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attention of Port Master* and subscribers to the
Ixq.'iKEß to the following synopsis of the Ncws
f ape - laws:
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e-fter, (returning a paper does not answer the law;
when a subscriber does not take his paper out of
the office, and state the reasons lor its not being
taken; and a neglect to do so makes the Portnja
ter repmuibU to the publishers for the payment.
Anv person who takes a paper from the Post
office, whether directed to his name or another, or
aether he ha* subscribed or not is responsible
for the pay.
3. If a per,on orders bis paper discontinued, he.
must pay ail arrearages, or the publisher may
continue to s-nd it until payment is made, and
ollect the whole amount, whither ir 6c taken fr.ot
the office or not. There can be no legal diaeontin
ueaec until the payment is made.
4. If the subscriber orders his paper to be
stopped at a certain time, and the publisher con
* .el to rend, the subscriber is bound to pay for
it, if he take• it out af the Poet Office. The law
proceeds upon the ground that a man must pay
for what,he uses.
5. The courts have decided that refusing to take
newspapers and periodicals * om the Post office,
or removing and having them uncalled for, is
fimtt facia evidence of intentional fraud.
tnfmtonA & v&s.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, isoroan, FA.
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law, in new brick building near the Lutheran
Church. [April 1, 1883-tf
. A. POINTS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA.
Tte-pretfully tenders his professional services
the public. Office with J. W. Lingenfelter)
Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Chnrch.
~7&-Collections promptly made. [April, I'B9-tf.
TNSPY M. ALSIP,
ill ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA.,
Will faithfnlly and promptly attend to all busi- ;
te=s entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin
ing counties. Military claims, Pensions, back
t ay, Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with i
Mann A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 door* south
cl the Mengel House. apll, 1380.—tf.
T R. DURBORROW,
) . ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to j
his care. Collections made on the shortest no- ;
He 'i,ato, a regularly licensed Claim Agent
and mi! give special attention to the prosecution
"lis.* auainst the Government for Pensi n,
Bsrlt lay. Bounty. Bounty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, ne door Jseuth of the
Jnqnirer office, and nearly opposite the'Mengei
ii use" April 1, lS6'.':tf
S. L. RCSSELL. J. B. LOTCESECIFR
RUSSELL A LOXGEXECKER,
ATTORXETS A COISSELLOBS AT LAW, '
""ill attend promptly and faithfully to all busi- .
entrusted to their care. Special attention
,r. to collections and the prosecution of claims j
.r Ls Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac.
:~<r~ office on Juliana street, south of the Court ,
II . se. Apr! 1:69:1 jr. i
V I D. SHAP.RE E, F. KERB j
Q HARPS A KERR.
o A T TO BSE VS-A T-LA W.
i;l practice in the Court* of Bedford and ad-
Biiiig cuusiic*. All business entrusted to their ;
re will receive careful and prompt attention.
. ensioos, Bocntj f Back Paj, dc., speed. lT eol
le ted from the Government.
' • See on Juliana street, opposite the banking
b. e f Reed k Scheil. Bedford, Pa. Apr l;69:tf
\y G SCHAFFER
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office with J. W. Dickersou Esq.. 2."aprly I
5 B. F. HARRY,
Resjectfully tenders his profcsU ua! ser- ;
s to the citizens of Bedford and vicinity.
' hce an I residence on Pitt Street, in the building :
formerly occupied by Dr. J. 11. Hofius. [Ap'l 1,69. :
OL* SHANNON, BANKER,
. BEDFORD, PA.
BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT. !
''■ liecti .cs trade for the East, West. North and
- uth, and the general business of Exchange
transacted. Note* and Accounts Collected and i
..omittances prompriymade. REAL ESTATE
' jght and sold. April 1:63 j
D MANTEL BORDER,
Pitt street, two moes wist or the ana
pcbd hotel, Beivobd, Pa.
WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL
RY. SPECTACLES. AC.
He keeps on band a it"ck of fine Gold and Sil
ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Refin
ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains. Breast Pins. linger Rings, best
quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order
any thing in his iine not on hand. [apr.lS.'fia.
[A W. C ROUSE,
• DEALFR 15
1 IGARS. TOBACCO. PIPES. AC.
Oa Pitt street one door east of Geo. R. Osier
A o.*s Store, Bedford. Pa., is now prepared
c by wholesale ail kinds of CIGARS. All
- :er* promptly filled. Persons desiring anything
in his line will do well to gire him a call.
Bedford April 1. '69.,
See a: the old stand in
ILvi Brn.Di.TG, Juliana St., BEDFORD.
AU operations pertaining to
Surgical and J/echanical Dentistry
performed with care and
A.ovtiw.Ys admi*i.icr*H, n-im desired. Ar
at, 1- t 95.00 and Ky .
As I am detei mined to do a CASH BUSINESS
r B<>ne, I have reduced the prices for An; 6 ial
T- th of the various kinds. 20 per cent.. ar,d of
1 old rulings S3 per cent. This reduction will be
made oniy to strictly Cash Patients, and all such
will receive prompt attention. "febfiS
This large and commodious house, having been
it taken by the subscriber, is now open for the re
nof visitors and boarders. The rooms are
large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished,
'he table will always be supplied with the best
t a arket can afford. The Bar is stocked with
the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purpose
keep a FIRST-CLASS HOTEL. Thanking
:ae public for past favors. I respectfully solicit a
ter.cwa! of their patronage.
