Bedford inquirer. (Bedford, Pa.) 1857-1884, March 29, 1867, Image 1

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    Ibe §nWo*4 Htn]aim
11! L lAN A St.,opposiiethe Mengcl House
ff'j.oo a year if paid strictly in advance.
II nl i>akt within six months 82.30.
If no! inl<l within the year #3.00.
#rofe<ssisnai & aSitstos tfarto
l}Ei>ri/BD, PIIB'A.,
Office same at formerly occupied by ilea. W. P.
Scbell, two doers cast of the (''•<-[ tie office, will
practice iu the several I'ourU of Bedford county.
Peosinus, bounties arid hack pay obtained and the
purchase of Real Estate attended to.
May 11, '66—ljrr.
BsnFor.D, Pass's.,
Offers to give satiefoctiofi to ali woo may on
trust their legal business i.o him. Will collect
moneys on evidences of debt, and speedily pro
cure bounties and pensions to soldiers, their wid
ows or heirs. Office two doors west of Telegraph
•ffice. aprll;'6ff-ly.
r li. CESSNA,
Office with John Cessna, "n Julianna street, in
the office formerly occupied by King A Jordan,
and recently by Filler A Kcagy. All business
entrusted to his care will receive faithful and
prompt attention. Military Claims. Pensions, Ac.,
speedily collected.
Bedford, Jane SI. 1865.
J- M'n. E- r. KEIIH
Sharps a kerb.
Will practice in the Courts of Bedford and ad
joining counties. All business entrusted to their
care will receive careful and prompt attention.
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col
lected from the Government.
Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking
h- usc of Reed A Schell, Bedford. Pa. inar2:tt
W ill promptly attend to all business entrusted to
his care.
V--&. Particular attention paid to the collection
.J Military claims. Office on J'ulianna St.. nearly
opposite the Mcngel House.) j0n023, '65.1y
Sebfokd, Pa.,
. stend promptly to all business intrusted to
•-.cir --are. Collections made on the shortest no
They are. also, regularly licenseil Claim Agents
mil will give special attention to the prosecution
if claims against the Government for Pensions,
Hack Pay, Bounty, Bounty Lauds, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door booth of the
MengclHouse" and nearly opposite the Inquirer
.fibre. April 28, 1865:t
I j ATTORNEY AT LAW, Ecdfouii, PA.,
Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi
icss entrusted to hi- care in Bedford andadjoin
u" counties. Military claims. Pensions, back
lay. Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with
dann A Spang, or. Juliana street, 2 doors south
if the Mengcl House. npll. 1864.—tf.
Respectfully tenders his professional services
the public. Offic wi'h J. W. Lingenfelter,
, oil iliana street, two doors South of the
•Mm,gin House." Dec. 9, 1364-tf.
ATTORNEY: 5 AT LAW, BF.tiFonn, ta.
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
he Law Office on Juliana Street, two doors South
if the Mer-gci House,
aprl, 1864—if.
nil. 11. YIKC.iI. PORTER,
(late of New York City,)
iV'iuld inform his imuierou- friends
inl the public gencrallv that he ha.-s lo> .tcl per-
LUMMitly in BLOODY HUN. Da. I'uhtbb is
constantly availing himself of every lat- discovery
hat modern -ricnee proves j>i aetically useful,
And, together with his many constant prac
i e ami profound study,feei confident in averting
hat he has acquired the most sure, safe, and sat
t-factory method of inserting his BEALTIFLL
ARTIFICIAL TIiEXH on new and improved at
mospheric principles, that has yet heeu discov
Teeth filled io a superior manner without pain
and all operations warranted.
jfiir Tceth extracted positively without paiu.
My. 15, tf.
u. . J. r " MI.fJIICH, jr..
! vKNTISTS, Bedford, Pa.
I / Office in the Bank Building, Jnlimut Street.
All operations pertaining to Surgical or Me
hanicni Dentistry carefully and faithfully per
formed and warranted. TERMS CASH.
Tooth Powders td Mouth V,a.*h. excellent nr
tides, always on hand.
Dkntistk y.
f. N. BOWSKH, E-ifFVT Dentist, Woof>-
ny. k:. v, Pa.y visits Bloody ; . -s three days of each
month, commencing with the second Tuesday ol
the month. Prepared to perform nil Dental oper
ations with which he may be favored. 7'e> i
within the reach of all and xtricily caxh <.r> rpt la; contract. Work to be sent by mail or oth
v. isc, must be paid for when impressions arc taken,
augo, T i:tf-
I) K .-iiecltully tenders his prolessiou 0 services
l*i i he people nl Beit ford and vicinity.
Jyft Residence at Maj. AVasbabaughV.
T.*r Office tw.i dour - wc.-t of Bedford Hotel, up
etuira. aul7:tf
\\JM. W. JAMISON, M. I>.,
\\ Bboonv Run, Pa.,
Respectfully tenders bis professional services to
the people of that place and vicinity. [deeffilyr
I \ H. B. F. IIAKRY,
U Respectfully tenders his pr ife dona! ser
vices to the citizens of Bedford ..nd vicinity.
Office and residence on Pitt Street, in the building
formerly occupied by Dr. J. 11. liotius.
A] rifl. 1864—M. *
| !.. MARIiOU.RU, M. It.,
fj . Having permanently located respectfully
tenders his pofessionsl services to the citizens
of Bedford and vicinity. Office or, Juliana street,
opposite the Bank, one door north ol Hall A Pal
mer's office. April 1, 1864—tf.
