Newspaper Page Text
R&TES OF ADVERTISING.
All advertisements for less than 3 months U
cents per line for each insertion. Specia 1 notices
one-half additional. Ali resolutions of Associa
tions, communications of a limited or individal
interest and notices of marriages and deaths, ex
ceeding five lines, 10 cts. per line. All legal noti
ces of every kind, and all Orphans' Court and
other Judicial sales, are required by law to be pub
lished in both papers. Editorial Notices 15 cents
per line. All Advertising due afterfirst insertion.
A liberal discount made to yearly advertisers.
3 monts. <1 months. 1 year
One square % 4.50 $ 5.00 SIO.OO
Twe squares 5.00 9.00 15.80
Three squares 8.85 12.00 20.00
One-fourth c01umn..... 14.00 20.00 35.00
Half c01umn....... 18.00 25.00 45.00
One c01umn..... 30.00 45.00 • 80.00
Nbwspapkb Laws. —We would call the special
attention of Post Masters and subscribers to the
Enquirer to the following synopsis of the News
1. A Postmaster is required to give notice by
.. tier, (returning a paper does not answer the law)
when a subscriber does not take his paper out of
the office, and state the reasons tor its not being
taken; and a neglect to do so makes the Postmas
ter reponfif to the publishers for the payment.
2. Any person who takes a paper from tbuPust
office, whether directed to his name or another, or
whether he has subscribed or not is responsible
for the pay.
3. If a pcrso:i orders his paper discontinued, he
must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may
continue to send it until payment is made, and
ollect the whole amount, icAetA-r it be taken from
the office or not. There can be no legal discontin
uance until thq,payment is made.
4. If the subscriber orders his paper to be
stopped at a certain time, and the publisher con ■
tinues to send, the subscriber is bound to pay for
it, if he takee it out of the Poet Office. The law
proceeds upon tho ground that a man must pay
Cor what he uses.
5. The courts have decided that refusing to take
newspapers and periodicals from the Post office,
or removing and having them uncalted for, is
prima facia evidence of intentional fraud.
grofosstiwai & $8518*55 <s**4s.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CEOFURD, PA.
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law, in'new brick building near the Lutheran
Church. [April 1, 1869-tf
TYJ. A. POINTS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, B*nroßD, Pa.
Respectfully tenders his professional services
T o the public. Office with J. W. Lingcnfe'ter,
Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church.
_s3B~t'ollections promptly made. [April,l'69-tf.
INSPY' M. ALSIP,
Li ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bedford, Pa.,
Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi
ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin
ng counties. Military claims, Pensions, back
pay, Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with
Mann A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south
of the Mengel House. apl 1, 1869.—tf.
T R. DURBORROW,
FJ . ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
his care. Collections made on the shortest no
He w, also, a regularly licensed Claim Agont
and all give special attention to the prosecution ■
.'.lisa against the Government for Pensions, :
Back I ay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door South of the j
Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the'Mengel
House" April 1,1809:tf
8. L. RUSSELL. i. H. LOKGIINF.CKER
RCSSELL A LONGENECKER,
Attorsrys A Counsellors at Law,
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi
ness entrusted to their care. Special attention
given to collections and the prosecution of claims
for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, south of the Court
House. Apri !:69:lyr. |
i~ M'P. SHARPS E. F. KERR j
SHARPS A KERR.
• A TTOIIME YS-A T-LA IK.
Will practice in the Court* of Bedford and ad- j
joining counties. All busines entrusted to their j
care will receive carefnl and prompt attention. :
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col- j
looted from the Government.
Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking ;
house of Reed A Schell. Bedford, Pa. Apr l;G9:tf j
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office with J. W. Dickersou Esq.. 2.3aprly
OR. U. F. HARRY,
Ttespeetfully tenders his professional ser
vices to the citiiens of Bedford and vicinity.
Office an i residence on Pitt Street, ic the building
formerly occupied by Dr. J. H. Hofius. [Ap'l 1,69.
OE. SHANNON, BANKER.
. BEDFORD, PA.
BANK OP DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT.
Collections made for the East, West. North and :
South, and the general business of Exchange J
transacted. Notes and Accounts Collected and |
Remittances promptly made. REAL ESTATE j
bought and soid. April 1:69
PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WEST OF THE BED
FORD HOTEL, BEIFORD, PA.
WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL
RY. SPECTACLES. AC.
He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil
ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Doable Refin
ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best
quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order
any thing in his line not OD hand. [apr.2B,'6s.
• DEALER IN
CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC.
On Pitt street one door east of Geo. R. Oster
A Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared
to sell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. All
orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything !
in his tine will do well to give him a call.
Bedford April 1. '69.,
/ I N. II IC KO K ,
Office at the old stand in
BAXK BLILDIXG, Juliana St., BEDFORD.
All operations pertaining to
Surgical and Mechanical Dentistry
performed with care and
Antithetic* adminitiered, when desired. Ar
tificial teeth inserted at, per set, |80O and up.
