Newspaper Page Text
Building near tlm
8 hiik Two dollars i year, paya-
I trU .If .HUH M KC I nil uicwi.iuiib
ess nnu aispatcu,
a. anercliAiittaUor. Mnln it.. 3d
IrOMlab, and apothecaries,
-.knd anothecarv. ltti fieri
west of Market. vl-&13
K JCWpdRiWATonEs, &o.
i'MTf I III II S1J IS I II
p.,, (BNBY ZDPrlNQI
net near west flt. v3n!5
uuu UAIUinAnVi irawii uuu tiuviv uiiikui,
Dar southeasteorner Main and Iron sts.vl-nM
dealer In clocks, watches and
just ueiow American
iCA&teAMVmtotMind clock maker, Market
lt.i bckjwMain, nil in vl-ni3
wMrWi'iattHid shocmakor,Maln street
it 0HssWs-aWlfeuse. vl-ui3
,nrcr and dealer In boots
i ana sni
St., opposite Episcopal church
8 IMIMWKtHat'WanUfnctaror and dealer' la
trg Mala st,.0O Jhwoav
iAYin Barrx, mHJU snoemaicer, main su,
I below, Harliliisn's. store, west of Market street.
J H. VAMS.H. RUM. in an
and physician south
TytHTHTilLrirn dentist, teeth extract
e i' ea wmnrni mrb,-jiain su, nearly opposiio
llteopal Choroh. vl-nlS
, B. M'JCELVYsK. D. surReou and physician
,, C. BUTTER, M.'U. tni-geoil and Fhyslclati.
Vargeon'dcntlst, Main at,
,tfaey.at-Law, Office llart
MtMirm Street. ' W-n'J)
7-at-Law,0fflce, 2d floor
near vuo "rLcnaugu no"
" vaX&tmMsfcittiexsov goods.
cry and Fancy Gooils,
llaa-UaZIB-BAJKIiEY, milliner, Itamscy
V I'll V,
:oods. notions, books.
ock Main street.
K,'8HnSry and fancy goods on-
jnvJPWlfSADE BARKLEY, ladles
peaifi anf'JjrWatlern J, southeast cornor
'. 'millinery' and fancy
to Court Ilousa. Tl-nA
? if RS. MK.-nifUfAir' milliner. Main St.. below
3l Hartmaa's atort, west of Market st. al3
l)MK MISsBB'JtAttMAtf millinery and fancy
i. goods, MalQsUoetJut below American bouse,
ffrivr t vl-n41
and eailne saloon
cau Uoosa, Mal&sl., Hal tier
IY."- confectlonrVi rmkerv.
iang block, Usin au
Li. Im.7 V, .HI ',- i
wholesalo and" retail, Ex-
DXWWMILsaetlonarT. bakerv. and nva.
tar saloon, wholesale and'retall, ' Exchange
e s: - vl.ni.1
&pHAWKWBfKlty Koons tfc Clark, Main
0,MERI(H'HOUtTKibj' Joiin L'kacock, Slain
: j,ORK HOTKL.'by O.'W. Mauqeu, cast end of
ienl saloon,Maln bt.jjunt
erresnment saloon, kx-
il JACOBS, fCiUoUoncry7 groceries etc. Main1
It, MILLER; 'i&eV'ln dry goods, groceries,
vaaii, snovs, nouons, etc
; U1UI11H Ul.
Co., dealers In dry goods,'
jwu, muv. uau, uuu, iii.ua.
wain ana Market si. vi-nu
Lfiftliawllilsitf and -caps, boots and shoes,
and 'notions, southwest
Imn .ta vl.nil
3. feWKB, dry ods, rrocerles. etc.. corner
mm ussi w use alley. vMus
lystoce shoo store, books and
fli,oeiuw juariret vi-nu
US,1 confectioneries, Main'
general stock of morclmn-
V corner, of Mala street and
I r LS2lNQrM3tiB? ln d.'y. goods grcerles etc.
j rahhrsysWisf) u St., below Iron vl-n!3
f P'aftOitymcttltt A Froviatons, Main
'i Mraat balow Market vl-nil
il - '
iwln choice dry goods, House
jL'fxesu groceries, etc., etc Main
ies and general merebandlso
.' nXYMUIVST. Dealers In
two doors above Rrobst'S
p"l Js". GHHfBTif Ar, saddl'e.trunk and harness
' H'Msk OOfliWiBfnrnltDre rooms,, three story
71 Iftiefc'oa Mails at.,.weat of Market st. vl-nl3
J.THHtWKftV'Walt paper. 'window shades;
JIM. J LU ' - V
.yr.g1J':'0''e urt hou"j- vi.nn
L. l-'IJVW-ifeJ,W,'! 11
i kT jW.ttAI! 7ao. Machinists, VjmI Blooms.
, barg Baar xattroadj (iutlnes made at, short
Mulea- raachlury,fiuuleand repaired. t2-u23
!,J-tJtCJiM. K '"''i J, in
'MyCUWrdeBlatlarnaat tallow. oto Chem.
i ( Mrnln's aflsy, bacK of Amsrloan lir ,ise, y-ui
(Ati Agaat Munson's CopperTn.
n&:v&xX 11 .
Ptmifttt, saddle, trunk .and garnets
, ltsr,llsi. below court, house., vl-nlj
. Maker, and White and fancy
HJMBER CO.. manufacturers
wuiuuw,ui nil iiuui, piauiUK
marble works, near southwest
sou Martsi sis. vl-nu
-1 ... "' i 'J.' i
'fl!'?. In pianos, organsand
liquor dealer second door froni
rxMUaud Iron sta." Yl-ni3
.... w j .4.
SfJiT ,Publli northsas t corner
iHlaWTON. mutual snd cash rates Art
,4 .u.uWUvr,HMU. UJ
JADOBY. Marbla ami llrnmn ninn.