X. B. Hacks will run constantly between the
Hotel and the Springs.
mayl7,'99:Jjr WM. DIBERT, Prop'r.
PXOD AS 8 E HOTEL,
■ ' HUNTINGDON, PA.
obi establishment having been leased by
'KRISOX, formerly proprietor of the Mor-
J House, has been entirely renovated and re
st..-bed and supplied with all the modern im
1' vements and conveniences necessary to a first
...* ' teL
i :.e dining room has been removed to the first
" "id now spacious and airy, and the chim
ore all well ventilated, and the proprietor
endeavor to make hii guests perfectly t
<■ Address, J. MORRISON, '
" ' a -Y t ' Huntingdon. Pa.
\ j AGAZIXES.— The following Magas.ues for
- A sale at the Inquirer Book Store ATLAX-
i I ;i,„ MONTHLT ' fI'TNAMc MONTHLY
UPPIXCOTT'S, GALAXY, PETERSON, GO
DKMOKECIR, FRANK LESLIE
LRiiiDE, ate. etc. ft
JOHN LUTZ. Editor and 'Proprietor.
1 THE BEDFORD INQUIRER.
EVERY FRIDAY MORNING,
OFFICE OX JULIANA STREET,
TH E BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM
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CIRCULATION OVER 1500.
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Our facilities for doing all kinds of Job Printing
art equalled by very few establishments in the
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3 iloral and Enteral flrtospaprr, Drbotrti to i?olitirs, ©duration, Hitrvaturr and i-B orals.
ONLY A DROP.
BY DR. C. S. Hit tot.
A few evenings ago, at a convivial gather
| ing in Philadelphia, a young friend—a gen
j erou*, noble fellow, but more a victim to the
i inebriating cop, than he was aware of, invited
j the company to drink wine with bim. One
1 of the guest* declined, saying, that he was
: past his majority by a few months, and had
never yet tasted of any intoxicating beverage,
and never intended to begin. Our friend re
peated the invitation, saying. "Come! only a
drop! That can't harm you." The train of
thought awakened by that expression, "Only
a drop J" has resulted in the following lines :
"Only a drop !'" Sure naught, can befall
Of harm, from a thing so weak and small.
"Only a drop 1" Yet beware ! beware !
The germ of a myriad ills is there.
"Only a drop !"' In that drop I see
Ten thousand gaunt phantoms of misery :
In its bright, sparkling, ruby light, so clear,
Oh! Gcd ! what visions of woe appear.
"Only a drop !" Yet its burning wave,
Hath borne to the yawing, remorseless grave.
The hopes of the aged : the gladness ot youth:
Fair woman's fond trust, and proud man
"On ly a drop !" Hark! the anguished prayer,
Wrung from the widow's lone heart, is there:
And the wife.® sad wail; and the orphan's cry.
That ceaseless ascend to the Throne on High.
"Oniy a drop!" See 1 the yon ig ar.d the old;
The poor in bis rags, and the rich in his gold:
The brave in bis might, and the high in his
Are all swept away by its pitiless tide.
•'Only a drop !" Not a hideous name,
Of hatred and crime, of rais'ry and shame :
Not a horrid spectre, nor hellish thing :
But from that little drop may spring.
"Only a drop!" Yet linger not, where
The fiend of the wine-cup hath spread her
The song of the siren is her's. and her breath
Blasts hope, life, all, with the blight of death.
"Only a drop 1" Oh ! heed not her spell 1
Her paths go down to the gates of bell,
Of her votaries, God's word is given ;
"They shall not inherit the bliss of Heaven."
Bedford, Pa., May 1,186! L
TO A POLITICAL OPPONENT.
BY GEORGE D. PREXTICE.
I send thee, Greeiey. words of cheer,
Thou bravest, truest, best cf men :
For I Lave marked thy strong career,
As traced by thy own sturdy pen ;
I've seen thy stiuggles with the fi va
That dared thee to the desperate fight,
And loved to watch thy goodly blows
Dealt for the cause thou deem'st the right.
Thou'st dared to stand against the wrong
When many faltered by thy side ;
j [ln thy own strength cast dared be strong.
Nor on another's arm relied,
Tby own bold thoughts tbou'st dared to
Ttiy own great purposes avowed ;
And none have ever seen thee shrink
From the fierce surges of the crowd.
Thou, all unaided and alone,
Didst take thy way in life.s young years,
With no kind hand clasped in thy own,
Xo gentle voice to soothe thy tears.
But thy high heart no power could tame,
And thou hast never ceased to feel
Within thy veins a sacred flame
That turned tby iron nerves to steel.
I know that thou art not exempt
From all the weaknesses of earth.
For passion comes to rouse and tempt
The truest souls of mortal birth,
Hut thou bast well fulfilled thy trust,
In spite of hope and love and fear,
And e'en the tempest's thnndergust
But clears thy spirit's atmosphere.
