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ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
ALEX, KING, JR.,
AH business entrusted to his care will receive
prompt and careful attention. Office throe doors
South of the Court House, lately ooenpied by J.
W. Dickerson. nov26
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BKDFORD.PX.
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law, in new brick building near tbe Lutheran
Cbnrch. [April 1, 1869-tf
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BKDFORD, PA.
Respectfully tenders bis professional services
to tbe public. Office in the Isqci nrßuilding, |
promptly made. [April,l'69-tf.
ESPY M ALSIP,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA.,
Will faithfnlly and promptly attend to all busi- |
ner) entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin- j
ng counties. Military claims, Pensions, back
pay, Bounty, Ac. speedily oollected. Office with
Mann A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors sonth
of the Mengol House. apll, IS69.—tf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
BEBFORD, PA., 1
Will attend promptly to all besiness intrusted to
his oare. Collections made on the shortest no
lie H also, a regularly licensed Claim Agent
and nil give special attention to the prosecution
'lit t against the Government for Pensions, i
Back 1 ay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door South of the
Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the'Mengel
House" April 1, 186S:tf :
ft. L. RUSSELL. J. H. LOROEXECKER 1
RUSSELL A LONOENECKER,
ATTORXEV9 A COUNSELLORS AT LAW, •
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi- j
ness entrusted to their care. Special attention j
given to collections and the prosecution of claims '
for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac.
on Juliana street, south of the Court |
House. Apri 1:69:1yr. j
r M'D. SHARPE E. F. KERR J
Sm UARPE A KERR,
A TTORXE YS-A T-LA W.
Will practice in the Courts of Bedford and ad
joining counties. All business entrusted to their
-.ire will receive careful and prompt attention.
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col
lected from the Government.
Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking
h. use of Reed A Schell. Bedford, Pa. Apr l;69:tf
P II YSICIANS.
B. F. HARRY,
Respectfully tenders bis professional ser
vices to the citisens of Bedford and vicinity.
Office an 1 residence on Pitt Street, in the building
formerly occupied by Dr. J. H. Hofius. [Ap'l 1,69.
U WOODIIERRY, PA.,
SCRIVENER, CONVEYANCER, LICENSED
CLAIM AGENT, and Ex-Officio JUSTICE
OF THE PEACE,
Will attend to all business entrusted into bis bands
with promptness and despatch. Will remit mon
ey by draft to any part of the country. ITsely j
PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WEST OF THE BED- j
FORD HOTEL, BEBPORD, PA.
WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL- j
RY'. SPECTACLES. AC.
He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil
ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Refin
ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains. Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best i
quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order
any thing in bis line not on band. [apr.2B,'6s.
• DEALER IN
CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC.
On Pitt 6tret on door east of Geo. R. Oster j
k Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared !
to Pell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. AH
orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything ;
in bit hne will do well to give him a call.
Bedford April 1. *69.,
N N. HICK.OK,
Y- T J , DENTIST.
Office at the old stand in
BANK BUILDTXO, Juliana st., BEDFORD.
AU operations pertaining to
Surgical and Mechanical Dentistry
performed with care and
Anaesthetics administered, when desired. Ar
tificial teeth inserted at, per set, 98.00 and up
As I am detetmined to do a CASH BUSINESS
or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial
Teeth of the various kinds, 20 per cent., and of
Gold Fillings 33 per cent. This redaction will be
made only to strictly Cash Patients, and all such
will receive prompt attention. 7feb6B
This It-rge and commodious house, having been
re-taken by the subscriber, is now open for the re
ception of visitor) and boarders. The rooms are
large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished.
The table will always be supplied with the best
tbe ir arket can afford. The Bar is stocked with
the choicest liquora. In short, it is my purpose
to keep a FIRST CLASS HOTEL. Thanking
the public for past favors, I respectfully solicit a
renewal of their patronage.
N. B. Hacks will run constantly between the
Hotel and the Springs.
maylT,'6V:ly WM. DIBERT, Prop'r.
I [EXCHANGE HOTEL,
A HUNTINGDON, PA.
Tbis old establishment having been leased by
J. MORRISON, formerly proprietor of tbe Mor- j
-ison House, has been entirely renovated and re
furnished and supplied with all the modern im- |
provemnots and conveniences necessary to a first- ;
Tbe dining room has been removed to the first ■
door and is now spacious and airy, and tbe chain- j
bcrs are all well ventilated, and the proprietor !
will endeavor to make his guests perfectly at j
home. Address, J. MORRISON,
Exchange HOTEL, I
■ Ijelyvf Huntingdon, P*. j
Mrs. \ . B. TATE bas enlarged her residence on
■ uhana street for the purpose of taking boarders
—weekly or yearly. 3dec4t
JOHN LUTZ, Editor and Proprietor.