Yorka,KaslUloomUutg, Bel wick road, vl'nfl
IcdEjjSjBJWitOTC" A tlnwareMotn
" S ijMMB:'t't"it t'"''nrt Hamuli
, ii a in .- ii
1 H BBBBBBBBBBV'Wni1
f.M! ,H I -'ifJ .'J
, ti.-..t A. "
i . l I ' .
-,1-Wh . M1-
VOLUME III NO. 23.
Dtl. O. A. MEGARGEL, physician and urnoii.
Main at., next door to Good's Hotel. Vl'"?
BniCK HOTEIj andrefrenhmont wiloon
Vm. Masteller cor. ofMalnnnd l'lnet.V
11 timers of leather, on Mnln sU, uelow Ooods'
AVID HEimiNO, Flonr and drlst Mill,, and
dealer in grain, Mil! Htreet.
in 1 1
IIU1Y1.1V tX UljUlllllVf UUUier IU Miy Kinnin,
D srccerlcs, lumber and general Mcrchandtue
addle and harness maker
J Main st.. ubovotho Hwnn Hotel,
A A V., V. COI.KMAN, Merchant tailor and
a Ucnt's furnishing goods, Main 8U, next door
to the brick hotel. vl-n!7
JAMES 1). IIAttMAN. Cabinet Maker, and Un
dertakcr. Main at., below Hue. vl-m;
MICHAEL C. ICELLEU. Confectionery, Oysien
Ac. aeon 1'IueHU. between Main and Mill,
IT H.&C. KEIniNEIl, Blacksmiths, on Mill
XX. mreet, nuar 1'iue. vi
WILLIAM DELOKO, Bliocmnkerand manufac
turer of Brick, Mill St., west of Tlno VInM
l'l.U 41. DWIUiUEll,llUll IWUlHin.I'lIKIllu-
JLjlst, and Manufactmer of plows, Mill tft,Yl-n 17
T'll'Tll If DjntllVTrn T ,nHH.l ,t.t.ln
MILES A. WII.MAM8 A CoTannersand Man
ufacturers of leathor, Mill utrcct. Vl-nl7
TOIIN KELLEH, Boot and Bhoemakcr, nne
tl Htreet, opposiio me Acoaemy vi-
I n. ItRItnTKO & nnOTIIER. Camenters and
A. BuUdors, Main Street, below Pine. vl-n!7
QAMUEL SHARPIiEas, Maker of the liny hurst
rj uram urauie. aiain ot.
M. HARMAK, saddle and harness maker
, urangoviue, onposiie rrninecnarcii. viuii
Q USQUEH ANNA or Brick notel,S.Kostebauder
P proprietor, south-east corner Main and Second
u. iviiiivivLf, ueuier ill huivui muu uu'wuii'.
TIT M. IT. ABBOTT, attornev at law. Main Street.
rilLBERT A KLINE, dry goods, groceries,
vj genorai mercnanoise, Main street.
KEILEH, billiard saloon, oysters, ami Ice
, cream ln season Main Street. ,v2-nl2
BY. DALLMAN, Merchant Tailor, Second St,
. Ilobblns' Building. V2-U18.
DR. J. K. ROBBINS, Surgeon and Tbyslclnn,
Second Stq below Main. v2-nl8.
II. KISTLER, "Cattawlsa nouBO," North AVcst
, Corner Main and Second Streets. V2-U18.
MM. BROBST, dealer ln Qeneml Merchandise,
. Dry Goods, Groceries Ac -2-uls.
LIGHT STREET DIRECTORY.
T)ETER ENT, dealer ln dry goods, groceries,
1 flour, feed, salt, Ash, iron, nails, etc, Light
JTERWILLIUER, Cablnotmaker, Undertaker
and Chalrinaker. vl-nlO
TT P. OMAN A
Wheelwrights, first door
XL above school house,
JW. HANKEY, dealer ln Leather, Hides, Bark,
etc. Cash paid for Hides. vl-un.
WM. M. ENT, dealer lu stoves and tin ware In
II all Its branches. vl-nm
JOnN A. OMAN, raaunfacturer and dealer In
boots and shoes. vl-nCl.-
T J. LE1SER. M. D,
Surgeon and fnyslclon.
Office at Keller's Hotel
II. IRVINE. Medical Store Main St. nud
, Brlarcrcck Road.
D. WEK1CHEI3ER, Boot and Shoo Storo
and maufactory. shop on Mnln street, op-'
poslto steam Mill. Vi-n40
ESPY STEAM FLOURING MILLS, C. S. Fowler,
Bv F. REIGHARI), A BRO., dealers in dry goods,
groceries, and general merchandise. vl2ull
TW. EDQAR, Susq.uchanna Planing Mill and
Box Manufactory. vl2ull,
O.&W. II 8HOKMAKER, dealers lu dry
noodF. irrocerlcs mid trenernl inerchaudlNO.
iritt storo tn south cud of town. vnis.
JACOB A VM. IIAIIIIIS, dealers ln dry cowls,
srocerlcs. drues and medicines. First store In
north end of town.
TACOB A. SWISHER, dealer ln Hides, Leather
tr Bark etc. Madison township Columbia county
Neatly executed at this Office.
Ashland, Schuylkill County, Penu'a.
Q W. MILLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
brace' with E. II. Little, ln brick bulltllna oil.
iolnlng Post Olllce. w- Bounties, Back-Puy and
tensions collected. sep2u'tf7.
JOHN G. FREEZE,
Office in Register and Recorder's "office, In the
basement of the Court House, Bloomsburg, Pa.
"DOTJERT F. OLARK,
Offlco corner of .Main and Market streets, over
First National Bank, Bloomsburg, Pa.