Thou still art in thy manhood's prime,
Still foremost 'mid thy fellow men,
Though in each year of all tby time
Thou liast compressed threescore and ten.
Oh. may each blessed sympathy,
Breathed on thee with a tear and sigh,
A sweet flower in thy pathway be.
A bright star in thy clear biue sky.
INDUSTRY THE ONLY TRIE
BY HORACE GREELEY.
The monopoly of the soil is the great fun
damental error of our political and social
policy. Had the truth hut been understood
an ! acted on, in the settlement of this con
tinent, that no man can rightfully have an
exclusive property in any more soil than be
and his family can cultivate—had a moder
ate and reasonable maximum for land-owning
been established at the outset, and no man
permitted to hold more, save on sufferance,
to be resumed by the State so soon as the
inerea>e of its population shall have created
a demand for it—then the spectacle of gen
eral thrift, industry, plenty and content
ment. presented by our country, would suf
fice to banish aristocracy and despotism from
Europe without a struggle, and ensure a
general imitation of our bcneficieut, inspir
ing example. But we began under royal
auspices and with royal grants of land in ex
orbitant quantities to favorites: and we have
vc-ry naturally progressed to poor-houses,
orphan a-ylums and soup societies, until al
ready our great cities differ a little in their
social aspects from the capitals of Europe,
with their sumptuous thousands and squal
id hundreds of thousands of inhabitants.
Land monopoly, wherever it may be tolera
ted, compels the many to toil and suffer that
the few may riot aad squander. It must be
abolished before republican principles can
have full course and achieve their noblest
A Republic wherein one man may truly
say of those who hold the balance of power
in a State, "If they do not rote as I say, I
will deprive them of their means of subsist
enee," is but a disguised and decorated oli
A Republic in which a large proportion
of the voters are ignorant, enslaved to appe
tite, and in desperate want of the necessa
ries of life, is a very insecure guardian of
Liberty, Property and Prosperity. Every
elector should have a direct and palpable
interest in the welfare of the community
whose policy may l>e radically changed by
bis ballot: and it is the pressing dictate of
public safety that such interest be extended
acd secured to him. A constitutional pro-
BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY, MAY 28- 1869.
vision that no more than a reasonable num
ber of acres—say three hundred and twenty
—of a: able soil shall henceforth be acquired
by any one within the limits of the State,
h-arsg each unmolested in his present pos
sessions, but prescribing that wb'-ever shall
h'-reafter inherit or acquire arable land be
yond the legal maximum, shall within a
, yeardis; eof the excess, or have it sold in
his behaif'by the proper officer of State, no
bid being received front any but a landless
I man, or one whose entire possessions, in
cluding that he bids for. will not exceed the
k-gal maximum, would do more to secure
t ; the prevalence of equality, industry, intelii
,- gence and prosperity, than any act ever yet
framed. It would give a new impulse to
agricultural iropiovemt nt, by iui|>elling ac
tive, energetic, and thrifty men to improve
i the farms they have, instead of applying
tbe:r faculties and means to the buying out
of tht ir neighbors. Few as yet realize that
he who owns a hundred fair acres in a thick
ly settled community may double his estate,
more naturally, cheaply and fcereficicntly,
by doubling the depth of the soil, than by
adding on another hundred aeres. The
former method involves no double fencing,
nor double taxes—both which are implied
by th • 'alter. In fact, 'he soil not only
might be but would be rendered far more
productive than it now is, and give far more
employment to labor, if it were not for this
I fatal facility of territorial expansion, which
now engrosses the encrgcries and means of
sac" >ful cultivators. Public worl s of
genera! utility would be far more rapidly
and extcn-ively con.-tiucted. if it were not j
for the pride of neighborhood acquisition—
the coveted distinction of owning most land
of any man in the country. As a general
; rule, no farm will pay three per cent, on its
market value t > any other than a resident
i cultivator; yet many a sharp dealer will add
J farm to farm rath' r than lend his money on ;
j a six per cent, mortgage, to help his young
, and struggling neighbor keep the on-? farm
j from wh'ch he derives his subsistence, to
which his hopes are anchored.
No man thinks of investing in a railroad,
' unless merely to help it, without a fair pros
pect of realizing at least six per cent.; yet
the pas-ion of territorial aggrandizement
hah •at no such limit. The laws which en
courage and protect this pa--ioa have much
to answer for—the dearth of employment,
the depression of wages, the dependence of
later, and the con-trained idleness of hund
red- of thousands. No thousand acres own
ed by one man do or will, in the nature of
things, employ and reward nearly so much '
labor as those same acres would if owned I
; and cultivated by ten, twenty or thirty tnen. i
; If one man were landlord of the earth, half .
; it population would inevitably be pauper.-:
j if ev ty man owned so much of the soil as
h cultivates or would cultivate, there would j
soon be no paupers at all. Antaeus, in
cla -ic fable, beaten to the earth, is reviv. 1
by her touch, and renew- the contest with
| all it- pristine vigor. Thus it would and
j should be with every one who fails in trade,
in manufacture, or in any of the profession*.
