Bedford inquirer. (Bedford, Pa.) 1857-1884, March 29, 1867, Image 1
Ibe §nWo*4 Htn]aim TS PUBLISHHD MVERY FRIDAY MOKXI N'O i;v I. ii. IHRBOIUiOM VM> Joil.N LITZ, UN 11! L lAN A St.,opposiiethe Mengcl House BEDFORD, PEN NT" A T10UB: ff'j.oo a year if paid strictly in advance. II nl i>akt within six months 82.30. If no! inl<l within the year #3.00. #rofe<ssisnai & aSitstos tfarto ATTOMETB AT LAW. B. F. NEYBBS J. W. I>ICK*BRSOX M..YEHS A DICKERSON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, l}Ei>ri/BD, PIIB'A., Office same at formerly occupied by ilea. W. P. Scbell, two doers cast of the (''•<-[ tie office, will practice iu the several I'ourU of Bedford county. Peosinus, bounties arid hack pay obtained and the purchase of Real Estate attended to. May 11, '66—ljrr. IOIIN T. KEAGY, •J ATTORNEY AT LAW. BsnFor.D, Pass's., Offers to give satiefoctiofi to ali woo may on trust their legal business i.o him. Will collect moneys on evidences of debt, and speedily pro cure bounties and pensions to soldiers, their wid ows or heirs. Office two doors west of Telegraph •ffice. aprll;'6ff-ly. r li. CESSNA, •J . ATTORNEY AT LAW, Office with John Cessna, "n Julianna street, in the office formerly occupied by King A Jordan, and recently by Filler A Kcagy. All business entrusted to his care will receive faithful and prompt attention. Military Claims. Pensions, Ac., speedily collected. Bedford, Jane SI. 1865. J- M'n. E- r. KEIIH Sharps a kerb. A TTORSK YS-A T- LA If. Will practice in the Courts of Bedford and ad joining counties. All business entrusted to their care will receive careful and prompt attention. Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col lected from the Government. Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking h- usc of Reed A Schell, Bedford. Pa. inar2:tt roIIN PALMER, fj ATTORNEY AT LAW, W ill promptly attend to all business entrusted to his care. V--&. Particular attention paid to the collection .J Military claims. Office on J'ulianna St.. nearly opposite the Mcngel House.) j0n023, '65.1y J. E. JOHN UCTZ. I \U R BORROW A LUTZ, I ) ATTORNEYS AT L Sebfokd, Pa., . stend promptly to all business intrusted to •-.cir --are. Collections made on the shortest no ire. They are. also, regularly licenseil Claim Agents mil will give special attention to the prosecution if claims against the Government for Pensions, Hack Pay, Bounty, Bounty Lauds, Ac. Office on Juliana street, one door booth of the MengclHouse" and nearly opposite the Inquirer .fibre. April 28, 1865:t 171 SPY M. ALSIP, I j ATTORNEY AT LAW, Ecdfouii, PA., Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi icss entrusted to hi- care in Bedford andadjoin u" counties. Military claims. Pensions, back lay. Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with dann A Spang, or. Juliana street, 2 doors south if the Mengcl House. npll. 1864.—tf. M. \. POINTS. ATTORNEY AT LAW, BMFOKD, PA. Respectfully tenders his professional services the public. Offic wi'h J. W. Lingenfelter, , oil iliana street, two doors South of the •Mm,gin House." Dec. 9, 1364-tf. KLMMELL AND LINGENFELTEB, ATTORNEY: 5 AT LAW, BF.tiFonn, ta. Have formed a partnership in the practice of he Law Office on Juliana Street, two doors South if the Mer-gci House, aprl, 1864—if. DEIfISTS. nil. 11. YIKC.iI. PORTER, (late of New York City,) DENTIST, iV'iuld inform his imuierou- friends inl the public gencrallv that he ha.-s lo> .tcl per- LUMMitly in BLOODY HUN. Da. I'uhtbb is constantly availing himself of every lat- discovery hat modern -ricnee proves j>i aetically useful, And, together with his many constant prac i e ami profound study,feei confident in averting hat he has acquired the most sure, safe, and sat t-factory method of inserting his BEALTIFLL ARTIFICIAL TIiEXH on new and improved at mospheric principles, that has yet heeu discov ered. Teeth filled io a superior manner without pain and all operations warranted. jfiir Tceth extracted positively without paiu. My. 15, tf. u. . J. r " MI.fJIICH, jr.. ! vKNTISTS, Bedford, Pa. I / Office in the Bank Building, Jnlimut Street. All operations pertaining to Surgical or Me hanicni Dentistry carefully and faithfully per formed and warranted. TERMS CASH. Tooth Powders td Mouth V,a.*h. excellent nr tides, always on hand. j.infi'6s-ly. Dkntistk y. f. N. BOWSKH, E-ifFVT Dentist, Woof>- ny. k:. v, Pa.y visits Bloody ; . -s three days of each month, commencing with the second Tuesday ol the month. Prepared to perform nil Dental oper ations with which he may be favored. 7'e> i within the reach of all and xtricily caxh <.r> rpt la; mprH.tl contract. Work to be sent by mail or oth v. isc, must be paid for when impressions arc taken, augo, T i:tf- PHWCIMS. I V il. GEORGE C. DOUGLAS I) K .-iiecltully tenders his prolessiou 0 services l*i i he people nl Beit ford and vicinity. Jyft Residence at Maj. AVasbabaughV. T.*r Office tw.i dour - wc.-t of Bedford Hotel, up etuira. aul7:tf \\JM. W. JAMISON, M. I>., \\ Bboonv Run, Pa., Respectfully tenders bis professional services to the people of that place and vicinity. [deeffilyr I \ H. B. F. IIAKRY, U Respectfully tenders his pr ife dona! ser vices to the citizens of Bedford ..nd vicinity. Office and residence on Pitt Street, in the building formerly occupied by Dr. J. 11. liotius. A] rifl. 1864—M. * | !.. MARIiOU.RU, M. It., fj . Having permanently located respectfully tenders his pofessionsl services to the citizens of Bedford and vicinity. Office or, Juliana street, opposite the Bank, one door north ol Hall A Pal mer's office. April 1, 1864—tf. JEWELER, Ac. * BBALOM GAR LICK, A CLOCK AND WATCH-MAKER, Bloody Rt x, Pa. l'b" k-. Watches, Jewelry, Ac., promptly rc -1 aired. All work entrusted to his care, warranted io give satisfaction. lie abo keeps on hand and for sale WATCH IK. ' LOCKS, and JE WEIR ,tr Office with l>r. J. A. Mann. mv f n ANTED BORDER, I'itt sthket, two noons wksT of tiik bkii ronn HoT.tt., Beiforp, Pa. WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL RY. BPKCTACLES. AC. lie