Bloody Rt x, Pa.
l'b" k-. Watches, Jewelry, Ac., promptly rc
-1 aired. All work entrusted to his care, warranted
io give satisfaction.
lie abo keeps on hand and for sale WATCH
,tr Office with l>r. J. A. Mann. mv f
I'itt sthket, two noons wksT of tiik bkii
ronn, Beiforp, Pa.
lie keeps on tian 1 a stock of fine Gold an<l Sil
,-r Watches, ecta : ■ of Brilliant Double P.efin
i Glasses, aso Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
'A'atch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best
prality of Gol 1 i'ens. lie will supply to order
hit thing in Lis line not on hand.
1 r.28, 1865—1.
I 1 Bedford. Pa.
Collection? made for the East, West, North and
South, and the general business of Exchange
Iran acted. Notes and Account- Collected and
Remittances promptly made. REAL ESTATE
; ight and sold. fcb22
DI'KBORROW A LUTE Ktlllors and Proprietors
Nora Mccarty.
BY T. n. Aljtsletl.
Nora is pretty.
Nora is witty,
Witty and pretty as pretty ran he !
She's the eompletest
Of girls, and the neatest,
The brightest and sweetest:
But she's not for me.
Maeourneen !
Nora, be still, you!
Nora, why will you
Be witty and pretty as pretty can be,
So strong and so slender,
So haughty and tender,
So sweet in your splendor,—
And yet not for me
Mavournctn !
Good night! 1 have to say good night
To such a host of peerless things !
Good night unto that fragile hand
All queenly with its weight of rings ;
Good night to fond uplifted eyes,
Good night to chestnut braids of hair,
Good night unto the perfect mouth.
And all the sweetness nestled there—
The snowy hand detains me, then
I'll have to say good night again !
But there will come a time, my love.
When, if I read our stars aright,
I shall not linger by the porch
With my adieus. Till then, good night !
You wish the time were now ? And I.
You do not blush to wish it so ?
You would have blushed yourself to death
To own so much a year ago—
W hat! both these snowy hands ? ah, then.
I'll have to say good night again
Dr. McC'osh recently delivered a lecture
in Belfast on his visit to America. We give
a few extracts. Speaking of the education
of the people he says:—
"That country owes its greatness to its
wide spread education. The truth is, the
Constitution of the United States, with its
universal suffrage, would not stand a year,
it would be shattered into fragun-Dts, but
for the intelligence >f the people. The
greatest difficulty of government there arises
from the influx of ignorant Europeans, who
are flattered and misled by - poult
cians tower than any we have in our country.
I am persuaded that without their schools,
lower aud higher, the United States would
soon get into inextricable confusion, like the
South American?, or fall under a military
despotism, like France. But with its high
and universal education the country has a>
fair prospect of stability as any nation on
earth. Surely the progress made and the
power acquired of late years by l'ru--ia and
the United States, —the two countries in
the world in which the great mas? of the
people receive the highest education, —is a
clear proof that it is knowledge that is power
in a nation a? well as among individuals.
The fact should read a lesson to us who have
not yet, amidst the contest of classes and of
sects, been able to establish a thoroughly
good national system of education. The
education in the United .States is happily
(what can scarcely be said of the Prussian)
a Christian education. The system origina
ted in New England, but was extended over
all the States, except, indeed, in the South,
where it was found incompatible with the
eontii uance of slavery. The law favors
education; in some States it makes it com
pulsory, but in fact it is mainly promoted
by the spirit of the people. The young peo
ple remain longer at school than they do in
thiscountay, and, as a rule, the common
;>eop!e arc all well educated. The artisan
oho- here, male and female, like the middle
class there, can talk with you on the topics
ol' the day, and they know the history of
their own country and of ours, and the ele
ments of science, mental and physical. In
every town there are not only elementary
schools for younger children and grammar
schools in the higher branches of English,
but there are High Schools for classics,
mathematics, and science all provided by the
States. The colleges are very numerous,
and are found far west on the very outskirts
f civilization, as in lowa and San Francisco.
S :v ••'them ar *in a state d' in'Vi tv.
but they are healthyLdtildrcu, and promise
in due time to be vigorous men. S itae of
the older colleges in the east are quite equal
to out own, except indeed, they have not yet
-uch large rewards for higher scholarship,
: and that their hardworking professors are
; disgracefully underpaid. As a proof of the
interest taken by the people in their institu
tions, I may mention that during the late
war, when the wise men of this country were
predicting that the nation was going on to
bankruptcy and ruin, no less a sum than
five millions of our money was contributed
by philanthropic pdbple to the establishment
and extension ot universities and theological
seminaries. The consequence of this is
that there are intelligeu :e and physical com
fort among the common people, not to be
found in thi-or iu any European country.
I wish I could convey you all to a New Eng
land village of the better sort, such as I lived
in once and again. 1 reckon it the finest
sight in Atactica, —one ol' the fittest sight
in the world to a philanthropist. The
hotL-cs are not in close streets like ours, hut
are separated from one another, each em
bosomed in trees, with a garden, and each
with four, Gve or six apartments. There i
surc to be a school and a church, orchur
dies, in the village, but possibly no public
house within five or ten miles. Nearly
every man there reads hi.? daily newspaper,
and many of them see a monthly rchgiou ?
or literary magazine. I was in villages with
several huudreds of a population, in which
there was not a single family to whom you
could offer a piece of cast off clothing or >1
bread without giving offence. To my un
speakable gratification, 1 found like euti
munities springing up all over the \\'.-st, in
Ohio, Illinois, Wiseon-tu. and away beyond
the Mississippi, in Minnesota and lowa.
