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KKDFMS, PA., FRIBiI,MAI( H 2th IfifH.
RIM \ i:ss NOTICE.
Mr. ALKX. R. ASH* i the authorised aceot
for the Isy'ißtß, to receive subscriptions adver
i isomentf.collect account* nl receipt for tha same.
Mr. Asskw will call upou all those who arc in
debted to us and present our account*, he will also
give those whose advance subscriptions expire on
the Ist of April a chance to pay np for the next
WHAT SHALL BE DONE?
We copy below a part of a very able ed
itorial article, which appeared hi the J'ith
l.urgh Gazette of the lfith inst.. under the
above caption. It will be perceived that
the Gazette thinks the People have the rem
edy for their Legislative wrongs within
their immediate reach —that we can get a
Free Railroad law and also a repeal of the
law revoking the Connellsville charter, next
winter, if we but use the means in our pow
cr. And the remedy is, to discard political
parties this Fall, and nnite in electing men
of honesty and ability u.< e&xtiactfo Frre
tilreyvd la>c men, —who will go to Harris
huig determined that justice shall be done
We commend this subject to the considera
tion of the People. One thing is sure, it
is of vast importance to the entire popula
tion of Bad ford. Somerset and Fulton conn
vie-. We know of no earthly subject that
i.- more so. That the Connellsville Road
would be made if its charter were note re
torcd. we have no doubt. Such men as
Benjamin Latmbeand W O. Hoghart. tes
tified to this at Williamsport last summer.
And it is equally sure, if the Connellsville
Road is made connecting Pittsburgh with
Cumberland, the Southern Pennsylvania
Road will also he made. Bedford county
would therefore be traversed, by the Con
nellsville Road, from Bridgeport to the Ma
ryland line, a distance of ten miles, and by
the Southern Pennsylvania Road, through
its entire width, from East to West. And
also, no doubt, a road would be made from
Bedford to Bridgeport, to give visitors to
Bedford access Irout the Connellsville and
This entire section of the country is pros
trated and languishing—our best men are
daily moving to the West. Our coal,
ore, timber and water-places are worth
less. We are further from market than our
fathers were before railroads were invented.
< >ur turn pike with its desolate lookinetavern
-tands. is a melancholy monument, remind
ing us. not only that we are not advancing,
hut that we are retrograded. While every
where else the world is going forward we are
going backwards, and that, too, living, as
wo do, on the best route for a railroad across
the Allegheny mountains—a route that was
marked out more than a century ago by the
first wagon road, and, even prior to that
lime, by the old "Packer's Path.".
And It is alleged we have the remedy for
it ? Let the People speak. The Gazette
If any man supposes a result more favora
ble to the general interests of the Common
wealth, and especially to the interests of the
Western and Midland portions thereof, can
be obtained by going on in the tread-mill of
the old political parties for one or more years
longer, we beg t# say we widely differ from
him in opinion. As we judge, it is useless
for newspapers to get into a frenzy, and print
bitter, sharp, or eloquent diatribes. No good
will come of a continued expenditure of ink.
and genius, and emotion in that manner. The
people have an efficient remedy in their own
hands. If they apply it, vigorously, and in
telligently, next winter will witness the pas
sage of a proper Free Railroad law, and a
bill repealing the repealing Act. If they will
not resort to it, or, using it do so in a listless
and indifferent way, they mast reconcile them
-elves to sitting down under the abuses of
which they complain. This remedy is to dis
card political party arrangements for a sea
son, and unite in electing to the Legislature
independent men of brains, honesty and cour
age. Thirty such men acting in a body, out
side of party hues, will be enough to control
the organization of both branches of the As
sembly next winter, and compel the needed
legislation. It used to be said that "all roads
lead to Rome." This is the only road that
leads to freedom in railroad making in Penn
sylvania. If the friends of that measure are
prepared to take it, the way stands wider
open than it will for several years to come.
We have neither President, nor Congress, nor
Governor, nor U nited States Senator to elect,
noryet a national political policy to establish
or vindicate. Only a Supreme Judge, a leg
islature and the usual local officers are to be
chosen. Here is the opportunity. We urge
nothing. This is the people's cause, and it
pertains to them to deal with it as they will.
I alk that produces only another talk, enven
omed leaders that breed only other editions
of such, may gratify or inflame animosities,
but they join no practical issue and bring
nothing to adjudication. If the people will
not move in this manner, or in some other
that promises direct and good fruit, we elect
to be counted out of acrimonious discussion.
THE NEW LICENSE LAW.
In another column will be found the new
License Law, passed by the present Legisla
ture. and under whieh licenses will hereaf
ter have to be obtained. We hope to see
all good citizens, having the welfare of the
community in view, favor a strict enforce
ment of the law. as it now stands. Where
drunken or immoral and disorderly persons
apply for license, we hope to see remon
-tranoes against the granting of such licen
se*. and if the citizens fail in this, we hope
to see the Court take a firm stand and re
fuse any longer to grant licenses indiscrimi
nately. Drunkenness and crime of every
kind are running rict over the land, and it is
high time that such laws a - we have for
their restriction should be rigidly enforced.
If two thirds of the dram -hops of the coun
try were closed and the other third in the
hands of sober and respectable men, -are!
respectability and the retailing of liquid
poison as a beverage compatible?) our courts
of Quarter Sessions would soon cease to oc
cupy three-fourths of every regular term
the county would be saved annually ten
times as much as is now derived from liccn
ces, and general good order and morality be
SHAD IN TTTE ST SQCIHANNA. —We learn
throagh a number of our cxeLanges that
since the alteration of the Columbia dam,
under the Susquehanna fish bill, shad and
other migrating fish are making their ap
pearance in abundance. Shad were caught
on the 15th inst., for the first time pince the
alteration of the dam at Fairvicw, nearly
THE PITTSBURGH COMMERCIAL
AND SPEAKER HALL.
