The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, October 06, 1866, Image 2

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    J'-U"J-.!Lf i. 1
nation, what tire wu authorized to con
clude '! Why, thnt Uteris lire, ns I stated
In the commencement of my remarks,
two capital subjects for the consideration
of the people nt this time, mid for their
Judgment In the pending elections t
tho one, it (mention of tho restoration
of tho Union, and tho other, the
question of tho admission of negroes
to tho right of suirrngo ut our election!).
The policy of restoration la presented
by tho President of the United States
and by those who think with him, nttd
tltc Judgment and action of tho people
ltro Invoked lit ltd favor. On the other
hand, tho question of tho admission of
negro suffrage Into tho political systems
of tho Stato Is presented by tho Con
gresslonal majority. You have tire is
sue hero distinctly presented, and you
are to decldo It. By tho platform of the
Congressional majority the .State which
Icrmltri "'0 negro to vote shall hold her
political powor under the Constitution,
whllo tho State which refuses shall be
stripped of r portlou of her power and
degraded among the States.
Tho platform of the President and of
tho patriotic men who are moving In
this election Is, that the Constitution
Hhall bo executed and the Union fully
restored, and that the subject of suffrage
shall bo left to tho decision of tho States
Between these policies "choose ye."
You cannot have them both or approve
them both, for they uro antagonistic to
ouch other the one excludes the other,
Gentlemen, 1 sliitu hopo that your
cholco will be wisely mado; thnt you
will select the policy of restoration and
stand to It until it shall triumph, and
reject the policy which would degrade
mid corrupt elections to an extent fear
ful to contemplate, Mid sow the prolillc
needs of political convulsions and of so
clal dcaiy. It Is for mo to state tho 1
mo, it Is far you to determine it upon
those convictions which you shall en
tertaln of policy and of duty at this
Juncture In our public affairs.
Gentlemen, I shall now mention some
additional points in this same direction
which should possess peculiar interest
for tho people of this Congressional
. Tho llouso of Representatives at its
last session under tho lead perhaps I
should oorrect tho expression and say
tinder tho whip of its master, Mr.
Stevens, passed a bill which I propose
to read j it is very short :
A bill extending the right of auf
frago in Uio District of Columbia.
lie it enacted, etc., That from all lawn
and parts of laws prescribing tho quali
fications of electors forany ollleo in the
District of Columbia, tho word " white"
, , be, and the sumo is hereby, stricken out,
and that from and after tho passage of
this uct no person shall ba disfranchised
from voting ut any election held in the
said District on account of color.
Section 2. That all acts of Congress
and all laws of the Statu of Maryland
in force in said District, and all ordi
nances of tho cities of Washington and
Georgetown, incousistcnt with tho pro
visions of this act, aro hereby repealed
and annulled.
That was a bill establishing negro
suffrage for tho District of Columbia,
over which Congress has excluslvo ju
risdiction. It was passed by tho House
of Representatives on the eighteenth of
Jauuary, 18G0, by a vote of 11G yeas to
61 nays, and among those voting for it
appears tho name of Mr. Mercur, tho
Representative in Congress from this
District. On tho fifteenth of May an
other important bill passed the House
of Representatives to amend the organic
acta of tho Territories of Nebraska,
Colorado, Dakota, Montana, Washing
ton, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, and New
MovL-o. Tho ninth section of that bill
was in relation to ulTrnge. I moved to
strike out that section In the Scnato, and
It was debatod, tho striking out being
resisted by Mr. Wnde of Ohio who had
chargo of tho bill, and finally the qttes
tlon went ovor without action. The
ninth section oi the bill was In theso
words :
.That within tho Territories afore
wild thoro shall bo no denial of tho elect
ive iranchlso to citizens of tho United
Statos because of raco or color, and all
persons shall bo equal before tho law
Hy tho way, this expression alluding
to citizens of tho United States is to bo
taken in connection with the Civil
Bights Bill, which declares that all
persons born in tho United States and
owing no allegiauce to a foreign power
snail bo citlzeus, Including negroes of
course Tho bill goes on :
And all nets and parts of nets, either
of tho Territories aforesaid, inconsistent
with the. provisions of this net, are hero-
uy uuouiuu nun ami void.
Mr. LcBlond of Ohio moved to strike
put this section In tho House, which mo
t tlon was disagreed to I by a voto ofiJO
ypas, nays. Among tho nnys refus
ing to striko out tho clause which I
havo just read, appears thonameof Mr,
Mercur, tho Representative in Congress
from this district.
Upon another occasion, in the House.
Mr. Julian of Indiana offered a resolu
tion Instructing tlio Judiciary Conimlt
teo to inquire Into tho expediency of
th3 passage of a bill providing for tho
vory objects contemplated In tho bill
from which I havo last road, and fur
ther, giving notice to all tho Territories
that no Stato should hereafter bo admit
ted Into tho Union tho constitution of
which contained any discrimination on
account of raco and color as to the elect
ive franchise A motion was mado to
lay that resolution of Mr. Julian's upon
tho tablo, nnd upon tho question being
taken, Mr. Mercur, your Member of
Congress, voted " No j" that Is, Implied
ly In favor of tho propositions which
tho resolution contained.