The rich land there is t>eing occupied mainly
by New Knglaoders, and by the most indus
trious of the English, Scotch. Irish, German
and other European settler-, who carry with
them the best virtues of the Old \\ 'l id, to
find in the New World a fitting field for call
ing forth their talents and their activities.
ffiaHle livesin true repose who bridles
his passions.
Yesterday's Tribune tints discourses in
reply n letter asking practical advice rela
tive to farming : "Your eln'ef danger is im
patience. If you or your wife would not get
disgusted with furiniog the first year, it is
quite unlikely that you ever will. Begin
with a distinct understanding that you will
not make money atfirst—that you will almost
certainly be poorer at the close of your first
year's farming than when yon began it.
Your land will lc in poor condition ; you
will have to do two days'work for futurity
to every one that tells directly on the produc
tion of this year's crop. You will suffer by
drouth and flood, heat and frost, hail and
insects ; and will be led to conclude that
fanning is a hard business, and its rewards
very meager and uncertain. But all these
are passing clouds, to dispel which you have
hut to persevere.
Resolve to grow what you need and to
consume your own products so fur as may
be. We don't object to giving a bushel of
good potatoes or a barrel of turnips for a
pound of middling tea; but half a dozen
such exchanges per annum are decidedly
preferable to a hundred.
Be sure to average at least five days on
your homestead. There are farmers who do
not mean to be shiftless, and who can do a
fair day's work when they set about it, yet
who have so much "business" that takes
them off this way aud that, that they do not
average throe square days' work per week.
Those farmers are heading straight toward
the poor-house. Can you wonder that they
deeni farming a beggarly pursuit?
Don't fear that you will overstock the
market. This city, like most American cit
ies, ought to consume treble the fruit she
does, and would if it were reasonably cheap.
Good grapes can be grown at the cost of
wheat—say five cents per pound—yet thev
retail here at fifteen to thirty cents per
pound. At ten cents, tie consumption
would probably double annually for the next
four years at least. Poaches of late sell here
at most exliorbitani prices. Berries, save
when most plentiful, cost far more than they
should. One hundred thousand acres well
set in fruit this year would not begin to glut
the markets of our great Atlantic cities.
Bear in mind that each child over seven years
old can help you ii' veil grow fruit.
For $l,OOO, you can buy a habitable cot
tage and five to twenty acres of warm, mel
low, tractable soil. A team and cow will
cost you fbOO more ; leaving you a balance
for implements, seeds, provisions, Ac. And,
if you practice frugality and live largely on
your own products, that will just do. .
If you prefer to raise grain and grow
stock, you will naturally go West, where
land is cheap and gra-s abundant. You
may there buy 100 acres of land for $l,OOO
or les- iu many civilized localities, and will
la- apt to do il. though it i> more than you
really need. But we may take another op
portunity to speak of farming in the West,
whore success is not more decided, but where
failure is more ditlicult than in older commu
nities. .Meantime, let us sum up our con
victions in a few sentences :
wy all things
considered, here than elsewhere. It is very
cheap at th. West, hut cheap around this
city and in every old State, even in densely
peopled Massachusetts. To one who knows
how to improve and tiii it. nothing else i- so
cheap among us as arable soil.
livery one who has any available means
should own land. Though il be but a gar
den patch, he will be a better husband, bet
ter father, hotter citixen, for owning land,
lie who owns an aero need never pass an
idle day. nor go cringing aud begging for
employment. It no one wants to pay him
for his labor, he may profitably employ it on
hi- own land. True, land unused, like any
thing else unused, is rarely a profitable in
vestigation ; yet notliiug else is so solid, so
tangible, and so certain to increase steadily
in value, as land. And no other man of
moderate means can be so trulv independent
as he who cultivates his non n ijch dd.
li. If every man in business, who can spare
??l,uooupto tfllMXHi, would employ that
amount in buying laud—a homestead, if pos
sible—and let it lie deeded directly to his
wife, he would signally lesseu the probability
of his dying iu an alius house and buried at
the expense of th town Few men will
deem this worth consideration ; we do.
On a certain occasion one Paul Denton, a
Methodist Preacher in Texas, advertised a
Barliecue, with better liquor than is usually
furnished. When the people assembled a
desperado in the crowd cried out. "Mr. Paul
Denton, your reverance has lied. You prom
ised not a eood barbecue, but better liquor.
Where's the liquor." "There!" answered
the missionary, in tones of thunder, and
pointing his long bony linger at the match
less double spring, gushing up in two strong
columns with a sound like a shout of joy
from the bosom of the earth. "There ? he
repeated, with a look terrible as lightning,
while his enemy actually trembled at his fcet.