THE BEDFORD INQUIRER.
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.H agent anft General jlrtuspaprr, Dcbotrti to politics, duration, literature anfc Jilovals.
LETTERS from Rome stato that the Pope
intends to mak6 one or more American
prelates, Cardinals, and the Archbishops of
Baltimore and New York are mentioned as
likely to receive the honors.
THE Reformed Cliurch Synod, in session
|at Philadelphia, have voted in favor of
■ striking the word "Germsn" from their
lille, and have officially declared the title to
; bo "The Reformed Church of the United
States of America."
FATHER HYACINTHS sailed for Europe
from New York on Saturday in the steamer
Ptreire. He was accompanied to the ves
sel by several members of the French
Benevolent Society and several American
friends. He stated he would return to this
country again and make an extended tour
WE advise girls to go West if they want
husbands. The excess of men in Ohio i<
40,000; in Michigan, 40,000; in Kansas, 15,- '
000; in Missouri, 12,000, and in California, !
143,000. On the contrary, there are 50,- ;
000 more motnen than men in New Eng
land, and nearly the same excess of females
in Pennsylvania, New York and New
THE coming census-taking in tbis country
is a gigantic work. Forty millions of people
to be numbered; the age, sex, occupation, j
nativity, &c., to be noted; all the statistics
of tbe farmers, their productions, livestock,
See., to be gathered; all the manufacturing
establishments of the country with their raw
material, machinery and various products,
to bo enumerated; schools, libraries,
churches, to be reported. The work is truly 1
IT is aggravating to have an officer of the
internal revenue service shot while in the
performance of his duty; it is exasperating
to have him shot by a whisky-distiller, who
is not the most valuable member of society
conceivable. Lieut. Moses, a Deputy
Marshal, going on the 4th iost. to Linn
Creek, Mo., to seize certain whisky-works,
was shot in his room in the tavern, by some
rifleman, supposed to be a dishonest ex
torter of rifle-whisky from honest grain or
potatoes. In tbe evil, old times, they used j
to call those who helped runaway negroes ■
leviers of war upon the United States. The
hostilities were short, if sharp; but some of
these whisky-men seem to have organized
for a regular campaign.
A PLEASING little incident at Utica, 111.,
exhibits the beauty of kerosene as a kinaler.
The childreo of a Mr. Higgins, in order to
expedite a fire in the stove, did what they
had seen their elders do—they poured
kerosene upon the coals. Instantly an ex
plosion ensued. The baby lived half an !
hour after it The oldest boy died the same
night. Only one of the children is likely to
recover. One alwavs experiences a desire,
after recounting a story like this, to point
a moral, and to utter words of warning; but
really, kerosene accidents are getting to bo 1
so common that we have come to the con
elusion that people, rather than otherwise, j
enjoy them, and are positively in love with :
burning and blowing up.
SURGEON GENERAL BARNES reports that:
the health of the army has been remarkably
good during the past year, except at Key !
West, where the yellow fever carried off 18
men. The average mean strength of the
army during the current year was 36,820
white and 4,203 colored troops. The number ;
of deaths reported was 473, or thirteen per
thousand of mean strength. The medical
corps as at present organized is highly ex
tolled. and is believed to be the best in the
world, considering tbe manner in which the
troops are distributed.
THE Montreal News says: We have ac
quired a knowledge that we can live without
reciprocity, and perhaps the American Ex
ecutivc is unwittingly teaching us a whole
some lesson of self reliance. We must learn
to use the weapons they prize so highly.
We must assimilate our frontier tariff to
theirs, and prevent Canada being made a
sacrifice market by American matiu.'AC'ur
ers. The use of our canals and fisheries are 1
boons worth purchasing, but beyond them ;
we have nothing to tempt the Americans to j
re'ax their tariff in our tavor. The Ottawa
Commons have thus a clear field before I
them, and can legislate upon reliable data;
hitherto their movements were paralyzed by
the prospect of the reciprocity treaty being :
ACCORDING to the Chicago journal, the
German population of this country are the ;
most sensitive and desperate of all those
races coming into it, exceeding in thot res
pect the Irish, who have had tbe name of
being much more excitable and rash. The
highest number of suicides in the above
city for tbe part year belonged to the sons of •
the Fatherland, numbering nineteen against
eleven Irish persons, the Americans, num
bering Dine, coming next. Four Engliuh
men were found on the roll; and, if a com
parative estimate were made, it would prob- :
ably be found that they fell very little, if |
anything, behind the Germans on that
ghastly table of statistics. The causes of
these suicides are not discriminated, but j
they would probably be found, for the most j
part, in the favorite beverages of the respec
A LEWIS county jury has earned the grat- J
itude of society by refusing to acquit a will- j
ful murderer whose defence was tbe pretext
of wounded domestic honor. One Powers I
suspecting his wife of improper familiarity
with one fsbaw, deliberately killed the latter
by cleaving his head with an axe. The usu
al plea of "temporary insanity" wasputfor
ward, and able and eloquent counsel ex- '
hausted themselves in customary argument
and appeal, but, although the suspicion oi
the jealous husband was apparently well
founded, the jury refused to accept the prof
fered justification, and Powers will be hang
ed next February, unless executive interfer
ence in his behalf is secured. It is to be
hoped that juries will act on this wholesome
precedent and unite in putting an end to the j
savage violence wh'ch i 9 permitted to usurp
the place of law. Such a consummation the
community devoutly desire. It would be a
great mistake to suppose that the protest j
against tbe indecent sensation of the Rich
ardson case and the loose morality its dis
cussion has deve'oj>ed implies a toleration
of the lawless, brutal and cowardly method
chosen by McFarland to redress his griev
BEDFORD, PA* FRIDAY. JAN. 7, 1869.
