silver wero first used is not known.
Nearly 2,000 years beforo tho Christian
era, Abraham roturned from Ecypt,
very rich In cattle, sliver and gold.
Tho shapo ot silver aud gold among tho
Egyptians appears to havo been that of
a ring, with an opening on onosidoto
form a chain when It was necessary.
This sort of monoy passod by weight.
Tims Abraham weighed four hundred
sheckels of money to tho merchant.
Tho Jews never had any other mode of
using coin than by weight so long as
they wcro an Independent nation.
Furthermore, It may bo a' now idoa to
many that thoy never used gold as a
coin. Sliver and copper wero their solo
medium. You nover hear them talking
about slieckels of gold In any of their
Among tho Egyptians nnd Assyrians
tho coin was frequently in tho shapo of
a bheep or a lamb, possibly of thu value
of thoso animals. It has been supposed
that tho change from weight to a coin
representing u given valuo was first
mado by tho Romans. Tho pound
weight was stamped with tho Imago of
au ox, Ilenco our word veaintarj is
derived from the Latin word peeunia,
signifying money, which in turn was
derived from tho word peeu, signifying
cattle. Thus au immense stride was
made In civilization whon a real valuo
was given to coin guaranteed by tho
State, so ns to avoid tho necessity of
weighing It ovory tlmo a transaction
was made. Tho earliest coins wero ex
ceedingly rudo In character. They Wero
not perfectly round, as you now seo
them, A dlo was formud, over which
tho coin was placed, and then It was
struck witli a punch, which stamped
tho coin on one side, and left a rudo
dent on the other. After awhile, a dlo
was mado on tho end of the punch so
that both sides wero stamped.
Aloxander I, King of Macedonia, Is
tho first who had his naino Htamped
upon a coin, Tho Athonlaus mado tho
owl their typo. This gavo rise to tho
anecdote of tho Athenian miser, tho
roof of whoso houso was said to bo In
fested with a vast numbor of owls, In
allusion to money of tho well known
Athenian typo being concealed thcro.
Tho Romans carried on tho coining
of money to a high degroo of perfec
tion. Each Stato uud somotlmcs a sin
gle city was authorized to Issue Its own
coins. Every coin was a brief history
of the ugo In which It was struck. Tho
skill of thonrtizau, tho composition of
tho coin, tho history of tho people, and
the namo of tho ruling monarch wore
frequently told on tho samo coin. It is
probable that almost tho only portraits
wo havo of tho ancients nro what may
bo seen on ancient coins that havo eomo
down to us, It Is very singular that
when thby could stamp on copper, sil
ver and gold the names of kings, that
tho art of printing was not known tilt
within less than five hundred years.
Au Immoihso number of ancient coins
aro preserved In museums In Europe.
They are valuable records of past his
tory. Thoy nro lu fact printed books,
on whoso surfacos uro stamped tho rec
ords of past ngos, It Is said Unit ancient
Roman coins nro still In circulation lu
Spain. They navouocomo wont smooth
laud thin by time. Maine ltrmer.
Women anil Politics.
Tho advocates of what aro called wo
man's rights demand that women shall
bo admitted to all tho political or.other
functions at present discharged solely
by men. It Is objected that various
gravo Inconveniences, arising out of tho
more fact of sexual dlffercnco, would
follow such a chango ; that women
themselves would bo losers by It In
many respects, nnd that tho host of
them would suffer In their purity and
refinement by being mixed up in somo
of man's ruder avocations. To this tho
answer is, that tho Introduction of wo
man as nn actlvo participant "vlll puri
fy politics, transform trado, and reform
society generally. Woman, bo'.ng tho
bettor clement, will put down tbo worso
clement as scon as sho gets fair play.