"there is the liquid which God, the Eternal,
brews for all his children ! Not in the sim
mering still, over smoky fires, choked with
poisonous eases, and surrounded with the
stench of sickeuiug odors and corruption,
doth our Father in heaveu prepare the pre
cious essence of life, pure cold water. But
in the glade and glassy dell, where the red
deer wanders and the child loves to play,
there Goi> brews it : and down, low down
in the deepest valley-, where the fountain
murmurs and the rills ring ; and high up in
the mountain tons where the naked granite
glitters like gold in the sun, where storm
clouds brood and the thunder-storms crash ;
and far out on the wide, wide sea, where the
hurricane howls music, and the big waves
roll the chorus, sweeping the march of God
—there Hebrews It, the beverage of life—
heaUhgiving water. And i vorywhere it isa
thing of beauty gleaming in the dowdrop,
singiug in the suiumet-rain, shining in the
ice gem, till they seem turned to living jew
els; spreading a golden vein over the set
ting .sun, or a white gauze around the mid
night uioou ; sporting in the cataract; sleep
ing in the glacier; dancing in the hail*
shower; folding its bright snow curtains soft
ly around the wintry world ; and weaving
the many colored iris, thut seraph's zone of
the sky, whose wrap is the rain drops of the
earth, ali checkered over with celestial flow
ers by the mystic hand of refraction —that
blessed life water, no poison bubbles on its
brink; its foam brings not madness and
murder; no blood stains its liquid glass;
otic widows and starving children weep not
burning tears in its dephu ! Speak out, my
friend ; would you exchange it for the de
mon's drink, 'alcohol?'
A shout like the roaring of a tempest,
answered "No !'
t&fAmong the wealthy oil men of Penn
sylvania is old .John ile Bennehoff, whose
income estimated Irom the present produc
tion of his oil farm, is not lessthan S4OO.U(Mt
per year. lie still lives in his antiquated
Dutch homestead, near the head of Benne
The Milwaukie Sentinel, of March 1, is
responsible for the following : Fish stories
are proverbially discreditable—so much so
that when we get hold of a good one, we are
almost loth to tell it for fear our statements
may be laughed at. However, despite this,
we will relate an incident which happened
yesterday, and which was told us by a gen
tleman whose veracity we have never had
occasion to doubt.
"It seems that a number of tnen and boys
were at work almost opposite the Detroit
and Milwaukie depot, when one ol the
number saw an # enormous sturgeon swim
ming near the surface of the water close by
the dock. The pat T armed themselves
with poles and other weapons, while a boy
named Patrick Nolan, procured a boat hook
and resolved upon the capture of the mon
ster. Patrick made a lurwc at the fish and
caught tho hook 4u its back, but before he
had time to brace himself and haul the
fish to the dock, it darted out into the riv
er, jerking him from his footing into the icy
water. The boy held on to the boat-hook
and was dragged with great velocity into the
middle ot the stream, and the out toward
the lake.
"The spectators, meanwhile, were almost
paralyzed with terror. Thev were power
less to help Nolan, and could enly look on
and see him dragged through the water by
a monstrous fish at a rate of speed exceed
ing that of tho fastest row-boat. They call
ed to him to release his hold of the boat
hook, but he, either too much terrified to
heed, or not being able to hear, clung fast
to it as if it was his only hope of life. The
monster fish, maddened by pain, and terri
fied by the load he was dragging, lashed the
water into flakes offoani as he sped outward
toward the great lake, never staying in his
mad course. Death seemed the only fate
awaiting the boy, and one or two of those,
on shore knelt down and implored the mer
cy of Heaven upon his soul as he fast rece
ded from their sight—probably forever.
Providentially, however, a couple of fish
ermen, who were in a boat near the straight
cut. saw what had transpired, and although
unable at that distance to understand the
full nature of the affair, intercepted the
course of the fish.
"But there's many a slip'twixt the cup
and the lip . for, just as they were about to
grasp the aliuo.?t inanimate form of the lad,
the fish changed its course, and the boy es
caped from their hand. They com mcueed a
pursuit, however, and being stout and skill
ed oarsmen, and the fish having somewhat
slackened its speed, they succeeded after a
chase ol about half a block, in grasping the
lad and lifting him into their boat, while
the sturgeon passed on into the lake. The
boy fell fainting in the bottom of the boat,
and was taken home almost dead from ter
ror and the chill of the water. Had he re
mained in the water only a few moments
longer his life would have paid the forfeit of
his attempt to deprive one of the finny tribe
of its existence.
\\ ncn phrenology first began to attract at
tention. and claimed to bo a science, high
foreheads of wonu n, as well as men were as
sociated witli intellect. Every member of
the opposite sex, however dull or unculti
vated she may be l.ltnires mental gifts, and
has no objection to the reputation of pos
se-sing them herself. Consequently she de
termined to have the seeming if not the re
ality, and stripped her forehead of the clus
tering tresses, and even removed the hair by
artificial rueans that she might present a
front which would awake the enthusiasm of
Gall or Spurzheini. For a number of years
this mania for high foreheads raged in spite
of the patent fuet that they detracted from
their feminine loveliness, giving it a hard,
bold, masculine expression that should be
sedulously avoided. All the classic models
of beauty, whether in marble or in flesh,
from the Venus and l'hrync down to the
Marys of Raphael arid Magdalens of Muril
lo, the picturesque damsel? of the Oampa
gus ana the classic Suliote maidens, instead
of high, have quite low foreheads—some
thing our own women seem at last to have
llnraee and Catullis and Ovid all sang of
the fair, fond creatures whose white fore
heads gleamed like the cre?cent moon be
neath the dark cloud of silken hair. Ar
tists have .?•> painted feminine beauty. Men
of tast" aftd gallantry hive admired such.