Special Correspondence to lowa State Register.
CLARION, WRIGHT CO., IOWA, )
September, 1869. 1
\X E remember, some fifteen years ago, of
reading in an Eastern paper, a very elabo
rate account of a wonderful "Walled Lake,"
: situated in Wright county, lowa. Since
; that time, it has frequently excited the at
; tention of the curious, although it is some
times confounded with other Lakes, of the
same name situated elsewhere. Your read
■ crs should understand that the lake in
j Wright county is the original Wall Lake,
the claims of the lakes in Hamilton and
•Sac counties to the contrary, notwithstand
ing. It is not our purpose to repeat the
marvelous stories which have doubtless ex
cited the wonder of those who have read the
various accounts above referred to, but mere
ly to describe Wall Lake as it is.
The lake is situated in township 90, nortli
of range 24 west, being within some three
or four miles of the south line of the coun
ty. In company viih George A. McKay,
Esq., of Clarion, who generously furnished
a team, wo drove down to the lake, the dis
tance FROM this place being about eight
miles. On the way, we passed through
what is called the "Homestead Settlement,"
where a large number of families have avail
ed themselves of the benefits of the Home
stead Law. Mdny of them have well-im
proved farms that you could hardly buy for
less than sls or S2O per aero, although most
of them are five or six miles from anv tim
ber, except the groves which tbey have
planted. Thousands of acres of the finest
prairie, however, in this part of the county,
is the property of Eastern non- residents
some of it belonging to such distinguished ;
persons as William 11. Seward and O. B.
Matteson, of New York. It is not likely
that Mr. Seward's "Alaska Purchase" will
ever produce for the Government so luxuri- ;
ant a crop of grass as that which now covers !
the surface of his own rich lowa lauds. ;
But, we were about to write of our visit
to Wall L'ike. As we approached it, we re i
mcmbcrcd having been told that all the boul
o'ers had been gathered up, for miles and
miles around it, to be used in making the
walls of the lake! We discovered, however, |
that the wall-builders had occasionally over- I
looked a "lost rock," and even at no great '
distance from the lake shore.
The first object seen, connected with the
lake, as you approach it, 13 the grove of
timber, containing about twenty acres, on
the southeast border, with a few trees also j
on the north side. From some directions
the grove can be seen for a distance of ten 1
or twelve miles. By our road, we approach
ed from the north, and drove around the
west end of the grove. The only settler in
the immtdiate vicinity of the lake, is Mr.
E. P. Purcel'. who came there in 1856. In
1859, he laid out a city, which appears upon
the records of the county, as "Wall Lake
City." That was ten years ago, and the I
"city" now contains one building—a school j
house, built by taking the lands of specula |
tors, who were probably as much interested !
in the success of "Wall Lake City," as Mr.
Purcell himself. Mr. Purcell's own resi
dence, we believe, is outside of the "city"
limits, in the suburbs. Of late, he has re
purchased many of the lots which were sold,
and is attaching them to the excellent farm
which he owns there.
After partaking of the generous hospital!
ties of our pioneer friend, and enjoying the
pleasures of a boat ride 011 the lake, we were
ready for a more particular examination of j
the object of our visit.
