The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, January 14, 1870, Image 2

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munils the npprobnttoti mid conflilonco
of ;itl who hook 1U lirotocllntt. Tho no.
cesslly for such n dciuutiitcnt, Willi full
' powers to orgnnlKO tind oxnmlno nil ln
f MirancO companies, 13 sanctldncd by tho
wisdom of experience And as I havo
heretofore remarked, tho result of tho
" protection thus nftbrded, la, that whilst
rorrliju L-ninpanlcs do Immonso business
In this little eonfhlcnco It had
In those of I'ennsylvanln thai their
hiisliics.i Is almost entirely ronllned
Within the Htuto llmlta; niuf oven hero
foreign companies maintain an ascend
ency. To I hfa samo defect U attributable
tho operations of tho number of worth
less companion that havo suddenly
-'sprung Into cxlstenco without any Bolld
basis, and us suddenly expired, to tho
injury oi uioso whoso contiuonco tnoy
obtained, and to tho dishonor of tho
Jn view of thoso fuels. I earnestly re-
npttt tho recommendation mado to tho
i-ioglslaturo at Its last session, that an
Insurance Denartment bo oitablishcd.
and a superintendent appointed by law,
who shall havo supervision and control
over all lnsuranco companies allowed
to transact business within tho State
Tho community Is deeply Interested
In this matter, and demand legislative
Our Irtws in relation to life lnsuranco
companies are dofcctlvo. mid need re
vision mid correction. Without tho
protection referred to thcao laws bear
unequally unon our own and foreign
companies. Tho latter, botnR protected
by Legislative enactment, nro enabled
J to transact nu immonso amount or bus
iness within the limits of this Common
wealth, whilst our companies, bavins
no such protection, cm do but llttlo In
other States. Tho conseqiienco Is that
foreign companies can ro.idlly nlTord
to pay n license of Jive hundred dollars
to conduct thtlr extensive oDoratlons In
Pennsylvania, whilst our companies
would bo sorolyoppaossed by tho Im
iiosition of tho samo llceuso tax In States
where their operations aro exceedingly
limited. And yet thcao other Stales
hayo retaliated unon our licenso law by
ndoptltig its provisions, and demanding
Irom our companies tho same amount
of license in each State that wo demand
of I heir companies in ours. This Is not
only opnrcsslvo to our own neglected
companies, but it fails to furnish u Just
mid equitable rovenuo from tiio various
companies for the amount of business
transacted. Tho tax should bo mado to
bear enuallv unon all companies, wheth
er homo or torclsn. and bo adjusted
proportionately to tho extent of their
several operations. This arrangemont
r would be lust to nlL onnresslve to none.
- Tho abolishment, therefore, of tho II
cense law, and tho substitution in its
' place of n reasonalilo and equitable tax,
would meet tho approbation of all com-
. panics in favor of equal and exact
justice, whether belonging to this or
any other State At tho samo time it
- wonld insure a larger income to the
treasury. For instance, thero nro
- thirty-seven life lnsuranco companies
from other mates- Uolng business in
1'cnnsylvania, who each pay a license
of live hundred dollars, making tho
sum of eighteen thousand and five
hundred dollars. Not ono of these
companies would object to paying an
- equal tax of one-half of ono per cent
upon tne amount or tncir business.
This, in tho aggregate of the thirty
seven companies, is more than flvo
millions of dollars, on which a tax of
- ono-lmlf of ono per cent, would bo
'twcnty-flvo thousand dollars, increasing
- tho rovenuo of tho Stato from this source
' more than six thousand dollars, and nt
mo samo timo equalizing tne tax m
necoruanco witn too Dusmess uono ana
c profits received. An efficient Jaw ostab
Jishlng nn lnsuranco Department, such
as is recommended, would meet this
and all matters connected with tho sub
joct ol'lnsuranco in all Its branches.
The recent disaster in tho Avnndalo
coal mine, in Luzcrno county, is still
fresh in tho minds of tho people. It
caused a thrill of horror to spread
throughout tho country, and even in
Europe it has been productive, of tho
most painful emotions and deepest sor
row for tho sufferers. Women and chil
dren who had been accustomed foretrard
tho occupation of the miner as one of
ordinary cnaracier, now iook upon 11 as
fraught with danger, and part with rel
atives and friends, when about to pursue
their porilous occupation, with fearful
forebodings. And even tho sturdy
miner himself trembles nt his dangerous
calling, and demands greater protection
than has hitherto been afforded.
The history of this terriblo calamity
seems to be ns follows: Early on tho
mornini! of tho Cth of September last.
ono hundred and eight men entered the
Avouuaio mine to prosecute their avoca
tion. Noiio of them anticipated dimger
as they descended tho fatal shaft: not
ono supposed that ho was entering a
tomb in which he was doomed to bo
buried alive. But the Destroying Angel
novcrcu over mem,- anu tne snail, con
structed principally of combustible ma
terials. having: become Ignited from
somo causo yet undetermined, was soon
T a snect ot uamo, anu nugo burning urn
hers came tumbling from above, chok.
; lng up with fire and smoke the onlv
avenuo' of escape. Sensible of their
peril, tho unfortunate men sought a
p!acof safety, but It wits not to be
jounu. xnoy cricu ior succor, nut no
eaiuiiy arm couiu givo tnem help.
Hopelessthey huddled toirother. nnJ.
clasped In each other's arms, met death
v in one oi iismosnrigniiui ami ngomz
Jug forms.
Whilst this fearful sceno was trans
k plrlng below, tho immcuso wooden
- structure nbovo tho shaft took fire, and
burning "With frightful rapidity was
boon reuuecu to a crumbling mass..
- Tiiousancis or men, women, and ehll
dren soon surrounded the place, and
being unablo to afford tho slightest ro
liortothulr suffering frlcds beiow.fllled
thonlr with lamentations, appenlllng
even to tho stoutest hearts. Never
beforo was a scene more hCnrtrenderlng
witnessed within tho limits of this
Commonwealth, and It Is trusted that
through your prompt and efficient leg-
islatlvo action another such will never
bo permitted to occur,
'lho mines in manv mibih nrn rnn.
fctructed and managed In tho most selfish
and parsimonious manner, tho owners
exacting tho largest amount of profit
' from them, from tho last possible
oiuiny; consequently somo oi tnem
llko that of Avondale, aro nothing but
underground man-traps, without any
.other outlets than wocden chimneys,
and these constantly liable to becomo
blazing volcanoes, through which
escape is Impossible. Tho lives of so
useful n class of men ns our miners
should not and must not be permitted
to bo thus sacrificed upon tho altar of
jiuman cupiuity. xct n ruprencnsmio
negioci to givo tuom tnai protection by
law which their valuable services, nt
best laborious and dangerous, utilities
tlpnably deserve, renders our mining
system worso than that of any othei
country, whilst our mining interests
aro unequalled by thoso of nny othc
part of tho world.
