Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIAN, BLOOMSBURG, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1866.
parties, when tho fact that thoyaro good
'iWniocrats or good Republicans Is nitido
consideration superior to their gOod
3icas ns liien, when tlio best men In tho
communit nro found subjecting moral
yil religious cllrtifictcr to political re
quirements, tliero Is no nood to look fur
jjjvjf rcos'oiis Why so many young mennrq
dlilug tho wroilg direction. They are
p flight too much that good moral char
acter la of minor importance In Atncri
.jm life. They soo too many bad men
occupying high social position. Tho
tono of society always determines moro
vortess tho course of young men. Xew
blfyrf: Journal of Commerce.
WARD IN LONDON.
somo two weeks slnco n'
rnyther strango looking man engaged
TWrtmentsnttho Qrccnllon. lie stated
ho was from tho United Htntcs, but bo
ypjid this ho said nothln. llo seemed
to prefer sollytood. Iloremalned most
ly In his room, and whenever ho did
sjiow himself, he walkt In a moody and
WOroso manner In tho gardlng, with
his hed bowed down and his arms fold-
t cross his breast. Ho reminded mo
what of tho celebrated but unhappy
f .. . . Haller, In tho cheerful play of "Tho
fifnii!i,or." Tills mini nuzzlnil mn. TM
puzzled nforosoveral times but not'
V6 severally as now. Mino Ost of tho
urecnlton said I must Interrlgato this
Btrunge Uelug who clalmea to ba my
I'OCmtrymnn. "Ho hasn't called for a
Urbp of boar slnco ho's been lu this cro
Huso," said tho landlord. "I look io
TOU," ho added, "to clear up this dark,
Tills orful mvsterv."
I wrlnged tho lnn'lord's honest hand,
jmu told him to consider tho mystery
.f gained axes to tho mlstorus boln's
room, and by talking sweet to him for
nTow minlts I found out who ho was.
"rlicn returning to tho lan'lord, who
was norvisly pacing up and down tho
bar, I said:
" "sweet ltoinnuo, uon't tremblo no
more! I'vo torh tho mask from tho
totVighty stranger's face, und dived
1htt tho recesses of his Inmost solo I
iWa a Trnns-Jtfejlm !
fl tf'd been to the Beofanhan theatre tho
provis evenin, and probly the drammor
Iteaw affocted mo, becauso I nm not in
lllo' habit of goln on as per above. I
like tho Bccfanham theatre very much,
. JjMcod, because thorc a enthusiastic
lfjv'cr of tho theatre Ilko myself can
itllto the legitermit drammor with fish.
Situs, while your enrapered soul drinks
Iff "tho lorfty and noble sentences of the
gifted artists, you can eat a bilcd mack'
Tirjusi as comioroiy as in your own
'House. I felt constraned, howovcr, to
Tell a fond mother who sot immegitly
l&Hind mo, and who was accompanied
Djjngin uonio ana a young infant I
lDrtcoiistranedtotell thatmother, when
Hbf Infant playfully mingled a ray tlior
fcffV mack'ril with tho littlo hair which
ljfeft on my vener'lo hod, that I had a
fcbttlo of scented hair oil at homo,
Which on the wholo I tho't I preferred
wthat which her offspring was grcasin
mtf with. This riled tho excellent fo-
i&'.Ho, and sho said, "31t out ! You nov
Siwas a lnfank yourself, sposl Oil no!
-txu m tu s.,j tn hn n infaiik, you
wasi Jiou slid into tho world nl rondy
grow'il, Uluti't you ? Git out!" "No,
madam," I roplled, "I too was onco a
Iflfant! I was a luvly child. PoplotiscS
toocomo in largo and enthoosiastlc
crowds from all parts of tho country to
Setf me, I was such a sweet and intelll
fcfttt infant. Tho excitement was so
Irftons. In facie, that a o.vtr.i hninl w.i
si ftrted in the town to accommodato tho
pc6plo who throngod to my cradle."
Mrtvin' finished tlieso truthful stnto-
ifilhts, Ismllt sweetly on tho worthy
Kftalo. Sho said, "Drat you, what do
yffn corao n-chafiln' mo for," and tho
cstymlblo woman was really gettln fu
Hi,' when I mollyilcd her by pralsin
net child, and by asm pardon for all
IVlsald. "This littlo gal," I obsorved,
tliils. surprisingly luvly gal' when
tlia m said, "it's other sect Is he
Sir; Its a boy." "Wall," I said, "this
mcio ooy, whoso eyo is like a caglo a
Boariir proudly in tho azuro sky. will
Kha day bo a man, If ho don't choke
mmself to death In childhood's sunny
sours wiui a smelt or a bloater, or somo
daijerdrcfTul calamity. How subllmo
lira thought, my dear madam, that tills
MfUnt as you fondlo on your knoo on
tHW night, may grow up Into a freo and
Wdependent citizen, whoso voto will bo
ftorth ton to fifteen pounds, according
slsuffragcs may rango at tho Joyous po
fltf! "tot us now return, gentlo reader, to
tWo1 landlord of tho Greenllon, who wo
Ktt in tho bar In a stato of anxiety and
p I'&plrc. Rubbing his hot f.wo with a
red lmudkerohiof, ho said :
'lls tho stranger boln a American?"
''"A Major?" Sj
' Ho is not."
wNot oven that."
"Then," said tho lan'lord of tho
Oreenllon, "youaredecoovedl Ho Is no
countryman of yours."
nwVhynot?" I said.