Allowing that tho mass of femalo
morality in thlsor any othor country la
far beyond the mass of malo morality
(a proposition which Is by no means an
axiom, and might bo mado tho themo
of much discussion), it docs not at all
follow that tho universal combination
of tho two forces will produco an im
provement. When wo pour a certain
quantity of cognac into n certain quan
tity of water, wo can tell exactly what
percentage of alcohol our grog will con
tain. Whon wo tako a dcDntto propor
tion of gamboge, wo can tell precisely
what shade of green will be produced
by tho mixture. IJut wo cannot settle
moral combinations beforehand on this
tangible and mechanical basis. An In
nocent young man who consorts with
vicious associates Is in danger of being
corrupted by them. Few parents would
like to run tholchanco of his convert
ing tho others; tho oxperlmont would
bo too risky. On tho other hand, let a
vicious boy enter a select school ; ho
may bo reformed there, or ho may dam
ago tho wliolo establishment. Any of
us who havo had experience In theso
matters know how careful teachers of
first-class schools aro to weed out their
black seecp for fear of the harm thoy
may do. It Is not an absolute question
of number. Suppose thoro is a small
percentage of women lit oxces3 of men
throughout tho country, and that thn
women nro (by our first assumption)
moro moral than tho men, It does not
follow that their infusion Into politics
or trado will render politics or trado
less corrupt. For, in thu first placo,
women aro in are aristocratic and
exclusive than men ; and even if wo
assumo that this dlllerenco Is not natur
al, but a result of custom und legisla
tion, it is a result now so fixed that
much tlmo will ba necessary to roverso
It. More womon than men will shrink
from tbo dirty work of politics and tho
rout I no of business, and tho delinquents
will bo women of tho hotter class ; so
that tho femalo box will have, on tho
wholu, worso representatives In actlvo
life than tho malo sex. Secondly, it
may wol! bo asked whether a portion
at least of thoso virtues in which wo
men aro supposed peculiarly to excol
may not bo duo to their freedom from
certain temptations to which mon aro
exposed. A monk or a prisoner Is In
capacitated for committing many sins
because- ho cannot obtain tho material
and opportunity for them In his con
vent or prison. A gentleman living on
his means, bo thoy largo or small, has
not tho samo temptation to falsehood
and dishonesty as a lawyer (according
to tho present standard of lawyers), a
shopkeeper, u stock broker, an editor, n
member of Congress, or a professional
politician of any kind. Throw women
into tho political arena, aud somo of,
tho fairost features of their moral su
pcrlority will bo oxposod to a rude aud
perilous test. "Popular Fallacies," by
Carl Benson, m Galuxyfor November,
Old Maid. A quaint and gallant
writer of somo fifty years ago says :
"I love an old maid I do not speak
of an Individual, but of the species
use tho singular number, as speaking of
singularity inhumanity. Auold maid
Is not merely an antiquarian, sho is an
antiquity; not merely a record of the
past, but tho vory past itself, sho has
escaped a great change, and syuipathls
cs not In the ordinary mutations of mor
tnlity. Sho Inhabits a llttlo eternity o
her own. Sho Is Miss from tho begin
ning of tho chapter to tho end- I do
not llko them called Mistresses, as
sometimes tho practice, for that looks
and sounds llko tho resignation of do
spalr, a voluntary extinction of hopo,
I do not know whether marriages aro
mado In heaven; somo peoplo say thoy
are, but I am almost auroold maids are?
There is something about them which
Is not of tho earth earthly. Thoy ro
spectators of thu world, not ramblers
nor adveuturors; perhaps guardians
wo say nothing of tattlers, thoy aro ev
idently pedestlnated tu bo what they
aro. They owo not tho singularity of
their conditions to any lack of beauty,
wisdom, wit, or good tompor; there Is
no accounting for it but on the prlncl
plo of fatality. I havo known many
old maids, and of them all, not one that
has not possessed as many good and
amlablo qualities as ninety and nino of
a hundred of my married acquaintances,
Why, then, aro thoy Blngle? It Is
Proverbs, Hero Is a vnluablo bunch
of proverbs: Borrowed garments sel
dom fit well. Hasto often 'rips up its
own heels. Mon oflon blush to hear
what they aro ashamed to do. What Is
notneoded Is dear at any ptlce. He
who buys too many Buperllulties may
bo obliged to steal his necessaries. A
fool generally looses his estate boforo ho
finds his folly, A man that hoards his
riches und enjoys them not, Is llko an
ass that carries gold aud oats thistles.
Towers uro measured tiy their shadows,
and great men by their calumniators.
That man who knows tho world will
n over bu bashful, nnd that man who
knows himself will never bolmpudent
Succcts rides on ovory hour grapplo it
and you may win ; but without a grap
plo, It will never go with you. Work
Is thu weapon of honor, and ho who
lacks tho weapons will never triumph.
It was ti Baying of Socrates that overy
man had need of n faithful Irleud and a
bitter enemy tho ono to advise, the
other to show him his faults.
General ltobcrt 11. toe.
Thooxamplo of tho Into General Lee
n refusing ull gifts, and declining to
rccelvo compensation for sorvlrtn not
rendered, is moro worthy to his coun
try aud to nil who follow it, than mil
lions in gold. Tlio facts hero staled
will not bo forgotten :
in tho winter of 1804 tho Cllv Conn-
cil of Richmond tendered aeiier.il Leo
an elegant mansion as somo token of
tho high estimation in which ho was
held by tho city which ho liBtl so long
defendod. Rut tho grand old man re
plied : "I do not expect to bo in Rich
mond during tho continuatico ol tho
war, and my family aro as comfortablo
as they havo a right to expect In thoso
times. I must, therefore, with my
thanks for your consideration, most ro-
spoctfully decllno your offer. If you
havo money to glvo, I hope you will
bestow It upon my prlvato soldlers.who
aro moro in need and moro deserving
At tho close of tho war offers of pe
cuniary asslstanco pourod in upon him
rrom all sides, but ho steadfastly rofus
ed to rccelvo them.