I havo troubled you with theso refer
ences to tho Congressional record for the
purpose of summing up tho argument,
so far as wo aro concerned In tracing it
rd this time. It appears, then, that our
Hopresentatlvo In Congross voted for
tho resolution amending tho Constitu
tion of tho United States, tho main pro
vision of which relating to sufTrngo is
such as I havo described It. It appears
alo that ho voted for a general and In
discriminating suffrage in the Hj-trict
of Columbia, enabling tho colored In
habitants of that District, whero Con
gress has Jurisdiction over tho question!
to vote. It appears also that ho voted
font bill to establish universal negro
suffrage In nil tho existing organized
Territories of tho United States In tho
West; and tho bill went further, be
causo It proceeded to repeal and annul
everything that had been done by the
people of those Territories In it contrary
direction, that is, against negro suirrago
repealed them all. By Congressional
power It proposed to establish negro
sulVrugo In all tho'o Territories Into
Which our fellow-citizens go, and where
they aro establishing political Institu
tions for themselves. For this measure
yourRepresentatlvc voted, and ho Voted
also against laying on the table Mr. Ju-
liun's resolution which contemplated just
sch legislation for tho Territories, and
proposed also a Congressional notice to
each of those Territories that when they
eanio to org.mlzo themselves as States
they must form their constitutions with
negro suffrage Incorporated therein, or
they should not be admitted Into the
I say, then, thnt I havo proved to you
I havo not asserted It merely thnt
the Congressional majority have com
mlttcd themselves distinctly upon this
Issue, nnd In particular I have proved
to you that tho Representative In Con
gress from this district has committed
himself in tho broadest nnd amplest
manner to tho wholo doctrine of Negro
SuffraM In nil tho Territories of tho
United States and In the-Dlstrict of Co
lumbla. And by this Constitutional
amendment Which they and lie support
ed it Is intended to force it Into every
Stato in this Union eventually. This
is tho record presented, and this record
Is to bo held up before you in contrast to
tho record of tho President of the Unl
ted States, who is so much condemned
and abused. Ills policy is restoration,
whllo tho policy of his political antago
nists is negro suffrage. They say so by
their votes, they say so by their amend
ment, they say so by their bllLs. You
can judge them not out of the mouths of
those who are opposed to them, but out
of their own. Here they 6tand and
from the responsibilities of their post
tlon and of their acts they ought not to
bo permitted to escape. I hear thnt our
Representative in Congress ventured to
suggest in some discourse nt tills place
thnt the question of negro suffrage was
not an issuo in tho election. At Blooms
burg he proceeded to admit that ho had
voted for negro suffrage In the District
of Columbia, and endeavored to excuse
It on several pretexts which I need not
ropcat. In Towanda, recently, he was
more outspoken. I have it from a gen
tleman who heard him speak there with
in a few days, that in answer to tho al
legation that complaints were made
against him on account of his votes, ho
stated distinctly that he was In favor of
negro suffrage, and that he did not ask
tho votes of men who did not agree with
htm In opinion on that subject.
Gentlemen, as 1 said before, you nre
sovereigns. Tho men who sit at Wash
ington in either House of Congress nre
simply charged with certain duties a
your agents. Tho opportunity is now
presented to you to interpose in public
affairs, and to pronounce yourown judg
ment upon all these matters which 1
have passed In review beforo you. You
aro to form your opinions nnd pro
nounce your judgment upon this issue,
which Is so clear that no intelligent man
ought to miss perceiving It and compre
hending it.
There Is only ono thing I wish to add
on these matters before 1 conclude. In
the speech delivered by our Representa
tive In Congress at Bloomsburg, his
most effective point with tho audience
was made upon tho admission of Sena
tor Patterson, of Tennessee, as a member
of the Senate just before tho adjourn
ment of Congress. Mr. Mercur in that
speech nlleged that men of the South
wero not to bo trusted as Representa
tives In cither House of Congress even
under what has been railed the " iron
clad oath," which requires a denial on
tho part of tho person taking It that he
has bornonrnis against thoUnlted States,
or assisted the enemies of tiie United
States In any way whatever. Ho said
tho people of tho South aro not to be
trusted, and that Congress ought not to
ailmit members 'from tho Southern
States because even their oaths aro not
reliable, and ho cited tho caso of Senator
Patterson as conclusive or at least pow
erful proof on thl.rpolnt. I supposo ho
mado tho samo speech here, and there
fore! will answer him on that point, and
then relievo you from further discourse
on all this matter of the Issue between
the President and Congress upon which
I have hitherto snoken.
Ho said that Judge Patterson, of Ten
nessee, held an ollleo In thntState which
Involved tho taking of an oath of alleg
iance to tho Confederato Government j
that ho nppoared at Washington ; that
his caso was referred to tho Judiciary
Committeo of tho Senate, composed of
distinguished lawyers nnd statesmen
from different sections of tho Union ;
that that commutes investigated the
caso and mado an elaborate report to the
Somite against his claim to bo admlttod
as a member; that subsequently a reso
lutlon was Introduced allowing him to
bo admitted without taking tho wholo
of tho oath, allowing him to tako an
oath from which particular words should
bo struck out; that such a measuro
passed the Semte and cum over to tho
House, and tho Houso vory properly re
Jocted It, after which tho Scnato voted
that tho question of his ability to tako
the oath should bo submitted to Judge
Patterson himself, and upon so being
suumttto.l to him ho forward and
porjured himself in tho faco of Go.l nnd
man, and toik Ids tlnro lit dollanco
or moral obligations resting upon him,
mm in defiance of public decency.
