Newspaper Page Text
~ BEDFORD, Fa.
Friday MuruJns, JME 10, W59.
M FE\KLUSS AND FREE."
D. OVER—Editor and Proprietor.
People s State Convention.
The Convention of the People's Party which
assembled in liarrisburg OH Wednesday last,
placed in nomination Hon. THOMAS E. COCH
RAN, of York Couuty, fur Auditor General,
and Gen. WM. 11. KEI.M, of Berks County,
for Surveyor General. Mr. Coohr D was nom
inated on the 9tb ballot, Hon. Francis Jordan
beiug the next highest candidate, on several of
tho latter ballots. There is no doubt but tllat
Mr. Jordan would have been nominated, had
he permitted the uae of his name at an earlier
day—he only having finally consented, after
many earnest solicitations from his friends iu
various parts of iLe State, some six weeks be
fore the Convention met, and after the most of
the leading men iu our ranks had committed
themselves iu favor of others. As it is, w.e
think he did remarkably well, in coming out
second best. So far as Mr. Jordan is con
cerned, we think it is for his interest that the
choice has icsulted us it has, as it places him
in the line of precedence for the Governor's
nomination next fall, aud his friends all over
the State will make a vigorous effort to secure
him that position. He ranks second to no man
in the State tor honesty, integrity and talents,
and would make a Chief Magistrate of whom
the State well be proud. Here's for
Jordan for Guvernoi in iB6O .'
Mr. Cochran, the candidate for Auditor Gen
eral, is an excellent man, oud will rnuko an of
ficer of the first class. Ho was the candidate
for Canal Commissioner in 1856, und legally
elected, but cheated out of the office by the
frauds in Philadelphia, as proved io the case of
Mann vs. C .ssiJay, when the latter was ousted
from the District Attorneyship, and Mann de
clared legally elected. Next to Jordan we
Gen. Keioj, our candidate for Surveyor Gen
eral, was elected, last fall,at the special elec
tion in Berks Coun'y, to Congress, by some
five or six bundled, over the Buchaaan candi
date. He is one of the most popular men in
No one doubts the success of this ticket by
a majority of at least 80,000.
The military parade on Monday last, at j
Bloody liun, came off finely. There were four
companies on the ground, the Bedford Riflemen, ]
Cumberland Valley Blues, Bloody Run lode- |
pendent Blues, and Ilopewell Riflemen. The
whole body, iffieers and men, were as fine a
looking set of meu as could he found an\ where,
and some of them were quite proficient in mil
itary manoeuvres. In the afternoon, they were
marched to the hill back of town, and were kept
there for several hours. Of tLeir marches and
countermarches,forming 01" hollow squares, rifle
and musket drills, &c., we are unable to speak,
as the Major mouuted guard about 100 feet on
each side of the battalion, which forced specta
tor?, including printers, reporters, and many
other poor devils, on each side of the hill, where
they could only see the tops of the s-o I d
i-e-r-'s heads. That M-?jor has retired on his
laurels, and could never again be elected, when
young America, that was ca the giounu, comes
to form volunteer companies.
A great many persons were in town, the ho
tels were all crowded, good order pretty gener
ally observed, and things passed off pleasantly,
as things generally do, in Bloody RUD, WLUh
is so celebrated for its hospitable citizens.
CapL A. J. Sansoin, was elected Brigade
luspeomr. We have not been able to ascertain
who were elected to the other offices, but we be
lievo Lemuel Evaus was elected Brigadier
General: Alexander Compber, Coionel; Sam'l
B. Tate, Lieut. Colonel; B. F. Horn, Major.
Ist Lieut. Thos. Lyons, was elected Captain
of the Bedford Riflemen, iu place of Capt.
Sansoin, 2nd Lieut. Wm. Keeffe, was elected Ist
Lieutenant, cud Corporal W. P. Mower was
elected 2nd Lieutenant.
The Gazette talks a great deal about whites
marrying negroes. This is something we are
totally opposed to, but if that paper has some
Loeofoco friends that it is afraid will marry ue
grees, w? do not blame it for talking so much
about it. Another thing; we cannot blame it
either as it is aware that about three fourths of
those that uiarry negroes, belong to that party,
or are the children of those who do. Proba
bly tho editor, when he was in Illinois for a
few inoaths, conducting an abolition paper, got
acquainted with that celebrated individual who
was "in the wood pile."
