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ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
jnMItELL AND LINGEXFELTER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BCDFUSD, PA.
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law, in new brick building near the Lutheran
Church. [April 1, 1889-tf
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFOBP, PA.
Respectfully tenders his professional services
t the public. Office with J. W. Lingenfeltcr,
Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church.
_CS!~Coilections promptly made. [April, I'B9-tf.
ESPY M. ALSIP,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. BEDFORD, PA.,
Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi
ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin
ing counties. Military claims. Pensions, back
pay, Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with
ManD A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south
of the Mengel House. apl 1, 1889. —tf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
his care. Collections made on the shortest no
He a regularly licensed Claim Agent
and mi give special attention to tie prosecution
. '.vis s against the Government for Pensions,
Back I ay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door south of the
Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the 'Mengei
House" April 1, 1869:tf
g.t. RTSSELL J. H. LOSGtSICXER
RUSSELL A LONGENECKER,
VRTOGSSRS A Cot'SßßLM)*s AT LAW,
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi
ness entrusted to their care. Special attention
given to collections and the prosecution of claims
for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac.
354*-Office on Juliana street, south of the Court
House. Apti L-6S:lyr.
L M M'D. SHARP* *- R. IEEE
CIHAKPE A KERR.
O A TTOBXE YS-AT-LA
joining counties. All bnsiness entrusted to their
care will receive careful and prompt attention.
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col
lected from the Government.
Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking
house of Reed A Schell. Bedford, Pa. Apr 1:89:tf
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OSce with J. W. Dicker*on Esq.. 23aprly
QK. B. F. HARRY,
Respectfully tenders his professional ser
vices to the citiiens of Bedford snd vicinity.
Office an i residence on Pitt Street, in the building '
formerly ocoupiedbv Dr. J. H. HoCus. [Ap'l 1,89. j
OS. SHANNON, BANKER,
. BiDroED, PA.
BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT. j
Collections made for the East, West, North and
Booth, and the general basinets of Exchange
transacted. Notes and Account* Collected ami
Remittances promptljmade. HEAL ESTATE
bought and sold. April 1:69
PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WEST or THE IED
RORD HOTEL, BESFJRD, PA.
WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL
RY. SPECTACLES. AC
He keeps on hard a stork of fine Gold and Sil
ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Refin
ed Glasses, a-so Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best
quality of Gold Pens. He will supple to or,lei
any thing in his line not on hand. [pr.2B.'As.
• PEAI.ER 15
CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC.
On Pitt ftreet onn door east of Geo. R. Ostei
A Co.'a Store, Bedford, Pa., is DOW prepared
to sell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. All
orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything
in his line will do well to give him a call,
Bedford April 1. '6?.,
ri N. HICK OK,
>-'• T DENTIST.
Office at the old stand m
Bask BriLDisG, Jaliana St., BEDFORD,
All operations pertaining to
Surgical and Mecho nical Dentistry,
performed with care and
administered, vhen desired. Ar
tijicial teeth inserted at, per set, SB.OO and up.
As I am deteimined to do a CASH BUSINESS
or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial
Teeth of the various kind.-. 20 per cent., and of
Gool * illings ~d per cent This reduction will he
made only to strictly Cash Patients, and all such
will receive prompt attention. TfebfiS
This large and commodious house, having been
re-taken by the subscriber, is now open for the re
ception of visit >rs an 1 boarders. The rooms ar<
large, well ventilated, and comfortably famished
The table will always be supplied with the best
the uarketcan afford. The Bar is stocked witt
the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purport
to keep a FIRM-CLASS HOTEL. Thar.kin;
the pubiic for past favors, I reipeetfully solicit i
renewal of their patrenage.
N. B. Hacks will run constantly between th<
Hota! and the Springs,
mayir/filbly WM. DIBERT, Prop's.
IP XCHA Na K HOTEL,
d HUNTINGDON, PA.
This old establishment having been leased by
J. M'RBI SON, f.rmerly proprietor of the Mnr
rison House, has l>cen entirely renovated and re
furnished and supplied with all the modern im
proveuients and conveniences necessary to a first
The dining room has been removed to the Sr.-i
flour and is now spacious and airy, and the ehatn
. cr are all we., ventilate.i, and !he t-r< pr etor
will endeavor to make fats guests pcrf'-*■'.> st
home. Address, J. jtfpianxsON,
RICH AXES HOTEL,
Jljaiytf Huntingdon. Pa.
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DEY, KD'M. DEMORESTS. FR.'NK LESLIE
RIVER SIDE, etc. etc. it
JOHN L.IJTZ. Editor and Proprietor.
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THE OLD PENNSYLVANIA FARMER.
BY BAYABD TATT.OR.