keeps on tian 1 a stock of fine Gold an<l Sil ,-r Watches, ecta : ■ of Brilliant Double P.efin i Glasses, aso Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold 'A'atch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best prality of Gol 1 i'ens. lie will supply to order hit thing in Lis line not on hand. 1 r.28, 1865—1. I ) I i'P A SHANNON, BANKERS, I 1 Bedford. Pa. BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT. Collection? made for the East, West, North and South, and the general business of Exchange Iran acted. Notes and Account- Collected and Remittances promptly made. REAL ESTATE ; ight and sold. fcb22 DI'KBORROW A LUTE Ktlllors and Proprietors Nora Mccarty. BY T. n. Aljtsletl. [IRISH AIR.] Nora is pretty. Nora is witty, Witty and pretty as pretty ran he ! She's the eompletest Of girls, and the neatest, The brightest and sweetest: But she's not for me. Maeourneen ! Nora, be still, you! Nora, why will you Be witty and pretty as pretty can be, So strong and so slender, So haughty and tender, So sweet in your splendor,— And yet not for me Mavournctn ! GOOD NIGHT. BY T. B. ALDRICH. Good night! 1 have to say good night To such a host of peerless things ! Good night unto that fragile hand All queenly with its weight of rings ; Good night to fond uplifted eyes, Good night to chestnut braids of hair, Good night unto the perfect mouth. And all the sweetness nestled there— The snowy hand detains me, then I'll have to say good night again ! But there will come a time, my love. When, if I read our stars aright, I shall not linger by the porch With my adieus. Till then, good night ! You wish the time were now ? And I. You do not blush to wish it so ? You would have blushed yourself to death To own so much a year ago— W hat! both these snowy hands ? ah, then. I'll have to say good night again Putcdlanmis, DM. McCOSH ON THE UNITED STATES. Dr. McC'osh recently delivered a lecture in Belfast on his visit to America. We give a few extracts. Speaking of the education of the people he says:— "That country owes its greatness to its wide spread education. The truth is, the Constitution of the United States, with its universal suffrage, would not stand a year, it would be shattered into fragun-Dts, but for the intelligence >f the people. The greatest difficulty of government there arises from the influx of ignorant Europeans, who are flattered and misled by - poult cians tower than any we have in our country. I am persuaded that without their schools, lower aud higher, the United States would soon get into inextricable confusion, like the South American?, or fall under a military despotism, like France. But with its high and universal education the country has a> fair prospect of stability as any nation on earth. Surely the progress made and the power acquired of late years by l'ru--ia and the United States, —the two countries in the world in which the great mas? of the people receive the highest education, —is a clear proof that it is knowledge that is power in a nation a? well as among individuals. The fact should read a lesson to us who have not yet, amidst the contest of classes and of sects, been able to establish a thoroughly good national system of education. The education in the United .States is happily (what can scarcely be said of the Prussian) a Christian education. The system origina ted in New England, but was extended over all the States, except, indeed, in the South, where it was found incompatible with the eontii uance of slavery. The law favors education; in some States it makes it com pulsory, but in fact it is mainly promoted by the spirit of the people. The young peo ple remain longer at school than they do in thiscountay, and, as a rule, the common ;>eop!e arc all well educated. The artisan oho- here, male and female, like the middle class there, can talk with you on the topics ol' the day, and they know the history of their own country and of ours, and the ele ments of science, mental and physical. In every town there are not only elementary schools for younger children and grammar schools in the higher branches of English, but there are High Schools for classics, mathematics, and science all provided by the States. The colleges are very numerous, and are found far west on the very outskirts f civilization, as in lowa and San Francisco. S :v ••'them ar *in a state d' in'Vi tv. but they are healthyLdtildrcu, and promise in due time to be vigorous men. S itae of the older colleges in the east are quite equal to out own, except indeed, they have not yet -uch large rewards for higher scholarship, : and that their hardworking professors are ; disgracefully underpaid. As a proof of the interest taken by the people in their institu tions, I may mention that during the late war, when the wise men of this country were predicting that the nation was going on to bankruptcy and ruin, no less a sum than five millions of our money was contributed by philanthropic pdbple to the establishment and extension ot universities and theological seminaries. The consequence of this is that there are intelligeu :e and physical com fort among the common people, not to be found in thi-or iu any European country. I wish I could convey you all to a New Eng land village of the better sort, such as I lived in once and again. 1 reckon it the finest sight in Atactica, —one ol' the fittest sight in the world to a philanthropist. The hotL-cs are not in close streets like ours, hut are separated from one another, each em bosomed in trees, with a garden, and each with four, Gve or six apartments. There i surc to be a school and a church, orchur dies, in the village, but possibly no public house within five or ten miles. Nearly every man there reads hi.? daily newspaper, and many of them see a monthly rchgiou ? or literary magazine. I was in villages with several huudreds of a population, in which there was not a single family to whom you could offer a piece of cast off clothing or >1 bread without giving offence. To my un speakable gratification, 1 found like euti munities springing up all over the \\'.