The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, January 25, 1867, Image 2
THE COLUMBIAN, BLOOMSEUIIG, EltlDA-Y, JANUARY 25, 18G7. SHItc $olumMan, joiin o. rm:i:zK, kditou. iiLooMnufita, ritm.VY, jan, 25, in7. A CHANGE VOll THE WORSE. Only sovon years ago taxation was lighter In tills country tlinti In any other In tho world, and yet there was not wanting thoso who clamored for n change, and thoy got It. Let na see. In a report recently made to Congress, It is tinted that tho whole amount of revenue raised by Interim taxation, during tho year ending .Tunoao, 1SG0, was $:iin,()()(i,- tSl,00, and from customs or tariff siliO, CG5,2S2,00, making a total of $501,1.72, 2G0,00. Assuming the population of the country to he thlfty-Ilvc millions, It Is equal to sixteen dollars and four cents to each man, woman, and child. If wo supposo that tho value of tho real and personal property of tho coun try has Increased slnco 1 SCO, sufllciont to ttiako up for the;ios.csnnddepreciations growltig out of the war, the rate of tax ation on property for tho last year was about four per cent, on each ono hundred dollars. During tho same year the est! mated rato of taxation on property In England, was about one per cent. It must bo remembered also, that State, county, and township taxes are not taken Into the calculation. Tho following tabic shows Iho amount for each man, woman, and child, collec ted by various forms of direct and indi rect taxation In tho United Ktnfcs and In tho leading States of Europe in 1805 : United States, taxation per head ?!0 01 Great Urltain, " " ir, 2S Franco, " " 11 10 Belgium, " " 7 82 Prussia, " " 7 (in Austria, " " 7 37 Holland, " " u:t PENNSYLVANIA SOLDIERS. "Wo make tiio following extracts from tho report of tho operations of tho Trans portation and Telegraph Department, for tho year ending tho SOth ultimo : Applications for transportation for tho recovery of bodies of deceased soldiers of Pennsylvania regiments have sensi bly diminished since last year. Tho wholo number of persons, to whom transportation has been issued from tlds Department, is threo hundred and six teen, and from tho Washington Military .Agency, as shown by tho report of Col. Jordan, ono hundred and ten. Tho is buo of transportation to tho Nashville agency ceased on tho firstof April, ulti mo, tho dato of Col. Chaniberliu's resig nation as Military Agent at that point. Tho number of accounts for reimburse ment under tho commutation allowanco of two cents per mile, when transporta tion lias not been, or could not bo fur nished by thoStato, and for tho expenses of disinterment, has been largely in creased. Two hundred and eighty-eight such claims have been adjusted ond paid during tho year, and there now remains on fllo in this Department, for settle ment, over one hundred more. Tho establishment of National ceme teries, thus gathering together the re mains of thoso whoso lives wcro sacri ficed in defence of our national existence, scattered over tho many battle-fields and lines of march of our armies, and tho erection of enduring monuments to their memories, Is tho discharge of a high and eacred 'duty by the nation to her dead heroes and their living friends. THE SUItVE YOR-GENEIt AL'S RE PORT. Tho annual report of the Surveyor General of tho Stato has been laid be fore tho Legislature, and contains some facts of interest to all classes of our cit izens. From this report it appears that during tho year ending November SO, 1S6G", tho number of now warrants is sued was 272; Tho number of patents upon warrants 252. During tho same period tho State received for purchaso money for lands, $13,407.27; for patent and warrant fees, $1,000; for contrac tor's fees, $14.20, nnd for copying fees, $1,519. Under tho act of Congress donating public lands to tho several Stales which may provide colleges for tho benefit of tho agricultural and tho mechanic arts, Pennsylvania has received her propor tion, and has sold 300,000 acres of tho eamo. Tho amount realized is $151,1:50. Of this amount $18,100 has been invest ed In six per cent. Stato bonds, and thu balanco is in process of investment as fast as bonds can be purchased at reas onable rates. Tho present prico of Stato lands is thus noted by tho Surveyor-General. All vacant and unimproved land is now at tho rato of 10 ($23.001 ) per hundred acres, except tho following; Lands ly ing north and west of tho rivers Ohio, nnd Allegheny, and Connowango Creek, $20 per hundred acres. Reservo tracts near Erie, Waterford, etc., prico fixed by commissioners. Lands improved agreeably to tho act of tho 3d of April, 1702, fifty shillings ($0,C0J) and .V ($13.33J) per hundred acres. Lands held by Virginia warrants In tho southwest part of tho State tho warrants show tho terms. Lands wero taken under Virginia warrants as low ns ten shil lings per hundred acres. It Is tho prac tlco In tho Land Olllco to charge for tho excess of land above ten pn- eenl. on tho fifty shilling warrants, at tho rato of $11) por hundred acres. Tho warrant and patent fees are as follows : Foo for war rant, $1.50 ; for patent, except town lots under ono-thlrcl or un acre, which nro $1, and lots over one-third, nnd not exceeding two ncrea, which are o. A. H. Li:u. of Pmirlo Du Bochsr, Randolph County, Illinois, about fifty miles south of St. Louis, Is tho lucky holder of ticket 880Q0, which drew tho