Well—well! this is a comfort, now,—the air
is mild as May,
And yet 'tis March the twentieth, or twenty
And Reuben ploughs the hill for corn; I
thought it would be tough,
But now I see the furrows turued, I guess it's
I don't halflive penned up in doors; a stove's
not like the sua,
Whan I can't see how things go on, I fear
they're badly done;
I might have farmed till now, I think —one's
family is go queer —
As if a man can't oversee who's in bis eigh
tieth year 1
Father, 1 rniud, was eighty-five before he gave
But he was dim o's ight, and crippled with
I followed in the old, steady way, so he was
But Reuben likes ney tangled things and
ways I can't abide.
I'm glad I built this southern porch: my chair
seems easier here:
1 haven't seen as due a spring this five and
And how the time goes round so quick ! —a
week, I would have sworn,
Since they were husking on the fiat, and now
they plough for corn !
When I was young, time had for me a lazy
But now it's like a blooded horse, that means
to win the race.
And yet I can't fill out my days, I tire my
self with naught;
I'd rather use my legs and hands than plague
my bead with thought.
There's Marshall, too, I see from here, he
and his boys begin.
Why don't they take the lower field '! that one
is poor and thin.
A coat of lime it ought to baTe, but they're a
They think swamp mud's as good, but we shall
see what corn they gel!
Across the level. Brown's new place begins to
make a show.
I thought he'd have to wait for trees, but,
bless me, how they grow !
Tfcey say it's fine— two acres filled with ever
greens and things:
But so much laud! it worries me. for not a
cent it brings.
He has the right, I don't deny, to please him
self that way,
But 'tis a bad example set, and leads young
Book-learning gets the upper baud and work
And tbey that come long after us will find
thiDgs gone to wreck.
Now Reuben's on the hither side, his team
comes back again ;
I know how deep he sets the share, I see the
I had the fields so clean of stones, but be
must plough so deep.
He'll have it like a turnpike soon, and scarce
ly fit for sheep.
If father lived. I'd like to know what he would
say to these
New notions of the younger men, who farm
by chemistries ;
There's different stock and other grass:
there's patent plough and cart —
Five hundred dollars for a bull 1 it would have
broke his heart.
The maples must be putting out; 1 see a some
Down yonder where the clearing laps across
the meadow's head.
Swamp cabbage grows beside the ran, the
green is good to see,
But wheat's the color, atter all, that cheers
and "livens me.
They think I have an easy time, no need to
Sit in the porch ail day and watch them mow.
and sow, and plough:
Sleep in the summer in the shade, in winter
in the sun —
I'd rather do the thing myself, and know just
| how it's done!
I Well—l suppose I'm old, and yet 'tis not so
i When Reuben spread the swarth to dry, and
Jesse learned to mow,
And William raked, and Israel hoed, and Jo
seph pitched with me;
But such a man as I was then ray boys will
I don't mind Vt illiam's hankering for lectures
and for books;
He never bad a farming nack —you'd see it
in his looks;
But handsome is that handsome does, and be
j is well to do ;
Twould ease my mind if I could say the name
of Jesse, too.
There s one black sheep in every flock, so
there must be in mine.
But I was wrong that second time bis bond to
It*B less than what his share will be —but
there's the interest!
In ten years more I roigbt have bad two thou
sand to invest.
There's no use thinking ofit now, and yet it
makes me sore;
The way I've slaved and saved, I ought to
count a little more.
I never lost a foot of land, and that's a com
And if tbey do not call me rich, they cannot
call me poor.
Well, well 1 ten thousand times I've thought
the things I'm thinking now.
I've thought them in the harvest field and in
the clover mow;
And sometimes I get tnem, and wish
j'j .ouietuing new —
Bat this is all I've seeu and know: so what's
a man to do?
Tis like my time is nearly out, of that I'm not
I never cheated any man, and all my debts
They call it rest we shall have, but work would
do no barm.
There can't be rivers there, and fields, with
out some sort o' farm !
—From Hearth and Home.
BEDFORD, PA FRIDAY, MAY 7- 1869.
The Content Outraged—The GmUotvte tf
Work—Capt. MePelter Decapitated ait'l
a Nigger Made Asutntar at hu Place.
POST Orris, COSFEPXBIT X Rosas, |
(Wich ia in the State uv Keutueky) "■
April , 1969. J
Ef the Deinoerisy uv the North aru t sat
isfied by this time tbat the ultimate inteo
shen uv the Ablisbnist is to subjoogate em
and reduce em to the level of the nigger, the
voice uv one risen from the dead weodent
avail nothin. Yesterday the last outrage
wich a chivalrous people has been compelled
to bear wuz perpetrated onto a citizen u*
the Corners. I .-hel state the case candy :
The posishen uv Assessor of Internal
Kevenoo for the Dee strict uv wich the Cor
ners is the centre, hez bin held siuee A.