-st, in Ohio, Illinois, Wiseon-tu. and away beyond the Mississippi, in Minnesota and lowa. The rich land there is t>eing occupied mainly by New Knglaoders, and by the most indus trious of the English, Scotch. Irish, German and other European settler-, who carry with them the best virtues of the Old \\ 'l id, to find in the New World a fitting field for call ing forth their talents and their activities. ffiaHle livesin true repose who bridles his passions. A LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWSPAPER, DEVOTED TO POLITICS, EDUCATION, LITERATURE AND MORALS HORACE GREELEY ON' FARMING. Yesterday's Tribune tints discourses in reply n letter asking practical advice rela tive to farming : "Your eln'ef danger is im patience. If you or your wife would not get disgusted with furiniog the first year, it is quite unlikely that you ever will. Begin with a distinct understanding that you will not make money atfirst—that you will almost certainly be poorer at the close of your first year's farming than when yon began it. Your land will lc in poor condition ; you will have to do two days'work for futurity to every one that tells directly on the produc tion of this year's crop. You will suffer by drouth and flood, heat and frost, hail and insects ; and will be led to conclude that fanning is a hard business, and its rewards very meager and uncertain. But all these are passing clouds, to dispel which you have hut to persevere. Resolve to grow what you need and to consume your own products so fur as may be. We don't object to giving a bushel of good potatoes or a barrel of turnips for a pound of middling tea; but half a dozen such exchanges per annum are decidedly preferable to a hundred. Be sure to average at least five days on your homestead. There are farmers who do not mean to be shiftless, and who can do a fair day's work when they set about it, yet who have so much "business" that takes them off this way aud that, that they do not average throe square days' work per week. Those farmers are heading straight toward the poor-house. Can you wonder that they deeni farming a beggarly pursuit? Don't fear that you will overstock the market. This city, like most American cit ies, ought to consume treble the fruit she does, and would if it were reasonably cheap. Good grapes can be grown at the cost of wheat—say five cents per pound—yet thev retail here at fifteen to thirty cents per pound. At ten cents, tie consumption would probably double annually for the next four years at least. Poaches of late sell here at most exliorbitani prices. Berries, save when most plentiful, cost far more than they should. One hundred thousand acres well set in fruit this year would not begin to glut the markets of our great Atlantic cities. Bear in mind that each child over seven years old can help you ii' veil grow fruit. For $l,OOO, you can buy a habitable cot tage and five to twenty acres of warm, mel low, tractable soil. A team and cow will cost you fbOO more ; leaving you a balance for implements, seeds, provisions, Ac. And, if you practice frugality and live largely on your own products, that will just do. . If you prefer to raise grain and grow stock, you will naturally go West, where land is cheap and gra-s abundant. You may there buy 100 acres of land for $l,OOO or les- iu many civilized localities, and will la- apt to do il. though it i> more than you really need. But we may take another op portunity to speak of farming in the West, whore success is not more decided, but where failure is more ditlicult than in older commu nities. .Meantime, let us sum up our con victions in a few sentences : wy all things considered, here than elsewhere. It is very cheap at th. West, hut cheap around this city and in every old State, even in densely peopled Massachusetts. To one who knows how to improve and tiii it. nothing else i- so cheap among us as arable soil. livery one who has any available means should own land. Though il be but a gar den patch, he will be a better husband, bet ter father, hotter citixen, for owning land, lie who owns an aero need never pass an idle day. nor go cringing aud begging for employment. It no one wants to pay him for his labor, he may profitably employ it on hi- own land. True, land unused, like any thing else unused, is rarely a profitable in vestigation ; yet notliiug else is so solid, so tangible, and so certain to increase steadily in value, as land. And no other man of moderate means can be so trulv independent as he who cultivates his non n ijch dd. li. If every man in business, who can spare ??l,uooupto tfllMXHi, would employ that amount in buying laud—a homestead, if pos sible—and let it lie deeded directly to his wife, he would signally lesseu the probability of his dying iu an alius house and buried at the expense of th town Few men will deem this worth consideration ; we do. A SPLENDID DESCRIPTION. On a certain occasion one Paul Denton, a Methodist Preacher in Texas, advertised a Barliecue, with better liquor than is usually furnished. When the people assembled a desperado in the crowd cried out. "Mr. Paul Denton, your reverance has lied. You prom ised not a eood barbecue, but better liquor. Where's the liquor." "There!" answered the missionary, in tones of thunder, and pointing his long bony linger at the match less double spring, gushing up in two strong columns with a sound like a shout of joy from the bosom of the earth. "There ? he repeated, with a look terrible as lightning, while his enemy actually trembled at his fcet. "there is the liquid which God, the Eternal, brews for all his children ! Not in the sim mering still, over smoky fires, choked with poisonous eases, and surrounded with the stench of sickeuiug odors and corruption, doth our Father in heaveu prepare the pre cious essence of life, pure cold water. But in the glade and glassy dell, where the red deer wanders and the child loves to play, there