Phrenology has ceased to be connected with
aesthetic subjects; and therefore wtj have re
turned to nature and art.
Indeed the passion now is rather for ex
ceedingly low foreheads, for hair over the
temples, and love-locks that shade the luster
of deep eyes. This is rather overdone; but
still it is preferable tc. lofty foreheads and
-tripped brows that tuake the face more fit
ting for a Roman senator, than a gentle ten
der, womanly woman. Every man of taste
must rejoice that something like an approx
imation to the old models and correct stand
ard of feminine loveliness has been estab
lished ; and that we are no longer pained
- high white fronts that tell of power
Which ne'er i? faehion'd by the gentle heart.
The following description of an Arctic
sunrise is extracted from Dr. Hays's "Open
Polar Sea. After the long winter of con
tinued darkness, Dr. Hays, in company with
two companions, visited the outer point of
hi? winter harbor, on the 18th of February,
on which day it was calculated the sun would
appear. Their calculation happily proved
"And now we were bathing iu the atmos
phere of other days. The friend of all liopc
i I'ul associations had come back again to put
a new glow into our hearts. He had return
|ed after an absence of one hundred and
! twenty-six days to revive a slumbering
world ; and ss I looked upon bis face again,
after this long interval, I di.i not wonder
that there should be tnen to bow the knee
and worship him and proclaim bitn 'The eye
;of God.' The parent ol light and life ev
erywhere, he is the same within these soli
| t.udes. The germ awaits him here aa in the
I Orient; but there it rests only through the
short hours of a Summer night, while here
it reposes for months under a sheet of snows.
But after a while the bright sun will tear
I thi? -beet asunder, and will tumble it in
: gu.-liing fountains to the sea, und will kt ?
the cold earth, and give it warmth and life;
: and the flowers will bud and bloom, and will
; turn their tiny faces smilingly and gratefully
j up to him, as lie wanders over these ancient
I hills in the long Summer. The very glaciers
will weep tears of joy at his coming. The
iee will loose its iron grip upon the waters,
; and will let the wild waves rday in freedom.
The reindeer will skip gleefully over the
mountains to welcome his coining, and will
look longingly to him for green pastures.
I The sea-fowls, knowing thai lie will give
them a resting place for their feet on the
rocky islands, will come to seek the nioss
j beds which he spreads for their nests ; and
ihe sparrows will come on his life-giving
rays, and will sing their love songs through
the endless day.'
There arc always in every community
j'oung men who arc at once the pride and
burden ol their families. They arc endow
ed with some peculiar powers and abilities,
or pos .css intelligence of such an unusiutl
degree oi quality as to give tLern claim to a
name of genius. In too many cases such
persons shrink from the active humdrum
employments of every day life, and endeav
or to convince themselves and their friends
that they will win fortune and fame iu some
unusual and peculiar way, and deludetheni
sclvcs into the belief that wealth and renown
can be conquered by brilliant and rapid
achievements, rather than by patient indus
try and toilsome labor. To such erratic
spirits there could be no more wholesome
lesson than the long line of figures in the
census table of "occupations," and the un
avoidable deduction that must flow front its
perusal—that genious. to become available
and useful, must assume the servitude of
some already established form of labor, and
while Conforming to its rules and regulations
find or make a method of displaying some
thing of its own spirit. "The world owes
me a living," has something of the author
itative sound of Caesar commanding the ele
ments of subjection, but bitter experience
reiterates the assurance that society repudi
ates such debts, and that generally Pegasus
must run the risk of starvation on the very
short, scanty grass that former generations
of genius have left on the borders of Heli
con, unless he submits to harness, and ex
erts his fiery vigor by legitimate methods,
on the customary roads of travel. When
we consider the long years of study requi
site to the mere entrance of the learned pro-
fessions, and the long years of waiting that
usually follow before a really lucrative posi
tion is reached, it is readily seen that spee
dier remuneration and more certainty of em
ployment is the meed of the mechanical pur
suits, and that there are many reasons why
there should be more teamsters than attor
neys, more mariners than medical men, and
more laundresses than lawyers. Among the
occupations employing the greatest, number
of persons, farming far exceeds any other ;
the class distin their ca'led laborers follow-,
and farm laborers stand third in order. Af
ter these in duo sequence, all the trades and
professions, register d as embracing more
than one hundred thousand, are : carpen
ters, clerks, shoemakers, miners, merchants,
blacksmiths, teachers, tailors, and tailoress
-08. Of the other classes, seamstresses an J
factory hands alone amount to nearly 100.-
000, while no other das? reaches to much
above 50,000. The great bulk of labor is
employed in agricultural ami mechanical in
dustry, a very small residuum being left for
the learned and exclusively intellectual pro
fessions. Physicians, in IsOO, numbered
24,545; clergymen. 57,520; lawyers. .'53,193;
artists , 4.516 ; editors 2,994 ; professors,
2,500 ; actors. 1,490 ; judges, 757 ; authors.
216 : and sculptors 113 —all together only a
little exceeding the uuiuber of merchants,
and not amounting to the number of miners
\rt fAiintr --
Mr. Beaumont had a theory that a man
should have a den .?( m■■where in the world.
And he had always, in bachelor days, con
trived to have one, iu which disorder, as it
seemed, was supreme. Hi? wife had fitted
lip and decorated the nicest little room for
him on the grou n li or of the villa, and
used to put flown . .in rt.evn ryday, anil con
stantly adoin •: - h some f ioiiiine fancy.