As I am deteimined to do a CASII BUSINESS
or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial
Teeth of the various kinds, 20 per cent., and of
Gold Fillings S3 per cent. This redaction will be
made only to strictly Ca*h Patten t, and all such
will receive prompt attention. 7feb6B
This large anil commodious house, haring been
re-taken by the subscriber, is no*- open for the re
ception of visitors and boarders. The rooms are
large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished.
The table will always be supplied with the best
the u arket can afford. The Bar is stocked with
the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purpose
to keep a FIRST-CLASS HOTEL. Thanking
the public for past favors, I respectfully solicit a
renewal of their patronage.
N B. Hacks will run constantly between the
Hotel and the Springs.
mayl7,'9:ly WM. DIBERT, Prop'r.
i t HUNTINGDON, PA.
This old establishment having been leased by
J.MORRISON, formerly proprietor of the Mor
rison House, has been entirely renovated and re
furnished and applied with all the modern im
provements and conveniences necessary to a first
The dining room has been removed to the first
floor and is now spacious and airy, and the cham
bers are all well ventilated, an J the proprietor
will endeavor to make his guests perfectly at
home. Address, J. MORRISON,
Jljulytf Huntingdon, Pa.
MAGAZINES. —The following Magasine* for
sale at the Inquirer Book Store: ATLAN
TIC MONTHLY, PUTNAM'S MONTHLY
UPPINCOTT'S. GALAXY, PETERSON, GO
- MD'M. DKMORF.STS, FR/NK LESLIE
RIVERSIDE, etc. etc. ft
.u.ai ' ; -- ■
JOHN L.UTZ, Editor and Proprietor.
| gnqmrn Column.
THE BEDFORD INQUIRER.
EVERY FRIDAY MORNING,
OFFICE ON JULIAS A STREET,
THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM
SOUTH- WESTERN PENNSYL VANIA.
CIRCULATION OVER 1500.
HOME AND FOREIGN ADVERTISE
MENTS INSERTED ON REA
A FIRST CLASS NEWSPAPER.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
$2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
.ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE
NEATNESS AND DISPATCH,
AND IN THE
LATEST & MOST APPROVED STYLE,
POSTERS OF ANY" SIZE,
WEDDING AND VISITING CARDS,
ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC
Oar facilities far doing all kinds of Job Printing
are equalled by very few establishments in the
country. Orders by ma.il promptly filled. All
letters should be addressed to
3 Jloral anfo (Urnrral jlrtospaprr, Brbotcti to SMcs, Objuration, literature ant) i#orals.
THE snow is still two feet deep in Maine.
J'lorida has abundance of ripe peaches.
TnE cable does a business of £645 per
THE orange crops of Florida will be very
SAII,OU collars are the now fashion for la-
| Americans are crowding Jerusalem this
| THERE is but one licensed hotel in Tioga
IN Atlanta there is a woman who weighs
Mr. Peabody has expended in gifts seven
A New York hotel is being erected at a
cost of $2,(8X1,000.
One-eighth of the whole population of the
globe is military.
THERE are 3042 ianguages spoken and
1000 different religions in the world.
Twenty four persons have disappeared
mysteriously from New York in the last
Kansas City has a young lady somnam
bulist, who takes midnight drives iu her
IN Salt Lake persons are fined ten dol
lars for being drunk, and twenty dollais for
A gentleman died in Chicago last week
leaving life insurance policies to the amount
Ggd. Hamilton, in his canvass for the
Governorship of Texas, declares that if elect
ed he will never pardon a fairly eonvicted
QUEEN CHRISTINA having returned to
Paris, the happy family of Spanish Bour
bons is at present in full feather at the
French capital. Christina is rich enough
to buy out all the planters of Cuba, but she
displays a remarkable energy in retaining
the mony which she took away from Spain.
THE ENGLISH PAPERS are making fun
of "Bull Bun Russell's" letters descriptive
of the Prince of Wales' tour in Egypt. In
one of them he says; "As there were no
other asses to be found, the Duke of South
erland, Colonel Truesdale, Colonel Mar
shall and myself were obliged to trudge on
THE VICE PRESIDENT having telegraphed
to San Francisco that she, the said San
Francisco, was now united to the East by
ties that.'can never be destroyed. A California
paper begs leave to correct. It
Schuyler that green Cottonwood ties are
quite destructible. Tally one for the
RALPH WALDO EMERSON thinks that if
woman is to vote, she must have a decent
place to deposit her vote. "The State," he"
says, "must build houses instead of dirty
rooms and corner shops; the State must
build palaces and halls in which women
can depo3ite their votes in the presence of
their sons, and brothers, and fathers. The
effect of that reform upon the general
voflng of the State all can feel."
A NARROW ESCAPE.—At New Haven,
last week, as it little girl three years old was
looking out of a window of a third story
house she lost her balance and fell. Quite
a number of persons saw her fall and expect
ed that she would be dashed in pieces on
the pavement below. But," very fortunate
ly, the loop of the child's shoe string caught
upon the blind fastener, and she hung in
that position until a man who saw her
frightful condition could run from the street
upstairs and take her in. It was a very
narrow escape from instant death.