"MJ. will tellyou,SIr,"saidthclan'lord.
af?y son"'"'law is t-'mp'oyed In a bank-Ifif-liouso
where ov'ry American us
cHHfes to theso shores goos' to got his
dPAhs casht, andlio exys tliat not. ono
lift'arrivcd on theso shores durlu' tho
Mt'olghtccn months, as wasn't a Oen'
rljlVa Coloual, a Major, a Captlng, or a
ti'6itenant! This man, as I said afore,
lfn'4'doceevcd you I IIo's a Imposture 1"
'Creeled to a chair. For n mlnlt 1 was
ppeechlls. At length 1 murmured:
'Mars ! fear It Is too troo ! Kvcn I was
ifCnptlng of tho Homo Guards."
'"To bo uro," said tho lan'lord j " you
nil do It over there."
"Wall," I g;ild, "whatover nation
thlVperuon belongs to, wo may as well
g6 ind'hear him lectur this evenin. Ho
is ono 01 ineso spirit leiiara no is n
Trnus-Jtejlm, nnd whon ho-slings his
self Into a trans stnto, ho says tho 'spor
rlts of departed great men talk through
him among others, Cromwell."
"And this Mr. Cromwell Is ho
dead?" paid tho lan'lord.
I told hhn that Oliver was no more.
" It's n 'umbug," said tho lan'lord :
to which I replied that wo had best go
and sco, and wo went.
Wo was late, on account of tho lan'
lord's extensive ncqualntnns with tho
publio house-keepers nlong tho road,
and tho hall wassomo two miles distant,
out wogottncroatiast. Tho hall was
about half full, and tho MeJIm was Just
thennssunilu' to bo Benjamin Franklin
wiio was speakln about tho Atlautl
He said tho Cablo was really a merry
torlous affair, and that nnslgo3 could
no sent to America, and there was no
doubt about their gettln there lu tho
cours of a week or two, which ho said
beautiful Idear, and much quicker tha
by steamer or canal-boat. It struck mo
that if this was Franklin, thosplrltooal
Hfo hadn't improved tho old gentlo
man's intellccks parttely.
Tho adulens wivi mostly composed of
rather palo people, wiioso oyos I tho
rolled round in a somowhat wild man
nor. But they was well behaved, and
tho females kept saying. "How beau
tiful! What a subllmo thing It is," et
cotry. Among tiio females was a fair
and rosy young woman She sot on the
same seat wo did, and tho lan'lord of
tho Urcculion, whoso frekent Intervoos
with other hin'lords that evening had
been too much for him, fastened Ids left
eyo on tho fair and rosy young person
and smilln lovingly upon her, said
" You may give mo", my dear, four-pen
ny worth of gin cold gin. 1 take
Thcro was cries of "Sllenco! Shame!
Put him out! thoSkoflbr!"
" Ain't wo at the Spotted Boar V" tho
lan'lord hoarsely whispered.
"No," I 'answered. "Its another
kind of boro. Lis'en. Cromwell is go'
lug to speak through our Inspired fren
"Is ho?" said tho lan'lord-ls ho
all, Iv'o sutliln' to say, also. Was
this Cromwell a licensed vitllerV"
" Not that I over heard," I auserd.
" I'm sorry for that," said the lan'lord
with a sigh ; but I think ho was n man
who would wish to seen licensed vittlcrs
respected in their rights."
" No doubt."
an," saiu the lan'lord, "jest you
keep an eyo on me." Thcjjfrlsin to his
feet, he said, in a somowhat husky, yet
to'bly distiuk voice, Mr. Crumbwell !
" Cromwell 1" I cried.
" Yes, Mr. Cromwell: that's tho man
I mean, Mr. Crumblo ! won't you pleaso
adviso that gen'l'man who you're talk
ing through j won't you adviso 'im din
ing your clekant speech to settle his bill
at my 'ouso to-night, Mr. Crumbles,"
said tho lan'lord, glarin'savigely round
on tho people, " because if ho don't
there'll bo a punched 'ed to bo seen at
tho Oreenllon, where 1 don't want no
moro of his o verlastln nonsens. I'll talk
through 'im! Hero's a sporrit," said
iim lim-ioru, u sumo onco moro beamin'
on Iiis face, " which will talk through
him lino a Dutch father ! I'm thosper-
rit or you, young feller!" "You'ro a
healthy old, sporrit," I rcmarkt; and
then I saw tho necessity of getting him
out of tho hall. Tho wimln was yellln
and Kcrcamln,and tho men was holleiiu
pcrllce. A perliceman really came anil
collered my fat fren. " It is only a lit,
Sir ltichard," I said. I always call tho
perlico Sir ltichard. .It pleases them to
think I'm tho victim of a deloosion ;
and thoy always treat mo perlltcly
Tills one did, certnlnly, for ho let us go
Wo saw no moro of the Traus-Mejtm.
It's dllllcult, of course, to say how
long theso noosances will bo allowed to
prowl round. I should say, howover.
If pressed for a onscr that thoy will
prob'ly contlnner on just about as lout
as they can iind people to lis'en to 'em
m I right '.' Yours, faithfully,
AVouk means sowing, and sowin
spoils everything, It is u bail habit,
mini to lorm and hard to break do-
moralizing ; nover to bo resorted to ex
cept as a relief or a necessity, or, llko
involuntary servitude, as a punishment
for crime. Tliero are states of mind for
which sewing Is soothing. If; attracts
just enough of your attention and vital.
ity to draw olf tho (surplus electricity
and glvo you a chunco to conio down
from your excitement, get wholesomely
tired and ablo to sleep. Also, when it
is a question between rags and sowing,
I suppose ono should cliooso tho sewing.