Tho most appalling accidents o:i roe
ord havo been traced to unsafe methods
of ventilation, and moro especially to
tno employment oi jurnuecs at or near
tho bottom of tho shafts. Where tho
rurnaceis used, aim tho tmoko is car
rieu uirougu a woouen cnimncy,
seems almost certain that, sooner or
later, by tho Inevitable accumulation of
soot or carbon upon tno iramo-work, it
must Igultofrom tho ascending sparks
orirom iiioiieaioi tno lurnacc, auu a
conilagatloii ensuo. To guard against
this, JUhouId bo mado obligatory, if
tno ventilating lurnacobo still allowed,
to build tho chimueys, tho sides or tho
abaft, and the buildings surrounding It
ut mu iup, wiin jncouibusuuio mater
ials, Rut oven this precaution Is not a
turo safeguard, for tho firo is lltiblo at
any inonicnt to communicate with tho
"lire-ciamp" or oincr gaseous vapors,
tliat.dCfpitu of nil known means of pre.
vcntioii, will genernto in tho best-regulated
uiiiies. The propriety of dispens
ing entirely, thereforo, wftli tho fur
nace has received tho serious consider,
ntlon of scientific miners and engineers
pud tho Am, la many Instanced, lias
been substituted, which, being worked
by machinery at tho surface, produces
a moro constant current of alr,dlspcnses
it moro freely through tho gangways
and chambers, and, In nil rospects, ac
complishes tho object desired with bet
ter cum: anu, wnen inosiiarts and sur
face buildings are llro-proof, without
the Possibility of ibincrnr. TM avilm.i
of ventilation, with advantages so pal-
imiiiy ouvipiis, win. iioiiount, bo uni
versally adopted, lint the very nature
of mining operations subjects them to
other dangers. Tho walls and roofing
oi ino mines, from tho effects orblastlng
and other anises, frequently glvo way,
and fill tho gangways so as to rcndei
them Impassable, nsln tho moro recent
calamnlty at Stockton, which resulted
In tho doath of teu porsons. Hence It Is
absolutely necossary, and should bo Im
peratively demanded, that overy initio
should havo moro' than a single avenuo
of ingress and egress. Whether as re
gards lire, or any other source of dan
ger to which tho miner Is exposed, this
Is his surest promise of safety. What
ever system of ventilation may be tip-
pruvuii, or saioty lamp adopted, tne
means of uscatin from tlin mlim-t. u-linn
danger occurs, will depend very mater-
miiy upon me provisions mauo ior mo
exit or tho miner.
'I ho best mode of constructing, venti
lating, and working tho mines should
be unhesitatingly adopted, and tho sys
tem adopted rigidly enforced. Tho in
quiry, therefore, Into tho causes which
produced this shocking catastrophe
various theories that havo been promul
gated concerning It, tho remedies for
tho prevention of similar occurrences
hereafter, tho construction and ventila
tion of collieries, and tho modes of con-
ducting their operations so that the op
eratives may prosccuto their labor with
out imperilling their lives, aro proper
subjects for legislative consideration.
aucn laws as you may enact can most
certainly bo enforced by competent In
spectors in tho mlulng districts, who
should be chosen with strict regard to
enaracter, integrity, capability, and
scientific knowledge, and whoso duties
should bo so specifically defined that
they cannot be misunderstood.
1, therefore, most respectfully and
earnestly recommend that this whole
subject receive tho attention Its impor
tance demands, and that a law be pass
ed, so general In its character, and so
stringent In its provisions, that the pco
pie oi tins commonwealth will never
again bo appalled by a calamity with
in her limits so sad as that of Avondale.
In accordance with an act of tho last
Legislature, a Hoard of Tublic Charities
lias been appointed, consisting of tho
following gentleman, viz; den. Thomas
L. Kane, for flvo years; I U. I'euni
man, Esq., four years: Hon. O. Daw
son Coleman, three years; Georgo h,
T r,-t-tcift lin 4.,-r, tni .j nn.l
JJ.JV I. .1 J 11 Lit.
, ono year. Tho board organized
i i .... 1 1 I-- I., ,
uy uii-ciiiig uvu. jYuui-, iJresiuoiu, unu
lion, winner wortiungton, secretary
and goneral agont. .From tho establish
ment of this board, and especially from
the high character and qualifications of
mu gentlemen who nave consented to
assumo its important trusts and rcspou
sibllltlcs, wo havo reason to hono for
tho most beneficial results. This cnango
in the management of our charitablo
analrs is uecmcu or tho highest impor
tance by many persons intimately con.
versantwlth the workings and manage
inenc oi tueso institutions.
A thorough review or all tho estnb
lishments receiving appropriations Trom
tno aiato oy mis ocnru win gi vo an as
surnnco to tho Legislature nnd tho nco
pie, which they havo novor herotofohj
possessed, mat tncir benefactions will
be worthily bestowed nnd properly cm
Somo timo during the present session
the board will present to the Legisla
ture a report of tho condition nnd re
quirements or the various institutions.
that have been recipients or appropria
tions rrom tho State, with such recom
mendations as may bo deemed necessary
and. therefore, no information concern
ing them, except tho annual reports of
inosupcrintenuentH, win at present no
jinn oeiore you.
Many prominent citizens havo renro-
seuted that there exists great necessity
for a moro complete ccoloEical and ml-
neraiogicai survey or me tstato than at
present exists.
Thero is no doubt but the develop
mcnts of mineral wealth that would
result from such a survey would bo Im
mensc, and tho beneficial returns to tho
State would many times moro than
relmburso tho treasury for tho expense
attending It, Including tho printing of
reports, mans, scc., sumcient tor tne
information of tho ncoplo.
unoutu uioijCgisiaturQconcuriu tneso
viows, and pass a law authorizing such
a survey, It will meet with Executivo
At the last session a law was passed
creating the ofllco of inspector of gas and
gas meters ior tno county oi Atiegtiany
anu in nccoruauco tnerewnii x nave ap
pointed an inspector possessing tho nee
essary scientific qualifications.
Tho necessity for such a law has been
long nnd extensively felt, nnd it has
been earnestly demanded by a largo
number oi niLMiiv resnectao o citizens.
whoso opinions aro eminently worthv
'of consideration. I thereforo respect
fully recommend that tho Just and
equitable provisions of tho Aleghany
county jaw oc extenucu to oinor couii'
ties in which gas Is largely consumed
Tho law on this subject does not con
template a full report from tho com
mlssioncrs to revise thogoncral statutes
of tho States beforo tho session of 1871.
It may. however, bo lmportunt to stato
mat tnis worn nas so iar progressed as
to make it almost certain that it w 111
bo com plcted nnd ready for the press
so toon after the close of tho present
session as wiuniiow iimoiooringwitn
in tho code sticii or your enactments ns
may with propriety bo Incorporated,
Tho commissioners will report for
your consideration the revised school
laws, as mo prescni.cuiuon is exnaus
teu, nnu it would bo inexpedient to re
print them, when they might bo super
seded by others In thocourscoftho cur
rent year.
A general road law, aud ono for tho
support nnd maintenance or tho poor.
havo heretofore been reported, but not
d finitely pcted upon and tho frequent
demands mado for such enactments to
correct many existing abuses and sup
ply a common public want, render it
acsirauio mat tneso enactments should
reccivo your early attention.
Tho States census will bo taken Our-
jiik mu ytau, "'" mu juw jot lift rcguiu-
tluu having In It somo provisions not
now requireu.a roviscu bin will bo pres
ented by tho commissioners for legisla
tive action.
In view of tho changes which tho ro
vised codo Is expected to produce, it Is
dcslrnblo that no moro laws of n gener
al character bo enacted than aro indis
pensably necessary, as they might oc
casion n necessity for a rovislon of what
hns already received appropriate atten
tion, and cnuso delay In tho completion
of tho work.
