The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, May 17, 1867, Image 1

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H . 1W . V .Cv I HI A . A K . AX AX
VOL. I.-NO. 20.
BliOOMSBTJItGr, PA., FRIDAY, MAY 17, 1867.
'lUtlOE FIVE CENTS.
rjMIK FLOllKNCK
AU12 THi: 1HMT IN Till; WOULD.
tinlMroomi, CM Chestnut Ktroct, llitlndc)i1ila, l'n.
WlillonlnrRpnumlirr of MncliltiM linvo been
nlfrrcd to tho public, Mimonf which possess iulnts
t excellence And nclcnovlll merit, wo linve
long felt wlint otlicra huc experienced, tlip m
lty of n Mnchlnc more perfect In tin incclinnl
enl "structure, combining In tlio '
itianr.sT DnanuK
HIMn.ICITV WITH DUIlArilLITY,
nnil wlillo capable, of doing n
onnATi;ii Hanoi; or womc,
one that could be cully understood nnil enmprc.
bended by nil.
To nupnly n Mowhiit-Mnclilne free from the oh.
lection nttnclicd toothcra lmn been notaivuisk:
for we not only had to fmrpiiss other Machine, as
they appeared years ago, but alio a, Improved
from time to tunc by more recent experience.
This we boldly claim ban been accomplished by
tho liberal expenditure of capital, nnd the pa
tient, untiring labor of .Tears j and In presenting
onr Machine to the, public, we shall ii'inko strong
assertions respecting lis merits, which we are
prepared to substantiate In every particular.
Discarding the Chain and Loop, or Knit Btltchcs,
wo adopted tuo
LOCK BTITCIt
(alike on both sides of the fabric), which Is re
gamed by tho masses as best suited to all kinds
of work. Hut to meet objections sometimes urged
against this favorite stitch, we have added the
Knot, Double Iiock, and Doublo Knot, either of
which Is
RTIlONOr.lt AND MOW. IU.ASTIO
than tho Lock; thus enabling tho operator to
select a stitch
I'UUt'nCTLY HUITI'.D
to evcxy grado of fabric, and whero necessary, ev
fccam lnnch stronger than It U posslblo to do by
hand.
THE COLUMBIAN,
A Democrat to Xowkiwdoi',
is rem.tstimi F.vniv Htin.tr miuinimi at
Itt.OO.MSlIt ltd, FIJXX'A.
Tlinprhiclplcsuf thlspiipcrateoflhoJetrerson
lan School of polities. Those principles will never
bo compromised, yet courtesy nnd klmlcss shall
not be forgotten In discussing them, win Ihcr with
Individuals, or with contemporaries of tho Tress
The unity, happtuess,atid prosperity of the coun
try Is our aim and object; and as Ibo means to
secure that, wo shall labor honestly nnd oamrstly
for the harmony, success and grim th of our organisation.
Thii.Miot' AiiVMiTisi.Nd i Onoqiinrc(tcn lines
or less) one or three Inseitlons SliOi each subse
quent Insertion .10 cents.
1m.
$.'.00
.1,(
5,00
SI'Al'K,
One s(ilare.,..
Two squares
Three squares..
rour squarew 11,(10
Half column 10,00
One column n.w
8.1,00
f,,m)
7,00
f,oo
12,00
1S,II
asr.
Si.no.
(1,00
S,00
10,00
15,01)
'.,()
flit.
$(!,()
1J,I)
11,00
lv,
51o,oo
ls,(A
jo,c)
),00
00,00
makes
TUB l'LOHi;Ncr.
I'OUIt DIFPnitr.NT STITCIIHS
"vltli as much ease as ordinary Machines make
one, nnd with as little machinery.
Tho result of repeated tests has been nil wo
could desire, and from Its first Introduction the
Floreneo has gained hosts of friends, nnd been
regarded as a
HOUlsr.HOI.D NKClSsSITY;
proving that tho public fully appreciate tho many
advantages combined in tho Floreneo Machine.
Over all others, the Flnronce must bo seen to be
fnlly appreciated.
W claim lor the A
flouf.nci;
'thn following
ADVANTAUF-S
over any nnd all
BrAVINCl-MACHINES IN THK WOULD
S-It makes four different stitches, tho lock,
"knot, double-lock, nnd double-knot, oi. one anil
tho same machine. Ilnch stitch being altko on
Iwth sides of tho fabric.
98- Kvery Machine has tho reversible feed mo-
Hon, which enables tho operator, by simply turn
lug a thumb-screw, to have tho work run either
to the right or luft, to stay any part of the scam
or fasten the ends of seams, without turning the
e- Changing the length of stitch, and from
iran Jilud cf .stitch to another, can rcadlty be done
sjtMlw theInhlno Is In motion.
J-The needle. Is easily ndjusted, nnd does not
skip .stitches.
r.xecutor's and Administrator's Notice S.1,00; Ml
dltor's Notice s'yt, other advertisements Inser
ted according to special conlraet.
Business not Ici, without ad ertlscment, twenty
cents ;.er line.
Transient advertisements pnyalrlo In advance-
all others due after tho first Insertion.
It Is, In all casei, more likely to bo satisfac
tory, both to subscribers and to the Publishers,
that remittances und nil communlcallonn respect
ing tho business of thcpniier, bu scut direct to tho
otlleoof pufillcallon. All letters, whether relating
to the editorial or business concerns of the p'.iper,
and nil payments for subscriptions, adveitlslng,
or Jobbing, ni e to be made to and addressed
uuocKWAY a Fiti;i:zi:,
"CYihtmbian Qlcc,"
UtfloMsnuno, l'..
Printed at Itoblson's Uulldlngs, near the Court
House, by ('has. m. VASiitiusucr,
FlEANK 11. RNVI'Klt.
(Choice oftrii.
MOTIIUIl'H CIHAVI!.
iiy n, n. PitKNTtrn.
The Ircinbllngdcwilrops fall
1'pon the shutting flowers, like souls at lest;
The stars shine gloriously, and all
H ive me are blest.