And during th iir*: months after then mar
riage, Mr. Beaumont consented to -it. array
ed in velvet and conjugal red slippers, a
model of an elegant author craftsman. Du
ring this time, while hi - chief" business was
to be ready with i smiling an-wcr when a
prettv t'acc !•)!. !in ;;no a-kid him how he
was getting on. and • li thev he wanted any j
thing, and whether he. should soon have
done, and while tit- attempts at work were
sometimes interrupted by the great pains
bestowed upon his whiskers by his admiring
wife, the elegant little room answered its
purpose very well. But later, when the
young wife acquired mote repose, and the
young husband had to work harder, Mr.
Beaumont suddenly lino cd himself up stairs
into a garret, on which he had been casting
, a secret arid rc.- lutc eye. Availing himself
of a couple of days when his wife was vis
itimr her parents, he basely brought to the
refined villa a cart full of his old furniture
from his bachelorchambevs—a terribly stout,
but hideously ugly laole, a bat tend old desk
which had born-' up hi- manuscript from
the time when he tva- -Guggling iuto maga
zines, to the time when magazines were
struggling for him, a vast oak chest, filled
with the memorials ot years of an odd life,
three or lour prints in the wormiest of
frames, and a huge arm chaii which had
once belonged to a monthly nur-e. This
pleasing assortment of goods Mr. Beaumont
conveyed up into hi? garret, and dire was
the astonishment of the little matron when
on her return site found the graceful nest
deserted, and the bdoveu bird perched in
this strange roost. But she was too good a
wife not to understand the fitness of things,
and the den became an in-titutiort. — "Soon
er or holer" b)/ Shirley Brook*.
Costly apparent? and splendid cabinets
have no magical powers to make scholars.
In ali circumstances, as a man is under
God the maker of hi- fortune, so is he the
maker of bis own mind. The Creator lias
constituted the human intellect that it can
grow only by its own action, and bv its own
action it will most cm tairily and neees-avily
grow. Every man nm.-t, therefore, in an
important sense, educate himself. I lis book
and teacher are but helps; the work is his.
A man is not educated until he ha? tho ability
to summon, as an act "t emergency, alibis
mental powers in vigorous exercise lo effect
his proposed object. It iu not the man that
has seen most, t.r ha? read most, who can
do this. Such n one is in danger of being
borne down, like a bi a?t of burden, by an
overloaded mas.? of other men's thoughts.
Nor is it the man who can boast merely of
native vigor and capacity. 'The greatest of
all the warriors that went to the seige ol
Troy had not the pre-eminence because na
ture had given him -tiength and he carried
the largest bow, but because .?etl discipline
had taught him how to bond it.
Make A Bkgining -Remember, in all
things, if you do not begin you will never
cotne to an end. The first weed pulled up
in the garden, the fir-t seed in the ground,
the first shilling put. in the savings hank, the
first mile traveled on . ,i"Utt y, are ali im
portant things; than make a beginning, and
thereby a hope, a promise, a pledge, an as
surance that you are in earnest with what
you have undertaken. How many a poor,
idle, erring, hesitating outcast is now creep
ing and crawling through the world, who
might have held up hi ltead and prospered
if, instead of putting off his resolutions of
industry' and amendment, he had only made
a beginning.
VOLUME 46; 10 18
Waterfalls were bad enough,—hoop-skirts
—tiltera—are an invention oithe devil, low
necked dresess are deadly enemies to man's
morals, but with a pocket full of tracts, and
the nerve to close one's eye when necessary,
a fellow might possibly reach heaven by
running the guantlet of tcmale fashions.
But the latest freak in the hair-dressing line
'"caps the shor.f. Fancy a lard-keg wrap
ped about with horse-hair and covered with
a colored minnow net strapped upon the
back of a lady's bead. Vet we daily see
ladies on our streets wearing 'em. They
think no doubt, that it enhances their beau
ty- So do the Caffir niggers, from whom
the fa- hion is stolen. The abomination
ought to be called "Caffirs." Tt's their
proper name. It's an ugly word. No pret
ty woman should wear one. Long hair in a
woman is an excellent thing—an ornament
than which no other ornament is more be
coming. And to fancy that which God has
given her to be plaited and twisted until it
protrudes _from the hack of her head like a
horse's toil plaited up to avoid the mud.
It s enough to uinko a fellow forswear the
society of the sex that is fast tending to the
worship of but oue God—Fashion. We
verily believe tliat if some enterprising
French lady, an acknowledged leader of the
ton, were to appear on the streets of Paris
with her bead closely shaven, in less than
three montus every woman in America from
the mistress in the parlor to the scullery
maid in the kitchen, would glory in hairless
heads. Throw aside the monstrous things,
ladies, and try to look becoming, pretty,
charming, entrancing, once more. Leave,
outlandish distortions of your most beauti
ful natural ornament to outlandish women.
Throw your "Caffirs" to the Caffirs. and
riww Fashion that yon will not blindly fol
low whithersoever its senseless and tasteless
caprices may lead. Give folly the go-by,
and let sense and judgment dictate your
fashions. Otiti cis a good word, when ap
plied to that which is the reverse of lovely,
but it is a profanation when loveliness is
made synonymous with outre.