A great Inconvenience has loin? been
felt In every department of tho execu
tivo and legislative branches of thet'ov-
eminent, for the want of proporly re
corded statistical Information relating
to tho development and growth of tho
resources oi mo uommonweuitii. it is
Impossible for nny Stato oillcer to report
uiu uciuui ui uvea unnruximato amount
of any of our creat natural resources.
unu it cuniiui iju lutcenuineu irom year
to year mo amount ui coai mined, pe
troleum produced, lumber cut. or Iron
manufactured, without special rcferenco
to thoso who huvo chargo of tho indus
tries growing out of theso products. At
very little cost nud labor, statistics re
latluur to all theso oblects could bo truth-
erod and annually embraced in a report
to bo mado to, and published by tho
Legislature. Tho value of tuch infor
mation would bo of Incalculable Imnnr.
laneo in an official wav. as well as In
thogoncral of (ho country. It
would stlmulato competition, exhibit
tho InoxliHttstlblo materials within our
borders, and glvo our pcoplo ntid others
a moro perfect Idea of our wealth and
resources, 'jvno recommendation made
last year for lho establishment of a desk
for tlio collection nnd preservation of
statistics rclatlvo to exports aud Imports
agriculture, manufactures, c6al, Iron,
oil lumber, Ac, nnd fur tho collection of
mlucrnloglcal nnd specimens
and other things that mny bo deemed
npiroprlato to such tt department Is res
pcctfully renowed, with tho suggestion
that tho duties bo attached to tho ofllco
ol the Librarian and his assistant, with
a reasonable Increase of compensation
nnd nn appropriation for lho same.
In nccordanco with a law approved
April W, 1807, Mahlon II. Dickinson,
KmJm of Philadelphia, was appointed
"to visit, for philanthropic ptirposcs.tho
prisons and almshouses In tho various
counties of tho Commonwealth.' His
second roport, which Is hcrowltlt pres
ented, emliriicosn vast amount of useful
.Information, aud will be round highly
interesting nnu wormy ot mature con
sideration. It will bo seen that whllo
somo of otircounty prisons havo been
constructed nnd nro being conducted
with strict regard to tho proper objects
of punishment, others nro utterly unfit
fornnystich purposcs.andaroa disgrace
and reproach to a civilized ago and a
Christian people. Tho commissioner,
in regard to some of these, describes
them "as being unsafe, whero prisoners
could not bo hold unless loaded with
chains, whero the sexes were not separ
ated, whore thero was no discipline, or
nny effort mado towards tho moral or
religious Improvement of tho inmates;
tho buildings totally unlit for tho pur
poses of a prison, nnd whoro the prison
ers become schooled In vice, and event
ually graduated, prepared for a life of
lawlessness." In somo of the prisons
tho cells nro represented ns contracted
dungeons, Into which not a ray of sun
shino or n draft of pure air can cuter,and
in which a human being could not poss
ibly live through a lengthy term of sen
tence. And In still others, In conso
quenco of the want or proper accommo
dations, nil classes or criminals, rrom
tho most hardened and aged to tho
youth of tender years, aro permitted to
congregate and Indulge In card playing
profanity, and almost every species of
immorality and crime. Under such
circumstances, reformation, which Is
tho grand object of divine, nnd should
bo or all human, laws and punishments,
Is lendered-imposslble; whilst hideous
lessous or vice aro taught and. learned,
to be practiced when futuro opportunity
occurs. This is nil wrong, and a reme
dy for tho evil should by till means bo
applied. No community lias a moral
or legal right to inflict punishment ns
a mere retaliatory measure, or insitclin
manner as to endanger tho health and
lifoof tho criminal, to deaden him to
all the better sensibilities or his nature
and to absolutely harden hi in to tho
commission or crime.
Tho commissioners appointed "to in
nuiro into tho various systems or prison
discipline, as practiced in other States
and countries, as compared with what
is Known ns tno Pennsylvania system,"
will submit you their report at an early
day, rrom which you will learn that
tho capacity of our penitentiaries is at
present competent for the safekeeping
and proper punishment or all offenders
oi tno mgner grades, and mat work'
nouses nnd nouses or correction are
needed for thoso whoso crimes aro of
moro trivial character, and whoso ref
ormation and futuro usefulness may bo
accomplished by a humauo system of
discipline, such as will be reeommen
Communications have been received
rrom various parts or tho S.tato, repre
senting that the present Judicial force is
lnnuequate ior tno purposes designed
Since tho number or iudtres was fixed
tho business or' the courts lias ireatlv
increased with our ranldlv oxnandiner
population, nnd tho multiplication or
commercial and business operations or
our growing Commonwealth. How rar
relief should bo afforded is well worthy
or careful consideration.
In ono district or tho Supremo Court
over seven hundred now cases havo
been docketed within ono year. Many
oi meso invoivo very largo amounts
and Important legal principles, and
uiuir proper consideration imposes up
on the Judges great labor and resnonsl-
bility. In the oilier districts of this
court tho argument lists aro also becom
ing so crowded that it is impossible to
dlsuoso of tho business with that
promptness and Intelligence demanded
by tho public interests; nnd, especially,
with ono of tho Iudtres. ns now rcuuircd
by law1, assigned to duty in tho Court of
imsi i iius nt i-iiiiuuemiiiii. j, tnerO'
fore, earnestly recommend an addition
nl Judge for this court, believing it a
public necessity, injustice to tho mnnv
suitors, nnd to the ludcres who havo
moro work than should bo required of
uiu prescninumocroi men, let tnem no
ever so laborious and efficient.
In odedienco to "an act to settle, do
lurminc, unci mcaio too soutiiern noun
dary lino of tho Commonwealth," ap
proved March L'Oth, 18C9, I appointed
j aines vorrau, r-sq., oi narrisourg,
and Strickland ICneass. Esn-. of Phlla-
delphia, both civil engineers, commis
sioners on tho part or Pennsylvania, to
act, -in conjunction witn iiko comm. is
sloners on tho part or tho stato of Dela
rno uovcrnor or ttiat Stato was
promptly furnished with a conv of the
act, and informed or tho appointment
ui commissioners turner it, and ins co
operation Invited, Hut, so rar as I am
advised, no action of any kind has been
taken by Delaware on tho sublect. and
consequently mo worK contemplated
uy me act reterreu to nas not been per
Your special attention is invited to
the report or our commissioners, which
is uerewitn communicated.
It Is eminently proper that special nn.
i ico Hiiouin uo micen oi tno ueceaso o
such persons as havo occupied nroml
neat positions in nnd rendered distin-
gmsnou services to mo state. uotisptcu
ous among these werollon. Joseph Kit
ner, nnd Hon. David II. Porter, both or
wuom uieu uunnor mo present, niimin.
Istration. During their eventful lives
they shared lareelv In tho nubile ennfl.
denco and regard, and filled many posts
ui uuuur, nusi, nnu responsibility, in
eluding that of Governor, with distin
guisneu imeiity anil patriotism, Thuy
woro conspicuously Identified with nil
the crave and Important iiiollrma nf
otaiu poucy nnu administration tnrougli
tho eventful period In which thev it veil
and contributed lareelv to shann mu
strengthen tho firm foundations of our
Commonwealth, upon which others
navo been enabled to build securely,
They havo passed awav. rlno In vonry
and full of honors: and It is resnectfullv
submitted whether It bo not proper for
mu Kcgi'siaturu 10 laKosomo appropri
ate notice of tholnmontcd death of theso
two distinguished public servants.
It has irrown Into tho custom to re.
gard an application for Executivo clem-
ency ns att Indlspensahlo part of tho
machinery of criminal Justice. Jiccauso
mo executive Is Invested with tho now.
cr to pardon. It Is bv manv kimimieil
that ho has not only tho right, but that
it is jus uiu y toexamiiioinio every alle
gation of error, and trlvo n favorabln
responso to overy applicatloti.and hence
petitions for pardon aro becoming so
numerous that tho mere examination
of them is exhaustive of u largo amount
oi vaiuamo tune at least an hour m
eacn case, exciustvo or tho timo occupi
ed In correspondence with tho Judges,
district attorneys, and other parties.