Our popular education should have taught
1 him in boyhood the principles and the
methods of rural industry, our laws should
secure him at ail times easy access to a mod
icum of the soil. Then "failure" in some
commercial or industrial enterprise would
cease to be synonymous with "ruin:" tin n
no man, defeated in a single effort, would
act unt himself, or be regarded by others,
a? parabzed and prostrate f>r life. It shall
yet be realized that, in the infinite bounty
of Providence, there is hope for all who
have sacrificed that integrity and thorough
ly regained it. That he who is once bank
rupt should thenceforth be u-eless and bur
densome, is one of the most wasteful of our
social blunders, and demands prompt cor
recrioo. No man, with two strong arms
and an honest head on his shoulders, should
be accounted a minus quantity because he
has proved unfortunate in seme single vo
cation. There are stiil hundreds of possi
bilities remaining: and if ihere were none
but ibis, grain would grow and fruit ripen
under his earc as well as another's. Friends
may vani-li and fortune frown, but oar kind
mother Nature smiles benignantly on all
her children to the last.
I discern in our wholesale alms giving,
our misnamed charitv, the luo.-.t striking
confession of the vices and defects of our
social economy. Charity was once a syno
nym of love; but who imagines that there
is any love in our current alms-given to
stranger.-? We relieve their wants, not be
cause we love but because we loathe
j theui, and would fain be speedily rid
of the'r hateful presence. In awisely
ordered social state, there would be no
giving, save from relative to relative, or
from friend to friend. The destitute, crip
pled, diseased or idiotic, would be support
-1 ed at the public expen-e, as a matter not of
| faTor but of simple justice ; but, no roaming,
whining beggar would be tolerated, any
more than a professed thief. Every day's
I -übsistcnce by begging floats the receiver
; farther and father from the rational hope
j of ever again being a useful and respected
member of society—every day drives him
farther towards desperation, outlaw and
crime. The beggar encounters contempt, '
reviling and scorn ; and these foster in his !
heart bittern s", execration and revenge. !
His children grow up thieves as well as va
grants; they loathe the idea of working for a
livelihood, and dread a factory worse than j
a prison. And, worst of all, the proffers of
alms-giving are pou r ed into a bottomless
abyss. If ten times as much were giveD in
charity to vagrants as now is, there would i
be less distress, but ten times as many beg
gars. It should be the first care of a wise
State to make all needful public provision
i for the relief and sustenance of the luckless ,
and destitute, and then inexorably repress
ill vagrant beggary—all appeals to tbeeyin-'
j patbies of strangers. If we cannot at once j
; abolish all idleness, all horse leech appliea
j tions to the jugular of industry, sve can at i
j least make a beginning here. Every stroll- !
ing beggar should at once be taken in charge
by the proper authorities and set to work :
•very child of such vagrant should be made
wek-otne to a good home and taught an hon- 1
- ft trade. If onr great cities bad but the nerve
to take hoid of the giant evil in this spirit. ;
and spend less in ten years to eradicate beg- :
gary than they now lavi-k in pampering and
increasing it, they would do themselves and
the world a service of which they have now
no adequate conception.
I am not disposed to judge harshly the
large class of young men who are said to
"fail" because, commencing life without
definite ideas of the necessity to the joung
of uric' economy, both of time and meant,, 1
tbey are tempted into undue expenditure?,
and fall thence into pecuniary emlarass
menu. I can imagine ca*es in which this
is but the overflow of a generous nature,
anxious to make borne pleasant to the dear
brightencr of its fire-ide, and to proffer a
fitting hospitality to relatives and friends.
Certainly, to contract debts without a mor
ally sure prospect of paying tlicm is tauhJy,
and, if intentional, is; dishonest and crimi
nal. Flie fraudulent bankrupt is a thief,
and ought to be provided for accordingly,
liut tha young man who, through simple
want of experience, and imperfect koowl
edge of the value of money, supposing hitii
j well established in a good business, and
! in the receipt of an adequate and steadily
increasing income, supplies and adorns Lis
Lome with elegancies which he cannot real
I ly afford, and indulges taste.- in equipage
and entertainment which are beyond his ac
tual means, ig oftcu only weak and uncir
eumspeet. where a harsh and hasty judg
ment pronounces him dishonest. When
the delusion vanishes at the lowering of
trouble—when protested notes, foreclosing
m rtgagc-, and posibly a snow shower of
writs and executions, pour upon him. then
cones the true trial of his character. Do
not condemn bim until thc-n. If he take
the lesson kindly, as it was intended—if,
without one weak murnier, one theatrical
grimace, he discard all bis finery and par
ade, and come promptly down to the level
where fortune cr his own folly has placed
bim—if he welcome his friends as cordially
to his naked two rooms np-stairs as he did
to the front parlor of his spacious and ele
gantly furni-hed house, and take hold of
any work which now solicits bim—p rhaps
of a journeyman in his old shop, a clerk in
the -tore for merely his —a- heartily and joy
ously as he presided OYer it—that man has
not failed. He has rather risen than fallen;
as a few years will make plain to the dullest
apprehension. He will soon be in his old
place again, assuming that he ever belonged
thi-re. and, profiting by hi- past errors, will
pay his old debts and win a competence.
Do not distrust but have laith in him, and
all will come out right.