Goi> brews it : and down, low down in the deepest valley-, where the fountain murmurs and the rills ring ; and high up in the mountain tons where the naked granite glitters like gold in the sun, where storm clouds brood and the thunder-storms crash ; and far out on the wide, wide sea, where the hurricane howls music, and the big waves roll the chorus, sweeping the march of God —there Hebrews It, the beverage of life— heaUhgiving water. And i vorywhere it isa thing of beauty gleaming in the dowdrop, singiug in the suiumet-rain, shining in the ice gem, till they seem turned to living jew els; spreading a golden vein over the set ting .sun, or a white gauze around the mid night uioou ; sporting in the cataract; sleep ing in the glacier; dancing in the hail* shower; folding its bright snow curtains soft ly around the wintry world ; and weaving the many colored iris, thut seraph's zone of the sky, whose wrap is the rain drops of the earth, ali checkered over with celestial flow ers by the mystic hand of refraction —that blessed life water, no poison bubbles on its brink; its foam brings not madness and murder; no blood stains its liquid glass; otic widows and starving children weep not burning tears in its dephu ! Speak out, my friend ; would you exchange it for the de mon's drink, 'alcohol?' A shout like the roaring of a tempest, answered "No !' t&fAmong the wealthy oil men of Penn sylvania is old .John ile Bennehoff, whose income estimated Irom the present produc tion of his oil farm, is not lessthan S4OO.U(Mt per year. lie still lives in his antiquated Dutch homestead, near the head of Benne hoffßun. BEDFORD. Pa,. FRIDAY. MARCH 'l'.). IHO7 A VERITABLE FISH STORY'. The Milwaukie Sentinel, of March 1, is responsible for the following : Fish stories are proverbially discreditable—so much so that when we get hold of a good one, we are almost loth to tell it for fear our statements may be laughed at. However, despite this, we will relate an incident which happened yesterday, and which was told us by a gen tleman whose veracity we have never had occasion to doubt. "It seems that a number of tnen and boys were at work almost opposite the Detroit and Milwaukie depot, when one ol the number saw an # enormous sturgeon swim ming near the surface of the water close by the dock. The pat T armed themselves with poles and other weapons, while a boy named Patrick Nolan, procured a boat hook and resolved upon the capture of the mon ster. Patrick made a lurwc at the fish and caught tho hook 4u its back, but before he had time to brace himself and haul the fish to the dock, it darted out into the riv er, jerking him from his footing into the icy water. The boy held on to the boat-hook and was dragged with great velocity into the middle ot the stream, and the out toward the lake. "The spectators, meanwhile, were almost paralyzed with terror. Thev were power less to help Nolan, and could enly look on and see him dragged through the water by a monstrous fish at a rate of speed exceed ing that of tho fastest row-boat. They call ed to him to release his hold of the boat hook, but he, either too much terrified to heed, or not being able to hear, clung fast to it as if it was his only hope of life. The monster fish, maddened by pain, and terri fied by the load he was dragging, lashed the water into flakes offoani as he sped outward toward the great lake, never staying in his mad course. Death seemed the only fate awaiting the boy, and one or two of those, on shore knelt down and implored the mer cy of Heaven upon his soul as he fast rece ded from their sight—probably forever. Providentially, however, a couple of fish ermen, who were in a boat near the straight cut. saw what had transpired, and although unable at that distance to understand the full nature of the affair, intercepted the course of the fish. "But there's many a slip'twixt the cup and the lip . for, just as they were about to grasp the aliuo.?t inanimate form of the lad, the fish changed its course, and the boy es caped from their hand. They com mcueed a pursuit, however, and being stout and skill ed oarsmen, and the fish having somewhat slackened its speed, they succeeded after a chase ol about half a block, in grasping the lad and lifting him into their boat, while the sturgeon passed on into the lake. The boy fell fainting in the bottom of the boat, and was taken home almost dead from ter ror and the chill of the water. Had he re mained in the water only a few moments longer his life would have paid the forfeit of his attempt to deprive one of the finny tribe of its existence. WO.VEX'B FUKEHKADS. \\ ncn phrenology first began to attract at tention. and claimed to bo a science, high foreheads of wonu n, as well as men were as sociated witli intellect. Every member of the opposite sex, however dull or unculti vated she may be l.ltnires mental gifts, and has no objection to the reputation of pos se-sing them herself. Consequently she de termined to have the seeming if not the re ality, and stripped her forehead of the clus tering tresses, and even removed the hair by artificial rueans that she might present a front which would awake the enthusiasm of Gall or Spurzheini. For a number of years this mania for high foreheads raged in spite of the patent fuet that they detracted from their feminine loveliness, giving it a hard, bold, masculine expression that should be sedulously avoided. All the classic models of beauty, whether in marble or in flesh, from the Venus and l'hrync down to the Marys of Raphael arid Magdalens of Muril lo, the picturesque damsel? of the Oampa gus ana the classic Suliote maidens, instead of high, have quite low foreheads—some thing our own women seem at last to have discovered. llnraee and Catullis and Ovid all sang of the fair, fond creatures whose white fore heads gleamed like the cre?cent moon be neath the dark cloud of silken hair. Ar tists have .?