Bocour SOME REAI, ESTATE.—The smallest
lot on record, and the most extravagant one,
was sold in New Y'ork city lately. The im
provements on Portland street were to cut
through a corner lot, perhaps half its depth,
and the man who owned the next lot thought
it would be a fair chance to widen his own by
buying the remainder. He asked the owner
what he would sell the margin for, whatever
it might be when the street was carried
through. One hundred dollars was asked
and paid, and the purchaser was delighted
with the thought of his bargain. When the
improvements were finished, the lot was ex
actly three inches wide and thirty long.
AT the late meeting of the Presbytery,
when the subject of Scripture was under
discussion, Brother W. said early in his
ministry he and another brother were con
ducting a meeting in which there was much
religious interest. An old man gave ex
pression to his joy by shouting, and contin
ued it until it began to interrupt the ser
vices. Brother H. said to Brother W.,
"Go stop that old man's noise." He went
to him and spoke a few words, and the
shouting man at once became quiet. Broth
cr . asked Brother 11., "What did you
say to the old man that quieted him so
promptly ?" Brother H. replied, " Indeed
him for a dollar for forcir/n mixtions.''
ANNA DICKINSON, in her "spread" on
"Nothing Unreasonable," says that politics
to-d&y means an indecent scramble for office,
where every ntan is for himself, and the
devil takes the hindmost. As for the fore
most, they arc already safe in his hands.
All this would imply a virtuous disinclina
tion to office on the part of the disfranchised
Anna, did she not assure us in the very
next breath that she herself expects to be a
member of Congress in ten years. Gentle
Annie seems very desirous, if any "inde
cent scrambles" are going on, to take part
in them. She should remember that if she
is "hindmost" in the scramble the devil
will take her, and if she is fitted to be fore
most therein, then she is already "safe in
A NEW ORLEANS paper describes a per
son who, during the day, wanders aimlessly
about the streets of that city and has done
so for many years. No one knew what bis
business was or bow he lived. The writer
of the article which speaks of him says that
the other morning be happened to go out
quite early and found that this man earned
his living in a singular, but very suggestive
way. He was neither chiifonnier nor thief,
but amused himself by walking out early in
the morning and picking up every cigar
stump and- quid of tobacco that he could
find, and dropping them into a dirty satch
el. "What does he do with these old sol
diers? Evidently he fands purchasers, but
what disposition is made of the refuse by
his employers? Cigarettes?"
BEDFORD, PA., FRIfiY, JULY 2- 1869.
BETTER LATE THAN NEVER
Life is a race, where some succeed,
While others are begining:
'Tis luck, at times, at others speed
That gives an early wishing.
But if you chance to fall behind,
Ne'er slacken your endeavor;
Just keep this wholesome truth in mind,
'Ti* better late than never.
If you keep ahead, 'tis well,
But never trip your neighbor:
'Tis noble when you can excel,
By honest patient labor.
But if you are outstripped at last,
Press on. as bold as ever;
Remember, though you are surpassed,
'Tis better late than never.
Ne'er labor for au idle boast
Of victory o'er another;
But, while you strive your uttermost,
Deal fairly with a brother.
What'er your station, do your best,
And hold your purpose ever ; *
And, if you fail to beat the rest,
'Tis better late than never.
Choose well the path in which you run,
Succeed by noble daring ;
Iben though the la3t, when once 'tis won,
Y'our crown is worth the wearing.
Then never fret if left behind,
Nor slackeu your eudeavor ;
But evtr keep this truth in mind
'Tis better late than never.
Yet, would you cure this sad defect,
Repining's unavailing ;
Begin, at once, and now correct
Tbis very common failing.
This day resolve, this very hour,
Nor e'en a moment wait;
Go make this better maxim yours—
'Tis better never late.
THE FIRST THOUSAND DOLLARS.
BY REV SAME EL T. SL'EAR, D. D.
The first thousand dollars that a young
man, after going out into the world to act
for himself, earns and saves will generally
sctile the question of business life with
hint. There may be exceptions to this
statement; yet, for a rule, wc think that it
will hold true.
The first condition is that the young man
actually earns the thousand dollers in ques
tion. lie does not inherit this sum. It
does not eomc to him by a streak of good
luck, as the result of a fortunate venture in
the purchase and sale of a hundred shares
of stock. It is the fruit of personal indus
try. He-gives his time and his labor for it.
While he is thus earning and saving it, he
must earn two or three, or perhaps four
times as much to pay his current expenses.
He is consequently held sternly to the task
of industry for a very considerable period.
The direct consequence to him is a steady,
continuous and solid discipline in the habits
of industry, in patient, persistent forecast
ing and self-denying effort, breaking up all
the tendencies to indolence and frivolty,
and making him an earnest and watchfu
economist of time. He not only learns how
to work, but he also acquires the love of
work; and, moreover, he learns the value
of the sum which he has thus saved out of
his earnings. He has toiled for it; he has
observed its slow increase from time to
time; and in his estimate it represents so
many months or years of practical labor.
His ideas of life are shaped by his own ex
Tlicse natural effects of earning the first
thousand dollars we hold to be very large
benefits. They are just the qualities of
mind and body which arc most likelv to
secure business success in after years.