Office Oourt-Ilouso Alley, below the Comjmiiian
Office Bloomsburg.Pa, 1
Q B..BRO0KWAY, '
attr'ney at la
arj- Oykicc Court Homo Alley, below the Cb.
lumblan Office. Jaul'67.
XT M. RUBER M. 1).
T Latooftho U.S. Navy.
Successor to DrsJlarrlsonand Wells, has imrina
uently located lu Bloomsburg for the practlco of
Modtclne and Surgery. Special attention puld
to Surgery. Can alwnysbe 'found, unless
nrofesslonally. engaged at tho Kxi-hsnge Ho.
let or at his office over M Us, Webb's bouk store,
late Republican Pilntlng office.
Apr. u .'tro-Um
J -B. PURSEL,
HARNESH, SADDLE, AND TRUNK
and dealer In
CARPET-BAOH, VAUSES, FLY-NETS.
sorrALo bobes, uobsb-bmukxtu sa,
which he feels confident be 'can sell at lower
rute than any other person In ths, country. Ex
amine for yourselves.
Shop rirst door below the Post Office ' Main
Street, Bloomsburg, Fa, '. .
g CC. COLLINS,
SHAVINO, HAIR CUTTING,
Over Wldmayer A' Jaeoby's Ies Cream Saloon,
'Hair: Dvalna' and Whiskers colored blm.ir nr
brown, llalr Tonle to destroy dandruff and beau-
tlfringthaualri will restore hair to Its original
color without soiling the nnest fabric, constantly
A CLEAR, BM0OTII SKIN AND
Iwautiiul complexion follows the nse of
llelmbold's Conceutrated Extiacl Barsaparllla.
It removes black apots, pimples and all erup
tions of the skin.
QOLUMBIA IRON WdltlCS
N. W. S'AMPIVe & CO.,
CORNUU OF MAIN ST.1 AND Ii. A U. It, II,
ma6hinistm, iuaNAijiiimAsfJ FoVNDEnfi
MANUFAO t u r"e'r s
STEAM ENGINES A WATEHWIIEKLS.
GENERAL MACHINE WORK AND
'.I'.J .' ...
, i a'jh ...ii :
f ' StJKl l
. Il. UiJ l ll. I
' ' Mi- ' i '
. .HEAD BLOCKS,
Of all kinds.
CASTINGS FOR FURNACES AND
ALSO CAR WHEELS AND AXLES
AND GENERAL MINING CASTINGS.
BRASS CASTINGS 'OF-ALL KINDS,
AND BABBIT METAL
1 . t
STOP COCKS, .
STEAM GUAaiiS. STEAM PUT. AND
B L A C K SMI T II I N G,
HEAVY OR LiailT.'FORGlNGS,
AGENTS FoiiSillVE'S GOVERNOR,
ACKNOWLEDGED TO BE THE SIMPLEST
AND BEST IN THE WORLD.
REAMERS, TAPS AND DIES,
,k , MADE TO ORDER.
BOLTS AND NUTS OF ALL
BRIDGE BOLTS AND IRONS,
SOLICITED AND ESTIMATES CHEEllFULl-Y
If. ' . t;
OF THE LATEST IMPROVED PATTERNS.
BUCKEYE REAPERS REPAIRED,
AND ALL EXTRA PARTS FURNISHED.
MANUFACTURERS AND .PRO
PRIETORS OF HOIVrON'S
PATENT HAY, RAKE.
' -kAU it .1 ., . "
ALL ORDERS EXECyTED WITH
AND SATISFACTION OIVEN
OB MONJ5Y REFUNDED,
Glorlous'victlmof my runglot .
Ruined by my'poloul spell,
., , Fiom tho.world lfnpenl station,
Have I dragged thee down to Hell f
Fallen Cli'leftalri Unthroned Monarch I
Lost through doting l6vo for m6 1
-' Fast on shades of nlghl oternal
Wing? niy sott) Its flight to thee!
Ca-sor shall not grace' his triumpU
7 . Wlt!iproudEgyiit'acaptlvoQiice)it
- Soothed lo sleep by nsplo kisses,'
Soon my hoart on tlilno shall lean';
Soon my life, like potuq blossomsj'
Swift shnll glide on Charon's stream;
Clasped toace morelA thy embraces,
Love shall proVo an endless dream
I roil Charnialni'BInd ny tresses I
Place tho crown above my brow I
Touch these uaniM, and tako thesa kisses
AnUny reprdvei not how t
Gods my Hps breathe poisoned vapors I
They have struck ray diarmaln dead I
Foolish mlnio'rit Durst preecdo me;.
When ray jrpirll's Lord has flcdt
Nono shall meet his smile before me,
None within Ills arms rcposo f
Be his heart's lmpmiloncd Arcs,
Quenched upon my bosom's snows I
None shall share his burning kisses,
Ere I Iiasto nloto his side I
.Octavln'a Icars may prove her widowed
Cleopatra's still Ills' brldo !
Sec! My coursge claims the title
Closer'preSs the osplo fangs ;
Memories or his quickening touches
Swcoten now these deadly pangs I
' Honor, manhood, gloiya teachings,
AU ho battered Mr my smile,
Twined hlj heart-strings round my fingers,
Vibrant to their touch the while.
Followed fast my silver rudder,
-Fled from Crosar's scornful eye,- . -Ilecdod
not bis bleeding houor,-
Glad upon' my breast to lie I -'
Then I snared htm in my meshes,
Bound him with my wlly.ort,
From tlie hoid of conquering legions," '
Snatched hint capllvo to my heart.