•> painted feminine beauty. Men of tast" aftd gallantry hive admired such. Phrenology has ceased to be connected with aesthetic subjects; and therefore wtj have re turned to nature and art. Indeed the passion now is rather for ex ceedingly low foreheads, for hair over the temples, and love-locks that shade the luster of deep eyes. This is rather overdone; but still it is preferable tc. lofty foreheads and -tripped brows that tuake the face more fit ting for a Roman senator, than a gentle ten der, womanly woman. Every man of taste must rejoice that something like an approx imation to the old models and correct stand ard of feminine loveliness has been estab lished ; and that we are no longer pained with - high white fronts that tell of power Which ne'er i? faehion'd by the gentle heart. OPEN POLAR SEA. The following description of an Arctic sunrise is extracted from Dr. Hays's "Open Polar Sea. After the long winter of con tinued darkness, Dr. Hays, in company with two companions, visited the outer point of hi? winter harbor, on the 18th of February, on which day it was calculated the sun would appear. Their calculation happily proved correct. "And now we were bathing iu the atmos phere of other days. The friend of all liopc i I'ul associations had come back again to put a new glow into our hearts. He had return |ed after an absence of one hundred and ! twenty-six days to revive a slumbering world ; and ss I looked upon bis face again, after this long interval, I di.i not wonder that there should be tnen to bow the knee and worship him and proclaim bitn 'The eye ;of God.' The parent ol light and life ev erywhere, he is the same within these soli | t.udes. The germ awaits him here aa in the I Orient; but there it rests only through the short hours of a Summer night, while here it reposes for months under a sheet of snows. But after a while the bright sun will tear I thi? -beet asunder, and will tumble it in : gu.-liing fountains to the sea, und will kt ? the cold earth, and give it warmth and life; : and the flowers will bud and bloom, and will ; turn their tiny faces smilingly and gratefully j up to him, as lie wanders over these ancient I hills in the long Summer. The very glaciers will weep tears of joy at his coming. The iee will loose its iron grip upon the waters, ; and will let the wild waves rday in freedom. The reindeer will skip gleefully over the mountains to welcome his coining, and will look longingly to him for green pastures. I The sea-fowls, knowing thai lie will give them a resting place for their feet on the rocky islands, will come to seek the nioss j beds which he spreads for their nests ; and ihe sparrows will come on his life-giving rays, and will sing their love songs through the endless day.' OCCUPATIONS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. There arc always in every community j'oung men who arc at once the pride and burden ol their families. They arc endow ed with some peculiar powers and abilities, or pos .css intelligence of such an unusiutl degree oi quality as to give tLern claim to a name of genius. In too many cases such persons shrink from the active humdrum employments of every day life, and endeav or to convince themselves and their friends that they will win fortune and fame iu some unusual and peculiar way, and deludetheni sclvcs into the belief that wealth and renown can be conquered by brilliant and rapid achievements, rather than by patient indus try and toilsome labor. To such erratic spirits there could be no more wholesome lesson than the long line of figures in the census table of "occupations," and the un avoidable deduction that must flow front its perusal—that genious. to become available and useful, must assume the servitude of some already established form of labor, and while Conforming to its rules and regulations find or make a method of displaying some thing of its own spirit. "The world owes me a living," has something of the author itative sound of Caesar commanding the ele ments of subjection, but bitter experience reiterates the assurance that society repudi ates such debts, and that generally Pegasus must run the risk of starvation on the very short, scanty grass that former generations of genius have left on the borders of Heli con, unless he submits to harness, and ex erts his fiery vigor by legitimate methods, on the customary roads of travel. When we consider the long years of study requi site to the mere entrance of the learned pro- fessions, and the long years of waiting that usually follow before a really lucrative posi tion is reached, it is readily seen that spee dier remuneration and more certainty of em ployment is the meed of the mechanical pur suits, and that there are many reasons why there should be more teamsters than attor neys, more mariners than medical men, and more laundresses than lawyers. Among the occupations employing the greatest, number of persons, farming far exceeds any other ; the class distin their ca'led laborers follow-, and farm laborers stand third in order. Af ter these in duo sequence, all the trades and professions, register d as embracing more than one hundred thousand, are : carpen ters, clerks, shoemakers, miners, merchants, blacksmiths, teachers, tailors, and tailoress -08. Of the other classes, seamstresses an J factory hands alone amount to nearly 100.- 000, while no other das? reaches to much above 50,000. The great bulk of labor is employed in agricultural ami mechanical in dustry, a very small residuum being left for the learned and exclusively intellectual pro fessions. Physicians, in IsOO, numbered 24,545; clergymen. 57,520; lawyers. .'53,193; artists , 4.516 ; editors 2,994 ; professors, 2,500 ; actors. 1,490 ; judges, 757 ; authors. 216 : and sculptors 113 —all together only a little exceeding the uuiuber of merchants, and not amounting to the number of miners \rt fAiintr -- THE AHTIIOK'* HEN. Mr. Beaumont had a theory that a man should have a den .?