In many respeeta we regard the Pittsburgh
! Finn me idol as a most excellent newspaper
j —unexcelled by any paper in the bitate, and
| equalled by very few. Nevertheless, the
greatest of men have their weaknesses, and
| it does ,-eeni to us the t'ommerckil is slight
ly weak in its continual harping at Speaker
Hall. Yankee doodle is a most excellent
j tune when played by a good band, yet it is
barely posible that if a band were to come
j every day before one's door, and play that
and nothing else, for a whole month, one
might get tired of it. We suggest that the
i ('ommercinl intermit the thing just for one
day and try how it goes. There is an ap
pearance of vindictivenes3 as if something
else than a difference of opinion about rail
j roads lay at the bottom of the affair. It is
! an old trick, and one not at all to be com
mended, for a newspaper to assail a public
i man at some supposed weak spot in hispub
| lie acts, to gratify personal piqne, or to ac
complish some personal end. A newspaper
j to be truly great ought to be fair and im
partial. A really honest, fair and impartial
newspaper is a great blessing in a commnity,
the value of whieh no man can reckon.
We publish Speaker Hall's Free Railroad
: -jcech in our issue of to-day. It strikes us
: as being a clear, forcible and satisfactory
i statement of reasons in favor of amending
; the bill so as to make it what the people
want—a law to promote the making of rail
roads. As to whether failing to get the
amendments put in the bill, it would have
i been better far the friends of the free rail
road law to have voted against it, as the
I 'innmerriol claims, than to vote for the bill
in the hope of it being amended in the
I House, or by some subsequent Legislature,
is a question about which men might hon
: estly differ. General \\ hite, Mr. Billingfelt,
| and other undoubted friends of a free rail
i road law. thought best to vote for the bill as
lit stood, rather than to vote it down. For
ourselves, we incline to think that the ('om
mercinl is right, and that it would have been
better to have voted against the law, and to
have depended on some subsequent Legisla
ture to have made a new law in toto. \et
we can not see that the difference is very
i great after all. It might be. for aught we
know, quite as difficult hereafter to get a
new law in toto, as to get a defective anu
worthless law amended. And, perhaps,
there is one advantage connected with the
present state of affairs, and that is, if the
bill passes the House it will give Governor
Geaiy aa opportunity to define his position,
whereas had it been voted down, as the
t \nranercinl wanted, that opportunity would
not have been afforded.
HUNTING TIIE TIGER.
The Franklin Reponton/, comments on
our discussion of the Railroad question in
the following style :
"TUK Bedford Inquirer is intensely disgusted
with the legislature for its want of fidelity to
the people, and despairingly asks—"How
. lotib- shall these thin as he?"
Our Republican cotemporaries of Bedford
and Somerset defended the first and most
flagrant act of our legislature, and they com
plain now because it is tneir ox thai is gored,
while they were hunting the tiger they enjoy
ed the sport, but when the tiger undertook
to hunt them, they don't appreciate the lnx
If the Rejmgitory was hunted by the ti
ger on the I*. S. Senator question, we did
not play the part of the tiger. We were
unqualifiedly in favor of Thaddeus Steven-,
and the Reporitmy ought to know it. When
! Cameron was elected we approved of him
as a good man and a friend of Pennsylva
nia's interests. We do believe that what
we then said is true, but it was after the
contest was over, and the man of our choice
i was beaten, and it could no longer influence
the election. Whether the election was ac
complished by fair or unfair means, wc nev
er undertook to say. Col. MeClure under
stands very well how those things are done ;
wo belong to the uninitiated. If money
i was used, as between the two most promi
nent candidates, the victory was DO doubt
won by the longest purse, and if the dougb
; ty C-olonel wishes to blame any one for his
failure, he must blame himself for having
miscalculated the trek/fit of his candidate's
argument*, lie viewed the matter from
an entirely different standpoint, and were
directed in our choice of Stevens by a desire
to see devotion to principle honorably re
warded. and a man sent to the U. S. Sen
ate who was above all considerations of per
sonal emolument or aggrandizement, and
would act upon his honest convictions of
what would best promote and preserve our
| national welfare.
HOW NOT TO DO IT.
In the Washington news of the 21 st inst.,
we find an item running as follows; —" There
is a prospect for the confirmation of Mey
ers (Dem.), who has been nominated tor
collector in the Sixteenth District, if Sculi,
; (Rep.), is nominated for Assessor in the
same district. " We have seen a good deal
' of Somerset trickery and are generally pre
pared for almost any kind of scaly perform
ances by politicians from that section. But
we do hope to see the Senate put its foot
down on this kind ofbargain and sale of the
interests of the Union party in this district.
' Scull was Collector formerly, and nominally
edits a naper in Somerset ; the Collector's
Office effectually shut his mouth as long as
he could hang on to it, and until he was
kicked out. he was perfectly oblivions of the
treason of Andy Johnson, and the base
treachery of his good friend Cowan. At
the beginning of the present session of our
i Legislature he was called to Harrisbnrg on
urgent Roil Road business and after a
vrhole winter of railroad making at Jlarris
bure, (he may have made mmething but we j
don't sec the railroad,) it seems the same j
pressing duty has drawn him to Washing
ton. We hope the Senate will never con- I
sent to confirm the nomination of a dumb i
dog that will"neither bark nor bite as long a
he is fed. as an offset to Meyers. If we are
to have a trade-off. by a!! means give us a
mrflinching a Republican, as Meyers is Cop
perhead. We protest against any such bar
gain and sale, but if it must come, let us
have a quid pro quo and not a nullity.
RsjP'Mcasrs. Richards, Weller and lieagy i
of the House of Representatives, will ac
cept our thanks for valuable documents. i
In the history of tin* World -It*at results
i have sometimes flowed from causes wonder
fully insignificant. In the history of the
i Connelleville and Soothern Pennsylvania
Itail Road, this remark may well be
■ inverted ; wonderfully insignificant re
i suits have hitherto flowed from an
| immense amount of engineering, dili
'ye nee and skill; not to mention the extraor
dinary fact of one person having subscribed
fire million* of ilollnrttof etmlt.
BY the free railroad law, falsely so-called,
for whieh Senator Stutzinan gave his vote,
the survey of a road must be begun within
thirty days and completed within nix month*.