, Wild his soul at my.caresseal
Weakhlsswordatmy command 1
Rome, with fury, save her mightiest
Bowod beneath n woman's hand 1
. Noblest or tho noble Romans I
Greatest of the Emperors theo 1
Thou didst fling awoy.n kingdom
Egypt gives herself to thee I
SweeraaTbalinTJIost aort"nnd gentle "
. Drains the asp my falling breath:
Antony I My Lord 1 My Lover I
Btrctcli thine nrnu lo me ln death I
Guide mo thro' those deep-nlng shadows
Faint my heart, and wrnk my kneoj
Glorious victim! Ruined hero !
Cleopatra dies lor thee 1
OEIGIN OF ST. JOHN'S DAY.
BY .1. CAVF.N.
From the Indiana ritate Connucrclnl and Hume
The Romans honored n divinity
named Janus. Ho presided over tho be
ginning of ovcrylhingj ho opened tho
year and tho seasons, arid on earth was
tho guardian of gates and doors, and in
time of war ho went out with tho Ito
mans to aid them in battlo : and during
war tiio gates of tlio Tcniplo of Janus
wero open, and closed during peace. Ho
was represented with, two faces and a
key In his hand.
ThoJtomans Irom the Umu of Nuum
commenced their;, year at. the winter
solstice (December 21), and tho firsi
month was named January, by Nutna,
after this double-faced god Janus, who
Whs represented with ono face looking
forward for, tho year tq como, and tho
other to tho year that Was "tfast.
Tho Romans, soon after throwing off
Paganism and adopting Christianity,
canonized many eminent Christians as
saints, and dedicated to them certain
fast days, and among them tho two
Johns, and dedicated to them tho two
days falling upon tho solsticlal points
that had been dedicated to Janus.
Between tho Egj ptian Anubis, tho
Koraan-I'agan Janus, and tho Christian
St. John, tho coincidence.' Is so perfect
that we cannot fail to seo tho identity ;
and it was perfectly natural, in a pcoplo
discarding ono system of religion for
another, that tho process should be
gradual, and tho new partako, to somd
extent, of many, features of tho old.
We havo scen that tho Egyptians and
Romans both commenced their year at
tho winter solstice, December 21st, and
tho history of tho' change to tho present
day is briefly this :'
Owing to tho want of harmony be
tween tho Roman civil year and tho
tropical, by rcason'of tho failure to es.
tiraato tho annual fraction of a day, in
tho timo of Julius Ctusar tho beglnulug
of tho year had receded' until It occur
red somosoventy days before tho solstice
and thisCrcsar, nided by the astronomer
Sosiginos, undertook to correct by re
forming tho calendar, and this did, B.C.
40, by decreeing that tho then current
year (since known as tho "year of con-
fusion," although It roctlfled confusion)
should consist of -156 days, thus addinir
to it tho number of days rcquhlto to
extend it to the winter solstice, and al
so ton days boydnd, In order to com-
meuco tho first day of tho first year of
tho reformed calender on tho day of tho
now moon, and this extension of ten
days beyond tho 21st of December
brought tho begiuniug of tho year to
tlm tlmo.of our present Ht qt Jaiiuary
and then, in order to proyent future
confusion, Cicsar Introduced" tho preterit
arrangcmenti of ono Intercalary day
every foilrth year, Which wo call '"leail
Seven hundred and fifteen years, bo
foro tho Christian Era,Numa Pompllius
crs'bolng organizations or paternities
of artisans, and also religious socletlcsj
and these colleges celebrated, two founts
In each year, at tho fluid. pt,to Bummer
aud winter' 8nlgtlccr,- In honor of Janus,
who presided over them.
These college wero tlm undent Ro
man. Masonic, bodies, thq. members bo
jng; operative Masons and members
wero Initlaiodiwlth solemn cerpmonios
taktngkrf obligation of secrecy ,'and'were
Instructed lt certain, signs of; rqcognl
tlbn,;and also lu'tho usb of the working
tools and In tho science of architecture;
Thoy" were divided Into "Apprentices,"
'Companions," or"FelIow Crafts," and
"Masters," and hadthoexcluslvo privi
lege of constructing tho tomplos and
Thoy (were governed ontlroly by their
owrilaws, had n Judiciary of tholr ivrn;
and were amrnablo to no other, and
FRIDAY, JUNE 4,
were hold I Ii shell high rjsteeirl Uiat they'
wercfreo frdni, all taxes to the city and
State mid It was tho Masons', thus hon
ored hnd (encouraged, who croctod tho
Wonderful architectural structures of
Rome,- whosO ruins, oven at this day,
are the Wonder mid admiration of tho
These builder-) accompanied the Ro
man legions In tholr inllltary expedi
tions, and.constructed their camps and
bridges, traced their routes, and wero
In fact their military' cnglucbrd.
In tho year 43 of tho Christian Era,
many members of tho Colleges of Build
ers, who wero with Roman legions in
tho countries bordering on tho Rhine,
WCro sent by tho Emperor Claudius in
to tho British Islaiids to protect' tho
Romana against tho invasions of tho
Bcforo their arrival In tho British
Islands thero wero no towns or villages,
but tho Masons at onco commenced tho
construction of brldgcs,camps and fortlJ
fieatlons, in tho Interior of which fortU
ficutions they erected temples and pala
ces, rapidly converting them Into per
Their' princpal encampment was at
York; ln England.callod by tho Romans'
Eboracuni, which becamo a city Of 'lmJ
portancejand was for some timo, fifteen
hundred and fifty' years ago, tho rcsIJ
denco of tho Emperor Constantlnohlm-
self, tho grout patron and protector of
Masonry, nud,' heuco comes tho'namd
of "Xork" Masonry.
Tho nativo population of,Brltaln,whd
nided tho "Builders;' word Initiated In
to tho operativo bodies 'Of 'Masons, and
Instructed in their ftrtj and In ft shdrt.
timo towns and5 villages' we're In pro
gross of frectlon till over 'tho, country.