'lke Virgiuia eleofion, has resulted badly for
the Loeofoco*. They hive elected their Gov
ernor by a greatly reduced majority. The op
position have gamed a congressman, and some
four independent Loeofoco, candidates have
been elected over the regular Looofooo uouii
SEVERE FROST. —On Sunday morning last,
we had one of the severest frusta ever experi
enced in this neighborhood so late in the season.
The fruit has been somewhat injured. The
peaches, cherries and grapes in borne parts of
the County have been considerably hurt, whilst
the apples bare uot been very much injured.—
The grain,—wheat, rye and corn, bnve suffered
but little. In the gardens, the early vegeta
bles, and plant - have been injured to some ex
AGRICULTURAL FAIR —We notice that in
many of the Counties preparations are making
for the holding of Agricultural Fairs, the com
ing fall. If our people do not wish to be be
hind the age in agricultural matters, they had
better be commencing the necessary prepara
tions for an exhibition of lhe agricultural pro
ducts, and mechanical ingenuity of the Couuty.
METHODIST MINISTERS EXPELLED FROM
TEXAS —All the preachers of the 31. E. Church
(North) except two, have been driven out of
There's Democracy and liberty for you !
Why shouldn't the members of ihut Church in
the North belong to the party which is con
trolled by the Southern Locofoco politicians ?
CENTRAL BANK. — We learn from the Hoi
lidaysburg Register that the Central Bank of
Pennsylvania at that place, suspended last week,
but on last Tuesday it opened and was re
deeming its paper iu small quantities. There
is general confidence iu its complete resump
BANK OF i ISCOUNT AND DEPOSITS. — Mesrs
Reed, Rupp & Sehell, have opened a Bank of
Discount and in Bedford. We have
uo doubt that an institution of this kind will
pay well in this place.
PHILADELPHIA, June 9, 1859.
To Inquirer and Gazette: —The People's Par
ty assembled in State Convention at liarrisburg
yesterday and made the following nominations.
Auditor General, Thos. E. Coeiirati; Surveyor
General, General ICeim. Every county in the
State was represented, and the bet of feeling
prevailed. D. J. CHAPMAN.
IT DON'T TAKE— The hitter of that "de
generate sou of a noble sire." Locofocoism
may make all they can out of Jim Clay's letter.
All the old admirers of his noble father despise
the apostate son.
We call aUeution to the Card of J. Selby
Mower, Esq. Business entrusted to his care
will be attended to faithfully.
Read the Foregu News. The allied powers
have gaiue] the first battle. Bloody work
may be expected for some time to come.
Several visitors have already arrived at the !
CIMERO3 FUJI PitKSIDpT,
With'bat few exceptions the American-Re
publican journals of Pennsylvania, says the
llarrUburg Telegraph, take ground in favor of
the uominatiuo of lion. SIMON CAMERON as
tbo anti-Democratic caudidate for President,
and from present indications he s'ands a very
fair chance for nomination by the National
Convention. In such au event he would rally
to his support the active and enthusiastic young
men cf the Opposition party, and the toiling
masses of the iron-bound old Keystone, and
carry our flag m triumph through the contest,
by a majority unprecedented in the political
history of 'Lis State. Our own views arc too
i well known to need repetition, and we allude
.c the subject now simply for the purpose of
I introducing to our readers the following well
timed article from the Jiinitch Chunk Gazette,
an Opposition paper of akuowledged ability
■ and influence. That journal says:
We heard the remark made during the last
year, that as Pennsylvania lias furnished de
cidedly the weakest aud most unprincipled man
who has ever occupied the Presidential chair,
the Republicans of other States would hardly
trust another Pennsylvanian, and for this rea
son they would not agree to the nomination of
Gen. Cameron or any other Pennsylvanian.—
Now this very fact that Jamas Buchanan is
just the man we Republicans contended he was
in 185G—only much meaner and worse —is
calculated to strengthen a candidate on our
side. Pennsylvania is entitled to a President
of the United States. The present incumbent
is not, and never was, the choice of the people
of Pennsylvania, but he secured the vote by
means of the then existing division in the
, ranks of the Opposition aud by the utnted vote
j of the deadliest enemies of Pennsylvania—the
Free Traders aud Slave drivers of the South.