Johnson hez bin Pre-ident, by Capt. Hugh
MePelter, laie uv Moigan's Cavalry, C. S.
A. That he hex filled the posisheu to the
satisfaction uv the citizens uv the Co'.iers,
no one denies. He is a distiller, in fact be
and Elder Penu backer run the two distil
leries in the town, and they hev bin doen a
thrivin bienis. MePelter wnz Assessor, and
Pew' acker Collector, and c-z a consekence
none uv the capital uv the Corners hez bin
subtracted and carried to Washington to
feed the Abolishon iheeves there. Ez no
tax has ever been paid on the whisky at this
place, Bdseom hez bin enabled to continyoo
to sell it at five cents per drink, while every
where else the regular price is ten and fif
teen. There wuz other advantages in bavin
the Asses-orship and Collectorship in their
hands. By simply hintin to em that it wuz
my dooty ez a Federal offis holder to inves
tygate their modes of doin the Government
hiznis, 1 hev not only bin the happy recipi
ent uv scores uv two gailon jugs, but I hev
bin enabled at divers and sundry times to
prckoor loaus uv ein uv various amounts,
the lowest being $ 1,75 and the highest reach
This happy comic-hen uv affairs is bustid.
Grabriel Batcoek, a nigger—that is a half
uiggcr—formerly the property of Deekio Po
graui. and who looks enuff like the Deekin J
olde-t son Jehil to be his half brother, wuz
last week appinted and confirmed Assessor in
the place of Captain MePelter, and immedi
ately he enteied onto the discharge uv his
There arc many feechers pekooiyerly ag
gravatin in the appointment. To begin
whh, this Babcock was notoriously obnox
yus to the corners during the late onpleas
anuiis. At the heginnin thereof he run
away from Deekin Pograrn and entered the
Federal servi-. He wuz pertikerlary aetiv
His knowledge uv the country made him
yoosful to the Federal officers ez a guide and
a scout, and at least one Federal victory is
chargeable direct to the information hebrot.
Then hi- wife wuz knowd to her hid five
Federal sojors who had escaped f-tom Ander
■****■ L - £— tr- '
uv Captain MePelter at Fort Pillow, kin *
be wondered at that he wuz left for dead ? o
kin it l>e wondered at that the people uv the
Corners wuz surprised whe he appearee
among em at the close of the war. with oe
leg off and one arm stiff? Not much Capt.
MePelter wuzn't in the habit of half doia
hi- work, and the appearance of this niggei
who had passed through his hands ruther
astonished the Captain,
Doorin his absence he had learned to read
and write, and be wuz made a teacher in the
Freedmen's Stool wich wa- established in
this place, and now he is Assessor, with
Pollock on his bond.
Ei a matter of course we dispair uv the
Republic. Wat Freedom can there be for
us with a nigger in offichel posishen to tyra
uize Over us ? Whatman uv culcher, uv
edueashen, uv refinement, kin afford to live
in a comunity where a disgustin mulatto is
made not only our ekal but our sooperior!
Deekin Pograoi said this indignantly to
Joe Bigler, who immejitly askt the Deekin
whether or not he didn't count Babcock's
mother his ekal thirty years ago? Wich
question was in the presence of the
Deekin's wife, who hez a temper, wuz the
occasion uv severe remarks between the
worthy pair. Joe Bigler delites in opeoin
The first aet"uv this Babooek, in his offi
shel capacity wuz the shuttin uv MePelter's
and Pennibacher's distileries. and Bascom's
bar, on the skore that none uv em had never
taken out licensses, or even paid any taxes !
There wuz the most terrific ebulishen uv
feclin at this act uv tyranny that hez ever
bin my lot to witness.
"Hang the black cuss!"
"Down with the Afrikin despot !"
Shouted the infuriated citizens. With
a refinement uv crooclty wich cood only be
the off spring uv a most depraved and visbus
mind, he shut up these places at seven o'-
clock in the morning, before one uv the
citizens hed hed his morning bitters ! Hed
he postponed it an hour we might hev fought
it out. for some one else wood hev prokoored
a supply before noon, and things would hev
gone on normal. But there wuz the entire
populashen uv the Corners at seven a. m.,
with throats like lime kilns, and nary a drop
to be hed for love or money. The skcein
wuz well considered and successful. Thecit
izens cood hold hut fifteen minutes, and they
surrendered. They gave bonds to wich they
all apended their marks to indemnify the
(government for back tackses and compell
ed Ba-corn to take out license. This done,
the nigger, who was backt up by Bigler and
Pollock, opened his doors and the multitood
surged in and wuz satisfied. To think uv a
nigger holden the destinies uv the Corners
in his hands!