The area of the lake, embraced within the
"wall," is by survey, 2140 acres, or some
thing over three square miles. The debth
of the water in very few places exceeds ten
feet, and will average, perhaps, not mere
than eight. It is very clear, but at thissea
of the year, the beauty of the lake is great
ly marred by a dense and unsightly growth
of rushes. The water, however, is so clear
and transparent that the bottom may be
easily seen to the debth of ten feel. The
bottom is a compound of gravel and sand,
and in many places, is covered with a pe
culiar kind of grass or moss, of a deep green
The "wall is composed of gravel and
boulders of all sizes, up to several tons in
weight. We could discover no regularity or
system in their arrangement, except that
the larger rocks are usually at the base, a
circumstance which would result from natu
ral causes. There are, nevertheless some
singular features about this structure, ex
tending as it does, around, and enclosing so
large a body of water. One striking pecu
liarity, is the fact, that the adjacent land on ;
the outride is apparently almost as low for a
long distance hack from the lake, on al! :
sides, except the southeast, as the surface 1
of the water inside. In some places, in
deed, it is much lower, so that if the "wall"
were removed, the waters of the lake would
certainly spread out over some three or four
times its present area of surface. Much of
this surrounding low land is a marsh, and j
on the north side, some four or five hundred
acres have bcconiS a peat Led, of from four
to six feet in depth, showing that from vegc j
table accumulations, the process of 'filling up
has been going on, perhaps for many cen
turies. There is a good reason for believing :
that these adjacent marshes and lowlands
once constituted a part of a greater lake,
now contracted to the comparatively smaller
one inside of the "wall." The general level
of the top of the "wall seems to be quite
uniform, but the bight ou the outer side !
varies, according to the elevation or depres- j
sion of the ground. At the grove on the
south cast bordtrof the lake, the land comes :
up level, or flush, with the top of the "wall."
In a few other places the land rises up with
in a foot or two of the top, but, as before
stated, it is generally quite as low as the i
lake inside. The "wall" is a ridge, or em
bankment, resembling a "towing path"
along a canal, only that it is composed .
chiefly of boulders, or "lost rocks," of all |
the various kinds found on our prairies. '
Intermixed with these rocks, there is a suffi
cient quantity of gravel, sand, and soil, to
support a luxuriant growth of vegetation,
including grass, vines, shrubbery, and even
large trees. Most of the larger trees have ]
been cut away by tne settlers, except in the
grove above referred to. By the growth of*l
willows, and other small trees, the eye of
the observer may, from any point on the
lake, trace the direction of the "wall"
nearly all the way round. The general level
of the top of the "wall" above the surface
of the water is about six feet The embank
ment slopes on both sides at the same angle,
say about forty five degrees, with a horizon
tal thickness at the base of about twenty
| feet, and sufficient width on top for a car
riage-way. Portions of tho "wall" form
; tegular curves, but in some parts it is quite
finuous, and in one or two places, even of a
There ara two principal breaks in the
'wall," which form the ontlets of the lake.
One is on the south-east side, draining into
the Boone river, and the other on the north,
draining into the lowa river. So you will
,-ce that a portion of the water of Wall Lake
flows through your goodly city of Des
Moines, while another portion goes down by
the way of tbe old Capital at lowa City
more than a hundred miles to the eastward.
We have discovered no good reason for
tbe idea which some have entertained that
tbe "wall ' or embankment arouud this lake
is a work of art. It is our opinion that the
boulders have been placed in their present
positions by the same agencies which have
placed them around the borders of other
kikes — the principal force doubtless being
glacial action. We may not be able to de
termine just how these natural forces have
been brought into action to produce such a
result as we see, but there arc many other
things IN Nature which our philosophy has
never yet been able to elucidate. It has
none of the marks of utility, design or pur
pose which are essential to support the the
ory that it is a work of art. ON the contra
ry, it presents many of the features which
are known to be the work of natural forces.
It is even now to be observed that the water
of the lake, during a strong wind, beats, or
surges outwardly against tho shore, on sides
where the "wall" exists. This is owing to
the peculiar surface, or topography of the
surrounding country. We therefore come
to what we deem the more reasonable con
clusion—that the winds, the water, and the
ice, have been the agents, working through
centuries, to accomplish tho result in ques
Such is \\ all Lake, and our idea of its
marvelous "wall." The Indians doubtless
regarded it with some interest, and fre
quently resorted to its shores, as arrow
head.-, stone hatchets and other articles of
their rude ingenuity have been picked up
around its borders. The groves of timber
afforded them shelter and fuel, while its
waters furnished them fish. We found a
well executed flint arrow head, which had
been washed out among the pebbles on the
beach. The early trappers and hunters also
doubtless made it a prominent stopping
place in their wanderings over these wide
prairies Soon after Mr. L'ureell's settle
ment, he found the barrel and lock of a rifle
in the grove on the lake shore. They had
evidently been left there many years before,
as the wooded portion of the gun had en
tirely decayed. TN another place he found
also a piece of the barrel of a shot-gun.
We conclude by assuring the reader that
there are in Wright county several lakes
equally beautiful, but perhaps none posses
sing so much interest as this.
We are indebted to Mr. G. B. Ma. tin of
Goldfield Wright Co., lowa, for the copy of
tlie lowa State Register containing the
THREE IJKYVE MEN.
Pretty Barbara Ferros would not marry.
Her mother was in consternation.
"Why are you so stubborn, Barbara?"
she asked. "You have plenty of lovers."