! Siuco iiis inauguration —since he has taken a
: solemn oadi to support the Constitution of the
United States, wbteii instrument he has since
; violated time and again, he has confirmed all
i our predictions of 1850, that lie has nosympa
j thy or respect for Pennsylvania, and never had
1 a "single drop of democratic tdood in his
| veias." No, Jam?* Buchanan is not a Penu
Is it unreasonable now to ask that we, the
Republicans of Pennsylvania, who did in 1856
1 solemnly protest, aud work, and vote against
this imbecile toot of Slavery, James Buchan
an, should have the chance to present a candi
date for the Presidency 1 We think not.—
Every reasonable Republican must admit that
we are more directly interested in tho enact
ment of a Protective Tariff, and the protection
of free labor in States and Territories, than the
people of any other State in the Union. Re
publican principles arc calculated to benefit
Pennsylvania more thaii any other State, aud
unless Pennsylvania interests are respected, it
may be doubtful whether the Stato can be car
ried in 1860. But, let the Republican party
of other estate? resolve to consult the party of
Pennsylvania, and for once to respect the
opinions of ott/ Representatives in National
Convention, ana our word for it, the 27 electors
will bo secured. .Geo. Cameron, we believe, is
the mm for Pennsylvania, iiis nomination
would at oneo settle R Ss qaeqtiou * tb'.s
State. We could then safely send our cham
pions out into other States as Missionaries—we
were going to say to Jersey, but with Cameron
as our candidate it wouldn't be necessary. Ho
would carry every Northern State, with veiy
good chances for Missouri, Delaware and Mary
Fo r the Inquirer.
WATEKSTREET, Pa., May 80, 1859.
Mr. OVER: —Shakspeare once wrote, "there
is a tide in the affairs of meu, which, if taken
at the flood, leads on to fortune."
lu the latter part of last, wintcn, a few of
the young men of this neighborhood concluded
that this "tide" in their "affairs" was about to
flow, resolved to bo led on by it to Pikes Peak.
When the time arrived for their departure, all
abandoned the adventure, except Mr. Wui. H.
11. llalstoti, eldest son of Robert Ralston,
Esq., of this villoge. About the middle of
Match, he bade his friends and acquaintances
adieu for a time, and, with a light heart, and
bright prospect of being amply rewarded for
all his toils, he started for the land of gold.—
He proceeded on uutil he reached Atchison,
where he joiued a company bound for the gold
en PeaK, and, after supplying themselves with
the necessary implements, provisions, See., they
commenced their journey over the plains.—
When they arrived at Fort Kearney, Mr. Rul
sum wrote to his friends here, that, their pros
pects were still bright, but, after traveling
about four days more, tiny met about fifteen
hundred men on their way lack to the settled
countries, in a lamentable state of destitution.
Young Ralston and his comrades being assured
by them that "'all is not gold that glitter:-," re
solved to go no further; aud, in a letter to Lis
father, after his return to Fort Kearney, he
says: "Many who hid spent much of their time
in the gold regions of California, had prospect
ed the whole country, and fully sati.-fied them
selves that there is no gold at Pikes Peak—
not even the usual signs—and that it is a hum
bugging scheme, set afloat by a number of land
speculators along the Missouri river, to direct
the tide of emigration thither, and to deceive j
the unwary and credulous, and had left, cha
grined that they had been made tin dopes or
speculators 1 infatuation?. 11 And now, Win. i
Ralston is desirous ihut ail who may be affect
ed with tire gold mania may be made acquaint
ed \vMb the facts, aud remain in a better egjjp.-
try, and give no credence to any enticing re
ports they may see in the newspapers, and go
ibeic only to meet with disappointments.
KE( nma i.wniur 2
| There was a great gatheiing of Lcconipton
i editors from Western Pennsylvania at Pittsburg
two weeks ago. Thoy had been summoned
j there as United States Jurors, liigler was also
i there to give them instructions. The purchase
was so plain, that many editors were ashamed
lto admit that thoy were of tee craft. Brother
' Trough, of the Hollidaysburg Standard, was
i there, of course—his last paper is evidence thai
j be received fresh instructions from head <]u.rt
i ers— Huntingdon Globe.
CAN tr BE TUBE. — Wa Lave been credibly
| informed by several gantlimen, that Hon. Win.
; Bigler has sent into this county, package* of
' w wratf xrs raC pffrMitVS
having them in possession may see proper. A
; number of these envelopes have, been used,
■ thus cheating the Post Office Department out
jof the amount of postage it should in justice
: receive for conveying their eouteuts over the
j post roads. This is but a small specimen of the
| economy practiced by the leaders of the Buch
anan faction. To make up for such losses to
the Department, it is fair to suppose that an
other effort will be nude to tax the peopld--
tho outsiders—-with a live ceut postage, it is
also fair to suppose thai Bigler has extended
j bis franking operation to every county in (he
j State—making the sum toial saved to the faiih
| ful, quite an object.— though not any more hoo
! est than manufacturing bogus three cent p : eoes.