Hence tho conclusion was drawn that
tho people of tho South will tako false
oaths; that tho peoplo of the South nru
not to bo trusted; that Representatives
who como from thorn nro vile, corrupt,
nnd wicked men, not worthy of ndmls-
ion to Congress, mid you ought to con
tinue such men iw you havo now In
Congress constituting tho Congressional
majority, andyoit ought not to weaken
their power by admitting anybody else
to sharo power with them. This was
tho conclusion naturally to bo drawn
from tho discourse. Now I propose to
read to you, from tho Oonurcs.iionat
Globe, sonio of the proceedings In
tho month of July, not merely for
the purpose of answorlngour Represen
tative In O.mgresi upon this particular
point, but also for tho purple of
casting some little light upon the
general question of admitting mem
bers. Senator Patterson Is a son-in-law
of tho President of tho United States.
When tho war broko out ho was a citi
zen of Mist Tennessee, and hu then held
office as h Judge under the constitution
of Tennessee. After tho Stato seceded
he continued to hold that oUlce, of cou rsc
under tho old Constitution, nnd under
the former laws, and exercised its duties
for some time, When ho was re-elected
nt the lnstanco of and by tho votes of
tho Union men of his district. I will
now read to you what tho Judiciary
Committeo of tho Senato said with re
ference to his case. Instead of reporting
against him, they reported in his favor,
and they gavo sonio powerful reasons
why ho should bo admitted. This was
on the twenty-seventh of July last. The
report was made from tho Judiciary
Committee by Mr. Poland, of Vermont,
a Republican member. Tho Committee
consists of seven members, and six of
tho seven united in this report, and alt
tho members unanimously agreed In
the statement of facts It contained as
Mr. Poland explained. At tho couelu
slon of their report tho Committee say
nuptmr fll tlitj Hmn .Tnrlrrn Pnffnr.
son was an open, avowed, antl devoted
adherent to tho Union. He was incon
stant communication with the officers
of the Federal troops nearest that vi
elnlty. and obtained and furnished to
them Information as to the movements
of the Rebels. He aided In concealing
union men, and in laciiitating their es
cane to tho Union lines, when they ecu
orally entered tho Union service. Ho
aided tho Union ncoiilo and tho Union
cause in every way open to him, nnd too
numerous for detail. By thcno means
he became amenable to tho hostility of
tho Secessionists, and was subjected to
great dlfllculty and danger. Hu was
several times arrested nnd held for some
time in custody. At times ho was
obliged to conceal himself for safely,
and spend nights in out-buildings and
in tho woods to avoid their vengeance."
" The committee aro all satisfied that.
during tho entire Rebellion, Judge Pat
terson was an earnest, urm, and devo
ted Union man, and suffered severely
in support of ills principles. In accept
ing thu olllce of Judge, and taking tho
otlieial oath, he did not intend nny hos
tllltv to the nuthority or Government
of the United States, nor did he intend
to ncUnowiedge any allegiance to, or
any friendship for thu Confederate gov
ernment, but acted throughout with a
sincere desire to benefit and preserve
tho Union and Government of the Uni
ted States, lie always denied the au
thorlty of the Confederate Government
over him, and feels an entire willing
ness and anility to take the oatli re
quired upon his admission to a seat lii
tho Semite. Tho committee recommen
ded the following resolution :
Jlesutvcd, That Uonorablu David T.
Patterson is duly qualified and entitled
to hold a scat in tho Scnato of the Uni
ted States as a Senator from thu Stnte of
That is tho record of what the com
mitteo said and of the resolution which
they reported for the action of the Sen
ate. Subsequently in tho debate, Mr.
Trumbull of Illinois (tho only member
of the committeo who dissented from
tho majority as to the legal conclusion
to bo drawn from tho facts, although ho
entirely concurred in tho report as to
its statement of facts,) proposed to tho
Senate that In order to avoid discussion
and to save time, a resolution should be
parsed dispensing In that particular
caso with that portion of the oath which
requires a man to testify that he has not
held office tinder a Government hostile
to tho United States. Although there
was a majority of tho Senato, and a
very large one, as was shown afterward,
In favor of admitting Senator Patterson
without further question, yet to save
time, and because there could bo no ob
jection to it, Judgo Trumbull was In
dulged In tho Introduction and passage
through tho Senato of a resolution ad
mitting Judgu Patterson, upon taking
an oath In a modified form. That reso
lution went over to tho House, and
what dhl the House do with it? Here
ras tho caso of a man who had under
ono great sufferings, unci against whom
nothing in the world could bo alleged
in connection with his conduct toward
tho Government of tho United States.