Mother, I lovo thy gravel
The lolol, with Its blossoms blue nnd mild,
Wnvcs o'er thy bead. When will It wuvo
Almo thy child?
'TIs n sweet llnwcr, yet must
Its bright leaves totbo morning tempest bow.
Denr iiiolbcr, 'tis thlno emblem dust
Is on thy brow.
And I could love to die;;
To loavo untnsted life's dark, hitler streams,
Uy thee, as erst In childhood, lie,
And sliaro thy dreams.
And I must linger hem
To stain tho plumage of my sinless years,
And mourn the hopesof childhood dear
With bitter tears.
Aye, I must linger hero,
A lonely brunch upon u withered tree.
Whose last frail leaf untimely sere,
Went down w 1th thee;
Oft fiom life's withered bower,
In still communion with tho past, I turn
And muse on thee, the only tlower
In memory's urn
And when the evening pale
Hows Ilk a mourner on the dim blue wave,
I stray to hear the night wind's wall
Around the grave.
Where Is thy spirit (limn?
I gaze above thy look Is imaged thrro
I listen, and thy gentle tone
Is on the air.
Oh conic while hero I prrss
My brow upon thy grave, and In those mild
And thrilling tones of tenderness,
Itto.ss, blc.s thy child 1
ctatc of the (Country.
MR. BUCKAIiEW IN DEFENCE
OP SUMNER.
Itrmnrks In the Hciintc, 3Inrcli lfltli, lnT
upon the Supplementary Military Itrcuii
structlou Kill.
4tf-lt Is almost noiseless,
where quiet Is necessary.
and can be used
Ad-Its motions are all positive; theu-arono
springs to get out of order, nnd Its simplicity en
ables uuy one lo operate It,
- It does not require liner tbre.idnn theuudev
than for tho upper side, nnd will sew across the
heaviest scum, or from one to inoro thicknesses
of cloth, without change of needle, tension, break.
lug thread, or skipping studios.
atf-Tho Heinmer Is easily ndjusted, and will
1um any width of hem desired.
Cj-N'o other Machine will do so or at a range
of work as tho Florence.
rjiIIK LOST CAUSE,
THi: ONLY ciTANllAllII (M'liCt W.
SOUTHKUX HISTORY OF Till
vVAR.
Uy UJwnrd A, Pollard, of Virginia.
MA.Ml'llLHCHWKl'l'UXHISKItor MIFFLIN"
lovi nsliln, lias procured the Agency or I olumbl.
Conntv. for the sale of the above work. It com
irises a mil acismiu oi inr rise nnu prunri'ss i
ine laio :siuilliern l onieuerney, uie eaiiii'iimns.
Iitittles. lnelilefitK and adventures of tho most irl-
gantlc struggle of tho World's history. Complete
lu one laigo voiumo oi ucauy aw pages, wiui
TWUXTY-l'OUll HI'LFNDID STLUL
FOIITUAITS
of distinguished Confederate lenders. The liMo
rv in ine villiqill-.ne,l lias loo oueu laueu in
the pen of the victor, and to liwne Jubilee to tiie
SAiiiherii cause, the nen must be taken bv Mime
Holltbi I'll nian who Is vvtlllngto dev otf bis lllnc
mid talents to the v luniciiiumoi nis riiiiiiirjiu.
In n nutitrv wliieh sh.ill i h:illi-ti2. the erltlii-l
if the In el I gent, and invlleiiie niieiiiinii oi an
honest Inquirers. Mu lia work vcill lie, if tteeull.ir
Interest to the candid and intelligent public of
the North, and 1- ot the utiiin-t iniiiortni to the
people or the Southern Mates. .Mr. l i.iru, oi
all wrlteis ill (he M.utli, Is doubtless tile best
qualified to piepare a e.,iui'l,'le and standard hU
tiiry of the War, and toioinnitt to tlie prisent
and rultire gi'iirraii'in a launiui niui vioiiuy u
cord of tlii'lrgreiit snuggle mid of a cause lot,
save In honor, b.ivil.g been emplnv ed iluiiug Hu
nt In- period oi the War, as clllor oi a lueiiiuoiui
nevisp.iptr. ( u-i.- o.
I)i:i.oriii;T oiuians ami mk-
I LHDUONS. L nanililously aw.irdeil the First
Prize, n (iold Medal,
".i.v tiii: ltr.sr c.uitxirv oiuia.x.v
Anierlcnn Institute, New Yolk, October, l-CA
lint,,,, n.it, .mi,.,.,! sui-eiior In nualitv. turner
and vnrh ty ot tone, and m number of eonibiuii-
" v l lie hesl tn virion, 'ills of Aluel'iea were there
cnnteiidlng, whichever won the battle would have
nothing lett to conquer. -lllirilflil .III juurnnt,
(cilltisl Iiy ii well-known niuslcal erltie.i
l ney nave invu uu.cii uv i. ,.,.. .,...-
ever I'Xhllilteil mis siason.
l'l.liAI.OKO VNS. one, iwo noil uiree lianas 11
l,ejs-slv sles jiVl to Sl,..l0. v llhoul ped it
not even nntlinrlzo theso offlccrs. who
nro to bo appointed by him, to adminis
ter legal otiui9 lor mo nsccnniiiiiium, vt
tho most necessary fact In comptllnp;
tho roKlstratlon upon which suirrnpo Is
to bo based. It H said tho military
t'oinniander can innko all nccosfury res-
illations. That was tho answer given
mo when 1 proposed an amendment, as
It was the answer given when oilier
amendments Introducing regulations
Into tho administration or this system
were ollercd. Described, then, In general
terms and according to tho plain and
iiiKjucstlonablofact, this section of coun
try is under absolute military rule; and
this whole proceeding for tho reorgani
zation of civil governments nceordlng
to tho wishes and according to tho plea
sure of Congress Is to bo absolutely and
entirely under tho control or tho mili
tary power. Tliero Is not ono Jot or Ju
dicial power orauthorlty to bo exercised
throuuh anv court or macistrato In or
about the whole proceeding from begin-
ning to row. wen, men, nnu iriuy ma
tiie Senator from Mtissachii'-cttH do-
scrlbo thcio prospective States as States
to no norn into o.xistenco aim to uikc
their places among our States by vlrtuo
oi tnouayonet; or, to auauiioit titu ng
nro of sneeeh and to use plainer hut
gunge, by military power. That he
should be called to account for this lan-
guago ; that tho accuracy, tho propriety,
illness nnu timeliness oi tins uescri i-
tion should bo Impeached, is most sur
prising.