( m■■where in the world. And he had always, in bachelor days, con trived to have one, iu which disorder, as it seemed, was supreme. Hi? wife had fitted lip and decorated the nicest little room for him on the grou n li or of the villa, and used to put flown . .in rt.evn ryday, anil con stantly adoin •: - h some f ioiiiine fancy. And during th iir*: months after then mar riage, Mr. Beaumont consented to -it. array ed in velvet and conjugal red slippers, a model of an elegant author craftsman. Du ring this time, while hi - chief" business was to be ready with i smiling an-wcr when a prettv t'acc !•)!. !in ;;no a-kid him how he was getting on. and • li thev he wanted any j thing, and whether he. should soon have done, and while tit- attempts at work were sometimes interrupted by the great pains bestowed upon his whiskers by his admiring wife, the elegant little room answered its purpose very well. But later, when the young wife acquired mote repose, and the young husband had to work harder, Mr. Beaumont suddenly lino cd himself up stairs into a garret, on which he had been casting , a secret arid rc.- lutc eye. Availing himself of a couple of days when his wife was vis itimr her parents, he basely brought to the refined villa a cart full of his old furniture from his bachelorchambevs—a terribly stout, but hideously ugly laole, a bat tend old desk which had born-' up hi- manuscript from the time when he tva- -Guggling iuto maga zines, to the time when magazines were struggling for him, a vast oak chest, filled with the memorials ot years of an odd life, three or lour prints in the wormiest of frames, and a huge arm chaii which had once belonged to a monthly nur-e. This pleasing assortment of goods Mr. Beaumont conveyed up into hi? garret, and dire was the astonishment of the little matron when on her return site found the graceful nest deserted, and the bdoveu bird perched in this strange roost. But she was too good a wife not to understand the fitness of things, and the den became an in-titutiort. — "Soon er or holer" b)/ Shirley Brook*. HOW SCHOLARS ARE MADE. Costly apparent? and splendid cabinets have no magical powers to make scholars. In ali circumstances, as a man is under God the maker of hi- fortune, so is he the maker of bis own mind. The Creator lias constituted the human intellect that it can grow only by its own action, and bv its own action it will most cm tairily and neees-avily grow. Every man nm.-t, therefore, in an important sense, educate himself. I lis book and teacher are but helps; the work is his. A man is not educated until he ha? tho ability to summon, as an act "t emergency, alibis mental powers in vigorous exercise lo effect his proposed object. It iu not the man that has seen most, t.r ha? read most, who can do this. Such n one is in danger of being borne down, like a bi a?t of burden, by an overloaded mas.? of other men's thoughts. Nor is it the man who can boast merely of native vigor and capacity. 'The greatest of all the warriors that went to the seige ol Troy had not the pre-eminence because na ture had given him -tiength and he carried the largest bow, but because .?etl discipline had taught him how to bond it. Make A Bkgining -Remember, in all things, if you do not begin you will never cotne to an end. The first weed pulled up in the garden, the fir-t seed in the ground, the first shilling put. in the savings hank, the first mile traveled on . ,i"Utt y, are ali im portant things; than make a beginning, and thereby a hope, a promise, a pledge, an as surance that you are in earnest with what you have undertaken. How many a poor, idle, erring, hesitating outcast is now creep ing and crawling through the world, who might have held up hi ltead and prospered if, instead of putting off his resolutions of industry' and amendment, he had only made a beginning. VOLUME 46; 10 18 I'ASIIIOMABLE ABOMINATIONS. Waterfalls were bad enough,—hoop-skirts —tiltera—are an invention oithe devil, low necked dresess are deadly enemies to man's morals, but with a pocket full of tracts, and the nerve to close one's eye when necessary, a fellow might possibly reach heaven by running the guantlet of tcmale fashions. But the latest freak in the hair-dressing line '"caps the shor.f. Fancy a lard-keg wrap ped about with horse-hair and covered with a colored minnow net strapped upon the back of a lady's bead. Vet we daily see ladies on our streets wearing 'em. They think no doubt, that it enhances their beau ty- So do the Caffir niggers, from whom the fa- hion is stolen. The abomination ought to be called "Caffirs." Tt's their proper name. It's an ugly word. No pret ty woman should wear one. Long hair in a woman is an excellent thing—an ornament than which no other ornament is more be coming. And to fancy that which God has given her to be plaited and twisted until it protrudes _from the hack of her head like a horse's toil plaited up to avoid the mud. It s enough to uinko a fellow forswear the society of the sex that is fast tending to the worship of but oue God—Fashion. We verily believe tliat if some enterprising French lady, an acknowledged leader of the ton, were to appear on the streets of Paris with her bead closely shaven, in less than three montus every woman in America from the mistress in the parlor to the scullery maid in the kitchen, would glory in hairless heads. Throw aside the monstrous things, ladies, and try to look becoming, pretty, charming, entrancing, once more. Leave, outlandish distortions of your most beauti ful natural ornament to outlandish women. Throw your "Caffirs" to the Caffirs. and riww Fashion that yon will not blindly fol low whithersoever its senseless and tasteless caprices may lead. Give folly the go-by, and let sense and judgment dictate your fashions. Otiti cis a good word, when ap plied to that which is the reverse of lovely, but it is a profanation when loveliness is made synonymous with outre. . HARD TO UNDERSTAND. H ith all his intelligence, shrewdness and sagacity, John Bull still finds it hard work to get at a full comprehension of America's resources and nascent power. This difficul ty is aggravated by his excessive egotism