H ith all his intelligence, shrewdness and
sagacity, John Bull still finds it hard work
to get at a full comprehension of America's
resources and nascent power. This difficul
ty is aggravated by his excessive egotism
and insular position. Thrcadncedle street
has long held the largest money bag in the
civilized world, and he is painfully loth to
admit that any other nation can get along
without it, or show a bigger one. Occasion
ally he admits that his American cousin is
a promising youth, and "if," &c , Ac., he
will ( ome to something yet. Something of
the "if spwitappears in the following ex
trait from the London Spectator, which, no
doubt, intended to write "a first rate notice."
It says that ''if 'we pay off our national
deht "it will be the greatest deed Democra
cy has ever done, the one which will come
most clearly home to property-holders,
which will most ranidlv dissinate the idea
noraut impatience of taxation,' or by an in
disposition to pay up honorable claims. No
despotism will be able to show such a finan
cial account, no constitutional monarchy a
better oue, and successful finance tells heav
ily with cultivated mankind. The tide of
immigration will set in with double rapidity
and the last remaining deterrent to British
North America will have been removed.
Meanwhile, whether the dream is fulfilled
or not. America possesses a force of which
it is difficult to estimate the extent, she can,
for example, spend without a loan as much
as the whole outlay of Great Britain upon
her army and navy, can waste every year
without increasing her taxes as much as
the loan with which Napoleon paid for his
Italian campaign.
The excellent washer-women of Holland
and Belgium, who "get up'' their linen so
beautifully white, use refined borax as a
washing powder, instead of soda, in the
proportion of one iarge handful of powder
to about ten gallons of boiling water. They
save in soap nearly one-half. All the large
washing establishments adopt the same
mode. For laces, cambrics, Ac., an extra
quantity of the powder is used ; for crino
lines, requiring to be made stiff, a strong so
lution is necessary. Borax, being a neutral
salt does not in the slightest degree injure
the texture of the linen. Its effect is to
soften the hardest water, and therefore it
should be kept on every toilet table. To the
taste it is rather sweet ; it is used _ for clean
ing the hair, is an excellent dentifrice and
in hot countries it is used, in combination
with tartaric acid bicarbonate of soda, as a
cooling beverage. Good tea cannot be made
with hard water. All watei maybe made
soft by adding a tea.-poonfu! of borax pow
der to an ordinary sized kettle of water, in
which it should boil. The saving in the
quantity of'tea used will be at least one-fifth.
Drio/f/hts' Circular.
It is said that in a dockyard of England,
a ship of many thousand tons wasonce built
and a large multitude had assembled to wit
ness the" launching. The wedges were
knocked away, but the immense mass re
mained motionless. Before a feeling of dis
appointment began to manifest itself, a little
boy ran forward, and commenced pushing
against the vessel. His efforts excited the
ridicule of the spectators; but he turned in
dignantly toward them saying, "I can push
a pound," and continued his exertions.
They were all that were needed to overcome
the friction; and soon the huge ship, yield
ing to his pressure, gracefully glided into
the waves. So many a great and noble
cause stands motionless, when perhaps the
efforts of a child would hare overcome the
obstacles that hinder its progress. A single
grain will turn a nicely balanced scale. A
single word or action, or glance of the eye,
may be fraught with inestimable consequen
ces. We cannot bo the judges of the
amount ol our influence. IV e know not
how much it accomplishes. We cannot be
aware through what a wide circle it may
| spread.— Monthly Jlel, Mag.
Truth is an eternal element. It is an
essence of divinity. Man must grasp this
: essence; he must press it to his soul; it must
I be his spiritual life, and rule all his thoughts
] and actions. Truth must ever be with him,
continually abiding with him. Only in this
way can he be natural. Only 50 can he re
'cmblc the Redeemer. To be like God is
to be unnatural. 'Tis true, opposite# exist.
Light has its shade, cold is opposite to heat;
hate i- antagonistic to love. I ruth is op
i posed by error. But with one path, one
genuine course remains for h'.m to follow.
1 It is the path of right, of ti uth. of justic, of
love, and of unswerving fidelity to God.
Only so can the soul live out its noblest
attributes, and harmonize with the purposes
of the Creator. Moral purity can on'y
qualify us for this mission.
All advertisements for Im than 3 months 10
cents per line for each insertion. Special notices
onehalf additional. All resolutions of Assoc la.
tion, communications of a limited or individual
interets and notices of marriages and deaths, ex
ceeding five lines, 10 cts. per line. AII legal noti
ces of every Kind, and ail Orphans' Court and
other Judicial sales, are required by lair to be pub
lished in both papers. Editorial Hot ices U cents
per line. All Advertising due after first insertion.
A liberal discount made to yearly advertixers.
3 months. 6 months. 1 year
One square $ 4.50 $ S.OO $lO.OO
Two squares...™.. #,04) 9.00 lO.O'i
Three equret 8.00 12.00 20.00
One-fourth eolamn 14.08 20.00 38.00
Half column 18.00 28.00 48.00
One column 30.00 48.00 80.0
One of the best thing "out," oflate, was
recently given in the Memphis Chrukiin
Ail rotate. "A friend," says that paper,
sends us the following incident
"Once in Alabama, in a parlor filled with
an intelligent and refined company, while
the Bishop was conversing with a group of
friends, another group in a corner was dis
cussing the innocence of modern dancing
most of them being in favor of'it. At length
they agreed to leave it to the Bishop, and
approaching, asked his opinion. (Silence.)