These societies became so important
that tho Emperor Carausius, about A.D,
287, confirmed, to tho Masbns all tho
nncient privileges granted them by
Numa.Pomplllus,inoro,'tlinn ono thous
and years before, among which was 'tlio
right of making tholr own laws, estab
lishing their own judiciary, and wero
not. nmeunblo to any other fornij
whencO' came their title, Free Masons!
About this period Christian mission
arles wero endeavouring to pfopagato
Christianltyin Britain', but'by Uecrecs
of1 tho Roman Emperor they wero per
secuted, with tho moat terrlblo, rigor;
but owing td the great favor In which
tho Masons stood, they wero not interi
fercd with ifor any cause; and as' their
foundation principles werethat all meii
arc brothers' tholr' duty .not to hurt,
butto loye, and elevate, and protect
advocating the largest liberty and tole
ration of opinion ln religious matters as
lit all .other, their sympathies were
strongly vjtltho persecuted.- Thoy ex
temled, their protection to the mission
aries, and such persons, when accompa?
nied by Masons,wero permitted to trav
el, .teach and preach without molesta.
Hon. and impressed with tho nobld
character df tho 'institution, and In or
der to avail themselves more fully of
such protection, large .numbers sought
un'il' obtained admission Into Masonic
lodges, and thuq connected and protect
ed preached their ddctrines with impu
nity, for as Masons they wero nmcna
bio to no laws but their, own, which
taught universal tpleration of opinion,
rnus protected Dy tno .Masons, Chris?
tlanlty spread with great rapidity so
much so that about A.D.SOGthcEmporor
Constantino, then residing at York,cm-
braced the Christian religion, and der
clared It tho religion or the state. It
continued to spread with great rapdltyj
and resulted in an era of building edi
fices for worship; and furnishing ample
employment for tho Masons, Who had
themselves, to a great extent, adopted
Christianity. Under tho uutronage of
Constantino and tho labors of tho Ma
sons,- magnificent churches sprang up
all oyer tho 'land. The. Ma3ons and
Christians found thomsolvcs co-workers
in n congenial cause, and bringing to It
tho learning, genius, dovotlon and en
thusiasm of art aud religion,-
During tho Invaslon'of tho Danes, bo
twecn A.D.835 hnd 870, nearly nil these
churches and monasteries wero destroy.
cd : and King Athelstane, desirous of
rebuilding tho churches, directed his
adopted son Edwin to usiscinblo in tho
yenr.A. D. 820, In tho city of York, all
the lodged of Masons in the country
They assembled 'and tho King' presen
ted to tho Masons thero assembled n
constitution, In which ho confirmed
to them nil tlm privileges of which ho
confirmed to them all tho privilege of
which they had formerly been possess
ed as free Roman colleges.
Tho Masqns wero again employed in
lebuilding tho churches and other re
ligious edifices, and as it was tho cus
tom In those days, and had been for
hundreds of years before, and Is In this1
day, to dwlicato churches to" particular
saints, tho dllt'ercm trades and artist
also selected their patron taint. Tho
Christian Churchfrom the tlmeof Christ
had commemorated tho 24th of Juno
as.tho anniversary of tho birth of St.
John tho Baptist, and also tho 27th Of
December as tho festival of St. John tlid
Eyangellst, and an many of tho Chris.
tlans had becomo members of tho Ma
sonic' fraternity, and wero united In i
great and common work, and us tliesd
days .fell upon tho solsttcal points, which
tliii Masons had always observed, It na
turally resulted In, to some n'xichti
bli'iidlug tho peculiarities of the two In
stitutions, and lieneo tho Masons adopt
od tho two St, Johns as their two putroii
saints' as thero 'were two' solstices, 'thei
two-faced Janus and tho two-faced Anu
blK,vho presided over tho two solstlciaj
points and for somo hundreds of years
tho Masons lu Britain aiul all over
Europe wero known almost exclusively
as tho St.. John Brothers, or Brothers
of St. John,
Jn tho'Monitor wo road that "Mason j
professing Christianity dedicated their
lodges to St. John tho Baptist nnd St,
Jphn tho Evangelist, nnd since their
timo thoro Is reprcscntod la every regf
ularan'd woll-goveriied lodge a eertalij
point within a circle, tho' nolnt renro
soutlng mi individual brother, tho clri
do roprcseutlng tlio boundary lino of
his dhty to God hnd man, beyond which
ho is novcr'to suffer his passions, irejuf
dices or Interest td betray him on any
occasion. Tlio clrclo Is cmbortlcred by
two pcrpendlculAr p:lriilidl lines, ropro
scutlng St. John tho Baptist mid St,
John tho 'Evangelist," Ac.
Tho origin df tho point, circle, and
parotid linn Is evident: tlio hotnt rep
resents tho sun, thd clrdle tho path Of
tno earth's annual revolution round thd
sun, nnd thd penkndicntar Unci thd
earth's axis nt tho two feolstlclal points
or maximum and minimum polar dis
tances. Neither Js'lt UimcUlt.td find In'
Anlibit tho origin of Jail ui xtr tho Johnti
or to find In thdso words which inarkeil
tho beginning of tho Egyptian arid
Roman year tho Latin unnut (year) and
the English annual (yearly).
From Janus, who onouodtho seasons.-
and tho gates of HcavctJ, comes ou?
word janitor, ono. who opens ddors. Thd
Church then, ln observing St. ,Jolins
Days, ns also tho Masons, had merely
given now numes to days that had been
observed for centuries.