Ex a matter of course Elder Pennibaeker
will follow next; "indeed he wan'sto resign
now. for,*sez he, with the Assessorship in
hostile hands uv wit avail is it to be Collec
tor And then bow long will my head stay
on my shoulders? Is a nigger to take my
j place. Already hez Bascom r>;aud bis price
to 10c drink, and notified me that iik
ker from this time out is cash, and already
has Pennibaeker and McPelter refoosed to
lend toe a cent! 3ly Kingdum is erumblin.
Tiie elecksben uv Grant wuz the wedge wieh
is riven me from stem to stern. I shel be
compelled to go hentz a broken man.
The b indnes" uv this present Adininistra
-hen i? trooly astoni.-hen. Things wnz set
tliu rapid'y at the Corner here. McPelter
wnz bccouiin pacified, and Deekin Penni
baeker likewise. They wuz not sati-ficd
with the Guvernment, or ditf they approve
uv anything it did. but they were passive.
Now the old sore* is opened. Now MePel-
tear is breathtn slaughter, and is for leUin
slip the dorga uv war. And what her Grant
got in return? Why, a nigger who wuz al"
ready bizzen, and the two whites at the Cor
ners, who voted for bitn last fall and will
again, anyhow. General Grant don't tncan
to pacify us—he ain't on the soothe, nor
hez he a clear idea of wat is needed to con
ciliate. I shel go next. There is to be a
nieetin held next week to protest agin these
changes, but it won't avail nothin. We are
PETROLEUM V. NASBT,
(Wich is Postmaster.)
MAN UN AND DIXON'S LINE.
No geographical line, real or imaginary,
during the last half century, has been the
subject of more general reference than "Ma
son and Dixon's Line," and none less gener
ally understood. Constituting the southern
boundary of Pennsylvania, and the dividing
| line between this State, and Delaware and
I Maryland, and thereby the dividing line of
the free and slave States of the Atlantic
slope, until whore it struck the Ohio ri'.-cr,
"Mason and Dixon's Line" passed into
popular u-e in the fierce discussions which
so long agitated the country by reason of
the "irrepressible conflict" between Free
dom and Slavery. Now that the contest
has been ended in the entire abolition of
slavery throughout the Republic this geo
graphical line ceasr. to have any national
importance. Still, in view of the past, a
few facts in connection with its origin may
not be uninteresting to the reader.
In 1854, Hon. John 11. B. Latrobe, of
Baltimore, delivered an able and interesting
lecture before the Pennsylvania Historical
Society, in which he dwells at length upon
It seems that the grants of land to Lord
Baltimore, \Ym. Penn and the Dutch
settlers of Delaware, were somewhat in
definite and difficulty arose as to the bound
aries of tLe several grants. The grant to
Penn made part of his southern boundary
to consist of "a circle drawn at twelve miles
distant from Newcastle northward and
westward, unto the beginning of the 40tb
degree of Northern latitude."
On the 4th of July, 1760, the heirs of
Penn and Lord Baltimore executed a deed
of boundary settlement, under which,
together with the decisions of the English
Court of Chancery, Commissioners were ap
pointed to run the boundary line between
Maryland on the one band, and Delaware
and Pennsylvania on the other. The sur
veyors, under the deed, were Thomas Gar
nett, Jonathan Hall, John Lukens, Archi
bald McClean, John F. A. Priggs, Archi
bald Emory, John Watson and William
Shankland; whose original fieldnotcs are
still preserved in the Maryland archives at
At the end of three years, these Purveyors
had accomplished but little more than the
adjustment of the southern line of Delaware,
half way across the peninsula, the peninsu
lar line North to the intersection of the
•.— e ., putut or iLt circular
confine of Delaware, and the tracing of the
"twelve mile circle."
It was from the "tangent point" on this
circle, that the meridian was to be continued
North to a point, fifteen miles South of
Philadelphia, whence should be traced tin
parallel of latitude westward, that was to
divide the provinces, and to the difficulty ol
tracing this line is attributable the presence
of Mason and Dixon in America.
On the 4th of August 1763, Thomas and
Richard Penn, and Lord Baltimore, being
together in London, agreed with Cbas, Ma
son and Jeremiah Dixon, "two mathema
ticians or surveyors,''"to mark, run out.
settle, tix and determine all such parts of the
circle, marks, lines and boundaries, as wen
mentioned in the several articles or commis
sions, and were not yet completed." Macon
and Dixon landed in Philadelphia on the
15th of November following, and began
their work at once. They adopted the
peninsular lines, and the radius and tan
gent point of the circle, of their predeces
sors. They next ascertained the north
eastern corner of Maryland, and proceeded to
run the dividing parallel of latitude. Tbej
pursued this parallel a distance of 230
miles, IS chains and 21 links, from the place
of beginning, at the X. E. comer of Mary
land, to the bottom of a valley on Dunkard's
creek, where an Indian war path crossed
their route; and here, on the 19th of
November, 1767—103 years ago—their In
dian escort told them it was the will of the
Six Nations that the surveys should cease,
leaving 36 miles, 6 chains and 59 links as
the exact distance remaining to be run west
to the southwest angle of Pennsylvania, not
far from the Broad Tree tunnel on the B.