Criminals aro no sooner convicted than
their friends nnd other Interested par
ties, who seem to think that It is tho
Governor's constitutional duty to uull
Ify tho laws Instead of scclnc that thev
uro faithfully executed, prepare a raid
upon him, and employ in their impor
tunities for pardon every dovico thnt
human ingenuity can tsuggcsl; and If
but a tltho of tho representations set
forth wero belloved, ono would bo led
to Bupposo that our courts nro dally
guilty of tho grossest blunders, and that
Justice Is fur moro blind than sho has
over bcon painted by tho most skilful
During tho year ending Dec, ,11, 18(19,
thero havo been l,C,V applications for
pardon, of which 02, or per cent., wero
granted, 1.103 rejected, nnd .ISO nro still
under advisement.
For somo reason, not easily under
stood, It seems that public sentiment
hns becomo perverted on this Impor
tant subject of pardons. Tho framers of
our government, as I understand It,
never contemplated or Intended nil In
discriminate use or tho pardoning pow
er. It was only deslgnod for tho correc
tion of manifest errors or oppressions,
palpable mistakes, cases of aiter-dUcov-ercd
evidence, and others of exception
able character. Doth tho theory of our
government nnd public policy reqttiro
that tho pardoning power should bo
kept within theso rcasonnblo llmlh';aud
not bo mado an Instrument to defeat
tho execution of tho laws nnd tho ad
ministration of public Justice. All or
dinary cases, therefore, are wholly out
side of, nnd in conflict with, tho princi
ple on which Kxecutlvo clemency
should bo based; and uouo such should
bo presented for consideration. It Is
earnestly hoped tho public will under
stand aud act in nccordanco with this
view of tho subject, us duo nllko to tho
Executivo and a proper regard for tho
execution or tho laws.
Having laid beforo youn general sur
vey of tho affairs and condition of tho
Stato which relates to tho common wel
fare, it affords mo also tho highest grat
ification to add that the amicable Inter
course nnd pleasant relations which
havo so long existed between tho gov
ernment of Pennsylvania and tho gov
crnmcnts of all the other States and of
the Union, eontlntto unimpaired; nnd
consequently, our resolution, "to pres
erve, protect, and defend,'' theso fun
damental principles of liumanlty.cqual
rights nndjustico to nil, universal Ireo
domnnda united country, Is greatly
The general rolattons of the National
Government, asset forth in tho recent
annual messago or tho President, con
tinue to bo "peacoat homo and without
entangling alliances abroad." the rocon
structlonortho States lately in rebellion
is uemg rapidiy accomplished; tno rev
enues nro faithfully collected; tho nn
tional debt is being liquidated at tho
rate or about ono hundred million doll
ars per annum, and. repudiation has
been emphatically repudiated. A strict
and uncompromising adherence to this
policy by a prudent nnd economical
administration hasnlready restored the
national enaracter 10 tno luilest conn-
denco in tho minds not only or our
countrymen but or foreigners, and has
allayed all -spirit of discontent that
mignt navo been dangerous to tho sta-
unity oi our institutions.
Thero Is another subject also of nation
al importance tlnlminDr our attention
becauso itdlteetly affects tho Industrial
operations in which Pennsylvania is so
itirgciy lnicresieu. movements, cliar
actorized by tho createst onorrv. nrn
now being mado by thoso liiteresteil in
free trade, to induce Congress to tako
auun iicuoii us win permit tno tree in
1 r., rtF nli.Al I 1 1
iiuxuiiuii ti oirci, nun mm iron ma
terials for shin building, and many
other modifications or tho tariff laws.
Should such efforts bo successful, the
rcult must provodisastrotis to tho great
coal, iron, and other interests of our
State, diminishing the production or
iron una otner manufactured articles,
and consequently tho consumption of
v-u.ii, ium uo uesiruuiivuio onr wliuaoio
nomo mniKets. It would also prove
disastrous to manv ofourcnriItiilitnn,l
working peoplo depriving them of all
rcusonuuio prospects ot luturo activity
nnd remunerating wages and bring
uui iiruuuuurs nnu a ruinous competi
tion with pauper labor from abroad. So
iar as mo present system affords protcc
lion to the manufactures, labor, and
products or Pennsylvania, it is obllcra.
tory upon us to uso all favorable means
to prevent nny reduction of existing
duties. Our miners, laborers, and man-
ufacturers should not bo thrown out or
employment by tho proposed change or
duties on foreign imports, which has
always resulted in tho prostration or
overy department or trade, labor, and
uusmuas, unu eiiiaiiett upon us tno man
ifold ovils ofNatlonal, Stato and indi
vldual bandrnutev. Wo own t u n
duty to our constituents to instruct our
ocnniors anu request our Kcpresonta-
iivufl in iutiLircss to ounosn nu Biinn nr.
tempts. For tho samo reason wo should
opposo any reciprocity treaties by
which mu iwupiu oi innaua can gain
advantages over our own lumbermen,
farmers, nnd other producers, within
our limits.
Whllo acknowledging tho rightful
constitutional authority of tho Goneral
Government to dispose of all nucstions
relatlvo to national affairs, and while
in no manner seouiiig to interfero with
tho exorcise of that authoritv. r nannnt.
refrain from alluding to tltu fact that
ior moro man a year a bravo peoplo In
Cuba havo been struErelinc fur their in.
dependenco against great odds, in tho
iaco oi oaroaruies aim atrocities which
win lorover uo a ioui blot upon tho his
tory of Spain. Wo should indeed be
unmindful of humanity and or tho
greatness or our nationality ir wo omit
ted to notice this patriotic effort by tho
Cubans to throw off tho Spanish yoko,
and, like our ancestors, "to nssumo
among tho Powers of tho earth tho sep
arate and equal station to which naturo
anu nature's uou entitle them." Tho
now orcamzat on iiasnbo shm skwrv
miu micsicd us rjuiii not on v in nnr
sympathy out to recognition, by tho
vigor and determination or its resist
ance to tho oppressions of tho mother
country. Almost from tho beginning
ofottrNntlonnl Government Congress
has furnished numerous precedents for
tho action hero indicated, oven when
tlio peoplo struggling for liberty wero
not upon uiu imericancontinont. They
ri'cuttiu&uii uii-ccu in nor cuorts to es
tablish her nationality atralnst Turkish
oppression. Tho samo spirit prevailed
not omy towards Poland, Italy, nnd
Hungary, but to Ireland In all her
movements 10 regain her long-last na
tionality. Theso countries hml th n tin.
mlstnkeablo sympathy of tho pcoplo of
mu uiuiuu ouiius, nun our public men,
in overy branch of tho Government,
ijuvui iiu.-3iiu-.uu limjiL'UUin tiiiiruconco.
Ill tho easo of tho French rnvnlntlnn.
tho statesmen of America cravo enconr.
ngement to mo peoplo or that country
to ostabllsh a republican form or irnvoni.
ment. Upon this continent thero nro
numerous instances or actlvo symna
thios with tho .struggles or tho jieoplo
for liberty In various nations. In dm
case oi xoxos, during her 'conllict with
iuuxicu, biiu not onty nail our undis
guised friendship, but obtained our rec
ognition of horlmlnnctnlmit.itnllminlltv
and soon afterwards sho wnnnniinvnii t
our great sisterhood of States.