Crosby Oporu House. Tho ticket was sold by Pitt and Leath, or St. Louis, who immediately on receipt or a tele gram from Mr. Crosby, announcing tho drawing, started a )necugcr on horse back to notify Mr. Leo of Ids good for tune, Leo held but ono ticket. STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCI ETY. On tho IGtli lust, thu Executive Com mittee of tho Pennsylvania Statu Agri cultural society met tit llarrlsbttrg. Tho Treasurer Wnlcnicnt exhibited thetotal receipts of the Society from all pources to have been $13,0(11, and tho expenses about the same. On tho 17th an election forolllcers to servo for tho year 1807,took place, with the following result. President A. ltoyd Hamilton, Dau phin. Vice-President l'lrst District, .httnos A. M't'ren, Philadelphia Second, Cleorgo llllght, Philadelphia; Third, Vincent L. Bradford, Philadelphia; Fourth, A. 11. Cumnilngs, Philadelphia; Fifth, Adraln Cornell, Pucks ; Sixth William M. HoWelii, Montgomery; Seventh, Hamttel.I. Sharpies-", Chester; Eighth, Thoblas llarton, Perks; Ninth, Jacob E. Kreybtll, Lancaster; Tenth fleorgo H. Prown, Schuylkill ; Eleventh Joseph Signian, Northampton ; Twelfth Daniel U. Drlesbaeh, Luzerne, Thir teenth, John C. Morris, Susquehanna; Fourteenth, Amos E. Knpp, North umberland; Fifteenth, George IT. Ilucher, Cumberland ; Sixteenth, Daniel O. Gehr, Franklin ; Seventeenth, Louis W. Hall, Piair; Eighteenth, H. Mon-I K11N, Lycoming; Nineteenth, 1L W, Ihissell, Erie; Twentieth, Michel C, Trout, Mercer; Twenty-first, George Hhey, Westmoreland ; Twenty-second, John Murdoch, Jr. Allegheny; 'Twenty third, Williams. Dispell, Allegheny; Twenty-fourth, Joshua Wright, Wash ington. Additional Members of the Executive Committee William Colder, Dauphin ; Jacob It. Edy,-Dauphin; lienjamln J. Peters, Dauphin ; John II. Z.iegler, Dau phln ; John ay, Jr., Allegheny ; ox- President Frederick Watts, ex-Prc-d dent James Gowen, ox-President David Tnggart, ex-l're-ident Jacobs, liable man, ex-President Thomas P. Knox. Corresponding Secretary .las. Young Dauphin. Chemist and Geologist S. S. Haldcman, Lancaster, Librarian, Henry Gilbert, Dauphin. The societyadjourncd until the third Wednesday of January, 18(18. 'I ho President and Secretary wero then instructed to adverti-o that tho next exhibition wotdd bo held on tho 21th, 25th, 2lith, and 27th, of September 1RR7, and to invito proposals from placos desirous of its location in them. After which tho conunltteo adjourned to meet at IlurrKburg on tho third Wednesday of March, 1S07, ut2J o'clock p.m. NEWSPAPERS. Tho Home Journal, by Willis and Phillips, Now "York, is a handsome, sketchy, gossipy literary paper; avoiding politics, so far as we have seen, and with nothing objectionable in its columns, and much that is readable. $3.00 a year. The yew York Alias is a Democratic weekly literary paper, and safe, sound, nnd reliable. Wo do not speak of its stories nnd tales, but of its political teachings, it Is $2.50 n year in ad vance. The SVew York Leader i a largo Dem ocratic paper devoted to polities and literature. Tho paper and typo aro of a most excellent quality, and tho edito rial ability displayed is such as to in sure constant Interest, f 1.00 n year In advance. ' Tho Ilarrisburg Patriot and I'nion is ono of the spiciest and pluckiest little papers going. It is tho only Democrat ic paper published there, nnd deserves to bo supported. It is dally at $7.00 a year ; and weekly at $2.50 in advance. The Aye, Philadelphia, is a large, first class daily and weekly Democratic newspaper. Tho daily at $0.00 n year, and tho weekly at $2.00 a year in ad vance. It is handsomely printed and ably edited. The Cultivator and Country Gentleman is an Agricultural paper published at Albany, Now York; and is exceedingly entertaining. It comes at $2.50 a year in advance. AltltLBT OK T1IU Mayou op Wii. mamspout. Tho facts in regard to the arrest of Mayor Wood, as near as wo can gather them aro as follows: Tho prosecutor, Henry Shultz, makes infor mation that about six weeks ago at 11 o'clock p.m., Iio was arrested at his house by Constable Coder, and brought to Wood's otllcc that when ho arrived there ho found Wood and J. W. Harlan present, that they told him that ho was charged with employing Harlan to set llro to a building which ho (Shultz) had lately bought, and wanted to know "what ho was going to do about it." Wood took him into tho back room, and said "It could only bo bellied by paying $1,500, "which amount Shulta paid, and was assured that would bo tho end of it. About four weeks after ho was sent for again, and on coming to Wood's olllco found Wood and Harlan together. Ho was told that unless he paid $1,000 moroho would bo exposed that ho raised tho money and paid it to Wood, and was then told that Harlan should leavo tho country. Shultz swears that Coder had no warrant when ho ar rested hiin, and ho believes it was n conspiracy to levy black mail. 1 Iarlan lias not been arrested as yet. Wood and Coder wcro arrested on Friday morning, and on a hearing beforo Jiis tico Cramer, Coder was held under f2, 000 ball, and Wood $3,000. A man by tho miiuo of Saukey, for merly of Clinton county is also implica ted and under $2,000 bull. Peter Herdlu entered bail for Wood, but surrendered him up in tho evening. Ho could not get any of his political friends to hall him, and on Saturday Charles Dicliler