"But tbey do not suit me," said Barbara,
coolly tying her curls before the mirror.
"I want, when I marry, a man who is
brave, equal to any emergency. If I give
up my liberty, I want to be taken care of."
"Silly child ! What is the matter with
Big Barney, the blacksmith?"
"He is big, but I never learned that he
"And you never heard that he was not.
What is the matter with Ernest, the gun
"He's as placid as goat's milk."
"That is no sign that be is a coward.
There is little Fritz, the tanner ; he is quar
relsome enough for you surely."
"He is no bigger than a bantam cock. It
is little he could do if the house was set up
on by robbers."
"It is not always strength that wins a
fight, girl. It takes brains as well as brawn.
Come now Barbara, give those fellows a fair
Barbara turned her face before the mirror,
letting down one raven tress, and looping up
"I will, mother," she said, at last.
That evening, Ernest, the gunsmith,
knocked at the door.
"Y'ou sent for me, Barbara?" he said,
going to the girl, who stood upon the hearth,
coquettishly warming one jtretty foot and
then the other.
"Yes, Ernest," she replied. "I've been !
thinking of what you said the other night,
when you were here."
Ernest spoke quietly, but his dark blue j
eyes flashed, as he looked at her intently. '
"I want to test you."
"I want to see if you dare do a very disa- 1
"What is it?"
"There is an old cofliiii up stiirs. It
smells of mould. They say that Redmond,
the murderer, was hurried in it; but the
devil came for his body and left the coffin j
empty, at the end of a week, and it was
finally taken from the tomb. It is up stairs
in the chamber that my grandfather died in,
and they say giandfather does not rest easy |
in his grave for some reason, though that 1
know nothing about. Pare you make that
your bed to night ?"
"Is that all? I will do that, aud sleep j
soundly. Why pretty one, did you think I
had weak nerves?"
"Your uerves will have good proof if you
undertake it. Remember no one sleeps in
that wing of the house."
"I shall sleep the sounder."
"Good night then. I will send a lad to
show you the chamber. If you stay there
till morning," said the imperious Miss Bar
bara, with a nod of her pretty head, "I will
"You vow it ?"
"I vow it."
Ernest turned straightway and followed the
lad in waiting, through dim rooms and pas
sages, echoing stair.", alouz narrow damp
ways, where rats scuttled before them, to a
I low chamber. The boy looked pale and
scared and evidently wanted to hurry away;
j but Ernest made him wait until he took a
i survey of the room by the aid of his lamp.
It was very large and full of recesses, with
high windows in them ; which were barred
across. He remembered that old Grandsire
Ferros had been insane several years before
bis death, so this precaution had been nec
essary for tbe safety of himself and others.
In the centre of the room stood a coffin ;
beside it was placed a chair. The room
was otherwise perfectly empty.
Ernest stretched himself in the coffin.
"Be kind enough to tell Miss Barbara
that it is a very good fit," said he.
The boy went out and shut tbe door, leav
ing the gunsmith alcne in the dark.
Meanwhile, Barbara was talking with the
blacksmith in the keeping room.
"Barney" said she, pulling her hands
away from his grasp, when he would have
kissed her, "I have a test to put you to, be
fore I give you any answer. There is a
corpse lying in the chamber where my grand
sire died, in the untenanted wing of the
house. If you dare sit there, all night, and
let nothing drive you from your post, you'll
not ask me to marry you in vain."
"You give ine a light and a bottle of wine
and a book to read?"
"Are these all the conditions you ean of
fer me, Barbara?"
"All. And if you get frightened, you
ueed never look me in the face again."
"I'll take them, then."
So Barney was conducted to his post by
the lad, who had been instructed in tbe se
cret, and whose voluntary stare at Ernest's
placid face as it lay in the coffin, was inter
preted by Barney to be natural awe of a
corpse. He took his seat and tbe boy" left
him alone with the darkness the rats and the
Soon after, young Fritz, the tanner, ar
rived, flattered and hopeful from the fact
that Barbara had sent for him.
"Have you changed your' mind, Bar
bara ?" he asked.
"No, and I shall not, uutil I know that
you can do a really brave thing."
"What shall it be? I swear to satisfy
"I have a proposal to make to you. My
plan requires skill as well as courage."
"Well in this house is a man watching a
corpse. He has sworn not to leave bis post
till mornine. If you can make him do it I
shall be sati-fied that you arc as smart and
a> brave as I require a husband to be."
"Why nothing is so easy?" exclaimed
Fritz, "I can scare him away. Furnish me
with a sheet and show me the room and go
to your rest Barbara You will find me at
the post in the morning."
Barbara did as he required, and saw the
tanner step blithely away to his task. It
was then nearly twelve o'clock, and she
sought her own ehamder. Barney was sit
ting at his vigil.