and insular position. Thrcadncedle street has long held the largest money bag in the civilized world, and he is painfully loth to admit that any other nation can get along without it, or show a bigger one. Occasion ally he admits that his American cousin is a promising youth, and "if," &c , Ac., he will ( ome to something yet. Something of the "if spwitappears in the following ex trait from the London Spectator, which, no doubt, intended to write "a first rate notice." It says that ''if 'we pay off our national deht "it will be the greatest deed Democra cy has ever done, the one which will come most clearly home to property-holders, which will most ranidlv dissinate the idea noraut impatience of taxation,' or by an in disposition to pay up honorable claims. No despotism will be able to show such a finan cial account, no constitutional monarchy a better oue, and successful finance tells heav ily with cultivated mankind. The tide of immigration will set in with double rapidity and the last remaining deterrent to British North America will have been removed. Meanwhile, whether the dream is fulfilled or not. America possesses a force of which it is difficult to estimate the extent, she can, for example, spend without a loan as much as the whole outlay of Great Britain upon her army and navy, can waste every year without increasing her taxes as much as the loan with which Napoleon paid for his Italian campaign. TIIE VIRTUES OF BORAX. The excellent washer-women of Holland and Belgium, who "get up'' their linen so beautifully white, use refined borax as a washing powder, instead of soda, in the proportion of one iarge handful of powder to about ten gallons of boiling water. They save in soap nearly one-half. All the large washing establishments adopt the same mode. For laces, cambrics, Ac., an extra quantity of the powder is used ; for crino lines, requiring to be made stiff, a strong so lution is necessary. Borax, being a neutral salt does not in the slightest degree injure the texture of the linen. Its effect is to soften the hardest water, and therefore it should be kept on every toilet table. To the taste it is rather sweet ; it is used _ for clean ing the hair, is an excellent dentifrice and in hot countries it is used, in combination with tartaric acid bicarbonate of soda, as a cooling beverage. Good tea cannot be made with hard water. All watei maybe made soft by adding a tea.-poonfu! of borax pow der to an ordinary sized kettle of water, in which it should boil. The saving in the quantity of'tea used will be at least one-fifth. Drio/f/hts' Circular. GOOD FOR ONE FOUND. It is said that in a dockyard of England, a ship of many thousand tons wasonce built and a large multitude had assembled to wit ness the" launching. The wedges were knocked away, but the immense mass re mained motionless. Before a feeling of dis appointment began to manifest itself, a little boy ran forward, and commenced pushing against the vessel. His efforts excited the ridicule of the spectators; but he turned in dignantly toward them saying, "I can push a pound," and continued his exertions. They were all that were needed to overcome the friction; and soon the huge ship, yield ing to his pressure, gracefully glided into the waves. So many a great and noble cause stands motionless, when perhaps the efforts of a child would hare overcome the obstacles that hinder its progress. A single grain will turn a nicely balanced scale. A single word or action, or glance of the eye, may be fraught with inestimable consequen ces. We cannot bo the judges of the amount ol our influence. IV e know not how much it accomplishes. We cannot be aware through what a wide circle it may | spread.— Monthly Jlel, Mag. TRUTH. Truth is an eternal element. It is an essence of divinity. Man must grasp this : essence; he must press it to his soul; it must I be his spiritual life, and rule all his thoughts ] and actions. Truth must ever be with him, continually abiding with him. Only in this way can he be natural. Only 50 can he re 'cmblc the Redeemer. To be like God is to be unnatural. 'Tis true, opposite# exist. Light has its shade, cold is opposite to heat; hate i- antagonistic to love. I ruth is op i posed by error. But with one path, one genuine course remains for h'.m to follow. 1 It is the path of right, of ti uth. of justic, of love, and of unswerving fidelity to God. Only so can the soul live out its noblest attributes, and harmonize with the purposes of the Creator. Moral purity can on'y qualify us for this mission. RATES OF AT3VKRTISTNG All advertisements for Im than 3 months 10 cents per line for each insertion. Special notices onehalf additional. All resolutions of Assoc la. tion, communications of a limited or individual interets and notices of marriages and deaths, ex ceeding five lines, 10 cts. per line. AII legal noti ces of every Kind, and ail Orphans' Court and other Judicial sales, are required by lair to be pub lished in both papers. Editorial Hot ices U cents per line. All Advertising due after first insertion. A liberal discount made to yearly advertixers. 3 months. 6 months. 1 year One square $ 4.50 $ S.OO $lO.OO Two squares...