It is in singular contrast with theso
hlstorlo precedents that tho pcoplo of
vuu.v imvu us yut received no national
encouragement or recomiltlon. whiin
thoy aro imitating tho exnmplo or our'
iiuiiciB, who us euiouist strucK down
tho hand which oppressed th nil. nnd
established for themsolvoa n free and
Independent government. There is no
questlou but that tho patriots or Cuba
havo tho warm and emphatic sympathy
of a great malorltv of tho rennln nf th
aud other States, and I but trivo utter!
nuco to what is an abiding seutlmonl
nmoilGr tho masse, when T In, .Li
hearty svmimthv with th
that Island now endeavoring to cast off
mu yuKo oi oppression nistenedso long
upon them by an Intolerant govern
ment. Tho cem of did Antillea nfvlnl.t
belontrs to recnhllenn rnln mul to ir.
all Intents and purposes, covered' hv
tho Monroo doctrine, so tl lilt whntei-er
recognition tho Government might ex
tend to republicans of Culm, it u-n,,i,i
only amount to tho practical onforco
ment of what our nation lias io long nil
van cod In theory. Cuba Is 1111 A inert.
can island. Geographically it belongs
to tho United States. Its iinnnloiii,?,,
has bran a leading principle-with many
of our nblosl slatoittion from an early
period In our history;,. Jofferson, Madi
son, Adams, Clay, VAn Uuren, Buchan
an, nnd many others advocated the In
corporation of CubfQInto tho Union.
It is hoped tho timo will soon come, If
it hai not already arrived, when, bv
the enunciation of a prompt and decid
ed policy, a bravo peoplo may ho recog
nized ns Independent, nnd tho causo of
republican principles rccelvo now en
courngemcut. Tho management of our national
finances Is ono of tho most delicate nnd
important questions now under consid
eration by tho American people, and
while It Is not my intention to offer any
plan to settle n matter which seems to
give so 'much troublo to many or our
mo3t experienced flnanclcrs,'n few sug
gestions may not bo out of place.
It will bo remembered that by tho es
tablishment of our national banks, the
best nutl safest paper currency that ever
existed In this nation lias been afforded.
Great caution should thereforo bo taken
not to mar n system that has been so
genernlly beneficial. When tho Gov
ernment established tho national banks
our stato banks wero taxed out of exis
tence nnd destroyed ns such, but In
many lustan'ccs thoy wero renewed by
the solemn enactment of Congress, un
der whoso supervision thoy wero prom
ised n Just, kind, nnd fostering care. It
seems unjust, therefore, that tho Gov
ernment should proposo to withdraw a
part of their circulation from thom,and
glvo It to new one, to bo organized
whero none now oxist. If now banks
should ho cro tied wherover they mny,
bo required, thoy should receive their
circulation from an Increase of tho
amount now authorized by law, tho
circulation to be tltu samo as tho banks
now havo, and on tho samo kind of
securities. In my opinion a policy of
expansion of tho currency should bo
adopted that will givo easo and comfort
to tho peoplo, and that will cheer up
and reassuro our business men, and put
mo wiieeisoi commerce, manufactures,
and labor In full operation. It will pro
vent n decline In tho revenues derived
from tho tariff and internal laxntion.
and will save thousandsof citizens from
the crushing effects of contraction.' As
a part of tho samo policy thoro should
bo no hesitation nbout the abandonment
of tho Idea or reducing tho currency by
uiu auupuuu oi nny pian to curtail me
amount or legal tenders now In circula
tion. Tho constant and natural approach to
spcciu payments is ino onty sato mode,
in my opinion, to accomplish that des
irable end. Any compulsory law that
may bo enacted will In nil probability
bo a rniluro. I do not hositato to say
that tho contraction of tho currency
at this time would ho prodttctlvo or
great injury onm to individuals aud to
tho general Interests ortho nation. Let
thero bo a liboral encouragement or
railroads, inanutactures,and every pro
ject that will afford employment and
compensation to our tnlllnir minimis.
Encourage a vigorous collection or tho
revenue on luxuries. Maintain a strong
treasury, with gold sufficient to keep a
uuuck uuuh musu wi'o mignt no dispos
ed to disturb tho natural tendency to
wards specio payments, or for tho pur
poses of speculation. There should bo
a steady but modoralo reduction or tho
national ueut, a lunuing or the present
six per' cent, flvo-twentv bonds in
others, nt a lower rato of interest, not
by compulsion but by fair dealing, nnd
tho establishing of a sinking fond, at
sucn a rate as win pay on mo debt in
about thirty years. Wo shall then not
only find tho business or tho country
reviving, but our business men ready
to expand their operations with the
greatest encouragement.
Tho foregoing nro the only subjects
connected with Stato and national ar
fairs that I have deemed of sufficient
importance to offer for your considera
tion at tho present time; nnd I conclude
by expressing tho hope that your sess
ion will bo marked by harmony nmong
yourselves and tho members of tho sev
eral Stato departments, and vnnr ilelih.
orations result in lasting benefit to tho
Harrisburg, Jan. 5, 1870.
SHu dfalttiitott
rmn.iY, jaauaky i i, is.
Kf TIIK COI.UMI1I.VN lias the Larccat
uirclllallun or any jiaper piilillaheil In
northern Pciiuiylvanla, anil U alio a
much larger licet than any of Iff colcm-
porarleii anil l therefore the beat medium
for aitvertlnlug In tills lection ortho Slate.
Geary's Message.
Wo glvo upn largo amount of our
space to tho Governor's Message, It Is a
great Improvement on his former
efforts, and contains many excollcnt
points. Ills remarks about the fraud
and corruption of his own party rela
tive to tho election of Stato Treasurer.
show an independence thnt would bo
creditablo wero It not for tho fact that
ho can by no possibility bo again nom
inated. His messago is wordy, and
sadly needs concentration. Governor
Geary's remedy for our flnancial troub
les Is an "expansion or tho bank curren
cy;" "no contraction of greenbacks;"
liberal appropriations by Congress.
"or courso, to railroads, manufactures,
"and every project that will afford em
'ployment to toiling millions;" nnd (I)
n -natural nnu constant return to sue-
"do payments." On this neutral tnix-
turo prescription wo havo no comment
to make.
His vlowson nationalnirairsarocrudo
illogical, and sadly mar tho mossap-o.
His ndvlco to recognlzo Cuban Indo
pendenco comes at Just tho timo, when
tho Re-volution has been declared n fail
ure o bespeak for it, however,
careful porusal.
Tho Randall Resolution.
liesolced .Thnt the Rrnialn,. 11...
T,t ... . . w....u. .tuill I1U
uisirict comnnsen nr ttm ,n,.,,(n., r
wuiuiiiu a, luontottr, .Northumberland
and Sullivan, bo Instructed not to voto.
in any event, for William M. Handel
or Schuylkill for Speaker of tho Senato.
Passed by the Conference,
Northumberland, Sept. 4, 1809.
Thoabovo Resolution was thoatmronrl.
ihu nuponsooi our JJIstr ct Senator ul
Conference last fall, to tho raid upon
them organized In Philadelphia. Tho
performance of tho "rintr" nsrent wu
duly resettled nnd condemnod bv a
iiusuiution WHICH Jtas bcou fa tbfnllv
oxecutod by tho Senator from tho 10th
UIU r Il'TEEN'riI Amendmkvt
ino Democratic Legislature of tw
.ork nas promptly renea cd tho rnitn.
cation of tho propositi Fifteenth Amend-
ment, and tho Reform members nf dm
Ohio Legislature havo united witli tho
uemocrats in tho organization orthat
body. Tlio attempt to force noirrn ennnl.
Hy upon tlio country seems likely to
meet with serious checks when its ad
vocates worojttst congratulating the,,,.
selves on tho accomplishment of their
' i . . ,. ,
THE IcnctllOf thoGnvemnr'a .,.,,.,,,.
precludes US from imlilMil,,,, it.,, .iiiti.
number of the "Columbia County "l
Vnslotl." Wo OXIieet In ,.mi.l.t.. .l"
series In n few numbers.