The Connellsville andiSoutbern Pennsylvania j
Bond has been surveying its route for three )
year*, and don't seem to be done yet.
If the Legislature permits the Southern '
Pennsylvania Rail Koad to spend three
years in locating and putting under contract!
the approaches of a small tunnel, by what
right do they take away the charter of the
Connellsville company for not having finish
ed its road in time ?
How Out NEIGHBORS SEE IT. — Johmto• I
Tribune of the 22d inst says :
Hon. George Taylor, President Judge of
the Twenty fourth Judicial District, instructed
the Grand Jury of Cambria county, at the re
cent session of Court, that the law of the
State relative to deserters must be obeyed as.
long as it shall remain on the statute book,
and charged the J ury that it was its duty not
to find a bill against any election officers who
had enforced tnat law.
taSf Hon. Thad. Stevens will accept our
thanks for a copy of his confiscation Bill.
HARKISBt r ß<> CORRESPONDENCE.
HJUUUSBT'RG, March 2-">. ISFFI.
The Legislature has passed, and the Gov
ernor has approved and signed, a law making
it an offense for railroad corporations within
this Commonwealth to make any distinction
with their passengers on account of race or
color, and punishing said corporations and
their agents and employees for the commis
sion of such offense. Any railroad or railway
company that shall exclude, or allow its em
ployees to exclude from any passenger car,
any person or persous on account of color or
race, or compel cr try to compel such person
to occupy a particular part of any car set
I apart tor the accommodation of passengers,
shall render itself liable to an action of deb*
to the aggrieved person, in the soni of five
hundred dollars. Any agent, conductor or
employee of a company who shall refuse to
carry any person on account of race or color,
or cut off or cause a car to be cut off of a train
on account of any colored passengers therein,
be guilty of a misdemeanor and subject
j himself to a tine of from $lOO to $5OO, and
from one to three months' imprisonment.
J The Copperheads are raising a terrible howl
! on account of the passage of the act. but they
■ need not trouble themselves oft that score.
; The colored people are not anxions to have
: their blood contaminated by the venom of any
A bill granting the Pennsylvania railroad
| company antbority to enlarge its capital, eu.iv
| wmA '■tfthtajrtfretttty wttoftti.V
t Governor's views, ami His Excellency p-
I proved and signed it. That great monopoly
carried the day again. it serins determined
j ;o rule the railroad affairs of our Common
| Onr soldiers' orphans will continue, as
heretofore, to be the special object of the
Srate's care, and the defect in the old law in
reference to the Superintendency of the or- j
J phan schools is about bring remedied by the
i passage of an act to provide for the. continu- j
j tince of the education and maintenance of the I
destitute children of deceased and permanent- i
i LV disabled soldiers and sailors of the State. ;
i It provides for the appointment by the Gov
jrrnortwith the advice and consent of the!
| Senate) of a State Superintendent of soldiers ;
j orphans, for three years, from and after the
| date of said appointment, to be subject to
! removal, for cause, as are other officers ap
! pointed in like manner are now. The .Super
! intendent'S office shali be at. Harrisbnrg and
j the salary shall be the same as that of the
j State Superintendent of Common Schools,
! and necessary traveling expenses. The SU
; perintendent shall give bond- in the sum of'
| $20,000 for the faithful performance of his
| duties. lie shall have power to appoint one
; clerk, and the Governor one male inspector
and examiner, and one female assistant, each
; at a salary not exceeding one hundred dollars
I per month and traveling expenses to inspect
! and examine the soldiers orphan schools.
| All the officers so appointed shall be honora
; bly discharged soldiers. The Superintendent
shall visit each orphan school at least once
each quarter, either in person or by deputy,
remaining at least twenty four hours in each.
The bill authorizes and instructs the Superin
tendent to procure a school or schools, or
home, for the children of the colored sol
diers and sailors who fell in the recent war. I
No contract with any parson or persona to
have charge of a school shall be made for a
longer period than one year, unless with the
sanction of the Governor. When orphans
arrive at the age of sixteen they may be
bonnd out as apprentices, if so desired by
them : if not, then they shall be restored to
their parents or guardinns and furnished with
a complete out-fit of clothes.
The House has passed finally an act to at
tach certain lands and tenements in Bedford
township. Bedford county, and the persons
residing thereon, to Bedford borough, for
school purposes. Approved by the Govern
Also, an act in relation to fishing and hunt
ing in the township of Jefferson in the county
Mr. Wetler read in place, in the House, an
act relating to the last will and testament of
John Morrison, late of Somerset county, de
ceased. Laid on the table.
Mr. Richards presented in the House a pe
tition from citizens of Bedford county, pray
ing for the passage of a law requiring the
county from which property is stolen to pay
the expenses of the trial, conviction, he., of'
the person charged with the perpetration of i
the crime. Laid oil the table.
Mr. Stutzman read in place, in the Senate,
a supplement to an act to legalize bounties
paid to volunteers, and the bonds issued
therefor, in certain townships in Franklin
county, approved April 1, 1896, extending the ,
provisions of the second section thereot to
the township of Ayr in Fulton county.
Also, an act authorizing the directors of
the poor to erect an alms bouse in the county
of Bedford, and to borrow money.
A joint resolution has been passed provid •
ing for the final adjournment of the Legisla
ture on the 11th of April. TOBY. I ,
It K.W.AKKS OI HON t. W. HALL,
SPEAKER OF THE SENATE.
In favor of a Free Railroad law, "and
against the amendments made to the hill by
the Railroad Committee of the Senate.
Mr. lIALL. Mr. Speaker, I did not in
tend, when 1 made a few remarks on this
bill the other day, to occupy the attention
of the Senate any further in regard to it.
