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ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
JTIMMILL AND LINGENFELTEK,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, inrtas, ra.
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law, in new brick building near the Lutheran
Church. [April 1, 1869-tf
JYJ-. A. POINTS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, Pa.
Respectfully tenders his professional services
to the public. Office with J. W. Lingeafelter,
Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church.
promptly made. [April,l '69-tf.
ESPY M. ALSIP,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BsDroRD, Pa.,
Will faithfnlly and promptly attend to all busi
ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin
ing counties. Military claims, Pensions, back
pay. Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with
Mann A.Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south
of the Mengel House. apll, 1869. —tf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
his care. Collections made on the shortest no
He M, also, a regularly licensed Claim Agent
and wll give special attention to the prosecution
, '.liu against the Government for Pensions,
Back ray, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door South of the
Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the'Mengel
House" April 1, 1869:tf
. L. ncSSHLL J. H. LOSGEXEi KKR
RUSSELL A LONGENECKER,
ATTOR**VS A COUNSELLORS aT Law,
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi
ness entrusted to their care. Special attention
given to collections and the prosecution of claims
for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, south of the Court
House. Apri 1;69:1yr.
J' M'D. SHARPS E. r. KERR
SHARPS A KERR,
A T TORRE YS-A J-LA HI
Will practice in the Courts of Bedford and ad
joining counties. All business entrusted to their
care will receive careful and prompt attention.
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col
lected from the Government.
Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking
bouse of deed A Schell. Bedford, Pa. Apr 1,69:tf
W c. SCHAFFELL
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office with J. W. Dickerson Esq.. 25aprly
OR. B. F. HARRY,
Respectfully lenders his professional ser
vices to the citiiens of Bedford and vicinity.
Office an 1 residence on Pitt Street, in the building
formerly occupied by Dr. J. 11. Hofios. [Ap'l 1,69.
OE. SHANNON, BANKER,
• BEDFORD, Pa.
BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT.
Collections made for the East, West, North and
South, and the general business of Exchange
transacted. Notes and Accounts- Collected and
Remittances promptlymade. REAL ESTATE
bought and sold. April 1:69
PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WIST OF THI BED
FORD HOTEL, BBSFORD, PA.
WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL
RY. SPECTACLES. AC.
He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil
ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Doable Refin
ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, beet
quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order
any thing in his line not on hand. [apr.2B,'6s.
• DEALER IN
CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC. ;
On Pitt street one door cast of Geo. R. Oster j
A Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared I
to sell by whulesaie all kinds of CIGARS. All j
orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything
in his line will do well to give him a call.
Bedford April 1. '69.,
P N. HICKOK.
v , ~ DENTIST.
Office at the old stand in
BAXX BUILDING, Juliana et., BED.
All operations pertaining to
Surgical and Mechanical Dentistry
performed with care and
Ancrethetice adminittsred, tchen deeired. Ar
tificial teeth ineerted at, per eel, $8.0(1 and up
As I am detaimined to do a CASH BUSINESS
or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial
Teeth of the various kinds, 2rt per cent., trd of
Gold Fillings S3 per cent. This reduction will be
made only to strictly Cash Patients, and all such
will receive prompt attention. "febfiS
This large and commodious house, having been
re. taken by the subscriber, is now open for the re
ception of visitors and boarders. The rooms ore
large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished.
The table will always be supplied with the best
the a arket can afford. The Bar is stocked with
the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purpose
to keep a FIRST-CLASS HOTEL. Thanking
the public for past favors, I respectfully solicit a
renewal of then patronage.
N. B. Hacks will run constantly between the
Hotel and the Springs.
mayl7,'69:ly WM. DIBERT, Prop'r.
I EXCHANGE HOTEL,
J HUNTINGDON, PA.
This old establishment having been leased by
J. MORRISON, formerly proprietor of the Mor- j
rison House, has been entirely renovated and re- I
furnished and supplied with all the modern im- i
provements and conveniences necessary to a first
The dining room bis been removed to the first
floor and is now spacious and airy, and the cham
fers are all well ventilated, and the proprietor
will endeavor to make bis guests perfectly at
home. Address, J. MORRISON,
, EXCHASG* HOTEL,
31julytf Huntingdon, Pa.
MAGAZINES. —The following Magazines (or
sale at the Inquirer Book Store: ATLAN
TIC MONTHLY, PUTNAM'S MONTHLY
LIPPINCOTT'B, GALAXY, PETERSON, GO
£?J> MlfM. DEMORESTS, FRANK LESLIE
RIVERSIDE, etc. etc. ft
JOHN LUTZ, Editor and Proprietor.
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THE LONG STORY.
DY WILLIAM SAWYSH.
The shadows of the little wood
Closed round us iu the burning noon,
The lucent shadows of the leaves,
Yet tender with the green of June.