Tho legislature
We c.i vo lust week lho brief tele
gram" of tho associated press which an
nounced the organization oi tno two
Houses of tho Legislature and soino of
the. earlier matters of business transact
cd." Hut 'additional information con
cerning tho commencement of tho sess
ion obla nod from our exchangos ami
othorsourccs.wlll bo timelyjparllctilarly
that which Indicates tho clmraCIOr or
legislation tJ bo expected during the
present session nnd tlio Improvement
of tho membership of the two Houses in
Integrity and Independence For years
ptwt tho character of tho Legislature
has been seriously Impugned by tho
profs, anil all good citizens must rejolco
at the slightest ovldenceof reformation
nnd improvement.
For Speaker of tho Hou-e tho Repub
licans selected Mr. Strang ofTloga.who
was a "ring" man nt former sessions
but who now declares hU intention to
play honest man and pur.-uto a fair and
honorable courso of roniluct. His selec
tion hy tho majority of tho House does
not promlso well for tho future, but tho
nctlon of tho Democratic minority of
thollouso docs. They met In caucus
and after selecting Mr. Scott, the Rep
resentative from this district to preildo,
proceeded to nomlnato Mr. Urown of
Clarion for Speaker over Jowphs of
Philadelphia, tho latter being recogniz
ed as an ngent of corrupt inlluenco at
formciisessloiis. Josephs received but
eight votes In the emeus, and Mr.
Drown was selected distinctly upon tho
ground of his Integrity irul consequent
lltucss to represent our pwty In tho
House. For this action the Democrat
ic members of tho Homo tleservo the
thanks of their constituents and tho
commendation of tho whole people.
For Speaker of tho Sen do tho Ropub
llcan malorlty eho-o Mr. Stinson of
Montgomery county of whom wo havo
iittlo information except that ho is re
ported to have declared hlm-elf free
from till "entangling alliances ' with
outside parties. His selection was prob
ably a rcasonablo ono fur (he majority
to make. The Democratic minority of
thoSenatOjWlth two exceptions, assent
ed to the nomination of Randall of
Schuylkill in caucus and afterwards
voted for him in tho Senato upon tho
plc.i mado to them that ho had been
named for Speaker at the end of last
session and that n rcnominatioii In such
cases was usual. Mr. Rrown of North
ampton and Mr. Buckalow, however.
took no p.irl in his nomination and ro
lused to voto for him afterwards, tho
former for tho reason that he believed
Randall to bo corrupt and the latter for
the additional reason that ho had been
instructed to voto against him by our
district conference. Thus nu open nnd
proper protest was mado against be
stowing o compliment where it was not
It has been Incorrectly stated that Mr.
Brown of Northampton was himself a
candidato for nomination in tho recent
caucus. He was a candidate for Speak
er at tho last session nnd came within
one voto of being nominated, but ho
was not a candidato this year nor .de
sirous of being ono. Ho is a man of
signal integrity and character and will
leave the Senate at the end of ids term
greatly respected by his colleagues and
by his peoplo nt home.
Tho election ofStalo Treasurer (which
is mado annually by tho Legislature in
joint Convention,) has always been of
into years a subject of much excitement
and in fact of scandal. In another col
umn wo glvo tho proceedings of tho
Legislature upon tho election of tho
present year. It is a common belief
that largo sums nro made out of this
office by Improper uses of the public
lunds nnd tho demand has becomo ur
gent for reform in its management,
xu tins eim several propositions are
mado by Gov. Gcaiy in his annual
message accompanied by tho very slg-
utiieant statement that all recent Stato
Ticasurcrs havo gono out of office rich
men, and Mr. Wallacohas reintroduced
into tho Senato his bill or last session
for tho management of the Treasury so
as to prevent abuses. A moro radical
though slower measure of reform was
proposed by Mr. Buckalow on the first
day of tho session when ho, introduced
a Joint Resolution for an amendment
of the constitution taking away from tho
legislature tho power to choose State
Treasurers and lodging It directly with
tlio people at popular elections. Al-
though tho selection ofStato Treasurers
lias boon vested in tho Legislature over
sinco 1790, tlio argument or long usage
cannot prevail against tlio strong reas
ons for now lodging It with tho peoplo.
Our recent experience proves that tho
two Houses of tlio Legislature aro verv
Injuriously affected by tho possession of
tins power and it Is equally clear that
mey cannot oxercUo it in a satisfactory
manner, two Resolutions passed In
mo faennlo last week for Investltratlntr
tho alleged corrupt management oftho
Treasury as hinted nt ir not directly
charged by tho Governorjand thesoStnto
Treasurers mado by tho Legislature
wm continue to require investigation as
long as tlio present plan of selecting
mem snail uo allowed.
Wo aro glad to pereoivo somo ovlden
ccs of a disposition toward reform in tho
Legislature and In tho Executive Cham
bor at Hnrrisburg. It is high timo that
rciorm should begin.
Mii.ton', In our "Stuto News" col
umn mention was made, on Friday
in.... -i. . .
muming, oi two young men having
been killed on tho railroad near Mil.
ton, ou the Wednesday precedlng.Wc
havo sinco learned that tho unfortunate
persons William B. Marr and Henry
iyie, tno former of Milton and dm
latter of Kentucky wcrodrlviiignlong
in n uuggy, and when tho engineer
oi me rapidly coming train saw them
thoy woro almost on tlio track.Ho did
all In ids power to savo them but tho
momentum oftho train was too great
and tho distance too small. Boyle was
mrucK on mo head, nnd survived until
lato at night. Marr had his neck broken,
nnd was Instantly killed. Tho young
mon woro students of Princeton College,
Now Jcrsoy. Tho remains OfMarr worn
interred nt Milton on Saturday, a lorgo
concourso accompanying them to tlio
tomb. Tho body or Bovl 0 was taken
through this city tho samo morning on'
its way to Kontucky. Tho father of tho
young man Is Generul Jiovle. who
served In tho Union nrmv with ,iia.
Unction, ami Is now largely ldontlfled
with railroad Interests 111 hfa Ktntn
a7Zh,?J0s registration in Mississippi
is iU',J.l7.ol whom fil.t7Jt
Jan., Oth, 1870 J
HniTon Coi.UMniAN Dear Sin
After several requests of my friends, I
havo consented to sontl you lho enclos
ed report for publication, hoping you
will glvo It placo In your next Issue,
to Tin: otTicEiw and teacui-iim oi-'
Tilt: E. L. S. 8CH00I-, catawisma.
In nccordanco with prccetlent and
general custom sinco tho organization
of our Sunday School, I now beg leavo
to submit my nntiiial report ns Secre
tary or that Institution for tho year 1809.
In so doing I call your attention partlc
ntnrlv to 'tho following statistics as com
pared witli tho previous year. Tho
avcrago nttcndanco during tho year
1808, as per report was ono iiuuttrcu ami
twonly-flvo(12.), Tho nveragonttond
nnco for tho year 1809 was ono hundred
and thirty-two and seveii-oighths,(132i)
nn IncrcAso on tho previous orsov
en and sevcn-clghtlis (7). At tho be
ginning of tho present yoar, or rathor
tho first Sunday of 1809, tho attomlatieo
on thnt day was ono hundred and live.
Tho roll now numbers two hundred
nnd thirtv-six an Increaso of ono hun
dred and thirty-one, or nn avcrago of
nearly eleven of an increase per month,
which in Itself is very Jlattcrlny. You
will readily discover tho average of 1803
exceeds tho attendanco for tno nrst,
Sabbath of 1809, which Is very properly
attributed to tho cxtremo inclemency
of tho weather on that day. It Is with
deep regret that I havo to record tho
absence of one Teacher and one scnoiar,
both of whom have been gathered from
nmontrst us.In compllanci with tho flat
of an nil seeing and wise dispensing
Providence. You no doubt nro all cog-
nlzantofwhom Ireferto.whlch rentier it
unnecessary for me to name. With tills
report (which U tho 15th annual ono I
havo made of the samo kind as Secre
tary) I reluctantly and respectfully
sever my connection with tho School,
with which I havesolong been identi
flcd.ntid during tho contitiuanco,of said
term, I havo endeavored to do my
whole duty. I further dceiro to return
my sincere and heartfelt thanks to our
lato Supt., ofllccrsand teachers, for tno
eourloiy.klndncss and willing assislanco
extending to me whllo Secretary. Too
much praise cannot bo ascribed to our
lato Superintendent S. 1). Rinard, for
his unceasing toll, untiring onorgy.atid
over willing attention and interest,
which ho has manifested in the school.