"Weill never saw dancing but once , and I
must confess I teas phased with it. (Great
surprise and glances exchanged,) I have
been to Paris and to lndon. and over raol
of our own land, but I have never seen the
exercise but once. (Eager attention,) While
I was in Paris, among other things, I saw
several monkeys, taught to dance and keen
time, and I mutt confess I teat pleased icitn
it, for 1 thought it became them very
It cannot be that earth is man's only abi
ding place. It cannot be that our life is a
Dubbfe cast up by the ocean of eternity to
float a moment upon its waves, and sink in
nothingness. Else why is it the high and
glorious aspirations, which leap like angels
from the temple of our hearts are forever
wandering unsatisfied? Why is it that the
rainbow _ and cloud came over us with a
beauty that is not of earth, and then pass
off to muse on their loveliness? Why uit
that the stitrs which "hold their festival
around the midnight throne," are set above
the grasp of our limited faculties, forever
niockingus with their unapproachable glory!
And finally, why is it that bright forms of
human beauty are presented to our view
and taken from us; leaving the thousand
streams of our affection to flow back in an
Alpine torrent upon our hearts? We arc
born for a higher destiny than that of earth.
There is a realm where the rainbow never
fades', where the stars will be spread out be
fore us like the islands that slumber on the
ocean, and where the beautiful beings which
pass before us like shadows, will stay for
ever in our presence.
The silent, holy Sabbath pervades city
and country, hamlet and village; in th'c
crowded hauntsof men, where the corroding
and selfish cares of the week are banished,
but for one single day, and beneath the
umbrageous canopy of green groves in the
fresh and vernal country, where the more
unsophisticated children of this teeming
world meet on each recuirencc of the day.
to offer up their simple orisons to the Most
High. What a source of contemplation it
is that almost at the same hour, ihrongh
the whole broad land, so many thousands
are engaged in listening to the words which
drop from tfie lips of God's appointed agents
on earth.
In the dim and holy precincts of the city
church, where the fretted light falls with a
auYi 'ucck's "tncAuroiig <Ji toursdippera? vmu
the man of God. who is ministering at the
alter; and in the rustic church of the country
where the broad and yellow light of the day
falls upon all alike—everywhere "the lord
is in his holy temple."
"There are many people in the world
who make it a practice to sponge the read
ing of newspapers without any expense to
themselves. This has often been noticed
and commented upon. They are not con
fined to any parsicular locality, but are found
wherever the newspaper goes. An exchange
from Maine thinks there are more of this
class there than elsewhere, while the .V. 11.
Gazette, believes the Granite State is infested
with them to even a greater degree. It
savs: We have known men ot means to hang
around a store where the proprietor takes a
paper for the mere purpose of' reading the
paper,and getting the news without its cost
ing them anything. There are scores of
families whose parental heads spend enough
in bad rum and tobacco yeekly to pay for a
dozen newspapers, and still persist in spon
ging what little informaiinn they get of what
is going on in the world, from their neighbor.
Any man who can afford to indulge in rum,
beer, eider, or tobacco, can abundantly afford
to subscribe and pay for a newspaper for
the benefit of himself and family. Is not
that so?
Show us an intelligent family of boys and
girls, and we will show you a family where
newspapers and periodicals are plentiful.
Nobody who has been without these silent
private tutors can know their educating
power for good or evil. Have you ever
thought of the innumerable topics of dis
cussion which they suggest at the breakfast
tabic ; the important public measures with
which, thus early, our children become fa
miliarly acquainted ; great philanthropic
questions of the day. to which unconscious
ly their attention is awakened, and the gen
eral spirit of intelligence which is evoked
by these quiet visitors? Any thing that
makes home pleasant, cheerful and chatty,
thins the haunts of vice, and the thousand
and one avenues of temptation, should cer
tainly be regarded, when we consider its in
fluence on the minds of the young, as a
great moral and social light.— Liner son.
ftsTWhat right has any person, endow
ed with an ordinary share of intellect, and
blessed with a respectable share of good
health, to despond ? What is the cause of
despondency ? What is the meaning of it?
The cause is a weak mind and the meaning
is sin. Providence never intended that one
of his creatures should be the victim of a
desire to feel and look the gloom of a thun
der cloud. Although wc cannot expect all
our days and hours to be gilded by sunshine
wo must not, for mere momentary griefs,
suppose that they are to be enshrouded in
the mists of misery, or clouded by the opac
ity of sorrow and misfortune.
BARN'VM says he never patronizes the
men that don't advertise, ''for the reason
that I invariably get cheated if I no. The
penurious principle that prevents a man
from keeping his business before the public,
will prevent him from selling cheap." It
is certainly safest to but/ of the men who ad
vertise. If a man does an honest business
he need not fear to have it made known that
the public may judge of it. Besides, in this
ago of newspapers people expect the differ
ent candidates for their patronage to make
known their claims to it. If those claims
are real, publication cannot help but be an
advantage to them.
#d?~The world is full of trials and annoy
ances, and will be to the end. But i better
world i* coining, where there will be no
more trials, no more sin forever. If wc
would obtain an inheritence iu that world,
we must learn to bear meekly aud patiently
the trials of this. That inheritance is
promised only to the overcomer. Let us,
then, try to pray, and keep trying and pray
jug that Gea will help us to overcome.