Ho had been very serviceable to our
Government; he had adhered to our
cause in thu days of tho Rebel
lion ; he had been persecuted and hunt
ed even to tho mountains and to tho
caves of tho earth, becausu ho was our
friend. Now what did Thaddeus Stev
ens and his faello Instrument, thu
member of Congress from this district,
do in this caso of Judgo Patterson when
brought beroro them by the Senato res
olution? What did Mr. Stevens, tho
master of tho Houso, Mr. Mercur, and
other men of the majority of tho Houso
do in thu caso of this loyal man from
Tennessee, who camo up covered all
over with tlio affection nnd attachment
of nil the men of that Stato who had
adhered to us during tho war. AVhut
did they do? Thoy voted down tho
resolution ; voted as far as they could
that ho should not get his seat In tho
Senato; voted that they would not dis
pense with tho technicality of the oath
In his caso; voted that thoy would
slam the door of Congross In tho face of
ono who had struggled llko a patriot
amid appalling difficulties whllo thoy
wero nt homo taking their ease, and
perhaps making a little money oir con
tracts and tho distribution of Govern
incut patrouago nnd favor. Mr. Slev
ens and Mr. .Mercur wero for refusing
oven whnt tho only member of tho Ju
dlciary Committeo of tho Senate who
dissented from tho conclusion of tho ma
jority asked for, a dispensing resolution
to tako away tho technical objection, as
ho held it, under this oath. Thero is
Mr. Mercur' voto on record ; ho euid
no" to tho resolution of tho Scnato,
nnd so said the Radical majority of tho
Observe, these gentlemen In the Pat
tersou case wcru not objecting oh, what
n falsehood It Is, what a mean thing It
Is, to say they arc objecting I to admit
ting unrepentant Rebels Into Congress
those " red-handed" men Whoso hearts
nro yet sour and contaminated with se
cession and with hatred of us! Ah!
they want to keep such men out! Do
they, Indeed? Wo have not been dis
cussing that question. Wo havo been
Insisting from tho beginning thnt each
1 toitso.shult take up each member's case,
and decide It according to the facts and
nccordlng to the Constitution nnd laws.
But they say nobody shall come In.
That is their platform; that Is their
ground ; that Is what they have assert
ed. They say here, that Judge Patter
son shall not come In, loyal man though
he was from the beginning, nttd with
such a record ns that which I havo read
to you front their own committee; Judgu
Patterson shall not como in, nobody shall
conic In; and why? "Because their
power will be divided ; they will not riot
as now In the political powerof this coun
try; they will not control everything 1
There can be no other coneclvnblo mo
tive ; and this appealing to your pas
sions; this talk about " red handed reb
els ;" this endeavor to waken up the
old passions which ran riot over the
land during tho wnr, and which were
then timely, perhaps, which wero natu
ral at least, but which aro now out of
time and out of place nil this Is simply
that they may disguise tho true issue,
which is, shall the Union be restored,
shall the States resume their former
places In the Union, shall tho policy of
Andrew Johnson and Ulysses S. Grant,
as announced in December and January
last, be executed, or shall it bo delayed
Indefinitely until these gentlemen can
secure for tho negroes of this country
that right of suffrage which the negro
has not asked, but which they would
thrust upon him in the hopo that thoy
may get useful allies for future political
contests nnd thus bo enabled to contin
ue their rule and their nuthority In this
country. Yes, Mr. Mercur voted against
admitting Judgu Patterson, ns proposed.
The Senate was informed thnt tho
Houso would not pass tho resolution,
and thereupon the question nrose again
directly upon the admission of Judgo
Patterson by the Senate, it was deba
ted and determined finally In the Sen
ate about four o'clock in the morning of
tho day of adjournment, nnd speeches
mado by myself nttd by other members
of the Senate, upon that occasion, arc
lying beforo mo in the Congressional
Globe. 1 shall not detain you with a
recital of tlio arguments of Senators,
although such recital would constitute
a triumphant vindication of the decis
ion arrived nt. It Is sufficient to say,
that It appeared most manifest nnd In
disputable that Judgo Patterson had
never borne allegiance to theConfedera
ey, or given it "aid nnd comfort;"
that ho had never as Judge, enforced
any one of Its laws; that tho oath to
tho Confederacy taken by him, had
been taken under duress, and was ac
companied by an open protest nnd dec
laration that he should not regard It as
binding upon his conscience or conduct,
and that in his Court nnd out of it, and
during tho whole war, ho was active
and ardent in his unionism nnd wholly
devoted to tho Constitution and Gov
ernment of tlio United States.
Now,gentlemen, I havetaxed your pa
tience wdth this case of Judge Patterson
because It illustrates tho unreasonable
lengths to which the Congressional ma
jority go in opposition to tlio policy of
restoration, and to expose to you tlio fact
that they object and they voto against
the admission of tho most loyal men who
can be selected within the limits of the
country, whenever It comports with their
Interests or their passions. And here
let mo add, that after tho debate
In the Senato, Judgo Patterson
was admitted to his scat early In the
morning of tho day of adjournment by
a voto of twenty-one yeas to eloVen
nays. The yeas, according to tho rec
ord before mo, wero "Messrs. Bucka-
lew, Cowan, Davis, Doollttle, Fdmuuds,
Fesseuden, Foster, Guthrie, Harris,
Henderson, Howe, Johnson, Klrkwood,
Lane of Indiana, Norton, Poland, Rid
dle, Sherman, Van " Inkle, Wllley and
By n vote of two to one, the Senato of
the United States, composed of three
fourths Republicans to ono-fourtlrtDem
ocratio members, admitted Judgo Pat
tersou to ids scat, nnd admitted him
rightly under a just, liberal, and proper
construction of tho laws of the country
And yet tills man is held up to you as a
wretch who has perjured his soul nnd Is
covered all over with Infamy, and you
are asked to delay tho policy of tho res
toration of tho Union and to go with
tho Congressional majority foran indef
inite period of tlmo in their work of
mischief, because such men ns Judgo
Patterson como forward nnd honestly
take oaths under the laws of tho land,
and tako seats In Congress by tho votes
oven of persons politically opposed to
them !