SCCCESBFCL SCIT FOB FREEDOM IFF A
WHITE GIUL.— A most interesting suit wig j
completed on Saturday in the Fifth Distrkt j
Court, Judge Eggleston presiding. It was the ;
case of a suit for freedom from slavery, the 1
plaintiff being a white girl, sixteen or sevente® j
years of age, with a complexion bordering cn !
the brunette, named Alexina Morrison, and tfc i
defendant, a slavo dealer of Jefferson OiO, •
named Juuies White. The girl, about a yev i
and a half ago, ran away from White's slave
yard, where she had betD several months, a:£ :
was protected by some citizens of Oaroctofl '
who she informed that she had been kidnappei j
from Arkansas, and sold into slavery, thougij
she was born free aud of white paren's. Atj
appeal to the Jefferson Puri e h Court was madd,
tut the j'ury did hot agree on a verdict, and thf!
venue was changed to New Orleans. The tria|
in the Fifth District Court occupied three Jays!
chiefly employed in the efforts and argument!
of counsel on boiii sides in regard to the adj
mission aud rejection of evidence. For th<J
plaintiff the chief testimony was that of scien
tific gentlemen, that there was an absence
about her of evidence of African descent. A#
for the defendant, thy principal evidence was,
narrowed down to the single bill of sale, which
be produced from a person in Arkansas, who]
was not present. The Judge's charge to the
jury was excepted to by defendant's counsel,
from beginning to end. The jury deliberated
but a few minutes, nd brought in a verdict for
the plaintiff.— -JV. O. Bulletin.
The slavery influence is certainly getting
very bold when i' will thus daringly seize a
perfectly white girl, and attempt to consign
her to slavery But it is a great institution—
so long live the twin sisters, slavery and de
A SHOT IN THE FLOCK. —We wonder if the
followiug Paixhan shot, from the 'Notes from
the Plymouth Pulpit, 5 by lieury Ward Pee
ober, hits anybody iu all this region round about?
We hope not. Mr. Beeoher said :
'There is sitting beforctme in this eongrega
tion now two hundred men, who stuff their Sun
days full of what they call religion, and then
go out on Mondays to catcb their brother by
the throat, saying: 'Pay me that, thou owest;
it's Monday now, and you needn't think that
because we sat crying together yesterday, over
our Saviour's sufferings aud love, that I am go
ing to let you off from that debt, if it does ruin
you to pay it uow.'
FOUR DAIS LATER FROAJ EUROPE.
THE FIRST SE7ERS CONFLICT.
THE AUSTRIA** WRITES BACK.
DEATH OF THE KING OF NAPLES.
ST. JOHN'S, N. 8., June 4.--The steamship
City of Washington, which left Liverpool on
the 25th ult., and hound to New York, has beeD
intercepted off this point by tire Associated
Press 1 News Yacht.
Her news is of great importance, as announc
ing the first important blow in Italy. The Al
lied and Austriau forces have met. and tiie lat
ter been defeated.
The battle between the Austrian? and the
Allies took place at MontcbcHo. Tne Austri
ans were 15,000 stroug, and made the attack.
After a severe engagement, they were obliged
to retreat The Allied army lost. 700, while
the Austriaua 1 loss is estimated at 2000. A num
ber of Austrian? had hern captured end taken
prisoners of Marseilles.
The Liverpool Cotton market was quiet; pri
ces were somewhat easier, but there is no change
reported in the quotations. Breadstuff? were
dull, and Provisions steady. On the London
'Change consols closed at 97JJ92.
THE BATTLE OF MONTEBELLO.
The battle of Montebeilo took place on the
2!st of May. The Austrian.?, who were com
manded by Gen. St adicn, attacked the post? of
Marshal B iraguay P'iiilliers. They were driv
en back by Gen. Percy's division, afier a furi
ous combat, which lasteil four hours.
The Allies carried Montebelle, but did no!
pursue the Austriar.s.
Two hundred of the Austrian?, including n
colonel, were captured and takui to Marseil
The Austriats were 15,000 strong. They lost
2000 men. The Allies lost 700; among whom
were many officers.