But for porsons who nro not obliged to
sew, to spend day after day In pulling a
string through a pleco of cloth soonis a
lamontablo wasto of time. And lament
able, too, is it that this busy idleness
should bo lauded as a virtue In a world
whoro there Is so much real work to bo
dono, nocessary work, eternal work, all
who can freo thomsolvej frotii tho pettv
necessity ought to do so. both for tho
sake of tho world's work and tha world's
poor. Thero aro always neorilo enoti'-h
glad to do nil tho sowing wo can glvo
incni, to whom tho moucy which It
brings means common comfort, perhaps
anuse'i-heip. 1 fe.tr a great deal of what
wo call Industry is unuosasttirv narrow
ing to small issues. A soul's Hfo Is
prlckod out with tho point of a noedlo,
when It ought instead to bo alwavs
ripening by and for tho groat business
of electricity j and all thu while It Is do
ing this it llattera Itself that It Is doing
luty and being exemplary.
JlrtH. Bloomkb now woars imrnionts
llko any other woman. J'roviilciico
How do you know ?J3oaton J'ost.
A stAN In Malno snores bo loud thnf.
ho has to sleep in tho next6trcct,toprc
vent waking himself up. " I
: fo (ifditmlriiw
auonan it. mooiiu, editor.
ULOOMsnUUO, HATUltDAY, DUC 20, 1609.
Wnlndulgo nconfldcnt belief tlmtour
readers, In looking back over thocourso
and management of tho Coi.ujiiuan
during tho lost eight months, will bo
satisfied that it has maintained with
strict fidelity thoso principles of con
duct which it announced in tho outset
Its promise of lndependanccnndltspro
fosslon of Unionism havo been exactly
kept, whllo it lias given an cxamplo of
an improved nowspapcr in its mechanl
cal execution and tho arrangement of Its
contents. And In this latter respect It
has provoked, or caused, matorlal Ira
provements in other journals of tho
county. In prospect of Its establish
mcnt tho Columbia County Jlepublican
was greatly enlarged and additional en
terpnso Infused Into Us management
and tho Democrat and Sar also enter
cdupoti Improvements in its business
department, with now materials, whlcl
gave It Increased value. Tho vear has.
been an era of progress with tho press
oi this county, and notwithstanding
tho rivalries and disputes between our
several journals (which seem to bo un
avoidable) tho reading public may con
gratuluto Itself upon tho general im
provement which has been secured
But, no doubt, tliero Is still room for
Improvement with our Ideal press, and
tho very rivalries bctwconjournalswhlch
aro sometimes complained of, afford tho
most effective stimulus to produce that
improvement. If that rivalry shall not
degenerate into indecorum nnd become
scandalous, it may be regarded as useful
Thero will always bo various sent!
ments and opinions in the community
upon most questions, causing nutago
nisnis and leading to contest. Various
organs of opinion nro therefore necessary
to developc and secure full play and freo
action to tho intellectual forces of tho
social body, and among tlieso tho news
paper will always bo prominent and In
dispensable. For it is better adapted
than any other Instrument ever devised
to reach tho whole mass of tho commu
nity thoroughly and promptly, convey
ing to all tho thoughts or facts by wiiici
opinion shall bo created or controlled.
But Just In proportion to its cflleieney.
to us enormous power for crcatinir or
shaping opinion, is tho necessity of its
proper organization and of its completo
lrecdom. That all own ions not libel
lous, blasphemous,orobscene, shall havo
freo expression through the press, is ono
of our admitted principles, and ranks
nmoug moso winch aro solemnly seem
ed by constitutional guaranties. But
the diversity of Journals, in position and
charircior, is as important as tiicir free
dom. They should bo so organized as
to represent all varieties of opinion and
give to them proper oxpresslon, both in
exposition and defence. This inv-olves
tho existence of many Journals, dilTer
ing among themselves, and to somo ox-
lentnostiio io each other. But aa con
siderations of economy and expediency
nro opposed to thoJiidefliiitcmultinlica-
tlon of newspapers, wo must in their
organization stop short of ideal perfec
tion. v o cannot havo overy school of
opinion, in tho same locality, perfectly
represented by Its appropriate organ.
We can only approximate to this result.
In a county such as this, what could
properly and conveniently bo secured
would bo this: That each great polltl
cal party should havo a newspaper rep
resenting it, and that thero should bo a
third nowspapcr of independent posi
tion and character. Tills was precise! v
tho condition of things in this countv
aiier mo cstaoiishmeiit of tito Colum-
itiAN in May last. Each political partv
had Its approprlato organ, whilo inde
pendent opinion (devoted, however, to
unionism and to n policy of restoration )
represented oy our journal. It
was an arrangement which secured fair
discussion, and ailorded guaranties for
intelligent sullrago. Ono of its main
advantages was tho socurity it afforded
tno peopio against political intrigues or
corruption of tho press: for by it tlieso
woro litiblo to bo exposed and their mis
But tho oxistonc6'of an Independent
Unioujournal in this countv was intol-
erabio to both tha regular party organs.