And there, while in a happy dream,
We wandered inward from the sun,
Winding and turning at our will,
The famous story was begun.
A story prodigal of love,
Of youth, and bsauty born of youth ;
Of sorrow tempered by romance,
And trial glorified by truth.
Long, long ago, i". all had chanced—
Or was it haply passing then ?
It might be true of any time
Since women were beloved of men.
I listened, yet I did not heed ;
A rippling voice was all I h<yfrd.
That, softly cadenced. had for me
The music of a singing bird.
The tale went on, the voice I heard,
Yet all that I recall is this—
That earnest face, those dreamy eyes,
The little mouth 100 sweet to kiss.
The tale went on, with many a pause,
With frequent onthurst of delight,
As creaks and openings of the wood
Its hidden beauties gave to sight.
A pheasant gleamed across our path,
A squirrel shot a sudden turn,
And now the cuckoo sang, and now
We waded coolest breadths of fern.
The little wood was long to cross ;
Its winding paths were hard to find :
And hours had fled ere we emerged,
And left its pleasant gloom behind.
And then beside the rustic fence,
Whence spread the meadows many a
Vt e lingered idly hand in hand
And p'raps the tale went on the while.
The evening shadows lengthened out;
The heavy rooks winged home to rest;
The little wood was fringed with light
Against the fiercely flaming west.
The sun set in a flepcy haze,
Through bars of crimson and of gold,
The sky grew cool, the stars came out,
And yet the story was not told.
BY ALICE CAI'.Y.
It was the boatman Ronsalee,
And he sailed through the mists so white;
And two little ladies sat at his knee,
With their two little beads so bright:
And so they sailed—and sailed—all three —
On the golden coast o' the night.
Young Ronsalee had a handsome face,
And his great beard made hiui brown;
And the two little ladies in girlish grace
They kept their eyelids down, —
The one in her silken veil of lace,
And the one in her woolscy gown.
For one little lady lived in the wood,
Like a flower that hides from the day;
Her name was Jenny—they called her the
And the Dame c' the other was May:
And her palace windows looked on the flood,
Where they softly sailed away.
Long time the balance even stood
With our Ronsalee that day:
But what was a little house in the wood
To a palace grand and.gray ?
So he gave his heart to Jenny, the good,
And his hand he gave to May.
WHY I WANT THE HOYS TO LEARN
Every pursuit or calling that ministers to
the su-tenanoe, comfort, or enlightenment
of mankind is honorable and laudable. That
is a narrow aud essentially false conception
which regards the farmer as more a bene
factor than a beneficiary, and stigmatizes as
drones and cormorants all who do cot
directly contribute to the production and in
crease of material wealth. The upright,
able lawyer, the studious, skilful physician,
the pious, loving clergyman, are working
men as truly and quite as nobly as though
they were woodchoppers or bricklayers. He
who by whatever means helps to diminish
the fearful aggregate of ignorance, -in and
suffering in the world, and diffuses instead
knowledge, virtue and happiness, is worthy
of all honor, and far from me be the wish
to discourage and degrade him. And yet
ihold it to be the duty of every father to
look well to the physical and industrial train
ing of his sons and daughters— lo see that
each of them is early inured to sonSe form
of manual labor, and thoroughly (rained to
efficiency in some pursuit which ministers
directly to the material or physical needs of
mankind. My reasons for this conviction
are summed up as follows:
1. The demand for intellectual labor or its
products, and even for mercantile capacity,
is exceedingly capricious. In a season of
commercial prosperity a great city affords
employment to thousands as clerks, book
keepers, teachers of mu-ic, languages, Ac.,
who will nearly all be left high and dry by
the ebb of the tide. War, pestilence, a bad
harvest, a business revulsion throws them
suddenly out of employment, and no merit
or excellence on their part can avert the
catastrophe. I would have one so armed
and equipped for the battle of life that, if
suddenly unhorsed, he can fight on efficiently
and uudismayedly on foot.
2. The professions are fearfully over
crowded. A Western village is half peopled
by doctors, lawyers and clergymen who have
rushed in ahead of the expected flood of im
migration. Like miners in the Sierra Ne
vada or Rocky Mountains they have sev
erally staked out their claims, and are wai
ting for others to come in and help develop
and work them to mutual profit. But
"while the grass grows the steed starves."
Whatever may be their fortune ten or
twenty years hence—and events are constanly
interposing to blast their sanguine hopes—
doctor, lawyer, and minister, are often win
ning but a meagre, precarious support for
the present. "I cauoot dig; to beg I am
ashamed, is the eomplaiut which many
would utter if they could afford to be frank
and outspoken. Thousands suffer and stag
ger on, oppressed by want and ever increas
ing debt, who would gladly take refuge in
productive industry, if they had been train-
BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY. APRIL, 30- 1869.