The Austrian? account of the rattle differs
widely froai the above. The actual force of (he
French is not stated. It is reported, however,
that it. numbered GOOO men, besides a regiment
of Sardinian cavelry.
PASSAGE OF THE SESiA Hi* THE S \Il-
A bulietm irsued by the Sandinian Govern
ment announces that the extreme left of the Sar
dinian army under Gen. Bndiui, had forced a
passage over the river St.sia, patting the An—
trians to flight.
Gen. Garibaldi had entered Graveliona with j
6,000 men lor .< revolutionary purpose. Gravel j
lot.a is cn the Sardinian side cf Liki Mcggi- j
General G:.rib Itii has made forty-seven more ;
It was rumored that six Englishmcn-of-war 1
had entered the Vdriatio sea
TIIE El TEST.
REVOLUTION IN LOMBARDY— DEATH ;
OF THE KING OF NAPLES.
Revolutionary movements ure reported in i
The King of Naples is dead, and Francis I
Las assumed the Government of Naples.
The British Admiralty has formally invited
Acijylcis Xojt the canring."f a .
ana from Australia via Panama.
A general meeting of the stockholders of the
Atlactia Telegraph Company had been called to
sanction the agreement with the Government
and to is-mo X 600.000 of uew capital.
The Paris Alonitutr announces that Franco !
adheres to the abolition of privateering, and
the principle that tbe neutral flag covers the
The Parjs Bourse closed firm, and threes
were quoted at 65f.
THE BATTLE OF MONTEBELLO WON
liV NAPOLEON III—THE BATTLE OF
MONTEBELLO WON BY NAPOLEON I |
Toe first battle is at last fought between the
Fierteh and the Austrians iu Italy. By the
steamship City ot Washington wo have tele
graphic news from Cape Race that on the 2Lst
of May the first struggle took piace, aud was j
won by Napoleon 111, at Montehello, where the i
French under Napoleon I, defeated the Austri- j
ans fifty-nine years ago, just after he had cross- j
ed the Alps; and. what is worthy of remark,
neither of the Napoleons wax at the battle, but
in its vicinity.
That a battle was won by the French on the
2l*t uit., tbero can be no doubt, for on this j
point the French, Sardinian and Austrian ao- t
counts agree. We have not vet received the
details ot the battle, but the French represent j
the Austrian® as fifteen thousand strong where j
the fight took place, aud the troops of Napo- j
Icon as only six or seven tin usand men, with a i
regiment of Sardinian cavalry, at th same time J
siutier that <he Austrian lost from 1,500 to 2,- I
000 teen, besides 200 prisoners, whilst the j
French Pst 600 or 700, many of whom were
officers. Tbo prisoners vvera sent to Alessan
dria, ami some of them had arrived at Marseil
les. The Austrian® were the assai'aata, aud
the fight occurred in this way.
It uppears that General Stadicm, an Austri
an officer of distinction, with a slron
attacked the advanced posts of Marshal_ Bara
!trtiay d'Hilliers, and was repulsed by General
[Forcv's division after a sanguinary combat of
(four hours. The alims carried the heights of
liMontebeiln, but did not pursue the retieating
JAustriaus. The Austrian account mitigates
the defeat by stating that General Stadion
Lushed forward by a forced march a reconaoi
jfreiog body troops toward LigHs aud Mon
!-,-hello, but after a hot fight with a superior
1 French force, retreated behind the Po in per
Montebello is on the extreme right of the
(Trench lines, close to Parma on the east, aud
tot far from Lotubardy to the north. It is
isarly in the direction of Milan from Aiessan
j ifia, and a little less than half way, the whole
! Stance being oaiy sixty-five miles. It would
j sain, therefore, as if the Freuch were push- |
1 ii|r on their right to strike at the capital of
While these operations are going forward on
the extreme right, we learn that the leit oi the
! Surdiuiau army, at tbo Northwest, under Ghi
■ aldini, one of the Itaiiau revolutionary leaders
of 1848-9, had forced a passage over theSe
< sia, near the Austrian frontier, aud put the
i Austrian* to flight, while still further west aud
1 North, at the vety foot of the Alps, on the very
extreme of the allied lines Garibaldi bad cu-
I tered the town of Gravellona, on the Pied
-1 lavßtvee side of the Lake Maggiore, which sep
arates Piedm. ut from Lombard/, with 6,000
uien, intending to enter the Austrian domin
ions in order to kiudle the flame of revolution;
and from Berne, in Sw.lzerlaud, wa learn that
revolutionary movement? are reported in Lom
bard/, and no doubt tb3 Swiss strongly sympa
thize with the revolutionists against their an
cient enemy, the House of [lapshurg. Gari
baldi was therefore, where the Swiss, Austrian
and Sardinian frontiers Duet.