&. O. Railroad.
By agreement of the parties and the de
cree of Lord Hardwieke, of the English
Court of Chancery, the surveyors, Mason
and Dixon, planted at the end of every fifth
mile, a stone graven with the arms of the
Peons on one side and those of the Balti
more family on the other, marking the in
termediate miles with smaller stones, having
aP on the North side, and an M on the
South. This was done as far as Sideling
Hill; beyond that, the line is mark d by a
"vista," cut through the forest, eight yards
wile, with piles of stones on the mountain
crests, as far as the summit of the Alle
gheny; beyond which the line is marked
with posts, with stones and earth heaped
around them. Such is the Li-t ry of Ma
son & Dixon's line.
In course of time, the northeast boundary
stone of Maryland, was undermined by a
brook, and falling down, was removed and
built into the chimney of a neighboring farm
house. When it was missed, a joint com
mission was authorized by the States of
Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware, and
Lieut. Col. Jamas D. Graham, of the U. S.
Topographical Engineers, proceeded to re
place it. A "triangular prismatic post of
graiuio," marked with the letters. M, Dand
P, respectively facing the States to which
these letters refer, now marks the beginning
ol Mason and Dixon's line.
Dixon died at Durham, England, 1777,
Mason died in Pennsylvania in 1787.
PEOPLE who want to establish a veloci
pede rink can call it by any of the following
names: Amphicyclotheatron. gymnaeycli
dium, velocipedrome or bicyclocurrieulum.
No wonder some people are afraid of the
THE lady who wai nearly killed by the
accidental discharge of her duty, is slowly
THE TWO FRENCH QUEENS OF
BY JAMES PARTON.
Eighteen years ago the President of the
Republic of France betrayed the country
which had trusted him, stole its liberties in
the night, laid robber hands upon its treas
ury, dishonored its noblest citizens by carting
them to jail in prison vans, murdered in cold
blood several hundreds of innocent men and
women in the streets of Paris, and trans
ported hundreds more to a hot, unhealthy
region of the tropics. This was the Ander
sooviile of usurpation. It transcended all
that had ever been done in that kind, —
joining to the extreme of dastard'y mean
ness the extreme of audacious cruelty, and
being totally devoid of palliation or excuse,
except that invented by the bead liar of the
gang who perpetrated it. The man in
whose name the deed was done appears to
have furnished nothing but the lies; the au
dacity, and what little courage was shown,
being supplied by others. Mr. Kinglake's
chapter upon this usurpation (Invasion of
the Crimea, Vol 1. Ch. XIV) strikingly
confirmed by some American narratives to
which the author had not access, exhausts
the subject and avenges the human rac-e.
which, is deeply injured whenever win's
faith in man is lessened by the deliberate
betrayal of a solemenly accepted trust. Mr.
Kinglake, I say, has avenged our outraged
race; for which, I trust, we are all duly
grateful to him. Nothing remains but for
France to bring the perfidious wretch to
trial for the special wroDg done to her. and
execute upon him the penalty to which he
may be condemned.
As usual in such cases, a woman was
found willing to share the bed and booty of
the successful robber. She was young
beautiful, well formed, and of just such a
mind as to submit joyfully to spend half the
dav in trying on articles of wearing apparel,
and the other half in displaying them to a
concourse of people. It became, too, and
remains an important part of her duty to
amuse, dazzle, and debase the women of
France, by wearing a rapid succession of the
most gorgeous, novel, bewildering costumes,
the mere description of which has developed
a branch of literature, employs many able
writers, and mainly supports fifty periodi
cals. Here is a vain, beautiful woman, liv
iug in the gaze of nations, whohas the plun
derofarich kingdom, with which to buy
her clothes, and the taste of a continent to
devise tbem for her; for to Paris the elite of
all tailors, dressmakers, milliners, and hair
dressers go from every capital in Europe.