Ed to familiarity with pitchforks and plough
handles. They would out grow their pre
ent embarrassments if it wure not for the
new doctors, lawyers, and clergymen an
nually gtound out to compete with them for
practice or parishes, and whose training is
as helplessly one-sided as their own. 1 would
qualify the professional men wlio shall
henceforth be trained for a broader and
mure a.-sured usefulness than that of their
3. New York city .-warms with hungry,
needy, shivering, cowering, cringing, fellow
mortals, all in eager, imploring, hopeless
quest of "something to do." To the re
proacli of what passes for education, I must
say that a majority of these have had con
siderable money spent in schooling tbcm for
lives of usefulness. They are qualified, 1
presume, to keep books or copy manuscripts
or teach languages, or act as governesses,
or follow some other of the frightfully over
stocked vocations. Hut when I say to one
of them, "The work you seek is positively
II it to be had, since ten wan', to do it where
one wauls it done; you must stride off into
the broad, free country, and a-k farmer after
farmer to give you wurk till you find it,"
the g neral ro-pouse, "1 know nothing of
farming," strikes on nry ear like a knell.
Even at seasons when the farmers were in
ttu-ely hurried by the summer harvest, and
ready to pay largely for any help that was
uot hindrance, 1 have kuowu our city to be
thronged with Weary, sad petitioners for
"couieibiug to do." If our current educa
tion were not a plunder or a fiaud, this
could not be.
I live when I can in the country, though
most of my sleeping and nearly all my wa
king hours are given to work which calls me
to the city. My neighbors are mainly far
niers, generally in fair circumstances, whose
children are fairly educated, or may be if
they will. I regret to -ay a majority of them
prefer not to follow their fathers' vocation,
but want to live by trade, or office, or
something else than farming. And the rea
son, to my mind, is clear: their educaticn
and their whole intellectual culture lead
away from the farm. Their school books
contain nothing calculated to make them
love agriculture or qualify them to excel in
it; their fireside reading is not of chemistry,
geology, and the related sciences, but of
knights and fairies, troubadours and tourna
ment-; in short, all things calculated to make
them detest farming as a coarse, plodding,
hum.drum pursuit, fit only lor inveterate
dunces and illiterate boors. 1 protest
against this as false, misleading, pernicious,
and dimand an education and a literature
which shall vrin our farmers' sons to prize
and honor the calling of their fathers.
A poliiical economist has observed that
labor, unless used at the moment of produc
tion, is lost forever, In most vocations it
is impossible to produce beyond the day's
needs. The doctor can enly cure diseases
as they manifest themselves; the best lawyer
cannot anticipate next year's legal business;
the carpenter and mason cannot build houses
except as they are wanted. The fanner,
on the contrary, may grow com or cattle,
flax wool, or cotton in excess of the current
demand, and store it against the time of
need. Better still he may drain, and sub
soil, and fertilize; may plant trees, and
graft, and prune, so as to double liis product
in the future by a judicious expenditure of
effort in the present. If a hundred thou
sand additional lawyers and doctors were let
loose upon the community, Ido not feel
sure that the next result would be more jus
tice or less di-easc and death, while lam
quite sure that the national wealth would
not bo increased thereby; but a hundred
thousand enlightened, efficient farmers,
added to those we already have, could hardly
fail to add one hundred millions per annum
to the property which shall be the heritage
of our children.
My Countrymen, let us each do his best
to increase the proportion of useful wor
kers to pestilent idleis in ibe community.
Nay, more; let us try to increase the pro
portion of producers to exchangers or dis
tributors ot wealth. Fences, and padlocks,
and policemen, and revenue officers may
be necessities of our present condition—l
presume them to be so; but we might have
ourcountry so well fenced, and padlocked,
and policed, that we should all starve to
deaih. There is no shadow of danger that
too few will seek to live by law, physic,
trade. Ac., while there is great danger that
trade and the professions will be over
crowded, to the negleet and detriment of
productive industry. Let us face the foe
that menaces our position, and defeat him
if we can.— Horace Greeley, in Ilearth and
THE VALLEY OF THE MISSISSIPPI.— The
Mississippi is the King of Rivers. Taking
rise almost on the northern limit of the
temperate zone, it pursues its majestic course
nearly due south to the verge of the tropic,
with its tributaries washing the Alleghanies
on the one hand and the Rocky Mountains
on the other, throughout the entire length
of tho<-e great tnountaiu chains. The Ama
zon, or La Plata, may possibly bear to the
sea an equal volume of waters; the Kile
flows through more uniformly genial cli
mates, and ripples over grander and more
ancient relies of the infancy of mankind ; the
Ranges, or the Hoang ho may he intimately
blended with the joys and griefs, the fears
and hopes, of more millions of human be
ings; while the Euphrates, the Danube, or
the Rhine, is far richer in historic associa
tions and bloody, yet glorious, memories ;
hut the Mississippi still justifies its proud
appellation of ' The Father of Waters."