From an lncipicncy of almost naught,
ho has through uuparallcd exertion,
tho pleasure of witnessing tho most
flourishing Sabbath School In our vi
cinity, and which lias arisen to what it
now is under his caro and supervision.
In my withdrawing mysolf from you, I
would advise a continuation of mutual
interest, and entire harmony through
out your deliberations and actions, a
very slight misundcrstmidiur,or unmer
ited aspersion, may sometimes causo
tuuhtechuos, which by ono word of ex
planation in a proper and christianlike
mood, would never bo anticipated. I
beg your forbearance in expressing my
opinion in tho selection of Supt., I may
perhaps bo wrong but at tlio present I
think It a very injudicious act, at this
timo to mako so decided and as it ap
pears so antagonistic a change, iti that
office, ns appears manifest from tho ac
tion of your body at your last meeting.
Trusting that I havo dono my duty
whilo amcmbcrof your body, of which
you aro tho proper judges, allow tno to
submit tho foregoing.
Faithfully your obedient servant.
Lato Sec'y., E. L. S. S.
o. v. a. ax.
Resolutions ov Condolence.
Whereas, It has pleased God, In his nil
wise Providence, to removo from our
midst our worthv Urn. Wm. M-iviIj.
and. whereas ho has nlwnva 1
worthy and acceptable moinber of our
u .1 rnt
uiuir, xiieruiuru,
7..,ort7....7 iPl.n ...l.ll , l.. r -
j.vou.tcLi, J.JUII, ivilliu H U UCCIliy JL'Cl
our loss, wo bow with revereneo to tho
nrlll nriTln. ...l. .l..l. ..II ...i ,.
... ui uuii inu uuuui mi iiungs wen,
knowing that Ho is too wiso to err, and
fcVUU l-U UU UIIKlilU,
Jlcsoh-ed, That wo heartily sympa
thise lirlH, 41. n .i.l.l..,. T.l. -i'.ii
,.,.. i,.u .vuiy UI1U U1JJHUU Cllll-
dren of Bro. Savits, nnd recommend
t hem to tho caro or Him who has prom
ised to bo tho "Father or tho fatherless
and God of the widows."
Icesolved, That a copy of theso
u.v.w.j jiiiioi;iin;u tu uiu WiUUYV
ana that tho Council bo draped in
uiuuiiiiui uurLyuuvH.
( ll. If. RINGLER,
Committee. FREAS BROWN,
TllEannearancoofChrLS. Tl. HiiM.-iriv
in the Stato Senato lifter having Just re
cently closed a brilliant career In tlioU.
S. Senate, is an Inchlnnt. mil ifi.
observed In tho career of Pennsylvania
auiiesineii, no ex-Senator of tho U. S
laving heretofore OCCIltlind 11 fiivif In III,,
Smto Senato. Unquestionably ono of
uuiu-si.iw nu is ono or tno most hon
est men ofhls party, Mr.Buckalow's ap
pearaneo in the Stato Senato is a great
acquisition to tlio Democratic sldo of
that body,ns I fool It will bo nn honor to
Its general dollbnfAtlnna 'IViol.r..,, i,...
entirely independent Mr. B. Intends to
net, I need only refor to what was his
reported, courso In tho Democratic cau
cus for tho nomination of candidates
for ollleers of the Senate.
covered that n certain Senator was to bo
placed in nomination forSpoakcr.Mr.B
nskedtoboexcusod from voting, and
when his reason for such n singular
courso was asked ho ropliod that tho
conference which nominated him fortho
Senato exacted a plodgo that ho would
voto against all ring men and measure.
It required a strong man to glvo such it,
reason for his liulenoml
and Buckalew is of that material. Sure-
iy such men nro worthy of till honor,
regardless of tho Tiart v will eh Gnniij
them hero, and us the pcoplo elect such
Senators and Representatives, so will
they thosooncr rstnhiMi in i,
of tho Government purity, patriotism.
uu iiracucai business management.
Mr. Uuckuluw's fnt 11 rt rnii rait 1 ti (Im
Senate wllj bo watched with great In-
iL-iusi uy mon or an parties. Vresi,
At it again, to bosurel MVit .KnMafit.i
Witli excllldlt!!' Vlrelnln. Ml jjal lint
and Texas from
" .v.vm,mnnu(i IH
Conirrcsa. Or With rnmnmltn. .tu
...... . w.iivau iy
tary rule Georgia after It had compiled
With all thocondltions ofreconstruetlon,
the Radical members or thollouso of
Representatives proposo to oust two
Democratic members (ono from Now
York and ono from Pniinavtvnnho ...,,i
.. ...... ...y ,,v
put In thclrseatutwo notorious men of
Uiclrown party, O.H. Van Wyck tind
John Covode. How loin? film 1 1 th.r.
liter ol Haiti comity
mm w iPPrbfi!,
All pcrtouV haik A-Wi'S'l,
t 10111
I-.31AT1-. ui JKHEMIAH i;t1V.
UniniA COB.NTV.M! 'toi
Tilt Comm.m,..,..
'UKAIj 1 1" WrtUuirtoii i ." ."T'ttHrli,
Kline, a.'j rfelhi ,0jVWu,,M
ou unci cftcli or yimnroi,-..!
at nn Oi-plinu V Court lo"f i,'T',,ur fni'
hi tind fr nkl county. 0,1 ife''CiK.1
Kobruary. next, tiicii nS.i ' "H l
hotldon or A. J. 'let H" mmi,,111!'" to 1,2?
lori-niliil, Kllnn, if .fick,n?.'for,k'W
con nty, ilecoiwoj, .tlc.1 w',2i 'r bfit '
tnlolii JncliHon town.llii 1 "'"'Wnif1
nsreei with your tietltloiii-r !!,. O
ment In wrlfhiK, loni ,1,1 ."y "'UtltS'1
tlio mil, 1 a. .r. ,A..i i. I1."".1 oonvm h."!
to SHOW COIIKO why It Vo .il f?. ?".'
-11 ni..)" meitu.
V T.1 "''.rinnnce m i .Si
10 l.erlnr,., .""'." Mi
llloonubiirg, Jnu. u, lsVo. ' "'UUt
wry f t'ohiinbln fjou, 1 y' "','V'L
Umiso. In ho grnnlc-U id 11 ; . "Vlr nl.
Term of L'ourt. ' ,l,u 00"Hiij iff
-mini ll. IV1II11(!1
1tni11imr.1t 1 ..
iiuoti, 1 ,
Ilenncl- ' v.,,." I
rntricic Iitingan,'
W in. 1'cllIVr,
lifni. J. Williams,
WllUnm llutlor,
.' ,- .iiriy,
Wm. II. O llmorc,
n-iKurl t Krinir,
l'liirlolc F. Ilurlic,
n,,;.. . . 1
joiin iicgisoii,
llloomstnire, J,in, ft ft IOTW flM
pUIihIO S A h li "
OF VAtiUAllI.i; ltllAI, Usr.tTE.