Thoy assailed it in advance, and after
its establishment continued todenounco
it and to misrepresent both Its motive
and character. The on'iusIstcd that
It was intended to destroy tlio itopubli-
.un party ot this county, tho other that
it wits Intended to disorganize and in-
uro tho Democracy. Theso chart-
which were Inconsistent with cacli oth
or, and both fulso, furnished tlio pretext
iur iimcu we.n: invectlvo and passion
mu uuL-iiiuiuiiuii, "WHICH, upon Troiiir
11.... .... .
occasions, wo exposed and nnswered.
ijut tno host and most completo nuswer
was furnished by time bysubscnnont
events. Tho usefulness of an lndepen
dent Unioujournal was clearly shown
tn tlio rojutt at tho October election,
when tho Union candidate for Con
gress, supportcd'by us on independent
grounds, received the unoxuiuplcd ma
Jorltyof 1,737 votes In this county, and
that tooinspitoof tho Indiscretions and
treachery of tho organ uowspaper ofhls
partj. In that contest wo struck for
tliocausuof Union and not for partv,
and had similar oilbrt-s been put forth
cisowuoro, through nn independent
press, results would Jiavo been wldelv
dlfforont. Tho Union of tlio States and
tho harmony of tho country would havu
been promptly and fully secured.
isut that Held of usefulness which
might under other circumstances have
ueen permanently filled by tho Coi.uii
iuXm ns an Independent Journal, has
boon narrowed by nn ovent over which
it had no control. Tho course of tho
Democrat and Star, nnd of the mon con
nected with It, lu tho recent election,
Iui3 caused tlio projection of a now nn.
per to bo Issued hero as an organ of par-
,', 10 MKuiuiona additional jour-1
nal for popular support. Wo tako tho
fact (without discussing its wisdom,
propriety, or necessity), ns nn important
ono in tho progress of Journalism In this
county, nnd ns spcclnlly nlfectlng our
dispositions for tlio future. Tho now
p.nper will hnvo powerful support from
sources beyond our reach, whllo it will
command tho favor of many persons
whoso patronngo Is essential to our pa
per. This Is an clement of competition
which was not foreseen when our Jour
nal was established. In fact, no one
could havo anticipated that folly of con
duct In tho Deniocratle organ hero,
which Jias Induced tho new enterprise.
Another point may bo mentioned.
Tho proprietors of tho Columhian
wero not actuated by pccuhlary consid
erations In establishing it. They wero
Impelled rather by strong convictions
on questions of public policy, and by a
dcslro to contrlbuto their nid to the
causo or reunion by nsslstlng to uphold
tho hands of thoso who wero devoted to
It. Kngnged In nctivo employments
they havo been nblo to devote but little
attention to tho business interests of the
paper. Nevertheless It linshad respect
able support. Its advertising pntron
ugo 1ms been good, and oven its circula
tion (to which little attention has been
paid) has been ono half greater than
that conceded to it by its rivals.
Considering tho course of this Jour
nal, and thonlooking abroad over tho
country to coiitcmplato its condition,
wo aro Impelled to say that tho princi
ples and policy supported by tho Colum
iiian during Its career aro necessary
to tho peace, prosperity, and welfare of
the pcoplo and to tho nialntenanco of
Republican Institutions. This is our
firm conviction, nud we submit tho rec
ord of our journal with satisfaction and
conlidcnco to tho opinions of fair men
and patriots among the living, and to
tho judgment of future times.
THE ASSESSORSnil? PAPERS.
vWk publish on our first pago sundry
papers ro'iUingtoehangosiu thcAssess
orship of this District, for the double
purposo of placing them upon record in
our columns, and giving them a brief
Major Monroe was removed suddenly
without notice of any ehargo against
him in October, 1SC5 (just after the elec
tion), at tho instanco of Mercur, Wllmot,
and 1 John, and the latter was appoint
ed in his placo to tako tho office on first
of November. This was not agreeable
to General Cameron, Colonel Forney and
other Republican friends of the Major's,
nor was it thought a reasonable thing by
his friends in this county, nor by Dem
ocrats, in view of tlio fact that ho had
held tho offlco but sixtceu months, and
that ho was not removed upon charges
of misconduct. Tiio fact was, that ns he
nail been appointed on tho recoiiimcndiv
tion of Hon. Henry W. Tracy, Mercur
nud Co. feared they could not count upon
him as their man, for all sorts of work.
For this reason they had liim turned
out, and John was got in beeauso of his
control of n newspaper which might
bo Useful in tho lolllll iiuiucrcmciit
oi tno bongressioimi District.
But Monroe's reappointment was ask
ed for by petition of citizens and by lead
ing men, on thoground that he had been
Improperly removed, and subsequently,
wnen tno Treasury Department was un
Willing to admit its error and reinstate
hiiri, Mr. Clark was named for tho placo
tcithout his request or knoiclcdye. Ho
was nominated lu April and afterward
confirmed by the Sennto hi spito of a
very vigorous opposition. Tho charac.
ter of that opposition was nrettv well
Known at tno time, and Is shown verv
clearly in the papers on our first pace.
aud although It was unavailing and re
sulted only in mortification to those con
cerned in it, it still deserves somo exam
ination and discussion, and tho closo of
tho year affords a good occasion for this
First. It was charged that Mr. Clark
was appointed on condition that ho
would set up a newspaper hero to sup
port tlio policy of tho Administration
Jim teas not true, aud stands contradic
ted by plain facts known to the public
or capawo oi clear proof.
in tho first place, the establishment nf
tho Columbian was projected before tho
commencement of tho present year, and
was determined upon finally In January
last, before Mr. Clark was named or
thought of for the post of Assessor. This
siuglo fact disposes of the falsehood
above mentioned, in tho most condu
cive manner. But thero nro other facts
equally strong which wo will mention.