They constitute the best practical education
which a man can have as a worker in thi •
working world. They are gained in sea
son for life's purposes; at the opening
period, just when they are wanted, when
foolish notions are most likely to mislead
an inexperienced brain, and when, too,
there is a full opportunity for their expan
sion and development in later years.
Men have but one life to live; and hence
they start from opening manhood but once.
And the manner in which they start, the
principles with which they start, the pur
poses they have in view, and the habits
they form, will ordinarily determine the en
tire sequel of their career on earth. To
succeed, uien must have the elements of
success in themselves. One great reason
why there arc so many useless, inefficient
and poverty stricken men on earth—or,
rather, boys seeming to be men—consists
in the simple fact that they did not start
right. A prominent reason why the chil
dren of the rich so frequently amount to
nothing may be found in the luxury, case
and indolence which marked the commence
ment of their lives. It is the law of God
that, we should be workers on earth; and!
no one so well consults the best develop ;
nient of his being as when he conforms his
practice to this law. The workers in sorm
suitable sphere are the only really strong
men in this world.
The othir condition of the statement is
that the thousand dollars should be saved,
as an actual surplus beyond daily consump
tion. He who spends all he earns is always
poor. He never has a dollar of accumula
ted wealth. The stream runs out as fast as
it runs in. In spending his entire earnings
he will, on the one hand, contract the
habits of prodigality, with its kindred vices,
and, on the other, lose those ot a sound and
judicious economy. This being the phase
of things as life opens with him, his pros
pects for the future arc a minus quantity.
Life with him will be a failure; mature
years will be marked by insignificance; and
old age, if he lives to see it, will be loaded
with poverty. He is an oljeet of charity
at the moment in which he ceases to be a
producer, having no reserve upon which to
draw in the day of adversity. Some men
seem to be doomed to this by necessity, and
in their case poverty and want are not their
fault; yet a very large number make this
condition their choice —aud, hence, with
them it is self-produced.
The great rule of good sense and Chris
tain virtue is not to spend more than one
earns, never to spend anything either fool
ishly or viciously aud always spend as
much less than one's earnings as is consist
ent with a reasonable degree of personal
comfort and a proper sense of duty to God
and man. Tbis is the general thought
which every one must apply for himself.
It is not meanness, but economy. It is not
| but a legitimate self-love. It is
far Bj' likely to dwell in the bosom of
| virtudau in that of depravity. It is, in
deed, form of virtue, graded to the reali
ties a! necessities of this life aDd not un
fitting subject for tho enjoyments and
gloriof the next.
Nt, in saving the first thousand dollars,
the tng man whom we have in view
prao£s this economy. He live 3 within
his fins, and hence owes no debts he
cam pay; he never spends money in a
fool, or a vicious way; and, after a
pror attention to his own wants, and the
dut which bind him to others, of which
qfueons he is the sole judge, he lays by,
fromonth to month, or year to year, bis
suns earnings as so much accumulated
capl- At length he reaches the point,
ands worth a thousand dollars. The
lesns thus acquired will almost certainly
fpr a life-time. They are wrought
irithe very tissues of his personal being.
Ifrtunc smiles upon him, as it probably
ws it will not make him a fool. He can
gld prosperity without explosion. He
>der?tands economy, for he has practiced
•' It is with him not an idea in rely; but
fact, and a fixed feature of character,
is outflow of his earnings may increase
th his increase of means; yet the law
lich governed and the processes which
•ured the saving of the first thousand dol
s will be likely to stand by him in all
ie to come. Some men fail for the want
■ sufficient action to command success;
ters fail for the want of sufficient ccono
rin respect to the products of action;
il others fail for the want of both. Some
ire no discretion in prosperity, and others
be almost no energy and force in the
IV of adversity. The trained worker and
b trained economist belongs to no one of
Use classes. His personal qualities make
In a man —a sensible, prudent, forcible,
tactical man in every relation and at all
We select a thousand dollars as the trial
sin, because it is not too large to be attain
ab-in most cases, or so small as to he of
eas; afainment. It is about sufficient to
putayoung man to the test, and bring out
vhsf there is in bim, and in this way give
tima practical education for the business
■ orkof life.
I tis quite true that this article refers
tairly to a point in material civilization,
sveopmcat, aud progres;; and it is just
; trie that humanity was designed, while
tovhg through this sphere, wisely and
till odo the things that belong to this
shce. The present life has its l.nrs and
it mcessities; and to obey the former and
nit the latter is as really a duty as it is
tipr.y or sing psalms. There are six
dys in every week for business as
wil as a seventh for religious wor
sip. Society rests on business. Product
re indtstry is the life blood of the world.
I feedsand clothes the race. The surplus
e.rningiof humanity beyond immediate
crosumpion core-titute the accumulated
wctlth o mankind. It is first produced by
induswj and then saved by economy; and
but for* the race would be a herd of pau
pers ar savages. The man who fools
away th life iu indolence or prodigality is
a fool iihere be no other life : and he cer
cainly ia fool if there be another. The
your g fan to whom it is a matter of no
conseq.'nce whether he works or plays,
wheth' he saves or spends, deserves a work
hou.-e t task him and a short allowance to
drecipke him. The father who, having an
arepleortune, brings up his sons upon this
shifila theory is practically their enemy,
and i-s inexcusable as he would be if he
sboulipobon them with rum. To all such
fathei and all such sons we commend the
pract'al profit of earning and saving the
first tousand dollars.
i WHT THE FEATURES INDICATE.