out of sympathy for his family, entered ball IbV him. Wood has slnco paid back nlno hundred dol lars to Shultz. Jersey Shore Jlerahl. Tho Spirit o Missions, is a most val uable monthly publication, and should bo found in uvery Episcopal family. It only costs $1.50 per annum, and wo lies Itnto not, to say that It Is worth threo times that sum, THE HEMLOCK. Mlc Canadensis, or tho Hemlock Spruco Fir, Is ono of tho finest of ever green trees. It is elegant from tho symmetrical disposition of lis branches which drop gracefully at their ox t rein 1 tles, and from Its light nnd yet tufted foliage. Its beauty is most remarkable however, in natural situations, while young, or before It attains u height ex ceeding twenty or thirty feet. When It attains its full growth tho lower brandies are usually broken off some distance from tho trunk by tho heavy snows of winter, or tho limbs become dead by reason of thoencroachinentand denso shade of .adjoining trees. lit many ea-es ul-o, in extreme age, tho summit of tho treo loes Its vigor and deadens. In either case, in Its mutila ted or decayed condition, it has a for lorn aspect and presents an imageof de crepitude. In Hemlock forests thcro aro always unpleasant specimens of dead trees, and rapidly-decaying trunks prostrate on tho earth. Hut In open situations, and particularly in enclosed grounds, where tho trees have been pro tected from Injury, their beauty is pre-' served to great ago and they remain finely limbed well down toward tho earth. The trunk of tho Hemlock is straight and of nearly uniform size for two thirds of its height. The branches are iminoroiw and spreading, but slender in proportion to their extent. The bark which Is liglit-colured and smooth on young trees, and dark-colored on old ones, Is ono of the valuable products of our forests) on account of tiio large quan tity of tannin It contains. Tho leaves are from one-half to eight-tenths of an Inch long, fiat, and di-posed irregularly In two ranks; they aro of u very vivid light green, downy when young, and with two silvery stripes underneath. The cones, or seed vesselsare short, pen dulous on thoextreiniticsof the branch es, green when ung, but becoming brown when ripe. Tho seeds arc very small nnd winged. The Hemlock is found from Hudson's Hay southward to tho mountains of Carolina. Near Quebec,u'nd In tho north ern parts of New England, it is abund ant, as well as in the mountainous parts of tho Middle States. South of Mary land and Virginia it is found only "in very high situations. Tho Hemlock was introduced into England by Peter Collinson about tho year 1838, and thu first treo produced there was, fifteen years since, still standing with two trunks, ouch about ono foot in diameter and fifty feet high. Tho wood of the Hemlock is not of high value for fuel, and although it splits readily tho divis ions aro not in straight lines. Tho fibres do not form in an exact vertical direc tion, in growth, but make tho circuit of tho trunk in ascending, llesidc this de feet, which is general, old trees are fre quently shaky or cracked, which greatly impairs their strength. This effect is produced by tho winds which Have a powerful hold upon the large, compact head of-tlio tree. Tho wood Is found to decay rapidly when exposed to tho at mosphere and is, therefore, unfit. for tho external covering of buildings and for fences ; but when covered it is of great duration, it is firmer though coarser grained than white pine, ufibrdsa tight er hold to nails nnd more resistance to tho pressure of other bodies. For these reasons it answers well for frames of buildings, for lath, and oven for thresh- ing-lloors. Tho bark should bo taken from the tree in the month or Juno when tho sap Is in active circulation ; that be ing tho best time for the purposes of the tanner. Its deep red color is imparted to tho leather and though it is inferior (o tho bark of the oak, It is an opinion expressed by some that the baik of tho two kinds. united are better than either or them alone. Tho Indians are said to u-e It in dyeing their light baskets made ot red maple. Tho young twigs and ends or tho shoots aro used as a substi tute Air tea, and the essence or Spruce is :uso extracted irom them. The Hemlock Is found in ail parts or tills county, particularly along creeks and on the sides or sheltered ravines, and is one or our most important tim ber trees; but its uses as an ornamental tree, or plant, nro but imperfectly un derstood. There aro two popular ideas concerning it which deserve correction: l'ho ono is, that It is difficult or remo val or or being transplanted, ami the other that it is only hundsomo when small and young. When transplanted or set out into in tho Fall or early in tho Spring, particularly when tho ground is Imperfectly broken or pre pared, it is atmo.-t invariably destroyed iy the drouths or the following sum mer. And the larger and finer tho plant may be, tho more certainly will tliis re-ult be produced. Hut tills lia bility to destruction, under such cir cumstances, Is not peculiar to it. Simi lar treatment of other evergreens will bo followed by like results. Tho 1 lem- lock should never bo removed earlier than tho month of May, and In back ward seasons tho beginning of Juno would bo u suitable time. The roots should bo In an uctivo stato in order that the plant may have power to adapt itseir to Its new situation, jr removed ill tho Full it should bo emly In Octo ber, to secure a renewed growth of root before tho plant Is oldiged to contend against the severities of winter. And. of course, in nil cases, tho ground to which It is transferred should bo thor oughly broken, and tho surface mulched or covered with litter, manure, saw dust, spent tan-bark, orothcr protection- against drouth and told. That tiio full beauty of tho treo um bo preserved for a century or more,. Is indisputable, whenever tho nece.