Whatever there is in France of truly noble
and patriotic—and there are as many noble
and patriotic persons in France, as in any
other country—avoids the vicinity of this
woman; while around her naturally gather
the thoughtless aDd the interested. The
women in this circle imitate her as closely
as women can whose husbands have not sto
ten the treasures of a cation; all except one,
it is said, and she is the real queen of fash-
[ Both thpio )Jtng women have certain
! physical defects which thev wish to conceal,
as well as certain unusual charms, of whieb
'bey intend the most shall be made. One is
beautiful and tall. The other is ugly and
*hort, but graceful, vivacious, and interest
ing. The hair of one of them growing
-cant behind, all women felt the necessity
of carrying a pound of horsehair under their
iwn, and swelled out in the region of the
back hair to an extent that now seems in
credible. If the parting of the hair widens,
■itid begins to resemble baldness, then friz
zing comes in, which covers up the defi
cieuey. A few gray hairs bring powder into
fashion. Other insufficiencies send panniers
on their way round the world. For these
women, and especially the one who figures
in the centre of the group, occupy that con
spicuous place to which for two centuries
past more female eyes have been admiringly
directed than to any other: and there reside
near them a band of writers who live by
chronicling every new device of decoration
that appears upon their persons. So able,
liberal, and sensible a journal as the I'ail
Mall Gazette finds it necessary to station an
industrious member ot its staff within sighi
of these people, for the sole purpose of tell
ing the best women in England what clothes
the worst women in France wear. I should
suppose, from looking over the periodicals
which publish fashion news, that there must
be in Paris as many as a hundred writers
who derive the whole or part of their income
from describing the dresses worn in the an
cient palaces temporarily occupied by the
usurper and his dependents; and many ot
these writers do their work so well, that
their letters are a most potent stimulator ol
the passion for dress which is so easily kin
dled in tbe minds of the ignorant and imma
First—To think that the more a man
eats, the fatter and stronger he will become.
Second —To beleive that the more hours
children study at school the faster they
Third—Toconelude that if exercise is good
for the health, the more violent and ex
hausting it is. the more good is done.
Fourth —To imagine every hour taken
from sleep is an hour gained.
Fifth —To act on the presumption that
the smallest room in the house is large
enough to sleep in.
Sixth—To argue that whatever remedy
caused one to feel immediately better, is
| "good for" the system, without regard to
more ulterior effects. The "soothing syr
up" for example, does stop the cough of
children, and does arrest diarrhoea, only to
cause, a little later, alarming convulsions or
the more fatal inflamation of the brain, or
water on the brain; or at least, always pro
tracts the disease.
Seventh —To commit an act which is felt
in itself to he prejudicial, hoping that some
how or other it may be done in your case
Eighth—To advise another to take a rem
edy that you have not tried on yourself, or
without making special inquiry whether all
the conditions are alike.
Ninth —To eat without an appetite or to
continue to eat after it has been satisfied,
hoping to gratify the ta3te.
Tenth —To eat a hearty supper for the
pleasure experienced daring the brief time
it is passing down the throat, at the expense
of a whole night of disturbed sleep, and a
weary waking in the morning.
Eleventh—To remove a portion of the
clothiog immediately after violent exercise,
when the most stupid drayman in New
York knows that if he does not put a cover
VOL. 42: NO. 18
oa hie horse the moment hecea&s to work
in the winter, he will loc him in a few days
Twelfth —To contend that because thodir
tie-t children in the street, or OD the high
way, are hearty and healthy, therefore it is
healthy to be dirty; forgetting that continu
ous daily exposure to the pure out door air
in joyous, unrestrained activities, is such a
powerful agency for health, that those who
live thus are well, in spite of rags and filth.
Thirteenth—To presume to repeat later in
life, without injury, the indiscretions, ex
posures, and intemperances which in the.
flush of youth were practiced with impuni
Fourteenth—To believe that warm air
is necessarily impure, or tbat cold air
is necessarily more healtby than the con
fined air of a clo.-e and crowded vehicle; the
latter at most, can only cause fainting and
nausea, while entering a conveyance after
walking briskly, lowering a window while
thus exposed to a draught, will give a cold
infallibly, or an attack of pleurisy or pneu
! omnia, which will cause weeks of suffering,
if not actual death withiu four days.
Fifteenth—To "remember the Sabbath
day'' by working harder and later on Satur
day than any other day, in view of sleeping
iate next morning, and staying home all day
to rest, conscience being quieted by the plea
of not feeling very well.
HINTS ON HOUSE CLEANING BY
MRS. S. O. JOHNSON.
As the spring days approach, the house
wife feels htr dally cares increase. Every
closet, drawer and piece bag must be rata
sacked, overlooked and cleared up for the
coming summer. Carpets must be taken up
and shaken, beds well beateo, and bedsteads
washed in strong brine to destroy all insects,
etc. As anything that can lessen the labor
of a house keeper is desirable, I venture to
contribute my mite. Save the tea leave.-
for a few days, then steep them in a tin pail
or pan for half an hour, strain through a
-ieve, and use the tea to wash all varnished
paint. It requires very little rubbing or
•'elbow polish," as the tea acts as a very
strong detergent, clean-ing the paint from
its impurities, and making the varnish shine
equal to new. It cleanses window sashe
and oil cloths: indeed, any varnished surface
i- improved by its application. It washe
window panes and mirrors much better than
-oap or water; it is excellent for cleaning
black walnut picture and looking-glass
tiames. It will not do to wash unvarnished
paint with it. Whiting is unequaled foi
cleansing white paint. Take a small quanity
on a damp flannel, rub lightly over the sur.
face, and you will be surprised at its effects.