When repeated votes showed from eighteen
to twenty in favor of it, and from eleven to
sixteen against it, I supposed that the minds
of Senators were made up, and that we
would not be warranted in taking up time
to the exclusion of other matters of legisla
tion. And I should not now. had it not
been for the rental ks of my friend, the Sena
tor from Bradford | Mr. LANDON). Ido
not rise to reflect upon any railroad corpora
tion —certainly not upon the Pennsylvania
railroad. I have had quite as much to do
with that corporation as the Senator from
I Bradford, and am quite as familiar with the
region of country traversed by that great
| railroad. lam well aware that it has greatly
enriched Central Pennslvania —that its value
lias been increased to ten times, yes twenty
times, what it was before that road was con
! structed. I have never lent myself, either
directly or indirectly, to any effort that was
calculated to crush this railroad or impair
i its usefulness. I have never opposed or
' -ought to thwart any legislation calculated
to strengthen and encourage it, when such
1 legislation tended to the public w. 1
fare. But with a'l due deference to my
brother Senators, ! must say that any one
; who knows the popular sentiment must
know that the people of Pennsylvania are
determined to have a free railroad law.
But ihe people do not want a railroad law
so loaded down and clogged with restrictions
i that it will be impracticable even to con-
I struct a railroad under it. Let the Senator
go to his constituent's and I think he will
find that they, as well as my constituents,
1 are in favor of afree railroad law. But they
j do not. desire such a law as will be practic
ally inoperative and a nullity. I hold in
i my hand the inaugural address ofOovernor
Geary, and the last message of Governor
Certain, in which they say the people
| demand a free raileoad law. Such I found
| to lie the unmistakable sentiment of the
; people of Bradford county, where I addres
sed a portion of them last full, and in no
part of the State did I find a more determin
ed and earnest feeling in favor of the move
ment than in Northern Pennsylvania, where
the people gave their majorities by thou
sand- for General Geary. Believing, a- I
do. ihai such is the general sentiment, and
| that the wants of the people must he heeded
! fay their chosen representatives, in view,
too, of the speech just made by the Senator
from Bradford, I challenge the supporters
of thi- so called free railroad bill, whoso
I imperatively demand its passage, without a
-ingle alteration, to discuss its merits. I
opposed the free railroad bill which was in
trod need last winter by my distinguished
friend, the Senator from Erie [Mr. LOWRV |,
and 1 gave satisfactory ieasons, the other
day, fi>r my opposition thereto. It is not
necessary to repeat those reasons now.
What 1 demand, in the name of the people,
i is a Liberal railroad law; not one in name,
-imply, but in reality. Is it not deluding
' and cheating the people to call that a free
i ail rood law which requires fifteen thou-and
dollar- <fcapital stock h>r oveiv mile of road
, to ulwribcd and paid in before anything
can factions? Senators know that thiselau-o
will have the effects to embarrass railroad
companies, and to retard and prevent the
I development of the country by internal ini
! proveuients; in short, that no railroad would
j ever he built under such a law? At least I
tear n:. and is it not better to strikeout
: -ueit provisions?
... Vouduvvii.lao.inhjKJ<tod into this bill a
[ individual liability clause, which is intended
j to intimidate person- and prevent them
! front taking stock. The Pennsylvania rail
road that opened tip and developed Central
I Vnn.-ylvania, and to which the State is in
debted t.u such large measure fur its wealth
ami prosperity, and which is admitted to
Ibe the greates: aud best managed road in
! the I nited States has a special charter. It
contains no individual liability clause and
why should such a provision be embraced in
this bill? When it was proposed to pass a
law similar to that of Ohio and New York
; it was voted down, and no sufficient reason
I has beeu or can be advanced to warrant such
action. And now when an amendment i>
; offered to this bill, which would tend to
promote and encourage the building of rail
j roads, the arguments advanced against it s
j by its opponent.- arc equally futile and ;
] empty. And when it. is propo.-ed to add a |
section, in the New York law -imply allow- \
ing eopi-rations to connect their roads, and '
to embrace in this bill the provisions of a ;
law voted for by the Senator from Bradford
in 1801. we are told it is wrong to do this
! hut why? Sitnplv because nineteen Senators
say the bill shaii not be changed. Aconvin
Let a law be passed allowing people to |
' build railroads wherever they choose, provi
| ded they pay for tl.eni as they go, subject j
to reasonable restraint*, and these are con i
rained, as far as L think it necessary logo, i
in the provisions of the act of 1849. A
j liberal railroad law is not demanded by the I
! tM-uple of Pittsburg alone, but by the peo
pie of the entire State. A law so liberie
that charters can be obtained, that capita;
will be invested and railroads constructed j
under it without, the corporators being 1
; obliged to come to the legislature. It is !
plain to me that a majority of the Senate
differ with me in tny views. My vote- on
the bill in committee of the whole as well
as in the Senate, have uniformly been for
what I thought was the most liberal policy.
We of the minority have briefly and ex
plicitly a- possible -fated the reasons for our
voles. We see and know that one third
; cannot vote down two thirds. And when
the bill clothed in the precise language that
it came from the Railroad Committee, not
changed in letter word or line, is about to
pas-, we are taunted that we have been able
to give no good reason for our votes, and
that our efforts to amend the bill, as it came
from the Railroad Committee, have only
added increased strength to the majority and
added a renewed determination on their part
that the bill shall pass unamended and un
changed, either in the sections voted on or
in those which are to follow. The Senator
from Bradford (Mr. LANDON | desires that
the issue-shall be made, so that the people
shall understand it. The Senator is clever
as well as bold and as he thus declares that
the bill as reported by the Railroad committee
is perfect as it can be made, permit me to
point out what I think are striking defects
First. I think the amount of capital stock
per mile required is too large, and that it
may tend to discourage the construction of
railways. I can see no reason why the
amount should be larger than is now requir
ed in the general law under wliieh railroad
companies are organized in Pennsylvania.
If there is any good reason. I would be glad
to hear it.
Second. Whilst I think it is very possible
there should be some individual liability
elau-e for the protection of laborers and me
chanic.-, I apprehend the stringent wording
of tie; section might restrain theconsttuc
tion of railroads. lam aware that under the
general reilroad law of New York stockhol
ders arc liable to the amount of their stock j
not paid in, and also for the wages of labor,
for a period not exceeding thirty days. J
This provision of the New York law was j
offered as an amendment to the section as
it now stands in the bill, by the Senator :
from Indiana[Mr. WHITE). And although
I voted for it, it was voted down by a deei- j
ded majority, the Senator from Bradford
jMr. LAVDOV] being one of that majority.