Tho printing materials wero boutrht.
and tho main arrangements for issuing
tho paper mado boforo tho flrstof April.
ul .a time when Jfr. Clark had not been
nominated, and when it was not known
(hat he would be. It would have been
issued early in April except for tho do-
lay oi tno type lounders, which was un
expected, and Itspublicatlon would havo
gone on n Jir.CIark had nover been nom
"uiu buiiiujiimi as assessor, no was
nominated near tho end of April and
pmtni-mnl In Tit!.. T. n.l.iui i . .
"uuiwun io ines
laets it is to bo remembered that tho
breach between tho President and Con.
gross uegan with tho veto ot tho Freed
man's Bureau Bill, nnd his speech on
tho twenty-second of February, nnd that
oven r. John mado strong professions
oi support to nun as lato as tho month
ot .-iarch. it Is therefore nbsurd nnd
luiH.usiuiuus io nuegot mit a nowsnnnor
vuiuijjuMj uuiorminod upon nt tho m.
ginning of tho year, was founded upon
a stato of things which occurred somo
u mo ni icrwaru.
Besides, VQ roOT -wltli eonfidenco to
every person conneclcd on tlio ono hand
with tho appointment, nnd on tho other
with tho founding of tho now paper, for
a lint, unqualillcd, and completo denial
of thon-Hortlon that Mr. Clark's appoint
ment waj procured, or Influenced.' or nn.
conipauled by any cngiiL'ement or undnr.
standing that hoorhlsfrlondsshouldset
up or issuo a newspaper to fciipport tho
President, or for any purposo whatover.
u is true, tnnt tno men who set up tho
Coia'.mhian have been nnd aro now
friendly to tho President, nnd bcllovo
how, as they havo bcllovcd during tho
past year, that his policy of restoration
Is Wlsa and necessary to tho prosperity
nnd welfare of tho country; nnd it Is
truo also that in selecting an Assessor
for this District, a friend of tho Presi
dent's policy was preferred over nn ene
my ; but tho imputation that tho ap
pointment was upon any condition or un
derstanding whatsoever, is utterly falso.
Second. Tho papers wo publish show
that it was very vigorously asserted by
John nnd his " document signers," that
Mr. C. wns not only friendly to a nows
papcr which ngrced with hint in opin
ion and sentiment, but that ho actually
furnished It advertisements, and other
wiso gave it support and encouragc
liKMit. It wns scarcely necessary to as
sert so warmly what was never denied.
Although wo havo on a former occa
sion explained this point, wo will repeat
our explanation. Bo It remembered,
then, that It was asserted at Washing
ton, In hostility to Mr. Clark's con
firmation, that he had set up a paper to
abuse Congress, and was engaged In that
uuamlable employment. Tho purposo
of this nsscrtlon of course wns to influ
ence tho majority of the Senate ngulnst
hlmnsa man wjio, abused them while
before them for favor. But his answer
to tho accusation wns prompt and satis
factory. It was (and tho writing Is be
fore us), that ho had " no pecuniary in
terest" in this newspaper, " ior had he
ever written, or caused to be written, a line
for it about either the 1'rcsidcnt or Con
grcss." And in personal interviews
with members of tho Seuato Mr. Clari
Insisted, and with Justice, that this paper
hnd not been abuslvo upon Congress
stating frankly at tho same tlmo that
tho proprietors wore his friends, and
mat no had given it patronngo and en
couragement. Such being his represen
tatlons of fact (every ono'of them per.
fectly truo nnd capable of tho clearest
proof), tho blundering folly of John'i
last documents against the confirmation
Is manifest. Thoso papers appear
havo been written in haste, and signed
without reilectlon. They fell "still
born" becauso thoy wore misconceived
and their abortive birth was in keoplug
with tho folly of their origin.
Third. Among tho papers appear tw
letters from P. John to the Secretary of
tho Treasury; tho first nnd longest ono
of which has not been heretofore pub
Ushcd. It will bo seen that he plead
hard ; that Ids appeals wero most pa
tiietio and earnest) nnd that tho Voto
of tho Fretdman's Bureau Bill and
even tho twenty-second of February
speech, hnd not alienated him from An
drew Johnson, to whom ho kindly
sends a copy of his nowspapcr to refresh
him nmld tho tolls of office! Unforlu
natciy, it is not Known that that paper
wns over perused by tho President.
it been, who can doubt that his course
of administration would havo been dif
ferent, and that wo should havo retain
cd to tlio public servico tho lato Revenue
Assessor of tho Thirteenth Congtession
nl District of Pennsylvania?