Wall papers are readily cleansed by tying a
soft cloth over a broom and sweeping down
the walls carefully. The dust and ashes of
furnaces and stoves are deposited in every
crack and erevicc of our rooms, and require
vigfant and active treatment for their remo
val. Carpets absorb great quanities ol
them. All who ean afford it will And it a
areat improvement to use straw matting in
summer, and in autumn cover them with
carpet linings or even common newipapers,
then put down the carpets over them.
Clean-ing silver is not an easy ta-k; the use
ofkerosene will greatly facilitate the opera
tion. Wet a flannel cloth in oil, dip in dry
whiting, and thoroughly rub the plated or
silver ware; throw it into a dish of scalding
soap suds, wipe with a soft flannel, anci
polish with a chamois skin. Your silver or
plate wili look equal to that exhibited in a
jeweler's window, and will retain its bril
lianey for six months, if once a week, when
washed, it is polished with a chamois skin.
Bright silver adds much to the beauty of a
table, and is easily attained by this method.
Some may think it will injure the plate. 1
have used it spring and fall for five years,
and neither plated articles nor silver sustain
an injury. Those who use brass and irons
will find it equally efficacious in restoring
their brightness. Old feather beds and pil
lows are greatly improved by putting them
on a clean grass plot during a heavy shower;
let the beds become thoroughly wetted, turn
ing them on both sides. Let them lie ou'
till thoroughly dry, then beat them with
rods; this will lighten up the feathers and
make them much more healthful to sleep
upon. It removes dust and rejuvenates the
I eat he rs. — Awterican A 'jriculturist.
GOVERNMENT SALARIES IN ENG
The London correspondent of the New
Fork Timet gives some interesting informs
tion in regard to the Government salaries
paid in England. It seems from his state
ment that, in many cases, a great deal of
money is paid for a very little work. He
"Salaries are not so high in proportion a
pensions. The places in the royal house
hold, honorable sinecures, are a sort of pen
sion or reward for political services. Thest
change with the changes of Cabinets. Her
Majesty's Steward, an Earl, gets SIO,OOO
a year; Treasurer, who pays the market bills,
or his clerk, for him. $15,000; Master of the
Household, Major Domo. $5,8"0; Keeper
of the Privy Purse, a mythical matter, $5,-
000; Queen's Private Secretary, who could
not be trusted with the mythical purse, or
other functions, $5,000; Master of the
Horse. $12,000; Master of the Buckhounds
—there really are some of these, though the
Earl of Cork may never see them —$8,500;
Groom of the Robes —Major General Sey
mour, who personally or by deputy attend
to ber Majesty's Royal petticoats—s4,ooo.
These are only a few of them, for there are
nearly a thousand persons attached to the
Royal household, and paid for rendering
some real, but mostly imaginary services to
her Majesty. As usual, those who do most
get least pay.
"The members of the Cabinet, for the
most part, work for their money. The Lord
Chancellor has the largest plum in the pud
ding— $50,000 a year and the pension to fol
low. Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Lowe, Mr. Bruce.
Mr. Cardweil, Earls, Clarendon and Gran
ville and the Puke of Argyle get the same
as the President ofthe I nited States—s2s,-
000 a year; Mr. C'bilders, $22,500; Mr. For
tesque, $20,000; Marquis of Hartington.
$12,500; Earl DeGrej, Earl Kimberly, Mr.
Bright and Mr. Goschen, SIO,OOO. \\ hat
seems to me the hardest thing in England is
the small pay given to many who work very
hard, and the great sums squandered on
idlers. There are scores of persons in the
pay of the Foreign Office at high salaries,
who have not done a day's service in 20 years.
One man, who has received $270,000, ha*
not been consulted since 1854; another, who
has lived in absolute idleness for forty four
years, has received over $150,000 There
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Communications on subjects of local or general
nterest, are respectfully solicited. To ensure at
tention farors of this kind must invariably be
accompanied by the nstne of the author, not for
publication, but as a guaranty against iinposiuou.
All letters pertaining to business of the office
should be addressed to
JOHN LUTZ, BeproED, Pa.
are numerous cases of this kind. A mat),
ever so clever and useful, is aet aside by
some Foreign Secretary, perhaps for a rela
tive or favorite of his own, and goes upon
the retired list when thirty years old, and
lives till eighty, receiving from $5,000 to
SIO,OOO a year to live where he likes—fifty
years enjoying bis otium cum digniiate at
the expense of peoole who work very hard
and starve a little at times to pay their rates
PHOTOGRAPHING BY NIGHT.