-sarv conditions exist or aro created. It is only neces.-nry that tho tree have a proper location nnd soil, and that it shall lie preserved from depredation and llio pressure ol other trees. It wlljj, hh.ii jeiiuuii iiiuoeii to me eartii or nearly so, and retain Its health, vigor nnd beauty. It Is u valuablo treo to break wind nnd can be successfully planted for that pur pose; nnd as an ornamental treo It Is excelled by few If any among tho faint ly or the Firs. The great valtto of tho Hemlock ns a hedge plant, Is only Just beginning to bo recognized in this country. In Eng land It, nnd the American Arbor Vitae, are extensively ued in ornamental grounds for Inner lines of division, it licarM tho knife better perhaps than any other evergreen, and may bo made to assume almost any height or form de sired. Its foliage, always bright and graceful, may be mado to trail upon tho earth and become denso throughout tho whole elevation assigned to It under the discipline of the knife or shears. In short, It may be manipulated at will and bo made to assume precisely the height nnd form desired, with complete preservation, for nn Indefinite period, or its vigor and beauty. There aro beautiful Hemlocks In tho nurseries of Western New York, and specimen ones in private and public grounds in other parts or thu country. We mo begin ning to learn, from England, one or the leading uu's of nu American tree. At some future time, not remote, our beau tiful but neglected native will bo seen trained In Innumerable hedges, after the English example, and will constitute ono of the principal adornments of pub lic parks and gardens, nnd of private grounds. There Is n dwarf variety of Hemlock that does not grow higher than two or tlirco feet, which is well suited for planting in certain situations where a low plant with buliy habit is desired. Wo will only add, that tho Hemlock is ono of tho few plants which will, for a long time, grow well and flourish in tho shade of larger trees. Thiscoiisli-j tutes ono of its merits both for lawns and hedges. ilEXICO. Tho restoration of tho Mexican lie public is now proceeding with remark able rapidify. Lately we have had the important news that Juarez has made n triumphant entry into Duraugo, (lie Capital of the State or the same name. Duraugo is about equally distant from Chihuahua which so long served as a place of reruge to Juarez while nearly the whole or Mexican territory was in the hands or tho Invaders and tho city or Mexico. Hut Duraugo is for from being tho Southern frontier of tho ter ritory nnder the actual sway'of tho Re publicans. South of it, Zatatceas, San Luis Potosi, and even Quereturo, which is only one hundred and ten miles dis tant from the City of Mexico, aro in undisputed possession o the Liberals. Tho French havo wisely concluded not to leave tho country in detachments, but at ono time. The losses which they continually sutler even under this new arrangement clearly show to what dan gers they would have been exposed had they left one-third or tho army behind Tor u wholo year. As to Muxilian, a glance at the small tract or land that is now held by his partisans, makes it very doubtful whetli er ho will get away at all If he does not leave with tho French. Tho movement of the Imperialist troops against Mon terey, which a Matamoros letter re fers to stands no chance what ever of permanent success. Tho French themselves clearly indicate by their attitude that they have no faith in tiio ability of Maximilian to main tain himcir and, as tho olllcial commu nication from the representative or Franco to tho Mexican people, indicates, aro anxious to decline any responsibili ty ror the defeat and overthrow of the Empire. The star of tho Republic is again ris ing, and there would bo good reason for renewed hope if only tho deplorable quarrel between Juarez and Ortega could bo stopped. This ought now to bo tho great aim of all Mexican patri ots. Sterling patriotism, wo should think, might suggest to both thoclaim antsor tho Republic means for settling their rival claims in an amicable man ner by leaving the decision to u new vote of tho people. We wish with Ortega, that tho Mexican Re public may become as pros perous as the United States ; but if this aim is to bo attained tho leaders of the people must learn to show a greater amount of disinterested lovo of their country than hitherto. Notici:. Tho proprietors of tho late Coi.ujtntAX newspaper, have inudo ar rangements with the publisher or this paper for carrying out and executing their existing contracts with their sub- cribers and advertl-ers, as follows: 1. That subscribers' who have paid their subscriptions! in advance, shall he furnished with this paperwe q' charge until thoir.siib-criptions expire. 2. That (iwadvertisementsextonding over futuro time, shall bo continued in this paper without charge, until tho time paid for expires. 