I rose, sir, In behalf of common rea
son and fairness to urotest in bis behnlf
although I am n volunteer upon tho
occasion ttL'ainit tho lustlce or the cnti
fisms which have been leveled against
lilin, or rather against Ills remancs
Mr. STKW'AKT. I wish to say to
tho gentleman that his apology 'in. be
half or tho Senator from .Massachusetts
Is entirely satisfactory.
Mr. mJCKALKvV. Then, sir, I will
proeeett to tho other point j and l pro
nosolo mauo that equally plain, aim
In the debate upon tho ".Supplemen
tal Itecoiiatruction" bill, on the 10th of
March la-t, Senator Sumner took deel
ded ground against "military recon
struction," declaring that the Southern
States so recon.-trueted would bo open
lo the imputation of being born of tho
bayonet! Ho contended that tho whole
subject was within tho power of Con
gress and could bo arranged without
military interference. He olVercd a
substitute for tho bill under discus-ion,
covering all the provisions of tho mili
tary and supplemental bills and tho
constitutional amendment ; declaring
that schools, freo to all colors, should bo
maintained by the States, anil excluding
the Southern States from the Union un
til Congress should approve their Con
stitutions and become sntislied that tho
peoplo thereof are loyal and well dis
posed to the Union. In his speech ho
iliM'hll'od. eiiiiiliiilii-iitK. Hint mi liMrUIo.
tiou of Congress should tic considered a
lluality, and that, until the Southern
iieoulu had fully sati.-llcd the Radical
pany, on every point, legislation would
iioW'ea-o, and the excluded States would
not be admitted to representation. Sev
eral of Ills Radical colleagues wishing
to ereiite tho imprcs-lon th.it tho mili
tary bill was intended a a Unalitv
criticised his remarks, whereupon Sena
tor liucualew delivered the lollowlng
remarks in Sumner's defence :
Li.,,.l I .l.,l,lfi l.ntk- m'lent vnrletv. ,." to
...... . ., I.1...I.1 ...ill, I Itl. ...i..II, . .....III.',.
isrf- it will iiem. len. uui.i. uitiii. i. ", ,,.,, , , ,. , ,,,-.,. wiuuiis. ,i - .......
nnd gather and won n rulllo at tho same time.
It lias no springs to sot out of order, und will Inst
n lifetime.
err It is fully protected and tlcensecj by Kilns
Howe, Jr., and our own Letters ratl'llt.
Tliu taking up of tho slack-thread ts not t-K
,,.. ..t ....... i ..... , 1 1 r.tl w.ln kt,ti,4. si i ,-ntiMi nt
Ji..., ,,,.,, i,ll..,l iHilnls. and ci nei-at oriran-liUe
clt'ects'are superior for ihurebes, balls, i.irlors
and schools. They ate put up in cases oi sniio
.....I...,, , . ,,, .,.,'i.h Mil i mil new nun nun lie
stvlcs'ilhd elegant roseviiHsl, of splendid deslu'lis
and lllllsll, 1111,1 oi nil, l-esi woii.iiiiiiisiii,; ii i'v
I... iitti.ti.ii.ti null I'.ieii iiisiriiiiieni. siuiii i'
inrlelof Its class. All Instruments down to a
llneoi'tavo iriiible Mclodcon.Jiuvc the lie.iutlful
l reiiioi.iuie snip, nil. ,ii. . "."h.
.V largo nssnriiueiii etiii-iniiii.
'lUisrcUancous.
dii:t upon
on hand at our
fonned by the Irrcgulnr contraction of u wire coil (;,' rul wiilcsule and lletull Wareronins, Sil
or uncertain operation or springs, ine iireeisnui
und nccurocy with which tho Florence draws the
thread Into the cloth is umipproached oy any
Sewlng-Machlno hitherto otlcred In the world.
lllir liuisir.lieiieireiiuu ,,', .
lists, with new
ireui.ir.
... i..u ... ri'inlv. send
' J'i;l.(lFltF.T, l'Fl.TON A. CO.,
Matiuliietlircrs
.Hn.l
SU Itroadwav,
New Yolk City.
Vn furnish each Machlnn with "llnrmim's Self.
Hc.-r," which guides the work Itself.iind is of in-
g(lalablu value, especially to Inexperleueo iqier.
liter.
II
AIXKS RRO'S. 1'IAXOS.
Tlir. 1'IANO OF AMIUtlCA.
Tlwe Pianos are universally aeklinwiedged by
competent Judges equal lu the best l'lilllo made.
For references, they have ninny thousand city and
llllltry ICahlelllS, IIICIUUUIKI-Ileiv ... ....
mils, M'llllllillies, .c.
'hums have not only sIihmI the continual
use unit neiivy praeiiee ,i uu,- j.u,, ............
used the last lllleell vears to the ulniost sntlsf.te
tlnliol those Using tlieni.
They havo taken premiums and medals w her
evcr exhibited. Mich has been the demand for
l'lanos. that Messrs. Unities Urns, have been
compelled to enlillge their works lo the eMellt of
Maelilno to bo nil that we ', ,,M ..' ii,a must extensive and
claim Mr It, and to lvrUt
win give a wniii ii ii'i i gioiiud, coiiii'rlslng a iroiunge in .m un
UMiitit nussesslng tho above, nnd many other
advantage, tho Floreneo Is sold ii&'orrcspondlng jnurh he),
nrlces with other llrst-class Machines, and a care- 'l h '
fill examlnallou will fully substanllato ull that
wo i,.,.. ciiimed for It. and Justify tho assertion
wo now make, that It Is the belt Sewhig-Machlao
In tho world,
Liberal arrangements mado with those who buy
to sell again. Further Information may bo had
by Inclosing stamps to the (leneral Otlleoof the
Florence Kowing-Machlno Conipanr. WO Chestnut
Btreet, l'lilladelphia, l'ennsylvunlu.
ruicns of siachinim.