The experiment has just been made suc
cessfully in St. Louis. A writer gives the
following description of the modux operandi.
"On entering the room we noticed a sort of
miniature Turkish dome standing on the
floor, about six feet high, five feet wide and
six and a half feet long. In front of this
stood a camera, and within, a chair and
steadying apparatus. Near the top and at
the left band front of this structure was a
clock lamp for burning and feeding the
magnesium wire that furnished the light for
the art-purposes required in photography.
In a moment Fitzgibbon and bis assistants
announced that a plate was ready, and invi
ted one of the company to sit for bis photo
graph. He entered the rear of the mosque
shaped structure, seated himself, the camera
was adjusted, a match applied to the mag
nesium wire, and a beautiful and brilliant
light resulted, which in one half a minute
produced as fine a picture of the sitter as
was ever seen by daylight. The result was
perfect, aud the novelty of having one's pic
ture taken by night will draw crowds to Fitz
gibbon s as soon as be opens to the public,
which will be on Monday next. But novelty
is not the only idea in this wonderful process.
Its artificial light for photographic purposes
is fully equal to sunlight in the best hours
of the day, and makes it possible to do the
best of work at late hoars in the afternoon,
as well as on rainy and cloudy days, when
the sun is hidden The same light will aiso
print from the negative plate as well as by
day, and hence an evening sitter who may
be in haste, can have packages of photograph
cards all ready by the morning. It is ex
quisitely adapted for parlor and sick room
pictures, which have heretofore been next
to impossible. The darkest recess in the
darkest cellar may be thus photographed as
well as under the most fortunate circum
-tances with natural light. It is a marvel
if pr gresi-ive art, and as useful as i: is
THE GREAT LESSOJfS.
The first great lesson a young man should
iearn is that he knows nothing. The earlier
md the more thoroughly this lesson is
learned the better. A home-bred youth
growing up in the light of parental admira
tion, with everything to foster his vanity
and self-esteem, is surprised to find, and
often unwilling to acknowledge, the supe
riority of other people. But he is compell
ed to learn his own insignificance; his airs
are ridiculed, his blundeis exposed, his
wi-fces disregarded, and he is made to cut
a sorry figure, until his self-conceit is abased,
and he feels that he knows nothing.
When a young man has thoroughly com
prehended the fact that he knows nothing,
and that, intrinsically, he ia but of little
value, the next lesson is that the world
cares nothing about him. He is the sub
ject of no man's overwhelming admiration;
neither petted by the one sex, nor envied
by the other, he has to take care of bimselfl
tie will not be noticed till he becomes no
'iccable; he will not become noticeable un
til he does something to prove that he is
of some u.-e to society. No recommenda
tion or introduction will give him this, or
ought to give him this ; he must do some
thing to be recognized as somebody.
The next lesson is that of patience. A
man must learn to wait as well as work, and
to be content with those means of advance
ment in life which he may use with integ
rity and honor. Patience is one of the most
difficult lessons to learn. It is natural for
ihe mind to look for immediate results.
Let this, then, be understood at starting:
that the patient conquest of difficulties
which rise in the regular and legitimate
channels of business and enterprise is not
only essential in securing the success which
a young man seeks in life, but essential to
that preparation of the mind requisite for
the enjoyment of success, and for retaining
it when goined. It is the general rule, in
all the world and in all time, that unearned
-access is a curse.
A PRUDENT old gentleman offers the fol
lowing rules sor self-government:
Always sit next the carver, if you can at
Ask no woman her age.
Be civil to all rich uncles and aunts.
Never joke with a policeman.
Take no notes with you to a fancy bazar ;
nothing but 'postal.'
Your oldest coat, of course for an evening
Don't play chess with a widow.
Never contradict a man who studies.
Pull down the blind before you put on
Make friends with the steward on board a
steamer ; there's no knowing how soon you
may be placed in Us power.
In every strange house it is as well to
inquire where the brandy is kept, only think
if you were taken ill in the middle of the
Never answer a erossing-swecper; pay
him or pass silently and quickly on. One
word and you are 'ost.
Keep your own secrets. Tell no human
being you dye your whiskers.
Write not one more letter than yon can
help. The man who holds a large corres
pondence is a martyr tied, not to the stake,
but to the post.
\\ ind up your conduct like a watch, onoc
everyday, examine minutely whether you
are 'fast' or slow.'
Two lawyers in Lowell were returning from
court when the one said to the other, —
"I've a notion to join Rev. Mr. 's
church—been debating the matter for some
time. What do you think of it?"
"Wouldn't do it," said the other.
"Because it could do you no possible good,
while it might be a great injury to the
KEErrxo poultry is becoming fashionable
in Boston, and hen houses are erected on
the rooft of stylish dwellings.