Its valley includes more than one million
square miles of the richest soil on earth, and
is capable of sustaining in plenty half the
population of the globe; its head springs
are frozen half the year, while cane ripens
and frost is rarely seen at its mouth ; and a
larger and richer area of its surface is well
adapted at once to Indiao corn, to wheat,
and to grass—to the apple, the peach, and
the grape—than of any other commensurate
region of earth. Its immense praries are
gigantic natural gardens, which need but
the plow to adapt them to the growth of the
most exacting and exhausting plants. It is
the congenial and loved home of the choic
est animals ; I judge that more game is now
roving at will over its immeasurable wilds
and pastures than is found on an equal area
in all the world besides. It is the geographic
heart of North America, and probably con
tains fully half the arable land in the New
World north of the Isthmus of Darien. —
HORACE GREELEY, in Harper s Magazine.
KNOWLEDGE, even of Gospel truth, is
emptiness, unless love, practically exercised
toward God and man, accompany it.
TARIFF LEGISLATION or THE
PROTECTION DURING WAR.
Bomewhat more than fifty years since, the
second war with Great Britain came to a
close, leaving our people well provided with
furnaces and mills, all of which were active
ly engaged in making demand for labor and
lor raw materials of every kind. Money
was then abundant, and the public debt was
trivial in amount. Commercial con-inter
course, by developing our domestic indus
try, had helped the nation forward upon the
pathway of prosperity and independence.
DESTRUCTION DURING PEACE.
Two years later we eutered upon the
British free-trade system, and at once all
was changed. Mills and furnaces were
closed ; labor ceased to be in demand and
our poor-houses were everywhere filled.
Money becoming scarce and interest high,
land declined to a thiid of its previous price.
Banks stopped payment. The sheriff every
where found full demand for all his time,
mortgages entered everywhere into posses
sion. The rich were made richer, but the
farmer and mechanic, and all but the very
rich, were ruined. Trivial as were then the
expenses of the Government, the treasury
could not meet them. Such was the state
of things that induced General Jackson to
ask the question, "Where has the Ameri
can farmer a market for his surplus pro'
FIRST PROTECTIVE TARIFF, 1828.
To the state of things here described were
we, in 1828, indebted for the first thorough
ly national tariff. Almost from the mo
ment of its passage, activity and life took
the place of the palsy that previously ex
isted. Furnaces and mills were built; labor
came to demand; immigration increased,
and so large became the demand for the
products of the farm that our markets
scarcely felt the effect of changes in that of
England ; the public revenues so rapidly iu
creased that it became necessary to exempt
from duty tea, coffee, and many other ar
ticles ; and the public debt was finally ex
tinguished. History presents no case of
prosperity so universal as that which here
existed at the date of the repeal of the
great national tariff of 1828. Had it been
maintained in existence we should have had
no secession war, and at this hour the South
would exhibit a slate of society in which
the land owners had become rich while their
slaves had been gradually becoming free,
with profit to themselves.lto their owners,
and to the nation at large.
COMPROMISE TARIFF OF 1833
The beneficent and truly national tariff
of 1828, which had wrought such wonders,
was repealed by the Compromise Tariff of
1833, by which it was provided that all du
tics on foreign merchandize should be re
duced biennially, until, in 1843, there should
be a perfectly horizontal tariff of twenty per
The repeal was followed by a succession
ofßriti.-h free-trade crises, the whole ending
in 1842 iu a state of thingsdirectly the reverse
of that above described. Mills and fur
naces were closed ; mechanics were starving;
money was scarce and dear; land had fallen
to half its previous prices; the sheriff was
evert where at work ; banks were in a state
of suspension ; States repudiated j ayment
of their debts ; the treasury was unable to
borrow a dollar, except at a high rate of in
terest ; and bankruptcy among merchants
and traders was so universal that Congress
found itself compelled to pass a bankrupt
RETURN.TO PROTECTION, 1842.
Again, and forjthe third time, protection
was restored by the passage of the Tariff
Act of 1842. Under if, in less than live
years, the production of iron rose from two
hundred and twenty thousand tons to eight
hundred thousand tons; and so universal
was the prosperity that large as was the in
crcasc, it was wholly insufficient to meet the
great demand. Mines were everywhere be
ing sunk# Labor was in great demand, and
wages were high, as a consequence ot which
immigration speedily trebled in its amount.