There is no individual liability Clause in the :
charter of any railroad now in existence in I
Pennsylvania, that I know of. Aud 1 re- i
spectfuliy submit to the Senate, it is neither
liberal nor wise, in this beginning oi a new
system, to test that syßtcm by sections so
stringent in their character. There is noth
ing of the kind in the act incorporating the
Pennsylvania railroad company. And I
have heard no reason in favor of it now,
save that the bill must pa.-.- ax it came from
the Railroad Committee, without the era
sure of a word or the obliteration of a line.
And this is the fiat as well in the sections
that are to be voted on as in those on which
tho Senate has acted. I cannot think, Mr.
Speaker, with all deference to the views of
my brother Senators, that this is liberal, or
that it will fully meet the wishes of the peo
ple ahoui we represent
Third. I believe the time allowed for sur
veys and filing maps is too short. The sur
vey is to be commenced within thirty days,
and to be completed within six months.
This is too short. The history of the rail
road litigation of the State shows this.
And yet the majority decline to change it.
Fourth. The power which the Legisla
ture reserves (in section thirteen) by special
or general act, "to amend, change, modify
or repeal the charter of any corporation or
ganized under this act as the same was pro
vided for in the thirteenth section of the act
regulating the construction of lateral rail
roads, approved the sth day of May, 1832,"
is, in my judgment, both unwise and uncon
stitutional. Knwi.se. because, I fear, it will
discourage investments. Unconstitutional,
because the present Constitution of Penn
sylvania. as amended and adopted in 1838,
six years after the passage of the lateral
railroad law referred to, expressly declares
that the legislature shall only have the
power to alter, revoke or annul any charter
of incorporation hereafter conferred, by or
under any special or general law, in such
manner that no injustice -hall be done to
the corporation! Will the capitalists of
Pennsylvania and of the country subscribe
their money to build railroads underthis bill
with this provision hanging over their heads?
Would the Senator from Philadelphia Mr.
RIDOWAY] who is a man of means and a
successful manager of one of the best pass
enger railroads in the State, invest his
money in building a railroad under a law
giving any such power to subsequent Legis
Mr. RIDGWAY. Certainly. I have the
utmost confidence in this Legislature, and
would be willing to invest my money, with
that clause hanging over it.
Mr. HALL. Well, it is really strange
that the Senator, who has been here several
years, never had anything of the kind inser
ted in any railroad bill before.
Mr. RIDGWAY. I was never requested
to do so.
Mr. HALL. Purely not, and why? Be
cause it takes money to build railroads, and
men generally are not such fools as to invest
when the Legislature may repeal the law
and they thereby lose the whole or a part of
I also object to other clauses in the bill as
it came from the Railroad Committee, which
it is not necessary for me now to refer to.
The |>eople understand t his question They
can neither be deceived nor trifled with. If
I have changed tny view-, it is because I de
sire to vote in accordance with the will of
my constituents, and in .accordance with
what I believe to lie the wishes of nine
tenths of the people of Pennsylvania. I
have voted, and -hall continue to vote to
make tbi* law a- liberal as 1 can get it. I
trust the Senate may yet strike out some of
the-r objcetional le clauses. If not. and the
bill pa-scs both branches of the Legislature,
as it came from the Committee on Railroads
that it tnav he amended by subsequent Leg
islatures. and that the system of making
and con.-trueting railroads in Pennsylvania
tuay be as bread and liberal as in any ot.er
I, her T,egi
lature adopted a free railway system. New
York and Ohio, on our north and west,
have liberal general railroad laws, and al
though it is true that Maryland refuses to
permit trade and travel to pass through her
borders, even to go to our National Capital,
un i axed, yet this great and growing State
will surely not wait for Maryland to act.
I have nothing more to add, Mr. Speaker.
1 favor a free railroad law because the peo
ple expect and demand it. and because!
trust it may aid in the further development
of our ereat and grand old State.
Reconstruction in Alabama.— Immense
Meeting in Selma.
WASHINGTON. March 19. —A dispatch
; from Helma, Alabama, states that the lar
gest meeting ever witnessed there look place
| yesterday. Resolutions were unanimously
\ adopted, strongly expressive of Union senti
ment-. and recognizing the right of ('cngr
to prescribe the terms of reconstruction and
readroission of the seceded States into the
Union, and therefore urging that the people
of Alabama should forthwith accept the
beneficent terms of reconstruction,
j A RADICAL CONVENTION AT HVNTSVILI.E.
()n the fourth of March, a Convention
under lead of Judge Saffold, Judge Hum
phreys, Mr. J. (.'. KefTer, and other well
I known citizens of Alabama, assembled at
I Huntsville. The movement originated en
tirely with white men, but had the support
of ail the prominent representatives of the
colored men. General Wager Swayne,
' autong others, addressed the Convention at
i length. Of the many radical resolutions
adopted, the following are the most intsres
liexolced, That the rejection of the amend
ment proposed to the constitution of the
United States, known as the 14th Article, bv
the Southern States, has induced the action
upon the part of the legislative power of the
Union in adopting other and more radical
measures to suppress the spirit of rebellion
and the political idea of State antagonism to
Resolved. That the policy of inactivity ex
pressed by the opponents of CongTess. and
the refusal to participate in the restoration
policy of the law making department of the
Union is the work of a well known ho-tilitv
to the Union, and, in the judgment of this
Convention, no measures compatible with the
safety of republican government could be
adopted that would satisfy this opposing ele
lit mired, That property qualification at
taehed to the right of suffrage is anti-republi
can and dangerous to the liberties of the peo
; Pl e "
lie-wired. That we recommend to the true
Union men of the different counties in the j
State to hold county meetings within the next \
sixty days, and that these meetings send j
delegates to a general Convention, to be held I
in the State Capitol, at such time as may be !
appointed by the Executive Committee.