As doubts oils t whether tho St. Johns
wero Masons, tho Grand Lodges of Eng.
land and Scotland havo abandoned alt
allusion to them in their rituals, aud
havo even abandoned tho observance of
those days as fast days. because, ns, thd
hi. Joiins wore not certainly known to
bo'Masons, they deemed tho dedlcation
of certain days to thorn as an entire In
novation, and that everything connccN
cd with them shouldi be abolished. It
may bo that tho dedication of Iddges to
tho St. Johns, and allusions to them'
I n' t ho rituals as Masons, aro unwarrant
ed) yet the obsoryahco of tho solstlciaf
feasts was u religious custom among thd
Egyptians long anterior to the bulldlbri
of Rome, and aftorwards by tho RomJ
ans, and by tho Masons of Erfgland by"
uiu iiuiuo oi ot. jouns' nays, since a
bhort timo nftW tho granting of tho
Charter of York, A. D. 920.
These days, then, were observed by
tho ancient Masons of England and
Rome by tho builders of Palmyra,
Balbecand Thebes, and tho Pyramids
AVo need not pauso at tho Temple of
boiomou, nor Its great contemporary
built by thosamo great King, tlto Tern,
plo of tho Sun at Palmyra, but may
travel back' along tho path of ages td
Kurnac, Luxor, nud Belns.
-j. no oDservanco or tneso days is not
an idolatrous worship of tho St. Johns!
of Janus,-or of -Anubis, but was found
ed upon astronomical events of tho
greatest interest and curiosity upon
causeS'upon which depended tho exist
ence of the Egyptian people, from
whom wo have derived our civilisation
they boingj thousands of years agol
the most civilizcd'peoplo In thu'worldi
and .in masoury 'tho grandeur und im
mensity of their architecture Is not
equalled at this day.
All tho nations' of antiquity worship
pod tho Sun, as did tho Jews. In Ezo-
klel vlil, 11, 10, written bIx hundred
years before' Christ, wo read : "Then hd
brought mo to tho door of tho gato of
the Lord's House, which was toward
.tho north, and behold there sat womeii
weopIngTor, Tummuz; and ho brought
mo Into tho! inner court of tho Lord'i
JIouso, and behold at tho door of tlio
Toraplo of tlio Lord, between tho-porch.
and tho altar, wero about flve and twen
ty men with their backs toward tho
Temple of tho Lord, and their face4
toward tho cast, and they worshipped
tno SVn toward tho cast."
Ono of tho months or tho Jewish year
is named Tammui, and tho firsl day li
observed by tho Jewish Church as a
rast day, viz: "Taking of tho Templo,""
nnd usually falls on some one of tho
long days near tho summersolstico, and
this year fell on the precise day, Juno
21, although, owing td tho fact that tho
Jowlsh yeanconslsts of lunar months,'
me nrsiuays oi mo month donotal
ways fall upon tho samo days of tho
Tho ancients, then, rendered homago
lo tho Hun and stars as the Immediate
visible sources to them Of light, of life
nnd beneficence; and shall wo condemn,
as Idolatry, tliat o.popple ln tho world's
Infancy should havo been impressed
with awd and wondcr oii observing the
Sun, that- wonderful luminary, or that
beautiful star that proclaimed plenty'
for tho peopio. It was tho natural in
stlnct'of rovcrenco for tho good, It was;
a worship, a religion, a looking at
nature that led to "look througlf nature'
up to nature's God."
In tho Fellow Craft's Degree, wo'ruad
ln the Monitor that "Snoculatlvo Ma
sonry leads the contomplatlvo to"vlow
wan rovcrenco and admiration tho glor
ious works of tho Creator, and Impress
him with tho most exalted idea of tho
perfections of hlsdivino Creator; that
upon ono of the globes Is represented
tho face of tho heavens, the planetary
revolution, the constellations and heav
enly bodies; that tho globes ard maps
to distinguish tho situation of tho fixed
stars, and to lllustrato and explain tho
piienomuna arising from tho annual
revolution of tho diurnal rotation of the
earth round its own-axis ; that contem
plating those bodies wo .'are IupIrod
with a duo rovorenco for tho Deity and
his works. Wo aro nlso taught that as
tronomy is that Dlvlno art by which
wo are taught to read tho. wisdom,
strength and beauty of the Almighty
Creator in thoso sacred pages, the Celes
tial Homlsphoro. Assisted by astrono'-J
my wo ca;i obsorvo tho motions; meas
ure tho distances comprbhend 'tho'
magnitude,- nnd calculate' tlm periods'
and ccllpaeu of tlio heavenly bodied.'1
By it; wo learn tho system of tho world
and tho; preliminary law of nature.
While wo iiro employed In the study of
this science, wo must porcolvo unnaral-
loled Instances of wisdom and goodnoss,
und through tho whole creation traco
tho glorious Author and his works;
that geometry Is tho basis upon which
tho "superstructure of Masonry Is oreot
ed, and that by it wo may curiously
traco nature through her various wind
ings, and discover the power, wisdom,
and goodness of tho Grand Artificer of
tho Unlverso, and discover how tho
planets movoin tholr dliTorent orblN,1
and demonstrate their various revolu
tions, and account for tho return of
seasons, and Variety of scenes which
each beoson displays' to tho discerning
eyo. It teaches u. (hat numberless
worlds are all around us ; all framed by
tho samo Dlvlno Artist, and conducUd
' .i.'i t-. ,V v .
V ' (r . rU- III w r
"I j1(i Iril.u
dM.-"V0L. XXXIII NO. lfi.
by tho samo interring law of nature."
With Masonry ut this day thus teach
lng tho wondorH of astronomy, and
teaching us to rcad.tiie wisdom,trengll;
and beauty of tho Almighty Crcdlor,
in that sacred pago, thd Celestial Hemi
sphere, shall Masoiis. who boilevo that
Masonry Is of romoto origin, bo surpris
ed or disappointed, ns. wo traco back
our history, to find that tho Masons of
antiquity also rend tho samo, celestial,
pago, and learned therefrom thoso sub
Hmo lessons, and have handed down
to us their teachings?