Stid. the fondness for display, the craving
for elegance and Inxary, is a weakness whii-h
only tooth and love and thoughtlessness can
execse. All great, all good men. have eith
er despised from the outset or speedily out
grown it. A volura: of portraits of the
world's hundred greater men. with outside
and in-ide views of the dwellings ' wherein
their lives were tnaiiily passed, would prove
mo-t instructive and salutary. The si;n
plicity of nature evinced in their counte
nance- would seem but a reflex of that ex
prc--ed by their home?. The mini absorbed
by grand or benignant purposes must regard
the trappings of luxury as impediments, a
di-Ura.-tions, entirely out of keeping with
the chief ends of its being. As a general
rule, no man can be pod for much whose
dinner consumes two hours of his day in the
providing and consuming of it. Our great
men in the way of traffic—William Gray.
G:rar(S A-t r. McDonough—were all
tremely simple in thcr habits, quite a.-
much from taste as from economy. I: was
related of Gray, while be lived, and never
contradicted, that, when he was worth a
million dollars.# young lawyer, seeing a hum
We plainly dressed roan in the market of
Boston, hired him to carry home the meat
he had just purchased, which job was ac
cepted and perform-.d with alacrity. Ar
rived at his own door, the lawyer tendered
a shiliinc. which the meat carrier accepted
with thank*. "And whenever you have
any little job to give," added the me k re
ceiver of the *hi!!iog. "just inquire of Billy
Gray. Everybody about the market knows
ro." The lawyer blushed, shot into the
house, and never again wanted a man to
carry home his dinner to the day of h : s
So A-ror. when solicited fop credit by a
fur-buyer he did not know, took his refer
ences, and said he would promptly make in
quiry and give an answer. Meanwhile, the
customer bought a small package for cash,
and took it on his shoulder to carry away
with him. "Won't you have a porter?"
"No, I thank you," said the buyer, "lean
carry this myself." 'That's enough,"
-aid the shiewd Jacob. I don't want to con
sult your reference. You can have credit
here for all you will buy.' So it is with
wise men the world over. They do jndge
by appearances, but very differently from
the judgement of the "moths who "are
ever caught by glare."
McDonough dies, and his entire wardrobe
is appraised at forty dollars, while his be
quests for philanthropic purposes amouDt
t:> millions. Girard, too, lived a reputed
miser: but his will nobly refutes th<> calum
ny. It makes evident the fact that he lived
and saved to a benignant, unselfish end ;
and to such a life the reproach of avarice is
The vice of extravagance, or inordinate ex
penditure, is one to which our countrymen
are especially addicted. We are a sanguine
people, and our past history and rapid prog
ress give plausibility to the most magnifi
cent expectations for the future. Looking
back through a ecntnry, oureountry'scareer
in arts, industry, population, wealth, would
secui one uninterrupted and sweeping ad
vance; but if regarded more do-- !v, \ ■ f.ud
that th!.- advance has been fitful and .nter
mittent, like that of a ri-ing tdt-markon
the sandy beach; and somcti-nes years of
depression and disaster have interrupted the
progress 0 f improvement. He who calcu
lates that the country will be richer and
vaster, its trade more extensive, its indus
try more efficient, fifty years hence than
they now are, has every probability on his
side; but he who cherishes the assurance
that uexi year's trade will neces-arily be
more active and prosperous than this, and
incurs expenses and obligations on the
strength of that expectation, i-very likely
to be disappointed and crippled. Excessive
confidence in ourselves and our predestined
good fortune is the National defect; let us
be careful that it is not permitted to work
our personal or National downfall.
Work wins success, and indolence leads to
failure—such is the genera! if cot universal
law. Of two children, it were very unsafe
to predict that the brighter, quicker, wit
tier, will the better succeed in life; for very
often his seeming duller playmate will out
strip him. and bear to the tomb renown and
blessings, while be falls by the wayside and
is forgotten. But ascertain that one of two
children evinces rare assiduity and devotion
to whatever befits his years and station —
that he does not dread and shun labor, but
bears his part in it cheerfully and heartily,
Without making s theatric display of hit n
ergy and diligence, and that, while others
devote all their leisure hours to frolic and
recreation he sits down by himself to read
and study, and finds satisfactory employ
ment in storing his mind with knowledge,
agreeable society in the thoughts of earth's
best and wisest instructors, and you may
very confidently assume that tin it youth,
should life and health remain to him, wi'l
not. in aftet life, disgrace the name be bears
nor send a dagger to a mother's doating
heart. lie may not attain dietinction, but
he will very certainly secure esteem; and the
tears of unshaiued affection will water his
grave however lowly.
RELIGIOUS QUESTION \ SPAIN.