The face in the coffin gleamed whiter in
the darkness. The rats squeaked as if fam
ine were upon them, and they smelled flesh.
The thought made him shudder. He got
up and walked, but something made a slight
noise, as if somebody was behind him and he
put his chair with the back against the wall,
and sat down agaiu. He had been hard at
work all day, and at last, in spite of every
thing he grew sleepy. Finally he nodded
Suddenly it seemed as if somebody had
touched him. He awoke with a start and
saw nobody near, though in the centre of
the room stood a white figure.
"Curse you get out of this !" he exclaim
ed, in a fright, using the very first words
that came to his tongue.
The figure held up its right hand and
slowly approached him. He started to his
feet. The. spectre came nearer, pressing
him in the corner.
"The D—l take you!" cried Barney, in
Involuntarily he stepped backed, still the
figure advanced, coming nearer and extend
ingboth arms, as if to take him in a ghast
ly embrace. The hair started up on Bar
ney's head ; he grew desperate, and, as the
gleaming arms would have touched him, he
fell upon the ghost like a whirlwind, tearing
off the sheet, thumping, pounding, beatiDg
and kicking, more and more outraged at the
resistance he met, which told him the truth.
As the reader knows, he was big and
Fritz was little ; and while pummeling the
little tanner unmercifully, ADD l'ritz was try
ing to lounge at Barney's stomach to take
the wind out of him, both plunging and
kicking like horses, they were terrified by
hearing a voice cry :
"Take one of your own size, big Bar
Looking around they saw the corpse sit
ting up in bis coffin. This was too much.
They released each other and sprang for the
door. They never knew how they got out ;
but they ran home in hot haste, panting
She married him ; and though she sent
Fritz and Barney invitations to the wedding,
they did not appear. If they discovered
the trick, they kept the knowledge to them
selves, and never faced Barbara's laugliiDg
eyes again. _
From the Independent.
WOMAN AS A W ORKER.
" We live in deed* not words."
LIET women who would get their rights I
take them Abilities carve their own !
As a striking instance of this, let me give
your readers the history of a young girl,
who for years conducted a large part of INR
father's extensive business.
In 1856 he owned a large maehiue facto
ry, near one of the priucipal cities in the
State of New York. The buildings covered
several acres, and Iroui two hundred and
fifty to three hundred men were employed
in the shops His daughter, Cornelia, came
home from school in tbe summer of tbis
••ear, and soon made herself invaluable in
the family, assisting her mother iu the res
ponsibilities of housekeeping and the care
of the younger children. Her fathei's
counting room was just over the way, and
whenever she could snatch a spare hour she
would run over to help him add up columns
and balance accounts. She finally became
very valuable to birn, as she was remarka
bly quick at figures, and it was not long be
fore her services became indispensable. He
employed her constantly in the office, and
would frequently rend her to inspect the
work of the men.
In the course of a year, she Locarno thor
oughly conversant with tbe details of the
business, and was consulted on all impor
J tant matters. Her great accuracy and rap
idity of calculation had caused her father to
dispense with the other clerks in the office,
VOI„ 42: XO I
and to place tbe whole book-keeping of tbe
establishment in her hands. She worked
from eight to ten hours a day, accomplish
ing what two men had been paid to do be
fore: and, besides the accounts of the firm,
opened an account with each man separate
ly, keeping precise tally of the number of
hours that bo worked.
The respect with which these men looked
up to her was remarkable. They used to
say that she understood more of the details
of the manufacture than any one on the
premises. She was as keenly alive to their
interests as to those of the firm. Finding
there was need of a store to supply them
with groceries and provisions, she suggest
ed to her father that one should be opened
at once near the factory. It was started on
her own responsibility. She hired a build
ing for the purpose, and not only engaged
the clerks, but even snatched time every
evening to foot up their accounts herself.
The interests of the firm now began (o
call her abroad. She was frequently dis
patched on important missions to the larger
mi'.l owners with whom her father had bus
ness relations, and was c-niploycd in the most
important transactions. This was not all.
In addition to the book keeping, which she
still retained, and ali the other labors for
which she found time, at the end of two
years she was carrying on the entire bank
ing business of the establishment. All mo
neys oow passed through her hands. She
settled the bills in person and paid the men.
Every week she rode to bank, a distance of
six miles, and was often obliged to return
long after dark. She carried a loaded pistol
on these occasions, being intrusted with
large sums of money, from five to thirty
thousand dollars; and, though tbe hour at
which she would return was known through
out the neighborhood, no one ever molested
During ten years she lived this life of
ceaseless activity. In 1860 her father's fac
tories were burnt to the ground by au incen
diary. The destiuction of property amount
ed to two hundred thousand dollars. Tbc
buildings and machinery were insured for
half that sum; but so heavy was the loss that
for a long time it was doubtful whether the
whole insurance would be paid. The insu
rance companies tried to prove the loss less
than it really was. and the fact that the
books had been kept by a young girl induced
them to hope that flaws might be discovered
in the accounts. The court, therefore, ap
pointed a committee of three professional
book keepers to examine them. At the end
of two weeks every entry had been verified,
and the committee were obliged to report
that the books were absolutely faultless. ft On
the strength of this testimony the court de
creed that the total amount of insurance
must be paid.