3. That this paper shall bo tent to those subscribers who havo not paid their sulvcriptlons, (during tho time those subscriptions aro to run,) and that the amounts note due thereon, as well as those hereafter accruing, shall lie paid to tho publisher of this paper without account to tiio former proprie tors. . I. That Hi;)r?(ndvertis'oinciits, extend ing over futuro time, shall bo continued in this paper during tho times con tracted for, and shall bo wholly paid for to the publisher of tills paper. Subscribers and advertisers inter ested, who receive tills paper without notice of objection to tho publisher, will be eon-ldered ns agreeing with him upon tho above terms and conditions, for tho continuance of their subscrip tions and advertisements. Thcro will bo no increase of rates of charge for ad vertisements, continued as above, al though tho circulation or this paper will bo moro than double that or tho late Cor.UMllIAX. J, Ci, I.', January 3, 1807. The Church IterUir, published quar terly by N. S. Rlchard-on, D. D., or New York, should also bo in tho hands of overy churchman of intelligence. Thu January number is out. Subscrip tion $3.00 per annum. HOME NEWS. i:t,t:cTni.v or a hexatoh'. Isni.iMAi-nus, Juminrj- 22. Governor O. P. Morton was elected United States Senator to-day over D. W. Voorhees, Democrat. V. S. SKNATOIt PitOM WISCONSIN. .Maiiiox, W1k Jniiimry 22. Hon. T. O. Howe was re-elected to the United Stales Scnato to-day. The resolution Instructing Senator Doollttlo to resign was finally passed by tho Wisconsin Legislature to-day, by n strict party vole. Tin: KITl'ATIO.V. Wo learn that Secretary Stanton, In conversation with a friend, gavo it as Ids opinion that tho country Is In moro danger to-day than at any time during the rebellion. Ho thinks the proposed Impeachment of tho President will, if prosecuted much further, lead to u war, the result or which it is'difllcult to fore tell. The Secretary Is represented ns being very apprehensive lest Congress should take soino fatal step in that di rection. NATtO.VAT, hank t t ititiixrv. The amount of national bank curren cy issued during tho past week from the Treasury Department was $17,720, mak ing the total amount up to dato $300, 802,(121. From this is to be deducted tho currency returned, including worn-out notes, amounting to $2,150,031, leaving in actual circulation at this date $203, 025,(1?0. The securietics held by the Treasurer or tho United States, in trust for nation al banks, reported to-day, were as fol lows : I'm' rlroulallna "! MI0p'i.".110 l'urilt'iosits in' imblli' muiu'yi Ssr.TTJ.W) i)isiii-p.si:.Mi:.vT.s m-p.i.o Tin: vi:i:k. Tho following sums of money havo been disbursed at tho Treasury Depart ment during tho week ending January nineteenth : War Di'patlmrnt $',r,,0(Vi Nay Dni.iitmi-nt itts.-,j Interior IJi'imt Uncut ln;j,'.Ni Total s;,;,i;7 ixrnnxAi, nnvi-xui- isix-utras. Tho receipts from Internal Revenue for Saturday wero $192,735,01, making tiio total amount for tho week $2,200, 780.81. rr.ACTioxAi, etniKi-.Ncv. The amount of fractional currency received at the Treasury Department from tho printers during tho past week was $527,500. Thoamount shipped dur ing the same period was $18I,83S.33, to national banks, and $100,000 to (ho Assistant-Treasurer at New York City. During tho past week there lias been redeemed nnd destroyed at tho Treasury Department $317,700 in fractional cur rency. I.UAOUi: IHI.AXl). Tho Senate Com mi tlco on Naval Af rairs had the subject or tho League Is land Navy-yard beforo them this morn ing. Senator Cattell, of Now Jersey, made an argument in favor of accept ing that site. Tiio Committee agreed to the House bill for tho purpose, with out amendment, and recommended its immediate passage. Tin: si'iui::mi: col-jit. Among tho novel propositions in the form of Congressional bills, etc., 1 havo to record a measure introduced by Mr. Representative Williams, of Pennsyl vania, on Monday last. It a-sunics'to set up a rulo for tho Supremo Court of tho United States, by declaring that no decision upon constitutional ipies tions or acts or Congress shall bo or any force unless concurred in by all tho Judges. Tliis is a very petty proposi tion to come from a party which is con tinually inserting and boasting of the rights of majorities, even to tho extent of changing tho fundamental law of tho land, nnd depriving tho citizen of pro tection thereby. WAsirrxn-mv. .Tm, ik Tho President's ovouingorgan says of tno Administration that, "if necessary, its strong and iron hand will bo invoked to stay tiio course and movent tho eon. summation of Radical treason, The great oath or tho President to iiroter-t and defend tho Constitution will not bo forgotten, and the people who sustain nun with their 500,000 majority of tho voting population, North and' South, will not foivet him. Events imvn already brought tho Government to tho very verge or another revolution, ir the Radical majorityin ConeTossimrsuos its treaonabIo courso much longer, tho (lovernmcut, in order to sustain itseir, will havo to arm its suiiDoiters At the call ot tho President, all his mends North, and South, and tho arm v and tiio navy will respond. In such 'a contest tiio issue cannot bo doubtful. Congressmen may bo valiant lluhtcrs on tho iloor of Congress, but when they comotoleud their cohort? into tho field it will bo another thins.'