The Mardrid cot respondent of the Lon
don Daily Neict writes, under date of April
17, that the discussion in the Spanish Cortes
on the religious question have given a fore
taste of the interest it will excite when arti
cles 20, 21 and 22 of the constitution are
reached. The clerical party have spoken
out. Senor Manterola. the Canon of Victo
ria, and Senor Monescillo. the Bishop of
Jaen, in the general debate on the constitu
tion, both made powerful speeches, especial
ly upon the violation of Catholic unity by
the clauses permitting the exercise of other
The Netcs correspondent says :
"The Canon's speech was very long, aod
very anti-Protestant: lut it was not well re
ceived by the House, and it drew forth from
the great republican orator, Castelar, a re
ply which, I do not hesitate to say, has
given a blow to the power of the priests in
Spain they will never get over. It electri
fied the House to such an extent, that when
he resumed his seat almost the whole of the
deputies on both sides crowded around hift
embracing him, patting hint, shaking his
hands, and even ki.-sing hint. Ministers;
majority, and even the President Rivero,
were quite enthusiastic in these expressions
of approval as the Republicans. The ex
eiteruent has spread all over the country.
Four or five columns of the Discussions attd
the Jgaviblad are filled daily with copies of
congratulations and felicitations sent to
Senor Castelar by telegraph from ail parts
of the kingdom. The monarchical papers,
which hitherto have alr< adv underrated his
speeches and been most opposed to his
principles, have every one articles laudatory
of tin* great effort. Even the Impartial
and the Iberot —government organs—speak
of him as being a 'national glory.' The
former says that parts of the speech surpass
aoything ever delivered by any orator of
anci at or modern times.
"This is. perhaps, siring too much; but
certainly; in my own experience of parlia
mentary eloquence, I have never listened to
anything more brilliant One by one Caste
lar demolished evety argument and every
assertion of the Canon, until he left htm
thoroughly and unmistakably beaten. He
charged the Catholic church and its intoler
ance a.- having been the caure of the back
ward position of Spain in progress of every
j-. .- rlprion. Especially w-< ; - P • very power
ful in his denunciations of :hc- - lict which,
at the instigation of the clergy, 11 to the
bani-hment of the Jews, which had not
nly deprived the c untry of much material
wealth, but also of the honor of being the
birthplace of many eminent and illustrious
men. The assertion that the Catholic
church never dealt in persecution, never
killed the heretics, but that the civil power
did, he characterised a? childish., and equiv
alent to the assa-sin saying he did not kilt
his victim, but the dagger did. The In
quisition had been the dagger of the Church.
"Castelar combated the boast tbc Canon
had made about the founding of universi
ties by the Catholic Church. IJe said she
was one the centre of light in the midst of
feudalism and barbarism, and she would
hardly fail th n to be in the van of progress.
But compare any of their great universities
—Salamanca for instance —with the foreign
universities which sprung out of the ideas
of the sixteenth and seventeenth centurits.
I! x wa> it that the Spanish universities
had degenerated? It certainly wa- not be
cau-e the Spaniards were inferior in intelli
gence and talent to the Ene!i-h or the Ger
mans. but because those two great people
had acquired before them the great treasure
of liberty of thought ; because they had not.
like Spain, remained so long without light
in the conscience, buried in the obscure
depths of the Inquisition!
"As I said at the beginning, this speech
has created an extraordinary sensation, and
awoke an echo from all quarters. A sub
scription is on foot for a national ovation to
Castelar, who has made tremendous strides
in popular estimation, and proved hiin-elf
the first orst r of his country."
EXERCISE.— Through all nature, want of
motion indicates weakness, corruption, in
animation and death. Trenek, in his damp
prison, leaped about like a lion, in fetters of
seventy pounds weight, in order to preserve
his health: and an illustrious physician ob
'I know not which is the most necessa
ry to the support of the human frame—
food or motion. Were the exercises of
the body attended to in a corresponding
degree with that of the mind, men of
great learning would he more healthy and
vigorous—of more general talents—of more
ample practical knowledge; more happy in
their domestic lives; more enterprising and
attached to their duties as men. In fine, it
may with propriety be said, that the highest
refinement of the mind, without improve
ment of the body can never present anything
more than half a human being
PEARLS. —Measure not men by Sundays,
without regarding what they do all the week
Moderation is the silken string running
through the pearl-chain of all virtues.
How can we expect another to keep our
secret it we cannot keep it ourselves?
The generous heart should scorn a pleasure
which gives others pain. ''
There are few, very few, that will own
themselves in a mistake.
The best government is t hat which teaches
us to govern ourselves.
The memory of good actions is the star
light of the souL
There is not a wakeful moment without
There is beggary in the love that can be
No*man can tell whether he is rich or
poor by turning to his ledger. It is the
heart that makes a man rich. He is rich
or poor according to what be is, and not ac
cording to what he has.
VOI.. 42: NO. 21
THE TRADES OF ASI.HALS.
The following observations which we
copy varixilim from an "Old Curiosity
Shop, have reference to animals, and ex
hibit. at least, their apparent knowledge
of the sciences; also their professions, oc
cupations, and enjoyments: Bees are ge
ometrician..; their cells are so constructed
as. wiih the least quantity of material, to
have the largest-sized spaces and tbe least
possible loss of interstice. So, also, is the
ant lion: his tunnel-shaped trap is exactly
correct in its conformation, as if it had been
made by tbe most skillful artists of our
species, with the aid of the best instru
ment e. The mole is a meteorologist. The
bird called the nine-killer is an arithmeti
cian : so, also, is the crow, the wild turkey,
an i some other birds. The torpedo, the
ray, and the electric eel are electricians.