Money was abundant and cheap, and the
sheriff found but little to do. Public aud
private revenues were beyond all previous
precedents, and throughout the land there
reigned a prosperity inoic universal than
had ever before jbeen known, save during
the similar period produced by the protec
tive tariff of 1828.
FRSE TRADE AGAIN, 1840.
Once more, in 1846, however, did the
serpent —properly represented on this oc
easion by British free traders —make bis
way into Paradise, and now a dozen years
elapsed, in the course of which, notwitli
standing the discovery of California mines,
money commanded a rate of interest higher
than had ever been known in the country
for so long a perion of time. British iron
and cloth came in and gold went out, and
with each successive day the dependence ot
our farmers on foreign markets became more
complete. With 1857 came the culmination
of the system, merchants and mannfactuers
being ruined; banks being compelled to
suspend payment; and the treasury being
reduced to a coudition of bankruptcy, nearly
approaching that which had existed at the
close of the free-trade periods, commencing
in 1818 and 1834. In the three years that
followed, labor was everywhere in excess;
wages were low ; immigration fell Glow the
point at which it had stood twenty years he
fore ; the home market for hod diminished,
and the foreign one proved so utterly worth
less that the whole export to ail the manu
facturing nations of Europe amounted to
but little more than $10,000,000.
THE MILLIONAIRE ARTIST.
A Paris paper has the following very
M. Robert, an immensely wealthy and
highly accomplished gentleman, well known
not only for his valuable collections of
paintings and mediaeval relies, but for his
rare skill as a designer and painter, hearing
that one of his tenants, M. Villars, whom
he had never seen, kept one of the most ex
tensive establishments of fancy boxes and
ornamental objects in France, called on him
with a view to make his acquaintance.
Entering the counting-house, he found a
good-natured, eccentric gentleman of mid
dle age, who greeted him, and exclaimed :
—'* I suppose that you also have seen my
advertisement, and have come to apply for
that situation as designer?"
For a joke, M. Robert replied that he had.
M. Villars supplied him with paints and
brushes, and requested him to produce a
design for a casket. M. Robert soon found
that what Mr. Villars really wanted was an
artist who would strictly carry out his own
ideas, and that these were pure, and formed
on an extensive knowledge of ait. In a
short time, he produced a sketch which
suited the employer to a nicety.
M. Robert very gravely engaged himself,
exacted good wages, aud insisted ou having
several new articles of furniture placed in
the room which was assigned to him. Ilut
when he was introduced to the woik-rooms,
and found one hundred and fifty girls, many
of them young and beautiful, hu.-ily em
ployed, and was informed that he would be
required to supply them with designs, and
show the young women how they were to
be carried out, the young artist began to
feel as if he should have to be carried out
himself—being very susceptible.
"\Yorking for a filing,' said he to him
self, "is not entirely devoid of attractions.
Let us work."
M. Robert being an accomplished artist,
delighted his employer, and he soon found
a remarkable fascination in seeing bis de
signs realised in steel, silver, enamel, or
wood. He took a pleasure, hitherto un
known, in seeing his works in shop-win
dows, and finding them in the abodes of his
friends. The work-shop life wa, of course,
carefully concealed from "society;" nor did
his employer suspect that bis artist was
actually his landlord. But M. Hubert soon
found a more intense object of fascination
in the daughter of M. Yillars, a young lady
who also took part iu the duties of the
factory. The damsel was as remarkable for
beauty; and M. Robert soon found that as
regarded taste and culture in all matters
which specially interested him, he had
never met with any one like her. Step by
step, the pair fell in love; and little by lit
tle the artist so ingratiated himself with the
father, that the latter, after due deliberation,
consented to their union.
Previous to the marriage, the old gentle
man one day spoke of a dowry.
"I shall give Marie fifty thou-and francs,"
he said, with a little of boa-ting, the sum
named being two thousand pounds.
"And I suppose," added M. Robert,
gravely, "that I, too, must settle something
on my wife. Well, I will."
This caused a peal of laughter, which re
doubled when the artist added, "And I will
settle this piece of property, house and all,
with the buildings adjoining, on her.'
But what was their amazement, when M.
Robert drew forth the title deeds, and said,
"\ou seem to forget that 1 am your land
lord ? Isn't my name Robert ?''
The young lady did not faint, but papa
nearly died of astonishment and joy. This
was a magnificent wedding, but the bride
groom has not given up business. He de
clares that there is as much amusement in
being useful as in amusing oue's self.
SUFFRAGE IN PENNSYLVANIA.
In 1682 William Penn promulgated the
Frame of Government of Pennsylvania, uu
j der authority of the charter granted liim by
King Charles 11. In this document the
right of suffrage was given, without re
striction to the freemen of said province.