Wo will add a remark or two only to
nn nrtlclu already rather long. Tho
party directly Interested in the appoint
nient took caroat tho proper tlmo to so
cure copies of all pnporj rclntlng thurutu.
and from his amplo stores wo linv
drawn a fow papers which appeared to
us most Interesting and important, and
wnicn wero not privato and confiden
tini in tholr nature nnd uses. And our
object in this has been, not to renew
former dispute, but to subserve justice
unci vindicate truth.
xiii. ui.ujiiiiax, during its career,
has had controversies with rival Journ
als in this county, not becauso it desired
m.... . rt ,
them, but because, from tho conduct of
oilier papers toward it, thoy wero inevi
table. Wo desire to call attention to
tho fact that all theso disputes have
uecn ucgun by our contemporaries and
In n manner and under circumstmiws
wnony unprovoked. So far ns it has
been engaged in contests it has acted In
self-defonco, nnd in defence of those
connected with it. It has returned
blows, but never given them in the
iirst instanco. Tho greeting It received
upon its establishment, from tho Dem
ocrat ana Mar and from tho Jlenub.
iiuau, were aiiKO uncivil and unlust
niul nfl.. .... i J '
.uuiuiiu ,niui Hssiuuis upon it were re
iterated which wero also clearly unjusti
fiable and malignant. To repel them
and repel them with energy, was a duty
u uu io ourselves and to the friends
who sustained us.
In now looking back over tho ein-ht
months during which tho Coi.umihan
has been issued, wo find reason to mn.
gratulate ourselves upon having main,
tallied firmly the position wo orie-lnnllv
assumed, and upon tho complete vin
dication oi our courso by tlmo; nud
therefore in our last and present uum.
bers wo havo thought proper to review
somewhat, tho record of events in tho
county since our paper wns established:
to point out tho facts by which Its
course has been completely vindicated,
and to hold up for public contemplation
the disasters and tho chastisements to
which our enemies have been subjected
r., lll.tr. ...lw.11.. I. . . y '
"""o luiuuj in uiuiroujects of ambi
tion, seiiisnness, nnd malice. Bv ii.n
silent but effectual operation of tlmo
tiioy navo ueen exposed n all the f,dn.
hoods which they directed ngnlnst us,
and coerced into sllenco bv nubile nt.in.
Ion and by un lunato consciousness of
wrong. vo suppose this rovlow is In
structlvo. At, all events It Is lust.
A Pact Ton Gi:q locusts A rvimi.i,
Journal In England says: In sinklm-n
shaft nt tho Garden tin mine, In Morvah,
tho men havo men with a perfect nlllni-.
about eight Inches lu diameter, standing
In tiio solid rock, and very different in
its composition from tho surroundlnn"
grnnlto; nnd, what Is stranger MM, nt
uiu uusu oi tins piunr thoy hnvo como
upon what they say Is n fly-wheel of tho
sama material. Largo pieces, both of
tho pillar and wheel, wero oxhlblted tn
the adventurers nt tho account nieetinn-
on tho second, nnd somo portlonsof both
nrobtlll left unbroken lu tho rock.
GENERAL PEESS DISPATCHES.
A NUMiiEit of members left this city
for their homes on Thursday, nnd others
will follow on Friday, to speud tho
Christmas holidays. Between thirty
and forty members will avail them
selves of tho Invitation of tho eight
Southern railroad companies to visit
Now Orleans on a pleasure trip.
Tim 1'hi:sident's kkconstkuotion
Tho Presldcut on Monday, In con
versation with n friend, expressed his
unabated confidcncclnthofinnl triumph
of his restoration polloy. He nlso took
occasion to condemn the project that was
being agitated In Congress, for the over
throw of tho present Stato Govern
ments nt the South, and declared that
It would rolenso thoso State Govorments
from the payment of their Stato debts,
and imposo them upon tho United States.
Mr. Seward has recently expressed
tho samo eonfidenco in the triumph of
tho President's policy, ns wns on Mon
day .expressed by the President him
Returns received from tho General
Land Ofllco for tho month of Novem
ber from tho local ofllcent Traverse City
Michigan, show that thirteen thousand
flvo hundred nhd seven ncres of tho
public lands were disposed of durin
that month, cloven thousand seven hun
dred nnd sovcnty-nlno ncres of which
were taken, under tlio Homestend IjiW,
for actual settlement and cultivation
Tho receipts from Internal Eovenuo for
Saturday amount to 81S8,131 US, and for
tho past week to $,906,011 20. This is
somewhat below the averago for somo
weeks past, resulting probably from
tho falling off lu many branches
trade, always noticeable lu tho returns
for this particular holiday period.' Tho
total for this fiscal year up to date. Is
$101, 037,10 1 L. According to the law
wiiicu govern somo branches ol ou
trade a gradual diminution of receipt
from this source must bo expected
commencing from tho first of each cal
ondar year. This dcercaso is not very
great in amount, not very steady day
by day. Fluctuations aro experienced
In this branch of finances ns in other
branches up to the last day of tlio fiscal
year, as may be seen from the facts that
on Aprilecond,of last fiscal year, tho re.
eclpts were $2,15o,31U ; on May third, $2,
230,852, nndonJunoseeond, they reached
tho largo sum of S3,12I,0S2, which is
tho second highest amount ever reached
lu ono day, and which was tho moro
noticcablo from tho fact that the second
wns Saturday, on which day the receipt:
aro almost uniformly less than on othor
days; nnd during theso thrco months
of April, May, and Juno the average
receipts wero under a million per diem
Other facts might bo given to show tho
fluctuations in this respect, and prov
that tho total for the year must not
arbitrarily estimated by the receipts for
any ono day or oven one month.
TItlALSUY MILITAKY COMMISSIONS.