A State Convention has been called to
meet at Montgomery early in May, to take
formal steps to reconstruct Alabama on the j
conditions of Congress.
To PERSONS otriNd M< >N" E V i
TO THE COUNTY OF BEDFORD.
At a meeting of the Commmissioners of lied- j
ford county held at their "Bice in Bedford, on
Thursday, March 14th. 1867, the following reso
lutions were passed :
Knotted, That the County Treasurer be, and j
he is hereby instructed to issue his warrants against 1
all delinquent tax collectors for the year 1866,
and to collect all monies due said county, by the
-th day of April, 1867.
And further, Retolctd, That our attorney, E.
F. Kerr, Esq.,be, and he is hereby instructed and
commanded to bring suits, issue executions and |
collect all monies due said county, cither from for
mer Treasurers and Collectors, or monies due
from other persons, prior to the Ist of April, 1866. ;
A true copy. JNO. G. FISHER,
COKHisstoxEit's Omen, T" Clerk. j
Bedford. Pa., March 19,'67. j March 22, St.
TNAKMERS who want to purchase the URKAT
U GUM ROLLER GRAIN DRILLS for next
seed time, should send ir their orders to HART
LEI ,t MRTZGBR at once, so that they may
■-cvilro them. -Vf/i.oyi ennftdtill next S"i>f
A C ough, A Cold or A Bore Throat,
RIQI'IKB IMMEDIATE ATTENTION, A*D IFL'H LD
RE CHECK KD.
Ir A m OWED TO cggftJiicK,
Irrifal ion of I lie bang, t* PeriiisnciH
Throsl DisenNe or < onsiimptlAn,
f OrTEN THE RKftTLT.
BRONCHIAL Tlt< >CHEB
HIYINd A DIRECT tTSWLVttVCK TO THK PARTS,
RIVE IMMCDIATi: RKMKK,
For Broitfliitis. Axlhma. C'atarrli. foil
siiniptiie and Mi root IHICHSCJV
TROCBII ARB ' SEH WITH At*'ATB GOOD SCCCESS.
M M.fIKH %>|> FI Hl.lt HPKA KKRk
will And Trocleimcfolfß clearing the voice when
taken before Singing or Speaking, and relieving
the throat after an unusual exertion ot the vocal
organs. The Troches are recommended and pre
scribed by Physicians, and have had testimonials
from eminent men throughout the country. Be
ing an article of true merit, and having proved
their efficacy by a test of many years, each year
finds them in new localities in various parts of the
world and the Tmehea are universally pronoun
ced better than other articles.
Obtain only "Brown's Bronchial Troches," and
do not t; ke any of the Worthless fmltalian* that
may b offered. Soi.N ETEBYWHKRK*
N0v.30 1866 :6W
Pennsylvania Agricultural Land Scrip
The Board of Commissioners now '>ffer for sale
320,000 acres of Agricultural College Land Scrip,
being the balance of the Scrip granted t the Com
mon wealth of Pennsylvania for the endowment of
Agricultural Colleges in this State.
Proposals for The purchase of this Land Scrip,
addressed to "The Board of Commissioners of
Agricultural Land Scrip," will be received at the
Surveyor General's office, at llarrishurg. until 12
o clock, M., on Wednesday, April 1", I*6".
This land may ic located in the State or Terri
tory, by the holder? of the scrip, upon any of the
unappropriated lands (except mineral Hindi) of the
United States, which may be subject to sale at
private entry. Each piece of jcrip represents a
quarter section of one hundred and sixty acres, is
issued in blank, an l will be transferable, without
endorsement w formal assignment The blank
need not b • . i until the scrip is presented for
location and entry, when the party holding it can
fill the blank and enter the land in his own name
Bids must be made as per acre, and no bids will be
received for les- than one garter section.
The Scrip will be issued immediately on the
payment of the money to the Surveyor General.
On all bids fr a less quantity than Ifi.ffOO a' res.
one-third •; 'he purchase money must be paid
within ten d* -. and the remaining two-thirds
within thirty days after notification of the accep
tance of the hid or bids by the Board of Commis
sioners. JACOB M. CAMPBELL,
For the Board of Commissioners,
Uakrisßi ua f February 27, 1867.
March 8, ts.
A DM IN 15 TEA TOE'S NOTICE.
K'tnte of Franklin &>ntt L dr, d.
Notice is hereby given that letters of administra
tion of the estate of Franklin South, late of
Spring township, ucc'd., having been granted to
the undersigned, by the Register of Bedford co n
all persons indebted to said estate are hereby
notified to make immediate payment, and those
having claim- against the same will present them
properly authenticated for settlement.
fel>22:fiw M IRV ANN SOUTH, Admr.
Estate of II- nry %n. . W
Notice is hereby given that letter? of adminis
tration hare been granted by the Register of
Bedftrd county, to the nndersigned, on the estate
of Henry Key ; er. leceased- All persons iadwh+ed
to said r-r*(e •.to make iumi'-<Uate pay
ment, and tDaring claims will present them
prop**r!v auth eticated for settlement.
' WM. H. KEYSBR, AdmT.
Xli Lctti i - if -■ utenrnry having been granted tr
the undersigned l ■_> the Register of Bedford coaaty,
upon the estate ot Solomoe Spark*, tale of Wesi
Providence township, Bedford County, deceased,
all persons indebted to said estate arc hereby no
tified and required to make immediate payment,
and those having claims are re-;nested to present
them for immediate settlement.
SILAS H. SPAR lvS.
March 8, Do. :tt Executor
KXEtT TOR'S NOTICE.
Ertate of WiUmm Cornel', deed.
The Register of Bedford county having granted
letters testamentary to the subscribers, Executors
of the la.- ; will ml testament of William C-ornell,
late of Xli ir ti wnship, Bedford ccunty, dee'd.,
all persons having claims against the e.-tatcof said
decedent are re . c-ted to make known the same
to them with wit delay and those indebted are de
sired to make i nmediato payment.