-Tho worship or tho iS'iw and Ulan by
tho anclonts was tho first steD In tho
study of astronomy in which the Egyp
tians mauo great advances, and tho
names thoy gavo centuries on centuries
ago to tho constellations and stars, nre
.i . . '
mu unities inoy ocar u-uay.
Tho Sun thoy worshipped still moves
on in ite magnificent God appointed
pumway across tno skics, and still
warms and lights thoworld.andnwii.
-tno juog star," the faithful watchorlri
tho Egyptian skies more than twenty
centuries bofore theutar that appeared
loguiuotnewise men of tho East to
tho manger pf Bothlehem, is still tho
"JJoetstar," and stands the sontlnol-
thelanltorofthoskies-faithfull v watch
ing at us celestial post, and will stand
until tho heavens shall be rolled togeth
er as a scroll.
A Blamed Lono Table. Tlie fol.
lowing, mark you, Is Jim .Pafsdley'd
narrative. Ono morning wo mot him In
tho street, looking rathor melancholy,
wiiuu uu suiu:
"Yesterday I folt a tlttlo bad, and
mark jou, I went and took a small
drink; and, that not Improving my
fooling, I took another nnd another,
don't you observo. and finally I gotu
llttlo tight, In tho evening I went In
to tho country with a frlend.mark you,
nnd thinking I would cool off, I took
several moro drinks whon I got thero,
don't you observe, yot, strange to .say,
tho moro l drank the tighter I got', un
tll.Iwenttobol. During tho night I
awoke.dou't you obscrve.and I couldnH
Imagine where tho mischlefl was.inar'k
you. I. became very anxious to learn
my whereabouts.don't you obscrvc.aud
for that purposo aroused from my bed.
mark you, and after stumbling over'n
dozen chairs, don' you observo, I eamd
to a tabic.
Now, mark.you, I reflected' that tlio
generality of apartments, aro a perfect
or an oblong square, don't you observe)
and .moreover, that tho generality of
tables are squaro and I doduced from
this, mark you, that by feeling along
tho tablo until I camq to a eornerlcould
get off at right angles and reacli'tho cor
ner of tho room, and by that ho guided
by tho wall (o a door or window, don't
you observe., Following" out tills Idea,
raark you,I began to fcol carefully along
tho'odgo of tho aforesaid table.and final
ly galnlug confidence, I went a llttlo
faster ; tho Idea struck me, that it was'a
blame long table,-and that I could not
get to a'cornor, don't you observe : yet I
pcrsovercd-fand finally daybrpke, and
when sufficient light penetrated tho
apartment I saw, raarkiyou, that I had
been followirig'a' blamed rotwd' tabid alj
night, looking for a corner klon't you
The last Joko at thd expense, of tho
French Society for, tho .protection of
Animais lsto.tno following effect:
A countryman armed with an Im
menso'club presents himself before tho
President of tho society and claims tlio
first prize'. Ho is asked to describe thd
act of Tiumanlty on which ho founded
"I saved the life of a wolf," replies
tno countryman, "I might havo killed
him with this bludgeon ;" and hoawlngs
tbe weapon in the air to tholntcnso dis
cdra'flturo of tho President.
"But whero was, tho wolf?" Inquires
tho latter; "what had ho done to you?"
"lid had Just devoured my wife,"
was the reply.
Thd Prcsldont reflects an Instant and
then "ays :
'My friend I am of tho oplulon that
you havo boon sufficiently rewarded."
And thus, in an investigation of tho
simple question of the origin of "St.
John's Day," tho observance of
which, as a Masonic festival, has, by
many, been doomed an unwarranted
innovation and modern Invention, we
find ovldence of tho antiquity of Mason
ry, and that tho feast days wo now ob-
Jiorvo were founded upon astronomical
events of mighty wonder, aud that such'
observance had Its origin fifteen hun
dred years before Solomon was born,
and ten conturlcs before God talked
with Moses ou Mount Sinai.
A domestic, uewly-engagcd, pre
sented to his inaster,onomomlng,puir
of boots, tho leg of one of which was
much longer than the other. "How
comes It, you rascal, that these boots
aro not tho amo length?" "I really
don't know, sir; but what pothers me'
most Is, that tho pair, down stairs is In'
tho siiine fix,"
A, little boy met his Sabbath school
toacher,aud lnnocently.itsked her If to say
"coffordam" wasswcarlng. Hlio replied,
"no my dear what makes you ask that
question ?" His answor was, ''I saw'
an old cow down tho street yonder, she
was nearly choked to death, and f.
thought sho would 'coffer-dam, iead'
"MA'AM,"saId n quack of Long Island,
to ft nervous old lady, "your cas'o Is" a
scrutunuturury complaint." "Pray 'doc
tor what Is that ?" "I t Is tho drooping
of tho nerves ma'am; tho nerves having
fallen Into tho tlzarlntum, tho chlstbo-
comes, morbeous, and tlio head g es
tlzarlzeu, tlzarizon, ' ''.Ah, doctor."
exclaimed the old lady, "you havo de
scribed my feelings exactly,"
A Nevada paper pleads for tho estb-
llshmutit of mi Inebriate Anylum at
Carson City. It says: "The pepplp of
rovaua want Jt the i people pf Carsou
want It tho glslators themselves
want It l' That appeal ought to bo
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Oii0Ktiiare, (Ion Hutu or IN iitiiv,.
Ifii t In i nonpiirfil l,vi!)(tiuortuiiiiiM'r-
iiuiis, fi.bu; imw insertions, tzw.
One f iiur.,J..,.,.uo
Two squall's. nm
Threo squares.,,. A,rn
Four squares.. . . 7m
HatVrJuinifl..",.! iino ,
uuu cuiuiuu...... 3U,UU
Executor's or A(lml..luir.,(.i xu '
o An . . ii. . -....onufcui o iiuilll.',
roo Audl,ors"r Asslgneo's Notltf,
i.,f,(if?I,Nolf.t'os' ''"'i' " "nej
by tho yrnr ten rents.