In 1701 Penn granted what is known as
the Charter of Privileges. By this in
-(rument the right of suffrage was broadly
given to the freemen of each respective
The first constitution of Pennsylvania was
adopted in 1776. The convention that
framed this instrument was presided over
by Benjamin Franklin. It gave the right
of suffrage to every freeman of the full age
of twenty-one years. The men of the
Revolution, while asserting their own rights
and liberties against proscription, were
careful to stand fast by the cardinal idea of
the political equality of all men.
In 1790 a new Constitution was framed.
Thomas Mifflin presided over the convention
that-made it. This instrument gave the
right to vote to cccry freeman over the age
of twenty-one years.
In 1839 the Constitution was revised.
John Sargeant presided over the convention.
The basis of suffrage was changed so as to
include only every white freeman of the age
of twenty-one years.
For one hundred and fifty-six year*, black
men, if black they were, voted in Pennsylva
nia, on precisely the same condition as white
men. None of the evils now predicted of
black suffrage were experienced. Neither
the mental or social equality of the two races
was thereby established. Amalgamation,
either through matrimony or without, was
not encouraged. Not a black man was made
Governor cr Legislator. Social order was
not subverted. The Government was not
made by white men, for white men, but by
all men, for the benefit of all.
It may be remarked, in order to the bet
ter understanding of the whole matter, that
in IS3S a case wa- brought before the courts
of this Commonwealth to test the point
whether a native-born black man, not a
slave, was a freeman, according to the true
intent and meaning of the Constitution of
1790. The design was, by a judicisl de
cision, to deprive the blacks of the right of
j suffrage, which thev had enjoyed from 1682.
All ibe points were learnedly and ingeniously
argued; aud at length the Supreme Court,
Chief Justice Gibson pronouncing the
opinion, in conformity to the pro-slavery
fanaticism and blindness which then pre
vailed, solemnly decided that a black man
could by no possibility be regarded as a
freeman, within the meaning of the Con
stitution. The Convention that framed the
existing Constitution was in session when
this judgment was rendered, and it made
haste, under the leadership of Mr. Geo. W.
Woodward and other members of kindred
sentiments, to insert the word white, as
qualifying freemen, in the draft of the or
ganic law which they framed.
No EXERCISE EQUAL TO LAUGHTER.—
Nothing acts so directly upon the organs
within both chest and abdomen. The
hearty laughs, real shouts, will do more to
advance the general health and vitality than
an hour spent in the best attitudes and mo
tions, if done in a sober, solemn spirit. Of
course, I know you can't laugh at will; so
you must play with the dog, play with your
children, introduce a hundred games which
involve competition and fun. Open the
folding-doors, move back the center-table,
and go it. I'lay with the hags, run for the
pins, play any of the games which you can
recall from your early experience.
Ax ill naturcd woman at Saratoga says
that "some women dress to please each oth
er ; some to please men, but the most dressy
women don't dress to please anybody; they
dress to worry women."
VOIa. 42: NO. 17
THICKS OF A JUGGLER.
Heller the far-famed juggler, cannot be
satisfied with his legitimate triumphs before
an audience, but occasionally does a neat
thing for his own amusement, very much to
the surprise of those who happened to be
On Saturday last, while passing an itiner
ant vender of cheap provisions, Mr. Heller
suddenly paused and inquired!
"How do you sell eggs, auntie ?"
Dem eggs, ' was the re-ponse, "dey am a
picayune apiece—fresh, too, de last one uv
em; biled em myself, and. know de.v's fust
"Well, I'll try em," said the magician,
laying down a bit of fractional currency.—
Have you pepper and salt ?"
"Yes, sir; dare/ley is," said the table
saleswoman watching her customer with in
Leisurely drawiug out a little penknife,
lleller proceeded very quietly to cut the egg
exactly in half, wheu suddenly a bright new
twenty-five cent piece was discovered laying
| imbedded in the yolk, apparently as bright
as when it came from the mint. —Very
coolly the great magician, transferred the
coin to his pocket, and taking up another
"And how much do" you a-k me for this
"L>e Lord bless my soul ! i)at egg ? De
fact am, boss, dis egg am worth a dime
"All right," was the response; here's the
dime. Now give me the egg."
Separating it with an exact precision that
the colored lady watched eagerly, a quarter
eagle was most carefully picked out of the
egg and placed iu the ve.it pocket of the op
erator as before." The old woman was thun
der-struck, as weil she might have been,
and her customer had to ask tue price for
the third egg two or threc'times before he
could obtain a reply.
"Dar's no me talkin,' mars'r," said the
bewildered old darkey, I can't let you hab
dat ecg nohow less dan a quarter, I declare
to de Lord I can't.
'"Verygood," said Ileller, whose imper
turbable features were as solemn as an un
dertaker, "there is your quarter, and here
is the egg. All right."