DANIEL H. CORNELL,
Executors, residing in said township of Monroe.
March \ „t.
. Eeta'e of li'm. Staht, late of Bedford Bar
Letter# of Administration, having bceo gran
ted to the undersigned, residing in Bedford Bor
ough. by the Register of Bedford county, upon
the estate t PS m. Stnhl. late of the Boroigb of
Bedford, decen#ed, .-ill persons indebted to said
estate are hereby notified and regaind to make
immediate payment and those having claims are
requested to present the in for mime liate settle
ment. PETER H. ;5 HIRES,
March l:6t Administrators
HX ECU TOP'S NOTICE.
Letter# t t.naicntary having been granted
| to the aoL-.-riber. bv the Register of Bedford eo.,
; on the estat- ot Henry Harclcrode, late of Cole
i rain town-hip. dee'd. all persons indebted to said
; estate will make Immediate payment, and thore
I having daira? will present them duly authenti- j
; -rated for 'ctflcwent
Executor of Henry Harden ale, dec ill
March 8, 1 it'iT.ttU
Entate of Chiiip O'.Ye el, deo'tl.
Letters t administration. having been grant
evl to the undersigned by the Register of Bedford
county, upon the estate of Philip O'Neal, late
of Monroe township, Bedford county, deceased,
all persons indebted to said estate are hereby no
tified and required to make immediate payment,
and those having claims are requested to present j
them for immediate settlement.
March N 13'i*c61 Administratrix.
A Entate of Jonepk Riddle, late of I'm'on tp.,
j Notice is hereby given that letters testamentary
: have been granted to the undersigned, by the
Register of Bedford county, on said estate. All
• persons indebted to aid estate will make itume
! diate paynu t. and those having claim? against
I the -nine i i- requested to present them forthwith
i for settlement.
WILLIAM BERK HIMKK, Executor
March loitit with tho Will annexed.
Estate of Christian Hoffman, deceased.
LeUW of Administration npon the estate of '
c'hristian Hoffman, late of Middle Woodbcrry tp.,
I Bedford county. Pa., deceased, having been grant
ed to the undersigned, by the Register of Bed
i ford county. VII p rsons knowing themselves
indebted to said estate are hereby notified to make
immediate payment, and those having claims
! against the estate are requested to present them
\ properly authenticated for settlement.
JOHN L. HOFFMAN,
March LA;FIT Administrators.
A ! DM IN .-TRAITOR'S NOTICE.
/.'stole of Juki i 1 tanker, deed.
The Register of Bedford county ha linggr.ifited ;
| letters of administration upon the estate, of John
. Dasher, bt r ~! Hopewell tp. dee'd, to the subscri
■ ber- residing in said township, ail persons in
i deb ted to said estate are hereby notified to make
; immediate payment, and those having claims
against it are requested to present them properly
| authenticated for settlement.
JOHN B. FLUOR,
WILLIAM It DASHER,
Mar. ■*, i-tfir. Administrators, j
I ADIKS CALL!—Make a/inA/ouo.'Or little
I A at HARTLEY A. MKTZti ER'S. where
I yon will find a very select asmrtment of choice
FLOWER SEEDS. Also, fresh and re! able
' <iard' n Seeds of all kinds. ui irlo
Life I iisnraiK-4* ('onipaii).
CAPITAL & ASSETS. JAN. I. mi.
ACiifnal Initrairr > 4'oinMnef with tl<-
earltjr >f a Capital.
The <3irard Life Insurance Otnpany was char
tered ID 1826, and W therefore ONE F the olrte-r.
as well a# most substantial companies in the Uni
ted Stater. It affect a iaisranet for the win/if of
Life; upon the nonforfeitable or Una year plan, or
for any term of years. It also i*saes Endowment
Premiums may he paid Yearly. Semi-aniiiia 11}
AH flit insured for wtiol* of Ufe % (iixd inline
those on the ten year plan.; ptrtieipatK
in the profit* of tits nrmjimiy.
Those insuring in the G irard may alway- rcet
assured that their best interests will be protected.
All whole of Life Polities of several years stead
ing, are purchasable by the company, or may be
commuted into a policy for a smaller amount,
without any thing more to pay—therefore the in
sure I need "t fear a less in ease they are not able,
after several years payments, to keep up their
Boti-It " - or additions to policies ore made every
Hre yea m r without any in the premium.
It* profit* arc absolute. ftßpremiums moderate.
It* pricifcgz* fibtral. It has paid many
and ha-; never contested a claim.
For book i and circulars, free of charge, send t
the Home office. No. 408 CHESTNUT St., Phil a.
Or to anv of its agents.
THOMAS RIDG WAY, Pres.
JOHN F. JAMBS, Actuary.
ORRIN KOiiBSS, General Agent.
32 > Walnut Stre t, (up stairs.;
J. X. KBAGY, Agent.
marl&lYf Bedford. Pa.
N"0 MOKE B ILK Bf I!' S !
NO MORE GRAY LOCKS'
1 >i*. LE<S'
ELECTRIC HAIR RENEWER,
Is pronounced by ait who hare used it the very
beat preparation for the hair. It tea positive <:ure
for Baldness, eradicates Dandruff and llutj;or>,
stops the Hair from falling out. and speedily res
tores Gray Lock* to their original hue and luxu
It operates on the secretions and tiiis th- glands
with new life and coloring matter. Thiu. dead,
faded or gray hair wili always be brought hack
by a few applications, to its youthful abunoabcc,
vitality and color.
It makes the hair soft, glossy, fragrant, pleas
ant to the touch and easy to arrange. Dry. wirv
and intractable locks become raoi-r. pliant and
disposed to remain in any desired position. A.a
Hair 'Dressing it ha* no equal. The - . - arc
enormous and it is a universal favorite wi'h oM
and young of both sexes.
i?old by Druggists throughout the foiled.State .
Address all orders to
ZLEGLLK A SMITH, SOLH Paopaturons,
N v. 16,'ffr-lyr. 137 North lbird St., I'hil*.