W are told that the extremes of both
i largaess and smallness of stature are not
favrnble to strength or intellect. Giants
and dwarfs are generally deficient iu this
I reject, and excessive corpulency or meagre
ncs is seldom associated with mental activ
j ity Aristotle and Napoleon Bonaparte
horevcr, were verv short, Charles James
; Fx was exceedingly fat, Daniel Webster
boh broad and tall, and Lord Nelson a liv
in skeleton. A large head is generally the
acompaniment of a great intellect; but a
! sLall one with a comparatively extensive
firehead in quite consistent with mental ca
I pcity. Raphael, Charles XIT., Frederick
j tie Great, and Lord Brougham were illus
tations of the latter fact. It is said that
;*y nose which is less than the height of the
: firehead, is an indication of defective intel-
Ictual power. The eyes indicate character
ather by their color than form. The dark
ilue are found most commonly iu persons of
II gentle and refined character; light blue
md gray in the rude and energetic. Lav
later says: "Hazel eyes are the more usual
indications of a mind masculine, vigorous
and profound; just as genius, properly so
called, is almost always associated with eyes
of u yellowish cast, bordering on hazel."
The higher the brows rise the more their
i possessor is supposed to be under the influ
ence of feeling, and the lower the better
controlled by his reason. A very small eyc
ibrow is an indication of want offeree of
jeharactcr. A tolerably large n;outl ts es
sential to vigor and energy, and a
lone is indicative of weakness and indo
-1 ence. In a ntanly face the upper lip should
-xtend beyond and dominate the lower.
I Fleshy lips are oftcuer found associated with
voluptuous and meager ones with a passion
! less nature. The retreating chin indicates
veakness, the perpendicular, strength, and
' die sharp, acutcness of mind.
AN ENGLISH COMPLAINT.— Tbe English
papers complain that some of the great
manufacturing establishments of America
keep agents in the manufacturing towns of
England to loruicnt strikes and stir op
difficulties among the work jteople, in order j
to secure the principal and most experienced .
hands for shipment. Thus, we are told, j
were stircd up the recent troubles in Pres
ton, which resulted in the transfer of a large
number of hands to Loweil; and it is now
reported that agents are operating 'in the
"Black Country," and picking out a large
number of good workmen for the Pittsburgh
iron works in Pennsylvania. We judge there
is some misstatement about this matter.
We suppose the truth simply to be that
large American manufacturers occasionly
send agents to Great Brittain to engage ex
perienced workmen; and it is the wages
these agents arc able to offer which causes
the difficulties the English papers suppose
to be systematically planned.
THE SINGULARITY OF AMERICAN
Moncure D. Conway, writing front l>n
don to the Ait ti-Slavery Standard, rays: j
The shadow of slavery is yet so heavy up
ou the minds of some Americans that they
cannot conceive how petty * and provincial j
the prejudice against color seems to the cul- I
treated people of England and France. The j
New Yorker, for example, who sent the ;
photographs of the negroes in the South
Carolina Legislature, was, I doubt not, im
pressed with the idea that the mere sight of
a black face in a Legislature would evoke
exclamations of horror from the eminent
gentlemen and ladies of the Royal. But
English scholars are just now too much en
gaged in searching, with increasing admira- j
tion, into the literature of tl.eir two hundred
million swarthy Indian subjects, to find a
red flag in any black skin. Livingstone has
made contempt of the negro forever impos
sible in England. The other evening John
Ruskin lectured at the Royal, and immedi
ately in front of him, on a bench reserved
for the emincut, sat a black woman, aceom
puttied by a noble lord and his lady. There
were a few Americans in the audience; they
revealed themselves by whispering their as
tonishment. But Mr. Buskin, champion of
Governor Eyre as he was, evidently did not
note her presence, In France it is positive
ly an advantage to be colored. A likely ne
gro is there apt to be a lion, so lend are the
French of something unusual. One may
there see proud ladies escorted by, or danc
ing with, decorated negroes. And in Eng
land that disposition to take a peculiar in
terest in the swarthy races which has al
ready given to England the tragedy ot
"Othello," has assisted to make "Black and
White" the most popular drama now being
acted on the London stage. The interest of
this piece, written by Wilkie Collins, turns
upon the passion of a white girl for a hero
who has negro blood in him, in a region
where the old prejudice prevails. Her love
is finally victorious over prejudice. It is a
pure miscegenation drama. Feebler acts
the dark hero splendidly ; and the audiences
arc enthusiastic enough to make an Auieri
can negrophobist rave. No one can reside
here without perceiving that everywhere in
; Europe the prejudice against color isbccom
ing a sign ot inferior culture. This lately,
when, in a suit for breach of promise in
Ohio, which turned upon the question of
whether the woman bad negro blood, physi
cians were called in to testify on the subject,
the report of the trial was reproduced every
where, and commented on with wonder that
such an eveDt could occur Id a community
calling itself civilized. It was treated as a
trial for witchcraft might be.