Gentlemen, I am done with tho ills
cusslon of what I understand to bo tho
truo issuo beforo tho peoplo of this
country as to policy. I will add a word
or two as to men, and close.
Tho gentleman who has been named
for tho ollleo of Governor of this Stato,
nnd who has been beforo you I mean
Mr. Clymer and the candldato who has
been named for tho post of Reprcsenta
tivo from this Congressional district,
Judgo IA well, do correctly nnd truly
represent that policy of restoration in
favor of which I havo spoken to-night ;
and their antagonists rcpresout tho op-
polto policy. In acting upon theso two
nominations youaro called to pronounce
Judgment distinctly nnd clearly upon
tho Issues which 1 havo presented to
night. I trust that so far as you are
concerned, your decision will be in ac-
eordaneo with Justice, with right, nnd
with publiu policy : that It will b In
J favor of acomplcto restoration of nil
the States of tho Union to their proper
places by giving them representation In
tho Government of tho United Stales;
that It will bo lit favor of pfitcc,of har
mony, nnd of concord In this country In
future and from your decision given
With these objects wo may hopo tho most
auspicious results.
ciKoum: if. Mount'!, iuhtou.
ni.OOMtfllUltd, HATUItPAV, OCT. (I, iW.
Tin! following secret circular, Issued
by P. John, in tho name of Colonel
Knnrr, Chairman of tho Republican
County Committee, has been detected,
and the scheme of trading votes it con
tains exposed by publication in thocam-
pnlgn sheet of the Democracy. The
disgrace of this business ought not to
bo charged upon tho Republican pnrty
In general, but upon P. John nnd his
clique. The iniquity is theirs. But so
long ns John is allowed to lead, his Had
leal friends must expect to get into
scrapes and to bo disgraced by him.
OirrtCK lturmiMCAM STAMPING Com.,)
l!l.ooMsnuitc, t'A., October 1, IN'A J
Tw. . c... lirui. T
you the regular Republican ticket. You
ui tf nil una iiitiii j. 01-1111
win see mat, iney nru got to the polls
early on Tuesday morning. Make It
your business to s,eo that this is done.
wu nave no candidate ror Assembly,
nor for County officers. You will see
that there arc but two ballots for our
ticket tills Fall. This is in accordance
with tlio new law. One is labelled
"Stnte," and contains these words,
"Governor John W. Geary." When
this ballot Is folded the word "State"
appears on tho outside. The other is la
oeiied "County" and contains these
words :
" Congress Ut.Yssr.s Mr.uci'n."
"Senate Ai.EXA.vmm J. Fuick.'
When folded the word "Cotintv" nn-
pears on the outside.
To accommodate those Republicans
who desire to vote for Colonel Tato for
Assembly, in order to break down the
liucKiuew despotism in this county, the
" Democrat and Star" havo printed the
Republican ticket with Tutu's
added. This matter is left optional
with our friends. As wo have no can
didate nnd if tho friends of Tate are
willing to vote for Mercur. we shall of-
icr no oojecuon. 'iwaccommodato those
Democrats who vote for Mercur. the
full Democratic ticket with Mercur's
nnmo substituted for that ofFlweil will
be sent you. lours,
Chairman Standing Committo.
Tho following is tho bogus DeniO'
cratic ticket printed by Doctor John
and headed " The Regular Democratic
Ileister CJymcr.
Associnto Judges,
Peter K. Herbein,
lram Derr.
Ulysses Mercur.
State Senator,
George D. Jackson.
Levi L. Tate.
Prothonotary & Clerk of Courts.
Jesse Coleman.
Register & Recorder,
John G. Freeze.
Montgomery Cole.
John P. Hannnn.
Wk have for some time intended to
furnish our readers before the election
with somo conservative speech discuss'
ing tho issue between tho President and
tho Radicals in Congress, nnd in vlndi
cation of tho former in regard to the
policy of restoration. With this view
nn arrangement was made to havo the
speech of Major Charles II. Shrlner, at
the meeting held hero In the Court
House, by him duly reported for ou
columns. It turned out, however, that
a report of Ills speech could not be had
Now, on tho ovo of tho election, we find
it convenient to glvo Mr. Buckalew
recent speech In Danville, as It was ta
ken down by a competent reporter for
publication there, and wo surrender u
a great part of our space in our present
number In order to furnish it entire.