The nautilus is a navigator; he raises and
lowers his sail, casts and weighs his anchor,
and performs other nautical evolutions.
Whole tribes of birds are musicians. The
beaver is an architect, builder and wood
cutter; he cuts down trees and erects houses
and dam-. Tbe marmot is a civil engineer:
he not only builds houses, but constructs
aqueducts and drains to keep tLem dry.
The white ants maintain a regular army of
soldiers. Tbe East India ants are horticul
turists; they make mushrooms, upon which
they feed their young. Wasps are paper
manufacturers. Caterpillars are silk-spin
ners. The bird ploeeits tartar is a weaver;
he weaves a web to make bis nest. The
prircia is a tailor: he sews the leaves to
gether to make his nesf. The squirrel is a
ferry-man: with a chip or piece of bark for
a boat, and his tail for a sail, he crosses a
stream. Dcgs, wolves, jackals, and many
others, are hunters. The black bear and
heron are fishermen. Tbe ants are regular
day-laborers. The monkey is a rope-dancer.
The association of beavers presents us with
a model of repub'icanism. The bees live
under a monarchy. The Indian antelopes
furnish an example of patriarchal govern
ment. Elephants exhibit aristocracy of
elders. Wild horses are said to select their
leader. Sheep, in a wild state, are under
the control of a miiitarv chief ram. Once a
EDITING.— An exchange has the follow
ing, which will strike all who read it as be
Kdi'ine a paper is a pleasant business.
If it contain? too much reading matter
people won't take it.
If the type is too large, it don't contain
enough reading matter.
If the type is too small people won't read
If we publish telegraph reports, people
say they are all lies.
If we omit them, they say we arc fossils.
If we publish original matter, they con
demn us for not giving selections.
If we publish selections, they say we are
lazy for not writing more, and give them
what they have not read in some other pa-
If we give a man a complimentary notice,
then we are censured as beiDg partial.
If we remain in the office and attend to
bu.-incss, folks say we arc too prottd to min
gle with other fellows.
If we do not, they say we never attend to
If we publish poetry, we effect sentiment
If we do not, we have no literary polish
If we do not pay bills promptly, folks say
we are not to be trusted.
If we pay promptly, they we stole the
Goon MAXIMS.—Ac action cannot Is 1
perfectly good, unless it is pure in its mo
tives; that is. unless the motives are vir
tuous and free from any mixture of vice.
If we commit small laults without regret
to day wc shall commit greater ones to
Pride is the most ridiculous and the most
foolish of all vices.
In everything we do, however trifling,
wc ought to reflect and reason, otherwise
we shall never do anything well.
Idleness renders us unfit for everything.
Fiattery is more prejudicial than rude
ness or anger.
We owe the greatest gratitude to I bose
who tell us the truth.
Calumny is the voice of those who have
neither a good heart nor a good under
We ought never to believe ill of any one
till we are certain of it. We ought not to
say anything that is rude and displeasing in
joke, and even then we ought not to carry
the joke too far.
The longer the saw of contention is drawn,
the hotter it grows.
In matters of conscience, first thoughts
are best. In matters of prudence, last
thoughts are best.
Lying is a vice so very infamous, that
the greatest liar cannot bear it in other
LARIATING A LOCOMOTIVE.—The Sacra
mento Reporter says: It is currently re
ported that a new tribe of Indians have been
discovered near Independence, on the line
of the Central Pacific, who would seem to
be as well posted in regard to railroad mat
ters as their red-skin brelhern of the plains.
The other day a locomotive having passed
by to their bewilderment, tbey resolved to
lie in wait or pursue and lariate the mon
Accordingly they made a very strong
lariate,and perceiving the mystery approach
ing, stretched it across the track, either end
being held firmly by 20 or 30 of the would
be captors. The engine came thundering
along, the lariat was struck just below the
head light, and it is said that the Indians
exhibited greater feats of ground and lofty
tumbling than was ever seen in a tirat-class
IN a recent sermon Mr. Beecher pitied
the devil after the following fashion: "I
am informed that, before the commutation
system was abandoned by the ferry compa
ny, men of property and good standing in
society would boldly declare that tbey had
a commutation ticket in their pocket when
they had none, for the sake of going through
without pa>ing! Thev did this when the
ferryage was one cent! I pity the devil!
It is awful to be chief magistrate for a par
cel of men like them ! I cannot understand
how these exiguous, thricc-squeczed men
can be managed 1 "
IT is unwise to worry about what cannot
be helped, aod foolish to worry about what
can be helped. Therefore worry not at all.
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Communications on subjects of local or general
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AU letters pertaining to business of the office
should be addressed to
JOHN LUTZ, Bicrom, Pa.
HORACE OKEELET, editor of the New
York Tri/mne, is about to publish in that
journal a scries of articles on political econ
omy, designed to elucidate the policy of pro
The New York TrSmne thinks the Penn
sylvania miner's strike was "resolved on be
cause the season and weather are now pro
pitous to "the National game of Base
THE Pittsburg .Mow? says it is calculated
that about two hundred and seventeen per
sons in the Smoky City make their living
solely by borrowing small sums of money
from "friends" and never repaying them.