028. HOOP I KIRTS - 028.
NEW SPRING STYLES, "OIK 0 J MAKE,"
I embracing every New and Desirable aire. rtyle
, and Shape of Plain and Trail floor S K HITS. —2, 3
; i 4, 2|. 2 3d, 3, 3 1-4, 3 1-2, 3 2-4 and 4 Ydk,
' round, every length and size WaLt; in every rcs
! peet FIKST QUALITY, and eepeciaLy adapted to
meet the wants of FIRST Of. vss and in- st fashion-
I able Trade.
! "Our own ruakc." of Iliwp Skirt>, arc lighter,
! uiore elastic, more durable, aud lOIALV < HLAPKR,
than any other make oi either Single or D able
Spring Skirt in the Ameritan Market. They are
AIRA-VTELi in every respect, and wher r n
troduced give universal satbt.i; ; on. Th .y are
now being extensively Sold by Ketoilers, and ev
ery Lady should try them.
Ask for "Hopkin s Own Make." and see that
cash Skirt is STAMPED "W. T. flu FN IN S MAN-
I FACTLREB, 42s ARCIi Strc.tt r PHIL'A."
No others arc Genuine. A Catalogue c 'Blaming
Style, Size and Retail Prices, sent to any ail
dress. A Uniform and Liberal .Discount ail we i
to Dealers. Order- by mail or otherwise, prompt
ly and carefully Siied.—Wholesale and B tail at
Manufactory and Sales-rooms.
No. 02? ARCH Street, PHILAD A.
Skirts made to order, altered and repaired.
I TERMS, NET CASH. ONE PRICE ONLY.
WIN. R. HOI'KINS.
j 3lar*h 15, lSfi7.Torao
1)UBLIC -ALE OF
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE.
I By virtue of an order of the Orphans* Court of
j Bedb rd uunty, the undersigned Executor of the
; estate of Solomon Sparks, late of West Providence
town-hip, deo'd.. will offer at public -.tie on the
•en - . n SATURDAY, MARCH sh. 17,
j the following described real estate, viz:
No. I. A certain tract of land known as the
j h'tttc -r mansion tract, situate in West ln.vidence
: wnsbip, Bedford county, containing 125 acres
<<r there.**'. m's?, about 7.* acres are cleared and nn
!• r fen with a two Story Irani* house, double log
'■ and other out-buildings thereof erected, ad
j i r,- and- of David Sparks, Andrew Mortimore
and Wi!.s Spams.
No. 2. A certain tract of land in West Providence
township, containing I£3 acres or thereabouts,
about fic acres of which arc cleared and under
fence, with a story and a half frame house, double
leg i am thereon erected, adjoining on the Wast
No. 1 a- above described, on the South land of
Frederick Davis and James Calhoun, East, Janes
O'Neal and on the North, Joseph Mortimore.
i h* above described real estate i- ptea-azitfy
situated in a good agricultural district, near a rail
road market—2 miles South of Bloody Run, is
well rimhi red and there are two orchards thereon.
TERMS cash on confirm alien n( sale.
commence at 10 o'vl ck A. M. of said
•J*}- " SILAS 11. SPARKS,
Executor < f S. Sparks, dee d.
March s. it.
I 1 ) I*BLfo SALE OF
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE.
B; virtue of an order of the Orphan's Court of
Dfh<>rd canty, the under.-:..rue I. Gaanlkin of the
mil. lib ren of Henry Miller, in, late of Cuiu
bc ..t;d Valley township, deceased, will offer at
i u - •' on t..'_ premisa SATURDAY.
, the ih day of .March, ISC 7, the following de
scribed r- i! estate, viz:
A SMALL TR VCT OF LAND in Cumberland
\ alley ' n r.-hip. Bedford county, Ta., containing
two acr and sixty-five perches, with a story and
a half Plan'; House, a Srill H- use, also one story
and a half high, with two stills and ther articles
necessary for a distillery thereon erected, adjoin
ing lots of Elizabeth Hancy and I>. R. Anderson
on-the North, Bcni. F. Brunei . the South-West,
also lots tf Jacob Anderson, Kni Deremore and
TERMS. —One third in hau l at confirmation of
i sale, and the balance in two "equal annual pay
Sale to commence at M lock A. M. of said
■ lav. HENRY ROSE, Guardian.
I Match l:4t
MAN L'FACT ft I;K OF
I CABINET WAHE.iC.,
The undersigned having purchased the Shop,
Tools. Ac., of the late Win. Stahl, dee'd, i- now
prepare I to do all kinds of CABINET \V>KK
in good style and at the shortest notice. at the
OLD STAND in West Pitt stwt.
Jfc£r~ Having a HEARSE, he is *Uu oired
to furuiih COFFINS ar I ATTEND FUN MR \ LS.
THOM VS MERW ; ;• i:
March! 5:3 ui.
ADMIN ISTRATOK'S NMTIC
Enhtte *'J ifhn If. T'/ftprr, (It "X-4.
\ Letters of AJmini-ti<n \itig been pi ur- I
to the undersigned, by the Register of Bedford
[ eoKnty f upon the e-tateof Joho 11. Typper. *te t
j Hopewell, Bedford count\. teed. AH pcr
| sons indebted to said estate .i Hereby notified and
required to make immediate payment, and tlw-e
having claims are requested to prevent them for
Administrator, residing in Ba\"
L DISSOLUTION OF PA HTN EUSHi P.
/ The partnership lsere'-'torc existing between
the undersigned in Fane; and Ladies* Dress
Goods business has been Hiutually dissolved, and
the books will remain in th- hiuds of Mrs. Virginia
Taie for collection. Persons will confer a favor by
settling up immediateiv.
MARTHA RE A.
The business wi'! L-. conducted at the old stand
by the undersigned, who will be ever ready to
: please and satisfy the most fastidious taste. The
I public an* earnestly invited to extend their pat
| ion age. VIRGINIA TAT K.
I Bedford, .March 15, l- >7.dt
niaXK DEU.D- FUR SALE CHEAP At the
I IJ iNQt I RER OFFICE
i Nov J. ISfib