At tho Cabinet meeting on Friday
last tho subject of trials by Military
Commissions was considered, the caso
of Dr. Watson having been brought to
tho notice of tho Government, thiDugi
Governor Letcher, of Virginia, who
came hero to obtain a revocation of tlio
order convening tho Military Commis
sion to try Watson. Tho President and
members of tho Cabinet, in view of tho
recent decision of tlio Supremo Court
determined that no more trials of civil
Hans should bo had before military trl
bunals upon any pretence, and tho Sec
,,f ..... , . . .
n-uiryui war was uaviseil to 1S3U0 ail
order to tho military commaudors ac.
cordingly, with Instructions to them
also, that when thoy mako arrests of cl
vlllians, upon nny ground whatover,
they shall report tlio matter to tho War
Department Instanter, nnd await in
structlons therefrom before proceedinr
further. Tlio Secretary of War will is
suo an order nt onco conformable tn
the decision of tho Cabinet.
DISPOSITION" OP l'UHMO LANDS.
Returns received at the General Land
Oillco show that fifty-four thousand, ono
minurcu nnu nity-lour acres of tho pub
lic lanus wero disposed of at tho St
uiouu, minnesota, ofllco during tho
month of rsovember, seventeen thou
aauu, lour hundred and thlrtv-eitrlit
acres of which wero taken under the
Homestead Law for actual settlement
....IJ.I.. !- ....
t'luivuiioH. ino remainder was
located with Agricultural Colleiro scrip
mm military warrants.
Tho General Land Ofllco has lust pro-
pared a patent in favor of tho Central
'aciiie Railroad Company, containing
over forty-two thousand
tho area of tho tracts amnoved bv Mm
Secretary of tho Interior ns inuring to
tald company under tho nets o; Con
gross of 1B02 and 1801. Tho patont is
preceded by a beautiful mlnaturo map
of tho United States handsomely color
ed, exhibiting nil tho States and Terrl
tories with great distinctness, as also tho
iino oi tno I'acllio Railroad from tho
Valley of tho Mississippi to the Paclllc
Tho Secretary of tho Interior hasap-
i""" unco additional lists of swamp
mm uY.riiuwouianiisiiitiioSan Francis
eo, iwarysvmo and Stockton district.
California, covering an aggregate of one
miiuiruu ntui eleven thousnudund nino"
ly-iuiio acres. Theso lists havo boon
prepared by the Commissioner nf Mm
uenerai Land Oflleo, In pursunnco of the
fourth section of tho act of Julvt
During tho month ending on tho fif.
teenth instant, ibgii, land patonts havo
been transmitted by tho Commissioner
of tlio Land Ofllco to tlio patentees cm
bracing lands sold for cash, located with
bounty land warrants. Acrlcultnmi
Collego scrip, nnd confirmed rWv,i(,
claims. Returns rccolved at the General
Land Ofllco show that twenty-four thou
sand, soven hundred nnd flfty.fouracres
of tho public lamb wcrodlsposed of du
ring the month of November, nt tho
following local olllccs: Detroit) Mlc,.
gan, sove;i thousand, six hundred and
ono acres; Marquette, Michigan, nlno
thousand, ono hundred nnd soventy.
two acres ; Topekit, Kansas, soven thou,
sand, four hundred nnd forty-oUo ncres.
A WORD OP WARNING.
Tin: Pittsburg Commercial, nn nblo
Radical newspaper and ono represent,
lug tho business Interests of Western
Pennsylvania, has a word of warning
which Is decidedly significant. Olio by
ono tiio Radical newspapers of thocoun.
try are cautioning their readers otrnlmt
hho inushroon prosperity which grewup
io sucn gigauue proportions during ti1()
war. They admit that It cannot bo- ex.
peeled to provo lasting, and cautiously
warn their readers to prepare for tlio
linpendlug financial crash; which must
inevitably come unless a wiso policy pro
vulls. Tho OjJjiMsrci'tt sayst-
"There nro reasons strong ones vo
think for believing that n- change oft
times in business matters aro notfurolT,
Tho Indications nro too plain to bo mis.
taken. It is contrary to all history and
experience, that the business condition
that accompanies war should contlnuo
in a stato of peace. Tho Inovltablo
change has, In our enso, been delayed
by causes that nro known, and that must
ore long cease to operate. Tho unusual
demand for labor and manufactured
goods Is slacking off by supply. Prices
of commodities havo declined, wages of
labor will dccllno by the samo law.
Wo therefore, nlong with this word
of friendly warning, earnestly counsel
all persons receiving wages to tako tlio
best possible care of what thoy cam, to
avoid unnecessary oxponses, nnd if
need be, to take less pay rather than not
have a placo of regular employment.
Should the extensive "works of this
manufacturing region bo constrained to
stop, ns they must if they cannot bo
continued without serious loss, tho men
will bo best oil' who have laid up some
thing from former earnings, forthesup
port of thcnnolvesandfamilies. Abetter
tllno It would be, of course, If tho busi
ness of manufacturers should not bo In
terrupted, but us things are, that is, with
declining1 prices of tho products of labor,
whllo thu wages of labor aro kept up,
the burden falling wholly on tho pro
prietors of tho works, Is heavier thau
they aro disposed or nblo to bear.
Hard times may bo safely considered
as impending. Thoy might in somo,df
gree, bo warded off by ageneral willing
ness to accommodato business and prices
to tho peace standard. If any lurgo
class stand out against tho unavoidabla
tendency, they may hasten tho cris.s,
but cannot escape lis consequoncei
when they come. Labor and capiud
will both feel tiio change. By Just und
reasonable accommodations they may
mako it much less severe. At any rato,
wo advise all to bo Industrious, to llvo
frugally, to prepare for hard times.