No. 1, rialn.-This Machine makes th hick
and knot stltchcs.nnd has the reversible fccd...JS3
No. 2, Florence. Gold-ornamented Mnchlno,
M,iih drawer, und light cover, without lock;
makes all tho four stitches, und has the re
vcrslblo feed '
No 3,-llver-plnted Machine, ornamented ;
toblo oil-finished walnut, with heavy half
casc, lock and drawer; makes all tho four
stitches, and has the roverslblo feed
No i Hllver-plnted Machine, highly orna
mented, nnd mnkes all the four stitches,
nnd has tho rcv-erslblo feed.
l'ollshed mnhngnny table
I'ollshed Uoscwood Table
3fo. 5,-Wnlnut table, In oil
Mahogany tnble. In ll -
Uoscwood table, In oil
No, 0. Walnut, oil finished
Mahogany table
Uoscwood table -
gitalin!, c
They arc undoubtedly the eheni't'sl llrjt class
l'i.imi hi niniki t. Fully, guaranteed lr years.
scl.dforlllustratcdclrcular.Ais.sI11,ii.s
xa, nv, : s, mil. a;;, i!'.;
marS'OT-.'lm.l Hecoud Avenue, New oru Lltj .
975
!1
T 1). STILKS,
r.i c k n si i: J aX- c t i o n i: n r,
run tub TimiTEENTH 1'ensilvasi.v ntsrnici,
alwnystobo found nt the Ortingevlllo Until, U
Oriingi'Vllle. Kilesof real or peisoua ,pi'o'.rt.v
nltelided to prompt y nnd on re.isoiiiinie in,'.
Cons g iments solelt.sl and sold till eonilll bs .. .
Asliiiroofpuldlt'piltrtill.i4-ert'sp;elfllllysolllllU'd.
Orangeville, February 1), Is"'--''".
I UCTIOX K K H.
MOflKH CO F F.MAN ,
Ilnving follnvvetl tho profession ofl'iibllo V""
iiuKws'tYu5ln&
at ei t?i t titles .".f Ids cnlllng. ivr...ini
desVrli.g his services should call or wr to . to ,hi.
nt lllisnnktmrg.Fa; tuuram.
-ALL PKHSONS KM1W-
i,...,iselioln,li tiled to the ulldcrslgneil
.. .i. ...... .,,,,1 or l,v Nnle. ale
O, (1. KVANS, Oenernl Agent,
(i.10 Chestnut Street, I'hlladelpW.
TMll DaiiKIiKOTK)X. AN KLKC
Is'.rl . "t..."' . .'r.i...... ,,, .i.,. lipids. com-
J linn Itir llllicers i tt, . i '.i.T , the
pnnv forthe ensuing veur. vjlll Im lie lit t i
public house ot J. II. KUth'f, hi the ' "I
J.wlssii. on .Volllfiw. (Ac With tl'iy Of .VtlV, I?.
sween the hours of one 'yofj',lV5 h Al'i.liw!
Oifaulnii Jlriilgt OMkt, Hicrctary
Aprils, HOT. J
on Ksili .ce mm - . . j, nn,
tho priqi
M.IIAN v MII.I.A.IIO,
llllll II. K. "!.".-'
Oraiigevillc, Feb. ', I1--I1I.
lMIM in: SIIUTTI.K SKV1NU-MA-
M.iilv'AANPFlvT-lrillNVWuTt.sl
V Coiit'ilnaU the latest Inipiovciucny.! an; spcetly
V! n.r.; .:,: -Audit. wanted, i.u
. .; .... ...I s
eral tllstsnini uu........
Addicts
uutii-iy
Nnenlislu'liliients liuule,
FVII'lIti: si. M. CO..
01C llroadwav. Nuw rk
Mr. 15UCKALKW. I ri-e to express
the opinion that tho Senator from Mas
sachusetts Is not open to criticism for the
sentiments which he has expressed upon
this occasion, nor for the position which
he has n-uint'il. Tito former are Justl
Jled by fact-, which areopen and known
to all ; and the latter is a necessity im-
po-ed upon lilin as the reprcsentativeof
a special cuiss 01 people 111 the country.
He says that these States to 'bo called
into being under the provisions ot this
and a prior bill will be States bom of
the bayonet ; in other word', of milita
ry power. This llgure or speech repre
sents nothing but tho actual, honest, no
torious, intll-piitablo truth. The section
of country about which our legi-kitlon
Is now concerned, Is bv act or Congress)
divided Into live military departments,
and over each of these is, or is to be,
placed an ollicer not les in rank than a
brigadier general of the Army of the
United States, with power to take juris
diction not only of civil all'air.s but to
oxcivi-o ctiniitial Juri-dlction, to insti
tute military tribunals, both courts
martial and military couinii-sions, for
the trial and punishment ot oueu
di't's, anil with no limitation upon the
power of the military dictator set over
the district, except that when ho propo
ses to take life there may be an appeal
tu the President of the United States.
That is tlm condition of thing's now es
tablished by the act to which tills hill is
u supplement.
Novv.sir. what does this bill do? It
provides In a section of country thus
siibiected to military rule tho most un
limited, for the organization of civil
governments, State governments; and
howv l ho military coniiiiaiiuer 01 me
ili-trii't U to appoint wlionisous-er lie
pleases to act under what.-oover rules he
may prescribe, according to ills uwn
pleaure, his own unregulated will, os
agents and olllcers to execute tho plan
,,f i-niir-mnlzation nronoscd, And these,
bis appointees, owing no obedience to
any known law, mid without rule or
regulation for their conduct other than
that which be shall prescribo.aro to pro
ceed to enumerate tho inhabitants, or
rather to register tho electors among
them, preliminary to, what? Why, sir,
to their excrciso of tho most valuable
and fundamental privilege of freemen
tho institution of government for
themselves. And for nny ubiHo of
power, for any fraud, for any corrup
tion, for any outrage, for any miscon
duct whatever, this bill and its prede
cessor aro utterly destitute of any pro
vision for punishment.