From this news it would seem that tbo Aus
trian* arc now nearly dtivcn back over the Ti
eino into their own territory, whither the
French would he sure to follow them.
Genera! Gjulai had removed bis headquar
ters back to Garlaseo, almost on the very fron
tier of Lombard}, aud in a straight line be
tweeu Alessandria and Milan. It is quite evi
dent that the Austrian? aie gradually retreat
ing to their own strongholds The Austrian
General, as if desperate, had ordered the Sar
ditiians to give up their'arm? on pain of being
Meantime Prince Napoleon was with a force
Jat Leghorn, iu Tuscany. It was rumored that
j six Euglish uier. of war had entered the Adri
-1 atic, but as they arc neutral, the news docs no'
| seem to be of much impoi tance, even if true.
| By this arrival the firs! victory in favor of
j the French is the great and important fact, and
: thai against odds, which shew? that the Gauls
I have not degenerated since the elder Na
| poleon led them fr m victory to victory over
I the Austrian hosts.
If i* □ curious historical coincidjnce that the
buttle of M ntebelL was the first fought by
the troop- < f Nanolcon I. after crossing the
great St. Bernard in ls>oo. it was one of the
bloodiest and fiercest ever fought. Jn dispari
ty of numbers the resemblance is also rciuark
a Ir. Napoleon I. had then only 10,000 men,
two-thirds of whom wire new soidier.?, who
bad never seen a shot fired; and with these he
was to arrest the desperate march of an army
of 120,000 veteran Auslrians. It was neces
sary for him to divide this little hand to save
it from being cut to pieces before he could re
ceive reinforcements, With characteristic ra
pidity he moved from point to point through
Louinardy; with lightning glance bis eagle eye
perceived the movements and combinations of
t!io enemy under M las. lie knew that, a
great and decisive batle must soon take place,
for Me las wus rupiulv concentrating Lis army j
frotu ail point?. To Lawns and Mural he is- •
sued the following brief out remarkable or- J
"Gather your forces ' the river Suadeiia. j
On the Sth •r 9 b .t the latest, you will have i
on your bands 15,000 or 18,000 Austrian?.— i
Meet them au l cut them to pieces; it will be j
so many enemies less upon our nanda on the i
day of the decisive battle we are to expect with
the entire army of Meias."
The prediction turned out true Au Aus
trian force of 18.000 strong advanced ami j
posted themselves strongly c-n the heights of
Montebeilo, with batteries planted upon the
hill sides which swept the plain. It was of the
greatest, aiomeut that tub body should be jre
vented from combining with the other vast ■
forces of the Austrian.?. Lamms met theui
with only 8,000 men lot ti.ey rushed on U><?
toe with a shout • f enthusiasm. Their tanks
wereewept with a storm of grapeslot. Said
Lauoes, "1 couiU hear the bones crash in my
division Jika class in at -uiiom. " Km
lioiirs—fro in tjevea in the day till eight at
night— the carnage continued. Again and
again the mangled eulunirs of the French ral
lied to the charge; and it was not till three
thousand of their men ay dead cu the field
that the Austrian" broke and fled, also having
three thousand dead behind them, with sis
Napoleon, hastening to the aid of his Gene
ral, arrived jut, in time to sec the battle won.
He rode up to Lanucs, surrounded by the dy
ing and the ccad, his swetd dripping with
biood, his face blackened with powder, uud his
uniform soiicd and torn ty the long strife. -
Napoleon suiiled in silence, but did cot forget
the heroism of Lances, whom ha afterwards
created, from this battle field, "Duke of Mon
tebeilo"—a title which has descended to bis
family to this day. It was the same hero who
Lad before saved the fight or, the terrible biidge
of Lodi, ween the French were mowed down
by the Austrian catiuon Hue grass, and Napo
leou's Generals said it was iiopos?ibic to ad
vauoe. "Impossible is not French," said Na
poleon, as he seized a standard and rushed for
ward, sh utiug, "Follow your Get oral."