. Tho real armies and great soldiers or tho Reptib- nc win no loumi lighting under tho fiag. Wo advise thoopp-.it ion ofthodetcrmin- ed and fixed fact, that Andrew Johnson will servo but his constitutional termor olllce. EUROPEAN NEWS. London, Jan, 17. It is rcnorted from the pnnMncnt Hint a desperate nlot lias been discovered fur tho assassination of thol'nclmof Egypt. J no plot included the subversion or tho government and Investing tho reins of Bovernment in tho hands or Sellm l'.ichu, and who Is said to bo at tho head ot 'he movement. Tho eonsnii-n. ey was happily discovered nnd friis- traieti. Pa KiB, Jan. 20. Tiio Emperor Napoleon has Issued an Important decree. It orders that the address of tho Chamber in reply to tho speech from the Throne shall bo'discon tinned j grants to tho legislative body tho right of questioning the govern ment, nnd proposes that olfences of tho press shall bo tried in thu convlctlonal courts j that tho stamp clutters shall be reduced, and that tho right or tho poo pie to meet in public shall bo limited only by thoso regulations necessary for tho public safety. Tho decree concludes by declaring that thoso reforms will now crown tho odlllco of tho Stato founded on the na tional will. Tho members of Iho Cabinet havo tendered their resignations to tho Em peror. Athuxs, Jan. 10. Advices received from tho Island or Cnndlastato that tho Cretans have fought nnother battle, In which they claim a victory over fivo thousand Turks. Tho Cretan Assembly has Issued a call to all the powers or Europe to send agents to ("and In to witness and report tho condi tion or the country. Titiiwi-n, Jan 20. Reports rrom Mnramar state that tho Empress C'arlotla lias quite recovered from her severe Illness. P.wus, Jan. 21. All tho members of the Cabinet ten dered their resignations to the Emperor, but six of them wero not ncceptcd. The resignation or M. Fould was among thoso which wero accepted. M. Rouher remains in tho Cabinet, and at present will preside over tho Financo and Stato Departments,. M. Grenoullly will take charge of tho Naval, and M. Laraquetto of tho Agri cultural Department. Tho rest or tho Cabinet is unchanged. Pap.is, Jan. 21. It is staled In official circles that tho powers or the Senate will bo Increased. The majority oT tho Journals or this city, in their editorials upon tills sub ject declare the reforms announced by the Emperor very liberal. A rumor is current hero that nn order lias been issued which relieves Marshal Bazaine of his high powers in Mexico. Paius, Jan. 21-Evcning. Tho Jfonltcur to-day says tho govern ment is anxious to explain to the French its Foreign policy, and will accent ques tions on tho subject at tho opening of the session, which will be substituted for tho usual debate upon tho address. London, Jan. 21. It is said that there is much excite ment in Paris over tho changes in tho Imperial Cabinet, nnd it is thought they indicate a more war-like policy on the part or the Emperor. The French press applauds the reform mado by Napoleon. London, Jan. 22. The Court of Admirality lias just giv en a final Judgment in favor of tho Uni ted States in tho Rappahannock case. Tliis makes the third steamer recovered by the United States Consul Dudley in tho courts here. Atiiuns, Jan. 22. Tho chief oT tho insurgents in Candla lias written n long letter to tho United States Consul hero, thanking tho Amer ican people through him for tho sym pathy extended to tho Cretans. Ho nlso petitions the Consul for American ships-or-war to carry away tho women and children. A Papi:ii pou evi:ky Family. And wo mean not only every family, but single people ns well, when wo com mend to all the American Agriculturist tho nio-t valuablo and tho cheapest journal in tho world. We have receiv ed tho first number of tho new volume, which begins tho second quarter centu ry, and find it of unexampled excellence and beauty, while tho publishers an nounce still greater tilings to come. Mr. ('lift, ono or the most popular and prac tical writers or tho couutrv. is to ioiu tho editorial force or the A'jriculturht, anil regular contributions are promised from tho well known "Timothy Hunk er, Esq.," tho " Down East Farmer," The Ayrivullurht is a marvel of value and cheapness. Each number lias .10 to 10 largo double octavo pages, containing 2." to or moro costly, beautiful and in structive engravings, and is packed full of useful, reliable information. Tho publishers promise to expend tho nres- ent year at least $10,000 in engravings mono, mm Slo.000 in procuring and pre paring sterling reading matter, adapted to tho work or tho Farm, tho Garden, and the Household, including an enter taining nnd instructive department ror children nnd youth. Nothing less than a circulation of over lfiO.fino. wliieh in duces the expenses to n small sum each, could enable tho publishers to furnish such a Journal -for SI ,00 a year. Wo again advise every person to subscribe for tho Agriculturisl. It N adapted lo city, village, and country. Orango.Iudd and Co., Publishers, 11 Pari: Row, New lone city. COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. Phllmlilphi,, Mnrl.tl., WKnxr.sn.vv, January 13. I'i.oui:. Tho market continues very unsettled. About 000 bblssold in lots to the homo trade Including Northwestern superfine at ST.Wm 77.