Without endorsing everything con
taiued in the speech, wo can say with
confidence that It furnishes a fair dls
cusslon of the President's policy of res
toration, of tho resolution proposing
nmendments to tho Constitution of tho
United States, and of Mr. Mercur's re
cordns a Member of tho Lower House of
Congress. It will bo the more ncconhi
ble to our readers becauso it Is tiota par
ty speech of tho ordinary typo, nnd
uoes not ueai in personal denunciation
Section I. Bo it enacted by tho Sen
ato and IIouo of Ilepresentntlvcs of the
Commonwealth of I'ennsylvnnla in
General Assembly met, and it is hereby
enacted by tho authority of tho same,
That all persons who havo been muster
ed Into the military service of the Unit
ed States, and havo served therein for n
period of not less than nine months, In
tho war to suppress rebellion, and their
property, and those persons who have
ueen discharged from said servlco on ac
count of wounds or physical disability
contracted In such servlco nnd their
property, and thu widows and orphans
of such persons anil their property, shall
bo exempt from tho 'payment of all
bounty nnd per capita tax levied, or to
bo levied, for paying bounties to voltin
teers in tho several counties of this Coin
monwenlth, and such persons .shall also
bo exempt from tho payment of mllltla
Approved tho thirtieth tiay of March.
A. 1 . ISfiO.
Tb thf (01eTi 0 Itit Itltelhnt unit Otitiu n (b-
tumtita Hiunlyt
Ah District Attorney for this County,
nnd underobllgrttltmiWHticli topron-ctilo
offenders ngalnst the laws of tho Com
monwealth, 1 deem it my duty, to call
our attention to n question of Voting
at the approaching election.
In tlio Constitution of tho Stnte, you
will find thoqtiullfientionsof utyjk'ctor,
ilalnly set forth; nnd until there be
some Htullcal change In that Instrument,
we must necept It as It Is.
Tho General Flection Laws moro ful
ly rcclto these qualifications, and these
laws must bo our guide In dermlnlng
who shall, nnd who shall not participate
n tho privileges of tho ballot-lox.
It has been maintained by some, for
political etrcct, that n class of persons
commonly called " deserters," are not
entitled to voto at Stato elections, and
that nn election bonrd must reject their
On the eleventh day of June, 1800, nn
act of Assembly was passed Intended to
carry into effect tho act of Congress
passed on tho third of March, 1805, de
prlvlngccrtaln persons commonly called
'deserters" of tho right to vote. Sub
sequent to this, tho Supremo Court of
this Stato has pronounced thnt the act
of Congress cannot bo enforced by ciec'
tlon boards, thoy can only act after trial
and conviction by competent tribunals.
Judgo Strong who delivered the opin
ion of the court, says :
Tho act of Conirress means that tho
forfeiture which it prescribes, like all
other penalties for iU:irtIon, must bo
adjudged to tho convicted persons, a k-
Hr.NTKN'UK At'rnovEt). For the con
viction and sentence of such u court,
thcre.can be no substitute. They alone
establish the guilt of the nccused, nnd
fasten upon him tlio IclmI consequences.
Such, wo think, is tho truo meaning of
tho act, a construction that cannot no
denied to it without losim sight of all
previous legislation respecting the sub
ject matter, no part of which does this
act profess to alter.
The' ground taken by Judgo Strong is,
that there must bo an nccusatiohi K
court a trial a conviction a sentenco
an approval of that sentence ; and n
record showing all these must precede
the punishment. Not until all this has
been gone through with, can nn election
bonrd legally reject tho vote of any of
that class of persons called "deserters."
All persons arc presumed innocent till
they are proven guilty. Thoy nro not
to bo punished without urcouu evi
dence or CONVICTION.
By the one hundred and third section
of the General Flection Law of second
of July, 183!), it is provided :
If any Inspector or Judge of any elec
tion snail Knowingly reject tno vote oi
any qualified citizens each of
the persons so unending, shall on con
viction, be punished in tno manner nro-
scribed in the one hundred and seventh
section of tho act, (i o, by a fine of not
less than titty dollars nor moro than
two hundred.)
By section one hundred and ten of tho
election lnw above mentioned it is pro
vided that
" If nny person shall use or practise
any intimidation, threats, force, or vio
lence with design to influence unduly,
or overawe any elector, or to prevent
him voting, or to restrain the freedom
of choice, such person on conviction
hall be fined in any sum not exceeding
live hundred dollars and bo imprisoned
for any time, not less than one, nor moro
than twelve months."
By the act of Assembly just recited it
appears that tho voto of every person
qualified under tho Stato constitution
and laws must bo received, that its re
jection is nn indictable offense.
This question has been fully decided
by tho Supremo Court of tills State, nnd
therefore cannot como within the prov
ince of an clectjon bonrd. No man's
private feelings can bo consulted in this
matter. Wo have laws laid down for
our guidance and control, and wo must
observe them in determining tho quali
fications of a voter.
It Is desirable that election officers and
citizens should pay due attention to tho
laws of this Stato regulating the right
of suffrage. It is tho duty of nil good
citizens to observo tho laws of tho land
and see that no qualified voter is denied
the prlvilego of tho elective franchise.
In all cases whero there may hnvo
been a rejection of legal voters, or nn
intimidation of voters, it will bo incum
bent uion mo as representing the in
terests of tho Commonwealth toseo that
prosecutions nro promptly Instituted
nnd duo punishment inflicted.