Lannes, however, w-s the first to cross the
bridge. Ha dashed past his leader, plunging
Lis horse into the very midst cf the Austrian
ranks, and grasped cnc of their banners. At
that moment Lis steed fell dead beneath htat,
and half a dozen swonls glittered above his
head. W iib Herculean strength und agility
he extricated himself from his fallen steed,
leaped upou the horse of an Austrian behind
the rider, plunged hU sword into the body of
the rider, and burled him from his saddle. He
fought his way back to his followers, having
slain six of the Au.-triaps with his own hand.
The bridge aud the battle were won. For this
deed of terrible energy Napoleon promoted
La-.nes on the spot.
ino battle of Montebello was not without
iis influence on the immortal victory of Mareq
go; which was fought immediately Vy . - if here
20jKK> Frenchmen, under Napoieon, met 40,-
000 Austrian?, including 7.000 cavalry und
200 pieces of caution, which irresistibly swept
Napoleon's troops before them, till Dessaix, *o
anxiously expected with his reserve of 0,000
men arrived, and charged when tbo battle was
deemed iost. The tide was turned. The Aus
trians were overthrown with terriblo slaughter.
Twenty thousaud men ot both sides lay dead
on the field. Dessaix, the greatest general
Napoleon ever had, was among them, ahe
First Consul wept, and suid the battle was
dearly bought.— J\. Y. Herri J.
1 THE OFFICE LIS IN THE WAR.
The telegraph tells us that au unusual uum- j
ber of officers fell ou the side of 'he Jreuoh m
the recent battle of Monte be Ho, and the in- :
ference has been drawn from this raot, tnat tins !
French officers ii that action must have exposed
themselves with uncommon audacity under the
inspiration of the near presence of the Lsnpe
ror. It is quite probable ihst ttiis may have
been the case; but the tatality in quesuon may
be accounted for, perhaps, in a less romantic
uiauuer, by tho eonsiicratioQ that the breech
officots are more signally distinguished on the
field of battle by their uniforms than the Aus
| trians. The Attstrians long ago abaudou
ied the use of the epaulette, which has always
j been the "shining mark" that death, like slan
' der, is supposed to love, and which the I renon
: insist upou retaining. Tbe Aaairiun officers
formerly went into action wearing white cloak*
wliich marked them out conspicuously st.,ou
! the grey coated masses of their moo. tut tba
j fearful execution done upon tbem by the Sar
! dinian riflemen in the war of 1548—9, led tLc
. Government to discard this garment else; and
no officers are now so well amalgamated with
. their men in appearance before tbe enemy as
tho Austrian. The French officer* tn cum par.
isoti stand out in e clear relief upon their
! companies as did tbe scarlet eoated und gold
| I -ced British captains in the (lays of ottr own
Revolutionary war. wV. Y. Times.
THE ItS MOf ittt l AUD THE JfAS-
S 4CIII'SETTS 4M850.1l EXT.
J he Democratic presses which are crying out
j against the receftt amendment of the €otutiftj
| lion of Massachusetts, says tbe Dctirit Tribune
] are tiuite oblivious of the fact 'bat tbe unfal
j tering Democratic .State of South Carolina
i adopted a i.vr three years ago in reference t tt
naiur.ilisa'ion, precisely similtn —iu fact that
i the Massachusetts bill is almost a literal cor;v
jof the South Carolina proscription. Nobody
I deemed the Democracy of the nation respensi
| blc for the action of a single State, except so
tar as that State was a type of tbe society and
government aimed at in the Cincinnati platform
—which it undoubtedly is. The Drcd Seo't
decision is there the great text-book of law ami
; morals, resulting in ap oligarchy only one re
move from monarchy, and infinitely meant r
j and more detestable, lint we <io not bold the
Democratic party of the nation responsible for
the Scutb Carolina law, though it is clearly as
rest onsibb* as the Republican party of tbe mo
tion is for the Massachu-et's enactment. But
we apprehend the same plea will not bold vri h
reference to tbe provision inserted in the Or
ganic Art of Minnesota, by the Democratic
members of the U. is. Scuate. to j reve&t forei, a
born residents from voting on tho formation ;>i 4
adoption of the State Constitution. The bill
was p.sacd by Corigrts* tn he session oflßsC
';7. As it came froui the House of Ripr'str-
Utivts, (then in tbe bauds of tbe Republicans,)
i: authorized ..1! persons to vote on the funda
mental law nidvr which they were to live, win
had been permitted to vote under the lairs if
the Territory — including foreign born residema
Vt ho had Utu two years in tbe Uuttcd S:*te,
und ii :d declared cu oath their intentions to be
come citizen®. W Lea the bill csme to the .Sen
ate a Democrat from North Carolina.(Mr. B'gg®)
moved te insert 'be following:
"Provided, That only citizens of the United
States shall be pctuaued to vote at 'be ehotioa
provided for by this act."