As he opened the last egg, a brace of live
dollar gold pieces were discovered snugly
deposited in the heart of the yolk, and jing
ling them merrily together in his little palm
the servant coolly remarked.
' Aery good eggs, indeed. I rather like
them; and while I am about it I believe I
will buy a dozen. What is the price ?'
"1 say price !" exclaimed the astonished
daughter of Ham. "You'couldn't buy them
eggs, mars'r, for all the money you's got.
No dat you couldn't, I'se gwinc to take
dem eggs honje.jl is; an dat money in dem
all belongs to me. It does dat.—Couldn't
sell no more of dem eggs nohow.'
Amid the roar of the spectators the be
nighted African started to her domicile to
"smash dem eggs" but with what success
we are unable to relate.
THE JEWS OF THE MIDDLE ACE.
The next important class of oar benefac
tors at this period were the Jews. Despised
and rejected of men, driven from city to
city and from land to land, shut up in foul
quarters of the medieval towns, plundered
by ruthless barons, and racked and tortured
by infamous kings, the hapless Israelites, in
all their cruel wanderings, never lost their
frugal habits, their painful industry, their
commercial ardor, their probity, and their
hope. They settled in almost every land.
They clustered together in the gardens ol
Syria, the rich cities of Spain, the barbarous
lands of Germany and Muscovy, the dan
gerous realms of Eicbard or Philip Augus
tus. Every country and city was benefited
by the presence of these indefatigable labor
ers. Wherever the Jew came he either
brought capitol or created it. lie was the
money-lender of Europe before the Floren
tine and Venetian bankers engrossed that
gainful trade. He supplied the means with
which merchants made their purchases,
nobles supported their lavish establishments,
and monarchs waged their destructive wars:
and the usurious interest which he exacted
for his loans made him hated and envied by
the less prudent Christian. Jewbhcouimu
nities grew up iu all the European cities,
distinguished from their barbarous neigh
bors by the regularity of their habits, the
purity of their morals, their learning and
scholarship, no less than their commercial
thrift; and when the Semitic Saracens had
sunk into indolence and decay, their rela
tives, the Semitic Hebrews, continued to
impart to Saxons and Franks the higher
traits of an ancient civilization. While
Greek and lioinan, Babylonian and Cartha
ginian died out from the earth, the chosen
people still preserved their mental and mor
Yet the most fatal persecution met them
in every land. They lived amidst scenes of
intolerable suffering. To rack and tortue a
Jew was the favorite emyloyment of medi
eval Christians. To treat him with insult
and contempt was considered a Christian
duty. Vet, in spite of the persecution of
their larlarous neighbors, the Jews grew
rich and powerful; their patient industry
conquered at length in the struggle with
feudal cruelty and innocence; their trading
cities on the Bine and the Moselle became
again centres of intelligence and wealth;
Jewish bankers, merchants, artisans, manu
facturers became the models of tho.-e of Italy
and Germany ; and the example of Semitic
learning and intelligence probably aided
greatly in awakening the intellect of Europe.
—EUOENE LAWRENCE, in Harper's Maga
Two gardeners had their crops of peas
killed by the frost, one of whom, who had
fretted greatly and grumbled at the loss,
visiting his neighbor some time after, was
astonished to see another fine crop growing,
and inquired h'>w it could be.
"These are what I sowed while you were
freting." was the reply.
',Why, don't you fret?"
"Yes, but I put it off till I have repaired
"Why, then, there's no need to fret at
"True, that's the reason 1 put it off."
WHEN the good and the lovely die, the
memory of their good deeds, like the moon
beams on the stormy sea, lights up our
darkened hearts and lends to the surround
ing gloom a beauty so sad and so sweet that
we would not, if we could, dispel the dark
ness that environs it.
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Single copief of the peperfurniehed, in wrappers,
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Communications on subjects of loeal or general
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tention favors of this kind must invariably be
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Ai! letters pertaining to business of tae office
should be addressed to
JOHN LUTZ, Bepronn, Pa.
"Charlie, corns in, I waut you," said a
sweet womanly voice to a little boy who was
playing marbles on the side walk in front of
a nice brick bouse.
Now Cbarlie was very busy, and in the
midst of u delightful game. He was as hap
py as could be. To quit his play then was
like quitting the table when half through
dinner. Would he obey. We looked with
interest to see what he would do. What
would you have done ?
Charlie replied, "yes, mother," and pick
ing up his marbles, started off with a smil
ing face and a bounding step up the side
yard, and in at the end door of the house.
A fiue boy that, I thought, as I looked after
him. I wonder who ho is? What a beau
tiful thing it must he to have a little boy or
girl that will mind at once, and with a hap
p> loving heart! I wondered what would
become of that boy, and wished to see more
of him and learn his history.