CllrdM III Him "111 rfioinnti tl :.A. ......
J21'riyeiir or-lho ft't two lines!
and l.prj preach addillonal 11m" '
General Iiiniriimfloii about
HounMcs, Pensions, He.
All men who enlisted between Jul v
1-. 1601, and Juno 2.5, I8G3, wore enfl-
tied toetoo if tiloy 6Crvcd two ycara
All mon who enlisted In old organ!
1 j87,Sn 0dober 2S- !P03. to April
All mon who enlisted from April 1,
18CI,toJulyl7, 1861, aro entitled to
Tho abovo bounty Is paid In full to
any soldier discharged for wonn.ia ,n.
colvod In line of duty, arid to no other
soldier except thoso who mri-nt i.
years or to expiration of term orwho
were uiscnargod on accqunt of Govern
ment no longer requiring their services.
ah veterans who enlisted as vntpmn.
prior to April 1, 1801, wero entitled to
All men who enlisted after Julw lfiti,
1801, for ono year, and who served full
term, were entitled to 4100.
AH mon who enlisted after July 18th,
1801, for two years, and who sorved full
terra, wero entltlpd to $200.
.All men who onllsted after July 18th
1801, for three years, and who served
full term, wero entitled to 300.
ENTITLED TO INCREASE.
1st. All persons who havo lost both
hands or both eyes, or boon totally dis
abled ln tho United States service, or so
permanently and totally disabled as to
rondor them utterly helplcss.or so near
ly so ftslto require tho constant person
al aid and atloudanco of another per
son, aro entitled to 26 per month.
Snd. All persons who have lost both
hands or ono foot nnd ono hand, or who
aro totally disabled In tho samo, or oth
erwise so disabled a3 to bo Incapacitated
for performing any manual labor, but
not so much as to require constant per
sonaUid and attention, $20 per month.
3d.BAll persons who have lost ono
foot or ono hand, or boon totally and
permanently disabled in tho samo, or
othorwiso disabled as to rondor their In-
ability to porform manual labor equiv
alent to tho loss of a hand or foot 15
4th. All widows who have children
by such soldier aro entitled to an In-
crcaso of ten dollars per month for each
minor child (under 10:) where tho wid
ow Is dead or ro-marrlod the minor
children nro entitled to an Increase of
$2 per month.
Soldiers who havolostthelrdlschargo
are entitled to- a bounty, and It tan bo
procured for,them in all cases' In which
they would havo boon entitled if the
discharge had not been lost.
ENTITLED TO TENSION.
1st. All Soldiers, Provost Marshals,
Deputy Provost'Marshals and Enroling
Officers who were disabled directly or
Indirectly ln '"Uncle Sam's" servlco,
wlillo in tho lino of duty.
2d. All widows of such.
0d.- All minor children (under 10) of
such.wherothe widow Is dead orrc-mar-riod.
4th. AH mothers who wero depend
ent in whole or in part upon such a sou
for support, where no widow or minor
5th. Ali fathers wild were deiendent
Iu-wholo or in 'part on-such' a sou for
support.where there is no widow.mlnor
children or mother.
Cth. All other brothers and sisters
under sixteen, who were dependent in
whole or In part upon such soldiers
whero there Is no widow or children.
7th. AH soldiers discharged for
wounds received In battle, or skirmish.
on picket, or In tho line of duty, and
all volunteers (oxceptlng those enlist
ing after July 18th 1804,) discharged In
consequents o( the close of tho war.are
entitled to tho same bounty as if they
had served out their full term of serv
ice; but If discharged for disability,
other than wounds as stated above,
they aro entitled to tho matured instal
ment only; but if tho disability existed
prior to enlistment, all unpuld instal
ment and the $25 advance, If received
aro forfeited, i f honorably discharged
for any causo, other than above enumer
ated within two years, they nro enti
tled to tho matured Inxtalmonts only.
A bounty of $100 is given to tho heirs
of soldiers who enlisted for more than
six months and died In tho service, und
to tho widow, and If there bo no widow,
to tho children of all volunteers who
enlisted for lose than six months' and
were killed In tho servlco.
This only relates to six months mon
who enlisted undor the call of tho Pres
ident In 18C2 for 600,000 men.
There Is no bounty for enlistment in
tho Veteran Reserve Corps.
All the abOvo are paid to tho heirs of
deceased soldiers In tho other numed,
namely, to widow, children, father,
mother, brothors and sisters.
A very fat man being measured for
a pair of pantaloons, gavo directions
that thoy should be largo and full, as ho
liked them Ioo. When ho camo to
try on his now uiimentiouables, ho
found that thoy.ituelc tight to his legs,
whereat lie remonstrated : "I told you
lo make those- lmuts full." After sonio
objugatpry expressions, of a profauo n:l.
turo, tho tailor ended ihp .controversy
by declaring,."! dink dose panto Is full
enough; If dey. was any fuller doy
An Itinerant quac2t doctor in Texas
was applied to by ono of Col. Hays's
rangers to extract the Iron point of an
arrow-head, from hlsi head, where it
had been lodged' for some' time. 'can
.not '.struct this, stranger,' said tho doc
tor, "bckaso to' do so would go nigh
killiu1 you'; but I tell you what L cau
do,- I can give you a pill that will melt
It in your head.!
A man who lately sued a lady for
breach of promise, was offered 1200 to
settle. "What!" ho cried, "two hun
dred dollars for ruined hopes, a shatter
od mind, a blasted life, aud a bleeding
heartl Two hundred dollars for all this!
Noyer never I Make It throe, and It's a
Why was Mohamet llko a man In
church with a bad cold? BwausoUlB
roughln1 had to be suspended.