And then what next? After tho re
turn, am Hindi! to tills military com
mander lie has control of tho assem
bling of tliueonvontion uy which a con
siliiitlnn Is to bo formed. All subsiv
.motif iirneo oiiinnsi uti to tho (lino when
(lie plan Is coiisiimated, so far ns it can
i.oomisiiniiimteil In theStateconeeriiod.
Is to bo under his absolute control. Anil
we lire Inlil in tills debate that It will
i. liniirtiiier for Us lo Insert any regula
ti, i whatever to nrevent fraud or to
tiii. mi ii't i'ill uu- to horcmitur. (ill
cient, and fair to tho citizen. Wo will
objected to tho Senator from Massachti'
setts that ho comes forward Jiero near
tho close of the debate, at a late hour In
the evening, with a new proposition;
with a condition, or n guarantee, or a
provision, (however you may describe
it,), which looks to something further,
which looks to something beyond what
has heretofore been proposed. Xow,
sir, I justify tho Senator from Massa
chusetts for thisus well as for his descrip
tion of tiic-o new States or of tho man
ner in which they aro to como into ex
istence, rue senator irom -viassacnu
setts is the nioneer of r.tritution unon
tins uoor, and 110 lias lined mat position
lor years. 1 nave not oecn an inmu ii
tive observer of tho general course of
debate and of the ceneral succession of
events in this Chamber and In thisCiov
erninent during tho last live or lx
vears. Anil. sir. the propositions which
the Senator from Mas-acliusetts makes
one year, and which are criticised by his
colleagues us extreme, liuippruiniuie
and untimely, are precisely tho propu
sltious which those colleagues support
with greater zeal and vehemence, 11 pos
sible, than he. tho vcar followintr. In
short, sir, we cm foresee nt ono session
of CiiiiL'ress the character of the prorio
sitlonsand of the arguments with which
wo aro tn bo favored'nt tho next in this
Chamber, by looking to the pioneer
man, who goes forward in advance, his
banner thrown out, his caiiso an
nounced, the means by which it shall
he carried on and the objects in view
proclaimed with lorcoaud lratiKtiess.
Now, sir, the Senator from Massachu
setts sees as clearly as I see, and as oth
er rellei'ting men see, that tills measure
of reconstruction, as it is facetiously
termed, adopted at tho late session, to
which tho present bill is a supplement,
is not ine conclusion .Mr. KFMxr.it. 01
course not. I of our agitations in this
country upon this subject of reconstruc
tion and upon the relations 01 1110 two
races in the southern country ; and with
that caution which a sagacious man is
bound to exercise, or at least may well
exercise, ho gives us notico in ndvnnco
that this gulf is not closed up, that there
are debates and (lilllculties and questions
in tho future, and that warm passions
will lie abroad. When the reconstruc
tion bill, so-called, was passed near tho
close of tho into si's-ion, 1 endeavored
then, stating my views upon that sub
ject, to give reasons for believing that it
was not a measure of adjustment. I do
not believe that Congress nlono will ev
er settle this question, tills sectional dif
iiculty about which we have had war,
and about which wo are now passing
laws 1 mean the relatlotisof raco and
it never will be settled until it is set
tled by tlit sovereign peoplo themselves
at their popular elections, when they
.-hall choose lo somewhat reorganize
aiKl "reconstruct" our political parties ;
when it shall be decreed by them that
there shall be a settlement ; when they
shall begin to choose agents to repre
sent them pledged to end our sectional
disputes with till the troubles which at
tend them.
1 say, then, that in my opinion the
Senator from Mus-aclui-cUs stands Jus
tified by the necessities of his position
a- the pioneer man of Ids political or
ganization in saving tho point of honor
fur hlniself for tho future, in preparing
himself to point back In future times to
this very debute nnd to other debates of
the present session, in which ho has in
dicated clearly that your contrivances
fur patching up a hollow treaty of peace
between tho Xorth and South did not
deceive or bind him, and that ho should
be at perfect liberty to re-umo or con
tinue that rareer of imitation which no
doubt his friends think useful, but
which those who did'er .from him in
opinion must bo permitted to think per
nicious."
DIGESTION.
INFLUKNCi: OF THK
UllALTII.
t n lecluro delivered at tho Cooper
Institute tho following suggestions wero
mado on "Animal Heat, 011 tho Influ
ence or Diet on Health, Strength and
Long Iilfo;"
Tho lecturer commenced bv savlntr
that ho would speak upon food nnd
drink. As these topics wero closely
connected with that of digestion, ho
would recapitulate some points spoken
or In a previous lecture. Ho then ex
plained, with tho aid of models con
structed for the purpose, tho various or
gans of digestion. Tho slivato glands
wero an important agency 111 the utili
zation of food. Their olllco was to mois
ten and prepnro it for tho stomach.
Iiiullids taken duriiiLr tlio meals usurped
their place, while they did not discharge
their functions. Hence, drinking dur
ing tlio time of catlnir was to bo avoid
ed ns far as possible. Tlio teeth, the
masticators ot our lood, were, it used
properly, lilted to last 11 hundred years.
and still be in cood order. How was it
that they so commonly failed us before
tho middle ago had been reached? Tho
answer was to be found In tho largo
quantity of hot liquids taken Into the
mouth, nnd tho inordinate amount of
sweets consumed. The tongtio and tho
rax lined minor functions in tho work
of digestion. Diseases of tho throat
wero generally the result or undigested
food in tlio stomach, oil'eetimr the mu
cous lnembrano lining of that delicate
organ. 1 111s Drought nun to speaic 01
tho stomach, tho great agent In the
transmutation of our rood. Tlio doctor
here brought forward a model of this
organ of average size. Stomachs, ho
said, varied much in size 0110 pint was
1110 average capacity, wnuo mere wero
somo which wero nblo to contain three
gallons. Tills member of tho body, be
ing mauo 01 mm and elastic material,
was eapaoio 01 great distension, in it
the food was mixed witli tho castric
juice, necessary to properdigestlon. All
stiinuiauis nun condiments cneciicd mo
exudation of tills juice, llenco tho food,
lying undigested in the stomach, fer
mented and evolved carbonic acid gas
which bcinir absorbed bv the blood ant
carried to tho brain, was productive of
most disastrous results. Tho tiso of ar
dent spirits, lager beer and tobacco,
were most vehemently condemned.