In pursnanco ot nn orjfr ,t ti,. , ,
Court of Columbia county, W
JANUAIIY IDtll, lUTll. m 1U oVhN k'lJTiS.'11
W, II. Alibott, VainhilMrai ,r
liolc, ilto of CatawUsa, o.luii bUmiffi
0.1, will cxpote to nubile Mlo.oii tlK
Mil unto In Cntnwlns-i, boumlnloii the
an. or CatawU-a It ill k,u, m ''
lands or Btcphcn Ihihly m Z
fcoutli by Kicoint stri'i-t or saw town iS'S
weit by ln,i, f A. J. lTcuctt,
oiic-liairncrc, wlicruou IhciwiI-iIii ,l
J,atn tho ishitonr s.ild d-.-nv;,l,,aj,
township nnl c.iuuty nrmi" 11,1
, -Ti:tt.M.S OF SAI.tli-TuiM-r tetu
fourth nr lho puiclinMi iiiumy vliall In iv
tlio Ktilkhii; itiin-n or the lunumr- if
fourth, Ivm tlio ten per cent at ihc fomrc.
nluolutc; mul lho i.-iii.-iuilim Ihrec-fouu,
ono car tlicrcallcr.wllli liili-iisiirumm;-Hon,
,1. 4, l"urcli.iM-r to imy for lw
S1"'ul,s;-n W. It. ABM
Jan, 11,70-31, AilmlDliji
01-' I'liltSONAI. Pr.OI l.KTV,
Will ho cxpofccit to puhllc sale, at theui,
ilcnco of Michael IhiKiuhuch, licirlicnir
Columbia county, on 'IeitiAV, l iuii
1870, nt 11 o'cloclc In tlio lorcuoun, the tuji
personal property, to wit:
lthreoycnr oM colt, 2 Trailing nuttU
cowh, (ouo Tresli), 1 licet, S t-hc ( p. s KhntiU,
I heavy lwo-hoto wflnon, nearly ccw, I
two.lioriiu Wilson, 1 hit it, 1 t,o horsev,
one-horto bprlui; wui;on,ltuo-l,oritirtvH
Ibreshliii; iiiachine, I coin vhellt-r, 1 kula.
until vhleil luiir In Kiuln tiilll, one UC1U1LH
In lluelceja Heaper unit iloutr, 1 t,jT9,tjr
culttvntoiv, lo.,iu ituil itxtiiiiH, liay dit
rupc. launlni; mill, hct ilunblu 0nkt L:
net 8luj:le liutiirv hutnei-ii. tly ntlii.crlQdc
ltnper knife gilnilcr, all thnlsof
(IttAIN 11V Tilt: Ill'sHlL,
clovetheeil, untl potatoes by the bushel It
tlio ton, corufotliler by the lamillp, twuet-t
nml twti parlor tovcs, htttx.undlitililiDtA
euplioartl, liltclicn ciihboanl. leHicgu:
-S tables, 1 wnteb, 1 cloi 1:, chairs nnd vtim
pets ami carpet yarn, wutiuUiui.2trontt
ono eopjier kettle, tubs and Uriel, IfO.
wheels, nuceusware nail limuuiire, villi
ety or other nrtlclew too teillou:, 10 bh-bls
tho goods aro nut nil ko1,I en Hie Urvt Jar J
bo contluuetl tlio rollowhui ilnjs.
A-Ternis maile k uou 11 fiiiifayritin'e.
Ornngovlllc, Jim. II, 1S70. .t!i
Ul lho Poorlltstiletor llliiom hut nslilf U
mirv -Ird 1170.
M. C Wooitwanl ntllns Troisarer, In
with tlio Dlieetors ol tlio t'oorulliluomlii
111 lOllll 1I1IIIIIII1L 111 U.IM1 HIL-lll l,,-
duplicates. lMi'J . I-
lly nmoilllt of niders leileeinel - tv
January 3nl, lS7i),-0n ov.iiiilnatiouofi;:
ot M.U. Woodward, lietllii! TreJiun-rollK
rectors or tho Poor or liluniii li.r
llud ho has rcdecmedordcistoiimuunlnu
recclovtl. . ...
JAtollHCIIt'VI.KIt i
11. F. HAtmiAN ' M
niitF.r-i'oitH (if Tin: vnnr. is M
To ain't nf duplicate for year IW. H
To'o dim I)lieetor.i - -
Ily ain't paid Jt. C. WoodivaidTR-u,-
urer Salary -
lly llrrors hi usjicsiiit-iit niul ri--luc-tlons
from taxes levied 011 money
Interest v""i"i
lly exoueratliin on duplicate for If
Ilv conimlsslon 011 M.7W 7il nt 1 per ci.
lly um't paid Auditors -
lly ain't paid Directors, sal.irj .
lly nm't paid Cleric, salary
lly um't palit steward, I) moi, vnwrjr
lly um't paltl Culumbiuu i-rtnllnij.
li. nt., 1, :.... 1,.., ..i-lnl n
My nni't paid lur ilililc lliiu-.e, well,
lumber, t,tamps, .13
... 111 ,,: , i,ii,iiii--, i.m, - , ,
By nni'tiulil outsldo nllef i" J'V Vj
il.l ntitJ
en kcenlmr Alex, l ite Mon
hulldlDgswero II uliheil ......
lly nm't jiaid outsltle lellef to Mm,
Ily nm't paid outsldo relief loll. h"S
nnd family ..
lly nm't ial. funeral exieue I'.Ma""
ily nm't atd I.uinitlo Asylum fur
ilercdlth - , ..
By nm't paid l'onna. Truhilnit I"''''
for feoblo Minded iiersons, l,i
Jaekson.u -
lly nm't pd. liisunniceoiiuewtiuiiuin
Ily um't paid Taxes on l-'ariu
Uy nm't paid 11. J. Waller lor train u
Krouint ,
lly ain't paid Kaideiilns una tixn
paupers -
lly amount paltl luUwtlaiuiOUi
pcuses Incurred In and ontoi J"?i
JIouso tor support or paupers, Hurk
011 farm, farnilui.' uteniitls.nicil''
les' bills, lucrelmuts' bllH, lnifo
ments, Uvo stoelc, lie, Ac,
i:.tftmliit',l nnd rerlllletl,
J. K
M f.
heal jar.vru s'i i-ii iti'.'
l-'nrm vnluetlnt "
New brlclc house, well ..' ,
Ueiialrs to bultdluss ,v farm uleu'
llouseliold furniture
1-iiriii uieuslls ,
Hurses nnd cattle
liny, grain unit fodder -
Potatoes, beans, seeds nnd iiiiJ"-1-
iii ucj ei. or wheat 111 Ilia b'rouli'l
l'oilt ... r
Hat aueu on iltiplteuto of isM - -"
DEIlTriANllhlAll"'1'" I
To halnm-onii r,irm....
To Interest on sanietiiiios
To orders outstnnillui!
To Uul.iiuo in favnr ol district
.'.no i, ,it,j vt ,iu
sail bus. wheat n ll.-v
fsxi bus, oats u a els
louo bus. corn carsM IS rt.
U bus. l)Uckiheul(-i.lli,t.--
.100 bus. potatoes (,iVJcts
IUM bundles coin bidder
-100 licuds cnbbano ut 0 cts,
ecetubtes In tjiirdc 11
lliutcr.ciius nudiioullry
Live Mock raised
It I,.,,. x-., ia
Nn. of paupers admitted I" ',,wr
Number lett Poor llouso...-..--Number
that died, Dayltl Kvn u
Number now In Poor Jluuw,uaun
'JKlrls.... . -
Averuifu number..
-miiifj v, unaiiiic, 1 1 n-f 11 ii ..... 1 In
,'iiiriiii-, l-n. t.
J.J-.. JiiKeiilwrgcr, Jtnliic.
iium pniey i'arker. ri
Jun.llTO-tr. Hlreeiors eti
Neatly exoo uted nl this OfllC"
things be?