Thus, if not ablo to ward them off, thoy
will bo in tho better condition to weath
er litem through.
THE IMPORTANCE OP ENERGY.
Wni:x Sir Colin Campbell, on bcln.j
appointed to tlio command of the Iii
dian army, was asked when he would
bo ready fosetout, hisonswer was "To
morrow" an earnest, ns has well been
remarked, of his future success. For it
is quick decision nnd promptltudo iu
actiou, suclms taking instant advantage
of an enemy's mistake, which so often
wius battles. "Every moment lost."
said Napoleon, "gives an opportunity
for misfortune," and ho used to say ho
boat tho Austrlans becauso they nover
knew tlio.vahio of tlmo whllo thev
dwadled, ho overthrew them. And so
it is In business. Tiio successful man la
always found to bo prompt in nctlon.
Ho acts whilst his neighbor is hesltatim?
nnd deliberating. It l& inipossiblo to
overrato tiio vnluo nf decision in tho
business of life and the energetic man
Will always bo found to bo a man of
firmness and decision of charncter.
Promptijudo Is of almost equal valuo.
Tho mnii of pfcmptitudo seizes nnd
turns to account thoopportunity"whlch
his less energetic ami careless nclfhbor
allows to slip past him.
Aiutllor'i ITntlco. 15. (m.. ,.r
f ,,,'J: r f 'i'',;!;0"'1 Township, Columlilii
V,, i f,U r!sl- Tho miilurslBliert,' nioliite.t
(V, ,,nif.I,3f,tl'',.),rp,l,l,,,s .',,l,lt of 11,0 -.Amtvof
(..oliimlil! tii ki-lllo anil iMljut. tlio ralM nnj nro.
v .I I i '"""''w tlieliniiilsof Aliralium
l.,li'l"'!V,hlnl!p,'!!!, ".tut nioonir&oi tho
UlX'orutTOf lJei-iR. it ltlmtiiiLl.n..f ! ...1.1 ...
A.n. lm, M ion o'clock a.m. ofkalil rtny. All nrri
"f ''aVln7clnn''"'-lcininlHaKalnit the i-Ualo
i, i V i''i'"'"f riMu,,t1n " 1'rrm-iU llicm to tha
fcSfa jSSt"i,l SuT'nm'If. Iir'e'1 n"m t0m1"-' 1,1
t, . JOHN . FIlEKZK. Auilltor.
T.llltdCV. Tlin flv.1 n.. ....... w.
i1.,.'."!'.' of Isi,no KelKlMtl. ciimmlttco of IMrca J
, i ftry 8 om.''" ?,( 0!'!M.M--mnty, nuil Unit
'iimty, nui! Unit
rihoL'oiirt of Common
i Willi IIIJIMJIIIU Will 110 imwmitixl to 111., .Inil.roa
tamlimtl,,., .mil cmMrmatlon i.i awi Av'ii '!Z
i io L'nnrt on '.iiinti.. -in :.f . .:. "... '
Xollco. All l,cr,oil kliowillir lli.n...!....
Iiulclitcil lo oitlierof tho imdcnlfiiMl,on Hook
Note, or Juilgmvnt, nro rcqiicsloil to inuko my-
ueni wiinom ueiny, If thoy wouM wo coits.
ai'Klu.VKY, NKAIi A- CO., una
WILLIAM M'KIJLVHY & to.
AlllllllllllfrulnrlM 1U..II T....
ihiistnitiim n, ....:.,;.'..,". '. '..iv'.-
iilo of FWiIimc Crock Towiwhlp, 1 T o Oi uiity "
Columbia, ilocimnK , havlnit Invn Vmnlrtl to tlio
iijul.irKlsnoU by thoWutcref Witt nil .crJoi i
payment, nml thoso hnvlni? claims lusnhut tho
I'lsh.ns CrocU, Oatobcr2)N
To Ilolrl unit Snloou Itrcptin or llloomn.
burn nna Columbia Coimty.-J havo (ipjiolutoa
Mr, II, Maimer njent for tho uilonr niyiilo.portor,
brown ktmit, ami lager beer, who will supply j-mi
nt tho tamo price (anil llli tlio tuiuo urtk-lo), n I
would furnish you from tlio bioivery. Kuoowing
that ho will bo punctual anil nttentlvo to nil who
may favor him with tholr tuulo. I solicit for hint
your kupport. Very fospoctfully,
Bleiim Ilnmary, Hoadlnsf, rn.
llatnfe lit Alirnltit.n !....,..
Lettort of Aitin I ,iIki , n i i..i n.. i.. ..r
yulmm Meimch, Into of t avium Tovnuhlp, lu tlio
CHunly of Columbia, lUviuinml, ImvliiK lei
uiantiiil to the iiiulomiiriiul. all perwiii-niavln?
t;lKlm or iliiiimniU ngulnst tlioektuleof thoaia
lVi,iV.'.'tinru o Hlv liiimiUotlmimiiio kiion-ii
v'UUo lit iloluy, uti.l thiMo liulsbloil tomil.1 Uito
to luaLo luituu ffutu lmyment to
" , AMZI CllAtrt or .
, , qjLULt MWBC1T,
Foarini Crwlc I'.o., Columbia County, l"a.