Men who in perplexities resorted to the
Intoxicating draught wero cowards.
Tho true man should bo nblo to stand
alone. The fond lincnine ehvlebv mc.-ine
.7 . y . 1
01 me action 01 mo gastric juice, was
passed from tho stomach through tlio
t... ,..t....i 1 .v....... 1.. ,.".,.
niii'Miuai canal iiurty icei 111 lengin -by
whoso veins, arteries and lacteal
glands n Is absorbed and distributed
through tho body, to bo built up in tho
various constituent parts 01 tho human
system. Tho blood, supplied witli oxy
gen from tho lungs, was thus purified
nnu vitalized. The lecturer then en
larged upon tho great importance of
his theme. Tho blood depended upon
the diue-tion. Tho health, hnuslness.
cheerfulness, intellect, faith, religion,
whole character, were dependent in a
largo degreo upon tho duality of the
blood. Tho food wo eat and the way
in which It Is cooked nnd eaten wero
thus widely influential In life. It was
more important to reirulato (ho food
than tho teaching of tho rj-Itiir (fenera
tion. Ignorance was more out of place
in the kitchen than any where eNe. The
lecturer went on to speak of tho vari
ous kinds of food in their relative di
gestibility, etc. This portion of the
leeturu was illustrated uv a peculiar
"bill of fare." Tho various comesti
bles wero arranged in a list indicating
their respective qualities as allbrdlng
nutriment, heat or calcareous matter to
the system. From this list it appeared
that potatoes contrary to the usually
received opinion were not a cheap ar
ticle of food, containing seventy-four
hundredths of water and but little
nourishment. They should never bo
boiled, the (rue object being to get as
much of tlio water out or them as pos
sible, or grains, rice and oats were the
most largely nourishing; wheat, ryo
and corn were the next. The Scotch
Highlander Illustrated the amount of
courage and vitality to bo drawn from
oatmeal. His tenacity and bravery as
a soldier were proverbial. Of meats,
beef allbrded tho highest proportion or
nutriment, there being twenty-two
pounds or actual vitality In every hun
dred. It should bo so prepared as to
avoid any waste of its juices. The doc
tor advocated boiling it. Ilcaus and
peas exceeded beef in their nutritive
qualities. Of all food, pork is the least
nutritious and the most hurtful. It
should never be eaten In nny way. Xo
man coum-cat hit pon; aiotto lor lour
consecutive weeks and survive. In re
gard to animal heat two-thirds or our
rood went to tattoo and Warm us. ureani,
butter, and the like wero intended lor
tills end. These articles contained 11
large quantity of carbon. The lungs
breathing In oxygen, to bu mingled
witli thisjgener.itod animal heat. Henco
tho Imiiurtanco of eivinir full ulay to
the lungs. Uy a diet regulated proper
ly, nil danger of cholera and contagious
and epidemlcdiseasis would boavoided.
A LITTLE QUAKEHESS IN A
IIUItllY.
An nmuslntrmntrlmonlnl story Is told
of the olden time in Knglnnd. Itsofell
out that "two young peoplo beenmo
nt Inched to each odicr, ns young people
sometimes do. Tho young woman's
father was a wealthy Quaker, the young
man was "poor but respectable." Tho
father could stand no such union, and
resolutely opposed It, nnd tho daughter
dared notdlsobey openly. Sho mothlm
by moonlight, wlillo sho pretended
never to see 111m, nnu sno pincu nun
wasted In splto of herself. Sho was
really In love a statoof sighs nnd tears
which women ortenerrcach in imagina
tion than reality. So tho father remain
ed Inexorable. Time, passed on, nnd tho
roso on Mury's dnmnskcheek passed off.
She let not concealment, like a worm In
mo uuii, prey on mat unmitsK cneeic,
however; but when her father asked her
why sho pined, she always told lilin.
Tho old gentleman was a widower, and
loved his girl dearly, uau it been a
widowed mother who had Mary In
charge, a woman's pridu never would
have given away before tho importuni
ties of nilaughter. Men nro not, however
bo stubborn in such matters, and when
1110 uuiicr saw that mo daughters heart
was really set upon tho match, ho sur
prised licr ono day by breaking out ;
"Mary, rather than mono to death, thou
hadst better marry as tlico chooses, and
wncn tnee pleases."
And what did Mary? Walt till tho
birds of tlio air had told her swain of
the change, or till her father had time to
change his mind ? Xot a bit of it. She
clapped her neat, plain bonnet 011 her
head,, walked directly into (ho street,
and then as directly to the bousoof her
Intended ns tlio street could carry her.
She walked into tlio housu without
mocking for knocking was not fashion
able then and sho found tho family Just
sitting to dinner. Some little commo-
lton was exhibited nt so unexpected
an apparition as nn heiress in the
widow's cottage, but; sho heeded
It not. John looked up ituiuiringly.
Sho wnlked to him nnd took his
hand In hers. "John," said she,
"father savs 1 may havo thee." And
John got directly up from tho dinner
uioiu aim w ent to mo parson s, in just
twenty-four minutes they were limn and
wife.
WHO STEALS THEMP
We understand thatall thorites, mats.
nnd other portable necessaries in nnd
around tho legislative halls have already
disappeared. This, wearotold, is tlio reg
ular orueroi thliurs alter every adjourn
ment of tho legislature. At the next
meeting tho halls, committee rooms,
etc., will require to bo completely re
llttod and furnished, at a heavy cost to
tho State, and yet there has never been
a sale public or private so far as the
audited reports sho it. of surplus furnish
ings, llundretlsof desks, tables, chairs,
etc., and thousands of yards of costly
carpets, oil-eloths, matting, drugget, to
say nomine of thousands of small port-
ifplo articles of many kinds, havo thus
disappeared and "made no sign."