The remaining faets in C'ornelai's life are,
briefly, these. Shortly after the destruction
of the factories, her health broke down, in
consequence of so sudden a change from the
unremitting labor of years to the quiet du
ties of home-life. Her iron constitution
seemed shattered for a time: but her indom
itable will triumphed at length over the
most alarming symptoms of paralysis. And
at the end of a year she had so far recover
-1 ed her wonted vigor as to be able to travel,
alme, a distance of four thousand miles
through the West.
Since tLis, she has held a responsible po
sition in a large tea establishment in Jersey
City; and ber influence procured important
situations for her brothers. A few weeks
ago she returned home to relieve her moth
er of household cares, and is now busy as
ever, cooking, washing, sweeping—the du
ty of the hour being, as ever, the inspira
tion of her life. S. G. W.
THE IDENTITY OF JUNIUS and SIK
I'll 11,11' FRANCIS.
The conclusive proof of the identity of
Francis and Junius is as follows : Upon the
publication of the fae similes of the famous
"feigned hand" of Junius, a Mrs. King
(<e Giles), of Youngsbury in Essex, at
once recognized it as the handwriting of an
anonymous note which she had received in
1770 at Rath, with a copy of verses inelos- i
ed, written in a different and unknown j
haud. From various circumstances, she had j
always believed and stated that this note 1
came from Philip Francis; but as the evi
dence on that point was not satisfactory, j
the story attracted no great attention. Up-!
on the publication of the Lijof Sir Philip !
Francis about two years ago, however, two !
lines of the verses in question were found I
quoted in a-letter from Richard Tilghman 1
of Philadelphia (elder brother of the late :
Chief Justice Tilghman) to Francis, dated j
Sept. 20, 1773, in a manner plainly implying i
that Francis would recognize them. This |
led to a renewed examination of the original
papers, when it was found that the copy of
verses teas in Tilghman s handwriting
Now, Tilghman, as appears from the Life
of frauds, while a law student in the Tern
pie in 1760 and 1770,—the two most im
portant years of the Junius period,—was
the intimate friend of Francis, who was his
near relation, and was with him at Rath at
the time the verses wore delivered. These
facts led to a most careful examination, by
he first experts in London, of the original
■of-, in whic-h the verses were enveloped,
n I thry unhesitatingly pronounce it to be,
b-vondull doubt, written in the "feigned
..and of Junius. It follow-that Junius was j
the writer of the note. His friend Tilgh- I
man wrote the verses (no doubt copied them !
for Francis); and when, three years afur- ,
ward, we find him quoting the verses in a
letter to Francis, the conclusion is irresisti !
blc that one of the two wrote the note which j
enveloped them. But the writer of the |
note was Junius, which Tilgh .nan could not
have been, because, among a ihousand oth
er reasons, the Junius Letters began before
his arrival iu England, ar.d continued alter
his return to America. It follows, there
fore, that Francis was the writer ; and thus,
after the secret has been kept in inpenetrable
mystery for just a century, a trivial accident
has led to its discovery and to the absolute
demonstration that Francis was Junius.
We may add that we have ourselves com
puted the fac similes of the note with tbqsc
of the feigned hand of Junius, and that of
the verses with numerous contemporaneous
letters of Tilghman now iu the possession of
liia relations in this city, and wc concur in
the opinion of the London experts that
there cannot be a doubt of the identity in
either case.— Fiom our Monthly Gotsip, in
the January number of Lip pin cot tf Maga
OBSCCHE virtue is ofteD despised, because
nothing raises it again to our eyes.
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All letters pertaining to business of the ooe
should be addressed to
JOHN LUTZ, Br.Dronn.PA.
A. T. STEWART'S PRINCIPLES OP
I have said that "the problem of Mr.
Stewart's career was already solved. The
reason why it was there solved lies in the
fact that in tbe little Broadway store —tbe
very cradle of his fortunes—he adopted those
rules and principle of trade and of life from
which he has never swerved, and to which
in connection with his mental and physical
capacities for labor, his unflagging industry,
his native shrewdness and sagacity his thor
ough good sense and profound mercantile
judgment, and his absolute genius for trade,
his stupendous success is due.
I. His first rule Was honesty between sel
ler and buyer. His career is a perfect ex
emplification of poor Richard's maxim,
"Honesty is the best policy," and of tbe po
et's declaration, "Nothing can need a lie."