-, -Vnihwctern extra sru. Northwestern family P.MUk.i l.li.V) -,,-.., -Mima nun n I'siei u superilne... H.n.,.. s 7,1 'innsyl,in.iaiid Western extra imWcj.ii Pennsylvania and Western famllv 1 j.iklw 1.1 m 1 euhsyivanlaimd Western f incy 11.00m! lC'-it ltf t'.OUr fV; Whp.at of primo quality has been in good demand, and holders ni-ft firm In their views. Wo quote Pennsylvania red at SiT.V-? 0.10 ; Southern do. at 0.10 (0.20, and white at $.1.20.1, 10 j Penna, tiye ranges at about 81.33. Corn is in fair request, ami sales of .-1,000 bus. new yellow wero effected nt sl. nt wero in better request, but prices have receueii. tales ot .'1,000 litis.. Penney!- vailla at 5.(7, S0e. Tim rivnlulu (r,.,lo aro in follows: O.'O bblsllourj 1,000 bus. wiient i 2,000 bus. corn, .'), 100 litis, oats. PltovisioNS-Contlnuo verv dull, lint prices nro unchanged. Small sales nro making at s21(2I.W bbl. ror new mess j'on; ; H(iFc r lb. for plain and rancy bacon hams: 12f 121c for nlefcl.xl do.: Klf7i Ui fne solf. fclimibloes n,,.l 101r, 15c 'j! lb. for primo lard, hi bbls unil t'bs, Bi:i:i3 Contlnuo dull; small sales tiro making nt $7.73(20 for clover, $3.75 for timothy,, and $2.35(33 bus. for flaxseed, MAIUIIED. l,v Ilia linv. Wm, J, y.yn, Mr. Nnthan c V 5!t lorf In Mh l:il?.abolh llroomliacli, bgtUnV m,"1 tour luwiiililp, ' u,u"o. loth lint., .tliu E. At.plcmnn of llriUo i.'loM lH'Il.i A. Wilson, ot NcwColumbui. ,l0J"" ;o;T.V:H-.S.177f-AtKiiy,t(.ttown,onU,,i. ult.,liyllov.ri.r, Jl'Nalr.Mr. (IcnrS. i ncr, of Klimiiokln tuwnolilti. Nortliumberffi f-otmir, to Ml?i Httson Bmllli of Madlion i!? ltimbla county. ' l0- CtX. Vnn-Yr..Uli:n-M tlm M, n. Parson... In Calan in, nn tiio loth lint.Hiy llev. fi riHV tow, .IcwwJ-lcaviT of Ontmlin, to Mli Ycagt-r of Hear Oap, j;01IMA.I.--rf7.T.Y,f.V-On New Ycnr'itv. at tlm ri'slilenoei of tli lirlilo's father, br iilb W. C. Homer, Sir. ('. P. llowtnatiof NrVft,i!J-lmi,-lato or Now Mexlco-to Mis 1). b. CrerJ' lnof Columbia county, ,. DIED. (;.7..IW:-Ou tho Oth ttist., In Hemlock tn... ship, at tho rcsldenco of Mr. P.sau Olrton jji i.u'lll linill-intllucuillKlllLHlltirH. ' H ,SVItOOT.r.Yn West Hemlock township Mf, tour comity, nn the Til Instant, Mr. An'iiiii Kdioolcy, HBed about ('i years, ' t'OXh Locust township on tho 17th of Decern, ber last, David Pox, aged SI years. ;i7.--Near Mtm Ille, on tho Hth Inst., Mr. Cim l.ves, aged about 7U) ears. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS A DMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE XV KSTATi: OP .lAC'OU KKLLKU, Decp.aed I cltcrH of lulmlnUtratlon on tiio cstato of Jacob Keller, lati-of Heaver township, Columbia countr ilec'ael, havo been cranted by the KcglMer of salil eountlo John Mlehacl. All personshnvlna clalinifirtlemaniUfiRiln-t tho salil citato nra re-nue-tteil to present them for settlement without (telny, amt all person Indebted to maUe payment. JOHN .MICH.VF.L, Artmlnlurntor. January 11, 18ii7-f. rpiIE WEEKLY PATRIOT AND .1 UNION. Tun CrvTiivt. Dr.MocnATioOn(iA ni- Tin: sr.Tt:. The Weekly Patriot nnil Union N published every Thurlay by tho Patriot nn-1 Pnlon Printing ami Publlshlin; Assoelatlon. it Is a double sheet of eltiht paKci, and contftln, forty-elfrht columns tif matter, made up of Lltr nry, AKrlcnltural, Nows.Tradoand Mlhcpltincoui Helerttttni, UoporH of CoiiKresslonal and LopM. the Prueeedlngi, Hpeeehes, Political Ksays, mi. torlals, etc. TUB TCltJIS! One copy, ono year, cash 9250 " " nIx months 11 1 Ten eontt , otio yeai, and ono to putter up of Club a 05 Tvehty conies, one year, and ono to getter up of Club Till) "DAILY PATRIOT A UNION " will be furnished to mall subscribers for $7.00 p annum. lluslness letters should bo addressed to tU " Patriot ami Union," HarrlRburp. Pa. WM. It. MILMUT,Truiltsi. WM, I). IJOAM, Publisher. rpiIE KEYSTONE CLOVER SEED S T HIPPEB. l'ATENTUI) OCTOHUtt 2, ISM. This simple, though etfeetlvo machine It admit ted byall seientltlc observers to lio the most dlroct dc lee for c.itherluq clover M'ed yet discovered. A mere Klaueo otitis hulllelent to convince thu mo-.t obtitso mind of Its practical utility. It MrlpH the clover head from the stalk leavlnii the straw standing upon the ground. Ills easily dnnvn by one horse, and rcciulrcs butono man or bov lo work It. It Is compact, slmplo In structure, and not lia ble to ir tout of order, andean bo cheaply gut up. The great advantago In this machine Is, 9 have tho seed gathered In the chat!', ready for tho clover mill or huller, bcsldeu saving tho great length of llineaud labor of mowing, handling ani IhteMiluglt from tho straw, It will also pav ev ery laimer to gather his fceed with this machlnn on account of the saving of tho seed which Is lost In the uld way of gathering It. l.xtraordlnary Inducements nfTered to enersotlo men who wish to puicliasubtato or county ltlghu. Por particulars addres WKUT.MAN & ni'.INnOLD, CKNTUALM. J.mSVtj,. Columbia County, Pa. A 1)31 IN 1 STJt ATOH'S N OTIC E.