Tho amount of brooms and soap annu
ally required auotitme canltoianu puD-
ill! oftlcos is nlinost linvnnd hoHef. Sill-
gular to say, however, the larger tho
uuis lor mose things mo moro iieiue
ment results. Wo aro told that thous
ands of brooms and tons of soap so
called aro charged to and paid by the
Senate annually, when, if properly
billed, brooms would read beer and
soap would spell whisky, brandy and
gin. A friend tells us that, a year or
two ago, be lrequently saw messengers
from tlio Hill carrying suspicious-looking
packages from a neighboring t;ro
ccry. lleitig intimate with tho grocer,
ho put the question to him how could
ho get liquor bills audited and pa-scd?
"Oh." renlied tho trroeer. with a smile.
"that is easy enough. I cbargo It as
1. 1 II w-.. ..?.. l.t..
Wit amd'Sutyor
CURIOt'S MItDLKV.
By the lnko Mrhero ilrsopod the willow,
Ilow, vrnsntp, Ilow;
I wnnt to tm on nttgcl,
And Jump Jim Crow. ' (
An old Crow Mit on a hickory limb, t ,
None knew him but to pralso;'
Iet me klM him for hU mother,
Forho smelWof Rcliwrtt-rkftstV
The minstrel to thewnr lifts gone,
Willi tho brmjo on kneo j
lie nwoko to henr the sentries shriek
There's n lllit In the window for the.
A frotf ho wouM ft wooing go,
1T1 hfilr wero curled to kill ;
lie used to wrtir nnd old rey coat,
And tho sword of Hunker II111,
Oft In the Btllly nlRht,
Mflkc wny forllberty! he cried;
I won't po homo till mornlnc.
With Veny 1J my side.
I nm ilylnir, TKypt dying,
Susannah don't you cry j
Know how MiWIme n thlmt It
To bnnh nwny the bluc-tullftd fly.
The boy stood on tho burning deck,
With his brtfcRneo checked for Troy ;
Ono of tho few Immortal nnmtw,
llh name was rut Maloy.
Mary had n little lamb,
He could n tnlo unfold x
Tie had no teeth to eat a hoe cake.
As his spectacles wcr gold.
Lay on, lny orl, Macduff,
Man wants but little hero nlow:
And I'm to be queen of May,
Ho kiss me quick and go,
A YouKfi lady Is chnnred with liavinir
snid that ifneart whoci hasnlno fellows,
nan jiity a pretty gin can't nave one.
A. wit ha discovered that the reason
n telegram rocs faster than n letter, Is
because tho lattcrpoos by one post, while
tlio other goes by many.
Tunun Is no creator obstacle In tho
way of success in life than trusting for
something to turn up instead of going
steadily to work nnd turning up eomo-
tinng.
.1 . 1 1
iV makriki) monstersavs he once had
n most delightrul dream, in which ho
imagined ho had nn angel by his side,
and on waking up found it was only
his wife.
"Wiru, I thought you said you were
going to have n goose for dinner?"
so 1 uiti : nnu I've Kept my woru."
"Where is It?"
"Why. iiiv dear, ain't you hero for
dinner?"
Smithcrs couldn't see tho point or
that Joke.
In tho course of a conversation or
disqulsiton on Satan, Archbishop
Whately onco started his listeners by
asking :
"If the dovll lost his tail, whero
could wo go to find a new one?" and
without giving much timo for reflection,
replied ; "To a gin palace, for bad spirits
aro retailed there."
brooms and soap." Wo presume, this again If her husbaud gets killed. Shu
way of doing It is still going on, partic
ularly as tno amount 01 glassware con
sumed is also Immense.
It is evident that somebody (perhaps
several somebodies) gets tho property
that disappears without uaviutr for it.
and without any right to do it. This is
till wrong. In plain terms itisthel't,and
and sliHtild be stopped. In other Start's
and at the federal Capitol, surplus and
half-worn furniture and furnishings are
sold at auction to the highest bidder.
1 Ills plaii'Shoulil lie tuloptetl here, ami
"Samiio, can you tell mo in what
buildiurr people are mo.t likoly to take
cold?
"Why no; rae'fl strange in do town,
nnd can't tell dat."
"Well, I will tell you It isdo bank."
"How is dat?"
"Uecauso dare aro so many drafts in
iti"
Dat is good; but ran you tell me sah,
what makes dare be so many drarts In It V,
"No." ,
"liccause so may go dare to raisettho
wind; yah, yah, yah."
A woman says what s. lie choo.-es, with
out being knocked down for it. Sheean
take a snoo.oafterdlniier.while herhtis
band goes to work. Sheean go into the
street without being asked lo "stand
treat" nt every saloon. Sheean stay at
homo in timo ot war, aim get marrieii
can wear corselets if too thick, and other
llxlngs if too thin. Sheean get divorced
from her husband whenevershoseesono
bho likes better. Sho can cot her hus
band in debt .all over until bo warns thn
public not to'trust h'er on his account.
Hut all these advantages' aro balanced by
tho great fact that she cannot sing bas,
go sparking, or climb u treo with any
degree of propriety.
Pickings toom I'UNon. Substitutes
for Profane Swearing Adopted to varl-
the sooneit is adopted the better for ous Sorts and Conditions of Men
the taxnavers. Patriot and Union. Lawyer : Tax my bill.
It is scarcely necessary to remark
that Mr, ljuckulew's declarations aro
rapidly approaching fulfillment. Tho
iiiietness or apathy with which tho
Southern ncoulo havo accented tho
grinding provisions of tho despotism
bills, has nlready brought almostull tho
liadieal leaders ovcr.to Sumner's posi
tion that thoso bills shall not bo consid
ered a lluality. Although his substi
tute for tho military bill was defeated
by a voto of 120 to 0, thero Is not now a
slnglo Kadleal leader except Senator
Wilson who contends for Southern rep
resentation upon the acceptance of tho
odious and tyranlcal conditions of the
military bill. and. lor so doing, bo is
subjected to tho indignity of being ta
ken to task by Tluid. Slovens as an 1111
authorized peddler of amiiesty.