™.. #,04) 9.00 lO.O'i Three equret 8.00 12.00 20.00 One-fourth eolamn 14.08 20.00 38.00 Half column 18.00 28.00 48.00 One column 30.00 48.00 80.0 BISHOP SOU UE ON DANCING. One of the best thing "out," oflate, was recently given in the Memphis Chrukiin Ail rotate. "A friend," says that paper, sends us the following incident "Once in Alabama, in a parlor filled with an intelligent and refined company, while the Bishop was conversing with a group of friends, another group in a corner was dis cussing the innocence of modern dancing most of them being in favor of'it. At length they agreed to leave it to the Bishop, and approaching, asked his opinion. (Silence.) "Weill never saw dancing but once , and I must confess I teas phased with it. (Great surprise and glances exchanged,) I have been to Paris and to lndon. and over raol of our own land, but I have never seen the exercise but once. (Eager attention,) While I was in Paris, among other things, I saw several monkeys, taught to dance and keen time, and I mutt confess I teat pleased icitn it, for 1 thought it became them very much.'' OUR DESTINY. It cannot be that earth is man's only abi ding place. It cannot be that our life is a Dubbfe cast up by the ocean of eternity to float a moment upon its waves, and sink in nothingness. Else why is it the high and glorious aspirations, which leap like angels from the temple of our hearts are forever wandering unsatisfied? Why is it that the rainbow _ and cloud came over us with a beauty that is not of earth, and then pass off to muse on their loveliness? Why uit that the stitrs which "hold their festival around the midnight throne," are set above the grasp of our limited faculties, forever niockingus with their unapproachable glory! And finally, why is it that bright forms of human beauty are presented to our view and taken from us; leaving the thousand streams of our affection to flow back in an Alpine torrent upon our hearts? We arc born for a higher destiny than that of earth. There is a realm where the rainbow never fades', where the stars will be spread out be fore us like the islands that slumber on the ocean, and where the beautiful beings which pass before us like shadows, will stay for ever in our presence. THE SABBATH. The silent, holy Sabbath pervades city and country, hamlet and village; in th'c crowded hauntsof men, where the corroding and selfish cares of the week are banished, but for one single day, and beneath the umbrageous canopy of green groves in the fresh and vernal country, where the more unsophisticated children of this teeming world meet on each recuirencc of the day. to offer up their simple orisons to the Most High. What a source of contemplation it is that almost at the same hour, ihrongh the whole broad land, so many thousands are engaged in listening to the words which drop from tfie lips of God's appointed agents on earth. In the dim and holy precincts of the city church, where the fretted light falls with a auYi 'ucck's "tncAuroiig <Ji toursdippera? vmu the man of God. who is ministering at the alter; and in the rustic church of the country where the broad and yellow light of the day falls upon all alike—everywhere "the lord is in his holy temple." "There are many people in the world who make it a practice to sponge the read ing of newspapers without any expense to themselves. This has often been noticed and commented upon. They are not con fined to any parsicular locality, but are found wherever the newspaper goes. An exchange from Maine thinks there are more of this class there than elsewhere, while the .V. 11. Gazette, believes the Granite State is infested with them to even a greater degree. It savs: We have known men ot means to hang around a store where the proprietor takes a paper for the mere purpose of' reading the paper,and getting the news without its cost ing them anything. There are scores of families whose parental heads spend enough in bad rum and tobacco yeekly to pay for a dozen newspapers, and still persist in spon ging what little informaiinn they get of what is going on in the world, from their neighbor. Any man who can afford to indulge in rum, beer, eider, or tobacco, can abundantly afford to subscribe and pay for a newspaper for the benefit of himself and family. Is not that so? WHAT A GOOI> NEWSPAPER MAY DO.— Show us an intelligent family of boys and girls, and we will show you a family where newspapers and periodicals are plentiful. Nobody who has been without these silent private tutors can know their educating power for good or evil. Have you ever thought of the innumerable topics of dis cussion which they suggest at the breakfast tabic ; the important public measures with which, thus early, our children become fa miliarly acquainted ; great philanthropic questions of the day. to which unconscious ly their attention is awakened, and the gen eral spirit of intelligence which is evoked by these quiet visitors? Any thing that makes home pleasant, cheerful and chatty, thins the haunts of vice, and the thousand and one avenues of temptation, should cer tainly be regarded, when we consider its in fluence on the minds of the young, as a great moral and social light.— Liner son. ftsTWhat right has any person, endow ed with an ordinary share of intellect, and blessed with a respectable share of good health, to despond ? What is the cause of despondency ? What is the meaning of it? The cause is a weak mind and the meaning is sin. Providence never intended that one of his creatures should be the victim of a desire to feel and look the gloom of a thun der cloud. Although wc cannot expect all our days and hours to be gilded by sunshine wo must not, for mere momentary griefs, suppose that they are to be enshrouded in the mists of misery, or clouded by the opac ity of sorrow and misfortune. BARN'VM says he never patronizes the men that don't advertise, ''for the reason that I invariably get cheated if I no. The penurious principle that prevents a man from keeping his business before the public, will prevent him from selling cheap." It is certainly safest to but/ of the men who ad vertise. If a man does an honest business he need not fear to have it made known that the public may judge of it. Besides, in this ago of newspapers people expect the differ ent candidates for their patronage to make known their claims to it. If those claims are real, publication cannot help but be an advantage to them. #d?~The world is full of trials and annoy ances, and will be to the end. But i better world i* coining, where there will be no more trials, no more sin forever. If wc would obtain an inheritence iu that world, we must learn to bear meekly aud patiently the trials of this. That inheritance is promised only to the overcomer. Let us, then, try to pray, and keep trying and pray jug that Gea will help us to overcome.