Observe your mother when she is packing
atruuk, and you will see that whatever she
is most afraid will be spoiled, she is most
careful to put in the middle, that it may be
least exposed to accidents. And this is
what a kind Providence has done with the
arteries, which have the utmost cause to
dread acou'ents, while the veins, which are
much better able to hear rough usage, are
allowed to wander about freely just under
the skin. But when (he bones happen to
lake up a great deal of room, and come near
the skin themselves, as is the case in (he
wrist, the artery is forced, whether he likes
it or not, to venture to the surface, and then
we are able to put our finger upon him.
And there are others in the same sort of
situation; the artery of the foot for in
You feel quite sure blood is red, do you
not? Well, it is no more red than the wa
ter of a stream would be if you were to fill
it with little red fishes. Suppose the fishes
to be very, very small —as small as a grain
of sand—and closely crowded together
through the whole depth of the stream ; the
water would look quite red, would it not ?
And this is the way in which blood looks
red ; only observe one thing ; a grain of sand
is a mountain in comparison with tho little
red fishes in the blood. If I were to tell
you they measured about the three thousand
two hundredth of an inch in diameter, you
would not be much wiser, so I prefer saying
(byway of giving you a more perfect idea
of their minuteness) that there would be
about a million in such a drop of blood as
would hang on the point of a needle. I say
so on the authority of a scientific French
man—M. Boiilet. Not that he has ever
counted them, as you may suppose, any more
than I have done; but this is as near an ap
proach as can be made by calculation to the
size of those fabulous blood fishes, which are
the three thousand two hundredth part
of an inch in diameter.— Jean Mace.
EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYED.
Much of the disaffection between the em
ployer and employed which leads often to
acrimonious and unpleasant disputes, might
be avoided by a more generous interpreta
tion of the terms of the contract specified or
implied between them. In many cases the
employer makes his concent n disciplinary
school, the pupils ot which are to be drilled
to become as mere machines as the insensate
mechanism they oversee or attend. A cer
tain set of iron-bound rules, immutable and
unchangeable as those of the Mades and
Persians, is made to govern and control the
help, with no opportunity for variation or
adaption to circumstances or person. The
honest, conscientious workman finds him
self, under this system, ranked with the
careless, unjust, and selfish man who would
feel a pride in "getting ahead of bis boss.
All this is wrong. Certain rules must, of
j course, be made and observed in order to
I insure a uniformity of work and a proper
division of duties ; but the rule that is nec
essary for him who, having no standard of
right in himself, bows only to the law of
force, is not the rule for the concieutious
workman anxious mainly to protect and in
sure the interests of his employers. In the
contriving of rules fc r the governing of me
chanical establishments, the character of the
tneti employed should be considered. No
man should have his sense of manliness
I crushed or injured by being subjected to
; rules fitted only for the inmates of a penal
institution. It not only injures him morally,
1 but it deprives his employer of his best ef
i forts, as he cannot and will not work con
amore when he knows he is under espionage
or suspicion. Let employers treat their men
I as men and they will find it to be to their
pecuniary advantage. Circumstances alone
; generally give them an advantage over their
i fellows. — Scientific American.
THE Ohio Board of Agriculture offers
I slori for the best wheat.
VOL,* 42: XO. 26
"GETTUIU ON IN TIIE HOBLIV
When we see Jenkins, or Jones, or nny j
other of our acquaintances, who started in ;
the race of life with nothing hut their wits '
or luck, go dashing by in their carriage, or !
look at the fine houses tkey are erecting, we j
instinctively say, Jenkins, or Jones, as the
case may be, is "getting on in the world."
It may be true, in a pecuniary point of view,
that Jenkins' or Jones' bank account is large
—liis carriage may be lined with purple vel
vet, and his pew in church as. soft as up
holstery can make it, and as conspicuous a*
his standing as "one of the annoiDted"
should be—but yet Jenkins or Jones may
not sleep as sound, or enjoy that peace j
which comcth from a clear conscience, as j
well as some whose names arc not in any 1
Bank Ledger, or whose house is not the \
envy of the rabble. The truth is, there are j
many ways of getting on in the
world; it does not always mean making a
great deal of money, or being a great man j
for the people to look up to in wonder, j
Leaving off a bad habit for a good one is ]
getting on in the world; to ba active and
industrious, instead of Idle and lazy, is get
ting on; to be kind uud forbearing, instead
of ill-natured and quarrci.-orae, is getting
on; to work as dilligently io the master's ,
absence as in his presence, is getting on; in
short, when we see any one properly attend- !
ing to his duties, persevering through such
difficulties to gain such knowledge as shall
be of use to himself and others, and offering
a good example to his relatives and acquain
tances, we may be sure that he is getting on
in the world. Money is a very useful arti
cle in its way, but it is possible to get on
with small means, fbr it is a mistake to sup
pose that wc must wait for a good deal of
money before we can do anything. Perse
verance is often better thaq a full purse.