Simiitiir Kiicl.-iilew's remarks aro Im
noi'tiint as showhiL' how completely bo
understands the ltadloat party and how
accurately he has measured Its leaders.
J'titrlot it I'nlon.
What is Tin: L'siiv Tlio tacts men
tioned In tho following, from the Haiti-
more (azetle, make it manifest that
thero Is no longer much uo in having a
Judicial branch of tho Government :
It Is notorious tliiUm decision of tho
Supremo Court, If favorablo to the com
plalnunt, would bo treated on all titles
having power witn utier cuuiempi. r.v
ery other bruiivk of the (Jovernmcnt
would regard it as so much waste pa
per, and thereby sink still lower tho au
thority of tho Judicial department.
Havo wo not been tho decisions of this
tribunal in respect to tho tot oaths and
tho judgments' or military courts en
tirely repudiated by Congress anil the
Kvceutive Is not tho infamous test
oatli still administered by tho ofuclals
in Congress in every executive. depart
ment of tho Government, and In subor
dinate judicial tribunals.' Aro not Dr.
Mudd und his fcllow-sulTerers btill in
carcerated in tho Dry 'i'drtugas, Ben
tenced bv a conclave pronounced by
thlii very court tho highest court of Ju
dicature In tlio country to havo been
assembled In utter violation of law'.'
n nut hundreds of others at this mo
ment siitferlng punishment indicted by
the taxpayers. Patriot und Union.
PROFESSOR AGASSI3 ON THE
NEGRO.
In a recent lecture Agassiz remarked:
"I have pointed out over a hundred
specific diilerences between tho bonal
and nervous Kvstetiis of tlm white man
and negro. Indeed, their frames tre
alike in no particular. Thero is not a
bono In the negro's body which is re
latively the samr shape, size, articula
tion. or chemically of the samo comiio
sltion, us that of the white man. Tlio
negro's bones contain afarirreutor per
centagu of calcareous s.tlts than those of
tho white man. even the negro's blood
Is chemically a very ditVerent lluid from
that which courses in tho veins of tho
whiteman, The whole physical organism
of tlio ncgrodlfiersquiteasmuch from the
white man's as it does from mat 01 tno
chimpanzee that is, in his uones.
muscles, nerves, anil fibres, thochimpan
zee has not much further to progress to
hecumoa negro than a negro litis 10 uo
come a white man. This tact science
inexorably demonstrates.
Climate has no more to do witli tho dif
ference between tlio white man and
negro than It has with that between tho
negro and chimpanzee, or than it lias
between tho horse nnd the itss, or the
eaglo and tho owl. Jiucii is a instinct
und separate- creation. Tho negro and
tho white man wero creiueuus iiute.-eiu
as tho owl and tho eagle. They wero
designed to fill different places in the
system of nature. Tho negro is nonioro
a negro by accident or misfortune than
tlio owl Is tho kind 6f bird ho Is by acci
dent or misfortune Tho negro is no
more tho white man'a brother than tho
owl Is the sister of tho eagle, or tlio ass
is tho brother of tho lion, llov stu
pendous, anil yet how slmpls is the
iloctrlno tint tho Almighty .Maker of
tho unlvcrso has created Inherent spe
cies of tho lower animals, to fill the
different places and olliccs in tlio grand
scenery of nature!"
solemn decl-bm or tho Illegality of this
conviction delivered six months ago V
What, then, is to bo gained by even a
ravorablejudgment under such circumstances,
Hi; suro the wicks of your keroscno
lamp aro large enough to fill tho tubes,
otherwise when the oil gets low, tlio
similar unauthorized gatherings after aitiro may run down inside tlio lamp, ig
nite iho gas and produce an explosion.
Ink Isa caustic which sometimes bums
the lingers of those who make use of It.
Doctor: Dash my draughts.
Soldier: Snap my stock.
Parson: Starch my surplice.
llricklaycr : I'll be plastered.
Ilrieklaycr'u Laborer : Chop my hod.
Carpenter: Saw me.
Plumber and Glazier: Soldcrmy pipes
Smash my panes.
fainter: I'm uauueii. .
Hrower: I'm mashed.
Kngineer : Burst my Holler.
Ktocker : Souse my coke.
Costermonger : llot my taturs.
Dramatic Author: Steal my French
Dictionary.
Actor: I'll do insscu.
Tailor : Cut me out. Cook my goose.
l.lneiulraper: Soil my Silks. Sell me
ot..
Grocer : Squash my figs, band my
sugar, beize my scales.
liaker: Kneuilmy dough, bcorcnmy
muffins.
Auctioneer: Knock mo down.
Tho lleggar's I'ar.tdis-e. Tuttersall's.
Tlio Hisiiif (icneiatiou. The I'cninns.
AOE.vn.i-UAS travelingto Pittsburgh
from 0110 of tlio neighboring towns,
stopped toseo ti friend, nnd left his liorso
tied on tho road. Onlds return ho found
that tho animal hd slipped his bridle,
and while in starch of htm he met 1111
Irish pcdestraiii.ofwhomholiiquired.
'Havo you seen ustrangocreaturouny
wbers hereabouts, with a saddle on his
back."'
"Och, by the powers, ye may say that,'
replied Pat.
"Whero V"
"Just yonder."
"Will you show mo the place ?"
That will, in less than no time,'
said thniuu, approaching u small wood
of young tiinbor. "Ay, thero hu is, sure
enough, honey." , , ,
Tho gentleman looked up, and said:
"I dont see hiiu."
"Then, by Subit IV.trlck, you must ho
blind! Jfot sci tlm? .'11st cast your
eyes in tht'.t direction. Och, by tho power
of mud, wliot'shofibout now? Only set,
ho swallows hUhead!"
"Why, sir, thi't's a turtle, und not a
horse." ... .i
"A horso! and who lu the deuco said
it was a horso? Sure a horso is not 11
strange creature; but that's u strange
creature; pointing to it with fear and
trembling; "and he has tisadilleou; but
hang mo If I'd bridle him lor tho whole
country."
i
1
A
4',
a
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