M. M. TitAUOir.
District Attorney.
PcooMJniT.n, Octolr J, lift).
To Hie Democracy o Columbia bounty
It having become "patent" to us r.!
thnt tho contest on the Ikq.rcsentatlvo
question, If continued in this district,
wottui uo nKeiy 10 complicate, to some
extent, tno general questions involved
in tno coming election, nnd to some ex
tent tojeopardizo tho value of the force
or the Democracy here, and being ex
ceedingly anxious, ns I havo always
uvi.11, ur me success 01 jjemocratic prin
ciples, and that nothing on my part
should bo done to Impede tho onward
march of the moral and political fureo
which mu.-t eventually control tho
country, I deliberately nnd thoughtfully
retlro from tho field, as a cnudldato for
Hepresentatlvo in tho Stnte legislature.
This I doforthereiu-nnsnhovoiisslmii.i
nnd not because I was not foieK. ti,
choice of tlio Democracy. leaving
whs question undiscussed, I shall bo
found now, ns at all former times, hat
tllng boldly for tho principles of our
time-honored party. Thankful for tho
ardent support of my numerous Mends,
I am, very respectfully,
Your obedient f-ervunt,
Levi L. Tate.
ltfloMiHUItil,OotolM.-r S, law.
Ilrlilttfi Nnttr T. in . . u
pendinroion tho si-t ,.r 11,. ',s" V1..' .'
I'll or hVli1?."".""''"' liable t tho Mockl'in f.
Cataw,,a IlKtlqe i'fVtrr, Oct, I, iSl.
it. M. 1VV.1L,
CUllrnlln, Coliimtiln Cmintr, fs.
Otnoo o Mnlll Mlrvrl, Hrt ilnor wmt J,i
llolitrl CUrJt,
OdVo rnrtu-r of Main Mid Mfirkot mtru ,
K. II. I.IUIf,
OIlM on Mrtn Mtrwt, In whltn frim lxm,!,
low 111 Kxrnunxe uoiti.
.In tin d. Vrfti,
Ollten In Ilnjlitcr nnJ nfmrdfr'n onie, n
iKKcmi'tii or inn conn moiim.
The uiiclcrslnnetl tonprclfnlly unnonnfm hj,
mini)- frlcTuln Hint ho hfw optied ntw dott'i,
ril ICIcnllsmon'n KurnUhlnrf Htnrn, lu Hi. !,,,
room of tho Itnrttnitn UutMIng, ou11iwmI n,n,
ot Mln un l Mitrklt HtrMU, Illooituburs, .
lluvliig Jiiit rrlnmM from rbtldltiU iu,
Irge Stock of v
fai.Ij aj1 wiNTEti cirriiiiru
lm nnttrra lilmirir tun n ran ikj nil,
stock comprint
Mich u '
vnrm COATH,
nnp In fcl everything In Hi CleUitng r ftr.
ntnhlnK line nt ytty low prlcM.
In Addition to tho abort ht hm n tlttiM
ortmcnt of
cirmiNa madk to ohdeii at tiu
Oil and co before purctuutnK rliswlsra, ml
oet-ir J. w. citAunr.nuti
Tn nurnnnnre nf nn orilr of thi- OrntmnK'
of CoUimliln County, I'n.. on HATUIIPAT, IM
10th dnvof NOVEMlfcll iVdt. nt Iftii'clw'k Inttli
forenoon. Siimucl Achenbncti. Adnilnt-drAttir t'
Josi-pli Itnj'ImrM, Into of OninKO Township, II! county, dt'cent'tl.wHI cxtHftc to pub
lic vendue, on Hip premised, n ccrtnln lot oi plot
of ground sitiuttn In the town of OrHnuevllti., la
the Township of Ornuge, in Ihe oounly HforrtiiM,
hounded on tho north hy lnndn of John Acl.ii
hnch, on the emt hy Mnln Street of Anlrt toit,on
the south hy land of CorncliiiH IteltuK, nnd on it,,
west oy inuilH oi lowhimi Applemnn, conlnlnlni
one imimrt'u mm HixiyeiKni en in jrom.iuvi
otie hundred unit twentv-flve feet In denth. mnr.
or lesH, whereon nre vreetcd n lwo.tory four
dwellliiK-houxe, n wnjjoii.iiinKer h s'inp, Mbli,
nnd other outbuildings. Ijite the etnte of rni
deceiwed, Rltnnte in the To'vr.nhlp .f Ornnpe, mil
county nforefnld. JISiSE COI.EMAN, CUik.
llliyioMsuciio, September 37, 1WI.
Ten nor cent, of the iturehn-se-nion v to be tlA
on thedny of unle; ono third Icm thotwti prrit.
on the 1st dny of April, 1S(S7, M lien possesilotif
tho premise- will he clven; one third on the In
ilny of April, lstls, with Interest from tlio lililit;
oi .prii, jvif ; oneiniro loremuin in tnitpreinu.i
during the lilcof the widow of 5nld deceased, ftiij
ine inicresi iiiereoi 10 ue nnnuniiy ami reKUUrir
pnIdtonld widow hy the purchnner on the In
dny of April, INiS .nnd every yenr thorciifluf ilr-
in,; ner niiiurni nie. irircii!tcr to
. rnrrhitfcr to imi-
' for ilel
nnd Htnmp.