There are more helps toward getting on than
is generally supposed ; many people lag lie
hind or miss altogether, because they do not
sec the abundant and simple means which
j surround them on all sides, and so it bap
pens that there are aids, which cannot be
bought with money. Those who wish to
get along in the world must have a stock of
patience— of hopeful confidence a willingness
| to learn and a disposition not easily cast
j down by difficulties and disappointments.
ItESPKCT THE BODV.
Respect the body, dear men and women !
-peak of it reverently, as it deserves. Don't
take it into unworthy places; give it sun
shine, pure air, and exercise. Be con-eien
tious as to what you put down its throat.
Remember what is fun to the cook and con
fectionary trades may be dea'h to if. Give
it good, wholesome food; let it be on inti
mate terms with friction and soap and water;
and especially don't render it ridiculous by
your way of dressing it.
Recognize the dignity of your body; hold
it erect when your awake, and let it lie out
straight when you're asleep. Don't let it
go through the world with little mincitfg
steps nor great gawky strides; don't swing
its arms too much, and don't let them grow
limp from inactivity. Resolve to respect its
shoulders, its back, and its fair proportions
generally and straight way shall " stoops, "
and wriggles, and "grccian bends" be un
Respect the body—give it what it requires
and no more. Don't pierce its ears, strain
its eyes, or pinch its feet; don't roast it by a
hot fire all day, ami smother it under heavy
bed covering all night; don't put it in a
cold draught on slight occasions, and don't
nurse or pet it to death; don't dose it with
doctor's stuffs, and, above all, don't turn it
into a wine cask or chimney. Let it be
"warranted not to smoke" from the time
your manhood takes possession.
Respect the body; don't over rest, or over
love it, and never debase it, but be able to
lay it down when you are done with it, a well
worn but not misused thing. Meantime,
treat it at least as well as you would your
pet horse or hound, and my word for it,
though it will not jump to China at a bound,
you'll find it a most excellent thing to have,
especially in the country.— Hearth and
MAKING GLASS EVES.
It is said that there aro in New York at
least seven thousand persons who wear false
eyes. The manufacture of these eyes is done
entirely by hand, and is thu3 described by
the -lmen'eaii Artisan :
A man sits down behind a jet of gas flame,
which is pointed and directed as he wishes
by a blow-pipe. The pupil of the eye is
made with a drop of block glass imbedded
in the center of the iris. The blood-vessels
seen in the white of the eyes are easily put
in with red glass while the optic is glowing
with heat like a ball of gold. The whole
eye can be made inside of an hour, and it is
at once ready to put in. The reader should
know that it is simply a thin glass shell in
tended to cover the stump of the blind eye.
After being dipped in the water, this shell
is slipped in place, being held by the eye
The secret of imparting motion to it de
pends upon working the glass so that it
shall fit the stump. If it is too large, it wi:l
not move, if it fits nicely, it moves in every
particular like the natural eye, and it is quite
impossible in many cases to tell one from the
other. The operation is not in the least
painful, and those who have worn thorn a
cumber of years feel better with them in
than when they are out. A glass eye should
be taken out every night, and put in in the
morning. In three or four years the false
eye becomes so worn that a new one lia< to
A CORRESPONDENT of an Eastern ex
change finds the chief cause of Irish dis
content in absenteeism. Some 340,000
people own Ireland in fee simple, and most
of these people reside abroad. Consequently
some £400,000,000 or £500,000,000 sterling
annually are taken from the country. It is,
in reality, raked like a New Eengland cran- ,
berry bed. lleucc the resident laborers :
never thrive or prosper. The surplus above
actual existence is periodically withdrawn. ;
Whenever, therefore, anything cxtraor
dinary occurs, as the potato rot in 184>, ior ;
example, the people have no alternative but ,
death. Alison and others give the number
of deaths in that yeir from famine at some
800,000 or 1,000,000, yet Porter's PrOgrer*
of the nation shows in that very year 7,400,-
000 bushels of cereals exported from Ire
land, and the beef and mutton, etc., was in
similar poporlions. The of
course, go',rg into the pockets of the .rind
AMEKICAHf SIIIP BUILDING.
The Wilmington (Delaware) Commercial,
makes the important statement that iron
ship builders there, the most extensive in
this country, have recently competed di
rectly with the builders on the Clyde, and
having put in a lower estimate have re
ceived work in preference to thoae cele
brated English artisans. The case in point
was the construction of a sea going iron
steamship, for Ceutral American trade,
built at the order of the Panama Railway
Company. The proposal of the Wilming
ton firm being loss than the Clyde builders.
| the ship was built there. It is needless to
i say that the work was as well done in all
! respects, and the material as good as it
! would havo been if constructed in Great
Britain, but it is pro;>er to add that new
contracts at rates similar will lie accepted by
our builders. In another case, a Wilming
ton firm has built two steamers, and is now
at work on a third for a company who run
lines on some of the South American rivers.