The vote ou \'m B g.s' amendment was as
YEAS— Messrs. Aditus, Bayard, lied of
i'-ou., Benjamin, Bifgs, Broadbead, Browr,
Bu'ler, OUv, Crittenden, Evans Fish. Fi'zpat
rick, Fo.'te, (Skyer, Green, Houston, iluuter,
Iversou, Johnson, Jones of Tr-au., M ison, Reid,
Rusk, 8 .idcli, Thompson of liy., and Thomp
son or N -VT .jorscv.
NAYS —Messrs. Allsti, liiler, Bright, Cass,
€■ ilamer. Dodge, Douglas, Dorkee, Fessen ien,
Fitch, Foster, Jones of IOWA, Nourse,
l'u;j!,Sewar J .Stuart, i'oombs, Triiubu;!, Wade,
Wciler, Wilson and Wiight.
For tin' Amendment —Demociats 22: Amer
t l. 3\<alii7.
gainst the .'Jmrndmeni —Democrats 12 ;
II publicans 12. Total *^4,
Here was the Democratic patty of tho nation,
by its authorized rtp. esentatives, recorded EJ
"•'ting by a large wajoiity guut the right of
foreign bora citizens to have a voice in the for
mation of their fundamental law—a right pre
viously conferred upon thcui bv the people of
the Terr.t.'ry. Tae single Republican who vo
ter with the majority (Mr. Foote of Vermont)
subsequently changed bis vote and assisted in
it vitjg the obnoxious amendment expunged, as
it was on the motion of Mr. Hale of New Hamp
shire. The truth > the Dernocracv Jove for
eigners just as a dry)man loves a horse, and
their toleration of foreign voters is measured
precisely by their ability to get work out of
them. .Vhere they are strong enough to get
along without them, as iu South Carolina, they
ciippie their political power by amending tha
naturalization taws. Where they apprehend on
apostasy from the pro-slavery faitb, as in Min
nesota. they el ow them cut of the public COUD
oiis. Of course the category of meannesses
would nut be complete without charging Know-
M . tbingisra and proscription upon the llerut
REXARKABLE RACE BY RAIL—STAKES
§275,0^0. — I'romL. it. Rucker, superinten
dent of vbe Cleveland and Toledo Railroad, tha
Cleveland Leader obtains the following parti
culars of an exeiiiug r ice, in which tho steeds
were iron h*rses and the stakes greater than
have ever beta kaown or. any track. Mr.
Rucker had the facts from John XL Campbell,
Esq., superintendent of the M. S. and N. I.'
R. R. One day last week, us. the eastward
bound express tiakj reached Lsporte, Indiana,
a passenger sieppeOotf while the engine was"
being replenished wfa wood and waier, and
walked back and forth ou the platform, and
continued to walk until the sounded.
-—*— —— Wrda*>~..- ...
A few minutes after the train hud gone a sta
tion man saw the pedestrian, and going up to
him, asked, in a surprised tone :
'•What the - are you doing here?"
Tho man started, opened his eyes, and look
ed around bewildered. 'J he fact was, he had
been fatigued and dropped asleep while walk
ing. Rousing himself he asked :
"Why ! Where am 1?"
"Where are you ? At Lapwta.'*
"Where's the train I oatuo onV>
"That left ten minutes ago."
"Ten minutes ago and left me 1 1 go
on that train. It is a question of life and desvh
with me. Can you get me to it ? Have you
got an engiue hore ? Where is the Superin
tendent t" .
The section master had an office near by, an
I the two-WCUt to find thatoffijial and to procure
! au engine. * The traveller stated
must go on—could not delay—and offered the
I officer $230 if he would put him on board the
! train. The strange dornaud and strange on
! caused the station master to hasten to do
;he ooulJ. The Src was not out in J (he
that had drawn the train to that t'
! bargain was settled—a draft traveller
! for the §250, and in ten minutes the tra *
started, with en engine to ovoruko he flymg
express. After rushing on for rh rty o-t
i miles some conneotion ga*o way OJt
I gino. The engine wa, jstoppod-tbo engineer