In pursnnnco of nn order of the Orphnne' Cenrt
of t'olumhln County, Pennsylvunln, on HattmUr,
.he Dili dny ot October next, nt 10 o'clock In tl.i
orcnoon, Oeorsie W. Drteshnch. AdmlnmrnW,
Au., of Kllznhelh Itlchnrri, Into EllinlX'th IJrW
Inir h, Inlr of niootn Towiinnlp, In sold county, (li
censed will expose tosnle. by public vendue, en
the premUe,n certitin lot of ground, eltunte nn
the northwest Hide of Third Street, of the ton!
llloomshuri!. In .mid county, it rtrl Indne the eni
Imir part of lot No.-Vl.nnd hounded m follow; )
Klnnfni! tit tho corner of lot No. M, on Third Stmt
nforesuld, thence iiorthweetwnrilly ono liuudtci
nndneveit feet nnd nlmlf; thence outhwcxtu:irl7
idxty-slx feet, to the llneoflot No.M: thence eloni
I he lino of lot No.MHoutheastwnrdly oiiehiin,lril
nnd Keven nnd
hnlf feet, ton corner on Thlri
Street nlore.snld:
; thence nloug Kiild Third Strt-vt
Klxtv-slx feet, to the ntnen of heulnnltit uhron
It erected n two-Htory fro me house, with n be
mi nt nnd outhulldlnKs. I.-ite tho estntv of atl-t
deceased, slttinto In the Township of lltoom tl
county uforcsnld.
UI.OOM.SBCUU, Scptomlier H, Ifa).
Ten per cent, or one fourth of the pnrtim
money to he paid hv the purchaser to the lelmlu
Istmlor on the strlklni; down'of the propurlj;
0110 fourth of tho purchase money lrf ten tr
cent, on tbecontlrmntlon of thrtiolu; Uw nillii
of the purchnso money In ono renrfroro tlmcen.
ftrmntlou, with Interest from tho .cunflriniktUu
nf. rf. Tho purchaser to pay for deed mul atutnri,
"cpMt Atlmtn titrate
i oe
In pursuance of nn order of the Orphan' Ceitt
01 uoiumnin uounty, rn., 011 Thurs-duy, the t'ln
dny of October next, lit 10 o'clock In the foroiiouii.
day of October next, at 10 o'clock In UinVoruiiooii,
Jnmcs W. Sunlcey, John Snnltey, Jacob Sanki-J,
jiwiics tv.r
nnd John
nnd tcKtnmcnt of John Snnkey, Into of (VMM
County, deceased, will expose In enle, hy puMU
vendue, on tho premise. uccrlalri plantation anil
Hciunarii, Kxrcutnm of the lnl win
tract or mini nltuato In HeutlTownshlp.Coiinir 01
Columbia, iHiunded 011 tho east by land of If. a
Mel ilk. on tho south lie hunt nf lvtet- Ml tclr. and
the public road lending from 111 001 ns bur in Or
niiKcvllli! on tho west, by land of David Wllr
nnd Andrew Crevellnis on the north, contain.
Inn 0110 hundred nnd twcnty-uvcn r,.B ,,icit
or Icsb, whereon nro '......,1 ,, . , .j
mono aw'i,vM. l-ne two.sU
, ,,,, .."' " , , ,vj " '?rW frnmo bnrn, miJ
the ' '' F"V-,vc11 F'od wi.t. rnt the itwir (
irennrda. AIM
'luiisnut Tutn.
?!.':' '.f J.m:"1' HnrUell.'on the soul hi lm.d, eJ urimes, on me wet hy lands of JoUn
H ilpninn, un,l on thu aouth by laivu or 15
HU'fler, eontalnlUK fifty ncr"". ?h( .? l,wl w
of the lilmvo rnct t eoul wimiY laiul iVle. lha
of Scott nttd Mount I'leasni,!,,.) wvty for
tkhms in-' ssVUi,
v?J!!!?.r.'fi,i1i thta(t al the purchase mens
ft JlV.S.l1.1' hv ,' or purchaser oo.
UoMrlktiwilrtwnnr hi" property! one third l
ft fj! ' IwldW tlio first divot
ws ,lVil V. ' f1"7 , t lAo. hiilnneo 10 he paid In
ih wieiY IJW l.vttwitwltli Interest from
.Vedsnnd stantpi. 10 jy"r
Auditor' V ........ - ..,..;. Ill
will mS ! h2f.M,l.'J ,lf " lUnoiiB his creditor..,
Vf .i?,'.""? If'l'dori-Mwl, for Dm pur
1 1 iV':ll.1i""'.n.'. iWrslay. Nr.vc1.1t r
" OCIOCK a.m., ut h odlcii in
lent ,m'l';'il!!,"',"l. " pfpf. '
JOHN 13. FOX & CO.,
No, H South Third Hireet,
nri:cm anpiiank-notim,
bongbt and Hold on commission. Attention gtTM
to coUuctlouj on all occuMlnle poni