- 1Y IXT.VI'K OP la.PANOIl N.t;AMPUi:LL,I)I!. ckaskii. Letters of administration on tho cstAW of P.lcnuor N. Campbell, lato of Centre township Columbia county, deceased, have been gran ted by the Iteglster or Columbia county, to Nathaniel U Campbell, of Centre township, and county afore said. All persons halng claims against tho Ci tato of the decedent, aro requested to prosen' them for settlement, and those indebted to til estate will make payment without delav. N L. CAJIPlilU.L, January 13, llCT-flw-. Admlnlstiutor, pOUItT PltOCLAMATION. Whp.iirah, Ibellon.'WIlllam Klwell, President .Itidgoot the Court of Oyer and Terminer and (leueral .loll Delivery, Com t of (iuarter Sessions of Iho Peace and Court of fomtnou Pleas and or phan's Court In tho Jltli Judicial District, com nosed of tiio counties of Columbia, Kulllvan an 1 Wyoming, and the Hon. Iram Dorr and l'eter K. llerbeln, Associate Judges of Columbia couuty luvo Issued their precept, bearing dato the aith day of December, in tiio year of our I,ord( ono thousand, eight hundred and sixty-six, nndtomo directed loi holding a Court of Over and Termi ner and Oeneral Jail Delivery, fleneral Quarter Sessions of the Peace, Common Pleas and orph an's Oiiii r, In Diminishing, in tho eouiitv of Co lumbia, on iho ilrsl Monday, being tho 1th day of l'cWuarj next, to continue ono week. Notice Is hereby given, to tho Coroner, to tho Justices of the Peaco and the Constables of tho said counlyof Columbia that thev bo then and there In their piopcr person at ten o'clock In tlm fiueuooii or said day with their records, Inquisi tions and other remembrance to do thoso things w hlcli lo their oiilccs appertain to lo done. And those that are bound by rtssignlznnee, to prose cule ug.ilusi the prisoners that aro or nwr be In the Jalljir I lie said county of Columbia tube then and there to prosiTUtiUhomnsshnll bo Just. Ju lorsare rcqiustotl to bo punctual in their attend (T )auce,ngive.ibly to tht-lr notices. Dated L.S.. Vat llloomsburg, the isnti day ot Ilecem t" v '1 her, In tboyearof our Ijfird, ono thous and eight hundred and sixty-six, and In the ninetieth year of thu Independence of the United states of America, (don savk thk Common--wijAi.ur.) SAMUr.LSNYDUIt,iicn. llloomsburg, December 2J, ISM. QllElUFF'S SALES. 15 Y VIRTUE J of sundry wrltsot Vewlitioui JJiromit. Ijrart iwnmind 7 V rt J;kuu, to me directed, Usued out ,Ule Court of Common Pleas in the County of ( olumbi.l, will be exposed to public sale, at tho l,',".1tt,.,.,."V.'-''l.hl niooliisblllg, on MONDAY, Kr.IS Ul'AUA loUItTH, ls(j7,t, ,i,o o'clock ln thofif tcinoon, the lollowlug ical eslato to wit : A lot of ground ..Itualo In the borough ofCen liall.i, Columbia county, being nay feet Iront tin 1 one hundred ami forty leet deep, being two lw rouRh lots, bounded on tho noith by lot of 1 cn-termachrr.nn thu west by an ultcv, on the south by lot of Win. Zelgler, and on tho east by 1 rautwliie stiect, uhcicoii Is elected n two story Ilamoduelllng house, with tho appurtenances. sUcd, taki ii In e.iecutioumid lo bo sold as lua piopcilyof K L. Um-ri lll.Y, ALSO, A certain tract of laiid.sltnato In Hemlock loim ship, Columbia county, containing one hundred ai-i, s, nioie i or less, hounded on tho norUi by laud ',!,' ,l;l,','t'ct ' u.1.'"1'1,-"" ! west by hinds of lloubim 1. 1 filU and lleuben llogait, n the south by laud ',7"'' l'jirs, ami on tho cast by lands of widow ... ....... .,,.,,., m,. erecienapaii iramu nuua silt log house, and a part log undiipnrl framci b.irn,.M lib ho appurtenances. Seized, taken in execution and to bo sold n Uu piopelty of Hl.nhy T. Heii.y. .1AO, A lot of ground, sltuato In tho Imrough of Con nulla, ( o mob la county, containing lllty feci 1b flout, and on., hundred ami forty feel deep, Ikjuii I V. i"." 'J'!',",'.'"1,1'' '-"fust Avenue, on tho north by ot of 11. Kuittlu, on th , nst by an alley, nn on the soulh by a public- road, whfieon Is erects ',1 ,Y,'V';r; f'"1'';iaiern and dwelling houso.ni a laige siable, with the appurtenance. "rlV" '" pv''uuu and to bo sold as ti property of Pcri:u Howr.u, .I..SO, si,'o''7-1'V" ' W of l!'" situate In Gitawlsaa tout si lp, Columbia county, containing twenty-foui' acres, more or less, bounded on tiio east by lanJ of Jacob Druinhe fer.on tho south by land of Sol. iino n 1 ege y, and on tbenorth unci west by Inm!f ,, i ii lUi' A.ni' "l,'c.lt,,.ln 'Tectod a Ins houw and liamp stable, w uu tho nppurten.uices" , ,f. !,.! ".V;11 1,1 fxctutlou und to be sold as the piopertyof IIunjamin roue, .IMO, .iiof V."!!).","!'' of 1:iml "Ittmto In Hemlock town-hn,',-,.V'i '',nlllni """. containing about on. ,. ! ii P , , ' ''"mi'lod and described , followi ..,, ii, ,:. , n,lil'u!1'"'l,l'l'v T Jacob Klnne.T w M i- .' . '.I,J l,,ml1 of Wrinuu tnd Pet.fj iirV.i i V'l "" 'uo 8"iUh by lands of&imuol in iiglcr, ami on the wist by lands of .Mmnt. i ni, , , i '"'W0.'! " nnmo dwelling house und a liai.ie bain with the appurlenanccs. v..'.', .',J' lallt ". 1,1 ''Xeeulloii mid to be sold ns th !Si ) ,, K 'o, Ana'w'HS C. Itabb, wlmtnlsimti deceased u"""1"11 "f HCKiir DctuitMii.Lr.il, AIM, i fV.cL,.all,.lot..f Ernl"! tluatt In tho village of Light ist eit, Columbia county, containing forty eight rods, mom or h , bounded nu the south by lot or w in sehii) ler.on the west by itrcet.on J.0,""", 1 l,y '',""f wl7uw K""1T "'! ' '-' f 5.,' ,,,"i1,!!''li,U"."'"u '"',rVl t!'lt't''r.vnud Hbalf fian e dwelling house, with tho iippuftenancel. NeUcd. tllLell 111 eXM"" nn ,iit t,. I...., 1. 1 ....tli.i proputyof Isaau Soiiuswoitju. A AO. . . r i .i?.f P1!? 1 "K '1 ":- I mesMiaKe. tract or pleco i.Si , oV l,V''"V1"' '"Wilt Tho suiiiliwest onu mii pin in my pliuitat on lobe nuukod out by lines nnd eorneis hcreatter, " : !"ki'!1 In execution awl to bo sold ns ths property of Jacou Hms. nioomtbitre, Jicnmry t rv.