His interest consorted with his inclination,
his policy with his principles, and the busii
ness with the man, wheu he determined that
the ti uth should be told over his counter,
and that no misrepresentation of hia goods
should be made. He never asked, be never
would suffer, a clerk to misrepresent the
quality of his merchandise. Clerks who
bad been educated in other stores to cheat
customers, and then to laugh off the trans
action as "cuteness," or defend it as "dia
mond cut diamond," found no such dip
shod code of morality at Stewart's little
store, and learned frankness and fairness in
representation at the peril of dismissal
Their employer asked no gain from deceit
in trade. On his part, too, in buying, he
rarely gave a seller a second opportunity
to misrepresent goods to him. I leave oth
ers to speak of the moral effect of this reso
lute conduct in general trade; my purpose is
only to show its mercantile effect on the
career of the trader himself.
11. A second innovation of the voung
dry goods dealer was selling at one price— a
custom which has also lasted without inter
ruption, and which has spread to all the
great houses. He fixed bis price, after care
ful consideration, at what he thought the
goods could and would bring, and would not
deviate from it for any haggling, or to suit
individual cases. Of course, he followed
the fluctuations of the market, and marked
his goods up or down in accordance with it;
but no difference in tbe price was made to
different people. Perhaps those who had
some art in "beating down" prices were of
fended, but people in general were pleased.
111. The third principle he adopted was
that of cash on delivery. It is said that his
own early experience in buying on credit and
selling on credit drove him to this rule; that
he had, at one time, a large note to pay,
and, in order to meet it, was forced to sac
rifice his goodo. But he did this, even with
skill, advertised by handbills his "great re
duction of prices" (now a sale device, but
' then a novelty), and so came off with flying
IV. A fourth principle with him was to
conduct business as business —not as senti
ment. Ilis aim wa- honorable profit; and
he had no purpose of confusing it by extra
neous considerations.—".l Monument of
Trade ' in January Galaxy.
MEXICAN OPINION OF HON. Wl. H
A City of Mexico paper, of recent date,
contains the following. The arrival of Mr.
Seward in this capital is the most note
worthy and remarkable event of the year
for Mexico. This great American diplomat
has performed a mighty journey in a rela
tively short time. Within the confines of
the past century it would have required three
years to have made this circuitous journey
from New York to Mexico. Passing the
legendary West of his own country, he has
already contemplated all the zones of the
world with their varied productions. He
has been where he could treat with the five
colors into which the human race is classed.
He has seen the extremes of civilization and
and of the temperature of the globe. Be
tween New York, Alaska and Mexico there
is nearly everj thing for which tbe mind may
long. There are Camanches, ice, gold,
M urinous, Chinese, bears, tigers, philoso
phers, artists, debauchees, sugar cane,
1 quicksilver, coal, iron pearl, rabies, em
! cralds, topaz, opals, bisons; wild horses,
Aztecs. Spaniards, and Mexicans, about
which a book may be written full as in
teresting as the Thousand and One Nights.
Mr. Scwa r d will probably let tbe book re
main impressed upon his groat mind only
until the proper day comes for its publica
tion. 11c will soon ret urn to be saluted by
j and to salute his neighbors at Auburn. This
trip appears to him as ordinary as though
it were a holiday at Niagara. In our country
there are few, we hope, who do not realize
the glorious figure represented by tbis great
statesman in our history, (jrand as the
name of Seward stands upon the roll of the
legion of honor where are embossed the
names of the great actors in the United
■States' war of tbe rebellion, to us, to
Mexicans all, his name stands still higher.
When the darksome days of our war against
the schemes of Europe hung their black
mantle like a funeral pall over the cradle of
liberty, Mr. Seward said to arrogant
Napoleon, "Away from our continent."
The crest fallen army of France rolled up
it- banners and marched down the slopes of
tbe Cordilleras to embark from Mexico on
their ignominious retreat to sunny France,
j The real hero of that achievement is among
u-. lie has been honored in his march up
i the Pacific coast and through the valleys of
iraudalajat'a, I.e.in, Celava and Queretaro.
Let bint be honored by all Americans.
C'OUHAUE IN EVERY I>AY LIFE. — Have
the courage to discharge a debt when you
have the money in your pocket.
Have the courage to do without that
which you do not need, however your eyos
may covet it.
Have the courage tQ speak your mind
when it is necessary you should do so, and
to hold your tongue when it is prudent you
should do so.
Have the courage to make a will and a
Have the courage to tell a man why you
will not lend him money.
Have the courage to wear your old clothes
until you pay for your new ones.
liave tbe courage to obey your Maker at
the risk of being ridiculed by man.
The virtue of prosperity is temperance
the virtue of adversity is fortitude
I LEAKS to control your temper now, ehil-
I drco, or byjind by it will control you-