POST OFFICE VACATED BY MARRIAGE.
—Miss Jones, Postmistress at Winterset,
lowa, recently married Mr. Alfred Smith.
Mrs. Smith i- not known to the Depart
ment as postmistress. Miss Jones has no
longer a legal existence, and things gen
erally are very much mixed, wraith is
anxious to know if he married iuto the post
office or has married the post office out of
RIP VAN WINKLE is no longer a myth.
There is a man in one of the Paris Hospi
tals who has been enjoying a quiet nap for
the past six months. The Paris doctors be
gradee this happy individual his repose.
Tbey and the nurses, who should have turn
ed his pillow once in a while and changed
the bed clothes, have been engaged in stick
in..' pics into the body of the happy man,
and otherwise endeavoring to disturb his
slumbers. He has thus far been callous to
ail annoyances of this kind, and cantinucs
to suore away as assiduously and loudly as
NEW SPANISH CONSTITCTION. —The new
Spanish Constitution does not seem to meet
with the approval of the liberal journals of
Madrid. Tbe objections may be summed
up as follows: The Constitution provides
neither for a democratic nor a monarchical
form of government, but contains an amal
gamation of contradictory principles which
are unsatisfactory to both Liberals and Con
servatives. So far from being a bond of
union, the Constitution, it is asserted, will
prove to be the source of new and fatal dis
THE STRIKE among tbe anthracite eoal
mincrs, engineered as it is by the em
ploying companies, includes, thus far,
but little if any more than half of tbe
operatives. In the Scranton and Car
bondale region the miners are still at work.
If these do not yield within a few days to
the movement, the strike must come to its
own end. Should the operatives attain a
clearer perception of the influences which
animate their action, they will be very likely
to abandon a position which the facts mark
as unreasonable, and which is the more in
i defensible since, on their part, it is without
I any ostensible cause for complaint.
CTKIOCS SiOEy. —Michigan papers state
that a young man named George Denslow,
living at Rome Center, in that.State, dream
ed on the night of March 13, that he was
deaf and dumb, and on awaking was horri
fied to find that he could neither speak nor
hear. From that time till the 4th of May,
fifty-three days, he remained totally deaf
and dumb. <)n the evening of that day,
while returning from the field where he had
been at work, an odd feeliDg came over him
and he was obliged to lean against the fern*
for support. Presently he hoard a bird sing,
and he found also that his voiee had return
ed to him. Paring this suspension of voice
and hearing he has enjoyed uncommonly
"AROUND THE WOULD." —An interna
tional excursion party around the world is
being projected by Monsieur Lesseps, the
enthusiastic originator and engineer in chief
of the canal across the Isthmus of Suex. now
approaching completion. He desires to
have one hundred gentlemen, of different
nationalities assemble at Paris next spring,
and go, via Marseilles, to Egypt, to be pres
ent at the opening of his canal. From Suez
the party is to visit India, China and Japan;
tbenee across the Pacific Ocean to San Fran
cisco, and come Eastward to Chicago and
New York over the Paeificßailroad. From
New York the Europeans will return to
their respective homes.
THE SOUTH.—As an inducement to emi
gration from the North to the Southern
States it is announced that land in that re
gion, adapted to the cultivation of the grains,
vegetables and fruits of the temperate xone,
may be purchased on reasonable terms, and
th3t with part cash, long credits for the re
maining installments will be giveD. Farms
already cleared and drained are, it is stated,
now offered from one-quarter to one-twen
tieth of what they brought before the war.
It has been suggested that the money mere
ly required to convey a family to the North
west or Pacific would purchase a farm of
three or four hundred acres of land in V ir
WESTERN MEXlCO. —Advices from West
ern Mexico, exhibit a terrible condition of
decay and demoralization in that fertile por
tion of the Mexican Republic. Revolution
in successful progress, when its forces do
not exceed three hundred men, is a telling
commentary on the weakness of the govern
ment, while the ability of small bands of
robbers to hold the high roads and keep the
towns in constant fear of kidnappers exhib
its an utterly exhausted condition of socie
ty. Alongside of this decaying State stands
California, a wonderful picture of power and
progress. The future is evident. In this
ease the fat kine will at no distant day eat
the lean kine, and the world wili not say
WHEN Fuad Pasha was sent as Embas
sador Extraordinary of Turkey to London,
Abdul Medjid sent by him a magnificent
diadem to Queen \ ieioria, who was at thaj
time, quite young yet, and was highly de
lighted with the splendid gift. A few years
afterwards she had some changes made in
the diadem, and caused two of its most beau
tiful pearls to be set in ear-rings. Fuad
Pasha returned to London, and, at an audi
dicnce which the Queen granted to him, he
noticed the two splendid pearls, and feasted
his eyes with visible delight .011 them. The
! Queen, whom his attention to her ear-rings
! did not escape, said smilingly, "I suppose,
sir, your sovereign will be angry with me
for having destroyed the magnificent dia
dem and caused ear-rings to be made out of
its two finest ornaments. 1 ' "No, madam,
replied Fuad Pasha, "my sovereign will, on
the contrary, be delighted to hear that yotl
loot your car to what came from him.