For various reasons our builders arc pre
ferred, after a direct comparison of their
abilities with those of the English builders,
and the company in question give them the
' 9k> these facts tin Commercial adds the
"So decided, indeed, is the conviction of
the leading firms of this city on this ques
tion, that, on being recently applied to by a
proposed ocean steamship company for a
certificate to lie presented to Congress, that
| on account of the tariff on ship s materials
| it wa> impoeible to furnish vessels at foreign
, prices, and that therefore those duties
| should be repealed, they conscientiously re
' fused to make any such statement, for the
•.imple reason that they knew it to be incor
rect. This, too, notwithstanding that the
, statement had a'ready been signed by lead
| ing firms in New York and Boston.
"Previous to the Morrill tariff, some sev
i i n or eight years ago, the English plate iron,
angle iron' an 1 rivet iron wereused univcr
-1 sally in all first-cllss iron vessels. None
was produced in this country or anything
like as good quality. But the tariff raised
the price, stimulated our manufacturers, and
after some years, the result was and now
is, that of tb -o varieties of iron the Ainer-
I lean is best, is altogether used, and would
| he used by build r.- cv u if it cost more.
ORIGIN or AN- OLD CUSTOM.— Surely
the custom among men of touching their
glas-es before drinktng the health of a friend
(or on other occasions merely for ceremony s
sake) merits some attention in regard to its
origin. Possessing a fondness for antique
researches, it affords an infinite pleasure to
communicate the whv and the wherefore oi
the ahove mentioned practice. Several
years anterior to the time Socrates, it was
: given out that any criminal condemned to
| die the death by having the poisoned drink
administered i was at liberty to consider his
; life insured, if lie could succeed in prevail
ing upon his friends to share the potion
with him even in such small ijuantities as
: might, prove innocuous to all: and in order
; to a-certain precisely the exactness of each
one's allowance, they had resource to the
every day custom of touching glass with
glass, measuring in this manner their rcs
; peetivo portions, pledging the health and
happiness ol the thus liberated convict, and
rejoicing that tlicy had been made the me
dium through which life was saved.
APPEARANCE OK BRIGHAM YOUNG.—A
writer in the San Francisco Bulletin says :
Brigham Young. ;n bis sixty-ninth year, is
a remarkable man, and bids fair to live for
many years. His step bas lost some of its
elasticity, and his figuro shows that he is
going down the hill of life ; but his hair, al
ways light, is unmixed with gray, and
though his locks may be thinner than they
were forty years ago, there are no signs of
approaching baldness. His brow and cheeks
are clear and smooth, with a slight ruddy
tinge, and without wrinkle except around
the corners of the mouth. His brow is lofly,
his nose prominent and well formed, his
eyes gray, and in repose show something of
the dullnes of age, but he looks as if he
cou'd give a stern ordei and watch its exe
cution, however bloody, without flinching.
His lips, too, are thin, and when set give an
aspect of severity to his countenance ; yet
he can smile very pleasantly when he
WOULDN'T DO FOR A JURYMAN.—A
joke was perpetrated a few days since upon
Judge Barker, who was presiding over the
Supreme Court, iu session at laockport, N".
Y. A juryman was absent from his seat,
all the others being occupied. A dog,
looking for the master, very quietly took
the vacant place. The Judge, addressing
Hon. A. I'. Banning, of Buffalo, said: "You
see, Mr. Banning, that the jurymen's seats
are all occupied. Are you ready to pro
ceed? The distinguished pleader raised
bis glasses to his eyes, Rod after a brief
survey of the jury-box made the witty re
ply: "Your Honor, that fellow might do
for a judge, but I should hate to trust him
for a juryman." The good-natured Judge
joined heartily in the merry laugh that
followed, and proved that he could take as
well as give a joke.
MIL BEWES AND "GEO. ELIOT."— The
facts in regard to the relationship between
Mr. Bewes, the philosophical historian, and
"Geo. Eliot," aro as follows: Mr. Lewes
was married early in life; his wife subse
quently eloped with a paramour: three or
four years later Lewes found her in great
distress and relieved her necessities, settling
npon her a part of his income.
He then applied for a divorce, which was
refused by the English courts on the ground
that his provision for the erring wife was a
forgiveness of her error. The Scotch court
was less rigorous, however, and, haviog se
! cured a divorce there, Lewes married Miss
Evans on a Scotch certificate.
THE Supreme Court decides that if a pas
senger on a railway train cannot find a seat,
and gets injured while standing, in conse
quence, upon the platform, lie is not to be
blamed for negligence, but that the negli
gence must be imputed to the conductor.
It is the latter' s business to find a seat for
the passenger, not the passenger's business
to look for one.
UN Tuesday last the supply of strawber
ries was the largest ever known in New
York. The rain checked the sale of them,
and the market was perfectly glutted.
Prices touched ten cents a quart for good
qualities. In the afternoon the common
average sold as low as six cents. Whole
cargoes of Norfolk berries were thrown in
to the river.
JUSTICE in Texas is still very rapid, if
not always certain. A black mare was
stolen tioin a livery stable, and, after search,
was heard from in a distant town. The pro
prietors sent a messenger after her, and a
day or two afterwards received a despatch
as follows: "Your mare is here; T will bring
i her: thief hung."