An English nobleman, thinking ho
ould rejoice in somo placo of retroat
from his afflictions, wrote to offer him
splendid country scat and a handsomo
annuity. Ho nobly replied : "I am
deeply grateful, but I canuot consent to
desert my native Stato In tho dark hour
of her adversity. I must nbldo her for-
tuno and sharo hor fate."
Soon alter he took chargo of Wash
ington College ho was visited by tho
agent of an insuranco company, who
offerod him tho presidency at a salary
of ten thousand dollars. He told tho
gent that ho could not properly attend
both. "But, General," said tho '
gent, "wo do not want you to dis
charge any duties. Wo simply wish
tho uso of your name. That will abund
antly compensato us."
"Excuse me, sir," was tho prompt
and decided rejoinder, "I cannot con
sent to rccelvo pay for service! I do not
Ho received many offers of this sort,
and Just a short tlmo beforo his death,
largo manufacturing company in New
York offered him a salary of fifteen
thousand dollars a year if ho would bo
como their president. But to all such
offers ho had tho samo reply his duty
In tho collego fully occupied his time,
and ho would not recelvo pay whero ho
did not render service
Ho refused to receive from tho col-
logo anything llko so largo a salary as
thoy doslrod to pay him, and whon, In
1889, tho trustees decrcod to Mrs. Lee a
houso and annuity of three thousand
dollars, tho Gonoral respectfully declin
ed, on Mrs. Loo's behalf to accpt it.
Ho declined all gratuities, and though
a loving people, for whom ho had toiled
so heroically, would most Joyously havo
settled on him n handsome property,
bo preferred to earn his dally bread, by
his personal exertions, and to set his
peoplo an example of honest industry.
Tho relation of teacher and scholar Is
greatly misunderstood, both on tho part
of parents and toachers. Y'ot, it should
not oven bo debatablo, because Its every
day life. It Is decided by tho courts,
that It is tho buslnoss of tho teacher to
exact obedience In school, and it is his
logal right. "Ho must oxerclso reason
ablojudgmont and discretion in deter
mining, when to punish aud to what
extent." Various reasons unite to
make him tho best judgo of tho occasion
"To form a correct opinion as to the
necessity and oxtcntof the punishment,
considerable allowance should bo made
to tho teacher by way of protecting
him in tho cxerclso of his discretion.
Heneo tho teacher is not liable on the
grounds of excess of punishment, un
less It is clearly excessive. If thcro is
any reasonablo doubt whether the pun-
ishmont was excessive, the teacher
should havo tho benefit of the doubt."
As to tho effect of marks made In
whipping, the following caso is the rul
ing ono ou record :
A lady in Now Y'ork punished a small
child to such an ox tent as to leave marks,
all or winch weroorsuch a character as
to pass away and leavo no permanont
Injury. Thu Judgo instructed thejury
that If thoy bellevoj tho child (six or
seven years old) had been whipped so
as to leave marks, tho toucher was guilty
of assault and battery. Under tho
chargo tho Jury found tho lady guilty,
but sho appealed to a higher court, In
which Judgo Gaston In an ablo and ex.
haustivo opinion reversed tho decision
of tho court below. Hear him :
But any correction, howovor sovero,
which produces temporary pain only,
and no permanent 111, cannot be pro
nounced immoderate, slnco it may havo
been necessary for tho reformation of
tho child, aud doos not Injuriously affect
its futuro welfare. Within tho sphero
of his authority, tho master is thojudgo
whon correction is required, and of tho
degreo of correction necessary ; and llko
all others trusted with a discretion, ho
cannot bo mado penally rosponslblo for
error ofjudgraent, but only for wicked
ness of purposo. Thero was an error in
the instruction given to thojury, that If
moclilld was whipped by tho defend
ant, bo as to occasion marks, the teacher
had exceeded her authority and was
guilty as charged. Tho marks wero all
temporary, and in a short tlmo dlsap
peared, no permanent injury was dono
to tho child."
This is tho law In Pennsylvania, and
prosecutors will not find It an easy
matter to got this decision reversed by
any court tn the State.
Guilt, though it may attain temper
al splendor, cau nover confer real hup
plness. Tho evil consequences of crimes
long survlvu their commission, and,
llko tho ghosts of tho inurdorod, forever
haunt tho malefactor, Tho paths of vir
tue, though very seldom thoso of world
ly greatness, aro always thoso of pleas
antness and poaco. Sir Walter Soott.
A Baltimore clergyman recognizes
In railroad accidents not "the mysteri
ous Provldenco of God," but tho reck
less carelessness of man, Hols right.