I used to walk past that house every
week, and always thought of that blue-eyed,
light-haired boy. The thought of him mads
me happy. 1 saw a great many naughty
cbi!drcu> Once I spent two or three days
in trying to find a naughty boy who ran
away from and overwhelmed his
parents with grief; and when I found him,
some one had stolen his coat and hat, and
bundle of clothes, and all the money he had.
Once I chased after a truant boy and girl
for several hours,'and at last, late at night,
found them in the woods, wet through, cold,
and frightened almost to death. They had
disobeyed their mother, and gone to play
instead of goiug to school, and both of them
were tick lor several weeks in consequence
iof their folly and exposure. A boy that
minds—he is a jewel
I had been in business a year or two, and
in that time had had several boys; but it
was next to impossible to find one that would
mind. At last I was. quite out of patience,
and I determined that i would have no one
who could not bring the best recommenda
tion, and staud the closest test. Several ap
plied for the place, but no ono suited me.
At last came a blue-eyed, flaxen-haired
youth of twelve years, with a bright, honest
face. There was something engaging in his
aspect. Had I seen him before ? "What is
your name ?"
"Charlie Warren, sir. I live in Fraokhn
street. My father is a carpenter, but is lame
now, and cannot work, and I have got
mother's consent to go into a store, if I can
find a place."
THE ROD AND LINE. —The passion for
angling is by no means limited to any class
of society. The most eminent poets, paint
ers, philosophers, statesmen, and soldiers
havclbeen fond of the art. Trajan loved
angling, and Nelson threw the fly with his
left hand after the Spaniard* had shattered
his right arm. Ovid, Boileau, Goldsmith,
llossini were anglers. Dr. Paley was pas
sionately fond of it, and in reply to the
bishop of Durham, a a to when one of his
most important works was to be finished,
said, "My lord, 1 shall work steadily at it
when the fly-fishing is over." Walter
Scott, infinitely susceptible to the beauties of
Nature, was delighted with angling, and
more than one passage in his works betrays
bis predilection for the sport. Walton has
justly styled the gentle art as "the contem
plative man's iecreatiou." We do not
think that angling should be classed with
acts of cruelty, for fish and all cold-blooded
animals, and the act of booking a fish is
probably attended with less pain than we
imagine, as the cartilaginous part of the
mouth contains no apparent nerves. A
trout will often continue to pursue insects
after escaping from the hook, though he will
shun the artificial ones. The pike will
seize the bait, even when the mouth is full
of broken hooks. Sharks are aleo remarka
bly insensible to pain.— From "SALMON
FISHING," in Lippencolt's Magazine for
THE absurd effort at refinement by whieh
would be genteel people speak of a gentle
man's "lady' when they mean his "wife,"
thereby not only sacrificing definitcness. but
actually allowing a dubious meaning of un
pleasant character to be possible, ia well
drawn up in tnis significant incident:
"Can't pass, marm, 1 ' said astern sentinel
of the navy to an officer's lady. "But, sir,
I must pass; I am Captain W.'s lady."
"Couldn t let you pass if you were his wife."
BUSKIN says that people's eyes are so in
tensely fixed on the immediate operation of
money as it changes hands that they hardly
ever reflect on its first origin or final disap
pearance. They are always considering
how to get it from somebody else, but never
how to get it where that somebody else got
it. V hereas, the real national question is
not who ;s losing or gaining money, but who
is making and who destroying it.
TUE prayer which Socrates taught his
disciple Aicibiades, deserves a place in the
devotions of every Christian: "That he
should beseech the supreme God to give
him what was good for him, though he
should net ask it, and to withhold from him
whatever would be hurtful, though he
should he so foolish as to pray for it,"
A PERSON who was recently called iuto
court for the purpose of proving the correct
ness of a doctor's bill, was asked by the
lawyer whether "the doctor did not make
several visits after the patient was out of
danger?" "No," replied the witness. "I
consider a patient in danger as long as the
doctor continues his visits."
To be insensible to the charms of piety,
and the beauty of holiness, is to be entirely
wanting in the best sense and taste a man
can have. Whatever is excellent and de
sirable in the universe of God concentrates in
holiness. Holiness ia the ultimatum of
human hopes and happiness.
A LADY asked a minister whether a per
son might not be fond of dress and ornaments
without being proud : "Madam," said the
minister, "when you see a fox's tail peeping
out of a hole you may be sure the fox is
IK a man has any religion worth having,
he will do his duty and not make a fuss
about it. It is the empty kettlo that rat
drying up a single tear has more of
housst fame than shedding seas of gore.
IT is as great a mercy to be preserved in
health as to be delivered from sickness.